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Counseling Session in the Form of a Dialogue
Every counseling process involves exchange of information and shows the clients that the counselor cares about them. The counseling process should include both aspects of emotions and facts. Therefore how the counselor talks and listens is just as important as what he says. The ultimate goal of a counselor is to provide an appropriate solution to the clients and to satisfy them. Every counseling session is a setting where two lives intersect. The key to successfully work towards a common goal is about showing respect and interest in learning about one another. This essay is based on a counseling session in the form of a dialogue between me and my client.
Counseling Session in the Form of a Dialogue
Listening is a skill that requires continuous practice. Counseling sessions are based on hearing and understanding the clients. Professional…
Elliot Institute. (2011, February 23). A List of Major Psychological Effects Associated With Abortion. Retrieved May 3, 2012, from http://afterabortion.org/2011/abortion-risks-a-list-of-major-psychological-complications-related-to-abortion/
Figure from Elliot Institute. (2011, February 23). A List of Major Psychological Effects Associated With Abortion. Retrieved May 3, 2012, from
Counseling Terminally Ill
Counseling the Terminally Ill
orking as a counselor in a medical setting comes inbuilt with a wide array of ethical challenges, practical obstacles and emotional trials. In this context, it is incumbent upon the counselor to possess certain sensitivities, sensibilities and intuition with respect to the needs of clients. This imperative is only magnified when this clientele is facing terminal illness. Counseling patients suffering from terminal illness carries its own spectrum of complexities and only the combination of training, experience and psychological suitability for the job are sufficient to provide one with skills to perform it well. As the discussion hereafter will show, patients with terminal illness are in a unique disposition within the context of medical treatment and must therefore be shown a unique form of counsel. This will be reflected in the values demonstrated and responsibilities assumed by the attending counselor both in this discussion…
Crimson Crier (CC). (2007). Counseling Terminally Ill Patients and Their Families. Helium.com.
Daneker, D. (2006). Counselors Working With the Terminally Ill. Counseling Outfitters.
Mesothelioma & Asbestos Awareness Center (MAAC). (2010). Counseling for Terminally Ill Patients. MAACenter.org.
" This involves coming up with a list of the consequences of reacting to an event (udman, 1992). This means that they describe what emotions the activating event made them feel.
The principles facilitate being rational because they shift focus from emotions to logic. The group gets an opportunity to look at the problems they face from a rational perspective, which creates room for possibilities. Thinking rationally helps in creating many alternative solutions, and helps clients make decisions consciously and willingly. It also ensures that individuals in the group are responsible for their actions and this solves the problems that arise from shifting blame. This technique aims at challenging the logic behind the clients' responses.
Another technique is imagination disputation. Each client creates a scenario that would lead to a reaction and emotional consequences. The group members express how they would react in that situation and later discuss the appropriate…
Budman, S.H., Hoyt, M.F., & Friedman, S. (2009). The first session in brief therapy. New York: Guilford Press
Brief therapy is a segment of therapy that deals with an individual's current as well as future in opposition to his or her past life experiences. The main aim of brief therapy is determining some of the challenges that one faces. The book covers areas that are deal with seeking solutions from the problems that people tend to experience there life.
Corey, G. (2012). Theory & practice of group counseling. Belmont, CA: Brooks/Cole,
Counseling and the Helping Professions
Counseling and related helping professions can be highly valuable for people who are struggling to cope with specific events in their lives (Constantine, 2007). Some people see counselors individually, and others go as a couple, group, or family. There are many reasons why people see counselors, depending on the areas of life with which they are having trouble. For those who get into counseling as a profession, there are different areas to choose from and specialties to consider in each one of those areas (Vogel, Wade, & Hackler, 2007). In order to be an effective counselor and help the largest number of people, it is very important to find a helping profession or counseling specialty with which a person is comfortable. That will allow that person to provide the most benefit to the largest number of people. Addressed here will be the specialties of several…
Constantine, M. (2007). Racial microaggressions against African-American clients in cross-racial counseling relationships. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 54(1), 1 -- 16.
Dillon, F., Worthington, R., Soth-McNett, A., & Schwartz, S. (2008). Gender and sexual identity-based predictors of lesbian, gay, and bisexual affirmative counseling self-efficacy. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 39(3), 353 -- 360.
Mellody, E.A. (1989). A brief history of codependence and a look at the psychological literature. Facing Codependence. NY: Harper.
Sommers-Flanagan, R. & Sommers-Flanagan, J. (2006). Becoming an ethical helping professional: Cultural and philosophical foundations. NY: Wiley.
Describe the mental hygiene movement in Counseling Psychology.
Mental hygiene can be considered as a science of preventing disorders and maintaining a mental health at their full mental capability. This involves the precautions that are taken in order to encourage and safeguard the mental health. It offers therapy for the mentally disturbed, takes preventive measures of the ailment, and also assists in helping the patients cope with this stress. The community recognizes the relationship between mental health, the population affected by it, and also its effect on the society (Pointon, 2004). This division on mental health handles people with social problems which include drug addiction, and suicide attempts. Most of the people suffering mental ailments have been neglected by the society. Others have been mistreated while the rest have been isolated from the society. Treatment and prevention to this condition involves prenatal care, child abuse programs, and also…
Cutts, L. (2011). Integration in counseling psychology: To what purpose?. Counseling Psychology Review, 26(2), 38-48.
Watkins Jr., C. Edward. (1992). Historical influences on the use of assessment methods in counseling psychology Counselling Psychology Quarterly, Vol. 5 Issue 2.
Thorne, Frederick C.(2000). The field of clinical psychology: Past, present, and future . Journal of Clinical Psychology, Volume 56, Issue 3, pages 257 -- 274,
Pointon, Clare. (2004). Difference and equality in practice. CPJ: Counselling & Psychotherapy Journal, Vol. 15. Issue 8, p42
Counseling and Personal Values
Integrating Learned Theories about Counseling with Your Personal Values
As the world has modernized, people have started experiencing more psychological problems and other problems than ever. Despite the normal behavior that most of the people depict, they are a victim of psychological disturbances which ultimately makes them sick. Therefore counseling was introduces as a means to address various kinds of problem that people find difficult to tackle. There are many theories of counseling that help us deal with the problems but it is important to know how these theories integrate with our personal values. The impact that these theories have on the personal values of each person will be different due to the fact that personal values are different for each person.
Definition of Counseling
Ever since counseling has emerged has a professional field, the need for a definition has been increasing. However, it is…
Feltham, C., & Dryden, W. (2005). Dictionary of Counseling. Wiley John and Sons Inc. .
Gladding, S.T. (2012). Counseling: A Comprehensive Profession. Prentice Hall.
Rogers, C.R. (1958). Characteristics of a Helping relationship. Personal and Guidance Journal .
Rosenthal, H. (2007). Encyclopedia of Counseling. Taylor and Francis Inc. .
Counseling Immigrants and efugees - Bring the World to your Backyard
Immigrants add depth to the American cultural landscape, and enhance the character of our already colorful communities. This is true in microcosms, such as school campuses. It is therefore critical to address the needs of immigrant populations. Addressing the needs of immigrant populations with specialized counseling services is a good way to minimize mental health problems, address physical health needs, and also provide the means by which to foster healthy community growth and social development. This proposal for an immigrant-specific counseling program takes into account the differential needs of immigrants based on culture of origin, nation of origin, languages of origin, gender, socio-economic class, and refugee status.
efugees are a special category of immigrant, but both immigrants and refugees are foreign nationals who expatriate. In the United States, and indeed most developed countries, there is a clear and legal…
Fadiman, A. (1997). The Spirit Catches You and You Fall Down. Farrar, Straus & Girroux.
"Immigrant vs. Refugee." Retrieved online: http://www.diffen.com/difference/Immigrant_vs_Refugee
Indigenous Connections (2013). Retrieved online: http://coolaustralia.org/take-action/indigenous-connections/
Segal, U. & Mayadas, N.S. (2005). Assessment of issues facing immigrant and refugee families. Child Welfare 84(5). Retrieved online: http://cssr.berkeley.edu/cwscmsreports/LatinoPracticeAdvisory/Assessment%20of%20Issues%20Facing%20Imm_Refugee%20Families.pdf
Prominent factors influencing group and individual counseling
(#3) Which approaches to individual and group counseling are best for new group counselors?
Successful theoretical approaches vary between individual and group therapy. Nevertheless, there is overlap in the efficacy of certain approaches. For example, Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) has a strong success rate in both group and individual contexts (Beiling, McCabe, Antony, 2009). Although it is true that CBT was originally implemented in an individual setting, there are specific reasons why it is adaptable to a group format. Specifically, CBT endeavors to alter the way in which people distinguish between internal and external reality, changing how one responds to their environment rather than addressing psychological insight (Beiling, McCabe, Antony, 2009). Additionally, many CBT patients have anxiety disorders, and many patients find the group setting less intimidating than a private dynamic.
CBT is also particularly successful to either individual or group contexts…
Beiling, P.J., McCabe, R.E., & Antony, M.M. (2009). Cognitive Behavioral Therapy in Groups. New York: The Guilford Press.
Bemak, F., Chung, R. C-Y. (2004). Teaching multicultural group counseling: Perspectives for a new era. The Journal for Specialists in Group Work, 29(1), 31-41.
Neumann, D.A., Gamble, S.J. (1995). Issues in the professional development of psychotherapists: Countertransference and vicarious traumatization in the new trauma therapist. Psychotherapy: Theory, Research, Practice, Training, 32(2), 341-347.
With patience, couples are less likely to be critical of their partners, and are more likely to understand them and try to be more cordial even in the face of issues. Using humor helps to diffuse tense situations and can stop a fight before it even begins. This can help because if an argument is avoided and humor is used to diffuse anger, then it helps to change the course of a situation and steer it in a more positive direction. Giving your partner a "Moment of Grace" is one of the best steps as far as communication because allowing for mistakes shows your partner that you are giving them time and room to change and grow. Giving your partner time to fix their mistakes allows them to realize their own mistakes and be more conscious of their actions. This technique of counseling was good to learn about because it…
Nouwen, H. (2010). Spiritual Formation Foiiowing the Movement of the Spirit .
Sue, D.W. (2008). Counseling the Culturally Diverse Theory and Practice.
Counseling African Women UK
The people of the world are hurting. Worse yet, the economic downturn and the momentum toward cutting government costs at all levels with little regard to what that means suggests that those who have been treated poorly and unfairly in the past will be first in line to shoulder more suffering. And that bodes poorly for the African and black women of the UK who have only recently begun to be recognized as the true victims of serious systematic injustices that are resulting in or making worse a broad range of mental health concerns (Center for Mental Health, 2011).
This reality comes on top of the fact that it has not been until very recently that women and women of color of the UK have even begun being identified as in serious need of help. Only as recently as 2005 (Mayor of London, Blueprint for Action),…
SCMH (2006). The cost of race inequality. The Sainsbury Center for Mental Health. Downloadable from http://www.SCMH.org.uk.
Wallcraft, J. (2011). Women and Mental Health. Mind for Better Mental Health. Viewable at http://www.mind.org.uk/help/people_groups_and_communities/women_and_mental_health .
Wright, S. And Hutnik, N. (No Date). Black Spaces Project: South Asian Women Study. Strategies for Living. Downloadable at http://www.mentalhealth.org.uk/content/assets/PDF/publications/black_spaces_s_asian_women.pdf?view=Standard .
In line with narrative therapy techniques, describe how the counselor externalized Helen's problems. Why is externalization so important in this session? How effective is it with Helen?
Externalization is critical to narrative therapy, allowing the client to detach herself from the problem. The counselor externalizes Helen's problems first by ceasing to frame them as problems. Instead the counselor frames Helen's problems within the context of her life story, and encourages her to do the same. Problems become challenges, which Helen, the hero, is destined to overcome with the help of key allies like the counselor. One of the most notable ways the counselor externalizes Helen's problems is by personifying her problem as a character in a story: Nagging Dissatisfaction. Nagging Dissatisfaction becomes the antagonist to Helen, the protagonist. By externalizing Nagging Dissatisfaction, Helen can stop identifying with someone who is tormented and start to take action to achieve her…
Socializing the client is an important approach in cognitivebehavioral therapy. It is visible in this video session with the manners the doctor is showing. She is showing very good explanatory manners. Introducing herself to the client, she goes on to elaborate what is going to happen and how they are about to take this process. In other words, it is very crucial to inform the client about what is about to happen to them. This is crucial because initially the clients are distressed and not feeling so good about the situation or about themselves. This causes to come up with depressing scenarios and predictions about what is to happen.
Socializing the client is basically telling the client the philosophy, stricter and the practices of this approach to therapy. It is important to tell the client about this so they understand why the doctor is taking this approach. Not…
Therapy may also be aimed at either children or adults. Usually a therapist will concentrate on one or the other, as children require special approaches and not all therapists work well with children (Good 22).
Couples and family counselors deal with marriage and family therapy in a brief, solution-focused way. This often means that the therapist addresses very specific problems and looks to attain therapeutic goals, with counseling done with the end in mind. There are a wide range of problems that the marriage and family therapist treats, and therefore the counselor should have graduate training in the field. This is a rewarding field, as over 98% of clients report therapy services as good or excellent.
The federal government has designated marriage and family therapy as a core mental health profession. There are 48 states that also support and regulate the practice through licensing or certifying these therapists. Ethical issues…
Career and Practice Information." American Association of Marriage and Family Therapy. AAMFT. 2007. http://www.aamft.org/faqs/index_nm.aspand http://www.aamft.org/resources/Career_PracticeInformation/career.htm .
Condic, Kristine. "Counseling: Resources for students, consumers, and professionals." College and Research Libraries, Vol. 66, No. 6. June 2005.
Counselors." USDL (United States Department of Labor).4 Aug 2006. http://www.bls.gov/oco/ocos067.htm .
Faiver, Christopher M.; Ingersoll, Elliott, R,; O'Brien, Eugene M.; and McNally, Christopher. Explorations in Counseling and Spirituality: Philosophical, Practical, and Personal Reflections. New York: Wadsworth Group. 2000.
Moreover, maltreated children reveal their feelings and situations when a counselor engages them in group counseling. Younger children perform well with growth playgroups where older children profit from activity groupings and treatment-oriented groups. Groups counseling is essential for sexually abused children because it lowers their guilt, differentness and shame feelings. Group counseling also helps abused children to learn ways in which they can defend themselves from any form of abuse.
Counseling maltreated children is difficult because it can inspire feelings that are more intricate to the counselor. A counselor may become angry with the abused child's parent or abusers. he/she may develop frustration and sad feeling in the course of the counseling process. However, the main role and focus of a counselor is to protect an abused child from more abuse (Kuehnle and Connell, 2010). The counselor handling sensitive concerns of abuse must seek supervision, consultation and treatment when they…
Thomspson, C., & Lenderson, D. (2010). Counseling children. New York: Cengage Learning.
Deb, S., & Mukherjee, A.(2011). Background and adjustment of sexually abused girls and their perceptions of intervention. Child Abuse Review, 20, 213-230.
Kuehnle, K., & Connell, M. (2010). Child sexual abuse suspicions: Treatment considerations during investigations. Journal of Child Sexual Abuse, 19: 554-571.
Mart, E. (2010). Assessment and testimony in child abuse cases. Journal of Psychiatry & Law,
Guidance and Counseling
Role of the Counselor
Group vs. Individual Counseling
Role of the Counselor
The counselor interviewed became a school counselor because she loves children and feels a strong sense of purpose to give back to society by helping children. She works with children between the ages of about eight and twelve. The counselor started with a degree in educational psychology and chose to be a school counselor over other options such as a private counselor or family counselor. One of the main goals that the counselor described is careful listening. Listening is an important skill that allows children feel more comfortable with sharing their true feelings or problems. She also listed empathy as a critical skill towards the same end. When you empathize with children they are also far more likely to be more open and honest about the challenges they are experiencing.
And the problem lies in the fact that there is a shortage of good teaching on the subject. "Students are left to discover ethical solutions by 'osmosis'" he asserts, because "simply providing ethical information is not enough, students end up without sufficient skills to make ethical decisions."
As to what responsibility supervisors have in terms of their ethical duties towards supervisees, Carroll suggests supervisors not merely wait until issues arise within the supervisory duties to discuss ethics: rather, supervisors should practice good ethical behavior and insist that trainees be given full courses in ethics, not just three-hour seminars.
In their book Developing Counsellor Supervision, Colin Feltham and Windy Dryden point out (112) that in recent years "there has been a great deal of exposure of counselors who seriously and blatantly abuse their position and undermine public confidence" in the counseling profession. And while "sexual abuse" gets the headlines, Feltham et…
Carroll, Michael. 1996. Counseling Supervision: Theory, Skills and Practice. Cassell,
Feltham, Colin, & Dryden, Windy. 1994. Developing Counsellor Supervision, Sage,
Several people who come into contact with troubles in their life look for counseling and therapy. The troubles that people encounter can be one or more of the following troubles: relationship troubles, school related troubles, hopelessness, nervousness, distress, and concerns from the bygone days that pessimistically influence the individuals every day performance. Though people look for therapy for numerous purposes, the majority of people go to therapy for the reason that they want assistance with particular troubles. Even after discussing with friends and family about the trouble, a lot of people are not in a position to recuperate things sufficiently on their own. In order for such people to have a discussion about their concerns and to produce some constructive elucidations, therapy could be considered as a secure method. (Counseling & Psychotherapy) In this paper, we wish to discuss on counselors working as a group and offering services to…
Benefits of Membership. Retrieved from http://www.americanpsychotherapy.com/membership-and-benifits.php Accessed on 25 May 2005.
Counseling & Psychotherapy. 25 May, 2001. Retrieved from http://www.uc.edu/psc/sh/SH_Psychotherapy.htm Accessed on 25 May 2005.
Counselors -- Career Information. Retrieved from http://www.collegegrad.com/careers/proft38.shtml Accessed on 25 May 2005.
IPG: Institute for Personal Growth. Retrieved from http://ipgcounseling.com / Accessed on 24th May 2005
Counseling Minor Clients: Ethical and Legal equirements
The purpose of this work in writing is to define four ethical and/or legal issues related to counseling minors. This will be accomplished through an academic literature review in which the ethical and legal conflicts that arise in counseling a minor will be analyzed. This work will explain how each of these conflicts will be addressed.
Defining the Terms 'Minor', 'Legal' and 'Ethical'
It is important that the counselor who works with minors "discuss and clarify confidentiality limitations with students before counseling begins to help ensure that students understand the limits of confidentiality within the counseling process. (Froeschle & Moyer, 2004 in: Hall and ushing, nd) The work of Glosoff and Pate (2002) states that the moral principles most often cited in relation to ethical practices of counselors include those as follows: (1) truth-telling; (2) equity and justice which is fairness; (3) doing…
Glosoff, Harriet L. And Pate, Robert H., Jr. (2002) Privacy and Confidentiality in School Counseling. Professional School Counseling 1 Oct. 2002. Retrieved from: http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1G1-93700936.html
Hall, Kimberly R. And Rushing, Jeri L. (nd) Are you a Legally Literature School Counselor? Mississippi State University. Retrieved from: http://www.jsc.montana.edu/articles/v8n22.pdf
Froeschle, J. And Moyer, M. (2004) Just Cut It Out: Legal and Ethical Challenges in Counseling Students Who Self-Mutilate. Professional School Counseling, 7(4), 231-235 in: Hall, Kimberly R. And Rushing, Jeri L. (nd) Are you a Legally Literature School Counselor? Mississippi State University. Retrieved from:
In this example, there is a clear need for the use of counseling skills in order to ensure positive outcomes for the client (Smyer & Intrieri, 1990). For example, giving proper medical counseling may make a difference in a person's quality of life. Formal helping relationships seek the deeper meaning of problems and utilize therapeutic skills to find resolution (Mowrer, 1940). Formal helping relationships are often more intense and longer in duration than informal relationships.
Informal helpers on the other hand may take the form of peers, family members, coworkers, or members of support networks (Dilley, 1967). These helpers often give advice and offer solutions to problems. These informal relationships are concerned with outward manifestations of the problem such as current symptoms or observable behaviors (Mowrer, 1967). Informal helping relationships such as those with family members and friends are often mutually beneficial and involve give and take activities such as…
Dilley, J.S. (1967). Decision-making: A dilemma and a purpose for counseling. Personnel & Guidance Journal, 45(6), 547-551.
Mowrer, H.R. (1940). The nature of family counseling. Living, 2(2), 45-45.
Rogers, C.P. (1945). Counseling. Review of Educational Research, 15(2), 155-
Smyer, M.A., & Intrieri, R.C. (1990). Evaluating counseling outcomes. Generations, 14(1), 11-15.
Minority groups, because of different cultural value systems, often do not seek out psychological counseling in the United States. Counselors are perceived as either lacking in authority or representing a dominant culture that cannot possibly understand the needs of the minority community. Therefore, many individuals fail to receive the proper health care services they require. For example, within the Asian community, reaching out for counseling is perceived as a sign of significant weakness and therefore the individual must be able to save face while at the same time receiving the necessary services. In becoming aware of the needs of the Asian community, a counselor can for instance cloak their services in way that preserves confidentiality, reduces implications of weakness, while at the same time recognizing the deeply-rooted Confucian values within the Asian community. Hierarchical structures imply that the counselor must assume an aura of authority in order to gain…
Counseling: Its Philosophy, Nature, And Dynamics
It is my view that science has provided an opportunity to discover and delve into the nature of humanity and the daily interactions that occur everyday among people. The development of psychology as a science had been pivotal in allowing modern society to know about the trends in attitude and behavior among humans. More specifically, it is through the area of counseling that I am able to apply the precision and deterministic nature of psychological science and human-centric quality of social communication and interaction. Through counseling, I was able to fuse my interest in social interaction and the human mind and knowledge in the science of psychology. Evidently, my philosophy in life is that there are multiple perspectives in understanding the nature of the individual, and among these perspectives are the scientific and humanistic approaches to human understanding.
Indeed, this has been the prevalent…
Counseling Models EVISED
CHAT OF TYPES OF THEAPY
TYPE / / GOAL / / THEAPEUTIC ELATIONSHIP / / TECHNIQUES
Psychoanalytic. / / "To Turn Neurosis into Ordinary Unhappiness" / / Silent, occasionally venturing an interpretation, therapist as "one who knows" / / Dream analysis, attention paid to early childhood development and relations with parents
Adlerian. / / Encourage client's premises and goals / / Collaborative relationship / / Focuses on feelings of self that arise from relationships and conflicts
Existential Therapy / / Self-mastery, self-examination, creativity, client accepting responsibility for self / / Therapist as person, emphasis on quality of therapist-client relationship / / Not a technique-oriented therapy but instead a philosophical approach
Person-Centered Therapy / / Increased self-esteem and greater openness to experience / / Neutral and non-hierarchical and empathetic / / estatement of client's statements in neutral language, unconditional positive regard, empathy
Gestalt Therapy / / Client awareness…
Corey, G. (2008). Theory And Practice Of Counseling & Psychotherapy, 8th Edition. Belmont, CA: Brooks / Cole.
Janet just completed her fourth divorce. She is in her early 30s. Her personal life is in chaos. She has children by three of her former husbands. Janet has struggled with addiction issues over the years including alcohol and drugs. She came from a very difficult family where her parents were alcoholics and often fought with each other. Janet was sexually abused by her uncle on more than one occasion when he lived with the family during her early teen years. Janet's problems with drugs and alcohol began as a teenager.
Janet has seemingly had a rough early adulthood that was turbulent. Changing her attitudes, belief, and values could be a difficult proposition and will mostly likely time a significant amount of time. It seems reasonable to suspect that Janet's basic human needs are not being met and this could also impact her children's quality of life. Counseling…
Davis, C., Ottawa, D.S., & Moser, A. (2014). Social desirability and change following substance abuse treatment in male offenders. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 872-879.
Lee, H., & Zerai, A. (2010). 'Everyone Deserves Services No Matter What': Defining Success in Harm-Reduction-Based Substance User Treatment. Substance Use and Misuse, 2411-2427.
Oleson, M. (2004). Exploring the relationship between money attitudes and Maslow's hierarchy of needs. International Journal of Consumer Studies, 83-92.
Counseling Session: Tommy Brown
As noted by Meyers (2016), one of the greatest challenges for any counselor is dealing with a client with whom the counselor disagrees, morally and personally, or clients who have done unethical (but not illegal or dangerous) things. In the case of Tommy Brown, this individual in his thirties is married, but has had an affair with another woman, resulting in that woman’s pregnancy. This woman has decided to keep the child, and Tommy fears his wife will divorce him. In this instance, the counselor may need to overcome her personal feelings about Tommy’s behavior. According to the ACA Code of Ethics, “counselors know that they must not force their own beliefs on clients, but what happens when a client espouses beliefs that are hateful, personally hurtful or just uncomfortable to the counselor” may be difficult for the counselor to cope with (Meyers, 2016, par.19). For…
As a future counselor, the area of discomfort with sexuality that would be problematic for me is the issue of child molestation/rape. For me, I regard molestation and rape as equal to murder, because it is such a violation of the person’s self and identity—and though the person’s life may not be taken in the physical sense, the trauma that the victim experiences can be quite substantial and this can harm a person indefinitely especially if no help is obtained. However, as a counselor I would not feel comfortable supplying that help or giving the right intervention because of the severity of my feelings with regard to this issue. I become completely overwhelmed by the thought of sexual abuse—so much so that it paralyzes me and makes me unable to communicate in an effective manner.
My discomfort stems from multiple reasons—personal, professional, cultural, social, and spiritual places that I…
What are some factors that can cause Infidelity? How does these factors typically cause infidelity?
Infidelity is both a cause of marital breakdown and an effect thereof (Previti & Amato, 2004). The causes of infidelity are as innumerable as people themselves. Differential attitudes and outlooks on marriage, issues related to self-concept and self-esteem, perceptions of the marital contract itself and gender roles, and cultural variables can also play into the decision to act on the urge to commit infidelity. When infidelity is viewed through a multifaceted lens that takes into account systemic variables, counselors are in a far better position of being able to help clients working through their infidelity issues: whether they have been acted on yet or not, whether they have been disclosed or not, or whether or not they are precipitating a marital breakdown.
Theoretical viewpoints range from biological to the pathological, with some evidence suggesting that…
Bagarozzi, D.A. (2008). Understanding and treating marital infidelity. The American Journal of Family Therapy 36(1): 1-17.
Previti, D. & Amato, P.R. (2004). Is infidelity a cause or a consequence of poor marital quality? Journal of Social and Personal Relationships 21(2): 217-230.
Shpancer, N. (2015). The causes of infidelity. Psychology Today. https://www.psychologytoday.com/us/blog/insight-therapy/201507/the-causes-infidelity-players-gonna-play
Personal Philosophy of Counseling
One counseling approach that has always resonated with me is the Transtheoretical Model of Change (2016). This suggests that every client moves through six different stages on the way to making a positive change in his or her life, beginning with pre-contemplation and ending with termination, or the desire to maintain the change that has occurred. As a counselor, I see myself as a facilitator of change in every client’s life. Ultimately, it is the client who must make the change and take the steps to alter his or her environment and perspective. But the counselor has a vital role in ensuring that the client knows that a change needs to be made during the pre-contemplation stage, can help the client to understand when and how to start making changes. The counselor can identify negative self-talk that can inhibit change.
My view of human nature is…
Cherry, K. (2016). Theories of behavioral psychology. VeryWell. Retrieved from:
McLeod, S. A. (2015). Humanism. Simply Psychology. Retrieved from
Transtheoretical Model of Change. (2016). Boston School of Public Health. Retrieved from:
http://sphweb.bumc.bu.edu/otlt/MPH - Modules/SB/BehavioralChangeTheories/BehavioralChangeTheories6.html
All mental health professionals will be working in a team or group environment at some point, even if they have established themselves in a private practice or run their own businesses. The coursework and experience provided through GRPL 6100 (group counseling lab), COUN 6320S (group course), COUN 6320S, Group Counseling and Guidance in Schools, and COUN 6250: Group Process and Dynamic, have provided insight and opportunities to learn most of the essential skills and competencies for mental health practice. Not only do these courses help mental health professionals build their group counseling skills and understand group dynamics better, they also prepare us for working with teams of other professionals whose ideas and views might differ from our own.
Being a member of a group is both challenging and also rewarding. The challenges are mainly those related to conflict resolution and communication. I learned how I react to various stressors such…
In counseling and psychotherapy, the relevance of confidentiality cannot be overstated. It is important to note that as Welfel (2015) observes, “clients expect that the private material they reveal to a professional will not be shared without their consent” (p. 111). As a matter of fact, there are legal protections in place that seek to protect the confidentiality of information shared between a therapist/counselor and a client. As Ford (2006) points out, the ethical duty of a practitioner to sustain the confidentiality of a client has both federal and state backing. As the author further observes, in order to reveal intimate details about themselves, clients ought to have reasonable assurance that the therapist will not reveal the information that they disclose in the course of their engagements to outsiders.
In the case of Janine, who has been undergoing depression treatment, there are several unique factors that ought to be taken…
Bernstein, B.E. & Hartsell, T.L. (2004). The Portable Lawyer for Mental Health Professionals (2nd ed.). Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons.
Ford, G.G. (2006). Ethical Reasoning for Mental Health Professionals. New York, NY: SAGE.
Welfel, E.R. (2015). Ethics in Counseling and Psychotherapy (6th ed.). Mason, OH: Cengage Learning.
Mental health practices are grounded in theories, frameworks that provide a focus for how to conceptualize problems, communicate causal variables, and devise and implement therapeutic solutions. Behaviorism, psychodynamics, cognitive psychology, and humanistic approaches are often considered distinct from one another but can in some cases be integrated into unifying frameworks for mental health counseling. Whereas basic behaviorism sometimes discounted a client’s emotional state, cognitive-behavioral theories offer an ideal opportunity to investigate how a person’s dysfunctional thought patterns cause unwanted behaviors. Counselors can use cognitive-behavioral theory to offer clients solution-focused outcomes and strategic interventions.
Cognitive-behavioral theory may not be effective for treating serious psychiatric conditions like bipolar disorder or schizophrenia, which typically require medication interventions (Johnsen & Friborg, 2015). However, cognitive-behavioral therapies can supplement other types of interventions to allow a client to develop effective coping mechanisms. Cognitive-behavioral therapies are especially helpful for describing, explaining, and predicting mental health disorders with…
Counseling skills have become vital in today’s society given the various kinds of issues face in their daily lives. These skills are needed in the workplace, home environment, customer service, and social work practice. Given the significance of counseling skills in promoting the health and well-being of people, there are various counseling techniques that are utilized to assist individuals or clients. In their book on assessment, intervention and prevention of crisis, Jackson-Cherry & Erford (2013) mention several counseling skills as part of essential crisis intervention skills. One of the counseling skills mentioned in Chapter 4 of the book is observation or assessment, which involves examining the issues or challenges facing the individual or client as part of the counseling process. The second counseling skill mentioned in the book is active listening, which entails understanding the verbal and nonverbal communication. Assessment is an effective counseling skill since it enables…
Single parents are a heterogeneous cohort and there is no one “right” method or “best” counseling method. On the other hand, a lot of different therapeutic interventions may be appropriate depending on the parent’s needs, the presenting problems, the gender and ethnic background of the parent, the parent’s spiritual or religious worldview, and the parent’s sexual orientation. The age of the child will also have a bearing on which therapeutic interventions would work best in any given client’s case. Personal preferences may also make one counseling style or therapeutic practice work better than others, and some trial-and-error may be warranted. In spite of their tremendous intra-group differences, single parents may face some of the same challenges including financial strain, stress management, and child behavior problems. Therefore, group therapy is likely to be an effective solution for many single parents. Group therapy can also be combined with individual counseling and family…
Lipman, E.L. & Boyle, M.H. (2005). Social support and education groups for single mothers: a randomized controlled trial of a community-based program. CMAJ 173(12): 1451-1456.
Vafa, M.A. & Khaidzir, H.I. (2009). Reaching out to single parent children through filial therapy. US-China Education Review 6(2): 1-12.
1.Structured contraception counseling
It is described as any contraception training or counseling procedure that entails the usage of sound or visible components with standard details. The counseling is standard in that the identical details had been introduced each time the counseling had been carried out. Utilizing a framework offers a structure for one’s counseling procedure, enabling the customer to imagine and listen to the details to be able to advance throughout the phases towards an educated choice of a clinically suitable contraceptive that really satisfies their requirements. Structured counseling is standard for the reason that customers get customized and properly-organized info on the efficiency, usage and probable negative effects of contraceptive technique(s). An additional element of structured counseling is definitely the chance for individuals to inquire about concerns and get proper solutions. Consequently, a dynamic computer program utilized by a doctor, who happens to be readily available for queries later…
Farrokh?Eslamlou, H., Aghlmand, S., Khorasani?Zavareh, D., Mohammad Alizadeh Charandabi, S., Moghaddam Tabrizi, F., & Jahanfar, S. (2014). Structured versus routine family planning counselling for contraception. The Cochrane Library.
Haynes, M. C., Ryan, N., Saleh, M., Winkel, A. F., & Ades, V. (2017). Contraceptive Knowledge Assessment: validity and reliability of a novel contraceptive research tool. Contraception, 95(2), 190-197.
Knowledge of Contraception (n.d.) Retrieved on 06 March 6, 2018 from https://dhsprogram.com/pubs/pdf/CS19/03Chapter03.pdf
Somba, M. J., Mbonile, M., Obure, J., & Mahande, M. J. (2014). Sexual behaviour, contraceptive knowledge and use among female undergraduates’ students of Muhimbili and Dar es Salaam Universities, Tanzania: a cross-sectional study. BMC women\\\\'s health, 14(1), 94.
Culwell, K. R., & Adams Hillard, P. (2008). Patient education and contraceptive compliance. Global library of women\\\\'s medicine. (ISSN: 1756-2228).
Dehlendorf, C., Krajewski, C., & Borrero, S. (2014). Contraceptive counseling: best practices to ensure quality communication and enable effective contraceptive use. Clinical obstetrics and gynecology, 57(4), 659.
This situation, in which a counselor agrees to see a client named Robert, without contacting Robert’s marriage counselor, does not necessarily violate an ethical code of the ACA. The ACA Code of Ethics begins with an extensive overview of appropriate counseling relationships. This section covers professional comportment in situations similar to those faced by Robert’s counselor. The essence of Section A in the ACA (2014) Code of Ethics is trust. According to the ACA (2014), “Trust is the cornerstone of the counseling relationship, and counselors have the responsibility to respect and safeguard the client’s right to privacy and confidentiality.” Therefore, the counselor needs to consult first with Robert before divulging the intent to see the client personally—the primary ethical obligation is to Robert and not to Robert’s marriage counselor. According to the ACA (2014), the counselor’s primary responsibility is “to protect the dignity and promote the welfare of clients,” (Standard…
In this essay, we discuss the ethical and legal dilemmas in counseling. While many people talk about the benefits of counseling, there is no question that mental health professionals are often confronted with tricky and complex legal and ethical issues. In this article, we discuss some of those issues, how counselors confront them, and what legal obligations attach to them. We begin with an introduction of the American Psychological Organization’s Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct, and then discuss potential scenarios where practitioners may face ethical dilemmas. Because every counseling relationship is unique and because counselors help people in a wide variety of different areas, the overview will not include every potential ethical or legal dilemma. However, once you have finished reading the overview, you should have a comfortable working knowledge of the types of scenarios that could be legally or ethically troublesome for mental health practitioners. …
American Counseling Association. “2014 ACA Code of Ethics.” American Counseling Association. 2014. https://www.counseling.org/resources/aca-code-of-ethics.pdf. Accessed 23 June 2019.
American Psychological Association. “Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct.” American Psychological Association. 2019. https://www.apa.org/ethics/code/. Accessed 23 June 2019.
Cherry, Kendra. “5 Types of Mental Health Professionals Who Can Provide Psychotherapy.” Very Well Mind. 3 May 2019. https://www.verywellmind.com/who-can-provide-psychotherapy-2795763. Accessed 23 June 2019.
“Conversion Therapy Laws.” Movement Advancement Project. 16 June 2019. https://www.lgbtmap.org/equality-maps/conversion_therapy. Accessed 23 June 2019.
Ethics for Counselors: Two Case Vignettes
Case 1: What are the issues John is facing? What would an ethical counselor do?
John is facing a serious issue of confidentiality. Nilusha is a minor who has admitted to drug use to John. It is not minor drug use either—but weekly use of cocaine and methamphetamines. This is a serious issue that has to be addressed. When Nilusha’s parents call to ask what is going on with their daughter, John is in a position of deciding whether or not to break his client-patient confidentiality. If he tells Nilusha’s parents, Nilusha says she will not trust him any longer. If he does not tell her parents, Nilusha may come to serious harm through her frequent and continuous exposure to drugs and the drug environment she is hanging around in.
Ethical Issues Involved
Confidentiality and the therapist-patient relationship are critical to the success of…
ACA. (2014). Code of Ethics. Retrieved from https://www.counseling.org/resources/aca-code-of-ethics.pdf
APA. (2017). Confidentiality. Retrieved from http://www.apa.org/helpcenter/confidentiality.aspx
Case 1: Nilusha. (n.d.). Case Vignettes.
Case 2: Tarek. (n.d.). Case Vignettes.
Code Ethics for Professional Substance Abuse Counselors. (n.d.). Quantum Units
Education. Retrieved from http://www.quantumunitsed.com/materials/1107_Ethics-Substance-Abuse-Counselor.pdf
Ethics. (n.d.). Quizlet. Retrieved from https://quizlet.com/11990379/ethics-lecture-flash-cards/
Jordan, K. (2010). An ethical decision making model for crisis counselors. Retrieved from http://counselingoutfitters.com/vistas/vistas10/Article_89.pdf
Adolescent Family Counseling for Substance Use and Depression
I. Setting the Scene
1. Destination Hope provides mental health services to a broad client base, with areas of specialization including family care and substance abuse intervention. It is a multifaceted and multimodal treatment center that provides individual, family, and group therapy options. In addition to acute and residential care options, Destination Hope also offers structured outpatient and long term options for individuals and families to help prevent relapses and promote quality of life.
2. Jim is a fourteen year-old Caucasian male, whose sister died in a car accident four months prior. Losing a sister is challenging enough for any individual; for one going through puberty at the same time, the effects of emotional devastation and loss can be confusing and even traumatic. Therefore, Jim’s behaviors, his shift in social scene, and his differential identity during this time do need to be…
Comprehensive Case Conceptualization
Don is a 25 year old male working on his MBA while living at home with his parents. Don is sensitive about sex and sexuality as a result of his religious upbringing, from which he learned that premarital sex is wrong. This presents problems for him whenever he begins dating a girl, as, not surprisingly, sex inevitably comes up and Don does not know how to deal with it in a manner that would allow him to be firm in his religious principles while at the same time maintaining a healthy relationship. His lack of a girlfriend is upsetting for his parents because they want to see him be in a serious relationship as this would undoubtedly signify that he is maturing and ready to enter into the next phase of life. To them, Don currently seems stuck in a type of extended adolescence. Even…
Ballard, M. B. (2012). The family life cycle and critical transitions: Utilizing cinematherapy to facilitate understanding and increase communication. Journal of Creativity in Mental Health, 7(2), 141-152.
Burg, J. & Mayhall, J. (2002). Techniques and interventions of solution-focused advising. NACADA Journal, 22(2), 79-85.
Franklin, C., Biever, J., Moore, K., Clemons, D., & Scamardo, M. (2001). The effectiveness of solution-focused therapy with children in a school setting. Research on Social Work Practice, 11(4), 411-434.
Gonçalves, M. M., Ribeiro, A. P., Silva, J. R., Mendes, I., & Sousa, I. (2016). Narrative innovations predict symptom improvement: Studying innovative moments in narrative therapy of depression. Psychotherapy Research, 26(4), 425-435.
Hanline, M. F. (1991). Transitions and critical events in the family life cycle:Implications for providing support to families of children with disabilities. Psychology in the Schools, 28(1), 53-59.
Settles, B. H. (2016). Family theories: an introduction. Journal of Family Theory & Review, 8(4), 523-531.
Women’s Center of Jacksonville
Improving women’s lives by means of sponsorship, education and guidance, besides offering Baker, Duval and Nassau county rape victims (any gender) recovery services (“The Women’s Center of Jacksonville” 2017).
Adults with childhood molestation experiences, disabled individuals, aged persons, victims’ families, LGBT (Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender), males, females, adolescents, children, other languages.
Individual/Group counseling, Hotline, Support Groups, Expert Education, Societal Education, Advocacy by Criminal/Legal Justice System, Victim Support Advocacy, Practical/Casework Related Aid, Hospital Accompaniment, Aiding Victims of Sex Trafficking and Adult Forensic Examination (“RAINN” 2016).
Crisis intervention techniques or theory used
This Center’s Rape Recovery unit backs and empowers sexual abuse victims via advocacy for their respect, rights, and dignity. It allows specialist collaboration and offers community education services for aiding individuals belonging to all genders in preventing or recovering from rape (“The Women’s Center of Jacksonville” 2017).
“Betty Griffin Center” (2017). Retrieved from http://www.bettygriffinhouse.org/ on 1 November 2017
“Quigley House Home” (2015). Retrieved from http://quigleyhouse.org/ on 1 November 2017
“RAINN” (2016). Retrieved from https://centers.rainn.org/on 1 November 2017
“The Women’s Center of Jacksonville” (2017). Retrieved from http://womenscenterofjax.org/ on 1 November 2017
One of the most common mental health conditions suffered by patients is that of depression. In this hypothetical scenario, patient Sandy B is a woman who has been given a diagnosis of major depressive disorder. Major depressive disorder affects approximately 13 to 14 million American adults on an annual basis (DeRubeis, Siegle, & Hollon 2008). As well as being personally stressful, it can have a profoundly debilitating effect on a person’s ability to be economically productive. It affects a patient’s family as well, due to the sufferer’s inability to complete the acts of daily life or to participate in social functioning. It also poses a high risk for the patient in regards to suicide.
Sandy B is a 40-year-old woman, recently divorced, and living alone. Although major depressive disorder is defined by a significant inhibition in the ability to engage in daily life functions, Sandy B reports that she is…
DeRubeis, R. J., Siegle, G. J., & Hollon, S. D. (2008). Cognitive therapy vs. medications for depression: Treatment outcomes and neural mechanisms. Nature Reviews. Neuroscience, 9(10), 788–796. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2748674/
Reynolds, C. & Kamphaus, R. (2013). Major Depressive Disorder 296.xx (F32.x and F33.x).
Pearson. Retrieved from: https://images.pearsonclinical.com/images/assets/basc3/basc3resources/DSM5_DiagnosticCriteria_MajorDepressiveDisorder.pdf
Counseling professions is one of the most storied and interesting professions in the world. This is due in part to the unique composition of those who inhabit the world. Everyone is unique in their values, heritage, desires, and interests. As such, there is no exact science in regards to counseling. The profession is ever changing with new discoveries or insights occurring every year. It is important therefore, to have counselors possess certain characteristics to better prepare for an erratic and ambiguous world. In it my aim through this document to compare and contrast distinct characteristics that set successful counselors apart from those that are unsuccessful.
Culture is very important in regards to counseling characteristics. Our nation is changing in ways previously thought unimaginable. Each year America becomes more global as an influx of immigrants and migrant workers venture to America with aspirations of a better life. What was once regarded…
1) Boyt, Richard. "The Online Journal of Health Ethics." The Online Journal of Health Ethics. Web. 26 Feb. 2012. .
2) "By Illness." NAMI. Web. 01 Mar. 2012.
3) "Home." American Academy of Medical Ethics. Web. 26 Feb. 2012. .
A Practical Pastoral Counseling Model
Where Will Counseling Take Place?
oundaries for Safety and Security
God's Riches at Christ's Expense
A Practical Pastoral Counseling Model
This is an overview of the counseling position that I will take when working with clients/parishioners. I realize that this cannot encompass every eventuality that may occur during a counseling session, but it should be comprehensive enough to account for most of the possibilities that present themselves. I acknowledge that this is also the treatise of someone who is going to be practicing as a pastor first and a counselor second, therefore the relationship of a shepherd to his assigned sheep is the most important consideration in all of this. Also, the counseling relationship that a pastor enjoys with a parishioner is not as extensive as that between a patient…
Carlson, Dwight L. 2000. Overcoming hurts and anger. Eugene: Harvest House. ISBN: 0736901965
This book is a real help when dealing with anger. The author gives you steps on how to prevent your anger and deal with past anger in a Christian manner. He gives examples of mishandled anger, biblical principles about anger, and how to handle anger in a Christ-like way.
LaHaye, Tim and Bob Phillips. 2002. Anger is a choice. Grand Rapids: Zondervan. ISBN: 0310242835
Counseling Skills and Their Use in Social ork
Counseling skills can encompass many different aspects of life, and they are of great use to those in social work. Unfortunately, many social workers do not realize just how important these kinds of skills are and therefore do not get the training in them that they really need. Since social workers are not counselors and do not usually see what they do as 'therapy' of any kind, they do not look to counseling as having a place in their work and the families that they often are called upon to help. However, much of what a social worker does for those that need help is actually counseling of a sort, and by learning more about counseling skills those that spend their time in the social work field can utilize what they already know, along with the counseling skills, to help many more…
Barak, A. (1999). Psychological applications on the Internet: A discipline on the threshold of a new millennium. Applied and Preventative Psychology, 8, 231-246.
Glancy, G., Regehr, C., & Bryant, A. (1998) Confidentiality in crisis: Part I: The duty to Inform. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. 43(12), 1001-1005.
Hepworth, D., Rooney, IL, & Larsen, A. (1994). Direct Social Work Practice: Theory and Skills Pacific Grove, CA: Brooks/Cole.
Marshall, M., & Von Tigerstorm, B. (1999). Confidentiality and disclosure of health Information. In J. Downie & T. Caulfield (Eds.), Canadian Health Law and Policy (pp. 143-177), Toronto: Butterworths.
(Awe, Portman & Garrett, 2005) Mutual empowerment also includes the kind of encouragement and inspiration that is provided by mentors to other counselors. Mentors can have an enormously positive and regenerative effect on professional counselors and their work, as shown by the study conducted by Sandy Magnuson, Ken Norem, and S. Allen Wilcoxon. Study participants described mentors' input as "validating." They joined professional organizations, or expanded the scope of their work; encounters with others in the same field opened up new horizons. (Magnuson, Wilcoxon & Norem, 2003) Experienced counselors can actively encourage the participation in the counseling profession of people from diverse backgrounds, whose ethnicity, religion, socio-economic background, and life experience match the increasing diversity that is America. (Hill, 2003) Encouragement also comes to those already in the profession who reach out to the community at large, and who advance the mission of counseling, and adhere to the ethics of…
Awe, T., Portman, a., & Garrett, M.T. (2005). Beloved Women: Nurturing the Sacred Fire of Leadership from an American Indian Perspective. Journal of Counseling and Development, 83(3), 284+.
Benshoff, J.M., & Spruill, D.A. (2002). Sabbaticals for Counselor Educators: Purposes, Benefits, and Outcomes. Counselor Education and Supervision, 42(2), 131+.
Counseling is described by Kobeisy as the professional form of guidance that is aimed at addressing concerns as well as aid individuals in improving their attitude, coping skills as well as behavior (Kobeisy 1).Counseling can help people, families as well as groups in achieving optimal growth and development for the stages of life in which they go through. Counseling as a profession has many specialties like marriage, grief, and pastoral as well as career. It is worth noting that apart from pastoral counseling, the field of counseling is meant to be a free.This is to imply that the counselor should be open minded while approaching their clients with an attitude that is non-judgmental. They are also not allowed to impose or even direct their clients. The counseling process should therefore help the clients to clearly see their choices, appropriately set their objectives while making the necessary changes in order to…
Caldwell, Benjamin E, Woolley, Scott R, Caldwell, Casey J. Preliminary estimates of costeffectiveness for marital therapy. Journal of Marital and Family Therapy, 33:392 -- 405, 2007
Carr, Alan. Family Therapy: Concepts Process and Practice (2nd edn). Chichester:
Cohl, D'Vera "At Long Last, Divorce." Pew Research Center < http://pewresearch.org/pubs/1617/long-duration-marriage-end-divorce-gore
easons for Seeking a Counseling Degree
Goals of Counseling
easons for seeking Counseling Degree
Effective Counseling Skills
Move on with Life
Making a Difference in someone's life
Personality Characteristics for Counseling
Counseling as a Career
Counseling is referred as the relationship between a counselor and an individual in which the counselor helps the individual to achieve a particular goal in the best way that can satisfy an individual. It can also be referred as the methods, techniques and skills which can help an individual to solve and cope with their problems. Counseling is the method through which a counselor can guide an individual to have a clear understanding of his or her attitude by helping the person to explore his or her thoughts, behavior and feelings about a particular situation.
Professional counseling is a technique that enables the…
Dillon, S. (2007). Effective Work Habbits. A list of skills needed to become Effective Counselor.
Jackson, R. (2008). Counseling. The Importance of Counseling.
O'Driscoll, N. (2010). Counseling. Reasons for seeking an Advanced Degree in Counseling.
Counseling Master Questionnaire
A counseling session with an individual may qualify research as, putting together of information and understandings, followed by determination of validity of the conclusions and activities central on the shared knowledge (McLeod, 2003 p.4). A working definition of research is; an organized course of decisive investigation resulting to legitimate suggestions and conclusions, which are conveyed to other interested people. Based on this definition, there are several concepts that need evaluation. Critical inquiry is the drive whereby human beings are curious to know, learn and offer solutions to problems. As a process, research includes steps or stages, which further relies on observation, reflection and experimentation.
In the case of systematic, this means that research takes place within a theoretical system, and research includes application of principles aiming at achieving valid information. esults of research are propositions meaning that, after a research, there is a…
McLeod. J. (2003). Doing counseling research (2nd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Crotty, M. (2005). The foundations of social research: Meaning and perspectives in the research process. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Houser. R. (2009). Counseling and educational research: Evaluation and application. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Frankel (2008) argues that formal on-to-one supervision facilitates positive staff development. . Effective supervision practice promotes professional growth and development. An individual staff needs to interact always with a supervisor to enhance knowledge development. With the shortcoming identified in the supervision practice in various professions and my work place, the paper provides recommendations to enhance supervisory practice.
ecommendations to enhance Supervisory Practice.
Ideal supervisory practice requires good communication. Within a work environment, an organization should make it mandatory for a supervisor to implement effective communication with the supervisees to enhance the professional development.
Moreover, an organization should provide enough time for a supervisor to implement an effective supervisory role. For example, in my place of work, my supervisor always complains of lack of time. This means that my supervisor has been given more jobs that she can cope with, and this has affected her supervisory role. To avoid this issue,…
ACCEL (2011). Productive Workplaces People, Job and Environment. Theory and Practice. ACCEL Handbook.
Australian Institute of Professional Counselors, (2011). The Importance of Counseling Supervision. AIPC Article Library.
Beekum, S. (2008). Supervision from shame to curiosity. Supervision Association of Australia and New Zealand.
Claveirole, A. & Carroll, M. (2007).One More Time. What is Supervision? Psychotherapy in Australia. 13(3): 34-40.
First Student Placement Experience Expectations
Overall, I am anticipating an extremely positive experience although I am also sure that it will be punctuated with certain doubts, failures, and disappointments. In those instances, I will try to remember that perfection is another type of addiction and that as long as I am making the best and most genuine effort that I can to help my clients, that is the best that I can do. Nevertheless, I expect this experience to be a learning opportunity more than anything else but I hope to accomplish something beneficial for clients during the process.
Allen, K. "Development of an instrument to identify barriers to treatment for addicted women, from their perspective" International Journal of Addictions, Vol. 29, No.
4; (1994):429 -- 444.
Allen, K. "Barriers to treatment for addicted African-American women" Journal of the American Medical Association, Vol. 87; (1995):751 -- 756.
Allen, K. "Development of an instrument to identify barriers to treatment for addicted women, from their perspective" International Journal of Addictions, Vol. 29, No.
4; (1994):429 -- 444.
Allen, K. "Barriers to treatment for addicted African-American women" Journal of the American Medical Association, Vol. 87; (1995):751 -- 756.
Beckman, L. And Amaro, H. "Personal and social difficulties faced by women and men on entering alcoholism treatment" Journal of Studies on Alcohol, Vol. 47;
Issue in Counseling:
Helping clients deal with anxiety
Many individuals experience anxiety today. ith the help of therapeutic counselors, clients learn how to cope with their anxiety-related issues, in turn allowing them to live a healthy and manageable life. Many counselors choose to use the existential method in counseling clients with anxiety. The existential approach to counseling is an approach to helping clients of all cultures find meaning and harmony in their lives. Counselor's who use this approach focus on the eternal issues of love, loneliness, suffering and death that each of us face daily. It seeks to cultivate our philosophical mindedness in relating to ourselves, others, nature, and our faith. Existential counseling has no planned endpoint but is the beginning of a search for hope, love, and meaning in life. It is applicable to all problems in living, but it is especially appropriate when…
Carlson, L.A., (2003). Existential theory: Helping school counselors attend to youth at risk for violence. Professional School Counseling, 6 (5), 310.
Epp, L., (1998). The courage to be an existential counselor: an interview of Clemmont E.
Vontress. Journal of Mental Health Counseling, 20 (1), 1.
Krueger, M.J. & Hanna, F.J., (1997). Why adoptees search: an existential treatment perspective. Journal of Counseling and Development, 75 (3), 195.
Indiana Counseling Ethics
The state of Indiana, like all other states, regulates the professionals within their state to ensure that they comply with state law. Ethical requirements are maintained by the state's individual counseling agency; in this case the Indiana Counseling Association. Guidance for licensure is controlled by the state's licensing agency the Indiana Professional Licensing Administration. Through the efforts of these three agencies, professional counselors understand the constraints and requirements of their profession and consumers can understand the protections that they are afforded when they require counseling services. This essay will look at specific requirements, how they are governed, ad who has responsibility for that governance.
Three professions -- mental health counselors, marriage and family counselors, clinical social workers -- are governed by the statutes in Indiana licensure (IPLA, 2008). These three share some of the same responsibilities, but, according to job title, split others. All three…
Indiana Counseling Association. (nd). Ethical code. Retrieved December 8, 2010 from http://www.indianacounseling.org/
Indiana Professional Licensing Agency (IPLA). (2008). Indiana social worker, marriage and family therapist and mental health counselor board. Retrieved December 8, 2010 from http://www.in.gov/pla/files/LSW_APPLICATION_INSTRUCTIONS_2007.pdf
Office of Code Revision (OCR). (nd). Confidentiality requirements. Retrieved December 8, 2010 from http://www.in.gov/legislative/ic/2010/title31/ar33/ch18.html
Longitudinal trajectories for individual participants were used at one level, while a second level included the effects of between-subjects predictors at the higher order. To construct the models, 4,193 observations were used over time, with 3,055 of these conducted ruing community caregiving and 1,148 in the nursing home.
Presentation of Data
Data are presented by means of two figures and three tables. The data appear to be very clearly explicated. The axes in the figures are all clearly marked, and the lines differentiated to indicate the data of concern. The tables clarify the information narrated in the document.
Limitations of Statistical Methods
Limitations include the lack of ethnic diversity in the sample population. Different cultures would respond differently to the burden of care and to counseling intervention. Furthermore, only spouse caregivers were targeted for the research, which limits the application of the data to households where children or other family…
What I found most interesting was the three measurements implemented as a basis for the study. These instruments help greatly towards establishing a sound basis for the study and to implement further statistical analyses of the results. In general, I was impressed with the study and I find it very relevant in a profession where the aim is to reduce suffering.
Gaugler, J.E., Roth, D.L., Haley, W.E., & Mittleman, M.S. (2008). Can counseling and support reduce burden and depressive symptoms in caregivers of people with Alzheimer's disease during the transition to institutionalization? Results from the New York University Caregiver Intervention Study. Journal of American Geriatric Society, 56(3), 421-428
Life can be shattering. Deception, lies, and tremendous heartache can derail the most prodigious, honest, and sincere individual. Devastation can acquiescent a beautiful and wonderful spirit into a horrendous downward spiral to where there appears to be no hope. When our 'bubble' of a world is popped, we often become disoriented, unable to ascertain the fact from fiction, and can then start having negative and harmful thoughts.
Given the circumstances to which I have had to overcome, a tremendous amount of resolve was required, which enabled me to persevere through my darkest moments. Betrayal and heartache can ruin one's perception of what life is about. Indeed, there are many who never enjoy the love or reach a pinnacle of happiness that I've enjoyed. To these individuals, I feel my empathy given my triumphs and set backs will undoubtedly enable a clear perspective, rich with insight to…
Counseling and Coaching
Coaching: Case Study
Key Differences Between Coaching and Counseling
In considering the case of Antti Kytolandd it is critical to differentiate his possible mental health needs from those that are strictly work performance issues. As we consider the differences between formal psychological counseling and employment coaching models it is obvious that there are key differences in the approaches and the most useful and correct approach can often be determined by the client's specific needs (Egan, 1998). To that end it's critical to first consider Antti's overall mental health and stability prior to making key decisions regarding how to counsel or coach him.
The main differences between counseling and coaching lie in the fact that coaching clients are primarily well functioning individuals seeking ways in which to actively participate in the improvement of personal or employment issues. In a psychological counseling model clients may have an underlying mental…
Egan, G. (1998) The Skilled Helper: A problem Management and Opportunity Development Approach. Thomson Learning.
Glassman, W., Hadad, M. (2009) Approaches To Psychology. Open University Press
Kidd, J.M. (1996). The Career Counseling Interview. In A.G. Watts, B. Law, J. Killeen, J.M. Kidd & R. Hawthorn, Rethinking Careers Education and Guidance: Theory, Policy and Practice. London:
McLeod, J. (2003). An Introduction to Counselling. Open University Press.
Counseling a Midlife Woman
A person only is in need of a counselor or a therapist when he or she cannot resolve their issues on their own. People who are undergoing psychosocial problems tend to depend and rely on the counselor too much. They have created this set idea in their mind that their counselor knows how to fix their problems and in doing so they develop a very dangerous dependency on the counselor. (Bond, 2010) It has been noted that sexual and romantic relationships between the client and the counselor have been going on since a long time. However, it was in the 1970s that the American Psychological Associated prohibited sexual intimacies with clients. (APA, 1977)
Transference basically means the past issues and feelings of the client project onto the counselor in the current relationship. Kahn (1991) stated that the client can merely not differentiate the difference and…
American Psychological Association. (1977). Ethical principles of psychologists (rev. ed.). Washington, DC: Author
Bond, T. (2010). Standards & Ethics for Counseling in Action. 3rd ed. London: Sage publications.
Kahn, M. (1991). Between therapist and client. New York: W.H. Freeman.
Kennedy, E. And Charles, S. (1990). On becoming a counsellor. Dublin: Gill and Macmillan.
For mental health professionals, working with patients can be challenging. This is because they will have issues that could be directly associated with their condition. In the movie One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest, it is discussing these problems. To fully understand how this relates to crisis theory and intervention requires comparing different scenes from the film that are relevant. This will be accomplished by focusing on: the precipitating event, identifying the type of crisis, examining the material / personal / social resources available, studying the different perspectives, looking at how it was handled by the protagonist, suggesting coping skills, discussing referral sources that are available and biblical perspectives. Together, these elements will provide specific insights as to the way it is illustrating crisis theory and intervention challenges.
Identify precipitating events
The main event is when andal Patrick McMurphy is sent to a mental hospital from the state prison.…
Holly Bible New International Version. (1985). Oak Ridge, TN: Gideon's International.
How Do I Find a Local Support Group. (2012). NMHA. Retrieved from: http://www.nmha.org/go/find_support_group
Douglas, M. (Producer), & Forman, M. (Director). (1975). One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest. USA: United Artists.
Wright, N. (2011). The Complete Guide to Crisis and Trauma Counseling. Ventura, CA: Regal.
This writer would like to know if Ms. Barr ever felt the need to cut down on drinking or to stop and couldn't. This writer would like to know if Ms. Barr takes any other drugs or medication in order to sleep or make her feel better and if so how much, and how often.
Mental Health Symptoms:
Mental Status: This writer would like to ask Ms. Barr if she ever thought of harming herself or someone else. If yes, did she have a plan and when was the last time she thought about harming herself or someone else? This writer would like to know if she has ever harmed anyone intentionally. If yes, does she have a plan and when was the last time she harmed someone else. This writer would observe if Ms. Barr's physical characteristics such as clothing, hair color, eye color, mannerisims, interaction with her and…
She is probably keen on abandoning her family as a form of escapism. Instead of directly confronting the core issues, she would prefer to jump ship and swim to a new shore. The trouble is that once Doris reaches any new shore, her same beliefs and value systems remain a part of who she is. I would aim to change her self-concept, beliefs, and value systems in a way that helped my client.
If Doris has been taught that a woman's role is in the home, and that marriages succeed via submission to the husband, then we have a lot of work to do. Doris does not believe these things and yet she feels trapped by the ideology handed down to her by her parents. This internal conflict raging within Doris is the root cause of many of her problems.
A person-centered approach to therapy will help Doris explore all…
Harry James Potter was born in 1980, the son of James and Lily Potter. Both of Harry's parents died when Harry was an infant. The murder of his parents literally left Harry Potter scarred for life: his lightening bolt-shaped scar is one of his most distinguishing physical features. The orphaned Harry was forced to live with a distant family relative. The relatives are Muggles, and culturally distinct from Harry, who is part wizard.
Harry Potter studies at the Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry. Harry is aware that the Dark Lord Voldemort wants to kill him. However, Harry is about to face a serious crisis that will call into question his psychological resilience. The Ministry of Magic has undertaken a massive and coordinated attempt to undermine Harry's credibility. The Ministry's goal is sabotage of Harry's reputation, and his entire career as a wizard. Underlying the motivation of the Ministry…
Cherry, Kendra. "Trait Theory of Personality." About.com. Retrieved online: http://psychology.about.com/od/theoriesofpersonality/a/trait-theory.htm
"Resilience: An Integrative Mini-Chapter," Chapter 13 in Marianne Miserandino's Personality Psychology: Foundations and Findings (Boston: Pearson, 2012, pp. 373-392).
"Social Cognitive Theory." Retrieved online: http://www.utwente.nl/cw/theorieenoverzicht/Theory%20Clusters/Health%20Communication/Social_cognitive_theory.doc/
According to Myers, et al. (1998) A holistic model of wellness exists which ahs been structured into what is termed the "WEL" or the "Wellness Evaluation of Lifestyle" for use as a framework in assisting individuals makes lifestyle choices that are healthy and based upon five life tasks and subtasks as defined by the "Wheel of Wellness." Stated is that "the life-tasks of spirituality, self-direction, work and leisure, friendship and love" all are known to interact with various life forces and events that are global in nature. The WEL instrument is comprised of 131 generated items or self-statement requiring a response through utilization of a five-point Likert scale. The "Life Tasks Scales" are stated to be as follows:
1. Spirituality, 2. Self-egulation (includes: sense of worth, sense of control, realistic beliefs, intellectual stimulation, sense of humor, nutrition, exercise, self-care, stress management, gender Identity, and culture identity
Myers, Jane et al. (1998) A Holistic Model of Wellness, Second Edition Manual, Advocacy for Counseling and Counselors: a Professional Imperative. Journal of Counseling and Development 2002 September 9.
Lee (1998) Advocacy for Counseling and Counselors: a Professional Imperative. Journal of Counseling and Development 2002 September 9.
Bemak, F. (1998) Interdisciplinary collaboration for Social Change: Redefining the Counseling Profession. In C. Lee & G. Walz (Eds.) Social Action: A Mandate for Counselors (pp. 279-292) Alexandria, VA, American Counseling Association.
Advocacy for the Counseling Profession