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Strategy Development a Directional Strategy Is a
Words: 684 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 76547386
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Strategy Development

A directional strategy is a strategy to take the organization in a specific direction. For example Pepsi bought a ussian diary as part of its strategy to create a $20 billion nutrition business. This is not related to market conditions as such, just a focus on growing an area of business. In contrast, an adaptive strategy is one where the company needs a strategy to adjust to some sort of change in the marketplace. An example of this would be an old-school grocery store adding more organic foods to its shelves in response to that market trend.

A market entry strategy is a strategy used to enter a market. There are several of these: exporting, licensing, joint venture, and direct investment (QuickMBA, 2010). These work for entering new domestic markets as well. New products or changes to existing products would also qualify, perhaps, as entering a new market.…

References

QuickMBA. (2010). Foreign market entry modes. QuickMBA.com. Retrieved February 6, 2014 from  

Competitive Market Analysis to Determine the Product's
Words: 788 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 56554243
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Competitive Market Analysis to Determine the Product's Potential Success

Issues that the automobile industry faces that affect its competitiveness and long-term profitability

The relevance of a competitive strategy for Car Company A is to establish a position within the 4-cylinder engine car market. This will help the company to compete with Toyota Corolla (LE) 1.8L four-cylinder engine competitive forces. As a potential entrant, Car Company A is at a disadvantage in capital markets. Unless it penetrates the Cylinder engine market through diversification, its four-cylinder car will be at an inherently riskier position than the established (LE) 1.8L four cylinder engine of Toyota (Maxton & Wormald, 2013). This will be reflected in the risk premiums Car Company A will be forced to pay to attract capital.

Car Company A will face barriers because other players like Toyota enjoy economies of scale in the industry. This means a decline in a product's…

Reference

Maxton, G. & Wormald, J. (2013). Time for a model change: Re-engineering the global automobile industry. Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Press

Competitive Intelligence Ethics and Competitive
Words: 732 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 2079231
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2. Is it ethical to send an attractive employee to a bar to "hang out" with a competitive employee in the hopes of getting information? Again, this is quite dependent upon the situation. If one "assigns" the attractive employee to participate in espionage as part of their job duty, and it is fully disclosed, then it is not necessarily unethical -- any more than sending someone to shop for a brand of beer at a bar in order to get others to purchase, etc. If the competitive employee gives information, then the ethical onus is on them, their agreement and their conscience. Now, that said, this assumes the attractive employee is only there to "hang out." if, however, it goes further than that, and sexual favors are offered for information, or blatant lies are told (not simply by omission, but by direction), then the behavior is unethical because it has…

Strategy Corporate and Competitive Management
Words: 1301 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 28315505
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Others feel Five Forces is too cumbersome in its need for data and heavy-duty analysis and does not fit today's rapidly changing, dynamic market.

So where do we go with this thought that some of today's tools may not suffice as the market moves faster and companies need these dynamic, flexible analytical tools to update their strategies?

Where Is the Field of Strategy?

Disruptive Innovation? Four actions framework? Factor conditions? Demand conditions? Preemptive strategies? Five Forces? Ten Schools? Are any of these concepts/theories new and innovative? Do they pave the path toward the future of corporate and competitive strategizing? The answer is probably yes...and no.

It is difficult to find a brand new strategizing tool or model or school that is not just a rehashed version of our current standard, and quite effective, methods to analyze strategies. One innovative strategy to arise out of an existing concept is "lue Ocean."…

Bibliography

Corporate Level Strategy. (2003, January). Retrieved 11-07, 2008, from BNet Business

Network: http://jobfunctions.bnet.com/abstract.aspx

Day, G., & Reibstein, D. (1997). Wharton on dynamic competitive strategy. Hoboken,

N.J.: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Competitive Advantage and the Value of Wow Stories at Ritz Carlton
Words: 1359 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 83424575
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Business

itz Carlton Case Study

Question 1; Competitiveness of itz Carlton

itz Carlton appears to compete extremely effective, with a high level of service that has created a strong reputation of the delivery of five star services. To appreciate how and why the firm has been successful it is beneficial to look at the concept of competitive advantage.

Michael Porter examined the ways that firms competed and argued that for firms to be successful they required a sustainable competitive advantage; something that would give them an advantage over their competition (Lynch, 2011). Porter identified four potential sources of competitive advantage; firms could seek a cost advantage or an advantage of differentiation, in turn they could aim to serve the mass market or a niche market for each of these approaches. Cost advantages are achieved when a firm is able to produce a good or provide a service at a cost…

References

Bratton J; Gold J, (2012), Human Resource Management: Theory and Practice, Palgrave Macmillan

Cook, Sarah, (2008), The Essential Guide to Employee Engagement: Better Business Performance Through Staff Satisfaction, Kogan Page Publishers

Huggins, Robert; Izushi; Hiro, (2011), Competition, Competitive Advantage, and Clusters: The Ideas of Michael Porter, Oxford University

Kotler, P, Armstrong, G, (2013), Principles of Marketing, Pearson

Strategy of US Airways & Porter's Generic Strategies
Words: 750 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 96507328
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Porter's Generic Strategy

Porter's Generic Strategies relate to the strategies that different airline companies follow in order to be profitable; e.g., to keep their position as a low-cost, no-frills airline, or a more costly airline with plenty of comforts, or a small company with specific routes that others may not have. Porter's three generic strategies are "cost leadership," "differentiation," and "focus" (IFM).

Cost leadership relates to when a company sets out to be the lowest cost airline in the industry; in other words, the airline leading all others in low fares. However they do that, whether it is using "proprietary technology," or exclusive access to the raw materials needed to fly commercial planes, they are cost leaders when it comes to economic fares (IFM).

Differentiation is setting an airline apart from others because it offers certain "attributes" that other airlines don't offer. It may for example offer sleeping facilities for…

Works Cited

IFM Management Technology Policy. (2010). Porter's Generic Competitive Strategies (ways of competing). Retrieved March 10, 2015, from  http://www.ifm.eng.cam.uk .

Lawson, T.C. (2013). Why American Airlines and U.S. Airways Tied the Knot. U.S. News

& World Report. Retrieved March 10, 2015, from http://www.usnews.com.

Le Clair, C. (2013). Business Agility And The Odds Of A Successful American Airlines

Classic Standby Business Strategy Tools
Words: 1474 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 86839567
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Strategy and SWOT Analysis

Key Concepts in Business Strategy and SWOT Analysis

Creating a competitive business advantage is a complex endeavor. Various techniques have been developed to guide the self-analysis process practiced by business enterprises. Traditional strategic planning engages a company in both internal and external analysis. In order to conduct a strategic analysis that makes niche or unique opportunities salient, it is necessary to have a robust view of the competitive landscape. Alternately, a thorough analysis of operations and position requires a penetrating look at the internal capacity of the company. A SWOT analysis promotes a clear-eyed look at the external and internal dimensions of a business that have the potential to impinge on the development of an effective strategic plan for the company.

A SWOT analysis takes the participants through a systematic process of examining the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats that are aspects of a company's business.…

References

Chen, J. (2013). 2013, The Year of Starbucks. Retreived  http://seekingalpha.com/article/1103821-2013-the-year-of-starbucks 

Starbucks (2013).Investor overview. Retreived  http://investor.starbucks.com/phoenix.zhtml?c=99518&p=irol-irhome 

Interbrand (2013). Best Global Brands 2012. Retreived  http://www.interbrand.com/en/best-global-brands/2012/Best-Global-Brands-2012.aspx

Implementing Blue Ocean Strategy
Words: 2956 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 56349503
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Strategy Concepts -- From Planning Through Analysis and Implementation

The Concept of Strategy

Strategy is about change and response to change. Competitive strategy cannot stand still (Eisenhardt, 2002). Competitive strategy must establish differentiation (Kim & Mauborgne, 2004). Strategy appears most difficult from the inside of a business as perspective taking is based on what the competition is doing, might do, might do in response to what other businesses do, and so forth (Kim & Mauborgne, 2004). The critical distance needed to truly conceive and implement efficacious strategy is not easily achieved from inside a company -- a factor that has contributed significantly to the financial success of consulting businesses like Bain Consulting, Boston Consulting Group, Deloitte Touche Tohmatsu Limited, and McKinsey and Company.

SWOT Analysis

Businesses face market conditions that are in a continual state of flux, challenging them to construct strategies that are agile, effective, and relevant ("HB SWOT,"…

References

Eisenhardt, K.M. (2002). Has strategy changed? MIT Sloan Management Review, 43(2), 88-91. Cambridge, MA: MIT Sloan Management Review.

Halligan, B. (2006, September). HubSpot. Blue Ocean Strategy: A Small Business Case Study. Retrieved  http://blog.hubspot.com/blog/tabid/6307/bid/54/Blue-Ocean-Strategy-A-Small-Business-Case-Study.aspx 

Johnson, M.W., Christensen, C.M., & Kagermann, H. (2007, December) Harvard Business Review. Cambridge, MA: Harvard Business School Publishing Corporation. [Reprint.]

Kaplan, R.S. (2007, January). What to ask the person in the mirror. Harvard Business Review. Cambridge, MA: Harvard Business School Publishing Corporation. [Reprint.]

Strategy Management Business
Words: 1233 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 22616689
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Strategy Management

Current Situation

Home Depot is a "category killer" retailer, selling supplies for home and garden. Home Depot operates with a cost leadership strategy, as it seeks to use its buying power in particular to offer customers a low price. Home Depot also incorporates a service element to its business model, something it hopes will give it a competitive advantage. Home Depot is currently undergoing a change in terms of its structure and culture, and this has caused some disruption. That said, Home Depot is the second-largest retailer in America behind Wal-Mart and has experienced strong sales improvements during the Nardelli years.

The competitive situation is intense. Home Depot is a dominant competitor in the industry, but faces strong competition from Lowe's, which is almost the same size. These two competitors operate as something of a duopoly, although in other businesses there are specialist firms that are strong competitors.…

Competitive Intelligence Company Overview Avnet
Words: 1806 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 2595811
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Thus, the competitive intelligence assisted the company to align its strategic plan as well as keeping executive informed about the key element of decision-making. The company also derived advantages from market intelligence advantages and the advantages assisted the company to understand the market activities and competitive market environment. Typically, Avnet also used the competitive intelligence to create a Strategic Leverage Matrix (SLM) that the company literarily plots to understand the competitors in 2X 2 matrixes. Using this strategy, the company was able to understand the sales growth and the working capital of the competitors. The CI process includes:

Plan and Collect

Analyze and Access

Make ecommendations

Distribute EIS.

Using CI analysis, the company will able to analyze the industry and be able to make an informed decision about the market and the competitors.

Conclusion

The report shows how the Avnet could use the competitive intelligence tool to achieve a competitive…

References

Cavalcanti, E.P.(2005). The Relationship between Business Success and Business Intelligence. Journal of Competitive Intelligence and Management: 3 (1 ).

Downey, J. (2007) Strategic Analysis Tools Topic Gateway Series No. 34. The Chartered Institute of Management Accountants

Haag, S. (2006). Management Information Systems for the Information Age. (Third Edition). McGraw-Hill Ryerson.

Hovis, J.H. (2000). CI at Avnet: A Bottom-Line Impact . Competitive Intelligence Review.11(3): 5.15.

Strategy and Decision-Making
Words: 1589 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 87554391
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Strategy & Decision Making

Vision

Wal-Mart has become a global corporation. The company's primary vision focuses on a more global presence and promotion of the organization's ethical culture across global stakeholders. The company's concept of a vision statement focusing on a culture of ethics is vital in globalization. The company has embraced diversity and culture in their global operations thus leading to a competitive advantage and good reputation. By promoting a culture of ethics, Sam Walton has assisted stakeholders and customers to make informed decisions thus doing the right thing (Griffin, 2012).

Wal-Mart's mission statement focuses on quality customer service, striving for excellence and respect for individuals. Therefore, based on their core beliefs and values, the mission of the company emphasizes on the provision of daily low prices and exceptional services to customers. The company has managed to uphold their business for long because the top executives and managers work…

References

Griffin, R.W. (2012). Fundamentals of management. Mason, OH: South-Western Cengage

Learning

Hitt, M.A., Ireland, R.D., & Hoskisson, R.E. (2009). Strategic management: Competitiveness and globalization. Mason, OH: South-Western

Husted, B., & Allen, D.B. (2011). Corporate social strategy: Stakeholder engagement and competitive advantage. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press

Strategy From the Viewpoint of
Words: 1599 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Chapter Paper #: 9347997
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Good managers must act quickly when faced with ethical dilemmas.

Leaders need ensure that dignity and respect are maintained at all times.

These different elements are important, because they are providing us with a basic foundation as to how manages can apply effective leadership inside their organization. Once this occurs, is when there will be a transformation in operating environment with everyone willing to work together on a regular basis. (Voyer, 2011)

Conclusion

Clearly, the different pieces of literature that we reviewed are illustrating how managers must be able to embrace certain ideas. That will help to improve the ability of the firm to deal with a host of challenges. The way that this is accomplished is through having everyone focus on certain characteristics that will enhance the operating environment to include: exercising effective leadership, having good communication and implementing a values-based system. These different elements are important, because the…

Bibliography

Engaging Stakeholders. (2011). Wharton. Retrieved from:  http://knowledge.wharton.upenn.edu/article.cfm?articleid=2814 

Demichellis, S. (2008). Language, Meaning and Games. The American Economic Review, 98 (4), 1292 -- 1311.

Easty, B. (2004). Airbus A3XX. Harvard Business Review. Retrieved from:  http://cb.hbsp.harvard.edu/cb/web/product_detail.seam?E=8284&R=201028-PDF-ENG&conversationId=88900 

Kiron, D. (2011). Analytics. MIT Sloan Management Review. Retrieved from:  http://sloanreview.mit.edu/feature/achieving-competitive-advantage-through-analytics/

Competitive Market the Author of This Report
Words: 1335 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 56872992
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Competitive Market

The author of this report is asked to look at a competitive market and its main business that leads or otherwise exemplifies the sector. The sector that will be looked at is retail. The far and away leader of this retail market is Wal-Mart but they have three competitors in the form of Target, Kroger and K-Mart/Sears, that each compete against Wal-Mart in their own way. Despite the fact that they are in the same general line of business, they each have their own niche that they target.

Niche of Each Business

Wal-Mart's clear objective is to sell in bulk at low prices. They deal heavily in the grocery and hardline sectors and are very aggressive discounters in both markets. In half a century, they have risen a nascent retail to a worldwide juggernaut that employs more than a million people in the United States alone and nearly…

References

K-Mart. (2013, September 26). Kmart - Deals on Furniture, Toys, Clothes, Tools,

Tablets & TVs. Kmart - Deals on Furniture, Toys, Clothes, Tools, Tablets & TVs.

Retrieved September 26, 2013, from  http://www.kmart.com 

Kroger. (2013, September 26). Kroger. Kroger. Retrieved September 26, 2013, from http://www.kroger.com

Competitive Forces and SWOT Analysis
Words: 1257 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: SWOT Paper #: 399728
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The bargaining power of suppliers

Suppliers have a relatively high bargaining power. On a market like organic foods, suppliers are very important for companies' activity. In other words, they practically depend on their suppliers.

As a consequence, suppliers represent the most important environmental factor of influence for Whole Foods, and the same situation applies in the case of any organic foods company. This business consists mainly in the raw materials that the company uses to produce the goods it sells under this brand. The company's activity depends on the quality of the raw materials, and on any potential delays from suppliers. The prices negotiated with suppliers have a direct impact on the production costs, and on the end-user price.

SWOT Analysis

Strengths

The company's strong position on the market in ensured by the numerous strengths the company benefits from. First of all, the company is renowned by the quality of…

Reference list:

1. Industry Statistics and Projected Growth (2008). Organic Trade Association. Retrieved February 8, 2010 from  http://www.ota.com/organic/mt/business.html .

2. Hunt, N. & Dorfman, B. (2009). How green is my wallet? Organic food growth slows. Reuters. Retrieved February 8, 2010 from  http://www.reuters.com/article/idUSTRE50R01C20090128 .

Strategy in Action and Contemporary
Words: 3557 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 47132055
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The shared understanding is crucial in order to build strength and enough confidence necessary for the implementation of strategy and to necessitate evolution.

Second Phase: LG's strategic intent

In order to remain competitive, LG has to stick to its long-term vision which should act as stabilizers to the corporation in times of uncertainty. The vision in this case refers to as a statement of the things that can be achieved by the corporation. The concept of strategic intent is very crucial to the operating of a corporation since it acts as a magnet that pulls the present corporate dynamics and activities to the future. Any given strategic intent should be formulated in a manner that the corporation's remain with a large vision that can energize the workforce at all times. The formulation of new strategic intent options can help LG in capturing new markets while remaining competitive within the uncertain…

References

Chandler, AD (1962).Strategy and structure: chapters in the history of the industrial enterprise.

The American Historical Review, October 1962, Vol. 68 Issue: Number 1 p158-158

Bradford, RW (2008). Communicating Your Strategic Plan with Employees . Available online http://www.strategyletter.com/CD1103/featured_article.php retrieved 16 January 2011

Bartlett, C. And Ghoshal, S. (1994), "Changing the role of top management: beyond strategy to purpose," Harvard Business Review, Vol. 72

Strategy Formulation Evaluating Efficiency and Effectiveness for
Words: 891 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 26989153
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Strategy Formulation: Evaluating Efficiency and Effectiveness

For any business to continued growing over time it must balance the strategic formulation of its business model with the implementation of strategies (Buttner, 2006). There is however, an inherent conflict between strategic formulation on the one hand, or effectiveness, and the implementation of strategies, or efficiency, on the other. As markets change and economic conditions vary by country and region, strategy formulation and implementation are forced to flex or change over time to keep serving customers and generating revenue. The intent of this analysis is to explain how strategic effectiveness becomes more critical the greater the uncertainty there is in a given industry or geographic market. The effectiveness of a business must also be based on a solid foundation of agility and market focus (Dandira, 2011). Efficiency must be increasing in speed and accuracy of execution in highly competitive markets, yet must be…

References

Bettina Buttner. (2006). Effectiveness vs. Efficiency: Growth-Accelerating Policies in a Model of Growth without Scale Effects. German Economic Review, 7(3), 297-316.

Martin Dandira. (2011). Involvement of implementers: missing element in strategy formulation. Business Strategy Series, 12(1), 30-34

Desposito, J... (2010, October). With iPad Sales Soaring, Are Netbooks Dead? Electronic Design, 58(14), 13.

Meskendahl, S.. (2010). The influence of business strategy on project portfolio management and its success - A conceptual framework. International Journal of Project Management, 28(8), 807.

Strategy and Policies of the
Words: 4060 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 82424777
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This is important, because physics has allowed the combustible engine to provide the world with a cost effective solution for traveling long distance. Sadly, the electric car can only be used for short to medium distances. Then, there is another potential problem that could be developing with the lithium batteries that are used, where China control 95% to 100% the resources for these batteries (lithium). This is problematic because they could restrict how much they are exporting (which they already have) to ensure that there is enough supply for the country to meet its own internal demand. (ryce 2010)

Despite this dire news, there are increased effort within the industry to support the use and development of such new technologies, to work in conjunction with the combustible engine. An example of this support for such technologies can be seen by the fact several oil companies hold the patents on several…

Bibliography

2011 Volt, 2010, Chevrolet. Available from: [25 April 2010].

Exxon Mobil, 2010, Yahoo Finance. Available from: [25 April 2010].

Exxon Valdez Facts, 1999, Oceana. Available from [25 April 2010].

Fuel Efficiency Standard, 2009, MSNBC. Available from: [25 April 2010].

Strategy and Management in the
Words: 2688 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 69542380
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This system has the ease of being used in any lighthouse irrespective of its current lighting and power systems. Due to this, Vega is the sole company in the world having such advanced technological and optical competencies. Through the system, all the beacons installed can be monitored from a central location, thereby reducing the quantity of false call outs and identifying faults which require manual attention.

Considering the Total Cost of Ownership -- TCO Vega's product offer a low TCO as their IT products recover the average cost of $30,000 for installation since it reduces the $1,250 per hour helicopter-assisted maintenance. The computer-managed systems have to be fail-proof as any type of false call could cost up to $3,500. This system manufactured by Vega uses the interactive technology capable of permitting technicians to switch lights on or off from a remote location. Vega enjoys economies of scale as it has…

References

Vega Industries Ltd.: A History" (May, 2004)

Case Study- Given by client

Competitive Landscape Analysis the Business
Words: 1673 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 15608159
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The modifications in the policies of the company's retail trade customers represent important risks that can lead to increased dependence on some of the retailers in developed markets. Another important risk is determined by the global manufacturing activities.

Although these companies develop and implement different strategies, some of the risks associated with their business are common. This is because some of these risks are determined by the international business environment that establishes the conditions in which these companies develop their activity. Some of the most important risks that these companies addressed in 2000 are represented by entering new markets. The potential presented by developing markets determined these companies to make investments in regions like Asian countries. Another important risk during that period was represented by companies' inability to retain important employees. This means that their human resources strategies did not reach the established objectives. In addition to this, the dependence…

Reference list:

1. Personal Care Appliances: A Global Strategic Business Report (2011). PRWeb. Retrieved May 19, 2011 from  http://www.prweb.com/releases/personal_care_appliances/hair_care_oral_care/prweb8128135.htm .

2. Annual Report (2010). Spectrum Brands. Retrieved May 22, 2011.

3. Annual Report (2010). Helen of Troy. Retrieved May 22, 2011.

Strategy and Human Resource Management
Words: 3649 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 70683823
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In 2004, it established its operations in Mexico to cash in on the high rate of diabetes in this country. Diabetes is responsible for 13 out of every 100 deaths in Mexico and Novo Nordisk expanded into this Latin American market. It also encompassed Mexico as part of its global campaign and its representatives went to schools and villages to spread awareness about the disease and the ways and means to cope with it.

The H system that was implemented in Mexico was different from the one that existed in Denmark and this was mainly due to the differences in culture, work attitude of the people and national factors that have a profound impact on the employment benefits of the workers. For example, in Denmark, every worker gets to participate in the decision making process. This is a part of the Danish culture and comes from the long-standing democracy and…

References

Shields, John. 2007. Managing employee performance and reward: concepts, practices and strategies. Boston: Cambridge University Press.

Bratton, John. 2001. Strategic Human Resource Management. Hampshire: Palgrave Macmillan .

Bamberger, Peter; Meshoulam, Ilan. 2000. Human Resource Strategy: Formulation, Implementation and Impact. Thousand Oaks, California: Sage Publications.

No Author. No date. Human Resources UC Berkeley. UC Berkeley. [Online]. Available at:  http://hrweb.berkeley.edu/guides/managing-hr/interaction/diversity/resources

Strategy Analysis of the Ideal
Words: 1130 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 64596151
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These new customers of the optimal industry are looking for their own long-term competitive advantage through better alignment and direction of their own resources.

Differences between competitors are significant and aligned more on quality and customization of products than on price or aggressive discounting and the use of promotions. As a result, price elasticity is a permanent factor of the market and also signals the use of more effective means of differentiation, including the delivery of exceptional levels of service and greater levels of product customization expertise.

Supplier Power

In the optimal industry there are also an abundance of suppliers, each with highly differentiated and highly efficient supply chains of their own, all ensuring perfectly filled orders. The supply chain then is the greatest competitive differentiator of the industry from the manufacturing and fulfillment perspective.

The highly unique approach to service that is provided by suppliers also focuses on the…

References

Porter (1990) - Competitive Advantage of Nations. Harvard Business Review. March, April, 1990 Edition of Harvard Business Review. Dr. Michael Porter.

Figure 1:

Porters' Five Forces Model

Strategy and Human Resource Management
Words: 3815 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 27087824
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For Apple, this strategy has translated into market dominance in the smartphone and tablet PC markets. The success of that company continues to underscore the inherent value in synchronizing these three elements of an HM framework, transformational leadership, and a continual supply of disruptive innovation for heavy investment in &D.

The Practicality of Agile HM Frameworks and Their Impact on Long-Term Financial Viability

The creation of an effective HM framework, continual improvement of transformational leaders and their skill sets, and the infusion of innovation can transform a company much like these approaches worked at Apple. For the majority of companies however the practicality of how best to manage these three areas and attain profitability remains a challenge. The majority of companies struggle with creating an agile HM framework that can balance the urgent need to get employees hired and accomplishing tasks quickly using transactional leadership vs. getting employees to buy…

References

Ann, G. & Pamela, D. & Jerry, W. 2008. 'Characteristics of leadership effectiveness: Implementing change and driving innovation in organizations' Human Resource Development Quarterly, vol. 19, no. 2, pp153. (Online Pro-quest)

Avolio, B. & Walumbwa, F. & Weber, T. 2009. 'Leadership: current theories, research and future directions', Annual Review of Psychology, vol. 60, no. 5, pp. 421 -- 449. (Online Pro-quest)

Brown, M. & Trevino, L. & Harrison, D. 2005. 'Ethical leadership: a social learning perspective for construct development and testing', Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, vol. 97, no. 3, pp. 117 -- 134. (Online Pro-quest)

Cshawn, B. & Dana, E. & Sims, E. & Eduardo, S. 2007. 'Trust in leadership: A multi-level review and integration'. Leadership Quarterly, vol. 18, no. 6, pp 606 (Online Pro-quest)

Blue Ocean Strategy Bos Is a New
Words: 2708 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 92273602
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Blue Ocean Strategy (BOS) is a new concept in strategic management, introduced by Professor W. Chan Kim and enee Mauborgne in 2004. After doing detailed research, Kim and Mouborgne found out that most of the companies rely on the market segmentation and price competition for attracting customers. This results in increasing costs, decreasing rewards and creating a ed Ocean where all competitors compete together. Therefore, in order to maintain the growth, it is necessary that companies go beyond the competition by creating Blue Oceans. They win the game not by competing in the existing market but make the competition irrelevant by focusing on the new market space.

Blue Ocean Strategy does not aim to give an outstanding performance in the existing industry as it is in the case of ed Ocean; in contrast, it focuses on creating a new market space "Blue Ocean" and making the competition irrelevant. According to…

References

Andersen, P.H. And J. Strandskov (2008). "The innovator's dilemma: when new technologies cause great firms to fail/leading the revolution/blue ocean strategy: how to create uncontested market space and make the competition irrelevant." Academy of Management Review" 33(3): 790-794

Buisson, B. And P. Silberzahn (2010). "Blue Ocean Or Fast-Second Innovation? A Four- Breakthrough Model To Explain Successful Market Domination." International Journal

of Innovation Management" 14(03): 359-378.

Kim, C & Mauborgne, R (2004), 'Blue Ocean Strategy', "Harvard Business Review."

Nepal AIDS Strategy
Words: 1282 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Other Paper #: 82683385
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Strategic Management Health Care

I will use AIDSCAP Nepal as my organization. AIDSCAP has a mission to reduce the incidence of AIDS/HIV among Nepalese sex workers. The organization is not competitive in nature -- it is not a corporate but a not-for-profit entity. It is funded by USAID, so there might be some element of competition for funding that demand it show results for its efforts, but ultimately there is not much competitive posture for AIDSCAP at all.

Strategic thinking is essential to successful performance of any organization (Goldman, 2007), so the leaders of the organization must set a strategy that takes into account the external and internal environments. This is the case even when the organization is not engaged in active competitive, something that AIDSCAP as a not-for-profit entity does not engage in.

An adaptive strategy is defined as one that deals with the environment and its challenges by…

References

Goldman, E. (2007). Strategic thinking at the top. MIT Sloan Management Review. Retrieved November 16, 2014 from  http://sloanreview.mit.edu/article/strategic-thinking-at-the-top/ 

Hawthorne, M. (2014). The purpose of mission and vision statements in strategic planning. Houston Chronicle. Retrieved November 16, 2014 from  http://smallbusiness.chron.com/purpose-mission-vision-statements-strategic-planning-13161.html 

Martin, R. (2014). Adaptive strategy is a cop-out. Harvard Business Review. Retrieved November 16, 2014 from  https://hbr.org/2014/05/adaptive-strategy-is-a-cop-out 

Poister, T. (no date). Strategic planning and decision making in state departments of transportation. Transportation Research Board.

International Strategy the Five Generic
Words: 2181 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 31483930
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For example, Southwest reduced it turnaround times, and this allowed it to have more flights in a day Arthur a. Thompson, 2010()

, which consumers had the opportunity to choose from instead of the larger airlines. Serving short distance and budget fare, the airlines were able to do away with some luxuries which consumers were not interested in like first-class, seat numbering, in-flight meals, and baggage transfers. The budget airlines are able to compete with other major airlines by focusing solely on the consumers who want to travel cheaply, and for short distances. The larger airlines are focused on providing premier services like business lounges, business-class and first class. This way they cater for elite consumers.

Focused strategy based on differentiation

This strategy is aimed at differentiating the product in order to appeal to some unique needs and preferences of a narrow group Arthur a. Thompson, 2010.

In order for…

References

ARTHUR a. THOMPSON, J., a.J. STRICKLAND III, JOHN E. GAMBLE 2010. Crafting and Executing Strategy: The Quest for Competitive Advantage: Concepts and Cases, 2445 McCabe Way, McGraw-Hill.

BLAHA, V. 2003. Low Cost Carriers - Evolution, Strategies and Performance, Santa Cruz, CA 95060, GRIN Verlag.

FLOURIS, T.G. & OSWALD, S.L. 2012. Designing and Executing Strategy in Aviation Management, 110 Cherry Street, Ashgate Publishing, Limited.

HILL, C.W.L. & JONES, G.R. 2012. Strategic Management Theory: An Integrated Approach, 10th ed.: An Integrated Approach, Cheriton House, North Way, Andover, Hampshire, SP10 5BE, South-Western/Cengage Learning.

Insurance Contracting Strategy
Words: 1077 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 5393350
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The other necessary element in this process is procedure cost vs. reimbursement evaluation and proactive search of strong reimbursement for future volume. Analysis of the first element is crucial because it helps in ensuring that reimbursement documented in existing contracts is being effectively recorded. The information obtained during this stage can be used at any time of renegotiations or contribute to the development of effective alternative approaches. The assessment of the second element helps to determine how insurance contracts compare and to ensure reimbursement expectations are established within competitive market ranges. The third element can be used for defense in validating the need for higher reimbursement than the current offer.

Second Students' esponse:

As the use of managed care plans have increased in the past few years, there is an increased need for appropriate insurance contracting strategy. The existing managed care plans are primarily based on demand management through co-payments.…

References:

Devers, K.J., Brewster, L.R. & Casalino, L.P. (2003, February). Changes in Hospital

Competitive Strategy: A New Medical Arms Race? Health Services Research, 38(1), 447-469. Retrieved from  http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1360894/pdf/hesr_124.pdf 

Jones, C.L. & Mills, T.L. (2006, November-December). Negotiating a Contract with a Health

Plan, Family Practice Management, 13(10), 49-55. Retrieved from  http://www.aafp.org/fpm/2006/1100/p49.html

Strategic Advantage Competitive Advantage Within the Global
Words: 2172 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 27888799
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Strategic Advantage

Competitive advantage within the global retail sector

The resource based theory

Conceptual framework- esource-Based Theory

The e-retail strategy

In this paper, we explore the concept of resource-based view in gaining of strategic advantage within the global retail industry. Our focus will be in the use of information technology as a resource in drawing an e-strategy for the purpose of gaining a strategic advantage with a focus on the global retail sector. The organizations in our focus being global leading retailers; Wal-Mart, Metro AG, Carrefour and Tesco.

The high level of competition within the global retail industry has seen several players resort to the use of certain resources and competencies in order to maintain a lead over their competitors. These resources are strategically harnessed and applied in order for the affected firms to maintain a strategic advantage. In this paper, we explore the concept of resource-based view in gaining…

References Amit, R. And Zott, C. (2001) "Value Creation in E-business," Strategic Management

Journal, Vol. 22 No.6/7, pp 493-520.

Barney, Jay B. (2002). Gaining and Sustaining Competitive Advantage, 2nd ed. Reading, Mass.:

Addison-Wesley.

Barney, J.B. (1991), "From Resources and Sustained Competitive Advantage," Journal

Resource/Competitive Positioning

Comparing and Contrasting Resource-Based Strategies with Competitive Positioning Strategies

Resourced-Based Strategies

Competitive Positioning Strategies

Strategies For-Profit in the 21st Century

There are two schools of thought regarding the composition of a competitive strategy. The first is resourced based. This approach identifies key resources and seeks to leverage these in order to provide value to the consumer and achieve a competitive advantage in the marketplace. The next strategy begins with identifying a niche or more general opportunity in the market and aligning resources within the organization to achieve a competitive position in regards to the competition. The former strategy can be generalized as more of a push strategy while the latter is more of a pull strategy. Both have advantages as well as disadvantages and fit certain circumstances better than others. In this research project, a brief literature review of both vantage points will be provided follow by a…

Works Cited

ARchpru, M., & Alden, D. (2010). Global brand positioning and perceptions. International Journal of Advertising, 37-56.

Berry-Stolzle, T., Altuntas, & M. (2010). A Resource-Based Perspective on Business Strategies of Newly Founded Subsidiaries: The Case of German Pensionsfonds. Risk Management & Insurance Review, 173-193.

Eschenfelder, B. (2010). USING COMMUNITY BASED ASSESSMENTS TO STRENGTHEN NONPROFIT-GOVERNMENT COLLABORATION AND SERVICE DELIVERY. Journal of Health & Human Services Administration, 405-446.

Fransico, G., & Vicenta, S. (2009). A political candidate's brand image scale: Are political candidates brands? Journal of Brand Management, 207-217.

Business Strategies Why Is a
Words: 1431 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 21892340
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The graphic shown in Figure 1 was also provided in the article (Porter, 2008).

Figure 1: Five Forces Model

(Porter, 2008)

This model's effectiveness does not however capture the increasingly critical role of tacit and explicit knowledge in businesses. The tacit knowledge, of the type that is learned from the continual streamlining of core processes, is not easily captured and communicated. It is often called tribal knowledge as this type if intelligence often stays within workgroups where it originates and seldom is captured for broader use. Specific knowledge, or the type of intelligence that can easily be captured and communicated, is often not used to its full potential as well. Studies in the auto industry suggest that knowledge, not products or pricing, is the new competitive advantage (Dyer, Nobeoka, 2000). The Five Forces Model does not recognize how important knowledge is as a competitive force in the definition of competitive…

References

Jeffrey H. Dyer, & Kentaro Nobeoka. (2000). Creating and managing a high-performance knowledge-sharing network: The Toyota case. Strategic Management Journal: Special Issue: Strategic Networks, 21(3), 345-367.

Ormanidhi, O., & Stringa, O.. (2008). Porter's Model of Generic Competitive Strategies. Business Economics, 43(3), 55-64.

Michael E. Porter. (2008, January). THE FIVE COMPETITIVE FORCES THAT SHAPE STRATEGY. Harvard Business Review: Special HBS Centennial Issue, 86(1), 78-93.

Core Competency or Unique Strength of the Business

Lululemon Firm Activities Relevance of Strategies in
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Lululemon Firm Activities

elevance of Strategies in Firm Activities.

Strategic Firm Activities at Lululemon

Strategic Firm Activities at Lululemon

In establishing and concretizing business operations in a market, it is vital to lay down the necessary strategies to determine the level of diversification of the products produced, their affordability and availability to customers. Some of these strategies worked upon are the corporate level, international, strategic alliance and cooperative strategies. The establishment of Lululemon Company has been at the limelight in addressing these strategies in compliance to its industrial trends and in addressing its comparative and capability gaps. The company has enjoyed exponential revenue rates and vantages towards its market. Considerable micro and macro environments have contributed to the progress of the company.

Lululemon's Strategies

Corporate level strategy is responsible for defining the market unto which a business stands. It is a business-level strategy that overlooks the functionality of a company.…

References

Droege, S.B. (2007). Strategy levels. Encyclopedia of Business. Vol 2.

Lamb, C.W. (2011). Marketing. New York: Cengage Learning.

Segal-Horn, S and Faulkner. (2000). The Dynamics of International Strategy. New York: Cengage Learning.

Yoshino, M.Y. (1996). Strategic Alliances: An entrepreneurial approach to globalization. Chicago: Harvard Business Press.

Business Transformation Strategy
Words: 3911 Length: 14 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 75880550
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Business Transformation Strategy

GE Capital oodchester is a leading provider of motor car, equipment, and personal finance in the country of Ireland. They offer the most flexible packages for diverse financial needs and as such, have earned the position of leading the personal and capitol acquisition financial services. GE Capital oodchester also provides specialized financing and services and they focus on niches including equipment and car leasing, hire purchase and loans to businesses and individuals across Ireland. Headquartered in Dublin, GE Capital oodchester services the financial needs of its customers through its regional sales centers and extensive dealer and partner network.

GE Capital oodchester is a wholly owned subsidiary of GE Capital. ith assets of more than U.S.$425 billion, (gecapitol.ie, online) GE Capital is a global, diversified financial services company with 28 specialized businesses worldwide. GE Capital has had an enviable record of growth over the past decade delivering value…

Works Cited

Who We Are. (2002) GE Capitol. Accessed 6 August 2003. Website: http://gecapital.ie/GECapital/WhoWeAre.cfm

Our Expertise. (2002) GE Capitol. Accessed 6 August 2003. Website: http://gecapital.ie/GECapital/OurExpertise.cfm

Hill, C. & Jones, G. (2001) Strategic management: an integrated approach, 5th ed. Houghton Mifflin Company: Boston.

Porter, Michael. (1980) Competitive Strategy: Techniques for Analyzing Industries and Competitors New York: Simon and Schuster.

Supply Chain Strategies
Words: 3054 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 62410581
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Research indicates that supply chains help organizations attain competitive advantage. In turn, the successes or letdowns of such supply chains are determined in the open market by the end consumers. Rendering the fitting product, at the fitting price, at the fitting time to the consumer is not only the fundamental aspect to competitive success but also the vital element to survival (Christopher and Towill, 2001). Owing to the fact that the intricacy of supply chains in the present day, partly as a result of globalization and out-sourcing, the manner in which supply chains are structured can make a difference between an organization generating profit or loss. Different types of structures avail the management the choice to select the one that best suits consumer expectations. However, it is imperative for such chosen pipelines to go hand in hand with the business strategy of the supply chain (Christopher and Towill, 2002). In…

Rivalry Strategy Tool
Words: 1656 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 41405543
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Intensity of Rivalry within the Smartphone Manufacturing Industry

1. Number and Relative Size of Competitors
1 2 3 4 5 Top 4 competitors combined industry market share <40% (X 40-50%) 50-60% 60-70% >70%      

The worldwide smartphone manufacturing industry is significantly competitive. The top four competitors in the smartphone manufacturing industry comprise of Samsung, Apple, Huawei and OPPO. In accordance to statistics from the 3rd Quarter of the 2016 fiscal year, Samsung was number 1 in the industry with a market share of 21 percent. Second was Apple with a market share of 12.5 percent. The third competing company was Huawei with a market share of 9.3 percent, and lastly OPPO with a market share of 7.1%. The fifth company is Vivo, which boasts a market share of 5.9 percent. The other smartphone manufacturing companies around the globe account for a combined market share of 44.2 percent. The combined…

Generic Grand & Specific Strategies for Your
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Generic, Grand & Specific Strategies for Your Individual Project

A strategy is a statement that will be used to achieve long-term objectives. Strategy is about two things, deciding where you want your business to go, and deciding how to get there. For this study we will look generic strategy, grand and specific strategies and how they are likely to be applied to help the Sikorsky Support Services (SSSI) attain its long time objectives based on competitive advantage, the object of most corporate strategy.

SSSI is an organization that provides aircraft maintenance and manufacturing services support for global commercial and military organizations. It is a global leader in this field.

Porter, (1998) It is worthy to note that Generic strategies provide customers with what they want at a better price, or more effectively than others.) In this case, Sikorsky Support Services (SSSI), would rather choose whether it will compete on price,…

References

Fukuyama F. (2010) Grand strategies: Literature State Craft and World Order, Yale University Press

Kotelnikov, Vadim. (2011). Strategic Intent. 1000 Ventures. Retrieved from  http://www.1000ventures.com/business_guide/crosscuttings/strategic_intent.html 

Porter, M. (1980) Competitive Strategy: Techniques for Analyzing Industries and Competitors New York, Free press

Porter, M. (1998) Competitive Advantage: Creating and Sustaining Superior Performance, New York, Free press

Business Strategy and Operations This
Words: 1722 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 85198378
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The generation of new products in it which can support product delivery at a faster rate. For example the it Organization that creates software, provides technical support and training, processes payments as and finally enters into an agreement that is nonexclusive in nature with the manufacturers who then authorize the organization in marketing of those products provides the suppliers/manufactures with a great deal of power in terms of the value chain as well as lower costing products. Emerging technologies are one of the threats in the it business. It is possible that a competitor might advance quickly through offering of a new technology and this is always a possibility in the Information Technology usiness.

ibliography

Clarke, Roger (1994) the Path of Development of Strategic Information Systems Theory. Xamax Consultancy Pty Ltd., 1992, 1993, 1994 http://www.anu.edu.au/people/Roger.Clarke/SOS/StratISTh.html

Mitchell, ridger M. (nd) Economic Issues www.rand.org/publica tions/MR/MR650/mr650.ch4/ch4.html

Frank, Ulrich, & Lange, Carola (2004) a…

Bibliography

Clarke, Roger (1994) the Path of Development of Strategic Information Systems Theory. Xamax Consultancy Pty Ltd., 1992, 1993, 1994  http://www.anu.edu.au/people/Roger.Clarke/SOS/StratISTh.html 

Mitchell, Bridger M. (nd) Economic Issues www.rand.org/publica tions/MR/MR650/mr650.ch4/ch4.html

Frank, Ulrich, & Lange, Carola (2004) a Framework to support the Analysis of Strategic Options for Electronic Commerce 2004 February Online at  http://www.uni-koblenz.de/~iwi/publicfiles/Arbeitsberichte/Nr41.pdf 

Mulani, Narendra Dr. & Lee, Hau Dr. (nd) New Business Models for Supply Chain Excellence Online at  http://www.accenture.com/xdoc/en/services/scm/ASC4_wp_keynote.pdf

Business First Discuss the Organization's Strategy and
Words: 1596 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 88881424
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Business

First discuss the organization's strategy and classify it according to Porter's three generic competitive strategies.

Then identify the most critical inputs in each of the first three categories and justify WHY they are critical. Also explain what effect the inputs from one category have on inputs from the other categories. How well does the strategy fit with the environmental, resource and historical inputs you identified?

Make a Case for your proposition as to how the Key Inputs support (are congruent with) the trategy. pecifically make a claim: "The inputs at kype consisting of Organizational Environment factors. Internal Resource factors, and Historical Tradition factors are, [highly, partially, or minimally] congruent with the company's strategy."

Introduction

kype offers product uniqueness. This is one of Porter's competitive strategies. kype has, in fact, received a reputation as being a highly unique company and indeed it works on being innovative and is constantly producing…

Sources

Aamoth, D. (May 10, 2011) A Brief History of Skype. Time Techland

 http://techland.time.com/2011/05/10/a-brief-history-of-skype/2/ 

Skype eesti keeles  http://blogs.skype.com/et/2012/05/skype_seeks_new_employees_from_ukraine.html 

ComputerWeekly.com. Interview: The man driving Skype's strategy  http://www.computerweekly.com/feature/Interview-The-man-driving-Skypes-strategy

Leadership Strategy While All Businesses
Words: 500 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Professional Writing Paper #: 40596504
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Wal-Mart has been successful in integrating into their unique value proposition and messaging a core value of their entire organization, and therefore the cost leadership strategy is seen as credible (Allentuck, 2005).

In the services industries, the cost leadership strategies of Southwest Airlines, and yanair whose CEO Michael O'Leary visited and studied the business model of Southwest, further illustrate how cost leadership strategies can lead to profitability over the long-term (Box, Byus, 2007). For Southwest Airlines, their cost leadership strategy is predicated on creating a competitive enough price point so that customers will consider them a viable alternative to driving (Box, Byus, 2007). Given the purchasing strategies Southwest has relied on consistently for oil futures contracts, the challenging yet achievable goal has been realized.

Conclusion

Organizations that achieve the greatest possible results from cost leadership strategies concentrate on broad markets where their price leadership can be translated into a significant…

References

Andrew Allentuck. (2005, April). The Competitive Environment. Canadian Grocer, 119(3), 34-35.

Box, T., & Byus, K.. (1 February). SOUTHWEST AIRLINES 2007. Journal of the International Academy for Case Studies,7-12.

Ranjit Voola, & Aron O'Cass. (2010). Implementing competitive strategies: the role of responsive and proactive market orientations. European Journal of Marketing, 44(1/2), 245-266.

Marketing Strategies it Is Likely
Words: 663 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 97907250
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For niche markets, the customer base is smaller than for general markets. It is therefore necessary to ensure customer satisfaction at all times. Because interior decoration is a very subjective field, it is necessary for the company representative or business person to always ensure that he or she understands the customer's needs and wants exactly to ensure ultimate satisfaction.

In terms of competition oriented strategies, an interior decorator should ensure the quality of his or her products are superior and innovative in order to remain at the top of this competitive field. Further strategies can include the radical nature of the designs and decorating patterns themselves, or indeed building distinctive capabilities to give an advantage over competitors.

4.) a market challenger in a mature market would need to focus on customer oriented strategies. The main reason for this is the fact that mature markets have generally settled in an accepted…

Sources

Kotelnikov, Vadim. Your Competitive Strategies. 2007.  http://www.1000ventures.com/business_guide/crosscuttings/competing_strategy.html

Brand Strategy Is a Challenging Task for
Words: 1402 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 36831777
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brand strategy is a challenging task for many companies but it is a vital step in giving the company an identity of its own. It is this identity that is repeatedly communicated thought the business life. Developing a brand management strategy involves applying marketing techniques to a brand, or a product with the intention of giving it a unique image and to set it apart from the competitors. We will focus on the competitive analysis or model analysis that will briefly introduce our project, the competition or model, as well as describing the strengths and weaknesses of the competition or model.

The group is intending to come up with the shuttle bus service which is to serve the York collage, its student as well as staff. This shuttle bus service will transport valid students and staff from York College to predetermined stops in the area. By doing so, the shuttle…

Reference

Alex, W, 1999, The Brand Marketing Book, McGraw Hill, London. Retrieved September 26, 2013 from  http://www.iei.liu.se/fek/svp/mafo/artikelarkiv/1.310120/Building_brand.pdf 

Clancy, Kevin J.; Peter C. Kriegafsd (2000). Counter intuitive Marketing. Retrieved September 26, 2013 from The Free Press. ISBN 0-684-85555-0. Retrieved September 26, 2013 from  http://www.iosrjen.org/Papers/vol2_issue10%20%28part-4%29/H021043538.pdf 

Garth 2000, Strategic Management; Wiley, New York. Retrieved September 26, 2013 from. http://eu.wiley.com/WileyCDA/WileyTitle/productCd-EHEP000004.html

Keller, L. 2003, Strategic Brand Management', Prentice Hall. Retrieved on 25/09/2013 Retrieved September 26, 2013 from www.gfk-academy.de/files/gfk_a_sembr_sbman.pdf

Porter's Generic Strategies B the Strategy Clock
Words: 1184 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 12138362
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Porter's Generic Strategies (b) the Strategy Clock

The question that both models address is the aspect of competition: how one company can gain competitive advantage over another given the finite number of unique products and services out there and the need for different companies to sell similar or common products to a limited sample of people.

In "Competitive Strategy: Techniques for Analyzing Industries and Competitors" (1980), Porter reduced competition to three strategies: 1. Cost leadership; 2. Product differentiation, and; 3. Market segmentation.

In other words, companies compete either on cost (the price of their products); on perceived value (the differentiation in value of their product from that of another company); or / and on by focusing on a particularized customer (i.e. offering a niche / segmented market).

In 1996, Cliff Bowman and David Faulkner created Bowman's Strategy Clock, which extended Porter's model to eight strategies and included identifying the likelihood…

Reference

Neuman, S. (2006). Low price doesn't always mean low quality, but it could mean a challenge to high-end products, Washington Uni. In St. Louis.  http://news.wustl.edu/news/Pages/7318.aspx 

IKEA: how the Swedish retailer became a global cult brand. Business Week online, 14 November 2005.

GE & Strategy Indeed Diversification and Decentralization
Words: 586 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 6114251
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GE & Strategy

"Indeed, diversification and decentralization had been the major strategic thrusts of GEs two prior CEOs…" (Walker, General Electric Strategic Position-1981, 1993). Under decentralization, GE's departments were building blocks with their own product market, market strategies, finance, engineering, manufacturing, and employee relation functions. With expansion came problems of permissiveness and lack of proportion. Employees lacked experience. GE had profitless growth, massive investments with long payback periods, poor planning, and poor understanding of the businesses.

In the 1970s, GE was restructured with corporate staff in two parts to implement a hierarchical structure. There was shift in the business mix. ut, this structure created major communication problems. GE moved into the sector structure. This developed the problems of discontinuities of strategic plans and unnecessary costs from duplication and uncoordinated actions. GE was moving in all directions with no focus to where it was going.

In 1981, when Jack Welch became…

Bibliography

Bartlett, C.A. (2005, May 03). GE's Two-Decade Transformation: Jack Welch's Leadership. In G. Walker, Modern Competitive Strategy. Retrieved from Harvard Business School.

(1993, Mar 24). General Electric Strategic Position-1981. In G. Walker, Modern Competitive Strategy. Retrieved from Harvard Business School.

Walker, G. (n.d.). Managing the Multibusiness Firm. In G. Walker, Modern Competitive Strategy (pp. Chapter 11, pages 309-331).

Financial Strategy the Single Constant
Words: 1457 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 32631951
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The financial strategy establishes the budgets for all organizational departments, and as such directly influences the performances and resources of the respective departments. The financial strategy ascertains whether the company would be able to adequately research the market, identify customer needs and properly address and serve the target market. The financial strategy also defines the levels of product development and specialization, which directly influences the levels of customer satisfaction and adjacently the organizational sales.

All in all, the financial strategy is one key factor in attaining organizational success and it is an integrant party of the overall business model. In other words, it has to be factored in when making any business decision and in turn, the financial strategy has to be created in such a manner that it supports the company in attaining its objectives.

In such a context then, the economic agents have to place a greater emphasis…

References:

Burk, J.E., Lehman, R.P., 2004, Financing your small business, Sphinx Pub.

Graham, T., 2007, CIMA exam practice kit management accounting financial strategy, 3rd edition, Butterworth-Heinemann

Shapiro, J., Developing a financing strategy, Civicus, http://www.civicus.org/new/media/Developing%20a%20Financing%20Strategy.pdf last accessed on October 20, 2011

Financial strategy, ADVFN,  http://www.advfn.com/money-words_term_7104_Financial_strategy.html  last accessed on October 20, 2011

Wal-Mart's Strategy the Discount Retailing
Words: 2016 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 22899280
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However, one of the many ways Wal-Mart has been able to cut costs is by not having large stores of items in back rooms at each of their stores. Instead, the organization has used technology to remain customer focused.

By innovating the use of sharing sales data, via computer, with their major suppliers, Wal-Mart has been able to keep key items in stock, without having to stockpile them. When an item is rung up at the cash register, this information is sent to a data warehouse that then facilitates reordering from that particular supplier ("Wal-Mart Story"). Add this product availability to the fact that Wal-Mart offers such a wide variety of items, and services from: financial services to beauticians to optometry to automotive care, and one can easily see how the company has added convenience to its strategies of success.

Wal-Mart's most recent convenience strategy also comes in the form…

References

Dollar Prescription Drug Program. No date. Wal-Mart. December 2, 2007  http://www.walmartfacts.com/FactSheets/4_Dollar_Prescription_Drug_Program_Phase_2.pdf .

Economic Opportunities. No date. Wal-Mart. December 2, 2007  http://www.walmartfacts.com/FactSheets/Economic_Opportunities.pdf .

Site to Store Program. No date. Wal-Mart. December 2, 2007  http://www.walmartfacts.com/FactSheets/Site_to_Store_Program.pdf .

Wal-Mart Story. 24 Aug 2007. Wal-Mart. December 2, 2007  http://www.walmartfacts.com/content/default.aspx?id=1 .

IT Strategies to Maximize the
Words: 12345 Length: 44 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 20534601
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However, during the little more than 10 years of this research line, contradictory results have been found (Brynjolfsson, Hitt, & Yang, 2002). From the 1970s to 1980s, those companies that invested more in IT suffered a relative setback in the work factor productivity indexes. This paper will discuss the relationship between IT and competitive advantage in following content. We believe that IT is necessary to improve competitive position of the organization.

Many business professionals point to the use and deployment of IT as a point of weakness, not a point of strength in their organizations. They think that the reason for this is often that IT is being driven from a technical perspective, not from a business perspective (Orlikowski & Iacono, 2000). This phenomenon exists because many businesspeople think that the IT is too complicated, too expensive, too risky and too changeable. They would not like to spend time on…

References

About Us', Waseta International Trading Co., [Online]. Available at http://www.wasseta.com/gywm.htm

Advancing with e-Business: Pro-Angler Fishing Tackle Direct." [Internet]. 29 Jan 2005. Available at  http://www.proangler.com.au .

Ahmed, P.K., & Rafiq, M. 2003, "Internal Marketing Issues and Challenges," European Journal of Marketing, 37 (9), p. 1177-1186.

Armstrong, G., & Kotler, P. 2003, Marketing: An Introduction, 6th ed., Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, NJ., p. 10.

Marketing Strategy of FedEx Examining
Words: 3816 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Marketing Plan Paper #: 88609575
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For the first 2010/2011 fiscal quarter ending Aug 31, FedEx Freight generated revenue of $1.26 billion, up 28% from last year's $982 million, but made a loss of $16 million -- down from an income of $2 million a year ago (2010, FedEx).

FedEx Corp. reported gross revenue of $9.46 billion in the quarter, up 18% from $8.01 billion the previous year; operating income of $628 million, a 99% increase from $315 million last year; and net income of $380 million, a gain of 110% from $181 million in 2009/10 (2010, FedEx).

Financial Performance

On September 15, FedEx shares dropped by 3.4% on the news that profits in the quarter ending August 31 (the first quarter of fiscal 2011) had totaled $380 million. Although they had doubled relative to the immediately preceding quarter, this profit level was still seen as somewhat below market expectations (2010, Company Profiles).

According to Investor's…

References

A to Z. Of Management Concepts & Models (2005). Porter's generic strategies, p. 272-277. Retrieved from Business Source Complete database.

Blois, K., Dibb, S. (2000). Market segmentation. Added Oxford Textbook of Marketing, p.380, sections 1-10. Retrieved from Business Source Premier database.

Boyle, M. (2008). UPS and FedEx Think Outside the Box. BusinessWeek, (4099), 064. Retrieved from Business Source Complete database.

Cambra-Fierro, J., Hart, S., & Polo-Redondo, Y. (2008, October 15). Environmental Respect: Ethics or Simply Business? A Study in the Small and Medium Enterprise (SME) Context. Journal of Business Ethics, 82(3), 645-656. doi:10.1007/s10551-007-9583-1.

Aviation Logistics and Competitive Advantage
Words: 2313 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 40617647
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Logistics in Aviation

Aviation logistics: Competitive advantage and technological innovation

Prelude

In the modern era, the worldwide logistics and supply chain is very cut throat and keeping an edge over others is important for all the firms in operation. Worldwide competition in aviation logistics business is cut throat with numerous firms. Firms in this business survive only when they maintain an edge over their rivals in the business in order to keep the clients in check. Most of the firms are very lenient to their clients as they listen to their client's needs and requirements, complaints along the way, implementing long-term marketing programs as well as short-term. Companies also make use of their resources in order to acquire competitive edge over their rivals in the marketplace which leads to satisfactory profits (Sakchutchawan, 2011). The resource advantage theory stipulates that having edge in resources paves way for competitive edge in the…

References

Abrahamsson, M., Aldin, N., & Stahre, F. (2003). Logistics platforms for improved strategic flexibility. International Journal of Logistics: Research & Applications, 6 (3), 85-106.

Bardi, E.J., Raghunathan, T.S., & Bagchi, P.K. (1994). Logistics information systems: The strategic role of top management. Journal of Business Logistics, 15(1), 71-85.

Barney, J. (1991). Firm resources and sustained competitive advantage. Journal of Management, 17(1), 99-120.

Bowersox, D.J., and Daugherty, P.J. (1995). Logistics paradigms: the impact of information technology. Journal of Business Logistics, 16 (1), 65-80.

Managers Set Bad Strategies In
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Analysis of the data

Porter's discussion of strategies fails capture the highly specific responses needed from home base countries' multinationals to expand into other nations with cultures highly dissimilar to ones' own. In the Competitive Advantage of Nations, Porter assumes a cultural homogeneity and "likeness" and has never published research illustrating a western multinational or for that matter home base country moving into foreign nations. The research Porter completed with the Japanese Ministry of International Trade highlights the insularity and importance of trust through relationships.

The growth of westernized home base industries into China is significantly more complex than Porter theorizes through the diamond or other analytical constructs as defined in Competitive Advantage of Nations. For example, Chinese consumers prove extremely loyal to domestic products and brands, partially because so few Western items existed in the market until the 1990s.

The transformation to a free market economy did little to…

References

Forbes (2006) - Why Do Good Managers Set Bad Strategies? Knowledge&Wharton. November 4, 2006. Accessed from the Internet on February 21, 2007 from location: