Compare And Contrast Essays (Examples)

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compare and contrast essays

Compare and contrast essays are one of the most frequently assigned essay types in college-level courses.  They ask the writer to take two or more things and compare their similarities and contrast their differences.  These two things could be seemingly similar, such as when a student it asked to compare two presidents or other world leaders.  They could also be more challenging, requiring the writer to really search for similarities or differences between the things being compared.  Many students struggle to find appropriate topics for compare and contrast essays.  In addition to the example essays below, which provide a full tutorial including outline and resources, we offer a comprehensive list of compare and contrast essay topics. 

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Comparison and Contrasting the Poetry of Robert Frost and Carl Sandburg

Words: 1561 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 85662485

poetry of Robert Frost and Carl Sandburg

Robert Frost and Carl Sandburg are both important poets in their own right. Although they both grew up in the same era, their poetry styles have many differences. The paper firstly states their different origin, history and poetic style. Secondly, it analyzes a selected major work - "The Road Not Taken" and "The Road and The End," - of Frost and Sandburg respectively. It is worth noticing that the chosen poetries of both poets contain many elements of similarity. This makes the chosen sample most suitable to distinguish the most minor, as well as the major differences in the poetic styles of the writers. Thus, in the paper, their lives and poetry styles are compared and contrasted using an example of their poetry.

About Robert Frost

As we read of Frost, we grow in awe of him - his thinking, his understanding, his feelings, his intellect, and his expression. Each poem strikes a chord somewhere within us, bringing us closer to life and making us appreciate the simple pleasures that life offers. He helps us see the wonders of nature in birds, flowers, fruits and streams.

Each poem is like a journey of…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Carl Sandburg

Frost: A Literary Life Reconsidered. William Pritchard. 1984

Frost in Columbia Literary History of the United States. Ed. Emory Elliott
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Comparing and Contrasting Resource-Based Strategies with Competitive Positioning Strategies

Words: 1467 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 70996454

Resource/Competitive Positioning

Comparing and Contrasting Resource-Based Strategies with Competitive Positioning Strategies

Resourced-Based Strategies

Competitive Positioning Strategies

Strategies For-Profit in the 21st Century

There are two schools of thought regarding the composition of a competitive strategy. The first is resourced based. This approach identifies key resources and seeks to leverage these in order to provide value to the consumer and achieve a competitive advantage in the marketplace. The next strategy begins with identifying a niche or more general opportunity in the market and aligning resources within the organization to achieve a competitive position in regards to the competition. The former strategy can be generalized as more of a push strategy while the latter is more of a pull strategy. Both have advantages as well as disadvantages and fit certain circumstances better than others. In this research project, a brief literature review of both vantage points will be provided follow by a brief analysis of relevant implications.

Resourced-Based Strategies

Resource-based strategies are commonly applied to the industries which operate under conditions of scarcity. Firms operating in this industry usually try to maximize the efficient and effective use of the resources available to whether they are commodities, raw materials, or human capital. One…… [Read More]

Works Cited

ARchpru, M., & Alden, D. (2010). Global brand positioning and perceptions. International Journal of Advertising, 37-56.

Berry-Stolzle, T., Altuntas, & M. (2010). A Resource-Based Perspective on Business Strategies of Newly Founded Subsidiaries: The Case of German Pensionsfonds. Risk Management & Insurance Review, 173-193.


Fransico, G., & Vicenta, S. (2009). A political candidate's brand image scale: Are political candidates brands? Journal of Brand Management, 207-217.
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Comparison and Contrast

Words: 903 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 43631089



The artistic styles of Pablo Picasso, best known for his high abstractions of the Cubist painting style, and Salvador Dali, one of the most important leaders of the Surrealist movement, have influenced a wide range of artists and are today considered as the quintessential examples of twentieth century art. Picasso as an artist was highly imaginative and original and borrowed heavily from many historical examples which aided him in developing new painting styles. Salvador Dali, like many of his Surrealist contemporaries, sought inspiration from a love for fantasy and studied the writings of Sigmund Freud regarding the human subconscious mind which inspired him to "systemize confusion" through his paintings.
The Cubism style of painting as practiced by Pablo Picasso is best represented by his Accordionist (1911, oil on canvas), a construction of large intersecting planes that suggest the forms of a man with his instrument. Host of smaller shapes, each a simplification of some aspects of the original subject, hover in and interpenetrate the larger planes. The total effect is that of a new kind of pictorial reality. The viewer is no longer obligated to contemplate merely a man playing…… [Read More]

Ades, Dawn. Dali and Surrealism. New York: Harper & Row, 1982.

Burger, Peter. Theory of the Avante Garde. Trans. Michael Shaw. University of
Minneapolis, 1984.

Lucie-Smith, Edward. Visual Arts in the Twentieth Century. Saddle River, NJ: Prentice
Hall, 1996.
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Comparing and Contrast

Words: 1588 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 29642885

Israeli and U.S. Educational Systems

Comparison of the Educational Systems in the United States and Israel Today

Schools are unique in any society since they educate and mold the next generation who will then be in charge of how the world will shape up and how these schools will be run in the future. Educators in every country help shape the character and the morality of their students beyond the intellectual and physical instruction provided. An education today must prepare a person for the realities of life, including how to balance a checkbook, answer an employment ad, and how to comport oneself at a job interview. These fundamental skills are just part of a huge body of knowledge which includes everything about a given society and the world in which people live. This paper will provide an overview and comparison of the respective educational systems employed by the United States and Israel today, followed by a summary of the research in the conclusion.

Review and Discussion

Background and Overview. There can be no doubt that basic literacy and solid grounding in reading and writing skills are critical to academic performance and future success in higher education and continuing careers. The…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Devitis, J. And P.A. Sola. Building Bridges for Educational Reform: New Approaches to Teacher Education. Ames, IA: Iowa State University Press, 1989.

Israel. 2003. CIA World Factbook. 28 March 2004.

Kaminsky, John S. A New History of Educational Philosophy. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1993.

Kozol, Jonathan. Savage Inequalities: Children in America's Schools. New York: Crown Publisher, Inc., 1991.
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Environmental Policies Comparing and Contrasting

Words: 375 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 62104982

It not only recycles, but unlike Universal Studios it donates electronics, furniture, and office supplies to community organizations, so that the products will be put to good use. Like Universal Studios, the Walt Disney Company is committed to purchasing recycled-content products, and uses packaging materials that can be reused or recycled. It tries to buy in bulk to minimize packaging waste ("Waste Minimization: The Walt Disney Company," 2007, the Walt Disney Company Website). In a unique program that is not present at Universal Studios, the company educates Disney employees both in company policies regarding environmentally sound living and encourages and instructs employees to engage in such practices in their own homes.… [Read More]

Works Cited

Bernards, Kori. (21 Apr 2006). "Film studios maintain healthy recycling rate: Earth Day

Report Shows Studios' Continued Commitment to the Environment." Motion Picture Association of America: Press Release. Retrieved 17 Apr 2007 at 

Go Metro Specials." (2007). MTA. Retrieved 17 Apr 2007 at

Waste Minimization: The Walt Disney Company" (2007). The Walt Disney Company
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Classical Baroque Comparing and Contrasting

Words: 1709 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 84213882

The geniuses strained the boundaries of the characteristic styles more evidently and more quickly than those of their contemporaries to bring about such seismic changes.… [Read More]

Works Cited

Baroque: Style." The Essentials of Music. 23 Apr 2008.

Classical: Style." The Essentials of Music. 23 Apr 2008.

Baroque: Musical Context." The Essentials of Music. 23 Apr 2008.

Classical: Musical Context." The Essentials of Music. 23 Apr 2008.
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Genesis Comparing and Contrasting Genesis

Words: 1818 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 97661560

The details of the relationship between the mistaken 'husband' are explained as well, unlike Genesis 12, where Pharaoh is merely said to have taken Sarah, with no further explanation: "And God said unto him [Abimelech] in a dream, Yea, I know that thou didst this in the integrity of thy heart; for I also withheld thee from sinning against me: therefore suffered I thee not to touch her" (Genesis 20:6).

God defends Abraham in words, not simply in the presentation style of the story of Abraham: "he is a prophet, and he shall pray for thee, and thou shalt live" (Genesis 20:7). If the king does not, he will die. The king goes to Abraham and again, in involved dialogue complains that he was not told of Sarah's real identity, and almost sheepishly, Abraham admits his fear: "Because I thought, Surely the fear of God is not in this place; and they will slay me for my wife's sake," as well as explains their relationship in more detail: "she is the daughter of my father, but not the daughter of my mother; and she became my wife" (Genesis 20:11-12).

Genesis 20 is a folktale -- the characters can change, the…… [Read More]

Works Cited

The King James Bible. Full e-text available on 2 Nov 2007 at;&version=9
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Leadership Theories Comparing and Contrasting

Words: 1470 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 89786237

In contrast, a "selling and coaching" (S2) approach is demanded when the leader knows the follower may be uncertain about how to perform the task, but the subordinate has a high level of commitment, as in the case of an intern or a new hire. S2 is a motivational or mentoring approach. The employee craves direction, but will be motivated more by personality and praise than 'carrots and sticks' versus the S1 situation (Straker 2004).

A "participating/supporting" leadership situation (S3) is when the leader knows that the employees can complete the task but the manager wants more of an emotional investment or a higher level of excellence. An example of this approach might be a manager of a fast food establishment with a teenage, low-skilled workforce. The employees can do the job, but needs more motivation to perform at a high level rather than task-specific direction. Finally, an (S4) situation of "delegating and observing" is when a leader and a follower both have a high level of competence and commitment to the task. The leader is supportive, as in a S2 situation, but does not need to constantly watch and monitor the behavior of the follower (Straker 2004).

Situational leadership…… [Read More]


Avolio, B.J., & Yammarino, F.J. (2002). Transformational and charismatic leadership: The road ahead. San Diego, CA: Emerald.

DISC. (2010). Retrieved July 1, 2010 at

Homrig, Mark a. (2001, December 21).Transformational leadership. Retrieved July 1, 2010 at 

Straker, David. (2004). Hersey and Blanchard's situational leadership theory. Changing Minds. Retrieved July 1, 2010 at
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Religion Comparing and Contrasting Vodou

Words: 2523 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 49455140


Both religions are not technically held to be systems of belief by their adherents, but rather as systems of service or patronage to higher powers. The idea was present in African feudalism, but seems to be enhanced and highlighted in Creole religions by the slave experience. Seeking for a path away from the rule of cruel Europeans, African slaves turned to the rule of benevolent and helpful Orishas and Loas. Practitioners serve the demi-gods, and the demi-gods in turn serve the practitioners. The relationship between god and man is mainly business, although love and respect are also required. However, no true worship -- as a westerner would understand it -- is required; instead the Orishas and Loas are propitiated by sacrifices, and communicate their assistance mainly by oracles. In both Vodou and Santeria each Orisha or Loa is associated with a certain constellation of symbols, fetishes, sacrifices, and drum-rhythms by which that particular Orisha or Loa is invoked in a ceremony. Other ritual components of Vodou and Santeria rites include ritual baths often prescribed by consulted Loas and Orishas, ritual cleansing of living areas, and the use of amulets and charms -- in one Vodou ceremony a congregant receives…… [Read More]


1. Olmos, Margarite Fernandez and Lizabeth Paravisini-Gebert Creole Religions of the Caribbean: An Introduction from Vodou and Santeria to Obeah and Espiritismo. New York: New York University Press. 2003. Print.

2. Filan, Kenaz The Haitian Vodou Handbook: Protocols for Riding with the Lwa. Vermont: Destiny Books. 2007. Print

3. Murphy, Joseph M. Santeria: African Spirits in America. Massachussets: Beacon Press. 1993, Print.

4. Stevens-Arroyo, Anthony M. "The Contribution of Catholic Orthodoxy to Caribbean Syncretism: The Case of La Virgen de la Caridad del Cobre in Cuba." Archives de Sciences Sociales des Religions 117 (2002): p.37-58. WesScholar. Web. 10 April 2010
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Economic Democracy Comparing and Contrast

Words: 1653 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 14869298

Instead Dahl
assumes the notion that it would be best to have "a system of economic
enterprises collectively owned and democratically governed by all the
people who work in them," meaning that he differs from the notions of Okun
and the Friedman's by proposing something radically different to promote
the ultimate goal of democracy (Dahl 92). Neither equality nor freedom is
necessary to fix the relationship between the economy and democracy, but
rather a completely different and even radical outlook on the relationship
between the economy and government can solve the dilemma. Furthermore Dahl
argues to how it is possible to retain the democratic principle within
firms, and prevent problems such as oligarchy. These notions in which the
economy becomes compatible with the political notions are completely
different than the Friedman's and Okun's notion that there lies a problem
with democracy. Dahl is even casting serious doubt on Tocqueville's long
lasting reflection on America's democracy.
Dahl's argument, which would account for drastic changes to the
American system and relationship of democracy and capitalism accounts for
errors in the arguments of Okun and the Friedman's. Perhaps there are no
errors in Okun's and the Friedman's arguments, yet Dahl has found a…… [Read More]

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Memory Comparison and Contrast Spearman

Words: 739 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 97590449

He stated that people are simply good at a variety of skills, although some individuals may have higher levels of specialized intelligences more in the spheres than others. ("Charles Spearman," Major Theories of Intelligence, 2004) in other words, a gifted musician can also be a gifted poet, but these are still different intelligences -- Spearman, in contrast, would suggest the two are interrelated.

Spearman also came up with another term known as the "s" factor. This he said was the factor devoted to "specific skills and information" needed to perform intellectual tasks. Thus, even Spearman allowed that there were multiple factors that went into an individuals' success in life and on intelligence tests. But he felt that overall scores on IQ tests, however specific were highly saturated with "g" an intelligence that pervades all tasks. Thus, the most important information to have about a person's intellectual ability is an estimate of their "g" rather than any knowledge of their particular an innate mastery of the flute of factoring an equation. (Plucker, 2004)

Thus, may be concluded there are two forms of intelligence gathering in psychology. Those such as Spearman often called "lumpers" view intelligence as the general capacity for to…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Charles Spearman." (2004) Major Theories of Intelligence. Retrieved on October 24, 2004 at

Gardner, Howard. (1984) Multiple Intelligences.

Learning Center. (2004) "Howard Gardner: Seven Intelligence Model" Retrieved on October 24, 2004 at

Plucker, T. (2004) "Charles Spearman." Human Intelligence. Retrieved on October 24, 2004 at
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Ancient History Comparison and Contrast of the

Words: 1398 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 33318002

Ancient History

Comparison and Contrast of the Aeneid and the Iliad

In The Aeneid and The Iliad, both Virgil and Homer show that their characters are tragic. They often do things that they don't want to do, while lamenting the reasons for their actions. The simply give their lives over to fate instead of trying to take control of what they are doing and change it for the better. They also talk about what the gods have done to them, but neither Virgil nor Homer makes any real effort to portray the gods as they were actually portrayed in either Greek or Roman history.

Instead they both show the gods the way that they think they should and the way that works best for the story. They take some liberties with different parts of history and different parts of the story that they are recreating to make sure that it not only fits in better with their cultures during their lifetimes, but that it fits well into a tale that is easily told either aloud or in writing.

While Virgil was not considered to be as great a writer as Homer was, both writers created works that have lived on…… [Read More]

references to Homer are more obvious and it doesn't take a great deal of practice to spot them and realize what they are. Whether one spots them all or not, it is still easy to see why The Aeneid and The Iliad compare and contrast so well with each other, as there are many facets to be looked at.
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Ethical Leadership Course it Compares and Contrasts

Words: 975 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 21317564

ethical leadership course; it compares and contrasts the pseudo transformational leaders from authentic transformational leaders. Authentic transformational has four constituent; influence idealized, inspirational motivation, individualized considerations and intellectual stimulation which are contrasted in the imitation in their pseudotransformational leadership dissembling derived from ethical values existing in their leaders' program, vision and articulation which can be rejected or embraced by the followers.

Manipulative, deceptive and more relevant behaviors which are devious are being attributed by critics to leaders who are transformational, pseudo transformational or authentic. According to Bailey (1988) and Martin and Sims (1956) they take their stand that in order to succeed the entire leaders must be manipulative. However it is the leaders of pseudo transformational who are manipulative and deceptive. Authentic transformational leaders sometimes are manipulative for what they criticize to be the common good, while manipulative is a practice of regular pseudo transformation leaders and infrequent practice of authenting transformation leadership in terms of the four component of leadership transformational contrast pseudo transformational and authentic:

Inspiration motivation and idealized influence: it is a difference that depends on the value for which they are idealized between pseudo transformational and authentic leadership. For example pseudo transformational highlights fictitious while universal…… [Read More]


Bass, B.M. (1989) The two faces of charisma. LEADERS, 12(4), 44-45.

Howell, J.M. & Avolio, B.J. ( 1992) The ethics of charismatic leadership: Submission or liberation? Academy of Management

Executive, 6(2), 43-54.

Martin, N.H. & Sims, J.H. (1956) Thinking ahead: Power tactics. Harvard Business Review, 36(6), 25-36, 140
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Racial Ethnic Group Comparison and Contrast

Words: 1131 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 31022319

Hell is portrayed as a bleak, dreary place. This suggests that the reality conceptualized by materialists, namely a reality with no transcendent significance in heaven, is the place to which all human beings who are believers are damned. As in the Screwtape Letters, a failure of religious intensity is shown as being linked to a kind of failure of imagination. When confronted by heaven, the souls of human beings are awestruck, not at the surreal nature of heaven, but how real it seems, compared to their own, past existences. It is the spirits who are ghostly, not the actual substance of heaven.

In hell, those who are damned are not necessarily those who committed the worst crimes -- in heaven, there are even murderers. Instead, the damned are those who adopt the type of materialistic mindset that Wormwood attempted to coax 'the patient' into adopting -- a mindset that salvation does not come because of God's infinite grace, but as a kind of bargaining. One damned man asks for justice, claiming that because murderers are saved, he should be saved as well. Another figure, a man called the Episcopal ghost, who is a skeptic and denies heaven and hell, despite…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Lewis, C.S. The Great Divorce. Harper One, 2001.

Lewis, C.S. The Problem of Pain. Harper One, 2001.

Lewis, C.S. The Screwtape Letters. Harper One, 2001.