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Diagnosis is a process that involves determination or identification o disease or illness. There are various factors which determine an individual's susceptibility to an illness. These can be categorized broadly as biological factors, socio-cultural factors, environmental factors, stressors, behavior, and personality. Since they lead to development of an illness they can consequently be used in the diagnosis of a particular illness.
There are various biological factors which can be used in diagnosis of a disease. These factors can help a physician make conclusions on a particular individual based on the factors. These factors include family history of the illness, if there is history in a family of a particular illness then it is easy to diagnose the disease on an individual from the family. Secondly if an individual has been exposed to an infectious organism that causes a particular illness then a diagnosis of the illness can be…
Cherry, K. (2010).What is Health Psychology? Retrieved April 3, 2013 from http://psychology.about.com/od/branchesofpsycholog1/p/health-psychology.htm
Tate, A. (2008).The Role of Psychology in Health Problems. Retrieved April3, 2013 from http://voices.yahoo.com/the-role-psychology-health-problems-1041157.html?cat=5
Initially, CDDSS was viewed as a tool that was to replace rather than supplement the diagnostic capabilities of the clinician-users. However, this has changed among the experienced users. Some naive users have also expected too much from the system with some even expecting the system to behave in a similar manner to them (experts) (Shortliffe, 2006). These misunderstandings have led to the system being opposed for a long time.
Given that most users still use the definition of diagnosis which is a 'single-event', there is a mismatch that has occurred between the expectations of the user and the capabilities of the system. Most clinicians are interested in the outcome of the diagnostic process rather than the process itself which has led many clinicians to expect CDDSS to take all the necessary findings from the patient and give a single 'answer', such users failed to understand that this system is meant…
Coiera, E. (2003). The guide to health informatics (2nd Ed.). Arnold: London.
Shortliffe, E. (1986). Medical expert systems knowledge tools for physicians. West J. Med, 145:
Shortliffe, E. (2006). Medical thinking: What should we do? Retrieved on May 19, 2010 from http://www.openclinical.org/docs/ext/conferences/medicalthinking2006/shortliffe.pdf
Since there seems to be a mixture of symptoms and causes this combination technique has produced the best results so far.
Though psychotherapy and counseling alone are not very effective in treatment of schizophrenia, they can be much more effective than medications alone because those that suffer from schizophrenia often do not stay on their medications. Paired with counseling of not only the individual but also the family and caretakers of the person suffering from schizophrenia, the medications have a much higher chance of providing relief from the symptoms. It is also important to note that, as with any mental illness that is being treated with medications, counseling is necessary to ensure the individual is getting the proper medication and appropriate dosage. Without the opportunity to explore their individual situation the sufferer may simply stop taking a medication that seems to be of no help, or is causing side effects…
Diagnosis in organizations can be done using a number of different techniques. Clients typically understand the problems, but they need to understand the underlying causes of the problems. Some of the methods are freestanding diagnostic studies and self-diagnosis. The former often focuses on a single problem, but it can focus on multiple problems as well. The authors note that there are three steps to success diagnosis: process, modeling, and methods. Some methods for gathering data are questionnaires, interviews, observation, workshops and group discussions. These methods allow the consultant to gather information about the organization in order to make their diagnosis.
I do not think that I have been involved in any sort of change process. However, there were situations where a diagnostic process would have helped, because the organization did have some issues that needed to be resolved. In such situations, the lack of diagnostic process was a hindrance to…
Chapter 1: Diagnosis: Models and Approaches.
Kouzes & Posner. (2012). When leaders are at their best.
Ruvio, A., Rosenblatt, Z., Lazarowitz, R. (2010). Entrepreneurial leadership vision in non-profit vs. for-profit organizations. The Leadership Quarterly. Vol. 21 (2010) 144-158.
Diagnosis of Anorexia Nervosa:
Judy Jones, aged 14, has lost 30 pounds in the past year to an extent that she now weighs a very unhealthy 85 pounds. The primary care doctor attending to Judy Jones has ruled out physical causes and given her a diagnosis of anorexia nervosa. As a result, Jones situation requires a proper analysis to understand the reason for her weight loss and its link to the physician's diagnosis of anorexia nervosa. One of the major processes used to examine these situations is cognitive-behavioral family therapy. The main focus of the article is to examine Judy Jones' condition through the use of Cognitive-Family therapy techniques and explaining the reasons for the use of these techniques in the case study.
Anorexia nervosa is described as a mental health disorder whose common symptoms include deliberate weight loss, intrusive overwhelming fears of weight gain, and disordered body…
"Anorexia Nervosa." (2012, January 5). Mayo Clinic. Retrieved July 11, 2013, from http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/anorexia/DS00606/DSECTION=treatments-and-drugs
Gardner, J. & Wilkinson, P. (2011). Is Family Therapy the Most Effective Treatment for Anorexia Nervosa? Psychiatria Danubina, 23(1), 175-177. Retrieved http://www.hdbp.org/psychiatria_danubina/pdf/dnb_vol23_sup/dnb_vol23_sup_175.pdf
Grave, R.D., Calugi, S., Doll, H.A. & Fairburn, C.G. (2013, January). Enhanced Cognitive
Behaviour Therapy for Adolescents with Anorexia Nervosa: An Alternative to Family Therapy? Behaviour Research and Therapy, 51 (1), R9-R12. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3662031/
Diagnosis of Reading Disabilities
Child's Name: JoAnn Kelley
Native Language: English
JoAnn was adopted by her foster mother while JoAnn was in third grade. JoAnn was removed from the custody of her biological parents after repeated reports of domestic violence in which the biological father inflicted physical harm on JoAnn and her Mother. The biological mother refused to file formal charges on the father and JoAnn was removed to foster care. Remediation and counseling attempts failed and the foster mother adopted JoAnn during the summer between second and third grade. JoAnn lives with her adopted father, mother, stepsister and stepbrother. The situation is nurturing and stable.
JoAnn has been reported to be attentive in all of her classes and has participated in class. She excels in many subjects but shows extreme deficiencies in some. Her math and reading skills have been a…
He may also be humiliated by his having the disease or may be avoided by others who do not know how to approach the patient or are discomfited by doing so, particularly since cancer indicates mortality and mortality is one aspect of life's facts that individuals generally like to avoid.
Other feelings of inferiority and shame are caused by loss of autonomy and independence, vulnerability, and mutilation and most frightening of all is the fear of death. Clinical depression can easily become an outcome.
Some may also experience psychiatric disorder as a result, with the Psychological Collaborative Oncology Group finding that 47% of patients who had been diagnosed with cancer fell into psychiatric disorder with two thirds having depressed or anxious moods whilst one third experienced major depression, delirium, anxiety disorder, or some other major mental illness (Sandoval-Cros, 1999)
Methods to lessen physical and psychological effects.
The three most common…
American Cancer Society Staging www.cancer.org/Treatment/UnderstandingYourDiagnosis/staging
MD Anderson Cancer Center: Diagnostic tests www.mdanderson.org/.../diagnostic-tests/index.html
MedicineNet.com: Chemotherapy and cancer treatment, coping with side effects www.medicinenet.com/script/main/art.asp?articlekey=21716
Sandoval-Cros CJ. (1999) Common psychological problems in the cancer patient Moffitt Cancer Center
Next, arch your back in the opposite direction, contracting your abs and pushing your lower back toward the ceiling while lowering the top of your head toward the floor. Make sure that all movement is initiated and controlled by your lower back. Repeat three times in each direction.
Tail wag- Get down on all fours and look down at the floor. Keeping your shoulders still, slowly push your right hip as far as you can toward your right shoulder. Then, slowly return to the starting position and repeat the exercise on the other side, pushing your left hip toward your right shoulder. Repeat three times on each side.
Upper back stretch- Sit on a stool with your head and back flat against a wall. Lift your arms over your head and hold for five seconds. Try to make your shoulders touch the wall while keeping your back flat, and hold…
401. Available from http://www.racgp.org.au/afp/200406/20040601jensen.pdf
Rogers, Sabrina. (2010). Top 10: exercises for back pain. Available from http://www.askmen.com/top_10/fitness/26c_fitness_list.html
Maisie, M. (2010). Exercises to Release Sciatic Nerve Pain. Available from http://www.buzzle.com/articles/exercises-to-release-sciatic-nerve-pain.html
Therefore, she should be assessed for any possible medication that may help her depression or anxiety. But she also needs a therapeutic approach that addresses her isolation and her needs for healthy and appropriate attachment.
A excellent therapeutic for this need is a ogerian approach that incorporates the positive regard of Carl ogers. The following describes the approach that such a therapist would take:
ogers' strong belief in the positive nature of human beings is based on his many years of clinical experience, working with a wide variety of individuals & #8230; the theory of person-centered therapy suggests any client, no matter what the problem, can improve without being taught anything specific by the therapist, once he/she accepts and respects themselves & #8230;.the resources all lie within the client. (Pescitelli, n.d.)
While critics argue that ogerian therapy is not sufficiently rigorous, it remains extremely effective as a long-term approach for…
Anorexia nervosa. Retrieved from http://www.webmd.com/mental-health/anorexia-nervosa/anorexia-nervosa-topic-overview?page=2
Pescitelli, D. Rogerian therapy. Retrieved from http://www.pandc.ca/?cat=carl_rogers&page=rogerian_therapy
The symptoms which indicate PTSD may also vary depending on the nature of the traumatic event which causes the symptoms. Although PTSD is often caused by events which harm the subject directly, it can also occur when an event harms a loved one. The shock one feels when a loved one passes away often triggers avoidance responses such as withdrawal or depressed moods. Certain symptoms of reliving are also common, but involve reliving of events, often fond memories, involving the person instead of the event which caused the death. Such fond memories may cause feelings of longing and deprivation. Arousal is much less common because the event did not harm the individual to trigger flight responses such as nervousness and hyper-vigilance.
The treatment of PTSD implicates the counseling profession because counseling is the primary means through which PTSD is treated. In contrast, adults, who are under more pressure…
Loeb, J., Stettler, E.M., Gavila, T., Stein, a., & Chinitz, S. (January 01, 2011). The child behavior checklist PTSD scale: screening for PTSD in young children with high exposure to trauma. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 24, 4, 430-4.
Kowalik J, Weller J, Venter J, Drachman D (September 2011). "Cognitive behavioral therapy for the treatment of pediatric posttraumatic stress disorder: a review and meta-analysis." J. Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry 42 (3): 405 -- 13.
Shapiro F (2001). EMDR: Eye Movement Desensitization of Reprocessing: Basic Principles, Protocols and Procedures (2nd ed.). New York: Guilford Press. pp. 472.
Though there is not anything that clearly indicates that Cliff has not been through some sort of traumatic event to trigger his anxiety, it is unlikely that he suffers from Post Traumatic Stress Disorder since, again, his anxieties are not focused on any one thing and there is no indication in this vignette that he feels he is reliving any kind of event from his past. Social Phobic Disorder is highly unlikely since, again, Cliff operates out in the world with moderate success, and what is most telling to eliminate this diagnosis is the fact that Cliff does not state that he is concerned about his evaluations at work, but instead simply about arriving on time. And finally, Specific Phobic Disorder is not a consideration since, as stated before, his anxieties are not fixed on any one object, person, or situation.
American Psychological Association (2000). Diagnostic and statistical manual…
American Psychological Association (2000). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders DSM-IV-TR 4th ed. Arlington, VA: American Psychiatric Publishing.
Caldwell, J.P. (2005). Anxiety disorders. Redmond Hill, ON CA: Firefly Publishers.
Taking the five drivers of technological innovation, consolidation of the enterprise software industry, increased focus of new competitors in high growth sectors, compliance requirements of customers, and the shift in software to becoming more knowledge-based, the future of Cincom Systems is highly dependent on strategic renewal (Agarwal, Helfat, 2009). Taking these five factors together and defining realistic, optimistic and pessimistic scenarios provides insights into the extent to which Cincom Systems needs to accomplish strategic renewal.
Under a realistic scenario, Cincom Systems can expect the pace of technological innovation to continually increase with SaaS-based competitors gaining market share in the key areas of CM and channel management. The consolidation of the industry and increased focus of new competitors is under realistic scenario-based assumptions force Cincom to innovate from one product generation to the next with greater urgency. The two drivers of compliance requirements and the shift in enterprise software…
Agarwal, R., and C. Helfat. 2009. Strategic Renewal of Organizations. Organization Science 20, no. 2, (March 1): 281-293,478.
Campbell-Kelly, M.. 2009. The Rise, Fall, and Resurrection of Software as a Service. Association for Computing Machinery. Communications of the ACM 52, no. 5, (May 1): 28.
Mitsuru Kodama. 2006. Knowledge-based view of corporate strategy. Technovation 26, no. 12, (December 1): 1390-1406.
Mary shows: A. Persistent or recurrent delay in, or absence of, orgasm following a normal sexual excitement phase in a way that is less than would be reasonable for Mary's age, sexual experience, and the adequacy of sexual stimulation she receives from her husband. B. The disturbance causes marked distress or interpersonal difficulty, as Mary is disappointed with her sex life and marriage. C. The orgasmic dysfunction is not better accounted for by another Axis I disorder or to drugs, medication, or physical factors. Mary has suffered this problem all of her sexual life, thus the diagnosis specified as life long, and she has suffered this with all persons she has been intimate with, thus it is generalized, and as Mary has no physical complaints that might explain her lack of ability to achieve an orgasm, it is psychological.
3a. & 3b.
Possible causes might include John's physical and…
08% or higher. Blood Alcohol content is the concentrated amount of alcohol in the blood, and this number can be assessed via chemical and Breathalyzer tests. Though this limit was previously as high as.10% in some states, even the lowered limit is not adequate to prevent alcohol related vehicle accidents. In fact, law enforcement officials classify an accident as alcohol related if a driver's blood alcohol content was.01%, or two drinks, or higher. Though some groups praise the.08% law as one of the biggest steps in drunk driving prevention, other groups believe a no tolerance policy should be adopted for operating under the influence of alcohol, similar to the policy that is already in effect for minors.
The physiological effects of alcohol do not begin at.08%. In fact, they begin at much lower blood alcohol content levels. According to Brown University, moodiness increases at.02-.03%; fatigue, delayed reaction time, and errors…
American Academy of Pediatrics. "Fetal Alcohol Syndrome and Fetal Alcohol Effects."
Pediatrics. 91.5(1993): 1004-1006.
Fetal Alcohol Information." Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders. 2006. Centers for Disease Control. 6 May 2008. http://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/fas/fasask.htm .
Proposition 65." Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment. n.d. California
With medical terms, even though they explain little, we then have a reason to implement strong institutional controls such as the use of drugs and hospitalization.
The Medicalization of Deviant ehavior
Our discussion of DSM shows us clearly that the categories of deviant behavior voted on from time to time reflect social and political conventions. Depending on the disorder, the sociopolitical role played by diagnoses is either great or small, but the application of a diagnosis is always, to a greater or lesser degree, embracing political and social values. Diagnostic labels define what limits of difference society can tolerate.
Whenever a culture decides that it will define a set of behaviors as "sick" rather than "immoral" or unwitting, it is enacting a social value that favors illness over the view that such destructive or unusual behavior is volitional. Armed with this view of behavior as illness, we can justify forced…
American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (4th ed., text rev.). (Washington, DC: Author. 2008).
Robinson K, ed. Advances in School-Based Mental Health Interventions. (Kingston, NJ: Civic Research Institute; 2004).
Seligman, L. Selecting effective treatments: A comprehensive guide to treating mental disorders (Rev. ed.). (San Francisco: Jossey-Bass; 2009).
US Census Bureau. Current population survey, (October 2009).
Diagnosis, SLP: Time Warp
The analysis below is of the recorded results as achieved in Time Warp 2 decisions. We will derive a separate strategy after evaluating the results which will give an explanation of what the fresh strategy ought to be. Different theories will be evaluated so as to arrive at the eventual strategy as concerns the implementation and operationalization of the idea just arrived at.
Here is a scenario: the day is the first day of January 2016. After the New Year's Eve celebration and the conclusion of the analysis exercise of the performance of the Clipboard Tablet Company, there is no other plan but to welcome the New Year (Module 4 - SLP Guidelines). On turning the television on, a strange thing is noticed. You hear the newscaster say that it is actually 2012 New Year's Day all over again and you are surprised that you got…
Sun, Q. (n.d.). Tablet Development Sim - View Summary. Retrieved December 30, 2014 from forio.com Web site: https://forio.com/simulate/qin.sun/tablet-development-sim/simulation/ #p=page4' target='_blank' REL='NOFOLLOW'>
The author of this report has been asked to review the results and history of a woman who has come for treatment. She is a woman with Irish descent and there are some fairly disturbing signs that can be seen through her medical history, her current results, what she is taking in terms of drugs and her list of diagnoses. Each of those factors, facts and diagnoses will be explored in terms of the implications, the likelihood of a problem and so forth. While anorexia would be a pretty bad thing for this patient to have, it does indeed seem to be the most pressing and likely thing going on with this patient.
Before getting to the primary and other diagnoses, there are a few things in the vitals and basic information that should be explored. First, the woman in question is a scant five feet tall and…
CDC. (2015). Adult BMI Calculator: English -- Assessing Your Weight -- Healthy Weight -- DNPAO -- CDC. Cdc.gov. Retrieved 20 October 2015, from http://www.cdc.gov/healthyweight/assessing/bmi/adult_bmi/english_bmi_calculator/bmi_calculator.html
Kaye, W., Bulik, C., Thornton, L., Barbarich, N., & Masters, K. (2004). Comorbidity of Anxiety Disorders With Anorexia and Bulimia Nervosa. American Journal Of Psychiatry, 161(12), 2215-2221. http://dx.doi.org/10.1176/appi.ajp.161.12.2215
Mayo. (2015). Hypothyroidism - Mayo Clinic. Mayoclinic.org. Retrieved 20 October 2015, from http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/hypothyroidism/basics/definition/con-20021179
WebMD. (2015). The Basics of Anemia. WebMD. Retrieved 20 October 2015, from http://www.webmd.com/a-to-z-guides/understanding-anemia-basics
This benefits both the company and its customers.
The sales and marketing department has a great responsibility in reaching the company's objectives. This department is in charge of establishing the pricing strategy that influences the company's general strategy. The department's employees must ensure that the price is sufficiently high in order to reach the financial targets of the company, but affordable for the company's customers. Also, the success of this department is represented by the fact it has managed to develop and maintain a strong relationship with the country's most important wireless carriers.
The financial department must ensure that the company's resources are allocated to the areas that require them. The successful outputs of this department can be observed in the company's financial statements that report income increases.
The research and development department has clear objectives to reach. In order to become the leader in this industry, Palm must introduce…
1. Annual Report (2009). Palm, Inc. Retrieved August 31, 2010 from http://quote.morningstar.com/stock-filing/Annual-Report/2009/5/29/t.aspx?t=XNAS:PALM&ft=10-K&d=7295e9ff98fa7b53.
The problem is that the people who are in charge of these activities are not very good at what they do. They are simply being outcompeted by other individuals in other organizations.
The Nadler-Tushman Congruence Model implies that when there is a high level of congruence between the activities at the individual, group and organizational levels, the company should succeed. Palm is an interesting case study because it counters the Nadler-Tushman model somewhat. The members of the firm are working with a high level of congruence, but they are simply not successful in their endeavors. Consider the distribution question. If the company wants to dominate the industry, it should have a national carrier. It does. But the choice of national carrier was suspect, and the types of distribution deals with Verizon and at&T left something to be desired. Likewise, Palm advertising connotes a high quality product. They are sending the…
Gonsalves, a. (2010). Palm sales lower than expected. Information Week. Retrieved March 1, 2011 from http://www.informationweek.com/news/hardware/handheld/showArticle.jhtml?articleID=223100743
Hewlett-Packard 2010 Annual Report. Retrieved March 1, 2011 from http://phx.corporate-ir.net/External.File?item=UGFyZW50SUQ9NzkyMjF8Q2hpbGRJRD0tMXxUeXBlPTM=&t=1
MindTools. (2011). Congruence model. MindTools.org. Retrieved March 1, 2011 from http://www.mindtools.com/pages/article/newSTR_95.htm
Palm 2009 Form 10-K. Retrieved March 1, 2011 from http://apps.shareholder.com/sec/viewerContent.aspx?companyid=PALM&docid=6710915
A good example of this can be seen with Whole Foods discussing how they are meeting these long-term objectives with the firm stating, "We believe that companies, like individuals, must assume their share of responsibility as tenants of Planet Earth. We actively support organic farming, the best methods for promoting sustainable agriculture and protecting farm workers / the environment. We also aim to protect the environment by supporting alternative sources of energy and recycling or compositing our waste. We are actively involved in our communities by supporting food banks, sponsoring neighborhood events and contributing at least 5% of the total net profits to charities. Our vision of a sustainable future means our children and grandchildren will be living in a world that values human creativity, diversity and individual choice." This is illustrating how Whole Foods Markets is dedicated towards specific groups that share similar performance goals and standards.…
Our Mission and Culture. (2013). Whole Foods Market. Retrieved from: http://www.wholefoodsmarket.com/careers/our-mission-and-culture
The Congruence Model. (2013). Mind Tools. Retrieved from: http://www.mindtools.com/pages/article/newSTR_95.htm
Whole Foods. (2013). Yahoo Finance. Retrieved from: http://finance.yahoo.com/q/ae?s=WFM+Analyst+Estimates
Why Work Here? (2013). Whole Foods Market. Retrieved from: http://www.wholefoodsmarket.com/careers/why-work-here
Etiology of Pancreatic Cancer
Pancreatic cancer has emerged as the most lethal human cancers. In fact, the World Health Organization (WHO) has termed it an unresolved health problem of the 21st century. The disease presently causes about 30,000 deaths in the U.S. per year (Yarbro et al. 2015). Despite past efforts, conventional interventions like radiation, surgery, chemotherapy and combination of these had minimal success in the course of this aggressive disease. It is imperative to develop an in-depth understanding of the molecular biology of pancreatic cancer to help us effectively diagnose, prevent and treat the disease. Nearly all pancreatic cancer patients experience metastases and die due to the frustrating metabolic effects of their unrestrained growth (Shrikhande et al. 2010). Hence, a crucial requirement for progress is the establishment of effective systemic interventions, can reverse the aggressive biology of the disease.
According to the WHO, pancreatic cancer is the fifth most…
Casil, A. S. (2011). Pancreatic Cancer: Current and Emerging Trends in Detection and Treatment. New York: Rosen Pub.
Gress, T. M. (2010). Molecular Pathogenesis of Pancreatic Cancer. Amsterdam [U.A.: IOS Press.
Hoff, D. D., Evans, D. B., & Hruban, R. H. (2015). Pancreatic Cancer. Sudbury: Mass.
Jeruc, J., Kos, I., & Vodovnik, A. (2012). Pancreatic Cancer: Epidemiology and Risk Factors. International Conference on Diseases of Pancreas, Biliary Tract and Duodenum, 17-19.
Tuberculosis is an infectious disease of animals and humans. The most common causative agent of the disease is a bacterium a mycobacteria known as Mycobacterium tuberculosis. This bacterium was first discovered by obert Koch in 1882. The physiology of this bacterium is aerobic and hence requires very high oxygen levels. This is primarily a pathogen of the mammalian respiratory system which infects the lungs. The most common methods used to diagnose tuberculosis are acid-fast stain, tuberculin skin test and chest radiations. M. tuberculosis requires oxygen in order for it to grow. Due to the presence of mycolic acid, M.tuberculosis has an waxy coating on its surface which is unusual making the cells impervious to Gram staining It can not retain any bacteriological stain as a result of a high lipid content on its wall therefore acid-fast staining or ziehl-Neelsen staining are used. Despite this M.tuberculosis is still…
Mandal, A. (2014). History of Tuberculosis. Retrieved October 17, 2014 from http://www.news-medical.net/health/History-of-Tuberculosis.aspx
Knechel, N. (2009). Tuberculosis: Pathophysiology, clinical Features, and Diagnosis. Retrieved October 17, 2014 from http://ccn.aacnjournals.org/content/29/2/34.short
Mathema, B., Kurepina, N., Bifani, P., & Kreiswirth, B. (2006). Molecular Epidemiology of Tuberculosis: Current Insights. Retrieved October 18, 2014 from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1592690/
Diagnosis and Assessment in a Clinical Setting
Given the information provided in the subjective portion of the note, the clinician would want to find out if the patient has ever engaged in anal intercourse. If the patient has engaged in such intercourse, the clinician would want to know how many partners she’s had in this regard and when was the last incidence of anal intercourse. The clinician would also want to find out if the patient used protection when engaging this form of intercourse. Getting the total number of partners that this woman has had over the past year might shed some light on the situation as well. Additionally, it might be worth asking if the patient has made an obvious changes in personal hygiene or underwear. For example, the sudden usage of baby wipes in the vaginal or anal area has been found to cause irritation in some cases.…
Diagnosis and Treatment Planning
Contemporary Approaches Used for Assessment and Diagnosis
The Center for Quality Assessment and Improvement in Mental Health relates screening tools used for screening for bipolar disorder to include the 'Mood Disorder Questionnaire' (MDQ); the 'Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI) ipolar Disorder Screening Scale'; Differential Diagnosis of ipolar Disorder I & II vs. Major Depressive Disorders; and Obtaining a Family History Through the Use of a Genogram. The MDQ is designed for use as a tool to aid in screening for present and past incidences of mania and hypomania and includes 13 questions related to the symptoms of bipolar disorder in addition to items that assess the clustering of symptoms as well as any functional impairment. (CQAIMH, 2014, paraphrased) The Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI) ipolar Disorder Screening Scale' can be used to make accurate identification of "both threshold and sub-threshold bipolar disorder." (CQAIMH, 2014, p. 1)…
Bipolar Disorder (2014) Mayo clinic. Diseases. Retrieved from: http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/bipolar-disorder/basics/tests-diagnosis/con-20027544
Bipolar Disorder (2014) University of Maryland Medical Center. Retrieved from: http://umm.edu/health/medical/reports/articles/bipolar-disorder
Bipolar Disorder Screening (2014) Center for Quality Assessment and Improvement in Mental Health (CQAIHM). Retrieved from: http://www.cqaimh.org/tool_bipolar.html
Bipolar Disorder Treatment (2014) NHS. Retrieved from: http://www.nhs.uk/Conditions/Bipolar-disorder/Pages/Treatment.aspx
Care of Cancer
In many cases the sooner cancer is diagnosed and treatment begins the better the chances of a person recovering fully. If one develops cancer they can improve the chance of early detection if they have regular medical checkups and do some self-exams. Doctors often find early cancer during a physical exam or when carrying out routine tests even when there were no symptoms presented.
There are several methods that are used to diagnose cancer .with technological advancement these methods are now better as they help in a better understanding of cancer .there are now many diagnostic tools that can be used in cancer detection. Once cancer I suspected a diagnosis is made by pathologists and oncopathologists and imaging radiologists. The common diagnostic methods are;
This test involves a small tissue sample being taken from the area where cancer is suspected using a fine tipped…
Mandal, A.(2010). Cancer Diagnosis.Retrieved September 24,2013 from http://www.news-medical.net/health/Cancer-Diagnosis.aspx
American Society of Clinical Oncolog.(2013). Stages of Cancer. Retrieved September 24,2013 from http://www.cancer.net/all-about-cancer/treating-cancer/stages-cancer
Armstrong, B.(2012).What are the different stages of cancer and what do they mean? Retrieved September 24,2013 from http://www.cancerinstitute.org.au/patient-support/what-i-need-to-know/about-cancer/what-are-the-different-stages-of-cancer
Info.com.(2013).Cancer complications. Retrieved September 24,2013 from http://topics.info.com/Cancer-Complications_3416
Attention Deficit HyperactivITY Disorder DIAGNOSIS IN CHILDEN
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder is a diverse behavioral set of symptoms described by the hub indication of impulsivity, hyperactivity and inattention. Even as, these symptoms have a tendency to gather together, some individuals are for the most part hyperactive and impetuous, even as others are predominantly inattentive. This disease affects both toddlers and adults of all ages and should be taken seriously. When this disease is being diagnosed in children, doctors often make quick decisions to make a diagnosis and handing out prescriptions. This should not be the case as doctors are supposed to take enough time to well analyze the condition of the children before offering prescriptions.
About Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
There are two main diagnostic decisive factors that are currently in use. These are the International Classification of Mental and Behavioral Disorders uses the initials (ICD-10) and the…
Honos-Webb, L. (2010). The gift of ADHD: How to transform your child's problems into strengths. Oakland, CA: New Harbinger Publications.
Kushner, T.K. (2010). Surviving health care: A manual for patients and their families.
Cambridge England: Cambridge University Press.
Nass, R.D. & Leventhal, F.,. (2011). 100 questions & answers about your child's ADHD: From
Organizational diagnosis is mandatory before projecting the company's future and establishing the strategy. The diagnosis study must be accompanied by market studies, prognosis studies, and ecologic studies.
The organizational diagnosis is important due to its contents. The global or general diagnosis study must emphasize certain basic elements, like: identifying the company's position and role in the macro environment (characteristics, history, specific market), the dynamics of the company's economic and financial situation, the management system and its components (methodological, decisional, informational, and organizational), economic situation analysis, management situation analysis, strong points and their causes, weak points and their causes, strategic and tactic recommendations.
As described above, the organizational diagnosis is of extreme importance for the success of any change process. Therefore, the elaboration of the diagnosis study is very important. The steps in such a process are: preparing the diagnosis, preliminary documentation, economic and managerial situation analysis, emphasizing the strong points…
Dutta, Roy (2001). Organizational Diagnosis. Indian Institute of Technology. Retrieved September 4, 2008 at http://www.isical.ac.in/~ddroy/odiag.html .
Morrison, Mike (2008). Organizational Diagnosis and Development. Retrieved September 4, 2008 at http://www.rapidbi.com/created/OrganizationalDiagnosisandDevelopment.html .
Organizational diagnostics (2008). Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Retrieved September 4, 2008 at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Organizational_diagnostics .
In this case, assumed North Korean aggression has arisen in response to economic sanctions placed on the country by the United States and other South Korean allies. This leads to the second step of the conflict, the identification of the sources and causes of the conflict, which are the political and economic disparity that exists between the two Koreas and can be traced back to the middle of the twentieth century and the spread of Communism -- and the West's attempt to stop it. This hints at the answer to the third step in the process, identifying the needs and aspirations on both sides: the North wants increased economic assistance and to be considered more of a powerhouse in global politics, while the South wants a less aggressive neighbor. This actually makes the conflict in many ways a cooperative one, as determined in the fourth step, though it could be…
Organizational Diagnosis of Palm
Palm Computing had reinvented the hand held computer market overnight with the line of PalmPilot and similar devices geared to the mobile gadget industry. According to Clancy (1999), "Palm Computing ultimately sold faster than the videocassette recorder, the color TV, the cell phone, even the personal computer that was its great-grandfather. Introduced in April 1996, within 18 months Palm Computing had shipped more than 1 million units of the handheld and some estimate there were 2 million Palm devices shipped in 1998 alone." (Clancy, 1999)
Such incredible demand for Palm Computing's products were a function of the brilliant and innovative management and design team that launched and built the company. The two prominent executives of the company, responsible for developing product and marketing, and product releases, were Jeff Hawkins and Donna Dubinsky.
According to Clancy (1999), "In Hawkins, Silicon Valley has one of its most independent,…
Enderle R. (2010) "HP and Palm: The Explosion that Will Rock the Computer Industry"
Leadersphere (2008) "HR Intelligence Report -- Organizational Diagnostic Models -- A Review & Synthesis"
Niccolai J., Gohring N. (2010) "A Brief History of Palm" http://www.pcworld.com/article/195199/a_brief_history_of_palm.html
Furthermore, the company should assess the implications of such change and develop several strategic alternatives.
Given the fact that employees consider the human resources department's strategies as not being in accordance with the objectives of the company and with the requirements of the business environment, it means the company was not able to align these strategies. Therefore, the company must understand that in order to be competitive and to create competitive advantage, the efficiency and productivity must be increased. If the employees are not satisfied with the systems mentioned above, it means they cannot reach the required productivity standards.
Some of the factors of resistance to change are represented by managers. This is because they are used with the current procedures and resist changes that reduce their power within their company (MBA Knowledge Base, 2010). In addition to this, the changes required by the company's situation are likely to determine…
1. Alderfer, C. (1980). The Methodology of Organizational Diagnosis. Professional Psychology. Retrieved February 7, 2011.
2. Causes of Resistance to Organizational Change (2010). MBA Knowledge Base. Retrieved February 7, 2011 from http://www.mbaknol.com/management-concepts/causes-of-resistance-to-organizational-change/ .
The advantage on the other hand is of the retrieval of relevant and solid findings based on which the adequate strategies can be implemented.
4. The congruence model
According to the Mind Tools website, the "congruence model is based on the principle that an organization's performance is derived from four elements: tasks, people, structure, and culture. The higher the congruence, or compatibility, amongst these elements, the greater the performance" (Mind Tools, 2010). The advantage of the model is that of simplifying the issues promoted by the previous models and revealing an analysis structure constructed onto four elements alone. This implies lower task complexities and leads to more efficiently retrieved results. However, it could also lead to sometimes irrelevant findings as it does not take into consideration elements outside the organization, such as the socio-economic climate. In other words, this model is highly applicable when conducting an internal audit, but its…
Burton, R.M., Obel, B., 2004, Strategic organizational diagnosis and design: the dynamics of fit, 3rd edition, Springer, ISBN 1402076843
Patel, N., 2010, HP and Palm: what happens next, Engadget, http://www.engadget.com/2010/04/29/hp-and-palm-what-happens-next / last accessed on July 29, 2010
A causal model of organizational performance and change (Burke & Litwin model), Reflect and Learn, http://www.reflectlearn.org/discover/a-causal-model-of-organizational-performance-change-burkes-litwin-model last accessed on July 29, 2010
Organizational diagnosis, The College of St. Scholastica, http://www.google.com/url?sa=t&source=web&cd=1&ved=0CBIQFjAA&url=http%3A%2F%2Ffaculty.css.edu%2Fdswenson%2Fweb%2FPowerpoints%2FOrganizationalDiagnosis.ppt&ei=uYdRTKSkMYqUOMy-4cME&usg=AFQjCNGTL9ElrN8D8QlJeGZvTwHnunMKeA last accessed on July 29, 2010
Family Wellness Diagnosis, Nursing
I opted to interview a family of two parents (married heterosexuals) who have two children. Both children are in their late teens. Both parents work. She is a freelance writer and he is a sales clerk at a retail home goods store. Both are in their late forties. He is about 5'11; she is 5'6." Their heights and weights appear appropriate though he claims that at 180 he feels a little overweight. She is about 140. She is originally from Guatemala and he is from the mid-west of the U.S. The children are both boys. Bruce, age 19, is away at college. The other, Erick, graduated from high school last year and has been working at a local golf course while waiting to decide what he wants to study at a community college. I spoke with Bruce over the telephone for about 15 minutes. He confirmed…
Care Plan (no date). Assessment Using Functional Health Patterns. Downloadable from http://www.delmarlearning.com/companions/content/0766822257/apps/appb2.pdf .
Doenges, M. And Moorhouse, M.F. (2003). Application of Nursing Process and Nursing Diagnosis: An Interactive Text for Diagnostic Reasoning. F.A. Davis Company, Philadelphia, PA.
Life Nurses (2009). Nursing Assessment. Viewable at http://www.lifenurses.com/nursing-assessment/.
Family-focused Functional Health Pattern Questions:
Nursing Diagnosis Plan
Assessment Analysis- Patient, CM., is a 60-year-old female African-American, married and a factory worker. CM is complaining about difficulty breathing, dyspnea. She indicates she is completely compliant with her medication regimen, naps and sleeps 7 hours a day. She is active, has a positive attitude, and regularly exercises. She does admit that sometimes she waits to seek medical attention, believing she should trust in God for minor issue. She does not take OTC or herbal medications and her immunizations are up-to-date. She denies use of alcohol, tobacco, or illicit drugs. Her pharmaceutical regimen consists of control of heart issues (aneurysm, artery disease, COPD, vein thrombosis, hypertension, aortic aneurysm; arthritis, seizures, and diabetes). She is emotionally stable, plans to continue working for at least 7 more years, and has a positive attitude.
Areas for Focused Assessment- CM has visited the hospital four times in the last two weeks.…
Treatment with Daliresp. (2012). Forest Pharmaceuticals. Retrieved from: http://www.daliresp.com/TreatmentWithDALIRESP.aspx?WT.srch=1&guid=363952239
Sarkar, S. And Amelung, P. (2006). Evaluation of the Dyspneic Patient in the Office. Primary Care. 33 (3): 643-57.
The DSM explicitly "strives to be atheoretical, using merely observationally referent terms. The hope with this is to make the manual as acceptable as possible to professionals with different theoretical orientations (Gilles-Thomas 1989, Lecture 2). Specific criteria and systematic descriptions are offered as guidance for making diagnoses. "Essential features, associated features, prevalence rates, sex ratios, family patterns, and differential diagnoses are listed" and it is noted when "alternative or additional diagnoses…should be considered," such as the possibility that a manic episode could mask itself as schizophrenia (Gilles-Thomas 1989, Lecture 2). This might occur if the clinician was unacquainted with the patient and the patient's past history of depression, for example, and/or mood disorders in the patient's family.
Also key to the efficacy of the DSM in approaching the ideologically and theoretically charged world of abnormal psychology is its multiaxial system. The multiaxial system "allows for a more holistic and comprehensive…
Abnormal psychology. (2009). a2psychology. Retrieved September 23, 2009 at http://www.a2zpsychology.com/articles/abnormal.htm
Gilles-Thomas, David L. (1989). Definitions. Abnormal psychology: Lecture 1. University of Buffalo. Retrieved September 23, 2009 at http://ccvillage.buffalo.edu/Abpsy/lecture1.html
Gilles-Thomas, David L. (1989). Classifications. Abnormal psychology: Lecture 2. University
of Buffalo. Retrieved September 23, 2009 at http://ccvillage.buffalo.edu/Abpsy/lecture2.html
Organizational Diagnostic Models
Falletta (2005) outlines several different organizational diagnostic models. The first such model is the Force Field model, developed by Kurt Lewin in 1951. In this model, an organization remains in as state of equilibrium until it is shifted out of that state by a driving force that overcomes the restraining forces. The current state then becomes a problem (Falletta, 2005). This model can be used to explain what situation an organization is in, and even how that situation came about. The downside is that it provides little in terms of information about how the company can move to its new equilibrium point. But Lewin's model explains how companies enter into an equilibrium state. The company's current equilibrium has still allowed for steady gains in revenue and profit based on growth, but stability in profit margin (MSN Moneycentral, 2014).
Leavitt's model is a somewhat different representation…
Falletta, S.V. (2005) Organizational Diagnostic Models: A Review and Synthesis. Retrieved January 15, 2014, from http://www.iei.liu.se/fek/frist/723g16/files/1.120328/Orgmodels.pdf
McMillan, T. (2014). Can Whole Foods change the way poor people eat? Slate.com. Retrieved November 28, 2014 from http://www.slate.com/articles/life/food/2014/11/whole_foods_detroit_can_a_grocery_store_really_fight_elitism_racism_and.html
MSN Moneycentral. (2014). Whole Foods Market. Retrieved November 28, 2014 from http://www.msn.com/en-us/money/stockdetails/fi-126.1.WFM.NAS?symbol=WFM&form=PRFIEQ
National Defense University, Systems Thinking and Learning Organizations, Retrieved November 7, 2012 from http://www.au.af.mil/au/awc/awcgate/ndu/strat-ldr-dm/pt1ch4.html
Company X, a medium size manufacturing firm in the United States, joined the outsourcing and offshoring bandwagon several years back when the a major percentage of the company's production facilities where moved to China. Like most American companies that engage in outsourcing and offshoring majority of their business processes, Company X also adhered to "the build-operate-transfer model, [where the] the ultimate goal was to take ownership of the offshore operation to reap the cost-savings associated with eliminating the vendor middle man (Overby, 2009). The company has been successful in this regard and when they initiated outsourcing and offshoring initiatives, in 2003, the company was able to gain full control of the offshore operations after only four years. Thereafter, the company also set-up a local service and support center to handle inquiries and concerns from their Southeast Asian clients. The service and support center was doing well until late…
Alderfer, C.P. (1980, June). "The methodology of organizational diagnostics." Professional Psychology, 11(3): 459-468. Retrieved July 24, 2011 from http://leeds-faculty.colorado.edu/Rosse/Courses/4003/Readings/aldefer.pdf
Business Performance Pty Ltd. (2010). Organizational change management -- The new imperative. Retrieved July 24, 2011 from http://www.businessperform.com/change-management/change_management.html
Leadersphere, Inc. (2009, December 21). "Organizational diagnostic models: A review and synthesis." HR Intelligence Report. Retrieved July 24, 2011 from http://www.leadersphere.com/img/OrgmodelsR2009.pdf
Overby, S. (2009, June 30). "Outsourcing: The demise of the offshore captive center." CIO. Retrieved July 24, 2011 from http://www.cio.com/article/496322/Outsourcing_The_Demise_of_the_Offshore_Captive_Center
The main factor of the pathophysiology for Jennifer is a marked pain in her throat. Her throat has become sore, specifically her cervical nodes (which is a sign clearly indicative of disease). Thus it is difficult to eat, which explains why she neglected to eat her breakfast. Another capital aspect of Jennifer’s pathophysiology which is particularly revealing is her fever, which is common in children (de Pont, 2015, p. 2). Initially her fever was low grade. However, in just a matter of days it exceeded 103 degrees. Her body is attempting to counteract the effects of the malady afflicting it via the fever. One of the foremost associated alterations of her adaptive responses is the current state of her skin. Her skin is desiccated and warm, which is indicative of the fever the child has experienced over the past couple of days. Her skin will likely continue to…
Criteria for Diagnosis
Physical and Mental Signs and epercussions
Different Treatments of Anorexia
Anorexia Nervosa, a type of eating disorder, continues to plague some of the world's population, particularly white adolescent females obsessed with looking thinner. This paper endeavors to explore what exactly anorexia is, in relation to the category of 'eating disorder' as well as other eating disorders such as bulimia. The criteria for diagnosis will be identified as well as the population in our society most susceptible to falling victim to this mental illness. Physical and mental signs and repercussions will also be highlighted along with 3 case studies advocating different treatments to combat this sickness. Traditional treatment normally consists of hospitalization, followed by psychotherapy. However, family or support therapy is gradually gaining credibility and popularity over traditional treatment routes.
Despite the fact that there is greater understanding amongst the medical profession and general…
Being a Woman Means Being Subject to Impossible Expectations (eating disorders). http://www.geocities.com/Wellesley/1421/eating.html
Block, Jerald. (September 6, 1996). Case Example #1. http://nypisys.cpmc.columbia.edu/development/Web/nyspi/depts/psypharm/eating~1/Acase1.htm
Compulsive Exercise. http://www.something-fishy.org/whatarethey/exercise.php le Grange, D. (June 1999). "Family Therapy for Adolescent Anorexia Nervosa," in Journal of Clinical Psychology, 1999 Jun;55(6):727-39. http://www.google.com/search?q=anorexia+hospitalization+case+study&hl=en&lr=lang_en&ie=UTF-8&oe=UTF-8&start=10&sa=N
Nickol, Jenny. (2001). Eating Disorders Awareness: Emotional Issues Involved With Eating Disorders. http://ohioline.osu.edu/ed-fact/1005.html
psychological diagnosis related children. TOPIC: GENERALIZED ANXIETY DISORDER. Topics selected Diagnostic Statistical Manual Mental Disorders (DSM-IV-TR). The research paper discuss: a.
Anxiety disorders are presently responsible for interfering in people's lives and preventing them from being able to successfully integrate society. hen considering the Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD), matters are particularly intriguing as a result of the fact that many people have trouble identifying it and actually go through their lives thinking that their thinking is perfectly normal. In spite of the fact that there are no motives to provoke the exaggerated worry seen in people with GAD, they are unable to realize that they are overstressed. Millions of people from around the world are currently suffering from GAD, with the malady affecting virtually everything about their lives.
hile some individuals actually acknowledge the fact that their worries are unfounded, it is very difficult for them to put across rational…
Gliatto, M.F. "Generalized Anxiety Disorder." American Family Physician. October 1, 2000.
Kendall, Philip C. Pimentel, Sandra Moira Rynn, A. Angelosante, Aleta and Webb, Alicia "12 Generalized Anxiety Disorder," Phobic and Anxiety Disorders in Children and Adolescents: A Clinician's Guide to Effective Psychosocial and Pharmacological Interventions, ed. Thomas H. Ollendick andJohn S. March (New York: Oxford University Press, 2004)
Murray, Megan "Treading Water: Self-reflections on Generalized Anxiety Disorder," Human Architecture 2.1 (2003)
Nutt, David; Bell, Caroline; Masterson, Christine and Short, Clare Mood and Anxiety Disorders in Children and Adolescents: A Psychopharmacological Approach (London: Martin Dunitz, 2001)
Apollo 13 analysis and diagnosis using the 1995 film "Apollo 13" starring tom hanks
Apollo 13 analysis and diagnosis
The exploration of the space brought a lot of excitement. The super power countries, each has sought to establish its dominance and security by exploring the space. NASA is the United States agency for exploring the space. This report has evaluated the Apollo 13 incident in view of the film that was released of the same. The discussion centers on the two groups that is the ground and space teams.
The exploration of the space began in the late 1950s. It started after the Second World War ended. It was as a result of the United States and the Soviet Union having a cold war (McCray 2013). The space exploration hence provided the arena for this competition. Hence, this was the basis for the need for an organization that…
Gorn, M.H., & Aldrin, B. (2005). NASA: The complete illustrated history. Norwalk, CT: Easton
Goodloe, A.E., Person, S., & International Symposium on Nasa Formal Methods, NFM. (2012).
Nasa formal methods: Third international symposium, NFM 2011, Pasadena, CA, USA,
The third important environmental input that Palm will need to analyze and consider is the technological elements. Other than being a consumer-driven industry, this is also a technology-driven market and achieving the declared corporate strategy depends a significant deal on whether Palm can deliver new technological solutions for its users, solutions that will allow the clients to benefit more efficiently from the products that Palm offers.
Other important environmental inputs that can be considered are the socioeconomic factors, notably the way that the global economy is likely to evolve in the future. An economy that will continue its recession is likely, at an aggregate level, to diminish individual incomes as well, which will leave a lesser portion of one's total income be allocated for investment in technologies such as Palm smartphones or other mobile devices.
2. Resources. With the acquisition of Palm by HP, the resources category of the key…
1. Palm Annual Report. May 2007. On the Internet at http://apps.shareholder.com/sec/viewerContent.aspx?companyid=PALM&docid=5310504#D10K_HTM_TX65056_1. Last retrieved on August 15, 2010
2. Ogg, Erica. April 2010. With Palm, HP reboots mobile strategy. Cnet News. On the Internet at http://news.cnet.com/8301-31021_3-20003716-260.html . Last retrieved on August 15, 2010
Palm Annual Report. May 2007. On the Internet at http://apps.shareholder.com/sec/viewerContent.aspx?companyid=PALM&docid=5310504#D10K_HTM_TX65056_1. Last retrieved on August 15, 2010
Ogg, Erica. April 2010. With Palm, HP reboots mobile strategy. Cnet News. On the Internet at
Candace, a 15-year-old softball player, presents due to ankle pain that developed after she twisted her ankle during a game. Ankle sprains and pain are common occurrences in athletes to an extent that they continue to be the subject of interest in sports medicine (McGovern & Martin, 2016). As evident in Candace’s situation, ankle sprains and injuries are common among individuals who are physically active. Therefore, early diagnosis and management of these conditions is crucial toward enhancing the patient’s health and wellbeing. The diagnosis process requires obtaining information to support possible differentials of strain, sprain, tear, or fracture. Information for proper diagnosis and identification of these factors is obtained through history and objective assessment. Some of the information needed include history of ankle injury, severity of injury, history of fracture, anatomical features, and clinical history.
Once diagnosis is made, a suitable intervention plan for treatment or management of…
The relevance of maintaining healthy communities cannot be overstated. In basic terms, communities should be designed and maintained in a way that promotes the well-being of their inhabitants. In so doing, such communities could end up realizing not only the economic but also the social benefits of a happier, healthier, and more productive society. There is therefore a need to assess and diagnose the key health problems specific to various communities. This way, lasting and innovative solutions can be sought and implemented to rein in the identified health problems.
For this particular assignment, I will concern myself with North Las Vegas which also happens to be one of the largest cities in Nevada. In terms of governance, the city falls under the administration of a mayor who is assisted in this role by four members of the council. When it comes to city life, it is important to…
American Casino Guide (2013). Las Vegas Casinos. Retrieved from: http://www.americancasinoguide.com/casinos-by-city/las-vegas-casinos.html
Castellani, B. (2000). Pathological Gambling: The Making of a Medical Problem. Albany, NY: SUNY Press.
Casino-History (2009). Las Vegas Casino History: The History of Gambling in Sin City. Retrieved from: http://www.casino-history.com/las-vegas-casino-history/
Healthy People (2013). 2020 Topics and Objectives -- Objectives A -- Z. Retrieved from: http://www.healthypeople.gov/2020/topicsobjectives2020/
diagnosis of autism can lead to a stigma or whether there are good results. Indeed, some feel that a diagnosis of autism leads to a situation where the child is treated differently but in a negative way. The genesis of this maltreatment can come both from children as well as teachers and other people. However, the study clearly approaches the question with an open mind and asks the question of whether the diagnosis of autism leads to better trails for a student or if there are bumps in the road instead.
Description & Evaluation of esearch Methodology, Approach, and Design
There were actually two studies completed as part of this study. One was interview-based and the other was survey based. The interviews were "in-depth" in nature and they were directly with individuals that had autism spectrum disorder maladies. One major thing that is focused on as part of the interviews…
Johnson, T. & Joshi, A. (2016). Dark clouds or silver linings? A stigma threat perspective on the implications of an autism diagnosis for workplace well-being. Journal of Applied
Psychology, 101(3), 430-449. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/apl0000058
The differences between a medical diagnosis of Autism and an educational diagnosis of Autism often have implications for the individualized educational prospects of an autistic student in public schools. Often even when a child has a medical diagnosis of autism parents still go through the diagnostic process of the school to determine what, if any, educational adjustments can or should be made. Diagnosis is made more difficult by the fact Autistic symptoms vary widely in individuals and often tend to manifest themselves in many different combinations (Lenne, 2001, P. 71). Autistic impairment includes social, communicative, and behavioral development challenges. An autistic child may have trouble with nonverbal language, poor eye contact, and difficult making and retaining friends (Lenne, 2001, P. 71). n terms of communication, there may be delays in speaking difficulty using or imitating language and incorrect use of words (Lenne, 2001, P. 71). Repeated body movements and…
In 2000, a set of guidelines were formulated by the American Academy of Neurology. (Blackwell, 2001). The panel's guidelines are widely recommended and urge providers to carryout diagnosis in several stages. In the very first stage of investigation clinical practioners are urged to screen for any children who may display behavior or characteristics which may place the child at risk for any developmental delays (Blackwell, 2001). The second investigative step is to screen for those children who are specifically at risk for autism so that they can be differentiated from those children who have other developmental disorders (Blackwell, 2001). Blackwell, et. al argue that before the diagnosis of autism is attempted all primary care physicians should routinely, when necessary, use developmental screening tests on their patients. Unfortunately, less than 1/3 of "primary care providers have been shown to conduct a standardized developmental screening test in child office visits" (Blackwell, 2001, p. 534).
The AAN guidelines urge that when a child has delayed language development or motor skills, the primary care provider should immediately engage in audio logical assessment to rule out any ear or auditory issues, followed by using the CHAT, Autism Screening Questionnaire (Blackwell, 2001, p. 535). At this stage, one of two things must happen, either the child passes or fails the test; if the child passes, then the child still must undergo a formal diagnostic procedure including a neurological evaluation, if the child fails the doctors must communicate the need for early child-hood intervention with the school district in addition to the formal diagnostic evaluation (Blackwell, 2001, p. 535). Although Blackwell, et. al do not detail the specific diagnostic indicators of autism their overview of the AAN guidelines are important in order to demonstrate the relationship between the school and the medical provider.
Whereas the medical diagnosis focuses on the symptoms the educational diagnoses often focus on the relationship between the symptom and its impact on the child in the class room. An individualized education plan is dependent on significant impairment in the classroom which is more than just behavioral in nature. Often behavioral problems in school are seen as acting out rather than a symptom
16), an indication that the brain and the body are sorts of partners when it comes to thought, emotion and psychopathology.
The next section discusses descriptive syndromal diagnosis, "a complex of signs and symptoms resulting from a common cause or in combination" (Lambert, 2005, p. 332) versus a well-established and knowable disease. For example, an illness like Alzheimer's has a "sufficiently well-established pathogenesis," while the symptoms of an illness/disorder like a specific phobia is often circumscribed, i.e., a mixture of various traits and characteristics (DSM-
IV Guidebook, 1995, p. 16). Following this section, the guidebook goes into exploring seven specific modes of diagnosis -- "Nosology: Categorical vs. Dimensional Diagnosis," "Polythetic vs. Monothetic Criteria," "Multiple Diagnoses and Comorbidity," being "a combination of abnormal condition and quality" (Glanze, 2000, p. 770), "Clinical vs. esearch Criteria," "Core vs. Discriminating Features," "Level of Clinical Inference in Criteria Sets," and lastly, "Diagnostic Tests as Criteria."…
(1995). Conceptual issues in psychiatric diagnosis. Chapter 2. DSM-IV Guidebook. American Psychiatric Press.
Denison, M.J. (2003). The science of knowledge and knowing. New York: Blackwell
Glanze, Walter D. (2000). Mosby's medical, nursing and allied health encyclopedia.
Antisocial ehavior in Females with Comorbid Diagnoses of ADHD
Detention centers and residential treatment facilities are replete with male and female youth that have been in and out of the juvenile justice system for many years. Although the majority of the populations in these facilities are male, the number of female juvenile offenders is continually increasing. Many of the children in these facilities have a history of behavioral difficulties that may or may not have been diagnosed during much of their childhood.
Antisocial behaviors are acts that violate social rules and the basic rights of others. They include conduct intended to injure people or damage property, illegal behavior, and defiance of generally accepted rules and authority, such as truancy from school. "These antisocial behaviors exist along a severity continuum (Clark, et al., 2002). When childhood antisocial behaviors exceed certain defined thresholds -- the diagnostic criteria specified in the Diagnostic and…
American Psychiatric Association. (2000). Disgnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition. Washington DC APA.
Clark, Duncan. Vanyukov, Michael. Cornelius, Jack. (November, 2002). Childhood Antisocial Behavior and Adolescent Alcohol Use Disorders. National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism: 66, 136-138.
Crawford, Nicole. (February, 2003). ADHD: a women's issue. Monitor on Psychology, APA: Volume 34, No. 2, p. 28.
Hinshaw, S.P. (2003). Preadolescent girls with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: I. Background characteristics, comorbidity, cognitive and social functioning, and parenting practices. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology.
A secondary psychological problem that should be addressed is the man's evident agoraphobia, or fear of spending time in public or in wide, open spaces. Although this is not uncommon with individuals suffering panic disorders, special treatment as part of the therapeutic process might be valuable. The patient also has a history of previous mental disorders, including depression that should be monitored. Social isolation brought forth by panic and agoraphobia combined with depression could pose a serious risk to his personal safety, should the symptoms worsen. This is another reason that medication seemed to be the most advisable choice.
Identifying panic attacks as severely incapacitating the man's life, rather than occurring as a 'one-time' incident attached to a physical incident was only determined through intense but empathetic probing. Individuals may often misidentify the symptoms of a heart attack and feel frightened of what is mere indigestion. The more severe psychological…
Whole Foods Market
Which Organizational Diagnosis Model Is Best to Use at Whole Foods Market
Open Systems Theory
Weisbord's Six-Box Model
McKinsey 7S Framework
Likert System Analysis (1967)
Nadler-Tushman Congruence Model
Methods to use this Tool
Analyze each key element separately
ecognize the people that can help to get the work done and help in accomplishing the goals of the organization
Analyze how these Elements Interrelate in the Organization
Plan to Create and Maintain Congruence
Issues of Whole Foods Market
Poor Working Conditions
Failure to Support Farmworkers
Best Model to esolve Issues of Whole Food Markets
In this modern competitive era of rapid transformation and advancement, new organizations must be evolved and developed continuously. More effective learning processes need to be adopted and goal setting and planning processes must be learned and time should be spent to improve and advance the goal-setting…
Hedge, J.W. (2002). Implementing Organizational Interventions: Steps, Processes, and Best Practices. San Francisco: Jossey Bass.
Lusthaus, C. (2002). Organizational Assessment: A Framework for Improving Performance. Ottawa: International Development Research.
Miner, J.B. (2002). Organizational Behavior: Foundations, Theories, and Analyses. Oxford.
Pheysey, D.C. (1993). Organizational Cultures: Types and Transformations. New York: Routledge.
Volume 2 Case Number 21
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) affects clients across the lifespan, although it is more common in children. Data from the Center for Diseases Prevention and Control (CDC) indicates that approximately 6.1 million children in the US had ADHD in 2016 (CDC, 2019). In some cases, however, ADHD is not detected early and progresses into adulthood, where it affects an individual’s ability to run a household, maintain employment, and care for children. The presenting client is a 30-year old female diagnosed with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), poly-substance abuse, and long-standing schizoaffective bipolar-type disorder. The client reports involvement in criminal activity, impulsiveness, hallucinations, difficulty managing anger, persecutory ideation, poor academic performance, and self-mutilatory behavior. This text seeks to develop an individualized treatment plan for the client with co-occurring ADHD and PTSD.
Questions to Ask the Client
Clinical interviews are crucial for effective treatment. A fundamental question to…
APA (2013). Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) (5th ed.). Washington, DC: American Psychiatry Association.
ADDA (2015). Adult ADHD Self-Report Scale: Symptom Checklist Instructions. Attention Deficit Disorder Association. Retrieved from https://add.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/03/adhd-questionnaire-ASRS111.pdf
CDC (2019). Data and Statistics about ADHD. Center for Diseases Prevention and Control (CDC). Retrieved from https://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/adhd/data.html
CMS (2016). Stimulant and Related Medications: US Food and Drug Administration – Approved Indications and Dosages for Use in Adults. Center for Medicare and Medicaid Services. Retrieved from https://www.cms.gov/Medicare-Medicaid-Coordination/Fraud-Prevention/Medicaid-Integrity-Education/Pharmacy-Education-Materials/Downloads/stim-adult-dosingchart11-14.pdf
Dalgaard, S., Kvist, A., Leckman, F. J., Nielsen, H., & Simonsen, M. (2014). Cardiovascular Safety of Stimulants in Children with Attention –Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: a Nationwide Perspective Cohort Study. Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology, 24(6), 302-10.
Kolar, D., Keller, A., Golfinopoulos, M., Cumyn, L., Syer, C., & Hechtman, L. (2008). Treatment of Adults with Attention-Deficit/ Hyperactivity Disorder. Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment, 4(2), 389-403.
Smucker, W., & Hedayat, M. (2001). Evaluation and Treatment of ADHD. American Family Physician, 64(5), 817-30.
2004). In those cases, there was very early diagnosis and administration of intravenous and intrathecal or intraventricular amphotericin B. with intensive supportive care (2004). One survivor received miconazole intravenously and intrathecally and rifampicin orally (2004). Other treatment options include the drugs rifampicin and micoazole.
Khan (2008) notes that the mortality rate for PAM is 95%. Again, one of the major obstacles to effective treatment is the rapid progression of the disease. Another obstacle is the paucity of drugs that have the ability to cross the blood-brain barrier (Schuster & Visvesvara 2004; Khan 2008). Nevertheless, there have been documented recoveries from PAM (Seidel 1982; Wang 1993; Khan 2008). Early recognition and treatment of the disease appear to be the chief elements in successful outcomes (2008). At the time of Khan's (2008) writing, the drug of choice for treatment of human cases was amphotericin B. In conjunction with rifampin as well as…
Embrey, Martha., Hunter, Paul., Chalmers, Rachel., Sellwood, Jane., Wyn-Jones, Peter., & Percival, Steven. (2004). Microbiology of waterborne diseases:
microbiological aspects and risks. Academic Press; 1st edition.
Jarillo-Luna, a., Moreno-Fierros, L., Campos-Rodriguez, R., Rodriguez-Monroy, M.A.,
Lara-Padilla, E., & Rojas-Hernandez, Saul. (2008). Intranasal immunization with Naegleria fowleri lysates and Cry1Ac metaplasia in the olfactory epithelium and inceases IgA secretion. Parasite immunology,30(1), p. 31-38.
Moreover, some genetic testing is inaccurate, creating the possibility of false positives and false negatives.
The second problem with genetic testing is that it can provide information about diseases where there is no treatment or intervention. This is the case for Tay-Sachs. There is no way to prevent the disease, which is fatal in children. However, unlike some other genetic disorders, the baby is born healthy and begins to deteriorate sometime after birth. Does knowing that the child will develop the disorder help the family, when prenatal screening does nothing to help treat the child?
The third problem with genetic testing is that it may lead people to make undesired choices. Abortion rates for children with genetic diseases are higher than those rates for children without those diseases. Abortion is a major moral issue in the United States. Does a process that might increase the likelihood that a mother will…
National Institute of Neurological Disorder and Stroke (2007, Feb. 14). NINDS Tay-Sachs
Disease Information Page. Retrieved from http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/taysachs/taysachs.htm
National Tay-Sachs & Allied Diseases. (2011). Tay Sachs Disease. Retrieved from http://www.ntsad.org/index.php/tay-sachs
Sheth, K. (2010, Nov. 17). Tay-Sachs disease. Retrieved August 13, 2011, from PubMed
Treatment and Management of Cancer
Obligations of community health nurse in providing healthcare
The high demand for healthcare services, especially to those managing dreadful illnesses such as cancer, there is a dire need to understand the health promotion strategies and also ensure quality lives. Here, is a discussion assisting to analyze how best to improve health and better management of dreaded conditions like diseases such as cancer. Those affected will learn to adopt the right measures that will help to improve functional abilities, and what to practice in case self-care is not an option. The mandate of community health nurses will be scrutinized, to help acquire general knowledge on efficient management of diseases.
Cancer is a disease, which has characteristics of growths that cannot be controlled, and also the abnormality of how rapidly the cells are spread to other organs. Cancers vary in their areas of…
Psychopathy: diagnosis and implications for treatment
Medical research has advanced to such an extent as to allow diseases that would have in the past been considered without a medical cure to be nowadays a limited challenge in the face of new technologies, techniques, and methods of treatment. Unfortunately some of the most difficult to cure diseases are those related to the nervous system and of physiological nature. One such case is psychopathy, a complex of states of mind and attitudes that transform the individual in particular degrees of sanity or insanity.
There have been numerous articles and research project conducted on this subject both to try to determine the nature of psychopathy as well as to provide different types of solutions for curing its manifestations and finding out the root causes of psychopathy. One such study is the one concluded by Mairead Dolan and Michael Doyle from the University of…
Dolan, M. And Michael Doyle. (2007) "Psychopathy: diagnosis and implications for treatment" in Psychiatry, volume 6, Issue 10, Oct.
Nursing Case Study
Family nursing diagnosis is a holistic process that involves a thorough and complete family assessment to establish both curative and preventive concerns in a given family. The assessment from the participating family established a number of diagnostic issues. One of the family members suffers from obesity. D.K. who is ten years old and in second grade took two years to complete first grade. Obesity is a condition whereby the Body Mass Index (BM1) is over 30kg/m2. This is because of excess fat accumulation in a person's body. The Body Mass Index BM1, is the measure for obesity, and it is calculated by dividing a person's weight in kilograms by his/her height in square meters.
Obesity may be associated with the several of medical conditions like heart attack, type 2 diabetes, osteoarthritis and some types of cancer (Domino, 2007). Major causes of obesity are lack of physical exercises…
Domino, Frank J, (2007). 5-Minute Clinical Consult. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Karch. A.M. (2007). Lippincott's Nursing Drug Guide. Philadelphia: New York: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Katz, David L.; Friedman, Rachel S.C. (2008). Nutrition in Clinical Practice: A Comprehensive, Evidence-Based Manual for the Practitioner. 2nd ed. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Passing judgment on the reasons that women choose to have CVS is unwise under all circumstances. According to the belief systems of some individuals, all abortion is morally wrong and the use of CVS merely encourages sex-selective abortion or aborting fetuses because the resulting child is more likely to have genetic diseases associated with one gender (such as hemophilia in males). But once the principle is established that women have a right to choose to have an abortion, it is not the medical profession's right to decide what is a 'good' reason or a 'bad' reason to have an abortion, so long as the center is in compliance with the law regarding fetal viability.
The same is true regarding the availability of CVS, given that the center's view of abortion rights seems to be clearly tied to its policy. The center presumably does not take a position on…
company was formed in 1978 in Atlanta, Georgia by Bernie Marcus and Arthur Blank, and expanded quickly, with sales exceeding a billion dollars annually by 1986. From the moment of its foundation, HD has expanded consistently by concentrating on potent markets like New Orleans that had a mix of new homeowners and younger generation people. Home Depot could grow fast by responding to changes quickly and maintained its success by adhering to the values and culture of the organization.
The consistent updation in work and culture to produce quality products, employees, and clients has helped Home Depot retain its edge and be on the top of the retail building market space. The management of the organization gives a lot of importance to welfare of its employees, encourages spirit of entrepreneurship, due respect to all, and commitment to quality. All stores and merchandize are similar in appearance and functionality. Operational productivity…
Barling, J. (2014). The science of leadership: Lessons from research for organizational leaders.
Bianchi, C.C., & Arnold, S.J. (2004). An institutional perspective on retail internationalization success: Home Depot in Chile. The International Review of Retail, Distribution and Consumer Research, 14(2), 149-169.
Charan, (2006, April 1). Home Depot's Blueprint for Culture Change. Retrieved January 24, 2015, from https://hbr.org/2006/04/home-depots-blueprint-for-culture-change
Dransfield, R. (1998). Human resource management. Oxford: Heinemann.
medical sciences, prevention is emphasized as the most desirable response to potential health issues. This has important implications for the way in which patients receive health care in hospitals and other health care settings. This is especially the case where new diagnostic tools have been researched to determine the likelihood of contracting conditions like diabetes. Populations such as young children can particularly benefit from this, since preventative action taken early in life becomes a lifestyle habit that influences the health for the duration of the person's life. Nowicka et al.'s (2011) article, "Utility of Hemoglobin A1c for Diagnosign Prediabetes and Diabetes in Obese Children and Adolescents," provides information about this diagnostic tool, which can then be used to help parents and children determine lifestyle changes to minimize the chances of contracting the condition.
The article's objective is to focus on Hemoglobin A1c (A1C) as a diagnostic tool for diabetes and…
Ali, M.K., Echouffo-Tcheugui, J.B., and Williamson, D.F. (2012, Jan.) How Effective were Lifestyle Interventions in Real-World Settings that were modeled on the Diabetes Prevention Program? Health Affairs, 31(1). Retrieved from: http://content.healthaffairs.org/content/31/1/67.full.html
The Diabetes Prevention Program Research Group. (2013, Apr.). The 10-Year Cost-Effectiveness of Lifestyle Intervention or Metformin for Diabetes Prevention: An intent-to-treat analysis of the DPP/DPPOS. Diabetes Care, 35(4). Retrieved from: http://care.diabetesjournals.org/content/35/4/723.full.pdf+html%20
Nowicka, P., Santoro, N., Liu, H., Lartau, D., Shaw, M.M., Goldberg, R., Gundalini, C., Savoye, M., Rose, P., and Caprio, S. (2011, June). Utility of Hemoglobin A1c for Diagnosign Prediabetes and Diabetes in Obese Children and Adolescents. Diabetes Care, 34(6). Retrieved from: http://care.diabetesjournals.org/content/34/6/1306.full
The seven variables that have been termed as "levers" by the authors all start with the letter 'S'.
Following are the things included in the seven variables:
-Shared values and -Style.
Structure is explained as the skeleton of the organizational chart or an organization. Strategy has been identified by the authors as the path or plan of action that is taken in order to achieve some goals and target over a period of time. Systems are defined as the routine process and procedures that are carried out within the firms. Staff is further divided into the personal categories within the firms (e.g., engineers). The skills refer to the capabilities possessed by the staff that is working within an organization. Style is defined as the way in which the managers behave or act in order to achieve the organizational goals. Shared value variable basically comprises of…
Burke & Litwin. (1992). A Causal Model of Organization Performance and Change', Journal of Management, Vol 18, No 3, pp 523 -- 545.
Katz, D. & Kahn, R.L. (1978). The Social psychology of organizations. (2nd ed.). New York, NY: Wiley.
McLindon, D, McDaniel, K., Smiley, J., Anderson. T. And Moorman, R., (2012). Whole Foods Market Case Study. Retrieved from: http://www.slideserve.com/arleen/whole-foods-market-case-study on May 15, 2013.
Pascale, R.T. & Athos, a.G. (1981). The art of Japanese management: Applications for American executives. New York, NY: Simon & Schuster.
Culturally Sensitive Diagnosis
Cultural concerns can play a pivotal role in helping diagnose a patient and formulating the best treatment options for that patient, as indicated in the case study of Esteban. Esteban, a 21-year-old male from Columbia, presented with a wide variety of symptoms that could have biological or psychological causes. The first way that culture impacted an evaluation of Esteban was through language. Esteban's heritage indicated a possible conflict with languages; therefore, he was offered the MMPI-2, which is available in both Spanish and English. Dealing with potential language barriers is a critical component of assessment.
Esteban's sexual orientation was one critical area of potential conflict. Views of homosexuality vary widely from culture-to-culture. Many Hispanic cultures have extremely negative views of homosexuality. This could help explain why Esteban feels as if he must hide his sexual orientation and that it is a source of shame. However, it is…
American Psychiatric Association. (2000). Appendix I: Outline for cultural formulation and glossary of culture-bound syndromes in DSM-IV-TR (pp.897-903) Arlington, VA: American Psychiatric Association.
Butcher, J.N., Mineka, S., & Hooley, J.M. (2012). Chapter 4: Clinical assessment and diagnosis in Psychology (Laureate Education, custom
14th ed.) (pp.106-128). Boston, MA: Allyn & Bacon.