Crisis Communication Essays (Examples)

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Communication Strategies Used in Crisis

Words: 2218 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 69451623

This second violent incident forced Stoops to take a harder stand against one of his most popular players and suspend him."

Sooners used a crisis management plan to deal with the university's decision, in an effort to prevent bad publicity for the school and the team (Forde, 2004). The following describes how the university handled the crisis the day before it hit the newsstands. In the early afternoon, OU issued a release saying that it had suspended Dvoracek indefinitely and replaced him as captain. The action had been implemented by coach Bob Stoops a few days earlier, but it wasn't made public until the day before the weekend Oregon game.

The school was prepared for the news to create a major rise across the state, starting with the evening newscasts (Forde, 2004). However, the situation did not end there, with the university's release and a canned statement from Stoops. In…… [Read More]

References

Fink, S. (1986) Crisis Management: Planning for the Inevitable, American Management Association, New York.

Forde, Pat. (September 22, 2004). Teamwork the key during a crisis. ESPN.com. Retreived from the Internet at http://sports.espn.go.com/ncf/columns/story?columnist=forde_pat&page=program/crisis.

Hessert, Kathleen. (1997). How to Prepare PR Professionals for the Dennis Rodman's and Michael Irvin's of Sports. International Sports Summit. Retrieved from the Internet at http://www.bernsteincrisismanagement.com/nl/crisismgr000701.html.

Hoffman, Judith. (1999). Keeping Cool on the Hot Seat. Four C's Publishing Co.
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Communications in a Business Setting Compromise the

Words: 3226 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 49574590

communications in a business setting compromise the work of that business, a solution must be found for the benefit of the company and of all who work there. Problems can arise when employees whose tasks require written communications skills are deficient in those skills. Problems can arise also when employees are expected to both understand and explain matters verbally and nonverbally.

The cure for the first problem could be as simple as sending the employee in question for writing instruction.

The cure for the second is, however, much less straightforward. The problem might arise because of the use, or misuse, of strategic ambiguity either by the employee exhibiting the problem, or by managers and colleagues who deal with her. Or it might be caused by an unrecognized personal problem of the employee, for example, a drinking/drugs problem or a cognitive disability of short or long duration. This paper looks at…… [Read More]

References

Ames, Genevieve M., Joel W. Grube, and Roland S. Moore. 'The relationship of drinking and hangovers to workplace problems: an empirical study." Journal of Studies on Alcohol 58, no. 1 (1997): 37+.

Cooper, Lynn O. "Listening competency in the workplace: a model for training." Business Communication Quarterly 60, no. 4 (1997): 75+.

Crombie, Winifred, and Helen Samujh. "Negative messages as strategic communication: a case study of a New Zealand company's annual executive letter." The Journal of Business Communication 36, no. 3 (1999): 229.

Krider, Diane S., and Peter G. Ross. "The experiences of women in a public relations firm: a phenomenological explication." The Journal of Business Communication 34, no. 4 (1997): 437+.
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Business Crises Evaluation

Words: 1565 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 71231492

Crisis Management

Argenti raises many sound points regarding the proper protocol during crisis management. The bulk of chapter ten demonstrates a sound understanding of how crises unfold, and how every crisis is different. While this is true, there are still strong areas of overlap among crises. "Few circumstances test a company's reputation or competency as severely as a crisis. Whether the impact is immediate or sustained over months and years, a crisis affects stakeholders within and outside of a company" (Weiner, 2006). In such a case, clients cancel orders and cancel subscriptions. Employees start asking questions or worse, quitting. Competitors start circling like sharks and government agencies and other regulators often start knocking, with attorneys at their heel (Weiner, 2006). Given all the aggravated circumstances connected to a crisis and the variety of ways that any potential crisis could be handled, Argenti makes a continually strong and pervasive argument about…… [Read More]

References

Argenti. (2007). Strategic Corporate Communication. New York: Tata McGraw-Hill

Education.

Friedman, K. (2013). Dealing with the Media During a Crisis. Retrieved from bernsteincrisismanagement.com:

 http://www.bernsteincrisismanagement.com/newsletter/crisismgr010301.html
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Crisis Incidents

Words: 2652 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 19435322

Crisis Incidents

The last decade has been riddled with crisis on the global as well as domestic scale. Crisis on many fronts have been noticed for instance natural calamities, terrorism issues, scandals, technological issues and financial disarray. Even so, most leaders aren't fully up to the task in terms of leading a company or society, in general, out of a crisis successfully. Experts at the start of this decade went hand in hand to eliminate the Y2K bug, which became the first Internet crisis. On September 11, 2001, the terrorist attacks in New York City on World Trade Center threw U.S. off balance. Next, the Katrina Hurricane struck with full vengeance in the gulf region which tore apart communities as we know it. The Tsunami of 2004 was another tragic event which rendered millions of people homeless. Last but the not the least, the recession of 2008 shutdown major corporations…… [Read More]

References

OECD (2011), OECD Reviews of Risk Management Policies, Future Global Shocks, Improving Risk Governance, OECD Publishing.

Dezenhall, E.; Weber, J. (2007). Damage control: Why everything you know about crisis management is wrong. Portfolio Hardcover.

Erickson, Paul A. (2006). Emergency Response Planning for Corporate and Municipal Managers (2nd Ed.). Burlington, MA: Elsevier, Inc.

Barton, L. (2007). Crisis leadership now: A real-world guide to preparing for threats, disaster, sabotage, and scandal. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill.
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Crisis Case Study 2 Is About Mr

Words: 1893 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 63027493

Crisis

Case Study 2 is about Mr. Jones, the "fragile adult." ecently, a neighbor has brought attention to a case involving Mr. Jones and has asked for a crisis worker to help. Mr. Jones is an elder who lives alone, but whose son has been seen occasionally visiting. The neighbor and Mr. Jones go have coffee together regularly, but Mr. Jones has not wanted to meet in two months and no longer invites the neighbor inside the house. The neighbor claims that there are new bruises on Mr. Jones's face. The crisis worker should employ the ABC model in this case.

The ABC method of crisis intervention is a three-stage process for a brief and focused procedure. Although there are three distinct steps, the text points out that it is sometimes necessary to use the interview components of each step at any time in order to achieve goals (p. 2).…… [Read More]

Reference

"Chapter 5: The ABC Model of Crisis Intervention." Word Document.
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Communication in Organizations

Words: 2672 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 91568116

Communication in Organizations

Define organizational culture and provide analysis of organizational culture relating to role, power, people and task culture as discussed by Charles B. Handy (1994) "Understanding Organizations"

Organizational culture is many things including the values and behaviors an organization and its members adopt to create the environment in which they work. esearchers have struggled for decades to define organizational culture as one thing or another. They have also worked diligently to define what skills or components are necessary to promote a successful 'culture' within an organization. To understand how organizational culture can benefit any enterprise one must first define organizational culture.

Organizational culture is defined differently depending on who you talk to. There are several consensus opinions however about what organizational culture includes. Organizational culture includes the morals, values, beliefs and strategies a firm and its employees or managers adopt to conduct business successfully (Bonache & Cabrera, 1999).…… [Read More]

References:

Bonache, J., Cabrera, E.F. (1999). "An expert HR system for aligning organizational culture and strategy." Human Resources Planning, 22(1): 51.

Handy, C.B. (1994). Understanding Organizations. New York: Penguin.

Hansen, D.A. (2005 -- March). "Total Quality Management." Available:

http://home.att.net/~iso9k1/tqm/tqm.html#Introduction
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Crisis Negotiation Team Employment Memorandum Our Organization

Words: 448 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 84942388

Crisis Negotiation Team

Employment Memorandum

Our organization has been provided funding for a crisis negotiation team. There will be several roles within this team that will need to be filled. The team will be composed of three to five people; the FBI recommends two people as a bare minimum however generally there is a bare minimum of three people required (McMains & Mulins, 2010). The team members must be able to perform many roles within the team. Some of the tasks that will be required include (McMains & Mulins, 2010):

Gather intelligence about the incident, the hostage taker, the hostages, etc.

Develop tactics that will defuse the incident, influence the hostage taker, and reduce the risk of loss of life.

Establish communication with the hostage taker.

Record relevant intelligence information.

Keep a record of the negotiations, including demands and promises.

Maintain equipment.

Coordinate and communicate with incident commander and tactical…… [Read More]

Works Cited

McMains, M., & Mulins, W. (2010). Crisis Negotiations. New Providence: LexisNexis/Anderson.

Terestre, D. (2004, March 26). Talking him down: the crisis negotiator. Retrieved from Police One: http://www.policeone.com/columnists/PoliceMagazine/articles/82818-Talking-him-down-the-crisis-negotiator/
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Crisis Leadership Competence An Important

Words: 654 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 45949362

Leaders who are fluent in crisis management are not afraid of crises because they have engaged in the necessary planning and preparation, have a number of coping skills to deal with a variety of scenarios, and are skilled at turning potential negatives into positives. They are adaptable, and can quickly readjust strategies to suit present needs, rather than remain stuck in one specific plan for the future.

Another critical aspect of effective crisis leadership that also has applications in day-to-day leadership is the need for participatory strategies, to get all members of the organization 'on board' with the leader's plan. Participatory leadership requires soliciting input from different members of the organization to create a holistic plan of attack, and draws upon a variety of perspectives, avoiding tunnel vision. Using participatory strategies increase organizational members' sense of investment and 'buy-in' with a crisis prevention or management plan. It might be protested…… [Read More]

References

Crisis leadership competency model. (2009). Retrieved March 1, 2011 at http://www.asph.org/userfiles/Competencies-Resources/08_CDC_CrisisLeadership.ppt

James, Erika Hayes. (2008). Linking crisis management and leadership competencies: The role of human resource development. Advances in Developing Human Resources

10(3): 352. Retrieved March 1, 2011 at  http://adh.sagepub.com/content/10/3/352.short
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Communication Management and Change

Words: 2369 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 81928406

Communication Management and Organizational Change

Communication management in the organization and most specifically in the organizational change environment is critically important. The work of Heathfield entitled "Communication in Change Management" state that it is impossible to "over-communicate when you are asking your organization to change." (2011, p.1) According to Heathfield, there are four critical components of effective communication as follows:

(1) The person sending the message must ensure that the message is presented clearly with great detail and that the message be perceived as containing integrity and that the message be authentic;

(2) The individual reading the message must make the decision to listen and to ask questions to ensure clarity and finally must trust the message's sender;

(3) The method of delivery must be chosen as appropriate for the context and for the needs of the sender and receiver of the message;

(4) The message content must resonate and…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Albrecht, Karl G. The Northbound Train. N.Y.: AMACON, 1994.

Blake, R. And Mouton J. Corporate Excellence Through Grid Organizational Development. Houston, 1968 Gulf Publishing Co.

Cohen, Eli and Tichy, Noel. "How Leaders Develop Leaders" in Training in Development. May 1997 pp. 58-73

DiFonzo, N., & Bordia, P. (1998). A tale of two corporations: managing uncertainty during organizational change. Human Resources Management, 37, 295-303. Retrieved May 10, 2006, from the LIRN, ProQuest database.
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Communication Plan

Words: 806 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 48925891

Communication Plan

In a situation as is with the case study where there are plans to have cooperation among more health care institutions and even mergers, there is need to have a clear communication plan and one that would be effective in that case. Being that these institutions that will henceforth work under one command system and administration, there is absolute need to ensure that the communication plan is implemented in time, the change in communication plan in line with the mergers is well funded, adequate training of employees to ensure the change is implemented, quality leadership is provided for in the change in communication channels and the communication fortifies the achievement of each department.

Effective marketing tools will be used to communicate new mergers and cooperation that will be foremed among the various parties involved. The target audience, which are majorly divided into the clients and the internal staff,…… [Read More]

Reference

Curtin, T., Hayman, D., & Husein, N. (2005). Managing a Crisis: a Practical Guide. New York:

Palgrave Macmillan.
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Communication and Leadership

Words: 2764 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 39078535

Communication and Leadership

hat makes a great leader? How is a great leader made? There is no single answer to that question because there are as many different kinds of great leaders as there are problems in society that need to be overcome. hile certainly it is true that many important and effective leaders share a number of the same qualities, it is also imperative to remember that each leader has different challenges that face him or her because of the particular historical circumstances that call that person to be a leader.

This research proposal maps out a plan to study the ways in which African-Americans become leaders in the United States today, looking at the struggles that they have to overcome in terms of the general level of background racism that still exists in this nation. But this is certainly not a research project designed to cast pity on…… [Read More]

We now turn away from recent history to contemporary American society to look at the ways in which some contemporary African-Americans are becoming leaders in their communities, despite the racism that they face from the surrounding world. http://www.twbookmark.com/books/33/0446675466/chapter_excerpt9276.html

http://almaz.com/nobel/peace/MLK-jail.html

Encyclopedia Britannica
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Crisis at Footwear International Case Summary a

Words: 1508 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 76273346

Crisis at Footwear International

Case Summary

A multinational shoe manufacturing company has been accused of deliberately designing a shoe with an insole that is offensive to Muslims. Footwear International consists of a number of companies that are semi-autonomous with regard to operations, and are governed by boards of directors that include local business community members. The Footwear International company in Bangladesh experienced severe criticism from local activist student groups who interpreted the design of an insole to include the name of Allah. Further, the students charged the manufacturing company of being owned and financed by Jews, and somehow linked the entire episode to Salman ushdie. The designer of the shoe -- a devout Bengali Muslim who does not speak or read Arabic -- declared that the pattern integrated into the insole design was inspired by Chinese temple bells that she purchased. Further, the insole design had been considered and approved…… [Read More]

References

Bangladesh. (2011). CIA World Fact Book. Retrieved https://www.cia.gov/library / publications/the-world-factbook/geos/bg.html

People's Republic of Bangladesh. (2010). Department of State. Retrieved  http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/3452.htm 

Husain, I. (2009, Fall / Winter). Pakistan & Afghanistan: Domestic Pressures and Regional Threats: The Role of Politics in Pakistan's Economy. Journal of International Affairs, 63 (1), 1-18. Retrieved http://jia.sipa.columbia.edu/role-politics-pakistans-economy-0
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Communication Memo to Support the Adoption of

Words: 525 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 69435878

Communication

Memo to Support the Adoption of Active Listening

Medical Practice Staff

Office Manager

e;

Active Listening

Active listening may offer a great deal of potential to increase the effectiveness of communication which takes within the practice, creating increased clarity and reducing the potential for misunderstandings, especially with patients who may be emotional or find communication difficult. esearch by Street and Haidet (2011), looked specifically at communication between doctors and patients, and found frequent significant gap between physicians' perception of the patients' health concerns and actual beliefs and concerns, creating the potential for misunderstanding. Factors that were attributed to the problem were presumptions and communication issues between the two parties. While this research looked at doctors, other authors have extended this to different healthcare professions, applying to both patient and peer communication (Propp et al., 2010; Beam et al., 2010).

Active listening is a technique which the listener in the…… [Read More]

References

Beam, Rita J; O'Brien, Ruth A; Neal, Michelle, (2010), Reflective Practice Enhances Public Health Nurse Implementation of Nurse-Family Partnership, Public Health Nursing, 27(2), 131 -- 139

Noesner, G. W; Webster, M. (1997), Crisis intervention: Using active listening skills in negotiations, FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin, 66, 13 -- 18

Propp, Kathleen M; Apker, Julie; Ford, Wendy S. Zabava; Wallace, Nancy; Serbenski, Michele; Hofmeister, Nancee, (2010), Meeting the Complex Needs of the Health Care Team: Identification of Nurse -- Team Communication Practices Perceived to Enhance Patient Outcomes, Quality Health Research, 20: 15

Street, Richard L; Haidet, Paul, (2011), How Well Do Doctors Know their Patients? Factors Affecting Physician Understanding of Patients' Health Beliefs, The Journal of General Internal Medicine, 26(1), 21 -- 27
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Communication Theory Social Penetration Theory

Words: 881 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 24624682



2. elational Dialectics Theory

elational dialectics theory is defined as an "interpretive theory of meaning-making in familial and non-kin relationships" (Baxter a.L., 2008). The dialectical process of thinking increases in a major manner our general view of the conceptual framework on life and relationships that we form in life. Through the dialectical view, we are able to see what we could not see before in relationships, as well as seeing afresh the things that we saw at a surface level. The theory is very instrumental in crisis or conflict solution and mediation between two conflicting parties.

The dialectical theory has employed four approaches mainly in solving dialectical tensions described as follows:

(a). Totality; which recognizes that contradiction is part and parcel of the human existence and cannot be understood in isolation. It says that dialectics are related intrinsically to each other. Therefore there is a great interdependence of people in…… [Read More]

References

Counseling Central, (2011). Counseling Definition of the Week: Self-Disclosure. Retrieved March 2, 2011 from http://counsellingcentral.com/counselling-definition-of-the-week-self-disclosure/

Taylor D. & Altman I., (2008). Social Penetration Theory. Retrieved March 2, 2011 from http://www.associatedcontent.com/article/900829/social_penetration_theory.html?cat=72

Baxter a.L., (2008). Relational Dialectics. Retrieved March 2, 2011 from  http://www.communicationencyclopedia.com/public/tocnode?id=g9781405131995_yr2011_chunk_g978140513199523_ss24-1
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Communication Wenzel Delivers a Weak-Form

Words: 641 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 54473816

A stronger argument would have galvanized one or both of these groups. The group should have been identified and an argument developed around some sort of common trait among the group members.

One of the most glaring weak points of this argument is the lack of conflict. The author fails to convey a sense of outrage about the status quo that he feels needs to be changed. There are no entrenched interests that must be dislodged. Without this sense of conflict, no solution either disruptive or constructive can be proposed. This perhaps is why the solution proposed at the article's closing is so uselessly vague -- there is no conflict to be resolved so no particular need for a strong resolution to be called for.

Instead, this argument is effectively egocentric. The author apparently wants something changed, but does not take the time to inform the audience about the issue,…… [Read More]

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Communication Styles Stakeholders' Analysis Stakeholder Analysis of

Words: 1374 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 70123953

Communication Styles

Stakeholders' Analysis

Stakeholder Analysis of the National Health Service

The National Health Service (NHS) is the world's largest publicly funded health service (NHS, 2011). It provides high quality medical care free of charge to patients across England. NHS uses government funding to run operations and pay employees. Being a national public sector organization, the NHS influences and is influenced by several stakeholders including the government, patients, suppliers, the media and community members. Ethical behavior can help gain approval and cooperation from these stakeholders for the growth of the NHS.

Influence of Different Stakeholders on the NHS

The government is the largest source of funding for the oyal Blackburn Hospital and the National Health Service. The annual budget of the NHS for 2010-2011 was £105 billion (The King's Fund, 2012). The performance of the NHS determines the government's chances for re-election so it influences the NHS through policies for…… [Read More]

References

Martin, D. (19 January 2011). NHS Patients to be Offered Free Private Treatment…As Long as it doesn't Cost Any More. Health. Accessed on 12 May 2012 from  http://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-1348442/NHS-patients-offered-free-private-treatment-long-doesnt-cost-more.html 

NHS. (2011). About the NHS. Accessed on 12 May 2012 from  http://www.nhs.uk/NHSEngland/thenhs/about/Pages/overview.aspx 

The King's Fund. (2012). Frequently Asked Questions. Accessed on 12 May 2012 from http://www.kingsfund.org.uk/current_projects/general_election_2010/frequently_asked.html

The Star. (11 May 2012). Union Warning NHS Staff over Pay Cut Fears. Accessed on 12 May 2012 from  http://www.thestar.co.uk/news/health/union-warning-nhs-staff-over-pay-cut-fears-1-4537267
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Crisis in Canada Are the

Words: 5697 Length: 17 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 63405314

In 2000 legislation was presented by Ralph Klein to the legislature, demanding that provinces be permitted to allow private hospitals. That same year, more budget cuts slammed the health systems, when the "Federal udget offers 2 cents for health care for every dollar of tax cuts." (Health Coalition) in 2002 the Romanow Royal Commission on the Future of Health Care in Canada was created to investigate the health-care situation in the nation and to foster (and witness) public discussion on the subject. Their report was presented in Ottawa towards the end of the year, and in 2003 some of its suggestions regarding intelligent use of federal funding were implemented. The commission, in general, supported the continuation of universal care. However, the 2003 "Health Accord" did not include any ruling against the use of federal funding contracted out to for-profit institutions (a situation that some critics claim is part of the…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Axworthy, Lloyd & Spiegel, Jerry. "Retaining Canada's health care system as a global public good" Canadian Medical Association Journal, Aug 20,2002; 167 (4), 365-366

Canadian Institute for Health Information. Health Care in Canada.

Canadian Institute for Health Information: Ottawa, 2004.

Choudhry, Sujit. "The Enforcement of the Canada Health Act" McGill Law Journal, vol 41; 462-510
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Role of Communication in Crises

Words: 1738 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 25157259

Role of Communication in Crises

"In crisis management, the threat is the potential damage a crisis can inflict on an organization, its stakeholders, and an industry. A crisis can create three related threats: a) public safety; b) financial loss; and c) reputation loss" (Coombs, 2007).

Good quality communication is among the most vital components of any good organization -- at any moment, in good or bad times. But during a crisis, good communication becomes even more pivotal to helping solve urgent problems. ithout a well-thought-out, professional understanding of the media and how its coverage of the crisis will unfold, the company is at the mercy of a potentially harmful and very negative image. This paper delves into the importance of good communication management in times of crisis and offers an analysis that any company should pay attention to well before any crisis happens.

The Literature on Communication in Times of…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Coombs, Timothy W. (2004). Impact of Past Crises on Current Crisis Communication: Insights

From Situational Crisis Communication Theory. Journal of Business Communication, 41(3),

265-289.

Coombs, Timothy W. (2007). Crisis Management and Communications. Institute for Public
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Corporate Communication it Has Been

Words: 1923 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 83036851

With this position, she gained a wide variety of skills in many different areas of P such as corporate reputation, product marketing and placement, crisis communications, employee communications and social marketing. She says that some people get frustrated at the beginning of a communication position because of all the administrative and coordination work.

With the changes that are rapidly occurring across the world, crisis communication is an area that is growing in importance. All organizations are vulnerable to crises, from an oil spill or 9-11, to Enron and Worldcom, the Asian Tsunami Disaster, Hurricane Katrina and Virginia Tech killings. Organizations have to be prepared for the very worst and have an emergency plan in action for handling all areas of communication.

In a "crisis document audit," they look for a failure to address the many communications issues related to crisis/disaster response. Organizations do not understand that, without adequate communications: Operational…… [Read More]

References

Berkeley Career Center (May 13, 2005). What's a Communication Manager? Retrieved http://career.berkeley.edu/article/050513a-rh.stm

Bernstein, J. Ten steps of crisis communication. March 8, 2008 http://www.bernsteincrisismanagement.com/docs/the_10_steps_of_crisis_communications.html

Encyclopedia of Careers and Vocational Guidelines. (2005) New York: Ferguson.

Fogg, N., Harrington, P.E., and Harrington, T.F. (2004) College Majors Handbook.
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Managing a Crisis When a

Words: 1076 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 24066869

By using this type of planning, any company can simulate what would take place in a crisis, and can determine what would be done if it were to actually occur. The old adage of "practice makes perfect" may seem very cliche, but there is some truth to the statement. Even though no company wants or expects to have a crisis in it or technology, the companies that are truly prepared for just about every eventuality will be the companies that have the smallest amount of damage based on the significance of the crisis that takes place (Dezenhall & Weber, 2007). A contingency plan has to stipulate who will perform what activities, so that there is no confusion about that issue during a crisis. This is especially true with a spokesperson, because there should only be one person who is designated to speak for the company and who will provide information…… [Read More]

References

Barton, L. (2007). Crisis leadership now: A real-world guide to preparing for threats, disaster, sabotage, and scandal. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill.

Dezenhall, E. & Weber, J. (2007). Damage control: Why everything you know about crisis management is wrong. New York, NY: Portfolio Hardcover.

Ulmer, R.R., Sellnow, T.L., & Seeger, M.W. (2006). Effective crisis communication: Moving from crisis to opportunity. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.
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Importance of Health Communication Annotated Bibliography

Words: 1214 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 20357704

Library- Health Literacy and Communication Skills

Wurz, A., Nurm, U. K., & Ekdahl, K. (2013).Enhancing the Role of Health Communication in the Prevention of Infectious Diseases. Journal of Health Communication: International Perspectives, 1566-1571.

In spite of awareness of health communication's significance in preventing disease, there was a clear knowledge gap in terms of nature and extent of its utilization in Europe for supporting infectious disease control and prevention. The ECDC (European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control) decided to bridge this gap by commissioning a group of universities, in the year 2009, to perform a research project, Translating Health Communications, lasting 3 years. Project outcomes comprise two key areas: (a) preliminary information collection for providing insights into current application of health communication tasks for preventing communicable disease in the EEA (European Economic Area) and European Union and (b) knowledge synthesis evidenced by applying and using health communication techniques. This article…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Heldman, A. B., Schindler, J., & Weaver, J. (n.d.). Social Media Engagement and Public Health Communication: Implications for Public Health Organizations Being Truly "Social." Public Health Reviews, 1-18.

Infanti, J., Sixsmith, J., Barry, M., Nunez-Cordoba, J., Oroviogoicoechea-Ortega, C., & Guillen-Grima, F. (2013). . A literature review on effective risk communication for the prevention and control of communicable diseases in. Stockholm: ECDC.

Maniou, T. (2015 ). Reporting on Health Issues: Communicating Public Health through the Press in Time of Crisis. The International Journal of Communication Health, 36-43 .

Oliveira, M. d. (2013). Multicultural Environments and Their Challenges to Crisis Communication. Journal of Business Communication, 2538-277.
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Product Safety Crisis at Johnson & Johnson

Words: 812 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 94888862

Johnson & Johnson's Tylenol Crisis

Johnson & Johnson is an American multinational company headquartered in New Jersey and produces pharmaceutical, medical devices, and consumer packaged goods. In early 2016, the company experienced a crisis relating to the safety of its products i.e. Tylenol. Tylenol has traditionally been one of the most effective over-the-counter products for many customers, especially in the United States. In the recent product safety crisis, Johnson & Johnson was ordered by a jury to pay $72 million following the death of a consumer because of the use of its talcum powder (Picchi par, 2). In addition, the company faced an extra 1,200 cases relating to the safety of its Tylenol products, particularly talcum powder. The obvious early warning signs of the crisis was the relatively poor measures for handling of the Tylenol poisonings. hile the firm responded quickly to the death of seven people who utilized its…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Gallagher, James. "Johnson & Johnson Hit with $72m Damages in Talc Cancer Case." Online posting. BBC News. BBC, 24 Feb. 2016. Web. 09 May 2017. .

Male, Bianca. "How Johnson & Johnson Should Handle Its Perpetual PR Crisis." Business Insider. Business Insider, 07 May 2010. Web. 09 May 2017. .

Picchi, Aimee. "Can Johnson & Johnson Recover from $72 Million Talc Dust-up?" Online posting. CBS News. CBS Interactive, 26 Feb. 2016. Web. 09 May 2017. .
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Managing Crisis on Social Media

Words: 989 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 79871797

Domino's Pizza Crisis And The esponse

With the growth of the social media, many organizations have found themselves on the receiving end from careless social media users and even some accurate documentation of faults within the organization have as well found way into the social media world. Domino's Pizza was a victim of brand attack in April 2009 when two employees of one of their North Carolina stores made a video of themselves doing despicable and unhygienic things with the food to be delivered to clients as seen on the video still found on youtube (Householdhacker, 2009). The video went viral on the internet and the criticism started coming in fast. The Domino manage had to do something about the entire saga in order to retain their market share and also to recapture the customer confidence by depicting this as an isolated incident. Domino's effectively managed to put this crisis…… [Read More]

Reference

Frampton F., (2015). A Timeless Social Media Crisis Plan-Domino's Pizza. Retrieved March 10, 2016 from http://sos.marketing/a-timeless-social-media-crisis-plan-dominos-pizza/

Rogers W., (2014). Sales Mastery: 10 Keys to Building Trust and Credibility with Your Customers. Retrieved March 10, 2016 from https://www.salesforce.com/blog/2014/07/sales-mastery-10-keys-to-building-trust-and-credibility-with-your-customers-cso-gp.html

McBain, (2014). Leverage Customers to Increase Marketing for Your Business. Retrieved March 10, 2016 from https://paysimple.com/blog/leverage-customers-increase-marketing/

Householdhacker, (2009). How to Get Fired from Dominos Pizza. Retrieved March 10, 2016 from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1D9PikBzNNo
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Crisis Management Yes Kim and

Words: 400 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 89320237

Intensity is directly correlated due to what E.coli poisoning does to the individual affected by it. Symptoms of E. coli include stomach cramps that may be severe and diarrhea that may turn bloody within one to three days. E. coli sometimes can lead to complications including kidney failure. (MSNBC, p.2) the response by the government is a massive recall of the tainted product, and news reports to let product consumers know that there is cause for concern and a need to be aware of current product conditions. If this were a shipment of tainted meat to a store in somewhere, Al. there would only be a need for local officials to make a small recall and deal on a local level. This directly correlates to the model.

eferences

Kim, & Lee, (2001). Handbook of Crisis and Emergency Management (1st ed.). New York, NY: Marcel Dekker, Inc..

MSNBC.online (2007, 06/09/07). Meat…… [Read More]

References

Kim, & Lee, (2001). Handbook of Crisis and Emergency Management (1st ed.). New York, NY: Marcel Dekker, Inc..

MSNBC.online (2007, 06/09/07). Meat recall expands again on E. Coli Fears. Breaking News, pp.1-2. Retrieved 06/09/07, at http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/19092079/
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Communications Skills to Solve Problems They Are

Words: 2104 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 14481140

communications skills to solve problems they are likely to encounter in the workplace.

Communication is the process of sharing information, expression, feeling, and thought between two or more people. Effective communication plays an important role in the organizational development, and communication forms an important constituent of every aspect of an organization. To maintain good working relations, it critical for the entire workforce to communicate with one another to enhance coordination, as well maintaining good working relations.

Evidence of communication skills is the ability of an individual or business organization to persuade and negotiate within business environment. Persuading and negotiating is one of the important aspects within business environment. Arriving at a concrete agreement within a business environment involves using effective communication skills. Persuasion involves ability to convince others to reach appropriate course actions, while negotiating involves ability to reach a mutually satisfactory agreement.

eflective Practice

Evidence of communication skills is…… [Read More]

References

Australian Computer Society (2011).Case Studies and their clauses in the Code. Australia.

Wheeler, S. (2003). Comparing Three IS Codes of Ethics -- ACM, ACS and BCS . 7th Pacific Asia Conference on Information Systems, 10-13 July 2003, Adelaide, South Australia. 1576- 1587.
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Crisis Negotiations Crisis Negotiation Is a Procedure

Words: 606 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 35483558

Crisis Negotiations:

Crisis negotiation is a procedure used by law enforcement to communicate with individuals who are threatening violence. They include violence in the workplace, stalkers, barricaded subjects, individuals threatening suicide, and hostage takers. In the past several decades, the concept of crisis negotiations has been described as the most important development in police psychology and law enforcement. Actually, various law enforcement agencies have been using crisis negotiations techniques in response to kidnappings, critical incidents, hostage or barricade conditions, and personal crises. Based on recent trends, the use of crisis negotiations by law enforcement agencies have continued to grow since its inception in 1973. The main purpose of crisis negotiation is to develop rapport through establishing communication to gather intelligence regarding individuals' threat of violence.

Types of Situations that equire a Crisis Negotiator:

There are various types of situations that may require the use of crisis intervention procedures through a…… [Read More]

References:

Grabianowski, E. (n.d.). How Hostage Negotiation Works. Retrieved December 18, 2011, from  http://people.howstuffworks.com/hostage-negotiation2.htm 

Miller, L. (2005). Hostage Negotiation: Psychological Principles and Practices. International Journal of Emergency Mental Health, 7(4), 277-298. Retrieved from  http://www.psychceu.com/miller/Miller_Hostage_Neg.pdf 

Vecchi, G.M, Van Hasselt, V. & Romano, S.J. (2005). Crisis (Hostage) Negotiation: Current

Strategies and Issues in High-risk Conflict Resolution. Aggression and Violent Behavior, 10, 533-551. Retrieved from http://www.eisf.eu/resources/library/hostage_negotiation.pdf
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Crisis as Robert Kennedy Reveals

Words: 1066 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 31211771

S. wanted Europe to respect its boundaries, but had no intention of respecting Europe's:

Imagine, Mr. President, what if we were to present to you such an ultimatum as you have presented to us by your actions. How would you react to it? I think you would be outraged at such a move on our part. And this we would understand…Our ties with the Republic of Cuba, as well as our relations with other nations, regardless of their political system, concern only the two countries between which these relations exist. And, if it were a matter of quarantine as mentioned in your letter, then, as is customary in international practice, it can be established only by states agreeing between themselves, and not by some third party. Quarantines exist, for example, on agricultural goods and products. However, in this case we are not talking about quarantines, but rather about much more…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Kennedy, Robert. Thirteen Days: A Memoir of the Cuban Missile Crisis. NY: W.W.

Norton & Company, 1999. Print.

"Khruschev Letter to President Kennedy." Web. 10 Nov 2011.

Perkins, John. Confessions of an Economic Hit Man. San Francisco, CA: Berrett-
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Communication a Couple of Years

Words: 626 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 35849310

Moreover, we conducted a non-invasive approach in which we emphasized that the firm already had the rudiments of data governance in place, and simply needed assistance in formalizing the management of the accountability of data since its principle need was providing a transparent method of data lineage.

This communications process of meeting regularly with upper level management proved to be successful in the long run, because we were able to address their concerns as soon as they arose, as well as keep them updated regarding our projects. Despite our efforts to plan as conscientiously for this project as we could, however, my team and I still encountered an instance or two of feature creep, "unforeseen requests for additions and changes that are outside the project scope" (Gube, 2008). According to the circumstances, these instances were actually quite understandable, as one of the top executives wanted to make a last-minute switch…… [Read More]

References

Haughey, D. (2013). "Project planning a step-by-step guide." ProjectSmart. Retrieved January 31 from http://www.projectsmart.co.uk/project-planning-step-by-step.html

Gube, J. (2008). "Eight tips on how to manage feature creep." Six Revisions. Retrieved January 31 from  http://sixrevisions.com/project-management/eight-tips-on-how-to-manage-feature-creep/
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Communication Between Commercial Pilots and

Words: 3111 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 9286235

Obviously, those situations include survivors of ditches and crashes, but equally important is the degree to which cell phones offer solutions to flight emergencies.

Salven acknowledges that cell phone use of this nature is specifically prohibited by FCC restrictions but relates the views of an FCC spokesman who relates that.".. The FCC isn't aware of any enforcement action having been taken against pilots using cell phones in emergency situations during the past 30 years." Salven describes situations such as cell phone communications between pilot and controllers necessitated by emergency conservation (i.e. shutdown) of electrical power caused by acute ammeter discharge in flight.

Equipment, Flight Hours, and ule Priority Ambiguity:

The other components of emergency communications relate to the relative capability of equipment to prevent emergencies (particularly on the ground), various factors capable of reducing the efficiency of pilot responses to emergencies, and the inherent ambiguity and even apparent contradictions in…… [Read More]

References

Berge, Paul. "Think ahead of ATC: sow your plan in the mind of ATC and watch it grow into a thing of beauty. it's just a matter of knowing what to ask for and when.(SYSTEM NOTES)(air traffic control).." IFR. 24.2 (Feb 2008): 17(2). Doane, Stephanie M., Young Woo Sohn, and Mark T. Jodlowski. "Pilot ability to anticipate the consequences of flight actions as a function of expertise." Human Factors. 46.1 (Spring 2004): 92(12). EASA. "AIR TRANSPORT: PILOTS' FLIGHT TIMES TOO LONG, SAYS STUDY. (European Aviation Safety Agency).." European Social Policy. (Feb 12, 2009): 243326.

Marks, Paul. "Urgent call to end frequent runway near-misses: collision warning systems that rely on a response from air traffic controllers don't give pilots enough time to act." New Scientist. 188.2519 (Oct 1, 2005): 22(2).

Miller, Bob. "Getting no WX from ATC: thunderstorms can catch you sleeping any time of year. Don't expect the controller to give you a heads-up, either. (SYSTEM NOTES)(weather report, air traffic control).." IFR. 24.1 (Jan 2008): 6(5). Rozendaal, Doug. "Approaches in a hurry: sometimes you've got to get set up for the approach at lightning speed. The secret is to pretend there's no hurry at all. (TRICKS O' the TRADE).." IFR. 23.3 (March 2007): 20(3).

Salven, Valerie. "Cell Phone to the Rescue: In the Air or on the Ground, it Could Save
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Communication Evaluation Tool

Words: 819 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 35404098

Measure Interdisciplinary Critical Incident Verbal eports by Jacqueline Guhde

The research article, "An Evaluation Tool to Measure Interdisciplinary Critical Incident Verbal eports" by Jacqueline Guhde (2014) discussed and explored the use of an evaluation tool in assessing the communication effectiveness of nurses when relaying patient problem information to physicians in the hospital setting. In the research article, Guhde discussed the relevance of such an evaluation tool in improving effectiveness of communication between nurses and physicians. Further, the author also explained the rigor in analyses applied in the development of the evaluation tool, particularly on the reliability of scoring among assessors, which ultimately determines if effective communication was achieved or not.

The evaluation tool was developed based on a mix of simulation through tape-recorded cases and actual practices and assessed through content validity and inter-rater reliability (I) tests. The study's design is appropriate especially for the intended audience or users of…… [Read More]

Reference:

Guhde, Jacqueline. (2014). "An evaluation tool to measure interdisciplinary critical incident verbal reports." Nursing Education Perspectives, Vol. 36, No. 3.
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Communication in the Telecommuting Workforce

Words: 3276 Length: 13 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 24025789

Telecommuting is the act of periodically working out of the main office, one or more days a week either at home, or at a telework center. (Avery and Zabel 2000, 82) The concept of telecommuting was created by Jack Niles as a result of the oil crisis of the 1970's. Niles felt that telecommuting would be a good way of eliminating the daily commute and preserving energy. Nile eventually found that telecommuting could be beneficial to workers and employees.

The research found that the benefits of telecommuting include increased productivity, improved familial relationships and decreases in absenteeism. Increased productivity is derivative of the fact that workers have fewer distractions and are able to complete tasks on their own time. We also found that telecommuters had increased job satisfaction and increased motivation.

A major hindrance to the implementation of a successful telecommuting strategy is the lack of effective communication technology. In…… [Read More]

References

Avery C. And Zabel D. (2000) The Flexible Workplace: A Sourcebook of Information and Research. Quorum Books: Westport, CT.

A www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5001143449

Burn, T. (2000, January 31). Telecommuting Fits Right at Home. The Washington Times, p. 10.

A www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=51260124
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Statement of Purpose for a MA in Communications

Words: 987 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 93969244

Communications -- Personal Statement

Say the word 'communications,' and immediately people think of the written or the spoken word. They think of a page of newspaper, a conversation with a friend. But corporate communications encompasses so much more than merely the verbal exchange of ideas.

Corporate communications is kinesthetic. Through my work at my current place of business, Alcoa I communicate by email to all Alcoans worldwide, regarding the Earthwatch program, including its guidelines and the application process. Earthwatch expeditions are hands-on efforts designed to add to the knowledge of Alocan personnel to give them personal knowledge of the different needs that must be met to build a sustainable future. My communication efforts for this program are personal as well as technical, and facilitate the communications process between employees on a personal level, and for the fifteen individuals ultimately chosen to become a part of the program, on a physical…… [Read More]

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Sago Mining Crisis Began With

Words: 2122 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 53103935

However, the lack of internal communication, particularly as to underground communication, is a leading cause of the Sago Mining crisis.

y lack of underground communication, it is meant both a lack of direct communication between the rescue teams and the trapped miners and a lack of scientific communication as to the actual conditions of the underground mines and the ability of the rescue teams to go into the mines for the rescue. If there would have been updated technologies implemented into the mines prior to the explosion, the disaster could have been avoided. Underground communication capabilities would have made it possible for the rescue teams to communicate with the trapped miners, allowing for a more efficient finding of their location and the ability to guide them to a safe area of the mine. Underground communication between the mine's condition and the rescue teams would have allowed for the rescue process…… [Read More]

Bibliography

ABC News. "Rescuers Break Ground in Miner Mission. 3 Jan. 2006.

BBC News and Current Affairs. "Fury Over U.S. Mine Rescue Fiasco." 4 January 2006.

Dao, James. "Blast Traps 13 in a Coal Mine in West Virginia." The New York Times. 3 Jan. 2006.

McLachlan, Justin. "West Virginia Mine Explosion, My Time There." New York Times. 3 Jan. 2006.
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Personality & Communication Affect on Supervision

Words: 5219 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 63382890

Although interpersonal and group level communications reside at a lower level than organizational communication, they are major forms of communication in organizations and are prominently addressed in the organizational communication literature. Recently, as organizations became more communication-based, greater attention was directed at improving the interpersonal communication skills of all organizational members. Historically, informal communication was primarily seen as a potential block to effective organizational performance. This is no longer the case is modern times, as on-going, dynamic, and informal communication has become more important to ensuring the effective conduct of work

It is also widely accepted that top managers should communicate directly with immediate supervisors and that immediate supervisors should communicate with their direct reports. In regard to issues of importance, top managers should then follow-up by communicating with employees directly. The Communication Accommodation Theory supports this rationale. In terms of supervisor-employee communication, one researcher argues the difficulty of trusting…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Bandura, A. (1982). Self-efficacy mechanism in human agency. American Psychologist, 37, 122-147.

Blumberg, A. (1970). A system for analyzing supervisor-teacher interaction. In A.

Simon & G. Boyer (Eds.), Mirrors for behavior, 3, 29-45.

Davis, T. & Landa, M. (1999). The trust deficit. Management Accounting, 71(10), 12-
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Integrated Corporate Communication ICC and Corporate Communication

Words: 7925 Length: 25 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 18099641

Integrated Corporate Communication (ICC) and Corporate Communication (CC)

The established limitations are severely customized by globalization: the size of the company (where there is not a major link with the area of the performance, delocalization and outsourcing and being dependent on the network), design of the product and sales (where the relation with the competitors may be competitive cooperative) somewhat similar to the frequency of motor industry), competitive relations of space-time, the consumer models (which is focused with a turn down in the analogical media. The increasing significance of digital media and internet is also included. The most important of them is the advertising of television and the television itself); the importance of communication in the competitive environment, less protectionist measures of the economic systems, open spaces of competition, complex differentiation (Walther, 2007).

The incorporation of the global markets struggle to remove the inert environment and change them with the…… [Read More]

References

Argenti, P. And Forman, J. (2002) The Power of Corporate Communication, New York: McGraw-Hill.

Argenti, P.A. (2009) Corporate Communication, New York: McGraw-Hill/Irwin.

Argenti, P.A. (2009). Corporate communication. Singapore: McGraw-Hill

Argenti, P.A., Barnes, C.M. (2009). Digital strategies for powerful corporate communications. New York: McGraw-Hill
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Challenges in Communication

Words: 860 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 12497370

Disaster Communication

Safety

International disasters including natural disasters pose a number of simultaneous challenges. Communication is an essential facet to life and particularly in life threatening situations, such as in disaster situations. Effective and stable communication is very important in providing support to people in need or danger during disastrous events. There are a variety of potential threats to communication during disasters; threats are contingent to the type or nature of the disaster, the severity of the disaster, the location of the event, and the duration. In disastrous events, there is a strong possibility that communication will be compromised, damaged, or temporarily inaccessible. Communication on the ground where the event occurs has a greater potential for damage and inaccessibility. The paper will explore the challenges international disaster agencies face regarding communication during disasters. eferencing a modern example, the paper will examine general and specific challenges in communication during phases of…… [Read More]

References:

Horsley, PhD, J.S. (2012). Planning for Spontaneity: The Challenges of Disaster Communication Fieldwork. International Journal of Qualitative Methods, 11(3), 180 -- 194.

Maiers, C., Reynolds, M., & Haselhorn, M. (2005). Challenges to Effective Information and Communication Systems in Humanitarian Relief Organizations. IEEE International Professional Communication Conference Proceedings, 2005, 82 -- 91.
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Hospital Crisis Management Planning the Study of

Words: 1186 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 92209775

Hospital Crisis Management Planning

The study of crisis management is one of the most written about issues of importance. This is true in part because crises can happen to any or all types of organizations (from businesses to community or governmental initiatives), and they can arise on a broad variety of levels. As such, they can be difficult to predict and to plan for at the same time that digital connectivity makes rapid and prepared responses all the more important.

There is much evidence that suggests that digital community building and the speed with which someone can access a wave of interconnected supporters will be most important in the future as crises arise. And this is particularly true for organizations such as hospitals, which carry out public benefit as well as profit obligations, making the potentials of crises even bigger. A hospital, for example, can have an internal crisis of…… [Read More]

REFERENCES

Ghinn, D. (2011), CreationHealthCare, Managing a Social Media Crisis. Retrieved on October 11, 2011 from http://creationhealthcare.com/articles/managing-a-social-media-crisis/

Grady-Erickson, O and Saruwatari, M., 2009, Continuity of Operations Planning: Lessons Learned form the H1N1 Pandemic, LivePress, NJ. Retrieved from http://www.LivePress.com.

Hanvik, R. (2011), CreationHealthCare, Introduction to Digital Governance. Retrieved on October 11, 2011 from http://creationhealthcare.com/articles/introduction-to-digital-governance/

Pearson, C.M. And Clair, J.A., Reframing Crisis Management, Academy of Management Review, 23(1) (1998): 59 -- 76, as printed in Boin, A, (2008). Crisis Management, V II, Sage Publications.
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BP Crisis

Words: 2866 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 55103452

Evidence of this can be seen with the company being slow to provide information, on the total amounts of oil that are leaking into the ocean and the various restrictions that they have placed on media coverage. (Lack of Transparency Afflicts Oil Spill Response 2010) This problematic, because when there are restrictions and the company is slow to release information, it appears as if they have something to hide. At which point, the public will become furious with the company, from their perceived unwillingness to cooperate. This could have negative political fallout, as various Congressional Committees and regulators will demand all documents relating to the spill. Once this take place, it sets the stage for an ugly showdown with Congress and the White House. Where, they could seek to force the company to disclose more documents and engage in criminal investigations, as these actions give the appearance that executives are…… [Read More]

Bibliography

'Boards of Directors Need to Oversee Corporate Sustainability more Effectively', 2010, PR Newswire, Available from Proquest. [19 June 2010] http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?index=0&did=2054701491&SrchMode=2&sid=4&Fmt=3&VInst=PROD&VType=PQD&RQT=309&VName=PQD&TS=1276983049&clientId=45065

'BP Engineer Called Deepwater Horizon Nightmare Well Days Before Blast', 2010, Huffington Post, Available from: [21 June 2010].

'BP Establishes a $20 Billion Claims Fund', 2010, BP, Available from: . [21 June 2010].

'Estimating Cleanup Costs for Oil Spills', 1999, Cutter Information Corporation, Available from: . [19 June 2010].
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Stalemate to Crisis the Imperial Republic

Words: 1023 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 15584335

Stalemate to Crisis" and "he Imperial Republic."

Questions From "From Stalemate to Crisis" and "he Imperial Republic"

Brinkley, Alan. (2004) he Unfinished Nation: A Concise History of the American people. Volume II. 4th Edition. New York: McGraw-Hill.

What were the great social issues creating deep divisions in American life in the 1880s and 1890s? Discuss unionization of workers and the discontent felt by the farmers?

Political corruption, America's increasingly marked shift from an agrarian to an industrialist society, and the tariff questions surrounding the sale of American goods abroad, were all the important issues that served to tear the American nation apart during the latter half of the nineteenth century. he rise of agrarian discontent was manifested in the vocal Granger Movement, the formulation Farmers' Alliances, and the Populist movement that swept the American Midwest. Although agrarian discontent declined, after 1898, the origins, purposes, and effectiveness of the Interstate Commerce…… [Read More]

The taking of territories by the United States was hardly justified according to standards of either moral or formal international law, then or now. But the annexation "fever" of the late 1800s clearly benefited politicians wishing to create a greater sense of cohesive unity in an increasingly divided America, an America characterized by warring political and geographic interests and greater levels of economic stratification.

As you look at how the media dealt with the Spanish American War reflect on how the media today deals with both domestic and foreign affairs stories. What is their agenda in 2005 when reporting? Have they handled Afghanistan and Iraq in a similar fashion to the way the press reported the sinking of the battleship Maine? Is the media trustworthy in 2005? Please be more specific on this question.

The media's agenda in 2005, as during the Spanish-American War, is always to generate interest in the news and to sell consumption of papers, cable subscriptions, and advertising. However, the public has more media outlets it can use, and is more 'savvy' as to media bias and misrepresentation. Also, the media itself is more self-critical, after realizing that politicians are able to misrepresent the events of today for personal ends. The media seemed to show a sense of 'betrayal' of the truth and trust in the relationship between press and professional politicians, in the way that the threat of weapons of mass destruction was used to justify war in Iraq, as the ways that the White House vacillated on its knowledge of the terrorist threat level before 2001. This sense was not evident in the glorious trumpeting of U.S. justice during the sinking of the Maine. Still, domestic news coverage often has the same sensationalistic tone, specifically in crime reporting, as was common to ages past.
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Employee Relations Financial Crisis Managing Employee Relations

Words: 2413 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 53303609

Employee Relations Financial Crisis

Managing Employee Relations in the Event of a Financial Crisis

A Look into Management can Effectively Navigate through Adverse Conditions

Austerity Protests (Dowling, 2012)

Employee relations can often be a difficult aspect of maintaining the overall health of an organization. In general, employee relations often refer to the act of fostering productivity, motivation, and employee morale in an organizations human resources pool. However, there are some circumstances in which it is virtually impossible to maintain high levels of morale. One example of this is during a period of economic turmoil. During the global financial crisis of 2008, the world's economy took a sharp turn for the worse. This economic downturn had many implications for businesses and their employees. The level of unemployment rose quickly in many nations and pressure was also applied to lower employee wages.

In the event of such an economic downturn, it is…… [Read More]

Works Cited

BLS, 2012. The Recession of 2007-2009. [Online]

Available at:  http://www.bls.gov/spotlight/2012/recession/pdf/recession_bls_spotlight.pdf 

[Accessed 12 September 2012].

Business and Marketing, 2009. Consumers in a Recession. [Online]
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Collaborative Communication and Therapeutic Interventions Collaborative Communication

Words: 1829 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 9363204

Collaborative Communication and Therapeutic Interventions

Collaborative Communication

Collaborative Communication and Therapeutic Interventions Improve care for Health Care Clients and Community

Collaborative communication and therapeutic interventions play a significant role in improving the care for the health care clients and the overall community. This is the reason that these days the health care organizations assess their performances and design high quality improvement initiatives for carrying out collaborative communication.

There is a very strong link between an effective communication and high quality health care. The satisfaction of the patient and his family members can be increased by doing two ways, clear, understandable and respectful communication (Morales et al. 2006, Beach et al. 2005). Gaps between the communication of healthcare professionals and the patients or among the healthcare professionals themselves bring disastrous and unexpected outcomes and the healthcare relationship badly suffers.

There are several ways through which collaborative communication and therapeutic interventions improve…… [Read More]

References

Beach MC, Sugarman J, Johnson RL, Arbelaez JJ, Duggan PS, Cooper LA. (2005). Do patients treated with dignity report higher satisfaction, adherence, and receipt of preventive care? Ann Fam Med. 2005 Jul Aug; 3(4):331-8.

Kilmann, R.H., & Thomas, K.W. (1975). Interpersonal conflict-handling behavior as reflections of Jungian personality dimensions. Psychological Reports, 37, 971 -- 980.

Kilmann, R.H., & Thomas, K.W. (1977). Developing a forced-choice measure of conflict handling behavior: The

"mode" instrument. Educational and Psychology Measurement, 37, 309 -- 325
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Team Communication

Words: 2456 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 74915879

Team Communication

An interdisciplinary team is formed from a group of health care providers belonging to different fields of health sciences; they work together as a team to bring the best possible outcome for patient. The efficiency of this team is achieved by following three basic steps that include communication, coordination and sharing of responsibilities. In order to provide quality care in primary health care system, the hospitals need to get closely integrated with the whole health service system (Ilyas, 2006).

Who makes up the membership of the interdisciplinary team in this agency?

Members of the interdisciplinary team vary according to the age and the degree of disability of an individual. Main aim of such team is to provide support to the patient in the best possible manner. The interdisciplinary team members of Hospitals at Ontario, includes Physicians, Nurses, Midwife, Dietitian, Pharmacist, Psychologist, Podiatrist, Physiotherapist, Chiropractor and Occupational Therapist. In…… [Read More]

References

Grech, H. (2012, October 28).Communication Skills in Health Professionals. Map-n.net. Retrieved on January 10, 2013 from  http://map-n.net/pastevents/violence%20and%20aggression/Prof.%20Helen%20Grech%20-%20Communication%20Skills%20in%20Health%20Care%20Professionals.pdf 

Ilyas, M .(2006).Public health and Community Medicine. Karachi:Time Publisher.

Ontario (2005, July 5). Guide to Interdisciplinary Team Role and Responsibilities.Health.gov.on.ca. Retrieved on January 10, 2013, from  http://www.health.gov.on.ca/en/pro/programs/fht/docs/fht_inter_team.pdf 

Salgado, C.D., Farr, B.M., Hall, K.K. And Hayden, F.G. (2002, March).Influenza in Acute Hospital setting. Lancet Infectious Diseases, Volume 2(3),145-55
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Difference Between Crises and Disaster

Words: 1749 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 17465829

Crisis and Disaster

The running of any Government, Community, Society or even an Organization for that matter is, no doubt, a very complicated matter. The main reason for this complication is the many arrays of problems and situations that can arise and each one of them demands special attention to cater to. This makes the smooth running of any setup, then, a big challenge for the concerned authorities. However, this smooth running turn into more of a challenge in the face of a disaster or a crisis, which can completely turn the entire setup upside down.

Before an analysis of the Frontline Documentary "The Spill" can be presented, it is important that we understand the background of the event presented and the difference between crisis and disaster and how it ties up to the incident in question.

Merriam ebster defines Crisis as "A situation that has reached a critical phase"…… [Read More]

Works Cited

BBC News. (2006, November 1st). BP 'knew of Texas safety worries'. Retrieved December 17th, 2011, from BBC News:  http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/business/6100938.stm 

Boin, A. (2009). The New World of Crises and Crisis Management: Implications for Policymaking and Research. Review of Policy Research, 26, 367-377.

Bolton, C.A. (2006, October). The Difference between Crisis and Disaster is a Plan. Retrieved December 16th, 2011, from Public Relations Society of America: http://media.prsa.org/article_download.cfm?article_id=929

Broder, J.M. (2010, March 31st). Obama to Open Offshore Areas to Oil Drilling for First Time. Retrieved December 17th, 2011, from The New York Times: http://www.nytimes.com/2010/03/31/science/earth/31energy.html
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Emergency Communications

Words: 1603 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 10039455

Memoir of a Public Information Officer: When an Earthquakes Strikes: The First Five Days

On Thursday the 15th of last month, at 7:31 A.M., an earthquake of 5.9 Moment Magnitude struck Southern California. The epicenter was near Santa Clarita, a small suburban community about twenty miles north of Los Angeles along the I-5 freeway. I am the Public Information Officer for the Emergency esponse Office for the City of Santa Clarita. The following is an account of the five days following that earthquake.

I was attending a breakfast meeting with City and County officials discussing items in the proposed budget for our Emergency esponse Office. Over danishes, bagels, coffee, and juice, we were itemized the needs required by my office. The main sticking point was the cost to training more CET (Community Emergency esponse Team) graduates. It is an 18-hour course taught by U.S. FEMA (Federal Emergency Management Agency). Our…… [Read More]

References

Drabek, Thomas E. Emergency Management: Principles and Practice for Local Government. Washington, D.C.: International City Management Association. 1991.

Sylves, Richard T., and Waugh, William L. Jr. Disaster Management in the U.S. And Canada. Springfield: Charles C. Thomas Publisher Ltd. 1996.
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Hospitals and Public Health Crises Medical Error

Words: 1477 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 13014244

Hospitals and Public Health:

Crises Medical Error

Medical errors have caused a crisis in the national health care system. According to the Bureau of Primary Health Care, using studies from Colorado, Utah and New York, estimates that 44,000 -- 98,000 hospitalized people die in the U.S. annually due to medical errors (BPHC Task Force on Patient Safety, 2001, p. 5). In addition, as of March 31, 2010, the ten most frequently reported sentinel events within U.S. healthcare organizations are: "wrong site surgery; suicide; operative/post-operative complication; delay in treatment; medical error; patient fall; unintended retention of a foreign body; assault, rape or homicide; perinatal death or loss of function; patient death or injury in restraints" (HealthLeaders Media, 2012). Clearly, many of these injuries/deaths are avoidable. Furthermore, according to JCAHO's L.D. 5.2, patient safety concerns demand that "an ongoing, proactive program for identifying risks to patient safety and reducing medical/health care errors"…… [Read More]

Works Cited

BPHC Task Force on Patient Safety. (2001). Report of the BPHC Task Force on Patient Safety. Washington, D.C.: January.

HealthLeaders Media. (2012, June 6). Joint Commission updates: Sentinel events statistics. Retrieved on September 1, 2012 from Healthleadersmedia.com Web site: http://www.healthleadersmedia.com/content/QUA-250699/Joint-Commission-Updates-Sentinel-Event-Statistics##

Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation. (2004). Five years after IOM report on medical errors, nearly half of all consumers worry about the safety of their health care. Washington, D.C.: Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation.

Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation. (n.d.). Medical malpractice policy. Retrieved on September 1, 2012 from kaiseredu.org Web site: http://www.kaiseredu.org/Issue-Modules/Medical-Malpractice-Policy/Background-Brief.aspx
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Influence of 2007 Economic Crisis on American Car Market

Words: 24230 Length: 88 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 81822842

2007 Economic Crisis on American Car market

Effect of the 2008 global economic crisis on automotive industries

Crisis in the United States

Crisis in Canada

Crisis in ussia

Crisis in European markets

Crisis in Asian markets

Effects by other related crisis events

In this paper, we will review the effects of 2008 global automotive crisis. Our main focus will be on the American car manufacturers and the negative impact they suffered due to the crisis. We will also have a look at how this crisis had affected car manufacturers in other major markets around the world notably Europe, Canada and the prominent Asian markets such as China and India. Finally, we will look at some of the other factors which were important to this event namely the energy crisis since the cost of fuel is directly related to the car industry.

Introduction

The automobile industry is a very important part…… [Read More]

References

Lee, C. (2003). Financial Liberalization and Economic Crisis in Asia. New York: Routledge.

Pempel, T.J. (1999). The Politics of Asian Economic Crisis. New York: Cornell University Press.

Arestis, P. (2001). What Global Economic Crisis? New York: Palgrave.

Liou, K.T. (2002). Managing Economic Development in Asia. Westport, CT: Praeger.
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Low-Intensity Crises the World in

Words: 3269 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 70144889

Efforts are made to make healthier choices in terms of energy and transport in both developed and developing countries. All legislators now acknowledge the need for alternative energy and transport choices to promote the health and well-being not only of current generations, but also those of the future. Indeed, on a wider scale, healthier choices can eventually mean the difference between the longevity of the human race or its ultimate destruction. It can therefore be said with certainty that the impact of the 1952 event can still be felt today. It forms the basis of the fundamental realization that air pollution is very detrimental to human health, and that alternative fuel sources are essential if the situation is to improve.

II the Fire at andoz Ltd.

II.1 the Crisis

The 1986 fire at andoz Ltd. occurred near Basel, witzerland on 1 November. Like the London smog, was more or less…… [Read More]

Sources

BBC News. 1986: Chemical spill turns Rhine red. On this day: 1 November.  http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/november/1/newsid_4679000/4679789.stm 

BBC News UK. (2002, Dec. 5). The Great Smog of London.  http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/england/2545759.stm 

Bitzer, Dirk. 1986 Environment: So many dead fish! Geschichte

http://www.geschichte.nrw.de/artikel.php?artikel%5Bid%5D=141&lkz=en
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Employee Communication at Coca-Cola India

Words: 800 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 91167387

There needs to be a more thorough focus on how CS programs in India require disclosures, how these disclosures need to be handled, and guidance on how best for the CEO to respond and be responsive to them (Dizik, 2009). A press release will not solve this issue, yet a strategic plan aimed at averting problems like this in the future will. The CS requirements in India are among the most stringent and extensive globally for Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) and also require an Indian national to be on the board of directors (Sharma, Tyagi, 2010). Coca-Cola needs to make a formal apology to the Indian people and provide very concrete, step-by-step directions as to how they will alleviate this problem going forward, including their key board members as well. A comprehensive plan is necessary to turn around the situation and place it on a better overall path of progress.…… [Read More]

References:

(Dizik, 2009)

Alina Dizik. (2009, November 19). Education for Executives: Building Responsibility - Firms Look to Business Schools to Develop Good Practices. Wall Street Journal (Eastern Edition), p. B.8.

(Ghosh, Chakraborti, 2010)

Ghosh, a., & Chakraborti, C.. (2010). Corporate Social Responsibility: A Developmental Tool for India. IUP Journal of Corporate Governance, 9(4), 40-56.
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Financial Derivatives on Sub-Prime Crisis

Words: 9921 Length: 30 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 96070915



The article that was written by Conley (2011) discusses the impact that collateralized debt obligations (CDO's) would have upon the subprime loans. These were created in 1987, by the Wall Street firm Drexel urnham. In this product, the investment bankers would take a number of different articles and combine them together as one investment. The various assets that were used included: junk bonds, mortgages and other high yielding investments from the debt. The idea with these different products is that the investment bank could offer customers a stated return on their investment. The way it worked is the brokerage firm would distribute each investor, the stated amount of returns that they would make off of the tranche (the CDO investment). This was derived using a complex mathematical formula that would divide the total amount of interest that was received, from the various high yielding products that were inside the CDO.…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Case Study, 2011, Investopedia. Available from: [14 February 2011]

Citi Merger a Mistake, 2008, Huffington Post. Available from: [14 February 2011].

Deregulation Redux, 2011, FCIC. Available from: {14 February 2011].

Derivatives, 2011, Financial Dictionary. Available from: [12 February 2011].
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Marketing Budget During Economic Crisis

Words: 2108 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 38850623

All these were achieved with immense marketing budgets.

In the current situation when the United States and the world are threatened by an economic crisis, the giant shoemaker continues to sustain an increased marketing budget. A specification that must be made however is that changes in the structure of the budget have occurred. In this order of ideas, the marketing specialists at Nike are more centred on interactive and innovative marketing, rather than traditional marketing operations. In a time of financial difficulties then, the number one shoemaker of the globe is trying to approach the audience using less conventional means. Nike officials argued that they were not in the business of keeping the media companies alive, but that their primary interest was that of best communicating with the audience. In this order of ideas then, the multinational organization drastically reduced marketing budgets for television advertisements and other traditional means and…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Chandler, T., Nike Gets Engaged, Shrinks Traditional Ad Spending. Here's How Copywriters Can Benefit, the Copywriter Underground, 2007, http://copywriterunderground.com/2007/10/22/nike-gets-engaged-shrinks-traditional-ad-spending-heres-how-copywriters-can-benefit/last accessed on October 16, 2008

Lovell, C., Marketing Budgets Cut at Record Rate as Economic Crisis Deepends, Brand Republic, 2008, http://www.brandrepublic.com/Campaign/News/852748/Marketing-budgets-cut-record-rate-economic-crisis-deepens/last accessed on October 16, 2008

McNamara, C., All About Marketing, Free Management Library, 2008, http://www.managementhelp.org/mrktng/mrktng.html. Ast accessed on October 16, 2008

Ford's Product Facing a Deepening Financial Crisis, Daily Times, 2006, http://www.dailytimes.com.pk/default.asp?page=200657story_7-5-2006_pg5_30last accessed on October 16, 2008
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Stimulus Bill Political Communication Political Communication During

Words: 2756 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 45811332

Stimulus Bill Political Communication

Political Communication during the Stimulus Bill Debate

In times of economic uncertainty and national emergency, the government has the capacity to make decisions that it believes will aid the country in its time of need. Such a time of need occurred in 2009 when the country continued to face an existence of dire economic circumstances involving national cash-flow and jobs. In order to set economic recovery into motion, President Obama called for the passing of the American ecovery and einvestment Act of 2009 (AA), otherwise regarded as the stimulus bill. While such a bill was considered pivotal by many government officials in order to get the country back on its feet, crucial differences in policy and bill structure could be viewed in assessing the opinions Democrats and epublicans brought to the floor in terms of the bill's passing. In understanding the basis of the bill itself,…… [Read More]

References

Alarkon, W. (2009 January 25). Boehner says he will vote no on stimulus. The Hill. Web.

Retrieved from: http://www.thehill.com/leading-the-news/boehner-says-he-will-vote-no-on-stimulus-2009-01-25.html on 19 October 2011.

Associated Press. (2009 February 2). Obama calls Senate stimulus vote a good start.

Web. Retrieved from: http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/29118636 / on 19 October 2011.
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Cuban Missile Crisis of 1962 Was a

Words: 2422 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 63580664

Cuban Missile Crisis of 1962 was a major cold war confrontation between the United States and the Soviet Union. Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev decided to install ballistic missiles in Cuba although they had made a promise to the U.S. that they would not (Chayes). hen the U.S. discovered the construction of missile launching sites, President John F. Kennedy publicly denounced the Soviet actions, demanding that they remove the nuclear missiles from Cuba.

hen this did not work, Kennedy imposed a naval blockade on Cuba, threatening that the U.S. Days would meet any missile launched from Cuba with a full-scale retaliatory attack later, Soviet ships carrying missiles to Cuba went home. Khrushchev soon agreed to dismantle the missile sites. The U.S. ended its blockade within a month, and shortly after, all missiles and bombers were removed from Cuba.

Introduction

In 1962, the United States, the Soviet Union and the rest of…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Brugioni, Dino A. Eyeball to Eyeball: The Inside story of the Cuban Missile

Chayes, A. The Cuban Missile Crisis. Oxford University Press, 1974.

Crisis. Random House, 1991.

Hersh, Seymour. The Dark Side of Camelot. Little, Brown & Company, 1998.
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Health Care Crisis Fact or Fiction

Words: 5227 Length: 14 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 23538485

reputed "health crisis" currently facing Americans. The author explores several aspects of the health care crisis and analyzes the validity of those claims. The author presents an argument that there really is not a health care crisis and it is a fallacy. There were six sources used to complete this paper.

Why do People Believe the Crisis is eal?

What Evidence is There That it is Not eal?

What are some of the things giving the appearance it is...shortage of students etc.

What are some of the ideas that can help the problem?

For several years now Americans have been inundated with information about the health care crisis. News channels cover the crisis and pipe it into living rooms. Magazines publish articles about the causes and history of the health care crisis and politicians use the health care crisis to sell their platform and garner votes. It seems that everywhere…… [Read More]

REFERENCES

There. (U.S. health care crisis and crime problem)

St. Louis Journalism Review; May 1, 1994; Blumenthal, H.T.

Health Care Crisis Is Not a Misnomer

Newsday; November 30, 2002; Robert Reno
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Integrated Corporate Communication and Corporate

Words: 16981 Length: 52 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 1510916

Corporate communications involves not just the message, but the idea that communications are managed, and are connected to corporate objectives (Cornelissen, 2004). Therefore, when communication possibilities were limited, corporate options were limited, and one did not see communications management perspectives that advocated the type of intimate connection between communications and corporate strategy that one sees in a modern context (Cornelissen, 2004). What this makes clear is that CC is not simply, or even primarily, about communications; it is an overall corporate strategy that helps define how a corporation interacts with the world.

The emphasis on communication is very different from how corporations were traditionally, historically structured. Traditionally, strategic planning occurred at the top of the corporate structure, management was considered a mid-level activity, and operational control was the function of first-level management, and this corporate strategy was used in most workplaces (Oliver, 1997). However, as institutional hierarchies were challenged and…… [Read More]

References

Argenti, P 2007, The power of corporate communication. Available from:

. [17 July 2011].

Argenti, P 2006, The power of integration: building a corporate communication function that is greater than the sum of its parts. Available from: . [13 July 2011].

Argenti, P & Forman, J 2002, The power of corporate communication: crafting the voice and image of your business. McGraw-Hill, New York.