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it's the same with a Wi-Fi network, where the higher the frequency and the more data is communicated via the wave, the more the actual performance of the F plane changes. And just like an F plane that can take in very high frequencies of waves while others will bounce off the device or begin to have properties like light waves (meaning they refract and reverberate) the same holds true for Wi-Fi signals.
If you have ever flown an F plane you can relate to this allegory and its implications on the distance a plane can travel, navigated by the signal from the control unit and the strength of the signal waves. The same is true of a Wi-Fi network. The stronger the frequency of a LAN as measured in kHz, the farther a signal can travel and the larger the potential LAN can be. And just as a signal…
Varshney, U., & Vetter, R. (2000). Emerging mobile and wireless networks. Association for Computing Machinery.Communications of the ACM, 43(6), 73-81.
To some users of personal computers, who state, never trust a computer that you cannot lift; the IBM has been viewed, more often than not, as an enemy, and according to Byte, the computer magazine, this was because of the fact that the IBM company rose to fame mainly on the basis of its mainframe computers, that were large and forbidding, and overwhelmingly bulky. This was probably why, when the rest of the world was eyeing the emerging opportunities in the minicomputer market, the IBM never paid any attention, and even though IBM did succeed in capturing a large chunk of that market, it did not happen until Digital had captured the minicomputer market and had grown into a large corporation.
In the past few years, IBM has agreed to change the ways in which it conducts its business, and adapt to the changing times when the prices of computers…
Ellett, John. "About / Best Practices Center, Results Oriented Integrated Marketing the Dell
Way" Retrieved at http://www.nfusion.com/about/best_practices/Results-Oriented_Integrated_Marketing.html . accessed 27 July, 2005
Konrad, Rachel. (10 August, 2001) "From Bits to Boom, IBM PC turns 20" Retrieved at http://ecoustics-cnet.com.com/Mixed+record+as+PC+turns+20/2009-1040_3-271422.html . accessed 27 July, 2005.
Outsourcing Law, Deal structure, Case Study." Retrieved at http://www.outsourcing-law.com/DealStructures/IBM.Lenovo.2005.01.06.htm. accessed 27 July, 2005
Because of the standardization and flexibility of the mouse, software developers have considerable leeway in their engineering. Alternates to the mouse such as the light pen and tablet do not provide users with as robust and diverse usages as the mouse.
Mice, moreover, are inexpensive. Although users can opt for high-end mice, most standard mice and even optical and cordless mice are affordable for the average consumer. Early mice, contained in clumsy rectangular boxes, did not have the ergonomic or visual appeal of modern mice, which are easy and accessible for all users. Accessibility is another reason why the mouse has revolutionized computing. Disabled computer users who cannot access QWERTY keyboards can perform many functions using voice recognition software and basic mouse clicks.
Advancements in mouse technology have also enabled users to save considerable time and energy for their computing needs. For example, the right-click button often brings up menu…
Subtopic 6: Job management and protection; include a serious discussion of security aspects
The most commonly leveled criticism of operating systems is the inherent lack of security they have (Funell, 2010). Defining operating systems to have partitioned memory is just the start, as Microsoft learned with their Windows NT platform. Dedicated memory partitions by user account can be hacked and have been (Funell, 2010). The need for greater levels of user authentication is required, including the use of biometrics for advanced systems that have highly confidential data within them. The reliance on security-based algorithms that also seek to analyze patterns of use to anticipate security threats are increasingly in use today (Volkel, Haller, 2009). This aspect of an operating system can capture the levels of activity and the patterns they exhibit, which can provide insights into when a threat is present or not. The use of predictive security technologies, in…
Boudreau, K.. (2010). Open Platform Strategies and Innovation: Granting Access vs. Devolving Control. Management Science, 56(10), 1849-1872.
Jason Dedrick, & Kenneth L. Kraemer. (2005). The Impacts of it on Firm and Industry Structure: The Personal Computer Industry. California Management Review, 47(3), 122-142.
Furnell, S.. (2010). Usability vs. complexity - striking the balance in end-user security. Network Security, 2010(12), 13-17.
Larus, J.. (2009). Spending Moore's Dividend. Association for Computing Machinery. Communications of the ACM, 52(5), 62.
Computer Hard Drives
The globalization of computer technology offers a vast number of remarkable tools, devices, applications, and advanced equipments that brings comfort in our daily work and activities. New features, designs, and capabilities of various computer peripherals and hardware are continuously being developed and brought out to market for better performance of the current technology. One very important part of a computer that experiences the trend of up-to-date improvement is the Hard Drive.
This paper aims to provide information on the evolution of computer hard drives. Included in this paper is the history of hard drive, from the time it was developed as computer hardware up to the continuous production of new and upgraded performance of data storage mediums. The various types of this technology, its changing features, and the companies who provide us with this dependable hardware are also discussed in this paper.
Of the diverse parts…
Legard, David. Smaller, Faster Hard Drives Coming Soon. PC World. 2003.
Kozierok, Charles. A Brief History of the Hard Disk Drive. PC Guide. 2001.
Byard, Larry. Hard Disk Drive Guide History.
Dux Computer Digest. 09 April 2003. http://www.duxcw.com/digest/guides/hd/hd2.htm
Computer clustering involves the use of multiple computers, typically personal computers (PCs) or UNIX workstations, multiple storage devices, and redundant interconnections, to form what appears to users as a single integrated system (Cluster computing). Clustering has been available since the 1980s when it was used in Digital Equipment Corp's VMS systems. Today, virtually all leading hardware and software companies including Microsoft, Sun Microsystems, Hewlett Packard and IM offer clustering technology. This paper describes why and how clustering is commonly used for parallel processing, batch processing, load balancing and high availability.
Despite some challenges such as achieving transparency, mitigating network latency and the split-brain problem, clustering has proven to be a huge success for bringing scale and availability to computing applications. Hungry for even more efficient resource use, IT departments are now turning their eye on the next evolution of clustering called grid computing.
Parallel processing is the processing of program…
Beowulf clusters compared to Base One's batch job servers Retrieved May 2, 2004 from Web site: http://www.boic.com/beowulf.htm
Burleson, D. Requirements for parallel clusters. Retrieved May 1, 2004 from Web site: http://www.fast-track.cc/teas_ft_rac07.htm
Cluster computing. Retrieved May 1, 2004 from Web site: http://search390.techtarget.com/sDefinition/0,sid10_gci762034,00.html
D'Souza, Marco (2001, April 13). Meeting high-availability through clustering. ZDNet. Retrieved May 2, 2004 from Web site: http://www.zdnetindia.com/biztech/services/whitepapers/stories/19538.html
The programming design class gives the student many tools that they will need on the job, but there is much more to the design process than having the right tools. The ability to apply those tools to the situations that will arise on the job is one of the most important skills that the designer will have. However, this is not always easy to teach in the classroom. Therefore, it is important for the design student to read as many outside sources as possible. They must understand the various philosophies and approaches to the design process. They must understand the strengths and weaknesses of those approaches and how they relate to various customer projects. The computer program design student must develop the broadest knowledge base possible in order to deliver a quality product to the customer.
Din, J. & Idris, S. (2009). Object-Oriented Design Process Model. International Journal of…
Din, J. & Idris, S. (2009). Object-Oriented Design Process Model. International Journal of Computer Science and Network Security. 9 (10): 71-79.
Guzman, J., Mitre, H. & Amescua, a. et al. (2010). Integration of strategic management, process improvement and quantitative measurement for managing the competitiveness of software engineering organizations. Software Quality Journal. DOI: 10.1007/s11219-
9094-7 Retrieved May 31, 2010 from http://www.springerlink.com/content/58k83507v1j7w653/?p=318712de7adb48cfa387cb4
Computer and Web Ethics
The term "computer ethics," as coined by Walter Maner in the 1970s, refers to a field of study that examines "ethical problems aggravated, transformed, or created by computer technology" (Maner, 1980). Maner suggested that persons engaged in computer-related actions should apply traditional ethical frameworks, such as Kantianism and Utilitarianism, to govern their decision-making. While Immanuel Kant's virtue ethics are rooted in respect for all people and an inherent respect for virtuous character traits -- such as kindness, honesty, patience and humility -- Utilitarianism judges the morality of an action according to "the greatest good for the greatest number" rule (Stanford Encyclopedia, 2011).
Similar to Maner's definition, Deborah Johnson, author of Computer Ethics (1985), defined computer ethics as a study of how computers "pose new versions of standard moral problems and moral dilemmas, exacerbating the old problems, and forcing us to apply ordinary moral norms to uncharted…
Bynum, T. (2006). "Flourishing Ethics," Ethics and Information Technology, 8(4), 157-173.
Gotterbarn, D. (2001). "Informatics and Professional Responsibility," Science and Engineering Ethics, 7(2), 221-30.
Johnson, D. (1985). Computer Ethics, First Edition, Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall; Second Edition, Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1994; Third Edition Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 2001.
Maner, W. (1980). Starter Kit in Computer Ethics, Hyde Park, NY: Helvetia Press and the National Information and Resource Center for Teaching Philosophy.
The first image displayed on the website for the American Society of Agricultural Engineers, rather eccentrically for an engineering organization, is two hands holding a clump of soil. Yet despite this earthy image, the society also stresses its technical nature, as members in the biological, agricultural, and other food related sciences could engage in virtual web conferences with one another, through web space accorded to the organization. Thus, the technical as well as the agricultural aspects of the organization enable members to improve their professional credentials and connect with other engineering professional in the agricultural field. Members can also make use of the organization's technical library and database of technical experts.
The ASAE also offers such perks for members as a group insurance plan and an e-newsletter. The offer of a group insurance plan illustrates that many members may not be members of a large corporate entity, and…
ASAE -- American Society of Agricultural Engineers. (2004) Official website. Retrieved 29 November 2004 at www.asae.org
IEEE - Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, (2004) Official Website. Retrieved 29 November 2004 at http://www.ieee.org
In the same year, the founders started a new company for computer development called the Eckert-Mauchly Computer Corporation. By 1949, this company launched the BINAC or Binary Automatic computer. This computer made use of magnetic tape for the storage of data. Then this company was bought by emington and Corporation and the name was changed to Univac Division of emington and. This company was the organization to bring out UNIVAC which is one of the originals of the type of computers that are used today. (Inventors of the Modern Computer: The ENIAC I Computer - J Presper Eckert and John Mauchly)
1951 - UNIVAC begins to take over the business industries market:
Presper Eckert and John Mauchly set up their company and found their first client in the United States Census Bureau. The population of United States was growing very fast due to the baby boom that was taking place…
Bellis, Mary. "Inventors of the Modern Computer: The Atanasoff-Berry Computer the First
Electronic Computer - John Atanasoff and Clifford Berry." Retrieved at http://inventors.about.com/library/weekly/aa050898.htm . Accessed 6 October, 2005
Bellis, Mary. "Inventors of the Modern Computer: The ENIAC I Computer - J Presper Eckert and John Mauchly" Retrieved at http://inventors.about.com/library/weekly/aa060298.htm . Accessed 6 October, 2005
Bellis, Mary. "Inventors of the Modern Computer: The Harvard MARK I Computer - Howard
computers and culture, using the book "Technopoly: The Surrender of Culture to Technology," by Neil Postman, and other resources. Specifically, it will answer the questions: How have computers and computer networks changed human thinking, behavior, and lifestyle? What has been gained? What has been lost? What are the advantages of computers in communication? In education? In entertainment? In the economy? What are the disadvantages in these areas? Is computer technology creating winners and losers, or furthering social stratification? Have we become too dependent on computers? Do computers limit social skills and physical activity to a damaging degree? Why or why not? Computers have changed our national culture and our global culture, and not always for the better. When they were first developed for the mass market, computers were meant to increase productivity and cut down on paper work. Today, computers have permeated every section of our lives, and our culture.…
Berg, R. Dreyer. "Our Computational Culture: From Descartes to the Computer." ETC.: A Review of General Semantics 51.2 (1994): 123+.
Marsha Kinder, ed. Kids' Media Culture. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 1999.
Perrolle, Judith A. "Information, Technology, and Culture." The Relevance of Culture. Ed. Morris Freilich. New York: Bergin & Garvey Publishers, 1989. 98-114.
Postman, Neil. Technopoly: The Surrender of Culture to Technology. New York, Vintage Books, 1992.
Similar to the suggestions offered by Gahala (2001), rody (1995) identified several traits to be considered when developing a comprehensive professional development program. Among those traits include the reputation of the trainer, the rewards available to the participants, both tangible and intangible, and the support of the administration. Traditional staff development models have required everyone to participate at the same time and in the same location creating problems such as scheduling, travel, space, and funding. intrim (2002) notes that web-delivered staff development allows teachers to log on and participate at the time of day that is best for them and at the pace they are the most comfortable with.
urke (1994) concluded that the use of effective distance education programs for K-12 staff development should be increased to supplement face-to-face in-services due to the positive evaluations of K-12 educators who participated in the electronic distance education in-service programs. However, other…
Bintrim, L. (2002). Redesigning professional development. Educational Leadership, 59
Blumenfeld, P.C., Marx, R.W., Soloway, E. & Krajcik, J. (1996). Learning With Peers:
From Small Group Cooperation to Collaborative Communities. Educational Researcher, 25(8), 37- 40.
Books, J., Cayer, C., Dixon, J., Wood, J. (2001). Action Research Question: What Factors Affect Teachers' Integration of Technology in Elementary Classrooms?
Computing networks are certainly changing. There are a couple of different factors driving these changes, which generally include issues of security, privacy, regulatory concerns, and technological advancements. For the most part, these drivers are resulting in positive changes for computer networks.
One of the fundamental ways in which computer networks are changing is that they are incorporating Virtual Private Networks (VPNs). VPNs provide an additional computing network inside of an external network (Monga 343). As such, they are able to buttress security while adding a layer of privacy (Rao and Kavitha 4). There are a number of intruders and hackers who are invading networks without authority. One of the basic ways to meet this broadening challenge is to stifle hackers with the use of a VPN.
Another way that networks are changing is by becoming much more complex. Specifically, the architecture involved with them is taking on additional complexities that…
Engineering Materials: High Strength Steel and Bus Seat Frames
The purpose of this paper is to conduct research and the review the findings. This paper seeks an understanding of the engineering material of high strength steel, the process in which it is made and the items it is used to build specifically that of bus seat frames. Over the course of the research, it is has been determined that high strength steel is effective when used in building lightweight yet safe and sturdy bus seat frames. This construct lends to the overall safety of buses using this material, specifically in existing models found in buses designed by a company called Fainsa located in Barcelona, Spain. This paper explores the process and design of these seats by looking at the process in which high strength steel is created. By understanding how high strength steel is made, one can better understand its…
(2005). "Compartmentalize." (Sept. 21, 2005).
(2005). "Steels for Strength." http://www.machinedesing.com/BDE/materials/bdemat6/bdemat6_8.html. (Sept. 21, 2005).
Basta, E., and Hoon, G. (2004). "Slitting ultrahigh-strength steels: Are you ready to process these coil types?" Stamping Journal 8,
Likewise, a similar study by Desai et al. (2000) that compared traditional lecture format training with CBT found that, "The CBT subjects' overall end-of-training and one-month-after-training performance was significantly better than [the traditional lecture method] subjects' performance" (p. 239).
By sharp contrast, the analysis of the effectiveness of CBT by Bowman et al. (2009) found that the effectiveness of this alternative can be adversely affected by a number of Navy-specific factors, including the pace of operations in some settings, an enormously diverse population that often requires more individualized instruction, and that self-paced formats can actually serve to increase student failure rates. Nevertheless, Dye (2004) emphasizes that the Navy has taken steps to integrate lessons learned and best practices into newly developed CBT curricular offerings, and notes that improvements in the support technologies continue to provide better ways of individualizing computer-based training opportunities in the future. In fact, one of the…
Bowman, W.R., Crawford, a.M. & Mehay, S. (2009, August 24). An assessment of the effectiveness of computer-based training for newly commissioned surface warfare division officers. Monterey, CA: Naval Postgraduate School.
Computer-based training. (2009, March). Navy Inspector General report to the Secretary of the Navy. NAVINSGEN computer-based training study.
Desai, M.S., Richards, T. & Eddy, J.P. (2000). A field experiment: Instructor-based training vs.
computer-based training. Journal of Instructional Psychology, 27(4), 239.
Importance of Hardware and Software for the Computer
Computer hardware refers to the physical entities of a computer like a motherboard, keyboard, mouse, RAM, hard drive etc. These components are designed to perform particular functions that are directed by the software. The hardware components are used to power and control the computer making is usable. Most of the hardware components are mostly hidden meaning that they are not seen and are enclosed within the casing of the computer. Hardware and software are interconnected. Without software hardware of the computer would not have any function. Computer hardware is limited to the specific tasks that are taken independently. Software consists of the instructions that tell the hardware how to perform a particular task. Software has the ability to perform numerous tasks as opposed to hardware which only performs mechanical tasks that it is designed for. Software is important because it…
Explosive impacts of computer and information technology on business and individuals have generated a need to design and develop new computer and software system to incorporate a rapid growing range of computer applications. Software engineers apply the software engineering principles and techniques to design, evaluate, test and implement software systems to enable computer to perform different applications. Software engineers use systematic and quantified approach to design, evaluate, implement software and provide maintenance for software. In other word, software engineering systems use sound engineering principles to design economical and reliable software for business and individual uses. Typically, software engineering principles are used for the development of software application, which include network distribution, and operating system.
Pimentel, et al. (2009) argue the growing integration of application development into web development has made software engineers to apply the principles of document engineering to assist in enhancing the software specifications. Document engineering is an…
Blei, D.M. & Lafferty, J.D. (2006). Dynamic topic models. Proceedings of the ICML. ICML'06: 113 -- 120.
Clements, P. Bachmann, F. Bass, L. et al. (2009). Documenting Software Architecture.(Second Edition). Software Engineering Institute.
Forward, A. (2002).Software Documentation -- Building and Maintaining Artefacts of Communication. Thesis submitted In partial fulfillment of the requirements for the Master of Science degree in Computer Science. University of Ottawa.
Frank, F. (1999). An Associative Documentation Model. University of Berne, Institute of Computer Science and Applied Mathematics (IAM).
Enginees should focus on the impovement of the pefomance of the economy. This elates to the tansfomation of the theoies of contolling the wold and adopting new famewoks in the opeating in conjunction with the planet. New enginees need to adopt and implement new theoies of focusing on the economic, social, and political concepts in elation to both technical and nontechnical disciplines (Cameon 2010 p.40).
Leades in Bitish Engineeing
Accoding to Lewis (1998, p.88), the technology style of the 19th centuy stetches fom the peak of one long wave to the peak of the next. The concened style would have made its fist appeaance in 1870s and would have held geat influence in the late Victoian peiod. It was maked though the diffusion of cheap bulk steel that emeged in the mid-Victoian peiods, advances in science-based industies such as engineeing and chemicals, spead of electic powe and the adoption of…
references of the current population without compromising the needs of the future population. This relates to the achievement of sustainable development thus improving living conditions of the citizens. Global warming is a problem affecting growth and development of the economy. This is through increasing the sea water level because of the high temperatures thus melting of ice caps. In order to minimize the effects of global warming, it is ideal to focus on the transformation of the engineering systems in the United Kingdom (Nuvolari et al. 2009 p.700).
Possible predictions about the future of British engineering
In order to address challenges affecting the current and future populations, it is essential to train engineers with the ability to make intelligent decisions in relation to maximum protection and quality life on the planet than endangering forms of life. Engineers will have to make decisions with reference to professional environment in relation to interactions between technical and nontechnical disciplines. The modern system should focus on the preparation of the engineers to become valuable facilitators of sustainable development and implementers of appropriate technology. This aims at addressing social and economic challenges facing the current engineers because of the modern systems and mindset of engineers in the context of the United Kingdom. This is essential in becoming an effective and efficient body of engineers with the aim of providing leadership to the world engineering body (Burgess 1972 p.10).
Future development in relation to the engineering systems and subsystems in the United Kingdom should focus on adequate implementation of technology in addressing essential needs of the future population. Technological developments should also focus on the improvement of conditions such as sufficient water, protection of the environment, and adequate infrastructure. This is vital in the achievement of the millennium development goals and objectives as outlined by the United Nations under the influence of its General Assembly. Future engineering should focus in the achievement of sustainable development thus addressing current and future needs of the world's population. It is vital to note future engineering should integrate numerous aspects in addressing social, economic, and political effects on the planet.
Social Engineering as it Applies to Information Systems Security
The research takes into account several aspects that better create an overview of the term and the impact it has on security systems. In this sense, the first part of the analysis reviews the concept of social engineering and the aspects it entails. Secondly, it provides a series of cases that were influenced by social engineering and the effects each had on the wider picture of information security. Thirdly, the research looks at what policies are set in place to avoid this type of practice and how has the information security society responded to the threat posed by social engineering. Finally, possible solutions to the issues social engineering raises are also presented in the context of the increased technological environment in which business is conducted in the world we live in today.
General aspects on social engineering
A non-academic definition of…
Allen, Malcolm. "Social Engineering: A Means To Violate A Computer System," SANS Institute, 2006, available online at https://www.sans.org/reading-room/whitepapers/engineering/social-engineering-means-violate-computer-system-529
Dimension Research. "The Risk Of Social Engineering On Information Security:
A Survey Of It Professionals" in Dimension Research, Sept. 2011, available online at http://www.checkpoint.com/press/downloads/social-engineering-survey.pdf
Honan, Mat. "How Apple and Amazon Security Flaws Led to My Epic Hacking" in Wired. 8 June 2012, available at http://www.wired.com/2012/08/apple-amazon-mat-honan-hacking/
Computer system engineers also have the role of identifying risks within the manufacturing industry in which case they serve as proactive troubleshooters, finding out possible problems and making plans on how to solve evade them. Problems are commonly experienced at interfaces, especially internal, thus to carry out this role the computer systems engineers need to closely scrutinize subsystem-to-subsystem interfaces. While these engineers are trying so hard to design subsystems that will work they also have to keep an eye on each subsystem so that it does not interfere with the others. In order to avoid such problems, computer systems engineers need to posses a wide experience, have relevant and useful knowledge of the domain, and have the interest of learning continuously (Sheared 1996).
Due to the broad viewpoint possessed by computer systems engineers there are is a tendency of companies asking them to coordinate groups and help in the resolution…
Alford, R.S. 1988. Computer systems engineering management, Marcel Dekker Inc., New York.
Harris, E.C. 2009. Engineering ethics: Concepts and cases (4th ed.), Cengage Learning, Canada.
Kossiakoff, A. & Sweet, W.N. 2003. Systems engineering principles and practice, John Wiley & Sons, Hoboken, New Jersey.
Sheared, S.A. 1996. Twelve systems engineering roles, accessed 18 July 2010
Core affect (CA) on the other hand refers to a neurophysiological state which is accessible consciously as very simple and yet nonreflective feeling which forms an integral part of hedonistic as well as arousing values. The hedonistic values are responsible for the feeling of pleasure and displeasure while the arousal feelings are activated by sleep. In the study of affect, it became clear that its core characteristics are many. Some of the characteristics are valence which is the extent, to which an individual feels bad. Arousal, which is the sleep-activated value denoting to the extent to which one feels energized. Affects exists in each and every person without the need of any form of stimulus. Affects is a primitive aspect of every being and is noted to be university as well as ubiquitous. Affect is the center of all human laden events and called in various names as pointed out…
Zhang, P (2011a).Organizational & Business Context
Zhang, P (2011b).Interactive Technologies
Zhang, P (2011c).Physical Engineering
Zhang, P (2011d).Cognitive Psychology & Cognitive Engineering
Michael Cooley (1972) has suggested that the drawing office has been downgraded in importance as a result of the finer division of labor in engineering that began in the 1930s. He described how the creative design element had become increasingly separated from the work of executing drawings. The fragmentation of shop floor jobs was, according to Cooley, paralleled by fragmentation of the job of the designer/drafter. Until the 1930s, drafters in ritain were responsible for designing a component, stress testing it, selecting materials for it, writing the specifications, and liaising with the shop floor and customers. ut starting in the 1930s, these functions were progressively broken down into separate jobs and taken over by various specialists, such as stress testers, metallurgists, tribologists, methods and planning engineers, and customer liaison engineers, leaving drafters with only the job of drawing (3D Systems Corporation, 2001).
In effect, in the ritain of the 1930s,…
3D Systems Corporation. 2001, 3D Systems. Retrieved Nov 3, 2011. from the World Wide Web: www.3dsystems.com/
Brown, Richard D. 2009, Knowledge Is Power: The Diffusion of Information in Early America, 1700 -- 1865. New York: Oxford University Press.
Chandler, Alfred D. Jr., 1977, The Visible Hand: The Managerial Revolution in American Business. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.
Cooley M. 1972, Computer-Aided Design-Its Nature and Implications. Richmond, Surrey: AUEW/TASS.
This underlines the notion that engineering does not exist in a vacuum, but rather is only useful insofar as it is utilized. The importance of computers in aerospace has only grown as the decades have passed, so full technology literacy both in utilization and in describing needs are important skills for the aerospace engineer (Bishop 1994).
One of the most important ethical considerations for aerospace engineers set forth in the Engineers Australia Code of Ethics (2000) is the necessity for engineers to keep their clients and/or employers well aware of any discoveries or developments that will have a negative impact on the project. Given the costs of development and production that most aircraft and spacecraft entail, such news is likely to be most unwelcome, yet it is the ethical obligation of the engineer to put the safety and integrity of the craft above all other concerns, even if the issues…
Bishop, A. (1994). "The Role of Computer Networks in Aerospace Engineering." Library trends, Spring 1994. pp. 694-729.
Engineers Australia Code of Ethics. (2000). Accessed 13 November 2009. http://www.engineersaustralia.org.au/shadomx/apps/fms/fmsdownload.cfm?file_uuid=F0647595-C7FE-7720-EA17-70AC27062E0B&siteName=ieaust
Garner, G. (2002). Careers in engineering. New York: McGraw Hill.
Raymer, D. (2006). Aircraft engineering: A conceptual approach. Washington, D.C.: AIAA.
Future of CNC Machines (Computer Numerical Control)
Size of CNC Machines in the Future
Price of CNC Machines in the Future
Use of CNC Machines in the Future
Precision of CNC Machines in the Future
Use of Nanotechnology in Improving CNC Machining
Economy of CNC Machines in the Future
Maintenance of CNC Machines in the Future
Skills Level of CNC Machine Operators in the Future
Future of CNC Machines (Computer Numerical Control)
Size of CNC Machines in the Future
It appears likely that CNC machines will be smaller and more compact in the future, as evidence in a report entitled "Modular Desktop CNC Machine." Reported is a new prototype, which is "26" by 20" with a useable cutting area of 18" x 12." It is designed using only the best linear motion components and is made to be as robust as possible." (Kickstarter, 2012) The design of the frame…
Anderberg, S. And Kara, S. (nd) Energy and cost efficiency in CNC machining. Life Cycle Engineering & Management Research Group, School of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia The 7th CIRP Conference on Sustainable Manufacturing.
Anderberg, S., Beno, T. And Pejryd (nd) Energy and Cost Efficiency in CNC Machining from a Process Planning Perspective. The 9th Global Conference on sustainable Manufacturing. Retrieved from: http://www.diva-portal.org/smash/get/diva2:445222/FULLTEXT01
CNC Machine will be the future way to go green (2011) Machinery China. 17 May 2011. Retrieved from http://machinerychina.wordpress.com/2011/05/17/cnc-machine-will-be-the-future-way-to-go-green/
CNC Machining Companies (2009) Retrieved from: http://www.cncmachiningcompanies.net/144/applications-of-precision-cnc-machining-in-the-world-today/
It is impossible to create requirements and test artifacts by reverse engineering with complete accuracy as explained in this paper. Still, it's a valuable aide for gaining knowledge of existing systems, even though understanding the system as actually built and uncovering known usage modes are difficult.
Reconstructing the design of existing software is especially important for complex legacy systems, but can be a challenge because documents are often not available, dispersed and focused on isolated algorithms and data structures. This makes the formation of a higher-level structural models a time consuming, piece-meal activity. Reverse engineering has been touted as the solution to these issues, but the reality is that it can only automate some design recovery:
'Design recovery recreates design abstractions from a combination of code, existing design documentation (if available), personal experience, and general knowledge about problem and application domains . . . Design recovery must reproduce…
Biggerstaff, T.J. (1989, July). Design recovery for maintenance and reuse," Computer, pp. 3649.
Muller, H.A., Wong, K. And Tilley, S.R. Understanding software systems using reverse engineering technology. Department of Computer Science, University of Victoria. Retrieved February 15, 2005 from Web site: http://www.utdallas.edu/~yxq014100/group/paper/visual-sw-arch/understanding-software-systems-using-reverse-engineering-technology.pdf
Rayson, P, Garside, R. And Sawyer, P. Recovering legacy requirements. Computing Department, Lancaster University. Retrieved February 15, 2005 from Web site: http://126.96.36.199/search?q=cache:k0X09yv5sx4J:www.comp.lancs.ac.uk/computing/users/paul/publications/rgs99_refsq.pdf+%22Reverse+engineering%22+accuracy+legacy& hl=en
Spamming involves receiving deceptive mail like one has won the lottery then engineers ask for information to receive payment so as to gain financially or for social gains. For fake spyware, they claim to have utilities that are anti-spyware but are actually the spyware that can hack into your system. The engineers in this case pretend to be genuine and are out to offer solutions.
Protecting individuals from social engineering
There are various ways to prevent social engineering when one is using the internet. People should update themselves on the new techniques that social engineers are using. People should always contact their banks or any other financial institution using unknown sites or links. A website can never be assumed to be legitimate just by looking at it, it is important to ensure from experts that a website that is being used to give crucial information is a secured website.
Social- engineer. (2010). Security Through Education. Retrieved October13, 2010, from http://www.social-engineer.org/
Podgorecki, A. And Alexander, J. (1996) Social Engineering: Internet Fraud. New York:
Thapar, A. (2008. November 19). Sophisticated Engineering Techniques in Business. Time magazine, 160(5), 24-26.
There is, however, a more practical side to this paradigm shift:
These four were not surprising, given the economic and regulatory conditions of 2007 to 2009 and their impacts on building owners. Faced with energy spikes in 2007 and 2008 and the recession beginning in 2008, owners found it difficult to set reliable utility budgets and obtain financing for capital projects. (Rozgus)
Furthermore, as regards to the write-in answers on the surveys, the top four were all ralted energy efficiency or sustainability, they were: LED lighting and lighting controls, Alternative energy, LEED and green technology or regulations, and Energy efficiency.
The authors conclude that if sustainability and lifecycle issues such as environmental performance, reliability, maintainability, and lifecycle cost, are important to the owner, then these issues will have to be more clearly defined in the engineering contracts. Consequently the associated extra costs and fees that would be required to support…
Systems Engineering Documentation
When a scientist is developing a new pharmaceutical, an inventor is creating an alternative to an existing product, and a researcher is determining an easier method to develop a chemical process, they continually take notes or document each of their actions. This significantly reduces the amount of errors when others repeat the work to move ahead in the process and allows for the exact specifications to be copied when successful results are achieved.
Systems engineering follows this same pattern. In fact, documentation is an essential aspect, because of the creation of new designs and end products that meet the identified need of the customer. In Systems Engineering and Analysis, Benjamin Blanchard explains the importance of documentation as a design aid. Throughout the systems design process, which starts on a theoretical plane with an idea and evolves into a more specific set of steps and procedures, engineers often…
Computers think final
Can Computers Think
Like the debate for and against marijuana, the computer is also a subject of discussion among people. Man has not yet settled if computer can actually think or not. The computers have a brain that has memory but it is until now under discussion whether this brain helps in keeping and processing information alone or does it also help in decision making process. The process of thinking may be defined as method by which an entity considers and create ideas based on opinions and reasoning. While some think that the computers can not only think but also tell right from wrong, there are others that believe that role of computers is only to make choice between available options. The "cannot think" opinion holders argue that a computer is useless without the operating system and programs designed by the programmers and coders (O'Regan, 2012). The…
I. Ahl, DH, & Green, B. The Best of Creative computing. Morristown, N.J: Creative Computing Press. (1976)
II. Buytendijk, F. Can Computers Think? BeyeNETWORK. Retrieved from http://www.b-eye-network.com/view/16771 , (2012)
III. Cooper, S.B., & Leeuwen, J. The selected works of A.M. Turing: His work and impact. Waltham, MA: Elsevier. (2012)
IV. Egnor, M. Can a Computer Think? Evolution News and Views. Retrieved from http://www.evolutionnews.org/2011/03/failing_the_turing_test045141.html , (2011)
Social Engineering and Information Security
We are in an age of information explosion and one of the most critical problems facing us is the security and proper management of information. Advanced hardware and software solutions are being constantly developed and refined to patch up any technical loopholes that might allow a hacker attack and prevent consequent breach of information security. While this technical warfare continues, hackers are now pursuing other vectors of attack. Social engineering refers to the increasing employment of techniques, both technical and non-technical, that focus on exploiting the cognitive bias in humans as the weakest link in computer security. What is shocking is the fact that in spite of the great vulnerability to human exploitation, there prevails a seemingly careless attitude in this regard in the corporate world. While more and more money is spent on beefing up hardware security and in acquiring expensive software solutions, little…
1) Christopher Hadnagy (2011), 'Social Engineering: The Art of Human Hacking', Wiley Publishing Inc.
2) Greg Sandoval, (Feb 2007), 'FTC to Court: Put an end to pretexting operations', Retrieved Mar 5th 2011 from, http://news.cnet.com/FTC-to-court-Put-an-end-to-pretexting-operations/2100-7348_3-6159871.html?tag=lia;rcol
3) Mindi McDowell, (Oct 2009), 'National Cyber Alert System: Avoiding Social Engineering and Phishing attacks', retrieved Mar 5th 2011 from, http://www.us-cert.gov/cas/tips/ST04-014.html
4) Sonja Ryst, (July, 2006), ' The Phone is the latest Phishign Rod', retrieved Mar 5th 2011 from, http://www.businessweek.com/technology/content/jul2006/tc20060710_811021.htm
Knowledge-Oriented Software Engineering Process
In a Multi-Cultural Context
In the peer-reviewed article Knowledge-Oriented Software Engineering Process In A Multi-Cultural Context (Jaakkola, Heimburger, Linna, 2010) the authors contend that the accelerating nature of software development leaves little time for cultural assimilation and integration of teams to an optimal level. The authors have defined the specifics of how software development is changing very rapidly due to mobile platforms, cloud computing and Software-as-a-Service (SaaS). Exacerbating the challenges of creating software so rapidly are the cultural challenges as well, especially the multicultural and inter-organizational issues of software engineering (Jaakkola, Heimburger, Linna, 2010). The authors argue that a three layer model is needed to increase the performance of software engineering globally (Jaakkola, Heimburger, Linna, 2010). The authors have taken on a very complex problem that takes into account the multifaceted nature of software development in large organizations while also managing the complexities and nuances of…
Jaakkola, H., Anneli Heimburger, & Linna, P. (2010). Knowledge-oriented software engineering process in a multi-cultural context. Software Quality Journal, 18(2), 299-319.
Reverse Engineering Marketing Messages
MacBook Pro (Apple, 2012)
The Apple MacBook Pro-is a powerhouse of a laptop that features some of the greatest hardware available at this time. Although the computer's hardware is more than adequate to provide the processing power necessary to run the most sophisticated software packages, what Apple focuses on the most is the Retina display that represents the next generation of display technology. The Retina display offers a bright and crisp display that can be viewed from virtually any angle. Previous generations of displays, as well as inferior models, could only be viewed at a certain range of angles and under certain lighting conditions. For example, you cannot see the display on most monitors from the side or in direct sunlight.
The product is being promoted in a traditional Apple style. One the primary commercial video the laptop is at the center of…
Apple. (2012). MacBook Pro. Retrieved from Apple: http://www.apple.com/macbook-pro/
Apple. (2012, June 11). MacBook Pro-with retina display-Every Dimension-commercial. Retrieved from YouTube: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=U9z3RWmZEjs
Bradley, T. (2011, August 29). Microsoft Office 365 Review: Online Productivity Suite Offers Top-Notch Integration. Retrieved from CNET: http://www.pcworld.com/article/238982/microsoft_office_365_review_online_productivity_suite_offers_topnotch_integration.html
Microsoft. (2012, June 6). Microsoft Office 365. Retrieved from YouTube: http://www.youtube.com/user/MicrosoftOffice365?WT.srch=1&WT.mc_id=PS_google_Office+365_Educate_Promoted+Videos_office%20365_Text
Apple Computers Influence on Popular Culture
Apple Computer, Inc. is recognized worldwide for creating powerful solutions that are based on user-friendly personal computers, servers, peripherals, software, personal digital assistants and Internet content (Apply Pp). Headquartered in Cupertino, California, Apple is an innovator in the information industry and a leader in multimedia technologies (Apple Pp). It develops, manufactures, licenses and markets solutions, products, technologies and services for business, education, consumer entertainment, scientific and engineering and government customers in roughly one hundred and fifty countries (Apple Pp). Apple has had a profound influence on popular culture. Macintosh users are not just users, they are devotees, who use the computer to express their beliefs on the relationship between technology and society, for they believe the Mac is not simply an object by which to think, it is a spiritual path to a future where technology and humans co-exist in harmony (Lam Pp).
Piller, Charles. "Macintosh Mystique." Macworld. February 1, 1994; Pp.
Apple Advertising Takes Top Honors in Major Industry Awards." PR Newswire.
July 31, 1996; Pp.
Lam, Pui-Yan. "May the Force of the Operating System be with You: Macintosh
ridge Design and Engineering
ridges are an integral but often overlooked part of today's commuting society. Most drivers feel completely secure and grounded when on any well-designed bridge, even though they may in fact be hundreds of feet in the air above a large gap or body of water. ridges are not only functional for travel, but may be the key to growth and survival of many areas that would otherwise remain in isolation. ridges also have a way of becoming important historical and artistic landmarks, and many bridges receive engineering and even artistic awards. Many cities like San Francisco, for example, are as recognizable by the their bridges as by any other city landmark. There are many different kinds of bridges used today. Three of the more common and interesting types of bridge in common usage today is the suspension bridge, the cable stayed bridge, and the reinforced concrete…
Cable Stayed Bridge." Super Bridge. NOVA. 1997. http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/bridge/meetcable.html
Caprani, Colin. "Cable Stay Bridge History." Cable Stay Bridges. Thesis. http://www.clubi.ie/ccaprani/thesis/
Christien, et al. "Suspension Bridge." Wikipedia. 2003-2004. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Suspension_bridge
Concrete Arch Bridges."
(but they are these days more and more used around the globe)
The common characteristic of all input devices is that they encode or convert information of various types into data that can enter a further processing phase performed by the computer system. Output devices decode the data into information that can be easily understood by people, which are ultimately the users of a computer. This way, the computer system may be viewed as no more than a data processing system.
As far as electromechanical engineering technology is concerned, it enables engineers to design automated systems. Students need to learn to use computers, math, and advanced science in order to design such systems. Learning how to install and test robotics equipment is also important, and is performed by using computers.
Even apparently simple devices, such as candy machines, involve various technologies. For instance, the little rollers (a mechanical device) pull…
1. Encyclopedia Britannica, 1997 Edition - Articles on Computers and Computer Technology
Steve Jobs was removed from the Lisa project in 1982 by Apple before its debut in 1983. The computer also flopped badly, being too far ahead of its time and too expensive (priced at $10,000).
Jobs joined the Macintosh team in 1982 and proceded to make the product surpass Lisa by incorporating an advanced GUI in the computer. The Mac was launched in early 1984 and was succesful initially. By the end of the year, however, it started to lose out to overwhelming competition from IBM and Microsoft. (Sanford; "History of Apple Computers," ikipedia)
Jobs Loses his Job
By 1982, Steve Jobs had begun to realize that Apple was faced with increasing competition from heavyweight competitors such as IBM and Microsoft and needed outside help. He wooed John Sculley from Pepsi-Cola, who joined Apple as President and CEO in April 1983. The two, however, soon fell out and after an…
Apple Computers: A brief history." BBC News. February 10, 2000. October 1, 2005. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/in_depth/business/2000/microsoft/636824.stm
Bellis, Mary. "Inventors of Modern Computer." About.com. n.d. October 1, 2005. http://inventors.about.com/library/weekly/aa121598.htm
History of Apple Computers" From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. 2005. October 1, 2005. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Apple_Computer
Sanford, Glen. Company History. apple-history.com. 1976-2005. October 1, 2005. http://www.apple-history.com/
Third, subsystems engineers are more attuned to how their specific product and technology areas are driven by external market forces and market dynamics than system engineers typically are. The reason is that subsystem engineers, both hardware and software, seek to understand how customer and market needs impact their existing and future designs. As both of these classes of subsystem engineers are more focused on how to create valuable contributions to their specific area of expertise, monitoring market and customer trends tends to be a passion for many of them. It is not unusual for example to see an engineering team know more about market trends, research, unmet customer needs and competitors than a marketing department for the same product (Hoberman, 2009). This is precisely why subsystem engineers in high technology companies often end up running product management, product marketing and corporate marketing because they have a better grasp of the…
David Carrington, Paul Strooper, Sharron Newby, & Terry Stevenson. (2005). An industry/university collaboration to upgrade software engineering knowledge and skills in industry. The Journal of Systems and Software, 75(1-2), 29-39.
George T. Dasher. (2003). The interface between systems engineering and program management. Engineering Management Journal, 15(3), 11-14.
R. Harrison, a.W. Colombo, a.A. We-st, & S.M. Lee. (2006). Reconfigurable modular automation systems for automotive power-train manufacture. International Journal of Flexible Manufacturing Systems, 18(3), 175-190.
Steve Hoberman. (2009). How to Produce Adequate Definitions: Clear and complete attribute definitions improve data deliverables. Information Management, 19(5), 45.
Automative Industry and Computers
How computers (over the years) have affected and changed automotive industry and auto sales.
How computers (over the years) have affected and changed automotive industry and auto sales.
History of Automotive Industry
Time Line of Developing Technologies
Emergence of Flexible Manufacturing Systems (FMS)
The ole of Computers in Sale and Marketing
How computers (over the years) have affected and changed automotive industry and auto sales.
Current essay is a discussion of the role and impact of computer on manufacturing and sales of autos. To better understand how and why the automotive industry is where it is today, a brief historical background of the automotive industry is offered. The development of the automobile can be tracked back to 1769 when Nicolas Joseph Cugnot of France built the first vehicle, (Olsen 2002). Cugnot is recognized by the British Automobile Club and the Automobile Club de…
Banham, R.(2002). The Ford century, Ford motor company and the innovations that shaped the world. New York: Artisan.
Erjavec, J. (2005) automotive technology, a systems approach (4th Ed.). New York, NY: Thomas Delmar Learning.
Kalpakjian, S. (1995). Manufacturing engineering and technology. Reading, MA:
Addison-Wesley Publishing Company Inc.
Gateway Computers has a rich heritage and a remarkable business story. Founded in 1985 in a U.S. Midwestern farmhouse, Gateway has grown into one of the world's best-known technology brands with millions of satisfied customers; starting with a $10,000 loan guaranteed by his grandmother, a rented computer and a three-page business plan, founder Ted aitt turned Gateway into a revolutionary company whose innovations helped shape the technology industry (Gateway, N.d.). Gateway's history includes several milestones that helped the computer industry in general develop. Although the company has also experienced many setbacks over the years, Gateway serves as a prime example of how a revolutionary vision can help shape an entire industry. Gateway's vision (before the Acer acquisition) was:
To profitably grow their business faster than the competition by better understanding and serving the desires of their customers and aggressively marketing the highest value directly to their…
Acer Group. (N.d.). Environment. Retrieved from Acer Group: http://www.acer-group.com/public/Sustainability/environment/overview.htm
Alchin, L. (N.d.). Gateway Computers Mission Statement. Retrieved from Specimen Templates: http://www.specimentemplates.org/mission-statements/gateway-computers-mission-statement.htm
CNET. (2009, July 31). eMachines ET1810-03. Retrieved from CNET: http://reviews.cnet.com/desktops/emachines-et1810-03/4505-3118_7-33709100.html
Gateway. (N.d.). Company Background. Retrieved from Gateway Computers: http://us.gateway.com/gw/en/U.S./content/company-background
The work environment, for example, could be conducive to this type of stress, as can the relationship with other employees and with supervisors.
This type of fatigue is vastly different from the mental or physical fatigue of direct work overburden, and is also more subtle than these types of fatigue. It should therefore be carefully monitored in terms of its nature and how it interacts with other types of fatigue, particularly when the workforce is diminished.
Because of the complexity of psychological loading factors, Dr. Bill should be careful to monitor, revise, and update company policy in terms of issues such as communication among employees as well as among employees and their supervisors. Communication can play a significant part in how employees perceive their work, as well as how they experience the burden of their work in a psychological sense.
Mental loading, on the other hand, is probably the most…
Advameg, Inc. (2012). Sprains and Strains. Retrieved from: http://www.faqs.org/sports-science/Sp-Tw/Sprains-and-Strains.html#b
City Office (2012). Retrieved from: http://www.yourcityoffice.com/articles/48/office-space_lighting.html
How Does Human Metabolism Work? (2012). Retrieved from: http://campus.bethlehem.edu/eclinic/eclinic_0013e.pdf
Overgaard, D., Gyntelberg, F. And Heitmann, B.L. (2004). Psychological workload and body weight: is there an association? A review of the literature. Occupational Medicine, no. 54. Retrieved from: http://occmed.oxfordjournals.org/content/54/1/35.long
Cal Tech Engineering
The prospect of studying engineering is exciting to me because I have an unquenchable thirst to get to the bottom of things, and engineering provides the framework and tools to analyze and address the scientific issues that fascinate me. More importantly, it provides the ideal opportunity to apply my scientific and math-oriented skills in ways that will make a difference in the world.
For the last year, I have worked as a computer programmer in the IT branch of the Applied Research Institute of Jerusalem (ARIJ) contributing to the development of information technology in the Occupied Palestinian Territory. Together with the rest of the programming team of the "GPS Palestine" program, I worked to develop a functional GPS system within the Occupied Palestinian Territory. The project began after the Israeli telecommunication companies launched an integrated GPS system functioning with various smart phones such as the iPhone 4.…
A burned wall collapses onto a crane which falls and injures Flo, a bystander.
Issue -- on what legal grounds could Flo recover damages from Dan.
Legal Issues -- Clearly, Dan was the actus reus, or specific instrument of an action in which other events flowed. It is not just Flo that can recover damages, but the gas station, the construction company and/or tenant, and the owner of the crane. While Dan did not plan the actions, he was liable for deliberate conduct regarding the events; he was reckless in that he knew (we assume he has passed a valid driver's test) that one should not leave a vehicle running and without an emergency brake.
Discussion -- Negligence is a breach of conduct or a failure to take reasonable care, intention or not. ecklessness means that the person was deliberate and aware of their actions, not necessarily the consequences. eckless…
Clarkson, K., et.al. (2006). West's Business Law: Text and Cases. Mason, OH: Thompson
STEM does not refer to an abstract and vast area of study, but to the passions and interests of my ten-year-old son, who is so interested in STEM subjects that he finds the pace of learning aimed at most students his age to be tedious and uninteresting. The last thing I want, as a parent, is for him to lose the passion and interest he has in these topics. Instead, I want him in an environment that will nurture that passion, encourage him to satisfy his curiosity, and share his passion with other students.
STEM education is important to my child because he has a passion for innovation. From a very young age he took an interest in creating things. His hobbies have included Legos, building circuits, and computer programming. While traditional math and science courses provide the foundation that students need for success, they fail to offer students the…
Access to all the tools necessary to succeed academically allows for access to someone 24/7 who can assist in specific needs. There is an online library that has a huge collection available for electronic delivery (immediate) or access to other databases and materials delivered through email or mail; no residency requirement, no commute, and the ability to build unique and individualzed ways of synthesizing the learning experience between classes (Experience the Trident University Advantage, 2011).
This view of aggressively encouraging and utilitzing net centric principles is now no longer a "wish" or nice to; it is clear adirectieve based on research and efficacy, that netcenter operations be made pervasive at the Naval War College, the Naval Academy, and Naval Postgraduate School, just as example. This program paradigm is so perfect for the military, that the top Naval educational peronnel see it as a way to actualize more personnel in a…
Experience the Trident University Advantage. (2011, January). Retrieved January 2011, from Tufts University: http://www.tuiu.edu/why-tui/the-tui-advantage/
Griffiths, P. (2006). The Netcentric Curriculum. Proceedings of the 3rd Annual Conference on Intellectual Capital & Knowledge Management. Santiago, Chile: Pontifica Universidad.
National Research Council. (2000). Nework Centric Naval Douces: A Tramsotopm streguoooooooooo. Washington, DC: Naval Studies Board.
O'Regan, G. (2008). A Brief History of Computing. New York: Springer.
(Marketing Pros: B2B vs. B2C Marketing) At present in excess of 700 B2B markets are either carrying their business or in the pipeline. Even though B2Bs are positively anticipated to clock sales of $5 trillion by 2004, the latest slowdown in the online business-to-consumer market has put some doubts into a sector which on other fronts is a promising sector. (Harbour, 2001)
In the thinking pattern of individuals performing the selling, a difference exists between selling Business-to-Business and Business-to-Business customers. However, it could be stated that no difference exists between selling to Business-to-Business and Business-to-Business customers as the rules for selling are identical for the two categories. Moreover, the reality that business-to-business customers purchase the identical products at reduced prices compared to business-to-consumer customers, there is truly a single point of difference. Business-to-Business buyers are on the hunt for a choice to fill a vacant space or their customer's requirement;…
"Ebusiness" Retrieved from http://answers.google.com/answers/threadview?id=508439 Accessed on 22 April, 2004
"Electronic Commerce Security: An introduction for everyone" Retrieved from http://2000.worldfantasy.org/ecomm_sec.html Accessed on 22 April, 2004
Harbour, Pamela Jones. (May 7-8, 2001) "B2B Basics and Antitrust Issues" Federal Trade Commission Workshop on Emerging Issues for Competition Policy in the E-Commerce Environment. Retrieved from http://www.ftc.gov/opp/ecommerce/comments/harbour.htm Accessed on 22 April, 2004
"Marketing Pros: B2B vs. B2C Marketing" Retrieved from ttp://www.marketingprofs.com/ea/qst_question.asp?qstid=1141 Accessed on 22 April, 2004
PINCE2 vs. DSDM compares and contrasts the two methodologies used in the development of projects. This paper explicitly defines each methodology and outlines its general characteristics and important features. It also explains all the phases involved within each methodology. In the end, the writer's perspective and viewpoint about each approach is given and a conclusion is reached which specifies whether PINCE2 or DSDM is a suitable solution for the development of projects.
PINCE2 Vs. DSDM
Today's business world requires that products along with their provided services be marketed in the shortest possible time span. Nowadays, projects are often inaugurated on a collective basis and institute without having an enumerated understanding of the requirements. There is no doubt that in this fast paced environment, Dynamic System Development Method or DSDM is considered to be the best available publicly practiced method of the apid Application Development or AD model and is exhibiting…
DSDM In A Nutshell. Available on the address http://www.surgeworks.com/dsdm .. Accessed on 21 Mar. 2004.
DSDM And Prince2: The Perfect Marriage Or Strange Bedfellows? Dynamic Systems
Development Method Ltd. 2004. Available on the address http://www.dsdm.org/timebox/issue15/prince2.asp. Accessed on 22 Mar. 2004.
Griffiths, M. & Harrison, D. & Hartell, M. & Hay, G. & Kent, A. & Messenger, S. Using
Technical: Three years' experience in the testing, calibration and repair of electrical equipment; ability to work under limited supervision; ability to read circuit maps and find work locations from them Strong computer skills including Windows 2000 and most Office products.
8) Design Engineer, Garmin International
Design and develop electronic circuits, equipment, systems, and products.
Technical: Previous work or internship experience with circuit design for consumer or aviation products; relevant experience with test equipment and software tools for electronics design, testing and documentation
Educational: Bachelor of Science in Electrical Engineering or Computer Engineering
9) Electronics Technician, Unknown firm in Kokomo
Applies electrical theory and related knowledge to test and modify developmental or operational machinery and electrical control equipment and circuitry.
Educational; Degree in Electronics
10) Digital Electronics Engineer, Aerospace Corp.
Provide technical expertise in the areas digital electronics and digital systems engineering including digital signal processing, ranging from baseband to high-speed…
Institute of Electric and Electronic Engineers. Retrieved January 28, 2008 http://www.ieeeusa.org/about/activities.asp
GE. Retrieved January 28, 2008. http://www.ge.com/company/businesses/factsheets/grc.html
U.S. Department of Labor. Occupational Handbook. Retrieved January 28, 2008. http://www.bls.gov/oco/ocos027.htm#earnings
A popular joke posted on the flat hats of robed college graduates, listening to commencement speakers it the phrase -- 'will deconstruct for food.' In other words, now that this college graduate has a pricey liberal arts education that has taken him or her four years to obtain -- what does he or she do now? Also, last year, just "over half of all employers said they would raise starting salaries for new hires in the coming year. Those that do increase pay will make only modest adjustments, boosting salaries by 3.4% on average." (Geary, 2003)
The confusion expressed by such slogans as 'will deconstruct for food,' is often not reflective simply of what the graduate knows how to do -- he or she hopefully knows how to think and to engage in critical analysis, but what he or she wants to do with the rest of his or…
Geary, Leslie Harris. (9 Dec. 2003) "Jobs for College Grads Rising." CNN.com. Money. Retrieved 29 Nov 2003 at http://money.cnn.com/2003/12/08/pf/jobs_collegians/
However, if this translation can be done successfully, it can accomplish two major things: first, it will make the basic knowledge of electrical engineering available to a wider audience; and second, it will deepen the writers understanding of the information by forcing him or her to analyze it from a new perspective.
Personally, I remain somewhat wary of the prospect of entering the workforce with a strong background in engineering, but a fairly few experiences in writing the sort of material that my future job will almost inevitably require me to master. Like Salavatcioglu, suspect that I will be forced to learn the best methods and approaches to writing on the job, once I gain a higher level of understanding of how communication works and how information flows within the particular organization that I will find myself in. Currently, I feel fairly confident in two of my skills: essay writing,…
After the completion of the design and development of satellites, the systems are normally subjected to waiting periods that span for several years before the identification of an appropriate launch opportunity.
Design and Implementation Cost:
The third major problem in the development and implementation of satellite communication is the software development costs. This includes money spent on all bus systems, ground support equipment, systems engineering, communication payloads, program management, and integration and test. In most cases, the development and implementation costs are difficult to estimate since there are recurring and non-recurring cost drivers in the process. The non-recurring cost drivers include heritage, number of prototypes and engineering models, and technology readiness while the recurring cost-drivers are complexity, project scope, and quantity of production.
The production quantity refers to the number of flight units developed, combined, and tested on similar contract to the development initiatives. hile the development and production initiatives…
Burgess, Erik, and Nathan Menton. "Satellite-Subsystem Development Costs." The Office of the Director of National Intelligence. Cost Analysis Improvement Group, Feb. 2008. Web. 29 Apr. 2012. .
Dawoud, M.M. "Communications Satellite Sub-systems." KFUPM Open Courseware. KFUPM. Web. 29 Apr. 2012. .
Lappas, V., G. Prassinos, a. Baker, and R. Magnuss. "Wireless Sensor Motes for Small Satellite Applications." IEEE Antennas and Propagation Magazine 48.5 (2006): 175-79. Web. 29 Apr. 2012. .
Marz, Justin D. "The Design and Implementation of Various Subsystems for Pico-Satellites." University of Kansas. University of Kansas, 12 Dec. 2004. Web. 29 Apr. 2012. .
hat It Takes To Be A Database Administrator
A database can be defined as an organized collection of data, most probably in digitized form. Data is organized within such databases primarily in such a way that it displays and supports the processing of the relevant aspects of the information as it is required by those who use the database. Databases are usually software management systems that are quite complex. The complexity is embedded in these databases to ensure the presence of security, and is also inherent due to the nature or quality of the information they carry, i.e., large amount of important data. [1: Microsoft. "Database Basics." Microsoft Office. March 2012 .]
Nowadays, the utilization of databases is so widespread amongst every sector of the business, that almost every other product, whether small or large, and technology, whether existing or latest, is dependent upon the usage of databases…
Work CitedSpeciss College. ."Database Administrator." 19 March 2010. .Microsoft. "Database Basics." Microsoft Office. March 2012 .Prakken Publications. "Database Administrator?" (n.d.).SFIAPlus. "Database Administrators." British Computer Society (Retrieved 2012-02-06).Staff, Yahoo! Education. "Telecommuting Careers." Yahoo! Education. March 2012 .]
Nevertheless, the role of a Database Administrator is a vital one for his or her employers, as most of the functions in these organizations heavily rely on the successful performance of the duties of a DBA. Although a tough job, this makes them one of the most sought after professionals by enterprises all over the economy, rewarding them accordingly with heavy pay checks for the nature of the work they perform.
" AC Queue 5.4 (2007): 38-47. ABI/INFOR Global. ProQuest. 11 Jun. 2008
Scott Granneman. "Fixing Linux with Knoppix; How to: First Windows, now Linux. We show you how to repair boot issues, work with key system files, and work with Linux partitions. From the ExtremeTech book Hacking Knoppix. " ExtremeTech.com 17 Feb. 2006: 1. ABI/INFOR Trade & Industry. ProQuest. 9 Jun. 2008
Sulayman K. Sowe, Ioannis Stamelos, Lefteris Angelis. "Understanding knowledge sharing activities in tree/open source sottware projects: An empirical study. " the Journal of Systems and Software 81.3 (2008)
431. ABI/INFOR Global. ProQuest 6 Jun. 2008
Scott Granneman. "Changing Knoppix to Fit Your Needs; How to: Although 1.7GB can go a long way, Knoppix doesn't have everything you need. In this article, we show you how to use and modify Knoppix to save your data and install new software. From the ExtremeTech book Hacking Knoppix. " ExtremeTech.com 20 Apr.…
Michael Swaine. "Microsoft Love LINUX: What's with that? " Dr. Dobb's Journal 1 Feb. 2007: 16-18,74. ABI/INFORM Trade & Industry. ProQuest. http://knopper.net/knoppix-mirrors/index-en.html
http://www.hlug.org / http://www.austinlug.org / http://www.hotlug.org /
This latter pursuit, the development of expertise and potentially world-leading knowledge in a specific area of IT is quite frankly worthless unless a person has the mastery of social and team-based skills to make use of it. This is allegorical to technical expertise being all the money in the world locked in a bank account yet the ATM machine to gain access to it requires mastery of social and team-building skills. All that wealth sits dormant, not being invested because it cannot be shared or accessed. It is unfortunately the case with many talented and brilliant engineers in IT. One other perspective emerges upon introspection of this article, and that is in the world of IT you get what you give. Perhaps that thought as the foundation, the catalyst of change to make interposal and team building skills required in IT, MIS and computer engineering programs is needed. The lack…
Enterprise-Level usiness Systems: Development Standards
Electronic Industries Alliance (EIA)
As we can forthwith understand from its name, EIA is an alliance between companies operating in the electronics sector (more than 80% manufacturers from a $430 billion industry), formed with the declared goals of defending its members' interests in such areas as international trade and market access, the environment, broadband and Internet security. The initial association of electronics producers was changed in 1997 to an alliance comprising other industrial related areas such as telecommunications (TIA- The Telecommunications Industry Association) or GEIA
The Government Electronics and Information Technology Association). As such (and this is quite important), the alliance does not set any standards itself, but through the associations that form it.
Following the link to the Government Electronics & Information Technology Association page: (http://www.geia.org/),the information I found there on ERP, MRP and CRM development standard was more general: most of the standards…
Bibliography www.ieee.org www.iso.org www.eia.org www.geia.org
rubbed my eyes and stared at the codes emblazoned across the computer screen. My fellow students involved in the Cooper Union Summer STEM program looked frantic and tired. We needed to make sure the videogame controller was operational.
I typed a few lines of code. With shaking fingers, I clicked the upload button at the top right of the screen. I rearranged a few wires on the board to match my code. Success! One major wall had been broken down but we had to move onto the next challenge, not bask in the warm sunlight of pride and relief.
Although I mostly studied electrical and computer engineering at Cooper Union, I was also able to explore the business aspects of the field. This led me to choose my future career path, that of electrical and computer engineering but with an entrepreneurial focus.
Teamwork, perseverance, problem-solving, and pride in a job…
Barratt, C.C., Acheson, P., & Luken, E. (2010). eference models in the electronic library: The Miller Learning Center at the University of Georgia. eference Services eview 8(1), 44
The authors of this article provide the most effective ways of providing support to the patrons of the large university to ease the undertaking of activities within its electronic library. The authors conducted research to evaluate the effectiveness of different models of providing research services for the students in a large research university, hence, its strength. The study is important for the study as it provides information about the different models that can be used in providing a better architecture for a research library for the universities involved in research.
Author Note: the authors have vast experiences as librarians and researchers in different universities. Barratt works with the Miller Learning Center as an instruction librarian. Acheson works with Public library…
Kasmaee, F.K., Nassiri, R., & Shabgahi, G.L. (2010). Achieving CMMI Maturity Level 3 by Implementing FEAF Reference Models. International Journal of Advancements in Computing Technology, 2(4), 115-122.
A Comparison of the Top Four Enterprise-Architecture Methodologies. (n.d.). A Comparison of the Top Four Enterprise-Architecture Methodologies. Retrieved June 20, 2014, from http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/bb466232.aspx
Huysman, M. (2000). Rethinking organizational learning: analyzing learning processes of information system designers. Accounting, Management and Information Technologies, 10 (2), 81-99.
Inmon, W.H., Strauss, D., & Neushloss, G. (2008). DW 2.0 the architecture for the next generation of data warehousing. Amsterdam: Morgan Kaufmann/Elsevier.
classroom assessment, a teacher determines his or her current point within the instructional sequence of a unit of study and identifies the student academic learning goals to measure.
"Select one class, a content area, and a unit of study to work with as you complete this performance task. Respond to the prompts below about the unit of study and its assessment."
Content Area: Math:
Grade level: 5 Content area: Mathematics Subject matter: _Graphs, Functions and Equations
"List the state-adopted academic content standards or state-adopted framework you will cover in this unit."
Graphs, Function Probability and statistics, and Equation: Statistics, Data Analysis, and Probability:
1.1: Arranges the raw data to plot graph and interprets the meaning of the data to produce information from the graph.
1.2: Understands the strategy to produce pair correctly .
Functions and Equations:
1.1: Uses the information collected from the equation or graph to answer…
Larry Page is the current CEO of Google, and one of the company's co-founders, along with Sergey Brin. The rampant success of Google in its short life makes it one of the most fascinating companies, and even during the period where Page was not CEO he was a strong influence over the company. Google is the market leader in three critical technologies -- search engines, browsers and mobile operating systems -- is the number one advertising marketer in the world and has also been named as the best company to work for. Google is essentially a paradigm-shifter for business in America and that is why taking a closer look at Larry Page and how the company runs its business is worthwhile.
Page grew up in Michigan, where his father was an important computer scientist. Thus, he had access to technology at a very early age and was raised in…
A+E (2013). Larry Page, biography. Biography.com. Retrieved December 3, 2013 from http://www.biography.com/people/larry-page-12103347
Carlson, N. (2013). Google CEO Larry Page is becoming one of the most powerful people in human history. Business Insider. Retrieved December 3, 2013 from http://www.businessinsider.com/google-ceo-larry-page-is-becoming-one-of-the-most-powerful-people-in-human-history-2013-11
Hood, J. (2003). The relationship of leadership style and CEO values to ethical practices in organizations. Journal of Business Ethics. Vol. 43 (4) 263-273.
Levy, S. (2013). Google's Larry Page on why moon shots matter. Wired. Retrieved December 3, 2013 from http://www.wired.com/business/2013/01/ff-qa-larry-page/all/
Over the past ten years many technology companies have succumb to the economic conditions that have dictated their demise. InVision technologies is a company that has risen to the occasion and silenced many of the pessimists and naysayers. The purpose of this discussion is to identify InVision's strategic strengths and weaknesses based on environmental "scan" analysis. The discussion will also focus on the core competencies of the organization and develop a Porter's "Five Forces" analysis for the organization. Finally we will discuss the strategic thinking of company CEO Sergio Magistri. Let's begin with a brief description of the company's function and the products that it offers.
According to MultexInvestor Invision Technologies produces and sells explosives detection systems which are used in airports throughout the world to monitor checked baggage. The company, founded in 1992, has created products that are based on advanced computed tomography. (Company Profile) The…
Company Profile. 2003. MultexInvestor. Retrieved August 19, 2003 from;
Company Overview. (2003) InVision Technologies. Retrieved August 19, 2003 from; http://www.invision-tech.com/company/company.htm
Management. (2003) InVision Technologies. http://www.invision-tech.com/company/mgmt.htm
establishment of Higher Education in relation to accreditation begin in the early 19th century as the United States and other countries saw a need to regulate various fields of academic study. The earliest accrediting was forged from the need to develop credit transfer and degree equivalents among countries. Another reason that accreditation was needed is "to protect public health and safety and to serve the public interest" according to (ACICS, 2012). Faculty has played a role that has changed over time. There are basic processes involved in accreditation. One being peer assessment and evaluation primarily handled by Higher educational institutions and also third party agencies. The regulatory oversight is the process of promoting legislation at the state and federal level to determine policies of managing the accreditation process.
One of the earliest agencies to provide regulation of accreditation was the National Association for Accredited Commercial Schools in 1912. This was…
ACICS.org. (2012). History of accreditation. Retrieved April 13, 2012 from http://www.acics.org/accreditation/content.aspx?id=2258
American Assoc. Of University Professors (AAUP). (2012). Institutional accreditation a call for greater faculty involvement. Retrieved April 13, 2012 from http://www.aaup.org/AAUP/comm/rep/instaccred.htm
Crosson, F.J. (1988). The role of faculty in accreditation. Academe. Pp. 21.
Perley, J.E. (2007) The spellings commission report. Volume 134.