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etrieved from http://books.google.co.ke/books?id=3Tla6d153uwC&printsec=frontcover&dq=Encyclopedia+of+computer+science+and+technology&hl=en&sa=X&ei=dZH_UNjcIcHQhAeg4C4Bw&ved=0CCwQ6AEwAA
Kizza, J.M. (2005). Computer Network Security. New York, NY: Springer. etrieved from http://books.google.co.ke/books?id=HsawoKBLZOwC&printsec=frontcover&dq=Computer+Network+Security&hl=en&sa=X&ei=uZH_UJn-NMbNhAeWroDYCA&ved=0CCwQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=Computer%20Network%20Security&f=false
Musumeci, G.-P. D., & Loukides, M. (2002). System performance tuning: [help for Unix system administrators]. Beijing [u.a.: O'eilly. etrieved from http://books.google.co.ke/books?id=L4oyNrsFBbsC&printsec=frontcover&dq=System+performance+tuning&hl=en&sa=X&ei=C5L_UKjmNonMhAen8ICoBw&ved=0CDIQ6AEwAA
Adelstein, T., & Lubanovic, B. (2007). Linux system administration. Sebastopol, Calif:
O'eilly. etrieved from http://books.google.co.ke/books?id=-
Verma, D.C. (2009). Principles of computer systems and network management. Dordrecht: Springer. etrieved http://books.google.co.ke/books?id=dUiNGYCiWg0C&printsec=frontcover&dq=Principles+of+computer+systems+and+network+management&hl=en&sa=X&ei=i5T_UIG3IMaBhQfF2YD4Bg&ved=0CDQQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=Principles%20of%20computer%20systems%20and%20network%20management&f=false
Whyte, E. (2004, Feb 09). Be a system administrator. New Straits Times. etrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/271766591?accountid=35812
Burgess, M. (2004). Principles of network and system administration. Chichester: Wiley.
Retrieved from http://books.google.co.ke/books?id=JmOTwMrFGskC&printsec=frontcover&dq=Principles+of+network+and+system+administration&hl=en&sa=X&ei=mJD_UP6rNNSWhQfNsoD4Ag&ved=0CDIQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=Principles%20of%20network%20and%20system%20administration&f=false
Frisch, a.E. (2002). Essential system administration: tools and techniques for Linux and Unix administration. Beijing [u.a.: O'Reilly. Retrieved from http://books.google.co.ke/books?id=uRW8V9QOL7YC&printsec=frontcover&dq=Essential+system+administration:+tools+and+techniques+for+Linux+and+Unix+administration.&hl=en&sa=X&ei=CZH_ULLhEcm6hAeFnYGAAw&ved=0CCwQ6AEwAA
Henderson, H. (2009). Encyclopedia of computer science and technology. New York: Facts on File. Retrieved from http://books.google.co.ke/books?id=3Tla6d153uwC&printsec=frontcover&dq=Encyclopedia+of+computer+science+and+technology&hl=en&sa=X&ei=dZH_UNjcIcHQhAeRg4C4Bw&ved=0CCwQ6AEwAA
computer systems are used, one has to delve a it deeper into how those issues occur and what they mean for the people who use computers. Addressed here will e a critique of two articles addressing DNS attacks and network intrusion detection, in order to determine the severity of the issues these attacks are causing and what can e done in order to lessen the risks and protect the data of more individuals and companies.
Jackson, C., Barth, A., Bortz, A., Shao, W., & Boneh, D., (2009). Protecting rowsers from DNS reinding attacks. ACM Transactions on the We, 3(1): 1-26.
Jackson, et al. (2009), provides information on the use of DNS reinding attacks, which are generally unexpected y the users who experience them and can e very devastating. Many firewalls and other protection options do not work against DNS reinding attacks, ecause the rowser is fooled into thinking that the…
bibliography that provide a great deal of knowledge about the subject at hand, and that provide it in such a way as to be easily understood. These include:
Bace, R.G. (2000). Intrusion Detection. Macmillan Technical Publishing, Indianapolis, IN, USA.
Coit,, C.J., Staniford, S., & McAlerney, J. (2001). Towards Faster Pattern Matching for Intrusion Detection or Exceeding the Speed of Snort. In Proc. 2nd DARPA Information Survivability Conference and Exposition.
Haines, J., Rossey, L, Lippmann, R., & Cunningham, R. (2001). Extending the 1999 Evaluation. In Proc. 2nd DARPA Information Survivability Conference and Exposition.
Discussion and Conclusion
computer systems are increasingly being used to cause widespread damage, with nation-states or individuals sponsored by nation-states making use of malicious codes to compromise 'enemy' information systems. In essence, cyber warfare has got to do with the attack on the information networks, computers, or infrastructure of another entity by an international organization or nation-state. In the context of this discussion, cyber war will be taken as the utilization of "coordinated attacks to specific critical sectors of a country" (Edwards, 2014, p. 67). The key aim of such attacks is usually sabotage or espionage. This text concerns itself with cyber warfare. In so doing, it will amongst other things analyze a journal article titled, Stuxnet: Dissecting a Cyber Warfare Weapon, by alph Langner. More specifically, the text will conduct a technical analysis of the said article and discuss not only the offensive and defensive Cyberware strategy, but also make recommendations on…
Edwards, M. (Ed.). (2014). Critical Infrastructure Protection. Fairfax, VA: IOS Press.
Global Research- Center for Research and Globalization (2013). U.S.-Israeli Stuxnet Cyber-attacks against Iran: "Act of War." Retrieved from http://www.globalresearch.ca/us-israeli-stuxnet-cyber-attacks-against-iran-act-of-war/5328514
Langner, L. (2011). Stuxnet: Dissecting a Cyberwarfare Weapon. Retrieved from http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/login.jsp?tp=&arnumber=5772960&url=http%3A%2F%2Fieeexplore.ieee.org%2Fxpls%2Fabs_all.jsp%3Farnumber%3D5772960
Rosenzweig, P. (2013). Cyber Warfare: How Conflicts in Cyberspace are Challenging America and Changing the World. Santa Barbara, California: ABC-CLIO.
System Security and Internet Privacy
Personal computers have become an important component of today's society given their role in helping stay connected with the contemporary world. Actually, computers are currently used for a wide range of purposes and across a variety of settings. Consequently, computers are used to keep personal information, which implies that they have become critical parts of everyday life. However, the use of computers requires ensuring privacy in order to guarantee the security of information. Computer users are constantly faced with the need to ensure the security of their systems through implementing various measures towards systems security.
I have just received a new computer for my home environment and can easily connect to the Internet and perform some online banking through the already existing Internet Service Provider. However, I need to ensure systems security in order to promote security of personal information, especially banking information.…
Kent, J. & Steiner, K. (2012). Ten Ways to Improve the Security of a New Computer. Retrieved from United States Computer Emergency Readiness Team website: https://www.us-cert.gov/sites/default/files/publications/TenWaystoImproveNewComputerSecurity.pdf
According to aul B. Mckimmy (2003), "The first consideration of wireless technology is bandwidth. 802.11b (one of four existing wireless Ethernet standards) is currently the most available and affordable specification. It allows a maximum of 11 megabits per second (Mbps)" (p. 111); the author adds that wired Ethernet LANs are typically 10 or 100 Mbps.
In 1997, when the IEEE 802.11 standard was first ratified, wireless LANs were incompatible and remained vendor specific; the 802.11 protocol representeded an important step towards standardization (assmore, 2000). Wireless local area network (LAN) technology, however, has actually been in use since the late 1980s; different proprietary approaches were commonly used, and the networks operated at lower speeds (e.g., 1-2 Mbps). In 1997, though, the standards setting body, IEEE, released the 802.(11) standard for wireless local area networking using the unlicensed 2.4 GHz frequency band (as opposed to the 900 MHz band used in the…
Passmore, D. (2000, March). Wireless LANs Come of Age. Business Communications Review, 30(3), 22.
Vance, a. (2002, August). Variations on 802.11: Here Are 802.11's a, B, G's, and Other Things You Never Learned in School about Wireless LANs. Business Communications Review, 32(8), 36.
Weiser, M. (1998). The future of ubiquitous computing on campus. Communications of the ACM, 41, 41-42.
CBU installed a computer system tracking calculating inventory costs. On December 31, ye
In my opinion, it would be relatively easy to explain the diverse opinions regarding the efficacy of the new computer system for tracking and calculating inventory costs at CBU. There is actually a degree of rectitude found in the opinions of both accountants A and B. There certainly is validity to accountant A's viewpoint: that the auditing team was able to find a discrepancy between the amount of the physical inventory and that which was recorded on the new system for this organization (the difference was a million dollars). It certainly would not have been prudent to be unaware of such a discrepancy, and to have the books erroneously balanced due to such an error. Therefore, from this basic perspective accountant A actually has a good point.
However, it largely appears as though this accountant has taken…
New Computer Systems
For a Nostalgia Record Store
Nostalgic Record Store Information Systems Proposal and Plan
Strengths and Weaknesses of Recommended Information Systems
Comparing Record Store Computing Systems Cost and Benefits
Baby Boomers who are nostalgic for music from the 60s, 70s and 80s are a lucrative market for a record store. Many of these music fans are also big fans of the classic nostalgic music from the 1950s, which include many of the classic rock and roll pioneers including Elvis Presley, early Johnny Cash recordings, Richie Valens and Buddy Holly. he demand for music from these periods is very high given the tendency on the part of people in general and Baby Boomers specifically to prefer music from less complicated times.
What's very important to realize about these purchasers is they have a completely different series of information channels they go through to learn about music vs. how they…
The strengths (benefits) and weaknesses (drawbacks) of these systems are discussed in the next section of this paper.
Strengths and Weaknesses of Recommended Information Systems
Beginning with the Catalog Management & E-Commerce website system, the advantages or strengths is the ability to automate the entire website incouding catalogs and pricing for all items online. There is also the advantage of creating online specials and getting customers to opt in for specials and to create profiles showing their specific interests in music. This system will help with search engine optimization (SEO) to make sure the store shows up in searches. The disadvantage's are that these systems can be expensive and often are hosted on servers at 3rd party companies incouding Yahoo or Google. This means it is difficult to recover data or if the system crashes, recreating it can take a lot of time. The second systems is the Checkout or Selling System which is the cash register tied back to the central system running the store. The advantages of using this type of system is that all transactions can be quickly captured and recorded directly into the accounting system. Another advantage is the ability to quickly update inventory and pricing for new products. The disadvantages are the cost and the need for having a small network running the TCP/IP protocol throughout the store to enable this system to integrate with the General Ledger system (Bagchi-Sen, Kuechler, 2000). The third systems General Ledger systems are indispensable in running any business, and for the development of an effective series of financial statements, this system is critical. The advantages are better control of finances than any other approach that is manually based, greater support for banking tasks, and more efficient use of existing cash on hand by knowing the exact status of accounts (Bagchi-Sen, Kuechler, 2000). The disadvantages of this type of system include the lack of visibility into the
Computer systems design has come a long way from the time when Dijkstra first began exploring time sharing mechanism in the workings of the keyboard. In his day, computers were the realms of scientists and technical people. Operating systems designers were more concerned with processing ability. Human factors and "user friendliness" were terms that would not be a part of their vocabulary for many years to come. At the time of their early work, most of the population was still amazed at the automatic toaster and the television. Many early designers did not think about the common person eventually becoming a consumer of their product in a major way.
Dijkstra had vision beyond his time period and was one of the first to consider human factors in systems design. The first concept to be considered was the reduction of time spent waiting for the system to process the…
Bertrand, Meyer: "Proving Pointer Program Properties. Part 1: Context and overview," in Journal of Object Technology, vol. 2, no. 2, March- April 2003, pp. 87-108. http://www.jot.fm/issues/issue_2003_03/column8 .(March, 2003)
Bunge M. (1977). Ontology I: The Furniture of the World, Vol. 3 of Treatise on Basic Philosophy. Dordrecht and Boston: Reidel.
Dijkstrra, Edsger. My Recollections of Operating System Design. Manuscript.
Department of Computer Sciences. University of Texas at Austin. (October, 2000/April, 2001) EWD1303 http://www.cs.utexas.edu/users/EWD/ewd13xx/EWD1303.PDF (March, 2003)
As many of the components of our current computer system are more than five years old, there could be a significant cost savings produced by replacing and updating the system, in addition to the extra revenue generated by increased productivity (Meredith, 2010).
I have already begun preliminary investigations as to some of the specific components, processes, and features that might be desirable in this new system, and am awaiting your approval to conduct further research and feasibility analysis with this project, to eventually lead to the development and implementation of the system. I am very optimistic that this project could ultimately help to drive this company to new heights, capable of more fully capitalizing on emerging opportunities.
Computer mediated Communication (CMC)
Throughout the years, people used different means of communication to pass information from one source to another. The type of communication involved face-to-face, writing letters then sending to people, using telegrams which was the quickest means of communication, and use of telephones, although telephones were invented some years back. Today, the world has become computerized and there are new technologies that most firms have acquired to ease communication as well as replace labor. The computer mediated communications (CMC) that emerged involved the use of e-mail, chat rooms, and Usenet groups. In summary, this paper gives a narrative regarding the issue of Computer Mediated Communication as well as, analyzing the linguistic and visual features of my topic while explaining how they affect communication.
Issue of Privacy and social networking and effect on communication
The use of modern technology has contributed to a strong impact on the lives…
Eecke, P., & Truyens, M. (2002). Privacy and social networks. Computer law and securities.
Levy, M., & Stockwell, G. (2006). Computer-mediated communication.. options and issues in computer-assisted language learning.
Werry, C. (1996). Linguistic and interactional features of internet relay chat.. Computer-mediated communication: linguistic, social, and crosscultural perspectives; pp. 47 -- 63..
The subject matter of systems administration includes computer systems and the ways people use them in an organization. This entails knowledge of operating systems and applications, as well as hardware and software troubleshooting, but also knowledge of the purposes for which people in the organization use the computers.
The most important skill for a system administrator is problem solving. The systems administrator is on call when a computer system goes down or malfunctions, and must be able to quickly and correctly diagnose what is wrong and how best to fix it. In some organizations, computer security administration is a separate role responsible for overall security and the upkeep of firewalls and intrusion detection systems, but all systems administrators are generally responsible for the security of the systems in their keep. (Encyclopedia.com, 2011)
What is a computer network? According to McGraw Hill Online Learning Center, "a network is two…
Armstrong, L. (1995), Let's Call the Whole Thing Off
Dignan, Ars Technica, Jan 28, 2001, post 305, http://arstechnica.com/civis/viewtopic
Encyclopedia.com - Information Technology- accessed 2011/1/14
Hegel, G.W.F., the Phenomenology of Mind, (1807), translated by J.B. Baillie, New York, Harper & Row, 1967
Subtopic 6: Job management and protection; include a serious discussion of security aspects
The most commonly leveled criticism of operating systems is the inherent lack of security they have (Funell, 2010). Defining operating systems to have partitioned memory is just the start, as Microsoft learned with their Windows NT platform. Dedicated memory partitions by user account can be hacked and have been (Funell, 2010). The need for greater levels of user authentication is required, including the use of biometrics for advanced systems that have highly confidential data within them. The reliance on security-based algorithms that also seek to analyze patterns of use to anticipate security threats are increasingly in use today (Volkel, Haller, 2009). This aspect of an operating system can capture the levels of activity and the patterns they exhibit, which can provide insights into when a threat is present or not. The use of predictive security technologies, in…
Boudreau, K.. (2010). Open Platform Strategies and Innovation: Granting Access vs. Devolving Control. Management Science, 56(10), 1849-1872.
Jason Dedrick, & Kenneth L. Kraemer. (2005). The Impacts of it on Firm and Industry Structure: The Personal Computer Industry. California Management Review, 47(3), 122-142.
Furnell, S.. (2010). Usability vs. complexity - striking the balance in end-user security. Network Security, 2010(12), 13-17.
Larus, J.. (2009). Spending Moore's Dividend. Association for Computing Machinery. Communications of the ACM, 52(5), 62.
Attacks on the system security include password theft, back doors and bugs, social engineering, protocol failures, authentication failures, Denial of Service attacks, active attacks, botnets, exponential attacks including worms and viruses, and information leakage. (Fortify Software Inc., 2008); (Fortify Software, n. d.)
Servers are targets of security attacks due to the fact that servers contain valuable data and services. For instance, if a server contains personal information about employees, it can become a target for stealing identities. All types of servers, which include file, database, web, email and infrastructure management servers are vulnerable to security attacks with the threat coming from both external as well as internal sources.
Some of the server problems that can jeopardize its security include: (i) Weakly encrypted or unencrypted information, especially of a sensitive nature, can be intercepted for malicious use while being transmitted from server to client. (ii) Software bugs present in the server…
Bace, Rebecca Gurley; Bace, Rebecca. (2000) "Intrusion Detection"
Fortify Software Inc. (2008) "Fortify Taxonomy: Software Security Errors" Retrieved 17 November, 2008 at http://www.fortify.com/vulncat/en/vulncat/index.html
Fortify Software. (n. d.) "Seven Pernicious Kingdoms: A Taxonomy of Software Security
As many of the world's industries are faced with increasing competitive pressure and the need to continually improve their performance, employers look to new employees with computer fluency skills as an indicator that the person also has initiative to tackle difficult learning projects and master them. Initiative is very valuable in today's labor market. When combined with computer fluency and literacy, a prospective employee can add in knowledge of a specific industry and gain a greater competitive advantage in getting a new position. This combination of factors together is what serves as the catalyst for anyone seeking a career where computer fluency is a necessary requirement.
The level of computer literacy and their level of fluency with PCs, applications, the Internet and its many applications and research tools will have a direct correlation to what they will earn over their lifetimes; this point is clear from the studies citied.…
Francis Green, Alan Felstead, Duncan Gallie, Ying Zhou. "COMPUTERS and PAY." National Institute Economic Review no. 201 (July 1, 2007): 63-75. http://www.proquest.com (Accessed April 30, 2008).
Copacino, William C "Skills development -- the best defense against downsizing." Logistics Management, January 1, 1997, 42.
A www.proquest.com (Accessed April 30, 2008).
Computer Fraud and Abuse Act was enacted into law in 1986 to deal with the hacking of computer systems operated by the American government and certain financial institutions. Through its enactment, the legislation made it a federal offense to access a protected computer without authorization or to an extent that is beyond the authorized access. However, since it was passed into law, the act has been amended severally in attempts to expand its scope and penalties. In addition, the act has developed to be an important legislation since it's used widely not only by the government to prosecute hackers but it's also used by private corporations to help protect their trade secrets and other proprietary information.
Penalties and Fines in the Law:
The Computer Fraud and Abuse Act is considered as one of the most essential computer-crime laws because it was the first significant federal legislation to offer some protection…
Easttom, C. & Taylor, D.J. (2011). Computer Crime, Investigation, and the Law. Boston, MA:
"United States v. Morris -- Bloomberg Law." (n.d.). Case Briefs. Retrieved December 3, 2012,
Systems Media Table: Comparison
The main purpose of this program is to construct sentences of the perceived information and manipulate paragraphs to form a word document. The program uses a display format 'what-you-see-is-what-you-get' to enhance the quality of the expected hardcopy.
WordPerfect and Microsoft Word are mostly superseded by both organization and personal computers to perform functions such as word formatting, letter processing and some simple designing. Accordingly, it is the most frequently used program in day-to-day operation.
It is used to type the text, save, and format and print the text.
It is used to insert pictures into the text page.
It is used to spell check the text document.
It is used to prepare letters and other word documents.
This kind of database system is to display a structure that would relieve the presentation of information using parent to child relationship. The…
AJ, W., & al, e. (2007). The role of decision aids in promoting evidence-based patient choice in Edwards A and Elwyn E (eds) Evidence-based patient choice:. O'Connor A and Edwards A.
European Commission DG Health and Consumer. (2012). Guidlines on the Qualification and Classification of Stand-alone Software used in Healthcare withing the Regulatory Framework of Medical Devices. Articles of Directive 93/42/EEC .
Eysenbach, G., Powell, J., Gunter, T.D., & Terry, N.P. (2005). The Emergence of National Electronic Health Record Architectures in the United States and Australia: Models, Costs, and Questions. Journal of Medical Internet Research: The Leading Peer-reviewed Internet Journal.
Fesenko, N. (2007). Compression Technologyes of Graphic Information. International Journal "Information Theories & Applications."
The illegal site I reviewed for this assignment is www.howtogrowmarijuana.com. This site covers virtually all aspects of marijuana growing -- which is an illegal activity because marijuana is widely outlawed in the United States. However, there are some states in which individuals can legally consume marijuana for medicinal purposes. In these states and others there exists the potential for businesses to legally supply this substance to people.
There is a large degree of transparency in this particular web site. It was the first result to appear with a Yahoo search for "How to grow marijuana." As the tile of the site suggests, it discusses many different facets of growing marijuana and stratifies this process according to location (indoor or outdoors), various strains of marijuana including seeds (No author, 2014), irrigation and growth systems involving hydroponics, and other germane equipment types such as the expensive lights used to assist…
Faris, S. (2013). Have the NSA leaks compromised Big Data's future? www.dataversity.net Retrieved from http://www.dataversity.net/page/2/?s=stephanie+faris
No author. (2014). Marijuana seed strains review. www.howtogrowmarijuana.com Retrieved from http://howtogrowmarijuana.com/all-marijuana-strains.html
Romero, R. (2011). Craigslist illegal drug trade exposed. www.abc7.com
Retrieved from http://abc7.com/archive/8132665/
However, the company did feel it should develop its own Database infrastructure that would work with the new underlying database management system and would mesh with existing organizational skills and the selected enterprise software solution.
Because the company followed a standardized implementation process, they were able to successfully reengineer their existing business structure. The objective of the System Development Life Cycle is to help organizations define what an appropriate system development methodology should be in order for them to continue to meet the rapidly changing business environment. The specific research approach employed by International Lumberyards, Inc. was to follow the steps of the cycle and it helped them dramatically.
This report attempted to analyze a work-related project that used a systems analysis tool for a specific business system. The report focused on the use of the System Development Life Cycle to implement a business or information technology need as…
Grabski, Severin V. (2002). International Lumberyards, Inc.: An Information System Consulting Case. Journal of Information Systems, 9/22.
Knight, Ph.D., Linda V. (2001, November 1). System Development Methodologies for Web Enabled E-Business: A Customization Paradigm. Retrieved January 16, 2005, at http://www.kellen.net/SysDev.htm
Peacock, Eileen (2004). Accounting for the development costs of internal-use software. Journal of Information Systems, 3/22.
Wikopedia. (n.d.). System Development Life Cycle. Retrieved January 16, 2005, at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/System_Development_Life_Cycle
The study found that computer charting was well accepted by therapists. "Charge capture was reduced from a four-step manual process to a single-step computer documentation of the procedure. Computer charting was more complete and informative. Productivity increased 18%, although it remains unclear to what degree the computer was responsible." (Andrews, 1985)
In conclusion, the study determined that computer charting streamlined the process of documentation and allowed more beneficial use of clinical information. (Andrews, 1985)
In other words, the study fell in line with the later Cunningham study in that they both noted that computer involvement in various stages of health care provision via computer charting truly benefits the health care provider and the patient. In addition, it streamlines costs and eliminates costly errors.
College health systems benefit especially from computer charting, according to Carol Mulvihill, R.N.,C., CQ Editor and Director of Health Services, University of Pittsburgh at radford.…
Andrews, RD, et al. 1985. Computer charting: an evaluation of a respiratory care computer system. Respir Care. 1985 Aug;30(8):695-707.
Cunningham, S, et al. 1996. Comparison of nurse and computer charting of physiological variables in an intensive care unit. Int J. Clin Monit Comput. 1996 Nov;13(4):235-41.
Medinotes: 2005. Charting Plus. www.medinotes.com
Mulvihill, Carol. 1997. Advantages of computerized charting in college health. University of Pittsburgh: CQ.
Moreover, it has also to be ensured that the motherboard contains expansion slots built into the board, and not built into the expansion board which plugs into the motherboard.
Memory: The memory located inside the computer is called as the andom Access Memory (AM). This AM is place where CPU temporarily stores information, which it needs to perform a function. The quantum of memory is directly related to the extent of complicated functions it is able to perform. It is important to get a system having at least 256 MBs AM or 512 MBs or higher is preferred. For the greater part, the more memory to which the system can be upgraded to in future is better. The latest software programs are always extremely resources hungry.
Input-devices: - Input devices are employed to enter information and direct the commands to your computer. The two most typical input devices are a…
Improve Your Computer's Performance. Retrieved at http://h50055.www5.hp.com/smb/ph/resources/improve.aspxAccessed on 27 November, 2004
Purchasing a Computer Investing in Your Career. Union Technologist. No: 52 January 2001. Retrieved at http://www.chtu.org/Tech/Tech52.html#waitAccessed on 28 November 2004
Purchasing a Computer System. The Computer Specialist. Retrieved at http://www.coroneldp.com/Prchtips.htm . Accessed on 28 November 2004
Upgrading Your Computer Components. March, 2003. Retrieved at http://www.techsoup.org/howto/articlepage.cfm?ArticleId=142&topicid=1Accessed on 27 November, 2004
In the same year, the founders started a new company for computer development called the Eckert-Mauchly Computer Corporation. By 1949, this company launched the BINAC or Binary Automatic computer. This computer made use of magnetic tape for the storage of data. Then this company was bought by emington and Corporation and the name was changed to Univac Division of emington and. This company was the organization to bring out UNIVAC which is one of the originals of the type of computers that are used today. (Inventors of the Modern Computer: The ENIAC I Computer - J Presper Eckert and John Mauchly)
1951 - UNIVAC begins to take over the business industries market:
Presper Eckert and John Mauchly set up their company and found their first client in the United States Census Bureau. The population of United States was growing very fast due to the baby boom that was taking place…
Bellis, Mary. "Inventors of the Modern Computer: The Atanasoff-Berry Computer the First
Electronic Computer - John Atanasoff and Clifford Berry." Retrieved at http://inventors.about.com/library/weekly/aa050898.htm . Accessed 6 October, 2005
Bellis, Mary. "Inventors of the Modern Computer: The ENIAC I Computer - J Presper Eckert and John Mauchly" Retrieved at http://inventors.about.com/library/weekly/aa060298.htm . Accessed 6 October, 2005
Bellis, Mary. "Inventors of the Modern Computer: The Harvard MARK I Computer - Howard
Network gives us two basic advantages: the facility to communicate and the facility to share. A network helps in communication between users in better ways than other media. E-mail, the most well-known form of network communication, offers inexpensive, printable communication with the facility of sending, reply, storage, recovery, and addition. Network supports collaboration with its capacity to share. This is the main charm of popular software called groupware that is created in such a way to allow many users to have electronic meetings and work alongside on projects. (Basic Networking Concepts)
Internet is a network of computer networks, upon which anybody who has permission to a host computer can circulate their own documents. orld ide eb is one such network, which permits Internet publishers to connect to other documents on the network. The Internet facilitates communication of a range of file types, including non-written multimedia. There are many types of…
Basic Networking Concepts" Retrieved at http://www.frick-cpa.com/netess/Net_Concepts.asp . Accessed on 10 July 2005
Files, Databases and Database Management Systems" Retrieved at http://www.cs.unibo.it/~ciaccia/COURSES/RESOURCES/SQLTutorial/sqlch2.htm. Accessed on 10 July 2005
Future Trends in EIS" Retrieved at http://www.cs.ui.ac.id/staf/sjarif/eis4.htm . Accessed on 10 July 2005
Operating System" Webopedia. Retrieved at http://www.pcwebopedia.com/TERM/O/operating_system.html. Accessed on 10 July 2005
Knowledge of e-crime from the perspective of crime science is insufficient in devolution of the problem, which cuts across various sections of social interaction through computers. There is a limitation in the forensic and social / legal exploration of information technology aspects and that is the possible cause of the limitations of the jurisdictions of the computer crime legislation, creating the insufficiency in the fulfillment of its purpose (Tonry 2009 p. 20-350).
The legislation approaches the infringement of the social precepts of technology without any consideration of social remedies. The use of police in regulation of operations is limiting because they may not have the capacity for gauging the extent of computer damage. It is logical considering the sensitivity of pro-social individuals, and their possibility of taking up their responsibilities. Social norms revolve around consideration of others and create a sense of mindfulness and consideration of activities (Humphreys 2007 p.…
'a Comparative Study of Cyberattacks' 2012, Communications of the ACM, 55, 3, pp. 66-73, Academic Search Complete, EBSCOhost, viewed 20 August 2012.
Assange, J., & Dreyufus, S. (2011). Underground tales of hacking, madness and obsession on the electronic frontier. Edinburgh, Canongate. 56. Print.
Assange, J., & Dreyufus, S. (2011). Underground. North Sydney, N.S.W., Random House Australia. 23-150. Print.
Foltz, C, & Renwick, J 2011, 'Information Systems Security and Computer Crime in the IS Curriculum: A Detailed Examination', Journal of Education for Business, 86, 2, pp. 119-125, Academic Search Complete, EBSCOhost, viewed 20 August 2012.
computer used by the employee has either been compromised physically with a password cracking software (EC-Council,2010;Beaver & McClure,2010) or it has bee compromised remotely with the help of a keylogging software.A keylogger is noted by APWG (2006) as a special crimeware code that is designed with the sole intention of collecting information from the end-user terminal. The stolen information includes every strike of the keyboard which it captures.The most sensitive of the captured information are the user's credentials. Keylogger may also be used to refer to the hardware used for this purpose. The employee's password could also have been shoulder-surfed by his immediate neighbor at the workplace. This could be his coworker who manages to peek and see over his shoulder as he types in sensitive authentication information (password)
Strategy to address the issue as well as the necessary steps for resolving the issue
The strategy for addressing this threat…
Anti-Phising Working Group (2006). Phishing Activity Trends Report
Bem, D and Huebner, E (2007).Computer Forensic Analysis in a Virtual Environment. International Journal of Digital Evidence .Fall 2007, Volume 6 (2)
New Computer System for the 21st Century Business Office
It is impossible to imagine that any business can be run in the 21st century without an adequate computer system. And yet therein lies the rub: Determining what computer system is adequate for any business purpose is in fact a complex and difficult process in many cases. All too often what happens when a manager is faced with choosing a new computer system (usually at the point when the old one has completely crashed, losing valuable information that wasn't backed-up) is that he or she finds the brochure that's on the top of the pile and orders that computer system.
But this is not the way to proceed. Acquiring the right information system is essential in keeping a company healthy. This paper examines a real-world case of a corporation - in this case, Toys Us - adopted a new computer information…
computer programmers create programing languages, they must make use of data types to create a functional system. A number of different formats of data types exist for their use. Perhaps the most obvious is that of an alphanumeric string, or a string of letters and numbers like ab1cd1. "Alphanumeric is commonly used to help explain the availability of text that can be entered or used in a field such as a password" ("Alphanumeric string," 2014). In contrast, Boolean data types make use of words like and, or, and not, to filter information, expressing notions of true and false. "A user can use Boolean searches to help locate more exact matches in Internet searches. For example, a user could search for computers help and DOS, which would search for any document containing computer help that also contain the word DOS. Performing Boolean searches often help users find results relating more to…
Alphanumeric string. (2014). Computer Hope. Retrieved from:
Boolean. (2014). Computer Hope. Retrieved from:
Similar to the suggestions offered by Gahala (2001), rody (1995) identified several traits to be considered when developing a comprehensive professional development program. Among those traits include the reputation of the trainer, the rewards available to the participants, both tangible and intangible, and the support of the administration. Traditional staff development models have required everyone to participate at the same time and in the same location creating problems such as scheduling, travel, space, and funding. intrim (2002) notes that web-delivered staff development allows teachers to log on and participate at the time of day that is best for them and at the pace they are the most comfortable with.
urke (1994) concluded that the use of effective distance education programs for K-12 staff development should be increased to supplement face-to-face in-services due to the positive evaluations of K-12 educators who participated in the electronic distance education in-service programs. However, other…
Bintrim, L. (2002). Redesigning professional development. Educational Leadership, 59
Blumenfeld, P.C., Marx, R.W., Soloway, E. & Krajcik, J. (1996). Learning With Peers:
From Small Group Cooperation to Collaborative Communities. Educational Researcher, 25(8), 37- 40.
Books, J., Cayer, C., Dixon, J., Wood, J. (2001). Action Research Question: What Factors Affect Teachers' Integration of Technology in Elementary Classrooms?
high quality (error-Free) data entry.
Data entry is a vital part of a number of businesses. As such, it has to be of the highest quality and error-free. While there is generally no guarantee that data can be 100% error-free all the time, the more any data avoids errors the more likely the company will be to provide its customer with a good experience (Kos, Kosar, & Mernik, 2012). Additionally, companies that have data errors can end up in trouble because they are using the wrong details to make decisions about what they can and should be doing to move their business forward. If a company is not focused on entering data in a way that is free from errors (and omissions), that company can get a reputation as being sloppy and not well-prepared to handle its business and its customers (Kos, Kosar, & Mernik, 2012). Consumers who provide data…
Enterprise Resource Planning, or ERP, is designed to manage a business through every stage it reaches and moves through. It is generally presented as a suite of applications that are all integrated with one another, and that provide real-time information on the processes that are at the core of the business (Loh & Koh, 2004). Originally, ERP was designed to be something that was for back-office use only (Loh & Koh, 2004). It helped to keep a business running, but it was not for the customers to see. It also did not provide any kind of interactive tools that could be used with customers. However, over time that changed and customer relationship management (CRM) and other functions were integrated into ERP (Loh & Koh, 2004). That made a significant difference in how companies did business, especially online, because customers could reach these companies so much more easily than they were able to do in the past. That advanced business-related technology rapidly.
The main objectives of ERP are to help a company operate more smoothly and interact with its customers in the best way possible. These software suites store information, help a company plan and implement multiple considerations, allow for customer feedback, track the success of ideas and plans that the company has provided to the public, and make sure customers are getting what they asked for from a company (Loh & Koh, 2004). As such, ERP software needs to be upgraded from time to time, in order to ensure it is still providing the company and the customers with the best experience possible (Loh & Koh, 2004). If that is found not to be the case, it becomes time to make changes in order to continue advancing the company and moving it forward, as well as keeping customers happy with their interactions.
Loh, T.C., & Koh, S.C.L. (2004). Critical elements for a successful ERP implementation in SMEs. International Journal of Production Research, 42(17): 3433 -- 3455.
Computer technology is continuously improving many aspects in today's world of business. It plays a very important role in the storage and retrieval of information. Among the course of studies from which a student can choose from, a major in Computer Information is important providing further improvements in the role of computer to billions and billions of information.
What can I learn from a Computer Information Major?
A Computer Information Major specializes in developing solutions that concerns information. This includes strategies that can enhance the storage, access, and protection, of diverse types of information. From the Computer Information course, one can have the expertise in finding answers to different information-related problems. The responsibility of handling information issues, whether it concerns storage or access, can be managed by one who majored in Compuer Information
The Future of One Who Majored in Computer Information
Information is the most important element that a…
Computer Fraud and Abuse Act
A failed and flawed law
Technology has changed faster than the laws that exist to protect the public. Protecting information, particularly sensitive government information, was thought to be challenging and to pose additional dilemmas in terms of its regulation. With this in mind, Congress passed the Computer Fraud and Abuse Act in 1984. The CFAA "outlaws conduct that victimizes computer systems. It is a cyber-security law. It protects federal computers, bank computers, and computers connected to the Internet. It shields them from trespassing, threats, damage, espionage, and from being corruptly used as instruments of fraud" (Doyle 2014:1-2). The CFAA's provisions ban the trespassing of data; the damaging of or use of threats to damage data; or trafficking in the passwords and other sensitive data of a wide range of computers containing protected information (Doyle 2014:1-2).
The law was passed during the pre-Internet era "as a…
Computer Fraud And Abuse Act Reform. (2014). EFF. Retrieved from:
Doyle, C. (2014). Cybercrime: An overview of the Federal Computer Fraud and Abuse Statute and related federal criminal laws. Retrieved from:
In some areas it will be used for more populist applications such as, in schools to introduce students to the discipline and within an environment that will give opportunity for participation of non-academics in academic discussion.
Computer has in a great deal widened the world's knowledge. As the fastest technology that has ever evolved, it has given opportunity for the children and adults, for personal, academic and commercial use. It has made communication to be easier; people get to know what is happening in the other parts of the world instantly. Information and data entering and saving has been made convenient and even easy.
Ceruzzi, Paul E. A History of Modern Computing. London: The MIT Press, (2000). The MIT Press. etrieved March 8, 2012 from http://www.ieeeghn.org/wiki/images/5/57/Onifade.pdf
Moreau, . The Computer Comes of Age -- the People, the Hardware, and the Software. London: The MIT Press, (1984). etrieved March…
Ceruzzi, Paul E. A History of Modern Computing. London: The MIT Press, (2000). The MIT Press. Retrieved March 8, 2012 from http://www.ieeeghn.org/wiki/images/5/57/Onifade.pdf
Moreau, R. The Computer Comes of Age -- the People, the Hardware, and the Software. London: The MIT Press, (1984). Retrieved March 8, 2012 from
This is what creates the continual need to share literally everything going on in their lives, as each post releases a significant dopamine rush (Charman-Anderson, 17, 18).
Dopamine is also the reason why the many forms of computer addiction are so difficult to treat. ith anonymity comes the opportunity to create multiple identities or personas online (Soule, 66, 67). This is what leads employees who have Internet addictions to create many different online identities, giving them ethical and moral leeway they would never give themselves. This aspect of personas and the forgiven unethicacy of conduct of personas is a key factor in online crimes committed by employees during company hours (Nykodym, Ariss, Kurtz, 82, 83). The personas of the addicted computer addicts are orchestrated for specific dopamine-driven production to fuel and feed habitual behaviors online
(Quinn 180). These strategies to ensure a steady supply of dopamine may not even be…
Charman-Anderson, Suw. "Seeking Addiction: The Role of Dopamine in Social Media." Computer Weekly (2009): 16-23.
Neumann, Peter G. "Are Computers Addictive?" Association for Computing Machinery.Communications of the ACM 41.3 (1998): 128-135.
Nykodym, Nick, Sonny Ariss, and Katarina Kurtz. "Computer Addiction and Cyber Crime." Journal of Leadership, Accountability and Ethics (2008): 78-85. ABI/INFORM Complete. Web. 3 Dec. 2012.
Quinn, Brian. "The Medicalisation of Online Behaviour." Online Information Review 25.3 (2001): 173-80.
The story of Pandora's Box reveals the dangers that technology brings along with its many gifts. Today, some very interesting cultural changes are beginning to take hold of society that stems from the dependence on technology and the way that it is interwoven into culture. The purpose of this essay is to examine the relationship between computer technology and the corresponding dependence that is created by this relationship. This writing intends to demonstrate that people are too dependent on computers and that more balance is needed in this age of technology where considerable portions of humanity are slowly eroding.
This essay will present evidence supporting this hypothesis and suggest that the reader insist on using logic and deductive reasoning to view this report. Many facts will be presented to persuade the reader that the relationship between human and computer has reached a level of dependence that is unhealthy…
Bator, M. (2009). Are young people becoming too dependent on the Internet? The Chicago Tribune, 5 Feb 2009. Retrieved from http://articles.chicagotribune.com/2009-02-05/news/0902060228_1_teens-internet-distractions
Federal Emergency Management Agency (2011). Technological Development and Dependency. Strategic Foresight Initiative, FEMA May 2011. Retrieved from http://www.fema.gov/pdf/about/programs/oppa/technology_dev_%20paper.pdf
Richtel, M. (2010). Attached to Technology and Paying a Price. The New York Times, 6 June 2010. Retrieved from http://www.nytimes.com/2010/06/07/technology/07brain.html?pagewanted=all&_r=0
Schirtzinger, J. (2012). Pros and Cons of Technology. The Guardian, 19 Oct 2012. Retrieved from http://www.theguardianonline.com/news/2012/10/19/pros-and-cons-of-technology/
Computer History Museum: A virtual visit
Description of the event
The Computer History Museum has both an online and a 'real world' incarnation. It is a physical warehouse of different types of computers, a virtual catalogue of computer history throughout the ages, and also provides information about specific topics pertinent to computer history, such as the history of video games. The Museum contains artifacts such as the first calculators, 'punch cards' and online computers as well as information about their place in computer history. It makes a convincing case about the ubiquity of computers in everyday life from an early age, even though the contrast between the primitive nature of early computers and computers today is striking.
There is also a stark contrast between the functionality of early computers and computers today. The computers we use on a daily basis are multifunctional. People demand that their smartphones do everything from…
"The Web." Computer History Museum. [5 Dec 2012]
To some users of personal computers, who state, never trust a computer that you cannot lift; the IBM has been viewed, more often than not, as an enemy, and according to Byte, the computer magazine, this was because of the fact that the IBM company rose to fame mainly on the basis of its mainframe computers, that were large and forbidding, and overwhelmingly bulky. This was probably why, when the rest of the world was eyeing the emerging opportunities in the minicomputer market, the IBM never paid any attention, and even though IBM did succeed in capturing a large chunk of that market, it did not happen until Digital had captured the minicomputer market and had grown into a large corporation.
In the past few years, IBM has agreed to change the ways in which it conducts its business, and adapt to the changing times when the prices of computers…
Ellett, John. "About / Best Practices Center, Results Oriented Integrated Marketing the Dell
Way" Retrieved at http://www.nfusion.com/about/best_practices/Results-Oriented_Integrated_Marketing.html . accessed 27 July, 2005
Konrad, Rachel. (10 August, 2001) "From Bits to Boom, IBM PC turns 20" Retrieved at http://ecoustics-cnet.com.com/Mixed+record+as+PC+turns+20/2009-1040_3-271422.html . accessed 27 July, 2005.
Outsourcing Law, Deal structure, Case Study." Retrieved at http://www.outsourcing-law.com/DealStructures/IBM.Lenovo.2005.01.06.htm. accessed 27 July, 2005
Computer clustering involves the use of multiple computers, typically personal computers (PCs) or UNIX workstations, multiple storage devices, and redundant interconnections, to form what appears to users as a single integrated system (Cluster computing). Clustering has been available since the 1980s when it was used in Digital Equipment Corp's VMS systems. Today, virtually all leading hardware and software companies including Microsoft, Sun Microsystems, Hewlett Packard and IM offer clustering technology. This paper describes why and how clustering is commonly used for parallel processing, batch processing, load balancing and high availability.
Despite some challenges such as achieving transparency, mitigating network latency and the split-brain problem, clustering has proven to be a huge success for bringing scale and availability to computing applications. Hungry for even more efficient resource use, IT departments are now turning their eye on the next evolution of clustering called grid computing.
Parallel processing is the processing of program…
Beowulf clusters compared to Base One's batch job servers Retrieved May 2, 2004 from Web site: http://www.boic.com/beowulf.htm
Burleson, D. Requirements for parallel clusters. Retrieved May 1, 2004 from Web site: http://www.fast-track.cc/teas_ft_rac07.htm
Cluster computing. Retrieved May 1, 2004 from Web site: http://search390.techtarget.com/sDefinition/0,sid10_gci762034,00.html
D'Souza, Marco (2001, April 13). Meeting high-availability through clustering. ZDNet. Retrieved May 2, 2004 from Web site: http://www.zdnetindia.com/biztech/services/whitepapers/stories/19538.html
Some nanorobots are being designed as "spray-on computers the size of a grain of sand." Edinburgh University has been working on nanorobots that can be sprayed onto patients as monitoring devices. They may be released for medical use in four years.
Quantum computers, based on principles like quantum entanglement and superposition, use the properties of particles. Quantum bits, called qubits, can process information faster than any existing computer technologies. A quantum computer can process many equations simultaneously. In a smaller space, using less energy, a quantum computer becomes more powerful than any commercial PC. In fact, Hertzog implies that quantum computers will mainly be used in fields demanding rapid data processing like the sciences or in cryptography.
Finally, one of the most promising future developments will be in the realm of artificial intelligence. Artificial intelligence implies computers that can think critically and creatively, like human beings. The potential for artificial…
Hertzog, C. (2006). The future of computer technology. Tech Tips. Retrieved April 17, 2007 at http://www.geeks.com/techtips/2006/techtips-26nov06.htm
Contracting Opportunities for a Computer Component Manufacturer: Trends in Federal Spending
The pace of technological development is now faster than it ever has been at any other time in human history, and this pace has been steadily increasing for several decades. The emergence of the computer in the first half of the twentieth century could not have foretold the power and mobility that these devices would provide a few short generations later, nor the opportunities that continuing advancement and technological growth would supply to businesses. For Vigilant Technology, a manufacturer of computer components, the opportunities are virtually endless. Selecting the most profitable route forward can be made more difficult by the abundance of choices, yet an examination of the current contracts being offered by the federal government can help indicate the large-scale trends needed for long-term profits, not to mention providing immediate short-term gains in terms of the…
Reference fbo.gov. (2011). Accessed 23 April 2011.
System Implementation - Oahu ase Area Network
System Implementation: Oahu ase Area Network
The wireless local area network (WLAN) in the Oahu ase Area Network is made up of several different subsystems. The inputs to the system will be desktop computers, laptop computers, and embedded systems (fixed and mobile). Each client has a wireless network card that can communicate with an access point (AP). The AP manages WLAN traffic and physically connects the wireless system to the wired local area network (LAN). The wired LAN will then send the requested information back to the access points, which will relay it to the appropriate client (Conover, 2000).
The system has three modes of operation:
Op-Mode: This is the standard operating mode for system operation. The mode consists of interaction between clients and one or more server. The clients are wireless devices such as laptops, desktops and tele-robtics platforms. Servers are access…
Conover, J. (2000, July). "Wireless LANs Work Their Magic." Network Computing. Retrieved 16, January, 2004 from Internet site http://www.networkcomputing.com/1113/1113f2.html
Curtis, G., Hoffer, J. George, J., Valacich, J. (2002). Introduction to Business Systems Analysis
University of Phoenix Custom Edition). New Jersey, NJ: Pearson Custom Printing.
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Key Business Requirements
The company is an aerospace engineering firm which means that new design will be an integral part of what they do. The company will be dealing with the design of new technology and it is important that the engineers involved have the best equipment possible. The software is decided, in that they will be using CAD to assist with the design of the technology, but the platform is important because it will have to be able to do more than just run the program. The company has also stated that price is not a large consideration. For the purchaser, this means that the best equipment can be considered regardless of price. Since this is an important project for the future of the company, making sure that the right platform is purchased is of the utmost importance.
Computing Systems Considered
The purchaser will have to marry…
Phillip, Mark. "Building a CAD computer." Studica, 2011. Web.
Nextag. Computing equipment prices. (2011). Web.
The implementation stage of the iordan project may prove to be the most challenging yet, but one that is worth all the effort. It would take a team of experts in various fields to successfully see this stage successfully through to completion, it cannot be a one-man show. Several departments within the organization have to be given priority when it comes to rolling out the new human resource management system. Since this system is automated and rests on an Information Technology platform, the first two departments to consider would be the human resource management and Information Technology departments. All the teams of professionals within these departments would have to be part and parcel of the entire system design and development process. The other departments to consider would be those of finance and operations management as they too are a fundamental part of the organization's decision making framework.
 George, F.J., Valacich, B.J.S., & Hoffer, J.A. (2003). Object-Oriented Systems Analysis and Design. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Prentice Hall.
 Satzinger, J.W., Jackson, R.B., & Burd, S.D. (2008). Systems Analysis and Design in a Changing World. London, UK: Cengage Learning EMEA.
 Marciniak, J.J. (2002). Encyclopedia of Software Engineering. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley.
We subtract the second equation from the first and we obtain X-3Y=0
We multiply the second equation with and add it to the third. We obtain 16X+4Y+z=106 and, when added to the third, 36X-6Y=100 or 6X-Y=00.
We now have a new system of equations with unknown variables, as such:
x-3Y=0 and 6X-Y=00. We multiply the first equation by 3 and have 6X-9Y=0. We subtract the first equation from the second and the result is 8Y=00 and Y=5. X=37.5 and Z=03
c. Multiply the 1 stequation by 3 and the second by 5. The result is 66X+15Y+1Z=36 and 50X+15Y+10Z=5. We subtract the equations and the result is 16X+11Z=11.
We multiply the second equation with and the third with 3. The result is
0X+6Y+4Z=10 and 7X+6Y+36Z=4. We subtract the equation and the result is
7X+3Z=3. We have a new system of equations 16X+11Z=11 and 7X+3Z=3. We multiply the 1st by 7 and…
20X+6Y+4Z=10 and 27X+6Y+36Z=42. We subtract the equation and the result is
7X+32Z=32. We have a new system of equations 16X+11Z=11 and 7X+32Z=32. We multiply the 1st by 7 and the second by 16. The result is 112X+77Z=77 and 112X+512Z=512. Subtracting, the result is 435Z=435 and Z=1; X=0 and Y=1
Systems of Equations. On the Internet at http://www.sosmath.com/soe/SE/SE.html . Last retrieved on September 19, 2010
" The job required a candidate with a BS in Technical Writing, Food Science, Food Engineering, Food Microbiology or Food Chemistry and competency in Microsoft Word. Salary was commensurate with experience.
A software system architect for the Interoperable Solutions Team at Motorola would be part of a development group within the company's Worldwide adio Solutions Group. The job required a BA and 5+ years in software or system engineering, along with experience with one of the following systems: C++, java, lte, wimax, tau g2, doors, udp, igmp, multicast ip, sdt, evdo. Salary was not specified. A systems analyst for eCommLink was to act as a liaison between eCommLink's engineering, quality assurance, business, and operations teams and create the technical requirements for the prepaid card system created by the company.
Associate product lifecycle management specialist. (2010). Con Agra. etrieved February 17,
2010 at http://jobview.monster.com/Assoc-Prod-Lifecycle-Mgmt-Spec-Job-Omaha-NE-U.S.-86306416.aspx
Manager, business development II, Air Force…
Associate product lifecycle management specialist. (2010). Con Agra. Retrieved February 17,
2010 at http://jobview.monster.com/Assoc-Prod-Lifecycle-Mgmt-Spec-Job-Omaha-NE-U.S.-86306416.aspx
Manager, business development II, Air Force systems and requirements. (2010). BAE Systems.
Retrieved February 17, 2010 at http://jobview.monster.com/Manager-Business-Development-II-Air-Force-Systems-Requirements-Job-Wright-Patterson-Afb-OH-U.S.-86304605.aspx
Computer Fraud and Abuse Act
Information technology and related systems provide multiple benefits to business, government, and individual users. Databases, Internet transactions, and emails contain sensitive customers, employee and operations data that are extremely vulnerable. The following study focuses on various components of IT and related systems used for the storage of information like computers, servers, and website databases. Whilst identifying the ways the date can be compromised and exposed to abuse, the study identifies ways of protecting and enhancing their integrity.
Types of information systems that that hold data
Computers do their primary work in parts that are not visible when using them. To do this, a control center that converts data input to output must be present. All this functions are done by the central processing unit (CPU) a highly complicated set of electric circuits that intertwine to store and achieve program instructions. Most computers regardless of…
Adikesavan, T.A. (2014). Management Information Systems Best Practices and Applications in Business. New Delhi: PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd.
Bradley, T. (2006). Essential Computer Security: Everyone's Guide to Email, Internet, and Wireless Security: Everyone's Guide to Email, Internet, and Wireless Security. New York: Syngress
Khosrowpour M. (2006). Emerging Trends and Challenges in Information Technology Management: 2006 Information Resources Management Association International Conference, Washington, DC, USA, May 21-24, 2006 Volume 1. Washington: Idea Group Inc. (IGI)
Kim, D. & Solomon, M. (2010). Fundamentals of Information Systems Security. New York: Jones & Bartlett Learning
Computers are tools for learning; and as such are not essentially different from the way dictionaries, calculators, and videos are teaching and learning tools. However, computers provide a wide range of learning experiences that do make them qualitatively and quantitatively different from other learning tools. Three ways that computers measurably benefit the learning experience include communication, information access and retrieval, and training. Computers facilitate communication between learner and teacher, or between learner and peers. With computers and their applications, the raw data of learning -- that is, information -- becomes accessible to both teacher and learners. Training manuals and tutorials can be digitalized in ways that are accessible to learners regardless of geography and time. In spite of these three benefits of computers as learning tools, there are three detriments to the use of information technology in the higher education classroom. One detriment is the digital divide, or income disparity…
Tam, M.D., Hart, A.R., Williams, S., Heylings, D. & Leinster, S. (2009). Is learning anatomy facilitated by computer-aided learning? A review of the literature. Informa 31(9): 393-396.
Ward, J.P.T., Gordon, J., Field, M.J. & Lehmann, H.P. (2001). Communication and information technology in medical education. The Lancet. Vol. 357: 792-796.
Warschauer, M., Turbee, L. & Roberts, B. (1996). Computer learning networks and student empowerment. System 24(1): 1-14.
Zickuhr, K. & Smith, A. (2012). Digital differences. Pew Internet.
Computer Hard Drives
The globalization of computer technology offers a vast number of remarkable tools, devices, applications, and advanced equipments that brings comfort in our daily work and activities. New features, designs, and capabilities of various computer peripherals and hardware are continuously being developed and brought out to market for better performance of the current technology. One very important part of a computer that experiences the trend of up-to-date improvement is the Hard Drive.
This paper aims to provide information on the evolution of computer hard drives. Included in this paper is the history of hard drive, from the time it was developed as computer hardware up to the continuous production of new and upgraded performance of data storage mediums. The various types of this technology, its changing features, and the companies who provide us with this dependable hardware are also discussed in this paper.
Of the diverse parts…
Legard, David. Smaller, Faster Hard Drives Coming Soon. PC World. 2003.
Kozierok, Charles. A Brief History of the Hard Disk Drive. PC Guide. 2001.
Byard, Larry. Hard Disk Drive Guide History.
Dux Computer Digest. 09 April 2003. http://www.duxcw.com/digest/guides/hd/hd2.htm
In the second case, failing to maintain the forearms in a horizontal position can also trigger similar problems. This frequently occurs when users maintain their keyboards and mice on their desks instead of using a sliding keyboard and mouse tray. Prolonged use of keyboards and mice in an elevated position relative to the elbow causes wrist problems because of the continual downward bend required in the wrist. The solution to this type of hand and wrist problems is simply to use a pull-out keyboard and mouse tray that allows the user to keep the hands at the exact same height as the elbow without bending the wrist down at all during computer use.
Neck, Back, and Shoulder Problems
Prolonged computer use can also result in neck and back problems through similar mechanisms. When users fail to maintain the proper height of the computer monitor, they have a tendency to look…
oday the prevalent technologies for printing output from a computer include what are called "non-impact" technologies or inkjet and laser-based printing devices.
here are an equally wide range of devices for storage of data and resulting information generated on PCs and laptops. Hard disk drives that often include multiple storage platters where data is written to and read from using read/write heads enclosed in the hard disk enclosure are commonplace. Hard drive manufacturers are increasingly shrinking the size of these hard drives, so much so that in 2008 the first camcorders that have 50GB of hard disk space for recording movies is now available. In addition to hard drives, there is also a growing popularity of flash memory-based drives that have Universal Serial Bus (USB) connections on them. hese are often called "pen" drives as they are small enough to be mounted at the top of a pen (David 2003).…
There are an equally wide range of devices for storage of data and resulting information generated on PCs and laptops. Hard disk drives that often include multiple storage platters where data is written to and read from using read/write heads enclosed in the hard disk enclosure are commonplace. Hard drive manufacturers are increasingly shrinking the size of these hard drives, so much so that in 2008 the first camcorders that have 50GB of hard disk space for recording movies is now available. In addition to hard drives, there is also a growing popularity of flash memory-based drives that have Universal Serial Bus (USB) connections on them. These are often called "pen" drives as they are small enough to be mounted at the top of a pen (David 2003). The convenience of these types of storage devices is changing how PC and laptop users store, share and archive data and information.
Define file and folder. Explain their relationship. Discuss the file management functions included in Windows XP.
The Windows XP operating system has an eclectic series of file systems included within it, including support for File Allocation Table (FAT), a 32-bit variation of the file format called FAT32, and the Windows NT File System (NTFS). Each of these file systems are specifically designed for compatibility with previous versions of Microsoft operating systems (as is the case with the FAT file system specifically) to ensure software program compatibility. FAT32 was specifically developed to give software developers an opportunity to increase the performance of their
Visual Basic is an Event Driven language, which means that programs don't follow the sequential path of traditional languages such as Pascal. Instead bits and pieces of sequential code are associated with certain events such as the clicking of a button. Then when the program is run, events will occur in response to changes in the environment (such as the ticking of the computers internal clock) or by intervention from the user (such as clicking a button). When an event takes place the associated sequential code is then executed. Once this is completed the system will wait until the next event fires, and the whole process repeats (Henderson-Sellers, 2003).
One can leverage the knowledge of Visual Basic and use the Visual Basic programming environment without going through learning the scripting or manipulate HTML tags to develop a highly functional Web-based application, as one can separate designing the user interface from…
Chatzigeorgiou, a. (2003). Performance and power evaluation of C++ object-oriented programming in embedded processors. Information and Software Technology, 45, 4, 195.
Henderson-Sellers, B. (2003). Method engineering for OO systems development Association for Computing Machinery. Communications of the ACM, 46, 10, 73-74.
Complete Solutions plc (CS) is a successful organization specializing in IT consultancy business with annual turnover of £40 millions. The company is located at North of England with branches in the U.S. And France. Established in 1980, the company was taken over by a larger company, and the take-over bid led to the rapid expansion of the company. Complete Solution has several sections with approximately 400 users in the UK divisions. The company internal services are based in Manchester with the Training Solutions (TS) consultancy section, Sales, and Marketing section. The overall services of Complete Solution consists of the IT consultancy service as well as selling of hardware and software, training and recruitment, software development and, outsourced services. The other services provided by the Complete Solution are consultancy services. With rapid expansion that the company is enjoying, the Complete Solution is planning to go public by…
CO3601 System Concepts (nd).Soft Systems Methodology Case Study: Complete Solutions
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The programming design class gives the student many tools that they will need on the job, but there is much more to the design process than having the right tools. The ability to apply those tools to the situations that will arise on the job is one of the most important skills that the designer will have. However, this is not always easy to teach in the classroom. Therefore, it is important for the design student to read as many outside sources as possible. They must understand the various philosophies and approaches to the design process. They must understand the strengths and weaknesses of those approaches and how they relate to various customer projects. The computer program design student must develop the broadest knowledge base possible in order to deliver a quality product to the customer.
Din, J. & Idris, S. (2009). Object-Oriented Design Process Model. International Journal of…
Din, J. & Idris, S. (2009). Object-Oriented Design Process Model. International Journal of Computer Science and Network Security. 9 (10): 71-79.
Guzman, J., Mitre, H. & Amescua, a. et al. (2010). Integration of strategic management, process improvement and quantitative measurement for managing the competitiveness of software engineering organizations. Software Quality Journal. DOI: 10.1007/s11219-
9094-7 Retrieved May 31, 2010 from http://www.springerlink.com/content/58k83507v1j7w653/?p=318712de7adb48cfa387cb4
In setting this plan for implementation and maintenance the ultimate goal for the district within the next five years is the creation of a student-to-computer ratio of 1-1 in grades 3-12 and 3-1 for grades K-2 in accordance with developmental studies for the utilization of technology in lesson and course plans for each respective grade. Computers will be updated on an annual basis, with replacement being taken into consideration every four years. In order to maintain cost-effectiveness, leasing programs and low-cost computer programs will allow students and teachers the capacity to access more applications and content which is relevant to consumers but nearly unaffordable in many educational systems. Low-cost computer programs such as the One Laptop per Child Foundation have been developed in order to aggressively place computers in the hands of hundreds of millions of children around the world, the United States included, in order to aid students in…
Aliasgari, M. Mojdehavar, N. And Riahinia, F. (2010). Computer-assisted instruction and student attitudes toward learning mathematics. Education, Business, and Society, 3.1: pp. 6. Web. Retrieved from: ProQuest Database.
Ames, M. And Warschauer, M. (2010). Can one laptop per child save the world's poor?
Journal of International Affairs, 64.1: pp. 33-55. Web. Retrieved from: ProQuest Database.
Carman, E., Lewis, C., Murphy, K. And Richards, J. (2005). Strengthening educational technology in schools and in pre-service teacher education: a practitioner-faculty collaborative process. Journal of Technology and Teacher Education, 13.1: pp. 125-140. Web. Retrieved from: ProQuest Database.
Systems Structures Presentation
Electronic health records are common in the modern era of globalization and high technology. Electronic health records can be defined as a collection of health information, in digitized form, of individuals as well as populations. The objective of having health records in digital form is to make them accessible across different health care settings. This enables the patients as well as physicians to obtain health information from their relevant health care facility by simply requesting it to be sent over from the electronic health records that were held at the previous health care facility where the patient had been checked up. The health care facilities today are connected through a variety of network-connected enterprise-wide information systems. These can easily transfer information regarding any patient from one health care facility to another, given that they are connected via the network.
Electronic health records consist of not only technology…
In the United States of America, as a ruling in the form of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009, the implementation of electronic health records in clinical settings was made compulsory with around $27 billion were allocated to the cause. This was a part of new health care reforms whose aim was that by 2015, there would be "meaningful use" of the technology made available to improve the quality of patient care available. The federal incentives being offered to hospitals and clinics in order to update to the electronic health record structures have all the physicians and nurses on their toes.
Nurses, as a result, are closely monitoring the effects and consequences of the use of the electronic health record structure systems on their ability to improve patient care. There have been admittedly some benefits. The availability of extensive up-to-date information on the patient and his medical condition and history, allows for measureable improvements from the treatment and care given to patients with chronic diseases as well as those patients which are on preventative medicine. It has been proved via a study conducted by the University of Pennsylvania that nurses that work in hospitals and other clinical set-ups with the electronic health care structures in place tend to report a greater deal of improvement in their patients than the nurses working in hospitals that are devoid of such technology. However, there is the task of the nurses learning to use and manage the electronic health record structures. Unless the nurses have had training or been provided transition time from the implementation of the electronic health record structure, they cannot get any meaningful use out of it. For the electronic health record structure to be effective, the user of the technology should be aware of how to mine for the data, the treatment plan to be followed and how to retrieve the meaningful data from the abundance of information available on the individual. Currently, there are also problems with the present infrastructure at hospitals for the proper implementation of the electronic health record structure.
In the future, if the administrators as well as the implementers of the health reforms seek to extract meaningful use from the electronic health record structures technology, they need to gear up and tackle a few issues beforehand. Step must be taken to ensure that the structure works according to the purpose it is meant for. The clinical integration across clinic-settings and hospitals should be made tighter and stronger. The nursing administration must prepare their staff for the upcoming implementation of electronic health record structures in terms of training, and also be prepared for the resistance that would come from the nursing staff during the implementation of new technology. There should also be preparation for the slowing down of the productivity when the system is first implemented. The main goal here is to measure the impact on the patient care and whether improvements in the quality of patient care is present or not.
The core competencies identified for this paper include: (1) data management (2) personnel management (3) strategic planning and (4) the ability to create technological innovation. ealistically speaking, a company must integrate all of its capabilities to assess its position in the market, and to determine which if any of its core competencies it must work on developing further to maintain a stable position in a volatile workplace. The computer industry is constantly evolving and changing. To be a leader in the industry one might guess the most important core capability for a computer company to have is innovative leaders and the ability to create and easily adapt to new technology.
With a foundation that includes core capabilities as data management, strategic planning and personnel management, a company could easily do this without hardship.
Aung, M. & Heeler, . (2001, Aug). "Core competencies of service firms: A framework for strategic…
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Future Development Trends
The pervasiveness of the Internet and the increasing availability of development tools for creating analytics applications are together serving as the catalyst for the development of an entirely new set of predictive analytic and modeling applications where the performance of specific strategies can be simulated and planned for (Gounaris, Panigyrakis, Chatzipanagiotou, pp. 615, 616). Second, the development of collaborative platforms based on the Internet is also making the data collection function of Marketing Information Systems much more streamlined that has been the case in the past.
Marketing Information Systems are transforming the accuracy and speed that companies' marketing, sales and senior management can react to market conditions effectively. The growth of these systems is in direct proportion to the increasing speed and uncertainty new markets and market conditions influence company's plans and results.
Kristof Coussement, Dirk Van den Poel. "Integrating the voice of customers through…
Kristof Coussement, Dirk Van den Poel. "Integrating the voice of customers through call center emails into a decision support system for churn prediction. " Information & Management 45.3 (2008) 164. ABI/INFORM Global. ProQuest. 29 Apr. 2008. www.proquest.com
Elizabeth Daniel, Hugh Wilson, Malcolm McDonald. "Towards a map of marketing information systems: An inductive study. " European Journal of Marketing 37.5/6 (2003): 821-847. ABI/INFORM Global. ProQuest. 29 Apr. 2008 www.proquest.com.
Spiros P. Gounaris, George G. Panigyrakis, Kalliopi C. Chatzipanagiotou. "Measuring the effectiveness of marketing information systems:an empirically validated instrument. " Marketing Intelligence & Planning 25.6 (2007): 612-631. ABI/INFORM Global. ProQuest. 29 Apr. 2008. www.proquest.com
Ronald L. Hess, Ronald S. Rubin, Lawrence a West Jr. "Geographic information systems as a marketing information system technology. " Decision Support Systems 38.2 (2004): 197-212. ABI/INFORM Global. ProQuest. 27 Apr. 2008. www.proquest.com
Computer Vision Syndrome
According to the Computer Desktop Encyclopedia, Computer Vision Syndrome (CVS) is "A variety of problems related to prolonged viewing of a computer screen. Short-term effects include dry eyes, blurred vision, eye fatigue and excessive tearing. Long-term effects include migraines, cataracts and visual epilepsy. Some solutions are to keep reflections and glare to a minimum and to provide a non-fluorescent, uniform light source. Special lamps are available that maintain the proper light around the monitor and generate light at much higher frequencies than regular light bulbs"
With the ever increasing amount of time consumers are spending in front of their computer screens, this disability is considered on of the fastest growing work related health problems in the country today. For many Americans, the problem cannot be left behind at the office. Individuals come home, to spend time surfing the web, corresponding via email, and pursuing various computer-based entertainment…
Anshel, J. 1997, July 1. Computer vision syndrome: causes and cures.
Managing Office Technology.
Chambers, Anne. 1999, Oct. 1. Computer Vision Syndrome: Relief Is in Sight.
Hacking, the apolitical counterpart of hacktivism, is also not necessarily a form of terrorism. However, cyberterrorists often use hacking as a tool of terrorism.
Terrorists may be tempted to use computer attacks for several reasons including the following. First, cyberterrorism can be relatively inexpensive. Second, terrorists can easily remain anonymous when they use computer terrorism. Third, the scope of the attack can potentially be larger than physically combative ones. Fourth, cyberterror can be launched and managed remotely and fifth, computer terrorism can garner instant and widespread media attention. Cyberterrorism is not only in the province of international terrorist organizations but may also be used by fanatical religious groups or even by disgruntled employess. Using computer terrorism can also become an adjunct to traditional forms of terror like bombs.
The National Security Agency (NSA) has investigated vulnerabilities in their own systems and have hired hackers to expose weaknesses in their systems.…
Weimann, G. (2004). Cyberterrorism: How Real Is the Threat? United States Institute of Peace. Retrieved April 17, 2007 at http://www.usip.org/pubs/specialreports/sr119.html
The instructor does sit with the student when he or she is training with the devices the FAA approves for the educational computer training. Sometimes a separate computer is used during this process, but the teacher is able to monitor and control the student's flight as well as plan out every detail for him or her at that particular time (United States Gernal Accounting Office, 1999).
For those that are educators, they too have noticed trends with computer-based training. The convenience of learning on the Web has stretched all the possible barriers that occur locally and globally. When it comes to distance learning, the Internet is used to deliver material to the learner, such as Word documents or PowerPoints. However, in other online environments, this is provided through hypertext, which allows the learner more opportunities to explore the information provided as well as to have much interactivity (Khalifa & Lam,…
Bowman, W.R., Crawford, A.M., & Mehay, S. (2009). An assessment of the effectiveness of computer-based training for newly commissioned surface warfare division officers. Naval Postgraduate School, 119.
Information Design, Inc. (2004). Issues in web-based training. 5.
Khalifa, M., & Lam, R. (2002). Web-based learning: Effects on learning process and outcome. IEEE Transactions on Education, 7.
Kulik, C.-L. C., & Kulik, J.A. (1991). Effectiveness of computer-based: An updated analysis. Computers in human behavior, 20.
For the SunLife agents to be successful the accumulated experience and knowledge in the company need to be captured, and applied to the sales cycles and ongoing customer relationships. This is another major gap that is in the approach the company is taking with the implementation of Maestro today as well. SunLife is not taking into account the deep expertise and knowledge within the company to streamline and make more efficient the selling process, and as a result the resistance to change on the part of agents just increases over time. They fail to see the value of making any significant shift in how they view new technologies to help them sell more effectively or continually be trusted advisors over time.
SunLife has an exceptionally strong grasp of technologies and their contributions to each aspect of the insurance sales, account management and risk management aspects of the insurance industry. Several…
Bull, C.. (2010). Customer Relationship Management (CRM) system, intermediation and disintermediation: The case of INSG. International Journal of Information Management, 30(1), 94.
Ernst, H., Hoyer, W., Krafft, M., & Krieger, K.. (2011). Customer relationship management and company performance -- the mediating role of new product performance. Academy of Marketing Science. Journal, 39(2), 290-306.
Keller, 1999. The Pitfalls of Meta-Systems and Business Rules. Generali Office Service and Consulting.
Levasseur, R.. (2011). People Skills: Optimizing Team Development and Performance. Interfaces, 41(2), 204-208.
Project management is the discipline of planning, organizing, and managing resources that would cause the successful completion of specific project goals and objectives. It is sometimes conflated with program management. Regardless, a program is technically a higher level construct. Any group of related and somehow interdependent projects is key to product management.
A project is a temporary attempt. With a defined start and finish, typically reserved to a specified date, these can be by funding or deliverables, undertaken to meet unique goals and objectives, usually to bring about beneficial change or added value. The temporary nature of projects stands in contrast to business as usual or operations, which are repetitive, permanent or semi-permanent functional work to produce products or repairs. Essentially, the management of these two systems is often found to be quite different, and as such requires the development of distinct technical skills and the adoption of…
SWOT analysis is a strategic planning method used to evaluate the Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, and Threats involved in a project or in a business venture. It involves specifying the objective of the business venture or project and identifying the internal and external factors that are favorable and unfavorable to achieve that objective. The technique is credited to Albert Humphrey, who led a convention at Stanford University in the 1960s and 1970s using data from Fortune 500 companies.
A SWOT analysis may be incorporated into the strategic planning model. A SWOT analysis should be defined by the start and finish. Attributes of the person or company that assist in achieving all objectives. However, attributes of the person or company may also be harmful to achieving any objectives. External conditions that are helpful to achieving the objectives create opportunities. External conditions which could do damage to the objectives may pose a threat and should be consciously monitored. Identification of SWOTs are essential because