1000 results for “Conflict Of Interest”.
Conflict of Interest Statement
The Hangout is committed to high standards to prepare young adults from economically disadvantaged areas with education and skills necessary to achieve success and enrichment in life. It is essential that members and the general public uphold this commitment with the highest quality of confidence. Even the smallest appearance of a conflict of interest, or a potential conflict of interest, should be avoided. In order to maintain this confidence from the public and members, The Hangout has adopted this conflict of interest and disclosure policy.
The Hangout depends on its members (board, directors, officers, employees, and volunteers) to achieve its goals. It is recognized that The Hangout members may have personal, business, and professional interests that may create a potential for a real or perceived conflict of interest with the best interests of The Hangout. The Hangout does not necessarily view the existence of…
Ball, A. (2009, Oct 21). 9 Essentials to Include in Your Policy and Statement. Retrieved from Ezine Articles: http://ezinearticles.com/?Conflict-of-Interest-9-Essentials-to-Include-in-Your-Policy-and-Statement&id=3130734
Conflict of Interest. (n.d.). Retrieved from Business Dictionary: http://www.businessdirectory.com/definition/conflict-of-interest.html
There is no doubt that Macquaries used its knowledge of the internal workings of Alinta to make decisions about whether or not to involve its own finances.
Qantas and Geoff Dixon attempt to avoid Alinta's problems by keeping Dixon away from the actual buyout dealings. However, the sizeable payout and other financial perks given to Dixon, especially in light of the other corporate abuses going on, seems suspect at best. Overall, the Takeover Panel's suggestion that individuals who are involved in the buyout of their employing company should step down seems the most solid advice in avoiding conflict of interest.
IV. The Takeover Panel and Conflict of Interest
In their Guidance notes, the Takeovers Panel attempts to alleviate or prevent negative outcomes, citing that private equity bids and other buyouts can have major effects. Many of the items outlined by the Takeovers Panel have specific applications in the deals and…
Davis, Mark, and Scott Rochfort. "Revealed: Millions for Qantas Chiefs." SMH.com, Business: Feb. 21, 2007. Available: " http://www.smh.com.au/articles/2007/02/20/1171733762447.html
Evans, Michael, and Stuart Washington. "Conduct Unbecoming." SMH.com, Business: Jan. 20, 2007. Available:
Gray, Joanne. "Conflicted Chiefs Push the Envelope." Australian Financial Review, Jan. 13, 2007: 11.
Conflict of Interest
Acquisition of Government Allies, Inc.
ECG is anticipating an acquisition of Government Allies, Inc., and plans are being developed for ECG to have an Initial Public Offering (IPO) in the near future which is likely to provide an extensive growth opportunity for ECG. Following due diligence activities on the planned acquisition, it comes to light that a senior ECG executive has a potential conflict of interest in the acquisition candidate. The Code of Ethic specifically forbids this type of conflict. The standard reads as follows:
Standard on Independence and Objectivity. Employees of ECG are required to use reasonable care and to exercise professional judgment to achieve and maintain both independence and objectivity in all of their professional activities. Specifically, employee are forbidden to accept or to indicate that they might accept, solicit or indicate that they might solicit, or offer or indicate that they might offer, any…
Guide to the Sarbanes-Oxley Act. (2003). Received http://www.soxlaw.com/s401.htm
Standards of Practice Handbook U. 10th ed.: CFA Institute, 2010. Retrieved http://www.investopedia.com/exam-guide/cfa-level-1/ethics-standards/default.asp
Telecommunications and Spectrum Auctions. Market Design, Inc. Retrieved http://www.market-design.com/projects-telecommunications.html
The notion of presumed innocence is meant to ensure that a fail trial is received by all who are accused of crimes in the United States' criminal justice system. If there was a presumption of guilt, or even if there was not a presumption of innocence, the accused would be treated as criminals before having a trial by their peers. In other words, truly innocent people would end up being regarded and treated as criminals during the arrest and trial process, and this would be a miscarriage of justice in and of itself and would also be more likely to lead to false guilt sentences. Unfortunately, however, this concept does not appear to truly be believed in by the American public at large, by the media, and by certain individuals and institutions in the criminal justice system -- when someone is accused, especially of a sensational crime,…
Stakeholder Conflict of Interest
Perspective is everything in the business world. In any single business transactions there are many different stakeholders that contribute to the overall process of the interaction. The purpose of this essay is to examine two separate business processes where the interests of two or more stakeholders are in opposition.
According to the orld Bank "a stakeholder is any entity with a declared or conceivable interest or stake in a policy concern." Stakeholders are interested parties that perceive a significant impact once a business process is begun, in process or completed. A simple example of conflicting interests among stakeholders deals with public companies and their stockholders. Stockholders provide companies with capitol to invest in order to make their company more profitable. In many instances however, leadership in these types of organizations sets the policies and regulations for how the company operates. Stockholders are usually individuals who are…
Farren, C. (2013). The Downside of Downsizing. Mastery Works, 2013. Retrieved from http://www.masteryworks.com/newsite/clientimpact/impact_archives_dec08-jan09.html
The World Bank Group. Stakeholder Analysis. Viewed on 11 Feb, 2013. Retrieved from http://www1.worldbank.org/publicsector/anticorrupt/PoliticalEconomy/stakeholderanalys is.htm
Ethically, this may not be quite as questionable, but when matters of public health are concerned, and whenever the stakes of the decision-making are great, it is wise both to avoid apparent as well as actual conflicts of interests.
Should NIH scientists (compared to scientists in the private sector) be held to a higher degree of regulation of conflict of interest?
The NIH is a body of the federal government. The public must trust the government that the scientists have their own interests at heart, first and foremost. An individual who watches a drug commercial for Celebrex knows that it is being advertised by a self-interested commercial entity, but when the public hears a report provided by his or her government, composed by a supposedly disinterested body of scientists, he or she is more inclined to trust the evidence. Thus the NIH should be held to a higher standard.
The statute applies even where there is no actual government reimbursement.
The opportunity to invest in a "private-pay only" joint venture may, in some circumstances, constitute an inducement to physicians to refer patients to the joint venture partner for other services covered by governmental programs.
In general, violation of the statute is a two-way street
While it is theoretically possible for one person to violate the statute by offering a kickback to (or soliciting a kickback from) another person even where the other person refuses to play ball, one does not commonly see prosecutions based on that fact situation.
Where the requisite bad intent exists, an arrangement may violate the statute even where there are also legitimate purposes behind the arrangement.
Many claimed Anti-Kickback Statute violations arise from arrangements that may serve legitimate, socially useful purposes, such as providing healthcare services that might not otherwise be available in the local…
Conflicts are common occurrences and part of human life. At the workplace or homes, people have conflicts, which could be either foreseen or spontaneous. Managers at workplaces always grapple with the problem of solving conflicts that arise within the organization among the workers. If managed well, conflicts can lead to fortunes. Managers need to ensure that workers live harmoniously and with understanding among each other. There are two types of conflicts: personalized conflicts and substantive conflicts. Personalized conflicts are those conflicts informed by the emotions and anger. They lack objectivity and purpose. People who engage in personalized conflicts are often in pursuit of selfish emotional satisfaction. In contrast, substantive conflicts are those that entail logical arguments often relating to work and profession. If managed well, substantive conflicts bring fortunes to the parties. At the workplace, managers deal with such conflicts so that they can keep organizations intact (Shachar, 2011).
Guttman, H.M. (2009). Conflict Management as a Core Competency for HR Professionals. Guttman Development Strategies, Inc. People and Strategy, Vol32 (1): 32-39
Shachar, M. (2011). Conflict Resolution Management (CRM) Text Book. (Under Construction)
Stone, F. (2012). How to Resolve Conflicts at Work. New York: American Management Association
conflicts that we are always hearing about in the media and reading about in the newspapers is the Chechen Conflict. At times bloody war, now insidious terrorist actions on behalf of Chechen nationalist, the conflict has never been as recent as we may thing. For centuries the relation between Chechnya and its larger neighbor Russia have been full of turmoil.
If we have a look at the history of the region, the Chechens were recognized as a distinct people in the area as far back as the 17th century. During the 19th century, however, Tsar Nicholas I attempted to conquer the region and met fierce resistance. However, the Islamist fighters had to recognize defeat in 1858 and the Caucasus area was incorporated into the Russian Empire. A brief period of independence from 1917 to 1923 was followed by the region's invasion by the olshevik troops that created the Chechen-Ingush Autonomous…
Top-level managers can be required to own a certain amount of equity in the company, theoretically eliminating their conflict of interest with shareholders. However, some have criticized this strategy: shareholders can focus so much on short-term profits; they may lose sight of the need for long-term investment in research and development, and have little concern for the needs of company employees (Pareek 2003). A disinterested manager is supposed provide more objective advice and theoretically has an interest in not loosing his job: the elimination of 'golden parachutes' that reward managers regardless of company performance might be a better solution. Always, a balance must be struck between the needs of self-interest in objectivity and hiring a manager with a track record that suits the company's needs, rather than attempting to micro-manage his or her personal investments may be the best strategy.
Pareek, Mukul. (2003, August 7).Shareholder value: The conflict with…
Pareek, Mukul. (2003, August 7).Shareholder value: The conflict with other stakeholders
Finance Outlook. Retrieved November 8, 2009 at http://financeoutlook.com/index.php?itemid=15
Vishny, Robert. (1989, September 18). The conflict between managers and shareholders.
Retrieved November 8, 2009
narrative form, identify the similarities and differences among the three conflict perspectives. To do this, create the following two- dimensional matrix:
Group to Group
Persuasive, problem- solving ability, innovative thinking, applying external forces, seeks conflict resolution, seeks means to improve workplace environment potential (Mcfarland, 2015)
Industrious, driven, sound relationship skills, prefers collaborative problem- solving, trusting, can easy enter into conflict, may express emotions and tension readily, friction creating, competitive, although outwardly struggling to attain power, prone to jealousy (Mcfarland, 2015)
Absence of individual desire to assume independent responsibility, hard for mediators to ensure individual accountability for task- handling or results (Mcfarland, 2015)
Capable of working with managing individuals or a group if conflicts of interest arise, has frank views of coworkers' negative and positive qualities, usually concentrates on hostile occurrences, resents others, rejects others' ideas or perspectives, and typically projects unfavorable images…
Kellermann, P. F. (1996). Interpersonal conflict management in group psychotherapy: An integrative perspective. Group analysis, 29(2), 257-275.
McFarland, V. (2015). Conflict perspectives by Victor Mcfarland: SSRN. Retrieved September 9, 2016, from http://poseidon01.ssrn.com/delivery.php?ID=043105127121025114095076012089094121009036000082061091106021001025111000023082073011120058100122042024053114072116008066104076020090034037034101066119097086077089116058002086073127110087117089094008084008087007125102122029116026102125096084111098015091&EXT=pdf
Conflict of social norms and its effect on school environment
Social norms can be defined as the rules that determine what should be done or avoided by people in their social settings and circumstances. Norms make sure that people keep promises, ranging from the lane to drive on, to sticking by the golden rule. These are tools for explaining phenomena. They are used to analyze the state of the world even as great as international diplomacy or as subtle and ordinary as traffic rules. However, the body of knowledge regarding norms is spread across disciplines and traditions of research with unclear guidelines or consensus on the way the term should be put to use. Existing research on the subject has largely majored on the effects of the norms and the content of the same. By description, social norms cut across such disciplines as sociology, game theory, economics, and legal studies…
. Some important ideas to keep in mind are that historical cost can be more reliable than fair value accounting (Flegm, 2008). As Laux and Leuz (2010) note, some have argued that fair value accounting was partly responsible for the great financial crisis of 2008. Thus, it is very important that cost accounting be approached honestly in every way.(evise feedback for highlight area above: Historical is required by US GAAP (for inventory/fixed asset), but some investments and other assets use FV. This is just for Financial Statement purposes not cost accounting. Is the evidence to suggest cost accountants are ignoring FV?)evised In addition, accounting may not accurately project the economic reality of certain business decisions. For example, investment gains and losses are now reported on the income statement and are included in Net Income calculations. This obfuscates the economic reality of how the actual business performed as investment gains…
References 1. Francis, J., Philbrick, D., & Schipper, K. (1994). Shareholder Litigation and Corporate Disclosures. Journal of Accounting Research, 32(2), 137–164. https://doi.org/10.2307/2491279
Conflict and Its esolution in the eal Estate Industry
In real estate, all experienced sales people will have an unhappy customer to deal with at some point in their careers. Those who are most skilled know how to utilize specific techniques that will defuse or reduce the intensity of the situation. In every instance, conflict and resolution techniques will often work in conjunction with each other. (Tamper, 1999) (Furlong, 2010)
For real estate professionals, the key is being able to avoid one and use the other to satisfy complaints. To fully understand these variables requires focusing on relevant issues and key questions. Together, these elements will offer specific insights which are highlighting how the two work in conjunction with each other. It is at this point, when they can reduce conflicts and provide more effective resolution techniques. (Tamper, 1999) (Furlong, 2010)
In real estate, the customer relationship is…
Beirne, M. (2006). The Property Management Tool Kit. New York, NY: American Management Association.
Dent, P. (2012). Real Estate. New York, NY: Routledge.
Filho, W. (2008). Conflict Resolution. Oxford: Peter Lang.
Furlong, F. (2010). The Conflict Resolution Toolbox. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.
Conflict in the orkplace
orkforce within organizations, whatever the level, constitutes one of the most important resources within such environments. Harmony among the human resource and shared vision among employees is one mandatory factor in ensuring that goals are appropriately met. Conflict if however, one inevitable occurrence in the workplace and organizational leaders has to deal with it appropriately (Flagan & Craig 8). Conflict in organizations neither occurs nor happens in a vacuum. Usually, there are some underlying issues which instigate the conflicts either between workmates or teams. Fortunately, the capacity of conflict management can help in such situations and even turn the organization into a better place. This can be achieved either through preventing the conflicts or resolving them. Personally, I have been in a conflict situation within the office; a state which was handled appropriately by the management but would however been avoided had appropriate prevention structures been…
Alberta Employment and immigration, let's talk: a Guide to Resolving Workplace conflicts, Alberta: government of Alberta, Department of Employment and Immigration, 2007
Flagan, Tim. A & Runde, Craig.E, Hidden Potential: Embracing Conflict can Pay Off for Teams in, Leadership in Action, 28(2), 2008
Our interpretations, Mediation Strategies and Communication Types
The Nature of Conflict -- an introduction
hat is Conflict?
Conflict as Perception
Conflict as Feeling
Conflict as Actions
hat causes conflict?
Link between Interpersonal Conflicts and Effective Communication
Mediation and Dispute Resolution
The Nature of Conflict -- An introduction:
Conflict is a naturally existing problem in our society and the world as a whole. Conflict exists at all levels and it is so a certain extent quite natural and inevitable. ith a functionalist approach, it can be said that the existence of conflict is somewhat important for the society. It is however an understatement to say that we live amidst conflict. Conflict is present at every level in society and people at every second are reassuring each other as to how they are having a "discussion" instead of a conflict when…
Bellafiore, Donna. 2010. Interpersonal Conflict and effective communication. Journal.
Bolton, R. (1986). People skills: How to assert yourself, listen to others, and resolve conflicts
(2nd ed.). New York: Simon & Schuster. ISBN: 067162248X
Cesaratto, T., (2006). The Good Will Hunting technique. Communication and Critical/Cultural Studies, 3, 307.328.
The Palestinians have never the Jewish version of history and desire to have all the land returned to them. This conflict is intractable and there is little hope of a resolution in the immediate future.
In applying Reinhold Niebuhr's Christian realism to the conflict summarized above it should be noted that Niebuhr was a Zionist who strongly supported the right of Israel to occupy the land and defend itself. His Christian realism combines there elements of realism, political realism, moral realism and theological realism (Moseley 23). Thus, the conflict must be understood firstly as a problem on sin in the lives of the inhabitants of the area. The groups involved will firstly need to understand their action as a product of a sinful experience (Inboden). They should be prepared to act in moral and right way toward their fellow men. The Jews should be prepared to live peacefully with the…
Hodges, Sam. "Niebuhr's 'Christian realism'." The Dallas Morning News Feb. 10, 2006. Web
Inboden, Will "Putting the 'Christian' back in 'Realism': A response to Steve Walt" Foreign
Policy December 21, 2009. Web
Moseley, Carys "Reinhold Niebuhr's Approach to the State of Israel: The Ethical Promise and Theological Limits of Christian Realism" Studies in Christian-Jewish Relations
Conflict in DC (Case Study)
Conflict in DC
Conflict in the Democratic epublic of Congo
Background of DC Conflict
The Democratic epublic of Congo (DC), otherwise also known as epublique Democratique du Congo from their French masters and formerly Zaire is a nation situated in Central Africa boasting of a very brief coastline that runs approximately 37 Kms. DC is the third largest country in the entire Africa and stands at 12th position in terns of size in the world scale with 2,345 Square Kms (U.S. Department of State, 2010). It is the eight in the world in terms of population and fourth in Africa with the 71 million populations.
DC is neighbored by Central Africa epublic and Sudan from the northern side, the Atlantic Ocean is on its West, to the south Zambia and Angola border it and wanda, Uganda and Burundi are its neighbors to the East.
Claudia Rodriguez, (2007). Sexual Violence in South Kivu, Congo, Forced Migration
Retrieved February 11, 2011 from http://www.vday.org/drcongo/background
Electoral Institute for the Sustainability of Democracy in Africa, (2011). Democratic
Republic of the Congo. Retrieved February 10, 2011 from http://www.eisa.org.za/WEP/drc.htm
(Feldman and Slattery 201)
In this environment, it is likely that the people of Somalia would welcome the devil himself if he was carrying food and water, and these circumstances have not been lost on those who would exploit them for their own political agenda.
Historical Role of NGOs in Somalian Reconstruction.
The experiences of the United Nations and other relief agencies in Somalia are proof positive that even the best intentioned humanitarian efforts cannot succeed if nongovernmental organizations are targeted by political forces that deem their presence counterproductive for their political agendas. According to Boulden (2001), "The UN response to the Somalia crisis ran the gamut from the extreme of total disregard to total involvement then back to total disregard. During the first year of anarchy, the situation within the country became so dangerous that most nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) and UN humanitarian agencies left the country" (54). This author…
Black's Law Dictionary. St. Paul, MN: West Publishing Co., 1990.
Boulden, Jane. Peace Enforcement: The United Nations Experience in Congo, Somalia, and Bosnia. Westport, CT: Praeger, 2001.
De Waal, Alex. (1998). "U.S. War Crimes in Somalia." New Left Review a (230):132.
Doh, Jonathan P., Hildy Teegen and Sushil Vachani. (2004). "The Importance of Nongovernmental Organizations (NGOs) in Global Governance and Value Creation: An International Business Research Agenda." Journal of International Business Studies 35(6):463.
India is a diverse country in terms of religion. The Hindu population constitutes 828 million people (80%), the Muslim population constitutes million (13.5%), the Christian population constitutes 24 million (2.5%), the Sikh population constitutes 19 million (2%), while other religious groupings including Jains and Buddhists constitute 19.5 million. eligion is an important aspect of Indian political scene. Although India maintains that it is a secular nation, Indian politics has had a deep religious flavor at all times. This has resulted in religion being an important component of the identity of many Indians. There are many cases of religious identity being elicited in response to the communalism politics. Communalism connotes the functioning of organizations or religious communities, or the bodies which state they represent them, in a manner which is prejudices to the nation as a whole or interests of other groups. Historical evidence shows that communalism in the…
Avruch, K. (2001), "Constructing ethnicity: culture and ethnic conflict in the New World Disorder," American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, Vol. 71 No. 23, pp. 281-90.
Avruch, K. (2003), "Type I and II errors in culturally sensitive conflict resolution practice," Conflict Resolution Quarterly, Vol. 20 No. 3, pp. 351-71.
Avruch, K. And Wang, Z. (2005), "Culture, apology, and international negotiation: the case of the Sino-U.S. 'spy plane' crisis," International Negotiation, Vol. 10, pp. 337-53.
Dalal, R. (2006), The Penguin Dictionary of Religion in India, Penguin Books, New Delhi.
This was in keeping with the Marxist principle of a classless society. In the United Nations, the United States has had an equal standing with other nations such as ritain, France, and the Soviet Union. The United States has participated in United Nations actions and made a show of being a part of the international community while maintaining its superpower status outside of the United Nations' walls. In light of new global political conditions that emphasize global cooperation and governance, rather than government (aylis & Smith, 13), the United Nations still has an important role to play, and the United States has a role to play in it.
While the United States continues to be a member of the United Nations, it is no longer really a true team player. The United States, while still making a show of belonging to the United Nations, now more closely follows the principle…
Baylis, J & Smith, S 2005, The Globalization of World Politics, Oxford University Press, Oxford.
Hirst, P 2001, War and Power in the 21st Century, Polity Press, Cambridge.
Janis, Irving 1982, Groupthink, Houghton Mifflin, Boston.
Kaldor, M 1999, New Wars and Old Wars: Organized Violence in a Global Era, Stanford University, Stanford.
A good facilitator will be able to use active listening skills to gently guide the discussion to this more productive tone. Allowing the colleagues to work together to come to a solution will generate team-building skills and will likely create a stronger relationship between the two. Even if they come up with the identical solution -- moving one person into a private office -- the process will empower both workers and the solution is less likely to lead to future problems down the road.
Another process solution to this conflict might stem from ongoing team-building exercises. In fact, groups that participate in regular group cohesion exercises are less likely to experience conflicts and such a process may effectively have solved this problem before it began. When colleagues are given the chance to get to know each other in a non-threatening environment, they will build relationships. As a result, they will…
Blydenburgh, Christopher. (2010). A Guide to Conflict Resolution in the Workplace.
Mind Tools: Essential Skills for an Excellent Career. Available at:
Yet when we would go shopping the pressure has becoming more and more intense to spend thousands of dollars to redecorate the entire condo. I questioned the use of our credit for that if we were planning to start a family immediately after getting married. The conflict escalated until we had a major argument on the way back from furniture shopping one night, with my position being that if she wanted all this new furniture she would have to keep working to pay for it. She could not stop working and also get the furniture; besides we had not even talked about furnishing a baby's room and all those expenses. My point was simple: if we spend more we will have to work more hours, even more jobs to pay for them. To take on even more expenses and give up a salary now would be crazy, I insisted. In…
Conflict Management in Organizations
Apple and Samsung Drop Patent Disputes Against Each Other Outside of the U.S.
The business conflict covered here involves the two smartphone giants that operate globally with great reach and hold of the market not only in the U.S. But also across Europe, Africa, Asia and Australia. Over the last three years, these two companies have filed more than 40 cases against each other involving patent issues. These suits have seen them go through a lot of cost of conflict, however, at last they agreed to sign an agreement that saw each side drop all the cases that they had against the other side but this was limited to the U.S.A. And they insisted that the cases within the U.S. courts were to continue to the logical conclusion (Chowdhry A., 2014).
The cost of conflict in any business conflict does not just come in the forms…
Chowdhry A., (2014). Apple And Samsung Drop Patent Disputes Against Each Other Outside Of The U.S. Retrieved November 8, 2014 from http://www.forbes.com/sites/amitchowdhry/2014/08/06/apple-and-samsung-drop-patent-disputes-against-each-other-outside-of-the-u-s/
Doherty N. & Guyler M., (2008). The Esential Guide to Workplace Mediation & Conflict Resolution. Retrieved November 8, 2014 from http://books.google.co.ke/books?id=DPMgUNyO6iMC&pg=PA187&lpg=PA187&dq=complete+guide+to+conflict+resolution+in+the+workplace&source=bl&ots=abmI2G6Eug&sig=WYC16euk6xR8CwwVjXqy3M4Rxo8&hl=en&sa=X&ei=F9tfVNvjG4rLaKKRgLgI&ved=0CEoQ6AEwBw#v=onepage&q=complete%20guide%20to%20conflict%20resolution%20in%20the%20workplace&f=false
John Ford and Associates, (2007). How Much is Conflict Costing You? Retrieved November 8, 2014 from http://www.conflictdynamics.org/files/HowMuchIsConflictCostingYou.pdf
The same might be said for those who committed torture in the Nazi camps.
Importantly, Austin et al. (2004, p. 161) note that both violence and non-violence are cumulative in nature. It is therefore important to recognize that the existence of violence perpetuates further violence, while the same is true for non-violence. This is also an important recognition in the international sphere.
Schelling (1960, p. 53) notes that international violence an also be manifest in terms of the concept of "limited war." This means that short conflicts could result when agreements cannot be reached within a certain amount of time. On the other hand, the limited war also requires some degree of mutual recognition or acquiescence. Once war begins, negotiation and communication among adversaries become difficult. The recent situation and Egypt and the current situation in Libya appear to be cases in point for this assertion.
Finally, in international relations,…
Baldwin, D.A. (2002). Power and International Relations. Handbook of International Relations, editors Carlsnaes, W., Risse, T. And Simmons, B.A. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE
Schelling, T. (1960). The Strategy of Conflict. Cambridge, Mass: Harvard University Press.
Barak, G. (2003). Violence and Nonviolence: Pathways to Understanding, Sage Publications.
Azar, E. (1990) the Management of Protracted Social Conflict: Theory and Cases. Bookfield, VT: Gower Pub. Co.
Conflict in the Workplace
One of the things that makes us human is our need and ability to form groups. We thrive in groups, merge into groups, and even the process of civilization and moving from hunter-gatherers to cities was part of group behavior. owever, when groups form, any number of interesting psychological issues occur: behaviors change, organizational issues occur, bonds and alliances are formed and lost, and even individual leadership behaviors change (Johnson and Johnson, 2008). Whether it be individuals, small groups, or large groups -- sometimes behavioral issues arise that cause conflict. Breaking one or more of these rules, however, or disagreeing with them to the point where it becomes unbearable or makes the group ineffective then becomes "conflictual" (Corey, 2008, pp. 149-51). This conflict happens in most cultures and some time or another. We see it in animal behavior as internal aggression. In some human cultures, while…
Let the record show that I am James X., Human Resource Manager for Zycon Corporation, a privately held corporation located in the City of Brisbane, Australia. Today is the 28th of June, 2011, and we are meeting with Mr. B., an employee of Zycon since March, 2001. Mr. B. has steadily worked his way up from a process worker to a section Forman since Spring 2008. Our meeting today is the result of a letter sent by Mr. B. demanding a review of a recent hiring decision made for Factory Manager. According to Mr. B's letter of June 10, 2011, Mr. B. feels that he did not receive the desired position promotion because of "discriminatory and unfair" labor practices, especially those from the Operations Manager. Reviewing the situation we find the following:
In April, 2011, due to corporate growth and efficiency studies, Zycon Corporation created a new position for our Brisbane Factory -- that Zycon believed it necessary to have an overall person who would be
While it is impossible to know exactly what went on behind the closed doors of the Oval Office and other meeting points during the near-lockdown in D.C., one thing is clear: the government of the United States was engaged in dysfunctional conflict. Dysfunctional conflict "hinders group performance" because no dialogue or effective communication occurs (text p. 455). There was an insufficient amount of collaboration among the parties involved. There was also task conflict, such as disagreement over the content and the goals of the project. The one point of agreement was that neither party wanted Washington to shut down; it would have been a poor public relations move. Therefore, both parties hurried to a solution that was based much more on compromise than on collaboration. Collaboration would have first clarified what each party needed -- and what their differences were, in order to reach a win-win solution. Instead,…
Kane, P. (2011). Budget battle came down to 3 men and their weaknesses. Washington Post. Retrieved online: http://www.washingtonpost.com/politics/budget-battle-came-down-to-3-men-and-their-weaknesses/2011/04/09/AFLotbAD_story.html
onsidering that the old order in Ireland was in place since two millennia and had always been under the control of the Gaelic chieftains, their removal from the leadership of the provinces of Ireland by the English rown was destined to arise the resistance of the majority who sought support in the atholic world and especially hoped in the papal authority. urtis points out that the resistance against the protestant faith that built up after Elisabeth took over Munster and Ulster was coming not only from inside the respective Irish provinces, but also from the dissidents in Italy, Portugal, Spain and the Low countries. On one hand they were gathering in the spirit of preserving the old faith, on the other, the Irish and the Anglo-Irish who opposed the Reformation were changing their ways supported by the Jesuits who helping the process of transforming the faithful into fanatics. On the…
Cronin, Mike. A History of Ireland. Basingstoke, England: Palgrave, 2001.
Curtis, Edmund. A History of Ireland: From Earliest Times to 1922. London:
Conflicting eward Systems and Their Impact on Criminal Justice Administration
It order to ensure that the desired response is generated one should link the reward with the proper output. Almost in every other domain of life the conflicting reward system is implemented. It has been established through various studies that people tend to behave in the manner which is appreciated and rewarded, hence it is important to design rewards in such a manner that people are encouraged to provide the required output and response. There are several examples which reflect the conflicting reward system where the behaviors or responses which are rewarded are those which are undesired and the required behaviors are not rewarded. In this paper an attempt has been made to analyze the impact of conflicting reward systems on the criminal justice administration (Kerr, 1995).
The duty or responsibility of the Criminal justice system is to control the…
CliffsNotes. (2011).Types of Sentences. Retrieved June 29, 2011 from
Drakeford, W., & Friedman, K. (2001). History of the Criminal Justice system. Retrieved June 29, 2011 from
Kelly, D.(2011).Stages of a Criminal Case: Sentencing. Retrieved June 29, 2011 from
Kerr, S. (1995). On the folly of rewarding A, while hoping for B. Academy of Management Executive, 9(1), 7-14.
2. How important is it to "walk in the other person's shoes" when trying to avoid or resolve a conflict? Explain.
It would seem to be extremely important to be able to "walk in the shoes" of other people in any situation where the individuals involved might be prone to frustration or anger. In fact, the ability to appreciate the perspective of others in this way would help imagining the possible trigger points of the other person. Aside from getting a better view about the way we should communicate our anger, stepping into the shoes of another also allows us to consider more fairly the expectations or frustrations that anybody might feel in the same circumstances. We are less likely to experience anger if we believe that the other person is only responding in the same way we might if the situation were reversed.
3. How do you tend to…
"Divorce mediation confronts one of the most difficult conflicts that exist on earth, the breakdown and ending of the intimate, complex marriage relationship." The desire of individuals to remove divorce from the adversarial legal arena is fundamental to the growth of conflict resolution options for couples leaving a marriage. There is nothing more frightening than change, especially when the emotional stakes of the outcome of such change are so engendered in the emotions of the individuals involved, seeking a non-adversarial approach, is foundational to managing the situation effectively while attempting to avoid the pitfalls of making life altering decisions in a highly charged emotional situation, while still maintaining a sense of voice and control, a possibility the legal system does not usually allow as once again the individual must appoint a spokesperson and then trust that this spokesperson has the interest of all as their overriding goal.
This naturally tends to exacerbate the tension and increase the potential for conflict; as with many competing visions and views there are bound to be differences of opinion and consequently conflict between different individuals." As a result many people in many organizations are forced to invent their own corporate vision. When you have different versions of goals, direction, and values among different individuals and groups, you increase the probability of unproductive conflict. " (Landau, Landau, and Landau 9)
An example given by Landau et al. illustrates this important point. The authors describe a situation where each individual working in a museum visualized the aims and goals of the institution differently.
One visualized the museum as primarily an educational institution, whereas the other saw its primary goal as entertainment. The business of the museum could not be carried out without the collaboration of these two officers, but unfortunately the difference in…
Figure 1. Numbers of Unauthorized Foreign-Born in the United States, 1980-2005
Another factor to consider is that globalization has also increased the national and cultural diversity in the workplace. (Landau, Landau, and Landau 22) "People of different cultures, genders, ages, and professions may have different attitudes toward work and family, equality
Conflict & Negotiation
The Bophuthatswana crisis of 1994
The Bophuthatswana crisis of 1994 entailed a devastating political crisis which started when the Bophuthatswana president, Lucas Mangope, made an attempt at crushing the widespread demonstrations and labor unrest from the people of South Africa as they demanded incorporation of the Bophuthatswana territory into the South African region pending the first multiracial election in 1994 (Holomisa, 2011; Lawrence & Manson1, 1994). Lucas Mangope was a Bantustan (Lentz, 2014). The crisis provoked violent protests after President Mangope made an announcement in 7th March 1994 to the effect that Bophuthatswana was intending to boycott the general elections in South Africa (Appiah & Gates, 2010). The violence quickly escalated into mutiny from local based armed forces and striking of civil servants. The crisis was further complicated when the right-wing extremists arrived with an intention to push for the preservation of Manope’s Bophuthatswana government (Cawthra, 1997).…
Conflict and Communication Issues in Marriage and Sex
Communication lies at the root of all our conflict and resolutions. Without communication in all its forms, we as a race would be destined to live solitary and unhappy lives with very little social interaction. When conflicts enter a marriage, two people find themselves trying to engage in forms of communication that in most cases ends up making the situation worse rather than better. "Most people have a "purpose," which aligns itself with the motives behind their conflicts. Second is their "position," which often appears as their stance or strategy for trying to get their own way.
One way to resolve conflict is to identify each person's true purpose rather than argue about positions" (Warrum, 2003). Communication breaks down as a couple try to establish their own points and misinterpret their partner's point, or purpose at the same time. Misread body language…
Gray, P. What Signals Do You Send?
GP, London: May 5, 2003, pg53.
Druckman, A Words That Wound.
Psychology Today, Sept 1999.
This, according to the author, is precisely the reason for the accident.
When the controller noticed the two aircraft in the same altitude range, he was distracted by the malfunctioning phone system, while the other controller was having a break. Nobody was there to help with the extra workload, causing the fatal delay. Human factors relating to the air traffic control crew therefore include the need to take breaks, the tendency to be distracted and the tendency to make incorrect decisions.
It is also interesting to note that the on-board conflict alert systems were functioning properly, but the pilots were waiting for confirmation from traffic control to take action. Had a more distributive paradigm been implemented, the pilots may have been able to share some of the burden of traffic control and avoided collision.
Another interesting aspect of human error is the management of air traffic control. In addition to…
Air Safety Week (2004, May 31). Human Failings Underscored in Report of 2002 Mid-Air Collision Over Germany. Online database: FindArticles.com
Brown, Don. (2005, Dec. 7). Say Again? #57: uberlingen. AVweb.
Kelly, Wallace E. (1999, Oct. 24-29). Conflict Detection and Alerting for Separation Assurance Systems. Draft for 18th Digital Avionics Systems Conference. St. Louis, Missouri. http://www.bluerockresearch.com/papers/dasc_kelly.pdf
However, such strategy has the outcome in compliance in absence of commitment and feelings of frustration and resentment.
The fourth strategy is I lose a little, you win a little. The placate yield style represents a concern for the effects of conflict on the welfare and durability of all relationships that is entered. The hypothesis is that human relationships are so flexible that they cannot endure the trauma of working through normal differences. Therefore, the inclination is towards withdrawing from the conflict and pleases others by ignoring, denying and avoiding conflict. When the differences continue it is found worthwhile in placating and submitting oneself to ones objectives being seen as effective modes of self-protection and safeguarding our relationships with others. One-sided domination in ones relationship is evident in such type of strategies.
Finally, the strategy is 'I win, you win'. This approach to conflict resolution is regarded as the dominant…
Conflict Management Styles" (2002) Retrieved at http://www.njit.edu/activities/conflict.pdf . Accessed 14 September, 2005
Hartwick, Jon; Barki, Henri. "Conflict Management Styles of Users and Analysts, and Their
Impact on Conflict Resolution" (1999) Retrieved at http://csdl2.computer.org/comp/proceedings/hicss/1999/0001/07/00017036.PDFAccessed 12 September, 2005
Lingren, Herbert G. "Managing Conflict Successfully" Retrieved at http://ianrpubs.unl.edu/family/heg181.htm . Accessed 12 September, 2005
Conflict and Cooperation: Native Americans and European Settlers in Early America
The early history of the settlement of what would eventually become the United States has many competing narratives. Many people view the relationship between Native Americans and European settlers as fundamentally combative. hile at times the relationship between the colonists and the Native Americans was certainly one of conflict, this period was also full of significant curiosity, education and cooperation that went on between both groups. Many times, each group was inquisitive about the other and knowledge was exchanged. The Native Americans were often portrayed as brutal savages, but current literature shows that this was not often the case. The apparent viciousness of the European settlers towards the native peoples, particularly in terms of cultural destruction and land acquisition, is also more complicated than it initially seems. Though the eventually dominance of the Europeans over the Native Americans lead…
Kupperman, Karen Ordahl. Indians and English: Facing Off in Early America. New York:
Cornell University Press, 2000.
-- . "English Perceptions of Treacherym 1583-1640: The Case of the American 'Savage'." The Historical Journal. Vol 20. No. 2. (June 1977) pp. 263-287.
-- . Roanoke: The Abandoned Colony. 2nd Edition. Lanham, Maryland: Rowman and Littlefield
Political, financial and most of all ethnic interest are going to "to further muddle the results. Perhaps most dangerous is that the results did not yield a Parliament whose ethnic proportions match those of the country, and will therefore be perceived as unfair, whether the seats were won by fraud or not." (ubin, 2010).
The other two perspectives to be taken into account in terms of the development of the Afghani society revolves around the social and the economic aspects of the country. As in every economy, there is a clear connection between the way in which the economy develops and the degree to which the society evolves.
In terms of economic prospects, Afghanistan is at the moment still the largest producer of cocaine. "In 2002, Afghanistan returned to its position as the world's foremost producer of heroin. The 2002 crop reached an estimated 3,400 mt., a 540% increase on…
Filkens, Dexter."Taliban Elite, Aided by NATO, Join Talks for Afghan Peace." The New York Times. 2010. Accessed at http://www.nytimes.com/2010/10/20/world/asia/20afghan.html?hp=&pagewanted=print
Jones, Seth. "The Rise of Afghanistan's Insurgency: State Failure and Jihah" International Security, Vol. 32, No. 4 (Spring 2008), pp. 7 -- 40.
RAND Corporation. "Afghanistan." America's role in nation building. From Germany to Iraq. 2004. 129-148.
Rotberg, Weak and failing states: critical new security issues. n.d.
However, there were a number of influential employee leaders who objected to this approach and who made their position widely known through channels both formal and informal. The latter dissemination of discontent was particularly problematic as murmurings filled the company concerning the presence of some internal resistance. Most importantly for our company was the removal of the impulse for resistance. It was our view, and the view of the present text, that any such dissension could lead to serious morale issues. Therefore, it was incumbent upon us to at least weight the position offered by our dissenting colleagues.
Our strategy for navigating the conflict toward compromise -- as this is defined by our primary text -- would be to select those opposition leaders who had been most vocal and influential to form internal teams and develop competing proposals. These proposals would require that the selected representative developed and delineated plans…
Now that he is dying, Harry thinks that he has waited too long to write the things he really wants to write, and that he will never be able, now, to write all that he has left for a later time. As the article "The Snows of Kilimanjaro" (ikipedia, August 31, 2006) suggests "This loss of physical capability causes him to look inside himself - at his memories of the past years, and how little he has actually accomplished in his writing." He realizes that although he has seen and experienced many wonderful and astonishing things during his life, he had never made a record of the events; his status as a writer is contradicted by his reluctance to actually write.
As the now pain-ridden and dying Harry thinks to himself bitterly, for example:
So now it [his writing career] was all over... So now he would never have a…
Evans, Oliver. "The Snows of Kilimanjaro: A Revaluation." PMLA. Vol. 76, No. 5 (Dec. 1961). 601-607.
Excerpt from 'The Snows of Kilimanjaro'" [online text]. Powell's Books. 2006.
Retrieved September 8, 2006, from: http://www.powells.com/biblio?show=
Culturally, the Bush administration failed miserably at understanding what needed to be done within the Iraqi cultures. For example, Diamond notes that the U.S. tried to build security through an Iraqi police for4ce but that effort "withered from haste, inefficiency, poor planning, and sheer incompetence." Cops were rushed on the job with "too little training, insufficient vetting, and shamefully inadequate equipment" (Diamond, 2004). The U.S. lacked "an effective political strategy for postwar Iraq"; the U.S. never grasped the fact (based on Iraqi culture) that while "most Iraqis were grateful for having been liberated" from Saddam, that gratitude was mixed with "deep suspicion" of the real motives of the Americans. In reality, the Iraqis saw a "estern, Christian, essentially Anglo-American" power occupying their country.
Also, the Americans mistakenly thought that briefcases full of cash would bring political security. American officials in 2004, eager to hold elections in Iraq, "...offered some Sunni…
Collier, Paul. "The Market for Civil War." Foreign Policy issue 136 (2003): 38-46.
Diamond, Larry. "What Went Wrong in Iraq?" Foreign Affairs 83.5 (2004): 34-56.
El-Khawas, Mohamed a. "Nation Building in a War Zone: The U.S. Record in Iraq, 2003-
2007." Mediterranean Quarterly 19.1 (2008): 42-62.
I sometimes go for long periods of time where I do not talk to my brother, because it can just be too much stress. I still love my brother, but when the cost of maintaining that relationship becomes too high for me I start to re-evaluate it and withdraw.
Just understanding where these types of attitudes and conflicts come from has made me so much more aware of my own feelings, and what is going on inside of me that contributes to how I see others. Just understanding how these things work makes it easier for me to manage how I relate to others. I feel that I already caught myself getting mad the clerk at the coffee shop for taking too long with one of the customers in front of me, chatting away. I realized, though, that I was hungry and tired, and maybe if I was feeling better…
The other side of that coin is general competency and ability to do one's. Ignorance of how to do one's job correctly can unfairly or even irreecovactly change the lives of the people that stand to be affected by the work of a forensic psychologist and this would include children, people that have been injured, people that are at risk of violence but no actual violence has yet been proven and so forth. Being precise and adept with exquisite studying habits and attention to detail ia hallmark of any solid forensic psychologist and any of the same that are not on board with that need to find a new calling in life because forensic psychology should never be done half-way or half-you-know-what.
Finally, there is self-interest and this can be exceedingly dangerous. It is well-known that many forensic psychologists are hired by the court and they, as a result, should…
You can't simply say you're going to integrate the science of psychotherapy with scripture." Moore argues, "because there are only sciences and theories of psychotherapy that are contradictory and incoherent." The implication that pastoral care and counseling and not and have not been Biblical, Vicki Hollon, executive director of the Wayne Oates Institute in Louisville, insists, was creating a false dichotomy. Hollon contends that Southern officials created the proverbial straw man. "And their movement away from science reveals a lack of faith, or at least a fear that somehow science is outside the realm of God's creation and domain." Some secular counselors encourage clients, including those in marital counseling, to refrain from reading the Bible and to stop going to church if that made them feel worse. Stuart Scott, a former pastor and current professor and convert to biblical counseling, became disillusioned with the answers psychology gives. Scott states he…
Briggs, M.K., & Rayle, a.D. (2005). Incorporating Spirituality into Core Counseling Courses: Ideas for Classroom Application. Counseling and Values, 50(1), 63+. Retrieved January 24, 2008, from Questia database: http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5019987790
The Columbia World of Quotations. (1996). New York: Columbia University Press. Retrieved January 24, 2008, from: www.bartleby.com/66 / www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=108786083
Vacc, N.A., Devaney, S.B., & Brendel, J.M. (Eds.). (2003). Counseling Multicultural and Diverse Populations: Strategies for Practitioners. New York: Brunner-Routledge. Retrieved January 24, 2008, from Questia database: http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=108786085 www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=108786083
Daniel, R.L. (2003). Chapter 10 Counseling Men. In Counseling Multicultural and Diverse Populations: Strategies for Practitioners, Vacc, N.A., Devaney, S.B., & Brendel, J.M. (Eds.) (pp. 189-207). New York: Brunner-Routledge. Retrieved January 24, 2008, from Questia database: http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=108786293 www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5005843832
nytimes.com/2006/05/02/books/02bett.html [26 Apr 2013]]
The main criticism levied against Kinzer's work is the question: where was the American public during these escapades? After all, if America is a democracy, do they not have responsibility for their leaders' actions? Sadly, they cheered their leaders on, or ignored what was being done in the name of their nation. "Only briefly does Kinzer touch upon the U.S. citizens who questioned government tactics in foreign land… Unfortunately, leaders - describing their motivation as benevolence and a desire to liberate the oppressed - have learned how to win popular support for even the most outrageous regime change, and U.S. citizens repeatedly fall for the bait."[footnoteRef:12] [12: Susan Froetschel, "Overthrow: America's Century of Regime Change from Hawaii to Iraq," [Review], Yale Global Online, 2006. http://yaleglobal.yale.edu/about/overthrow.jsp [26 Apr 2013]]
etts, Richard K. "A century of intervention, regarded with a cold eye." The New York Times.
Betts, Richard K. "A century of intervention, regarded with a cold eye." The New York Times.
2 May 2006. http://www.nytimes.com/2006/05/02/books/02bett.html [26 Apr 2013]
Froetschel, Susan. "Overthrow: America's Century of Regime Change from Hawaii to Iraq."
[Review]. Yale Global Online, 2006. http://yaleglobal.yale.edu/about/overthrow.jsp [26 Apr 2013]
Applying "Ethical conflicts for new financial planners" to nursing
The healthcare industry is increasingly faced with demands that it operate more like a for-profit business with a careful eye upon cutting costs. eviewing managerial concepts intended for business organizations in general can be useful for healthcare institutions such as hospitals, provided the need for quality is not forgotten. This can be seen in the article "Ethical conflicts for new financial planners" from the Journal of Financial Service Providers (Duska 2014). The article notes that financial planners are frequently faced with ethical dilemmas that place their own personal interests at odds with the client's interests. For example, they may be instructed to 'push' a particular product and are told they can benefit from an additional bonus on their commission if they sell it, even though it is not in the client's interest.
Firms often offer trips, bonuses, or even simply reputation…
Code of ethics. (2014). CPF board. Retrieved from:
Conflict of interest for nurses. (2012). Ethical Code for Nurses. AMA. Retrieved from:
Conflict, according to Word Net, (2011) is "an open clash between two opposing groups (or individuals)" it also defines it further as "opposition between two simultaneous but incompatible feelings." This definition presupposes, and correctly so, that that two varying groups of people/individuals living, working or travelling together have the possibility, even if very remote, of conflicting.
Since man must co-exist, and in the process conflicts have to emerge, the purpose of this paper is to divulge the various ways through which individuals involved in conflict can attempt to solve the conflict as well as looking into the mediation process once the individual conflict resolution method has failed.
When exposing people to a cross cultural situation, there is a likelihood of conflict to occur, and having known this, it is significant to prepare both parties from the varying cultures for the eventualities that they face and how to handle…
Barna L.M., (1994). Stumbling Blocks in intercultural Communication. In Samovar L.A. & Porter R.E. (1994). Intercultural Communication: A Reader. Belmont C.A.: Wadsworth Publishing Company. 7th Ed. (p337). Retrieved March 3, 2011 from http://education.ucsb.edu/hudley/documents/StumblingBlocks.pdf
Durovic J., (2008). Intercultural Communication and Ethnic Identity. Journal of Intercultural
Communication. ISSN 1404-1634. Retrieved March 3, 2011 from http://www.immi.se/intercultural/nr16/durovic.htm
Learn peace, (2011). Understanding Conflict - Understanding Peace: Underlying Causes of Conflict. Retrieved March 3, 2011 from http://www.ppu.org.uk/learn/conflict/st_conflict1.html
Profit Organization Interest
Identify the core functions of each department, their strengths and weaknesses, and make recommendations for improvement, as appropriate.
In the case of Rambus (the for profit organization we are investigating) there are conflicting accounting standards between: pro forma and generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP). As Rambus is focused on three different areas to include: Digital Edge Clocking, the production of DRAM and LED chips. The strengths of these different segments are: the company is major component supplier to some the major electronics / computer manufacturers and they are diversified between different areas inside semi-conductors. The weaknesses include: they are using a pro forma based accounting system, they have no effective internal controls and their business model is not protected against sudden shocks to the economy. Possible recommendations to improve these issues are: the company should reduce their overall amounts of debt, they should switch to GAAP-based standards…
Rambus 10Q. (2010). Rambus. Retrieved from: http://investor.rambus.com/secfiling.cfm?filingID=950123-10-98137
Rambus 10K. (2009). Rambus. Retrieved from: http://investor.rambus.com/secfiling.cfm?filingID=917273-10-14
Mullins, R. (2010). Rambus Takes $200 Million Stock Option Hit. Tech World. Retrieved from: http://news.techworld.com/storage/7150/rambus-takes-200m-stock-option-hit/
tension between businesses interests in maximizing profits and the public's interest in receiving complete, truthful, and non-misleading information about products that they purchase.
The dangers against greenwashing are that consumers will have no confidence in the products or services they are buying. This means that they will not purchase specific items. As they feel they are being deceived and cheated through false labeling / misrepresentation. At the same time, there is the possibility that a firm could face penalties from government regulators who feel that they are engaging in false advertising. This will have a negative impact on the image of the organization and their ability to address the needs of customers in the future. ("Six Sins of Greenwashing," 2007)
For an executive; it is advisable to not practice these kinds of policies. The reason why is because it will hurt the brand image of the products they are selling…
Clean Air Act Summary. (2013). EPA. Retrieved from: http://www2.epa.gov/laws-regulations/summary-clean-air-act
Environmental Protections Rules and Regulations. (2012). Federal Register, 77 (32), 9304 -- 9513.
EPA To Set Modest Pace. (2010). EPA. Retrieved from: http://yosemite.epa.gov/opa/admpress.nsf/6424ac1caa800aab85257359003f5337/d2f038e9daed78de8525780200568bec!OpenDocument
New Source Litigation. (2013). Southern Company. Retrieved from: http://www.southerncompany.com/about-us/suppliers/fuel-services/environmental.cshtml
Public administration is one of the constructs upon which every government functions. It incorporates the concepts of administrative responsibility and public interest upon which the idea of ethical obligation and the dilemma brought about by the privatization of government functions ride. Anytime the electorate cast their votes and express their preference for one candidate over another, they do so in the expectation that the candidate will work towards satisfying the public's interests, rather than their own, and that they will use their positions to help people, rather than dominate them. This expectation is, however, not often given the significance it deserves, despite the fact that it advances from the party that stands to either benefit or lose directly from a public administrator's actions.
The Concept of Public Interest
Although it is difficult to give an explicit definition of the constituents of public interest, experts have repeatedly referred to it as…
CAPAM Featured Report. (2010). Ethical Dilemmas in the Public Service. CAPAM. Retrieved from http://win2vin.files.wordpress.com/2013/09/ethical-dilemma-good-one.pdf
Holland, D., Nonini, D.M., Lutz, C., Bartlett, L. & Frederick-McGlathery, M., Guldbrandsen, T. & Murillo, E. (2007). Local Democracy under Siege: Activism, Public Interests, and Private Politics. New York: New York Press.
Starling, G. (2007). Managing the Public Sector (8th ed.). Boston, MA: Cengage Learning.
Stillman, R. (2009). Public Administration: Concepts and Cases. Boston, MA: Cengage Learning.
There are circumstances as Crane a. And Matten D. (2004)
discussed showing that the compromise on standards is likely to occur owing to the idea of gifts.
Contrary to this notion, in china gifts are not given to influence one decisions but as a norm of appreciating. While no specific standard to the gift is required, the gift works only to share one appreciation of the business undertaken. Looking at the situation at Almond and it potential business relations there is a specific value assigned to the gift expected. This clearly comes out as a measure to influence potential business relation an aspect that Singh J. et al. (2005)
describe as bribery. Singh J. et al. (2005)
argue that, assigning of value to a gift demonstrates bribery that is against international business code. The case for Almond having to give a specified volume of commission is indication of bribery.
Crane a., & Matten D. (2004). Business Ethics. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Singh J., Carasco E., Svensson G., Wood G., & M., C. (2005). A Comparative Study of the Contents of Corporate Codes of Ethics in Australia, Canada and Sweden. Journal of World Business, 40, 91-109.
Organizational Theory and Applicability in Modern Organizations
Conflicts within organizations are not always negative. Differences between members should be viewed as strengths used in working towards a common goal rather than suppressing those differences. The classical model embraced by theorists Elton Mayo and Fredrick Taylor echoes the significance of capitalizing on the differences in working towards a common goal for the benefit of the organization. In this paper, we echo the significance of harmonizing individual differences in the workplace basing on Mary Parker Follett's theories. In her theories, we endeavor to utilize the theory of the group process in shedding more light on this subject.
The Group Process
The focus of Follett endeavored to address group processes in industrial organizations. According to Follett, basic principles of human behavior that include integrating, emerging, interacting, and evoking are the same in business and other group settings (Cole, 2004). These fundamental concepts envisaged…
Cole, G. (2004). Management Theory and Practice. New York: Cengage Learning
Graham, P. (2003). Mary Parker Follett-- the prophet of Management: A Celebration of Writings from the 1920s. New York: Beard Books
Ramsbotham, O. Miall, H., & Woodhouse, T. (2011). Contemporary Conflict Resolution. New York: Polity
Duties of a Correctional Psychologist
An increasing rate of violation of crimes characterizes the current global environment. Different forms of violence and aggression, including drug trafficking and abuse, robbery, and rape cases among other forms of violence necessitates the need for analyzing the roles of a correctional psychologist. he special roles played by the correctional psychologists such as providing environments that improve the safety of the staff and inmates, psychological services, inmate management, and conducting an evaluation of the inmate/prison population and its influence on inmates' health necessitated the study into the topic. In addition, the fact that the correctional psychology has numerous ethical dilemmas and conflicts makes it wanting to study the topic.
he working environment, professional and personal experiences made me interested in studying the duties and challenges facing correctional psychologist. he fact that correctional psychologists work in a simulative and challenging environment attracts my interests…
The study provides a variety of opportunities for future research. For example, it provides an avenue for conducting research on the organizational factors that influence decision-making of the correctional psychologists. Organizational factors such as structure have been predicted to affect the practicing of correctional psychologists. Therefore, this study will provide the basis for studies into the issue. In addition, the study provides opportunities for future research on the contributing factors to the transformation of the correctional psychologists and their roles. Other ways in which this study will provide opportunities for future research include studies that aim at criticizing legitimacy of studies conducted on the topic.
Corriea, K.M. (2009). A Handbook for Correctional Psychologists: Guidance for the Prison Practitioner. Springfield: Charles C. Thomas Publisher, LTD
Therapy Values Challenge
Fortunately for both patients and therapists alike, there is not usually a huge source of discord to the level that could impede a counselor's ability to do their job. However, it can and does happen every day. Whether it be a personal connection to the patient (or someone close to them), some other obvious ethical conflict of interest or whatever, there are times and situations where something arises that precludes (or advises against) the counselor continuing to treat the patient due to this discord. A more common source of this discord, however, are situations where the values and beliefs of the patient and provider are so out of sync that it legitimately creates a real problem when it comes to the relationship between the two parties. This report will explore a hypothetical situation that would present precisely this situation and there will also be discussion of what…
Lipka, M. (2015). A closer look at America's rapidly growing religious "nones." Pew Research Center. Retrieved 18 June 2016, from http://www.pewresearch.org/fact-tank/2015/05/13/a-closer-look-at-americas-rapidly-growing-religious-nones/
Seltzer, L. (2016). Between Therapist and Client: The Great Divide. Psychology Today. Retrieved 18 June 2016, from https://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/evolution-the-self/201403/between-therapist-and-client-the-great-divide
KILMANN'S CONFLICT Management MODEL
assessment of conflict and style
Conflict management assessment using the Thomas Kilmann Mode
According to Kuhn and Poole (2000), conflict management style entails the consistent and general orientation towards a conflict situation or the other party. It manifests in the behaviors observable forming a pattern and sharing a characteristic that is common over time (Kuhn & Poole, 2000).
The conflict mode instrument by Kilmann assesses behavior of individual in a conflict situation. The mode instrument looks at conflict situations as those where individuals have differed incompatible concerns. In these situations, behaviors of individuals fall in two distinct dimensions. One is assertiveness where an individual seeks to satisfy strongly his or her own needs. Second is cooperativeness where the extent that an individual makes attempts to meet the other party's concerns. These two distinctions on observable behavior among individual in a conflict situation yield to the five…
Deutsch, M., Coleman, P.T., & Marcus, E.C. (2006). The handbook of conflict resolution: Theory and practice (2nd ed.). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
Kuhn, T., & Poole, M.S. (2000). Do conflict management styles affect group decision making? Human Communication Research, 26(4), 558-590.
Thomas, K.W., & Kilmann, R.H. (1974). Thomas-Kilmann Conflict MODE Instrument. Tuxedo, NY:: Xicom.
Deutsch, Coleman and Marcus (2006), conflict is an inevitable consequence of the human condition. Conflicts betweens humans frequently involve competition over scarce resources, but history has shown time and again that conflicts can occur for virtually any reason and that some people thrive on conflict while others actively avoid it. One recent conflict that has gained national attention has been the series of strikes by fast-food workers seeking a higher minimum wage. These strikes have gained momentum and the most recent one in December 2013 affected fast food establishments in more than 100 American cities across the country. This paper provides a description of this conflict situation, a description of the social context and participants, and an identification of antecedent conditions to the strikes. An identification of the behavior reflecting the cognition and personalization by individuals of the conflict and identification of a relevant conflict management model, the Thomas-Kilmann Conflict…
Bacon, J. (2013, December 5). Fast-food workers strike, protest for higher pay. USA Today.
Bratkovic, B. (2010, June). Managing conflict. Government Finance Review, 26(3), 51-55.
Bryce, D. (2000, November). Motivation by the book. Training & Development, 54(11), 66.
Working with and managing diverse teams can be rewarding, stimulating creativity and even leading to greater satisfaction for some employees (Stahl, Maznevski, Voigt & Jonsen, 2010, p. 690). As Cox & Blake (1991) also point out, cultural diversity in a work group imparts a competitive advantage for the organization. However, the research on cultural diversity in workgroups yields some troubling and contradictory results. Recent research shows that diversity does not necessarily lead to social integration, and can even adversely impact team performance (Horwitz & Horwitz, 2007). Stahl, Maznevski, Voigt & Jonsen (2010) also found “cultural diversity leads to process losses through task conflict and decreased social integration,” (p. 690). Thomas & Peterson (2018) agree that cultural diversity in a work group has “positive and negative elements,” (p. 166). The conflict between Darius and Harpreet has been festering for months, causing what is most likely a “high level of stress for…
conflict which has repercussions in the present time or one that is indeed actual. The following chosen conflict can actually be regarded as conflictive on two grounds which makes it all the more so important. First, hydraulic fracturing has been demonstrated to have severe environmental consequences on a negative scale which subsequently affect people's well-being. Second, as a technological development of the twentieth century, hydraulic fracturing, provided that the aforementioned is indeed true, would constitute reasonable grounds to estimate that the effects of industrialization have been detrimental to the common interest of the mere population while it has only boosted more financial benefits for the rich. The two grounds mentioned before make hydraulic fracturing a very current dangerous conflict which is why it has been chosen here. Moreover, certain companies seem to be given the right to drill internationally while the population is not made aware of the consequences, especially…
Ernest Hemingway’s story titled “Soldier’s Home” features a youth, Harold Krebs who is unable to adapt and lead an ordinary life after returning from war. Akin to several fellow soldiers-turned-writers, Hemingway uses this tale to explain his own problems with adjusting to a civilian life after the war. Though Krebs does set store by the truth, circumstances and society coerce him into lying. The tale depicts, in an accurate manner, the contradiction between his personal values (which changed drastically following his experiences on the battlefield) and people’s expectations from him (he is expected to display compliance with societal values). Ultimately, Krebs resorts to a life of seclusion, alienating himself from love, ambition, societal relationships, and religion (LAGGC).
Several circumstances combine and give rise to the conflicts outlined in the story. But three elements, in particular, contribute significantly to Krebs’ conflict: the failure of Krebs’ hometown inhabitants to welcome…
As such, Yunus' business model for Grameen Bank directly contradicts Social Darwinism, since the former is giving collateral free loans to individuals who are not fiscally fit -- and who are oftentimes exceedingly destitute -- and enabling them to get the financial means to survive.
Additionally, it is critical to examine the role that women play in both Social Darwinism and in Yunus' enterprise with Grameeen. Women are the bearers of children, and regardless of what Social Darwin advances about the fittest of a species, no species can survive without the means of replicating itself. For humans, of course, such a conception prioritizes women over men. Therefore, it is highly significant that the bulk of the individuals receiving loans form Grameen are women. From a Social Darwinism perspective this fact is extremely noteworthy, since women can produce a more direct effect on the livelihoods of their children.
Still, it is…
Business - Ethics
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Business - Ethics
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Business - Law
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Business - Management
Conflicts are common occurrences and part of human life. At the workplace or homes, people have conflicts, which could be either foreseen or spontaneous. Managers at workplaces always grapple…Read Full Paper ❯
Drama - World
conflicts that we are always hearing about in the media and reading about in the newspapers is the Chechen Conflict. At times bloody war, now insidious terrorist actions on…Read Full Paper ❯
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Accounting / Finance
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History - Israel
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Literature - African
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(Feldman and Slattery 201) In this environment, it is likely that the people of Somalia would welcome the devil himself if he was carrying food and water, and these…Read Full Paper ❯
History - Asian
Conflict esolution India is a diverse country in terms of religion. The Hindu population constitutes 828 million people (80%), the Muslim population constitutes million (13.5%), the Christian population constitutes…Read Full Paper ❯
Drama - World
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Business - Management
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Conflict Neg While it is impossible to know exactly what went on behind the closed doors of the Oval Office and other meeting points during the near-lockdown in D.C.,…Read Full Paper ❯
Mythology - Religion
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Family and Marriage
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Family and Marriage
Conflict and Communication Issues in Marriage and Sex Communication lies at the root of all our conflict and resolutions. Without communication in all its forms, we as a race…Read Full Paper ❯
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Family and Marriage
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Conflict and Cooperation: Native Americans and European Settlers in Early America The early history of the settlement of what would eventually become the United States has many competing narratives.…Read Full Paper ❯
Political, financial and most of all ethnic interest are going to "to further muddle the results. Perhaps most dangerous is that the results did not yield a Parliament whose…Read Full Paper ❯
Business - Advertising
However, there were a number of influential employee leaders who objected to this approach and who made their position widely known through channels both formal and informal. The latter…Read Full Paper ❯
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History - Israel
Culturally, the Bush administration failed miserably at understanding what needed to be done within the Iraqi cultures. For example, Diamond notes that the U.S. tried to build security through…Read Full Paper ❯
Black Studies - Philosophy
I sometimes go for long periods of time where I do not talk to my brother, because it can just be too much stress. I still love my brother,…Read Full Paper ❯
The other side of that coin is general competency and ability to do one's. Ignorance of how to do one's job correctly can unfairly or even irreecovactly change the…Read Full Paper ❯
You can't simply say you're going to integrate the science of psychotherapy with scripture." Moore argues, "because there are only sciences and theories of psychotherapy that are contradictory and…Read Full Paper ❯
nytimes.com/2006/05/02/books/02bett.html [26 Apr 2013]] The main criticism levied against Kinzer's work is the question: where was the American public during these escapades? After all, if America is a democracy,…Read Full Paper ❯
Applying "Ethical conflicts for new financial planners" to nursing The healthcare industry is increasingly faced with demands that it operate more like a for-profit business with a careful eye…Read Full Paper ❯
Intercultural Conflict Conflict, according to Word Net, (2011) is "an open clash between two opposing groups (or individuals)" it also defines it further as "opposition between two simultaneous but…Read Full Paper ❯
Profit Organization Interest Identify the core functions of each department, their strengths and weaknesses, and make recommendations for improvement, as appropriate. In the case of Rambus (the for profit…Read Full Paper ❯
Transportation - Environmental Issues
tension between businesses interests in maximizing profits and the public's interest in receiving complete, truthful, and non-misleading information about products that they purchase. The dangers against greenwashing are that…Read Full Paper ❯
Public administration is one of the constructs upon which every government functions. It incorporates the concepts of administrative responsibility and public interest upon which the idea of ethical obligation…Read Full Paper ❯
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Therapy Values Challenge Fortunately for both patients and therapists alike, there is not usually a huge source of discord to the level that could impede a counselor's ability to…Read Full Paper ❯
KILMANN'S CONFLICT Management MODEL assessment of conflict and style Conflict management assessment using the Thomas Kilmann Mode According to Kuhn and Poole (2000), conflict management style entails the consistent…Read Full Paper ❯
Deutsch, Coleman and Marcus (2006), conflict is an inevitable consequence of the human condition. Conflicts betweens humans frequently involve competition over scarce resources, but history has shown time and…Read Full Paper ❯
Working with and managing diverse teams can be rewarding, stimulating creativity and even leading to greater satisfaction for some employees (Stahl, Maznevski, Voigt & Jonsen, 2010, p. 690). As…Read Full Paper ❯
Sports - Drugs
conflict which has repercussions in the present time or one that is indeed actual. The following chosen conflict can actually be regarded as conflictive on two grounds which makes…Read Full Paper ❯
Analyzing Conflict Ernest Hemingway’s story titled “Soldier’s Home” features a youth, Harold Krebs who is unable to adapt and lead an ordinary life after returning from war. Akin to…Read Full Paper ❯
As such, Yunus' business model for Grameen Bank directly contradicts Social Darwinism, since the former is giving collateral free loans to individuals who are not fiscally fit -- and…Read Full Paper ❯