Part 1: Curriculum Plan
Paterson Public School is one of the most diverse school districts in New Jersey with the main goal of educating children and young people in the region. The focus of this school district is to help children and young people from diverse backgrounds and settings to become proficient in their various fields of study. An important aspect towards achieving this goal is ensuring the professional development and enhancing instructional leadership of teachers. Similar to other school districts, teachers in this school district are required to identify and utilize suitable teaching strategies that help in enhancing the learning outcomes of all students. As an English language teacher to English Second Language (ESL) students, a critical aspect towards enhancing the proficiency of these students in this language is developing a curriculum plan. The curriculum plan provides a suitable framework and learning activities that helps in enhancing these students’…… [Read More]
The third step is creating which is doing. It is taking action on what you find, what you suspect, what you think will make a difference. The last step is confirming. In this stage, you are evaluating your efforts, learning from feedback, and starting the cycle again.
6. Define "data-driven" decision making.
Data driven decision making uses student assessment data and relevant background information, to inform decisions related to planning and implementing instructional strategies at the district, school, classroom, and individual student levels. Data literacy consists of a person possessing a basic understanding of how data can be used to inform instruction. Studies have often shown that if instructional plans at the state, county, district, school, classroom, and individual student levels are based on assessment information relevant to the desired learning outcomes for students, the probability is increased that they will attain these desired learning outcomes.
Data from a variety…… [Read More]
Negative feedbacks and criticisms cannot be avoided at this point, especially upon knowing that it is necessary for them to undergo training on how this program will be implemented, including its advantages for them as teachers.
Educators, especially those who have been practicing the profession for a long time have a greater tendency to abhor going through the learning process once more. As a principal, they should be encouraged to undergo the learning process again and become students, therefore, joining their trainings would promote confidence in learning new ideas once more.
As the teachers become students, the idea of the students becoming teachers at some point upon the implementation of the program would somehow alleviate their fear of integrating the use of technology in their learning process. ithin the 30 minutes math lad, they should be allowed to explore the program and share among their classmates what they have learned…… [Read More]
The learning and skills sector (LSS) is an Essential part of educational development in the United Kingdom. For many years this educational program faltered and was not taken seriously. However in recent years Legislators in the UK have dedicated a great deal of time and resources to improving LSS. According to Maxwell (2009)
The Learning and Skills Sector (LSS) in England is diverse, comprising further education (FE) colleges, sixth-form colleges, personal and community development learning and work-based training and learning in other adult settings such as prisons and the uniformed services. Over the last 15 years the sector has moved from a position of 'benign neglect' (Young et al. 1995, 7) to being placed 'at the forefront of UK's attempt to raise its skill profile' (Department for Innovation, Universities and Skills, and Department for Children, Schools and Families 2007, 3). Developing the workforce needed to support this ambitious agenda…… [Read More]
(a new history of Iraq)
Psychologically, it is very difficult for them to believe that Islamic believers, meaning Arabs in this case have lost wars with the infidels. Islam is the religion of victors and one day, God willing Islam will rule the world is their belief. This is what leads Sheikh Abdul Settar Jabber head of the Muslim Awareness Association; a leading Sunni group to feel that the entire role of the schools should be changed to one that trains students in Islamic law and in how to be good Muslims. (a new history of Iraq) This is the psychological reaction of a child which when frightened hides near its mother and in this case is hiding within its language. The curriculum of Arabs has to reflect what their culture tells them, and religion is a very important part of their culture along with their language.
4. Future for…… [Read More]
" (Hunzicker, 2004) in fact Hunzicker states that changing a teacher's beliefs makes a requirement of new information presented repeatedly to the point that the teacher "begins to feel disequilibrium between current beliefs and new information." (2004) Leading curriculum change in the school is often difficult and requires that the principal ensure a continuous and ongoing dialogue concerning the necessary changes and the positive impacts that these changes will bring about.
RECOMMENDED STRATEGY: The strategy recommended for bringing Mrs. Nagal around to the changes in curriculum that are necessary and required involve first speaking with the teacher and discovering what it is about these curriculum changes that she is so set against and then mitigating the fears and trepidations of this teacher. Bringing Mrs. Nagal more firmly into the curriculum change process is advised and this can be accomplished by appointing Mrs. Nagal as lead over some aspect of the…… [Read More]
Teachers will need to look at process models for implementing these two approaches to achieve the benefits of both outcome-based education which emphasizes what students are expected to learn as well as open-ended education which encourages teachers to create a positive learning experience for the student. The former is best served by technical-scientific approaches while the later is best accomplished by nontechnical-nonscientific approaches. Fortunately, the approaches do appear to be complimentary more so than conflicting ideologies as positioned by some.
Therefore, teachers should seek out an integrative approach to their curriculum development approaches that weds process models. Practically speaking, this will mean striking a balance between student-centered and subject-centered curriculum and forming measurable expectations for the general student population as well as the flexibility to aim for highly individualized expectations that are unique to each student and that may be more subjectively assessed. and, of course, a broader community will…… [Read More]
Students, by seeing that a concept can unite so many different aspects of an idea are better able to draw connections between what is learned in the classroom and subjects that are common to their daily lives.
For example, take the broad curricular concept of 'travel.' The most obvious application of this concept is in a literature class, where students can learn about travel from stories about other lands, or about people traveling over the course of a story. But students can also apply the concept to math class, as they learn to budget for a trip, and calculate the speeds of various modes of transportation. They can learn about the science of how trains and planes are propelled, as well as research the weather conditions and geography of a possible destination. They can learn about the different people, cultures, religions, and wildlife of a land, and even create art…… [Read More]
In the example provided, the teacher could explain that homework assignments will allow them to learn more about how life in Ancient Greece and ome influenced modern customs and practices, and the purpose of homework assignments is to break the information they are learning into smaller chunks so they do not have to memorize or learn too much information at once, which might become overwhelming. Knowing this, students are more likely to take time to complete assignments. A teacher can encourage the student to utilize a separate assignment notebook for each subject they are studying, and track daily assessments of what they learned in class about their study of Ancient ome and Ancient Greece. This employs the technique of practice, which enforces student's ability to write well and apply scientific method or logical analysis to information they learn in class. Students may for example, be encouraged to make notes alongside…… [Read More]
Human relations are vital. Teachers must trust each other, there must be norms that support productive criticism, and there must be techniques in place for combining and resolving disputes. Arrangements need to be in place that generates discussion for problem identification and decision making. These arrangements could be things such as normal team meetings amid teachers at the same grade level or department meetings within high schools and middle schools. Frequently useful are school connections to inside and outside sources of knowledge and scrutiny coupled to a readiness to learn from such sources. Also, schools must work to secure the power to proceed with actions that might go against existing policies and practices. By doing this they master the micro-politics of their districts and their communities.
In schools where circumstances to maintain collaborative problem solving are not in place, leaders must expertly manage two plans at the same time. They…… [Read More]
As Popham (2006) makes clear, choosing the best instruments for program is reliant on how well the instrument is aligned with the goals of the program and the school. To achieve this objective I recommend instituting a task forced charged with the responsibility of working with teachers to develop a set of both short-term and long-term goals.
In regard to alignment with long-term goals, our program evaluation designers and analysts need to be fully aware that their objectives must be fully attainable, fully supportive of national standards objectives, and consistent with the long-term objectives of the teachers and the school. Goal-setting by faculty does not mean that they can do whatever they want to do. The leaders of this evaluation process must remember that in the end they have the responsibility for ensuring that all objectives are consistent, and for approving their subordinates' objectives. This means being…… [Read More]
Lesson Plan Using Understanding by Design Framework
A creative approach is critical in embedding innovative problem solving, embedding opportunity for inquiry as well as enhancing critical thinking for deep discipline knowledge. When curriculum is to be coherent, and cohesive across multiple grades, the assessment protocols should establish the degree of success and integrate the curricular unit to enhance the desired learning outcomes. The UbD provides an effective framework that assists in addressing the aforementioned key issues. In the U.S. educational system, successful learning outcome requires an integration of meaningful assessment, and contents coupled with effective pedagogy. However, the ability to develop cohesive and coherent curriculum has become overwhelming to experienced school teachers, obviously, the issue creates a barrier to student's efficient learning. Thus, UbD (Understanding by Design) has been identified as the effective tool that overcomes these barriers by providing practical and concise guidance for both inexperienced and experienced teachers.…… [Read More]
curriculum content that implements strategies and methods that enhance language acquisition. This is done in light of the relevant theories that surround the proper development of linguistics in kindergarten children from vast socio-cultural backgrounds.
The teaching of linguistics to Kindergarten children is indicated by Ellis and McCartney (2011) to be quite a challenge. This is more dominant for the wide range of linguistic diversity as well as literacy development that exists within the 21st century classroom setting (p.44). This challenge is most common among pre-service teachers and the diversity in linguistics is noted to transcend continents as in never limited to the United States (Gerald and Hussar,2003). The diversity is noted to be present in other places that bear the same demographic trends as noted by Portes and umabaut (2001).In this paper we develop a curriculum content that implements strategies and methods that enhance language acquisition.
Strategies and methods
Most…… [Read More]
curriculum books have been written since the turn of the [20th] century; each with a different version of what 'curriculum' means (Ackerman, 1988). I define classroom curriculum design as the sequencing and pacing of content along with the experiences students have with that content. My use of the qualifier classroom is important. By definition, I am considering those decisions regarding sequencing, pacing, and experiences that are the purview of the classroom teacher. Some aspects of curricular design are addressed at the school level if, in fact, a school has a guaranteed and viable curriculum. egardless of the direction provided by the school (or district), individual teachers still need to make decisions regarding curricular design at the classroom level given the unique characteristics of their students. Indeed, in a meta-analysis involving 22 studies, Anderson, (2003) found a strong relationship between a student's knowledge and experience with content and the type of…… [Read More]
When dealing with students from a wide variety of cultures and levels of ability, enhanced self-consciousness on the part of all members of the classroom can promote tolerance within the learning environment. The awareness of the classroom's 'hidden' assumptions can foster greater self-consciousness and compassion regarding those who are less fluent in the norms of the hidden curriculum.
The hidden curriculum of social assumptions thus is least harmful when it is not so hidden. An effective teacher cannot eliminate all social norms from the classroom, nor would this be desirable, but the teacher can grow more self-conscious and explicit about her expectations. Some of the teacher's assumptions might be valid, others might not be, but not until the rules of the hidden curriculum are revealed can they be fairly upheld. Hidden rules are often arbitrarily enforced, and frustrate those who do not understand them.
The 'hidden curriculum' has been viewed…… [Read More]
" (Scheibe, 2004)
Part of the problem for teachers in relating to the children of modern learning curricula is the tremendous competition from television programs that force children to process information in an entirely different manner. This assessment is a function of my observations with regard to the interest and understanding of children with regard to environments outside of their immediate radius. The television program appears to limit the viewpoint and concentration of many of my students, up to 1/3 of the class is unable to properly process information regarding a different environment, inclusively foreign and domestic.
According to Scheibe (2004), "In using a curriculum-driven approach, teachers sometimes take a narrow focus for a particular topic or lesson (e.g., linking current advertising appeals to a sixth-grade unit on Greek myths) or weave media literacy into ongoing activities in their classrooms (e.g., in a weekly discussion of current events). Sometimes media…… [Read More]
curriculum of all the schools of a district. It uses 5 sources and is in APA format.
The main aim of my curriculum that I have designed for five elementary schools, 4 middle schools and one high school of the district, is that I intend uniformity in the curriculums of all the schools so all the schools impart the same educational quality and therefore there is no discrepancy and the whole community remains satisfied. y this design model, which will be introduced in all the schools of the district, there will be coordination between the schools, the teachers from all the schools will have identical training and the administration will also be trained to monitor and coordinate such a program. The administration of all the schools will have a head administrator to see that all the schools correctly comply to the curriculum and work as one big system of schooling.…… [Read More]
Relevant quotes and excerpts from these journals and materials can be included in the staff handbook, and in letters to parents as well as promotional material.
Like it or not, education is also integrally connected to politics and the nation's political life. Monitoring the impact of national legislation, like No Child Left Behind, on how Americans view education as well as local changes in certification of teachers and daycare facilities and how this will impact staffing and financing the center is a must. Examining changes in what parents want from daycare centers, based on shifting demographics, requires educators to read popular literature as well, such as Parenting magazines and other magazines that might be read by users of the center.
Tracking changes in literature and trends written for children, like the Harry Potter series, or new multicultural offerings ensures that student's passions and interests will be aroused in the lesson…… [Read More]
2. Develop a filing system on the computer and a physical filing system to put everything in its place.
3. Plan the teams of people and shifts as well.
1. Identify the risk of people not cooperating with each other.
2. Analyze environment for stress and in-competencies, accommodate.
Executing Process Group:
1. Give set schedule
2. Notify staff of teams and who they will be working with.
3. Check all the information in the DML needed to file everything
4. Buy necessary storage for the files to be stored
5. Checking on the development of online storage as well.
Monitoring and Controlling Process Group:
1. Monitoring the output of the workers through surveillance cameras and logs.
2. Check to see if the teams are getting along, IE social monitoring.
Closing: Finally, with the project's success comes a new way to file and store the approved paperwork both physically…… [Read More]
This evaluation plan provides a description concerning how the curriculum committee will collaborate to achieve an improved language arts curriculum for grades 6 through 8 at Haddonfield Middle School (hereinafter alternatively “Haddonfield” or “the school”), a public school located in Haddonfield, New Jersey.The Middletown Township Public Schools recognize the need for ongoing curricular evaluation. Based on its stated mission (described below), Haddonfield’s educators are committed to providing the highest quality curricular offerings possible that help young learners prepare for life in the 21 century. Therefore, a revision of the English/Language Arts (ELA) curriculum is needed. To this end, a curriculum committee will be organized to achieve the following objectives: (a) the committee will ensure that the curriculum continues to align with the Common Core State Standards (CCSS), (b) effectively prepares the students for the Partnership for Assessment of Readiness for College and Careers (PARCC) standardized testing as aligned with…… [Read More]
The Curriculum Committee is in charge of the curriculum selection process; it ensures the choice of subjects and their content for any given curricular program is assessed (Briars, 2014). Identification of individuals who will form part of the curriculum committee varies in its scale. The committee aims at initiating a generic collaborative process.
The committee’s foremost duty is mapping and describing the current curricular matter utilized by schools or school districts. Evaluation of either extant district academic material or those put forward for potential adoption necessitates digging deeper and paying attention to content relevance and instructional design nature. Here, discrete learning objectives constitute the key. For ascertaining whether learning material is able to fulfill the established academic objectives, an analysis process is needed, commencing with identifying standards and the cumulative progress measures which will function as the analysis’s intellectual base (Harris et al., 2015). The task needs to be completed…… [Read More]
features of the Saylor, Alexander, and Lewis (1981) model of curriculum evaluation is the model requires curriculum unit to have merit for society as well as for the individual classroom or school. Thus this model of evaluation seems a particularly appropriate schema to evaluate a unit on civil rights The name and subject area of the curriculum unit chosen to evaluate along the lines of this model one designed for a series of exercises for students of American government and history, specifically of the "Civil Rights Movement Beginnings in the 20th century." (Marsh, 2005)
The lesson plan made a strong commitment to reforming the social good of the larger context of society, as well as preparing children for the challenges of a society where African-American contributions of past and present have not always been recognized. The authorship component of the unit also gave students a sense of empowerment, of being…… [Read More]
Decimals and Fractions
(What you want to achieve)
by the end of the session the learner will able to:
S.M.A.R.T (Specific -- Measurable -- Achievable -- Realistic -- Time-scaled)
Impart to students how to assess, identify, classify and label different number forms.
Should be able to label and classify the following types of numbers: Whole numbers, counting numbers, non-whole numbers, rational numbers, at least some basic irrational numbers, etc. Learning will occur over a four-week period. It shall start with the basics and there will be interim quizzes and tests to ensure that the knowledge is being absorbed. Poor performance on such quizzes and tests may require that some topics be re-covered or drilled down on.
All should be able to understand basic decimals and fractions.
Many will be able to do most but not all of the work
Some will master all of it.…… [Read More]
When this takes place, it is up to the principal to implement the required changes through his influence on the teachers. This is a very time consuming and perseverant effort for all administrators and that includes principals. This brings us to another point that has to be enquired among principals - their perseverance. At the same time, principals are the natural leader among teachers and they are always expected to give the direction and support for all teachers.
This includes providing guidance for identification, selection and development of programs to meet the needs of the students subject to the vision of the school. He also has to ensure that teachers are provided the time, resources, and opportunities for professional development so that the entire curriculum is taken care of. This is probably the most important duty for a principal, and unless the curriculum is actually put into effect, all changes…… [Read More]
To include: the study of mathematics, science, English, geography, second languages, history, reading comprehension, writing and vocabulary. To achieve these different objectives, administrators will work hand in hand with educators to create lesson plans that will inspire their students. During this process, is when the administrator will evaluate each individual teacher and identify areas where they can improve. This will help them more effectively reach out to their students. At the same time, there is an emphasis on improving supervision by: comparing the end results with actual achievement scores. This is important, because this kind of approach is helping to give administrators tools to: improve supervision and the curriculum inside the school. (Ornstein, 2011, pp. 433 -- 468)
The information from this source is useful, because it is highlighting how: supervisory techniques have changed from the past and the current strategies are being utilized. As a result, this is an…… [Read More]
Staff Development Plan
Staff development is central to the quality performance of activities in any organization. In order for an institution to achieve its goals and objectives, a clear staff development plan is necessary in order to set priorities and initiate a common spirit of all the staff members. This study examines the necessity of a key staff development plan in an envision higher learning institution. The study explores the importance of staff development to the quality of higher education. Currently, many higher learning institutions do not consider the necessity of proper staffing and development as a key to quality performance. Instead, these institutions fail to achieve their goals or objectives, and consequently low quality of higher education.
Higher education institutions highly depend on people to deliver their missions and objectives. In this regard, the quality of staff and the motivation they receive from the institution's management highly influences their…… [Read More]
The significance of career training programs i.e. formal and non-formal educational measures help in quality development of personnel and promoting the achievement of career goals and objectives as well as success in the field.
The hospitality and hotel management industry provides numerous opportunities for individual development and success. Notably, success in this industry depends on the formal and informal career training and educational programs that an individual receives. These programs help in career development and management in relation to current and future career goals. Therefore, career development plan is based on the knowledge, skills, and abilities obtained from these training programs.
"Career Development Plan." (2007). Success through People. etrieved from Nova Scotia Government website: http://www.gov.ns.ca/psc/pdf/hrCentre/resources/ode/CareerDevelopmentPlanGuide.pdf
Ladkin, a. & Juwaheer, T.D. (2000). The Career Paths of Hotel General Managers in Mauritius. International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management, 12(2), 119-125.
Vujic, V., Becic, E. & Crnjar, K. (2008). Trends and…… [Read More]
Organizational Strategic Plan eview
The plan currently under review is that of the uth K. Broad Bay Harbor K-8 Center and its implemented Florida Differentiated Accountability Program developed and put into use during the 2009-2010 school-year in hopes of improving the school's functioning and overall mission. The school at hand has consistently sought to discover and identify the individual strengths of each child in its facility in order to promote enthusiasm and the desire to learn, and to assist students in achieving academic success. The mission of the school, and its implemented plans, aim to provide a secure, innovative, and challenging environment that affords academic achievement and a technologically-rich program for students in order for them to develop a strong, firm foundation from which to succeed and meet the challenges of the 21st century. The plan at hand sets in motion distinct goals for teacher involvement, parental involvement, and for…… [Read More]
Nurse Eduactor Strategic Plan
Nurse educator strategic plan
A strategic plan for a nurse educator
At present, I would say that my greatest strength as a nurse educator is my willingness to challenge myself in the pursuit of excellence. Within the next year, I will obtain my MSN with a specific concentration in education. Previously, I obtained certification as a Basic Life Support instructor (BLS). Also within the next year I intend to seek out certification in Advance Cardiac Live Support (ACLS) and Pediatric Life Support Instructor (PAL) with the intention of becoming both an ACLS and PALS instructor. These will enhance my capabilities as a nurse educator and provide greater specificity in the range and types of teaching I will be able to convey.
My second great strength as a nurse educator is the compassion I have for my patients and my genuine love of teaching. A nurse is…… [Read More]
Within the modern cultural experience, classroom curriculum takes on a greater role than ever. As society continues to evolve, so must the classroom in order to maintain the rubric necessary -- to educate and prepare students for the challenges of the modern world. There remains a set of challenges, though, for educators, parents, and students alike. With so much new information available, how does the modern school add important new subjects into the curriculum while not crowding the basics and diminishing the ability to provide important tools that each student needs? Thus, the political, social, and cultural changes, most especially those that have occurred since 1970, are in direct conflict with skills in reading, math, and science -- all of which show an uncomfortable stagnation in America's school systems (Erwin, 2004).
In many ways, though, the set of learning of objectives that are planned or guided by the school…… [Read More]
V. Government System RARPA
The government introduced the RARPA Program which is abbreviated for the:: "Recording and Recognition of Progress and Achievement Summary of the Evaluation Report" in relation to the Pilot Projects April 2003 to March 2004 Learning and Skills Development Agency National Institute of Adult Continuing Education 2004 August. Since 2002 the Learning and Skills Council (LSC) has focused its efforts on establishing an appropriate method of recognizing and recording the progress and achievement of learners that is non-accredited in nature. Development of a model called the 'Staged Process." The RARPA consists of the application "of an explicit and common staged process to the recognition and recording of progress and achievement, together with the validation of this process through a range of judgments about its consistent and effective application." The background of the project is stated to be that LSDA and NIACE were involved in preparation of work…… [Read More]
The methods by which technology is utilized in the learning and instructional processes, and in many instances the lack thereof, creates a hidden curriculum that can define the value that is associated with such technologies (DiBello 2005). This will also influence the expectations of success that students have in the use of these technologies over the course of their lifetimes (DiBello 2005).
In the course of my own teaching experiences I have unwittingly transferred certain conclusions and worldviews of my own to students in a manner that was entirely unintended. While I do not believe that these perspectives and modes of classifying information were especially if at all harmful to my students -- they were not borne of any significant prejudice or other form of socially frowned upon narrow-mindedness -- they certainly limited the degree to which students were left truly free to explore information and knowledge acquisition…… [Read More]
The author of this report has been charged with assessing the good and bad things as it pertains to the Australian Curriculum. This would include its efficacy and legitimacy as a national document and part of the law. Of course, education is one of the most important and controversial things when it comes to government and its efficacy. Factors that are considered and debated about including what should be taught, when it should be taught age-wise, how much should be spent on the teaching and so forth. This report shall be a literature review of both the good and bad things that have emerged when it comes to the Australian Curriculum and an overall verdict shall be offered at the end of this report. While there are certain flaws when it comes to any government bureaucracy or system, the Australian Curriculum has mostly been a success by any reasonable standard.…… [Read More]
Early in the 20th century, the value of automation had been demonstrated in business and industry, and education moved toward more regimentation in the form of more regimented curricula and statistically designed tests to measure the achievement of large groups of students (Moore, 1997). As this grew into an era emphasizing formal goals and objectives, it became easier to overlook the covert messages being taught along with the stated curricula.
Some of the beliefs that have been held in the past and that now are either rejected or question include the idea that people naturally group themselves according to such things as intelligence and social skills. This unspoken belief encouraged beliefs that separating special needs students or using tracking or ability grouping were inherently good ideas not in need of question or examination (eyer, 2001).
Another assumption was that competition was natural and positive. This has encouraged all sorts of…… [Read More]
Learner-centered curriculum' in TESOL
The most important learning processes in any school anywhere in the world involve the use of several different means of communication. The communication methods may be verbal or non-verbal. Verbal communication involves the use of oral and written symbols that can communicate a message to the student, and non-verbal involves the use of, primarily, among other means, body language. Without communication there can be no means of telling the other person what one person wants or needs, and communication is used between teachers and parents, between groups, between the parents and the community, and also for the formation of interpersonal relationships and as the medium of instruction in a school. Any sort of behavioral problems in school would be dealt with by effective means of communication, and it can be stated that without communication there would be no education.
However, the culture or the background of…… [Read More]
Developmentally Appropriate Curriculum
Locate a set of standards that relate to the arts or aesthetic learning. Read them through and select one or two that apply to a particular early childhood age group. Discuss how you could use these standards to plan an art activity for young children. You may use The National tandards for Arts Education website or choose any other state standards you would like.
The category that I selected is Dance, and the standard is Grade K-4 Dance tandard 3 which reads: Understanding dance as a way to create and communicate meaning. The Achievement tandard consists of the following objectives:
tudents observe and discuss how dance is different from other forms of human movement (such as sports, everyday gestures)
tudents take an active role in a class discussion about interpretations of and reactions to a dance
tudents present their own dances to peers and discuss their meanings…… [Read More]
Lawrence Stenhouse (1975) spoke 'initiation' and 'induction' as learning functions and held that these forms of learning effectively reached further than 'training' and 'instruction' which are instrumental learning. The initiation stage of learning is an independent learning stage where the learner grasps and understands for themselves the object of learning and in which the learner's dependence upon both the teacher and upon learning structures are lessened. A higher stage of independent learning was referred to by Stenhouse as 'induction' and is a stage of learning in which the learner has come to the place of owning, valuing and believing in the object of learning for themselves. Stenhouse affirmed the need for foundational knowledge upon which the higher learning skills can be constructed and held that the functional knowledge must be solidly in place before higher learning functions could begin.
Curriculum, according to the work of Grundy "is often written and…… [Read More]
An educational institution’s curriculum comprises every experience encountered by a pupil under the institution’s direction. All academic systems’ curricula are designed based on societal needs. Thus, owing to society’s dynamic nature, curricula are dynamic as well; educational institutions normally alter their curricula every once in a while. In this paper, the process of math and English as a Second Language (ESL) curriculum development will be addressed, with the following curricular development stages highlighted: determining scholastic aims and goals, determining desired pupil learning experiences, organizing and testing the designed curriculum, implementing it and curriculum evaluation. Further, it will deal with a few curriculum development models.
Within the context of modern education, a school curriculum comprises every experience encountered by a pupil under the institution’s direction. Moreover, this modern notion of a school curriculum covers course program, instructional techniques adopted for individual courses, the institution’s guidance program, and extra-curricular activities. Curricular…… [Read More]
However, the emphasis on community involvement could be yet improved by creating a more actionable activity at the lesson plan's resolution such as the creation of a community garden. This will give students a greater opportunity to see their efforts actually improve the availability of green space and may reflect more current and realistic measures to making policy progress than contacting remote public officials.
That said, aspects of the lesson plan that ask students to surmise reasons that sufficient green space may be lacking are distinctly valuable in helping them to refine problem-solving abilities. By applying these to a set of issues that are not just bound to the classroom but which have implications that are socially, culturally and economically far-reaching, the lesson plan has the added attraction of being likely to capture both the excitement and imagination of students. It seems that a greater emphasis is likely in the…… [Read More]
Instructional Practices for High Level Learners
hen it comes to the right curriculum (instructional practices) that teachers and administrators should be developing -- that are effective in helping students achieve a high level of learning -- this paper points to a standards-based system (combined with creative curricula) as the most effective. There are a number of ways in which teachers can implement those practices that lead to a high level of learning in students -- and this paper reviews those strategies.
Explain various instructional practices designed to achieve high-level learning for all students in a standards-based curriculum.
Instructional practices in schools rarely stay static, according to a peer-reviewed article in the journal Computers in the Schools. In fact, many schools over the past few years have been actively engaged with "fundamental restructuring efforts" because teachers appear willing in many instances to try "…a range of instructional practices" that will be…… [Read More]
Advance Practical Nurse Professional Development Plan
Nursing is a very lucrative career. However, it takes a lot of work and determination to be a nurse. The job requires specific skills and education as well as licensing. Find below my personal Advanced Professional Development Plan (APN). I will also discuss such aspects as background, marketing strategies and curricula.
I appreciate that to get the education and practice I need as a nurse I have to follow the APN professional development plan. I have discussed in this paper how I will achieve this. The outline is as follows:
Identify My Learning Needs
I can do this in a variety of ways. First, I will reflect on my practice. I will determine which of my practicing areas I feel uncomfortable or unsure. I will evaluate if any of the areas I feel uncomfortable have something associated with…… [Read More]
Regulatory Influences on Curriculum
Curriculum development and learning drivies learning in the nursing discipline. In this vein, the NLNAC and the National League of Nursing (NLN) do this in the various states. By using case studies, their impact upon curriculum development/revision within the nursing discipline will be analyzed by the author in this short essay. These regulatory agencies will be analyzed and the author will explore which of their subcomponents set policy and standards related to required curriculum content and development.
Unfortunately, the impact is not always positive. Indeed, there have been many bureaucratic barriers that have been erected in the way of effective curriculum development. In this essay's literature review, the importance of graduate education will noted and seconded. However, what disturbs this author is the lack of emphasis upon basic nursing education, especially in the LPN and four-year nursing ranks. This issue will also be addressed.
The mission…… [Read More]
Functional Curriculum Goals
Special needs children: Integration vs. self-contained classrooms
Under the auspices of the 1975 federal law IDEA (Individuals with Disabilities Act), every child with a disability is entitled to receive a public education in the least restrictive environment possible, as determined by the extent and the nature of his or her disability. "IDEA strives not only to grant equal access to students with disabilities, but also to provide additional special education services and procedural safeguards" (IDEA, 2011, Help4ADHD). IDEA supports the value of mainstreaming the education of students with disabilities, but not at the expense of the quality of the child's instruction.
Still, here is a great deal of value in the use of an integrated classroom for student with special needs. While mainstreaming is not warranted in all instances, often an inclusive classroom is superior vs. A self-contained classroom because of its ability to teach social as…… [Read More]
" (p.1) It is reported that a study was conducted in what was a "…small pilot study…at a large research university, the initial facilitation team reviewed several synchronous software products available on the market to determine if each met general. After eliminating from further analysis those that did not meet the criteria, the remaining products were reviewed from an administrative perspective." (p.1) tated as being particularly important were "…compatibility with existing infrastructure for proper support and integration." (chullo, Hilbelink, Venable, and Barron, 2007, p.1) Two systems which were evaluated "for usability and ability to enhance online teaching" were those of Elluminate Live and HorizonLive." (chullo, Hilbelink, Venable, and Barron, 2007, p.1) The study was reported to have been conducted through interviews and focus groups. Primary goals that were expressed by faculty included those of: (1) providing clearer instruction on difficult concepts, (2) allowing students time to practice these concepts while…… [Read More]
The lab will involve testing household products to use as cleaning agents. During the lab students will wear gloves and if necessary masks.
Educational goal: To understand the 12 principles of green chemistry and the scientific method
Student objectives: Students will understand and apply the 12 principles of green chemistry.
Materials: Vinegar, baking soda, bleach, and household cleansers
Time required: Three days of research, brainstorming, and finally a lab day.
National standards met: S1, S2, S6, S7
Green chemistry principles addressed: 1-12
Teacher prep: esearching the dangers of common commercial household cleansers.
In class, students will write out the 12 principles in their own words in simple language. The class will come to a common definition for all 12 principles. Then students on their own will be asked to pick a household cleaning product and research online whether the manufacture upholds these principles.
In class, students will be asked…… [Read More]
Professional Growth Plan
Over the next few years, I would like to work on my personal and professional goals in order to prepare myself for a career in education. It is important for anyone entering the educational industry to fully understand the values and principles involved in teaching others or creating educational programs for others.
Therefore, my overall professional growth plan centers on developing the knowledge and values needed to provide others with limitless academic and physical opportunities. I plan to study and assess these values and principles in preparation for y career.
Whether I enter the educational industry as a teacher, curriculum planner, or one of many other positions in the field, it is important to me that my career focuses on technology, as it is one of my greatest strengths and areas of interest. Over the next year, I plan to concentrate on increasing my technical skills in…… [Read More]
ecruitment strategy and plan
This document is about laying down a strategy of recruiting employees in sincere college. Employees move, quit or transfer thus creating a need to open job application for interested candidates. It helps to determine what the job entails, tasks and skills of the employees. It covers an outline of the recruitment plan, job description, methods of recruitment, interview procedures and hiring. The strategy aims at attracting qualified applicants ready to take the job.
The goal is to attract higher standard candidate with skills promoting the name of the Sincere College. This can be achieved where the faculty of the Davis School of Business should suggest names of people who "know people" in the field who should be called upon to nominate individuals. The other way is posting advertisement in newspapers, journals read by people in this discipline and posting advertisement…… [Read More]
Though the lesson plan cannot project what distribution of critical thinking and reasoning abilities will define the classroom, it will be appropriate to shape the lesson plan with the capacity for flexibility in its presentation.
A note, upon entering into the content breakdown on this subject; the material covered here is of a diverse and nuanced range, with each subject singularly requisite of its own course of investigation. e would therein set a range of learning objectives for each aspect of the subject. However, given the limitation of the course time to just three hours, we have outlined six overarching learning objectives, with each of the above identified domains represented twice.
Cognitive Learning Objectives
Our first learning objective will be to help familiarize learning with H.I.M. application modules, placing a particular emphasis on the most current IT tools at our disposal. Here, learners will use their application skills…… [Read More]
Detail Five-Year Plan for Career, Including Jobs You Want, How Leverage Education and How Prepare Yourself for This Path.
Experience has taught me that despite one's best intentions sometimes the unexpected evolves. Taking this into consideration I gladly outline my five-year goals understanding that unexpected events or circumstances may change my path slightly, but ultimately not interfere with my primary purpose, which is to develop and manage my own company.
In the next five years I plan to acquire the professional skills and experience needed to start my own information-systems business in the global economic market. To facilitate this dream I intend on seeking employment with Wall Street in a position that will endow me with practical knowledge in product development within the international finance market. I plan to acquire a position that will teach me how to market products successfully so I can translate these skills into solid business…… [Read More]
general education SDAIE or Sheltered English lesson plan based on the approach described in the course Writing Effective Lesson Plan textbook in a content area of history based on both the California English Language Art Standards and English Language Development standards. This paper states appropriate goals and objectives, objectives, outcomes, rationale, describe content presentation methods, instructional strategies, learning activities, technology, assessment techniques and teaching materials.
The lesson is for an 8th grade class of world history at the ABC School. There are a total of thirty students in the class and their ages range from 13-14 years. According to the information that has been provided by the cooperating teacher there are four are English learners in the class, three are re-designated English learners while two of the students have IEP's, from among these two one has auditory memory issues and the other has ADHD.
All the…… [Read More]
(Cherrington, 1973) These types of rewards are referred to as contingent rewards. The theory is that employees are willing to put forth extra effort if they know they will be rewarded accordingly.
Cherrington and his colleagues surmised that no inherent link between satisfaction and performance exists. Instead, satisfaction and performance are dependent upon performance-contingent awards. (Cherrington, 1971) Three types of rewards can be found in an organization. They are random, positively contingent, and negatively contingent. andom awards are given regardless of performance. High and low performers are rewarded equally under this system. Next, positively contingent awards are given only to high performers. Low performers are given nothing. Finally, negatively contingent awards are given to low performers while the higher performers receive nothing. (Cherrington, 1971) Cherrington's findings place power on the reward itself. In another study on performance-contingent rewards, Jacobs and Solomon confirmed the finding of Cherrington. The connection between job…… [Read More]
5th Grade Lesson Plan
Diversity / Differentiation for Exceptionalities:
Gifted students will be given the opportunity to write additional paragraphs based on subjects of their own choosing.
Students with limited English proficiency may have difficulty comprehending the text. They can participate in a small group discussion in which the text is read aloud to them, then discussed. The students can have more time to construct their paragraphs and may receive additional help from the classroom teacher, Title I teacher, or classroom paraprofessional, as these individuals are available.
LD, ED, ADD:
Students with learning disabilities, emotional disabilities and Attention Deficit Disorder may become frustrated if they have difficulty comprehending the text and completing the assignment. The students can have extra time to complete their paragraphs. If they are required to complete all three paragraphs, they may need five-minute "brain breaks" after each one so they can return to the…… [Read More]
Pre-Law Curriculum for the Sixth Grade
These courses are drafted to create a strong background and knowledge base for the student to explore a career in the legal field in America to a range of degrees.
The American Federal System
This course will present to the students the powers specific to the federal government, specific to the state government and those specific to both. The goal is to have the student understand where these powers are different and where they overlap as well. Students will be forced to consider how the people are able to maintain their sovereignty within this system and the importance of doing so.
State and Local Government
Presents the constitutional background for the state and local government while putting an emphasis on the overlap of the states and their subdivisions along with the goals of both state and local politics. Students will be encouraged…… [Read More]
Implementation of the Plan
The implementation program will focus on the five crucial aspects that will run concurrently: provision of funds, educational programs, development of Voluntary Counseling and Testing centers, availability of ARV drugs, and awareness campaigns (Kartikeyan p. 388). In the achievement of the goals and objectives of the implementation plan, it is ideal to have the financial resources. This implementation plan seeks to increase the size of the healthcare budget by the government towards the course of HIV and AIDS elimination. These financial resources will be crucial towards the execution of other components of the implementation plan such educational programs and campaigns, training of the personnel to offer VCT services, and other relevant services. It is, therefore, ideal to increase the size of the healthcare budget by setting aside about $1.5 billion towards this course. NGOs and IGOs will also chip in towards the contribution of the financial…… [Read More]
Gustav Klimt Lesson Plan
"Describe the central focus and purpose for the content you will teach in the learning segment".
Students will learn the art of Gustav Klimt, which will assist in creating the work of art that will resemble Klimt's style. Moreover, students will be introduced to the Gustav Klimt's artwork focusing on his love for cats. (Weidinger, 2007).Students will also learn their artistic style and utilize their patterns and shapes to fill up their works. Moreover, students will continue to build and develop the basic skill sets utilizing art tools such as paint, glue, scissors, and oil pastels. Students will also learn how to utilize the line variation, stylized form, symbol, color, and media variety with the ability to create their "Tree of Life". Moreover, the lesson plan will assist students to learn about cool and warm colors incorporating them into the artistic styles of Gustav…… [Read More]
The staff member might coordinate with other staff members to develop group training approaches as well as independent learning approaches.
This is the heart of the development program where training activities are conducted in a designated time frame. Generally all staff involved in this development plan will be required to establish and attain a designated set of objectives within a one year time frame. At the end of this period of time staff will be encouraged to develop new continuing education goals and pursue them relative to their job function. Cross training may also be utilized as a form of professional growth and development for members of the support staff.
The methods used to facilitate learning and development will vary depending on the objectives and goals for training that have been established by the supervisor and staff during the evaluation and planning sessions. Among the considerations will include…… [Read More]
To become successful, consequences are to be applied consistently and they never are to be physically or psychologically injurious to the student. (Wiggins, Classroom Management Plan)
Features about the techniques that I like These techniques enable to mend the behavior of the students who do not respond to conventional discipline. It promotes student involvement because it makes learning attractive and fun and particularly because of the focus being provided to the expectations and needs of the students and also because of the dignity and respect provided to the students. (Wiggins, Classroom Management Plan)
Features of the techniques about which you have reservations
While the students are not accepting the consequences for breaking the rule of the class it is sometimes imperative to infuse the Insubordination ule i.e. The student will not be allowed to remain the class until the consequence is being accepted, which is a part of the technique…… [Read More]
Team Plan Strategy for Program Implementation
Success University (SU) a medium sized undergraduate institution located Southern California. SU offers Associates Bachelors programs Business, Psychology Education San Moreno campus online. SU decided launch programs Fall.
Strategies for as unified team
The members of the task force team will be selected internally to maintain the university culture and ensure that the team does not need training on the values, mission and vision of the university.
Strategies for as unified team
Including an already existing employee base will also boost their morale and ensure commitment to projects needs. The need for recruiting internally is because the ability of the faculty members is known and one can easily target them for an ideal position. The proposed members of staff to form the task force will also go through a vetting process from their colleagues. This will further go to advice the leader on the…… [Read More]
Many cultural, familial, and social pressures create a child's food culture. The largest study, of 1,704 students over three years in the 1990's of schools that had reformed their cafeterias showed no change in the body-mass index in the students, although the schools had spent $20 million changing their menus and adding exercise programs and nutritional education. A second study, of more than 5,000 students undertaken at about the same time, came to the same conclusions. Schools can teach better habits and the consequences of bad habits, but there is no guarantee of success and a better way to gauge success is on a student-by-student basis (Belkin 2006:2).
Step 3: ork against commercialism of food
Having organized field trips to gardens, dairies, restaurants can help students connect with food in a more positive manner that counteracts the cultural message of advertising and cartoons. Martin Luther King Jr. Elementary School in…… [Read More]
Third Grade Science Instruction Plan
The Florida state standards for science education and knowledge achievements in the third grade essentially consist of background knowledge in all of the major branches of scientist inquiry and knowledge -- earth science, physical sciences, and life sciences (FDE 2010). This includes fundamental knowledge regarding the nature of matter and an introduction of types of matter, an understanding of energy and a knowledge of different objects that emit energy in the forms of heat and light and the basics of the energy life cycle amongst organisms on earth (FDE 2010). There are also numerous specific learning objectives identified in each of these and other areas of scientific knowledge that are defined by the state as necessary; the following lesson description touches on several of these areas (FDE 2010).
Earth in Space and Time
One popular way of introducing earth as it exists in space is…… [Read More]