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While counselors may come from different educational backgrounds, such as sociology, psychology, and social work, there is a national-level accreditation exam for counselors: the National Counselor Examination for Licensure and Certification (NCE). While not required in all states, the exam is a requirement for licensing as a counselor in many states and is an absolute requirement for those seeking National Certified Counselor (NCC) certification. The exam’s format is 200 multiple choice questions, 160 of which are used for the examination and 40 of which are undergoing field testing for use in future examinations. Another common test for counselors is the National Clinical Mental Health Counseling Examination (NCMHCE). The NCMHCE is a requirement for those seeking the Certified Mental Health Counselor (CMHC) national certification as well as for licensure in many states. The exam’s format is 10 clinical simulations. While not all counselors will be required to take these exams for certification in their states, an overview of the material covered on the exams provides insight into the topics generally covered in a counselor’s course of study.

The topics covered on the NCE include both counseling content areas and work behaviors and include the following subgroups: human growth and development; social and cultural diversity; helping relationships; group work; career development; assessment; research and program evaluation; professional orientation and ethical practice; fundamental counseling issues; the counseling process; diagnostic and assessment services; professional practice; and professional development, supervision, and consultation. These are topics that will be covered in every graduate training for counselors. In addition, many of them will be covered in undergraduate programs that may lead to graduate work in counseling, such as psychology or sociology courses.

The topics covered on the NCMHCE include: theories of counseling psychotherapy and personality; counseling and psychotherapy skills; abnormal psychotherapy and psychopathology; human growth and development; group counseling and psychotherapy; career development; professional orientation to counseling; research; testing and appraisal; and social and cultural foundations. As one might expect, there is significant overlap between the material covered on the NCE and the NCMHCE. However, the NCMHCE, as a practical exam, places a much greater emphasis on psychotherapy than the NCE does. A generic term, psychotherapy refers to a collaborative treatment approach where the counselor and the patient work together to identify the root causes of the patient’s problems, formulate a plan to change the underlying patterns that are contributing to those problems, and then implement that plan. Another way that the tests differ is that the NCMHCE focuses on abnormal psychology and psychopathology. Being able to identify and treat dysfunction are critical skills for counselors.

For many counselors, the most challenging aspect of counseling coursework is the focus on testing and assessment. Psychological testing can be a critical component for diagnosis, but understanding testing approaches and assessment tools requires an understanding of statistics and the scientific method. Counselors need to understand: univariate and multivariate research designs; data analysis; and qualitative and quantitative designs. Aspiring counselors may find it helpful to take statistics coursework in addition to their other core courses.

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Assessment of Clinical Practice

Words: 2570 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 36257557

Adolescent Family Counseling for Substance Use and Depression
I. Setting the Scene
1. Destination Hope provides mental health services to a broad client base, with areas of specialization including family care and substance abuse intervention. It is a multifaceted and multimodal treatment center that provides individual, family, and group therapy options. In addition to acute and residential care options, Destination Hope also offers structured outpatient and long term options for individuals and families to help prevent relapses and promote quality of life.
2. Jim is a fourteen year-old Caucasian male, whose sister died in a car accident four months prior. Losing a sister is challenging enough for any individual; for one going through puberty at the same time, the effects of emotional devastation and loss can be confusing and even traumatic. Therefore, Jim’s behaviors, his shift in social scene, and his differential identity during this time do need to be…… [Read More]

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Solution Focused Therapy Technique

Words: 3134 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 52029249

Comprehensive Case Conceptualization
Presenting Problem
Don is a 25 year old male working on his MBA while living at home with his parents. Don is sensitive about sex and sexuality as a result of his religious upbringing, from which he learned that premarital sex is wrong. This presents problems for him whenever he begins dating a girl, as, not surprisingly, sex inevitably comes up and Don does not know how to deal with it in a manner that would allow him to be firm in his religious principles while at the same time maintaining a healthy relationship. His lack of a girlfriend is upsetting for his parents because they want to see him be in a serious relationship as this would undoubtedly signify that he is maturing and ready to enter into the next phase of life. To them, Don currently seems stuck in a type of extended adolescence. Even…… [Read More]

Ballard, M. B. (2012). The family life cycle and critical transitions: Utilizing cinematherapy to facilitate understanding and increase communication. Journal of Creativity in Mental Health, 7(2), 141-152.
Burg, J. & Mayhall, J. (2002). Techniques and interventions of solution-focused advising. NACADA Journal, 22(2), 79-85.
Franklin, C., Biever, J., Moore, K., Clemons, D., & Scamardo, M. (2001). The effectiveness of solution-focused therapy with children in a school setting. Research on Social Work Practice, 11(4), 411-434.
Gonçalves, M. M., Ribeiro, A. P., Silva, J. R., Mendes, I., & Sousa, I. (2016). Narrative innovations predict symptom improvement: Studying innovative moments in narrative therapy of depression. Psychotherapy Research, 26(4), 425-435.
Hanline, M. F. (1991). Transitions and critical events in the family life cycle:Implications for providing support to families of children with disabilities. Psychology in the Schools, 28(1), 53-59.
Settles, B. H. (2016). Family theories: an introduction. Journal of Family Theory & Review, 8(4), 523-531.
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Womens Center of Jacksonville

Words: 672 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 89354885

Crisis Centers
Women’s Center of Jacksonville
Improving women’s lives by means of sponsorship, education and guidance, besides offering Baker, Duval and Nassau county rape victims (any gender) recovery services (“The Women’s Center of Jacksonville” 2017). 
Population served
Adults with childhood molestation experiences, disabled individuals, aged persons, victims’ families, LGBT (Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender), males, females, adolescents, children, other languages.
Services available
Individual/Group counseling, Hotline, Support Groups, Expert Education, Societal Education, Advocacy by Criminal/Legal Justice System, Victim Support Advocacy, Practical/Casework Related Aid, Hospital Accompaniment, Aiding Victims of Sex Trafficking and Adult Forensic Examination (“RAINN” 2016).
Crisis intervention techniques or theory used
This Center’s Rape Recovery unit backs and empowers sexual abuse victims via advocacy for their respect, rights, and dignity. It allows specialist collaboration and offers community education services for aiding individuals belonging to all genders in preventing or recovering from rape (“The Women’s Center of Jacksonville” 2017).
Quigley House…… [Read More]

“Betty Griffin Center” (2017). Retrieved from on 1 November 2017
“Quigley House Home” (2015). Retrieved from on 1 November 2017
“RAINN” (2016). Retrieved from 1 November 2017
“The Women’s Center of Jacksonville” (2017). Retrieved from on 1 November 2017
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Depression of Sandy B

Words: 713 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 71501367

One of the most common mental health conditions suffered by patients is that of depression. In this hypothetical scenario, patient Sandy B is a woman who has been given a diagnosis of major depressive disorder. Major depressive disorder affects approximately 13 to 14 million American adults on an annual basis (DeRubeis, Siegle, & Hollon 2008). As well as being personally stressful, it can have a profoundly debilitating effect on a person’s ability to be economically productive. It affects a patient’s family as well, due to the sufferer’s inability to complete the acts of daily life or to participate in social functioning. It also poses a high risk for the patient in regards to suicide.
Sandy B is a 40-year-old woman, recently divorced, and living alone. Although major depressive disorder is defined by a significant inhibition in the ability to engage in daily life functions, Sandy B reports that she is…… [Read More]

DeRubeis, R. J., Siegle, G. J., & Hollon, S. D. (2008). Cognitive therapy vs. medications for depression: Treatment outcomes and neural mechanisms. Nature Reviews. Neuroscience, 9(10), 788–796.
Reynolds, C. & Kamphaus, R. (2013). Major Depressive Disorder 296.xx (F32.x and F33.x).
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