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Diagnosis Essays (Examples)

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Nature vs Nurture Debate in Extreme Cases of Isolation
Words: 1450 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 66326638
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ShortAnswerQs1WhenRosenhanstatesthatonecannotunderstandmentalillnesswithoutunderstandingtheenvironmentalcontextinwhichapersonwithadiagnosislives,heisexplainingwhydiagnosesalterthewaytheenvironmentofthepatientisperceived.Forinstance,hedescribeshowapseudopatientparticipantinhisstudywasdiagnosedwithschizophreniaandthereforeallhisrelationshipswereviewedashavingadegreeofambivalencebutnoneofitwastrue:thediagnosiswasframingtheperception,butthediagnosisofcoursewasfalse.Rosenhanarguesthatitshouldbetheotherwayaround,butitisnot:theperceptionofhiscircumstanceswasshapedentirelybythediagnosis.Inanothercase,pseudopatientstookextensivenotesduringtheirstayinthepsychiatricward,abehaviorthatshouldhaveproducedmoreremarkbynurses,butitdidnot:allofthesebehaviorswereviewedasanextensionoftheirpathologyandnotastheactionsofasaneperson.Thus,whatRosenhanmeansisthatindividualsshouldbeunderstoodfirstandforemostwithinthecontextoftheirenvironment.Onlythenshouldonesetaboutembarkingonadiagnosisofaperson.Byincorrectlyassumingthatoneisinsanewithoutunderstandingthepersonsenvironment,onemakesthemistakeofengaginginconfirmationbias.Thedoctorornurseassumesthatthepersonhasamentaldisorderandeverythingthepersondoesistheninterpretedfromthestandpointofthatperception,whichisinformedbybias.Biasshouldnotbepartofanyperceptionordiagnosis,andtocorrectforthat,oneshouldlookfirstattheenvironmentalcontextofthepersonandhowthebehaviorfitswiththecontext.Ifthebehaviorisinappropriatetothecontext,itislikelythatoneneedstoinvestigateandascertainwhy.2Thesociologicalandhistoricalreasonswomentendtointernalizeproblemsanddevelopmentaldisorderssuchasdepression,anxiety,andeatingdisordersasrelatedintheRosenfeldandSmitharticlehavetodowithgenderconceptionsandwithbiologicalandracialdifferences.Differentrolepositionsplayapartinthatwomentendtohavelessautonomyandareoftenputtingothersfirst,whereasmenaremoreindependentandself-serving(Rosenfeld&Smith,2010).Itisalsoexplainedthatwomentendtohavestrongersocialties,andsoforthemexternalizationoftheproblemisnotanissuethewayitisformen,whotendtobemoreanti-social.Womenaremorelikelytofeeloverwhelmedbythedemandsthefamilytiesplaceuponthemandtheyaremorelikelytohavepersonalcharacteristicsoflowself-esteemandalowsenseofmastery.Theytendtohavemoreofanemotionalreliancethandomen.However,themainreasonthattheyinternalizeproblemsisthatunlikementheyputtheneedsofothersfirstmoreoftenthantheirmalecounterpartsdo.Allofthisisviewedfromthestandpointofawhite,patriarchalsociety.WhentheresearchersexamineAfrican-Americanculture,theyfindthatAfrican-Americansshowthatsocializingpracticesencouraginghighself-regardalongwithhighregardforothersbenefitmentalhealth(Rosenfeld&Smith,2010,p.256).Theresearchersthussuggestthatwhitewomenshouldfollowtheexamplesetbyblackwomenandparticipateinsocialoutings,practicesandcustomsthatcreatestrongersensesofself-worthandself-appreciation.3ThesingularpieceofevidencefromthearticleExtremeIsolationthatshowsthathumandevelopmentmustbeenvironmental,notbiological,isthatAnaandIsabellehadincommonbeingisolatedfromallsocietyatayoungage,yetbothshowedmarkedimprovementsintheircognitivedevelopmentoncetheybegantobesocializedandcaredforinamorehumaneway.Anawasabletoshowdevelopmentintermsofinteractingwithothersandengaginginimaginativeplay,eventhoughsheonlyreachedthestageofa2.5yearoldsmentalitybythetimeshedied.Isabelledevelopedmoreextensivelyandcouldnotreallybedifferentiatedfromanormalchildonceshewasfullysocializedsothereweresomedifferences,butthesewereprobablyaresultofthefactthatAnahadadiseaseandIsabelledidnot.Basedontheirownexperiences,itcouldbeconcludedthatnurtureplaysasignificantroleinthedevelopmentofthechildthroughthevariousstagesofcognitiveandphysicalgrowth.Forexample,Isabellewasdeathlyafraidofmaleswhenshewasdiscovered.…

Advanced Nurse Practitioner Diagnoses
Words: 981 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 74287493
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Scenario 1:

The main factor of the pathophysiology for Jennifer is a marked pain in her throat. Her throat has become sore, specifically her cervical nodes (which is a sign clearly indicative of disease). Thus it is difficult to eat, which explains why she neglected to eat her breakfast. Another capital aspect of Jennifer’s pathophysiology which is particularly revealing is her fever, which is common in children (de Pont, 2015, p. 2). Initially her fever was low grade. However, in just a matter of days it exceeded 103 degrees. Her body is attempting to counteract the effects of the malady afflicting it via the fever. One of the foremost associated alterations of her adaptive responses is the current state of her skin. Her skin is desiccated and warm, which is indicative of the fever the child has experienced over the past couple of days. Her skin will likely continue to…

Antisocial Behavior in Females With Comorbid Diagnoses of ADHD and Conduct Disorder
Words: 2635 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 13071562
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Antisocial ehavior in Females with Comorbid Diagnoses of ADHD

Detention centers and residential treatment facilities are replete with male and female youth that have been in and out of the juvenile justice system for many years. Although the majority of the populations in these facilities are male, the number of female juvenile offenders is continually increasing. Many of the children in these facilities have a history of behavioral difficulties that may or may not have been diagnosed during much of their childhood.

Antisocial behaviors are acts that violate social rules and the basic rights of others. They include conduct intended to injure people or damage property, illegal behavior, and defiance of generally accepted rules and authority, such as truancy from school. "These antisocial behaviors exist along a severity continuum (Clark, et al., 2002). When childhood antisocial behaviors exceed certain defined thresholds -- the diagnostic criteria specified in the Diagnostic and…

Bibliography

American Psychiatric Association. (2000). Disgnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition. Washington DC APA.

Clark, Duncan. Vanyukov, Michael. Cornelius, Jack. (November, 2002). Childhood Antisocial Behavior and Adolescent Alcohol Use Disorders. National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism: 66, 136-138.

Crawford, Nicole. (February, 2003). ADHD: a women's issue. Monitor on Psychology, APA: Volume 34, No. 2, p. 28.

Hinshaw, S.P. (2003). Preadolescent girls with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: I. Background characteristics, comorbidity, cognitive and social functioning, and parenting practices. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology.