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Dentistry as a Profession
There was a time when the profession of dentistry solely focused on treating and alleviating pain coming from any oral tissues. The dentists were considered as healers just like medical doctors. But a recent trend towards broadening the horizons of dentistry has lead it to step into the fields of cosmetic medicine. Focus has been provided on dentists as smile constructors. Dental clinics have been transformed into dental spas and there is a movement leading the profession of dentistry into a business. How much of this is useful is yet to be determined. And whether this new picture of the "business" of dentistry is ethical or not has brought dentistry into the spotlight of professionalism. Ethicists are generating heated arguments and commenting on the status of dentistry towards still being called a profession. What truly constitutes a profession and what are the attributes of dental profession…
Stem cells have received a great deal of attention over the past ten years or so. Initially they were in the news because of the great promise they held because of the possibility that stem cells could cure diseases like Parkinson's, heart disease, diabetes, Alzheimer's and other medical problems. Then stem cells were in the news because President George . Bush issued an executive order banning the use of federal money for stem cell research. But since President Barack Obama has been in office the use of stem cells in research has begun again. The article reviewed in this paper is about how stem cells might be able one day to actually help "bone regeneration" and to help people with bad teeth to form "…specialized dentin, bone, and neuronal cells" (Narang, et al., 2012, p. 150).
Stem Cells in Dentistry
Stem cells are "primitive cells" that can be found…
Narang, Sumit, and Sehgal, Nidhi. (2012). Stem cells: A potential regenerative future in dentistry. Indian Journal of Human Genetics, 18(2), 150-154.
Although it may have the danger of making some patients complacent about other risk factors if their mouth is not found to be problematic, and some dentists may resent outsourcing the test to school nurses, for high risk, particularly poor children, it could be potentially life-saving for their teeth and later well-being, provided the information is disseminated to them in an appropriate fashion. All of these technologies hold the potential to create healthier mouths and less long-term expensive care, however, because they emphasize either prevention or early detection, rather than what to do after the problem is discovered.
Anderson, Travis "Second-Hand Smoke May Cause Cavities in Children." Press Release.
University of Rochester Medical Center. 1 May 2001. 3 Aug 2007. http://www.urmc.rochester.edu/pr/news/archive/sec_smoke.html
Kids with Cavities Overweight, Not Underweight." Science Daily. 26 Mar 2006.
Aug 2007. http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2006/03/060322175109.htm
Kodak Offers Innovative Digital Technology for Its Dental Digital Radiography
Systems; Digital technology…
Anderson, Travis "Second-Hand Smoke May Cause Cavities in Children." Press Release.
University of Rochester Medical Center. 1 May 2001. 3 Aug 2007. http://www.urmc.rochester.edu/pr/news/archive/sec_smoke.html
Kids with Cavities Overweight, Not Underweight." Science Daily. 26 Mar 2006.
Aug 2007. http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2006/03/060322175109.htm
Ricardo exposed me to several facets of the private practice including monitoring patient files and managing front-end duties including reception for new clients. I learned how the professional may attract new clients and retain existing ones to ensure the success of the practice. Moreover, I assisted with intake and with rear office duties as well, including but not limited to instrument care and radiology assistance.
Although I worked full-time at a paying job to support myself through school, my volunteer work took an equal priority to preparations for the DAT and coursework in upper-division science courses that will prepare me for the rigors of dental school. My dedication and willingness to work hard reflect my dedication to the profession and prove my aptitude and ability to work alongside esteemed professionals like those I had the privilege to serve with as a volunteer. I look forward to contributing to the profession…
However, there are still concerns about product safety. According to the product information from one of the sealant's own informational websites, in an article entitled "Resin Dental Sealants and Bisphenol a Oral Exposure," in 1996 concerns about the safety of dental sealants were raised by researchers University of Granada in Spain when they discovered detectable levels of bisphenol a (BPA) in the saliva of patients treated with dental sealants, although they later found that the highest reported exposure to BPA was still 50,000 times lower than levels that were poisonous to animals.
Clearly, are sealants superior to the far more questionable materials they were designed to replace, namely mercury amalgams. Also, cavities can cause structural damage to the teeth, and must be replaced after 6 to 8 years, thus sealants, in a cost-benefit analysis to the patient, seem to be the more desirable option, as opposed to not sealing a…
Neuenfeldt, Ellen S. (Sept-Oct 2005). "Sealants: basic information, advanced technology." The Dental Assistant. Retrieved 25 Jul 2007 at http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m0MKX/is_5_74/ai_n15777173
Resin Dental Sealants and Bisphenol a Oral Exposure." (2007).
BisphenolA. Human Health and Safety -- Product Safety. Retrieved 25 Jul 2007 at http://www.bisphenol-a.org/human/dental.html
Saunders, John. (2005). "Protecting your Child's Teeth." Medical University of South
Signs and symptoms of periodontal disease include bleeding on probing, the presence of periodontal pockets, alveolar bone loss, pain, and gingival swelling. Risk factors for periodontal disease include cigarette smoking, diabetes, stress, poor oral hygiene, the presence of periodontal pockets, and heredity. Because the signs and symptoms of periodontal disease are not equal to the risk factors for periodontal disease, the method to determine a diagnosis of periodontal disease differs from the method to determine the risk for periodontal disease. Consequently, a comprehensive evaluation of periodontal status necessitates separate determinations for diagnosis and risk, which together comprise a broader description of a patient's periodontal status than diagnosis alone. here subjective methods are used for determining risk there is a natural inclination to associate the level of risk with the severity of disease. hile it is definitely true that high severity must equal high risk, it is just as true that…
Spiller, M.S., 2000. The Treatment of Periodontal Disease. [online]. Available at:
Peterson, D., 2008. Diagnosis of Gum Disease. [online]. Available at:
Ergonomic risk factors related to dental office design, equipment and tools are well-described. As dissimilar kinds of dental work, ideal working locations, and dissimilar user groups influence design and precise equipment, postural and positioning variables may reduce the risks, and designs need to consider neuromuscular factors, postural factors and the possibilities of relaxation. Demands of dental tasks are alike for male and female dentists. Yet, many equipment designs helpful to males can create ergonomic issues for female dentists that may become more important while practicing when pregnant or nursing. Ageing of dentists and patients is an additional ergonomic apprehension for the design of dental equipment. Unnatural postures and uncomfortable reaching, unsuitable design of workstations and computer use can also augment MSD's. Environmental risk factors also contain compromised quality of air, temperature, humidity and noise. Therefore, all these factors need exacting attention and close observation. edesign of dental offices may decrease…
Mito, Ronald S. And Fernandez, Kallie. (2002). Why is Ergonomics an Issue in Dentistry?
Retrieved March 24, 2011, from Web site:
Rucker, Lance M., Beattie, Craig, McGregor, Cathy, Sunell, Susanne and Ito, Yutaka. (1999).
This is also of personal interest to me because of recent experiences. I have been volunteering at a dentist's office. Last year, I was experiencing a great deal of pain with 16 decayed teeth. The dentist completely resolved my problem. This treatment made a world of difference for me physically and mentally, because I was no longer suffering. While helping out at the dentist's office, I have also seen how many people come here for decay problems like mine, dental bridge work, or cosmetic dentistry. Many of the patients when they first came to the office would not even grin, because they were ashamed of their looks. They left after several treatments smiling widely. One of my friends also had cosmetic dentistry. The changes in his teeth gave him much satisfaction and self-confidence. From these experiences, I realized how much personal gratification I would have helping people in the same…
., Keene, H.J. And Horton, I.M. (1981). Comparison of Streptococcus
mutans Concentrations in Non-banded and Banded Orthodontic Patients. Journal of Dental esearch. 60: 1936.
Gray, Darren and McIntyre, Grant. (2008). Does oral health promotion influence the oral hygiene and gingival health of patients undergoing fixed appliance orthodontic treatment? A systematic literature review. Journal of Orthodontics, 35, 262 -- 269.
Gontijo, Leonardo, Cruz, oberval de Almeida, Brandao and Paulo, oberto Gomes. (2007).
Dental Enamel Around Fixed Orthodontic Appliances after Fluoride Varnish Application.
Braz Dent J, 18(1): 49-53.
Katsue Miura, Karina, Yoko Ito, Izabel, Enoki, Carla, Elias, Ana Maria Matsumoto, Mirian Aiko
Nakane. (2007). Anticariogenic effect of fluoride-releasing elastomers in orthodontic
patients Braz Oral es, 21(3), 228-33.
Lara-Carrillo, Edith, Montiel-Bastida, Norma-Margarita, Sanchez-Perez, Leonor and Alanis-
Tavira, Jorge. (n.d.). etrieved September 13, 2010, from Web site:
Mattick, C.., Mitchell, L., Chadwick, S.M. And Wright, J. (2001). Fluoride-releasing
Elastomeric Modules educe Decalcification: a…
Arici, Selim, Alkan, Arzu and Arici, Nursel. (2007). Comparison of different tooth brushing protocols in poor-tooth brushing orthodontic patients. European Journal of Orthodontics,
29, 488 -- 492. doi:10.1093/ejo/cjm038.
Corbett, J.A, Brown, L.R., Keene, H.J. And Horton, I.M. (1981). Comparison of Streptococcus
mutans Concentrations in Non-banded and Banded Orthodontic Patients. Journal of Dental Research. 60: 1936.
journal Allergy reports that dental assistants who are exposed daily to the use of methacrylates can be at risk for respiratory problems. In fact the results of a survey of 799 dental assistants in Finland reveals that there is an "…increased risk of adult-onset "asthma…nasal symptoms…and work-related cough or phlegm" (Jaakkola, et al., 2007, p. 648). This paper delves into the issue of this apparent occupational hazard for dental assistants and provides a personal response as well.
"Respiratory effects of exposure to methacrylates among dental assistants."
The authors in this article surveyed 799 female dental assistants (the response rate from the initial 923 dental assistants approached was 87%) in the Helsinki metropolitan area by telephone. A computer-assisted telephone interview (CATI) was used for this research; that is, the computer system allows those doing the phone interview to immediately enter answers into a database. Moreover, the CATI "…controls the interview logic,…
Jaakkola, M.S., Leino, T., Tammilehto, L., Ylostalo, P., Kuosma, E., and Alanko, K. (2007).
Respiratory effects of exposure to methacrylates among dental assistants. Allergy, 62(6),
Critical Success Factors in the Field of Dentistry
The path to becoming a qualified dental professional is partially defined by the medical implications of the chosen career and partially defined by the business administration imperatives also directly related. The discussion here considers some of the key issues in defining critical success factors in the field of dentistry. Most specifically among them, the discussion addresses the characteristics of your dental education and how these relate to your success. Additionally, the discussion considers the issue of your chosen path to practice, offering an analysis of the challenges relating to establishing your own practice. The key recommendations that this discussion leads to relate to the process of dental education and the path that aspiring dentists will take to entering the practice. Regarding education, the discussion recommends extensive personal research into the kind of dental educational community where practicing professionals provide instruction and…
American Dental Education Association (ADEA). (2008). Becoming a Dentist. ADEA.org.
Education Portal (EP). (2011). How to Become a Dentist. Education-portal.com.
Kokemuller, N. (2009). Benefits of Being a Dentist. The Houston Chronicle.
Office of the Professions (OP). (2012). License Requirements. NYSED.gov.
Pediatric dentistry is the branch of dentistry dealing with children from birth through adolescence. Each general dentist office has different policies concerning pediatric patients seen in their offices. If you could write the policy for pediatric patients what policy would you put into effect? Also write about any experience you have had concerning a scared child, special needs or etc. Please include behavior management techniques.
No one likes dentists, children least of all. Yet, in order to have children cooperate with the treatment, the dentist needs to find some effective methods to deal with their pediatric patients, and these, for maximum effect, would be based on behavior management techniques. The dentist's goal would be to ease fear and anxiety whilst promoting an understanding of the need for excellent oral health. The dentist who treats children should have an arsenal of behavior modification techniques at her bey, particularly since she may…
Guideline on Behavior Guidance for the PediatricDental Patient
REFERENCE MANUAL V 34 / NO 6
Ergonomics in Dentistry
The Advancement of Ergonomics in Dentistry
Dentistry and dental hygiene require maintaining ergonomically incorrect postures for long periods of time. The most common injuries among dental hygienist and dentists are shoulder injuries. In addition to maintaining these unnatural postures, hygienists and dentist repeatedly move using only a small range of motion in a limited space. This places load on the neck and shoulder, creates an imbalance in muscle length, and an imbalance in muscle strength (McNitt-Gray and Mathlyakom). Maintaining these unnatural postural conditions can lead to injuries such as tendonitis, rotator cuff injury, nerve compression, blood vessel compression and other injuries to the shoulder and upper neck. Injuries can also occur in the hand, wrist, and back. These injuries are not only painful, they impede the ability to continue working. This presentation will explore ways to minimize these injuries through proper ergonomics and strengthening exercises.
Dais, Joyce and Rover, Jo-Ann. Gearing Up for Ergonomic Practice. Dimensions of Dental
Hygeine. < http://www.dimensionsofdentalhygiene.com/ddhright.aspx?id=1357
Accessed 11 October 2011.
Marsh, Lynn. Practiging Ergonomically Correct Dental Hygiene. Dimensions of Dental Hygeine.
pediatric dentistry, after perusing current literature it is obvious that the studies concerning pediatrics are not as available as adult dentistry studies. Current literature, however, does seem to be turning a more conducive eye to what takes place in the dental office especially concerning children and young adults.
This study will observe pediatric dentistry in a local hospital and seeks to determine the incidence of dental disease in young hospital patients. For instance, one recent study determined that "although the oral health of the children with either a congenital or an acquired heart disease was the same as that of the healthy children, there were significant differences in the decayed, missed, and filled teeth indices" (Cantekin, Cantekin, Torun, 2013, p. 706).
Another study sought to determine the context in which children and adolescents were referred to special care or pediatric dental services in the "medical, functional, social and environmental context"…
Bucci, P.; Carile, F.; Sangianantoni, A.; D'Angio, F.; Santarelli, A.; Lo Muzio, L.; (2006) Oral apthous ulcers and dental enamel defects in children with coeliac disease, Acta Paediatrica, Vol. 95, Issue 2, pp. 203-207
Cantekin, K.; Cantekin, I.; Torun, Y.; (2013) Comprehensive dental evaluation of children with congenital or acquired heart disease, Cardiology in the Young, Vol. 23, Issue 5, pp. 705-710
Faulks, D.; Norderyd, J.; Molina, G.; Macgiolla Phadraig, C.; Scagnet, G.; Eschevins, C.; Hennequin, M.; (2013) Using the international classification of functioning: Disability and Health (ICF) to describe children to special care or pediatrics dental services, PLoS, Vol. 8, Issue 4, pp. 1 -- 13
Advancement of Ergonomics in Dentistry
The presenters make the argument that women dentists are particularly vulnerable to occupational injury and pain. esearch indicates that flexibility, balance, and strengthening exercises performed at home and during off-duty hours can help women dentists from sustaining musculoskeletal injuries during dental practice. The authors emphasize that women dentists must make behavioral changes with regard to positioning and rotation of tasks in accordance with their knowledge about ergonomics. The importance of selecting equipment designed for and scaled to women is addressed. The presentation includes a discussion of work-related musculoskeletal disorders common to dental service providers, and illustrates the impact that dental healthcare has on the rate of musculoskeletal disorders.
The purpose of this table clinic is to provide women dentists and dental hygienists with examples of incorrect and correct postures while carrying out dentistry services in a clinic setting, and to demonstrate exercises that help…
Ayers, K.M.S., Thomson, W.M., Newton, J.T., Morgaine, K.C., and Rich, A.M. (2009, February). Self-reported occupational health of general dental practitioners. Occupational Medicine, 59, 142-148. doi.101093 Retrieved http://occmed.oxfordjournals.org/content/59/3/142.full.pdf+html Google Scholar.
Musculoskeletal Disorders and Ergonomics in Dentistry: An Introduction (2011). United States Air Force Dental Evaluation and Consultation Service. Retrieved http://www.airforcemedicine.afms.mil/intradoc-cgi/nph-idc_cgi?
Valachi, B. (2010, September). Ergonomic positioning: a few degrees add years to your career. Dentistry Today, 29 (9), 124-6. PubMed -- Indexed for MEDLINE. PMID: 20973428 Retrieved http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20973428
Valachi, B. (2008, February). Musculoskeletal health of the woman dentist: distinctive interventions for a growing population. Journal of the California Dental Association, 36 (2), 127-32. PubMed -- Indexed for MEDLINE. PMID: 18411975
particular the study is an observation of the incidence of dental diseases among pediatric patients. The study seeks to understand not only the quantitative aspects (how many incidences and how severe) but also the qualitative background concerning the patients (how they feel, what was done to alleviate discomfort and pain). The study design, therefore, is one of a mixed research with quantitative measurements are complemented by qualitative feelings and perceptions. Studies are abundant on the various aspects of dentistry and this study includes many of the findings previously reported in those studies.
Current literature contains a number of different treatments used by dentists throughout the world and especially in the area of pediatrics. Pain diagnosis and discomfort levels often accompany the delicate procedures that dentists are required to undertake. A recent study determined that "fear, dread, and apprehension of the dental encounter was nearly universal and dentists feverishly searched for…
Al Hamdan, E.M.; Algheryafi, A.M.; Al-Ghareeb, F.J.; Ashri, N.Y.; (2013) Knowledge and attitude of dentists towards the use of botulinum toxin, Journal of Cosmetic & Laser Therapy, Vol. 15, Issue 1, pp. 46 -- 54
Andrick, J.M.; (2013) Cultivating a "chairside manner": Dental hypnosis, patient management psychology, and origins of behavioral dentistry in America, 1890 -- 1910, Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences, Vol. 49, Issue 3, pp 235 -- 258
Dancer, J.M. & Taylor, C.A.; (2007) Dentistry is different: Practitioner perceptions of the business of dentistry, Clinician in Management, Vol. 15, Issue 1, pp. 11 -- 27
Ozcan, M.; Dundar, M.; Comlekoglu, M.E.; (2012) Adhesion concepts in dentistry: Tooth and material aspects, Journal of Adhesion Science and Technology, Vol. 26, Issue 24, pp. 2661 -- 2681
The students have been personally encouraged by the students to apply as soon as possible for early registration to the Texas Medical and Dental Schools Application Service. The maximum extended date has been September 1, supported by the Office of ecruitment and Admissions. The candidates which have been short listed for the interviews are called soon after the submission of their documents, and the interview sessions are conducted from July, onwards. It is important for the non-Texas residents to submit the application form to the Dallas office of the College, the failure on the part of the candidate towards the submission of the documents will result in the rejection of the application through Texas Medical and Dental Schools Application Service. The applicants are required to appear for an interview, 'although an official interview is not granted to all applicants, the College gladly provides complete information and counseling for all prospective…
S. Peterson. College & University Almanac 2004. Thomson Peterson's Publication. 2003.
Information Baylor College, refer to the college's website, (Web link: ( http://www.tambcd.edu/html/faqadmissions.html )
Baylor College Admission criteria, (Web link:
With the economy being the way that it is, our dollar doesn't stretch as far as it used to. Many dental offices will set up a payment plan that works with the parent's budget on the amount not covered by the insurance. If the dentist makes it known to the parent that she can pay off any balance in low monthly payments, she may be more inclined to give permission for the dentist to follow through with the treatment plan suggested. Also, the fact that some of her friends have not had good experiences with root canals should not be a determining factor in what she decides for her child. With the many advances in dentistry, there should be no complications with the procedure and it there are any they will be minor and can be adjusted immediately.
Another thing the dentist might want to do is schedule a consultation…
Cross-Sectional Study: To Assess the Prevalence of Dental Diseases and Treatment Needs of Pediatric Patients Attending Dental Clinics at Ajman University
The WHO Global Oral Health Program emphasizes that although countries have made substantial progress in their effort to improve community health in general, there is still a lot to be done in relation to oral health - particularly among minority and economically-disadvantaged groups1. Oral diseases such as orodental trauma, oropharyngeal cancers, oral lesions, tooth loss, periodontal disease, and dental caries continue to be a thorn in the flesh for governments in the world over even though reports have shown declines in their prevalence and severity. Despite their endemic nature, these diseases impact negatively on the health of the general population and put a strain on the global economy1. Having damaged, discolored or missing teeth affects patients' well-being and daily lives, just as the time taken to tend to the…
1. Petersen PE. World Health Organization Global Policy for Improvement of Oral Health -- World Health Assembly 2007. The World Health Organization 2008. http://www.who.int/oral_health/publications/IDJ_June_08.pdf
2. Anderson M. Risk Assessment and Epidemiology of Dental Caries: Review of the Literature. Pediatric Dentistry 2002; 24(5):377-385.
3. Anis R, Gaballah K. Oral Cancer in the UAE: A Multicenter, Retrospective Study. Libyan Journal of Medicine 2013; 8(10):217-222.
4. Jaber MA. Dental Caries Experience, Oral Health Status and Treatment Needs of Dental Patients with Autism. Journal of Applied Oral Science 2011; 19(3): 212-217.
ergonomics in the practice of dentistry, focusing on tendinitis. Improper ergonomics exacerbates a tendency to acquire tendinitis and other musculoskeletal concerns. In particular, the lack of hand and wrist supports during dental work is related to the presence of tendinitis in those joint areas. This research used thermo graphical methods to measure the difference between a dentist who experiences tendinitis and one who does not. Thermography is a common tool used in medical diagnosis. Results revealed a noticeable difference between the two participants, as the dentist who suffered from tendinitis exhibited a higher temperature and distribution range than the one who did not have the musculoskeletal complaint. The results can be used to encourage more research into how to improve dentists' working conditions and encourage the use of ergonomics in the workplace.
Musculoskeletal disorders are relatively common among practitioners of dentistry, due to the repetitive nature of the…
Exposure to adiation in dentist office is a major concern for parents with little children. While exposure of this kind can be harmful for anyone, its unregulated use in treatment of younger patients is especially alarming. In this article the author highlights the issue of unrelated radiation use in dental offices and one wonders if this is an ethical or business issue.
We can classify this as an ethical issue because even if others are unaware, dentists should be aware of the problems posed by exposure to radiation. If they are, it's even more alarming since that exposes their ignorance. We can assume that they are well aware since they have studied medicine and they are regularly updated about dangers of new technologies. What is however unfortunate is the fact that dentists continue to use X-rays and even some other outdated technologies which emit high radioactive rays and…
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Pauker, S., Zane, E., Salem, D. (2005). Creating a Safer Health Care System. Journal of American Medical Association, 294(22):2906-2908.
hile Xylitol was being used elsewhere in the world the United States still have "an abundant amount of sugar available" so it wasn't heard of in the U.S. until it arrived in chewing gum in 1975. hile Germans and Italians -- along with the Russians and Japanese -- were using it as a sugar substitute, Americans were still heaping piles of sugar on their breakfast cereal and in their coffee and ice tea.
But today, Xylitol is marketed in the U.S. As "Miracle Sweet," "Perfect Sweet," and "Healthy Sweet" (Gare, 8). Is it more or less expensive than sugar? Gare writes that it is "far more expensive than sugar, albeit recently the price has been coming down low enough to be marketed in items like cake mixes, brownies, muffins, cookies, candies, ice creams and puddings; Gare asserts that Xylitol in these baked items make them taste as least as good…
Gare, Fran. The Sweet Miracle of Xylitol: Easyread Super Large 20pt Edition. 2009.
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Moritz, Andreas. Timeless Secrets of Health and Rejuvenation. Landrum, SC: Ener-Chi
According to the study, the clinical evidence does not recommend the application of implanto-prosthetic zirconium abutments in a patient's molar region.
Nakumura et al. (2010) conducted a systematic review of Zirconium as a dental implant abutment matter. The focus of their study was to assess the already published data on the concept of concerning zirconia dental implant abutments.
The work was focused on the study of the mechanical properties of zirconium abutments, the peri-implant soft tissues that surround zirconia abutments, plaque accumulation on the zirconia as well as the survival of the zirconia abutments.
The selected studies indicated that the that the zirconium abutments were very reliable in the anterior region from both mechanical and biologic perspectives.The studies also concluded that in comparison with titanium, zirconium abutments may be a material surface that is less attractive for phenomenon of early plaque retention.
The study further indicated that 3 clinical follow-up…
Ekfeldt a, Furst B. Carlsson GE (2011) Zirconia abutments for single-tooth implant restorations: a retrospective and clinical follow-up study. Clin. Oral Impl. Res. 22,; 1308-1314 doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0501.2010.02114.x
Gomes, a., Montero, J (2011).Zirconia implant abutments: A review. Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal. 2011 Jan 1;16 (1):e50-5.
Nakamura K, Kanno T, Milleding P, Ortengren U.(2010).Zirconia as a dental implant abutment material: a systematic review. Int J. Prosthodont. 2010 Jul-Aug;23(4):299-309
Velazquez-Cayon R, Vaquero-Aguilar C, Torres-Lagares D, Jimenez-Melendo M, Gutierrez-Perez JL.(2011).Mechanical resistance of zirconium implant abutments: A review of the literature. Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal. 2011 Dec 6.
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Chew, L., Griffin, J., Partin, M., et al. (2008). Validation of Screening Questions for Limited Health Literacy. Journal of General Internal Medicine, 23(5), 561-6.
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Bass, P., Wilso, J. And Griffith, C. (2003). A Shortened Instrument for Literacy Screening. Journal of General Internal Medicine, 8(12), 1036-8.
Berger, J. (2000). Corporate Health Plan Strategies and Health Literacy. National Health Communications Conference. Washington, DC: ACP Fouindation.
people ask did I always want to be an orthodontist, I say no. Until my senior year in high school I was a generic student. School was pleasant, not too difficult, and the social life was okay. However, you could say that is when I started to grow up, and that is when I realized that high school was about getting ready for my future. Schoolwork became less of a chore and I started to enjoy classes, a couple more than others. For example, I found that the things I learned in biology class really excited my curiosity and made me interested in learning more.
I was also lucky enough to have two exceptional teachers who helped me see that learning was fun. One in particular showed me how to see each class as an opportunity, as a door that I needed to pass through. Since then, whenever I take…
ationalism Politics Impacts Public's View
Web Article eview
The principle best-practice strategy elucidated within Louis DePaola's article entitled "Infection control in the dental office" is for practitioners to adhere to sanitary and hygiene mandates as noted within a pair of documents produced by the Centers for Disease Control. The first document is the Guide to Infection Prevention for Outpatient Settings: Minimum Expectations for Safe Care (which was published in 2011), and the companion Infection Prevention Checklist for Outpatient Settings: Minimum Expectations for Safe Care. These documents have a number of specific measures for those working in dental offices to follow to reduce the incidence of healthcare associated infections (HAI).
In addition to denoting several of the key guidelines for practitioners to adhere to in order to ensure safety and reduce the rate of infection transmission, the author also reinforces several key facets of this literature that apply to dental office…
DePaola, L. (2012). "Infection control in the dental office." http://static.ow.ly/. Retrieved from http://static.ow.ly/docs/RICDE%20Infection%20Control%20in%20the%20Dental%20Office,%20Standards%20of%20Care%202012%20(CE%20Article%20PDF)_Mcl.pdf
life I have been a go-getter. I graduated from high school at 16 because I was eager to begin my college education. Currently I am working on dual Bachelor degrees. One will be in Biochemistry and the other will be in Psychology. The same personality trait that has allowed me to graduate from high school early, pursue a dual degree program and many other accomplishments, is what will turn me into a service orientated and dedicated dentist.
One of the things I have pursued as a University of California, San Diego student, is my membership in the campus "For Los Angelitos" club. One of the things we did as a club was to travel to poverty stricken areas and provide lessons about oral hygiene. Equipped with small bags filled with oral care products, we traveled to Tijuana, Mexico where we provided oral care education to the children of the area.…
A fully functional tooth developed for the mouse as a result of the experiment. The authors proposed the use of such technology as a model for future organ replacement therapies. "The bioengineered tooth, which was erupted and occluded, had the correct tooth structure, hardness of mineralized tissues for mastication, and response to noxious stimulations such as mechanical stress and pain in cooperation with other oral and maxillofacial tissues" (Ikedaa 2009, p. 113475).
The ability to regenerate fully functional adult teeth could yield considerable improvement in the ease and lifestyle quality for individuals who would previously have to have dental implants.
The clinical implications for the success of the study extend far beyond that of the field of dentistry. Stem cell therapy has the potential to restore the partial loss of organ function of neural cells in patients with Parkinson's disease and to generate new organs for…
Ikedaa, Etsuko. (2009, et al.). Fully functional bioengineered tooth replacement as an organ replacement therapy. PNAS. 106 (32): 113475-113480. Retrieved November 4, 2010 at http://www.pnas.org/content/early/2009/07/31/0902944106.full.pdf+html
Throughout my academic career so far, I have taken every advantage to intern with and volunteer at various dental offices to get an idea of all aspects of the profession, from the everyday running of the office to crowns and bridges. Shadowing other dentists has only inspired me to pursue this line of work even more, and I want to be able to deliver the best services possible. I have researched many dental academies and feel drawn to this one more than any other because of the opportunity to work in a state-of -- the art facility, using cutting edge technology and receiving guidance from the best educators in the field.
I will participate fully in the program, contributing to research, volunteering whenever possible, and being open to new techniques of the trade. Furthermore, your school provides one of the most balanced dental curricula that I have run across, for…
It was noted that factors affecting the removal of third molars vary from country to country depending on the stakeholders (Esposito, 2005).
In this section, we discussed the origins of third molars, as well as the different types of impaction that can occur. The effects of the type of impaction were found to be a factor in the ease if removal and the complications that may occur. Understanding types of impactions and the affect that they can have on the potential for complications is an important step in preventing complications before and after surgery. The following section will discuss the surgical procedures for removal of mandibular impactions.
Surgical Extraction of Impacted Mandibular Third Molars
Surgical extraction of third molars is performed for a number of reasons. They are sometimes performed to prevent surgery in older patients, although this reasoning is questionable (Valiati, Ibrahim, & Poli, et al., 2009). It can…
Al-Asfour, a. (2009). Postoperative Infection After Surgical Removal of Impacted Mandibular
Third Molars: An Analysis of 110 Consecutive Procedures. Med Princ Pract 18:48-52.
Bernard, G. & Mintz, V. (2003), Evidence-based means of avoiding Lingual Nerve Injury
following Mandibular Third Molar Extractions. Brazilian Journal of Oral Science. 2 (5):
AAPA, NJPAS, and NJSSPA are professional bodies representing the Physician Assistants. AAPA is a nation wide body which claims to be the sole national level organization, which is representing the Physician Assistants in the United States and is working for the benefit of PAs in all specialty areas. This organization mainly provides support to the Physician Assistants in employment matters and other professional issues. AAPA stands for "American Academy of Physicians Assistants. On the other hand, NJPAS and NJSSPA are New Jersey-based organizations representing the PAs in the New Jersey region. NJPAS is basically a student organization, which provides educational and professional support to PA students while NJSSPA is a professional body of Physician Assistant practitioners operating at the state level.
The development of the website "NJPAS.com" will be beneficial for both the Physician Assistant students and the working students. This website will serve as a platform for sharing the…
The American Academy of Physician Assistants: from the World Wide Web:
New Jersey Physician Assistant Students: from the World Wide Web:
Educational Theories Guiding Educational Experience
Description of an education event experienced
I am a dentist, and I have started a course on teaching dentistry. My experience with education was never a particularly encouraging one as my teacher was always absent. When I was at school, the teachers went on strike, and that left us with no attention from them. We had to do much of the studying alone, and all required research lay squarely on our shoulders in the absence of teachers for as long as they were striking. Whenever the teachers came around school, they applied a work to rule strategy and that was extremely devastating. Lecturers were never available for any extra consultation, and we had to take our learning as individual responsibilities instead of waiting for support or guidance from lecturers. Any difficulties, which we may have faced during the study never, had a chance in the…
Annand, D. (2011). Social presence within the community of inquiry framework. The International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning, 12(5), 40-56. Aristotle.
(2002). Aristotle nicomachean ethics. (J. Sachs, Trans.). Newburyport, MA: Focus
Publishing/R. Pullins Co.
Baker, C. (2010). The impact of instructor immediacy and presence for online student affective learning, cognition, and motivation. The Journal of Educators online, 7(1), 1-30.
Desire to Pursue a Dental Education
My desire for Dental School admission is basically based on my desire to help the less fortunate members of our society. As an immigrant to this country, I have faced many challenges during the last few years and know from experience what it is to be of unfortunate circumstance.
I was born and raised in Korea. In 1996, during my 10th grade year in high school, my family and I moved to the United States. During my first three years in this country, I faced many difficulties and challenges adjusting to a new language and culture. However, I have learned that persistence and dedication can overcome most of life's challenges. I have succeeded in adjusting to the American culture and have mastered the English language. Moreover, I have excelled in my studies.
After high school, I began my educational studies by enrolling at Santa…
Loma Linda University are particularly attractive and meaningful to you and why you have chosen to apply for advanced education.
I have been in search of an excellent academic program with top quality faculty that also suits my interests, aptitudes, and preferences in geographic locale. Loma Linda University meets all my needs. I grew up in Southern California, and wish to remain here during the course of my education because being close to family and friends is important to me. Loma Linda also supports a multicultural environment, and because I am of mixed heritage, I will feel most comfortable on this campus. I speak English, Spanish, and Chinese and look forward to interacting both with other students as well as faculty members during the pursuit of my advanced degree in health sciences. In fact, it was Loma Linda's commitment to a robust health sciences department that become the primary reason…
In 2002 the crime lab in the state of Mississippi found that the semen in the victim's body belonged to two different men and neither of them was Kennedy rewer. alko concludes by stating: "Forensic scandals have been troublingly common of late, with phony experts, fake results, and incompetent testing recently uncovered in Virginia, Maryland, Kansas, Illinois, and Texas, to name just a few. Courts need to take a more active role in weeding out the Michael Wests of the world before they ever take the witness stand. ut professional organizations also need to be more vigilant about policing their own. Dr. West's peers should more vocally have questioned his methods long before he was permitted to testify more than 70 times in courts across the country. One would think they'd step up their standards to protect the integrity and reputation of their profession. ut these continuing scandals suggest another,…
Danger to Society: Fooling the Jury with Phony Experts (nd) Chapter Three. State of Texas Law Review.
Bite Mark Evidence Dispute in Murder Cases (2008) CNN.com Crime. 29 Feb 2008. Online available at http://www.cnn.com/2008/CRIME/02/29/bite.marks.ap/
Bowers, C. Michael and Johansen, Raymond J. (2001) Digital Rectification and Resizing Correction of Photographic Bite Mark Evidence. Forensic Science Communications. July 2001. Vol. 3 No. 3. Online available at;
The understanding of TMJ anatomy as well as its function is very important to generate stable as well as healthy intercuspation. TMJ consists of condyle, disk, muscles and ligaments. It connects the lower jaw to the temporal bone in the skull in both sides and has two movements (osenstiel and Land, 2001). The TMJ along with muscles stabilization is the starting point to get the ideal maxilla-mandibular relationship in the centric relation. There is no way to register and transfer an accurate interocclusal record if patient has TMJ or muscles dysfunction. The patient with this dysfunction should be treated first before final restoration, cementation or construction. The conservative management of unstable joints and muscles via appliance therapy is the most common modality of management (Capp and Clayton, 1985).
4.2 Occlusal vertical dimension:
Perhaps one of the toughest and most intricate recuperative experiments for dentists in today's world is directly related…
Bansal S. Critical evaluation of various methods of recording centric jaw relation. J of india prosthet society2008;8(4):185-191
Boudrias, P. Anterior Guidance: Some Important Points. Journal dentaire du Quebec Volume 42 Janvier, 2005.
CP Owen. Occlusion in complete dentures. Available at: http://web.wits.ac.za/NR/rdonlyres/4E1BC14E-9BC1-4221-AA4D-15A337579384/0/occlusion.pdf
Capp N.J., and Clayton J.A. Technique for evaluation of centric relation tooth contacts. Part II: Following use of an occlusal splint for treatment of temporomandibular joint dysfunction. J Prosthet dent 1985;54 (5): 697-705.
History Of Tooth Extraction From the 5th Century
a paper history tooth extraction Greeks ( 5th century) till .
The process if removing teeth from their dental sockets is referred to as tooth extraction (Vignoletti et al.). There are many reasons for extractions, but the most common reason is removal when teeth become unrestorable because of tooth decay, dental trauma, or periodontal disease. People result to tooth extraction when the mentioned conditions are accompanied with toothache. Tooth extraction might occur when teeth are crowded. This would create space for the rest of the teeth to grow or be straightened. Tooth was extraction was not only conducted when the person's tooth was painful, but it was also done as a pain reliever for other diseases. Currently, tooth extraction is straight forward, and is mostly done when a person is awake using only local anesthetic, which eliminates pain sensations. Tooth extractions are…
Clement, Milton A. "Dental Forceps." Google Patents, 2011. Print.
DiVito, E, OA Peters, and G. Olivi. "Effectiveness of the Erbium: Yag Laser and New Design Radial and Stripped Tips in Removing the Smear Layer after Root Canal Instrumentation." Lasers in medical science 27.2 (2012): 273-80. Print.
Klein, C, and CG Lorber. "[Historical Development of Surgical Wisdom Tooth Extraction]." Fortschritte der Kiefer-und Gesichts-Chirurgie 40 (1994): 113-16. Print.
Philippe, Julien. "Pierre Fauchard the "Inventor" of Orthodontics." Journal of Dentofacial Anomalies and Orthodontics 14.01 (2011): 104. Print.
The pain was unbearable. I hardly slept that night. Regardless of the fact that I had earlier on ingested two pain killers, the toothache refused to fade away. To this day, this particular night remains the longest I have ever had. Anyone out there who has experienced the agony of a toothache perfectly understands what I mean. For the entire night, the toothache kept subsiding and then coming back in full force. I was actually forced to weak up at 5AM and wait for daybreak so that I could have my parents accompany me to the dentist. To cut the long story short, the offending tooth was eventually extracted at the dentist's office later that morning. To me, it appeared as if the dentist was God sent. In fact, at that moment, he was the only person that really mattered to me. He possessed the 'power' to 'blow away'…
Another solution that is being looked at is the idea of setting up medical homes that include dental services (Friedman, 2012). These consist of providers offices where patients and their medical histories are identified, preventive services and treatments are constant, and there is a guarantee of sustained access. These are considered to be like one-stop-shops where people can go to get the services that they need in order to get health and stay healthy. Continuity in health care is a very important aspect. People need to have continues well care in order to stay as healthy as they can and avoid serious illnesses that are not good for anyone.
One way that is mentioned in the article Access to Dental Care: a National Scandal (Friedman, 2012), to address the challenges in the political climate associated with the production or distribution of resources is in the area of health Promotion and/or…
Friedman, E. (2012). Access to Dental Care: A National Scandal. Retrieved from http://www.hhnmag.com/hhnmag/HHNDaily/HHNDailyDisplay.dhtml?id=25400060
One in eight Americans suffers from headaches (Pain, Academy of General Dentistry). As much as eighty percent of all headaches are caused by muscle tension, which may be related to bite problems. Headaches also can be caused by clenching jaw muscles for long periods of time. Signs that may indicate a headache from a dental origin include:
Pain behind the eyes
Sore jaw muscles or "tired" muscles upon awaking
Clicking or popping jaw joints
Head and/or scalp is painful to the touch
Earaches or ringing
Neck, shoulder or back pain
There are a variety of treatments that will help alleviate orofacial symptoms. One device is called an orthotic, or splint, that is worn over the teeth until the bite can be stabilized. Often permanent correction is practiced such as reshaping teeth (coronoplasty), building crowns or bonding, orthodontics, or surgery that installs a permanent appliance for the…
Forssell, H., Kalso, E., Koskela, P., Vehmanen, R. Puukka, P. And Alanen, P. (1999,
December). Occlusal treatments in temporomandibular disorders: a qualitative systematic review of randomized controlled trials. Pain 83 (3): 549-60. Retrieved May 17, 2003 from National Library of Medicine web site: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&list_uids=10568864&dopt=Abstract
McBride. R. Temporomandibular joint dysfunction ("TMJ"). Retrieved May 17, 2003 from RPM Dentistry web site: http://www.rpmdentistry.com/services/tmjetc.asp
Pain. Retrieved May 17, 2003 from Academy of General Dentistry web site: http://www.agd.org/consumer/topics/pain/main.html
Conventional Tomography outlining the various aspects, issues and methods used. It has 10 sources.
The field of medical imaging has been in existence for over one hundred years but new research and scientific breakthroughs have changed both its image and its role. adiology is not only diagnostic but is expanding to encompass curative techniques as well. The most common radiological investigation remains the conventional X-ray but a wide range of new and more efficient modalities have also been available for the past several decades. Amongst these methods is tomography, specifically in reference to this paper, Conventional Tomography.
adiographs deal with the internal anatomy of bodies, commonly used to view bones, calcified material, and soft tissue masses. This area has branched out since the use of fluorescent dyes but still is limited by the fact that a conventional radiography is unable to display within the framework of two-dimensional…
Author not available. (2003). The Encyclopedia of Medical Imaging Volume III: 1. Retrieved October 26, 2003, from Amersham plc
Flake M., Kinder C. (2003) Conventional Radiography Tomography and Their Biological Effects. Retrieved October 26, 2003, from Yale-New Haven Teachers Institute
A dentist must also understand the compositions of the products used to treat various oral issues. It is essential to understand the different types of fillings available, and know which is the best type to use in each case.
Senior citizens can present a number of problems to an uncaring dentist. Many have had bad experiences while visiting dentists in the past, and therefore have not had a proper checkup in years. The fears of these patients can ultimately result in poor oral hygiene, and problems which could have been averted had proper treatment had been received.
I will strive to put these patients at ease as I work to erase years of neglect.
Better Life understand many people have a fear of going to the dentist due to past experiences, and I want to change that. I know that there is no such thing as a small…
The sores may last 3-10 days and are infectious. ecurrent infections are usually mild and caused by stress, sun, menstrual periods, trauma or physical stress. Oral and maxillofacial are not significantly involved in their cure. However they do treat herpes when they become more problematic and dangerous such as with HIV or cancer-related immune suppression
6. Burning mouth syndrome (BMS)
This is when there is a burning sensation on lips, teeth, mouth, or gums. It has been linked to various conditions such as menopause, dry mouth and allergies and often occurs in middle-aged women. Derivatives may be anxiety, depression and social isolation. The field of oral and maxillofacial pathology still has found no cure for this and treatment includes hydrating agents, pain medications, vitamin supplements or the usage of antidepressants. (Elad et al. 2010).
This condition is indicated by the tongue being fissured and is often common in smokers and…
ADA.org: Dentistry Definitions.
The Academy of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology (AAOMP)
Statue and ules and egulations Concerning Dental Hygienists and Dentist in Hawaii and Florida
American Dental Hygienist's Association is the largest governing body for maintaining the dental hygiene and care. The members of ADHA body get pleasure from professional support, educational programs and other variety of opportunities for them to participate and strengthen their decision making process and professional expertise. Government affairs division of ADHA works in close association with state constituent to support issues that are important for the dental care of public and dental hygiene profession. This covers licensing, scope of practice, patient access to care, water fluoridation and other dental care services. The dental hygienists interest is promoted through the governmental affairs division through federal and state policy efforts. The legalization of the ADHA affairs sustain close collaboration with other institutions where public or private to institutionalize the oral health policy document and improve the quality of…
ADHA's corporate website, (2011) User Guide to ADHA's Government Affair Division,
Retrieved on 28th Sept 2011 through:
Chapter 448 hrs dentistry, Retrieved on 28th Sept 2011 through:
applying to your university to complete a degree in dentistry. am Serbian by birth, and was raised in Romania, a neighboring country of the former Yugoslavia, now Serbia. have been in the United States since 1999, working as a dental assistant. attended university in Romania in 1994, and graduated in 1999 with a degree in psychology. The study of the human mind has always interested me, and have always hoped to better myself through learning. enjoy learning about languages and culture, and learning new things. am fluent in Serbian, Romanian, and English, and am familiar with German and Russian. A few of my other and varied interests are drawing, making all kinds of miniatures from wax, studying history, dancing, reading a good book, and enjoying the company of great friends. When it comes to personality, have been told am unique and that have a great sense of humor. feel this…
I would like to study at your university for a variety of reasons. I am quite interested in the dental profession, and have worked in the profession for six years. I know the reputation of your university, and I feel that I could learn the dental profession better at your university than in any other school. I also bring experience and a joy of learning with me, and I feel I would fit in well with the student body, and add diversity to your institution. My grasp of languages could help me interact and help other international students, and I feel I could further my career while helping others while attending the school. Your dental school is well-known, and I would be proud to complete my degree at your institution. I hope you will see fit to admit me to your dental school and allow me to make my dreams of a dental career come true.
A bring six years of experience with me to my studies, which I feel will help me in my goals and in my ultimate career. Soon after I started school in 1994, I married into a Greek family and settled down for nine years. My husband, a successful dentist, had a big influence on my choice of dentistry as a career. I showed a lot of interest in his work, and he acknowledged I would be a very talented dentist if I chose to pursue the career. I felt utterly drowned in the profession when I began working for him as a dental assistant. However, in the six years I worked for him, I learned so much about dentistry, and it was then that I too realized I thoroughly enjoyed it and would be quite good at it. This is why I hope to continue my education and become a dentist. I love the work, and I seem to have an inclination for it.
In 1999, my husband and I decided to come to the United States. We were full of high hopes and dreams ready to materialize. We were eager to begin a new life, but there were many circumstances in the way. Within two years of my arrival, my father, aunt, and uncle died back home, and in the summer of 2003, my marriage ended in divorce. Consequently, I found myself alone in a foreign country, and wondering what to do with the rest of my life. Despite my personal tragedies, I have decided to get on with my life and make the best of living in a place with endless opportunities. Therefore, I have dedicated myself to creating a much desired new career in dentistry. I feel I have the talent and the ambition to become a successful dentist, and your school can certainly help me accomplish this important goal. I really desire to be a dentist, and I hope you will see fit to allow me to enroll in your school and complete my studies to attain my career.
Science appealed to me as early as I can remember in my academic career, specifically, solving problems through experimentation. Biology, in particular, captured my interest because it seemed to combine science with the goal of providing healthcare and comfort to patients suffering from medical disease. Since then, I have learned that the other scientific disciplines contribute equally toward improving modern health care, but the biological sciences have always captured my greatest interest.
My recent volunteer duties at the (Name of nursing home) nursing home confirmed to me the profound satisfaction inherent in providing patient care. The experience of being able to improve the lives and outlook of elderly patients (some of whom suffer more from depression and loneliness than any organic disease) remains one of the most rewarding endeavors that I have ever undertaken.
The satisfaction of helping others is one element that has been missing from my professional life,…
econstruction of full ach can be challenging for clinical procedures. As increasing number of patients live longer, retaining their teeth become challenging. Typically, clinicians will be called upon to deliver dental. Success esthetic and functional dentistry depend on technician, and clinicians understanding of tooth morphology. This study discusses the proper bite registration for fixed and removable prosthesis. The study discusses important point in ensuring that an accurate fabrication of relationships is obtained to deliver the best results. Fixed prosthodontics is a specialized branch dentistry designed to replace missing teeth using cast prosthesis to replace lost teeth. On the other hand, removable prosthodontics involves replacing missing teeth using a removable prosthesis. The paper identifies different materials necessary for both fixed and removable prosthesis. The modeling wax and amite are part of materials used bite registration to achieve accurate results.
Bite registration is the strategy of capturing accurate lower…
Elsevier Science (2003). Chapter 50, Fixed prosthodontics, USA Elsevier Science.
Goldstein, R.E. (2008). A Precise Bite Registration Technique, AEGIS Communications.
Joshi, N.1., Shetty S.N., Prasad, K.D. (2013). Comparative study to evaluate the accuracy of polyether occlusal bite registration material and occlusal registration wax as a guide for occlusal reduction during tooth preparation. Indian J. Dent Res.24(6):730-5.
Tousignant, G. (2010). Bite Registration -Not as simple as you think. Oral Health Group.
He goes so far as to say that disobedience may be the thing that eventually saves the human race. His argument is that if people blindly follow the commands of the leaders of their nations, and the leaders of their nations have a reason to bomb one another, then the human race will be eradicated because those people obeyed the commands to push those bomb-sending buttons (Fromm). According to this argument, disobedience must at the very least be considered valuable and worth contemplation.
Fromm supports his claim regarding the value of disobedience with examples from two very popular myths. The first is the Hebrew myth of Adam and Eve, the first human beings to walk the earth. The story is told that Adam and Eve disobeyed a command to stay away from the fruit of one particular tree in their home, the Garden of Eden. hen they disobeyed this command,…
Asch, Solomon E. Opinions and Social Pressure.
Fromm, Erich. Disobedience as a Psychological and Moral Problem
Zimbardo, Philip G. The Stanford Prison Experiment
Indeed many of the "rotating staff may have never been on a transfer" and in addition most transport vehicles "are not conducive to carrying out active interventions on patients" -- a situation that can lead to serious medical complications during transfers (which often take place in late-night hours) (Ahmed, p. 503). Moreover, less than one in three NHS hospitals followed the procedure of checking the compatibility within the ambulance and it's "mounting system" prior to moving the patient (Ahmed, p. 504). All of these concerns are worth noting by U.S. healthcare professionals, lest similar situations may occur and put patients in jeopardy.
Should every American healthcare provider be required to publish performance data in an online account -- information that relates to the clinical outcomes of his services as well as a record of patient satisfaction? That is a pertinent question because that is the new rule that all NHS…
Ahmed, Majeed a. (2008). Risk management during inter-hospital transfer of critically ill
Patients: making the journey safe. Emergency Medical Journal, Vol. 25, 502-505.
Ali, Adam M. (2009). The personalization of the British National Health Service: empowering
Patients or exacerbating inequality? The International Journal of Clinical Practice, 63(10),
Their own father had distinct memories of being freed as a slave. He became an Episcopal Bishop and made his children very cognizant of the value of education, given the advantages his schooling had given him, compared to other freed slaves. At St. Augustine's where the sisters were undergraduates Sadie even met Booker T. Washington, in another brush with history. For a woman to drive a car was extraordinary during that era but Sadie "got to be a good driver, and when Mr. Booker T. Washington would come to visit aleigh, he would climb into the passenger seat of Lemuel's car" and she would act as his chauffer (Hearth 80). "Mr. Washington tried to help his people getting them educated," says Sadie sadly, mourning the fact he is often regarded by more black radicals in an unflattering way.
Hearth's purpose in writing her book is twofold. On one hand, she…
Reading this book is a fascinating tour of the two sister's lives and gives a sense of their unique and distinct voices. The paths of these sister's was extraordinary -- Bessie graduated with a dentistry degree in 1919, when women had not long had the vote and Jim Crow was still in force in the South. "As a woman dentist, I faced sexual harassment -- that's what they call it today -- but to me, racism was always a bigger problem" (Hearth 10). Sadie was afraid to go to her first job interview, even in New York City, because she would be denied because of her race. Yet the sisters were still full participants in history, supporting their brother Hubert's run for Congress in 1929, seeing Paul Robeson portray Othello on stage, and meeting Cab Calloway (Hearth 213; 188; 216).
The sisters mourned the violence of the 1960s: "it seemed like all the leaders were getting shot -- Malcolm X, Martin Luther King, and Robert Kennedy. Sadie and I were so distressed about it" (Hearth 97). Even after they retired, they continued their quiet forms of advocacy and activism and engagement with the community, although Sadie admits that they do not have a phone, although she had to have one when Bessie was still practicing dentistry (Heath 12). At times their sense of decency seems old-fashioned, such as when they stress their Christian morality and defend themselves against racists, saying they made a contribution to America that cannot be denied. Hearth makes it clear that their lives need no defense, rather their brilliance and fortitude is an example to all.
Having our say
16). Some of the options available to patients are (p. 16):
What it Is Colgate Total
Over-the-counter tooth- triclosan and fluoride paste containing the anti- toothpaste bacterial triclosan
Peridex or generic
Prescription mouth rinse chlorhexidine mouth containing'an anti-micro- rinse bial called chlorhexidine
Periochip tiny piece of gelatin filled with chlorhexidine
Atridox gel that contains the anti- biotic doxycycline
Thread-like fiber that con- tains the antibiotic tetracy- cline
Tiny round particles that contain the antibiotic minocycline
Periostat low dose of the medica- tion doxycycline that keeps destructive enzymes in check
Why it's Used
The antibacterial ingredient triclosan and fluoride reduces plaque and result- toothpaste ing gingivitis. The fluoride protects against cavities.
Peridex or generic
To control bacteria, result- chlorhexidine mouth ing in less plaque and gin- rinse givitis
To control bacteria and re- duce the size of periodon- tal pockets
To control bacteria and…
Adams, T.L. (2003). Professionalization, Gender and Female-Dominated Professions: Dental Hygiene in Ontario. The Canadian Review of Sociology and Anthropology, 40(3), 267+. Retrieved November 30, 2007, from Questia database: http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5002041268
Being a Dental Hygienist Means You Can Clean Up. (2006, February 16). Daily Post (Liverpool, England), p. 25. Retrieved November 30, 2007, from Questia database: http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5013780467
Chojnacki, C. (2006, December 31). Smiles All around Women Clean Up in National Contest for Hygenist of the Year. Daily Herald (Arlington Heights, IL), p. 1. Retrieved November 30, 2007, from Questia database: http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5018805116
Kaldenberg, D.O. (1995). Total Quality Management Practices and Business Outcomes: Evidence from Dental Practices. Journal of Small Business Management, 33(1), 21+. Retrieved November 30, 2007, from Questia database: http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5000281668
The report also shows that some changes must be made in order to make student financial assistance more affordable, by reducing loan interest rates for example.
Denis Herard also stated for the Edmonton Journal reporters: "We're on track to implementing the new tuition fee policy that will be in place and working for the students in the fall of 2007."
However, the new policy must be approved by the cabinet and other levels of government. Last year, premier alph Klein unveiled a tuition freeze as a "centennial gift" and promised to come up with the most "affordable" tuition policy in Canada.
These recommendations simply reinforce the status quo," said David Cournoyer, chairman of the Council of Alberta University Students and a vice-president of the University of Alberta Students' Union, about the proposals and recommendations in the steering committee's report.
Both the Advanced Education Minister, Denis Herard, and the Premier, alph…
1. "Historical and social content. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tuition .
2."Education in Quebec. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Education_in_Qu%C3%A9bec .
3."University tuition fees." The Daily. Statistics Canada. (September 2006).
4. Thorne, Duncan. "Minister promises to link tuition fees with cost of living."
In year 1799 anesthetic properties of Nitric Oxide were discovered by Humphery Davy (1778-1829) he advised that the by using nitric oxide, pain and shock of the surgical procedure can be negated. Third person who continue with Morton and ells philosophy was Charles T. Jackson. The Fourth man who contributed to anesthetics was Thomas Mortan (Blatner, 2009). In the year 1848 James Simpson used chloroform in obstetric surgery, he used diethyl ether to anesthetize a women with a pelvic deformity for delivery (kodali, 2009) and in year 1853 John Snow did a successful induction of chloroform to her Majesty Queen Victoria at the time of Prince Leopold's Birth and also on Fenny Longfellow who wrote to her poet brother that this use of ether is certainly the greatest blessing of this era (Longfellow, 1956). In the year 1885-illiam Halsted introduced the nerve block. In 1891 Heinrich Quincke demonstrated the process…
Bergman, Norman. History of Anesthesia. chua2.fiu.edu. http://ahahq.org/Bulletin/AHA_GB_1991-10.pdf .Retrieved from 14th Jan 2013.
Conquering surgical pain: Four men stake their claims. (2012). Massachusetts General
Blatner, Adam. The discovery and invention of Anesthesia. Blatner.com. http://www.blatner.com/adam/consctransf/historyofmedicine/4-anesthesia/hxanesthes.html . Retrieved on 14th Jan 2013.
Fadden, John. Cultural, Environmental and Genetical influences on drug therapy. Jbpub.com. http://samples.jbpub.com/9780763786076/86076_CH03_FINAL.pdf . Retrieved on 14th Jan 2013.
communicates trends affect industry (career path've chosen-Dental Hygiene) ten years. Make create a complete, relevant, effective attention getter; include complete transitions main points; wrap a memorable conclusion.
Current trends affecting the dental industry
Although many occupations are being outsourced, you can't outsource your dental care!
With the aging of the population and increased demand for physical 'perfection,' the demands placed upon the dental industry and career opportunities are likely to increase.
Demand for dental profession: Demographic trends
It has been estimated that "roughly 60 to 70% of the adult American population seeks routine dental care -- a rate that is believed to be holding stable," indicating that there will be a sustained need for the profession in recent years (Lavers 2013).
B. Demand will increase because of population growth in populations with high levels of need: "Based upon census data, the number of people ages 60 to 79 is projected…
Dental hygienist. (2013). U.S. News and World Report. Retrieved from:
Goff, J. (2012). Looking ahead: Industry insiders forecast future trends. Dental Products Report.
Retrieved from: http://www.dentalproductsreport.com/dental/article/looking-ahead-industry-insiders-forecast-future-trends
Bell (2011) reported on work at the University of Illinois School of Dentistry which led researchers to conclude that raisins, consumed either alone or added to sugared bran flakes, lowered the pH in the mouth, thus making that environment less hospitable for bacteria-causing caries. aisins thus may be an alternative hygienists can recommend to patients and parents as a food that satisfies the craving for sweetness but is a healthier choice for teeth.
There are no "wykked worms." Tooth decay is not something that just happens. Caries are both preventable and treatable. Dental hygienists have an important mission to not only provide oral care but to educate patients about nutrition and decisions under personal control that support good oral health.
Arola, L, Bonet, M.L., Delzenne, N., Duggal, M.S., Gomez-Candela, C., Huyghebaert, a., Laville, M., Lingstrom, P., Livingstone, B., Palou, a., Pico, C., Sanders, T., Schaafsma, G., van Baak, M.,…
Arola, L, Bonet, M.L., Delzenne, N., Duggal, M.S., Gomez-Candela, C., Huyghebaert, a., Laville, M., Lingstrom, P., Livingstone, B., Palou, a., Pico, C., Sanders, T., Schaafsma, G., van Baak, M., van Loveren, C., and van Schothorst (2009. Summary and general conclusions/outcomes on the role and fate of sugars in human nutrition and health. Obesity Reviews 10, 55-58.
Anderson, C.A., Curzon, M.E.J., Van Loveren, C., Tatsi, C. And Duggai, M.S. (2009). Sucrose and dental caries: A review of the evidence. Obesity Reviews 10, 41-54.
Bell, S. (2011). Here come the raisins. RDH Magazine 3. [Online] Available: http://www.rdhmag.com/index/display/article-display/3826569535/articles/rdh/volume-31/issue-3/features/here-come-the-raisins.html [March 11, 2011]
Associated Press. (2009). Cut back, way back, on sugar, says heart group. MSNBC Online. [Online] Available: http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/32543288/ns/health-diet_and_nutrition / [March 12, 2011]
Risky behaviors like smoking or drug use could increase because of these assumptions, creating greater burdens of healthcare costs and other social and medical issues. The good that these therapies lead to is thus somewhat tempered by the bad they may encourage.
Other Applications of Regenerative Therapies
Regenerative therapies do not solely consist of age-reversing and life-saving applications. An examination of some other real and imagined uses to which these therapies can be put reveals the true breadth of these therapies' power and scope in everyday life. In the field of dentistry, where artificial implants have become increasingly sophisticated and well-integrated with the natural body, "the therapeutic potential of platelets in promoting and accelerating tissue regeneration" has led to a new trajectory in oral implantology because it allows for the growth of the body's own tissue at a faster rate that incorporates more completely and more efficiently with dental implants…
Cytomedix. Autologel System, 2009. Accessed 20 October 2010. http://www.cytomedix.com/
Fugazzotto, Paul. Implant and Regenerative Therapy in Dentistry: A Guide to Decision Making. Ames, IA: Wiley Blackwell, 2009.
Isaac, James (dir.). Jason X. New Line Cinema, 2002. Film.
Longevity Meme. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine, 2010. Accessed 20 October 2010. http://www.longevitymeme.org/topics/stem_cells_and_regenerative_medicine.cfm
The study concludes that, "These few observations provide a fascinating window into the way in which new dietary regimes can affect neurotransmitter synthesis and thereby influence broad-based activity patterns in the brain" (lumenberg et al. 598).
There are many theories about the way that diet affected evolutionary selection in hominids. There is little doubt that diet played a significant role and that brain size is related to a radical change of diet in the distant past. However, what scholars are also at pains to point out is that diet should be seen in conjunction with and in relation to other factors, such as social structure. As Spuhler (1959) states,
The change to a partially carnivorous diet had extremely broad implications for the social organization of early hominoids" (Diet, Evolution, and Culture). Diet and other factors should be considered in the intricate and immensely complex task of attempting…
Dobzhansky, Theodosius. Evolution, Genetics, and Man. New York: John Wiley & Sons, 1955.
Aiello L. And Wheeler P. The Expensive-Tissue Hypothesis: the Brain and the Digestive System in Human and Primate Evolution. Current Anthropology, Vol. 36, No. 2. (Apr., 1995), pp. 199-221. December 2, 2007. http://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=0011-3204%28199504%2936%3A2%3C199%3ATEHTBA%3E2.0.CO%3B2-9
Blumenberg B. et al., the Evolution of the Advanced Hominid Brain
Current Anthropology, Vol. 24, No. 5. (Dec., 1983), pp. 589-623. December 1, 2007. http://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=0011-3204%28198312%2924%3A5%3C589%3ATEOTAH%3E2.0.CO%3B2-W
It is also somewhat cumbersome and heavy, with a transport weight of about 50 pounds. Furthermore, it looks rather large and might not be appropriate for all dental offices, as space can be limited here. It should therefore be carefully positioned in such a way that the dentist at no point needs to be discomforted by his need for a tool contained in the cart. He should be able to easily reach the cart at all times. A possible solution is to ensure that either the dentist or assistant is in a position to easily reach the cart at any given time. It is nevertheless a very useful piece of equipment in the dental office.
Third in line is the desktop computer. This is also a piece of equipment used only by the dentist. The purpose of the computer is to access patient files and to provide the patient with…
There is no real argument in favor of soda; it adds absolutely nothing positive to anyone's daily dietary intake. In fact, it is said to contribute heavily to obesity, diabetes, heart disease tooth decay, and other serious health issues. It is argued that by banning soda many of these negative aspects will be eliminated or at least reduced and therefore reduce health care costs associated with drinking soda. ith that in mind, there have been numerous attempts to ban sodas in various venues. Some schools have banned sodas from campus, and in New York, Mayor Bloomberg tried to ban the purchasing of soda from food stamp recipients (Seifman). Some of these bans have come to fruition. Studies show, however, that the results have been less than promising in accomplishing the desired effect: reducing soda consumption. Further, the government has no business deciding what foods people can consume. hile…
Dubansky, Hanna. "Even 1 Soda a Day Can Hike Your Diabetes Risk." U.S. News Health. 27
Oct. 2010. Web. 10 Dec. 2011.
Fernandes, Meenakshi. "The Effect of Soft Drink Availability in Elementary Schools on Consumption." Journal of the American Dietetic Association 108.9 (2008): 1445-52.
Lloyd, Robin. "Acids in Popular Sodas Erode Tooth Enamel." Live Science. 21 Mar. 2007.
Arizona State University (ASU) is a leading metropolitan research international institution in the United States that is committed to excellence in teaching, research, and public service. Established in Tempe in 1885 by a legislative act, ASU was initially formed as a teachers college. The core of the Tempe campus was a 20-acre cow pasture donated by leading citizens who desired an institution to educate public school teachers and offer instruction to their children in agriculture and mechanical arts.
In 2002, Michael M. Crow became the University's sixteenth president. In his inaugural address, he outlined his vision for the transformation of the school into a prototype for a new American university. This future institution will be a comprehensive research university that continues its academic excellence as well as have a strong commitment to social, economic, cultural, and environmental issues to meet the needs of the growing Phoenix area. The city has…