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His Holiness the Dalai Lama has three main commitments, which guide his actions in the world. The first commitment is to exemplifying and encouraging humanistic, secular ethics—simply being a good human being. The second commitment is to interfaith dialogue and religious harmony. The third commitment is to the preservation and celebration of Tibetan culture. A considerable portion of the Dalai Lama’s work in the world is related to the second commitment. The Dalai Lama has forged alliances with other high profile religious leaders like the Archbishop Desmond Tutu, and regularly participates in interfaith forums, conferences, and events around the world.
Before His Holiness was a household word, he had already been demonstrating his commitment to interfaith dialogue. As early as 1968, the Dalai Lama met with prominent Christian philosopher and Trappist monk Thomas Merton. The Dalai Lama and Merton share in common their personal commitments to their own faiths and…
“The Dalai Lama and Thomas Merton.” The Thomas Merton Center at Bellarmine University. Retrieved online: http://merton.org/DalaiLama/
His Holiness the Dalai Lama. Beyond Religion. New York: Houghton Mifflin, 2011.
His Holiness the Dalai Lama. The Good Heart. Boston: Wisdom, 1998.
His Holiness the Dalai Lama and Archbishop Desmond Tutu. The Book of Joy. New York: Avery, 2016.
Martin, James. “What the Dalai Lama Learned From Thomas Merton.” America Magazine. May 25, 2010. Retrieved online: https://www.americamagazine.org/content/all-things/what-dalai-lama-learned-thomas-merton
“Three Main Commitments,” (2017). Retrieved online: https://www.dalailama.com/the-dalai-lama/biography-and-daily-life/three-main-commitments
Ethic Compassion Dalai Lama
The ethics comparison: Dalai Lama
Buddhism is a religion which is adopted by millions of people all over the world, may be because it is practical, technical and liberating. Dalai Lama is a Buddhist leader, widely known as the Ethic of Compassion, has made a discussion on 'nying je chenmo', compassion. According to Dalai Lama, a true compassion is regardless of any condition or effortlessness, which involves one being there for the other with the complete intention of stopping him from undergoing the suffering under which the sufferer has fallen (Lama, 2006).
When a person reaches to the position of 'nying', he seems to be at the highest level of compassion, under which he cannot even bare the slightest degree of suffering imposed upon others and immediately takes action to stop it. Now a day's all of us are busy in our daily routines, doing jobs…
Lama. DH H. (2000). The Reality of Altruism: Toward a Secular Ethic of Compassion. As cited in Boaz, D.P. (2000). A New Secular Ethic of Compassion: The Foundation of Morals. Available at: http://davidpaulboaz.org/Excerps_of_Mind/ANewSecularEthicofCompassion.pdf
Lama. DH H. (2006). The Ethics of Compassion. Ethics and Morality.
freedom exile, review Dalai Lama's reputation role west?
Freedom in Exile
The Dali Lama has become a symbol of the oppression of the Tibetan people at the hands of the Chinese, and of oppression of all marginalized people everywhere. He has shown strength and courage as an ambassador in exile from his homeland. Yet he also inspires others because he is a symbol of someone who leads a life founded upon peace and love. Although he has suffered at the hands of the Chinese, he does not advocate a policy of ill will and vengeance, and rather prays for the peace of the entire human race. This is the essence of the theme of his autobiography, entitled Freedom in Exile. Although has lived in exile since 1959, he is still free -- free because of the good graces of the estern democracies that support his cause, but also because he…
Dali Lama. Freedom in Exile. New York: HarperPerennial.
His Holiness, the Dalai Lama resides outside of Tibet in exile, after the Chinese led invasion in 1959. The invasion, in the words of the Dalai Lama, "was totally unjustifiable: the Chinese army had forcibly entered Tibetan territory while peaceful negotiations were actually going on" (My Land, pg75). The Dalai Lama is the spiritual leader in uddhism and though he resides outside of Tibet, he is still a beloved leader to the Tibetans. He is said to be the reincarnation of the Dalai Lamas who came before him, whom in turn, are the reincarnation of the odhisattva of Compassion (Freedom, pg11). Tibetan uddhist monks are referred to as Lamas.
The Tibetan branch of uddhism is referred to as being much smaller than the two major branches of uddhism which are called Theravada and Mahayana. The Tibetan branch is called Vararayana. This is also a branch of Mahayana, and means…
Gyatso, Tenzin, Dalai Lama My Land and My People
Warner Books, December 1997.
Gyatso, Tenzin, Dalai Lama The Path to Freedom: Freedom in Exile & Ancient Wisdom, Modern World
Abacus Books, London, 2002.
In Ethics for a New Millennium, His Holiness the Dalai Lama discusses ethics from a universal perspective that transcends both religion and the jargon of scholastic philosophy. The study guide that accompanies Ethics for a New Millennium states, "with the growing secularization and globalization of society, we must find a way that transcends religion to establish consensus as to what constitutes positive and negative conduct, what is right and wrong and what is appropriate and inappropriate," (Los Altos Study Group 2). The Dalai Lama opens Ethics for a New Millennium with a general discourse about the nature of ethics, and the goal of ethics. For the Dalai Lama, the goal of ethics is relatively simple: to maximize happiness for all people. However, the Dalai Lama is not a utilitarian The Dalai Lama combines the traditionally utilitarian view that ethics serve the greatest good for the greatest number, with…
His Holiness the Dalai Lama. Ethics for the New Millennium. New York: Hudson, 1999.
Los Altos Study Group. "Study Guide for Ethics for the New Millennium. Retrieved online: http://www.dalailamafoundation.org/dlf/en/documents/enm-study-guide-2007-09-07.pdf
Crouching Tiger Hidden Dragon
The film, documentaries and the last docudrama are exceptional production pieces by notable directors and producers. Crouching tiger-hidden dragon defies the usual mantra of strength only attributed to men. Jen effectively acts as person having higher morals. The martial arts performance was exceptional, an unusual feature in Hollywood. Islam, the empire of faith is another documentary made on the rise of Islamic empire and the life of Prophet Mohammad having a great impact on establishment of religion. 'Gandhi' also remains an unquestioned production classic that eloquently portrays Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, the unquestioned leader of India. The film sheds light on Hinduism as a religion and its faith and dogmas. Lastly, Kundan is a docudrama based on life of Dalai Lama. 'Kundan' might not have justified the stature of Buddhism in history of mankind but the piece of production remains an earnest effort on part of Martin…
Bowker, J. & Bowker, D. (1997). World religions. Dorling Kindersley.
Chan, K. (2004). The Global Return of the Wu Xia Pian (Chinese Sword-Fighting Movie): Ang Lee's Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon. Cinema Journal, 43(4), 3-17.
Conze, E. (2004). Buddhism: Its essence and development. Windhorse Publications.
Driver, M.W. & Ray, S. (2004). The medieval hero on screen: representations from Beowulf to Buffy (Vol. 56). McFarland & Company Incorporated Pub.
3. There is the cessation of suffering (duhkha-nirodha); and 4. There is a path leading to the cessation of suffering (duhkha-nirodha-marga)." (illis)
In Buddha's opinion, suffering (duhka) can be represented through any kind of pain and regardless of its form. The best representation of suffering can be presumably felt when a change from a state of happiness to a state of unhappiness occurs.
The cause of suffering (duhka-samudaya) states that most of the suffering that humans feel is because of their desires. Most humans are inclined to wish for something that they believe would grant them happiness. However, in most cases, the goal set by some might not have the desired effect on them once it has been achieved. In order for people to leave suffering behind, they would need to understand that the human nature does not necessarily depend on granted wishes.
The cessation of suffering (duhka-nirodha) refers directly…
2. Keown, Damien V., Prebish, Charles S., Husted, Wayne R.. 1998. HUMAN RIGHTS and UNIVERSAL RESPONSIBILITY. Curzon Press.
2. Sundaram, P.K. Om Sakthi Spiritual Movement. Available from: http://www.omsakthi.org/essays/buddhism_peace.html
3. Tenzin Gyatso, H.H. The XIVth Dalai Lama. His Hollines, the 14th Dalai Lama. Available from: http://www.dalailama.com/page.233.htm
4. Traer, Robert. Religion and Human Rights. Available from: http://religionhumanrights.com/Religion/Buddhist/buddhist.fhr.htm
movie proposals. These would be the mission for the firm and its basic proposals, the company's "must" objectives, the company's "want" objectives and the estimated ROI for each of the for movies. This report will evaluate each of the movies as perceived by the four criteria previously mentioned and will subsequently make an overall evaluation and reason the best choice for the company.
The first movie, "My Life with Dalai Lama," perfectly complies with the main ideas of the company's mission. First of all, from a creative point-of-view, the idea to present the life of a personality through the eyes of a snake and through the eyes of other animals befriending him is new, interesting and creatively a positive aspect. Further more, to some degree it is also championing environmental concerns by presenting the role of animals in the life of a personality of 20th century history, bringing the animal…
' (Davidson; Lutz, 175) The target of such function is to better comprehend the manner varied circuits are combined during the meditation to generate the mental and behavioral variations which are indicated to prevail due to such experiences, incorporating the promotion of enhanced welfare. (Davidson; Lutz, 175)
Arnone, D; Schifano, F. Psychedelics in psychiatry. The British Journal of Psychiatry,
2006, vol. 188, no.3, pp: 88-89.
Aydin, K; Ucar, A; Oguz, K.K; Okur, O.O; Agayev, A; Unal, Z; Yilmaz, S; Ozturk, C.
Increased Gray Matter Density in the Parietal Cortex of Mathematicians: A Voxel-Based Morphometry Study. American Journal of Neuroradiology, November-December 2007, vol. 28, pp: 1859-1864.
Ball, Jeanne. Keeping your prefrontal cortex online: Neuroplasticity, stress and meditation. The Huffington Post, 11 August, 2000. p. 4.
Davidson, ichard J; Lutz, Antoine. Buddha's Brain: Neuroplasticity and Meditation.
IEEE Signal Processing Magazine, September, 2007, pp: 172-176.
Formica, Michael J. Mindfulness practice in everyday…
Arnone, D; Schifano, F. Psychedelics in psychiatry. The British Journal of Psychiatry,
2006, vol. 188, no.3, pp: 88-89.
Aydin, K; Ucar, A; Oguz, K.K; Okur, O.O; Agayev, A; Unal, Z; Yilmaz, S; Ozturk, C.
Increased Gray Matter Density in the Parietal Cortex of Mathematicians: A Voxel-Based Morphometry Study. American Journal of Neuroradiology, November-December 2007, vol. 28, pp: 1859-1864.
Mentors helped mold Eboo Patel by giving shape to Patel's dreams and shedding light on the paths that the author might take to reach his goals. Working with mentors also gave Patel insight into diversity, and revealed worldviews previously hidden from everyday sight. Patel honors his mentors for their varied contributions to his intellectual and spiritual development. In Acts of Faith, Patel spends a great deal of time discussing his mentors because he also wants to show his readers that their success depends on the cultivation of deep and meaningful relationships with other people. Mentors are guides, teachers, and confidents. They can serve in the role of coach, by inspiring and cheerleading. Mentors can also offer constructive criticism when those in their tutelage need it the most.
Although Patel honors a plethora of people that inspired and motivated him to create the Interfaith Youth Core, he focuses on a…
Patel, Eboo. Acts of Faith. Boston: Beacon, 2007.
In fact, both Weiner and Cutler have described the same thing, in a sense, yet through very different lenses. For some, money becomes less and less important if there is enough, but for others who truly know happiness, this is something that truly has no bearing on how one leads his or her life.
How ociety and Media Impact One's Happiness
This last section will describe how media impact happiness. For even if a person is truly happy, there are always outside forces that can disturb this sense of well-being. The media in this country in particular makes happiness seem as though it is solely constructed through money and power. In fact, it is duet to this wrong concept of what happiness means that most people believe that happiness is objective, for all agree on this very definition.
However, as can be seen from the paragraphs above, money is only…
In order of citation:
Aristotle. "Nicomachean Ethics-Book X." The Internet Classics Archive (350 BCE). Print.
Aristotle. "Nicomachean Ethics-Book II." The Internet Classics Archive (350 BCE). Print.
Aristotle. "Nicomachean Ethics -- the End." The Internet Classics Archive (350 BCE). Print.
The book's second section generally has more to do with a comparison of Buddhism to other modes and methods of thinking and understanding the world. This begins with the author's relation of Buddhism to his experiences of Catholicism, but continues in many other forms. In the eighth chapter of the book, the seemingly basic concepts of work, money, and earning are delved into with some surprising conclusions. A practicing and entrepreneurial Buddhist recounts a disagreement she once had with her father, equating earning money in a non-rewarding job with selling out before realizing the full realities of the need for money in the modern age in a way that is decidedly un-Buddhist (pp. 94). The author definitely broadens and deepens his understanding of Buddhism by examining it from a variety of such unusual and unexpected perspectives, and this definitely aids in the readers' own appreciation of the complexities of…
Tibetan uddhism's doctrine that human consciousness has a primordial oneness with the universe and is eternal is perhaps best understood through a comparison with Western thought on the subject. The study of human consciousness by Western civilization has been dominated by scientific materialism. As a result, although major breakthroughs have occurred in understanding mind and body phenomena, the tendency has been to reduce the mind to no more than biological processes in the brain.
This conceptual framework of human consciousness is supported by the theory of evolution, which maintains that human emotions and behavioral traits are necessary for survival in the outer physical universe.
Viewed from this context, the assumption that human consciousness ceases at the moment of death seems fairly logical. Tibetan uddhism, however, has a very different view of the origins, nature, and role of consciousness in the natural world.
In stark contrast to Western beliefs, Tibetan uddhism…
Becker, C.B. Breaking the Circle: Death and the Afterlife in Buddhism. Carbondale, IL:
Southern Illinois University Press, 1993.
Collingwood, R.G. The Idea of Nature. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1945.
Gyatso, T. "The Key to the Middle Way: A Treatise on the Realization of Emptiness." In The
Myth of Marriage and Children
Joseph Campbell's The Power of Myth is a book that can potentially transform the reader's consciousness. Beyond being informative, Campbell's analysis of cultural myths is profound; it provokes genuine introspection. The author refers to the spiritual in whatever he speaks about, and yet he never lapses into religious diatribe or dogma. Subjects like marriage are elevated beyond the social to the psycho-spiritual. For example, he calls marriage "primarily a spiritual exercise, and the society is supposed to help us have the realization. Man should not be in service to society, society should be in the service of man," (8).
In light of modern society, Campbell's words hold new meaning. In America, we have few true rituals because we have turned our attention outward instead of inward. The wisdom of life is being denigrated through a preoccupation with technology and material goods. There is little…
Today, the Dalai Lama works tirelessly to bring attention to the Tibetan cause, to illuminate human rights abuses by China and to move forward in creating an autonomous, if not independent Tibet. The quest for Tibetan independence and, subsequently, the quest for Tibetan autonomy, have both been informed by this distinct orientation of the Buddhism. The Tibetan mode of Buddhism has historically been a channel for political resistance and the vocalization of protest against injustice. As the text by Fisher indicates, Buddhists have "often been non-violent social activists, protesting and trying to correct injustice, oppression, famine, cruelty to animals, nuclear testing warfare, and environmental devastation. E.F. Schumacher preached what he called 'Buddhist economics,' to restore willingness to live simply, generously, and humanely with each other." (p. 161)
These are the very principles which underlie the global endeavors of the 14th Dalai Lama and which have garnered support from international human…
Fisher, M.P. (2011). Living Religions, Eighth Edition. Upper Saddle River: Pearson
Tibetan culture and language had always been distinct, yet had always been linked to China -- while the Dali Lama was seen as a worthy one for whom gifts and alms were necessary and the Manchu Emperor was also seen as a revered figure worthy of respect and lay patron, but not a spiritual teacher (Goldstein & Rimpoche 44).
But although it shares some cultural ties and history with China, Tibet today also maintains a distinct cultural, unique identity. Monasticism and the Tibetan Theravada Buddhist tradition in general are integral to Tibetan culture in a way that is anathema to modern, communist China. "During the Cultural Revolution, the Chinese government was responsible for the destruction of more than 6,000 monasteries in Tibet. The contents of these monasteries - religious images and statues - were destroyed or looted, and millions of ancient and priceless manuscripts burnt" (Thurman 9). This hostility continues…
Goldstein, Melvyn C. & Gelek Rimpoche. A History of Modern Tibet, 1913-1951: The Demise of the Lamaist State. Berkley: University of California Press, 1991
Thurman, Robert. No Faith in the State. Free Tibet. December 14, 2008. http://www.freetibet.org/files/NoFaithFINAL.pdf
Waley-Cohen, Joanna. The Sextants of Beijing. New York: W.W. Norton, 2000.
(Ibid.) As a result, life expectancy in pre-1950 Tibet was thirty-six years; 95% of Tibetans were illiterate and a similar percentage of the population was hereditary serfs and slaves owned by monasteries and nobles. (Hessler, 1999)
In such a back drop, Mao's Communism, which promised the emancipation and rule of the poorest peasants, ought to have been embraced with open arms by the Tibetan peasants. The fact that it took almost a decade, after the initial foray of the Communists into Tibet in 1951, to do so was mainly due to two reasons. The first was the recognition of the special status of Tibet by the Chinese Communist leadership and its slow introduction of social and economic reforms in the region leaving the ruling elite intact; the second was the deep rooted deference for religion among the Tibetans combined with a complete absence of the tradition of class revolt in…
Hessler, P. (1999). "Tibet through Chinese Eyes." The Atlantic Monthly. Volume: 283. Issue: 2.
Lixiong, W. (2002). "Reflections on Tibet." New Left Review. March-April 2002. Retrieved on November 19, 2006 at http://newleftreview.org/A2380
Particularly the Tibetans in exile
The Dali Lama has pursued the "middle way approach" since the 1970s after renouncing independence but seeking "genuine autonomy."
Tibet has received much attention from the est. It is described as having a rich cultural heritage. It is viewed as being a victim of Communist aggression. It is hailed as a tourist destination. Each of these has some truth to it. But what is not always ascertained is the geopolitical importance of Tibet in Eurasian economics. Known as the "rooftop of the world," it contains in its plateaus a treasure trove of water, minerals, and energy (Samphel). For this reason and others, it has been the source of conflict and contention over throughout its long and storied history. This paper will discuss the history of the international conflict associated with Tibet and show how and why it has been depicted in various lights.
The documentary feature Tibet Situation: Critical by Jason Lansdell is a film that showcases the brutal oppression of Tibetans by the Chinese government. Its…
"Bold New Proposals." The Economist. 22 June 2013. Web.
Chang, Jung; Halliday, Jon. Mao: The Unknown Story. UK: Vintage, 2006. Print.
Chellaney, Brahma. Water: Asia's New Battleground. NY: HarperCollins, 2011. Print.
Both Taoism and Buddhism encourage meditation as a means by which to liberate the mind and achieve emptiness. One of the Buddhist practices that encourages emptiness is mindfulness meditation, or vipassana. However, there are numerous specific methods that be used during the meditation practice. Some are more Tibetan in origin as those espoused by Chogyam Trungpa Rinpoche and the Vajrayana tradition. Other meditation practices are like those I learned at the Hsi Lai Temple, which combine Ch'an (Chinese Zen) Buddhism with Buddhist humanism. Taoism, unlike Buddhism, also offers ancillary spiritual practices such as Tai Chi and Chi Gung. The teachings of Buddhism and Taoism go neatly hand in hand.
Therefore, I am continually growing from becoming more open to spiritual teachings. The spiritual journey is like a flower blossoming. I do not believe that religious dogma or ideology are necessary, and in some cases they can be harmful. As Chogyam…
Chogyam Trungpa Rinpoche. Cutting Through Spiritual Materialism. Shambala, 1987.
"Emptiness." Retrieved online: http://thebigview.com/buddhism/emptiness.html
"Humanism." Hsi Lai Temple. Retrieved online: http://www.hsilai.org/en/intro_subpages/intro_hsi_lai_human_Buddhism.html
Compare and contrast Siddhartha Gautama's (uddha's) "going forth" into the monastic life with that of Maechi Wabi, based on the reading of "Journey of One uddhist Nun."
In his account of the story of uddha, Jonathan Landaw writes "As Siddhartha stood alone in the forest, ready to begin his great adventure, he thought, "From today onwards I am no longer a prince. Therefore, it is not right that I continue to look and dress like one." (Story, p 14). So began Siddhartha's journey of knowledge and enlightenment which would lead him to learning "the way to end all suffering" and becoming a uddha.
Like, Siddhartha, the uddhist nun, Maechi Wabi, also began her journey into uddhism from a background that otherwise would not shun, and not expect her to change her way of life so drastically. As a woman, Wabi's decision to become a nun was not initially acceptable…
Brown, S. The Journey of One Buddhist Nun: Even
Against the Wind
State University of New York Press, 2001
Gyatso, T. Dalai Lama My Land and My People
India / Theoretical / Foreign Policy Shyness (Pant, 2009, p. 251). Pant's latest scholarship on India's foreign policies (2009, p. 253) is far more forceful and impactful than the narrative in his 2008 book. He chides India for not letting go of its Cold ar foreign policy strategy. "The Cold ar officially ended almost two decades ago,"
Pant writes (p. 253), and yet India continues to debate "the relevance of the Non-Aligned Movement (NAM)." That attitude among India's elite foreign policy experts "…is merely the clearest sign of the intellectual sloth that has infected the foreign policy discourse," Pant states. "Intellectual sloth?" Nowhere in Pant's 2008 book are there phrases so vigorous and persuasive. He stresses that it is "irresponsible and dangerous" for India to "cling to ideas that served a different strategic context" (p. 253).
Theoretical Approach / India Foreign Policy (Robert Gilpin / John J. Mearsheimer):
Works Cited / Bibliography
Gilpin, Robert, 1983, War and Change in World Politics, Cambridge University Press: New York.
Mearsheimer, John J. 2003, the Tragedy of Great Power Politics, W.W. Norton & Company: New York.
Pant, Harsh V., 2008, Contemporary Debates in Indian Foreign and Security Policy: India Negotiates Its Rise in the International System. Palgrave / Macmillan: New York.
Pant, Harsh V. 2009, 'A Rising India's Search for a Foreign Policy', Orbis, vol. 53, no. 2, pp. 250-265.
Western civilization has been developing according to a set of coordinates that are entirely separated from the ones of its Eastern counterpart. The focus of this paper is to propose subjective psychologically-minded interpretations to a series of Asian stories and poems extracted from the traditions of Hinduism, Buddhism and Taoism.
The storyline of Searching for Buddha begins with the account of a monk's lengthy and arduous journey towards finding Buddha. When he finally locates Buddha's whereabouts, he finds that he needs to cross a river in order to reach the region of destination. Therefore, he solicits the help of a boatman. On waiting to get across, the monk notices something floating on the river, right towards the boat. As it gets closer, the floating object is revealed to be the monk's very own dead body, and the shock of the realization sends the traveler into a fit of distress. The…
Human ights in the Arab World
As stated by the "Universal Declaration of Human ights" in the United Nations, Human rights has almost become one of the most important factors that decided the development of a country. To be able to promote economic growth and prosperity it is essential that a country controls its power of creativity and enterprise of its citizens, which would aid it to move into the global market in terms of trade, communication and investment systems.
It has been noticed that the most talented members of the society are usually not granted their human rights and hence the political, social, and cultural developments of the society are being not in order due to human rights being violated. This gets us to realize that we need to follow human rights development not only to protect a single individual but the entire society on the whole.2 Wrong use…
Arzt, Donna E. "Religious Human Rights in Muslim States of the Middle East and North Africa" Retrieved from http://www.law.emory.edu/EILR/volumes/spring96/arzt.html Accessed on 03/04/3004
Bard, Mitchell G. "Myths & Facts Online: Human Rights in Arab Countries." Jewish Virtual Library. Retrieved from http://www.us-israel.org/jsource/myths/mf16.html Accessed on 03/04/3004
Gordon, Dick. "Human Rights in the Middle East." Retrieved from http://www.theconnection.org/shows/2002/04/20020424_a_main.asp Accessed on 03/04/3004
'Human Rights and Modern Arab States." Thinking Clearly. Retrieved from http://www.habtoor.com/thinkingclearly/html/issue42.htm Issue 42 / September 2001 Accessed on 03/04/3004
Ethics abortion. ethics? hat abortion? related affect . A breif history abortion. Does abortion fall metaethics, normative ethics, applied ethics? I include Christian, Jewish, Islamic views abortion.
There has always been much controversy regarding the issue of abortion, as while many believe that it would be perfectly normal for people to have access to the practice, other consider that it is wrong and that society would practically accept the killing of innocent human beings by supporting the concept. Morality is one of the principal ideas that comes up when discussing with regard to abortion. Numerous individuals believe that there is no situation when abortion can be considered to be right. Some believe that abortion is justified when it is performed with the purpose to protect the mother's life and others consider that the pro-abortion argument is very complex and that there are a series of situations when abortions needs…
Alcorn, Randy, "Why Pro-Life?: Caring for the Unborn and Their Mothers," (Hendrickson Publishers, 31.01.2012)
Bailey, Jacqui, "Abortion," (The Rosen Publishing Group, 15.12.2011)
Dreifus, Claudia, "The Dalai Lama," Retrieved April 19, 2013, from the NY Time Website: http://www.nytimes.com/1993/11/28/magazine/the-dalai-lama.html?pagewanted=all&src=pm
Holtz, Carol, "Global Health Care: Issues and Policies," (Jones & Bartlett Publishers, 07.07.2008)
Instead, the practice bhakti-style devotion to various Buddhas and other supramundane figures (Protehero, 2010, p. 177). These are not manifestations of one God, as might be understood by practitioners of most Western religions, but more similar to spirit guides.
Another aspect of Buddhism that might be surprising is the understanding of "karma." The word is commonly used in our current lexicon and refers to the good or bad that comes one's way based on one's own good or bad deeds. It is thought of as a reward or, conversely, payback. It helps people make sense of the world if they can conceive of such cosmic justice. However, karma is more complicated and really has to do with cause and effect. The idea is that everything one does has consequences, which must be dealt with constructively before one can move on (Martin, 2011). It is about learning and personal growth rather…
Bailey, S.P. (2010). American zenophilia. Humanities 31(2).
Martin, S. (2011). 10 things you didn't know about Buddhism. The Boomington Post. Retrieved from http://www.sharpseniors.com/blog/10-things-you-didnt-know-about-buddhism/
Prothero, S. (2010). God is not one: Eight rival religions that run the world -- and why their differences matter. New York: HarperOne.
Wilson, J. (2011). The popularity of selected elements of Buddhism in North America. Dharma World. Retrieved from http://www.rk- world.org/dharmaworld/dw_2011julysept selectedelements.aspx
Tibet is currently undergoing significant change. The goal of the Tibetan Independence Movement is not only to gain independence for Tibet, but to bring about political separation between it and the People's Republic of China. Many people support it, including celebrities and people of other significance in a number of countries throughout the world. The United States and Europe are both home to Tibetan Buddhists who are part of the independence movement. The 14th alai Lama, however, does not support it, and has changed his prior stance on the issue. He does indicate that autonomy for the Tibetan people within China would be acceptable, but no longer lobbies for Tibet to be completely separate. The independence of Tibet and its people is a serious issue, about which further study should be done.
Reasons for independence include the idea that Tibet had been independent in the past,…
During World War I, the Chinese faction controlled just a part of Tibet. The 13th Dalia Lama and his government controlled the other part of the area. Then, 1950 and 1951 saw great upheaval throughout Tibet. There was a liberation agreement signed, which appeared as though it would allow for peaceful liberation. However, the Chinese claimed that most of the Tibetans at that time were serfs, and were bound to the land. Rebellion broke out, and spread throughout Tibet. It was eventually crushed before 1960, and the 14th Dalai Lama and government principals fled the area. They went to India and lived in exile. There have been other uprisings since that time, but none of them have been successful in making Tibet free and unrestricted. It remains controlled by China.
There are a number of positions on Tibet, based on the country or region. Most of those positions have not changed throughout history, and are the same now as they were before 1950 and the rebellion that took place at that time. Countries that have supported independence with Tibet have continued to do so, and other countries have addressed Tibet as being a part of China. Until and unless Tibet is officially freed, it is likely that most countries will not recognize Tibet as having independence. That will keep China in control, which continues to be detrimental to the human rights of the Tibetan people. The confusion generally arises not with whether Tibet is under Chinese control, but with the idea that Tibet is not actively fighting for its freedom or independence.
Instead, groups and individuals in other countries and regions around the world are speaking out for Tibet, and asking that the people there be freed. Whether this is because the Tibetan people fear retaliation or because they are not able to fight back must be addressed. London, Indiana, India, and the Netherlands are all areas housing aid organizations working on behalf of Tibet. Some of these organizations want to see Tibet completely free, and others want to see Tibet have autonomy within China. Both would be beneficial to Tibet, but determining which one would ultimately be better for the Tibetan people in the long run requires analysis and discussion.
Similar to how Keanu Reaves's character in Little Buddha is determined to achieve his goal, so are all Buddhists devoted to achieving enlightenment through intense meditation. Buddhists are constantly reminding themselves that life is but a small element in a much longer process, and, that life passes uncontrollably.
Both in Little Buddha and in heel of Time, the audiences are presented with the world of Buddhism shown from an outsider's point-of-view. To them, Buddhist monks appear to be mysterious and intriguing in the same time. Furthermore, most people are likely to feel an attraction to Buddhism consequent to viewing both movies. hile the general public considers Buddhist monks to be exceptional people, with an incredible dedication for their religion, Buddhists think of themselves as being nothing more than simple people, with goals that are different than the normal ones in society.
hile both movies succeed in promoting Buddhism, they also…
1. Little Buddha. Dir. Bernardo Bertolucci. Miramax Films, 1994.
2. Wheels of Time. Dir. Werner Herzog. 2003.
lide Ten outlines a plan to solve the issue. This includes increased autonomy for TAR, increased religious freedom, cessation of the flooding settlers into the region, and official Tibetan recognition of China's present control of the area. This corresponds with proposals of the Dalai Lama, American ordained monk Robert Thurman and other Western analysts. The solution allows the Chinese government a way out of the messy situation they have created that saves face and retains their capacity to exploit Tibet's mineral resources, while at the same time eliminating the systemic human rights abuses.
The sources used for the presentation provided me with extensive information on the current situation and outlined the historical context of the events. The tate Dept page in particular outline the abuses not only in Tibet but other Chinese abuses as well. The two sources that discuss solutions are directly mentioned in the description of that slide.…
Singh, Pallavi. (2008) Thurman's Solution to Tibet Crisis. Express India. Retrieved June 24, 2008 at http://www.expressindia.com/latest-news/Thurmans-solution-to-Tibet-crisis-a-middle-path-between-complete-surrender-and-extreme-violence/296415/
Lam, Sen & Powers, John. (2008) Finding a Solution to the Tibetan Crisis. ABC News. Retrieved June 24, 2008 at http://www.radioaustralia.net.au/programguide/stories/200803/s2195357.htm
America's engagement with China, with historic ice-breaking between the two countries carried out by Henry Kissinger, has been complicated. I would suggest that it were the U.S. domestic preoccupations and compulsions that did not allow me to take any bold stance on the issue of Dalai Lama. I disagree with notion that U.S. betrayed the cause of human rights while not choosing to visit Dalai Lama.
It must not be forgotten that unlike ussia, China's geography allows her to exert much more influence than the former. In the words of Kaplan (2010), China is both a land and a sea power. Thus, my foreign policy towards China has been reflective of this potential next power of the world. The U.S. has benefited from the Chinese market significantly in the wake of financial crisis. The author failed to acknowledge the huge compulsions that China faces in meeting its energy and other…
Barber, BR 1992 "Jihad vs. McWorld," the Atlantic Monthly 269, no. 3 (March 1992): 53 -- 65.
Cohen, MA, 2011, 'Think Again: The Two State Solution', Foreign Policy, Viewed on 18 June 2013, [ http://www.foreignpolicy.com/articles/2011/09/14/think_again_the_two_state_solution ]
Gettleman, J 2010, 'Africa's Forever Wars,' Foreign Policy, 22 Feb 2010.
Gilboy, GJ and Read, BL 2008, 'Political and Social Reform in China,' Washington Quarterly, summer 2008, pg 143-164.
Tibet is a 1997 film that recounts Austrian mountaineer Heinrich Harrer's experiences at the onset of orld ar II and through to the Chinese occupation of Tibet. In the film, religion and politics are intrinsically intertwined, which are two causes for discontent among Tibetans and their Chinese neighbors. In Seven Years in Tibet, religion plays a major political role and also serves to enlighten Harrer about the things that truly matter in life. In The isdom of Faith, Hustom Smith contends, "Among the most important things to know about a people in order to communicate effectively with them and to develop mutual respect and appreciation are certainly their religious beliefs and practices." Through his relationship with the Dalai Lama, Harrer is able to find the guidance he desperately lacked in his and come to terms with the person he is and the relationship he has with other people.
Seven Years in Tibet. Directed by Jean-Jacques Annaud. United States: TriStar Pictures, 1997.
"Seven Years in Tibet." Cinema in Focus. Web. 11 March 2013.
American Association of People with Disabilities (AAPD)
American Association of People with Disabilities
The American Association of People with Disabilities (AAPD)
Purpose and structure
The American Association of People with Disabilities (AAPD) is the largest cross-disability membership organization in the nation. The agency serves multiple purposes, the most fundamental of which is advocacy. Established in 1995, the agency's original objectives were twofold: (1) to be a voice for and implement the policy goals of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) -- which had been enacted in 1990 -- and (2) to unite a wide diversity of people with disabilities into a community, bringing together the many disability-specific organizations that made up the landscape. The American Association of People with Disabilities holds that joining the diverse constituencies of the disability community -- people with physical disabilities, intellectual disabilities, developmental disabilities, sensory disabilities, psychiatric disabilities, and chronic health conditions --…
Affirmative Action, Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.(2009). Retrieved http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/affirmative-action/
American Association of People with Disabilities Annual Report 2008-2009. Retrieved
Buskey, F., and Pitts, E.M. (2009). Training subversives: The ethics of leadership preparation. Phi Delta Kappan, 91(3), 57-61. Retrieved July 7, 2011 from EBSC host, http://web.ebscohost.com/
Two of the world’s most important and magnificent religions share little in common on the surface. Yet as the Dalai Lama’s recent interfaith dialogues have shown, locating points of intersection between Christianity and Buddhism can be a more fruitful endeavor than focusing only on differences. Buddhism is older than Christianity, but only by about 500 years. From their points of origin, Buddhism and Christianity spread far and wide geographically: Buddhism to East Asia and Christianity to Europe. One of the things Christianity and Buddhism share in common most is that their respective faiths are not as entrenched in their places of origin as they are in the places that adopted these religions later. For instance, Christianity is more popular in the Americas, Africa, and Europe than in the Middle East, and Buddhism is more popular in the rest of Asia outside of India than in India, where the Gautama Buddha…
98). Tickner understands that men and women have been socialized to view "nurturing" as strictly a "feminine trait" and the "dominance of nature as masculine" -- and that the scientific tradition views nature as "something to be conquered and subjugated" (McNamara, p. 552).
Moreover, Tickner believes that care for the global environment must be seen as a "common human value" that men and women can and should respect; also, she asserts that environmental security goals cannot possibly be reached "as long as scholars and policy makers continue to divide the world according to gender stereotypes…" (McNamara, p. 552). In Mary Mellor's book, Feminism & Ecology, the author believes that it is essential for ecofeminists to critique "patriarchy" because women have "disproportionally born the brunt of environmental destruction" (Urbanik, 2001, p. 116). Still, "…getting the relations between humans right will not resolve the ecological imbalance because the source of much of…
McNamara, Kathleen R., 1993, 'Gender in International Relations: Feminist Perspectives on Achieving Global Security', Journal of International Affairs, Vol. 46, No. 2, 547-553.
Mellor, Mary, 1997, Feminism & Ecology. New York University Press, New York.
Rocheleau, Dianne E., Thomas-Slayter, Barbara P., and Wangari, Esther. 1996, Feminist Political Ecology: Global Issues and Local Experience, Routledge, New York.
Tickner, J. Ann, 1992, Gender in International Relations: Feminist Perspectives on Achieving Global Security, Columbia University Press, New York.
Those with issues to overcome are always more heroic. Hector also becomes a hero when, after at first running from Achilles, he eventually stands up to him and dies a heroic death.
The Iliad is primarily a war epic. In your opinion, is the Iliad condemnation of the it could easily be argued that the Illiad glorifies war, as much of the poem is spent portraying the warriors as brave and courageous, even as they go on killing rampages. Warriors are describes as "masters of the battle cry" and "warlike" in glowing epithets. When Achilles originally refused to fight, he is roundly condemned for it by all of the other Greek characters. Even the weapons of war, such as Achilles impenetrable shield, are glorified. But homer is more complicated than simple -- war also brings death, which he describes in great detail. Hector's death is perhaps the most graphic of…
The focuses on this realm of emptiness or the way things really are in order to attain wisdom or enlightenment may lead to the conclusion that nothing really exists. This focus and conclusion is erroneous given that people feel something is there that can be both felt and held. It's important to note that this view can only be true when emptiness is considered as nothingness rather than the dependence on other objects.
The second important factor in understanding what emptiness is as explained in the Heart Sutra and in relation to Buddhism is the view of suffering. According to the sutra, suffering is as a result of discriminations of feeling, cognition and perception as applied to an ego's needs (Crook par, 24). On the other hand, self or ego is basically an assertion that is dependent on the feeling, cognition and perception function. hen this conceptual uniqueness is integrated…
Crook, John. "The Heart Sutra." Western Chan Fellowship. Simon Child, 2008. Web. 8 Nov. 2010. .
Evans, Dave. "Dalai Lama's Heart Sutra Lecture an Account of His Holiness's Teachings." The Vaults of EROWID. Erowid.org, 29 Apr. 2009. Web. 8 Nov. 2010. .
"The Heart Sutra and Key Concepts of Buddhism." WebDharma.com. WebDharma.com. Web. 8 Nov. 2010. .
"The Heart Sutra." Shippensburg University. Shippensburg University: A Proud Member of the Pennsylvania State System of Higher Education. Web. 8 Nov. 2010. .
Buddhism, religion and philosophy founded in India c.525 B.C. By Siddhartha Gautama, called the Buddha. There are over 300 million Buddhists worldwide. One of the great world religions, it is divided into two main schools: the Theravada or Hinayana in Sri Lanka and SE Asia, and the Mahayana in China, Mongolia, Korea, and Japan. A third school, the Vajrayana, has a long tradition in Tibet and Japan. Buddhism has largely disappeared from its country of origin, India, except for the presence there of many refugees from the Tibet region of China and a small number of converts from the lower castes of Hinduism ("Buddhism").
Buddhism is a blend of philosophy, religious belief and educational principles that focuses on personal spiritual development. Although the distinction may be somewhat blurred, strictly speaking, Buddhists do not worship gods or deities, and the Golden Buddha's people pray to are supposed to be merely aids…
"Buddhism." Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th Edition (2009): 1. MasterFILE Premier. EBSCO. Web. 18 Sept. 2010.
"BUDDHISM." The Essentials of Philosophy and Ethics. Abingdon: Hodder Education, 2006. Credo Reference. Web. 17 Sept. 2010.
Jacobson, Doranne. "Buddhism and meditation." Calliope 5.4 (1995): 40. MasterFILE Premier. EBSCO. Web. 18 Sept. 2010.
Van Biema, David, Jeanne McDowell, and Richard N. Ostling. "Buddhism in America. (cover story)." Time International (South Pacific Edition) 49 (1997): 50. MasterFILE Premier. EBSCO. Web. 17 Sept. 2010.
One of the main elements which make the book more interesting for Americans who are fascinated about Buddhism is the fact that the book concentrates on the American landscape and on the Buddhists in the country, rather than focusing on the religion's background and on the connection that it has to the East.
Moore paid special attention to Buddhism, learning about the religion from several sources. By doing this the author eventually takes pressure of the shoulders of the ones which want to receive an impartial story concerning the religion. The places where Moore looks for information on Buddhism are assorted, ranging from a Catholic priest who lectures on Buddhism to the Dalai Lama himself.
The author does not want Buddhism to have a wrong impact on people, as he is perfectly aware that American Buddhism is not very similar to the one present in Asia. He does not deny…
1. Moore, Dinty. (1997). "The accidental Buddhist: mindfulness, enlightenment, and sitting still." Algonquin Books.
Identify prejudices and biases in traditional Christian approaches to non-Christian religions, both in general and specifically.
Identify possible objections to Christianity, in terms of theology, ethics, and missiology.
esolve the challenges associated with new era missiology and new era ministry, by developing a comprehensive plan for the future.
Materials: Today's materials will be the same as the previous days.
9:00-9:10: Opening prayer
9:10-11:00: Crash course/review of world religions based on credible source material written from each faith's point-of-view or from a non-biased, scholarly source.
11:00-12:00: Each participant uses his or her personal electronic device or notebook to write down specific areas of concern and possible roadblocks to interfaith dialogue.
1:00-2:00: Share the concerns addressed by each participant openly, engaging in a dialogue of our own. Understanding that our participants are from diverse backgrounds, each will have unique perspectives on multiple faiths. Some will have had first-hand experiences…
Kenneth Cracknell, In Good and Generous Faith: Christian Responses to Religious Pluralism (Pilgrim Press, 2006).
The quote urges a return to the simple essence of Buddhism. Related to the three turnings, the quote refers to the unity of Buddhist doctrine from the expression of the Four Noble Truths to the Maitreya's complex explication of Buddha nature.
The term revolution applies to both doctrine and path in the Mahayana. Revolution implies a transformation of consciousness, a possibly instantaneous awakening of the Buddha-mind. A revolution of consciousness can extricate the mind from the wheel of samsara. Alternatively, consciousness can evolve gradually with the ultimate goal of ceasing the revolution of the wheel. As doctrine, revolution suggests continual application of Buddhist teachings throughout successive revolutions of the karmic wheel. As path, revolution is the active step toward consciousness change. Meditation and contemplation of the sutras are such active steps that are revolutionary in character because they lead to a revolution of consciousness.
Before the lecture starts,…
Whether the notion of the futility of war played any role in his joining the Trappists is debatable but may have had an impact on his sensitive mind. (Graham); (King, 121); (oyal, 36)
The study of Thomas Merton's conversion to Catholicism is undoubtedly one of the most captivating ones in modern Christian history and has fascinated many people not only in the Christian world but even amongst other communities worldwide. The fact that Merton has been appreciated by many religious leaders including the Dalai Lama speaks volumes about his spiritual insight.
Cooper, David D. Thomas Merton's Art of Denial: The Evolution of a adical
Humanist. University of Georgia Press. 2008.
Cunningham, Lawrence. Thomas Merton and the monastic vision.
B. Eerdmans Publishing. 1999.
Detweiler, obert; Jasper, David. eligion and literature: A reader.
Westminster John Knox Press. 2000.
Graham, Terry. 'The Strange Subject' - Thomas Merton's Views on Sufism, The
Cooper, David D. Thomas Merton's Art of Denial: The Evolution of a Radical
Humanist. University of Georgia Press. 2008.
Cunningham, Lawrence. Thomas Merton and the monastic vision.
B. Eerdmans Publishing. 1999.
2 million more in profit annually. Further, high EQ partners consistently showed a 139% gain in profit. (Kreitner: 2005).
Goleman also bases his argument on the study of an international soft-drink corporation. In this study it was found that division leaders with developed EQ competencies regularly outperform their goals by more than 15%. On the other hand, division leaders who did not develop their EQ regularly missed their targets by 15%. (Goleman: 2000).
Finally, Goleman also points to the results produced by an independently conducted study by L'Oreal. According to this study, L'Oreal realized a $91,370 increase per person for salespeople hired based on EQ skills. The company also experienced a 63% decrease in turnover in their EQ hired sales staff. (Goleman: 2000).
On the other hand, as is clearly argued by the Kreitner text and only briefly touched upon by Goleman, critics point out that business can misuse EI…
Goleman, Daniel, Dalai Lama. (2000): Working with Emotional Intelligence. New York: Bantam Books.
Mayer, J. (1993): "The Intelligence of Emotional Intelligence" Intelligence. V. 17.
Kreitner, Robert, and Angelo Kinicki. (2005): Organizational Behavior. New York: McGraw Hill Companies.
Stein, S. And Book H. (1999): The EQ Edge. Toronto: Jossey-Bass.
This music certainly reflects current developments in politics (anti-Iraq war protests), socioeconomics (the poor in society), and technology (use of new instruments and recording techniques). The music affects our lives in so many ways, from enlightening us to social problems, to entertaining us, and even comforting us in times of stress, which makes it an important, even vital, element of the humanities.
Architecture - a relatively recent architectural work is the Walt Disney Concert Hall in Los Angeles. This magnificent building seems to be a series of shining free-form flowing sheets of molten metal and spheres, and yet, it is elegant and quite sophisticated. Architecture, like the other humanities, has changed and become much more bold and free flowing, as this building illustrates. Architecture is more than simply designing comfortable living and working spaces, architecture is pleasing to the eye and excites the senses, just as this building does. It…
Akshobhya embodies steadfastness and battles anger. atnasambhava embodies compassion and battles desire and pride. Amitabha embodies light and is the antidote to malignancy. Finally, Amogasiddha embodies dauntlessness and battles envy.
Tibetan Buddhism is based on four noble truths and the eightfold path to enlightenment. The first noble truth is the existence of suffering, in that birth, death, disease, old age, and not having what we desire are painful. The second noble truth is the cause of suffering, or the craving of desire. The third noble truth is the end to suffering, in that to be free of suffering, one must get rid of craving, so that no passion or desire remain. The fourth noble truth is the end of pain through the Eightfold Path.
The Eightfold Path is, according to Tibetan Buddhism, the way to reach nirvana, or an end to suffering. First, one must accept the noble truths. Second,…
Buddhist Scriptures: The Tibetan Canon." Buddhanet. (2004). http://www.buddhanet.net/e-learning/history/s_tibcanon.htm (Accessed May 5, 2007).
McDowell, Josh. "Buddhism." Handbook of Today's Religions. New York: Thompson, 1996.
Michael, Franz. Rule by Incarnation. Boulder: Westview Press, 1982.
Shambhala. "Tibetan Buddhism." The Encyclopedia of Eastern Philosophy and Religion. Canada: Shambhala International, 1994.
Ethics with Character: Virtues and the Ethical Social orker -- Paul Adams
Professor Paul Adams of the University of Hawaii's Myron B. Thompson School of Social ork in this peer-reviewed article explores those aspects of social work that "…are not primarily about identifying and resolving dilemmas" (Adams, 2009, p. 83). Adams delves into the "ethical tradition" -- and the potential therein -- that had its roots in "the virtues and character" of social work practitioners from Aristotle and Hippocrates to today's social workers. In other words, how can today's social worker -- and the field of social work -- learn from the past to enhance the field ethically? This paper reviews and critiques Adams' research, which is very interesting and enlightening in the context of values, human interaction, and social work.
Review / Critique of Adams' Article
Ethics, in the view of Strom-Gottfried, refers to the "…embodiment of values into…
Adams, Paul. (2009). Ethics with Character: Virtues and the Ethical Social Worker. Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare, 36(3), 83-105.
Chinese Internet Culture
Decades after the reforms of Deng Xiaoping known as the "Four Modernizations," "a focus on development of agriculture, industry, science and technology and the military" (The University of Michigan. N.D.); China in 2011, grapples with the multiple dilemmas of internet information access, personal freedom, and government control over content. The rise of digital media, web access, and information availability over the past two decades has spread around the globe encompassing the world's second largest economy. As economic freedom continues to slowly evolve in China, so too does the call from its citizens for unfettered access to internet technology and content become more pervasive. The Chinese internet culture is particularly fascinating due to this inherent dichotomy between government control over content and individual demands for information access. How China's leadership confronts the challenges of information dissemination will be critical to China's long-term economic, social, and political future.
Bristow, M. (June 8, 2010). China Defends Internet Censorship. BBC News. Retrieved January 4, 2011 from http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/8727647.stm
Carr, D. (March 28, 2010). Not Creating Content. Just Protecting it. The New York
Times. Retrieved January 4, 2011 from http://www.nytimes.com/2010/03/29/business/media/29carr.html?_r=1&ref=sergeybrin
CNN: Larry King Live. (June 5, 2005). Encore Presentation: An Interview with Richard
Chapter 11 holds a lot of interest for me because I seem to like being a mediator sometimes, but other times want nothing to do with other people's problems. For the former times, knowing how to perform this role more effectively appeals to me. The authors describe the mediation process as intake, opening statement, describing the dispute, finding common ground, reaching a final agreement and ending the mediation. The process is fairly straightforward and I've seen it before, but what I liked was the idea of fractionalization. This is "breaking down complex issues into smaller, more manageable ones" (p.204). I also liked the idea of "reframing" (p.204). Both of these ideas are not just valuable to the mediator, although I will certainly work to add them to my mediation arsenal.
For me, looking at past conflicts, I see that both fractionalization and reframing can be used to resolve any dispute,…
Firstly, in Piagetian manner, the subject is confronted with a moral dilemma, that is, a short story in which two or more moral principles oppose each other. He or she is asked to make a choice. Secondly, the interviewer uses intensive probing, that is, why-questions, and questions which stimulate the respondent to consider varying situational contexts. Thirdly, stage scoring of interview is based on well conceived and meaningful measurement units.Through the confrontation with moral dilemmas, the subject is stimulated to consider moral norms rather than merely technical knowledge of solving a problem (most people suggest a technical solution first, which seems an appropriate strategy in most every-day decision making).(Kolhberg)
There are six levels of leaders, according to the combined works of Jean Piaget, Lawrence Kohberg, and obert Kegan. esearch shows the majority of leaders are level four leaders or level five leaders. Level four leader 'Achiever' is categorized as…
Cherry, Kendra.(2012)About.com guide. Kohlbergs Therory of Moral
Development.Retrieved from website:
Findings, Conclusion and Recommendations
After 62 years under the colonial rule of Great ritain, urma was briefly treated to a democracy for 14 years in 1948 until a series of military juntas decimated it and hurled the country into a perfect or nearly perfect dictatorial regime. Ethnic groups struggled to restore that democracy in a passive and peaceful mass action, only to end in bloodshed and tactical repression. In 1990, the opposition candidate won by a large margin but the military regime refused to budge and, instead, imprisoned the winning candidate and her supporters. This series of events called international attention and led to a series of economic and political sanctions and pressures from the United Nations, the European Union, the United States and Japan. The repressive urma government also has problems with Thailand over boundaries and with India over illegal activist entries.
The international community believes that more economic…
Asian Human Rights Commission. Burma: Torture, Military Dictatorship, Political Accountability (2003). http://www.ahrchk.net/cra/mainfile.php/2003/463
Blaine Harder. "Burma's Insiduously Perfect Dictatorship: Opposition is Surgically Eliminated," New York Times (2000). http://www.mindfully.org/Burma-Opposition-Eliminated.htm
Central Intelligence Agency Burma. (the World Fact Book, 2004). http://cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/geos.bm.html
Council of Foreign Relations. Getting Nowhere? Paths Toward the Restoration of Democracy in Burma (2001). http://cfr.org/publicatio.php?id=6541
DRAFTING ?I chose border conflicts India China) The writing week focuses interests concerns side border conflict, attempts negotiation resolution. First complete attached prewriting template, submit Saturday, February 2nd.
The Sino-Indian border dispute is probably the oldest conflicts of this kind that has ever existed. The fact that both India and China have experience rapid progress in recent years makes it possible for many to perceive this dispute as being particularly problematic when considering matters from an international point-of-view. It is, however, intriguing to consider both the history and the present condition of this conflict and acknowledge the delicacy of its nature, taking into account that both countries have gotten actively involved in clarifying the matter throughout recent history.
One of the main reasons for the Sino-Indian border dispute goes back during the British colonial era as the English exercised their authority in the area and expressed little to no interest…
Jacob, Jabin T., "The Sino-Indian Boundary Dispute: Sub-National Units as Ice-Breakers," Retrieved February 4, 2013, from the Slavic Research Center Website: http://src-h.slav.hokudai.ac.jp/publictn/eurasia_border_review/ebr2/3_jabin.pdf
"India and China's territorial disputes Taking the high ground," Retrieved February 4, 2013, from the Economist Website: http://www.economist.com/blogs/banyan/2010/08/india_and_chinas_territorial_disputes
"Clicking to like," and "friending" are part of common vernacular, due to Facebook. The social media Website has unmistakably transformed the way people use the Internet. Facebook members read about daily current events in their "news feed" rather than from visiting the Websites of The New York Times. Users read articles posted by friends, who re-posted them from other friends. Facebook has even made regular email seem almost obsolete when it comes to socializing. Although it has not gone by the way of snail mail, traditional email is now much less important compared with Facebook messaging. Communication and the development of friendships take place within the virtual playground of Facebook. Facebook has in fact changed the ways people view the state and practice of friendship. A "friend" is not necessarily someone who we see in real life anymore; it is a person who "likes" our posts and photos…
Dery, Mark. "Culture Jamming: Hacking, Slashing and Sniping in the Empire of Signs." Retrieved online: http://project.cyberpunk.ru/idb/culture_jamming.html
"Facebook Statistics, Stats, and Facts for 2011," (2011). Retrieved online: http://www.digitalbuzzblog.com/facebook-statistics-stats-facts-2011/
Gross, Larry. "Gideon Who Will be 25 in the Year 2012: Growing Up Gay Today." International Journal of Communication 1(2007): 121-138
Henig, Robin Maranitz. "What is it about 20-Somethings?"The New York Times Magazine. Retrieved online: http://www.nytimes.com/2010/08/22/magazine/22Adulthood-t.html?_r=2&src=me&ref=homepage& ;
Richard Yates's Revolutionary Road was not revolutionary in the sense that it was not the first piece of writing to expose the cracks in the American suburban facade. However, what makes Revolutionary Road enduring enough to resurrect it for the silver screen is that the story is about more than just disenchantment with one facet of American life. The story of Frank and April heeler can be applied equally as much to life in urban and rural social enclaves, although the principle themes of Revolutionary Road continue to ring far more true for suburbia than anywhere else. Suburbia continues to put a stranglehold on quality of life in America, and elsewhere in the world that has succumbed to the pattern of life characterized by strip malls and homogenized dining experiences.
Revolutionary Road offers a blueprint for everything not to do to achieve happiness. It is like the Dalai Lama's…
Yates, Richard. Revolutionary Road. London: Vintage, 2007 (1961).
omen to History
omen have contributed to the history of the world from the beginning of time. Their stories are found in legends, myths, and history books. Queens, martyrs, saints, and female warriors, usually referred to as Amazon omen, writers, artists, and political and social heroes dot our human history. By 1865, women moved into the public arena, as moral reform became the business of women, as they fought for immigrant settlement housing, fought and struggled for the right to earn living wages, and stood up to the threats of the lynch mobs. The years beginning in 1865 is known as the Civil ar era and the beginning of the Industrial Revolution. It was a time of great changes, especially for African-American women such as Harriet Tubman and Sojourner Truth. omen of all races had to fight for equal rights, even the right to vote (http://women.eb.com/women/nineteenth09.html).omenhave indeed 'come a long…
Women in American History. Encyclopedia Britannica Online. http://women.eb.com/women/nineteenth09.html. http://women.eb.com/women/crossroads05.html. http://women.eb.com/women/crossroads12.html. http://women.eb.com/women/modernamerica06.html. http://women.eb.com/women/modernamerica02.html.
A accessed 07-04-2002).
Bryson, Donna. "MOTHER TERESA LED LIFE OF HARD WORK AND LOVE DIMINUTIVE NUN NEVER WAVERED FROM HER SELF-IMPOSED MISSION TO BRING COMFORT TO THE WORLD." Denver Rocky Mountain News. September 14, 1997, pp 3A. http://ask.elibrary.com/getdoc.asp?pubname=Denver_Rocky_Mountain_News&puburl=http~C~~S~~S~InsideDenver.com~S~&querydocid=:bigchalk:U.S.;Lib&dtype=0~0&dinst=0&author=Donna+Bryson&title=MOTHER+TERESA+LED+LIFE+OF+HARD+WORK+AND+LOVE+DIMINUTIVE+NUN+NEVER+WAVERED+FROM+HER+SELF%2DIMPOSED+MISSION+TO+BRING+COMFORT+TO+THE+WORLD++&date=09%2D14%2D1997&query=+Mother+Teresa&maxdoc=90&idx=7.(accessed07-04-2002).
Lloyd, Marion. "Nun's Sainthood effort moves fast; Callers report miracles of Mother Teresa." The Washington Times. August 28, 1999, pp A6. http://ask.elibrary.com/getdoc.asp?pubname=The_Washington_Times&puburl=http~C~~S~~S~www.washtimes.com&querydocid=:bigchalk:U.S.;Lib&dtype=0~0&dinst=0&author=Marion+Lloyd&title=Nun%27s+sainthood+effort+moves+fast%3B+Callers+report+miracles+of+Mother+Teresa++&date=08%2D28%2D1999&query=+Mother+Teresa&maxdoc=90&idx=6 accessed 07-04-2002).
Eastern eligion, Eastern Mysticism, And Magic
Influence the Pop Culture in America
Eastern religion" - also alluded to in this paper as "Eastern Mysticism" and "mysticism" - and the occult, along with magic and its many off-shoots have had a considerable influence on American Pop Culture over the past few decades. Movies, books, music - all have been touched and enhanced by mysticism and its cousins. So, when referring to "Eastern religion," this paper is generally alluding to the ancient religions: Buddhism, Hinduism, Confucianism, and other spiritual genres.
It is also important to be clear on what "occult" truly means; it is a word that comes from the Latin occultus, meaning, literally, "hidden" or "concealed" (Merriam-Webster defines occult as "to shut off from view or exposure"). "Occult" has been equated with Satan, witchcraft, vampires, and other unseemly topics related to death and blood-letting. For this paper's purpose, the occult will…
Arnold, Thomas K. "Azkaban audiences do a vanishing act." USA Today 15 June
Bowles, Scott. "Cruise shows clout again with 'Collateral'." USA Today
Davy, Emma. "Harry Potter's Magic: Physics or Fiddlesticks?" Current Science 86
In my e-mail and text communications with friends and family, emoticons are actually infrequent. I receive them more than I use them myself. There are a few different ways to analyze this. Emoticons are intended as the "graphical representations of facial expressions" when using technology-mediated modes of communication (Walther & D'Addario, 2001). They act, therefore, as a substitute for non-verbal communication in face-to-face speech. It has been found that emoticons are generally outweighed by the verbal component of the communication. Further research has showed that the most important communicative value of emoticons are as a means of communication not emotions, but context. Emoticons tell the message recipient how the message is to be received (Skovholt, Gronning & Kankaanranta, 2014).
I have found that the latter tends to be true. Emoticons are used by myself in outbound communications mainly in situations where there may be interpretation issues with the text.…
My English Pages. (2014). What are stylistic devices? MyEnglishPages.com. Retrieved November 18, 2014 from http://www.myenglishpages.com/site_php_files/writing-stylistics.php
Skovholt, K., Gronning, A. & Kankaanranta, A. (2014). The communicative functions of emoticons in workplace emails. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication. Vol. 19 (4) 780-797.
Walther, J. & D'Addario, K. (2001). The impacts of emoticons on message interpretation in computer-mediated communication. Social Science Computer Review. Vol. 19 (3) 324-347.
PERSPECTIVE FROM AN INTERCULTURAL COMMUNICATIONS Business
GOOGLE IN CHINA
In the early 21st century, a highly successful corporation called Google, Inc. decided to expand its business into China. The company first tried to circumvent China's heavy censorship, laws and regulations but China's ability to control the internet flow into and out of China all but defeated Google's attempts. After being thwarted by China, Google adjusted, began to comply with China and is now a successful business in China. However, Google's success in China may have cost the company its claim to the motto "Don't be evil."
Google was founded in 1998 by two Stanford University students. Larry Page and Sergey Brin met the University in 1995, built a search engine by 1996 that discerned the importance of different webpages and incorporated in 1998 as Google, Inc. with the mantra of "Don't be evil" (Google, Inc.). Though…
Boatright, John R. Ethics and the Conduct of Business, 7th Edition. Pearson Education, Inc.: Upper Saddle River, NJ, 2012.
Chandler, Clay. Inside the great firewall of China. 20 February 2006. Web. 8 May 2016.
Dow Jones & Company, Inc. Letter from the founders: "An Owner's Manual" for Google's Shareholders. 29 April 2004. Web. 8 May 2016.
Google, Inc. Company overview. 2016. Web. 8 May 2016.
The book Why Evolution is True by Jerry Coyne presents a cogent case for evolution, a concept that can be controversial for some but accepted fact for others. This paper will work through the book -- the case that Coyne makes -- and offer reflections on my own journey of understanding the concept of evolution and its manifestation in the natural world.
Evolution is not "fact," so much as a theory that is supported by a wealth of evidence. Just this alone lies at the heart of a lot of the misunderstanding about evolution. First proposed by Charles Darwin as a theory based on his observations of the natural world, evolution reflects the processes of adaptation that species go through, over time and successive generations. In adapting to their environments, species undergo changes that will, given enough time and dramatically different environments, result in the development of…
Coyne, J. (2010) Why Evolution is True. Penguin Books.
.....deathbed, Morrie reflects on his life, and relays several messages about the meaning or purpose of life. Ironically, one of the main messages of the story is that life does not necessarily have a greater or cosmic meaning. Meaning is found in what is immediately before us, in the day-to-day existence and especially in relationships with others. Life's meaning is found in accepting life for what it is rather than wishing it could be something else. The meaning of life can therefore be best understood by appreciating what we have now instead of wishing we were different or that things were different.
Second, and following from this, the meaning of life is located in the small details, things we can frequently overlook -- finding beauty and joy in every day, even on bad days and in situations that are painful or uncomfortable. Meaning is especially found in friendship, caring for…
Anand (2000) explores the narratives that shape Tibetan identity, especially the notion of a national identity among those in diaspora. The author explores the impact of Western orientalist theorizing of Tibet on Tibetan self-consciousness, claiming that Tibetan self-consciousness and national identity has been shaped by these orientalist narratives.
The author argues that Tibetan national identity has been historically and socially constructed, via discursive practices relating to orientalism: an idealized narrative of what Tibet means.
Theories and Concepts
Anand (2000) invokes social constructivism, identity construction, and discursive identity construction in the analysis.
To support claims and substantiate positions, Anand (2000) provides an overview of the Tibetan diaspora. The author also cites authors with similar views on nationalism, and also shows how Tibetans in diaspora have had access to the means by which to create and maintain national identity. Anand (2000) also refers to several example…
The seeking of salvation is an admission of ignorance while authority-based communication is an assertion of knowledge. The two are incompatible.
Instead, communication has to be understanding-based. All communication should recognize the suffering of the human beings and have the aim of discovering the nature of that suffering, to understand that suffering. Christians have heard it in the Prayer of Saint Francis, which reads: "..grant that I may not so much seek to be consoled as to console; to be understood, as to understand..."
Even secular thinkers understand this concept, as demonstrated by popular Personal Development guru Stephen Covey's principle of "Seek First to Understand, Then Be Understood."
In understanding-based communication, disagreements would no longer express judgment and authority, but trust and compassion. Trust that the other person has your best interests at heart and compassion for the other person who shares your suffering. Although doctrine and theology will inevitably…
Majesty and Meekness: A Comparative Study of Contrast and Harmony in the Concept of God, Craman.
Understanding Buddhism, Jacobson.
Buddhism and the Contemorary World, Jacobson
Beyond Ideology: Religion and the Future of Western Civilization, Smart
Mozart especially did the trick. Einstein loved Mozart's highly organized, intensely patterned sonatas. He felt, as many before him, that music and the reasoning intellect were linked. Music and his scientific work...were 'born of the same source.'" (Dowd, 2008) a report conducted by the German Ministry of Education in 2007 while failing to uphold music having a long-term influence on intelligence did state findings of a "link between musical training and IQ development." (Dowd, 2008) Dowd additionally reports that "...brain mapping has revealed that professional musicians have more grey matter in their right auditory cortex than non-musicians, as if practicing an instrument flexed a muscle in the brain." (2008) Dowd states: "It seems increasingly likely that the long-term practice of playing music, rather than merely listening, can have the kind of impact suggested by the Mozart Effect. Einstein, after all, organized his mind by playing the violin, not listening to…
Bangeter, Adrian and Health, Chip (2005) the Mozart Effect: Tracking the Evolution of a Scientific Legend. Group de Psychologie Appliquee, Universite de Neuchatel, Switzerland.
Braun, Melanie (2005) Exploring the Efficacy of Vowel Intonations. The Rose+Croix Journal 2005. Vol. 2. Online available at http://www.rosecroixjournal.com/issues/2005/articles/vol2_11_21_braun.pdf
Donald Hatch Andrews, the Symphony of Life (Unity Books, 1966), pp. 55, 58.
Dowd, Will (2008) the Myth of the Mozart Effect.- the Skeptic Magazine. 1 Jan 2008. Online Highbeam Research at http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1P3-1419874671.html