Communications Essays (Examples)

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The study of communications melds together the study of several different areas: language, writing, speaking, business, and psychology, just to name a few. Because it touches on so many different areas, communications majors can go on to careers in a large number of fields, such as: education, journalism, law, human resources, sociology, psychology, social work, entertainment, advertising, and international relations. Students who pursue graduate degrees in communications often focus on a particular aspect of communication.

Communications majors study on how people communicate, which involves verbal and nonverbal communication strategies. While different people communicate in different ways, there are several core theories that underlie the nature of communication. At the heart of communication is the concept of conflict; the goal of communication is to reduce, eliminate, or resolve the conflict between parties so that, even if they do not come to an agreement, they at least have an actual understanding of one another’s position. Therefore, communication breaks conflict down into two broad categories: constructive conflict and destructive conflict. As the names suggest, some types of conflict encourage communication, while others discourage communication.

Learning the strategies that discourage communication not only enables a person to avoid those strategies, but also to spot those strategies when used by others. Escalation, stonewalling, flooding, domination, retaliation, cross-complaining, defensiveness, and inflexibility are all negative communication strategies one sees in destructive conflict. Constructive conflict implies that the parties are willing to use positive communication skills and that the process becomes as important as the outcome, because the process allows the parties to gain a greater understanding of one another.

One important concept in communication is orientation. Orientation refers to an individual’s approach to communication, which governs how the person interacts with others. Orientation can influence one’s approach to conflict management as well as the communication strategies one uses. Collaboration is aimed at meeting the goals of everyone involved in the conflict. In contrast, confrontation focuses on one person’s goals and increases conflict. Integration refers to organizing characteristics and features of groups, which can lead to stereotyping. The concern with integration is that negative stereotypes can lead to prejudice if not adequately understood.

Communication often focuses on reaching a common goal or, at least, a mutually acceptable goal. To do this, communicators employ a variety of different strategies that are thought to encourage communication and collaboration. These strategies include: smoothing, accommodating, compromising, avoiding, competing, collaborating, and perhaps most significantly, forgiveness. In fact, for many aspects of communication, forgiveness is critical, as is realizing that conflict can be a productive experience.

Communication focuses extensively on group work. Many experts believe that Tuckman is correct and there are five stages of group development: forming, storming, norming, performing, and adjourning. These stages are often combined with the six steps in the problem-solving process: define the problem; determine the root cause of the problem; develop alternative solutions; pick a solution; implement the solution; and evaluate the outcome. These steps are non-linear and may flow back into each other as solutions are tested and evaluated. 

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Communication Management Communication in the

Words: 1464 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 80684438

Insomuch, Angela felt that she was being penalized because she worked from home. Although Ralph tried to explain that this was not the case, he was unsuccessful in conveying the real issue of missing a deadline. Consequently, the focus shifted to more of a personal nature because Angela felt unappreciated so they decided to reconvene to another meeting two weeks later.

Unfortunately, the meeting started with some hostility from Angela. She was very cold and nonresponsive to Ralph's questions regarding her well-being. Because Angela did not feel positive about the last exchange, she missed another meeting, plus she failed to submit a report. Her actions are labeled as passive aggressive because her lack of apathy has now transferred into a performance issue. With her constant interruptions and frustrations, Angela refuses to communicate and wants to resign. Clearly, conflict is an issue in which resolution is needed in the form of an agreeable negotiation, whereby both parties are satisfied. Consequently, Ralph offered a trial of 2 weeks in which daily communication from home would occur. If for some reason this proves to be unsuccessful, both agreed for trial two weeks in the office. Hence, should the four weeks proved unsuccessful and…… [Read More]


Communication for Organizations. (2010). Communication process: The basics. Retrieved from

Jehn, K.A., Greer, L., Levine, S., & Szulanski, G. (2008). The Effects of conflict types, dimensions, and emergent states on group outcomes. Group Decision & Negotiation, 17(6), 465-495. doi:10.1007/s10726-008-9107-0

Mind Tools. (2012). Active listening: Hear what people are really saying. Retrieved from

Mind Tools. (2012). Conflict resolution: Resolving conflict rationally and effectively. Retrieved from
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Communication in Organizations the Case

Words: 1713 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 9891214

al, (2008).

With such events still expected, the lessons to be drawn from this case is that extensive cross-cultural consultation needs to be conducted among the representatives from both sides hence ensuring there is a cultural balance and no disregard for one culture. Timely, open and continuous communication needs to be fostered between the two sides as this will give chance to iron out the few differences that may emerge.… [Read More]


Bambacas, Mary & Patrickson, Margaret, 2008, 'Interpersonal Communication Skills That

Enhance Organizational Commitment', Journal of Communication Management, Vol 12, No 1, Pp 51-72.

Freeman R, McWilliams C, Gorter R. & Williams S, 2007. 'Dental Students Interacting

with Dental Nurses: An investigation of the role of gender and ethnicity in inter-professional communication and working styles', British Dental Journal, Volume 202, NO. 2, Pp 96.
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Communication Theory Is Described as Any Systematic

Words: 878 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 86864248

Communication theory is described as any systematic explanations of the nature of the communication process. It's important for businesses and organizations to understand communication theory because they can't accomplish their objectives and goals without effective communication between workers. Since it focuses on analyzing the processes with which information is transmitted from the sender to the receiver, communication theory also focuses on the various ways with which information is transferred from one medium to another.

Generally, communication is regarded as the magical factor that can guarantee a happy long-term relationship and organization success (Dainton, 2004). It's an important factor within the Navy, particularly in the Casualty Assistance Calls section since this section deals with helping sailors who have suffered a casualty. Therefore, it's important for the Casualty Assistance Calls Officer to possess effective communication skills because his/her main duty is to provide information, resources, and assistance in the event of a casualty.

Team and Group Communication Processes in the Casualty Section:

Communication processes play an integral role in the development of strategic and effective communication that enhances the possibility of an organization to achieve its strategic goals and objectives. The other significant role of the communication process is that it facilitates…… [Read More]


Brown, J.M. (n.d.). How Can Cultural Differences Affect Business Communication? Retrieved

December 20, 2011, from 

Dainton. (2004, September 16). Introduction to Communication Theory. Retrieved December

20, 2011, from
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Communication Personal Account Upon Communication Is an

Words: 631 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 5994461


Personal Account upon Communication

Communication is an everyday necessity that is additionally a challenging endeavor. Though most everyone engages in communication, very few people are effective communicators. In reflecting on my on communication skills, I understand the necessity of adapting some of my communication methods to meet another individual's communications needs, wishes, and preferences. In a nursing home, I have had to speak louder or slower than my usual communications with others. I have also had to explain something repeatedly or in several ways because of some of the health conditions of the residents in the facility.

When it is evident that I am having problems in communication, I seek advice about it. I also seek advice about communication when I am about to enter into a new situation, such as beginning college, graduate school, a new job, or a new type of job environment, such as the corporate world and the non-profit sector. In a nursing home, I have sought advice when dealing with particularly difficult or challenging residents. I do have limited experience in nursing homes -- visiting relatives and out of professional curiousity, I sought advice about communication, especially about communication among the nursing staff. I…… [Read More]


Colon-Emeric, C.S., Ammarell, N., Bailey, D., Corazzini, K., Lekan-Rutledge, D., Piven, M.L., Utley-Smith, Q., & Anderson, R.A. Patterns of Medical and Nursing Staff Communication in Nursing Homes: Implications and Insights From Complexity Science. Qualitative Health Research, 16(2), 173 -- 188, 2006.

Pillember, PhD, K., Suitor, PhD, J., Henderson, Jr., C.R., Meador, R., Schultz, L., Robison, PhD, J., & Hegeman, C. A Cooperative Communication Intervention for Nursing Home Staff and Family Members of Residents. The Gerontologist, 43, Special Issue II, 96 -- 106. 2003.
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Communication as a Discipline

Words: 641 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 9430922

Communications as a Discipline

By its very definition, "communication is a social process in which individuals employ symbols to establish and interpret meaning in the environment." ("SPC 3210, Chapter 1") But it is more than just a social process, there are a number of other aspects involved in communication. Whether it is thought of in terms of one of the three models: linear, interaction, or transactional, communication involves many other facets than just the transmission of information from one person to another. ("SPC 3210, Chapter 1") There are psychological aspects of communication, as well as semantic, physical, and physiological ones. Therefore, Communication is a discipline which crosses over into a number of other disciplines such as psychology, sociology, physiology, politics, ethics, and many others.

While the study of communication shares aspects with many other disciplines, none of them can alone encompass all that communication means. Because communication involves interaction between two or more people, sociology is a major component, but while communication is a major part of sociology, it is not the entire discipline. Another example is semiotics, or "the study of signs." ("SPC 3210, Chapter 2") Signs are an important part of communication which could involve the laughter of…… [Read More]


"SPC 3210: Contemporary Human Communication." McGraw Hill/Florida

State University. Retrieved from http://ezto.mhecloud.mcgraw-
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Communication Transactional Analysis Model Communication Plays an

Words: 743 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 59032265



Communication plays an extremely important role in the success of any organizational culture. How employees and management communicate with and respond to each other is what determines the level and type of communication that exists in the organization. In this connection, Transactional Analysis Model can help in identification of problems/conflicts that exist in communication method and offer useful suggestions. In short TA model can be effectively used to understand and analyze behavior of different organizational members. Transactional analysis Model was developed by Dr. Eric Berne MD in 1960s and it ruled the world of communication theories during the next two decades. It is still used widely to remove communication blocks. Transactional Analysis Model works on two important concepts: a) every person has three sides to his personality and b) when two people communication, one of these sides is evoked leading to a transaction.

It is important to understand what these three sides are and how they interact with each other in order to assess the effectiveness of this model in organizational communication. These sides are: Parent, Adult and Child. Parent is that part of us which is rather controlling, nurturing or dominating in nature. Adult is…… [Read More]


James, Muriel: Transactional Analysis for Moms and Dads. Addison-Wesley. Reading, 1974

Laurel J. Dunn Communication: Information Conveyed Through The Use Of Body Language, Department Of Psychology, Missouri Western State College, 1999
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Communication and Perception Processes Communication Models Simplify

Words: 1367 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 54468380

Communication and Perception Processes

Communication models simplify the descriptions of complex communication interactions

Three models:

Transmission- a linear one-way process in which a sender transmits a message to a receiver

Participants- senders and receivers of messages

Messages- the verbal and non-verbal content being shared

Encoding- turning thoughts into communication

Decoding- turning communication into thoughts

Channels- sensory routes through which messages travel

Barriers / Noise

Environmental noise- physical noise

Semantic noise- noise in encoding process

Interaction- participants alternate positions as senders and receivers of messages

Participants- senders and receivers of messages

Messages- the verbal and non-verbal content being shared

Encoding- turning thoughts into communication

Decoding- turning communication into thoughts

Channels- sensory routes through which messages travel

Feedback- messages sent in response to other messages

Physical context- environmental factors

Psychological context- mental and emotional factors

Transaction- a process in which communicators generate social realities within social, relational, and cultural contexts.


Simultaneous sending and receiving of messages

Social context -- the norms that guide communication

Relational context- the personal history between the communicators

Cultural context- race, gender, nationality, ethnicity, sexual orientation, class, ability and other cultural factors

Summary: Communication as Culture

James Carey discusses John Dewey's work on communication and looks at…… [Read More]


Carey, J. (Unk). "A cultural approach to communication." Communication as culture.

Retrieved April 11, 2014 from Northern Illinois University website:

"Communication and Perception Processes." (Unk.) In, A primer on communication studies, pp.

1-21. Retrieved April 11, 2014 from Lardbucket website:
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Communication Differences Develop a Two-Page

Words: 938 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 27189102

However, gender expectations of different nations can impede free and open discussion in intercultural communications, if a particular culture has yet to accept that it is appropriate for women to confidently assume positions of authority.

Although cross-cultural communication presents a challenge, globalization has made understanding the difference between high-context and low-context cultures even more vital than ever before. Implied meanings in different cultures have different levels of signification, based upon relationships. "In relationship-oriented countries like Mexico, India and China, people tend to prioritize projects based on the hierarchy of the person who owns it" in contrast to the United States, where the project itself is viewed more important than the person in charge (Frase 2007).

Much like male-female communication tropes, social expectations rather than actual message or even delivery can affect the message conveyed and impede communication. An analysis of diverse work teams at international firms by Brett et al. (2006) revealed that the four problem categories can create barriers to a team's success including "1. direct vs. indirect communication, 2. trouble with accents and fluency, 3. differing attitudes toward hierarchy and authority, and 4. conflicting norms for decision making." Just as a lack of directness can be perceived as…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Bond, J. (2007, December). Training in a diverse environment. Canadian HR

Reporter, 20(21), 19, 26. Retrieved July 21, 2009, from ABI/INFORM Global

through ProQuest (Document ID: 1410548371).

Brett, Jeanne, Kristin Behfar, & Mary C. Kern. (2006, November). Managing multicultural teams. Harvard Business Review, 84(11), 84-91. Retrieved July 21, 2009, from ABI/INFORM Global through ProQuest (Document ID: 1151916931).
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Communication Is Defined as Both the Imparting

Words: 985 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 68069087

Communication is defined as both, the imparting or exchanging of information or news, and it is the successful conveying or sharing of ideas and feelings. The methods of communication can be verbal or non-verbal. In particular, the latter is known as demonstrative communication, which includes, the use of facial expression, body language, appearance, and various gestures to convey how he or she feels.

Non-verbal communication is might be used to reinforce verbal communication or as a form of communication on its own. For example, when introducing oneself to other, it might not be enough to just say hello but he or she may add to it a facial expression like a smile or a certain positive and friendly demeanor. As a sender of such demonstrative manner, the receiver will then be able to gauge how to react, which in such situation is positive. In addition, the way a person looks and presents him or herself is another method of non-verbal communication. For example, the way an individual puts his or her hair, or whether they are wearing a power suit or stiletto heels vs. someone who is in relaxed jeans and sneakers. The former individual is sending out a message…… [Read More]


Stewart, G. (n.d.). Types of nonverbal communication: Listening Skills. Better business communication results. Retrieved November 6, 2011, from 

Sutton, N. (n.d.). Pros & Cons of Nonverbal Communication | eHow | How to Videos, Articles & More - Discover the expert in you. | Retrieved November 6, 2011, from
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Communication Nonverbal Communication Can Be

Words: 378 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 45552779

Another example of NVC differences across culture refers to the expression of affection. While some cultures will allow heterosexual and homosexual couples to hold hands, embrace or even kiss in public, others will discourage or even prohibit such public manifestations of affection. The interaction between customer and employee is also subjected to differences and an example in this sense is given by the snapping of fingers to call on the waiter. While some cultures will find the gesture appropriate, others will catalogue it as rude (Levine and Adelman, 1993).

In a nutshell, nonverbal communication is present in all cultures and knowledge of it is crucial for a most efficient interaction. A more thorough understanding of the differences requires an elaborate analysis of NVC across diverse cultures.… [Read More]


LeBaron, M., July 2003, Cross-Cultural Communication, Beyond Intractability, accessed on February 5, 2009

Levine, D.R., Adelman, M.B., 1993, Beyond Language, Ast accessed on February 5, 2009

Exploring Nonverbal Communication, accessed on February 5, 2009
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Communication Couples Minimal Language Communication Between Couples

Words: 701 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 41808348

Communication Couples

Minimal language communication between couples

More often than not, we assume that what we are trying to communicate to those close to us is easily comprehended. We believe this because we are familiar with the other person and feel there is a connection that allows us to communicate with minimal language.

In fact according to Psychology Professor Boaz Keyser at the University of Chicago, most believe that communication between people they know well, as opposed to communication with a stranger, is more clearly understood. In a study Keyser co-authored he calls this phenomena "closeness communication bias." (HealthDay 2011)

However a study of 24 married couples indicates that the bias doesn't hold up. An experiment was carried out with couples sitting with their backs to one another and stating phrases which weren't exactly clear. Instead of them comprehending what their spouses were trying to communicate, they often totally missed the mark.

One example given by study author Kenneth Savitsky, professor of psychology at Williams College in Williamstown Mass., indicates a married woman, who said to her husband, "It's getting hot in here," meant that she wanted the air conditioning turned up a bit. Her husband, however assumed she was…… [Read More]


Baugh, Eboni J. And Humphries Deborah (2010) Can we Talk? Improving Couples' Communication, Florida Preparation Series, Department of Family, youth and Community Sciences, Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida

Hamlett Shauntelle, (2010) Spouse Communication Techniques, Livestrong section 1.1

HealthDay News, (2011) Jan 24 Close Relationships Sometimes Mask Poor Communication
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Communication Process of a Class

Words: 304 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 70349195

For this communication class to be effective it is however going to need to use these forms of one-way communication to support collaboration and more interactive discussion. The design goals of Web 2.0 technologies (O'Reilly, 36) shown in Figure 1 of the Appendix are beginning to be adopted throughout many social networking and online teaching tools (Greener, 178). Communication in this online class will be much more effective if these tools based on Web 2.0 design objectives are used. The ability to collaborate more, interact and converse more will be possible. Technology use in this class needs to enable create conversation and communication so more can be achieved.


Figure 1: Web 2.0 Explained (O'Reilly, 36)… [Read More]


Susan Greener. "Talking online: reflecting on online communication tools. " Campus - Wide Information Systems 26.3 (2009): 178.

Tim O'Reilly. "Web 2.0: Stuck on a Name or Hooked on Value?" Dr. Dobb's Journal. 34 -- 36. 1 Jul 2006
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Communication Is Integral and Essential

Words: 335 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 2770132

For example, the way a person tells a child about the weather is different than the way that same person would tell a stranger or a mother or a friend about it. Clarity entails clear words, diction, and a non-sarcastic tone of voice. Avoiding hyperbole (exaggeration), bias, and other blocks to clarity will help any health care professional work better with their coworkers and with the patient population.

I will do everything I can to keep my communications clear, open, and honest. Keeping in mind that clear communications are the hallmark of any healthy relationship will remind me to cultivate clarity in all my interactions with patients as well as coworkers. In fact, communications among coworkers can be as important as those between doctors and patients. Types of medications and treatments being used, allergies, and other information needs to be relayed accurately because human lives are at stake. Because patients' lives and well-being are at stake communications are of the utmost importance in our workplace.… [Read More]

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Communication Discussion Discuss One Principle You Have

Words: 666 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 81751162

Communication Discussion

Discuss one principle you have learned in this class and already put into practice.

Unlike many other classes, it is relatively easy to see the applicability of the principles of this class in everyday life. Communication, as it is often observed, is something that takes place on a daily basis. One cannot escape the dialogue of communication with others and with the world. Even making the decision to be silent, when others are speaking, communicates something, if only sullenness. However, as 'easy' as it may be to communicate or to convey a message, it is not always easy to put into practice the principles learned in a communication class, such as the need not only to put forth one's own desired message, but to receive the communicative messages of other individuals.

One of the most key principles learned in this class is the need to respect other individual's viewpoints in such a way that they feel acknowledged. This can be done as simply, as when debating a controversial issue in class, to reiterate what the other person has said accurately, before responding to it in a critical or appreciative fashion. Beyond this intellectual, rhetorical device, to do so…… [Read More]

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Communication Analysis During the Process of Conducting

Words: 1224 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 47177294

Communication Analysis

During the process of conducting an interview there is are selected approaches that are utilized to set the tone of the conversation. Depending upon the style, this can have an effect on the kind of questions and the answers that are provided. In the case of the interview between Michael Parkinson and Meg Ryan, his style had an effect on what was learned in the process. To fully understand what is taking place requires looking at how the interview was conducted. This will be accomplished by focusing on: the style, seating arrangement, questioning approach, purpose and how this could be improved. Together, these different elements will provide specific insights about how to conduct an effective interview. (Mestherie, 1999, pp. 93- 100) ("Meg Ryan on Parkinson," 2011)


The interview Parkinson and Meg Ryan is taking a very confrontational style. This occurred when Parkinson began to have condescending responses to the answers that she was providing about a movie. He then used this as a way to dig into her past and personal life (utilizing a judgmental tone). This is a part of the reputation that Parkinson is known for practicing. ("Meg Ryan on Parkinson," 2011)

The problem with…… [Read More]


Meg Ryan on Parkinson. (2011). You Tube. Retrieved from:

Andrews, P. (2005). Sports Journalism. London: Sage.

Ansell, G. (2005). Introduction to Journalism. Johannesburg: Jacana.

Eadie, W. (2009). 21st Century Communication. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publishing.
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Communication Not Speaking Clearly Not

Words: 543 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 45909759

3. If you feel threatened by what the other person has to say, take a break and formulate a reasoned response later.

IV. The third sign of miscommunication is not appreciating differences in communication styles.

A. The popular book Men are from Mars, Women are from Venus illustrates some different communication styles.

1. Although the differences are not necessarily related to gender, they are related to healthy relationships in general.

2. Some people prefer long periods of silence, while others like to talk a lot.

3. Some people need frequent positive feedback.

B. Respecting the other person's unique needs is crucial for healthy relationships.

1. When in doubt, ask the other person what they need from you to be a better communicator.

2. Be patient; it takes time to learn what the other person needs

3. Become more aware of your own communication styles and express what they are.

V. Conclusion

A. Thesis: Not speaking clearly, not listening properly, and not appreciating differences in communication styles can all lead to a relationship breakdown.

B. If they are not dealt with properly, each of these three problems cause relationship breakdowns.

C. The three communication problems often go hand-in-hand, but sometimes one…… [Read More]


Duerksen, C. (2009). Communication skills for lifelong relationships. Discovery Health. Retrieved Nov 18, 2009 from

Gray, J. (1992). Men are from Mars, Women are from Venus. New York: HarperCollins.

"Relationships and Communication" (nd). Better Health Channel. Retrieved Nov 19, 2009 from
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Communication Problems in the Workplace

Words: 2203 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 34144897

Employees become frustrated and develop negative views concerning management. Any animosity that the employee may exhibit could result in workplace violence. If employees are terminated or laid off under such conditions, resentment could lead to violence (Chenier 1998)." stressful work environment can also lead to poor service and customer dissatisfaction (Waner 1995). In severe cases, problems communicating in the workplace can lead to the demise of a business or enterprise. Therefore, it is vitally important that workplace communications problems are addressed in a timely and appropriate manner. Over the next few paragraphs, we will discuss how communication problems in the workplace can be resolves.

Resolving Communications Problems in the Workplace

Stoppler (2005) explains that problems communication in the workplace will always exist to some extent. Therefore, managers and employees alike must find ways to resolve these conflicts. The author argues there are ten ways that communication problems in the workplace can be resolved. For the purposes of this discussion we will focus on five of these solutions.

The first concept that can be utilized is to be specific. Often misunderstandings and poor communication arise when there is a lack of specificity. Therefore, the author suggests that specificity must exist even…… [Read More]

Works Cited


Brownell, J. (1994). Managerial listening and career development in the hospitality industry. Journal of the International Listening Association, 8, 31-49.

Carmichael, K. (1996). Conceptualizing Business Communication. The Journal of Business Communication, 33(3), 327+. Retrieved Chenier E. (1998) the Workplace: A Battleground for Violence. Public Personnel Management. Page Number: 557.

Cooper, L.O. (1997). Listening Competency in the Workplace: A Model for Training. Business Communication Quarterly, 60(4), 75+..
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Communication the Application of Five Communication Theories

Words: 1724 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 72214638


The Application of Five Communication Theories

There are countless communication theories, with each one looking at a different aspect of communication or looking at communication in a new way. The number of theories that exist raises the question of how they can be used to understand communication. The answer is that every communication is complicated, with one single theory not being enough to understand every communication completely. For this reason, various theories can be applied to various situations, with each one helping us to understand something about the communication. To consider how real situations can be analyzed, five communication theories will be described. Each one will then be applied to a real situation to show how the theory helps create understanding of the communication events and processes that make up human life.

Theory of Feminine Style

The theory of feminine style argues that the difference in the way that men and women communicate is linked to the traditional roles that they play in society. The theory describes how women have been confined to private roles, such as within the home and the family. In contrast, men have held public roles and been seen as more important in society. This…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Dow, B.J. & Tonn, M.B. "Feminine Style and Political Judgment in the Rhetoric of Ann Richards." Quarterly Journal of Speech, 79(1993), 286-302.

McLuhan, M. Understanding Media: The Extensions of Men. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1964.
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Communication on Some Level Art Is Communication

Words: 626 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 84503325


On some level, art is communication. The artist creates a visual element that conveys complex ideas, emotions, and concepts. Therefore, learning good communication skills is essential for an artist. Communication also requires creativity. Negotiating difficult deals and addressing conflict depend on creative problem solving skills.

Animators are called upon even more to be solid communicators because of the nature of their job. An animator renders stories into visual form. Storytelling is a form of communication. An animator who can communicate well is one who can convey the story arcs and dialog in ways that are memorable and meaningful to the audience. On a more practical level, animators work with people as a matter of course throughout their job. Whereas a painter could be holed up in a studio for six months out of the year, never talking to anyone, an animator will rarely live an isolated lifestyle. Communication is part of the animator's daily duties. The animator will usually have supervisors or program managers, and must communicate effectively with them. Raising grievances in the workplace must be done with grace and tact. When communicating with other colleagues, animators need to communicate effectively, too. Listening to what coworkers have to…… [Read More]

Works Cited

"Effective Communication Skills: The Art of Communication." Retrieved online:

Scott, Elizabeth. "Communicate: Improve Your Relationships With Effective Communication Skills." Sept 18, 2011. Retrieved online:
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Communication in a Nursing Environment This Research

Words: 3106 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 85609647

Communication in a Nursing Environment

This research paper deals with the subject of ensuring effective communication between nursing staff, their patients, and the patient's family. It is proposed that understanding and utilizing body language would be an effective way for a nurse to improve communication.

The nature of communication and of the importance of body language in the communication process was researched, with a focus on how this can be used to assist in communication. Based on the research, it is seen that body language can be used by nursing staff to ensure they send the right message to patients and their families and also to ensure the real message and the real state of patients can be understood.

From the research and its application to nursing and the environment of nursing, it can be seen that body language could be an effective tool in improving communication processes. In turn, this improvement in communication processes improves the quality of care given to both patients and their families.


One of the problems a nurse must deal with is how to communicate effectively with patients. Making this more difficult is the fact that in a hospital situation patients are often…… [Read More]


Ashcroft, Norman & Scheflen, Albert. (1976). Human Territories: How We Behave in Space-Time. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice Hall.

Bolton, Robert. (1987). People Skills. Roseville: Simon and Schuster.

Carnegie, Dale. (1981). How To Win Friends and Influence People. New York: Simon and Schuster.

Friedrich, G.W., O'Hair, D., Wiemann, J.M., & Wiemann, M.O. (1995). Competent Communication. New York: St. Martin's Press.
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Communication Abilities Comparison of My Personal Relationships

Words: 2328 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 54553234

Communication Abilities

Comparison of my personal relationships with two people.

Man is a social animal and every individual is involved in different kinds of relationships with other individuals throughout their lives. Some of these relationships are close and permanent, e.g., blood relationships with our parents and children or temporary, fleeting relationships like our relationships with fellow travelers during a train or an air journey. The quality and type of relationship is determined to a large extent by the degree of 'self-disclosure' that we are willing to put into our communication and on the 'feedback' that we get in our interaction with others. Two of my personal relationships are described and analyzed below with reference to the Johari Window Model and the self-disclosure theory.

A a). My Relationship with my Father have a very close and loving relationship with my father. He has been more of a friend and confidante throughout my life rather than just a parent. He has given me confidence, advice (feedback) and love at critical times in my life. I have also actively sought his advice on several personal and everyday matters frequently. My relationship with him has always been much closer than the relationship I have…… [Read More]


Covey, Stephen R. (1990) "The 7 Habits of Highly Effective People." New York: Simon and Schuster

Robbins, Stephen, R. (1996). "Organizational Behavior: Concepts, Controversies, Applications." Englewood Cliffs, N.J: Prentice-Hall Inc.

Ronald E. Dulek & John S. Fielden. (1990) "Principles of Business Communication" New York: Macmillan Publishing Company

Devito, J., O'Rourke, S., O'Neill, L. (2000). "Human Communication." New Zealand: Longman
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Communication Effective Written Communication Is Necessary in

Words: 656 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 73464031


Effective written communication is necessary in a number of different situations. In the first section of this paper, I discuss my areas of personal weakness in written communication. Those areas include improving my tone and voice, understanding my audience's point-of-view, and improving my self-confidence. Effective persuasive communication depends on rhetorical strategies like pathos, ethos, and logos. In the second section of this paper, I suggest how to solve a specific problem using effective written communication.

Whether dealing with a casual conversation with a friend about the need for sidewalks to improve community safety, an email to a boss proposing a new safety procedures, or an academic persuasive essay about the community's need for a free spay/neuter program, I will need to know how to communicate effectively. Effective written communication depends on choosing the most effective tone, voice, and style for each situation. One of the three aspects of my writing I wish to improve is my tone and voice. Second, I need to improve my ability to connect with my audience because effective communication takes into account the audience's backgrounds and points-of-view ("What is Effective Writing Communication," n.d.). In order to persuade others, it is important to remember the…… [Read More]


"Basic Rhetoric and Writing Strategy," (n.d.). Retrieved online:

Pepper, M., Brizee, A. & Angeli, E. (n.d.). Visual rhetoric: Analyzing visual documents. Retrieved online:

"What is Effective Writing Communication," (n.d.). Your Dictionary. Retrieved online:
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Communication Challenges for Project Managers Unit 3

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Communication Challenges for Project Managers

Unit 3 The first article that details the pitfalls of communication for project managers is Foong's "Effective communication: a challenge to project managers." This article focuses on the various points of difficult project managers might encounter while attempting to communicate with people during the tenure of a project. Those pitfalls most eminently include a range of stakeholders, various factors of diversity for project team members, and the lack or inefficacy of a communication plan explicitly for a particular project. The diversity that project managers are sure to encounter include geographical, educational, and experiential factors that can greatly vary amongst those working on a project. Moreover, project managers need to not only create a communication plan that is inclusive of both stakeholders and team members, but they must also specifically tailor it to meet the various needs of these people (Foong, 2014).

Sweeney's "Top five communication skills for project managers" also details some of the pitfalls of communication for those in the field of project management. However, this article focuses on solutions to those difficulties, and only acknowledges the latter implicitly. This article contextualizes communication in the larger frame of establishing relationships based on trust and…… [Read More]


Foong, M.Y. (2014). Effective communication: A challenge to project managers. Retrieved from

Sweeney, J.A. (2010). Top five communication skills for project managers. Retrieved from
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Communication Practice the Following Extract

Words: 1217 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 44935884

Every effort should be made at first not to see these differences as right or wrong by suspending judgment. Seek more information that could expand your understanding.

Given these three recommendations, there are several problematic areas with the conversation above. Before looking at the oral aspects, however, it is readily possible to see that problems exist in the written form as well. There are a large number of glaring grammatical and spelling errors. These are highlighted below:

A: everyone wants to go to Prague for new year (3)do you think it would be good to go to Prague? (Everyone wants to go to Prague for the New Year. Do you think it would be good to go to Prague?)

S: who's going? (Who's going?)

A: so farMaddy (.) Eleanor (.)Anna (.)dunno (So far, Maddy, Eleanor and Anna, I think.)

S: do you want to go to Prague? (Do you want to go to Prague?)

A: i'd like to, but I only want to go if everyone's going, cos it's like new year. you want all your friends to come. (I'd like to, but I only want to go if everyone's going. You want all your friends to be together on…… [Read More]

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Communication Individual and Group Skills

Words: 966 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 74925162

Racism in the United States is often seen as the methodical oppression of African-Americans and other people of color and the related ideology of white supremacy and black inferiority. These two aspects of racism have influenced the U.S. society from the early 1600's until the present (Bohmer 1998). It all comes down to everyone being different and people being unable to accept these differences.

I have often found myself when choosing people to date letting the fact of whether these people had any college education or not influence my decision on who to go out with and who not to. After evaluating that way of thinking, I have come to the realization that this is just silly and that this factor should not be something that I take into the equation when deciding who to go out with.

Task 3

Effective communication occurs mainly at an unconscious level and this is why the most effective communicators of all time often paid as much attention to how they were delivering their message as they did to the exact words that they were using. There are a number of strategies that a person can do in order to ensure that their communication…… [Read More]

Reference List

Bohmer, P., 1998, Marxist Theory of Racism and Racial Inequality, Available at: 

Effective Communication Skills, 2009, Available at:

Horton, J, 2008, Why Looking Different Upsets Many People: Evolution, Available at:
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Communication Breakdowns in Communication the

Words: 688 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 43136395

Now I realize that we both ignored feedback because of our anger. I was angry I couldn't do what I wanted to do, and my mother was angry that I was not doing what I was told. We did not have a meaningful dialogue, and I never asked why she wanted me home by a certain time. She never told me, either. Today, I would have asked her why she wanted me home earlier than I thought I should be home, and I would give her my reasons for wanting to stay out later. We did not use feedback effectively; we let our emotions rule instead.

Finally, I'm remembering a conversation I had with a friend that totally broke down. We were just hanging out, talking about stuff, and I said something that he misconstrued. I didn't realize it at the time, and did not realize I had offended him. Later, he made a rude comment to me about something, and it made me stop and think, "What's up with him?" I realized that he was mad, but didn't know why, and I didn't ask. That was a breakdown in communication and got in the way of our friendship for…… [Read More]