Filter By:

Sort By:

Reset Filters

Data Management Essays (Examples)

Having trouble coming up with an Essay Title?

Use our essay title generator to get ideas and recommendations instantly

Management of Enterprise-Wide Networking the
Words: 3545 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 30645864
Read Full Paper  ❯

These are contained in the Enterprise Operations Center framework. The center has reach to the group of specialized telecommunication commercial and federally concentrated focused professionals within the CSC. These groups of individuals have thousands of certifications for operating Cisco, Microsoft, Sun, Nortel, Ayaya and many other types of equipment that assists any networking or telecommunication requirements of clients who are working with the Center. (Enterprise Network Managed Services Center of Excellence)

In order to entail the network-wide maintenance at the fingertips, Aglient's Network Troubleshooting Center -- NTC indicates a great leap ahead in the management of enterprise-wide networks. NCT includes a centralized view of network health achieved from various sources, including MON and SNMP and from the same console, centralized expert troubleshooting of remote problems applying distributed network analysis tools. The primary advantages are increasingly lesser respond and fix times and greatly lessened operational costs from both declined engineer travel…

References

Centralized Troubleshooting of Distributed Networks" Retrieved at  http://www.phoenixdatacom.com/ntc.html . Accessed 28 August, 2005

Control your network: Why You Need IP Address Management" (July, 2002) Retrieved at  http://www.checkpoint.com/products/downloads/Control_Your_Network.pdf?offer=wiwptAccessed  28 August, 2005

Enterprise Network Managed Services Center of Excellence" Retrieved at  http://www.csc.com/aboutus/lef/mds68_off/enterprisenetwork.shtml . Accessed 28 August, 2005

Enterprise wide security on the Internet" Retrieved at http://www.newsviews.info/techbytes03.html. Accessed 28 August, 2005

Data Warehouse a Strategic Weapon of an Organization
Words: 10375 Length: 38 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 99774450
Read Full Paper  ❯

Data Warehousing: A Strategic Weapon of an Organization.

Within Chapter One, an introduction to the study will be provided. Initially, the overall aims of the research proposal will be discussed. This will be followed by a presentation of the overall objectives of the study will be delineated. After this, the significance of the research will be discussed, including a justification and rationale for the investigation.

The aims of the study are to further establish the degree to which data warehousing has been used by organizations in achieving greater competitive advantage within the industries and markets in which they operate. In a recent report in the Harvard Business eview (2003), it was suggested that companies faced with the harsh realities of the current economy want to have a better sense of how they are performing. With growing volumes of data available and increased efforts to transform that data into meaningful knowledge…

References

Agosta, L. (2003). Ask the Expert. Harvard Business Review, 81(6), 1.

Database: Business Source Premier.

Babcock, Charles (1995). Slice, dice & deliver. Computerworld, 29, 46, 129 -132.

Beitler, S.S., & Lean, R. (1997). Sears' EPIC Transformation: Converting from Mainframe Legacy Systems to Online Analytical Processing (OLAP). Journal of Data Warehousing (2:2), 5-16.

Data Analysis Retail Case
Words: 3388 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 17908095
Read Full Paper  ❯

Management

The five management programs have the same common dependent variables. These are the average turnover, the weekly profit and the monthly staff time cost. The independent variable for this experiment is the management system that is used. There are five different management systems that are being used at the company, and they differ in their methods. The data presented show the impact of the different management systems on the different output measures (dependent variables).

The wild card is the type of store data. The company investigated this using three store categories, and presented its findings, but they were not presented with statistical analysis. As such, they should not be considered to be an independent variable.

Outcome variables are the dependent variables.. Ultimately, for this company the variables should reflect a wider variety of output measures for each store. . The output variables should be related to the success measures.…

References

Investopedia (2015). Sales per square foot. Investopedia. Retrieved December 10, 2015 from  http://www.investopedia.com/terms/s/sales-per-square-foot.asp 

Taylor, C. (2015). What is a simple random sample? About.com. Retrieved December 10, 2015 from  http://statistics.about.com/od/HelpandTutorials/a/What-Is-A-Simple-Random-Sample.htm 

Baldwin, S. (2006). Organisational justice. Institute for Employment Studies. Retrieved December 10, 2015 from  http://www.employment-studies.co.uk/system/files/resources/files/mp73.pdf 

Hannan, M. & Freeman, J. (1984). Structural inertia and organizational change. American Sociological Review. Vol. 49 (2) 149-164.

Data Warehouse Case Study VF
Words: 1268 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 56969427
Read Full Paper  ❯



From Supply Chain Efficiency to Customer Segmentation Focus

Because of this focus on supply chain forecasting accuracy and efficiency, the need for capturing very specific customer data becomes critical. The case study portrays the capturing of segmentation data as focused on growing each of the brands mentioned that VF relies on this data to base marketing, location development and store introductions, and pricing strategies on. In reality, the data delivered for these marketing programs and location-based analyses is also providing an agile and scalable platform for VF to more effectively manage and mitigate its supply chain risk as well.

elying on Alteryx for data analysis as it has superior capability to Microsoft Access and Excel in conjunction with the use of SC Software for geo-demographic analysis, VF has created a workflow for translating data warehouses into the basis of marketing and supply chain strategies. The strategic goal of getting the…

References

Adnan, M., Longley, P., Singleton, a., & Brunsdon, C. (2010). Towards Real-Time Geodemographics: Clustering Algorithm Performance for Large Multidimensional Spatial Databases. Transactions in GIS, 14(3), 283-297.

Paul Sheldon Foote, & Malini Krishnamurthi. (2001). Forecasting using data warehousing model: Wal-Mart's experience. The Journal of Business Forecasting Methods & Systems, 20(3), 13-17.

Yang-Im Lee, & Peter R.J. Trim. (2006). Retail marketing strategy: The role of marketing intelligence, relationship marketing and trust. Marketing Intelligence & Planning, 24(7), 730-745.

Lewis, M., Hornyak, R., Patnayakuni, R., & Rai, a.. (2008). Business Network Agility for Global Demand-Supply Synchronization: A Comparative Case Study in the Apparel Industry. Journal of Global Information Technology Management, 11(2), 5-29.

Management in Healthcare What Is
Words: 788 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 55360842
Read Full Paper  ❯

This ensures each data entry point has a very clear purpose in the overarching development of the enterprise-wide IT systems throughout a healthcare provider (Tan, Payton, 2010). By taking this top-down governance and process management approach to defining an IT structure with data points, a healthcare organization can also ensure a much higher level of security to their entire network as well (Dwyer, einer, Siegel, 2004). Aligning IT spending to processes and governance frameworks ensures a higher level of performance.

3. Describe a situation where you would use a CHIN or HINO system to provide care. How would you utilize cloud computing?

The Community Health Information Network (CHIN) and egional Health Information Network Organizations (HINO) are best suited to serving a broad base of patients across a wide geographic and socioeconomic area. The CHIN platform has been specifically tailored to the development of metro and urban requirements, with success in…

References

Dwyer, S.J., Reiner, B.I., Siegel, E.L. (2004). Security

Hickman, G.T., Smaltz, DH (2008). The Healthcare Information Technology Planning Field book: Tactics, Tools and Templates for Building your IT Plan. Chicago: HIMSS. ISBN 978-0-9800697-1-6.

Tan, J., Payton, F.C. (2010). Adaptive Health Management Information Systems: Concepts Cases and Practical Applications (3rd ed.). Boston: Jones and Bartlett. ISBN 13: 978-0-7637-5691-8.

Data Warehouse Has Been of
Words: 2010 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 16569300
Read Full Paper  ❯

However, many, if not most data warehouses have yet to deal effectively with this very real problem.

Additionally, in the near future new parallel database servers are likely to improve the power of data warehousing exponentially.

Not only will these servers allow the user to access immense pools of data, but they will also allow them to do so in a fraction of the time (ICFAI, 2004).

Finally, it is also very likely that in the near future the very "number driven" data warehouses (numbers being the de facto definition of data), may become capable of "recognizing" text and even multi-media as data (Orr, 2000). Clearly, the implications of this are enormous -- both theoretically, as well as in the practical realm.

Conclusions:

Data warehouses are without question one of the most powerful technologies to impact the world of data management. The simple fact is that knowledge is power --…

References

Adamson, Christopher. (1998). "Data Warehouse Design Solutions." Wiley: New York.

CIOL. Staff. (2001). "Quantifying the Effects of a Data Warehouse." Web site. Retrieved from Web site on March 24, 2005, from, http://www.ciol.com

Dwinforcenter.org. (2005). "Getting Started with Learning About Data Warehousing" Web site. Retrieved from Web site on March 24, 2005, from,  http://www.dwinfocenter.org/getstart.html 

Greenspun, Phillip. (2004). "Data Warehousing." Web site. Retrieved from Web site on March 24, 2005, from,  http://philip.greenspun.com/sql/data-warehousing.html

Management the 21st Century Has
Words: 3148 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 93682023
Read Full Paper  ❯



Information that crawls into the databases or warehouse might be utilized for reasons beyond those initially planned by those filling and amassing the data (Phillips, 1997). Data that might be pleasing in quality for functional databases can be not viable in warehouses that confirm practical strategic business decisions. For case in point, the correctness of the analysis code in an insurance firm's functional database had been immaterial when disbursing insurance claims but might trigger a risk analysis to stop working.

From the above mentioned facts it is clear that research needs to be carried out on data mining so as to clarify and recommend solutions to the problems being faced by business executives in their data mining efforts. The purpose of this research is to explain the functions of data mining in favor of business decisions and to define some of the obstacles to its effectual deployment in companies and…

References

Ahmed, M, Chopoorian, J.A, Khalil, O.E.M, Witherell, R. (2001). Mind Your Business by Mining Your Data. SAM Advanced Management Journal. 66, 2.

English, L. (1996, October 7). Help for data quality problems. Infonnationweek, 53-58,

Fayyad, U.M. (1997). Editorial. Data Mining and Knowledge Discovery, 1(1), 5-10.

Frawley, W., Piatetsky-Shapiro, 0., & Matheus, C.J. (1991). Knowledge discovery in databases: An overview, in Piatetshy-Shapiro, G. And Frawley, W., (ed), Knowledge Discovery in Databases (AAAI Press/MIT Press).

Management of Data
Words: 503 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 6665322
Read Full Paper  ❯

Management

The objective of this study is to read the case study and to answer the questions of: (1) What are some possible consequences if data is mismanaged? (2) In the case of Dr. Sears, what could have been done to avoid losing the data? And (3) What are the best practices for sharing data during collaborations?

(1) Possible Consequences if Data is Mismanaged

Mismanagement of data results in loss of data and many times the data is no longer retrievable and forever lost. Data management requires methodological documentation in a systematic manner that is recorded in more than one form and in more than one location. Finally, data should be available to more than one actor to ensure that the data will be available in the event that, such as in the case of Dr. Sears, someone dies and the data in the possession of that individual is lost.…

References

On Being A Scientist: Responsible Conduct in Research (1995) Committee on Science, Engineering and Public Policy. National Academy of Sciences. Retrieved from:  http://www.nap.edu/openbook.php?record_id=4917 

Resources for Research Ethics Education (nd)  http://research-ethics.net/index/topics/data_management/index.php/

Management Technologies in American Corporations an Exploration
Words: 8031 Length: 30 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 54138692
Read Full Paper  ❯

Management Technologies in American Corporations

An exploration of knowledge organizations and their management of information using both the Internet and digital means

This paper will explore the pros and cons of both, and make recommendations for implementing them into companies, both large and small, and finally show real-world examples of these technologies in use in some of the most prominent American companies today.

Today, we live in a very complex world. Technology is proliferating at an exponential pace, and we are constantly bombarded with new technologies and ways of accessing information. Some of us find it very hard to keep up with all these technologies in our own homes (some of us may not even know how to use the internet). But these problems are much more problematic for businesses.

hile we might be able to still operate, and live our everyday lives despite our lack of technical knowledge, companies…

Works Cited

Holt, DH 1997, Management Principles and Practices, Prentice-Hall, Sydney.

Aldrich, Douglass. 1999. Mastering the Digital Marketplace. John Wiley, New York.

Nonaka, Ikujiro and Toshihiro Nishiguchi. 2001. Knowledge Emergence. Oxford UP, Oxford.

Levine, Rick. 2000. Talk is Cheap. The Cluetrain Manifesto. Perseus, Cambridge.

Managing Sustainability Bt Group in UK
Words: 4637 Length: 18 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 52617983
Read Full Paper  ❯

These tiny particles are poison and damage the green effect. For the reason that they reflect solar energy back into space they have a preservation result on the world.

Ocean current is a problem because it has an effect on the greenhouse. Also, ocean currents are something that has been able to move vast amounts of all heat all over the planet. Also, winds are what push horizontally towards the sea surface and then also drive the ocean current patterns. There are as well interactions among the ocean and atmosphere can likewise create phenomena for instance El Nino which happens every 2 to 6 years.

Graph 4 a low greenhouse gas emissions in the UK

Earth orbital changes have an effect on the greenhouse management. The organization has been able to find out that earth makes one full orbit around the sun every year. The earth is tilted at an…

References

Baue, B., 2013. Threading the Needle: How BT Integrates Climate Stabilization with Economic Prosperity (Economics). [Online]

Available at:  http://www.sustainablebrands.com/news_and_views/new-metrics/bt-climate-stabilization-economic-prosperity  [Accessed 30 March 2014].

BT, 2014. BT Trace. Supply chains that flow. [Online]

Available at:  http://www.globalservices.bt.com/uk/en/products/bttrace  [Accessed 30 March 2014].

Qi Plan Part III Managing and Improving Quality
Words: 1731 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 68642487
Read Full Paper  ❯

Managing and Improving Quality

Methodology for implementation of performance measurement

Information technology applications of Mayo Clinic

How benchmarks and milestones are involved in quality

Performance and quality measures are aligned to the Mayo Clinic's mission, vision, and strategic plan

Quality assurance and improvement is incorporated through various techniques. The organizations that is willing to invest in their growth and attain a satisfactory level of consumer satisfaction through quality improvement. The quality measures that are incorporated are also investigated and improved through various methodologies in performance measurement. Technology and learning are basic elements required to improve quality and performance measurement. The BSC model for performance measurement and quality improvement, benchmarking, balanced scorecard, and quality mile stones are discussed below. Mayo clinic is one of the progressive organization providing healthcare facilities to patients. The features of information security are identified as a sector for improvement in Mayo clinic.

Introduction:

Mayo clinic is…

References:

Berry, L. & Seltman, K. (2008). Management Lessons from Mayo Clinic: Inside One of the World's Most Admired Service Organizations. USA: McGraw Hill Professional.

Coers, M., Gardner, C., Raybourn, C., & Higgins, L. (2001). Benchmarking: A Guide for Your Journey to Best Practice Processes. USA: APQC.

Lighter, D.E., & Fair, D.C. (2000). Principles and Methods of Quality Management in Health Care. Maryland: Aspin Publishers Inc.

Olsen, L., Goolsby, W.A., McGinnis, J.M. (2009). Leadership Commitments to Improve Value in Health Care: Finding Common Ground. USA: National Academies Press.

Managing Diversity and Equal Opportunity With the
Words: 3011 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 70343561
Read Full Paper  ❯

Managing Diversity and Equal Opportunity

With the turn of the 21st century, a dramatic increase is being witnessed in the international flow of labor with repercussion for domestic labor supply and management. The native, racial and emigre mixture of the employees is predominantly important for the workplace. The importance of this domestic cultural multiplicity in the labor force, highlighted by worldwide influences and necessities, has lately encouraged the researchers to focus on the companies' and managers' response to diversity, be it of any form (Watson, Spoonley, & Fitzgerald, 2009).

If the workforce of the present times is compared with the one that was found 20 years ago, it will be easy to observe that there are "more white women, people of color, disabled persons, new and recent immigrants, gays and lesbians, and intergenerational mixes (i.e., baby boomers, Generation Xers, and Generation Nexters)" (iccucci, 2002) today. This situation has given birth…

References

Hemphills, H., & Hayne, R. (1997). Discrimination, Harassment, and the Failure of Diversity Training: What to Do Now. Westport, CT: Quorum Book. Retrieved December 15, 2012, from  http://www.questia.com/read/23366693/discrimination-harassment-and-the-failure-of-diversity 

King, A.S. (1995, December). Capacity for Empathy: Confronting Discrimination in Managing Multicultural WorkForce Diversity. Business Communication Quarterly, 58(4), 46+. Retrieved December 14, 2012, from  http://www.questia.com/read/1G1-18023663/capacity-for-empathy-confronting-discrimination-in 

Ollapally, A., & Bhatnagar, J. The Holistic Approach to Diversity Management: HR Implications. Indian Journal of Industrial Relations, 44(3), 454+. Retrieved December 15, 2012, from  http://www.questia.com/read/1G1-210224380/the-holistic-approach-to-diversity-management-hr 

Riccucci, N.M. (2002). Managing Diversity in Public Sector Workforces. Boulder, CO: Westview Press. Retrieved December 14, 2012, from  http://www.questia.com/read/100875091/managing-diversity-in-public-sector-workforces

Management Accounting This Memorandum Serves
Words: 1595 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 37556552
Read Full Paper  ❯

The use of managerial accounting to keep profit margins where they need to be and make sure that individual product offerings are not a net drain on the company is not the only thing that Thai Airlines can and must do to keep a competitive edge and to protect themselves from things like corporate malfeasance and terrorists attacks, but it is certainly a major thing that should be take into account and otherwise dealt with in a timely and complete nature. It will not be easy for Thai Airlines to keep their competitive edge largely because other firms will be doing the exact same calculations and measurements. However, not doing so would be ceding progress and adeptness to their competitors. As such, not doing managerial accounting should be a non-starter for Thai Airlines.

eferences

AccountingExplained.com. (2013, May 12). Managerial Accounting Introduction | Accounting Explained. Accounting Explained | Financial and Managerial…

References

AccountingExplained.com. (2013, May 12). Managerial Accounting Introduction | Accounting Explained. Accounting Explained | Financial and Managerial Accounting Notes. Retrieved May 12, 2013, from  http://accountingexplained.com/managerial/introduction/ 

CEIBS. (2013, May 12). Managerial Accounting for Decision-makers_CEIBS. China Europe International Business School. Retrieved May 12, 2013, from  http://www.ceibs.edu/execed/index/8079.shtml 

CSUN. (2013, May 12). Managerial Accounting. California State University, Northridge. Retrieved May 12, 2013, from  http://www.csun.edu/~hfact004/Managerial.html 

McGraw-Hill. (2013, May 12). The Work of Management and the Need for Managerial Accounting Information. McGraw-Hill. Retrieved May 12, 2013, from  http://highered.mcgraw-hill.com/sites/0073526703/student_view0/ebook/chapter1/chbody1/the_work_of_management_and_the_need_for_managerial_accounting_information.html

Management Accounting the Purpose of
Words: 1609 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 91616829
Read Full Paper  ❯

The two basics to keep in mind is that managerial accounting should be used early and often and not just internal stakeholders should be heeded and listened to (Tutor2U.net, 2013).

Conclusion

In conclusion, Thai Airlines would benefit greatly from an entrenched and well-managed managerial accounting framework. It should supplement and complement both the financial accounting mechanisms of Thai Airlines as well as general process management, general product management, marketing, other accounting matters and general business decision making for Thai Airlines. Part and parcel of all of that is integrating stakeholder's expectations and conversely managing the expectations and perceptions of those same stakeholders is also vital on a number of levels. However, if all of the above is managed and managed well, then the outcomes for firms like Thai Airlines that use managerial accounting effectively will tend to be very good.

eferences

Holtzman, M. (2013, May 12). Managerial Accounting for Dummies…

References

Holtzman, M. (2013, May 12). Managerial Accounting for Dummies Cheat Sheet - for Dummies . How-to Help and Videos - for Dummies. Retrieved May 12, 2013, from  http://www.dummies.com/how-to/content/managerial-accounting-for-dummies-cheat-sheet.html 

Money-Zine.com. (2013, May 12). Financial vs. Managerial Accounting. Money-zine.com Home Page. Retrieved May 12, 2013, from  http://www.money-zine.com/investing/investing/financial-versus-managerial-accounting/ 

Singha Beer International. (2013, May 14). Singha Beer International. Singha Beer International. Retrieved May 14, 2013, from  http://www.singhabeer.com/ 

Tutor2u.net. (2013, May 12). Accounting - Introduction to Stakeholders. tutor2u | Economics | Business Studies | Politics | Sociology | History | Law | Marketing | Accounting | Business Strategy. Retrieved May 12, 2013, from  http://www.tutor2u.net/business/accounts/stakeholder_theory.htm

Management Strategy the Document States the Plan
Words: 1770 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Capstone Project Paper #: 56836479
Read Full Paper  ❯

Management Strategy

The document states the plan of an organization in different phases. For each phase there will be a different management strategy. The document has described the management strategy and the effects that they will have on the performance of the business and why that particular management strategy has been chosen.

Management structure needs to be examined carefully when a new business venture is setup. In order to develop and build on the business plan a compact management structure is necessary. The managers are the people who are responsible for steering an organization towards achieving the business objectives. In the second phase the business plan will be implemented on the basis of geographical region and the management structure will be based accordingly.

The four key functions of management are planning, organizing, leading and controlling the business. The type of managers which are selected for the business venture must be…

References:

Gomez-Mejia, Luis R.; David B. Balkin and Robert L. Cardy (2008). Management: People, Performance, Change, 3rd edition. New York, New York USA: McGraw-Hill. pp. 19.

Kleiman, Lawrence S. (2010). " Management and Executive Development" Reference for Business: Encyclopedia of Business

Manfred F.R. Kets de Vries (2003). The Dark Side of Leadership - Business Strategy Review 14(3), Autumn Page 26

Richard Barrett (2003). Vocational Business: Training, Developing and Motivating People, - Business & Economics - 2003. - Page 51

Managing Information Systems Introduction in
Words: 2760 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 55736802
Read Full Paper  ❯

Furuholt, (2006) argues that lack of management engagement to the acceptance of information systems has been a barrier to the implementation of information systems. The issues are even common with organizations in the developing countries where management does not give enough priority to the information systems implementation. Importantly, implementation of information systems requires management support since management will need to approve fund that would be used for IS implementation. Generally, younger people are more interested in the it tools than older people. In a situation where number of older working team outnumbers younger working team within an organization, the IS implementation may be cumbersome.

More importantly, lack of knowledge of information systems may serve as barrier to its implementation. In the developed countries, private and public organizations have already aware the importance of information systems to the organizations. Many organizations in developed countries already realize that it tool is a…

References

Abukhzam, M. & Lee, a. (2010). Factors affecting Bank Staff attitude towards E-banking adoption in Libya. The Electronic Journal on Information Systems in Developing Countries: 42(2): 1-15.

Ali, S.N.A. (2010). E-government services: an exploration of the main factors that contribute to successful implementation in Libya. PhD thesis, University of Portsmouth.

Bartol, K.M. (1982). Managing Information Systems Personnel: A Review of the Literature and Managerial Implications. MIS Quarterly.

Boh, W.F. & Yelling, D. (2007). Using Organizational Architecture Standards in Managing Information Technology. Journal of Management Information Systems. 23 (3): 163 -- 207.

Management Concepts in Hospitals Assess
Words: 763 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 87486076
Read Full Paper  ❯

This allows for proper safety since Via Christi is located in Wichita, Kansas, which is the biggest city in the state (Via Christi, 2011).

In regards to the internal environment, all employees and patients are treated with dignity and respect. The facilities' each have in place safety measures for fires and tornadoes. Each person is asked how they can get assistance, and clinical staff tells the patients what it is they are going to do before they do it, so that no harm or offense is done to anyone without their consent. Infection Control is taught and enforced, such as frequent hand washing or using hand sanitizers for anyone who enters or leaves the hospital (Via Christi, 2011).

Explain how management contributes to its effective or non-effective performance

Via Christi management contributes to the effective performance of the hospital. They maintain and stress that everyone is treated with "human dignity,…

References

Via Christi . (2011, January). Standardized Orientation for Personnel. Retrieved April 9, 2011,

from Via Christi Hospitals Inc.:

 http://docs.google.com/viewer?a=v&q=cache:PFhdQHXEONMJ:www.via -

christi.org/workfiles/CNE/Standardized%2520Orientation%2520for%2520VC%2520Ag

Management Audit of San Francisco's Information Technology IT Practices
Words: 692 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 14862433
Read Full Paper  ❯

Management Audit of San Francisco's IT Practices

San Francisco's IT Practices must generate strategic reports capable of setting targets and securing its IT infrastructure. The city must identify assets and determine their importance. The city of San Francisco's IT Practices entails valuable data, which is an asset necessary for production and delivery of services and goods. Such an asset is also relevant in the social and economic activity of the city and welfare of citizens. Assets refer to IT equipment, information, operations, and facilities.

The loss of such assets reduces the city's competitive advantage. This arises from the financial expenses incurred and the loss of a technological advantage or unique knowledge of information. It would be difficult to reproduce or replace such an advantage. The city must worry about the loss of its reputation. In order to characterize, identify, and evaluate a threat, it can obtain relevant data from news…

References

Freire, M., & Stren, R.E. (2011). The challenge of urban government: Policies and practices. Washington, DC: World Bank.

Goldsmith, S. (2009). The twenty-first century city: Resurrecting urban America. Lanham, Maryland: Rowman & Littlefield.

Wagner, F.W. (2010). Revitalizing the city: Strategies to contain sprawl and revive the core. Armonk, N.Y: M.E. Sharpe.

Managing Projects Operations and Information
Words: 2210 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 18237536
Read Full Paper  ❯

The performance of each team member depends on the performance of all others, this being a team project. Constraints include time and financial resources; as such improvement requires permanent improvement effort.

isk Management. No risk has been identified related to the project's completion.

Monitoring and Controlling Mechanisms. The data analysts will develop a metric system to measure each member's performance on a weekly basis. This weekly performance will be submitted to the project manager for potential adjustments.

V. Operations management plan

Operations Strategy. An easy way to understand the meaning of operations strategy is to break the word into the two separate words: operations and strategy - these words being the opposite of each other (Slack & Lewis, 2002). 'Operations' is about the functions and procedures regarding the day-to-day processes, while 'strategy' is about the direction and scope of an organisation over a long period of time. The operations strategy…

References:

Aberdeen Group. 2008. Operational KPIs and Performance Management -- Are Your Daily Decisions Based on Fact?,  http://www.aberdeen.com/ 

Cooper, M. & Lambert D. 2000. Issues in Supply Chain Management. Industrial Marketing Management, vol. 29: pp. 65-83.

Johnson, J. C. And Wood, D.F. 1996. Contemporary Logistics, N.J.: Prentice Hall Upper Saddle Creek.

Keah C.R.K. And Handfield, R.B. 1998 .Supply Chain Management: Supplier Performance and Firm Performance. International Journal of Purchasing and Materials Management: pp.2-9.

Managing Conflicts Executive Summary the
Words: 1565 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 33770946
Read Full Paper  ❯

It is not that managers do not see the benefit in conflict that they eschew it; it is that conflict is high-risk and can have significant negative externalities, some of which linger with the organization for a long time. Managers are less enthusiastic about conflict because they are taking into account a longer time frame and the totality of externalities, which makes their views a reflection of better information and therefore more accurate than the views of academic researchers.

Recommendations. Carefully manage conflict -- do not use it wantonly. Conflict does not always create positive outcomes sufficient to outweigh the negative ones that are certain to accrue. Take steps to ensure that the conflict is task-focused and not personal. This will limit the amount of damage that accrues from conflict. Create conflict only when necessary -- large scale conflict for small scale problems is dangerous. Conflict is a powerful tool…

Works Cited:

Vazquez, E. (2008). Managing conflict across generations in the workplace. Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Retrieved May 30, 2010 from http://dspace.mit.edu/bitstream/handle/1721.1/50103/462996891.pdf?sequence=1

Rahim, M. (2001,a). Managing conflict in organizations. Westport, CT: Quorum Books.

Cohen, C., Birkin, S., Cohen, M., Garfield, M. & Webb, H. (2006). Managing conflict during an organizational acquisition. Conflict Resolution Quarterly. Vol. 23 (3) 317-331.

Rahim, M. (2001, b) Towards a theory of managing organizational conflict. The International Journal of Conflict Management. Vol. 13 (3) 206-235.

Management Info Systems My Mother Often Tells
Words: 671 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 40460375
Read Full Paper  ❯

Management Info Systems

My mother often tells the story about one Summer as I was growing up. Each year, we would host a family reunion at one of the local parks. My mother hated this time of year because the guest list seemed to grow larger every year, and she was in charge of so many things. To her delight, when I was 9 years old, I offered to "manage" the reunion for her. I asked her for all the people who would attend, and spent days quizzing her on who would do what, who would bring what, and even what would the contingency plan be if the weather turned sour or some other unknown were to occur. My contribution to the event was a very precise and colorful chart in which I used up every single color combination in my crayon box, drew lines for responsible people and products…

Managing Uncertainty in Production Planning
Words: 3299 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Multiple Chapters Paper #: 45356919
Read Full Paper  ❯



esearch Objectives and Scope

The main objective of the research then relates closely to the research problem. It is to research the problem of uncertainty as it manifests in the global business environment. Specific issues to be investigated include supply chain management and its related uncertainties, the production process itself and uncertainties related to it, as well as the post-production phase and market uncertainties that are related to it.

Time is also an important factor. Some industries require a long-term time frame in their planning process, which exacerbate uncertainties. The time factor should also be an important consideration in terms of creating a model that can effectively help businesses achieve their manufacturing and revenue goals.

To achieve these aims, the main objective of the research will then be to research industries and companies that operate on a global scale. They will be investigated for the models they have implemented to…

References

Alonso-Ayuso, A., Escudero, L.F., Garin, A., Ortuno, M.T. And Perez, G. An Approach for Strategic Supply Chain Planning under Uncertainty based on Stochastic 0-1 Programming. Journal of Global Optimization, No. 26, 2003. Retrieved from http://chentserver.uwaterloo.ca/aelkamel/che720/che720-methods-of-optimization-pse/stochastic_optimization/05100412180122714.pdf

Eppler, Martin J., Platts, Ken, and Kazancioglu, Emre. Visual Strategizing: the Systematic Use of Visualization in the Strategy Process. Institute for Corporate Communication, Dec. 2006. Retrieved from  http://doc.rero.ch/lm.php?url=1000,42,6,20061207091432-KB/wpca0607.pdf 

Gupta, Anshuman and Maranas, Costas D. Managing demand uncertainty in supply chain planning. Computers and Chemical Engineering, No. 27, 7 Feb. 2003. Retrieved from www.sciencedirect.com.

Kazaz, Burak, Dada, Maqbool and Moskowitz, Herbert. Global Production Planning Under Exchange-Rate Uncertainty. Management Science, Vol. 51, No. 7. July 2005. Retrieved from http://myweb.whitman.syr.edu/bkazaz/kazaz-MS-2005.pdf

Managing and Motivating Technical Professionals
Words: 930 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 89945128
Read Full Paper  ❯

Giving them the opportunity to participate in the product launch decisions from a marketing standpoint also highlighted an embarrassing point for marketing, and that was engineering often understood the competition and its true functionality better than anyone in marketing. The reason is that the engineers had taken great pride in working on their product features they were responsible for to make them the best in the industry, and it was clear some had taken great pains to make a statement in their work. Creating shared ownership of product outcomes strengthens morale of technical professionals and infuses an entire development team with more accountability (Voss, 1993) and willingness to internalize a strong commitment to the success of the product (Kochanski, Ledford, 2001).

The risk of recommending this strategy would be that the more dominant engineers would overrule marketing and turn the entire marketing strategy into more of a features discussion than…

References

David Baccarini, Geoff Salm, & Peter ED Love. (2004). Management of risks in information technology projects. Industrial Management + Data Systems, 104(3/4), 286-295.

Jain, S.. (2008). DECISION SCIENCES: A Story of Excellence at Hewlett-Packard. OR-MS Today, 35(2), 20

James Kochanski & Gerald Ledford. (2001). "How to keep me" -- retaining technical professionals. Research Technology Management, 44(3), 31-38.

Li, Y., & Zhu, K.. (2009). Information acquisition in new product introduction. European Journal of Operational Research, 198(2), 618.

Managing Homeland Security You Were
Words: 2062 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 48708261
Read Full Paper  ❯

S. DHS "Strategic Plan," 2008, http://www.dhs.gov/xabout/strategicplan/) ealistically acts of terrorism, domestic or foreign are exceedingly rare, though slightly more common than they have been in the past and at least marginally more violent in nature, they occur very, very rarely. (Lewis, 2000, p. 201) Though maintaining serious preparedness the mitigation of natural disasters, most which cannot be avoided is an issue needed to be addressed almost yearly, on both small and large scales, across the nation and is much more likely to directly effect people and resources on an intimate level and should be the Emergency Management system's first and primary concern! Though worst possible case scenarios, regarding the use of WMDs is important it is not where all the resources should go.

(5. In the course, you have been introduced to the various responsibilities of different levels of government in the homeland security effort. What level of government do…

References

Daniels, R.S. (2007). Revitalizing Emergency Management after Katrina: A Recent Survey of Emergency Managers Urges Improved Response, Planning, and Leadership and a Reinvigorated FEMA -- the Federal Government Has Responded by Making Most of the Recommended Changes. The Public Manager, 36(3), 16.

Department of Homeland Security Website www.dhs.gov

Depoorter, B. (2006). Horizontal Political Externalities: The Supply and Demand of Disaster Management. Duke Law Journal, 56(1), 101.

Hulnick, a.S. (2004). Keeping Us Safe: Secret Intelligence and Homeland Security. Westport, CT: Praeger.

Management and Leadership Starbucks Differentiate
Words: 1953 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 32288074
Read Full Paper  ❯



Evaluate the impact of globalization and management across borders

After its retrenchment in the U.S., Starbucks is still considering expanding its operations China. "Despite its long presence in the Chinese market -- Starbucks opened its first shop in Beijing in 1999 -- the Seattle coffee giant only has 376 stores on the China mainland, compared with 878 in Japan" (Sanchanta 2011). Starbucks has tried to learn from some of its mistakes domestically in the U.S., such as its super-saturation of certain marketplaces, while incorporating many of the successful lessons of its other ventures, such as its ability to tailor product offerings to local needs. "Cracking the code in China for any company is not an easy task -- there will be a number of winners and lots of losers of people who go there and rush to judgment and don't succeed…The thing I am most interested in when I go…

References

Clark, Taylor. (2008). How Starbucks colonized the world. The Sunday Times. Retrieved July

21, 2011 at  http://business.timesonline.co.uk/tol/business/industry_sectors/leisure/article3381092.ece 

Leadership and management. (2011). Team Technology. Retrieved July 21, 2011 at Retrieved July 21, 2011 at  http://www.teamtechnology.co.uk/leadership-basics.html 

Sanchanta, Mariko (2011). Starbucks plans major China expansion. The Wall Street Journal.

Management Functions One of the
Words: 2023 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 42678843
Read Full Paper  ❯



Should the outcomes perform well against the goals, then the performance appraisal process must undergo a re-evaluation. Theories about the underperformance of key outcomes can be matched against feedback from the appraisers and the employees. From that point, a course of action can be developed that will alter the appraisal process to better align it with its objectives. The final step in the control mechanism is the adjustment process. The new ideas must be incorporated into the existing appraisal system. These new ideas must then be tested to determine if they have been as effective as intended, or if they have even moved the outcomes further from the objectives. At this point, the manager is engaged in a feedback loop that exists to continuously improve the performance appraisal process.

Conclusion

Performance appraisals are often conducted poorly, and this has led to considerable criticism of the tool. There are three fundamental…

Works Cited

Heskett, Jim (2006). What's to be Done About Performance Reviews? Harvard Business School. Retrieved November 26, 2008 at  http://hbswk.hbs.edu/item/5563.html 

No author. (2008). Performance Reviews. Carnegie Mellon University. Retrieved November 26, 2008 at  http://www.cmu.edu/hr/hr_services/performance/reviews.html 

Culbert, Samuel a. (2008) Get Rid of the Performance Review! MIT Sloan Management Review. Retrieved November 26, 2008 at  http://sloanreview.mit.edu/wsj/insight/hr/2008/10/20/ 

No author. (2004) Performance Appraisal Handbook. United States Department of the Interior. Retrieved November 26, 2008 at  http://www.doi.gov/hrm/guidance/370dm430hndbk.pdf

Managing Diversity in the Workplace
Words: 3023 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 38711581
Read Full Paper  ❯

(Building and Maintaining a Diverse Workforce)

Agencies are required to develop a good understanding of their individual strengths and weaknesses so as to plan their programs to their best advantage. An agency acquires this information by evaluating the views of the employees on diversity issues. Analysis of the trends and projections of the workforce in determination of the skills gaps and necessitates and devising successive planning strategies are crucial moves for agency strategic and business planning. Such efforts facilitate the managers with the required facts so as to be aware of the assignment of resources and the making the necessary planning for the future work of the organization and the points of concentration of their energy to produce a high performance organization. (Building and Maintaining a Diverse Workforce)

The successful managers understand the necessary skills for producing a successful diverse workforce. Firstly they should be aware of the discrimination and…

References

Building and Maintaining a Diverse Workforce" (25 June 2000) Retrieved at  http://www.opm.gov/Diversity/diversity-3.htm . Accessed on 15 January, 2005

Creating a Diverse Workforce" Retrieved from Retrieved at  http://www.businessweek.com/adsections/diversity/diversework.htm . Accessed on 15 January, 2005

Recruiting and Managing a Diverse Workforce" Retrieved at  http://www.vault.com/nr/newsmain.jsp?nr_page=3&ch_id=402&article_id=19018&cat_id=1102Accessed  on 15 January, 2005

Green, Kelli A; L. pez, Mayra; Wysocki, Allen; Kepner, Karl. "Diversity in the Workplace: Benefits, Challenges, and the Required Managerial Tools" University of Florida Cooperative Extension Service Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences. Retrieved at http://www.minoritygraduate.com/feature27.asp. Accessed on 15 January, 2005

Managing Recruitment and Selection Being Able to
Words: 1677 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 80051822
Read Full Paper  ❯

Managing ecruitment and Selection

Being able to successfully manage the recruitment and staffing of an entire Human esources (H) department is the foundation of a successful enterprise. For example, eese and French cite the work of Bratton and Gold in saying, "ecruitment is the process of generating a pool of capable people to apply for employment to an organisation. Selection is the process by which managers and others use specific instruments to choose from a pool of applicants a person or persons more likely to succeed in the job(s), given management goals and legal requirements" (2010). This quote aptly highlights the extreme importance of being able to successfully woo and establish a team of competent people who are equally invested in doing an exemplary job with a given company. Thus, the H department needs to understand the nuances and strategies that go into the process of successfully winning over the…

References

Burton, J., 1998. Managing Residential Care. New York: Routledge.

French, R. & ., 2010. Recruitment and Selection. [Online]

Available at:  http://www.cipd.co.uk/NR/rdonlyres/01F95685-76C9-4C96-B291 -

3D5CD4DE1BE5/0/9781843982579_sc.pdf

Managing Quality in Practice Settings
Words: 696 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 71728606
Read Full Paper  ❯

Managing Quality in Practice Settings: Six Sigma at Floyd Medical Center

By examining an organization's approach to establishing, measuring, and evaluating performance and outcomes, it is possible to develop a firmer grasp on how the quality control process functions in practice. To this end, this paper provides a review of the literature concerning quality management practices at Floyd Medical Center in ome, Georgia, followed by a summary of the research and important findings concerning these issues in the conclusion.

Meaning of "managing quality" and what it means at Floyd Medical Center

Managing quality at Floyd Medical Center is the responsibility of all staff members and the hospital's stated goal in this regard is to "provide excellent care while ensuring the comfort, privacy and safety of our patients and visitors"; the medical center adds that its healthcare teams are "dedicated to continually improving your experience by providing quality health care that…

References

Cohen, J. (2008, May). CHAP and the Department of Veterans Affairs. Nursing and Health Care

Perspectives, 21(3), 151.

Gowen, C.R., Stock, G.N. & McFadden, K.L. (2008). Simultaneous implementation of Six

Sigma and knowledge management in hospitals. International Journal of Production

Management Case Study Where the Rubber Meets
Words: 670 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 48218338
Read Full Paper  ❯

Management Case Study

Where the Rubber Meets the Road

Total quality management (TQM), defined in the most simplistic of terms, is the incremental improvement of all facets of a business to increase customer satisfaction and, in turn, company viability. Although TQM is often applied first to manufacturing functions in an organization (zero defects, on-time production), the intent of TQM is equally meaningful in all aspects of business, from administrative (zero defects in billing and timely collection of accounts receivable), to distribution (no breakage, just-in-time delivery) to management (appropriate incentive structures, timely and accurate stakeholder reporting). The increased efficiency and competitiveness created through TQM initiatives is not limited to only the manufacturing sector, with many of the benefits of TQM occurring in the service sector, too.

In the case of ridgestone/Firestone, TQM was not pursued prior to the recall of its 6.5 million tires in 2000, as evidenced by the magnitude…

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Case study: Where the rubber meets the road

Management and Leadership
Words: 573 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 60770745
Read Full Paper  ❯

Management and Leadership DIscussion

For decades, school management processes have been popular among schools around the nation. School management processes put more responsibility on the local teacher and administrator basis in order to influence more positive results. The success of student learning depends heavily on "community participation, decentralization or teacher empowerment" (Wohlstetter & Mohrmon, 1994). This allows principals to step up and take a managerial approach to implementing individual and strategies unique to the needs of their schools. Ultimately, there are then variations within leadership processes. Thus, "some school districts dictate that structure, as in San Diego; others leave it up to the schools themselves, but hold the principal accountable for ensuring that all parties are given the opportunity to contribute, such as in Prince William County" (Wohlstetter & Mohrmon, 1994). The principal is thus a facilitator of change and an innovator that works to motivate individual teachers and administrators…

References

Murray, Martin. (2012). Total Quality Management. Manufacturing. Web.  http://logistics.about.com/od/qualityinthesupplychain/a/TQM.htm 

Spillane, James P., Diamond, John B., Burch, Patricia, Hallett, Tim, Jita, Loyiso, & Zoltners, Jennifer. (2013). Managing in the middle: School leaders and the enactment of accountability policy. Northwestern University. Web.  http://www.sesp.northwestern.edu/docs/mngingmiddleSPIDIABUR.pdf 

Wohlstetter, Priscilla & Mohrman, Susan A. (1994). School-based management: Promise and process. Issues and Research in Educational Finance. Web.  http://www2.ed.gov/pubs/CPRE/fb5sbm.html

Managing Risks Associated With Stress Describe How
Words: 979 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 34927360
Read Full Paper  ❯

Managing Risks Associated With Stress

Describe how to maintain life balance and manage risks associated with stress

Maintaining life balance requires happiness. Even during stress, an individual should not allow all the stressors to take a toll on him/her. Avoiding stressors is the most appropriate way of managing stress. Developing new habits could help remove and distract an individual from stressful situations, pressures and stressors, which is essential in managing stress permanently. In this modern world, individuals must learn to change and minimize their exposure to stressful situations. While this technique does not change the situations causing stress, it enables an individual to change his/her relationship and reaction to the stressful situations hence maintaining a life balance.

Early Warning Systems are often used to identify officers at risks of family violence. Describe how to use an early warning system to identify officers at risk of using excessive force.

Officers with…

Management Styles the Impact of
Words: 947 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 81293244
Read Full Paper  ❯

Abraham H. Maslow and Douglas M. McGregor both believed that in order for people to work to their full potential, they're basic needs have to be satisfied. (Herzberg, 1964) Douglas McGregor also put forth the concept that people's management-behavior is dependent upon their view of human beings and work. (McGregor, 1960) rganizational design concepts have been constantly evolving since the last fifty years. Change is good and should be used as a strategy for organizations to achieve their goals and objectives. (McNamara, 2003)

Research Methods

This thesis will be based on primary as well as secondary research. Initially an extensive secondary exploratory research will be conducted on the topic of management styles used globally, the culture and values of the Middle East and management styles that were used in the past and those that are currently used. This phase of the thesis is expected to take about a month and…

Osterman, Paul. "Supervision, Discretion, and Work Organization." The American Economic Review 84.2 (1994): 380-84.

Porter, Michael E. The Competitive Advantage of Nations. New York: Free Press, 1990.

Tannenbaum, Scott I, and Lisa M. Dupuree-Bruno. "The Relationship between Organizational and Environmental Factors and the Use of Innovative Human Resource Practices." Group & Organization Management 19.2 (1994): 171-202.

Managing Vulnerability Using Countermeasures of Physical Security
Words: 1374 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 24598676
Read Full Paper  ❯

Maintaining professionalism, when communicating the physical security, ensures its adoption by the stakeholders. In addition, providing a cost estimate for the whole process makes the management team understand the need for the adoption of the physical security in the business/organization (Chapter 7 of Broder, & Tucker, 2011).

Cost benefit/benefit analysis enables the business to assess the risks and advantages associated with the security option. This entails evaluating the efficiency of the security program with the perceived operational costs and implications on organizational performance. This ensures proper development of security design for ensuring effective management operations management. Some of the risk management options that ensure physical security include the development of effective policies, procedures, hardware, and labor that promote utilization of security programs. ecovery can be achieved by ensuring developing the desired hardware that stores data related to operations management in the organization. Evaluating the effectiveness of a security program is…

References

Chapter 5 of Broder, JF. & Tucker, G. (2011). Risk Analysis and the Security Survey. Upper Saddle River,

NJ: Elsevier

Chapter 7 of Broder, JF. & Tucker, G. (2011). Risk Analysis and the Security Survey. Upper Saddle River,

NJ: Elsevier

Management and Science Technology
Words: 889 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 48806905
Read Full Paper  ❯

Management/Technology

Management, Science, and Technology

Who Is a Manager?

A manager is someone who knows how to take charge, organize, direct, and be accountable for individuals and groups of people operating under his guidance. Anyone who shows leadership skills can be a manager. A manager's goal is to work towards the common good. This means keeping persons on pace to meet their objectives, budgeting time wisely, and instilling in his inferiors a desire to care.

Managerial Ethics

Top management impacts ethics within an organization by setting the tone and the standard for ethical practice. Superiors shape inferiors, not the other way around. Therefore, if top management encourages unethical activity through its own unethical behavior, an organization will, ultimately, be comprised of several unethical attitudes. A great example of this is Enron Corp. Top management of Enron encouraged poor ethical practices by practicing in a disingenuous manner themselves. They hoodwinked investors…

Reference List

Holmes, C. (2007). The Ultimate Sales Machine. NY: Penguin.

McLean, B., Elkind, P. (2013). The Smartest Guys in the Room. NY: Penguin.

Managing IT Politics and Planned
Words: 890 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 61725436
Read Full Paper  ❯

As our CEO is known for being technology-savvy when he started using the new CM in pilot mode on his laptop and started giving presentations based on the analytics applications still in testing, it suddenly became commonplace for see Vice Presidents, Directors and managers all doing briefings using analytics from the new CM system. The CEO had been able to squelch negative politics by making use of the analytics data ground-breaking. Our CEO also praised people and departments he found feely sharing data to make the new CM system function more efficiently. In this regard he was using a positive reinforcement strategy to unify potentially conflicting teams (Lui, Chan, 2008). This was very effective as soon Vice Presidents sent out e-mails telling everyone to look for opportunities to collaborate with other divisions, and discuss how the data they had could help other divisions. This made the task of system analysis…

References

Bernoff, J., & Li, C.. (2008). Harnessing the Power of the Oh-So-Social Web. MIT Sloan Management Review, 49(3), 36-42.

Craine, K. (2007). Managing the Cycle of Change. Information Management Journal, 41(5), 44-46, 48, 50.

Lui, K., & Chan, K. (2008). Rescuing Troubled Software Projects by Team Transformation: A Case Study With an ERP Project. IEEE Transactions on Engineering Management, 55(1), 171.

Maurer, R. (2009). Get Your Team Involved. The Journal for Quality and Participation, 32(1), 28-31.

Managing International Conflict Diversity in
Words: 1757 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 79564218
Read Full Paper  ❯

' The researchers did include one anecdote of a South African woman of Indian ancestry, and how she dealt with the unconscious racism of her colleagues, drawing upon a positive sense of community solidarity and avoiding some of the negative emotions such conflicts spawned in others. But other than her comment that professionalism and a strong sense of family identity was helpful in emotionally coping with racism, her remarks were not specifically insightful about working in a global, international organization in a formerly segregated area of the world.

Conclusion

The conclusions of the article regarding what organizational forces positively impact and do not impact identity seem fairly vague and generalized, despite the advantage that a case study format can have in terms of studying a highly specific context. Communication is suggested as the key to broaching identity conflicts, as well as having formal sensitivity training and grievance procedures. Although these…

Reference

Mayer, Claude H. (2009). Managing conflicts through strength of identity. Management Revue.

Retrieved through FindArticles.com on January 21, 2011.  http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_qa5454/is_200907/ai_n42039398/

Management Theories Over the Last
Words: 5125 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 66779535
Read Full Paper  ❯

Since, this one lacks structure means that many employees can become confused about their responsibilities. Once this occurs, it can often lead to employee issues, where this confusion can become an issue of contention between the staff and management. As management is telling them to engage in particular activity, yet they don't understand why they are doing such tasks. Over time, this can cause moral to drop as those employees who do not thrive under such a system, begin to lower the overall positive attitude in the work environment. ("Contingency Theory," 2010)

Despite some of the obvious weaknesses, the contingency theory is effective for those organizations that are small. This is because the in formalized structure allows managers / owners the opportunity to adapt to changes that are occurring in real time. Where, they can use their experience and common sense to adjust to various business conditions. As a result,…

Bibliography

Building Emotional Capital. (2004, June 24). Retrieved April 10, 2010, from Executive Education website:  http://executive.education.insead.edu/programme/documents/Nissan_004.pdf 

Contingency Theory. (2010). Retrieved April 9, 2010, from Values-Based Management website:  http://www.valuebasedmanagement.net/methods_contingency_theory.html 

Babineck, M. (2006, March 13). The Enron Trial. Retrieved April 10, 2010 from Chron website:  http://www.chron.com/disp/story.mpl/special/enron/3718892.html 

Bissonette, Z. (2008, August 1). How Does General Motors CEO Rick Wagoner Still Have a Job. Retrieved April 10, 2010 from Blogging Stocks website:  http://www.bloggingstocks.com/2008/08/01/how-does-general-motors-ceo-richard-wagoner-still-have-a-job/

Management Type the Document Title
Words: 2495 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 1946687
Read Full Paper  ❯

Where, the benchmarks will show if the system is helping or hindering the company from achieving its objectives. This is significant, because when it is used in conjunction with flexibility, you can be able to effectively adapt to changes in the markets. With flexibility providing the necessary ingredients to implement such changes, while the use of benchmarks will identify when a management system is becoming unproductive. (Ireland, 2008, pp. 33 -- 39)

The use of knowledge management is when an organization is collecting and analyzing the total amounts of knowledge at their disposal. This would include analyzing all available: resources, employee / managerial skills and documents. This is significant, because it provides a way for an organization to quickly collect and analyze a wide variety of information. At which point, managers can be able to effectively place the different resources and personnel of the company, in those areas where they…

Bibliography

Symptoms of a Dysfunctional Organization. (2005). Retrieved July 9, 2010 from Copper Comm website: http://www.coopercomm.com/dysfnorg.htm

What are Management Control Systems. (2010). Retrieved July 9, 2010 from Wisegeek website:  http://www.wisegeek.com/what-are-management-control-systems.htm 

Flamholtz, E. (1998). Case Studies in Changing the Game. Changing the Game. (pp.81 -- 90). New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

Ireland, D. (2008). Promoting Integrity and Ethical Behavior. Understanding Business Strategy. (pp. 33 -- 39). Mason, OH: South Western.

Management of Technology in Developing Countries Such as Iran
Words: 3432 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Peer Reviewed Journal Paper #: 23736333
Read Full Paper  ❯

Management of Technology in Developing Countries Such as Iran

Technology management arrangements of developing countries vary from those of first world ones. The requirement for skill in these states is not growing from within, but somewhat cropping up from new wares imported from first world countries. Technological growth in addition does not consequence from inner data and research, but resulting upon the technology transmission from abroad. In these environments, technology management by customary way is barely effective. These are troubles facing the Islamic epublic of Iran these days and as a consequence organizations controlling the technology management endure non-compliance, then technological development does not trail an accurate trend (obertson, 2002).

Lack of distinctive management, vagueness of technological precedence's, misunderstanding of policy-making roles and inter-organization implementation and management, tremendous government involvement in all fields and lack of specialist manpower are amongst the vital troubles of the topic (Sveiby et. al 2001).…

References

(1.) Abou-Zeid, E.S. "A Knowledge Management Reference Model." Journal of Knowledge Management, 6(5), 2002. pp. 486-499.

(2.) Bender S. And Fish A. "The Transfer of Knowledge and the Retention of Expertise: The Continuing Need for Global Assignments." Journal of Knowledge Management, 4(2), 2008. pp. 125-135.

(3.) Beveren, V.J. "A Model of Knowledge Acquisition that Refocuses Knowledge Management." Journal of Knowledge Management, 6(1), 2002. pp. 18-22.

(4.) Bhatt, G. "Organizing Knowledge in the Knowledge Development Cycle." Journal of Knowledge Management, 4(1), 2009. pp. 15-26.

Managing Diversity in the Workplace
Words: 2551 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 52546707
Read Full Paper  ❯

Managing Diversity in the Workplace

The modern business environment is marked by numerous people-oriented variables brought to organizations. These variables include gender, race, age, and religion, and socioeconomic background, regional and national origin. All these factors form the current workforce in the market place. Diversity is widely recognized as one of the world's greatest strengths. Diversity continues to affect the society and the organizational workforce in the process of shaping the 21st century workforce (Konrad, 2006). Organizations appreciate individual sensitivity and differences to enable them discharge the organizational mission. Sensitivity and training on diversity focuses on changing valid standards and expectations of people. This paper gives details on understanding diversity. Although the scope is limited, it highlights how the understanding of diversity is a challenge in managing the current workforce. It remains a fact that the contemporary workforce does not have the same desires as the previous workforce.

Problem statement…

References

Albrecht, M.H. (2011). International HRM: Managing diversity in the workplace. Oxford [u.a.: Blackwell.

Cornelius, N. (2012). Building workplace equality: Ethics, diversity and inclusion. London: Thomson Learning.

Dansby, M.R., Stewart, J.B., & Webb, S.C. (2011). Managing diversity in the military: Research perspectives from the Defense Equal Opportunity Management Institute. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Publishers.

Jackson, S.E. (2012). Diversity in the workplace: Human resources initiatives. New York: Guilford Press.

Managing Diversity
Words: 4114 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 16049563
Read Full Paper  ❯

Managing Diversity

Diversity is a fact of American and International business and is a broader, more complex issue than one might initially believe. A universally vital element of global commerce, Diversity has spawned an abundance of theorists, journals and specialists, some of whom are encountered in this composition. Addressing the remarkable breadth and complexity of Diversity, this essay reviews: the nature of Diversity; legally protected classes within the United States; aspects of Diversity that fall outside the scope of U.S. legal protections; the benefits of Diversity for employers; the differences/challenges presented by Diversity for employers; general business adjustments/accommodations for Diversity; and suggested specific business adjustments/accommodations for Diversity. Though this work cannot exhaustively address all aspects of Diversity, it is meant to give a good overview of modern businesses' Diversity issues and possible solutions.

Analysis

Nature of Diversity:

"Diversity" involves legally protected classes of people but also involves other classes of…

Works Cited

Akbari, H. (2008). Education business professionals for year 2010 and beyond: Six critical management themes and skills to emphasize. International Business & Economics Research Journal, 7(7), 57-62.

Comperatore, E., & Nerone, F. (2008). Coping with different generations in the workplace. Journal of Business & Economic Research, 6(6), 15-30.

Domina, C.S. (2011). Our strength is in our Diversity: Fact or fancy? Journal of Diversity Management, 6(1), 1-9.

Figiel, V.L., & Kummel Sasser, M.A. (2010). Factors contributing to employee decisions to ignore Diversity policies. Journal of Diversity Management, 5(4), 11-17.

Management Thomas Green Was an
Words: 1670 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 99199353
Read Full Paper  ❯

Inducements motivate employees and can also distribute power effectively. A third recommendation would be for Green to admit that he was wrong, take the consequences and work to improve.

The disproportionate use of power conflicted in a bad relationship between two colleagues. Each person sought advice from outside group members. Thomas Green and Frank Davis' issues developed into a great conflict. Power strategies are effectual when properly used, and people of lower status can hold a great amount of power upon higher status employees. Organizational issues influence a person's political performance as well as the amount of power that they hold. Power and political disparity should always be kept within the concerned group.

Secondary tension is the tension that occurs as group members struggle for influence, develop roles, and norms, and explore differences in approaching the group task (Jenkin, 2010). This concept is a summary of what was happening between…

References

Jenkin, Kate. (2010). Workplace Stress. Retreived August 3, 2010, from docstoc Web site:

http://www.docstoc.com/docs/2651516/Workplace-Stress

McShane, Stephen L. And Von Glinow, Mary Ann. (2010). Organizational Behavior, 5th ed.

Boston: McGraw Hill Irwin

Managing the Effectiveness of the Audit Process
Words: 3446 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 10586336
Read Full Paper  ❯

Managing the Effectiveness of the Audit Process

Mission and Objectives of the International Audit Department

Stakeholders

The IAD stakeholder power-interest grid

The Audit Process

Objectives, Scope and Approach of the Research

Purpose and Mandate

Resourcing

Competency Development

Sustaining People Excellence

Tools and Technology

Knowledge Management

Operations

Quality

Governance

People

Infrastructure and Operations

Japan Tobacco International (JTI) is an international tobacco business that is operated by Japan Tobacco Inc. Japan Tobacco Inc. is the third largest player in the international tobacco industry with a market capitalization of 32 billion USD and a market share of 11%. JTI was established in the year 1999 when Japan Tobacco Inc. purchased the operations of United States multinational R.J. Reynolds, for 8 billion USD.

The Internal Audit Department (IAD) of the organization is accountable to the board of directors. The department is headed by the Global Internal Audit Vice President. He took his position in…

Works cited

Anupindi, Ravi. 2006. Managing Business Process Flows. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson/Prentice Hall.

Leseure, Michel. 2010. Key Concepts in Operations Management. Los Angeles: SAGE.

Mahadevan, B. 2009. Operations Management. New Delhi: Published by Dorling Kindersley (India), licensees of Pearson Education in South Asia.

Slack, Nigel. 2009. Operations and Process Management. Harlow, England: Prentice Hall/Financial Times.

Managing Human Resources Analysis of
Words: 1901 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Methodology Chapter Paper #: 30159816
Read Full Paper  ❯



Based on the method the researcher use to conduct analysis, the data analysis presented is appropriate because the researcher use combination of both qualitative and quantitative methods in the data analysis.

Interpretation of esults

The interpretation of results is critical in the research studies. Based on the objective of the study, the researchers have been able to draw a significant correlation between research results and research aim and objectives. esearchers emerge the total combination of 2,991 themes to evaluate the opinion of students towards their tutors. The findings are presented in meta-theme and four meta-themes as being revealed in table 2.

Table 2: Findings in Meta-theme and four Meta-Themes combined

Theme

Endorsement ate (%)

Advocate

14.44%

Communicator

13.79%

esponsible

12.86%

Empowering

11.76%

Four Meta-themes Combine

Advocate

81%

Communicator

43.7%

esponsible

41.1%

Empowering

59.6%

Based on the effectiveness of TEF as a strategy to evaluate students perception on their tutors, the…

References

Chow, M.Y.K. Quine, S. & Li, M. (2010).Bene-ts of using a quantitative with qualitative mixed methods approach- -to identify client satisfaction and unmet needs in an HIV healthcare centre. AIDS Care. 22 (4): 491-498.

Fisher, W.P. & Stenner, A.J. (2011). Integrating qualitative and quantitative research approaches via the phenomenological method. International Journal of Multiple Research Approaches.5(1): 89 -- 103.

Onwuegbuzie, A.J. Witcher, A.E. Collins, K.M.T. et al. (2007). Perception of Students Characteristics of Effective College Teachers: A Validity Study of a Teaching Evaluation Form Using a Mixed-Methods Analysis. American Educational Research Journal, 44(1): 113 -- 160.

University of South Alabama (2011): Mixed Research: Mixed Method and Mixed Model Research. USA.

Management Flexibility in Adopting Balanced
Words: 956 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 75933851
Read Full Paper  ❯

Developing organizational strategy through the Balanced Scorecard also minimizes participants' subjectivity as they take part in the strategy-setting process and enhance managers' ability to assess all programs for strategic impact without bias (onchetti, n.d.).

While financial and customer actions are defined and available in commercial organizations, the corresponding is less easily found in non-profits. A good measure is one that management can significantly control. Non-profit organizations goals are usually influenced by many influential factors and actors beyond its authority. Commercial Balanced Scorecards usually have a financial viewpoint at the peak of the strategic reason and mapping. For the non-profit, financial goals are not the end; they are part of the means. Customary practice is to push the finance viewpoint down to the bottom of the strategy map for non-profits, treating financials as input to the strategic representation. This is difficult because financially oriented goals are also sought after by non-profits.…

References

Can I apply Balanced Scorecard in a non-profit organization? (2008). Retrieved August 9, 2010,

from Web site:  http://www.2gc.co.uk/pdf/2GC-FAQ08-090216.pdf 

Ronchetti, Jan L. (n.d.). An Integrated Balanced Scorecard Strategic Planning Model for Nonprofit Organizations. Retreived August 9, 2010, from Web site:

 http://www.regent.edu/acad/global/publications/jpc/vol1iss1/ronchetti/ronchetti.pdf

Management Awareness What Are the Benefits of
Words: 1255 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 15959096
Read Full Paper  ❯

Management Awareness

What are the benefits of a comprehensive control program? If you were advising this corporation, what would be the specific benefits for them?

The benefits of a comprehensive internal control program include: the ability to monitor for unusual activities and it will increase vigilance. This will help to prevent fraud by providing actuaries with an actual way of discovering when these events are occurring through early detection. It is at this point that the negative impact on the firm and various stakeholders can be minimized. (Silverstone, 2011, pp. 14 -- 16)

Once this has been consistently implemented, is when it will have an impact on the entire organization by creating an atmosphere that is looking for these issues. When different staff members are actively involved in the process, this will make it difficult to be able to conduct any kind of fraudulent activities. In the future, this will…

References

Biegelman, M. (2012). Executive Road Map to Fraud. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.

Bizmanualz. (2002). Accounting and Book Keeping Procedures. New York, NY: Routledge.

Goldman, P. (2011). Financial Services Anti-Fraud Risk. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.

Silverstone, H. (2011). Forensic Accounting. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.

Managing Information Technology - Set
Words: 6095 Length: 13 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 42345676
Read Full Paper  ❯



The vision Oracle has is one of unifying all of their enterprise applications into their Fusion architecture and creating a single unifying Service oriented Architecture (SOA) was first announced in 2006 (Krill, 13). Since that time Oracle has continually strived to create an SOA in Fusion that would appeal to its corporate customers. The proposed Fusion SOA platform has been designed to be robust and scalable enough to encompass enterprise-level applications including Enterprise esource Planning (EP) applications while also being flexible enough to provide for individualized application development. There are critics of SOA in general and Fusion specifically, with industry analysts considering it too difficult to create a process-centric model that allows for pervasive, in-depth applications necessary for mission-critical business while at the same time allowing for significant scalability (Handy, 2005). Despite these concerns however Fusion continues to gain market acceptance and provide Oracle with a path to the fulfillment…

References

Oracle

Alex Handy. 2005. Oracle Fusion: The 'Frankenstein' of SOA? Software Development Times, October 15, 6

Paul Krill. 2006. Oracle Does SOA. InfoWorld, August 14, 11-13

Security

Management Action and Productivity Businesses in Developed
Words: 2475 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 22553671
Read Full Paper  ❯

Management Action and Productivity

usinesses in developed countries tend to think of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) as a characteristic that is centered in their own businesses or, failing that, situated in the industries of wealthier nations. The CSR movement is substantively skewed in the direction of the developed world where the motivation for adopting a CSR initiative is driven more by altruism -- or "enlightened self-interest" (Vogel 2006: 18) -- than profit margins. It is unusual to find a perspective that considers CSR from the perspective of a sourcing company. In the centrically-oriented corporate arena of the developed world, CSR is seen as originating with the company that establishes a supply chain with a multinational company -- not the other way around. In order to manage and control ethical issues arising from doing business with overseas markets, many corporations rely on a social compliance model (PricewaterhouseCoopers 2007).

The social compliance…

Bibliography

Buying your way into trouble? The challenge of responsible supply chain management. 2004. Insight Investment, HBOS. London, UK: Acona Investment Consulting. Retrieved  http://www.acona.co.uk/reports/Buying+your+way+into+trouble.pdf 

Cooper, D.R. And Schindler, P.S. 2008. Business Research Methods, 10th Ed. Edition, McGraw-Hill.

Environics International 3rd Annual CSR Monitor. 2002. (In November of 2003, Environics became GlobeScan Incorporated. [Press release] Retrieved  http://www.globescan.com/news_archives/csr02_press_release.html 

Eslenshade, J. 2004. Monitoring Sweatshops: Workers, Consumers, & the Global Apparel Industry. Temple University Press.

Management Solutions for Electronic Waste
Words: 5441 Length: 16 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 47148951
Read Full Paper  ❯

" (fom Wold envionmental news, Intenet edition)

Besides developing flexible legislation that will distibute the functions of ecycling between manufactues and municipal sevices thee has to be a definite and developed pogam that would specialize on the optimal and the most exhaust utilization of electonic waste, eduction of e-waste landfills and incineation. Recycling pogam should not be limited to the ecycling of CRT monitos, as thei ownes ae moe likely to bing the whole obsolete compute system to the ecycling, not just compute monitos.

The benefit of integal pogam of ecycling is that it allows using a vaiety of mateials used in the electonics manufactuing like pecious metals, semi-pecious metals, and some electonic items in the euse.

The most impotant pat of the e-waste management is seach of the most appopiate and qualified patnes in the technical o pactical pat of the poblem solution. This poblem is of the essential…

reference: being reused repaired and modernized; being recycled and the most ecologically disadvantageous solution is simply being land filled. But the realization of these practices faces a lot of obstacles mainly of financial character. All of them are quite expensive and do not bring desired return.

That's why scientists and economists agree in the following: recycling of e-waste has to be the concern of electronics manufacturers. Loop industry is the most optimal solution to the problem as the manufacturer becomes responsible for the recycling of the products he makes. Introduction of such practices has the negative outcomes of course. Because technological process becomes more complicated and intensive, requires involvement of additional equipment and facilities on the hand with new labour the net value of the production increases and so the customers would have to pay more for electronics.

Another direction in the solution of e-waste problem is export of e-waste to the developing countries, where the process of recycling is cheaper and the possibility of e-waste to be reused, repaired and modernized is higher. Moreover some third world countries use unpopulated territories for e-waste. Anyways, this kind of solution is not appropriate again, because most of these practices somehow avoid law regulations of these countries and cannot have a mass character. It only creates additional problem which would have to be solved in close future.

As most of experts agree that recycling of e-waste has to be the problem of e-products manufacturers they have to develop different effective strategies and technologies for the most optimal solution of this problem: starting form transportation of e-waste from customer to the process of recycling. At this point global environmental community has to cooperate and share new practices and approaches in solving this problem. It refers both to technology and legislative regulation of the problem.

And in developing own strategy for e-waste management the officials of different countries have to work together and adopt practices of each other that are being effective. Countries of European Union had already made the first steps to the solution of this problem, making manufactures to be responsible for the waste caused by their products. The United Sates and Canada should start to introduce these practices as well, if they want to achieve ecological balance and safe coexistence of scientific and technological progress with health of humanity.

Management of Information Systems Business Strategy Lessons
Words: 1699 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 46582319
Read Full Paper  ❯

Management of Information Systems Business Strategy: Lessons to Be Learned From the Clinic and esort Cases about the Creation, Implementation and Use of Business Intelligence

The objective of this work is to examine the lessons to be learned from the clinic and resort cases about the creation, implementation and use of business intelligence in management of information systems business strategy.

Business intelligence is described as the "business capability of extracting actionable insight from business and market data to support better decision-making and improved corporate performance." (The Business Intelligence Guide, 2011) Furthermore, Business Intelligence is the business reported to be the "most wanted technology by business across the world" because business intelligence "even in current times of economic downturn, when IT budgets are being cut, is still at the top of the list of urgently needed business capabilities." (The Business Intelligence Guide, 2011) The critical need for business intelligence was learned…

References

Briggs, Linda L. (2011) BI Case Study: Hospitality Firm Clean Up with BI. 26 Jul 2011. TDWI. Retrieved from:  http://tdwi.org/Articles/2011/07/26/Case-Study-Hospitality-Firm.aspx?Page=1 

Business Intelligence (2011) The Business Intelligence Guide. Retrieved from:  http://thebusinessintelligenceguide.com/bi_solutions/index.php 

Konitzer, Kate and Cummens, Mike (2011) Case Study: Using Analytics to Improve Patient Outcomes and Billing Accuracy at Marshfield Clinic. TDWI. 11 Jul 2011. Retrieved from:  http://tdwi.org/Articles/2011/07/11/CASE-STUDY-Using-Analytics-to-Improve-Patient-Outcomes-and-Billing-Accuracy-at-Marshfield-Clinic.aspx?Page=1

Management for the Most Part Information Is
Words: 518 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 31768306
Read Full Paper  ❯

Management

For the most part, information is processed in similar ways by the different browsers. Firefox is my default browser, and I am familiar with how it processes information. I have NoScript activated, so Firefox processes data through this filter that blocks unwanted and hidden scripts from the computer. The two browsers with which Firefox is being compared are Internet Explorer and Safari.

In general, the more basic the webpage the more basic the browser is with respect to the way it processes information. There are few differences in the way that pages are rendered, for example, so most pages look the same. Firefox will block out some pop-ups and other unwanted things more effectively than the other two. The speed at which the browsers process the information varies, however, with Internet Explorer being noticeably slower.

When moving on to different functions, there are some interesting things that come up.…

Management Account in the Public Sector and
Words: 2226 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 99217837
Read Full Paper  ❯

Management Account in the Public Sector and Management Accounting in the Private Sector: A Comparative Review

The late 20th and early 21st centuries have brought increasing change to almost every country in the world, Australia included. Globalism describes, in fact, the increasing unification of the world through economic means (reduction of trade barriers, support of international trade, and mitigation of export and import quotas). They goal for globalization is to increase material wealth and the distribution of goods and services through a more international division of labor and then, in turn, a process in which regional cultures integrate through communication, transportation and trade. The overall theory is that if countries are tied together cooperatively economically, they will not have needed to become political enemies. Additionally, the idea of globalism and international trade has changed the way Australian's view public and private businesses and the opportunities afforded them because of investment,…

Works Cited

Alexander Performance Management, Inc. 2004, Private vs. Public Sector, viewed May 2012, .

Broadbent, J & Laughlin, R 1988, 'Public Private Partnerships: An Introduction', Accounting, Auditing and Accountability Journal, vol 16, no. 3, pp. 332-41.

Financial Accounting Standards Board 2012, Convergence with the International Accounting Standards Board, viewed May 2012,  http://www.fasb.org/international/convergence_iasb.shtml .

Funnell, W & Cooper, K 1998, Public Sector Accounting and Accountability in Australia, University of New South Wales Press, Sydney.