Earthquake Essays (Examples)

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Geological vs Biological Energy Geological Energy vs

Words: 1100 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 82889285

Geological vs. Biological Energy

Geological Energy vs. Biological Energy

There are various differences as well as possible similarities between the geological and the biological energy. It is worth noting that energy is the ability to do work, and in many aspects causes movement.

The differences in the two types of energy have to do with the sources. The geological energy is noted to be predominantly from surface process like weather patterns, Hydrologic cycle, erosion and even the sun. The other significant process is the tectonic process that produces geological energy like earthquake and volcanoes that originate from the interior of the earth. The geological surface process that produces the geological energy is gravitational causing acts like evaporation and erosion. The interior process also has tectonic stress or pressure. The surface process is characterized by motion for instance the flowing of water, chipping of rocks and movement of air. The interior…… [Read More]

References

Ostatic, (2011). Seismic Tool-Kit Helps Scientists Research Earthquakes. Retrieved January 29,

2012  http://ostatic.com/blog/seismic-tool-kit-helps-scientists-research-earthquakes 

USGA, (2012). Latest Earthquakes in the World - Past 7 days. Retrieved January 29,

2012 http://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/recenteqsww/
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Dangerous and Natural Energy Patterns in the

Words: 1419 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 11642635

Dangerous and Natural Energy

Patterns in the distribution of earthquakes in the U.S.

The earthquake patterns in the U.S. are fairly distinct. The most high-risk areas are the west coast, especially along the Pacific Coast, the Big Island of Hawaii and pockets in Alaska, Tennessee and South Carolina. A good part of the western part of America from ocky mountain region has a moderate chance of earthquake while the remaining parts of the country are under a slight risk of earthquake. The areas that have the lowest chance of earthquakes are southern Texas, Florida and the northern-most states of Michigan, Wisconsin and Minnesota. Hawaii and Alaska also have a moderate risk of earthquake according to the U.S. Geological Survey's Seismic Hazard Maps (USGS, 2008).

I live in New York and this means I live in a region that has a slight risk of earthquakes, typically 4-8g. Most earthquakes are measures…… [Read More]

References

Wielandt, Erhard. (2002). Seismic Sensors and their Calibration. Institute of Geophysics, University of Stuttgart.

USGS. (2012). U.S. Geological Survey. Retrieved from:  http://www.usgs.gov/
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Psychological Distress in Natural Disaster

Words: 5087 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 34015599

Psychological Distress in a Natural Disaster

Among the many problems that humans encounter following a natural disaster is Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). PTSD can result from natural disasters like floods, earthquakes, tsunamis, hurricanes, tornados among other frightening natural events that cause damage and result in serious injuries and loss of life. hen humans are exposed to horrific natural disasters they may continue to carry the fearful events in their memories; those realistic recollections can haunt the individual to the point of causing serious psychological disorders. Hence, PTSD can become a very serious emotional problem that requires psychological help from professionals. This paper provides instances of PTSD research following natural disasters -- and studies that delve into the dynamics of PTSD that resulted from natural disasters, including the terrible flooding in Thailand in 2000

Literature Review -- Hat Yi Flood

hen severe rains caused a dangerous flood that killed about…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Agustini, E.N., Asniar, I., and Matsuo, H. (2011). The prevalence of long-term post-traumatic stress symptoms among adolescents after the tsunami in Aceh. Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing, Vol. 18

Assanangkornchai, Sawitri, Tangboonngam, Sa-nguansri, and Edwards, J. Guy. (2004). Stress

And Health, Vol. 20, 81-89.

Bhushan, Braj, and Kumar, J. Sathya. (2007). Emotional Distress and Posttraumatic Stress in Children Surviving the 2004 Tsunami. Journal of Loss and Trauma, Vol. 12, 245-257.
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Disaster Response

Words: 916 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 27037809

Haiti Earthquake

After examining the aftermath of the Haiti earthquake of Jan 2010, it is quite obvious that the impact of this natural disaster will be felt for many years to come and much healing and growth will be needed in the near future in order to bring the people of this country to a decent standard of living. This report will document the many public health challenges that were evident after the earthquake and will provide guidance on how future natural disasters' impacts may be mitigated by wise and prudent action. This after action review of the response will highlight the successes and failures of the efforts provided and make suggestions on how those processes may be improved upon.

Initial Observations

Before anyone may help anyone in such a damaging situation as a major earthquake, an acceptable amount of peace and security must be established or nothing may be…… [Read More]

References

Dowell, S.F., Tappero, J.W., Frieden, T.R. (2011). Public Health in Haiti -- Challenges and Progress, New England Journal of Medicine, 364, 300-301: http://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMp1100118

Cyen. (2010). Definition of disaster: Disaster Management Notes and Questions.pdf

UNDP. (2010). Empowering Haiti to Build Better Future: http://www.preventionweb.net/english/professional/publications/v.php?id=13617
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Plate Movements and Past Climatic

Words: 1824 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 59505334

This happens as the magma chamber empties and a ring fracture occurs. This collapse often blocks the flow of magma but the heated interior still produces gasses and steam. Often, that steam and other gasses create a lake in the middle of the caldera similar to Crater Lake in Oregon or Glen Coe in Scotland.

8. WHY DO SOME VOLCANOES EXPLODE, WHILE OTHERS EMIT ONLY GASEOUS CLOUDS?

Some volcanoes explode because the magma that is beneath them is physically forced out of the volcano and into the air. Also, some volcanoes have a core or cap that was formed long ago that holds magma back until it can reach a pressure high enough for it to explode outward. Other volcanoes release only gas because there are pockets of gas and ash trapped above the magma chamber, but below the surface of the volcano. This is released instead of magma and…… [Read More]

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Session Long Project Involve Developing a Disaster

Words: 1156 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 51822712

Session Long Project involve developing a disaster management program a specific country include hazard analysis, prevention, preparedness, response, recovery plans. Epidemiology Disasters espond: 1.

In 2011, Japan was shook by a devastating earthquake which claimed thousands of deaths and led to serious economic casualties. Since then, a number of concerns have been raised in regards to expectations of an even vengeful one in the near future. In fact, Japan has had a history of damaging quakes throughout the years. In 2004, the Ch-etsu Earthquakes, although less serious as to the number of human lives, forced many people to leave homes and injured thousands. It was considered the most vengeful quake since 1995 when thousands were killed in the Great Hanshin Earthquake, hundreds of thousands more were affected one way or another and substantial economical damage was registered. As such, Japanese have become more vigilant in regards to their safety and…… [Read More]

Reference List

Center for Research on Environmental Decisions (2013, January 2013). Disaster Data: A Balanced Perspective. Issue No. 30. Retrieved from http://cred01.epid.ucl.ac.be/f/CredCrunch30.pdf

International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (2012). World Disasters Report. Retrieved from  http://www.ifrcmedia.org/assets/pages/wdr2012/resources/1216800-WDR-2012-EN-FULL.pdf 

Jamil, S., & Kuntjoro I.A. (2009). Managing Double Trouble: Indonesia's earthquakes and the Philippines' typhoons. paper presented at the Third Annual Convention of the Consortium of Non-Traditional Security Studies in Asia, November 3-4, 2009. Retrieved from  http://www.rsis-ntsasia.org/activities/conventions/2009-singapore/Sofiah%20Jamil.pdf 

Leonard, H.B. (2011). Preliminary observations on the Japanese 3/11 earthquake and tsunami. John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University (HKS). Retrieved from http://www.ash.harvard.edu/extension/ash/docs/earthquake.pdf
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New Madrid Fault in the Wake of

Words: 675 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 83323151

New Madrid Fault

In the wake of recent seismic activity and devastating earthquakes many people tend to speculate as to where the next big earthquake will occur. Most people point to the west coast of the United States as the obvious choice for an earthquake setting. In doing so we ignore a potentially catastrophic area of seismic activity known as the New Madrid Fault, which is Located in New Madrid, Missouri. Despite its potentially dangerous characteristics this area is often overlooked or dismissed due to its mid-western location. It is however, important to note that big earthquakes have occurred in this area and that as time passes the likelihood of a large earthquake occurring in the New Madrid Fault increases. The New Madrid Fault has caused several large earthquakes, the most significant quakes occurred during the years 1811-1812. According to historical accounts which are based on topographic results and effects…… [Read More]

Works Cited

"Global Volcanism Program | Volcanic Activity Reports | Smithsonian / USGS Weekly Volcanic Activity Report | ." Smithsonian Institution - Global Volcanism Program: Worldwide Holocene Volcano and Eruption Information. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Apr. 2011. .

"The Virtual Times: The New Madrid Earthquake." THE VIRTUAL TIMES . N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Apr. 2011. .

riverbed., seismically-induced ground motions deforming the. "Historic Earthquakes." U.S. Geological Survey Earthquake Hazards Program. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Apr. 2011. .
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Ucsd Application as a Resident of Taiwan

Words: 354 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 59085798

UCSD pplication

s a resident of Taiwan, I know all too well how devastating an earthquake can be. Japan and Taiwan both experienced earthquakes in March, 2011. The lives lost and physical damage sustained remind us of nature's power. Japan's earthquake continues to be major news because of the nuclear accident that resulted, the worst since Chernobyl. Taiwan's recent earthquake was, fortunately, far less dramatic, with damage to buildings and roads but no loss of life. Taiwan is frequently rattled by earthquakes, although they are usually minor. More than a decade ago, however, our island was rocked by a strong earthquake that killed more than 2,000 people. We wait and wonder if it will happen again.

s terrible as Japan's recent earthquake was, the outcome could have been even more disastrous. s scientists have increasingly come to understand when, where and how earthquakes occur, governments have been better able to…… [Read More]

As a resident of Taiwan, I know all too well how devastating an earthquake can be. Japan and Taiwan both experienced earthquakes in March, 2011. The lives lost and physical damage sustained remind us of nature's power. Japan's earthquake continues to be major news because of the nuclear accident that resulted, the worst since Chernobyl. Taiwan's recent earthquake was, fortunately, far less dramatic, with damage to buildings and roads but no loss of life. Taiwan is frequently rattled by earthquakes, although they are usually minor. More than a decade ago, however, our island was rocked by a strong earthquake that killed more than 2,000 people. We wait and wonder if it will happen again.

As terrible as Japan's recent earthquake was, the outcome could have been even more disastrous. As scientists have increasingly come to understand when, where and how earthquakes occur, governments have been better able to help their countries prepare. In the Far East, where the risk of earthquakes is high, there is a high level of preparedness, with infrastructure in place to help minimize the physical damage and assist people with basic needs in the aftermath of disaster. There is still much more to be done, however. I would very much like to attend the summer program "Earthquakes in Action" at the University of California at San Diego's Jacobs School of Engineering. I hope to learn more about earthquakes and explore various academic and career options in which they are a focus.

I have a strong background in mathematics and I believe that prepares me for the rigors of the summer course. I am particularly interested in the ways that bridges and buildings respond to earthquakes and I look forward to the opportunity to use computer-generated models to study the methods of design and construction that are meant to address these problems. I would appreciate the opportunity to study with experts in seismology and structural engineering and learn as much as I can. The summer program sounds like a great cooperative learning experience. I am really looking forward to the possibility of working with professionals and other students in this endeavor.
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How Technology Shapes Disasters

Words: 1871 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 13283483

ole of Technology in educing and Exacerbating Disaster isk: A Case Study of -- Haiti

Examine how technology(s) exacerbates.

Examine how technology(s) reduces the vulnerability of different people facing the same risk.

Make policy recommendations that would reduce the risk for the most vulnerable.

How to involve communities in technology development.

Total words (without references) 1360 words, less 140 words from the total (1500) words

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AL WAYS HIGHLIGHT THE CHANGES IN CODED COLOU

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Abstract

The technological inventions and life often go hand in hand and the disasters have often been…… [Read More]

References

Cashmore P. (2010) Haiti Quake Relief: Hoe Technology helps. Cable News Network [online]. Available from [13Nov 2014]

Choney S.(2010) Mobile Giving to help Haiti Exceeds $30 Million[online].Available from [11November 2014]

Encyclopedia of the Nations (2014)Haiti- Agriculture. Available from
Johnson R. (2000) GIS Technology for Disasters and Emergency Management. ESRI[online]. Available from [13November 2014]
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Haiti Is Not Katrina Custom

Words: 636 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 53267720



Tierney draws another comparison between Hurricane Katrina and the earthquake in Haiti by describing the people who were most affected by the disasters. She claims that Katrina affected people who were least able to help themselves, such as the poor and the disabled, but many people were able to escape. Haiti, however, is one of the poorest nations in the world. The majority of the population lives in chronic poverty. Katrina affected the only the most vulnerable segments of the Gulf Coast population, but in Haiti the entire population is vulnerable.

Haiti is different from the Gulf Coast in that the island nation ranks very low in health, levels of education, and household income. Unlike the United States, the nation of Haiti had a great deal of difficulty providing even the most basic services for its people before the disaster. The political system of the United States is relatively stable,…… [Read More]

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Rocks That Exhibit Ductile Strain Were Probably

Words: 545 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 59755116

Rocks That Exhibit Ductile Strain Were Probably Deformed

Choose one answer.

at the surface of the earth.

when they were cold.

when the stress was applied very rapidly.

at a depth within Earth at elevated temperatures.

Incorrect

If rocks exhibit ductile behavior when exposed to compressive stress, they generally will form

Choose one answer.

normal faults.

folds.

reverse faults.

joints.

Incorrect

Which of the following types of strain does not result in permanent deformation?

Choose one answer.

tension

elastic strain

plastic strain

brittle strain

Incorrect

Faults are geologic structures that result from which type of strain?

Choose one answer.

a. brittle strain

b. ductile strain

c. elastic strain

plastic strain

Incorrect

Question 5

In the Lesson 4 Topic 2 video, "Measuring Earthquake Intensity and Magnitude," you were able to see that the rupture from the 1906 earthquake traveled from mile marker 80 to mile marker 100 in 10 seconds. At…… [Read More]

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Pictures Can Speak Louder Than Words and

Words: 1414 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 98131649

pictures can speak louder than words, and this is clear in the photo entitled "U.S. Navy: An aerial view of damage to akuya, Japan after a 9 magnitude tsunami." The photo initially looks like picture of a tiny child's toy boat, which is floating in a muddy sea of debris. The boat looks brave and cheery, as it floats amidst the muck, garbage, and flotsam and jetsam of people's belongings. However, the first, deceptive glance of the photograph quickly ebbs away as the viewer becomes aware that he or she is bearing of witness to one of the greatest human tragedies to strike a nation, as a result of a natural disaster, in the 21st century. The photograph highlights the smallness and vulnerability of the human condition in the face of epic destruction beyond human control.

Japan's long national nightmare began when an 8.9-magnitude earthquake, the "fifth-largest recorded since 1900"…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Harlan, Chico. "One year later, Japan still in crisis." The Washington Post. 12 Mar 2012.

http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=2606900871&Fmt=3&clientId =27889&RQT=309&VName=PQD

McGroarty, Patrick & Vanessa Fuhrmans. "Germany to Forsake Its Nuclear Reactors."

Wall Street Journal. 31 May 31, 2011.
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Hagia Sophia the Triumph of

Words: 1536 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 38082412

But restoration efforts are hampered by the political and religious struggles that still define the area. The building is deeply symbolic for Christians, Muslims, secular Turks, and historical conservationists. Architectural historian obert Ousterhout points out that "each group looks at Hagia Sophia and sees a totally different building" (qtd. In Bordewich 5-6).

In his article, Bordewich examines the multiple agendas and suspicions of the groups seeking to control the restoration of the building, bemoaning the fact that the building is currently stuck in an "ideological no-man's land" (6). In the meantime, one of the premier examples of extreme architecture, Eastern oman power, Christian iconography, and Muslim decorative arts falls prey daily to the natural forces of decay, and runs the risk of being destroyed utterly by an earthquake or even by religious extremists. Even the grand ambitions of Justinian and the architectural genius of Anthemios cannot stem those forces. Instead,…… [Read More]

References

Bordewich, Fergus M. "Fading Glory." Smithsonian 39.9 (2008): 54-64. History Reference Center. EBSCO. Web. 10 Nov. 2010.

Krautheimer, Richard. Early Christian and Byzantine Architecture. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1992.

Nelson, Robert S. Hagia Sophia 1850-1950: Holy Wisdom, Modern Monument. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2004.

Salvadori, Mario, Saralinda Hooker, and Christopher Ragus. Why Buildings Stand Up: The Strength of Architecture. New York: W.W. Norton & Co, 1990.
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Ridges Under the Pacific Floor

Words: 689 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 94730940



The contribution of these discoveries to the field is significant. It could for example contribute to a greater understanding of the origin of life on earth. Scientists for example can further study the creatures discovered around the vents for the purpose of such an understanding. Further implications relate to the cycle of heat and chemicals to the seafloor and the waters overlying it. In related disciplines, it is possible that many of the large ore bodies on land are believed to have been formed as a result of these vent systems.

This relates to a long-term interdisciplinary study funded by the U.S. National Science Foundation. In addition to studying the vent system, ecosystem, and waters around the chimney, scientists are now also able to gain information relating to how earthquakes work.

iscoveries and studies such as the one described in the article prove that, vast though the body of human…… [Read More]

Discoveries and studies such as the one described in the article prove that, vast though the body of human knowledge is, it still only scratches the surface of what is available to still discover. This serves both a humbling and encouraging function. Scientists can be humbled by the extent of what they do not yet know, as well as by the vast area of knowledge opened up by the new discovery. They are now able to study millions of years of evolution on the basis of the ocean floor structure and its vent systems. On the other hand, scientists can be encouraged for the same reasons: many new fields of discovery have been made possible both by the fact that new studies can be based upon the results, and also by the understanding that many other misconceptions may exist in other scientific fields. Furthermore, scientists can also be encouraged by the fact that many different disciplines are now involved in making the discoveries described in the article. Scientists who have never before had reasons to work together can now become teams of investigators to further knowledge and an understanding of how the world around us works.

Source

Earthquakes Under Pacific Floor Reveal Unexpected Circulatory System. ScienceDaily. Retrieved January 26, 2008, at http://www.sciencedaily.com- / releases/2008/01/080109173830.htm
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Geology Describe the Paths of Water Through

Words: 2427 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 46863081

Geology

Describe the paths of water through the hydrologic cycle. Explain the processes and the energy gains and losses involved in the changes of water between its three states. Operationally, we are often most concerned with what water does when it reaches the solid earth, both on the surface and in the sub-surface. Explain the relationship between the saturated zone, the water table, a groundwater well and the cone of depression, all within the sub-surface.

In the hydrologic cycle, more commonly known as the water cycle, water moves around the world through a series of reservoirs. ater is always moving through the cycle because of evaporation, condensation and precipitation, surface and underground flow and through various other means (Egger 2003).

ater, as with most things, can change states from solid (ice) to liquid (water) to gas (steam). In changing states, the amount of energy in the water particles changes as…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

Campbell, N.A. (1996). Biology. Benjamin Cummings: Menlo Park, CA. 4th.

Cartmill, M. & Smith, F. (2009). The Human Lineage. John Wiley & Sons: Hoboken, NJ.

Certini, G. & Scalenghe, R. (2007). Soil forming factors. The Encyclopedia of Earth. Boston University: Boston, MA.

Committee on Challenges and Opportunities in Earth Surface Processes (2010). Landscapes on the Edge: New Horizons for Research on Earth's Surface. National Research Council. National Academic: Washington, DC.
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Recovery Disaster and Crisis

Words: 1650 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 66718399

Disaster ecovery

ecovery: Disaster and Crisis

Disaster recovery has become an important aspect of a company's strategic plan. The main reason for an increased concern can be attributed to the fact that integration and alliances at an international level have increased so that there are more linkages and higher interdependencies that have increased the exposure of people to international risk. This also means that companies are more prone to be affected by a force majeure impacting a vendor located in another part of the world. Some cases that have recently come to light in the spate of the Japanese Earthquake are the impact on General Motors leave alone Nissan. Moreover, giants such as Sony have been impacted in the wake of natural disasters in Thailand where a Tsunami impacted the Integrated Chip provider, making it difficult for Sony to continue to manufacture its products.

In light of these vulnerabilities it…… [Read More]

References

Jones, V.A. (2011). How to Avoid Disaster:RIM's Crucial Role in Business Continuity Planning. Information Management Journal .

Keenan, G. (2011). After a year of disasters, Japan's auto sector fights back. Retrieved January 20, 2012, from CTV News: http://www.ctv.ca/generic/generated/static/business/article2284601.html#ixzz1k0x14zsf

Momani, N.M. (2010). Business Continuity Planning: Are We Prepared for Future Disasters . American Journal of Economics and Business Administration, 272-279.

Omar, A., Alijani, D., & Mason, R. (2011). Information Technology Disaster Recovery Plan: Case Study. Academy of Strategic Management Journal .
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Asian History China

Words: 1945 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 64324167

Death of oman ang

Earthquakes, droughts, famine, cannibalism, bandits, a huge tax burden, and a social system which was strictly hierarchical and repressive; T'an Ch'eng was a Chinese county that suffered great hardships during the 17th century. Jonathon Spence, in his "The Death of oman ang" creates a snapshot of the difficulties and hardships endured by the Chinese peasants at that time. By using both historical and non-historical sources, Spence is able to allow the reader a glimpse into the lives of people long since dead, and a way of life that no longer exists. The author captures the extremely difficult life these people had to endure, their problems, threats, hardships, and social conventions which all led to a miserable existence. hile the book is titled after the oman ang, a character that does not play a role of importance until well into the book, it really describes the everyday…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Spence, Jonathon. The Death of Woman Wang. New York: Penguin, 1979. Print.
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Socialism and Natural Disasters

Words: 561 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 58139718

Economic Systems

Over the years, there has been continuing debate surrounding the best economic system for dealing with a host of issues. In emergency situations, this will play a vital role in ensuring that there is adequate support and resources for meeting the needs of stakeholders. To fully understand which one works the best requires looking at how the socialist ideology is best suited for dealing with these kinds of situations, the way it responds to the Haiti earthquake and the how laws of supply / demand will impact commodities prices. Together, these different elements will show the effects of different economic theories in dealing with a variety of challenges. (Klein, 2010)

Which economic system is best suited for handling a crisis of epic proportions (hurricane, flood, blizzard, forest fire, etc.)? Why?

The best economic system for addressing hurricanes, blizzards, floods and forest fires is socialism. This is because it…… [Read More]

References

Klein, K. (2010). The Shock Doctrine. New York, NY: Picadore.
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High Frequency Active Auroral Research

Words: 1318 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 61892702

If a butterfly's wings beating in Tibet can cause el Nino, then a gigawatt of electromagnetic radiation ought to be good for something.

* HAARP is an earthquake machine. Also based on a bunch of weird stuff Tesla discovered. Somewhat offset by the fact the HAARP array is clearly pointed at the sky.

* HAARP is a doomsday machine ripping a hole in the earth's atmosphere. Colorful, but scienfitically questionable. How do you rip a hole in air?

* HAARP has something to do with UFOs. Either signalling them, blasting them from the skies, or feeding babies to them.

* HAARP is a giant Mind Control broadcasting machine. Appealing, but if it works, why are people still such assholes? (clarky003)

Though an anonymous blogger is hardly likely to be considered a credible source the reality is that the full implications of this research device are unknown and real scientists who…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Bellis, Mary "History of Dynamite" 2009 at: .

clarky003 [Blogger] "H.A.R.R.P a weapon to end all wars?" at: .

Digg [Earhtfirst Comentator] "The 5 People Responsible for Mankind's Most Toxic Inventions" at: < http://earthfirst.com/the-5-people-responsible-for-mankinds-most-toxic-inventions/>.

HARRP Website FAQ at: .
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Career in Nursing and Why

Words: 932 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 98244486

With a positive mental attitude, horrible physical problems are much more possible to overcome.

In this way, their heart is in the work and they are motivated to do the right things, to be responsible and accountable for their actions as they relates to their patients. This author puts themselves in their patients' positions and wishes to give them the kind of care that elicits their trust, shows compassion and caring as well as competence as a nursing. Just as patients would not want to be treated badly, they revile incompetent, uncaring and untrustworthy nurses that soil the reputation of the profession. This repugnance must be reflected by the nursing professional.

The focus on patient care needs to be reflected in the pharmaceutical profession as well as in nursing. Indeed, patient focus is an important part of the focus of the medical team overall. In my opinion, pharmacists should provide…… [Read More]

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Humanitarian Assistance in Joint Publication

Words: 2133 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 41818461

S. And Haiti communications infrastructure in the damaged areas. The large numbers of generators can be used for other purposes if not needed to power comms equipment. Unfortunately, they require a large workforce to assist with humanitarian effort. The engineer brigade will provide heavy construction support. Including specialized workforce and equipment that can rapidly enhance and build up the temporary infrastructure to support military and locals. It can assess the structural integrity of buildings, bridges, road and power network. They have carpenters, electricians and equipment that can provide disaster relief to aid in personnel recovery and to restore local services.

The U.S. Army special forces will establish contact with and provide security for both Haiti and U.S. government officials. They will advise the Haitian military and security forces. They will also facilitate the evacuation of personnel in rapidly deployable and austere environments. SOF have highly specialized personnel with regional/cultural training…… [Read More]

References

U.S. Joint Chiefs of Staff, U.S. Dept. Of Defense. (2009). Joint publication 3-29 foreign humanitarian assistance. Washington, D.C.: U.S.Dept. Of Defense.

"USAID to Provide Emergency Food Aid for Haiti Earthquake Victims." Usaid.gv. USAID, 13 January 2010.

Web. 14 Mar 2012. .
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Emergency Communications

Words: 1651 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 62946650

Awareness Campaign

Every individual in this community will face an emergency or disaster that may result in the loss of life, property, or business. Being prepared to react and respond to a natural disaster or emergency is in everyone's interest and that of their community. Emergency management distinguishes the two. Emergencies are " 'routine' adverse events that do not have communitywide impact or do not require extraordinary use of resources…to bring conditions back to normal….what constitutes a disaster depends on…the jurisdiction's size, its resource base, and its experience with a particular hazard….a precept of emergency management that each community establish distinct levels…that define the progression from an emergency to a disaster" (Drabek, xviii). Different disasters have different impacts upon people's responses to them. The "death and devastation of disaster represent the worst of human fears….many costs involved in the various stages of disaster response: the preparatory and preventative, counterdisaster, rescue…… [Read More]

References

Drabek, Thomas E. Emergency Management: Principles and Practice for Local Government. Washington, D.C.: International City Management Association. 1991.

Raphael, Beverly. When Disaster Strikes: How Individuals and Communities Cope with Catastrophe. New York: Basic Books, Inc. 1986.

Sylves, Richard T., and Waugh, William L., Jr. Disaster Management in the U.S. And Canada. Springfield, IL: Charles C. Thomas, Publisher, Ltd. 1990.

"Community Emergency Response Team." Online Posting. 25 January 2002. http://www.fema.gov.
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Landforms Barrier Island Beaches Generally Develop Where

Words: 2371 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 49396003

LANDFORMS

Barrier island beaches generally develop where:

a The coast is composed of hard rock b the nearby land has a rugged topography of hills and mountains c the sea floor deepens rapidly offshore d The sea floor remains shallow for a long distance offshore

During storms in winter:

a There is a higher percentage of fine-grained sand on beaches

b More erosion occurs in bays than on headlands

c Beaches are eroded d Beaches are built up e Offshore sand bars are destroyed

Along the Midocean ridge

a earthquakes occur b sea floor spreading occurs c volcanism occurs d all the above occur

Where would you find examples of barrier island coasts?

a Oregon

b California

c British Columbia and Alaska

d Texas and the Gulf Coast

e Hawaii

Which of the following boundaries characterize the San Andreas Fault?

a Spreading

b Convergent

c Transform

d None of the…… [Read More]

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Reinsurance for Many People the Field of

Words: 1123 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 28103050

einsurance

For many people, the field of insurance can be very confusing. This is because these organizations will often engage in activities that are designed to reduce risks. ecently, there have been a number of incidents that have led to an increase in liabilities for these firms. The thesis statement will focus on the four different types and the impact of a large natural disaster (i.e. The Japanese tsunami of 2011).

The purpose of this assignment is to understand the strategies that reduce risks and the way they are utilized. This will be accomplished by focusing on: reinsurance methods for sharing in the losses, the excess of loss treaty, the quote share treaty, facultative reinsurance, the surplus -- share treaty and the methods used after the Japanese tsunami. Together, these factors will explain the different tactics utilized in reducing risks and dividing the liabilities among various firms. ("Definition einsurance," 2013)…… [Read More]

References

Reinsurance Market Outlook. (2011). Aon Benefield. Retrieved from:  http://thoughtleadership.aonbenfield.com/Documents/201109_ab_reinsurance_market_outlook.pdf 

Definition Reinsurance. (2013). Investopedia. Retrieved from:  http://www.investopedia.com/terms/r/reinsurance.asp#axzz2MReJhZKj 

Wollan, E. (2002). Handbook of Reinsurance. New York, NY: Aspen.
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Beauty and Sadness in Japanese Literature

Words: 1917 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 1372488

Beauty & Sadness in Japanese Literature

A modernization of the story "An Account of a Ten Foot Square Hut"

Many, many years ago, it is said that the Buddha went out into the world, seeking to free himself from his cloistered palace -- and saw sickness, old age, and death. Upon seeing this inevitable suffering, he resolved to free the world with his philosophy, and lead us all to Enlightenment. Although our land is filled with fine Buddhist shrines and many people pay for fine Buddhist funerals, we have forgotten the central truths of Buddhism, which stress the impermanence of all material things. The only thing which is permanent is the persistence of suffering and the truth of the Buddha's philosophy of non-attachment.

Because we can create great structures out of metal and wood; because we can prolong life slightly longer than before; because we can disguise the effects of…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Korteman, Jessica. "Fukushima Evacuees: 2 years on." 12 Dec 2013.

 http://notesofnomads.com/fukushima-evacuees-2-years-on/
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Wishing to Pursue Graduate Study Dr Paul

Words: 1820 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 79455352

Wishing to Pursue Graduate Study

Dr. Paul Farmer of Partners in Health was asked in an interview if he knew at a young age what he wanted to do or if it was an idea that evolved over time. He replied: "You can…grow into what you want to do…grow into your aspirations." I took that to mean that personal experiences can open our eyes to possibilities and that small successes can focus our attention on goals that once seemed too lofty. I have learned the importance of taking one step at a time and striving to excel in every stage before reaching for the next level. Like a rock climber, I have also learned to visualize my next handhold -- and picture myself achieving that goal even as I reach for it.

Despite some difficult life circumstances, I have been graced by my origins and my experiences as an immigrant.…… [Read More]

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Long-Term Effects of a Widespread Disaster

Words: 833 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 84892464

Long-Term Effects of Adverse Nature

Long-term Implications of 2004 Indian Ocean Disasters

Long-term effects of the 2004 Indian Ocean Disaster

2004 Indian Ocean Disasters

Indian Ocean is the third vastest water body in the world wide, casing an average of 68.556 million km2. It is the mass of water body around Africa, Asia, the Southern Ocean and Australia. It has four main accessible waterways, the Suez Canal (Egypt), Bab el Mandeb (along Djibouti and Yemen), the Strait of Hormuz (along Iran and Oman), and the Strait of Malacca (Indonesia and Malaysia) among other minor ones. The ocean has been attributed to many economical advantages ranging from providing a means of transportation, food, recreation and for the extraction of valuable mineral resources. However, the ocean has major confluences with terrific and adverse water disasters such as disasters, tsunamis, aftershocks, earthquakes among others.

2004 Disaster

In 2004, the Indian registered the worst…… [Read More]

References

Ramalanjaona, G. 2011. Impact of 2004 Tsunami in the Islands of Indian Ocean: Lessons Learned. Emergency Medicine International. Vol 1, Issue 1. Pg 1-3.

Daly, P., Feener, M. R and Reid, A.J.S. From the Ground up: Perspectives on Post-Tsunami and Post -- Conflict Aceh. Chicago: Institute of Southeast Asian.
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Mass Shooting Could Have Been Prevented The

Words: 634 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 22227711

mass shooting could have been prevented. The key to knowing what to do in the future is to understand how to recognize signs of mental illness and stability. In this case, the gunman "had been expelled, possibly for behavioral problems." It is clear the school understood that this student had problems. Yet even after the expulsion, the school did not do enough to ensure Goh's mental stability. The issue was not necessarily bullying, as the headline suggests. Students might have been teasing Goh in a good-natured way. After all, a large number of Americans speak English as a second language and it would be odd for someone to get maliciously teased for it. Goh reacted in an extreme way because he was mentally unstable. He had suffered trauma (after the unresolved death of his brother) and had a history of behavioral problems. Students like him need monitoring, counseling and intervention…… [Read More]

References

"Japan tsunami reconstruction money 'misspent'," (2012). BBC. Oct 31, 2012 Retrieved online:  http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-20150364 

"Oikos University Shooting: Suspect In Deadly Attack Was Upset About Being Teased Over Poor English Skills, Police Say." Huffington Post. April 4, 2012. Retrieved online: http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/04/03/oikos-university-shooting-teased-english-skills_n_1399680.html
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Planning Efforts to Reduce Future Disaster Impacts

Words: 1397 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 9412680

Planning Efforts to educe Future Disaster Impacts

This paper looks at options for programs to be put in place before to a disaster to avoid major and often poorly-managed expenditures after a catastrophe and to offer suitable protection against the risk of those large losses which do occur. It is important for the government to provide programs that enlightens the citizens on how to deal with the hazards that come with hurricanes. Natural hazards have taken place in America and they have not been well attended to. The response in the Haiti earthquake showed some weakness in response. Hurricane Katrina should have given Americans a lesson on how to prevent major destructions in case of a similar scenario.

Introduction

Katrina was a hurricane that hit the Atlantic in 2005 and was known to be the most dangerous hurricane in history of America. Over 1,836 people died as a result of…… [Read More]

References

Mancuso, Louis C.; Alijani, Ghasem S.; Kwun, Obyung. (2011). The effects of the BP oil spill and hurricane Katrina in South Louisiana. Entrepreneurial Executive,

Mckenzie, Russell; Levendis, John; (2010). Flood Hazards and Urban Housing Markets: The effects of Katrina on New Orleans. Journal of Real Estate Finance and Economics, pp. 62-76.

LaJoie, Andrew Scott; Sprang, Ginny; McKinney, William Paul.(2010). Long-term effects of Hurricane Katrina on psychological well being of evacuees. Disasters, p1031-1044, 14p,

Shaughnessy, Timothy M.; White, Mary L.; Brendler, Michael D.; (2010). The Income Distribution effect of Natural Disasters: An Analysis of Hurricane Katrina. Journal of Regional Analysis and Policy, pp. 84-95
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Health Plan for Haiti Has a Population

Words: 1315 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 10681669

Health Plan for Haiti

Haiti has a population of approximately ten million people. According to the 2009 WHO statistics, the gross national income per capita was $1.220. The life expectancy at birth in terms of years for females and males is 64/61 respectively. In 1000 births (children under five years), 76 children have s probability of dying. In a population of 1000 people, 223 females and 258 males have a probability of dying when between the ages of 15 and 60 years. The 2011 statistics indicate that Haiti's total expenditure per capita was $94. Besides, the total expense on health as a GDP percentage was eight. With such statistics, solid and effective health plans should be put in place. This is a suggested health plan for the oral health of children below the age of twelve years.

Although oral health may seem as though it is not a serious health…… [Read More]

References

Babcock, C., Theodosis, C., Bills, C., Kim, J., Kinet, M., Turner, M., Millis, M., Olopade, C. (January 01, 2012). The academic health center in complex humanitarian emergencies: lessons learned from the 2010 Haiti earthquake. Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges, 87(11): 1609-15.

Estupin-a-n-Day, S., Lafontant, C., & Acun-a, M.C. (January 01, 2011). Integrating oral health into Haiti's National Health Plan: from disaster relief to sustainable development. Pan American Journal of Public Health, 30(5): 484-9.

Ivers, L.C., & Walton, D.A. (January 01, 2012). The "first" case of cholera in Haiti: lessons for global health. The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 86(1): 36-8.

Liu, A., Sullivan, S. Khan, M., Sachs, S. & Singh, P. (2011). Community Health Workers in Global Health: Scale and Scalability. Mount Sinai Journal of Medicine: A Journal of Translational and Personalized Medicine, Vol. 78 (3): 419-435
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Feminism How I Can Be

Words: 717 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 26672722

It is a joy to watch him as he becomes more confident and sure of himself, and I cannot wait to see him play with his new brother or sister. I have no idea what he will become in the future, but it seems clear that he will grow up to accomplish great things, and I think that is positive change.

If I can do anything, I hope that I can inspire other Black women to reach their full potential and reach for the stars. That can ignite great change in the Black community, and among all women, no matter their race or stature. I believe that women can accomplish great things, but many allow themselves to be held back, and I hope that my experiences can inspire women to do more and become better. Change does entail strength, and women have always shown themselves to be strong individuals, no…… [Read More]

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Catastrophic Events Preparing for Catastrophic

Words: 632 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 61290569

The failure to be able to deal with the fallout of Hurricane Katrina in New Orleans caused many overstressed hospital workers to respond in what would later be regarded as a horrific manner. Investigators "were stunned when health care workers charged that a well-regarded doctor and two respected nurses had hastened the deaths of some patients by injecting them with lethal doses of drugs" allegedly in an act of mercy due to the inability of rescue workers to evacuate the patients in an effective fashion" (Fink 2009:1). The New Orleans doctor implicated in the patients' deaths argued that "informed consent is impossible during disasters and that doctors need to be able to evacuate the sickest or most severely injured patients last -- along with those who have Do Not esuscitate orders -- an approach that she and her colleagues used as conditions worsened after Katrina," given she believed that many…… [Read More]

References

Evaluation of hospital disaster drills: A module-based approach. (2011). Agency for Healthcare

Research and Quality. (AHRQ) Retrieved February 26, 2011 at http://www.ahrq.gov/research/hospdrills/introduction.htm

Fink, Sherri. (2009, August 3). Strained by Katrina. The New York Times.

Retrieved February 26, 2011 at http://www.nytimes.com/2009/08/30/magazine/30doctors.html
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Decisions in Paradise Part II

Words: 688 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 72349868

Nik and the following is my problem. I have been assigned to a beautiful island in order to help my team, Alex and Chris, set up their work site. Kava, the island itself, is battered with more challenges that I have ever lived with that include tidal waves/tsunami; typhoons/hurricanes; tornadoes; floods; fires; volcanic eruptions; earthquakes. Add to this mixture HIV / AIDS; petroleum spill; high risk for avian flu; and terrorism and you understand why I am queasy about the chances of success and, more so, perplexed about where to start. Aside from the above external problems that impact the project, internal challenges include disorganization of the work location and site; shoddy H procedures, chaotic organizational structure; and non-harmonious workforce that has been reflected in the organization's history of high turnover.

My task, according to Alex and Chris, consists in helping them establish a greater presence in Kava. Ways of…… [Read More]

References

MindTools.Com. Paired Comparison Analysis. Retrieved on 2/24/2012 from:

http://www.mindtools.com/pages/article/newTED_01.htm
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Importance of the Alcan Case

Words: 5996 Length: 18 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 46716205

Alcan's continued revenue growth is the result of the combined success of increasing sales in four main business units, in addition to growth through acquisition. The cumulative effects of these two factors have served to create a profitable business and one where a highly decentralized organizational structure dominates (Chang, Wang, 2011). The catalyst of the organization becoming so decentralized is the continued revenue gains made across four businesses, each competing in market areas that face heavy pricing and commodity-like market conditions. Despite the heavily process-centric based approaches the industry takes to supply chain management, production and distribution, Alcan has been also able to profitably grow sales in the more mature markets they compete in. The senior management and IT departments credit the highly decentralized nature of the enterprise-wide systems that run the company.

During the time period of the case, Alcan generated $23.6B in sales in 2006, and has 68,000…… [Read More]

References

(Benamati, Lederer, Singh, 1998)

Benamati, J., Lederer, A.L., & Singh, M. (1998). Information technology change: The impact on it management. The Journal of Computer Information Systems, 38(4), 9-13.

(Drill, 2005)

Drill, S. (2005). Assume the worst in IT disaster recovery plan. National Underwriter.P & C, 109(8), 14-15.
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Emergency Planning Disasters That Can Critically Compromise

Words: 858 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 28734243

Emergency Planning

Disasters that can critically compromise the accessibility of knowledge include floods, fires, earthquakes, hurricanes, employee sabotage, computer viruses, and theft. The effects of disasters can lengthen even after the restructure of physical damage. Simply, the earlier a business recovers from a disaster; it will experience lesser wide-ranging continuing effects of the disaster. Not only the thrashing of sales during a disaster is destructive for the company, "the loss of customers, vendors, inventory and employee records extend recovery times from weeks and months to years" (Carlson & Parker, 1998). However, if a company has a premeditated disaster recovery plan (DP), it can reduce the nuisance of a disaster, whereas inappropriate preparations can result in a business experiencing liquidation of its bank accounts (Carlson & Parker, 1998).

In the Information Technology industry, Disaster ecovery (D) security issues occur repeatedly. The critical security measures in the environment are frequently covered by…… [Read More]

References

Carlson, S.J., & Parker, D. (1998). Disaster Recovery Planning and Accounting Information Systems. Review of Business, 19(2), 10+. Retrieved July 21, 2012, from Questia database: http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5001370062

Disaster Recovery Security: The Importance of Addressing Data Security Issues in DR Plans. (2011, January). Retrieved July 21, 2012 from  http://searchdisasterrecovery.techtarget.com/feature/Disaster-recovery-security-The-importance-of-addressing-data-security-issues-in-DR-plans 

O'Sullivan, K. (2010, September 23). Knowledge Continuity: Strategies, Approach & Tools. Retrieved July 21, 2012 from http://star-knowledge.com/websites/star-knowledge/skblog/?p=70
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Disaster Support System

Words: 716 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 2440485

Disaster Preparedness

Over the past century the world has confronted many disasters, both natural and manmade, and many government entities have had to cope with the aftermath. The Unites States, in particular, has had to revamp the manner in which it confronts disasters. Early in the nation's history, disasters were usually considered local problems that only involved the federal government if they were particularly large in scope or had national implications. Even in those instances, the federal government responded on an individual basis to disasters, offering aid in a piecemeal fashion when necessary. Eventually, the need for a permanent system to deal with disasters was seen and the U.S. government responded accordingly. Today, we fully anticipate that the government will be there when they are most needed, but that has not always been the case.

It was not until the Depression of the 1930s that the federal government began to…… [Read More]

References

Haddow, G.D., Bullock, J.A., & Coppola, D.P. (2011). Introduction to emergency management

(4th ed.). Burlington, MA: Elsevier, Inc.

Federal Emergency Management Agency. (2011). National disaster recovery framework:

Strengthening disaster recovery for the nation. Retrieved from:
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Supply Demand

Words: 748 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 52984044

Economics

Handling an epic crisis requires a swift response and a high level of organization and efficiency. It also requires the ability to meet the needs of a large number of stakeholders, whose situations and needs might be quite diverse in nature. A capitalist economic system should have a fairly high level of efficiency, but that efficiency tends to develop over time -- you don't become Wal-Mart overnight. During Katrina, one of the first companies on the scene was FedEx, which used is high level of organization and efficiency to provide goods to the area (FedEx, 2005). The drawback to this system is that while it allows for altruism and community service, it is not oriented towards it. FedEx can deliver medical supplies but it cannot reunite families or repair damaged neighborhoods. While in theory there could be a private disaster-relief company that operates privately, in practice the payer is…… [Read More]

References

FedEx. (2005). FedEx delivers over 1800kg of clothes to victims of Hurricane Katrina. FedEx Newsroom. Retrieved March 19, 2014 from http://news.van.FedEx.com/FedEx-delivers-1800kg-clothes-victims-hurricane-katrina

Pirog, R. (2010). Winter fuels outlook 2010-2011. Congressional Research Service. Retrieved March 19, 2014 from   https://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/misc/R41471.pdf
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Psychological Implications of Disasters

Words: 889 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 68229708

Technological Disasters

Japan Tsunami Disaster March 2011 -- Present

Societal Consequences Discussion

The earthquake and following tsunami that hit Japan was truly a disaster -- part natural and part technological. It affected the Japanese population in many ways. There were the initial consequences that included massive loss of life and population displacement. However, there are also lasting consequences that can even include factors such as the mental health, physical health, and other societal consequences that can be long lasting. This analysis will look at the impact to the citizenry from multiple perspectives, discuss the roles of non-governmental agencies (NGOs) in the after math of the disaster, and discuss what organization would lead a recovery response if such an event occurred in the United States.

Societal Consequences Discussion

The societal consequences that have come as a result of the disaster can be thought of from different perspectives and on many different…… [Read More]

References

IASC. (2007). IASC Guidelines on Mental Health and Psychosocial Support in Emergency Settings. Retrieved from IASC: http://admin.psychology.org.au/Assets/Files/IASC-Guidelines-Mental-Health-Psychosocial.pdf

Kormino, T. (2015). Role of International NGO in an Uprecedented Disaster in Japan. Disaster Risk Reduction, 13-26.

Pietrangelo, A. (2011, April 12). Feeling for Japan: Coping and Recovering from Disaster. Retrieved from Natural Choice: http://www.naturalchoice.net/blogs/greenies_0411.html

PSID. (N.d.). Recovery. Retrieved from Psychosocial Support in Disasters: http://www.psid.org.au/recovery
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Risk Minimization and Loss Prevention

Words: 16256 Length: 59 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 44399316



Small usiness' Need for a CPA

One of the critical investments a small business can make to mitigate loss and risk is hiring a CPA and putting that CPA on the 'management team.' As Wells notes in his groundbreaking research, "Denise, a bookkeeper for a small trucking firm in irmingham, Alabama, wishes she had never heard of Ralph Summerford, CPA. ecause of his thoroughness, Denise is facing several years in prison for embezzling $550,000 from her employer. At least she will look good standing before the sentencing judge: Denise spent a great deal of her illegal loot on head-to-toe cosmetic surgery. She blew the rest on a shiny new Lexus, luxury vacations, clothing and jewelry. And, of course, Denise had to have a big house to store all of her finery." (Wells, 2003)

Surprisingly, it was not at all the fancy standard of living that made her employer suspicious. "The…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Wells, Joseph. 2003. Protect small business: small companies without adequate internal controls need CPAs to help them minimize fraud risk. Journal of Accountancy.

Small Business Administration. 2005. www.sba.gov.

Federal Reserve Bank. 2004. www.federalreserve.gov.

AICPA. 2005. At www.aicpa.org/antifraud/training/homepage/htm.
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Physical Geology the 'Indian Ocean

Words: 2629 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 29596606

In fact, the entire damage was caused by the tsunami itself along with other factors like the geology and geography of the region. The damage that the tsunami caused to mainland India, a seismically quiescent region, was concentrated mainly on the eastern coastline but some damage due to diffraction also occurred on the southernmost tip of the western coastline. A factor which played a major role in the scale of devastation that occurred in this region is the bathymetry of the Bay of Bengal. The Bay of Bengal is quite shallow with an average depth of 2600 meters. The shallowness can be attributed to the huge amount of sediment that the Ganges iver deposits in it. (Strand; Masek, 40)

After the earthquake, the bay was sealed off by the deep Sunda Trench and the tsunami waves were reflected back towards the Indian Ocean striking the eastern Indian coastline within two…… [Read More]

References

Bernard, Eddie N; Robinson, Allan R. The Sea Tsunamis.

Harvard University Press. 2009.

Bilham, R; Engdahl, E. R; Feldl, N; Satyabala, S.P. Partial and Complete Rupture of the Indo-Andaman plate boundary 1847-2004. University of Colorado, Boulder.

Seism. Res. Lett. 2005.
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Economics Finance MBA Level

Words: 13568 Length: 50 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 39727750

disrupting America's economic system is a fundamental objective of terrorists

Even as the world continues to struggle with the terrible shock from the September 11 attacks in New York and Washington, one principle lesson has already become clear: disrupting our economic system is a fundamental objective of terrorists.

Prior to September 11, our economic environment was certainly not immune to terror, in comparison to many other nations; we lived relatively terror-free. Now, however, the aftermath of the terrorist attacks serves as a grim reminder that international relations and security developments can dramatically affect economic performance.

US History is replete with countless examples when macro fundamentals are overtaken by what economists refer to as, exogenous shocks -- surprise events that can profoundly and often unpredictably shift political and economic resources, and send even the most accurate forecasts astray. Commodity shocks, such as the two OPEC jolts in the 1970s, are classic…… [Read More]

References

Bagehot, Walter. 1927. Lombard Street: A Description of the Money Market, John Murray, London.

Balbach, Anatol B. 1981. "How Controllable is Money Growth?" Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis Review, vol 63, no 4, April, p. 5.

Becker, Gary S, Steven N. Kaplan, Kevin M. Murphy and Edward A Snyder. (2002 / winter). "The Economic Effects of September 11," GSB Magazine, University of Chicago's Graduate School of Business.

Bell, Stephanie. 2000. "Do Taxes and Bonds Finance Government Spending?." Journal of Economic Issues, Vol. 34, no. 3, pp. 603-620.
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Purchasing and Supply Chain Management

Words: 2494 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 19326214

Purchasing and Supply Chain Management: Apple

Apple Inc. (previously Apple Computer, Inc.) is one of the largest American multinational companies that designs and markets consumer electronics, computer software and personal computers. The company began in the business of personal computers but has expanded into a giant of global reach (lLinzmayer 1999). Currently, they are best known for McIntosh computers, the iPod, iPhone, and iPad. They are the proprietors of the Mac OS X operating system and the iTunes media browser. They offer the iLife suite of multimedia and creativity software, iWork productivity software, and Aperture for professional photographers. Their current list of offerings is extensive and includes other applications for specific industries or uses.

Apple's current distribution system includes a chain of their own retail stores in ten different countries around the globe. They also have an online store where they hardware and software products are sold. Apple's major competition…… [Read More]

References

Apple Inc. 2009. Suppler Responsibility. 2010 Progress Report. Available at: < http://images.apple.com/supplierresponsibility/pdf/L418102A_SR_2010Report_FF.pdf. > [Accessed May 18, 2011.}

Frommer, D. 2011. Gene Munster: Apple Supply Chain Temporarily Affected By Japan Earthquake, But "Demand Stronger Than Ever" (AAPL). March 17, 2011. SF Gate. Available at: < http://www.sfgate.com/cgi-bin/article.cgi?f=/g/a/2011/03/17/businessinsider-gene-munster-apple-supply-demand-2011-3.DTL >. [Accessed May 18, 2011].

Linzmayer, Ronald W. 1999. Apple Confidential: The Real Story of Apple Computer, Inc.. No Starch Press. Available at: <  http://extras.denverpost.com/books/chap0411h.htm . > [Accessed May 18, 2011]

Rassweiler, A. 2011. iSuppli press release: Japanese Earthquake Poses Potential Supply Problems for iPad 2, March 17th 2011. iSupply. Available at: < http://www.isuppli.com/Teardowns/News/Pages/Japanese-Earthquake-Poses-Potential-Supply-Problems-for-iPad-2.aspx >. [Accessed May 18, 2011]
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Hazard Mitigation and Preparedness

Words: 3869 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 1180867

Hazard Mitigation and Preparedness (U.S. Federal Programs: Advantages and Disadvantages)

The confrontations and prospects for the reduction of hazards/disasters have never been greater than in the current period. In theory, the challenge is to do away with all disasters that cause the loss of life or injury to people along with the property and environment damage. On the other hand, such a goal is not possible to achieve practically. Although it is possible to avoid certain risks but the elimination of environmental hazards seems to be an idealistic task (Smith, 2004, p. 268).

The evidence signals that there is a need to do more today for tomorrow. Though investment in hazard mitigation has increased, there are few signs that show the effectiveness of the sustainability plans. In United States of America, several plans are outlined that have lessened the number of casualties and scale of destruction (Smith, 2004, p. 268).…… [Read More]

References

About FEMA. (2011, November 14). In FEMA. Retrieved November 28, 2011, from http://www.fema.gov/about/index.shtm

"About the National Dam Safety Program." (2010, August 11). Retrieved December 09, 2011 from http://www.fema.gov/plan/prevent/damfailure/ndsp.shtm

Bernard, E.N. (2005). The U.S. National Tsunami Hazard Mitigation Program: A Successful State -- Federal Partnership. Springer, 35, 5-24. Retrieved December 07, 2011 from http://www.hawaiistateassessment.info/library/Hawaii_Coastal_Hazards/Document_Library/GENERAL MITIGATION/Bernard USA Tsunami Mitigation.pdf

Edwards, F.L., & Afawubo, I. (2008). Show Me the Money: Financial Recovery after Disaster Professional Emergency Management, Physical Mitigation, Public Education, and Financial Assistance Can All Lessen the Impact of Post-Disaster Community Recovery Costs. The Public Manager, 37(4), 85+. Retrieved December 9, 2011, from Questia database: http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5035928141
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Emergency Communications

Words: 1008 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 99685444

Emergency Planning

Hazard Potential Grid

Criteria

Proba- bility

Predic- tability

Fre- quen- cy

Speed of Onset

Control- lability

Op- tions

Scope and Inten- sity

Assis- tance

Com- munity

Vulnera- bility

Score

Hazard

Earthquake

Flood

Terrorist attack

Act of war

Tornado

Blizzard

Lowest risk within ten years =1; highest risk = 5

Earthquake: St. Louis is about 200 miles from the New Madrid Fault, but because of the geology of the region, shock waves travel a very long distance with considerable force. A major New Madrid Fault earthquake could destroy many vulnerable buildings, do major damage to others, buckle highways and collapse overpasses and possibly bridges. Although the fault has not triggered a major earthquake in modern times, in 1809 and 1810 it triggered two earthquakes about six weeks apart that were both probably around 8.0 on the Richter scale. The region avoided major damage and loss of life only because…… [Read More]

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Japan Abolishes Current Nuclear Plant Fukushima Crisis

Words: 1727 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 78616028

Japan abolishes current nuclear plant Fukushima Crisis. What effects immediately long-term Japan world a case stop operation of nuclear power plants.

As a brief description, Fukushima Dai-Ichi Nuclear Power plant was an operating energy facility in Japan particularly in the Fukushima prefecture or province. The plant was established in 1971, which occupied a total of 3.5-kilometer site that makes it as one of the largest nuclear power plants in the world by land area. This nuclear power plant was very useful in the Japanese energy regulation system because it has an economical generation costs that is more reliable than using hydroelectric power sources from dams and streams. It is operated by Tokyo Electric Power Company that is the largest operating agency around Japan as claimed by Arnold (2010).

On March 11, 2011, a powerful earthquake hit the northeastern portion of Japan with an epicenter just off the coast of Fukushima…… [Read More]

Reference

Arnold, Wesley., 2010. Nuclear Power Plant facilities. New York: McGraw Hill, 78-97.

Cousins, C., (2011). Fukushima Nuclear Power Plant. Retrieved from:  http://www.scj.go.jp/ja/info/jishin/pdf/t-110405-3e.pdf .

Fraser, Scotty., 2009. Environmental Issues: Natural Disasters. Alexandria: Tim and Gale Publishing, 35-38.

Gilbert, L.F., 2011. Application of non-conventional and renewable energy sources. Accessed at:  http://www.em-ea.org/Guide%20Books/book-4/4.12App%20of%20Non%20conventional.pdf .
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Concrete History of Concrete the

Words: 3333 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 9554215

In homes and buildings, the thermal mass of concrete plays a big role in energy efficiency. The high thermal mass of concrete offers this benefit: it stores and releases the energy required for heating or cooling and hence, reduces "temperature swings in homes and buildings."

Interestingly, concrete also helps big rig trucks and "over-the-road trucks" use less fuel; that is because concrete's rigid pavement design is better than asphalt pavement in terms of fuel consumption. And concrete pavement is "light-reflective" and so it requires "less energy than other materials to illuminate." The Cement Americas narrative goes on to report that members of the Portland Cement Association have voted to adopt a goal of reducing carbon dioxide emissions "per ton of product by 10% (from 1990 levels) by the year 2020."

The Portland Cement Association (PCA), meantime, has its own informational eb site (www.cement.org) and the PCA claims that concrete is…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Aaronson, Lauren. "Safer, Tastier Construction." Popular Science 271.5 (2007).

Brown, Jeff L. "Bridges: Construction Begins on Record-Breaking West Virginia Span." Civil

Engineering News. American Society of Civil Engineers. Retrieved Dec. 1, 2007, at http://www.pubs.asce.org.

Cardno, Catherine a. "Fiber-Reinforced Concrete Withstands Strong Earthquakes."
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Emergency Communications

Words: 1603 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 10039455

Memoir of a Public Information Officer: When an Earthquakes Strikes: The First Five Days

On Thursday the 15th of last month, at 7:31 A.M., an earthquake of 5.9 Moment Magnitude struck Southern California. The epicenter was near Santa Clarita, a small suburban community about twenty miles north of Los Angeles along the I-5 freeway. I am the Public Information Officer for the Emergency esponse Office for the City of Santa Clarita. The following is an account of the five days following that earthquake.

I was attending a breakfast meeting with City and County officials discussing items in the proposed budget for our Emergency esponse Office. Over danishes, bagels, coffee, and juice, we were itemized the needs required by my office. The main sticking point was the cost to training more CET (Community Emergency esponse Team) graduates. It is an 18-hour course taught by U.S. FEMA (Federal Emergency Management Agency). Our…… [Read More]

References

Drabek, Thomas E. Emergency Management: Principles and Practice for Local Government. Washington, D.C.: International City Management Association. 1991.

Sylves, Richard T., and Waugh, William L. Jr. Disaster Management in the U.S. And Canada. Springfield: Charles C. Thomas Publisher Ltd. 1996.
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Learning From Post Disaster Response

Words: 2425 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 17826164

Disaster Donations: A Mixture of Blessings and Problems

Disaster donations: a mixture of blessing and problems

Globally, the number of disasters has grown significantly. This has resulted to substantial economic damage. In response to these disasters, worldwide humanitarian aid has increased. A recent report by Global Humanitarian Assistance indicates that worldwide humanitarian aid has doubled compared to ten years ago. In most cases, donations are in the form of cash grants, but a large portion of the donations is "in-kind," in terms of goods, such as food, tents, blankets, medicine, or services such as volunteering (Larson, Metzger and Cahn, 2006). A modern report from the U.N has reported that almost 17% of all donations are "in-kind."

A large proportion of humanitarian aid operations involve logistics and humanitarian organizations face adverse challenges in this sector. Ever since the 2004 Asian Tsunami disaster, many studies have addressed challenges in humanitarian logistics and…… [Read More]

References

Holguin-Veras, J. et al. (2007). Emergency logistics issues affecting the response to Katrina: A

synthesis and preliminary suggestions for improvement. Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board, 2022 (1), 76-82.

Bennett, R., & Gabriel, H. (2003). Image and reputational characteristics of UK charitable organizations: An empirical study. Corporate reputation review, 6(3), 276-289.

Fessler, P. (2013). The 'Second Disaster': Making Well-Intentioned Donations useful. Retrieved from http://www.npr.org/2013/01/12/169198037/the-second-disaster-making-good-intentions-useful
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Emerge From Chinese Quake Horror

Words: 870 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 61561019

The earthquake caused a landslide which cut of the inhabitants of the village from the outside world. The people of this remote village were isolated for sixteen days without food except for small amounts of rice and herbs before being rescued by military helicopter. (Starving quake survivors saved 16 days on)

2. Approval of cloned meat raises consent and concern

The issue of cloning and its impact on human health has once again hit the news with the tacit acceptance of meat from cloned animals for human consumption. There has been a clear preliminary acceptance of meat from cloned animals by the authorities. Stephen Sundlof, director of the Food and Drug Administration's (FDA) Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition, recently said that,

After reviewing additional data and the public comments in the intervening year since the release of our draft documents on cloning, we conclude that meat and milk…… [Read More]

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Japanese Housing Market Your Purchase Japanese

Words: 2514 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 64128914

This draws a pattern of the land price model, concentric as one moves away from CBD.

An interesting element of the Japanese housing market system that is worth considering in terms of its impact on the housing market is the savings rate and savings behavior in Japan. Traditionally, the savings rate in Japan is high, with a population that is risk averse and tends to invest in instruments that have lower returns, but are also less risky. With that in mind, Noguchi and Poterba (1994) tend to support the idea, first of all, that the conditions of owned houses differ from those of rented houses, in that they are especially more spacious and with overall better amenities.

Second to that, there appears to be a clear relationship between geographical location and wealth accumulation, as determined by the savings levels in different regions. Households in larger conurbations, such as Tokyo, accumulated…… [Read More]

References:

Baumgartner, U., Meredith, G., Kahkonen, J., Saving behavior and the asset price "bubble" in Japan: analytical studies, International Monetary Fund, 1995

Cecchetti, S.G., Asset prices and central bank policy, Center for Economic Policy Research, 2000

Hunter, W.C., Asset price bubbles: the implications for monetary, regulatory and international policies, MIT Press, 2005

Noguchi, Yukio; Poterba, James. Housing Markets in the United States and Japan. The University of Chicago Press. 1994.