Leo Marx Critic on Huckleberry Finn
The objective of this paper is to provide summary and analysis of the novel titled "Adventures of Huckleberry Finn" (Twain, 1998 p 1). The author's story contains problematic questions of freedoms, race, and identity. Twain's opening sentence notifies the readers about Huck Finn's personality describing him as a narrator who has an ability to narrate the story in his dialect and language, however, full of misspellings and grammatical errors. Overview of Huck's spoken language reveals that he sounds uneducated, young who come from Missouri. The first chapter introduces Huck's deadpan personality. Since Huck is a young, uneducated, and uncivilized, he uses a direct manner to describe events without using an extensive commentary. The theme of the novel explores the nation identity and race revealing Huck struggle with challenges of the strenuous journey because of the 19th-century social climate. Typically, Huck personality is in moral…… [Read More]
ante Alighieri "Inferno," -- which is a physical description of hell that is a feast for the senses (Alighieri, 2003), Paradise Lost is also a comprehensive description of the process of creation of the Universe (Milton and Bentley, 1974). In the latter case, however, man is at the center of events. Paradise Lost is about personalities -- God's, Satan's, Sin's, eath's, Jesus Christ (Son), Adam and Eve. The epic poem has been severely criticized by scholars who aver that Satan has been given a place in prominence that is not deserved. (Hamilton, 1977) The most severe criticism comes from William Blake in prosaic sections of "Marriage of Heaven and Hell." (Blake, 1994) Blake's accusatory tone goes so far as to aver that thought there might be hints of poetic license in how Milton created the character of Satan, Milton might be operating as a vessel of Satan. The exact quote…… [Read More]
Although the general standard is broadly acknowledged, there is a difference about the quality and extent of the teaching. It could be said that some support a decidedly unitary official while others support a feebly unitary official. The previous aggregation contends that Congress' energy to meddle with intra-official choice making is constrained and that the President can control approach making by all official offices inside the cutoff points set for those acts by Congress (Cusset, 2008). Others concur that the Constitution requires a unitary official, but propose its annulments by established correction. In many states, state officers like lieutenant representative, lawyer general, controller, secretary of state, and others are chosen freely of the state's senator with Texas being an example. This form of executive structure is reputed to be a Plural Executive.
The Federal Government eserve System has fronted different factions since its initiation. The framework was made on December…… [Read More]
Howard Stern with Social Criticism
Over the last 50 years, the media has been continually evolving. Part of the reason for this, is because there have been shifting tastes in cultural attitudes. This has caused different kinds of programs to air that embrace these new ideas. Once this occurs, they create a new genre that helps to redefine certain segments of the media. In the case of Howard Stern, he had an important role in creating shock jocks. These are people who are on the radio that will often have very racy topics and vulgar content. What made Stern so unique is that he took this format to another level by: having a no holds barred discussions on a variety of topics. ("Shock Jock," 2011)
Evidence of this can be seen by looking no further than comments that Stern made surrounding the death of Latino singer Selena with him saying,…… [Read More]
According to Parsons (2003), "Coincident with the growing avant-garde fascination with silent film, cinema was becoming the ultimate embodiment of modern mass culture" (90).
The "modern mass culture" that was emerging in Europe at this time was a reactionary one that became known as a bohemian lifestyle that was personified by Valle-Inclan. In this regard, his biographer emphasizes that, "His behavior at the time showed contempt for the rational world of the bourgeoisie. He changed his appearance substantially, letting his beard and hair grow. He wore large tortoiseshell- rimmed glasses and very loose clothing, like a frock coat. People would stare and sometimes make fun of him. Occasionally he lost his temper, but never his arrogant attitude" (Bohemian Lights 2). Moreover, Valle-Inclan experienced his fair share of misfortune and tragedy during these formative years that would have life-changing implications. For instance, his biographer adds that, "ith his high-pitched voice and…… [Read More]
Tears of recognition that all of us are on a journey and none of us have arrived at a destination. it's not just me. it's all of us. Tears of relief to know that the path isn't supposed to be straight or easy or even. (Fonda 2005)
By evoking the image of a collective of teary-eyed conference-goers, Fonda immediately establishes an emotional connection with the audience, and the effect is to align the audience's interests with her own. From this point on, one may interpret Fonda's mentions of emotion as attempts to perpetuate this connection and manipulate the emotions of the audience along with her rhetoric. Thus, when Fonda recalls hiding in a foxhole with a Vietnamese girl as American planes dropped bombs all around them, and, after crawling out, crying as she says "I'm so sorry" over and over to her, the goal is to use the power of…… [Read More]
Some saw this German modernism as breaking down the hitherto strict barriers between art and real life. And in time, "expressionism" (previously only identified with art) came to reflect not only paintings, but also the revolutionary kinds of architectural drawings by those associated with the Arbeitsrat (a group formed by workers and dedicated to bringing art to a wider general audience).
On page 28 of his essay, Colquhoun asserts that "anarchistic utopianism," that had been embraced by some in the architectural community prior to WWI was replaced by "Neue Sachlichkeit" (post-expressionist thinking) in the early part of the 1920s. Adolf Behne was a leader in the movement to bring about architecture that was visionary rather than pragmatic. In addition, Colquhoun on page 30 asserts that the Neues Bauen (new objectivity; the use of modern architecture especially glass in creative ways) emerged ultimately to define the last few years leading up…… [Read More]
ible Literary Criticism: Higher Criticism great deal of controversy currently exists regarding the idea of higher criticism related to the texts of the Old Testament. "Higher Criticism" related to the Pentateuch can be defined as the "skeptical crusade against the ible, particularly the first five books of the Old Testament" which tends to reduce the Old Testament to the lower level of a "purely human book" (Anderson, 43). Proponents of this criticism traditionally have attacked the Pentateuch for a variety of reasons; some based their criticisms on the assumption that the Mosaic Era was barbarous in nature (Anderson, 43). This assumption however has since been founded as baseless and false, due largely to the ignorance of such critics (Anderson, 44). Anderson argues that critics know nothing of the true typology of Scripture and are thus generally ignorant of the language in which Christian doctrine is taught (Anderson, 258).
Higher" is…… [Read More]
Feminist Criticism in Television Programming
In analyzing the impact of mass media to its audiences and cultures in today's societies, it is important to also consider the theoretical framework from which mass media analysis is based from and developed on. Television criticism is particularly a controversial field in which theories and methodologies for critical analysis are applied and contested. By itself, the idea of employing feminist criticism to analyze representation of women in television programming inevitably provides a critical view of TV programming itself in the context of gender representation and in most cases, gender equality.
As a theoretical perspective, feminist criticism cannot be specifically defined unlike other theoretical frameworks (e.g., structuralist and functionalist perspectives). Over the years, the feminist movement has evolved; thus, feminist criticism has evolved as well to recognize and consider these changes in schools of thought concerning the feminist movement and its theories. Because feminist theories…… [Read More]
Howard Stern and Social Criticisms
When most people, hear the words Howard Stern they will think of the radio shock jock that has been on the FCC's most wanted list for years. The reason why, is because his show will often involve him doing outrageous skits and it is utilizing content that is considered to be adult orientated. This has created tremendous amounts of animosity within the world of entertainment. As, many supporters of Stern will claim that his actions are protected by the First Amendment. However, there have been a host of different Supreme Court cases that are giving the government the power over how to regulate the airwaves.
What happened was the Supreme Court gave the FCC specific guidelines for determining, what is acceptable radio content through: the Federal Communications Commission vs. Pacifica Foundation decision. In this situation, a father and son filed a complaint about how a…… [Read More]
Rhetorical Criticism-Narrative and Dramatic Criticism
Forms of Criticism
Narration as a Human Communication Paradigm: The Case of Public Moral Argument
The corrective of the scientific rationalization would seem necessarily to be a rationale of art -- not, however, a performer's art, not a specialist's art for some to produce and many to observe, but an art in its widest aspects, an art of living. Kenneth Burke.
Central Claim: A narrative paradigm is one way that people reason together in certain situations, and it permits resolution of the dualisms of modernism, such as fact v. value, intellect v. imagination, and reason v. emotion. Whereas stories are the manifestation of the entire mind, narratives are moral constructs.
Central Focus or Purpose for Criticism: The narrative paradigm seems to try to cover too much territory and it doesn't really seem to give rise to a viable alternative to the rational world paradigm.
D.…… [Read More]
..unhelpful...their adversarial posture becomes destructive, perhaps unpatriotic," (53). If Goldstein elected to reissue a second edition of Killing the Messenger, he would do well to include an essay by the recently deceased Hunter S. Thompson, a journalist who proudly revived the muckraker tradition by declaring that the best journalists are willfully opinionated.
By selecting Roosevelt's "The Man with the Muckrake" as part of Killing the Messenger, Goldstein presents a balanced perspective of modern journalism. He concedes to the fact that many critics of the media accuse journalists of being "muckrakers" in the Rooseveltian sense of being unnecessarily negative. The media cannot and should not fall into the role of only being a social critic, never pointing out the uplifting or positive aspects of a culture. ith too much negativity in its tone, the press risks influencing the public into being cynical and hopeless. On the other hand, a press that…… [Read More]
Pope asserts that faulty criticism is a vice, one that is potentially dangerous because of its powerful influence on the general public.
Good taste is as rare as true genius.
Most people are born with some degree of good taste.
Education can corrupt good taste.
Many people with good education but poor judgment become critics.
It is important to know the range and limits of one's taste.
The best determinant of good judgment is natural law.
The rules of criticism and of Art itself are akin to the laws of Nature.
The rules of meritorious work can be gleaned from the ancient (classical) poets.
The good critic studies ancient poets, especially Homer and Virgil
The ancients were not perfect, but their works are wondrous in their entirety and deserving of praise and reverence.
Paraphrase Lines 1-27
It is difficult to determine whether it is harder to write well or to…… [Read More]
Thus, one must begin by noting that ideology reveals itself in rhetoric through certain words or phrases, which are frequently called "ideographs," after a term coined by Michael McGee in his 1988 essay "The Ideograph: A link between Rhetoric and Ideology" (McGee 1). Though in his essay McGee limits ideographs to single words, this study need not adhere to such a strict standard, especially because the essential function and effect of ideographs do not change whether one considers only single words or certain repeated phrases. McGee argues that ideology is expressed through rhetoric in the form of ideographs, discrete units of ideology in the form of certain words (or phrases) that work together to maintain "diachronic' and 'synchronic' patterns of political consciousness which have the capacity both to control 'power' and to influence (if not determine) the shape and texture of each individual's 'reality,'" (McGee 5).
In other words, ideographs…… [Read More]
In Search of 'The People': A Rhetorical Alternative
McGee, M. (1975). In search of 'the people': a rhetorical alternative. The Quarterly Journal
of Speech. (3:61). 235-49. Retrieved from EBSCO Publishing.
Rhetorical scholars have not looked at sociological influences in examining language.
Central Focus or Purpose for Criticism:
Rhetorical analysts have confused the plurality of humanity with the individual.
Lack of understanding of rhetorical devices related to politics can lead to the control of the people by a dangerous individual.
Political mythology about the individual vs. The people is highly evident in rhetoric.
Arguments about the Text:
There are ethics related to rhetoric which few consider.
Critics point to a fallacy in an argument to dismiss an entire position.
A.F. Pollard's is inefficient in discussing the people
Research in linguistics suggests "the people" may only be a linguistic issue
"The people focus on the Leader to establish…… [Read More]
That is alluded to again when obbie "saves" Briony from drowning, and she tells him, "I wanted you to save me'" (McEwan 217). obbie is almost a larger-than-life figure, and in the novel, he represents everything good and decent, while Paul represents pure evil, but receives the rewards, anyway.
Cecilia seems to have finally found what she has been searching for, and the couple seems poised to live "happily ever after," but Briony ruins that with her energetic mind that reads too much into situations, and does not question things satisfactorily. In her mind, she knows that she has acted rashly. She thinks to herself during the accusations, "She was like a bride-to-be who begins to feel her sickening qualms as the day approaches, and dares not speak her mind because so many preparations have been made on her behalf" (McEwan 159). In her heart, she knows she is wrong,…… [Read More]
This contributed to a direct failure of evolutionary changes by keeping the existing system alive through gradualism. hen this happened, the ideas of democracy were subverted through allowing for a system of persecution against blacks to remain. (McMillan)
Evidence that is used to support this can be seen in restaurants, beaches and within the school system. In these areas, he shows that a system of discrimination is in place to prevent African-Americans from having access to the same kind of opportunities and services as other segments of society. This is causing many of them to never receive the assistance they need in order to be more economically independent. Instead, it is systematically keeping them down through making these areas unavailable to them. This is proving that change is not occurring. Instead, it is a system which is designed to benefit whites exclusively. (McMillan)
According to McMillan, the best remedy for…… [Read More]
Gender Criticism of Poetry:
To his Coy Mistress" by Andrew Marvell versus "hen I am dead my dearest" by Christiana Rossetti -- A masculine defiance of mortality through sexuality, a female acceptance of the inevitable nature of death
hen examining the poem "To his Coy Mistress" by Andrew Marvell, in comparison to the poem "hen I am dead my dearest" by Christiana Rossetti one can see that, although both explore a similar theme of the transience of human sexual life and physical, romantic love in the face of mortality each poet approaches this theme in very different ways, based on the gendered approaches of each author towards sexual congress and religious faith. At first, it might seem to be unfair to compare the male Cavalier poet with the Victorian member of the Oxford Movement Christina Rossetti. Marvell lived an active life as a court poet, soldier, and adventurer. Rossetti lived…… [Read More]
Armory Show of 1913 was the introduction of much of the American public to post-impressionist (modern) art. Most art lovers were either still clinging to the old European masters or they had embraced the realism and impressionist trends. However, the new school offered a new version of art that appealed to many in Europe. Therefore, the Association of American Painters and Sculptors brought together an exhibit of European and American post-impressionists that numbered more than 1,600 works. The media view of the exhibit was one of pre-exhibit fawning, followed by a general disdain of many of the works. The critics considered the art infantile and immature and advised art lovers to stay away. However, this insistence by the majority of the press that the show was a disaster only fueled a curiosity among the public that made the show the most successful in the history of such exhibits prior to…… [Read More]
Man Enters oman is a short poem written by Anne Sexton, which discusses femininity and a man and a woman's relationship. The poem's title is apparently suggestive, referring to the sexual nature of the relationship between the two subjects of the poem (the man and the woman). However, this poem does not only talk about the sexual nature of the subjects' relationship, but also talks about the complexity of achieving emotional contentment and happiness in a relationship, as viewed by Anne Sexton. This paper will present both the literal and connotative meaning of the poem "hen Man Enters oman," and the analysis will be in reference to Anne Sexton's background and experience as a poet and writer, and by using the analysis as one way of applying feminist criticism to the poem.
Sexton's poem is simple in its structure, yet the words and the idea that she utilizes in her…… [Read More]
harsh criticism leveled against the character Aeneas is unjustified because the hurtful actions he often undertook were not done just for the sake of hurting others. They were instead done for the sake of fulfilling his destiny, which was to be the founder of Rome. He often performed these actions upon the urging of some of the gods.
Aeneas had to abruptly leave Dido upon the urging of Zeus because living in Carthage forever was not to be his destiny. In the Aeniad, Hermes is quoted as having relayed Zeus' message to Aeneas thus, "hat means thy ling'ring in the Libyan land? If glory cannot move a mind so mean, Nor future praise from flitting pleasure wean, Regard the fortunes of thy rising heir: The promis'd crown let young Ascanius wear, To whom th' Ausonian scepter, and the state Of Rome's imperial name is ow'd by fate" (Virgil). Thus, he…… [Read More]
atership Down, Psychological Criticisms
Psychological Criticisms, Figures & Concepts
Psychological critics of literary works approach a novel by looking at it through a psychological lense. Critics will usually look at the motivations of the characters themselves, or, if there is enough known about the author (for example, Shakespeare), they will analyze the authors motivation, or purpose, for the novel. There are several methods to a psychological criticism; some critics use the Freudian approach, where characters, concepts, and even the setting are broken down into various parts (the id, symbols, sexuality, etc.). Some critics use the Jungian approach, where most of the analysis is focused on the main character and villain, such as the different parts of the self and the persona (Burris). There is yet another method, by Charles Mauron, which focuses on the literary works of an author as though they were a dream, and the final stage of…… [Read More]
Moral Criticisms of the Market
Moral Criticisms Market This assignment requires read article Ken S. Ewert (found eading & Study folder). Note article, Ewert defending free market "Christian Socialists." He states position a rebuttal
Moral criticisms of the market: A critique of Ewert's analysis
It is interesting to read Ken S. Ewert's 1989 criticisms of 'Christian socialists' in light of current debates on other types of economic policies today. Ewert portrays Christian, leftist defenders of socialism as impervious to logic, in contrast to other former critics of capitalism, who grew more acclimated to capitalist principles in light of the failure of the Soviet Union Similar criticisms are made of 21st century religious fundamentalists, who stress the need for private enterprise to address societal problems 'on principle,' even when public regulation might be helpful and who try to define science, including science education, in religious terms rather than in terms of…… [Read More]
At this precise time, a young communist named Mao Zedong popularized the idea of land reforms and focused his attention on the issue of poverty among peasant class. He convinced his fellow communists that the only solution to all problems lied in strengthening the agricultural sector by introducing land reforms. He worked ceaselessly for the peasants but his party was driven to remote corners of North China during the Long March. This action, taken by Chiang government, was a clear indication of the paranoia and insecurity that were building in nationalist forces (Peoples: Rise). Mao continued to fight government's oppressive rule even while in exile and this lasted till 1937 at which point, Japan invaded China and the nationalist-communist conflict came to an end.
In 1920s, Malraux was present in China and observed the political dynamics of the country. The oppression and communist popularity affected his deeply and 1927 revolution…… [Read More]
Another discussion backs up this assessment. A journalist writes, "[T]hat market as such does not have moral features and its' functioning can carry with itself both good and bad consequences" (Ci-ewska, 2007). Both of these assessments seem correct. A person can view something any way he or she chooses. Some will always see the free market as a capitalistic and corrupt way of doing business, while others will see it as the only viable way for a free economy. The market is more of a machine and less of a moral social entity. As Ewert notes, "Its alleged moral shortcomings turn out to be things which are common to mankind" (Ewert, 1989, p. 109), and I wholeheartedly agree with that assessment.
Ci-ewska, E. (2007). Markets and morals. etrieved from the Warsaw University Web site: http://www.iwm.at/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=510&Itemid=5507 June 2007.
Ewert, K.S. (March 1989). Moral criticisms of the market. The Freeman. 103-109.… [Read More]
One of the criticisms
A resource-based view of the firm:
A report on Southwest Airlines to the Board of Directors and CEO
We can be proud that Southwest Airlines has been able to weather the ups and downs of the 21st century economy even while other carriers have struggled. Our airline is a budget, regional carrier with an edgy attitude and an almost cult-like following amongst its loyal patrons. However, consistently sustaining a value-enhancing corporate culture from year to year can be a challenge. This paper will enable Southwest to have a better sense of its internal resources as well as external threats. It will offer a resource-based view (BV) analysis of Southwest Airlines' superior competitive position followed by a SWOT (strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats) analysis.
Southwest began as a regional carrier that gradually has tried to expand its offerings nationally and internationally. It pioneered budget-based flying,…… [Read More]
Behavioral Approach Instruction Criticism
There are different benefits and strengths of instruction and classroom management that is done on the basis of behavioral theory. For starters, human beings learn by acting on the environment that they are in. This is in the sense that individuals act on the world, and transform it, and are in turn transformed by the implication of their actions. In particular, individuals effectively learn in a responsive environment. Having instruction and classroom management that is based on behavior provides such a setting. Teachers that use praise and also rewards with respect to the behavior and performance of the students facilitate the creation of such a learning setting. Another key advantage of this approach is the maintenance of inherent motivation. Through the use of tangible rewards dependent on the performance of a certain task or are rendered unexpectedly, fundamental motivation is maintained. According to Eisenberg et al.…… [Read More]
ART CRITICISM AND THEORY: Question: How constraints practices artists/designers/architects influence make? Make reference TO response: - Site - Views art critics historians - Historical precedents - Materials technologies - Time - Audience expectations.
Post-modern art and theory
Artists in the post-modern era realized that they dealt with a lot of pressure coming from the public and that it was important for them to employ attitudes that would reflect positively on their works. Even with this, people need to understand that artists have always been constrained and that being limited actually had a constructive effect on most individuals. Chaos is difficult to discuss when regarding things from an artistic point-of-view, as while some people consider it to be an important asset, others believe that it is better for an artist to work with a limited amount of tools because this makes it possible for him or her to actually demonstrate that…… [Read More]
hat are the three or four most important concerns for the psychoanalytic criticism theory?
One concern off the bat is that no matter how valid the field of psychoanalytic investigation is, and how much respect that Freud's theory has garnered over the years, in terms of the psychoanalytic criticism theory's contribution to understanding humans and society, there are doubts as to its validity. hen the psychoanalytic criticism theory it is used to look into the reasons that authors use certain conflicts, characters, themes and other literary tools, it can be seen as an inappropriate intrusion into literature. An author like Edgar Allen Poe, for example, has been deceased for many years, but 21st century critics can rip through his novels and short stories and conclude that his psychological makeup was twisted, that his mind was warped in the direction of hideousness. Obviously Poe had a dark imagination, and…… [Read More]
Keynesian evolution: Analysis and Criticism believe myself to be writing a book on economic theory which will largely revolutionize -- not, I suppose, at once, but in the course of the next ten years -- the way the world thinks about economic problems"
John Maynard (Keynes, Letter to G.B. Shaw, January 1, 1935)
Prior to the Keynesian evolution, may economists and politicians viewed economics from a "micro" perspective. They saw factors such as unemployment, interest rates, profit and loss as related to individual organizations and the impact of individual transactions. In modern times, the idea of macroeconomics is much more widespread, and the impact of economic endeavors is viewed as part of an economic whole, or national/global approach. Part of the credit for this much more diverse and broad view is due to the efforts of John Maynard Keynes, through his publications and the "Keynesian evolution."
Though Keynes is often…… [Read More]
Luther's thought incited anti-Roman sentiment and thought initially in his native Germany. He strongly influenced sympathetic local princes to confiscate church lands and property and to redistribute these. He urged for the end of the practice of granting indulgences. Through his work, 95 Theses, he questioned the worth and truthfulness of indulgences. The Roman Catholic Church "granted" indulgences to absolve one's sin from a "treasury of merits" of the Church. Luther could not accept the clergy's ability to absolve sin and that it was something, which could be bought. He held that there was no biblical basis for indulgences and that the ible should be the sole basis and center of Christian theology. Outside of the ible, the clergy had no sure and valid foundation for their interpretations (Hermansen).
The foremost Reformation figure after Luther and Huldreich Zwingli, a Swiss pastor, was John Calvin, a French Protestant theologian (Microsoft Encarta…… [Read More]
hat you do in life, good, bad, otherwise, comes back to haunt you. And the suicide of Robert X is an embodiment of that lesson.
In reading about this book, in preparation for this essay, I came across a conversation the author had with John Lowe concerning the tight narrative quality of the book, and I think in commenting about it, Gaines underscores one of the book's major themes:
P: There's nothing wasted in that book. It's totally honest and almost foreordained from the beginning, from the first page.
Gaines: A great man falls, and what he's going to do when he gets up. He feels that even God had failed him. He could not even please God any more (Lowe 184).
This theme, or question rather, of how does one deal with failure is an important one, on the individual level as well as on the group level. How…… [Read More]
Religious Criticism and Idealization of Women in Giovanni occaccio's "Decameron"
In the world of medieval literature, Giovanni occaccio is renowned for his timeless contributions in the form of "Decameron," also translated as "Ten Day's Work." This literary piece by occaccio chronicles the short stories and narratives of ten (10) people who sought refuge from the city that is being affected with lack Plague, a disease that left Europe's developing human civilization to ruin and destruction. "Decameron" is created to provide people with a venue for discussion of the social ills that "plague" the 13th and 14th century society of Europe, particularly occaccio's homeland, Italy. These social ills are parallel to the disease that is ravaging Europe's cities during the lack Plague, and occaccio uses this event to discuss and criticize the dysfunctions that he found to exist in his society. Thus, with this in mind, Giovanni occaccio set out to…… [Read More]
Moral Criticism of the Market
I disagree with the author's major premise and conclusion. He contradicts himself by suggesting that the basis of his support for a free market is that it depends on offering something of value to others and that the problem with the dynamics of commercial advertising lies primarily with the individual. The reality of the advertising industry is hardly that it merely increases public "awareness" of available products. In fact, the main effort of commercial advertising is precisely to create the perception of need, even (or specifically) where it is illusory. To use the author's example, by the time someone covets a Mercedes that he sees driving past him on the street, he has already been inundated by years of explicit and implicit messages that the Mercedes symbolizes respect and achievement.
The fashion industry provides an even better example because it no longer exists to fill…… [Read More]
Cultural criticism has been for the most part unfairly limited to cultures apart from the majority culture. ithin Robert Frost's poetry, there is an obvious cultural understanding which should be explored by literary scholars. Frost was writing at the beginning of the twentieth century from the perspective of a male member of the majority culture who was witnessing the beginnings of other groups' demands for equalization within the society. He was also witness to the industrial overtaking of the natural world in the form of expansions of cities and factories before and during the First orld ar. My intention is to prove that both of these topics can be explored by linking Robert Frost's poetry to the theory of cultural criticism using both the texts as well as academic evidence related to this theory, including the text by Charles Bressler.
Frost's poem "The Road Not Taken" is one of the…… [Read More]
Plato's (and Socrates') Criticism of Rhetoric in "Gorgias"
In Plato's philosophical work entitled "Gorgias," the philosopher's criticism of the method of rhetoric as a form of persuasion is the primary focus of Plato's written work. In the said philosophical and ethical discourse, Plato uses the character of Socrates as the 'voice' or transmitter of the message that Plato wants to extend to his readers/audience. "Gorgias" is a philosophical discourse in that I explore the truth and falsity of how effective and fraudulent the process of rhetoric can be in discovering the truth and living life righteously and in the proper way of living that Plato (or Socrates) refers to as "proper existence." There is much evidence wherein Plato illustrated his disagreement with the rhetorical methods of persuasion, although he categorized his disagreements with various issues wherein rhetorical methods are usually used: in the realm of education, politics, and moral philosophy.…… [Read More]
The author noted that this was an important step to help ease the problems created by the collapse of non-bank funding.
The author concludes by noting that the proposed package's tremendous size combined with its lack of clear details or forceful regulation leave the program open to criticisms that it is both too vague and too timid. Furthermore, he points out that the plan's failure to fully account for the disposal of toxic debt may have helped contribute to recent sharp falls in the stockmarkets. The author noted that it was not only that the plan was insufficient, but that Geithner had led people to believe that the plan would be both bold and detailed, and that the dissonance between the promised plan and the plan unveiled by Geithner helped contribute to a decrease in confidence. The author clearly disagreed with Geithner's failure to really consider the issue of nationalization…… [Read More]
Criticisms against and praise for colonialism in America: A comparative analysis of "Common Sense" by Thomas Paine and "Origin and Progress of the American Rebellion" by Peter Oliver
The declaration of King George III of the United Kingdom that America is in an active state of rebellion in August 23, 1775, marked the opportunity for Britain's 13 colonies in the country to be liberated from British colonialism. The path towards rebellion in America is an arduous process, where there had been a series of economic and political pressures that Britain had imposed in order to maintain control over the gradually rebelling members of the colonies.
What made the study of the history of the American Revolution interesting is that there are numerous literatures illustrating the political and economic climate between the Americans and British at the time where rebellious ideologies and propaganda are gradually increasing. There had been…… [Read More]
Objective Criticism of a Short Story:
The Shawl by Louise Erdrich
Louise Erdrich's narrative is a story within a story. The author begins with a legend-like introduction of the hardships facing a family, which she later links with the present troubles, though a few generations later, of the same family. In the first part of the narrative, the author presents her audience with the two parents and their two children, a boy of five and a girl of nine. However, she makes note that the mother bears a child by a man other than her husband, which soon tears the family apart. The mother falls out of love with her husband quickly, and chooses to go live with her lover. She takes her daughter and her baby, and proceeds to be driven to her lover by his uncle, while the father is left behind with the boy of five.…… [Read More]
Greene's the Power and the Glory
Graham Greene's The Power and the Glory is believed by some to be his finest work. The book addresses a variety of social, religious and personal issues that lay close to the heart of the author. The Mexican situation and the Catholic faith are for example two prominent issues addressed by the work. elow is then a consideration of the context and inner truths from which Graham Greene created this work.
Roman Catholicism in Mexico
Greene met the woman who would be his wife, Vivien Dayrell-rowning while he was working at the Nottingham Journal. While some say that this is his reason for converting to Roman Catholicism, it is obvious that his devotion and affection for this religion later became much deeper than the catalyst for a woman's love. The way in which the protagonist of The Power and the Glory, the priest, is…… [Read More]
Role of Labor Unions in Industrial Relations
In their definition, labor unions have always been known as organizations that have always aimed at getting their members both financial and non-financial benefits. The role of labor unions is however bigger than that and they have been known to aid in helping employers improve the productivity and discipline of their workers. Labor unions respond to issues differently. This is explained by the differences in industrial relations contexts and also policies of different states as well as strategies of the various employers around the country.
Employees come together to form a labor union to achieve a common goal. Labor unions have several goals. Some of the goals include agitating for higher retirement benefits as well as other benefits for its members. They also seek to increase the number of workers assigned for specific job tasks. They ensure that employees work under good and…… [Read More]
Since the 1990s, criticism has mounted regarding the IMF's narrow construction of a 'one size fits all' economic policy. "Policies of privatization and deregulation may work better in developed countries in the est, but, maybe more difficult to implement in the developing world" (Pettinger 2009). There is also alarm that the IMF is excessively directive when extending loans to nations -- for example, mandating user fees for health care, an important issue in the current struggle for Jamaica to borrow funds from the IMF. Jamaica charges no user fees in its system of nationalized care, although the IMF argues that charging money, according to classical economic theory, enables more effective use of scarce healthcare resources. Yet "there is compelling evidence of a link between user fees and poverty. In a study that shows the 'poverty impact' of out-of-pocket payments (OOP), 78 million people in 11 low/middle income countries in Asia…… [Read More]
To demonize the concept of universal healthcare with the word 'rationing' "buys into the myth that we don't have rationing of medical services now. But we do. It takes many different forms. It is commonplace for health insurance companies and HMOs to deny patients beneficial treatment. They find a variety of excuses for doing so, and may not openly admit it, but we all know that it happens. Medicare rations drugs by requiring co-payments that many patients can't afford. Emergency rooms ration care by making people wait so long in line that some just give up and go away" (Singer 2011).
The recent decimation of many retirement funds means that more and more members of the elderly are eligible for both Medicare and Medicaid. The elderly on fixed incomes often struggle to afford medications not currently covered within the provisions of Medicare because of the "doughnut hole" in…… [Read More]
Author Marilynne Robinson's novel Gilead tells the story of a fictitious Congregationalist pastor named Reverend John Ames and his family. He is dying from a heart condition and has a small son who will never really know him because the boy is only seven years old and his father will likely not live much longer. This is a sad state and the story is told from the perspective of a man who knows that his time on the earth is limited and tries to tell a lifetime's worth of fatherly advice in a matter of pages. The book is a story of John Ames's life with his father and grandfather because he wants his son to have these memories but will be unable to give them to him orally. This story is about the male family dynamic and the rich heritage which fathers pass onto their sons, which is…… [Read More]
Freudian and Jungian Dream Analysis:
Infidelity in "All the Little Loved Ones" by Dilys Rose
"All the Little Loved Ones" by Dilys Rose clearly functions as an introverted type of art form based upon its structure and presentation: it is a stream-of-consciousness narration whereby the mother of several small children talks about her life directly to the reader. Little happens in the short story on a physical level and the details she narrates are mundane. The primary plot point of the story is the narrator's contemplation of an affair with a man she has met in a park where she takes her children. The children enjoy the swings; she enjoys the outdoor freedom and the idea of something that liberates her from the chains of motherhood. Yet it is unclear whether this liberation is real or imagined: Rose suggests that it does not matter, and that this type of suburban…… [Read More]
Economics: Neoclassical, Keynesian, And Marxian Theories
Social theories attempt to explain how people interact with each other, and with their surroundings. For this reason, it is believed that social theories shape society, so much so that people will theorize elements in their surroundings based on their life situations and what they experience in their interactions. Towards this end, what one person thinks or believes about a certain aspect may not necessarily be what another person thinks; people hold different theories about how the economy works, and how it influences human interactions - and this is particularly why we have multiple economic theories today. Social theories are broadly categorized into three -- humanism, structuralism, and dialectics. These three have been applied to economic theory to explain how the various elements of the economy interact to realize maximum outcomes. This text demonstrates how the aforementioned social theories have been used to shape…… [Read More]
Man's Fate" by Andre Malraux [...] use of opium in the novel and research and critique this aspect of the novel and how it relates to the literary accuracy of the novel. Opium use is well documented in Asia, and the use of opium figures heavily in this novel. Baron de Clappique smuggles opium, and several characters use opium throughout the book. Opium and China seem to go together in history. esearch into opium, and how opium in portrayed in this novel will show that opium use was widespread in Chinese culture, and it was accepted, even if it did eventually become illegal.
Opium has a long and varied history, and it always seemed threaded through the Chinese people. There are records of opium poppies being cultivated as far back as 3400 B.C. By the Sumerians, and it had spread to China by the eighth century. By the sixteenth century,…… [Read More]
Playwright August ilson won two Pulitzers in his illustrious career. In The Pittsburgh Cycle, ilson wrote a series of plays each depicting a different decade in the lives of African-Americans living in the United States. Of these, Fences, takes place in the 1950s and features the problems not only of the African-American experience, but also the situation of societal oppression indicative of that period. At the heart of the play is protagonist Troy Maxson. His actions result in comedy and tragedy for all of the characters around him, making him the center of this universe that ilson has created, representing the tumultuous time period in which the play takes place. August ilson has stated that the character is based upon his own step-father, David Bedford providing the story with an autobiographical context. ilson uses his own perception of his step-father in order to illustrate a story about the difficulties…… [Read More]
hen conducting an ideological critique, the researcher must be concerned with the way ideology is evidenced (or repressed) in the artifact, and a useful concept for identifying these "traces of ideology" is the notion of the ideograph, or the "political language which manifests ideology," which, according to Michael McGee, is "characterized by slogans" (Foss 248, McGee 5). McGee argues "that ideology in practice is a political language, preserved in rhetorical documents," and as such, can be identified in rhetorical artifacts via the "vocabulary of ideographs" frequently deployed in speech. Here it is important to note the importance of context, because in general McGee identifies ideographs as particular words, but one need not view these specific words as eternally and always ideographs; that is to say, these specific words may be identified as ideographs "by the usage of such terms in specifically rhetorical discourse, for such usage constitute excuses for specific…… [Read More]
Communicative Theory of Biblical Interpretation
Any theory is a composite of residual aspects of earlier theories and fresh compositions illuminated by the present context. The several theories that have been applied to the study of Scriptures are no exception, and this discussion will explore how several theories have come to coalesce in the communicative theory of Biblical interpretation. The relation of literary criticism, structural criticism, and reader-response criticism to the Biblical interpretation as seen through the lens of communicative theory will be discussed. Aspects of contextualization, relevance theory, and speech-act theory are explored with regard to the influence of these constructs on the development of modern communicative theory.
Communicative theory. The written word is a special form of communication -- a mysterious way for people to experience the inner thoughts of another being. The Bible, as a written record of the experiences and history of ancient Israelites and Christians, provides…… [Read More]
Constructive criticism is one of the most common phrases used by people in both the business and personal areas of their daily lives. Despite its apparent popularity, constructive criticism is often misused and abused, and little understood by either those who give or receive what they term to be 'constructive' criticism. Many times, any sort of criticism is described as "constructive," when in reality this type of criticism is not constructive at all, and is instead largely feedback that is focused on a personal, rather than job or professional, aspect (Arothe-Vaughn).
In the past year, I received some criticism from a coach in a non-competitive sport's league. The coach chose to comment on my inability to pass the ball, and suggested rather loudly and assertively that I should not be a "selfish ball hog." Instead, the coach clearly insinuated that I should pass the ball to my teammates, instead of…… [Read More]
President Kennedy also used Aristotle's logic or logos to convince people to fight against public enemy such as poverty. JFK also used metaphor and the most famous sentence delivered after metaphor was "asks not what your country can do for you, ask what you can do for your country." (Nicholas, 2001 P. 283). The phrase was to appeal and persuade American people to devote their energy to the building of their country as well as cherishing their country as a nation. While the speech was specifically focus on American public, it was also adapted to global people in general. His speech was rhetoric in nature because the speech was a unique for of public speech ever made by any U.S. president.
The paper explores relevance of rhetoric and rhetoric criticisms in public communication. The paper identifies the importance of rhetoric is politics, business and academic communities. To demonstrate importance…… [Read More]
ILLIAMSON'S CRIICISMS OF EXPERIMENTAL PHILOSOPHY
Summary of illiamson's Criticism
In his article, Timothy illiamson makes a number of severe criticisms against the discipline of experimental philosophy as described by Joshua Alexander in his book Experimental Philosophy -- An Introduction. illiamson's criticisms are mainly directed at the vague definitions offered by Alexander for the terms by which he describes the scope of experimental philosophy. Another major point of criticism is the unsubstantiated claims by Alexander on the basis of which he paints experimental philosophy as a revolutionary change in the field.
The first claim made by illiamson against the discipline of experimental philosophy is that it does not fit the traditional pattern that experimental findings can aid in the study of philosophical questions (p. 1). The basis of this criticism is the very nature of the experiments conducted in experimental philosophy. illiamson (p. 1) claims that the experiments merely…… [Read More]
At the same time, this is also the best criticism method because it puts into light Obama's rhetorical style and this is important, especially for audiences to understand how this is developed and how it works towards reaching its goals. With the Neo-Aristotelian Method of Criticism, one best understands it.
The feminist criticism is not an adequate method of criticism first and foremost because the main objective of this speech is not directed towards the feminist movement. The aim of this speech is not to get close to the female voters, but to rally the entire population of Virginia by showing how important this state is in electing Obama. The message is thus for the entire population, not only for the females and the feminists in the audience.
There are, however, some elements that may argue in favor of the feminist criticism, one of them being the fact that the…… [Read More]
United States singled a shining democratic governance;, U.S. system governance immune criticism. Scholar One of the critiques of democracy discussed within the articles for this assignment is greatly associated with the role that private property and wealth plays in democratic societies. Specifically, within Santas' "Plato's criticism of democracies in The epublic," the author alludes to the fact that the influence of these two external aspects of government -- the private property and wealth of the individual chosen to govern in a democracy -- has the innate potential to corrupt and to subject the needs of the masses who are governed to those of the individuals who are governing.
There is a great possibility that the author is correct regarding this point of criticism. One of the points of validity for this notion is the fact that it is found in literature and is one of the chief points of disparagement…… [Read More]
Their basis of criticism is that it had very expansionary monetary policy in the early days that gave room for misallocation of various capital resources. This lead to various undesirable economic scenarios such as the support of a massive stock price bubble. It has been argued that even though the Federal reserve did not cause the Great depression, it mitigated it through the unnecessary contraction of the money supply which was not necessary at that time since the markets by that time needed to be liquidated (Friedman, 1985).He argued that the Fed should be overhaulead and then replaced by a specialized computer system whose role would be to set rates that are derived from the standards econometrics. However, the Australian School economists have argued that the Fed's manipulation of the supply of money in order to put a halt on "gold flight" away from England lead to serious financial malinvestment…… [Read More]
By allowing his children to address him by hist first name, Atticus is dismantling one of the many traditions that serve to reinforce and perpetuate traditions that ultimately only serve to delegitimize the experience and perspective of certain people. This forces the viewer to take Scout's recollections and narration more seriously, because although they are the memories of a relatively young child, the viewer cannot help but treat them with a little more respect in recognition of the respect that Atticus, as the most idealized character in the entire film, grants them.
Thus, taking a cue from Atticus, Scout and Jem are respectful and relatively well-behaved, but are never hesitant to question or challenge attitudes and behaviors that they perceive as unjust or unjustified, and particularly in the case of Scout, are especially sensitive to behaviors that hypocritically contradict the ostensible moral standards of society. hile is worth noting that…… [Read More]
hat does this passage say about the relationship with God?
Robert Imperato observes that "Matthew connects Jesus repeatedly to Jewish prophecy throughout the text" (17). The point he emphasizes, however, is that the Jews had a special relationship to God, through the Mosaic covenant contained in the Old Testament.
Yet, Jesus makes it clear, according to Imperato, that He is giving "a new interpretation of the Law" (17). In fact, Jesus is fulfilling the Old Testament prophecies, identifying Himself as the Son of God, and the Messiah in whom the prophets must place their trust if they seek salvation.
Therefore, Christ sets out the guidelines for the new relationship with the Lord that all must have who do indeed wish to cry out, "Lord, Lord." The Lord, through Christ, is showing that the way to salvation is not through legalism, or through adherence only to the Old Law,…… [Read More]
future research agenda that Judge, et al. (2008) present addresses their critique of personality research in organizational behavior.
According to Judge, Klinger, Simon and Yang (2008), the various criticisms directed at early organizational behavioral theories have been countered by a growing body of evidence that supports these fundamental precepts. In this regard Judge et al. report that there have been three main pieces of evidence to date that have been particularly influential:
The growth of meta-analysis allowed for cumulation of results across studies. This development was particularly important in the area of personality, given the myriad traits that had been considered over decades of scientific research.
The widespread acceptance of the five-factor model (or the 'Big Five' -- Extraversion, Conscientiousness, Agreeableness, Neuroticism, and Openness to Experience) of personality provided a framework to organize the diverse set of traits. While the gains from the five-factor model have been considerable, its acceptance…… [Read More]
Praise of Folly
Desiderius Erasmus' story "The Praise of Folly" is a pointed satirical work that serves many purposes that the art of literature uniquely presents. The purpose of this essay is to examine the written work to explore several themes. This argument will describe and explain the author's use of criticism and satire by highlighting certain passages of the text that best demonstrate these tools. This essay will also compare Erasmus' use of satire with its use by today's social critics. Finally this essay will remark about this work as it is presented in its parent text book.
The Praise of Folly is divided into three different parts or sections that help seperate the author's criticisms. The story is narrated by Folly herself as she presents herself in front of a crowd of wearing an outlandish costume. Folly proclaims her many admirable traits and begins to rant on her…… [Read More]