Documentary Film Essays (Examples)

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Documentary Ghosts of Rwanda

Words: 645 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 73879014

The PBS Frontline documentary Ghosts of Rwanda shows how music enhances the medium of documentary film. Judicious scoring enables the story of the Rwandan genocide to unfold, even though the film is heavily editorialized. The film opens with the dramatic statement of truth, that 800,000 people were “slaughtered by their own government” in Rwanda. The Hutus and the Tutsis were supposed to sign a peace agreement. That agreement was to be brokered and supervised by an international team led by UN force commander General Romeo Dallaire. However, the deal was systematically sabotaged. Ghosts of Rwanda chronicles how the genocide unfolded since the breakdown of the peace process.
Because the film addresses the grim realities of genocide, music needs to be judicious and tasteful. Silence accompanies many of the shots, and also allows many of the speakers and the narrator to speak their truth unaided by the emotional pull of music.…… [Read More]

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Film the Early Years of

Words: 849 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 87691284

However, in spite of the fact that the film was promoted as a motion picture displaying real-life events, it appears that the director did not hesitate to modify a series of aspects about the environment that he shot in and the story itself. The protagonist's wife and children were not actually his and Flaherty correctly believed that audiences would be more deeply impressed if he presented the story from a more spectacular point-of-view. Even with this, one can still claim that the film is a documentary because it presents viewers with its own creation.

Many individuals took advantage of the fact that documentary films were very influential and devised propaganda strategies using motion pictures. Many individuals involved in this affair considered that fiction films no longer had a strong appeal and that society was more concerned about seeing 'cinema verite'. Many filmmakers got actively engaged in creating films discussing political…… [Read More]

Works cited:

Aufderheide, Patricia, "Documentary Film: A Very Short Introduction," (Oxford University Press, 2007)

Ellis, Jack C. And McLane, Betsy a. "A new history of documentary film," (Continuum International Publishing Group, 2005)

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Film Shoah by Claude Lanzmann

Words: 2933 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 34063702

Men described how they would make a throat cutting gesture toward the incoming Jews as they arrived in the death camps, but some said that they made that gestured a warning and others made it in order to taunt. Survivors talked about a deceiving cordiality from the guards, while the others talked about a brutal experience filled with confusion. Due to this the truth becomes almost irrelevant, the effect that those people's experiences have had on them is easily observed. It seems like somehow the past is defined by the present.

Healing seems to be tied in with the process of forgetting for these people, and since they are not capable to overlook the terror they experienced, healing seems impossible, until it becomes apparent that many of the people questioned have become distanced from their stories because they have told them over and over again.

Shoah" tells the story of…… [Read More]


Shoah, Wickipedia, The free encyclopedia

Benstein Richard, "An epic film about the greatest evil of modern times";New York Times Review, 20 Oct. 1985

Heilman, Jeremy "Newest Reviews: Shoah (Claude Lanzmann 1985)." 10 Aug. 2003
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Film Sarah and James by Nikowa Namate

Words: 3595 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 26345397

film Sarah and James by Nikowa Namate offers an opportunity to reflect on the deeper themes in light of several film theories including Freudian theory, Queer theory, and an understanding of realism, naturalism, and kitchen sink drama. This essay will offer a nuanced and thorough analysis of my role in the filmmaking experience. In Sarah and James, I played the role of James, one of the title characters. As the title of the film suggests, though, James is not the only protagonist. The interplay between James and his sister Sarah is the foundation of the film, which addresses the way mental illness impacts intimate relationships. Moreover, I was in charge of lighting during the production of Sarah and James and will discuss elements related to lighting during the production of the film. This essay will hinge on the application of realism, naturalism, Freudian theory, and queer theory to my experience…… [Read More]


Brians, Paul. "Realism and Naturalism." 13 March, 1998. Retrieved online: 

Cash, Justin. "Kitchen Sink Drama." The Drama Teacher. Retrieved online: 

Dietrich, Richard Farr. British and Irish Drama 1890 to 1950: A Critical History. Retrieved online: 

Hanson, Ellis. "Introduction: Out Takes." Out Takes. Duke University Press, 1999.
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Film Leverage

Words: 2153 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 9490327

Film Awards

The film industry produces experience goods for consumer enjoyment and consumption, and substantively relies on consumer differentiation for the economic success of movies. Moviegoers appear to differentiate films primarily on the basis of genre, starring actors, exposure to promotion, recommendations from other moviegoers and film critics, and -- for the dedicated film buffs and connoisseurs -- directors, cinematographers, and even screenwriters associated with the film production (Albert 1998, De Vany 2004, Eliashberg and Shugan 1997, Hand 2002, Krider and Weinberg 1998, Nelson et al. 2001, avid 1999, Smith and Smith 1986, Wallace, Steigermann and Holbrook 1993). Access to information about films is related to the resources and networks that moviegoers enjoy, and on the attention that films garner, as expressed by the media and through social networks. Information about films is accessed by moviegoers from many sources: 1) The genre of the film; 2) the rating of the…… [Read More]


Albert, S 1998 "Movie stars and the distribution of financially successful fitness in the motion picture industry." Journal of Cultural Economics, 22(4), 249-270.

Chang, B-H and Ki, E-J 2005, Devising a practical model for predicting theatrical movie success: Focusing on experience good property. Journal of Media Economics, 18(4), 247-260.

Chen, Andrew. "Forecasting Gross Revenues at the Movie Box Office" Department of Economics, University of Washington June 2002. 20 July 2006

Decanay, JC, King-Calvo, MT, Santos, AA 2010, Information cascades as social learning: The case of box-office ticket sales in the Philippines. Proceedings of the European Conference on Knowledge Management, 2010 p.334-344.
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Ethics of Film Production

Words: 1008 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 13294347

Ethics of Film Production

It goes without saying that film producers owe a certain level of responsibility to not only those being filmed but also to the audience. During production, a number of key considerations should ideally be taken into account in regard to how the film will impact on those who happen to be part of it i.e. during its production, those who will view it on release as well as any other pre and post production stakeholders. Hence during filmmaking, producers owe all these constituencies a responsibility. In this text, I concern myself with the ethics of film production. In so doing, I will also shine a spotlight on both copyright and legal issues.

Ethics of Film Production

According to Barbash and Taylor, "ethical issues are rarely discussed in film production manuals" (48). This in the authors' opinion is largely as a result of the discomfort ethical issues…… [Read More]


Barbash, Llisa & Lucien Taylor. Cross-Cultural Filmmaking: A Handbook for Making Documentary and Ethnographic Films and Videos. California: University of California Press, 1997. Print.

Roberts-Breslin, Jan. Making Media: Foundations of Sound and Image Production. Waltham, MA: Focal Press, 2011. Print.
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Experimental Narrative the Lyrical Film

Words: 1452 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 57391305

In the first post-World War decade, Maya Deren stood out among her experimental filmmaking contemporaries by collaborating with her husband Alexander Hammid on one of the most famous of all American avant-garde films, Meshes of the Afternoon (1943) in which a woman portrayed by Deren herself experiences a series of "mysterious encounters with a hooded figure whose face is in a mirror. She passes through chambers, splits into several personalities and eventually dies" (490). In this instance, the abstract imagery used in this film is focused upon the mirror which reflects the personalities of Deren, much like the common theme of Jekyll and Hyde, a type of doppleganger construction. This film also projects a dream structure, meaning that the images of part of the dream state and lie beyond reality. Deren also experimented with psychodramas which contain strong cues for the audience that "the images are projections of the heroine's…… [Read More]


Danks, Adrian. (2006). "The Silent Village." Senses of Cinema. Internet. Retrieved November 9, 2008 at

Documentary and Experimental Cinema in the Post War Era: 1945 -- Mid -- 1960's." Chapter 21.

Williams, Deane. (2002). "Robert Flaherty." Senses of Cinema. Internet. Retrieved November 9, 2008 at
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Battlefields and Big Macs Documentaries a Comparative

Words: 663 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 44002434

Battlefields and Big Macs


A Comparative Analysis of Documentary Styles

The role of documentary film in helping to shape and inform American culture has become increasingly apparent, especially in the last decade. The ability of nearly anyone to create and distribute documentaries cheaply and effectively using home computer software and video sharing sites like YouTube has created a diverse body of documentaries available with the click of a button. They are not all good, not all accurate, and some may not even be ethically or legally sound, but if they are powerful enough and relevant enough, they can move people and even governments to act. We have seen this recently with the independently produced documentary "Kony 2012," a 29-minute film that portrays the atrocities committed by Ugandan rebel leader Joseph Kony. Posted on YouTube in early March, the film got over 100 million hits in one week, and prompted…… [Read More]


Bernard, S.C. (2011) Documentary Storytelling: Creative Non-Fiction Onscreen. Oxford: Elsevier, Inc.

Burns, K. (2002) The film, past and present: why I decided to make The Civil War. PBS Web site. Retrieved April 2, 2012 from
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Dirt Movie

Words: 699 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 40807129

Dirt Movie

Dirt is a documentary film about, as the title suggests, dirt. It may seem funny to make a whole movie about dirt, but as the filmmakers show, the dirt we take for granted in the ground is the foundation of all life. The movie was based on a book that describes dirt as "the skin of the earth," which is one way of looking at this surface material. Like skin, the dirt breathes. It is like the surface organ of the planet. As such, dirt needs to be respected. The film, narrated by food activist and actor Jamie Lee Curtis, elevates dirt to a political level by showing how modern agro-business has neutered or killed dirt, rendering parts of the globe infertile.

Dirt is not "dirty" in the sense that it is unclean. Rather, dirt is filled with energy and potency. People who have gardens are at least…… [Read More]

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Sofia Coppola's Film Marie Antoinette

Words: 1548 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 72522016

" It is something that the film, in showing Marie's response to gossip in the news about her, refutes. She also refutes having said, "Let them eat cake," saying, "I wouldn't have said that." However, that is the most likely response a young woman who did not realize the citizens being out of bread meant they were starving, and who, herself would have replaced a shortage of bread with a cake, would have logically said.

Coppola's film is a commitment to portraying the character and personality of the Queen, not the stories, rumors, or to engage in debate about conspiracies. Perhaps that is why Coppola does not go into the details or depict the beheading of the Queen.

orks Cited

Coppola, S., (dir.), 2006, Marie Antoinette, Motion Picture, Columbia Pictures

Corporation, USA.

Grubin, D., (dir), 2006, PBS, Marie Antoinette, Documentary Film, David Grubin

Productions, USA/France.

The Birth of Marie Antoinette:…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Coppola, S., (dir.), 2006, Marie Antoinette, Motion Picture, Columbia Pictures

Corporation, USA.

Grubin, D., (dir), 2006, PBS, Marie Antoinette, Documentary Film, David Grubin

Productions, USA/France.
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Gravity's Rainbow and Other Cold War Literature and Film

Words: 2703 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 77425512

Cold War dominated American culture, consciousness, politics and policy for most of the 20th century. Even after the fall of the Berlin Wall, which symbolized the fall of the Iron Curtain and therefore finale of the Cold War, Cold War rhetoric and politics continued especially in the War on Terror. Depictions of the Cold War in American literature and film parallel the changes that took place in American ways of thinking about its own domestic policies as well as American perceptions of the alien enemy or "Other." Tracing the evolution of American film and literature from the end of World War Two until the 1980s reveals trends in thought. Early depictions of the Cold War were modernist in their approach, with clear distinctions between good and evil and no moral ambiguity whatsoever. Clear delineations between right/wrong and good/evil prevailed, a form of political propaganda and even brainwashing that prepped the…… [Read More]


Booker, K.M. (2001). Monsters, Mushroom Clouds, and the Cold War. Westport, CT: Greenwood.

Comyn, J. (2014). "V2 to Bomarc: Reading Gravity's Rainbow in Context." Orbit 2(2). Retrieved online:

Hamill, J. (1999). Confronting the Monolith: Authority and the Cold War in Gravity's Rainbow. Journal of American Studies 33(3): 417-436.

Jarvis, C. (n.d.). The Vietnamization of World War II in Slaughterhouse Five and Gravity's Rainbow. Retrieved online:
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Film Is Not Yet Rated

Words: 1077 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 58969329

The NC-17 rating, of course, is a compromise to avoid serious films being given the 'X' rating associated with pornography possessing no artistic value. But having any rating system at all means that filmmakers who want their films to reach a wide audience, and need a wide audience to pay back their backers may feel pressured to compromise their artistic integrity for the sake of getting a more desirable rating, because R-rated films can draw in more movie goers.

The subjective nature of film ratings even under the MPAA is evident when one considers that certain things we take for granted, like nudity, for example, were originally prohibited by the Hayes Commission. Foreign films from nations with different sexual standards, documentaries about important subjects, and other films that contain taboo topics can be effectively censored by being given a NC-17 rating, while violent, major Hollywood blockbusters with little artistic pretentions…… [Read More]

Works Cited

This Film is Not Yet Rated" Directed by Kirby Dick. 2005.
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Film CAPOTE 2005 Directed by Bennett

Words: 2000 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 19081309

The ultimate proof of the film's tendency to utilize hyperbole to portray the author as someone whose morality was questionable due to his own pursuit of success, wealth and fame lies in the quantity of interactions that Capote had with the two prisoners. There is certainly evidence in Clarke's biography that implies there was a fondness and physical attraction between the author and Smith. However, the sheer number of visits that the movie portrays is certainly erroneous. In actuality, the writer's "extended prison sojourns in the film are…fictionalized. In five years, Capote…visited his subjects no more than half a dozen times, though he did correspond with [them] weekly... He…was less interested in dealing with the defendants as people (Gibbons)."

As such, it becomes fairly obvious that the film Capote exaggerated a number of different facets of his personality and behavior in order to render the author as a consummate perfectionist…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Blake, Leslie. "True, Man." 2005. Web. 

Dujsik, Mark. "Capote." Mark Reviews Movies. 2005. Web. 

Gibbons, Phil. "Capote' vs. Capote." Fairness and Accuracy in Reporting. 2006. Web.

Leopold, Todd. "Bennett Miller: Fame of 'Capote', Love of 'Cruise'." 2006. Web.
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Film & Bill Nichols What

Words: 1409 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 21572964

Reality TV is in a way like a documentary, because the viewer is led to believe that things are happening in real life just as it is being presented.

But the documentary usually opens with a narrator explaining to the audience why that audience should believe what is about to be shown. In the documentary "No Direction Home: Bob Dylan," the viewers know that the documentary was done by a famous filmmaker, Martin Scorsese. There sits the famous rock singer, Bob Dylan, answering questions. This is definitely real to the audience. The audience sees Dylan in concert, the audience sees Dylan during press conferences at the beginning of his career when Dylan rejected the "mainstream" media's questions because those reporters did not understand his lyrics.

The point here is this documentary gives every indication of being real, whereas the movie with Cate Blanchett, "I'm Not There," is a slick production…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Ebert, Roger. 2005. No Direction Home: Bob Dylan / Bob Dylan: Reluctant Icon. Retrieved April 20, 2008, at .

Massachusetts School of Law. 2006. The Future of Food: What Every Person Should Know with Deborah Garcia. Retrieved April 20, 2008, at .

Nichols, Bill. 2001. Introduction to Documentary. Bloomington, in: Indiana University Press.
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Movie Snapshot Then Elaborate Typeface Printin

Words: 1266 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 88173385

movie ( snapshot). Then, elaborate Typeface printin

The 2009 film Typeface, which was directed by Justine Nagan and produced by Kartemquin Films, is a thoroughly fascinating documentary about the decline of traditional woodblock type and printing. The movie also focuses on the ramifications of that decline, which occurred in the wake of the transition to digital type and modern printing presses. There is a great deal of history in this film, which is centered on the Hamilton ood Type and Printing Museum located in Two Rivers, isconsin. Most importantly, the movie highlights some of the intangible benefits of traditional wood type that are not found in the technologies used today. The result is the viewer gets a comprehensive overview of the benefits of the traditional method, and the reasons why it was forsaken for contemporary ones.

Another fairly intriguing aspect about this film is the fact that, despite the patent…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Morris, Wesley. "Movie Review: Typeface." 2011. Web.

Jeffery, Sally. "Typeface, The Movie." Eye Magazine. 2010. Web. 

Typeface. Dir: Nagan, Justin. Perf: None (documentary). 2009. Kartemquin Films.

Weissman, Dyana. "Review of the Documentary Typeface." Font Bureau Blog. 2011. Web.
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Film United 93 Directed by

Words: 1834 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 23215394

It also says a lot about our society that so many people went to see the film and endorsed the film. It is not because this film is about heroes or heroism. It is because the film's ultimate message is to never forget the people who died in the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks. It was a time when the people of the country came together in support and grief, and a time that made the country and its people just a bit closer to one another. It was an epic time in history and this film makes everyone remember, ultimately so they will never forget.

In conclusion, this is an important and emotional film. It is certainly not easy to watch, and it is easy to demonize the terrorists and fault the military because of their scrambled messages and inaction. However, the director does not demonize the terrorists or…… [Read More]


Fortuna, Michael. "Bingham Feels 'United 93' Does Son's Memory Justice." Villages Daily Sun. 2006. 1 Dec. 2008.

Roberts, Sheila. "United 93 Movie Review." 2006. 1 Dec. 2008.

United 93. Dir. Paul Greengrass. Perf..J. Johnson, Gary Commock, Polly Adams, and Opal Alladin. Universal Pictures, 2006.

Wilson, Tyler. "United 93' a Powerful Re-Enactment of Tragedy." University of Idaho. 2006. 1 Dec. 2008.
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Movie Proposals These Would Be the Mission

Words: 1812 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 7679865

movie proposals. These would be the mission for the firm and its basic proposals, the company's "must" objectives, the company's "want" objectives and the estimated ROI for each of the for movies. This report will evaluate each of the movies as perceived by the four criteria previously mentioned and will subsequently make an overall evaluation and reason the best choice for the company.

The first movie, "My Life with Dalai Lama," perfectly complies with the main ideas of the company's mission. First of all, from a creative point-of-view, the idea to present the life of a personality through the eyes of a snake and through the eyes of other animals befriending him is new, interesting and creatively a positive aspect. Further more, to some degree it is also championing environmental concerns by presenting the role of animals in the life of a personality of 20th century history, bringing the animal…… [Read More]

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Movie Adaptations it Is Often

Words: 772 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 63671572

In this respect, it relishes on surprises that you find David Gamut missing in the movie, while Munro dies and Alice commits suicide. Indeed, it makes the reader doubt on whether or not he has skipped some parts in reading the novel. However, once the confusion is solved and the reader is able to let go of any regrets that the screening does not follow the plot of the book entirely, the result is a good script, following a coherent course of actions with well conceived settings. In this particular case, that the historical truth in Cooper's book was no followed accurately by Mann seems to have helped the latter into creating indeed a movie and not a documentary. Without the element of surprise, without the drama, the humor, or the love story, the script would have least resembled a movie.

In fairness, the only possible way to enjoy the…… [Read More]

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Film Instrument Ten Years With the Band

Words: 744 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 96424704

film Instrument: Ten Years with the Band Fugazi, directed by Jem Cohen, at first seems, unlike many 'rock-us-mentaries,' to have no particular perspective upon its subject. But when a viewer looks at the film more closely and carefully applies a critical cinematic eye to the filmmaking process, a solidified interpretation begins to become clear. By not having an ostentatiously obvious 'take' on this punk band and the particular music the band has produced, the director has revealed his own moral orientation in favor of personal simplicity and a lack of hype in the production of music. The director has chosen to focus on the band because Fugazi is one of the supreme manifestations of the punk scene, a scene that emerged as a radical movement in youth music but largely became commercialized. Fugazi stands apart in sharp contrast to all of descents into commercialization, however, and still remains pure and…… [Read More]

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Film Making Groundbreaking or Just Perfect Fits

Words: 700 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 54141196

ree of Life: New Age Seminal Film

Well into the second century of the fictionalized, narrative films, groundbreaking ideas materialized in seminal masterpieces of the film genre are not easy to come by. A list of these usually ends up with 2009, when Avatar was released. "he ree of Life" is an out of the ordinary film that exceeds the category of "pretentious" artsy, intellectual films that nobody understand, but many are willing to watch only to brag about having seen. he film cannot be qualified as "seminal" because it does not necessarily bring new techniques or ways to express in this art form on the table, but it is definitely representative of the film in this day and age.

During the last decade, more and more artistic films from the big budget realm have been noted to take more and more serious note, even those hat announce themselves "comedies."…… [Read More]

There is hardly a blockbuster or art film made during the last ten years that does not deal at some point in its plot with the struggle of the post-modern human to find its place in this universe or to make sense of it. This is in terms of the content. In terms of technical development, the achievements in the film realm during the last decade or so far and wide reaching that there seems to be harder and harder to come up with something truly "new." As Brad Pitt, the actor playing the father figure was saying in an interview: in technical terms one could say that the film makers were actually looking for what is usually considered a mistake in the film industry in order to "perfect" it. The "perfection of mistakes" as Pitt calls it is not necessarily entirely new, since Woody Allen already successfully dealt with this type of approach in his numerous films, but it is an innovative way of introducing it into a narrative film. Thus, the viewer is many times tempted to wonder if there is a fictional film or a documentary presented on the screen. The fact that images related to the origins of the universe, the earth and life on earth are introduced into it, ads to the innovative form of approach. Dialogues are sparse, but the director is brilliant in "perfecting" the mistakes of the acting. Nothing seems too be left untouched, even the smallest detail: a small child who is clearly incapable of "acting" is surprised at the perfect moment: his gaze is saying exactly what the scene is about.

The beauty of the images testifies for the artistic eye of the filmmaker. It feels like the filmmakers teemed up with some talented photographers as well. The results are pure art, but generous enough to leave the rest of the specific artistic expression enough space. The film inevitably reminds one of Alfonso Cuaron's "Gravity," another recent film. Common themes like the origins of creation and life on earth as well as one's struggle to find a meaning in what might easily seem meaningless, picturesque images presented with the eye of a talented photographer, are features that make the two films seem related. They are also perfect examples of representative artworks in the film industry. Both films benefited of generous budgets, proportionately, which allowed their makers to experiment away, but the results are not necessarily groundbreaking for the art of film. The Tree of Life has the merit of having directly addressed all the "evils" of modern life, focusing on what was otherwise marginally touched and often left incomplete, leaving the viewer with the sense of having missed something important.

Exclusive Brad Pitt Interview for "The Tree Of Life," Available at:, Retrieved: Dec 3rd, 2015
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Soldiers Was the Movie Accurate

Words: 1098 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 56603143

Another ebsite ("Historical Inaccuracies in Film") points out the same thing, that the final battle scene with Lt. Col. Moore leading the brave charge at the North Vietnamese headquarters did not take place in reality or in the book. There was no helicopter coming to the aid of Moore's assault. In fact the 7th Air Cavalry division was given an airlift out of the area and the next day a different division was brought in fresh and that division was ambushed.

In the ebsite "Movie Mistakes" a number of small but nonetheless significant inaccuracies are pointed out. In the film Lt. Col. Moore fires his rifle many times; he is shooting at North Vietnamese (NVA) soldiers near the command post that had been set up by the Americans. However, in the book Moore does not fire his weapon and there were no NVA tools within the command post area.

A…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Freschi, Laura. "Making it Real: 'We Were Soldiers' Strives to Tell it Like it Was." Retrieved May 2, 2012, from 2003.

Historical Inaccuracies in Film. "We Were Soldiers." Retrieved May 2, 2012, from

We Were Soldiers. Paramount Pictures Corp. icon Entertainment International. 2002.
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Editing Analysis of Selected Movies

Words: 2625 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 3257241

Of note, Out of the Past was released in Europe and Great Britain as Build My Gallows High. It seems that both films could have been subtitled with this alternative note, particularly when we focus upon the editing -- each piece is but a plank in the construction of the gallows and when the camera has had enough of these nefarious people they are then cast aside as they do others (Homes).

Editing Example 2 -- Geometric vs. Sound-Based Editing- Geometric editing is essentially a technique that uses the positions of the camera, one following each other, when put together, form a geometric shape or picture of the action. For example, the interaction of close ups (when the policemen are talking, for instance) with long shots, of traffic and the city, in The Line Up. In addition, the geometry of the editing moved from box to box, almost in a…… [Read More]


Ballinger and Graydon. The Rough Guide to Film Noir. New York: Routledge, 2007.

Christopher, N. Somewhere in the Night: Film Noir and the American City. New York: Hentry Holt, 1997.

Dancyger, K. The Technique of Film and Video Editing: History, Theory, and Practice. Burlington, MA: Focal Press, 2007.

Dmytryk, E. On Film Editing. Boston: Focal Press, 1984.
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Scorsese's Journey Through Film Scorsese's

Words: 1314 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 10915731

Scorsese equates him with "a magician enchanted by his own magic." This freedom allowed Welles to create from narrative techniques and filmic devices a masterpiece that is self-aware of its own form. It intends to communicate this self-consciousness to the audience, thus contradicting the classical canons of filmmaking whereby the camera ought not to be noticed and the shots should be seamless. In other words, Welles expanded the art form of cinema, using the camera the way a poet uses a pen. He even created fake news footage in unique ways to enhance the film's appearance. His immense influence can be seen more on the art form as later with Stanley Kubrick's 2001: A Space Odyssey.

Censorship was still rife in Hollywood. The league of decency suppressed adult themes. Elia Kazan's adaptation of A Streetcar Named Desire (1951) was censored. What we would see now as almost innocent -- a…… [Read More]

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Perceiving Helvetica Gary Hustwit's Film Helvetica Is

Words: 648 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 15046142

Perceiving Helvetica

Gary Hustwit's film Helvetica is about the font after which the film is titled. The film is more than a simple documentary about the history and use of the font Helvetica. The film uses the example of this font as a meditation upon the extent to which an element of visual culture, such as this font has upon the world on an array of levels. Hustwit's film is in some ways what one would expect, that is to say that there is some portions of the film that typify a documentary, aesthetically and content wise. This kind of content, such as when viewers watch as a designer narrates the process of designing typeface, provides exposition and builds the context within which Hustwit's more subtle and metaphysical ideas about fonts and visual culture work well. The content shows great variation than that of a typical documentary, involving montages of…… [Read More]

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Philosophy of Film Philosophy in

Words: 1565 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 63162942

His floating away at the end of the movie seems to suggest that he is indeed dead, and that the film has been the final moments of his brain creating illusory perceptions. The fact that this is not explicitly decided reveals the film's perspective that this doesn't really mater -- perception is the method we use to interact with "reality;" the realizations that Wiley comes to and the knowledge he receives is not mad any less valid or important by the fact that none of the encounters he experiences might actually have happened.

The fact that we have such strong intellectual and emotional responses to fictive films is an indicator that perception, to a large degree, creates reality. The nature of truth is also explored in the documentary Standard Operating Procedure. The main philosophical issue in this film is how the framing of an event can affect truth, or at…… [Read More]

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Japanese Film Ozu's 'Good Morning'

Words: 695 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 71448758

The film is about rather ordinary events taking place in an environment that experiences a forceful change. Adults practically contrast children through their thinking and the way that they behave, considering that in spite of the fact that they talk while the children are on a silent strike, they fail to put across thorough thought and only manage to fuel each-other's prejudiced nature. Isamu and Minoru are intriguing through the fact that they manage to display clever and sincere acting, demonstrating that they had a special relationship with the director and that they collaborated in making it possible for the film to express authentic feelings. The fact that their actual role in the film regards their interest in criticizing their parents over their reluctance to say what they think when they think it adds to the thought that the children take on a more rational character. This makes their parents…… [Read More]

Works cited:

Dir. Yasujiro Ozu. Good Morning. Shochiku Films Ltd., 1959.
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Chinese Film the Evolution of the Chinese

Words: 1828 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 16128048

Chinese Film

The Evolution of the Chinese Film Industry

Contemporary Chinese Film Poster (Chinese Films)

For literally thousands of years, the Culture of China has inspired people and been a source of awe and excitement for people all over the world. The Chinese culture is rather unique and elegant with elements that are not commonly found in other cultures. Part of the cultures attraction is undoubtedly because it is one of the oldest cultures in the world and had has thousands and thousands of years to evolve into what it is today. It has drawn so much interest that it is integrating with other cultures. Although much of the ancient traditions have been somewhat overcome by various estern influences and modernization, traces of various aspects of the previous cultures still manage to stand the test of time and can still be seen today.

Many changes have occurred in the Chinese…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Chinese Films. "Chinese Films Meet Difficulties to Advance in Global Arena." 1 March 2012. Chinese Films. Web. 5 June 2012.

Cultural China. "Classic Movie and Stars." N.d. Cultural China. Web. 6 May 2012.

Kushner, B. "Is that really funny? -- humor and identity in Japan and China." 17 April 2009. Japan Society. Web. 5 June 2012.

Moses, L. "Chinese Embassy host film festival." N.d. Embassy of the Peoples Republic of China. Web. 6 June 2012.
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Apocalypto the Film Apocalypto Is Described by

Words: 715 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 42640284


The film Apocalypto is described by its makers, Mel Gibson and Farhad Safinia, as reflecting the time at the end of the Mayan civilization. The final scene in the movie depicts the arrival of Spanish conquistadores. The movie was controversial for its depictions of Mayan civilization. The criticism spanned two major themes. The first was historical accuracy and the second was balance in its depiction of Mayan culture. In particular, critics were concerned that movie would be viewed by many people unfamiliar with Mayan culture who may otherwise absorb incorrect ideas about the real nature of Mayan culture. On both of these dimensions, one can argue that the movie does a disservice to history. The alternate argument is that Apocalypto is not a documentary, an thus there should not be an expectation of historical accuracy any more than one might critique Hamlet's portrayal of medieval Danish society or Johnny…… [Read More]


Arden, T. (2008) Is Apocalypto pornography? Archaelogy Magazine. Retrieved November 17, 2013 from 

Booth, W. (2006). Culture shocker. Washington Post. Retrieved November 17, 2013 from 

Hansen, R. (2007). Conversation: Mel Gibson's Maya. Global Heritage Fund. Retrieved November 17, 2013 from
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Interpretative Claims on Film

Words: 1272 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 82580352

Blade Runner directed in 1982 y Ridley Scott, is a film which examines the nature of reality, something that it plays with very heavily using factors like visuals and memory design. The film features Deckard, the protagonist who hunts replicants. However, over time, it ecomes clear that Deckard is not too different from those he hunts (Reagle, 1996). "The replicants rely on photographs and implanted memories to olster their nascent and fragile emotions. After Deckard tells Rachael that her photos and memories are merely copies of those that elong to Tyrell's niece, he falls asleep amidst his own childhood photographs" (Reagle, 1996). This demonstrates oth the sanctity and falliility of memory has a whole and how memory, along with the visual elements of one's collective reality can do a great deal when it comes to shaping one's perspective. Memory can distort, the film gently reminds one, and this distortion can…… [Read More]

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History and Development of Sound Technologies and Sound Design in Film

Words: 11249 Length: 40 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 80180588

sound technologies and sound design in Film

Sound in films

Experiments in Early Age


Crucial innovations

Commercialization of sound cinema: U.S., Europe, and Japan

Sound Design

Unified sound in film production

Sound designers in Cinematography

Sound Recording Technologies

History of Sound Recording Technology

Film sound technology

Modern Digital Technology

History of sound in films


Sound Design

Sound Recording Technologies

The film industry is a significant beneficiary of performing arts. The liberal arts combined with latest techniques and advancements experienced a number of stages. The introduction of films and sound in films was a significant development of its times. The introduction of first film along with sound was a unique event and it revolutionized the industry in such a way that it influenced every individual related to the industry to start thinking on creative and innovative grounds for improvements. The stages of films can be identified as silent films…… [Read More]


Alten, SR 2008, Audio In Media, Thomson Wadsworth, USA.

Altman, R 2004, Silent Film Sound, Columbia University Press, USA.

Ballou, G 2008, Handbook for sound engineers, Focal Press, USA.

Beck, J & Grajeda, T 2008, Lowering the boom: critical studies in film sound, University of Illinois Press.
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Man With a Movie Camera

Words: 2460 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 57736521

A perfect example of this is located in Chapter three. Chapter three opens with the camera zooming steadily in on a window. The shot then cuts to a shot of streetlights, establishing the time of day as early morning. Even though simply not enough of the room is exhibited to demonstrate what exactly exists within it, the shot following the streetlight is of a woman in bed, strongly suggesting it was her bedroom that the camera was stealthily creeping up to in order to peep through the lace curtains unbeknownst to the sleeping woman.

This voyeurism keeps going even as the aforementioned woman gets up, washes and dresses in various sequences interspersed in chapter three. Vertov's camera cuts from the sleeping woman to the painting on the wall of an old man, located and leering as if he too were watching her sleep.

This voyeurism is further emphasized by the…… [Read More]


Barnouw, Erik (1993) Documentary: A History of the Non-Fiction Film. 2nd ed. New York: Oxford University Press.

Barsam, Richard M (1973) Nonfiction Film: A Critical History. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.

Beller, Jonathan L (1999) Dziga Vertov and the Film of Money, Boundary 2: An International Journal of Literature and Culture. 26 (3). Duke University Press.

Guynn, William (1990) A Cinema of Nonfiction. Rutherford: Fairleigh Dickinson University Press.
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Artists in Film in Believe

Words: 674 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 25125774

Even five years ago, this was not the case. Moore uses his own brand of investigative, and sometimes highly charged and emotionally biased journalism to make his points. He causes people to violently disagree with his determinations, but he causes people to think, something that many filmmakers simply avoid. Moore's documentaries are more than entertainment, they get people talking about and investigating issues on their own. His message may not appeal to everyone, but his methods are some of the best in filmmaking. He creates films that people remember, and this is an important aspect of the process. He uses emotional, controversial, social, and meaningful themes to "stir the pot," and will certainly be one of the 21st centuries most remembered filmmakers.

Steven Spielberg is probably the most influential and important filmmaker today. His films are much more than entertainment, they are thought provoking, artistic, and stunningly memorable. From "The…… [Read More]

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Beautiful Mind a Film

Words: 981 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 96225476

Beautiful Mind" -- a Film

John Forbes Nash, Jr., an American Nobel Prize-winning mathematician, is such a notable individual that he is the subject of a book, a PBS documentary and a film. The film A Beautiful Mind (Crowe, et al. 2006) eliminates aspects of Nash's life and rewrites other aspects revealed in the book and documentary, possibly to make Nash a more sympathetic character for the audience. However, the film remains true to a consistent theme: in an individual's quest for satisfaction through self-fulfillment, the abnormal can also be the extraordinary.

The book and PBS documentary tell John Forbes Nash, Jr.'s story "from the outside looking in," immediately noting his abnormality in that he is a paranoid schizophrenic. The film takes a different approach, "from the inside looking out," so we experience the world as Nash experiences it and do not realize until half-way through the film that he…… [Read More]

Works Cited

A Beautiful Mind. Directed by Ron Howard. Performed by Russell Crowe, Jennifer Connelly, Ed Harris and Paul Bettany. 2006.
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Canoes Racism and Film An

Words: 1605 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 14736385

It was filmed in Aboriginal languages, with all of the characters speaking a variety of languages that were native to the people of Australia before the Europeans came. This helps connect aboriginal people from today with the past that they are trying not to lose. There are always the subtitles, to allow everyone to understand the dialogue of the characters in the story. Yet, it is filmed in aboriginal languages in order to revitalize an ethnic community that has been plagued by racism seen under a colonial structure. The Europeans took away the everyday use of such unique languages, and the film helps try to reconnect modern aboriginals with the past that could be fading away faster than anyone ever want. This essentially brings a new life to a culture that would otherwise be fading away. It is a modern movement to reach back before the time of colonialism and…… [Read More]


Stam, Robert & Spence, Louise. "Colonialism, Racism, and Representation: An Introduction."
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Valkyrie Planning the 2008 Film

Words: 2072 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 14175649

As Baigent and Leigh point out, von Stauffenberg's co-conspirators were "aristocratic" men who despised what they now knew to be a murderous regime (26). However, it was Stauffenberg who was "the most active leader in the conspiracy against Hitler," which is exactly how Operation Valkyrie is portrayed (Hoffman xiv). The close relationship between Nina Stauffenberg and her husband is rendered thinly but at least accurately in the film, based on what historian Hoffman has to say. Although there are several other ancillary characters that were not addressed or developed in Valkyrie, the filmmakers chose what are arguably some of the most historically important in terms of the attempted assassination of Hitler.

Of course, the central event of Valkyrie is the attempted but failed assassination of Hitler. Interviews with Berthold von Stauffenberg, the Colonel's son, verify the accuracy of the historical events that shaped his father's life. For instance, Jones claims…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Baigent, Michael and Leigh, Richard. Secret Germany: Stauffenberg and the True Story of Operation Valkyrie. Skyhorse Publishing Inc., 2008.

Brooks, Xan. "Valkyrie." The Guardian. 19 Jan 2009. Retrieved online:

Craig, John S. Peculiar liaisons: in war, espionage, and terrorism in the twentieth century. Algora Publishing, 2005.

Hoffman, Peter. Stauffenberg: A Family History, 1905-1944. McGill-Queen, 2003.
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Jafar Panahi and Mojtaba Mirtahmasb's 2011 Film

Words: 659 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 27940029

Jafar Panahi and Mojtaba Mirtahmasb's 2011 film This is Not a Film is a remarkable declaration of how oppression cannot stifle human creativity, self-expression, or political activism. As an Iranian viewer, I am particularly moved by Panahi's vision and determination to make This is Not a Film. Although This is Not a Film is a film in the most absolute definition, the documentary has no traditional narrative format with a beginning, a middle, or an end. It bears no resemblance to a Hollywood movie. Its untraditional elements underscore the meaning of This is Not a Film. However, the most important meaning of the title of Panahi's and Mirtahmasb's film refers to the fact that the filmmaker is banned from making movies for a period of twenty years. Panahi has served prison time for making films in the past, has been accused of plotting against the government, and is currently on…… [Read More]

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Accuracy of the Film Glory

Words: 1023 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 76655908

In addition, the producers and writers took some situations and dramatized them to make the film more meaningful and memorable. The whipping scene is one of those situations. Whipping was banned in the Army, and Shaw does not seem like the kind of person that would use that punishment, anyway. However, it showed how blacks were treated by their owners at the time, and it helped add drama to the film. It may not have been historically accurate, but it did have a purpose.

The film did portray the training and organization of troops fairly accurately, too, and it portrayed the Battle at Fort Wagner accurately for the most part, too. Shaw did die at the battle, but there are accounts that he died on the top of the Fort, and his body actually fell inside. Many of the 54th were killed that day. Most of the soldiers in the…… [Read More]


Glory. Dir. Edward Zwick. Perf. Matthew Broderick, Denzel Washington. Tri-Star Pictures, 1989.

Gooding, James Henry. "Massachusetts Black Corporal to the President." University of Maryland. 2009. 16 March 2009.

Johnson, Hannah. "Mother of a Northern Black Soldier to the President." University of Maryland. 2009. 16 March 2009.

Russell, Brian. "The 1989 Film 'Glory' and How it Helps Expose an Epic Post-Civil War Myth. 2009. 16 March 2009.
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Short Film Review

Words: 1726 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 42681055

Marjoun and the Flying Headscarf filmmaker Susan Yousseff presents the self and subjectivity of Marjoun, a young Muslim woman and daughter of immigrants. I will speak of Marjoun as though she were a case scenario. Marjoun in depicting her own self as the protagonist is dependent upon the headscarf of the film's title, a hijab which she insists on wearing even indoors (to her mother's derision) and which becomes a crucial symbol at the climax of the story, but which overall represents her own greater outward religious observance in front of her parents.

Marjoun's mother and father are in conflict with Marjoun and her vision of herself in crucial ways. Marjoun's ostentatious religious display of wearing her hijab indoors -- which her mother criticizes -- mostly bewilders her mother and sister, who seem more assimilated than Marjoun. Yet Marjoun's father is in conflict with that observant Muslim woman's commitment to…… [Read More]

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Crouching Tiger Hidden Dragon the Film Documentaries

Words: 2317 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 91463324

Crouching Tiger Hidden Dragon

The film, documentaries and the last docudrama are exceptional production pieces by notable directors and producers. Crouching tiger-hidden dragon defies the usual mantra of strength only attributed to men. Jen effectively acts as person having higher morals. The martial arts performance was exceptional, an unusual feature in Hollywood. Islam, the empire of faith is another documentary made on the rise of Islamic empire and the life of Prophet Mohammad having a great impact on establishment of religion. 'Gandhi' also remains an unquestioned production classic that eloquently portrays Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, the unquestioned leader of India. The film sheds light on Hinduism as a religion and its faith and dogmas. Lastly, Kundan is a docudrama based on life of Dalai Lama. 'Kundan' might not have justified the stature of Buddhism in history of mankind but the piece of production remains an earnest effort on part of Martin…… [Read More]


Bowker, J. & Bowker, D. (1997). World religions. Dorling Kindersley.

Chan, K. (2004). The Global Return of the Wu Xia Pian (Chinese Sword-Fighting Movie): Ang Lee's Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon. Cinema Journal, 43(4), 3-17.

Conze, E. (2004). Buddhism: Its essence and development. Windhorse Publications.

Driver, M.W. & Ray, S. (2004). The medieval hero on screen: representations from Beowulf to Buffy (Vol. 56). McFarland & Company Incorporated Pub.
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Fall of Fujimori the Film Fall of

Words: 689 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 39374350

Fall of Fujimori

The film Fall of Fujimori captures the modern dictatorship of President Alberto Fujimori in Peru. Fujimori comes to rise in 1990 when insurgents and poverty appears to be dominating Peru, and he represents the poor and the disenfranchised population. The support Fujimori gained from this faction of people helped him win the elections for the office of the Presidency. Though, after being sworn in as President, the President launches a "War on Terror" against the guerrilla organization called Shining Path, which he wins. Ten years after the beginning of his reign, Fujimori is accessed of "kidnapping, murder and corruption" and flees from Peru to Japan, "where was in exile for four years" (PS, Documentaries with a Point-of-View, 2006). The documentary illuminates Fujimori in a rather personal light by interviewing him one-on-one, where it is noted that he was "nervous, gracious, diffident and anxious to tell his story"…… [Read More]


PBS, Documentaries with a Point-of-View,. (2006). The fall of fujimori. Retrieved from
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Examining a Contemporary Feature Film

Words: 1198 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 23171152

French New Wave cinema was established by film critics, who founded the Cahiers du Cinema, whom felt cinema had become too commercialized, formulaic, and unoriginal. This group of critics would come to identify two major characteristics of the New Wave movement, which included the manner in which mise-en-scene was utilized in the film and how their auteur theory could be applied to work of art created. A contemporary film that incorporates French New Wave cinema elements into its production and design is the 2009 film District 9.

Among the major elements used in French New Wave film are loose story plots; improvised dialogue; erratic character behavior; unique use of jump cuts; and the use of natural lighting, location, and direct sound recording. District 9's unique documentary style and editing allows Neill Blomkamp to successfully incorporate these elements into the film's narrative while maintaining a cohesive feel.

Additionally, District 9 is…… [Read More]

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Sicko the Movie Sicko Michael

Words: 1419 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 94813801

At the same time, there are reasons to question many of these claims. It has long been argued that the Canadian system is not as good as believed, for instance, though the film suggests otherwise. The truth about the Canadian and British systems in particular is unclear because of contrasting claims, and a more through investigation of the economics involved is required to be sure that what is said in the film is correct. This is true of the French system as well, though that system is not as well-known in the United States and does not feature in as many discussions of the issue. Moore meets with a group of Americans living in France, and while they seem to be clear about why they like the French system, an while it might seem that Moore just met them and asked them questions, what is not as clear is if…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Moore, Michael. Sicko. Lionsgate, 2007.
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History of Film in Latin

Words: 1647 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 43039748

After some ineffective negotiating with the police both Sandro and a passenger on board of the bus get killed.

The main concept of the movie revolves around the unjust system; the blind Brazilian authorities that single-handedly create criminals by neglecting and aggressing most of the poor people instead of creating ways of improving their lives.

Favela Rising" is yet another motion picture intended to expose the truth concerning the Latin-American slums. The action again takes place in Rio de Janeiro, but the intriguing part about the film is that it is a documentary which tells the story of Anderson Sa, a former drug dealer from the Vigario Geral district.

Anderson had been living in a favela in Rio de Janeiro when he heard that his brother has been accidentally shot in the middle of a gang war. Just as the characters in the previous movies and in Carolina's book, Anderson…… [Read More]

Works Cited

De Jesus, Carolina Maria, and St. Clair David. Child of the Dark. Signet Classic, 2003.

Bus 174. Dir. Jose Padilha. 2002.

City of God. Dir. Fernando Meirelles. Miramax, Buena Vista International. 2002.

Favela Rising. Dir. Matt Mochary, Jeff Zimbalist. HBO/Cinemax. 2005.
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Legal Critics to the US Actions in the Movie the Road to Guantanamo

Words: 1125 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 29015226

Road to Guantanamo

The docudrama, the Road to Guantanamo, the 2006 film by Matt Whitecross and Michael Winterbottom provided a unique look at the complexities and difficulties of enforcing international cooperation. This thrilling tale of the now famous "Tipton Three" British men of Pakistani and Bangladeshi origin who, through a combination of poor decision-making and violations of international law, allows the viewer to examine these modern problems using the war on terrorism as a means of telling the story. The purpose of this essay is to examine this film and highlight five separate violations of international cooperation using the articles of the Geneva Conventions and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights as a guide and authority of the discussion.

The first violation of international cooperation is evident at the beginning of the film. The film is taking place under the conditions at the beginning of the war on terror in…… [Read More]

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Camera Down Documentaries When to

Words: 2724 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 61076155

It would appear as though the work of a journalist, though, should not be allowed to supersede the duty to help others. A moral duty is in place for that type of activity, even if legal ramifications are not significant.

Those who spend their time behind the camera may see the world in a different way than others. If that is truly the case, these individuals may not be "wired" to put down the camera and help. Without their cameras, they may freeze and render themselves completely unhelpful. Whether this would be the case would have to be studied, but it is entirely possible and some people actually do freeze up and struggle with their emotions and abilities when they are faced with a crisis situation. In that case, these individuals may not actually be able to help even if they put their cameras down. One thing all documentarians should…… [Read More]


Cinders. (2008). Kevin Carter: The consequences of photojournalism. FanPop. Retrieved from

Hallowell, Billy. (2012).Should This Photojournalist Have Intervened Sooner to Save the Life of a Dying Snake-Handling Pastor? The Blaze. Retrieved from

Henningham, J. (1996). Australian journalists' professional and ethical values. Journalism and Mass Communication Quarterly, 73(1): 206-218.

Rogers, T. (2012). When should journalists help those in need at disaster scenes? Retrieved from
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Magdalene Sisters Film

Words: 2586 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 61978155

Magdalene Sisters

Peter Mullan's 2002 movie The Magdalene Sisters depicts the dark side of Irish culture, church, and history. From the late nineteenth to the late twentieth century, the Sisters of Mercy in Ireland ran profitable asylums for women. The laundry businesses allowed the convents to earn money while keeping socially scorned women behind bars. Yet far from being a place of spiritual refuge, the Magdalene laundries often became torture houses closely resembling concentration camps. As Mullan shows, spirituality was completely superceded by cruelty, greed, torture, and manipulation. The brutality shown on screen reveals a chilling behind-the-scenes glimpse of what actually did occur regularly in Magdalene asylum laundries.

The culture that supported such institutions was an inherently sexist one, as many of the interred women committed no offense other than having shamed their families or being attractive. Although a fictionalized account, The Magdalene Sisters shows what mental and physical abuse…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Ackstrom, Kevin. "Prominent Order of Nuns Apologizes for Role in Magdalene Laundries." 2003. Online at <>.

Brown, Hillary and McGarry, Matt. "Ireland's Dirty Laundry: Wounds Still Fresh For Thousands of Women Enslaved by the Catholic Church." Online at < >.

Dolbee, Sandi. "Magdalene Sisters' awash in controversy." Copley News Service. 8 Sept. 2003. Online at <>.

Greydanus, Steven D. "The Magdalene Sisters Controversy." 2003. Online at <>.
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History of Film

Words: 2904 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 73046306

Representations of War in the Longest Day and Saving Private Ryan

Hollywood's depictions and interpretations of the events that transpired on D-Day have long captured the attention of audiences worldwide. Though Hollywood depictions of the events that occurred prior, during, and after the invasion of Normandy may vary, they still aim to convey a similar message, one that assures the evil forces in the world will be overthrown and the world will be a much safer place. The Longest Day and Saving Private Ryan aim to present the events that lead up to the invasion of Normandy on D-Day in an artistic and creative fashion while attempting to maintain an air of realism. The approaches taken to depict the invasion of Normandy in The Longest Day and Saving Private Ryan are a positive contribution to the combat film genre. Though creative licenses were taken in each film, the manner in…… [Read More]


Beevor, Anthony. D-Day: The Battle for Normandy. New York: Viking Penguin, 2009.

Churchill, Ron. "Saving Private Ryan" a real life drama." UB Reporter 30, no. 2 (September


D-Day: June 6, 1944. / (accessed May 23, 2011).
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Black Culture Films Black Culture Documentaries Quite

Words: 619 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 77888875

Black Culture Films

Black Culture Documentaries

Quite often and particularly in the United States, it is commonplace to understand the black cultural experience largely through the lenses of slavery and the Civil Rights movement. And to be certain, these are aspects of the experience that have left indelible imprints on black identity. However, as the collection of documentaries assessed here denotes, the black cultural experience is diverse and nuanced in a way that often goes unnoted in the discourse over struggle and oppression. This is particularly on display in the pair of documentary installments by Basil Davidson, which are concerned with the cultural conditions both historical and present in different parts of Africa.

Indeed, what is so compelling about works such as Caravans of Gold is that such films alter the discussion on the black cultural experience by reflecting on the variant of positive contributions made to the evolution of…… [Read More]

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National Cinema A Film Exploration

Words: 2283 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 72881883

Having unleashed Demon, the Song is now welcomed into the gang and begins sporting the traditional "black suit" of the gang members. Here, again, it is important to remark on the deviation from stereotype to contemporary national image that wardrobe and props bring to the film. There are no robes of silk, no long, silky geisha looking women waiting on men in the community baths. Rather, Landlady, one of the protagonists in the film, barely makes a move without a burning cigarette hanging out of her mouth. She is in white satin lingerie throughout most of the film. hile Landlord is often seen in his silk robe, and is often being beat by Landlady. Landlord and Landlady and even Demon serve to reinforce the positive image of Asian family in that Landlady and Landlord are not elderly, but late 40s, and Demon is definitely 50 ish.

Together, good or bad,…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Chanan, Michael. "The Changing Geography of Third Cinema." Screen 38.4 (1997): 372-388. Questia. 23 May 2008

A lugo, Marvin. "4 Authorship, Globalization, and the New Identity of Latin American Cinema." Rethinking Third Cinema. Ed. Anthony R. Guneratne and Wimal Dissanayake. London: Routledge, 2003. 103-125. Questia. 23 May 2008
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Marketing the Effect of Movies

Words: 3008 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 4622442

As a testament to the respect he garners in the neighborhood, however, he is allowed to pass by without being sprayed by the water.

Radio Raheem's warrior status is first challenged in the film by a group of Latinos hanging out on their front stoop. They are listening to the radio, which is blasting Latin music. Suddenly, Radio Raheem appears, with his ghetto blaster pumping out Public Enemy. The Latinos react in anger, and turn up their music in order to drown out Radio Raheem's. This contest goes on for a few more takes, but it is ultimately Radio Raheem who emerges victorious in attaining maximum volume. The "fight" against the "power" has been won - at least momentarily. As Radio Raheem marches down the street, leaving his victims behind, a small black child runs up next to him. Radio Raheem gives the child a high five.

In another important…… [Read More]


Calvino, Italo. 1974. Invisible Cities. New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich.

Cannon, Damian. 1997. "Mean Streets (1973)." Movie Reviews UK. Retrieved April 24, 2008 from:

Ebert, Roger. 2003. "Mean Streets." Retrieved April 25, 2008 at

Friedman, Lawrence S. 1997. The Cinema of Martin Scorsese. New York: Continuum.
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After Watching Movie Indochina and Battle of Algiers

Words: 1871 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 98671263

Indochine and the Battle of Algiers

Director Gillo Pontecorvo's The Battle of Algiers and director Regis argnier's Indochine showcase French colonialism. In Indochine, the political aspects of colonialism take a backdrop to a love story set amid gorgeous scenery, while The Battle of Algiers is an uncompromising look at the bloody cost of French rule in Algeria. In essence, Indochine provides a cursory look at French colonialism before the onset of a revolution, while The Battle of Algiers shows the bloody cost of stopping the revolution to both the French and their captors. Though they are set in different times and locations, The Battle of Algiers and Indochine both clearly depict the cost of colonialism.

Overall, I found The Battle of Algiers to be difficult to watch in light of recent events in Iraq, and instead preferred the lighter, romantic tone of Indochine.

Regis argnier's Indochine is set in the…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Indochine. 1992. Director: Regis Wargnier. Starring: Catherine Deneuve, Linh Dan Pham, and Vincent Perez.

The Battle of Algiers. 1965. Director: Gillo Pontecorvo. Producers: Antonio Musu, Saadi Yacef. Starring: Brahim Haggiag, Jean Martin, and Saadi Yacef.
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Eastern Influences on Western Philosophy Culture Literature Art Film

Words: 3310 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 47749173


An Analysis of Eastern Influence in Western Art

The American/English poet T.S. Eliot references the Upanishad in his most famous poem "The Wasteland," a work that essentially chronicles the break-up of Western civilization and looks to Eastern philosophy for a kind of crutch in the wake of the abandonment of Western philosophy. Since then, Westerners, whether in literature or in film, have continued to look to the East for inspiration and representation of virtuous or right living. Hollywood, for example, has for decades been borrowing themes and narratives from Hong Kong cinema, whether in the works of artin Scorsese, Quentin Tarantino, or the Wachowski Brothers. This paper will look at the ways Eastern philosophy has influenced the West in terms of culture -- primarily through the medium of literature and film and the avenue of spirituality.

The Spirit of the East: Karma

Karma may be defined as the cycle…… [Read More]

Morris, M. (2004). Transnational imagination in action cinema: Hong Kong and the making of a global popular culture. Inter-Asia Cultural Studies 5(2), 181-199.

Pollard, M. (2004). 'Kung Fu Hustle', Kung Fu Cinema. Retrieved from

Sikora, J. (2002). Religions of India. Lincoln, NE: Writer's Club Press.
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Questions and Answers About a Film About Drag

Words: 460 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 82862612

Film Paris Is Burning

Culturally, there is some debate about whether drag is subversive. Certainly, there are elements of drag culture, as expressed by gay males, which can be considered subcultural, but drag has also been used by others to reinforce the stereotypes that drag purports to subvert. One recent popular film that featured drag performers was the movie Magic Mike II. When the male dancers, all of whom are described as heterosexual, go to the drag bar in the film, they compete in a drag performance simply by mimicking many of the mannerisms that have come to be associated with drag. Because drag has become part of popular heterosexual media in this way, should it still be considered subversive? Did your experience watching Paris is Burning alter your perspective on this question? If so, in what way?

One element of drag culture is the creation of characters as part…… [Read More]

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Paris Is Burning and the Movie Rize

Words: 1418 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 80612520

Paris is Burning" directed by Jennie Livingston and "ize" directed by David LaChapelle. Specifically it will compare and contrast the two films. Both of these films revolve around alternative cultures and dance, and they show how dance can help solve problems, bring happiness, and bring people closer together.

Both of the subcultures presented in these documentaries are outside of the mainstream and the "normal" world. "ize" portrays a dance culture that grew up in the ghettos of Los Angeles, where kids have few choices in life. They can join a gang, or not join a gang, that is about it. Tommy the Clown, a main character in "ize," offers them an alternative. "Clowning" or "Krumping" are two types of dance that Tommy helped create, and there are large groups of kids that join clowning and krumping groups as an alternative to gangs. In fact, the movement has gained major ground…… [Read More]


Paris is Burning. Dir. Jennie Livingston. Perf. Carmen and Brooke, Andre Christian, Dorian Corey. Miramax Films, 1991.

Rize. Dir. David LaChapelle. Perf. Lil' C, Tommy the Clown, Miss Prissy. Lion Gate Films, 2005.
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Beyond Beats and Rhymes Documentary

Words: 618 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 53808068

Hip-Hop: Beyond Beats and Rhymes, a documentary by Byron Hurt aims to investigate the underlying social issues that have permeated hip-hop and been propagated through the music and culture. The documentary offers multiple perspectives from industry professionals and artists that aim to dissect prominent social issues such as violence and hypermasculinity, stereotypes, homophobia, and the misogyny that pervades hip hop music and culture. Hip-Hop: Beyond Beats and Rhymes provides insight into these issues and raises awareness about these issues impact hip-hop yet the insight appears to be slightly skewed and only focuses on men and hip-hop.

The documentary begins by focusing on issues of violence and hypermasculinity and why these issues are so prevalent in hip hop music. While the documentary points to how these issues are not only a major concern in hip hop, but rather an overarching social issue that has been propagated through the media as far…… [Read More]

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Experimental Film

Words: 2578 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 86966137

Maya Deren: An Experimental Life

Maya Deren, born Eleanora Derenkowsky on April 29, 1917 in Kiev, Ukraine, has been referred to as "the high priestess of experimental cinema." (1) Even though she was a dancer, choreographer, poet, writer and photographer, she is still considered a pioneer not only in experimental filmmaking, but also a voice for the feminist film community.

In 1922, the Derenkowsky family fled the threat of anti-Semitism in the Ukraine, arriving in New York where they changed their name to "Deren." The family, though, was frequently unhappy and at odds. As an adolescent, Maya was sent to Geneva to attend The League of Nations International School while Maya's mother, Marie Deren, studied languages in Paris and her father, Solomon Deren, practiced psychiatry in New York City.

After attending school in Geneva, Deren studied journalism and political science and became active in student politics at Syracuse University. She…… [Read More]

4. P. Adams Sitney, Visionary Film: the American Avant-Garde 1943-1978, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1979, p.10

5. Nichols, Maya Deren and the American Avant-Garde, Berkeley: University of California Press, 2001, p.5

6. Deren, p. 33
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Analysis of Supersize Me the Film

Words: 627 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 96580698

Supersize Me, Morgan Spurlock undergoes one of the most masochistic eating experiments imaginable, eating only McDonald's food for thirty days. He tracks his mental and physical health throughout the experiment to reveal the drastic ill effects of regular fast food consumption. Both his girlfriend and his doctors are appalled at the rapid changes taking place in Spurlock, not just to his body but to his emotional and sex life as well. The film is engaging, persuasive, and often intentionally nauseating. It critiques American culture while decrying the fast food industry's marketing tactics. The filmmaker wants viewers to feel disgust and revulsion at fast food in general.

Supersize Me reflects growing awareness among Americans about the harmful nature of a diet filled with processed foods and particularly fast foods like McDonalds. The film is one of many that illustrate the power of the media to promote positive change, counteracting and subverting…… [Read More]


Gimenez, E.H. & Shattuck, A. (2011). Food crises, food regimes and food movements. Journal of Peasant Studies 38(1): 109-144.

Spurlock, M. (2004). Supersize Me. [Feature Film].
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Paris Is Burning Discuss the

Words: 710 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 78538934

" Rather the participants described different aspects of the ball and the culture themselves. I think in this film the lack of narration worked well. It let the viewer form their own opinions of what they were seeing without any guidance. Since most of the viewers were probably unfamiliar with such cultures, the lack of narration made the film thought provoking.

4) Native voice -- Did any members of the group being filmed actually speak for themselves (with subtitles if necessary)? Would the film have been improved if you had heard from them? How?

Yes, the entire film portrayed members of the group speaking for themselves. They were undoubtedly prompted to describe certain aspects of the group and the culture, however they certainly told their stories from their perspectives.

5) Ethnographic information - Did the film give you enough background information to sufficiently understand the culture or group of people…… [Read More]

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Flaherty and Vertov Robert Flaherty

Words: 1132 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 60580105

In the words of DeBartolo:

Vertov was the founder of Soviet documentary, and he was an enthusiastic opponent of the theatre, staged events and fiction in film. Vertov loved machines and the tricks that the camera was able to do fascinated him. "Man with a Movie Camera" is a result of his fascination. He filmed "Man with a Movie Camera" using a candid camera, filming undercover or from a distance, using split screens, dissolves, superimposition, slow motion, crude animation and freeze frames. He seemed devoted to tram cars, shuttle looms, traffic signals, and motor cars, and he traveled throughout the country side and into factories.

Shortly thereafter, Vertov would make his first sound film, Enthusiasm. By this time, Vertov was allegedly disgusted with the sort of mainstream, narrative-based cinema that was so popular with the working-class public - and which today continues to triumph in the form of Hollywood entertainment…… [Read More]

Works Cited

DeBartolo, John. "Man With a Movie Camera," 2001. Retrieved 8 February 2008 at 

Duncan, Dean W. "Nanook of the North." Retrieved 10 February 2008 at

Flaherty, Robert, dir. Nanook of the North, 1922.

Sherwood, Robert. "Robert Flaherty's Nanook of the North." The Documentary
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Triumph of the Will After

Words: 1568 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 98095416

As displayed in the movie, Hitler has put an end to the Depression by bringing German pride back, and by having Germans work again in a prosperous society. This time, the swastika is put next to wheat on banners.

Probably uninspired at a certain moment in editing the film, when Hitler asks various laborers where they are from, Riefenstahl first shows an individual who is from Friesenland, a location of little importance for Germans.

Hitler presumably wants to put an end to discrimination between classes, as he claims that all German people should consider themselves as their Fuhrer's people. The process he wants to make work in order to unite people is none other than that of work. Hitler's strategies, along with that of Riefenstahl's make it possible for the movie to be a very convincing material. When being combined with political propaganda, art is more effective than it could…… [Read More]

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Smashed the Perks of Being

Words: 1568 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 72929664

Most viewers are likely to feel that it is important for them to adopt defensive personalities in order to avoid being drawn in a group that seems to act in disagreement with society's values. While this is not necessarily bad, the sincerity in these films induces intense feelings in viewers, making individuals consider that the whole world is damaged and that all that one can do is to try and cope with the miserable conditions that people sometimes come across. Whip and Charlie both initially seem determined to let go and stop fighting for their personal well-being. Similarly, Kate has a tendency to party regardless of the effects that her attitude has on herself and on people around her. This makes it possible for viewers to understand that it is not at all easy to overcome a serious trauma and that individuals are even likely to suffer throughout their lives…… [Read More]

Dir. James Ponsoldt. Smashed. (Sony Pictures Classics, 2012)

Dir. Robert Zemeckis. Flight. (Paramount Pictures, 2012)

Dir. Stephen Chbosky. The Perks of Being a Wallflower. (Summit Entertainment, 2012)
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Burden of Dreams

Words: 1265 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 77607340

Burden of Dreams

In 1979, German filmmaker erner Herzog set out to produce a movie about a rubber baron who dreamed of bringing the opera to the jungles of South America. Herzog's film, which would be titled Fitzcarraldo after the protagonist's name, took four years, as well as literal blood, sweat, and tears, to make. Moreover, the plot of Filzcarraldo eerily parallels the actual process by which Herzog made his film. Both depict a European man hauling his pride and ambition to a world in which he remains sorely out of place, imposing on the indigenous society and environment a set of foreign ideals. American documentary filmmaker Les Blank followed Herzog and his crew through the harried production of Fitzcarraldo and the result was the Academy Award-winning feature-length documentary entitled Burden of Dreams. The aptly-titled "making of" documentary captures the near-insanity of Herzog's ambitiousness, and also subtly illustrates the various…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Blank, Les. Burden of Dreams. Documentary film. 1982.

"Burden of Dreams." Online at .

"Burden of Dreams." New York Times. 1982. Online at .
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Visions of Light LIGHTING& 8230 THE Star

Words: 1159 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 1595572

Eventually, prior commitments elsewhere forced Almendros himself to leave and Haskell exler completed the film. exler, a veteran of the studio system and in particular a disciple of pioneering cinematographer Conrad Hall, took a more pragmatic approach to the project. Although he was reluctant to betray Almendros' vision of the way Days of Heaven should look, he was willing to explore alternative methods for achieving that look, and so filled out the gorgeous but fragmentary existing footage with more conventional shots filtered to match.

In doing so, exler followed in the studio tradition that allowed generations of filmmakers to portray the little world of the sound stage in such a way that it not only resembles the outside world but also appears to surpass it in scale or grandeur. Almendros had shifted the responsibility (and the budget) of the filmic project to the staging of authentic situations that could then…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Glassman, a., & Samuels, S. (Producers), & Glassman, a., McCarthy, T., & Samuels, S. (Directors). (1992). Visions of light [Motion picture]. United States/Japan: American Film Institute/NHK.
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American Horror the Texas Chainsaw

Words: 1188 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 17223762

However, despite these limited concerns about the films brutality, the vast majority of critics viewed and continue to view the film as being a cinematic breakthrough and horror classic. Not only has it influenced the spawn of numerous sequels and re-adaptations, many hold the film out as being one of the most influential horror films of all time. ecause the film relies on a documentary feel, it is often cited as being the influence of the popular "real-life documentary" film entitled the lair Witch Project. The Texas Chainsaw Massacre is considered to be the founding film of modern-day horror and the use of graphic violence. Without the release of the Texas Chainsaw Massacre, many argue that such horror classics as the Halloween, Friday the Thirteenth, and a Nightmare on Elm Street series would have never been created.

As can be seen by a general review of all critical reviews of…… [Read More]


Chow, Walter. The Texas Chainsaw Massacre. Film Freak Central. 2007.

Crum, Steve. "The Texas Chainsaw Massacre." Dispatch-Tribune Newspapers. January 4, 1974.

Ebert, Roger. "The Texas Chainsaw Massacre." Chicago Sun-Times. January 1, 1974. Texas Chainsaw Massacre.
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Battle of Algiers One of the More

Words: 963 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 27282995

Battle of Algiers

One of the more popular themes in motion pictures surrounds the conflict between ideas. These ideas may be of a personal nature, a professional nature, or in many cases, of such epic proportions that they are epic and larger than life. Many of these conflicts, at least at the movies, take on the idea of some type of revolution as part of an overall character -- an armed rebellion of the oppressed against the oppressors. The audience can relate to this because it is the "little guy" versus the "big guy." This is fairly typically in mainstream Hollywood -- "Braveheart," "The Patriot," and others -- all share the idea of a small group of people trying to overthrow a large, and usually evil, empire. One interesting movie, filmed in a more realistic mode, probably never meant for mass appeals, is the 1966 production of "The Battle of…… [Read More]


"Diplomatic License." (January 1, 2004). CNN. Cited in:

Matthews, P. (2010). "The Battle of Algeries." Criterion Collection -- Online

Cinematheque. Cited in:
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Inconvenient Truth Narrated by Former

Words: 627 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 80941292

The evidence Gore presents comes from verifiable and reliable scientific sources. Furthermore, Gore and Guggenheim capitalize on the slide-show format, which makes the material seem somehow more believable than it would in a more sensationalistic format. A slide-show evokes images of university physics classrooms or keynote lectures given by visiting climate change experts. Even though Gore is not himself a scientist, he does come across as professorial and knowledgeable.

Gore underscores the need for both political and personal action. Global warming can be curbed through effective public policy, such as by government restrictions on factory emissions or increased funding for research and development of alternative energy sources. Gore does not try to distance global warming from politics and instead acknowledges the role of politicians in curbing global warming. Global warming is a political issue because only through policy changes can large-scale efforts be effective. Governments need also to form international…… [Read More]

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Specific Opinion About This Two Anthropology Sources

Words: 1048 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 85091447

Ethnography From an Artistic Point-of-View

One of the most intriguing things about art is that it pervaded all cultures, regardless of the conditions present in some communities. Values that seem absurd for some cultures can be especially appreciated by others and vice-versa, considering the complex nature of the contemporary society. Napoleon A. Chagnon's article "Doing Fieldwork among the Yanomamo" provides readers with a first person understanding of the Yanomamo tribe and with the opportunity to understand why the community's members take on attitudes that the masses might be inclined to criticize.

The writer emphasizes the extreme aggression present in the Yanomamo culture and the fact that these people actually consider this to be one of the most important values in their community. hat was even more surprising is that they seemed to be enthusiastic about it and that this induced feelings related to brutality and unfairness in Chagnon. As most…… [Read More]

Works cited:

Chagnon, Napoleon, A., "Ya-nomamo, the fierce people," (Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1977)

Loizos, Peter, "Innovation in Ethnographic Film: From Innocence to Self-Consciousness, 1955-85," (Manchester University Press ND, 1993)