Filter By:

Sort By:

Reset Filters

Conceptual Model Essays (Examples)

Having trouble coming up with an Essay Title?

Use our essay title generator to get ideas and recommendations instantly

Conceptual Flow Diagram
Words: 1334 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 35115770
Read Full Paper  ❯

eCities composes of the annual research that assists local communities to measure and benchmark their performances in order to foster economic development, entrepreneurship and job growth. The eCities also aims to create environment that will enhance expansion of business organizations within the communities. More importantly, the eCities allow the local governments to implement their projects using the online interface that connects 32 items, six factors, township, empirical index and village level data. The benefits that the eCities deliver to the stakeholders make the policy makers to decide expanding the eCities information systems to assist the organization to deliver benefits that are more meaningful to all the stakeholders.

Objective of this project is to design information systems for eCities. The project develops a data flow diagram that provides the goals of the information systems and the computer programs that will be required for the systems.

Data Flow Diagrams

A DFD (Data…

Nursing Concepts and Theory Conceptual-Theoretical Structure Paper
Words: 1674 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 18218062
Read Full Paper  ❯

Nursing Concepts and Theory

Conceptual-Theoretical Structure paper

Personal belief about nursing theory and knowledge development process for nursing practice

All nursing theories play an important role in defining nursing and giving the roles that nurses need to play. Originally, the role of nurses was simply to carry out activities as instructed by doctors, however, over the years, this role has been changed to include more responsibilities as the nursing world has evolved. Nursing theories describe, predict and explain the various phenomena in nursing practice and thus create foundations for nursing practice. They also help to generate knowledge in the field of nursing and to point the direction which the field should develop in future. This view is supported by Carper (1978)

who states that nursing theories elaborate nursing practice and create professional boundaries for the profession. Nursing knowledge comes from research that has been conducted on nursing which forms scientific…


Anderson, A.M. (2005). Nursing Leadership, Management, and Professional Practice for the LPN/LVN (3rd ed.). Philadelphia: F.A. Davis Company.

Carper, B. (1978). Fundamental patterns of knowing in nursing. Advances in Nursing Science, 1(1), 13-23.

Clark, M.J. (2003). Community health nursing: Caring for populations (Fourth ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.

Dayer-Berenson, L. (2010). Cultural Competencies for Nurses: Impact on Health and Illness. Burlington, Massachusetts: Jones & Bartlett Learning.

Dulles Proposed Five Models of the Church
Words: 1292 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 97794238
Read Full Paper  ❯

Dulles proposed five models of the Church in his former book "models of the Church.' The first model sees the Church as "a divinely established society with definite articles of belief and binding law" (254). As a single, organized, visible order, salvation can be found in only one place -- the Church, inside it and not external to it, and to Roman Catholics inside one place and one place only and that is the RC church.

The second model postulates that the church is the communal site for an atmosphere of love and grace that is wrought through the Holy Spirit and is evidenced both between the community members themselves (between fellow and fellow) and also between worshipper and God.

According to the third model, the Church embodies within itself the Grace and spirit of Christ. In that sense, it serves -- or is -- a sacrament, a visible sacred…

Orem's Model of Self-Care and
Words: 1197 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 13238876
Read Full Paper  ❯

Every time a nurse cares for and evaluates a patient, in essence, the nurse asks is the individual able to feed him or herself and maintain his or her body abode in a healthful manner? If not, what must he nurse do to enable a state of homeostasis in that individual's environment to take place? But Orem also stresses the nurse, in assessing self-care must regard whether the individual him or herself can identify when that patient's body or abode is under threat -- for instance, can an elderly person take precautions when cooking? ill he or she know when the stove is left on or off? On the most basic of levels, of course, self-care regarding the provision of elimination and excrements and the basic functional tasks of physical maintenance are necessary. But less obviously, in terms of wellness, a nurse must ask, can the individual maintain a balance…

Works Cited

Fawcett, J. (1995) Analysis and Evaluation of Conceptual Models of Nursing. Third edition. Philadelphia: F.A. Davis Company.

Orem, D. (1995) Nursing Concepts of Practice. Fifth edition. St. Louis: Mosby.

Hartweg, D.L. (1995). Dorothea Orem: Self-care deficit theory. In C.M. McQuiston & A.A. Webb, Editor. Foundations of nursing theory: Contributions of 12 key theorists (pp. 139-202). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, Inc.


Personal Nursing Philosophy Conceptual Background
Words: 1524 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 87424621
Read Full Paper  ❯

Likewise, Callista oy's Adaptation Model of Nursing provides a contextual bridge between the internal physiological determinants of patient health and the crucial aspects of external environment that typically influence patient health and (especially) patient perceptions and attitudes about health and medical or nursing interventions. Together, application of the principles promoted by Watson's Caring Model and by oy's Adaptation Model of nursing complement my clinical training in a manner that I believe enables me to contribute the most to my patients, to my profession, and to myself as a nurse.


Dobratz, M.C. "Moving nursing science forward within the framework of the oy

Adaptation Model." Nursing Science Quarterly, Vol. 21; (2008): 255-259.

Fawcett, J. (2005). Analysis and Evaluation of Conceptual Models of Nursing, St. Louis,

MO: Mosby.

Pipe, T.B., Kelly, a., LeBrun, G.; Schmidt, D., Atherton, P., and obinson, C. "A

prospective descriptive study exploring hope, spiritual well-being, and quality of…


Dobratz, M.C. "Moving nursing science forward within the framework of the Roy

Adaptation Model." Nursing Science Quarterly, Vol. 21; (2008): 255-259.

Fawcett, J. (2005). Analysis and Evaluation of Conceptual Models of Nursing, St. Louis,

MO: Mosby.

Orem's Self-Care Model A Professional Nursing Practice
Words: 847 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 59207875
Read Full Paper  ❯

Orem's Self-Care Model: A Professional Nursing Practice Model

Nursing theory is an organized and systematic articulation of a set of statements related to questions in the discipline of nursing. (Caley, p. 302, 1980) The model presented by Dorothea Orem is based on the idea that as human beings, we are engaged in self-care activities that allow us to maintain a state of good health. Orem defines health as "a state of a person that is characterized by soundness or wholeness of developed human structures and of bodily and mental functioning" (Coleman, p. 325, 1980) Utilization of Orem's concepts allows the nurse freedom to develop their own style practice to best meet the self-care needs of any patient.

Nurses have always recognized the rights of clients of all ages to be both informed and active participants in care, but the idea of self-care has not always been apparent concerning the idea…


1. Caley, J.M., Dirksen, M., Engalla, M., & Hennrich, M.L. (1980). The Orem self-care nursing model. In J.P. Riehl & C. Roy (Eds.), Conceptual models of nursing practice (2nd ed., pp. 302-214). Norwalk, CT: Appleton-Century-Crofts.

2. Coleman, L.J. (1980). Orem's self-care concept of nursing. In J.P. Riehl & C. Roy (Eds.), Conceptual models of nursing practice (2nd ed., pp. 315-328).

3. Fawcett, J. (1989). Orem's self-care framework. In J. Fawcett (Ed.), Analysis and evaluation of conceptual models of nursing (2nd ed., pp. 205-261). New York F.A. Davis.

4. Johnston, R.L. (1982). Orem self-care model. In J.J. Fitzpatrick, A.L. Whall, R.L. Johnston, & J.A. Floyd (Eds.), Nursing models and their psychiatric mental health applications (pp. 56-60). Bowie, MD: Brady/Prentice-Hall.

Application of Trans Theoretical Model for Behavioral Changes
Words: 870 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 67308009
Read Full Paper  ❯

Trans-Theoretical Model for Health Behaviors

The adoption of a healthier and new clinical behavior consists of multiple factors. The oger's diffusion theory is helpful in adopting specific clinical health behaviors. oger identifies compatibility, relative advantages, complexity, observability, and trialability as the elements that determine a change clinical behavior. (Sanson-Fisher, 2004).

Moreover, the TTM ("Trans-theoretical Model of Behavioral Change") (James & Wayne, 1997 p 38) is one of the most popular theoretical models used to modify a health behavior. The TTM focuses on decision-making with reference to the abilities of an individual rather biological and social influences on human behavior. The paper uses the TTM for the implementation plan for heathier changes of diabetes patients.

Overview of the TTM

The trans-theoretical model of health behavioral changes involves six changes: Contemplation, preparation, pre-contemplation, maintenance, action and termination. In essence, the model assesses the individual readiness to employ a healthier behavior as well…


Campbell, J. (2012). Diabetes Empowerment. Diabetes Technology and Therapeutics, 14

(7), 630-634.

James O. P. & Wayne, F. V. (1997) The Transtheoretical Model of Health Behavior Change. American Journal of Health Promotion.12 (1):38-48.

Lach, H.W. Everard, K.M. Hisghstein, G. et al. (2004). Application of the Transtheoretical Model to Health Education for Older Adults. Health Promotion Practice. 5 (1): 88-93.

Using the Roy Model to Help Patients
Words: 1696 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Creative Writing Paper #: 58986010
Read Full Paper  ❯

oy Model

The patient history for Tory is the following: She is a 28-year-old professional in the H division at a managing firm, who suffers from debilitating obsessive-compulsive disorder, which for the past few months has intruded into every sector of her personal and public life, even causing her to miss work. She is also now having suicidal thoughts, which are reoccurring for the past two weeks. She has considered jumping from the window of her apartment, even though she says she would not do it -- she simply imagines herself doing this and therefore fears that she might actually leap if she does not get control of herself. For years her work has been the only comfort in her life and now even that is in danger of being lost. Her background is that she is an only child of parents who divorced when she was 7. Her father…


Rambo, B. (2004). Adaptive Nursing. Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders Company.

Roy, C. (1980) "The Roy Adaptation Model." In Riehl, J. P.; Roy, C. Conceptual Models

for Nursing Practice. Norwalk: Appleton: Century Crofts.

Roy, C. (1997). Future of the Roy Model: Challenge to Redefine Adaptation. Nursing Science Quarterly, 10(1): 42-48.

Conceptual Fit of Coaching Styles
Words: 1370 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 66098269
Read Full Paper  ❯

Autonomy-Supportive coaching style is more effective for female than male athletes in team sports.

Gender (nominal)

Gender is a concept which connects directly to the sense of how receptive or non-receptive humans are likely to be regarding all forms of coaching. Gender is one manifestation of the notion of how prosocial or anti-social human beings are likely to be. Some experts have argued that human beings are naturally inclined to be prosocial animals when given the proper nurturing -- such as a namely this type of support mechanism: when this type of support is lacking, it is more than likely that one will substitute it by pursuing extrinsic goals such as fame, ego enhancement or other extrinsic rewards. Such rewards are not something which help to reinforce prosocial behavior (Hodge & Lonsdale, 2011).

Thus, given this research the question becomes whether or not female athletes are more prosocial than male…


Bartholomew, K., Ntoumanis, N., & Thogersen-Ntoumani, C. (2010). The Controlling Interpersonal Style in a Coaching Context. Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology, 193-216.

Hodge, K., & Lonsdale, C. (2011). Prosocial and Antisocial Behavior in Sport. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 527-547.

Khaef, M., & Noorbakhsh, M. (2013). Relationship between Perceived Autonomy - Supportive Behaviors of Coaches . Journal of Basic and Applied Research, 229-234.

Mallett, C. (2011). Understanding motivation to enhance the quality of coaching. Retrieved from

Models for Facilitating Change to Evidence-Based Practice in Nursing
Words: 855 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 92091657
Read Full Paper  ❯

Facilitating Change to Evidence-Based Practice in Nursing: The Iowa and Stetler Models

The Iowa Model of Evidence-Based Practice

Developed by Marita Titler to promote quality healthcare, the Iowa Model is a source of guidance for nurses and clinicians when making decisions that have an impact on patient outcomes. It infuses research into practice by using a multidisciplinary team approach to address a number of topics that are clinically important (Melryk and Overholt, 2011). This model is represented as an algorithm that has well-defined feedback loops as well as decision points. The very first decision has got to do with whether a particular problem is a priority to an organization and the second decision considers how adequate the evidence is to change practice. After the conduction of a pilot of change, on the basis of the available evidence, subsequent decisions are made on whether to adopt it or not, which is…


Melryk, B. M & Overholt, E.F. (2011). Evidence-based Practice in Nursing & Healthcare: A Guide to Best Practice. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins

Schaffer, M.A., Kristin E.S. & Diedrick, L. (2013). Evidence-based practice models for organizational change: overview and practical applications. Journal of Advanced Nursing. 69(5). Retrieved 15th January 2015 from

Elaboration Likelihood Model of Persuasion
Words: 1480 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 10101570
Read Full Paper  ❯

Other scholars have been more critical of ELM. The Morris, Woo, and Singh study, along with the Cook, Moore, and Steel study, focuses on the major shortcomings of ELM. Unlike Schroeder and Areni, these scholars evaluate ELM as an actual model for psychological studies, as opposed to just a conceptual framework. The Morris, Woo, and Singh study found that the model had an excessively narrow focus on the cognitive aspects of audience elaboration, neglecting the emotional aspects. The Cook, Moore, and Steel study found that ELM did not offer an actual causal explanation of persuasive communication and offered Positioning Theory for a causal explanation.

When Cook, Moore, and Steel use the term "causal explanation," they are getting at the predictive value of ELM, which is a very important element of a model's usefulness. One problem with the predictive value of the ELM is the model's argument variable. To test ELM,…


Petty, R.E., & Cacioppo, J.T. (1986). The Elaboration Likelihood Model of Persuasion. Advances in Experimental Psychology, Vol. 9).

Schroeder, L. (2005). Cultivation and the Elaboration Likelihood Model: A Test of the Learning and Construction and Availability Heuristic Models. Communication Studies, 56(3), p. 227 -- 242

Areni, C. (2003). The Effects of Structural and Grammatical Variables on Persuasion: An Elaboration Likelihood Model. Perspective Psychology & Marketing, 20(4): p. 349-375

Morris, Woo, and Singh. (2005). Elaboration Likelihood Model: A Missing Intrinsic Emotional Implication. Journal of Targeting, Measurement and Analysis for Marketing, 14(1), p. 79 -- 98

Does the Fisher Ury Model Work
Words: 29882 Length: 120 Pages Document Type: Dissertation Paper #: 38724917
Read Full Paper  ❯

Negotiation Skills

A High Impact Negotiations Model: An Answer to the Limitations of the Fisher, Ury Model of Principled Negotiations

This study aims to discover the ways in which blocked negotiations can be overcome by testing the Fisher, Ury model of principled negotiation against one of the researcher's own devising, crafted after studying thousands of negotiation trainees from over 100 multinational corporations on 5 continents. It attempts to discern universal applications of tools, skills, and verbal and non-verbal communication techniques that may assist the negotiator in closing deals with what have been "traditionally" perceived as "difficult people." This study concludes that there are no such "difficult people," but rather only unprepared negotiators. The study takes a phenomenological approach to negotiations, with the researcher immersing himself in the world of negotiation training from 2012-14, for several major multinational corporations, intuiting the failings of the negotiators with whom he comes in contact,…


Allred, K., Mallozzi, J., Matsui, F., Raia, C. (1997). The influence of anger and compassion on negotiation performance. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes 70(3): 175-187.

Andonova, E., Taylor, H. (2012). Nodding in dis/agreement: a tale of two cultures.

Cognitive Process, 13(Suppl 1): S79-S82.

Aristotle. (1889). The Nicomachean ethics of Aristotle. (Trans R.W. Browne).

Five Factor Model Introduction Central
Words: 2717 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 22721509
Read Full Paper  ❯

214). The author notes many empirical reasons for his critique of the five-factor model. Among the many objections that are put forward is the assertion that there is in the breadth of the five factors an indefiniteness and inconsistency. Block also refers to the descriptive coarseness of the "Big Five."

Block's article has created much debate on this subject. A useful study that counters many of arguments put forward by Block is Solid Ground in the Wetlands of Personality: A eply to Block by Costa and McCrae (1995). In contrast to Block's critique, this article suggest that, "...the most impressive achievement of the FFM is its reduction of conceptual jangle, showing how constructs ostensibly as different as absorption, intuition, and need for change all reflect aspects of the single, broader construct of Openness. " (Costa and McCrae, 1995).

The validity and acceptance of the FFM model and the various aspects…


Block, J. (1995). A contrarian view of the five-factor approach to personality description. Psychological Bulletin, 117, 187-215.


Clark, L.A. (1993). Personality Disorder Diagnosis: Limitations of the Five-Factor Model. Psychological Inquiry, 4(2), 100-104. Retrieved January 21, 2008, from Questia database: 

Costa P, McCrae, Robert R. (1995) Solid ground in the wetlands of personality: A reply to Block. Psychological Bulletin. 117(2), 216-220

Applying Rosswurm and Larrabee Model
Words: 464 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 75981489
Read Full Paper  ❯

That is largely a function of the fact that the adult diabetes clinic emphasizes the patient counselling and patient education roles of nurses in clinical practice (Hamric, Spross, & Hanson, 2009).

Over the long-term, the outcomes of diabetes clinic practices depend substantially on the abilities of nurses to achieve high levels of patient compliance. This aspect of nursing practice is highly amenable to the osswurm-and-Larrabee concept because clinicians have the regular opportunity to evaluate and compare various methods of motivating patient compliance with protocols necessary to maximize the effectiveness of their clinical care. In that environment, clinicians can apply different approaches with different groups of patients, continually compare the relative degrees of compliance and to quantify the results of those differences in outcomes that lend themselves directly to objective empirical measurement. In principle, these elements are the principal conceptual components of the osswurm-and-Larrabee model for identifying necessary changes, designing appropriate…


Donovan, C. And Knobf, T. "An Evidence-Based Project to Advance Oncology Nursing

Practice." Oncology Nursing Forum, Vol. 36, No. 6 (2009): 619 -- 622.

English-Long, L., Burkett, K., and McGee, S. "Promotion of Safe Outcomes:

Incorporating Evidence into Policies and Procedures." Nursing Clinics of North

Applications Decision Models Supply Chain Management How
Words: 2351 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 12296195
Read Full Paper  ❯

Applications Decision Models Supply Chain Management

How will emerging web-based technologies and decision models change supply chains in the future? The response to this question has incredible stakes. It is projected that the Internet has the prospect to capture more than $1 trillion from the $7 trillion spent every year on mechanisms, supplies, and services globally (USA Today, 2008, p. I). How this will occur is a high-priority subject in many industries and companies at the moment. In this paper, I endeavor to develop our indulgent of this serious issue by developing a conceptual framework for how supply-chain companies may react to emerging technologies in order to make competitive leeway's. The model suggests that one method by which buyers and suppliers can together perk up their competitive position is to study how to intelligently incorporate the new technologies into their day by day activities and methods. This can be done…


Clark, K.B., and T. Fujimoto. Product Development Performance. Boston: Harvard Business School Press, 2001.

Eppinger, Steven D., Daniel E. Whitney Robert P. Smith, and David Gebala. 'Model-Based Method for Organizing Tasks in Product Development. Research in Engineering Design. 2006, Vol. 6, No. 1, pp. 1-13.

Fleischer, M., and J. Liker. Concurrent Engineering Effectiveness: Integrating Product Development across Organizations. Cincinnati, OH: Hanser Gardner, 2009.

Horovitz, B. Fast-Food Giant's New Plan: Hot, Juicy Made to Order. USA Today. Feb. 20, 2008, pp. B1-B2.

Mental Models in Contemporary Education
Words: 598 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 92630270
Read Full Paper  ❯

e. eading, witing, and mathematics). The othe fundamental diffeence between the taditional model and the Knowledge Age model of education petains to the actual leaning envionment and modalities that ae most beneficial to individual leanes. It ejects the assumptions that all students lean optimally in the same ways and that cuicula should be substantially unifom fo all leanes.

Relative Openness to Change

In my expeience, educatos ae moe open to ecognizing the value of incopoating some types of the multiple intelligences into the leaning model than they ae to othes. Fo example, it is one thing to tell educatos that some substantive lessons should emphasize musical o intepesonal aptitude but quite anothe to eceive the same suppot fo the poposition that bodily kinesthetic abilities ae as impotant. Likewise, many moe educatos ae open to changes incopoating cognitive behavioal issues in the design of teaching and study spaces than ae open…


Possible Mechanism for Change

One of the best mechanisms to promote changes in educational mental models would be to introduce them to the work of pioneers in education who have already documented successes in connection with implementing the same kinds of changes as those proposed. Another useful mechanism would involve acknowledging the concerns of educators in relation to their reason for opposition and collaborating to design a system that incorporated new models while guaranteeing to embrace the specific objectives or concerns that underlie the opposition to such changes.


Duffy, F.M. "Paradigms, Mental Models, and Mindsets: Triple Barriers to Transformational Change in School Systems: PART 1." International Journal of Educational Leadership Preparation, Vol. 4, No. 3 (July - September, 2009).

Leadership Capability Relation Accepted Model Leadership Management
Words: 2025 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 13210304
Read Full Paper  ❯

leadership capability relation accepted model leadership management. Part 1. 'Situational leadership redundant a task .' As a future leader teams, present arguments statement.

Situational leadership

The internal environment within economic agents is suffering dramatic changes within the modern day society and this is the result of numerous pressures from the internal and external environments, such as technology, competition or increasing demands from the various categories of stakeholders. In such a setting, the role of the leaders and managers gradually increases, as these come to portray the link between executives and employees, and they are more essential in ensuring that the firms attain their overall objectives.

As the role of leaders and managers increases, the emphasis placed on the formation of the leaders and managers must also increase. In such a setting then, the current project sets out to discuss the situational leadership model through the lenses of its applicability within…


Haydon, G., 2007, Values for educational leadership, SAGE

Humphreys, J., Zhao, D., Ingram, K., Gladstone, J., Basham, L., 2010, Situational narcissism and charismatic leadership: a conceptual framework, Journal of Behavioral and Applied Management, Vol. 11, No. 2

Ireh, M., Bailey, J., 1999, A study of superintendent's change leadership styles using the situational leadership model, American Secondary Education, Vol. 27, No. 4

2012, Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English Online,  last accessed on May 22, 2012

Substance Abuse Personal Model Section
Words: 538 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 86994806
Read Full Paper  ❯

The bottom line when using Reality Therapy is to lead the student to a place where he may take "more effective control" of his life (Mason, 6). The acronym DEP describes the procedures of Reality Therapy: (wants and needs); D (direction and doing); E (self-evaluation); and P (planning towards the goal) (Mason, 6).

A number of healthy behaviors are to be presented for -- and taught to -- the student within the Reality Therapy procedures. Those include issues dealing with survival and health; love and belonging; self-worth and power; freedom; and fun (Mason, 8). Following the presentation of those behaviors (and within each category there are bullet points that bolster that particular theme) the counselor / teacher is advised to "engage all colleagues in an ongoing honest discussion of both the cost of the work and the quality needed…" in a Lead Management Framework (LMF) (Mason, 9). Moreover, the LMF…

Works Cited

Mason, Cynthia Palmer, and Duba, Jill D. (2009). Using Reality Therapy in Schools: Its Potential Impact

on the Effectiveness of the ASCA National Model. International Journal of Reality Therapy,

XXIX (1), 1-10.

Felder-Silverman Model Is Similar to the Better-Known
Words: 764 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 34153732
Read Full Paper  ❯

Felder-Silverman model is similar to the better-known Myers Briggs model. It features four areas of personality that contribute to learning: active/reflective, sensing/intuitive, visual/verbal, and sequential/global (, 2011). It reflects the idea that different people learn in different ways, based upon the personality of the individual learner. If I could attend a training program designed around one of the learning style preferences in the Felder-Silverman model, the learning style preference that I would choose would be sensory, verbal, reflective, and global. This was actually a difficult question for me to answer, because I would generally not choose to attend a training program designed around any of the learning style preferences in the Felder-Silverman model. I find that I learn the best through reading well-prepared materials, and then having access to a trainer who can provide answers to any questions I may have after reading the material. I would much prefer that…

References (2011). Learning style models. Retrieved from: 

Coaching Learners. (2011). Felder-Silverman learning styles. Retrieved from:

Curriculum Model
Words: 680 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 84268371
Read Full Paper  ❯

Curriculum Models

Bellevue School District in Washington recently underwent series changes to its mathematics curriculum. The primary goal of these changes was to better prepare all students for college educations. Thus, the district implemented a subject-centered development model focusing on the discipline to help standardize mathematics education across the board and better prepare students for what they would encounter in college life.

In an era where college is so important, Bellevue School District wanted to ensure that all students graduating from high school within the district were properly prepared for college. According to the research, "Bellevue's goal was to create a coherent K -- 12 aligned mathematics curriculum with support structures for teachers and students to ensure all students would be prepared to attend and graduate from college" (Dana, 2008). The district is now partnering with higher education facilities to help build curriculum that prepare students for college. The changes…


Dana, Charles A. (2008). K-12 Aligned Mathematics Curriculum. Practices Worthy of Attention. Bellevue School District.

Hoeger, Jami & Roghan, Kerry. (2013). Bellevue School District Mathematics. Web.

Database Design for Invoicing using REA Data Model
Words: 770 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 16932033
Read Full Paper  ❯

In the contemporary business environment, the accounting profession has undergone a fundamental change, and the traditional accounting systems are no longer adequate to satisfy a recent accounting domain. Thus, a call has been made to expand the scope of accounting information systems. In response to the call, the REA data model was launched to support the accounting information systems. The REA data model is identified as the conceptual modeling tool that assists in designing the AIS (accounting information system) database. The REA model is specifically good to develop an invoicing and billing process.

The objective of this project is to use the REA data model to develop the database for the billing and invoicing process.

Entity Relation Diagram

The entity relation diagram is required for the database of the billing and invoicing process. The entity relation diagram is a graphical illustration to portray the database schema. The ER diagrams show…

Program Planning Models Educational Philosophy
Words: 634 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 98922132
Read Full Paper  ❯

I was able to find funding to send some teachers abroad for training courses and have used technology to connect with educators abroad over the Internet. I have organized workshops to clarify the aims and strategy of the program to teachers, to encourage them to get 'on board' and believe in the curriculum changes.

A child's education must entail more than memorization or even passing standardized exams. Education must open a student's mind, and the teacher is the key to unlock the mystery of a student's inherent gifts. Teachers must guide a child's life and foster every child's innate passion for learning, before the child learns that school is not supposed to be 'cool' or fun. As an instructor of science teachers, I stress that all children are innate experimenters and lovers of science, until the children learn they 'should be' otherwise: it is the mission of every science teacher…

Application Quality Improvement Models Organizations Systems Part
Words: 1294 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 96765389
Read Full Paper  ❯

Application Quality Improvement Models Organizations Systems, Part I Analysis equired esources eadings Course Text: Applying Quality Management HealthCare: A Systems Approach eview Chapter 9, "Improving Processes Implementing

oot cause analysis

According to Nicolini (2011)

the first step in CA is identifying the incident to be analyzed. This step requires for the problem or incident to be clearly defined and identified. Identifying the problem will assist in determining what caused the incident and how the incident occurred. In the case study, the mother requested for pain medication, and this was within her right. The nurse performed the request, and it was approved by the pharmacist, but the incident occurred when the nurse did not check the IV line correctly. The nurse confused the infants IV line with the mothers, which resulted in the infant been administered with Morphine. This should be an indicator, and it should be recorded as a fact.…


Brown, J.E., Smith, N., & Sherfy, B.R. (2011). Decreasing mislabeled laboratory specimens using barcode technology and bedside printers. Journal of Nursing Care Quality, 26(1), 13-21.

Brunner, L.S., & Suddarth, D.S. (1986). The Lippincott Manual of Nursing Practice. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania J.B. Lippincott Company.

Cooper, M.R., Duquette, C.E., McWilliams, T., Orsini, M., & Klein, A.A. (2009). The unintended consequences of being friendly: A case study. Journal for Healthcare Quality: Promoting Excellence in Healthcare, 31(5), 43-47.

Nicolini, D., Waring, J., & Mengis, J. (2011). Policy and practice in the use of root cause analysis to investigate clinical adverse events: Mind the gap. Social Science & Medicine, 73(2), 217-225.

Chinese' Food and the Model Minority Study
Words: 3511 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 34083204
Read Full Paper  ❯

Chinese' Food and the Model Minority study in ethnic cuisine and culture, marginalization and commercialization, and the paradox of exoticism.

The anthropological theme studied for this work was that of the ethnic compromises and paradoxes inherent in creating a "Chinese" restaurant in America, for Americans. In every English speaking country from England to Canada, Chinese food is a huge business. For many immigrants it is one of the only businesses ready and willing to take them in. Most Chinese restaurants strive to present themselves as cultural representations where the American connoisseur can have a legitimate cross-cultural experience. The more I researched the actual traditions of Chinese and Asian cuisine and the way in which Western prejudices and expectations shape the presentation of this experience, the more it became apparent that --like so many other cultural phenomena-- the cultural relevance of the Chinese-food experience is far from untainted. Repeated immersion at…


About, Inc. "Eating Patterns: You call this Progress?" What You Need To Know About.

2003. Accessed at

Hung-Youn, Cho. "Traditional Way of Life in East Asia." Korea Focus Vol.9 No.1. 2000.

Acessed at

Bruner's Constructivist Theory and the Conceptual Paradigms
Words: 3441 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Literature Review Chapter Paper #: 3905232
Read Full Paper  ❯

Bune's constuctivist theoy and the conceptual paadigms of Kolb's Expeiential Leaning theoy dawing on the associated theoies ae Kinesthetic and Embodied Leaning. As also noted in the intoductoy chapte, the guiding eseach question fo this study was, "What ae the caee paths fo teaching atists seeking to deploy into the field of community at and development?" To develop timely and infomed answes to this eseach question, this chapte povides a eview of the elevant pee-eviewed and scholaly liteatue concening these theoetical famewoks to investigate the diffeent caee paths teaching atists seek to deploy into the field of community at and development, including ceative community building and adult community centes such as woking with Alzheime's Disease and stoke victims.

Adult Leaning Theoies

Kolb's Expeiential Leaning Theoy. Thee ae a wide aay of theoetical models that can be used to identify and bette undestand teaching and leaning pefeences by educatos and students,…

references to improve coaching and athletic performance: Are your players or students kinesthetic learners? The Journal of Physical

Education, Recreation & Dance, 80(3), 30-34.

Fowler, J. (2013, March). Art rescue in a troubled world. Arts & Activities, 153(2), 36-39.

Kerka, S. (2002). Somatic/embodied learning and adult education: Trends and issues alert. ERIC

Kessler, R. (2000). The soul of education: Helping students find connection, compassion, and character at school. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum

Analyzing Community Mental Health Recovery Model
Words: 3285 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Paper #: 74650107
Read Full Paper  ❯

Community Mental Health "ecovery Model"

What is the recovery orientation/paradigm model of treatment?

A mental health ecovery Model is a treatment alternative in which the service delivery is such that clients have the primary and final decision-making ability over their own treatment. This is unlike the majority of most conventional forms of treatment, in which physicians have the primary control over decisions or clients are just consulted as a formality. The underlying principle of the ecovery Model is that if a client is empowered to have greater choice and control over their service delivery, then he or she will have a greater incentive and drive to take increased initiative and control of their lives (NASW Practice Snapshot: The Transformation of the Mental Health System, 2006).

b. What is the medical model and what are the differences between the medical model and the recovery model of treatment?

A mental health medical…


(MHALA) Mental Health America of Los Angeles (2002) Retrieved 19 January 2016 from

(SAMHSA) Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (2015). Treatments for Mental Disorders Retrieved 19 January 2016 from 

Buckley, P., M.D., Bahmiller, D., M.D., Kenna, C. A., M.S., Shevitz, S., M.D., Powell, I., & Fricks, L. (2007). Resident education and perceptions of recovery in serious mental illness: Observations and commentary. Academic Psychiatry, 31(6), 435-8. Retrieved from 

Duckworth, K. (2015). NAMI: National Alliance on Mental Illness -- Science Meets the Human Experience: Integrating the Medical and Recovery Models. Retrieved January 19, 2016, from

Principal-Agent Model in Economics and Political Science
Words: 12148 Length: 45 Pages Document Type: Dissertation Paper #: 52622125
Read Full Paper  ❯

Principal-Agent Model in Economics and Political Science

The international political perspectives of free trade

A Global Analysis

International Trade Impact on Tunisia

The Export of agricultural products

International trade and development of Tunisia

Balance in the Trade egime

Imports and exports of Tunisia



Coping With External and Internal Pressures

The Common External Tariff (CET)

Safeguard Measures

Anti-Dumping Duties (ADDs) and Countervailing Duties (CVDs)

ules of origin

The New Commercial Policy Instrument

Sector Based Aspects

GATT/WTO's Main Principles

Non-discriminatory trade

Multilateral negotiation and free trade

The Trading Policies of European Union

Critical Political Economy


The Gross Domestic Product of Tunisia

The eal Data Analysis of Import Export Companies in Tunisia

The Smith Co Company

The Softkim and Lovers Limited

The Impact of Free Trade on Tunisia Trading 43

Findings 44

Conclusion 44

eferences 46



Africa, the Caribbean, and the Pacific


Alternative Mediterranean Conference




Bhagwati, J. (2002). Free Trade Today. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press. Retrieved August 15, 2011, from Questia database: 

Bhote, K.R. (2002). The Ultimate Six Sigma: Beyond Quality Excellence to Total Business Excellence. New York: AMACOM. Retrieved August 15, 2011, from Questia database: 

Campbell, B. (1993). 3 A Canadian Labor Perspective on a North American Free Trade Agreement. In The North American Free Trade Agreement Labor, Industry, and Government Perspectives, Bognanno, M.F. & Ready, K.J. (Eds.) (pp. 61-68). Westport, CT: Praeger. Retrieved August 15, 2011, from Questia database: 

Conti, D.B. (1998). Reconciling Free Trade, Fair Trade, and Interdependence: The Rhetoric of Presidential Economic Leadership. Westport, CT: Praeger. Retrieved August 15, 2011, from Questia database:

Application of a Pedagogic Model to the Teaching of Technology to Special Education Students
Words: 60754 Length: 230 Pages Document Type: Dissertation Paper #: 60817292
Read Full Paper  ❯

Pedagogic Model for Teaching of Technology to Special Education Students

Almost thirty years ago, the American federal government passed an act mandating the availability of a free and appropriate public education for all handicapped children. In 1990, this act was updated and reformed as the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, which itself was reformed in 1997. At each step, the goal was to make education more equitable and more accessible to those with special educational needs. During the last presidential term, the "No Child Left Behind" Act attempted to assure that individuals with disabilities were increasingly mainstreamed and assured of high educational results. All of these legislative mandates were aimed at insuring that children with disabilities were not defrauded of the public education which has become the birthright of all American children. The latest reforms to IDEA, for example, provided sweeping reforms which not only expanded the classification of special…

Psychoanalytic Model Object Relations
Words: 3548 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 18922496
Read Full Paper  ❯

Psychoanalytic Model (Object elations)

In this paper, the object relations psychoanalytic model will be employed for solving a family issue; the family in question is taken from movie. The paper will further delineate key object relations concepts, the theory's assumptions, and its application to the aforementioned movie.

The chosen model

The object relations concept is a variant of the psychoanalytic theory, which deviates from the idea held by Sigmund Freud that mankind is driven by acts of aggression and that of sexual drives. Instead, psychoanalytic theory proposes the notion that man is primarily driven by a need to forge relationships with others (i.e. contact). Object relations therapists aim to aid clients in uncovering early mental pictures that can further any current problems in their associations with other people, and adapt them to improve interpersonal performance.

Basic Concepts in Object elations

The word 'object' in the object relations concept does not…


Balk, D. (1996). Models for understanding adolescent coping with bereavement. Death Studies, 20: 367-387.

___. (1990). The self-concepts of bereaved adolescents: Sibling death and its aftermath. Journal of Adolescent Research, 5(1): 112-132.

Bowlby, J. (1988). A secure base: Parent-child attachment and healthy human development. New York: Basic Books.

Daniel, V. (2007, October). Object Relations Theory. Retrieved from Sonoma State University:

Business Model Framework to Analyse the Impact
Words: 893 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 8966635
Read Full Paper  ❯

Business Model Framework to Analyse the Impact of eBusiness on an Existing Business by Susan Lambert. This was published at the Collecter Conference 2007, held December 9-11th in Australia. The article attempts to "demonstrate that a business model framework that affords primacy of concept to the value proposition and that follows the rules of the object-oriented paradigm can be useful in evaluating e-business initiatives." The wording of this objective obfuscates the nature of the study, which appears to be that the use of models can help to understand why e-business initiatives succeed or failure in established companies. The author wastes considerable space on superfluous information, such as three pages defining "primacy of concept," and this further obfuscates the findings of the work. The author's conceptual background is then applied not to a study but to a singular anecdote.

The author's base question revolves around finding ways to determine the success…

Works Cited:

Lambert, S. (2007). A Business Model Framework to Analyse the Impact of eBusiness on an Existing Business. Collecter Conference 9-11 December 2007, Australia.

Kimery, K. & Amirkhalkhali, S. (2008). Cultural Differences in the Adoption of Electronic Commerce: A Comparison of Japan and the United States. EABR & TLC Conference Proceedings, Rothenburg, Germany, 2008.

Relationship Model Should Build Up in the
Words: 505 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 47262162
Read Full Paper  ❯

Relationship Model Should Build Up in the Following Structure or Order:

Student to the billing counter

Billing counter to the understanding of registration

Registration to verification of subjects and courses

Authorize if the student has finished prescribed courses

Confirmation from the corresponding course coordinators

Final billing contrived on the student to make payment of his/her fees.

In this unmitigated routine one has to comprehend what the needs of the student are and then one must bill him/her as per the fulfillment of the course in which he/she is certain to engage. There should not be a dark system of billing everyone without any function. Consequently, in this example, the affirmation of subjects and needs must be elucidated at all details.

Agile methods are flexible in constitution. Their quality is to take in and adapt variation. Another thing to note is the agile processes core on people rather than process so…

Multiple Levels of Analysis Models for Single-Level
Words: 1333 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 92549835
Read Full Paper  ❯

Multiple Levels of Analysis

Models for single-level and multi-level research

Multiple levels of analysis in organizational research:

Advantages and disadvantages to using this approach

Given today's increasingly complex organizational structures, equally nuanced levels of organizational research are required to ensure a full and comprehensive portrait of the environment. Different approaches have been created to deal with the need for organizational complexity. Two dominant approaches are that of multilevel and comparative approaches, both of which "present rather distinct traditions in organization studies, each with its own epistemological assumptions and associated methods" (Lacey & Fiss 2009: 3). Organizations can be compared with other organizations as a whole or they can be compared in terms of their different internal 'levels.' According to the multilevel approach organizations are made up of a series of interconnected individuals, dyads, groups, organizations, industries, markets, and other components based upon the belief that "to examine organizational phenomena is…


Kidwell, R.E., Mossholder, K.E., and Bennett, N. (1997) Cohesiveness and organizational citizenship behavior: a multilevel analysis using work groups and individuals. Journal of Management, 26.7: 775.

Klein, K. & Kozlowski, S. (2003). A multilevel approach to theory and research in organizations: Contextual, temporal, and emergent processes. Multilevel Theory, Research, and Methods in Organizations: Foundations, Extensions, and New Directions

Lacey, R, & Fiss, P. (2009). Comparative organizational analysis across multiple levels: A set theoretic approach. From Studying differences between organizations: Comparative approaches to organizational research. B. King, T. Felin, & D. Whetten. (Ed).

Research in the Sociology of Organizations, 26. Bingley, UK: Emerald/JA. Retrieved:

Psychology Models Since Sigmund Freud
Words: 2736 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 77173873
Read Full Paper  ❯

Therefore, it is necessary to account for the acquisition of habits.

Due to certain limitations of the behaviorism approach, there have been revisions to the theory over the century. For example, although behaviorism helped people to forecast, alter, and change behavior over time, it did not attempt nor intend to understand how or why the theory worked. The present-day social cognitive approach asserts that behavior is results from an ongoing reciprocal three-way relationship among the individual (cognition), the environment (physical context, which consists of the organizational structure and design, social context or other people), and the person's past behavior. This broader view, called cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) incorporates the cognitive in addition to the behavioral approaches to therapy and view people "as active seekers and interpreters of information, not just responders to environmental influences" (Nevid, 2007, p. 484). Many psychologists now believe that behavior is understood best by studying the…

References Cited:

Fall, K.A., Holden, J.M. & Marquis, A. (2004) Theoretical models of counseling and psychotherapy New York: Taylor and Francis.

Freud, Sigmund. (1926). Inhibitions, symptoms, and anxiety, SE, 20(14): 111-205.

Kohlenberg, R.J., Bolling, M.Y., Kanter, J.W. & Parker, C.R. (2002) Clinical behavior analysis: where it went wrong, how it was made good again, and why its future is so bright. Behavior Analyst Today. 3(3): 248-253

Martz, E (2002) Principles of Eastern philosophies viewed from the framework of Yalom's four existential concerns. International Journal for the Advancement of Counseling. 24(1): 31-42

Service Quality of Singapore Airline
Words: 1774 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Article Review Paper #: 95444893
Read Full Paper  ❯

Service Quality of Singapore Airline

The focus of this work in writing is the examination of the SERVQUAL model as it applies to a case study of Singapore Airlines in regards to service quality and the application of a conceptual model of service quality. This study will additionally explain the gap in service quality between firm and customer.

The work of Prayag and Dookhony-Ramphul (2010) report that the SERVQUAL model "is still the most widely used scale for measuring service quality. The SERVQUAL scale has been applied to airlines, hotels, financial services, health care, and the public sector." (p.3) uttle (1995) reports that SERVQUAL makes provision of a technology "for measuring and managing service quality (SQ). Since 1985, when the technology was first published, its innovators Parasuraman, Zeithaml and erry, have further developed, promulgated and promoted the technology through a series of publications." (p.8) It is reported that the AI/Inform…


Buttle, F. (1995) SERVQUAL: Review, Critique, Research Agenda. European Journal of Marketing 30,1. Oct 1994.

Parasuraman, A., Zeithaml, V.A. And Berry, L.L. (1985), "A conceptual model of service quality and its implication," Journal of Marketing, Vol. 49, Fall, pp. 41-50.

Parasuraman, A., Zeithaml, V.A. And Berry, L.L. (1986), "SERVQUAL: a multiple-item scale for measuring customer perceptions of service quality," Report No. 86-108, Marketing Science Institute, Cambridge, MA.

Parasuraman, A., Zeithaml, V.A. And Berry, L.L. (1988), "SERVQUAL: a multi-item scale for measuring consumer perceptions of the service quality," Journal of Retailing, Vol. 64, No. 1, pp. 12-40.

Pro Con Neutral Characteristics for Ethical or
Words: 365 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 37838569
Read Full Paper  ❯

Con: This approach can be excessively rigid and fail to take into consideration social nuances

Neutral: Kant, the developer of the categorical imperative and the founding father of this ideology, saw his view as a kind of middle path -- he did not believe that all actions set moral laws for all time, but that some types of moral principles should remain inviolate.

Virtue ethics or human nature moral theory

Pro: This stresses the need to be a good person, to make good moral decisions. It focuses on the good that 'doing good' can provide both for the actor and the subject of moral decision-making.

Con: Good people, even when they believe they are doing the right thing, can engage in actions that have very negative moral consequences.

Neutral: Virtue ethics has come into prominence in recent decades, perhaps because of the increasing focus upon the 'self' in modern culture,…

Nursing Premise for Healthcare Delivery
Words: 1632 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 76466247
Read Full Paper  ❯

One of the major theoretical models for healthcare delivery is the Parse theory of human becoming, created by Rosemarie Rizzo Parse—originally titled the man-living-health theory (2011). This theory focuses on healthcare and the human through the lens of quality of life. This theoretical premise for delivering and receiving healthcare was able to gain steam as a result of its alternative to the more standard bio-medical method and the biological-psychological-social and spiritual method contained in the bulk of other theories of nursing. This theory has enjoyed much attention and use when delivering healthcare as a result of the fact that it views quality of life as all relative to a person’s viewpoint.
Main assumptions of Human Becoming Theory
Human becoming allows one to select specific meaning in situations within the realm of human experience. Reality is the culmination of lived experiences. A sometimes nebulous process of co-creation occurs via…

Theoretical Foundations of Nursing Nursing Can Be
Words: 4161 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 25325887
Read Full Paper  ❯

Theoretical Foundations of Nursing:

Nursing can be described as a science and practice that enlarges adaptive capabilities and improves the transformation of an individual and the environment. This profession focuses on promoting health, improving the quality of life, and facilitating dying with dignity. The nursing profession has certain theoretical foundations that govern the nurses in promoting adaptation for individuals and groups. These theoretical foundations include theories, theory integration, reflection, research and practice, and assimilation.

Grand Nursing Theory:

There are several grand nursing theories that were developed by various theorists including the Science of Unitary Human Beings by Martha ogers, Sister Callista oy's Adaptation Model, and Systems Model by Betty Neuman. Sister Callista oy's Adaptation Model is based on the consideration of the human being as an open system. She argues that the system reacts to environmental stimuli via cognator and regulator coping techniques for individuals. On the other hand, the…


American Sentinel (2012). 5 Steps for Nurses to Stay Updated with Health Care Changes.

Retrieved September 4, 2013, from 

Andershed, B. & Olsson, K. (2009). Review of Research Related to Kristen Swanson's Middle-range Theory of Caring. Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, 23, 598-610.

"Application of Theory in Nursing Process." (2012, January 28). Nursing Theories: A

System Concepts Company Overview Complete Solutions Plc
Words: 2470 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 13716465
Read Full Paper  ❯

System Concepts

Company Overview

Complete Solutions plc (CS) is a successful organization specializing in IT consultancy business with annual turnover of £40 millions. The company is located at North of England with branches in the U.S. And France. Established in 1980, the company was taken over by a larger company, and the take-over bid led to the rapid expansion of the company. Complete Solution has several sections with approximately 400 users in the UK divisions. The company internal services are based in Manchester with the Training Solutions (TS) consultancy section, Sales, and Marketing section. The overall services of Complete Solution consists of the IT consultancy service as well as selling of hardware and software, training and recruitment, software development and, outsourced services. The other services provided by the Complete Solution are consultancy services. With rapid expansion that the company is enjoying, the Complete Solution is planning to go public by…


CO3601 System Concepts (nd).Soft Systems Methodology Case Study: Complete Solutions

Checkland, P.(1985). Achieving 'Desirable and Feasible' Change: An Application of Soft Systems Methodology ST. The Journal of the Operational Research Society. 36(9): 821-831.

Gasson, S. (1995). The Role of Methodologies in IT-Related Organizational changes. Proceedings of BCS Specialist Group on IS Methodologies, 3rd Annual Conference.

Simonsen, J. (1994).Soft Systems Methodology. Computer Science/Roskilde University.

Community Health Promotion Project Design
Words: 1937 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 77784666
Read Full Paper  ❯

Caregivers of Alzheimer's Patients

Community Health Promotion Project Design

As we have discovered in the first part of the study, Alzheimer's is a major health issue for the population of seniors 65 years and older. Alzheimers costs taxpayers and individuals billions of dollars for the provision of care for those who can no longer care for themselves. Alzheimer's is an expensive disease and many times it is the family who must bear much of the expense. We found that the financial strain of caring for someone who has Alzheimer's creates an incredible amount of stress on family members. However, we also found that perhaps even greater than the financial strain, Alzheimer's places in incredible load on the family as they are usually the ones who must care for their family member.

The aggregate for this study consists of family members who must care for other members of the family who…


Belle SH, Czaja SJ, & Schulz R, (2003). "Using a new taxonomy to combine the uncombinable: Integrating results across diverse interventions." Psychology and Aging. 18:396 -- 405

Gitlin LN, Belle SH, & Burgio LD, et al. (2003). "Effect of multicomponent interventions on caregiver burden and depression: The REACH multisite initiative at 6-month follow-up." Psychology and Aging. 2003;18:361 -- 374.

Wisniewski, S., Belle, S. & Marcus, S. et al. (2003). The resources for enhancing old climbers caregiver health (REACH): project design and baseline characteristics. Psychological Aging. 18 (3), 375-384.

Ways of Knowing
Words: 1325 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 55666574
Read Full Paper  ❯

ules & Ways of Knowing

The author of this report is asked to answer several questions as they relate to the current nursing classes that the author is taking. The first question is the role of scholarly during an APN/DNP program. The second question asks the author to discuss the interest the author has in the selected role and degree in question. A sub-section of that question is whether the role in question meets the APN consensus statement, what professional organizations offer certification in the applicable certification role and what the criteria are for any applicable industry exams. Next up will be a selection and explanation of an APN conceptual framework for practice. After that will be an explanation of the ways of knowing and how they influence the author's current practice. What will follow that is an identification and explanation of the author's preferred paradigm. Last will be a…


BCEN. (2014, June 3). Get Certified CEN ®. CEN BCEN. Retrieved June 3,

2014, from 

Duke. (2014, June 3). FAQ's. Duke School of Nursing. Retrieved June 3, 2014, from

MUN. (2014, June 3). Conceptual Model. School of Nursing. Retrieved June 3, 2014,

Social Commerce in Saudi Arabia
Words: 4858 Length: 14 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 92162537
Read Full Paper  ❯

Social Commerce in Saudi Arabia: How the Social Media Affect the E-Commerce in Saudi Arabia


Conceptual Framework Model

Social Media

Psychological Aspect and Theories


Digital Divide in Saudi Arabia

Ethos, eligious conviction, and Government in E-commerce Adoption

The ise of the P Industry in Saudi Arabia

Conceptual Model and esearch Hypothesis (Drawing)

esearch Contribution

Social Commerce in Saudi Arabia

Modern Saudi Arabia today actually represents an exceptional and convergent mixture of social conservatism and technological ability, a wonderful alteration from a remote, desert land that it was just something like 50 years ago. As social media is turning out to be increasingly prevalent in Saudi Arabia, online marketers are starting capitalizing in methods that service social media and include online customers. In Saudi Arabia Online marketers' adoption of new online marking trends is being prompted by discoveries that show individuals are spending great amounts…


Anderson, M. (2013). Turning "like" to "Buy" Social Media Emerges as a Commerce Channel. Booz & Company, 23-56.

Assad, S.W. (2009). The rise of consumerism in saudi arabian society. International Journal of Commerce & Management,, 73-104.

Bahaddad, A.A. (2013). Attracting customer in saudi arabia to buy from your business online. . International Journal of Business and Management, 65-81.

Brock, C. (2014). F-COMMERCE AND THE CRUCIAL ROLE OF TRUST. Online Communities and Digital Collaborations, 1-11.

Unitary Human Beings an Examination
Words: 2710 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 76639135
Read Full Paper  ❯

The holistic view of the human being (i.e. The patient) and the environment is in some ways an echo of the holistic nature of the theory itself, which quite consciously and explicitly attempted to develop a theory appropriate to all aspects and situations of nursing. Because the Science of Unitary Human Beings was developed essentially from the ground up in such a conscious and comprehensive manner, it would be practically impossible for internal inconsistencies to exist.

Theoretical Significance

Just as the scope of ogers' Science of Unitary Human Beings is difficult to overstate, it is equally difficult to overestimate the impact that this theory has had on the field of nursing. Its contributions to both nursing practice and scholarship have been enormous, and as the theory continues to evolve and develop under the guidance of new scholars and practitioners its significance only grows (Butcher 2008). ogers was not the first…


Butcher, H. (2008). "Progress in the explanatory power of the science of unitary human beings." Visions, 15(2), pp. 23-36.

Farren, a. (2009). "An oncology case study demonstrating the use of Roger's science of the unitary human being and standardized nursing language." International journal of nursing terminologies and classifications 20(1), pp. 34-9.

Kim, T. (2008). "Science of unitary human beings: An update on research." Nursing science quarterly21(4), pp. 294-99.

Malinski, V. (2008). "Research diversity from the perspective of the science of unitary human beings." Nursing science quarterly21(4), pp. 291-3.

Components Contemporary Nursing Knowledge The Article Include
Words: 987 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 56065054
Read Full Paper  ❯

components contemporary nursing knowledge. The article include: • Concept triangulation • Metaparadigms • Philosophies • Conceptual models theory.

Nursing concept: The relational theory of nursing

According to the article "A theory of the relational work of nurses" by Daniela Terrizzi DeFrino from esearch and Theory for Nursing Practice, because nursing has always been conceptualized as a 'caring' profession in a demeaning fashion, quite often some nurses are apt to deemphasize this aspect of their work. This is particularly true in the modern, time and cost-conscious healthcare environment, where the relational aspects of healthcare treatment are discounted. "The relational work exists but is, as a general rule, taken for granted as 'nice' and not valued as the skillful and effective process that it is. It is valued neither by nurses explicitly nor by management in general" (DeFrino 2010: 294). This article asks an important question: in the new world of healthcare,…


DeFrino, Daniela Terrizzi "A theory of the relational work of nurses." Research and Theory for Nursing Practice, 23 (4): 294-311. Retrieved from November 24, 2010 at

Snelling Anastasia M Casey Korba & Alyvia
Words: 869 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Annotated Bibliography Paper #: 27233494
Read Full Paper  ❯

Snelling, Anastasia M.; Casey Korba; & Alyvia Burkey. (2007). The National School Lunch and competitive food offerings and purchasing behaviors of high school students. Journal of School Health, 77 (10): 701-705.

Obesity is one of the most serious complaints facing American schoolchildren today. Precisely how to treat this concern remains a point of contention amongst our nation's politicians, educators, and nutritionists. Students eat a large proportion of their calories in school. Given the importance of the school lunch program in providing food for the nation's poorest children (the subsidized National School Lunch program serves over 28 million schoolchildren a day) and the role of schools in shaping students' diets, the potential of cafeteria dining to affect students' current and future purchasing patterns is important. Current evidence suggests that student's choices today are poorer than they were years ago, before obesity rates began to climb. The authors of the study "The…


Snelling, Anastasia M.; Casey Korba; & Alyvia Burkey. (2007). The National School Lunch and competitive food offerings and purchasing behaviors of high school students. Journal of School Health, 77 (10): 701-705.

Picky Nursing 518 Quantitative Critique
Words: 1160 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 4537057
Read Full Paper  ❯



Identification and Control of Extraneous Variables

What are the extraneous variables in this study? (1)

In what way(s) were appropriate measures used to control for the influence of the extraneous variables? (1)


Study Instruments/Tools

Identify the type of each measurement strategy (i.e. Likert scale, visual analog scale, physiological Measure, questionnaire, observation, or interview). (1)

Identify the level of measurement (nominal, ordinal, interval/ratio) achieved by each measurement strategy. (1)

Discuss how the instrument was developed or purpose of use. (1)

Report the reliability of each instrument from previous studies and the current study. (1)

Report the validity of each instrument from previous studies and the current study. (1)


Data Collection Methods

If appropriate, identify the intervention protocol. (2)

Detail how the data were collected. (2)

In what way(s) is the data collection procedures appropriate for this study? (2)

In what way were appropriate steps taken to protect…

Ecmo Extra Corporeal Membrane Oxygenation
Words: 1139 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 28119900
Read Full Paper  ❯

However, the research will also help show how much improved technologies and staff would cost healthcare organizations.


The conceptual model of the research is a cross-sectional examination of databases from multiple healthcare institutions. The research design is exploratory in nature. By examining the databases of hospitals throughout the United States and Canada, the researchers will highlight the outcomes of neonates with heart and lung failure in various health care settings. The hospitals will be tabulated according to their inventory of ECMO machines and related devices such as VADs. Technology is only one of the components or variables taken into account for this research. esearchers also tabulated the areas of specialization of the medical staff, to show how many staff members specialized in the use of ECMO on infant populations. When the data was aggregated, it was compared with data related to patient outcomes. In particular, a total of 2,…


Blume, E., Naftel, D.C., Bastardi, H.J., Duncan, B.W., Kirklin, J.K., Webber, S.A. (2006). Outcomes of Children Bridged to Heart Transplantation With Ventricular Assist Devices. Circulation. 2006; 113: 2313-2319

"An Introduction to Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation (ECMO)" (n.d.). Retrieved online: 

"Introduction to ECMO for Parents," (n.d.). Retrieved online:

Thakar, D.R., Sinha, A.C., & Wenker, O.C. (2001). Concepts Of Neonatal ECMO . The Internet Journal of Perfusionists. 2001 Volume 1 Number 2.

How the CTE Structure Can be Used by Nursing Researchers
Words: 1141 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 24784592
Read Full Paper  ❯

Theoretical-Empirical Structure (CTE) Evaluation of the oy Adaptation Model

There are a number of valuable outcomes that can be achieved using conceptual models, theories, and empirical indicators for advanced nursing practice, including the application of models or theories to real-world nursing practice, research, and education. To develop some first-hand experience in this area, this paper examines how the Conceptual-Theoretical-Empirical (CTE) structure translates into nursing practice based on the oy Adaptation Model. A translation and application of this theory to nursing practice using actual examples is followed by a summary of the research and important findings concerning the CTE structure and its implications for nursing practice in the conclusion.

Evaluation of the conceptual-theoretical-empirical linkages

There is an inextricable linkage between the conceptual, theoretical and empirical models that can help guide its application to nursing practice, research and education. For instance, according to Fawcett (2009), "It is impossible to conduct nursing research…


Alkrisat, M. & Dee, V. (2014, December 1). The validation of the coping and adaptation processing scale based on the Roy Adaptation Model. Journal of Nursing Measurement, 22(3), 368-370.

Cowling, R. W. & Taliaferro, D. (2004, Fall). Emergence of a healing-caring perspective: Contemporary conceptual and theoretical directions. Journal of Theory Construction and Testing, 8(2), 54-58.

Fawcett, J. (2009, September/December). Using the Roy Adaptation Model to guide research and/or practice: Construction of conceptual-theoretical-empirical systems of knowledge. Aquichan, 9(3), 16-21.

Smith, M. C. (2001, March/April). Analysis and evaluation of contemporary nursing knowledge: Nursing models and theories. Nursing and Health Care Perspectives, 22(2), 92-95.

Herzbergs Two Factor Motivational Theory
Words: 699 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 84370017
Read Full Paper  ❯

Conceptual Framework: Herzberg’s Two-Factor Motivation Theory
The management theorist Frederick Herzberg, writing in the 1950s, conceptualized job satisfaction and motivation as encompassing two dimensions. The first factor pertained to hygiene, which Herzberg defined as essential components of the workplace that were not intrinsically motivating to stimulate the employee to perform at a higher level, but which were still necessary to create a healthy attitude towards work. Hygiene factors include salary, benefits, working conditions, policies, the quality of the supervision, and the quality of interpersonal relations with colleagues. (Syptak, Marsland, & Ulmer, 1999). Motivational factors, however, include the intrinsic rewards of the work itself and the delights of taking on additional responsibilities. “Motivators…create satisfaction by fulfilling individuals' needs for meaning and personal growth” (Syptak, et al., 1999, p.26). It must be stressed the Herzberg believed that hygiene factors must be addressed; employees cannot be expected to endure intolerable conditions and be…

Damij, N., Levnaji?, Z., Rejec Skrt, V., & Suklan, J. (2015). What motivates us for work? PloS one, 10(7), e0132641. 
Herzberg’s motivation theory—two factor theory. (2018). Expert Program Management (EPM). Retrieved from: 
Juneja, P. (2020). Herzberg’s two factor theory of motivation. Management Study Guide. Retrieved from: 
Syptak, J.M., Marsland, D.W., & Ulmer, D. (1999). Job satisfaction: Putting theory into practice. Family Practice Management,6(9):26. Retrieved from: 
Uchmanowicz, I., Manulik, S., Lomper, K., Rozensztrauch, A., Zborowska, A., Kolasi?ska, J., & Rosi?czuk, J. (2019). Life satisfaction, job satisfaction, life orientation and occupational burnout among nurses and midwives in medical institutions in Poland: a cross-sectional study. BMJ open, 9(1), e024296. 

Training Needs Analysis Practices for Managers A
Words: 17400 Length: 60 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 42802134
Read Full Paper  ❯

Training Needs Analysis Practices for Managers: A Study of Saudi Arabia Private Firms

Training needs analysis (TNA) is defined by Mabey and Salman (1995:158) as a "process of collecting data which allows an organization to identify and compare its actual level with its desired level of performance." The authors also indicate that this performance could be interpreted as meaning the competencies and attitude necessary for the staff to do the job effectively. Moreover, Armstrong (1996:536) states that "training needs assessment is partly concerned with finding the gap between what is happening and what should happen.. This is what has to be filled by training ." Figure (1.1) depicts this gap.


The training Gap











Source: Armstrong (1996)


Metrics to Measure the Effectiveness of Is
Words: 1175 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 67764043
Read Full Paper  ❯

metrics to measure the effectiveness of IS and IT values within an organization. The paper provides the differences between Effectiveness IT metrics and Efficiency IT metrics. The financial indicators and technical indicators are used to measure the IT values within IT department. The paper also draws the examples of conceptual model and IS success model in assessing the IS value in the IT department. The traditional financial ratio such as eturn on Equity (OE), and economic value which include level of productivity, increase in profitability and improvement in data accuracy have also been used to measure IT value.

In a contemporary business environment, Information Technology (IT) has become a powerful tool that business employs to achieve competitive advantages. IT improves time-to-market, enhance product quality, and decision support system. While firms incur substantial costs on IT to enhance business performances, measurement of IT investment is essential to examine the extent the…


Bardhan, I. Krishnan, V. & Lin, S. (2004). A Model to Measure the Business Value of Information Technology: The Case of Project and Information Work. INFORMS and DSI conferences, and seminar.

Chung, S.H. & Rainer, R.K. & Lewis, B.R. (2006).The Impact of Information Technology Infrastructure Flexibility on Strategic Alignment and Applications Implementation. College of Business Eastern Michigan University.

DeLone, W.H. & McLean, E.R. (2003). The DeLone and McLean Model of Information Systems Success: A Ten-Year Update. Journal of Management Information Systems. 19(4): 9 -- 30.

Malec, B.T. (2009).Measuring the Economic Value of IT Investments:

Ability of an Organization to
Words: 10330 Length: 40 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 26969335
Read Full Paper  ❯

Customer centricity then can also have a significant impact on the perspective an organization has of its market and the opportunities inherent within it and other, tangential and territory market areas as well. This aspect of blue ocean strategies being driven by customer's perspectives, preferences, unmet needs and wants further underscores its inherent value and also its usefulness from a strategy perspective. The ability to find uncontested markets, which is a key aspect of blue ocean strategies, is predicated on how customer-centric an organization is as well (Kim, Mauborgne, 2004). The concept of a blue ocean strategy is one of finding an untested market space and exploiting it not through massive amounts of esearch & Development (&D) spending, but through the development of innovative approaches to anticipating and responding to current and future customer needs. As a result, blue oceans or uncontested markets are often found by more customer-centric organizations,…


Anderson, S., Baggett, L., & Widener, S.. (2009). The Impact of Service Operations Failures on Customer Satisfaction: Evidence on How Failures and Their Source Affect What Matters to Customers. Manufacturing & Service Operations Management, 11(1), 52-69.

Josh Bernoff, Charlene Li. (2008). Harnessing the Power of the Oh-So-Social Web. MIT Sloan Management Review, 49(3), 36-42.

Braff, a., & DeVine, J.. (2009). Maintaining the customer experience. The McKinsey Quarterly,(1), 58.

Bala Chakravarthy, & Peter Lorange. (2007). Continuous renewal, and how Best Buy did it. Strategy & Leadership, 35(6), 4-11. Retrieved March 31, 2010, from ABI/INFORM Complete. (Document ID: 1369380701).

Grand or Mid Range Theory
Words: 3055 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 90388700
Read Full Paper  ❯

ange Theory


Middle ange Theory of Spiritual Well Being in Illness

Nurse meta-theorists have recently been very much concerned about the different seasons of the patient's life, which has supported and promoted the development of middle range theories in the field of nursing. This is due to the reason that these theories focus on the specific health and illness issues instead of discussing the general issues. These specific health and illness issues focused in the mid range theories are extremely important for the practicing nurses as they spotlight on the particular problem and its solution.

History of Theory Development in Nursing

The practicing nurses started incorporating the nursing theories into their research and practically applying them to real situations during 1970s and 1980s. Majority of the early nursing theories fall in the category of grand theories of nursing because the concepts that described…


Barss, K. (2012). T.R.U.S.T: An affirming model for inclusive spiritual care. Journal of Holistic

Nursing. 30(1). 23-35.

Burkhart, L and Hogan, N. (2008). An Experiential Theory of Spiritual Care in Nursing Practice.

Qualitative Health Research, 18 (7), 929-940.

Wide Web Is Available Around
Words: 14250 Length: 52 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 14951486
Read Full Paper  ❯

The reward for the effort of learning is access to a vocabulary that is shared by a very large population across all industries globally" (p. 214). Moreover, according to Bell, because UML is a language rather than a methodology, practitioners who are familiar with UML can join a project at any point from anywhere in the world and become productive right away. Therefore, Web applications that are built using UML provide a useful approach to helping professionals gain access to the information they need when they need it.

Overview of the Study

This paper used a five-chapter format to achieve the above-stated research purpose. Chapter one of the study was used to introduce the topic under consideration, provide a statement of the problem, the purpose of the study and its importance of the study. Chapter two of the study provides a review of the related peer-reviewed and scholarly literature concerning…


Domain Specifications

Specification Name:

Ontology Definition Metamodel (ODM)


Nursing Concept Theoretical Background One of the
Words: 3582 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 46011406
Read Full Paper  ❯

Nursing Concept

Theoretical Background

One of the complexities of 21st century medicine is the evolution of nursing care theories in combination with a changing need and expectation of the stakeholder population. Nurses must be advocates and communicators, but must balance these along with an overall philosophy of ethics while still remaining mindful of budgets and the need for the medical institution to be profitable. It seems as if these issues comprise a three-part template for nursing: respect for patient value & individuality, education of patients, and cognition and respect for the realities of contemporary medicine. In many ways, too, modern technology has advanced further than societal wisdom, especially when confronting the issue of death. The modern nurse's role is to create a nurse-patient culture that encourages the individual to take responsibility for their healthcare and, in partnership with the nurse, to be involved in their recovery. The modern complexities of…


Basford, L. And O. Slevin. (2003). Theory and Practice of Nursing: An Integrated Approach to Caring Practice. New York: Nelson Thomas.

Beckstead, J. And Beckstead, L. (2004). A multidimensional analysis of the epistemic origins of nursing theories, models and frameworks. International Journal of Nursing Studies. 43

(1): 113-22.

Cohen, J. (1991). Two portraits of caring: a comparison of the artists - Leininger

Nursing Philo
Words: 1623 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 75384377
Read Full Paper  ❯

Nursing Philosophy

Concept Synthesis on Personal Nursing Philosophy

Nursing Autobiography

My interest in nursing peaked at an early age when I attended Clara Barton High School for health professions in Brooklyn NY and graduated in 1991. I first worked as a nurse's aide and home health aide for about two years and found this position to be quite rewarding. I subsequently moved to North Carolina where I took the CNA course in 1995 and began working as a CNA at various nursing homes and hospitals in the regional area. My experience as a CNA certainly helped me in my journey and provided the foundation for the later developments in my career.

Later I moved to Las Vegas in 1997 where I got married in 1998. After forming this union I went back to school for my BSN in 2002 while working as a CNA. I finished my BSN from Nevada…

Works Cited

Andrews, H., & Roy, C. (1991). The Adaptive Model. Norwalk: Appleton and Lange.

Denler, H., Wolters, C., & Benzon, M. (2013). Social Cognitive Theory. Retrieved from Education: 

Farlex. (2011). The Medical Dictionary. Retrieved from Farlex: 

Nursing Theory. (2011). Sister Callista Roy. Retrieved from Nursing Theory:

PSI System and Other Educational
Words: 5885 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 5995460
Read Full Paper  ❯


The Keller/PSI approach to academic and professional training has been documented to improve student performance as measured by course completion rates and subject matter retention among students. On the other hand, there are considerable practical and technical problems implementing the Keller/PSI approach within traditional educational institutions. Meanwhile, there is little if any empirical evidence suggesting precisely how the Keller/PSI model benefits learning outside of the focus on the reduced deadline orientation that is the hallmark of that teaching methodology.

Substantial evidence exists to suggest that the success of the Keller/PSI approach is actually attributable to other changes typically attributable to Keller/PSI, such as the broadening of the range of media of instruction, despite the fact that those changes are natural consequences of the Keller/PSI design rather than deliberately conceived components of the approach. The empirical evidence of the increased success of CAPSI programs further bolsters that argument.

A wealth…


Abdulwahed, M. And Nagy, Z.K. "Applying Kolb's Experiential Learning Cycle for Laboratory Education." Journal of Engineering Education. American Society for Engineering Education. 2009. Retrieved January 19, 2010 from HighBeam


Burton, J.K., Moore, D.M., and Magliaro, S.G. (2004). Behaviorism and instructional technology. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Mahwah, NJ.

Dunne, J.D. (1997). Behavior Analysis: No Defense Required. Wright University.