Counterfeit Essays (Examples)

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Ethical Situations That Influence Consumer

Words: 2334 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 85682989

The mall in Shanghai is not representative of all shopping experiences in China, and the questionnaire and its use of imagery and descriptions lack clarity and precision needed for more extrapolative results. The study however does underscore the role of ethicacy as a key determinant in defining if a person is going to purchase a counterfeit product or not.

Analysis of Counterfeit Luxury Goods Online:

An Investigation of Consumer Perceptions

One of the most rapidly expanding selling channels for counterfeit products are websites and e-commerce sites. On the Internet a counterfeiter can be up and running within a day or less, selling counterfeit items globally using PayPal and other well-known payment processing systems to manage transactions. This area of counterfeit luxury products selling is the subject of the study Counterfeit Luxury Goods Online: An Investigation of Consumer Perceptions (adon, 2012). The methodology is loosely defined as those customers who have…… [Read More]

References

Kozar, J.M., & Marcketti, S.B. (2011). Examining ethics and materialism with purchase of counterfeits. Social Responsibility Journal, 7(3), 393-404.

Ian Phau, Marishka Sequeira, Steve Dix, (2009) "To buy or not to buy a "counterfeit" Ralph Lauren polo shirt: The role of lawfulness and legality toward purchasing counterfeits," Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Administration, Vol. 1 Iss: 1, pp. 68 -- 80

Phau, I., & Teah, M. (2009). Devil wears (counterfeit) Prada: A study of antecedents and outcomes of attitudes towards counterfeits of luxury brands. The Journal of Consumer Marketing, 26(1), 15-27.

Anita Radon (2012). Counterfeit luxury goods online: An investigation of consumer perceptions. International Journal of Marketing Studies, 4(2), 74-79.
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Pharmaceutical Supply Chain

Words: 3470 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 44140658

Integration of Anti-Counterfeit Technology in the Pharmaceutical Supply Chain

Organisational Background

ationale for Strategic Action Plan

Strategic Aims and Objectives

Levers and Obstacles

Analysis of Internal Capabilities -- Strengths and Weaknesses

Trends and External Forces -- Opportunities and Threats

Stakeholder Influence

Strategic Action Plan

Key Actions, Actors, and esponsibilities

Timeline and Milestones

Cost Analysis

isk and Barriers

Mechanisms to Track Progress

Organisational Background

The organization, Cure Pharmaceutical (Cure), operates in the pharmaceutical industry's drug delivery technology segment. Cure is considered a small pharmaceutical company with revenues of one hundred and fifty million. A technology designed by the firm enables patients to take medications without water. This patented Oral Thin Film Technology (OTF) is small, light and occupies much less space after packaging. The technology can be shipped in single dose form or in bulk rolls to the site of patient care. Cure's core business integrates generic drugs that are an…… [Read More]

References

Abel, J., 2010. Prevent Counterfeiting in the Pharmaceutical Industry. Pharmaceutical Engineering, vol. 30, no. 6, p. 3.

Ascher, J., Bogdan, B., Dreszer, J. and Zhou, G., 2015. Pharma's next challenge. [online] Available at: [accessed 29 November 2016]

Bansal, D., Malla, S., Gudala, K. and Tiwari, P., 2013. Anti-counterfeit technologies: a pharmaceutical industry perspective. Scientia Pharmaceutica, vol. 81, no. 1, pp. 1-13.

Cummings, T. and Worley, C., 2013. Organisation development and change. 10th ed. Boston: Cengage Learning.
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Gray Markets for Pharmaceuticals

Words: 2839 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 48303911

Pharmaceutical Gray Market on Operations and Strategies

The safety, security and prices of pharmaceuticals in the United States represent a fundamental national security interest. When essential drugs are unavailable or priced too high, the public's health is threatened and this is what is happening because of the pharmaceutical gray market. This paper reviews the relevant literature to determine how the pharmaceutical "gray market" affects the operations of pharmaceutical companies operating in the U.S. pharmaceutical market as well as strategies used by pharmaceutical companies to combat this issue. A summary of the research and important findings concerning these issues are provided in the conclusion.

eview and Discussion

Generally speaking, pharmaceuticals are enormously expensive to develop and bring to market (Kelly, 1999). According to Kelly, "The development of prescription pharmaceuticals requires costly and time-consuming research. After a product has been developed, it must undergo the rigorous approval process of the Food and…… [Read More]

References

Bender, A.D. (2004, Winter). The coming of the baby boomers: Implications for the pharmaceutical industry. Generations, 28(4), 26-30.

Chen, H.L. (2002, June). Gray marketing and unfair competition. Atlantic Economic Journal,

30(2), 196-202.

Chercici, C., McGinnis, P. & Russell, W. (2011, August). Buyer beware: drug shortages and the gray market. Premier, 3-11.
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American Domestic Terror Groups and

Words: 1694 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 50671911

In your explanation, compare and contrast domestic and international terrorism. Also, please indicate whether either type of terrorism is subject to defeat. or, in a free society such as ours, must we simply learn to live with the annoyance and tragedies of ideological, political, and/or religiously-motivated violence?)

Domestic terrorism is much more statistically common than foreign terrorism, as those who feel they have cause to be angry enough to act against anything are much more likely to act against something they see as wrong in their own environment, Opportunity and ease of access also plays a role in this observation. Though terrorist acts are exceedingly rare they do occur on a somewhat regular basis if definitions are kept broad and are more likely to be domestic in nature than foreign born. (Lewis, 2000, p. 201) Domestic and international terrorism are similar in some ways, they both experience the kind of…… [Read More]

References

Daniels, D.J. (2002, December). The Challenge of Domestic Terroism to American Criminal Justice. Corrections Today, 64, 66.

Hamm, M.S. (September 2005) Crimes Committed by Terrorist Groups: Theory, Research and Prevention Retrieved April 1, 2008 http://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/nij/grants/211203.pdf

Hulnick, a.S. (2004). Keeping Us Safe: Secret Intelligence and Homeland Security. Westport, CT: Praeger.

Lewis, C.W. (2000). The Terror That Failed: Public Opinion in the Aftermath of the Bombing in Oklahoma City. Public Administration Review, 60(3), 201.
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Manifesto Except in a Rapacious

Words: 1002 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 16164732

Many of the items she sold as part of her trade were counterfeit, including movies, music videos, clothing accessories, and handbags. But even if her business was legal, she was still stealing company time. Individuals felt freer, because of her openly excused behavior to make more personal phone calls, surf the web at work for personal reasons, and simply to stand around and chat rather than complete their assigned projects.

Because her purveyance was well-known, and her goods were, alas, of high quality and excellent facsimiles of the 'real thing,' many of her coworkers and even, yes, our boss were further inclined to look the other way, because, when hard pressed for an inexpensive yet apparently high quality gift, they could easily make use of her business. It became an office joke, to the point I was leery of saying anything negative, not wishing to hurt company morale by speaking…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Stone, Amey. (February 19, 2004). "Putting Teeth into Corporate Ethics Codes. "Business Week. Retrieved 24 Dec 2004 at http://www.businessweek.com/bwdaily/dnflash/feb2004/nf20040219_5613_db035.htm
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Treason Terrorism Wartime Crimes

Words: 1513 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 66217620

Treason, Terrorism and Wartime Crimes

Treason

Treason is the term legally used to describe different acts of unfaithfulness, treachery and betrayal. The English law was the first to make a distinction between high treason and petit (petty) treason in the Statute of Treasons (1350). It described petit treason as an act in which one's lawful superior is murdered by him/her. For instance, if an apprentice murdered his/her master, it was stated as a petit treason. On the other hand, high treason was defined by the English law as any grave threat to the permanence or stability of the state. High treason consisted of "attempts to kill the king, the queen, or the heir apparent or to restrain their liberty; to counterfeit coinage or the royal seal; and to wage war against the kingdom" ("treason," 2012).

Treason is regarded as both a prehistoric misdemeanor and an acknowledged epithet (Eichensehr, 2009). The…… [Read More]

References

Eichensehr, K.E. (2009). Treason in the Age of Terrorism: An Explanation and Evaluation of Treason's Return in Democratic States. Vanderbilt Journal of Transnational Law, 42 (5), 1443+. Retrieved September 20, 2012, from http://www.questia.com/read/1G1-215409561/treason-in-the-age-of-terrorism-an-explanation-and

Lawless, M. (2007). Terrorism: An International Crime. International Journal, 63(1), 139+. Retrieved September 21, 2012, from http://www.questia.com/read/1P3-1525193241/terrorism-an-international-crime

McGlynn, S. (2011). War Crimes. In The Encyclopedia of War. Retrieved September 24, 2012, from http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/9781444338232.wbeow678/pdf terrorism from The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. (2012). Questia, Your Online Research Library. Retrieved September 21, 2012, from http://www.questia.com/read/1E1-terroris/terrorism treason from The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. (2012). Questia, Your Online Research Library. Retrieved September 20, 2012, from http://www.questia.com/read/1E1-treason/treason

War Crimes. (2012). In BBC. Retrieved September 24, 2012, from  http://www.bbc.co.uk/ethics/war/overview/crimes_1.shtml
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Business Fashion Knockoffs Perils and

Words: 2829 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 70879855

In this manner, a chain of custody could be established. if, say, Aldo's product had suddenly jumped from one step of the process to another, it might indicate that Aldo had not gone through the usual channels; had possibly stolen the idea, or copied it to a significant degree from Alexander McQueen. In either case, the designer could protect himself or herself by following the customary procedures of their marketplace.

Can Knockoffs Be Stopped?

ith so many ways to counterfeit designer fashion items like clothing, shoes, and handbags, and so few laws to prevent the actual production of pirated merchandise, stopping knockoffs would seem to be an almost impossible task. Nevertheless, knockoffs can be controlled if designers, retailers, and government authorities remain vigilant. As noted by American designers, merchandising is the key to the American design process. It is also the key to controlling the flow of counterfeit goods. hile…… [Read More]

Works Cited

http://www.questiaschool.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5015713418

Brenner, Susan W., and Anthony C. Crescenzi. "State-Sponsored Crime: The Futility of the Economic Espionage Act." Houston Journal of International Law 28, no. 2 (2006): 389+. http://www.questiaschool.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5015869743

Congress Considers Fashion's Copyrights." The Washington Times, 28 July 2006, C10. http://www.questiaschool.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5001806764

Delener, Nejdet. "International Counterfeit Marketing: Success without Risk." Review of Business 21, no. 1 (2000): 16. http://www.questiaschool.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5007317199
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Regs of Trips Domestic Implementation

Words: 2937 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 41890079

Article 60 of the atent Law and Article 25 of the Anti-Unfair Competition Law holds not specific provision however, Article 118 of the General rinciples of Civil Law provides that the plaintiff possess right to have ill effects of infringement eliminated. This is also including disclosure of third-party infringers.

48: Indemnification of the defendant in relation to the Courts holding of the power to order that damages be paid by the plaintiff to the defendant if enforcement complaint procedures are abused under Article 98 Civil rocedure Law which required compensation be paid if interim preservation is obtained and the laintiff loses the suit

China is complaint under art III Section 3: rovisional Measures, art III Section 3: Special Requirements Related to Border Measures, art III Section 5: Criminal rocedures, and art IV: Acquisition and Maintenance of Intellectual roperty Rights and Related Interparties rocedures. China is "essentially complaint and "not complaint"…… [Read More]

Projections are that within five years of China and other countries having joined the WTO that infringement of Intellectual Property will decrease however it is projected as well that China's government will have to be very active in implementing more extension reforms in order to liberalize the domestic market in China and to allow People's Republic of China and other foreign companies to more freely import and export products.

Clark, Douglas (2000) IP Rights Protection Will Improve in China - Eventually - Online available at www.chinabusinessreview.com/public/0005/clark.html

The Relationship Between the TRIPS Agreement and the Convention on Biological Diversity (2002) Summary of Issues Raised and Points Made - World Trade Organization Report Noted by the Secretariat 2002 August 8 IP/C/W/368 (02-4363) Council for Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights ii the Relationship Between the TRIPS Agreement and the Convention on Biological Diversity (2002) Summary of Issues Raised and Points Made - World Trade Organization Report Noted by the Secretariat 2002 August 8 IP/C/W/368 (02-4363) Council for Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights iii the Relationship Between the TRIPS Agreement and the Convention on Biological Diversity (2002) Summary of Issues Raised and Points Made - World Trade Organization Report Noted by the Secretariat 2002 August 8 IP/C/W/368 (02-4363) Council for Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights iv Ibid
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Pharmaceuticals in Russia

Words: 2040 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 51255529

pharmaceuticals in ussia. The writer provides an overview of the history of the topic as well as the current concerns in the field. There were five sources used to complete this paper.

When the Soviet Union dismantled its communist regime and began to rebuild its entire political and economic structure the world cheered and offered its support. It has been more than a decade and while several areas have been enjoying marked success the pharmaceutical field has been fraught with problems. The pharmaceutical industry in ussia has dealt with many problems including fraud, counterfeit and fake products. It is an industry that by its very nature mandates the strict compliance with purity both in manufacturing as well as cost. ussia works towards that compliance while trying to rid itself of the problems that have come with it.

The ussian pharmaceutical market is filled with problems and one of the biggest…… [Read More]

References

Privin, Irina (1997). Russia Beckons the Industry., Pharmaceutical Executive, 10-01-1997, pp 88.

Author not available (1996). RUSSIA DISCUSSES QUALITY OF MEDICAL IMPORTS FROM INDIA.., ITAR-TASS, 04-04-1996.

Author not available (1998). AS OF DEC. 8 RUSSIA RAISES IMPORT DUTIES ON ANY PHARMACEUTICALS HAVING A RUSSIAN-MADE ANALOGUE.., A&G Information Services, 12-29-1998.

Startseva, Alla (2002).Fake Drugs Called a $250M Business, THE MOSCOW TIMES., The Moscow Times (Russia), 04-26-2002.
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Positive Pay and Its Impact

Words: 2759 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 42986246

The payee's endorsement is then forged and a criminal represents himself as the payee (Check fraud (http://www.ipsboston.com/pdcfpps_typesofcheckfraud.htm)."

In addition to the above methods of fraud, criminals often write checks on a close account and it takes time for the corporation receiving the check to find out that the account has been closed.

Criminals also open bank accounts using either fraudulent identification or by assuming the identity of others and commit fraud by depositing bogus checks. Criminals exploit the lag between the availability of funds provided by the depositary bank and the notification by the paying bank of the returned bogus check (Check fraud (http://www.ipsboston.com/pdcfpps_typesofcheckfraud.htm)."

WHY POSITIVE PAY IS a VALID OPTION

With the advances current technology offers the ability for outsiders to commit check fraud continues to increase.

Along with the technological advances, decreasing costs and wide spread availability of these products have made even sophisticated tools affordable to obtain.…… [Read More]

References

Overview of Positive Pay (accessed 2-1-07)

 http://www.positivepay.net/ 

Check fraud (accessed 2-1-07)

http://www.ipsboston.com/pdcfpps_typesofcheckfraud.htm
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Criminal Justice Systems and Terrorism

Words: 1970 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 83918304

Globlal Organized Crime, ISIS and Criminal Justice

The impact of globalization has not just been felt around the planet in economic, political and social terms: it has also been felt in the sector of criminology. The current crimes and criminal issues that impact the criminal justice system on a global basis are, in other words, not as isolated or unconnected as they were a century ago. Today's world is connected in complex ways, especially thanks to the ease of communication that the digital era has provided. In places where the digital divide exists, crimes and criminal issues are more unique and remote (examples include genocide, such as that conducted by Boko Haram for instance in Africa). But in countries where there is no digital divide, the crimes and criminal issues that impact the criminal justice system range from counterfeiting to human trafficking to various forms of cyber crime and terrorist-related…… [Read More]

References

BBC. (2015). Facebook, Google, and Twitter agree German hate speech deal.

BBCNews. Retrieved from http://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-35105003

Baksi, C. (2015). China tackles problem of counterfeit goods head-on. Raconteur.

Retrieved from http://raconteur.net/business/china-tackles-problem-of-counterfeit-goods-head-on
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Secret Service Protection for Presidents

Words: 2518 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 19669254



Clearly the Secret Service is expanding it's investigative arm; in 2010 the Service established it's second overseas Electronic Crimes Task Force (ECTF), this one in London (in 2009 the Service established an ECTF in Rome, Italy). The point of the ECTF is to provide an avenue through which European and American law enforcement agencies -- along with private sector and academia -- can work together to investigate, suppress and prevent computer-related criminal activity (USSS).

Again and again in the 72-page Fiscal Year 2010 Report readers are reminded of one of the main missions of the Secret Service -- to hunt down and arrest counterfeiters. In 2010 the Secret Service -- along with local authorities -- arrested four Colombian counterfeiters (in Bogota Colombia) that had been printing U.S. currency and distributing it in the United States. Columbia is one of the most prolific producers of counterfeit American money, the report explains,…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Ambinder, Marc. (2011). Inside the Secret Service. The Atlantic. Retrieved August 11, 2011,

from  http://www.theatlantic.com .

Department of Homeland Security. (2011). Total Budget Authority by Organization. Retrieved August 10, 2011, from http://www.dhs.gov/xlibrary/assets/budget_bib_fy2011.pdf.

Kessler, Ronald. (2010). In the President's Secret Service: Behind the Scenes with Agents in the Line of Fire and the Presidents They Protect. New York: Random House Digital, Inc.
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Ethics in Software and Copyright Infringements in the Balkans

Words: 2616 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 27468554

Ethics in Software and Copyright Infringements in the Balkans

The first point one has to look at is the situation in these countries and their position in terms of development as also the size of the potential market. There are a total of eight countries and most of them have been in political turmoil till about ten years ago. These countries are all breakaway portions of other bigger countries, or the soviet empire. The software market is small but there are already participants in it from United States which means that there is a lot of future potential development. On the side of the governments there are definite efforts to legalize the situation of software, though full achievement will take quite sometime. At the same time, there are a lot of conflicts within the big names in the industry -- Microsoft and Linux -- and this is leading to advantages…… [Read More]

References

A country-by-country looks at the Balkans. (1999) The Christian Science Monitor. Retrieved from www.csmonitor.com/durable/1999/03/16/p12s2.shtml Accessed on 2 August, 2005

58 items found for Balkans. Retrieved from http://search.ebay.com/Balkans Accessed on 1 August, 2005

Jovanovski, Mirche. (2003) Government Chooses Microsoft, Irritating the Open Source Software Proponents. Retrieved from http://www.realitymacedonia.org.mk/web/news_page.asp?nid=2767 Accessed on 1 August, 2005

Mellon supports expanding subsidiaries with Altitude Software. (2005) Retrieved from http://www.strategiy.com/inews.asp?id=20050711092211 Accessed on 1 August, 2005
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Risk Mitigation Planning When Doing Business Abroad

Words: 1279 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 64739160

World-Wide Concepts, Inc. (World-Wide): isk avoidance

Because World-Wide Concepts, Inc. is an internationally-based company with operations in a wide variety of sectors spanning across the developing as well as the developed world, it must proceed with caution when entering into business agreements. Business law, customs, and ethics can be extremely varied internationally and particularly in China, ussia, and India (where World-Wide has based some of its most critical operations), there must be discretion in terms of how the organization's contracts and other arrangements are framed to ensure it will continue to succeed in the future.

One risk of doing business abroad is that there are often different safety standards for products such as the pharmaceuticals and medical technology manufactured by World-Wide. In any contract, the roles, responsibilities, and identities of all of the involved parties should be clearly delineated, along with a timetable for the participants. For example, one notable…… [Read More]

References

Blackstone, E., Fuhr, J., Pociask, S. (2014).The health and economic effects of counterfeit drugs

American Health Drug Benefits, 7(4): 216-224. Retrieved from:

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4105729/

Green, M. (2016). Perspectives: Pharmaceutical quality and counterfeit drugs. CDC Travel
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Microsoft in India and China Microsoft Strategy

Words: 3139 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 65500369

Microsoft in India and China

Microsoft: Strategy in India and China

Microsoft's Strategy in China

Although the Chinese Trademark Law is now largely in conformity with the TRIPs Agreement, the benefits of protection may not be realized for some time. At ground level there is a general culture of acceptance of counterfeit goods, partly because it makes previously unobtainable foreign goods affordable and partly because there is a lack of interest in enforcing IP rights that are largely owned by foreign companies. In this environment, counterfeiting will always seem attractive as it allows those involved to access an already existing market with low entry costs. In the meantime, however, foreign entities could take an active role in furthering the protection of their rights.

Licensing of IP rights to Chinese nationals and establishing joint ventures would be advantageous. The foreign party would have the benefit of local assistance in navigating legal…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Butterton, G., 'Pirates, dragons and U.S. intellectual property rights in China: problems and prospects of Chinese enforcement' (2008) 38 Arizona Law Review 1100.

Leung, M. 1999. 'Counterfeit Beanie Babies: customs to the rescue', The China Business Review, p. 18.

USTR, 2006. Executive Office of the President, USTR Announces Results of Special 301 Annual Review, Official Press Release.

Xinbin. Yang 2008. "Laser Disc Industry:"Opening Up Golden Road. Jingji ribao (Economic Daily) (April 2): 1. In FBIS-CHI, as "China: Article on Laser Disc Industry."
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Health Organization in 2008 There

Words: 1143 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 63627388



Prevention methods, combined with education have been shown to effectively prevent malaria and this is good because, the infrastructure of poor nations is often inadequate to care for those who do fall ill. Many malaria treatment medications are very expensive, where legitimate (non-counterfeit) remedies can be found. In many of these nations the problem is perpetuated by counterfeit drugs, which sap family resources and do little if anything to remediate symptoms. In fact the presence of these drugs may even worsen the problem by creating drug resistant strains, as many counterfeit medications have been shown to contain only minute amounts of the anti-malarial pharmaceuticals and therefore expose the parasites to amounts that simply allow them to adapt, rather than eradicating them in the human body.

According to the Kaiser foundation, researchers claim that the wave of counterfeit anti-malarial drugs has reached industrial levels, meaning that the drugs are being produced…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Centers for Disease Control "Malaria: FAQ" 2010 from  http://www.cdc.gov/malaria/about/faqs.html 

Centers for Disease Control "Fight the Bite for Protection from Malaria

Guidelines for DEET Insect Repellent Use" 2010 from  http://www.cdc.gov/malaria/toolkit/DEET.pdf 

Rowland, M. Downey, G. Rab, a. Freeman, T. Mohammad, N. Rehman, H. Durrani, N. Reyburn, H. Curtis, C. Lines, J. Fayaz, M. "DEET mosquito repellent provides personal protection against malaria: a household randomized trial in an Afghan refugee camp in Pakistan." Tropical Medicine and International Health March 2004, Vol. 9 Iss. 3, pgs 335- 342.
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Globalization and Organized Crime Globalization

Words: 3395 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 51194259

Thus, many shipments go to another destination before the United States or Europe in order to throw law enforcement off of the trail. For cocaine coming out of Colombia, West Africa and Venezuela, home to rogue states and dictatorships, have become popular transit hubs.

The increased transportation of goods accompanying globalization has increased opportunities for maritime piracy. Organized crime is exploiting the increasingly dense international flow of commercial vessels. Maritime piracy consists not only of hijacking of goods, but also kidnapping of passengers for ransom. (UNODC, 2010, p. 11)

OC groups engaged in pirating do not often begin as OC groups. Pirates off the cost of Somalia started as local Somali fishermen who formed vigilante groups to protect their territorial waters. These armed ships eventually exceeded their mandate of mere protection and began to hijack commercial ships for goods. These activities have proved so profitable that these groups are now…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Lyman, M.D. & Potter, G.W. (2007). Organized Crime. New York: Prentice Hall

Abadinsky, H. (2010). Organized crime. Belmont, Calif: Wadsworth/Cengage Learning.

Mallory, S.L. (2007). Understanding organized crime. Sudbury, Mass: Jones and Bartlett.

Kaplan, D.E., & Dubro, A. (2003). Yakuza: Japan's criminal underworld. Berkeley: University of California Press.
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Impact of Likeability in Management

Words: 17400 Length: 60 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 86852530

likeability is effected by management in the international workplace. It assumes a phenomenological approach to the notion of likeability, and is based on the idea that likeability in management is fundamental to achieving "connectedness" among employees and to inspiring the drive needed to ensure an organization's success. By conducting a survey of employees and managers from every major business continent of the globe (Asia, Europe, America, the Middle East), it seeks to understand the different ways in which likeability is manifested, discerned, appreciated, and utilized in the cross-cultural international workplace. Its aim is to fill a gap in likeability research regarding the importance of international managerial likeability and hopes to raise awareness about the essentiality of likeability to success. It also aims to identify the phenomenon of likeability as it appears in different cultures. Identifying that phenomenon and coming to terms with it will help business managers to better develop…… [Read More]

Data Analysis: A Phenomenological Approach

The methodology for this study is based on a phenomenological approach, rooted in the Moustakas (1994) model. The Moustakas model focuses on the idea that the "wholeness of experience" should form the essence of the research (Simon, 2011). Moustakas recommends a heuristic process that allows the researcher to immerse himself in the world/sphere he is observing, to "intuit" the relevant data, to use active learning as an illuminative process, to explicate, and to synthesize the information (Simon, 2011). A phenomenological approach will allow for an understanding of likeability "through the eyes of the participants in the study" (Simon, 2011). The phenomenon under consideration is the effect of likeability in the international workplace -- how it is effected, how it is perceived, and how it helps to advance business success.

Observing likeability "through the eyes of the participants in the study" presents a unique and novel opportunity to investigate the subjective aspect of likeability as opposed to an objective, empirical aspect of the concept. With the argument of Weaver (1984) in mind, that universality is a difficult concept for modern scientists to grasp because the existence of truth is essentially debated on philosophical, scientific, and metaphysical grounds, a study of likeability through the eyes of the participants provides the researcher with an opportunity to record the various ways that perception and reality meet and depart. Is there a reality of likeability or is likeability always merely a perception? Studies have argued that likeability can be controlled in the same way that EI can be controlled (Mayer et al., 2001). If such a claim can indeed be made, perhaps likeability is no more real than one's perception is true. In other words, if a manager can convince subordinates of likeability in order to "get ahead," it is possible that subordinates can convince themselves of their superior's "likeability" in order to appear as a "team player" and one who will not "rock the boat." Furthermore, such a suggestion may carry repercussions for what is meant by authenticity and whether or not this term carries any meaning of honesty or realness or whether it is
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Falstaff the Bard William Shakespeare Is Considered

Words: 2340 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 63281593

Falstaff

The Bard, illiam Shakespeare, is considered the most important playwright of the European Renaissance, if not the most important of all time. One of the reasons for his illustrious position in the world of literary studies is the characterizations that he creates in all of his plays. Each character is uniquely defined and highly memorable. Many of his characters are fictional but even the ones that are based on historical figures are portrayed with individual personalities in the Shakespearean versions of their lives. In Henry IV, Part I, Shakespeare illustrates a mythical version of one of the past Kings of England and how he developed from an immature young man into an idealistic and impervious ruler, capable of leading men both on the battlefield and in times of peace. The eponymous Henry, or Prince Hal as he is less formally called, is joined in his early debauchery by a…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

Bradley, A.C. "The Rejection of Falstaff." Shakespeare: Henry IV Parts I and II, ed.G.K.

Hunter. Macmillan.1970. 56-78. Print.

Clark, Axel. "The Battle of Shrewsbury." The Critical Review. Melbourne. 15. 1972. 29-

45. Print.
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Eastcompeace Strategic Management Data Presentation

Words: 11516 Length: 37 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 21957277



To evaluate weak areas of the current strategy and propose solutions for improvement.

2.0 LITEATUE EVIEW

2.1 Introduction

According to Zou and Cavusgil (1995), the subject of global strategy has attracted a lot of attention in the recent past. Zou and Cavisgil (1995) calim that a major reason behind this has been the increasing progress in the telecommunications and other technological areas that has brought the world closer and transnational existence of organizations

Eastcompeace culture has been building momentum as a congruent culture. Its aspiration to achieve continuous growth in the field of research has ensured the sustainability and viability of its products in the market. Moreover, Eastcompeace ensures highest standards of corporate compliance from the highest C-level management to the employees at lowest level (Teece, Piassano & Shuen, 1997).

The low employee turnover of Eastcompeace is the evidence of Eastcompeace's congruent culture, low employee turnover is very good sign…… [Read More]

References

Eastcompeace. (2011). Doing Business Responsibly. Retrieved from http://www.Eastcompeace.com/responsibility/protecting_environment/waste_and_recycling.jsp

Grant, R. (2005). Contemporary Strategy Analysis. USA: Wiley-Blackwell.

Marshall, S. (1995). The vision, meaning and language of educational transformation. School Administrator. 52(1), 8.

Harrison, A., Wheeler, P. And Whitehead, C. (2003). The distributed workplace: sustainable work environments. New York, Routledge.
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Importation Opposition to Wider Importation

Words: 1701 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 93809996

Retrieved Sept. 16, 2006 at http://www.nsf.com/business/about_NSF.

Cupp, Tricia (2005). In the Spotlight: Rod Carmer. Retrieved Sept. 15, 2006 at http://www.watertechonline.com/article.asp?indexid=6635178.

FDA Operation Reveals Many Drugs Promoted as "Canadian" Products Really Originate From Other Countries (2005). Retrieved Sept. 15, 2006 at http://www.fda.gov/bbs/topics/NES/2005/NE01277.html.

FDA Takes Action Against Company for Illegal Importation of Unapproved, Potentially Unsafe Drugs (2004). Retrieved Sept. 16, 2006 at http://www.fda.gov/bbs/topics/news/2004/NE01142.html.

FDA Test Results of Prescription Drugs from Bogus Canadian ebsite Show All Products Are Fake and Substandard (2004). Retrieved Sept. 15, 2006 at http://www.fda.gov/bbs/topics/news/2004/NE01087.html.

FDA arns Consumers About Counterfeit Drugs Purchased in Mexico (2004). Retrieved Sept. 17, 2006 at http://www.fda.gov/bbs/topics/ANSERS/2004/ANS01303.html.

Importing Drugs (2003). Online Newshour, July 25, 2003. Retrieved Sept. 18, 2006 at http://www.pbs.org/newshour/bb/congress/july-dec03/drugs_07-25.html.

Sanders, Bernie (2006). Prescription Drugs. Retrieved Sept. 15, 2006 at http://bernie.house.gov/documents/prescriptions/index.asp#reimp.

Statement of the U.S. Food and Drug Administration Before the Nevada State Board of Pharmacy (2006). Retrieved Sept. 16, 2006 at http://www.fda.gov/oc/opacom/hottopics/importdrugs/stmt042006.html.

Statement on…… [Read More]

Works Cited

About NSF (No Date). Retrieved Sept. 16, 2006 at http://www.nsf.com/business/about_NSF.

Cupp, Tricia (2005). In the Spotlight: Rod Carmer. Retrieved Sept. 15, 2006 at http://www.watertechonline.com/article.asp?indexid=6635178.

FDA Operation Reveals Many Drugs Promoted as "Canadian" Products Really Originate From Other Countries (2005). Retrieved Sept. 15, 2006 at http://www.fda.gov/bbs/topics/NEWS/2005/NEW01277.html.

FDA Takes Action Against Company for Illegal Importation of Unapproved, Potentially Unsafe Drugs (2004). Retrieved Sept. 16, 2006 at http://www.fda.gov/bbs/topics/news/2004/NEW01142.html.
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Louis Vuitton Marketing Louis Vuitton in Japan

Words: 2904 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 37327678

Louis Vuitton Marketing

"Louis Vuitton in Japan" explores the history, heritage and phenomena that the LV brand is today and how it expanded globally to widen its reach to all consumers of luxury. Through strategic extension of its network throughout the world, Louis Vuitton built itself from one city in France to a vast system of inter-related, complex actors that serve the avid, fashion lover. Special emphasis is on the Japanese sector as it contributes an immense magnitude in terms of turnover and profit to annual ones. (Paul, Ferroul, 2010)

Incorporated in the year of 1854 under the name of "Louis Vuitton: Malletier a Paris," Louis Vuitton, the founder, pioneered flat bottom trunks which were an innovation for its early time. The luggage items advocated lightness and superior storage volume. Thirty years later, it increased its geographical scope to London, England at a premium location (Oxford Street). By 1888, it…… [Read More]

References

Feroul, C. And Paul, J. 2010. Louis Vuitton in Japan, case study, Richard Ivey School of Business.

Exhibit 7, Louis Vuitton in Japan, 2010, case study, Richard Ivey School of Business

The Foundation, Louis Vuitton in Japan, case study, Richard Ivey School of Business
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Threats to Copyright and Ownership of Intellectual Property

Words: 1406 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 41501997

Threats to Ownership and Copyright of Intellectual Property

The intellectual property (IP) is defined as an original creative work, which may be tangible or intangible form legally protected by law. (aman, 2004). The intellectual properties include the rights to scientific, artistic and literary works. Moreover, IP covers the invention of human endeavor, scientific discoveries, and industrial design. A current revolution of information technology has made IPs the greatest assets of assets. In the last few decades, there has been a rapid growth of digital discoveries where the IPs of the digital products are in electronic format. However, hackers have taken the advantages of the digital form of IP products by invading and stealing their IP in order to produce the counterfeited products and later sell them online. (Zucker, & Nathan, 2014). IP theft refers to an infringement of patents and copyright through counterfeiting of digital theft. Counterfeiting is an imitation…… [Read More]

Reference

Barker, D. M., (2005). Defining the Contours of the Digital Millennium Copyright Act: The Growing Body of Case Law Surrounding the DMCA, 20 Berkeley Tech. L.J. 47.

Guess, R., Hadley, J., Lovaas, S., & Levine, D.E. (2014). Protecting digital rights: Technical approaches. In Bosworth, et al. (Eds.), Computer Security Handbook (6th ed., pp. 42.1-42.23). New York, NY: John Wiley & Sons.

IP Center (2011). Intellectual Property Rights Violations: A Report on Threats to United States Interests at Home and Abroad. National Intellectual Property Rights Coordination Center.

NIPRCC (2011). Intellectual Property Rights Violations: A Report on Threats to United States Interests at Home and Abroad .National Intellectual Property Rights Coordination Center.
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Business Portfolio Assessment - Coach

Words: 856 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 95880276

S. market for counterfeit goods and if Coach and other companies are taking advantage of law. It is foolish according to the attorney of Kim for Coach to threaten its customers with $2 million lawsuits and before antagonizing customers the company must do a minimal investigation and it is not known how many customers got scared and paid off Coach. Kim, had worked for the Coach in 2004, filed suit saying among other major charges that the company wanted to suppress online sale of used items to pay high prices to the company for a Coach handbag. There is a problem for all companies which grapple with counterfeiting and it is often seen on Craigslist and eBay. Along with Kim one more eBay seller, James Caffarella of Littleton, Mass was also sued when he tried to sell legitimate silver golf-ball Tiffany key chain using a stock photograph. He too received…… [Read More]

References

Coach.com. (2011a) "Company Profile" Retrieved 21 February 2011 from http://www.coach.com/online/handbags/genWCM-10551-10051-en-/Coach_US/CompanyInformation/InvestorRelations/CompanyProfile

Coach.com. (2011b) "Global Business Integrity Program" Retrieved 21 February 2011 from http://www.coach.com/online/handbags/genWCM-10551-10051-en-/Coach_US/CompanyInformation/InvestorRelations/GlobalBusinessIntegrityProgram

Menkes, Suzy. (2010) "Coach Gallops Into Europe" New York Times,

Retrieved 21 February 2011 from http://www.nytimes.com/2010/11/02/fashion/02iht-fcoach.html?_r=1&ref=coachinc
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Webmd Web Portals Like Webmd

Words: 1255 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 56327208

Jurisdiction issues may also affect the insurance and the coverage provided by the agency as insurance coverage is also restricted to certain regions and not outside those jurisdictions.

Identity Theft: Another issue or the problem is that of identity theft, which is considered to be the fastest growing crime in America as millions of victims have been reported over a period of last couple of years. Giving out information on website whether it is email or other security or personal details requires care & caution on part of both consumers as well as WebMD management.

Jargons: The information available for the consumers at times can be in a technical language. Jargons may create confusion among the consumers and may misguide them. Most information is available in easy to understand language but the provision of glossary of terms may help the consumers in understanding the true meaning of the content available…… [Read More]

References

Phillips, B. (March 2000). Ecommerce Management -- a Matter of Breadth and Depth. Business Communications Review. 30(3): 14.

Leaffer, T. (2006). The Digital Health-Care Revolution: Empowering Health Consumers; Anywhere and Anytime Access to a World of Medical Information Is Helping Consumers to Take Better Charge of Their Health. The Futurist. 40(3): 53+.

Promoting Patient Safety: An Ethical Basis for Policy Deliberation. The Hastings Center Report. 33(5): 1+.
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Danfoss Business Strategy in China

Words: 2718 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 43599722

Danfoss HR managers had to understand these cultural clashes and devised extensive employee training programs and personality development seminars. The management also devised a platform to address employee grievances. It is necessary to conduct such seminars and employee training programs to provide the Chinese employees the cultural orientation to equip them with the skills necessary for working in a global concern. Danfoss management has learnt from its initial experience the importance of understanding and appreciating the cultural differences involved in globalization. The human resource department of the Chinese subsidiary focuses on bridging the gap and promoting a more efficient working platform, which would contribute to the overall profitability of the company. As one of the Supply chain managers at Danfoss put it ' adapt to the Chinese way on the outside and doing things our own way inside the company'. [Jonathan Story]

As discussed above Danfoss has huge market potential…… [Read More]

Bibliography

1) William G. Sutton, 2002, 'China's Transition in full Swing', Viewed 2nd June 2009, http://www.appliancedesign.com/Articles/Departments/efbe75132f938010VgnVCM100000f932a8c0

2) Jonathan Story, 2004, 'Danfoss in China (A&B): Taking the Family Firm Global', Viewed 2nd June 2009, http://www.managementtoday.co.uk/search/article/548055/danfoss-china-a-b-taking-family-firm-global/

3) Deloitte, 'The Israeli China Desk', Viewed 3rd June 2009, http://www.deloitte.com/dtt/cda/doc/content/chinaDesk.pdf

4) Dr. Huibert de Man & Yang Xiong, 2005, ' Selective Implementation of Management Knowledge. The Case of HRM in China', Viewed 2nd June 2009,
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Nike Manufactures and Markets Sports

Words: 6524 Length: 25 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 47122026

5% of total liabilities. Their retained earnings, on the other hand, total $5.073 billion. The heavy use of retained earnings is partially explained by their view of themselves as a growth company. hile they pay a dividend, Nike prefers to re-invest much of its profits back into expansion. They do not feel that the market has matured sufficiently to stop their aggressive growth strategy. Another consideration in their capital structure is the cost of capital. On account of its low volatility, Nike has a low cost of debt, approximately 6.8% using CAPM. Their long-term debt is primarily a revolving credit facility. The rate, based on their a+ rating, is LIBOR + 0.15%, which would equate to 4.12% based on the October 15th price of the 1-year LIBOR. If anything, Nike could become more financially efficient by increasing their use of debt financing.

Nike places strong emphasis on human resources. They…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Cohen, Marshal (2007). USA: Athletic footwear is significant portion of overall footwear market. Fibre 2 Fashion. Retrieved October 21, 2008 at  http://www.fibre2fashion.com/news/company-news/npd-group/newsdetails.aspx?news_id=32512 

Some financial information, ratios from Reuters. Retrieved October 21, 2008 at  http://www.reuters.com/finance/stocks/overview?symbol=NKE.N 

Nike 2008 Annual Report. Retrieved October 21, 2008 at  http://media.corporate-ir.net/media_files/irol/10/100529/Areports/ar_06/docs/10k.pdf 

Nike 2006 Annual Report. Retrieved October 21, 2008 at
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Liz Claiborne Inc The International

Words: 1795 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 24990368

This is exacerbated by the fact that there is little product differentiation, and the threat of substitutes. However, brand identity does lighten this force a small amount.

Supplier power is another moderate force within the industry. Volume is very important to the suppliers, and supplier costs, especially in the instance of Liz Claiborne who must include manufacturers in their supplier list, are a large portion of the total purchase in the industry. There are considerable costs involved in switching some suppliers as well. Although it may be less expensive to switch bulk material suppliers, it would be more costly to switch others, such as manufacturing suppliers, who have production facilities set up to produce the company's clothing.

Lastly, barriers to entry are the least forceful impact in the retail apparel industry. Although small labeled designers enter the marketplace all the time, rarely does an organization enter at the scale of…… [Read More]

References

Leonard, J. Liz Claiborne, Inc. 2005. ed. David, F.R. (2007). Strategic management, Custom edition (11th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson.

Liz Claiborne, Inc. (2008). Marketline. Retrieved March 21, 2008, from Marketline database.

Liz Claiborne, Inc. - 2005
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Johnson & Johnson's Marketing Mix

Words: 2971 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 79906587

Specifically focused on products for each phase of a persons' life, this business segment is the most mainstream in terms of promotional strategies. Skin Care, OTC and Nutritionals have successfully given JNJ a permanent marketing strategy for selling to women in the 25-34 and 25-45 segments, two of the fastest growing demographic markets for these products.

Product Strategy

The biggest challenge for JNJ is the ability to quickly develop and launch products across all of their business units. This is the most challenging task internally for the entire company to coordinate on, specifically in the area of pharmaceuticals where Federal Drug Administration (FDA) guidelines and the need for compliance are very high.

The costs of producing a new drug can be well over $800M according to AM esearch (2004). An analysis of each phase of the development of a new drug is shown in the following graphic from PhMA (2005).…… [Read More]

References

AMR Research (2006) - Pharmaceutical and Life Sciences Industry Overview. AMR Research Alert. Monday June 5, 2006. Hussain Moorai and Roddy Martin.

Credit Suisse (2006) - Johnson and Johnson Research Brief. January 24, 2007.New York, NY.

Life Science Analytics (2007) - Life Science Analytics Johnson & Johnson Pipeline Report. January 3, 2007. Boston, MA

PhRMA (2005) - Pharmaceutical Research and Manufacturers of America (PhRMA) Conference Proceedings. Accessed from the Internet on February 10, 2007 at  http://www.phrma.org/innovation/
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Risk Minimization and Loss Prevention

Words: 16256 Length: 59 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 44399316



Small usiness' Need for a CPA

One of the critical investments a small business can make to mitigate loss and risk is hiring a CPA and putting that CPA on the 'management team.' As Wells notes in his groundbreaking research, "Denise, a bookkeeper for a small trucking firm in irmingham, Alabama, wishes she had never heard of Ralph Summerford, CPA. ecause of his thoroughness, Denise is facing several years in prison for embezzling $550,000 from her employer. At least she will look good standing before the sentencing judge: Denise spent a great deal of her illegal loot on head-to-toe cosmetic surgery. She blew the rest on a shiny new Lexus, luxury vacations, clothing and jewelry. And, of course, Denise had to have a big house to store all of her finery." (Wells, 2003)

Surprisingly, it was not at all the fancy standard of living that made her employer suspicious. "The…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Wells, Joseph. 2003. Protect small business: small companies without adequate internal controls need CPAs to help them minimize fraud risk. Journal of Accountancy.

Small Business Administration. 2005. www.sba.gov.

Federal Reserve Bank. 2004. www.federalreserve.gov.

AICPA. 2005. At www.aicpa.org/antifraud/training/homepage/htm.
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Human Factor in Cargo Security Is Human

Words: 2299 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 4465220

Human Factor in Cargo Security

Is Human Factor important Cargo Security

Cargo security I one of the major issues handled with priority by Homeland security department in United States of America. It is regarded as a positional facilitator in terrorism activities. Another notable factor in implementing security measures for cargo was theft as a direct business cost for U.S. It is observed that businesses lost $15b to $30 billion as a loss to cargo theft in 2006. The research further states that personnel access, vehicles access, and proliferation of papers are one of the major causes of cargo theft. It is evident that certain factors have a direct influence on maintaining security for cargo. Technology, processes, procedures, systems, and all of the above human involvement are major issues in cargo security. It requires maintaining a high level of integrity for all these factors to reduce risk in cargo transportation.

The…… [Read More]

References:

Giermanski, J. (2011, June 01). Facing the realities and probabilities of enhancing supply chain security. The Maritime Executive, Retrieved from http://www.maritime-executive.com/article/facing-the-realities-and-probabilities-of-enhancing-supply-chain-security/

Giermanski, J. (2012). Global Supply Chain Security. USA: Rowman & Littlefield.

Iseby, J. (2008). 9/11 Comm Recommendations. USA: Nova Science Pub Incorporated.

Ivanov, D., & Sokolov, B.V. (2010). Adaptive supply chain management. London: Springer verlag.
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Comprehensive Analysis of McKesson Corporation

Words: 2811 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 80213966

McKesson Corporation (Mckesson) is an American pharmaceutical distributor with operations mainly in the U.S. The firm has been in operation since 1833, and boasts extensive market share, robust financial strength, and strong market power. The firm has built strong relationships with its key stakeholders, which adds to its strengths. Nonetheless, limited diversification and market focus as well as the threats of competition, unfavourable regulatory changes, and counterfeits present significant concerns for the company. To enhance its competitive advantage in the rigorously competitive pharmaceutical landscape, it is imperative for the firm to take advantage of consolidation, strategic partnerships, increased healthcare expenditure, and emerging markets.

Introduction

McKesson Corporation (Mckesson) is an American health care company involved in the distribution of pharmaceutical productions as well as provision of health information technologies and care management tools majorly in the U.S. With a history that stretches back to close to two centuries, the organisation has…… [Read More]

References

Amabile, T., & Kramer, S. (2011, October 10). Valuing your most valuable assets. Harvard Business Review. Retrieved from:  https://hbr.org/2011/10/valuing-your-most-valuable 

Benn, S., Abratt, R., & O'Leary, B. (2016). Defining and identifying stakeholders: views from management and stakeholders. South African Journal of Business Management, 47(2), 1-11.

Buente, M., Danner, S., Weissbacker, S., & Ramme, C. (2013). Pharma emerging markets 2.0: how emerging markets are driving the transformation of the pharmaceutical industry. Retrieved from: http://www.strategyand.pwc.com/media/file/Strategyand_Pharma-Emerging-Markets- 2.0.pdf

Chae, B., Olson, D., & Sheu, C. (2014). The impact of supply chain analytics on operational performance: a resource-based view. International Journal of Production Research, 52(16), 4695-4710.
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Globalization Culture and Politics in Asia

Words: 1126 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 43966284

Hats and Globalization

The hat stand in South Korea is visible in the picture "global" in a cultural sense because it is reflective of the cultural changes swirling all around the South Korean market. It sits, first of all, in front of a Western bakery shop -- a Dunkin' Donuts -- which is in and of itself an emblem of a foreign culture within the Asian culture of South Korea. The hat stand benefits from the sign hanging over the stand, like a cultural guardian angel, pointing to the hats to show how Western culture is available for sale to the South Koreans not just in the form of food but also in the form of attire. Secondly, the hats themselves are a Western fashion statement. They stand out as a cultural statement of globalism. As Hansen points out, in the era of globalization, "dress has been analyzed, by and…… [Read More]

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The ethical issues of criminal justice

Words: 1428 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 46529265


Discussion 1
Considered policies and programs
1. Criminal Justice system: Impact caused by a lengthy criminal justice system on crime suspects
2. Border Control Program: Significance of enhanced boarder control in preventing crime, drug trafficking and counterfeit goods
3. Innocence Program-Suspect Conviction processes: Consequences of wrongful conviction of inmates and measure needed to alleviate wrongful convictions

Impact of relevant political and ethical issues associated with the program evaluation
The criminal justice system has many good but also negative consequences. To the extent that there still are wrongful convictions and the policy makers may have to reevaluate the program with an objective of rethinking the loopholes. Zalman (2006) describes the importance of developing what he terms as an innocence movement. The objective is to litigate matters in the best interest of likely exonerates and promote a research and policy agenda that takes care of innocent convicts. Zalman (2006) proposes a research…… [Read More]

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EMV Standard Implementation in Iranian

Words: 2202 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 41434288

The rates of reduction of these cases were noted to be about 20% per year as from 2004 when the standards were introduced (UK Payments Administration LTD 2009). The exact phenomenon observed is as indicated in Appendix A.

Mechanism

The mechanism involved in the protection of the card details by means of the EMV technology is discussed by various scholars and organizations. SPA (2010, 1) clearly explains that the need for authenticating data in the various EMV systems is to ensure that the cars being used is genuine. This is made possible via a system referred to as the Card Authentication Methods that is dependent on the capabilities of the chip itself.

How the EMV system protects payment cards

EMV Implementation Challenges

Extant literature has been dedicated towards the study of the various challenges that face the implementation of the EMV technology. Gareth Ellis Solution Consultants (2007,1) clearly point out…… [Read More]

References

ATM Media,(2010).Challenges to migrating to EMV.

http://www.atmindustryinfo.com/2010/03/challenges-in-migrating-to-emv.html

APACS (2007) Fraud -- The Facts 2007

http://www.apacs.org.uk/resources publications/documents/FraudtheFacts2007.pdf
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Criminal Justice - Corrections Criminal

Words: 1119 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 68878301



In that regard, sentences imposed for crack cocaine are so much harsher that approximately 100 times as much powdered cocaine is required to approach the sentences imposed in connection with crack cocaine offenses. This issue is particularly relevant to the disparity inherent in mandatory sentencing and arbitrariness in sentencing, especially since dealers in powdered cocaine are much more likely higher up on the supply chain than distributors of crack cocaine (USSC, 2007).

The issues concerning provisions of the U.S.A. PATIOT Act pertain to establishing sentences for crimes established and defined by the ACT, such as narco- terrorism, smuggling munitions or military equipment without a license for transport, mining U.S. waters, and interfering with maritime navigation equipment (USSC, 2007).

The Adam Walsh Child Protection and Safety Act of 2006 requires sex offenders to register and imposes criminal penalties for failure to comply. The current federal sentencing issues authorize increasing sentences for…… [Read More]

References

Cullen, F.T., Eck, J.E., Lowencamp, C.T. (2002) Environmental Corrections: A New Paradigm for Effective Probation and Parole Supervision.

Lynch, M.J. (1999) Beating a Dead Horse: Is Their Any Basic Empirical Evidence for the Deterrent Effect of Imprisonment?

Schmalleger, F. (2001) Criminal Justice Today: An Introductory Text for the 21st Century. New Jersey: Prentice Hall

Sentencingproject.org
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Market Follower Strategies the Four

Words: 315 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 83091259

Many consumer electronics products including DVD players, TVs and PCs are produced with this strategy in mind. Imitators is the third follower strategy, and Chrysler, in designing the 300M grill work to resemble the Bentley automobile front grill is an example of this strategy. The final follower strategy is that of being an Adapter. Many of the Japanese auto manufacturers excel at this strategy, including Toyota and Hondo, who have through adaptation of car designs and more efficiency of production, have overtaken the American cars they were initially adapting from. This is particularly true with the Toyota Camry overtaking all mid-size sedans globally in sales, with over 40,000 sold per week in the United States alone. Of all follower strategies, the adapter one retains the greatest profitability over time.

eference:

Kotler (2005). Marketing Management. 12th Edition. Philip Kotler. Prentice Hall Publishing. Saddle iver, NJ.…… [Read More]

Reference:

Kotler (2005). Marketing Management. 12th Edition. Philip Kotler. Prentice Hall Publishing. Saddle River, NJ. May, 2005. Chapter 11 on competition.
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Online Transaction Empowered by E-Currency Exchange Without

Words: 3484 Length: 13 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 8037335

Online Transaction Empowered by E-Currency Exchange without credit card

The growth of the internet on a public scale, since its arrival in the eighties has allowed businesses to expand internationally. User interactions are no longer restricted to the local level. Easy to use web interfaces allow voice, message and video-based conversations. Entrepreneurship is much easier than before as individuals can place their product catalogues on websites without much set up costs. Country specific currencies (such as the American dollar, Euro, upee etc.) tend to cause problems if users need to purchase something unavailable in their location. This led to the concept of 'E-Currency' which is geared towards online transactions as it removes usage limitations based on country or nationality. The popularity of this industry grew as a way of handling the restrictions imposed on global businesses. Privacy is a major concern in this regard since there are multiple web-based transactions…… [Read More]

References

Christian, P.(n.d.) Speed-E-Money: A subsidiary of international load center. Retrieved from http://www.speed-emoney.com

n.a. (2002) Understanding the E-Currency and Exchange maker industries. Retrieved from www.financial-spread-betting.com/e-gold.pdf

n.a. (2011) Terms of service. Retrieved from http://www.e-currencybank.com/nview/title/Terms+of+services/?lang=english

n.a.(2011) E-Currency Fact Sheet. Retrieved from http://www.adl.org/internet/e_currency.asp
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Crime Workplace Is Not Safe From Numerous

Words: 3278 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 2555299

Crime

Workplace is not safe from numerous types of crimes. These crimes can range anywhere from burglary to homicides and from discrimination on the basis of sex to even rape for that matter. But these crimes are physical crimes and it is easy to avoid them or keep them at bay by making use of physical barriers, security cameras and a few sensible risk/security management tactics. For instance, if only 3 or 4 people work at night-time, it is easy to target anyone of them but if a considerable amount of people work together and have no hostility towards each other, these types of situations can be avoided. Use of security systems is a pre-requisite for the protection of material wealth and belongings. These types of systems can help avoid theft and burglary but if somehow these do occur, it will inform the managers of the incident at the earliest…… [Read More]

Reference List

McCollonel '(2000). Cybercrime And Punishment. Page 8-9. www.mcconnellinternational.com.

Balkin J. M (2007)Cybercrime: digital cops in a networked environment. NYU PRESS. New York. USA.

Perline I.H. & Goldschmidt J. (2004). The psychology and law of workplace violence:a handbook for mental health professionals and employers. Charles C. Thomas Publisher. USA

Keats J. (2010) Virtual Words: Language on the Edge of Science and Technology. Oxford University Press. USA.
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Habit to Break Newsweek's Brook Lamar Discusses

Words: 531 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 83645359

Habit to Break," Newsweek's Brook Lamar discusses the growing illegal trade in cigarettes originating from China and extending to other parts of Southeast Asia. This trade has two components. First, genuine foreign cigarettes from tobacco giants like Marlboro, Philip Morris and Salem are smuggled into the country. Second, China also has a flourishing counterfeit cigarette industry. Fake cigarettes, complete with official-looking government import seals and a "Made in America" label are then sold in the black markets in Singapore, Shanghai, the Philippines and even Australia.

This article illustrates a type of economic globalization. The sales of cigarettes and other tobacco products have dwindled significantly in the United States due to health campaigns. To make up for the loss of its North American market, tobacco companies have turned to China and by extension, Asia. Tobacco companies have previously tolerated the trade in counterfeit cigarettes, believing that these fake cigarettes increased brand…… [Read More]

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Hungary A as We Will

Words: 2714 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 35412907



On the other hand, as I have mentioned in the previous paragraphs, bribery is one of the many compromises you are faced with in life. As in other cases, one can refuse to comprise and remain an ethical person, but with the risk of facing other losses. eing able to compromise, in any aspect, will help you to solve some problems easier, but you will probably remain ethically troubled. As an evaluation, small compromises should be acceptable and, in my opinion, bribery is a comparatively small compromise that one agrees to make.

According to one of the many definitions, intellectual property is "any intangible asset that consists of human knowledge and ideas" or "any product of the human intellect that is unique, novel, and unobvious (and has some value in the marketplace)." This generally refers to anything our mind creates that is unique, ranging from inventions to ideas, from perfumes…… [Read More]

Bibliography

http://ollie.dcccd.edu/mrkt2370/Chapters/ch3/3second.html

2. New Strategies for Property Rights: Gray Markets and the Net. On the Internet at http://www.bubblegeneration.com/?a=a&resource=proprights1

3. Investorwords. On the Internet at  http://www.investorwords.com/2526/intellectual_property.html 

4. Intellectual Properties. On the Internet at  http://www.uta.edu/tto/ip-defs.htm
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Radio Frequency Identification Device or

Words: 3462 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 53341444

These chips store two numbers one to represent the product ID (same with the information that bar codes used) and one to represent the unique tag ID. While this store has claimed in its brochures that deactivated kiosk located at store exists overwritten and could be read days later and hundreds of kilometers away from the store with an inexpensive RFID reader purchased over the Internet. Furthermore, payback cards distributed at this store to give discounts and rewards to frequent customer that contained embedded RFID tags that can transmit the identity of the owner to readers up to five feet away even if the card is in a wallet or pocketbook.

Information Security

ecause RFID tags transmit data using radio signals, concern arises from the possibility of these signals being intercepted by a third party. A tag intended to send bank account information to scanners at the local grocery store…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Albrecht, K. (2003). RFID: Tracking everything, everywhere. Retrieve February 5,2005 from Spychips Web site: http://www.spychips.com/rfid_overview.htm

Dougherty, J. (2003). Shopping to go high-tech? Radio tracking merchandise has privacy advocates streaming. Retrieved February 5,2005, from WorldNetDaily

Web site: http://www.worldnetdaily.com/news/article.asp?Article_ID=33647

Granneman, S. (2003). RFID Chips Are Here. Retrieve February 4, 2003, from the Register Web site: http://www.theregister.co.uk/2003/06/27/rfid_chips_are_here/
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What Are the Major Difficulties for the Development of Chinese Private Industrial Enterprises

Words: 2707 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 57426217

China and the Economy

Chinese Enterprise therefore is needed to better facilitate growth in China. In regards to China, private enterprise growth has lagged substantially behind that of State owned enterprises (SOE). Private enterprise, particularly in emerging markets will be a catalyst for future economic growth and development within the region. Free trade allows for the transfer of goods and services when demanded by specific economies. It also allows the countries best suited for such activities to flourish. Private Enterprise is important within the Chinese region as it continues to provide services to developed nations. The citizens of developed countries benefit as they have access to cheaper products and services. With the advent of globalization, Chinese manufactures are better equipped to expand overseas to expand their manufacturing competitive advantage.

The question regarding private enterprise is important as China is quickly becoming a dominant economic power. As such, private enterprise will…… [Read More]

References

1) China NBS (No.1 2012): Announcement of National Bureau of Statistics of China

2) China Statistical Yearbook 2010, 2009 figure from China NSB Statistical Data (NSB 2009-revised -China GDP figure

3) DeGlopper, Donald (1987), Chapter 9 -- Science and Technology, A Country Study: China, Library of Congress. Retrieved 11 September 2012

4) Tschang, Chi-Chu (4 February 2009). "A Tough New Year for China's Migrant Workers." Business Week. http://www.businessweek.com/globalbiz/content/feb2009/gb2009024_357998.htm. Retrieved 10 September 2012
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Strategic Plan Part II SWOT Analysis

Words: 1352 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 81221323

VOIP

With the advent of information technology, the ways different aspects of life work and operate have changed a great deal. The advancement in telecommunication sector have revolutionized and redefined the communication systems at all aspects around the world. The process of bringing the world closer that started with the invention of Morse codes has now entered an era of its own where distances of miles are bridged to a few seconds. This is the world of internet protocol. The invention of the internet and then its integration with the telecommunication system has redefined the meaning of communication and revolutionized the way it is done all together.

Blue Wire Communication Solutions Inc. is a company that deals in providing to comprehensive communication solutions, products and services to its customers. The customer base of the company includes both B2B and B2C customers. The company will be providing a diverse range of…… [Read More]

References

Bielski, L. (2005). IP Call Centers: Coming Online Slowly but Surely Especially for Small to Midsize Firms, Options Begin to Emerge for Banks. ABA Banking Journal, 97(2), 70+. Retrieved March 4, 2012, from Questia database: http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5008964700

Godwin-Jones, R. (2005). Skype and Podcasting: Disruptive Technologies for Language Learning. Language, Learning & Technology, 9(3), 9+. Retrieved March 4, 2012, from Questia database: http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5011372410

Hazlett, T.W. (2006). Rivalrous Telecommunications Networks with and without Mandatory Sharing. Federal Communications Law Journal, 58(3), 477+. Retrieved March 4, 2012, from Questia database: http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5016726073

Lookabaugh, T., Ryan, P.S., & Sicker, D.C. (2006). A Model for Emergency Service of VoIP through Certification and Labeling. Federal Communications Law Journal, 58(1), 115+. Retrieved March 4, 2012, from Questia database: http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5013911010
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Electric Money

Words: 3263 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 60441183

electronic money, and a description into the various types of electronic money.

Computers and telecommunications devices may come in place of paper currency and checks - during a course of time. Also, electronic ways of transaction of money have turned out widely prevalent. Anyhow, in the recent past debate about "electronic money" has witnessed a dramatic change, narrowing down to the level to which new ways of electronic money will in course of time turn central banks out of date, making them fragile that they cannot manipulate inflation. (Stevens, 72) Electronic money can be considered in terms of electronic substitute for coins and banknotes, which is saved on an electronic gadget such as a chip card or computer memory and which overall is meant for the reason of influencing electronic payments of restricted loans. (Directive 2000/46/Ec of the European Parliament and of the Council, 2)

Analysis

Electronic money is not…… [Read More]

References

Bank of International settlements, (BIS). Security of Digital Money. Basel, 1996, 1-11

Board of Governors (BoG) of the Federal Reserve System. The Federal Reserve System: Purpose & Functions. Washington, D.C.: Federal Reserve System. 1994, 1-18.

Bonorris, Steven. Institute for Technology Assessment (ITA) (ed.): Digital Money: Industry and Public Policy Issues. Washington: ITA, October 1997, 44

Directive 2000/46/Ec of the European Parliament and of the Council, 2000, Official Journal of the European Communities, 27 October, 2000, 1-10
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Isaac Newton Was Born in 1642 at

Words: 939 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 211156

Isaac Newton was born in 1642 at oolsthorpe in England. His father died before Newton's birth and when his mother remarried, she went to live with her husband and left Isaac with her mother.

At 12, he was reunited with his mother after the death of her second husband; she desired to turn him into a farmer in order to support the family. Newton was not successful as a farmer and was able to return to school to complete his education.

He entered Cambridge University in 1661. He was an average student, but he became a scholar, which entitled him to another 4 years of future education. However, his education was interrupted in 1665, when the Great Plague came to Cambridge, forcing the closing of the university.

This resulted Newton returning home to study, and it was during his private study that he developed some of his most groundbreaking ideas,…… [Read More]

Works Cited

A&E Networks. "Isaac Newton." Biography. 1-7. 2013. Web. 7 Dec. 2013.

Hall, Alfred Rupert. "Isaac Newton's Life." Isaac Newton Institute for Mathematical Sciences.

N.p. 1998. Web. 5 Dec. 2012.

Lamb, Robert and Tristan Hopper. "Top 10 Isaac Newton Inventions. How Stuff Works. 1-11.
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Arbitration and Company Coverups

Words: 1031 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 1856980

Dracca Inc.

Dracca: Problems with the arbitration clause

Despite Dracca's claims that the presence of an arbitration clause on page 5 of its 16-page contract with consumers makes all lawsuits null and void, recent case law suggests there is considerable room for dispute regarding this statement for its Spanish-speaking consumers and also all consumers that purchased the offending product. For example in a recent Florida Supreme Court oberto Basulto, et al. v. Hialeah Automotive, etc., et al., the court found the arbitration clauses "contained in various agreements signed by the Spanish-speaking petitioners relating to their purchase of a Dodge Caravan from a car dealership were unenforceable. The Florida Supreme Court upheld the trial court's ruling that the arbitration clauses could not be enforced because they were conflicting and unconscionable" particularly given the low level of English literacy of the consumers (Oppenheimer 2014). Arbitration clauses must be consistent, contain all essential…… [Read More]

References

Ciolino, D. (2014). Make sure your lawyer-client arbitration clause is enforceable

L.A. Legal Ethics. Retrieved from:

 http://lalegalethics.org/make-sure-lawyer-client-arbitration-clause-enforceable/ 

Counterfeiting/Tampering. (2014).FDA. Retrieved from:
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Human Resource Management Methods

Words: 984 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 96052635

Human esource Management Methods

What are the author's main points?

The paper discusses Christopher Tomlins' The State and Unions: Labor elations, and the Organized Labor Movement in America as well as Jean-Christian Vinel's The Employee in relation to the different advances and progresses that have transpired in the past 25 years. The main point presented by Hurd, the author, is that the deterioration of labor unions in terms of marginal protections offered under present law labor law and regulations seems to be in tandem with Tomlins' proposition that the New Deal solely offered a counterfeit liberty to labor. Hurd asserts that the deteriorating aspects of labor demonstrate an indication of rigidity amongst institutions and internal weakness because of external limitations and restrictions. This is owing to poor policies as well as the limitations of the labor law.

Do the arguments presented by the author support the main point? What evidence…… [Read More]

References

Bryson, A., & Wilkinson, D. (2001). Collective bargaining and workplace performance: An investigation using the Workplace Employee Relations Survey 1998 (Vol. 12, No. 01/122). Department of Trade and Industry.

Hurd, R. W. (2013). Moving beyond the critical synthesis: does the law preclude a future for US unions? Labor History, 54(2), 193-200.

Spangler, B. (2003). Integrative or interest-based bargaining. Beyond Intractability.

Tomlins, C. L. (1985). The State and Unions: Labor Relations, and the Organized Labor Movement in America. New York: Cambridge University Press.
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Recording Industry Association of America

Words: 1799 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 37179298

This is because the situational approach reinforces the basic reality that all humans have certain need whose degree varies across geography, size of company and even culture. This type of approach would enable the leader to undergo self-actualization and to develop a set of certain underpinned self-awareness. What follows is a good level of self-awareness and then mutual respect,. A high spirit of participation and democracy soon permeates. These elements are crucial for a leader in order for him/she to develop an effective organization (McGregor:1960).

The second recommendation relates to the change of leadership style at IAA to become one that is based on the motivation (Frederick Herzberg 1960).The motivational factors that are utilized are essential for the members of an organization in order to achieve a n acceptable level of job satisfaction and advancement. This can be achieved through the use of properly formulated company policies and administration. The…… [Read More]

References

RIAA (2010) "Who We Are."

Butler, S (2007).Report: Piracy Has Cost U.S. $12.5 Billion, Billboard magazine. August 21

Chemers, M.M. (2002). Meta-cognitive, social, and emotional intelligence of transformational leadership: Efficacy and Effectiveness. In R.E. Riggio, S.E. Murphy, F.J. Pirozzolo (Eds.)
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Adam Foulds Biography Adam Foulds

Words: 583 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 720320

Quotations

1. From the prologue of The Quickening Maze: "He started to think that the sun was shining in a new quarter of the sky. He felt no fear yet: the sun lit wonders in a new zone that held him in steady rapt amazement. He did wonder, though, why the old world had not come to an end, why the horizon was no closer." (The relevance of this quote to the 21st century is that we all stand mesmerized by what the future may bring, but the closer we get to realizing our dreams, the farther away they seem).

2. From The Broken ord: "He could see people posting themselves, third class, into the train windows or dropping carefully onto wide, unfeeling feet" (The relevance of this quote to the 21st century is that the daily grind has beaten many people down into feeling like third class objects).

3.…… [Read More]

Works Cited

"The Truth About These Strange Times" FictionCritic review. 16 June 2008 Available online from http://fictioncritic.blogspot.com/2008/06/truth-about-these-strange-times.html

Foulds, Adam. The Truth About These Strange Times. London: Orion Publishing Co, 2007

Foulds, Adam, The Broken Word, London: Jonathan Cape, 2008

Foulds, Adam, The Quickening Maze, London: Jonathan Cape, 2009
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Ben Jonson Intertextualities The Influence

Words: 22973 Length: 80 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 70168505

" James a.S. McPeek

further blames Jonson for this corruption: "No one can read this dainty song to Celia without feeling that Jonson is indecorous in putting it in the mouth of such a thoroughgoing scoundrel as Volpone."

Shelburne

asserts that the usual view of Jonson's use of the Catullan poem is distorted by an insufficient understanding of Catullus' carmina, which comes from critics' willingness to adhere to a conventional -- yet incorrect and incomplete -- reading of the love poem. hen Jonson created his adaptation of carmina 5, there was only one other complete translation in English of a poem by Catullus. That translation is believed to have been Sir Philip Sidney's rendering of poem 70 in Certain Sonnets, however, it was not published until 1598.

This means that Jonson's knowledge of the poem must have come from the Latin text printed in C. Val. Catulli, Albii, Tibulli, Sex.…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Alghieri, Dante Inferno. 1982. Trans. Allen Mandelbaum. New York: Bantam Dell, 2004.

Print.

Allen, Graham. Intertextuality. Routledge; First Edition, 2000. Print.

Baker, Christopher. & Harp, Richard. "Jonson' Volpone and Dante." Comparative