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Computer Network for Bistro Bookstore
Computer Network Planning for Bistro Bookstore
Launching a new bistro and bookstore is going to require three specific tasks be completed to ensure the stability, security and continued reliability of the network which over time will become the backbone of the information system and infrastructure of the store. These three tasks include the development of the new network, defining and implementing best practices and procedures for ensuring security of the network and its contents from unauthorized access, and the definition and use of guidelines and strategies for managing the integration of technological and sociotechnical frameworks. Each of these three strategic areas of the Bistro Bookstore is analyzed in this paper.
Planning the Structure of the Network
As the Bistro Bookstore will have two businesses running concurrently, it will be critically important to have a very agile, secure and scalability network architecture. A star topology will…
Hale, Robert V.,,II. (2005). Wi-Fi liability: Potential legal risks in accessing and operating wireless internet. Santa Clara Computer and High - Technology Law Journal, 21(3), 543-559.
Keller, S., Powell, A., Horstmann, B., Predmore, C., & Crawford, M. (2005). Information security threats and practices in small businesses. Information Systems Management, 22(2), 7-19.
Lehr, W., & McKnight, L.W. (2003). Wireless internet access: 3G vs. WiFi? Telecommunications Policy, 27(5), 351-370.
Leroy, D., Detal, G., Cathalo, J., Manulis, M., Koeune, F., & Bonaventure, O. (2011). SWISH: Secure WiFi sharing. Computer Networks, 55(7), 1614.
In some instances, policies implemented mainly as cost-effective shortcuts to network system security have cost otherwise good employees their jobs for violations of excessively restrictive network use policies. In the realm of the home computer user, it is possible to buy many new redundant or unnecessary security programs and features. Generally, appropriate network security should not interfere noticeably with either personal home computer use or computer system use in the workplace (Larsen, 2007).
Computer systems and networks are potentially vulnerable to malicious intrusion attempts that can be extremely harmful to home computer users and damaging to professional organizations. The most common types of attempted system infiltrations are those that exploit long-known software vulnerabilities for which security fixes already existed long before those intrusions. It is possible to substantially mitigate the risks posed to computer and network systems by malicious entities trough simply implementing and adhering to basic system security…
Baker, W., Hylender, C., Valentine, J. (2008) Verizon Business Data Breach
Investigation Report. Retrieved February 22, 2011 from:
Ballezza, R.A. "The Social Security Card Application Process: Identity and Credit Card
Discussion Question 2 - Security Awareness Training and IA Training
In general, security awareness training consists of periodic classes and online tutorials and related quizzes that promote understanding of the nature of different types of threats to information security (Boyce, 2008; Kizza, 2009). That training addresses threats in the nature of malicious intrusion from external entities, malicious intrusion and misuse of information access or system credentials from the inside; and malicious intrusion attempts to gain access to systems and information through social engineering methods (Boyce, 2008; Kizza, 2009). In our organization, the ISO schedules IT security training sessions for the entire staff and also establishes security certification schedules that require all employees to complete and pass online tutorials by specific dates.
Discussion Question 3 -- Appropriate INFOSEC Trainings in Organizations
Generally, in-person group classes and individual online tutorials are the most common types of INFOSEC training programs within business organizations…
Boyce, J. (2008). Information Assurance: Managing Organizational IT Risks. St. Louis,
Kizza, J.M. (2009). Computer Network Security. New York: Springer.
Personick, S.D. And Patterson, C.A. (2007). Critical Information Infrastructure
computer networks understood. Please start reviewing articles discussing stranger requests received IT personnel: Jennifer Mears & Denise Dubie, Funny tech support stories, CD-OM coffee holders, homemade cookies, frozen computers,
The seven most important things about computer networks that should be understood by everyone who uses one
Principle one: Know how to 'talk the talk'
In the article "They've heard them all," two of the most humorous stories detailing naive users' confusion about computers revolve around simple misunderstandings of vocabulary (Mears & Dubie 2006:1). Some people do not clearly understand what 'cookies' are on their computers -- and even if most users today are cognizant of the fact that cookies in IT parlance means something different than chocolate chip vs. peanut butter, they may merely know that cookies are 'bad' without understanding how websites use them to track or store user information. Simply having users familiar with the vocabulary of their…
Mears, Jennifer & Denise Dubie. (2006). They've heard them all. Network World. Retrieved:
Harding, David. (2012). Top 10 common computer trouble-shooting tips. Tips4pc.
This report is a follow up to troubleshoot the multimillion-dollar life insurance firm Evco Insurance's corporate headquarters network. "Complex, converged, global networks are the critical underpinnings to today's business processes, communications, and productivity enabling applications." (Networkscouts.com) Initial information provided implies that there are network communication congestion problems and the marketing director stated that at some points of the day there can be 10 minute lags for emails. The Marketing Department has experienced the slowest response times after adding 40 new users to the existing 106. Upon inspection of the network closet, there were 8 excellent hubs with a flurry of lights flickering. The objective here is to brainstorm as to why the lag and poor response times could be occurring.
There are several areas to consider when a network's performance begins to deteriorate. The first concern is if one or several network applications are consuming more than their fair…
Comer, D.E., Internetworking with TCP/IP, 3 vols., Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ, 1991 and 1993.
Netscouts.com. (2009). "Response Time Analysis for Networked Applications: Quality of Experience: A critical component of Performance Management" Retrieved on October 17, 2009, from http://www.netscout.com/docs/whitepapers/NetScout_wp_Response_Time_Analysis_for_Networked_Applications.pdf
University of South Florida (2009). "Topology: Chapter 5" Retrieved on October 17, 2009, from http://fcit.coedu.usf.edu/network/chap5/chap5.htm
The advent of the Internet, wireless and satellite communication and both computing hardware and software improvements continue to make our world a very small place. Ever since these combined methodologies have allowed us to integrate single or 'dumb' computer terminals that once only accepted data from large mainframes, computer networking has become an integral part of our everyday professional and personal lives. Even the most basic networking infrastructure today can contain an extremely large number of individual nodes that are far more powerful than even the most dominant mainframe of just a few decades ago. This new found networking muscle provides anyone and everyone access to an infinite and global spectrum of information in seconds.
We can look at any business entity and see change: Consider the banking industry. A typical day entails large international banks literally moving trillions of dollars around the globe in seconds while at the…
Instead of training sessions requiring trainers and trainees to be together in the same office, trainers can conduct sessions from one location for employees in multiple remote locations without requiring coordinated travel necessary for traditional professional training sessions (Huang & Frahim, 2008 pp90-91).
The ising Importance of emote Access Computer Networks in Business
Naturally, one of the advantages of using remote computer access networks for presentations, conferences, and staff training is the tremendous cost savings of reducing the travel that was necessary for traditional formats of those essential business functions. The modern era of business globalization only increases the value of that aspect of remote computer access networks, by virtue of the corresponding greater need for business travel and the necessary establishment of business operations in different national and international regions. Similarly, the rising focus on green concerns has increased the importance of reducing unnecessary business travel in connection with…
Internet-based DOS attacks can more easily be distributed, meaning there can be multiple machines (often hundreds or thousands, some of them "enslaved" through viruses) sending communications to a particular website -- or technically, to the server on which the site is stored -- that simply overload the server's capacity and could cause it to crash or simply to provide communications that are too slow to be intelligible (oebuck, 2005; Cross, 2008; aghavan & Dawson, 2011). The possibilities and the distance involved make Internet DOS attacks more complex, but with the proper know-how they can be easier to achieve consistently for attackers (oebuck, 2005).
Preventing DOS attacks can be all but impossible, especially in an Internet setting, but taking steps to ensure that a website/server can easily recover from a DOS attack and restore reliable service to users can help reduce the likelihood of that being targeted -- if the attack…
Cross, M. (2008). Scene of the Cybercrime. Burlington, MA: Elsevier.
Roebuck, T. (2005). DoS and DDoS Attacks. Computer Crime Research Center. Accessed 8 September 2012. http://www.crime-research.org/articles/network-security-dos-ddos-attacks/
Raghavan, S. & Dawson, E. (2011). An Investigation into the Detection and Mitigation of Denial of Service (DoS) Attacks. New York: Springer.
Schwartz, M. (2012). 10 Strategies to Fight Anonymous DDoS Attacks. InformationWeek. Accessed 8 September 2012. http://www.informationweek.com/security/vulnerabilities/10-strategies-to-fight-anonymous-ddos-at/232600411?pgno=1
Proposal for an Enterprise-Wide Solution for a Small Publishing Company
Small businesses of all types and sizes require viable enterprise-wide solutions to their information technology (IT) needs. This need is especially pronounced in small businesses competing in the publishing industry where all publications are digitized and security needs are paramount. This study is in response to a request from one such publishing firm with 50 employees that requires a proposal for an enterprise-wide solutions including computers, peripherals, networking and security solutions. The company's office is situated in a single-story free-standing building without walls and only pillars supporting the roof and the company has installed glass cubicles for all of its employees. A detailed analysis of the foregoing requirements, including associated costs, is provided below, following by a summary of the research and important findings concerning appropriate computer, peripheral, networking and security solutions for this company…
Hutchings, A. & Smith, R. G. (2013, May). Cloud computing for small business: Criminal and security threats and prevention measures. Trends & Issues in Crime and Criminal Justice, 456, 1-4.
Jing, S. (2012, March 1). Analysis of Lenovo globalization strategy and enlightenment to Chinese enterprises. Canadian Social Science, 8(2), 86-89.
Lenovo C40 All-In-One. (2016). Lenovo. Retrieved from http://shop.lenovo.com/us/en / desktops/lenovo/c-series/c40-30/#galleryPhoto.
Lexmark CX310dn Multifunction Color Photo Printer. (2016). Lenovo. Retrieved from http://shop.lenovo.com/SEUILibrary/controller/e/web/LenovoPortal/en_US/catalog.workflow:item.detail-hide_menu_area=true&GroupID=460&Code=28C0550.
Computing networks are certainly changing. There are a couple of different factors driving these changes, which generally include issues of security, privacy, regulatory concerns, and technological advancements. For the most part, these drivers are resulting in positive changes for computer networks.
One of the fundamental ways in which computer networks are changing is that they are incorporating Virtual Private Networks (VPNs). VPNs provide an additional computing network inside of an external network (Monga 343). As such, they are able to buttress security while adding a layer of privacy (Rao and Kavitha 4). There are a number of intruders and hackers who are invading networks without authority. One of the basic ways to meet this broadening challenge is to stifle hackers with the use of a VPN.
Another way that networks are changing is by becoming much more complex. Specifically, the architecture involved with them is taking on additional complexities that…
Network Design Proposal
ABC School Stats/User Counts
Having a current strength of approximately 845 students, ABC School provides education from Pre-Kindergarten to the 12th Grade. According to the requirements of The New York School District, 250 Curriculum computers along with 75 Administration computers are to be installed. The requirements for the wiring per room of layer 1 are that it should adjust a total of 25 computers, 24 of which will be used for the curriculum, whereas one will be used for administrative purposes.
The model for the WAN is 2 layers of hierarchy having a total of 3 hubs, one connecting the District Office or the Data Center, one the Service Center, and the remaining one connecting the Black Hawk School. A Frame elay WAN will be responsible for providing the required internet services.
For all the hosts, interconnection devices, and servers an…
ArrowMail. (2011). "Advice on Choosing the best Range of IP Addresses to use on your LAN." Taken from: http://www.arrowmail.co.uk/articles/iprange.aspx
Begin Linux. (2010). Network Design for Small Business. Taken from: http://beginlinux.com/blog/2010/06/network-design-for-a-small-business
Botsford, C. (2011). Learn To Subnet.com v. 3.2." LearnTCPIP.com. Taken from: http://www.learntcpip.com/LTSN/default.htm
Crockett, R. (2003). Network design project Sunnyslope elementary school. WESD Network Design Project Proposal.
Network Management and System Administration
The aim of the paper is to establish the difference between a system administrator and a network administrator. The paper is thus divided into three sections. The first section deals with the basic definition and responsibilities of a system administrator; the second does the same for a network administrator and the third compares their responsibilities to clearly identify the differences between the two.
The maintenance of computer systems in a company is the sole responsibility of a system administrator. They are responsible for maintaining, upgrading and installing servers. They are also entrusted with the task of checking the security of the server and maintaining its backup as well. They are also involved in programming for automating tasks at the server. For this purpose, they write programs, also known as scripting (Schneider, 2012a).
Education criteria for System Administrators:
With respect to the level of…
Schneider, L. (2012a). System Administrator. Accessed March 7th, 2012 from: http://jobsearchtech.about.com/od/careersintechnology/p/SysAdmin.htm
Schneider, L. (2012b). Network Administrator Profile -- " What is a Network Administrator. Accessed March 7th, 2012 from: http://jobsearchtech.about.com/od/careersintechnology/p/NetAdmin.htm
Morgan, H. (2010) Difference between Network and Systems Admin. eHow .com. Accessed March 7th, 2012 from: http://www.ehow.com/facts_6155311_difference-between-network-systems-admin.html
In some areas it will be used for more populist applications such as, in schools to introduce students to the discipline and within an environment that will give opportunity for participation of non-academics in academic discussion.
Computer has in a great deal widened the world's knowledge. As the fastest technology that has ever evolved, it has given opportunity for the children and adults, for personal, academic and commercial use. It has made communication to be easier; people get to know what is happening in the other parts of the world instantly. Information and data entering and saving has been made convenient and even easy.
Ceruzzi, Paul E. A History of Modern Computing. London: The MIT Press, (2000). The MIT Press. etrieved March 8, 2012 from http://www.ieeeghn.org/wiki/images/5/57/Onifade.pdf
Moreau, . The Computer Comes of Age -- the People, the Hardware, and the Software. London: The MIT Press, (1984). etrieved March…
Ceruzzi, Paul E. A History of Modern Computing. London: The MIT Press, (2000). The MIT Press. Retrieved March 8, 2012 from http://www.ieeeghn.org/wiki/images/5/57/Onifade.pdf
Moreau, R. The Computer Comes of Age -- the People, the Hardware, and the Software. London: The MIT Press, (1984). Retrieved March 8, 2012 from
Evaluating the Advantages and Disadvantages
of Using Cloud-Based Systems for IT Storage and Applications
The emergence of cloud computing as a disruptive innovation is redefining the economics of information technologies, application delivery and the pace of new feature development and introduction. Companies who are standardizing on cloud computing for critical tasks including Customer elationship Management (CM) do so after evaluating several factors, including the opportunity to expense the costs vs. pay for them via capital expense, the customization of the applications, and the ability to selectively update them over time (Lashar, 2009). Cloud-based applications delivered over Software-as-a-Service (SaaS) platforms are paid for as an operating expense, which is often referred to as OPEX. Traditional enterprise software is paid for through CAPEX, or capital expense investment. This is a critical point in the economics of this market and a primary criterion that TUI University needs to consider was it…
Anthes, G.. (2010). Security in the Cloud. Association for Computing Machinery. Communications of the ACM, 53(11), 16.
Doelitzscher, F., Sulistio, A., Reich, C., Kuijs, H., & Wolf, D.. (2011). Private cloud for collaboration and e-Learning services: from IaaS to SaaS. Computing. Archives for Informatics and Numerical Computation, 91(1), 23-42.
Robert Hertzberg. (2010). Top Vendors Endure a Shaky Year, Look to SaaS and SOA to Buoy Revenues. Information Management, 20(3), 16.
Hodge, E., & Collins, S.. (2010). Collaborative Efforts: Teaching and Learning in Virtual Worlds. EDUCAUSE Review, 45(3), 62.
ABC NETWOK DESIGN
A Comprehensive Proposal and Design for ABC Inc. Network equirements
Network Proposal Overview
Network Configuration Management Plan
In order to meet the needs of the customers, ABC Inc. must insure that productivity is not hindered by the growth of the company. The employees at ABC Inc. must have a robust network so that customer service is not jeopardized. The accounting firm has grown from five to fifty employees with the acquisition of a large account. Currently, each employee has their own standalone computer which contains Windows 7, Office 2010 and QuickBooks accounting software. The company does not have a network in place. Currently information is shared by copying data to a flash drive and each workstation has a stand-alone printer. The objective of this proposal is to provide a centralized solution for all of ABC's network needs.
Given the highly…
Amsel, E. (1988). Network security and access controls. Computers & Security, 7(1),
Bray, O., & Hess, M.M. (1995). Reengineering a configuration-management system.
IEEE Software, 12(1), 55-63.
Network Vulnerabilities and Controls
Computer networks are constantly under threat from many different sources of attacks. In order to get a clear understanding of the different views on computer security and its characteristics, it is important to define a network. This term means a group of computers that have been interconnected to communicate to one another using electrical signals. The network can be either wired or wireless and the most common of them nowadays is the wireless computer network. The internet or wide area network can link very many computers that are widely and geographically apart.
Computers are therefore linked to communicate with one another via the internet. However, these same computers are prone to attacks from all different angles. Any unauthorized access to ones computer can be defined as an attack since in the process, valuable information may be retrieved from the computer or even deleted. The information may…
ISO, (2009). International standards. Geneva Switzerland. Retrieved from. http://www.iso.org/iso/iec27000
Cisco, (2011).Cisco Security Advisory: Cisco Network Admission Control Guest Server System Software Authentication Bypass Vulnerability. Retrieved from http://www.cisco.com/warp / public/707
Juniper networks inc. (2009).Nuclear plant control system cyber vulnerabilities and recommendations toward securing them: Enabling comprehensive network- based security for control systems
May P., et al. (2006), mitigations for security vulnerabilities found in control system networks, Retrieved in 2006, from http://www.isa.org . 3-9
A Brief Look Since 1995
This is a research paper that focuses on network standards and protocols that involve strategies in management. Leadership strategies cannot handle the need for network standards to handle billions of users and user generated applications. Therefore management strategies are more appropriate. Furthermore the history of network standards shows layering through the OSI models follows a management approach vs. A leadership approach.
In the OSI model, there are seven layers. The seven layers then acts as a means of managing problems within that layer as it is separated and contained. People can run communication through these layers much more easily and smoothly than through a singular, whole layer. The several layers are more efficient and can handle and spot problems and inefficiencies more quickly. It serves as the basis for network standards.
The history behind network standards provides valuable insight into how organizations emerged…
Faynberg, I. (1997). The intelligent network standards. New York: McGraw-Hill.
Haase, J. (2012). Wireless Network Standards for Building Automation. Embedded Systems, 53-65. Doi: 10.1007/978-1-4419-8795-2_4
Panayides, A., Antoniou, Z., Pattichis, M., Pattichis, C., & Constantinides, A. (2012). High efficiency video coding for ultrasound video communication in m-health systems. IEEE, 2170.
Siep, T., Gifford, I., Braley, R., & Heile, R. (2000). Paving the way for personal area network standards: an overview of the IEEE P802.15 Working Group for Wireless Personal Area Networks.IEEE Personal Communications, 7(1), 37-43. doi:10.1109/98.824574
All network authorized personnel must be instructed to use "strong" passwords consisting of at least 8 characters; they must include at least one upper and one lower case letter, at least one Arabic number, and at least one "special character" in addition to avoiding any form or abbreviation of the user's first or last name (Boyce, 2002; Kizza, 2005).
Network administrators must also implement applications capable of ensuring compliance by automatically rejecting improper password choices. Additionally, administrators must require authorized users to change their passwords at specific intervals. Finally, office managers must monitor compliance with common-sense rules about behavioral aspects of password security, such as prohibiting divulging passwords to co-workers, requiring users to log off if they leave their terminals, and by providing training into recognizing attempted social engineering to obtain secure information through deception (Larson, 2007).
Likewise, authentication layers can also significantly enhance network security. In that regard, the…
Boyce J. (2002). Information Assurance: Managing Organizational it Risks. St. Louis,
Kizza JM. (2005). Computer Network Security. New York: Springer.
Larsen R. (2007). Our Own Worst Enemy: Asking the Right Questions About
). Such security should also preplan strategic responses to attacks associated with the network (Dawkins et al.).
A book entitled "Surviving Security: How to Integrate People, Process, and Technology" explains that the rapid expansion networking and networking technologies necessitates greater security needs. The author asserts that parts of the network such as routers, switches and even network printers are vulnerable (Andress). The article further explains that the router or switch contained between the firewall and the internet access or between the firewall and the internal network are often vulnerable. Organizations with networks should work hard to secure them at these points. The article also states that if attackers can gain access to a network at these points, they can gain access to sensitive information and compromise the stability of the network. Also attackers who gain access to a network at one of the aforementioned points will also be able to…
Strong Case for converged Networks." 24 October, 2008 http://www.networkmagazineindia.com/200206/cover2.shtml
Andress, Amanda. Surviving Security: How to Integrate People, Process, and Technology. Boca Raton, FL: Auerbach Publications, 2003
Bates, R.J. Voice and Data Communication Handbook. McGraw-Hill Professional, 2007
CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURE PROTECTION Further Efforts Needed to Integrate Planning for and Response to Disruptions on Converged Voice and Data Networks. United States Government Accounting Office, 2008. http://www.gao.gov/new.items/d08607.PDF
Network Security: Past, Present and Future
The work of Curtin (2007) states that a network is defined as "any set of interlinking lines resembling a net, a network of roads -- an interconnected system, a network of alliances." Quite simply a computer network is a system of computers that are interconnected. There are seven layers of communication types identified by the International Standards Organization (ISO) Open Systems Interconnect (OSI) eference Model as well as the interfaces among them. Each layer is stated to be dependent on the services that the layer above it provides including the physical network hardware.
Technology: Description and Area of esearch
The most popular networks which have been used over the past twenty-five years and which include both private and public networks include the following network services: (1) UUCP -- Unix-to-Unix CoPy: This was developed originally for connecting Unix hosts together however, since that time UUCP…
Bouchard, Mark (2009) WANTED: The Future of Network Security for Service Providers -- Now!AimPoint Group, LLC. Juniper Networks. Retrieved from: http://www.juniper.net/us/en/local/pdf/whitepapers/2000301-en.pdf
Cisco Security Planning and Design Service (2010) Cisco Systems. Retrieved from: http://www.planetcisco.org/en/U.S./services/ps2961/ps2952/services_datasheet_securitypd.pdf
Graff, Mark (2002 ) The Future of Internet Security. Para-Protect. Retrieved from: http://www.markgraff.com/mg_writings/TFOIS6000.pdf
Keohane & Nye (2000) in: Schneider, Jim (2003) Globalization and Think-Tanks: Security Policy Networks. SAREM International Seminar, Istanbul, May 30, 2003. Retrieved from: http://www.policy.hu/schneider/GlobalTTs.pdf
Attempts to alleviate or at least reduce network congestion including using un length Encoding (LL) for packet size reduction, the use of abbreviated headers for optimizing their path through networks, and the development of protocols that seek to optimize path selection through a network (Wen, Wang, Yang, 2007). The challenge of continually enhancing and increasing network performance through better optimization of paths throughout a network is being made more challenging with the en masse adoption of WiFi as well (Wen, Wang, Yang, 2007).
Abdullah Balamash, Marwan Krunz, & Philippe Nain. (2007). Performance analysis of a client-side caching/prefetching system for Web traffic*. Computer Networks, 51(13), 3673.
Chang, B., Lin, S., & Jin, J. (2009). LIAD: Adaptive bandwidth prediction-based Logarithmic Increase Adaptive Decrease for TCP congestion control in heterogeneous wireless networks. Computer Networks, 53(14), 2566.
Ue-Pyng Wen, Wei-Chih Wang, & Chyi-Bao Yang. (2007). Traffic engineering and congestion control for open shortest…
Abdullah Balamash, Marwan Krunz, & Philippe Nain. (2007). Performance analysis of a client-side caching/prefetching system for Web traffic*. Computer Networks, 51(13), 3673.
Chang, B., Lin, S., & Jin, J. (2009). LIAD: Adaptive bandwidth prediction-based Logarithmic Increase Adaptive Decrease for TCP congestion control in heterogeneous wireless networks. Computer Networks, 53(14), 2566.
Ue-Pyng Wen, Wei-Chih Wang, & Chyi-Bao Yang. (2007). Traffic engineering and congestion control for open shortest path first networks*.
Omega, 35(6), 671.
Computers are tools for learning; and as such are not essentially different from the way dictionaries, calculators, and videos are teaching and learning tools. However, computers provide a wide range of learning experiences that do make them qualitatively and quantitatively different from other learning tools. Three ways that computers measurably benefit the learning experience include communication, information access and retrieval, and training. Computers facilitate communication between learner and teacher, or between learner and peers. With computers and their applications, the raw data of learning -- that is, information -- becomes accessible to both teacher and learners. Training manuals and tutorials can be digitalized in ways that are accessible to learners regardless of geography and time. In spite of these three benefits of computers as learning tools, there are three detriments to the use of information technology in the higher education classroom. One detriment is the digital divide, or income disparity…
Tam, M.D., Hart, A.R., Williams, S., Heylings, D. & Leinster, S. (2009). Is learning anatomy facilitated by computer-aided learning? A review of the literature. Informa 31(9): 393-396.
Ward, J.P.T., Gordon, J., Field, M.J. & Lehmann, H.P. (2001). Communication and information technology in medical education. The Lancet. Vol. 357: 792-796.
Warschauer, M., Turbee, L. & Roberts, B. (1996). Computer learning networks and student empowerment. System 24(1): 1-14.
Zickuhr, K. & Smith, A. (2012). Digital differences. Pew Internet.
The process of gathering technical requirements for a network design project may differ from one organization to another, but the requirements themselves can be described using many of the concepts discussed in the lecture this week (i.e. Scalability, Availability, Network performance, Security, Manageability, and Affordability).
Analyzing technical requirements for the customer is important in helping one best fulfill the customer's expectations. The various objectives that need to be fulfilled involve the factors of Scalability, Availability, Network performance, Security, Manageability, and Affordability.
Scalability refers to the amount of growth that a network design can support. This is particularly important for large companies that are adding users, applications, additional sites, and external network connections all the time. The proposed network deign should be able to adapt to any envisioned additions. You will want to know the prospective amount of networks, users, servers, and/or sites that may be added to…
Prioritizing the goals is helpful for both you and client, so you start off with the most important goal ending with that least important to client. A list of options, too, can be made and correlated with goals. In this way, you will be more likely to design a computer network that will meet client's expectations.
Oppenheimer, P. (1999) Top-down network Design (3rd Ed.) Cisco Press.
Wireless and Wi-Fi
The dominant approach used today for connecting to network, wireless technologies including W-Fi is dominating the entire area of networking, from 3G and 4G on smartphones and tablet PCs to the development of hotspot technology on the attest iPad. This is the future of networking for many consumers. The reliance on Wi-Fi as a means to stay connected to business and friends has exponentially increased and will continue to for the long-term (Gilmer, 2010). The fundamentals of Wi-Fi are easily taught as they are based on IEEE standards that create a framework for teaching these technologies with clarity and insight (Greiner, 2001). Wi-Fi continues to increase in terms of speed as well, with 3G and 4G now commonplace. Consumers need to know about this technology and how it works to troubleshoot problems on their smartphones, tablet PCs and laptops. The best approach to managing the teaching process…
Gilmer, B. (2010). Networking software. Broadcast Engineering, 52(3), 24-27.
Greiner, L. (2001, Nov 16). Wireless networking wave. Computing Canada, 27(24), 16-17.
Mingail, H. (1995, Feb 15). Neural networks vs. knowledge systems. Computing Canada, 21(4), 30-30.
Solomon, H. (2003, May 02). Storage networking vendor warns of security pitfalls. Computer Dealer News, 19(7), 8-8
Network Security Administrator, Approach Problem Securing a Central
I would utilize a number of security measures to adequately secure a central computer network that is accessed by other branches and staff from remote physical location. The vast majority tends to work in conjunction with one another, and should not deny access to authorized users.
For all of the computers that are present in the primary, physical location in which the network is based out of, I would employ encryption measures. This sort of encryption is similar to that used by cellular devices (whether in the form of tablets or phones), which enables users to reduce the threat of unauthorized users from accessing their devices or the data within them (Stafford, 2010). However, it is worth noting that encryption would not be used on the computing devices in the network that are outside of this primary physical location.
One of the…
Merkow, M.S., Breithaupt, J. (2006). Information Security: Principles and Practices. Upper Saddle River: Pearson Prentice Hall.
Stafford, M. (2010). "Hackers crack cell phone encryption." Tech News Daily. Retrieved from http://www.technewsdaily.com/70-hackers-crack-cell-phone-encryption.html
Williams, P. "The Apache Software Foundation and its influence on data management." www.dataversity.com. Retrieved from http://www.dataversity.net/the-apache-software-foundation-and-its-influence-on-data-management/
computers and culture, using the book "Technopoly: The Surrender of Culture to Technology," by Neil Postman, and other resources. Specifically, it will answer the questions: How have computers and computer networks changed human thinking, behavior, and lifestyle? What has been gained? What has been lost? What are the advantages of computers in communication? In education? In entertainment? In the economy? What are the disadvantages in these areas? Is computer technology creating winners and losers, or furthering social stratification? Have we become too dependent on computers? Do computers limit social skills and physical activity to a damaging degree? Why or why not? Computers have changed our national culture and our global culture, and not always for the better. When they were first developed for the mass market, computers were meant to increase productivity and cut down on paper work. Today, computers have permeated every section of our lives, and our culture.…
Berg, R. Dreyer. "Our Computational Culture: From Descartes to the Computer." ETC.: A Review of General Semantics 51.2 (1994): 123+.
Marsha Kinder, ed. Kids' Media Culture. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 1999.
Perrolle, Judith A. "Information, Technology, and Culture." The Relevance of Culture. Ed. Morris Freilich. New York: Bergin & Garvey Publishers, 1989. 98-114.
Postman, Neil. Technopoly: The Surrender of Culture to Technology. New York, Vintage Books, 1992.
In addition, The potential for IPv6 to significantly reduce the overall costs of supporting an enterprise-wide network are also very clear as well.
ATM portals and technologies are ideal for creating a unified computing and networking platform corporate-wide, especially if a company has operations in several countries, and across continents. The speed and bandwidth considerations of running a global enterprise are also accentuated by this technology, as is a drastic reduction in Total Cost of Ownership (TCO) for a given network topology that must scale to be global. In addition, ATM could be used for unifying diverse legacy systems into a single, cohesive network architecture that capitalizes on the many information assets a company has (Dunne, Klementowski, 1982). In addition, these networks also make it possible to create entirely new approaches to solving very complex problems in enterprise, including the ability to collaborate and produce new product designs in real-time…
Dunne, Edward J.,,Jr., & Klementowski, L.J. (1982). An investigation of the use of network techniques in research and development management. IEEE Transactions on Engineering Management, EM29(3), 74-74.
Etkin, J., & Zinky, J.A. (1989). Development life cycle of computer networks: The executable model approach. IEEE Transactions on Software Engineering, 15(9), 1078-1089.
Soon-Young, H., Chung, Q.B., & Hyung-Min, K. (2000). Collaborative model management in departmental computing. INFOR, 38(4), 373-389.
After server authorization four domains for giving and registration of addresses of clients are created. "If a physical LAN has more than one logical subnet, how can different groups of clients be allocated addresses on different subnets?
One way to do this is to preconfigure each client with information about what group it belongs to. A DHCP feature designed for this is the user class option. To do this, the client software must allow the user class option to be preconfigured and the server software must support its use to control which pool a client's address is allocated from. (DHCP FAQ (http://www.dhcp-handbook.com/dhcp_faq.html#iaplh)
In order to create domain, wizard is used. In nets 188.8.131.52, 184.108.40.206, 220.127.116.11 elimination range is used only from one (last) address of range, because it's assigned to router's port as it was mentioned above. All other nodes, including printers may be set up on automatic receiving of…
Donald, Lisa MCSE 2000 JumpStart: Computer Network Basics Morgan Kaufmann 2003
Les Freed PC Magazine Guide to Home Networking Wiley 2004
Peterson, Larry L. Computer Networks: A Systems Approach Morgan Kaufmann 2003
Knowledge of e-crime from the perspective of crime science is insufficient in devolution of the problem, which cuts across various sections of social interaction through computers. There is a limitation in the forensic and social / legal exploration of information technology aspects and that is the possible cause of the limitations of the jurisdictions of the computer crime legislation, creating the insufficiency in the fulfillment of its purpose (Tonry 2009 p. 20-350).
The legislation approaches the infringement of the social precepts of technology without any consideration of social remedies. The use of police in regulation of operations is limiting because they may not have the capacity for gauging the extent of computer damage. It is logical considering the sensitivity of pro-social individuals, and their possibility of taking up their responsibilities. Social norms revolve around consideration of others and create a sense of mindfulness and consideration of activities (Humphreys 2007 p.…
'a Comparative Study of Cyberattacks' 2012, Communications of the ACM, 55, 3, pp. 66-73, Academic Search Complete, EBSCOhost, viewed 20 August 2012.
Assange, J., & Dreyufus, S. (2011). Underground tales of hacking, madness and obsession on the electronic frontier. Edinburgh, Canongate. 56. Print.
Assange, J., & Dreyufus, S. (2011). Underground. North Sydney, N.S.W., Random House Australia. 23-150. Print.
Foltz, C, & Renwick, J 2011, 'Information Systems Security and Computer Crime in the IS Curriculum: A Detailed Examination', Journal of Education for Business, 86, 2, pp. 119-125, Academic Search Complete, EBSCOhost, viewed 20 August 2012.
computer used by the employee has either been compromised physically with a password cracking software (EC-Council,2010;Beaver & McClure,2010) or it has bee compromised remotely with the help of a keylogging software.A keylogger is noted by APWG (2006) as a special crimeware code that is designed with the sole intention of collecting information from the end-user terminal. The stolen information includes every strike of the keyboard which it captures.The most sensitive of the captured information are the user's credentials. Keylogger may also be used to refer to the hardware used for this purpose. The employee's password could also have been shoulder-surfed by his immediate neighbor at the workplace. This could be his coworker who manages to peek and see over his shoulder as he types in sensitive authentication information (password)
Strategy to address the issue as well as the necessary steps for resolving the issue
The strategy for addressing this threat…
Anti-Phising Working Group (2006). Phishing Activity Trends Report
Bem, D and Huebner, E (2007).Computer Forensic Analysis in a Virtual Environment. International Journal of Digital Evidence .Fall 2007, Volume 6 (2)
networking and TCP/IP and internetworking. Also discussed are risk management, network threats, firewalls, and also more special purpose network devices. The paper will provide a better insight on the general aspects of security and also get a better understanding of how to be able to reduce and manage risk personally at the workplace and at home.
In today's world, the Computer has become a common feature in any organization anywhere in the world. This may be due to the fact that a computer can be accessed by anybody who knows how to handle it and also because it can store a lot of information both confidential and general. A computer is connected through a physical network that allows a person or many persons to share any information necessary. (Conceptual Overview of Network Security) Though network security in Information Technology is an issue that has been discussed endlessly, implementation has definitely…
Bolding, Darren. "Network Security, Filters and Firewalls." Retrieved from ACM Cross Roads Student Magazine, 17 January, 2001 http://www.acm.org/crossroads/xrds2-1/security.html . Accessed on 03/09/2004
Curtin, Matt. "Introduction to Network Security March" 1997. Retrieved at http://www.interhack.net/pubs/network-securityAccessed on 03/09/2004
Home Internet security: Protection against network security attacks" Retrieved at http://www.buildwebsite4u.com/articles/home-internet-security.shtml. Accessed on 03/09/2004
Magalhaes, Ricky M. "Network Security recommendations that will enhance your windows" network" Oct 22, 2002. Retrieved at http://www.windowsecurity.com/articles/Net_Security_Recommendations.html . Accessed on 03/09/2004
New Computer System for the 21st Century Business Office
It is impossible to imagine that any business can be run in the 21st century without an adequate computer system. And yet therein lies the rub: Determining what computer system is adequate for any business purpose is in fact a complex and difficult process in many cases. All too often what happens when a manager is faced with choosing a new computer system (usually at the point when the old one has completely crashed, losing valuable information that wasn't backed-up) is that he or she finds the brochure that's on the top of the pile and orders that computer system.
But this is not the way to proceed. Acquiring the right information system is essential in keeping a company healthy. This paper examines a real-world case of a corporation - in this case, Toys Us - adopted a new computer information…
With the acquisition of a newly leased building, UMUC requires a new network. The network includes coverage for the following places: six (6) instructional computer labs, a student computer lab, six (6) various offices, an admission office, library, and five (5) general classrooms. The network should encompass the following devices with respect to location:
Each computer lab should have 22 computers. The network should allocate 21 computers for students and one computer for each instructor. The network should allocate a collective total of 132 computers, given the requirement of six total instructional labs.
The student computer lab requires 31 computers.
The network should allocate one computer for each of the six various offices-six computers in total.
The admission office requires five computers.
The library requires 15 computers, 10 for students and 5 for faculty.
Five individual classrooms each require a computer.
Network IP Addresses
Each device of the…
Freudenrich, C. (2015, March 3). How fiber optics work. Retrieved March 1, 2015, from http://computer.howstuffworks.com/fiber-optichtm
Geese. (2015, January 1). How to subnet a network. Retrieved March 1, 2015, from http://www.bradreese.com/how-to-subnet-a-network.pdf
Hilton, J. (2015, January 1). Network connections. Retrieved February 28, 2015, from http://www.geekinspired.com/networking/network-connection-devices/
Computer mediated Communication (CMC)
Throughout the years, people used different means of communication to pass information from one source to another. The type of communication involved face-to-face, writing letters then sending to people, using telegrams which was the quickest means of communication, and use of telephones, although telephones were invented some years back. Today, the world has become computerized and there are new technologies that most firms have acquired to ease communication as well as replace labor. The computer mediated communications (CMC) that emerged involved the use of e-mail, chat rooms, and Usenet groups. In summary, this paper gives a narrative regarding the issue of Computer Mediated Communication as well as, analyzing the linguistic and visual features of my topic while explaining how they affect communication.
Issue of Privacy and social networking and effect on communication
The use of modern technology has contributed to a strong impact on the lives…
Eecke, P., & Truyens, M. (2002). Privacy and social networks. Computer law and securities.
Levy, M., & Stockwell, G. (2006). Computer-mediated communication.. options and issues in computer-assisted language learning.
Werry, C. (1996). Linguistic and interactional features of internet relay chat.. Computer-mediated communication: linguistic, social, and crosscultural perspectives; pp. 47 -- 63..
The paper creates Extended Access Control Lists for ABC Corporation using Port Numbers.
Extended Access Control Lists for ABC Corporation using Port Numbers
access-list 101 permit tcp 172.16.3.0. 0.0.0.255 any eq 20
access-list 101 permit tcp 172.16.5.0. 0.0.0.255 any eq 21
access-list 101 permit tcp 172.16.3.1/16. 0.0.0.255 any eq 22
access-list 101 permit tcp 172.16.3.254/16. 0.0.0.255 any eq 25
access-list 101 permit tcp 172.16.5.254/16. 0.0.0.255 any eq 35
access-list 101 permit tcp 172.16.0.254/16. 0.0.0.255 any eq18
access-list 101 permit tcp 172.16.5.35/16. 0.0.0.255 any eq19
access-list 101 permit tcp 172.16.0.0/16. 0.0.0.255 any eq39
access-list 101 deny tcp 172.16.0.254/16. 0.0.0.255 any eq26
access-list 101 deny tcp 172.16.5.35/16 . 0.0.0.255 any eq23
Further steps is the configuration of ACL for ABC Corporation. Configuration of Extended Access Control list is critical for the protection of network infrastructures of ABC Corporation.
Configuration of Extended Access Control Lists for ABC Corporation using Port Numbers.
Cisco Systems (2002).Virtual LAN Security Best Practices. Cisco Inc. White Paper.
Cisco (2010).Protecting Your Core: Infrastructure Protection Access Control Lists Document ID: 43920. Cisco Systems, Inc. Research Paper.
National Institute of Science and Technology (2010). The NIST Definition of Cloud Computing USA.
Sun CTO (2009). Cloud computing is like the mainframe.Techtarget.
Selecting the type of cable to be used when developing a LAN from the ground up can be a complex process with many considerations, including issues of functionality and of cost. Twisted pair cables provide a cheaper alternative to other cable types and are also the most flexible type of cable, but they are less secure and are more prone to losses in data integrity than are other standard cable types (Hsieh, 2012). Fiber optic cables provide the best protection against interference and are the most secure cable for use in a network, but the cost can be prohibitive and the heightened performance aspects are not necessary in all applications (Hsieh, 2012). Coaxial cables come in two varieties, thinnet and thicknet, with thinnet being both cheaper and more flexible than twisted pair cables (though still more expensive and less flexible) and also provide a decent amount of security…
Bonsor, K. (2012). How satellite radio works. Accessed 9 October 2012. http://electronics.howstuffworks.com/satellite-radio1.htm
Hsieh, C. (2012). Network cabling. Accessed 9 October 2012. http://pluto.ksi.edu/~cyh/cis370/ebook/ch02b.htm
Major, M. (2009). Making connections. Accessed 9 October 2012. http://majormike.us/?p=197
Rodgers, J. (2008). Wired vs. Wireless: Sometimes There's No Substitute for a Cable. Accessed 9 October 212. http://www.osnews.com/story/19748/Wired_vs_Wireless:_Sometimes_Theres_No_Substitute_for_a_Cable
This is what creates the continual need to share literally everything going on in their lives, as each post releases a significant dopamine rush (Charman-Anderson, 17, 18).
Dopamine is also the reason why the many forms of computer addiction are so difficult to treat. ith anonymity comes the opportunity to create multiple identities or personas online (Soule, 66, 67). This is what leads employees who have Internet addictions to create many different online identities, giving them ethical and moral leeway they would never give themselves. This aspect of personas and the forgiven unethicacy of conduct of personas is a key factor in online crimes committed by employees during company hours (Nykodym, Ariss, Kurtz, 82, 83). The personas of the addicted computer addicts are orchestrated for specific dopamine-driven production to fuel and feed habitual behaviors online
(Quinn 180). These strategies to ensure a steady supply of dopamine may not even be…
Charman-Anderson, Suw. "Seeking Addiction: The Role of Dopamine in Social Media." Computer Weekly (2009): 16-23.
Neumann, Peter G. "Are Computers Addictive?" Association for Computing Machinery.Communications of the ACM 41.3 (1998): 128-135.
Nykodym, Nick, Sonny Ariss, and Katarina Kurtz. "Computer Addiction and Cyber Crime." Journal of Leadership, Accountability and Ethics (2008): 78-85. ABI/INFORM Complete. Web. 3 Dec. 2012.
Quinn, Brian. "The Medicalisation of Online Behaviour." Online Information Review 25.3 (2001): 173-80.
Computer History Museum: A virtual visit
Description of the event
The Computer History Museum has both an online and a 'real world' incarnation. It is a physical warehouse of different types of computers, a virtual catalogue of computer history throughout the ages, and also provides information about specific topics pertinent to computer history, such as the history of video games. The Museum contains artifacts such as the first calculators, 'punch cards' and online computers as well as information about their place in computer history. It makes a convincing case about the ubiquity of computers in everyday life from an early age, even though the contrast between the primitive nature of early computers and computers today is striking.
There is also a stark contrast between the functionality of early computers and computers today. The computers we use on a daily basis are multifunctional. People demand that their smartphones do everything from…
"The Web." Computer History Museum. [5 Dec 2012]
Network Support Technologies Case Study
Project Scope, Schedule, and Budget
Type and Configuration of the Network
User Policies and Legal Issues
Life of Equipment
Providing an Online Radio Service
Information is now growing at speeds never thought imaginable. Today's world of Information Technology (IT) has provided the dynamic platform in which exponentially growing information resources emerge. This complex arena of knowledge management provides tremendous advantages to modern society. It allows individuals greater and faster access to resources that, in turn, can be used to facilitate more accurate decision making. This is especially true in the realm of academia.
Avington College's students will reap tremendous benefits from providing a blended e-learning solution. E-learning provides many inherent advantages through its method of delivery. Digital content can be implemented nearly as fast as it is created with virtually no risk of obsolescence. hen e-learning is…
Barbara Means, Y.T. (2009). Evaluation of Evidence-Based Practices in Online Learning: A Meta-Analysis and Review of Online Learning Studies. U.S. Department of Education.
Bates, T. (2009, June 24). e-Learning and 21st century skills and competences.
David Hucaby, D.D. (2010). CCNP Switch 642-813 Cert Kit. Cisco Press.
Elliot, M. (2005, July 15). www.cnet.com. Retrieved May 9, 2010, from http://reviews.cnet.com/4520-10166_7-5543710-1.html
Network Security: An Issue for Business Data Communication
Computer security and the protection of data has been an issue since the early 1980s when computers became standard office equipment. Company sensitive information is stored on computers. Protecting the access to and integrity of this information has been a key concern for managers and computer specialists alike. The issues in data security have not changed, however the advent of the Internet has made keeping data secure more difficult. The Internet did not change the key issues, just the number of users trying to access the information. Network administrators have been facing these issues for quite some time.
The key security issue facing IT professionals is to protect the system from invaders or intruders known as Hackers. Hackers can be grouped into several categories according to motive. They are Joyriders (who do it for fun), Vandals (who do it to cause harm),…
Atempo. Improving Network Security with Time navigator. 2001. http://www.atempo.com/library/pdf/wp_security.pdf . Accessed July, 2002.
CITES. Introduction to Windows Security. 2002. http://www.cites.uiuc.edu/security/winintro.html Accessed July, 2002.
Coffey, Tom, Dojen, Reiner and Flanagan, Tomas. Verification of Cryptographic Protocols used in Fixed and Mobile Networks..Information Security. ERCIM News No. 49, April 2002. http://www.ercim.org/publication/Ercim_News/enw49/coffey.html Accessed July 2002.
Joint Information Systems Committee (JISC) Senior Management Briefing Paper 1. 1997. http://www.jisc.ac.uk/pub97/sm01_sec.html Accessed July 2002.
The behavior of both botnets and worms in peer-to-peer networks have been empirically examined and models or simulations of their behavior have been attempted, and the manner in which different nodes in peer-to-peer networks develop in and of themselves and in terms of their relationships with other nodes -- the very architecture of the network itself, in other words, which is necessarily dynamic in a peer-to-peer network -- makes it easier for these threats to spread and evolve undetected due to this architecture and to the patterns of information flow over such networks (Fan, 2011; Xu et al., 2011). When it comes to worms propagating in peer-to-eer networks, the activity of the worm itself has been demonstrated to be the most necessary knowledge in terms of tracking and preventing the continued spread and damage of such a threat, while botnets generally show more "robustness" an are better impacted by shifts…
Ahmad, N. & Habib, M. (2010). Analysis of Network Security Threats and Vulnerabilities by Development & Implementation of a Security Network Monitoring Solution. Blekinge Institute of Technology (thesis).
Barth, W. (2008). Nagios: System and Network Monitoring. San Francisco: Open Source Press.
Bejtlich, R. (2004). The Tao of Network Security Monitoring: Beyond Intrusion Detection. New York: Pearson.
Cao, J. & Liu, Z. (2012). A Distributed Trust Model in Unstructured P2P Networks. Recent Advances in Computer Science and Information Engineering 126: 635-41.
Network Design Consultation
Design recommended for the client
The requirement of the client of the small billing business shall deserve a tailored system for his network design. This compels for network similar for a small office management process. Shall has a variety of the components suited in their places. The network shall facilitate the process of file sharing, internet access, connection to a networked printer, maintain a basic, secure environment and facilitate a multiple email addresses. The application of the client/server system shall prove vital for the entire process of the design work considering the laid requirement by the clients. The client specifies that the numbers of the user are three. This leads to the categorization as the multiple user networks (Kennington, 2011).
The design focuses majorly on the speed of the hard disk, the quality on the networks and the vital feature of the workstation to enable smooth operation.…
Kennington, J.L. (2011). Wireless network design: Optimization models and solution procedures. New York, NY: Springer.
Piliouras, T.C. (2009). Network design: Management and technical perspectives. Boca Raton, Fla. [u.a.: Auerbach Publ., CRC Press.
Halabi, S., & McPherson, D. (2000). Internet routing architectures. Indianapolis, Ind: Cisco Press.
The purpose of this discussion was to examine the network security measures that are available. The research found that the proper configuration provides the first line of defense as it relates to securing a network.
In addition, firewalls serve an essential role in securing networks against outside intrusions. The research also indicates that anti-virus software, encryption software and biometrics allow organizations to secure networks in a more comprehensive manner. There are also specific strategies and technologies that should be considered if an organization chooses to use a wireless network.
Davis J.P.(2006) Telecommute Safely: Use Internet Technology to Keep Cost Down. Contributors: - author. Journal Title: Journal of Accountancy. Volume: 202. Issue: 2. Publication Year: 2006. Page Number: 39+.
Hoover M. (2005) Network Security: The New Perimeter; Security Threats Can No Longer Be Contained in the DMZ. How Do You Protect Every esource, and Every User's Traffic, No Matter…
Davis J.P.(2006) Telecommute Safely: Use Internet Technology to Keep Cost Down. Contributors: - author. Journal Title: Journal of Accountancy. Volume: 202. Issue: 2. Publication Year: 2006. Page Number: 39+.
Hoover M. (2005) Network Security: The New Perimeter; Security Threats Can No Longer Be Contained in the DMZ. How Do You Protect Every Resource, and Every User's Traffic, No Matter Where it's Coming From?. Business Communications Review. Volume: 35(7). Page Number: 40+.
Intel Glossary. Retrieved November 7, 2007 at http://www.intel.com/products/glossary/body.htm
Karygiannis T. & Owens L., 2002. Wireless Network security. National Institute of Standards in technology. Retrieved November 7, 2007 at http://csrc.nist.gov/publications/nistpubs/800-48/NIST_SP_800-48.pdf
To some users of personal computers, who state, never trust a computer that you cannot lift; the IBM has been viewed, more often than not, as an enemy, and according to Byte, the computer magazine, this was because of the fact that the IBM company rose to fame mainly on the basis of its mainframe computers, that were large and forbidding, and overwhelmingly bulky. This was probably why, when the rest of the world was eyeing the emerging opportunities in the minicomputer market, the IBM never paid any attention, and even though IBM did succeed in capturing a large chunk of that market, it did not happen until Digital had captured the minicomputer market and had grown into a large corporation.
In the past few years, IBM has agreed to change the ways in which it conducts its business, and adapt to the changing times when the prices of computers…
Ellett, John. "About / Best Practices Center, Results Oriented Integrated Marketing the Dell
Way" Retrieved at http://www.nfusion.com/about/best_practices/Results-Oriented_Integrated_Marketing.html . accessed 27 July, 2005
Konrad, Rachel. (10 August, 2001) "From Bits to Boom, IBM PC turns 20" Retrieved at http://ecoustics-cnet.com.com/Mixed+record+as+PC+turns+20/2009-1040_3-271422.html . accessed 27 July, 2005.
Outsourcing Law, Deal structure, Case Study." Retrieved at http://www.outsourcing-law.com/DealStructures/IBM.Lenovo.2005.01.06.htm. accessed 27 July, 2005
Subtopic 6: Job management and protection; include a serious discussion of security aspects
The most commonly leveled criticism of operating systems is the inherent lack of security they have (Funell, 2010). Defining operating systems to have partitioned memory is just the start, as Microsoft learned with their Windows NT platform. Dedicated memory partitions by user account can be hacked and have been (Funell, 2010). The need for greater levels of user authentication is required, including the use of biometrics for advanced systems that have highly confidential data within them. The reliance on security-based algorithms that also seek to analyze patterns of use to anticipate security threats are increasingly in use today (Volkel, Haller, 2009). This aspect of an operating system can capture the levels of activity and the patterns they exhibit, which can provide insights into when a threat is present or not. The use of predictive security technologies, in…
Boudreau, K.. (2010). Open Platform Strategies and Innovation: Granting Access vs. Devolving Control. Management Science, 56(10), 1849-1872.
Jason Dedrick, & Kenneth L. Kraemer. (2005). The Impacts of it on Firm and Industry Structure: The Personal Computer Industry. California Management Review, 47(3), 122-142.
Furnell, S.. (2010). Usability vs. complexity - striking the balance in end-user security. Network Security, 2010(12), 13-17.
Larus, J.. (2009). Spending Moore's Dividend. Association for Computing Machinery. Communications of the ACM, 52(5), 62.
The view opposing non-neutral networks is also articulated by one of the founders of the Internet, Vinton G. Cerf. "Allowing broadband carriers to control what people see and do online would fundamentally undermine the principles that have made the Internet such a success. "(Prepared Statement of Vinton G. Cerf...)
hile the cable and telephone companies do present some cogent practical and legal points, yet their rationale cannot measure up to the serious issues of democratic freedom and free access to information and content that a neutral network ensures. hile there is no perfect solution to this problem probably a middle ground could be worked out where the companies receive some control but do not infringe on the essential rights of freedom of expression and information.
Internet: Freedom or Privilege? March 3, 2007. http://isen.com/blog/2006/01/internet-freedom-or-privilege.html
Mark R. Breaking Down the Network Neutrality Debate. 2007. March 3, 2007. http://www.internetnews.com/infra/article.php/3657341…
Internet: Freedom or Privilege? March 3, 2007. http://isen.com/blog/2006/01/internet-freedom-or-privilege.html
Mark R. Breaking Down the Network Neutrality Debate. 2007. March 3, 2007. http://www.internetnews.com/infra/article.php/3657341
Moore a. Neutral Networks Are the Devil's Allies
Broadband consumers have options and can vote with their pocketbooks. March 3, 2007. http://www.reason.com/news/show/32950.html
The responses to a network security monitoring attack needs to be based on an assessment of the method of the attack that is being leveled against the network and its security monitoring, and thus can be as varied and complex as the attacks themselves (Bejtlich, 2004). Two tactics or tools that an attacker might use to attack network security monitoring are an attack from a stepping stone or an attacking using a spoofed source address. Both of these are methods by which the attacker uses tools and processes to hide their location and identity, making it more difficult to trace the origin of the malicious activity and thus to end it and also causing problems when it comes to the legal end of proving and prosecuting crimes. There are numerous methods of addressing attacks that utilize such tools, including different ways of attempting to track the true and hidden identity…
Bjetlich, R. (2004). The Tao of Network Security Monitoring: Beyond Intrusion
Detection. New York: Pearson.
My significant other and I met in a traditional manner, at a nightclub.
Furthermore, most of our early relationship was spent in a conventional manner; we dated and spent time with each other, using CMC, such as texts and IMs as a way of relaying information about how we would spend our face time, rather than using it as a way to replace face-time. Then, life intervened, as it so often does, and an internship opportunity across the country separated us. Both of us being relatively poor students, we are unable to fly to visit each other frequently. Furthermore, while cell phones and unlimited calling plans have made it possible for us to talk a lot of the time, we have conflicting schedules, which can make it difficult for us to arrange times for any type of lengthy conversation. However, we can spend time e-mailing each other, devoting time to…
The main lesson learned from viewing the tutorials and programs is the ease and flexibility of configuring each specific session to the unique needs of an audience. Feasibly these technologies could be used for creating highly unique and tailored learning experiences for students who were learning through online universities only for example. The ability to tailor all forms of digital content, from music and video to drawing boards and the inclusion of self-pacing materials, shows the potential of these technologies to support online learning over an entire semester for example (Suduc, Bizoi, Filip, 2009). The implications on long-term learning using these technologies is also significant. It is clear that the recursive nature of how they are designed would allow for repetitive study of complex concepts, including the more challenging areas of math, statistics and the sciences.
Web conferencing has progressed from just a means to project slides or a…
(Bernoff, Li, 2008)
Bernoff, J., & Li, C. (2008). Harnessing the power of the oh-so-social web. MIT Sloan Management Review, 49(3), 36-42.
(Bisdikian, Brady, Doganata, Foulger, 1998)
Bisdikian, C., Brady, S., Doganata, Y.N., & Foulger, D.A. (1998). Multimedia digital conferencing: A web-enabled teleconferencing system. IBM Journal of Research and Development, 42(2), 281-298.
Network dating sites. How type dating evolved . Include pros cons.
Network dating sites have gained a particular place of social eminence within contemporary times. Online dating sites that members pay to use, such Match.com, made over a billion dollars in 2010 (No author). Many people consider these websites as primary options for dating for the simple fact that they allow expedient access to other singles who are also looking to date. Interestingly enough, these sites seem to have evolved from more conventional advertising for dating, which was traditionally found in print resources such as newspapers and weeklies. One may argue that the development of social networking web sites played a considerable role in the formation and popularity of network dating sites. Despite the degree of popularity these sites have, there are some inherent drawbacks associated with them that somewhat mitigates their efficacy. The most salient of these revolves around…
Boyd, Danah and Ellison, Nicole. "Social Network Sites: Definition, History, and Scholarship." Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication. Web. http://jcmc.indiana.edu/vol13/issue1/boyd.ellison.html
Epstein, Robert. "The Truth About Online Dating." Scientific American Mind. 2007. Web. http://drrobertepstein.com/pdf/Epstein-TheTruthAboutOnlineDating-2-07.pdf
No author / "The New Yorker Explores Evolution of Online Dating." The New Yorker. 2011. Web. http://nyconvergence.com/2011/07/the-new-yorker-explores-evolution-of-internet-dating.html
Rosenbloom, Stephanie. "Love, Lies and What They Learned." The New York Times. 2011. Web.
Gulfstream Network Proposal
Mr. Jet Buyer
1952 Kanako Lane
Gulfstream IV Network Proposal
In less than one hundred years, air travel and networking and computing communications have evolved from the Wright brothers and the UNIVAC housed in several huge rooms to fully functional in-flight Gulfstream network communications. Passengers today expect their palm pilots, laptops and PC's to work as seamlessly as the flight itself. The modern day concerns are mired in the fact that digital conversation now entails a two way link that has inadvertently opened up a can of worms for airline network administrators. Network security and key distribution and management authenticating and authorizing ad-hoc networks have taken on new meaning in the realm of personal aircraft.
The objective here is to tender a viable design regarding the configuration of a fully integrated local area network…
How Stuff Works. (2009). "Networking." Retrieved on December 7, 2009 from http://computer.howstuffworks.com/lan-switch2.htm
Computer clustering involves the use of multiple computers, typically personal computers (PCs) or UNIX workstations, multiple storage devices, and redundant interconnections, to form what appears to users as a single integrated system (Cluster computing). Clustering has been available since the 1980s when it was used in Digital Equipment Corp's VMS systems. Today, virtually all leading hardware and software companies including Microsoft, Sun Microsystems, Hewlett Packard and IM offer clustering technology. This paper describes why and how clustering is commonly used for parallel processing, batch processing, load balancing and high availability.
Despite some challenges such as achieving transparency, mitigating network latency and the split-brain problem, clustering has proven to be a huge success for bringing scale and availability to computing applications. Hungry for even more efficient resource use, IT departments are now turning their eye on the next evolution of clustering called grid computing.
Parallel processing is the processing of program…
Beowulf clusters compared to Base One's batch job servers Retrieved May 2, 2004 from Web site: http://www.boic.com/beowulf.htm
Burleson, D. Requirements for parallel clusters. Retrieved May 1, 2004 from Web site: http://www.fast-track.cc/teas_ft_rac07.htm
Cluster computing. Retrieved May 1, 2004 from Web site: http://search390.techtarget.com/sDefinition/0,sid10_gci762034,00.html
D'Souza, Marco (2001, April 13). Meeting high-availability through clustering. ZDNet. Retrieved May 2, 2004 from Web site: http://www.zdnetindia.com/biztech/services/whitepapers/stories/19538.html
Once all of the hardware and networking is completed then this will represent the projects second major milestone.
The final project stage will be the one most prone to delays by it project historical standards. Since these are standard network servers however the project estimates that these can be installed in a relatively short amount of time. In fact, the budget estimates allowed for the servers to come fully installed with server operating systems directly from the factory. However, the project could potentially be altered in the software planning phase if it was deemed that purchasing the servers' operating systems separately provide any substance advantage.
To conclude the discussion of the projects activities, we will again revisit the project milestones; the first is the completion of the renovations to the floor designated to host the servers, related equipment, and personnel. The second milestone will be reached when all of the…
Network Events, Alarms, and Alerts
It's not at all difficult to name and describe an event category or event-based transaction that can trigger an alert, alarm, or otherwise cause a network management system to bring something to the attention of a network manager; the difficulty is in limiting the description of such categories and transactions. Depending on the specific needs and architectures of the network and its users, the type of event or event-based transaction that might lead to the notification of a network manager could be pretty much anything. There are, however, some common event categories and event-based transactions that will trigger alarms or other notifications in the network management system and require attention form network managers. Several of these event and transaction types will be identified and described in the following pages, with their relevance discussed.
One broad category of events that commonly triggers alarms are…
Cisco. (2007). Network Management System: Best Practices White Paper. Accessed 20 November 2011. http://www.cisco.com/en/U.S./tech/tk869/tk769/technologies_white_paper09186a00800aea9c.shtml
Tang, C., Li, X. & Zhou, X. (2008). Advanced Data Mining and Applications. new York: Springer.
Unfortunately, many consumers may not be aware of their photographic image being used in this fashion and even if they were, existing privacy laws fail to provide any substantive protections. For example, in response to these trends, the Harvard Law eview published an essay entitled, "In the Face of Danger: Facial ecognition and Privacy Law," with a majority of the article describing how "privacy law, in its current form, is of no help to those unwillingly tagged" (2007, para. 3). These issues have become even more salient because of the proliferation of social networking sites as discussed further below.
Privacy within social networking sites
Currently, there is a wide array of social media networks available, including social sharing sites such as YouTube and Flickr and social networks such as Linkedln and Facebook (Hensel & Deis, 2010). Others such as Spokeo and Twitter have become the virtual meeting places of choice…
Bamberger, K.A. & Mulligan, D.K. (2011). Privacy on the books and on the ground. Stanford Law Review, 63(2), 247-249.
Brodkin, J. (2009, December 8). PCWorld. Retrieved from http://www.pcworld.com/article/
Buchholz, R.A. & Rosenthal, S.B. (2006). Internet privacy: Individual rights and the common good. SAM Advanced Management Journal, 67(1), 34-36.
During this process, is when they will learn about possible warning signs and how to deal with these threats. This will help to improve monitoring and it will increase the ability to quickly identify threats while they are small. (Cole, 2006, pp. 3- 48)
Step 4: Continuous monitoring. In this step there will be a focus on watching for any kind of threats. This is when a series of red flags will be used to identify and isolate threats early. If this kind of approach is utilized, it will help to minimize security breaches and their impact on the firm. (Cole, 2006, pp. 3- 48)
What is the reason you want to remove unused or unneeded services and protocols on your servers or PCs?
There are several reasons why unused / unneeded protocols should be removed to include: they can slowdown the computer and there is the possibility that spyware…
Why is My Computer Running Slow. (2012). Norton. Retrieved from: http://www.norton-security-store.com/knowledge-center/computer-slow.html
Cole, E. (2006). Insider Threat. .Rockland, MA: O'Reilly Media.
Verizon is a leader in the communications industry. With an unparalleled service and strong brand equity, Verizon continues to uphold its market leadership among telecommunications providers. A key aspect of the success of Verizon is its network. Its network is ultimately the source of its vast profits, strong leadership, and globally recognized brand. The company's network also provides the company with economies of scale, lowering the per-unit cost per subscriber. This document will describe how the network is designed, offering insights as to why the design is effective. The documents will then often brief, incremental suggestion to improve the overall network capability.
To begin, Verizon Wireless is one of two major U.S. carriers that use CDMA2000. CDMA 2000 is a family of 3G mobile technology standards, which use CDMA channel access, to send voice, data, and signaling data between mobile phones and cell sites. The cell sites are important…
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3. William C.Y. Lee, Mobile Cellular Telecommunications Systems (1989), McGraw-Hill
Computer Fraud and Abuse Act
Information technology and related systems provide multiple benefits to business, government, and individual users. Databases, Internet transactions, and emails contain sensitive customers, employee and operations data that are extremely vulnerable. The following study focuses on various components of IT and related systems used for the storage of information like computers, servers, and website databases. Whilst identifying the ways the date can be compromised and exposed to abuse, the study identifies ways of protecting and enhancing their integrity.
Types of information systems that that hold data
Computers do their primary work in parts that are not visible when using them. To do this, a control center that converts data input to output must be present. All this functions are done by the central processing unit (CPU) a highly complicated set of electric circuits that intertwine to store and achieve program instructions. Most computers regardless of…
Adikesavan, T.A. (2014). Management Information Systems Best Practices and Applications in Business. New Delhi: PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd.
Bradley, T. (2006). Essential Computer Security: Everyone's Guide to Email, Internet, and Wireless Security: Everyone's Guide to Email, Internet, and Wireless Security. New York: Syngress
Khosrowpour M. (2006). Emerging Trends and Challenges in Information Technology Management: 2006 Information Resources Management Association International Conference, Washington, DC, USA, May 21-24, 2006 Volume 1. Washington: Idea Group Inc. (IGI)
Kim, D. & Solomon, M. (2010). Fundamentals of Information Systems Security. New York: Jones & Bartlett Learning
Network Implementation for Davis Networks Inc.
In the proposal, effort is made to develop an affordable local LAN for Davis Networks Inc. The effort involves provision of wireless Internet connection to all individuals for their desktops and laptops from the current high speed connection they have at an affordable price (800 USD -- 1000 USD). Provision of the internet to the same location costs approximately 700 USD including all other expenses like doing the wiring etc. To implement the project, there are various obstacles that have to be considered like electric poles, trees and walls. The core location is the Computer Center building. It has the highest speeds of connection. From this building, there will be distribution to the surrounding buildings located between 500 and 1000 meter range. The establishment of the network needs 5 Wireless Access points (WAP) having Omni antennas (A, B, C, D, E) and two directional…
Chapter 2 Wireless Networking Basics (2005).
Deep, G., Kush, A. & Kumar B. (2010). PROPOSAL FOR LOW COST WIRELESS NETWORKING. International Journal of Computing and Business Research (IJCBR) 1(1).
Kadhim, D., J. & Hussain, W.K. (2006). Design and Implementation of a Proposal Network Firewall. Al-Khwarizmi Engineering Journal, 2(1), pp 52-69
Kadry, S., & Hassan, W. (2008).Design and Implementation of System and Network Security for an Enterprise with World Wide Branches. Journal of Applied Sciences Research, 4(11), 1361-1370.
Another aspect of the security management area of a network management system is the development of policy-based auditing and alerts by role in the organization
(Merilainen, Lemmetyinen, 2011). This is one of the areas of knowledge-enabled security management, specifically in the area of role-based access and advanced auditing and reporting.
Fault management is also an area that no single suite of network management systems can completely meet per the ISO standards today. This requires the CIO and network managers to define specific goals in this area including the extent of fail-over support and use of advanced fault tolerance technologies (Netak, Kiwelekar, 2006). Accounting management baseline performance includes the ability to generate logs of performance and also define benchmarks for performance. This is the minimal level of functionality a CIO and network manager need to consider when selecting a network management system. Configuration management systems requirements range from the relatively simplistic…
Gupta, A. (2006). Network Management: Current trends and future perspectives. Journal of Network and Systems Management, 14(4), 483-491.
Lee, J., & Moon, S. (1993). Architecture for interoperability of network management systems in multi-domain network. Microprocessing and Microprogramming, 39(2-5), 217-217.
Luo, J., Gu, G., & Fei, X. (2000). An architectural model for intelligent network management. Journal of Computer Science and Technology, 15(2), 136-143.
Merilainen, K., & Lemmetyinen, A. (2011). Destination Network Management: A conceptual analysis. AIEST - International Association of Scientific Experts, 66(3), 25-31.