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The recent Ebola Outbreak in Africa, killing over nine thousand people in Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone, has clearly illustrated new vulnerabilities in the spread of transmittable diseases. Ten people were treated for the Ebola virus in the United States and the disease was shown to be highly mobile. The U.S. government has responded to the crisis in a number of ways including training for U.S. hospital workers, a deployment of military and healthcare workers in est Africa, and money to research different treatments and vaccines to help prevent further outbreaks. This analysis will provide an overview of the Ebola outbreak and the Public Administration response by the U.S. government.
est African Ebola Outbreak
The 2014 Ebola epidemic was the largest in history and affected and directly many est African countries and indirectly affected the entire planet. Two imported cases, including one death, and two locally acquired cases…
Borders, D. w. (2014, October 27). Ebola: Quarantine Can Undermine Efforts to Curb Epidemic. Retrieved from Doctors without Borders: http://www.doctorswithoutborders.org/article/ebola-quarantine-can-undermine-efforts-curb-epidemic
CDC. (2015, February 4). 2014 Ebola Outbreak in West Africa. Retrieved from CDC: http://www.cdc.gov/vhf/ebola/ outbreaks/2014-west-africa/
DOD. (2014). Operation United Assistance. Retrieved from U.S. Department of Defense: http://www.defense.gov/home/features/2014/1014_ebola/
The New York Times. (2015, January 26). How Many Ebola Patients Have Been Treated Outside of Africa? Retrieved from The New York Times: http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2014/07/31/world/africa/ebola-virus-outbreak-qa.html?_r=0
In March 2014, Ebola first emerged as a major threat within West Africa. It has mortality rate of up to 90% and often infects different areas of the body simultaneously. This causes the liver and kidneys to become ineffective at disposing of waste. Once this happens, is the point the individual will begin to experience a loss of bodily fluids and internal / external bleeding. (Garrett, 2014)
The incubation period is from two day to three weeks. During this time, those who are infected will experience a number of symptoms such as: fever, urinary problems, vomiting, headaches, sore throat and a lack of coordination. Anyone who is nearby these individuals, are increasing the chances of becoming exposed through bodily fluids (i.e. seaman, saliva, urine, blood, breast milk and coming in contact with the substances which are spilled). The result is that the disease has quickly spread to different…
Food and Drug Law. (2014). Cornell School of Law. Retrieved from: http://www.law.cornell.edu/wex/food_and_drug_law
Chedekel, L. (2014). Battling Ebola. BU Today. Retrieved from: http://www.bu.edu/today/2014/battling-ebola-the - ethical-issues/
Ciolli, A. (2008). Mandatory School Vaccinations. Yale Journal of Biology and Medicine, 81 (3), 129-137.
Del Rio, C. (2014). Ebola. Annals of Alternative Medicine. Retrieved from: http://annals.org/article.aspx?articleid=1897363
Democratic Republic of the Congo Public Health Concerns and Crisis
The mission of public health sectors in nations across the globe is to promote the fulfillment of the interests of the society in assuring conditions in which individuals can be healthy (Schneider & Schneider, 2016). However, public health sectors in different parts of the world experience various challenges and concerns that pose threats to the health and wellbeing of populations. The Democratic Republic of Congo is an example of a country that faces a public health concern or crisis relating to the Ebola outbreak. The country has witnessed an increase in the number of Ebola cases in recent months. As such cases continue to increase, Congo’s public health sector experiences significant logistical challenges in dealing with the outbreak. This paper discusses the outbreak of Ebola in the Democratic Republic of Congo based on current area statistics.
Public Health Concerns and…
Al Jazeera and News Agencies. (2020, July 14). ‘Great Concern’ as New Ebola Outbreak Grows in Western DR Congo. Al Jazeera. Retrieved September 10, 2020, from https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2020/07/concern-ebola-outbreak-grows-western-dr-congo-200714034610314.html
Reuters. (2020, August 22). Ebola Outbreak in Western DR Congo Hits 100 Cases. CGTN Africa. Retrieved September 10, 2020, from https://africa.cgtn.com/2020/08/22/ebola-outbreak-in-western-dr-congo-hits-100-cases/
Schneider, M. & Schneider, H.S. (2016). Introduction to public health (5th ed.). Burlington, MA: Jones & Bartlett Learning.
World Health Organization. (2020). Congo – Country Profile. Retrieved September 10, 2020, from https://www.afro.who.int/fr/countries/congo
World Health Organization. (2020, August 21). Ebola Outbreak in Western Democratic Republic of the Congo Reaches 100 Cases. Retrieved September 10, 2020, from https://www.afro.who.int/news/ebola-outbreak-western-democratic-republic-congo-reaches-100-cases
World Health Organization. (2020, July 3). Ebola in the Democratic Republic of the Congo – North Kivu, Ituri 2018 – 2020. Retrieved September 10, 2020, from https://www.who.int/emergencies/diseases/ebola/drc-2019
Indigenous Environmental Issues
Ebola is increasingly becoming a salient concern due to the fact that recent outbreaks that have highlighted the risks that are associated with the disease to individual health, as well as having also highlighted the ability to the disease to spread and threaten the public health of whole societies across the globe. Given the importance of the topic, researchers have worked to attempt to determine the specific causes that allow for the spread of this disease. The research has spurred many scientific debates and theories that have arisen to explain the transmittance of Ebola. Various relevant factors have been identified as possible causal links to the spread of the disease such as deforestation and climate change.
Ebola is a communicable disease that has the potential to spread quickly and has the potential to devastate the state of public health in virtually every population on the…
Bausch, D., & Schwarz, L. (2014). Outbreak of Ebola Virus Disease in Guinea: Where Ecology Meets Economy. PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseasess, e3056.
Bruce, J., Cur, B., Brysiwicz, P., & Cur, M. S. (2002). Ebola Fever: The African Emergency. International Journal of Trauma Nursing, 1-6.
Chasek, P., Downie, D., & Brown, J. (2014). Global environmental politics. Boulder, Colorado: Westview Press.
Clerici, M., Combal, B., Pekel, J., Dubois, G., van't Klooster, J., Skoien, J., & Bartholome, E. (2013). The eStation, an Earth Observation processing service in support to ecological monitoring. Ecological Informatics, 18, 162-170. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoinf.2013.08.004
Ebola: Prevention and Management of the Infection
The Ebola virus infection has dented the medical care field a big blow due to the highly infectious nature and the lack of a proper cure or vaccine at the current time. There is need hence for the absolute preparation for handling and prevention of the continued spreading of the viral infection by the healthcare workers.
The first step is to be undertaken way before the healthcare workers receive the Ebola patient. They must have received thorough training and also practically shown that they can efficiently perform all the Ebola related infection control drills and processes particularly in donning and doffing (wearing and removing) the personal protective equipment (PPE). This donning and doffing needs to be supervised at all time by a trained observer in order to see into it that stablished protocols are followed for the eventual protection of the healthcare worker…
CDC, (2014a). Guidance on Personal Protective Equipment To Be Used by Healthcare Workers During Management of Patients with Ebola Virus Disease in U.S. Hospitals, Including Procedures for Putting On (Donning) and Removing (Doffing). Retrieved November 1, 2014 from http://www.cdc.gov/vhf/ebola/ hcp/procedures-for-ppe.html
CDC, (2014b). Ebola (Ebola Virus Disease) Signs and Symptoms. Retrieved November 1, 2014 from
Ebola Virus esponse and esource Management Plan
Implications for Public Health
Incident Command Structure
Social and Mental Health Programs
Precautions for Healthcare Providers
This paper develops a response and resource management plan for Ebola virus. The paper would provide general information about the virus. In addition to that it will also highlight the incident command structure, resource requirements, communication and dead-body management, health and mental programs, and the precautionary measures that would be incorporated in the plan.
Ebola Virus esponse and esource Management Plan
The Ebola epidemic, which began on the year 2014, is the largest epidemic that has been witnessed in the history, in its initial stages the Ebola virus affected a large number of people in West Africa, but it continued to grow and now poses a significant threat to various nations of the…
Fish, L. (2014). Ebola Outbreak Preparedness, pp. 2-20. Bloomington: Indiana University. Retrieved from http://marionprepares.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/10/Ebola-Summit-Medical-Break-Out-Session.pdf
Staff Members of the Department of Health and Social Services, State of Alaska, (2015). Alaska Department of Health and Social Services Ebola Virus Disease Response Plan, pp. 3-36. Anchorage: Department of Health and Social Services, State of Alaska. Retrieved from http://www.epi.hss.state.ak.us/id/dod/ebola/EbolaResponsePlan.pdf
Staff Members of the Governor's Office of Homeland Security and Emergency Preparedness, State of Louisiana, (2014). Louisiana Ebola Virus Disease Response Plan Governor's Office of Homeland Security and Emergency Preparedness, pp. 4-73. Baton Rouge: Governor's Office of Homeland Security and Emergency Preparedness, State of Louisiana. Retrieved from http://gohsep.la.gov/plans/2014_Louisiana_Ebola_Response_Plan_Annex.pdf
Staff Members of the National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases, Division of High-Consequence Pathogens and Pathology, (2014). Ebola, pp. 1-3. Atlanta: National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases, Division of High-Consequence Pathogens and Pathology. Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/vhf/ebola/ pdf/ebola-factsheet.pdf
Ebola: History And Analysis of the Current Outbreak
The spread of Ebola has been much-publicized in the media, due to the fact "the current outbreak in West Africa, (first cases notified in March 2014), is the largest and most complex Ebola outbreak since the Ebola virus was first discovered in 1976. There have been more cases and deaths in this outbreak than all others combined" ("Ebola, 2014). This paper will summarize contributing factors behind the epidemic, suggesting that in addition to biological characteristics of the pathogen, critical structural deficits in the health system in Africa are also contributing to its spread.
The nature of Ebola
According to the World Health Organization's fact sheet on the disease, the Ebola virus was first identified in 1976 during two simultaneous outbreaks, one in the Sudan and the other in the Congo. The virus is believed to have originated in the fruit bats of…
Ebola. (2014). WHO. Retrieved from: http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs103/en/
Paye-Layeh, J. & DiLorenzo, S. (2014). Doctors Without Borders criticizes international Ebola
Response. The Huffington Post. Retrieved from:
Ebola outbreak and the AIDS epidemic
The Ebola outbreak in Sierra Leone was deemed catastrophic, and there were widespread cases that resulted from people touching or following their customs in regards to caring for the sick. The cultural practices of the communities were the main reasons the disease was widespread within the country. Analyzing the Ebola outbreak documentary offers more insight on how people viewed the disease and their reactions to the doctors. In regards to the Haitian AIDS epidemic, it is clear that the sexual escapades and widespread prostitution was the main cause of the epidemic. Haitian's did not believe in using any form of protection during sexual intercourse, and the men would have multiple partners including other men. There was a belief that that disease was a hoax and a creation of the American government. Looking at the two cases one can establish the similarities and differences in…
Dabbous, W. (Writer). (2014). Ebola Outbreak. In W. Dabbous (Producer). http://www.pbs.org .
Selzer, R. (1987). A Mask on the Face of Death.
The author of this report has been tasked with garnering and collecting business intelligence as it pertains to the Ebola virus outbreak in West Africa. Countries that will be of particular focus will include Liberia, Guinea and Sierra Leone. As part of the process and results of this report, there will be a location and collection of the data, and analysis of the data using techniques and software of the author's choice and a presentation of the overall results. One figure and presentation in particular will be a map of the affected region. While the region is certainly not out of the woods, the Ebola outbreak in West Africa would seem to be mostly under control at this time but the overall threat of a further outbreak still remains.
Given that travelling to West Africa would be cost-prohibitive and dangerous, the author of this report shall rely…
Dixon, M. G., & Schafer, I. J. (2014). Ebola viral disease outbreak - West Africa,
2014. MMWR: Morbidity & Mortality Weekly Report, 63(25), 548-551 4p.
Enanoria, W. A., Worden, L., Liu, F., Gao, D., Ackley, S., Scott, J., & ... Porco, T. C.
(2015). Evaluating sub-criticality during the Ebola epidemic in West Africa. Plos ONE, 10(10), 1-10. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0140651
Western Africa Ebola epidemic (2014) is the "largest in history," and has killed many hundreds of people (p. 1). Formerly known as Ebola hemorrhagic fever, Ebola virus disease was first identified near the Ebola iver, for which the disease is named. Symptoms of the disease may not be present for up to three weeks due to the incubation period of the virus. Moreover, symptoms are general and resemble those of other diseases, making definitive diagnosis difficult before taking laboratory tests. Symptoms include headache, fever, muscle pain, vomiting, and diarrhea. Hampton (2014) notes that fatality rates are as high as ninety percent. Those who survive will develop antibodies that can last up to ten years (CDC, 2014). However, there are as of yet no known cures or vaccines (Brumfield & Wilson, 2014). Although fewer than 2400 cases were recorded until this year, over 700 individuals have died from the disease already…
Brumfield, B. & Wilson, J. (2014). Ebola virus fears grow as virus spreads. Journal of Advanced Practice Nursing. Retrieved online: http://www.asrn.org/journal-advanced-practice-nursing/1166-ebola-virus-fears-grow-as-virus-spreads.html
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) (2014). Ebola. Retrieved online: http://www.cdc.gov/vhf/ebola/
Hampton, T. (2014). Largest-ever outbreak of Ebola virus disease thrusts experimental therapies, vaccines into spotlight. Journal of the American Medical Association, 312 (10), 987-989
Hewlett, B.S. & Hewlett, B.L. (2005). Providing care and facing death: Nursing
, 2001). These two simple measures can drastically increase the subsequent spread of infectious disease throughout the country.
In Outbreak, the military institutes martial law to quarantine the infected populace in the town of Cedar Creek. Eventually, the military begins plans to bomb Cedar Creek in an attempt to eradicate the virus, which had thus far proven untenable. hile the concept of the United States government destroying a small town and murdering its populace is likely superlative Hollywood movie-making, the institution of martial law is a realistic and effective approach toward preventing further spread (Yassi et al., 2001).
In addition to the non-medical measures which can be taken to deal with the spread of an infectious agent, there are several medical actions which could be utilized to treat infected invididuals, including antivirals, antibiotics, or vaccines (Yassi et al., 2001). For example, antivirals and vaccines are both being utilized in an…
Cavendish, M. (2007). Diseases and Disorders (p. 328). Marshall Cavendish.
Groseth, A., Feldmann, H., & Strong, J.E. (2007). The ecology of Ebola virus. Trends in Microbiology, 15(9), 408-416. doi: 10.1016/j.tim.2007.08.001.
Petersen, W. (1995). Outbreak. Warner Bros. Pictures.
Preston, R. (2009). Panic in Level 4 (p. 230). Random House, Inc.
The state response to Ebola should be a coordinated communications effort. This will serve a number of purposes. First, it will maintain fiscal discipline. Second, communication is key to maintaining public order should there be an outbreak of Ebola. Third, communication helps to reduce the risk of an outbreak, because all members of our community will know how to avoid spreading Ebola.
The recent revelations that the World Health Organization and others botched their response to the Ebola outbreak in West Africa has done little to calm the public here at home regarding this disease. A government that deals in evidence and has a realistic world view does not need to address irrational panic, but the fact that global and national-level bodies seem challenged to come up with a plan to deal with Ebola places the onus on the state to devise such solutions. Already, some states, such as…
AP. (2014). Canadian nurses: Updated ebola guidelines don't protect healthcare staff. Global News. Retrieved October 22, 2014 from http://globalnews.ca/news/1623732/canada-releases-updated-ebola-guidelines-amid-calls-for-international-aid/
CBS. (2014). Christie announce MJ ebola team. CBS New York. Retrieved October 22, 2014 from http://newyork.cbslocal.com/2014/10/22/christie-to-hold-nj-response-readiness-briefing-on-ebola/
Dixon, R. (2014). Eight reported dead in attack on Ebola workers in Guinea. Los Angeles Times. Retrieved October 22, 2014 from http://www.latimes.com/world/africa/la-fg-attack-ebola-guinea-outreach-20140918-story.html#
Indigenous Environmental Studies
For this assignment, we choose the problem of deforestation in Africa and it potential link to the outbreak of the Ebola virus. There have been scientific discussions and debates about whether deforestation was the primary cause of the rise and spread of the Ebola virus which is yet to be conclusively proven but there are enough indications to this end. Hence, for this paper, it is proposed to study the possible link between deforestation in Africa to the spread of the deadly virus that resulted in one of the greatest natural disasters for mankind.
Was deforestation the case of west Africa's Ebola outbreak?
Deforestation in Africa -- especially in sub-Saharan Africa is a major problem and a cause of concern for environmentalists as well as for the local population. However, this problem turned out to be a care for the global population after the rapid…
Chasek, P., Downie, D., & Brown, J. (2014). Global environmental politics. Boulder, Colorado: Westview Press.
Clerici, M., Combal, B., Pekel, J., Dubois, G., van't Klooster, J., Skoien, J., & Bartholome, E. (2013). The eStation, an Earth Observation processing service in support to ecological monitoring. Ecological Informatics, 18, 162-170. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoinf.2013.08.004
Davies, C. (2015). Deforestation 'may have started west Africa's Ebola outbreak'. The Guardian, p. 1. Retrieved from http://www.theguardian.com/world/2015/oct/29/deforestation-might-have-started-west-africas-ebola-outbreak
Ginsberg, J. (2014). How saving West African forests might have prevented the Ebola epidemic. The Guardian, p. 1. Retrieved from http://www.theguardian.com/vital-signs/2014/oct/03/ebola-epidemic-bats-deforestation-west-africa-guinea-sierra-leone-liberia http://news.mongabay.com ,. (2006). Africa's deforestation rate may be underestimated. Retrieved 25 February 2016, from
Inspiration Towards Choosing Medicine and Becoming a Physician
In the year 2014, the month of February the world woke to a shocking revelation of an outbreak of Ebola in parts of Africa, West Africa in particular. The WHO confirmed t he pandemic and wooed the world, governments, nations and individuals to helping putting together help of whatever form towards helping this part of the world from the pandemic. The news literally took over the news headlines, the blogs online, the websites and all tabloids and even radio were all a buzz with the sad news of the Ebola outbreak. The speed at which is spread at the devastating effects were of apocalyptic proportions.
The CDC activated the Emergency Operations Center meant to directly deal with the Ebola catastrophe, this center was specifically meant to coordinate the technical assistance and control the activities with other agencies of the US government, the…
CDC, (2016). 2014-2016 Ebola Outbreak in West Africa. Retrieved May 18, 2017 from https://www.cdc.gov/vhf/ebola/outbreaks/2014-west-africa/
What are Bacteria and Viruses?
The most basic difference between bacteria and viruses is their size. Whereas both bacteria and viruses are too tiny to notice with the naked eye, most bacteria are about one micrometer in length and can be perceived with a good optical microscope. On the other hand, viruses are smaller than the wavelength of visible light, which suggests that they can only be perceived by using an electron microscope (Nursing Times, 2006). Infection, every so often the initial phase, takes place when bacteria, viruses or other microbes that cause disease enter the human body and start to multiply. Disease comes about and ensues when the cells in the human body are damaged, as a result of the infection, and signs and symptoms of a disease appear.
Bacterial and viral infections are contaminations caused by bacteria and viruses. Bacteria release poisons known as toxins into the…
As anyone that knows history understands full well, the history of Africa has been fairly tumultuous over the years. Just looking over the last half a millennium reveals a very turbulent stretch of time that is full of slavery, colonialism, escape from said colonialism, genocide, starvation, anarchy and so forth. However, there have also been some good to great things that have happened in Africa and many of them are recent. This report shall look at the totality of post-colonial Africa. Much like the rest of the world, Africa has had to make a lot of adjustments since the imperialism of the French, British and Spanish has fallen away. Africa is far from being the only corner of the world that can say this about itself but Africa has quite obviously been hit harder than most continents and regions and this is especially true over the last half…
CDC,. (2015). 2014 Ebola Outbreak in West Africa| Ebola Hemorrhagic Fever | CDC. Cdc.gov. Retrieved 2 August 2015, from http://www.cdc.gov/vhf/ebola/ outbreaks/2014-west-africa/
Democracy in the Rough: Long Awaited Congolese Elections. (2015).
Gilbert, E., & Reynolds, J. (2012). Africa in world history. Boston: Pearson.
Rwanda: A History of Genocide. (2015).
Dr. Paul Hunter's efusal
The Case of Dr. Lukwiya
Justification of the Pressure of health Care
Dr. Paul Hunter's efusal:
Dr Hunter was very straightforward about admitting that he was afraid to treat the patient with monleypox. He did not mince words in saying that he was concerned that if he touched the patient he might get infected with the disease and in turn would end up infecting his children who were under the age 11. He was in fact happy that when the patient tasked himself to be transferred. The doctor tried and stayed away from the patient as much as possible and hence he did not even touch the patient even though he made regular visits to the isolation ward of the hospital. His primary concern was the safety and the life of his children because being doctor he very well knew the threat to life that…
Boylan, Michael. Basic Ethics. Upper Saddle River, N.J.: Prentice Hall, 2000.
Boylan, Michael. Medical Ethics. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall, 2000.
Edward Freeman, R., Gianfranco Rusconi, Silvana Signori, and Alan Strudler. 'Stakeholder Theory(Ies): Ethical Ideas And Managerial Action'. J Bus Ethics 109, no. 1 (2012): 1-2.
Graham, Gordon. Eight Theories Of Ethics. London: Routledge/Taylor and Francis Group, 2004.
Digital Disease Detection, commonly referred to as digital epidemiology provided strategies and methods for allowing digital-technology users to monitor infectious disease and conduct surveillance. These strategies help in the understanding of concerns and attitudes regarding infectious diseases. The process begins with the basics, such as the availability of internet access, online sharing platforms and other digital devices. These sources offer huge amounts of data. It is important to note that while these sources collect data, they do not, do so, with public health objectives in focus (Denecke, 2017).
The past few decades have seen tremendous changes in the world. There have been many and varied threats; from bioterrorism, influenza pandemics and the emergence of infectious diseases. There is also the issue of unforeseen population mobility which is among the reasons that triggered the development of public health surveillance systems. Such systems are invaluable tools in the detection and response…
CRNE Event and Response
Over the last several years, the safety of chemical, biological, radiological, nuclear and explosive related weapons (CRNE) has been increasingly brought to the forefront. Part of the reason for this, is because downfall of the Soviet Union has meant that acquiring these materials from failed states have increased exponentially. As, the stockpiles in many of these areas have questionable security procedures that are allowing terrorist and other rogue organizations to have access to these materials. (Prosser, 2011)
At the same time, the total amount of countries that are possessing these materials have increased dramatically. As different nations, are using these weapons to protect against possible military attacks or internal insurrection. In a number of cases, the majority of states that possess CRNE's are more than likely considered to: have questionable human rights records or they may not have signed different international provisions limiting the proliferation of…
Chemical, Biological and Nuclear Weapons at a Glance. (2011). Arms Control. Retrieved from: http://www.armscontrol.org/factsheets/cbwprolif
Alfred, R. (2009). March 20, 1995. Wired. Retrieved from: http://www.wired.com/science/discoveries/news/2009/03/dayintech_0320
Carus, S. (1997). The Threat of Bioterrorism. Strategic Forum, 127.
Hoffman, B. (2001). Changes and Continuity. Studies in Conflict and Terrorism, 24 (5), 417 -- 428.
Locate a copy of an organizational chart of your company, division, or department. If you do not have access to an organization chart, you can find examples of organizational charts on the Internet searching on Alta Vista, http://www.altavista.com/, for the term "company organizational charts." What type of organizational structure does the organization currently have? Is the structure functional, geographic, product, network, or a hybrid? Is it mechanistic or organic? How effective is the current structure? Could or should it be more organic? What changes would you make if you were a top executive? Explain why.
Organizing and Leading
The organizational chart example provided here illustrates a formal structure based on job function. The structure of the chart suggests a mechanistic way of conducting business as the lines of reporting are clearly demarcated and indicate functional relations between the positions. A dotted line drawn between the Construction Group…
As was expected, the epublicans took the House and Senate in the 2014 mid-term elections, shifting the balance of power in the United States government. The election was viewed by many as a referendum on President Obama's policies. The President said it (Martosko, 2014), conservative talking heads said it (Krauthammer, 2014), and voters in exit polls said as much, too (aedle, 2014). This argument makes for fine political rhetoric, this ignores the fact that Obama ran for re-election in 2012. The ACA had been passed but nobody had seen its benefits yet, only heard the fearmongering. The economy was going nowhere fast in 2012, versus two strong quarters in 2014, and the unemployment rate has been declining for four straight years. If there was a time when a referendum on Obama's policies was going to cost him, it would have been in 2012, not the 2014 midterms. Unless of…
Edsall, T. (2014). Election 2014: What do the midterms tell us about 2016? New York Times. Retrieved December 6, 2014 from http://www.nytimes.com/2014/11/04/opinion/what-does-2014-tell-us-about-2016.html
Judis, J. (2014). Here's why Democrats got crushed -- and why 2016 won't be a cakewalk. The New Republic. Retrieved December 6, 2014 from http://www.newrepublic.com/article/120138/2014-election-results-heres-why-democrats-lost-senate-gop
Krauthammer, C. (2014). U.S. midterms represent a referendum on White House competence. National Post. Retrieved December 6, 2014 from http://fullcomment.nationalpost.com/2014/10/31/charles-krauthammer-u-s-midterms-represent-a-referendum-on-white-house-competence/
Martosko, D. (2014). Obama says midterm election is a referendum on the economy. The Daily Mail. Retrieved December 6, 2014 from http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2777470/Obama-speak-economy-Northwestern-U.html
One of the key contentious issues in the recently finished United States presidential elections from members of both parties was that of ending the free trade agreements. Free trade takes into account the lack of restrictions on imports or exports by government administrations. Therefore, there is the free flow of goods and services to and from nations based on the market demand and supply. In the contemporary, the United States has effective free trade agreements with twenty nations. One of the major key trade agreements for the nation is the North American Free Trade Agreement, which delineates the guiding principles for transnational trade with Mexico and Canada (International Trade Administration). The purpose of this paper is to discuss the costs and benefits of free trade and the impact on the United States if the deliberations on ending free trade agreements come to fruition.
Creative Destruction and Impact on the…
Boston Fed. "Winners and Losers of Creative destruction: Should we put the emphasis on creative or destruction? Discuss among yourselves." (2007). Retrieved from: https://www.bostonfed.org/-/media/Documents/ledger/fall2007/winners.pdf?la=en
Caballero, Ricardo. "Creative Destruction." MIT. (2010). Retrieved from: http://economics.mit.edu/files/1785
Collins, Mike. "The Pros and Cons of Globalization." Forbes, 2015. Retrieved from: http://www.forbes.com/sites/mikecollins/2015/05/06/the-pros-and-cons-of-globalization/#40aacdb12170
Gerson, Michael. "U.S. isolation is bad policy, even if Americans say they want it." The Washington Post, 2014. Retrieved from: https://www.washingtonpost.com/opinions/michael-gerson-us-isolation-is-bad-policy-even-if-americans-say-they-want-it/2014/10/13/651fad6c-5300-11e4-892e-602188e70e9c_story.html?utm_term=.5abe67cfe0ae
Public Health Preparedness
The concept of 'public health preparedness' (PHP) has been garnering recognition worldwide, given the global-scale threats which are constantly encountered by professional healthcare organizations, including bioterrorism, Ebola, the West Nile Virus, and influenza. Preparedness approaches have brought about improvements in the overall healthcare system, by enabling swifter responses to diverse kinds of hazards across the globe. A majority of PHP measures adopted in America are government-judged; this gives rise to concerns pertaining to militarization. Still, preparedness programs in other country-level settings don't essentially indicate comparable implications. The global significance of health sector preparedness has served to increase governmental need of resolving the concern by means of financing, advances, and maintenance approaches which aid speedy response to every kind of crisis. However, akin to all other ideas, the PHP concept is also accompanied by certain major challenges, like the threat of public health militarization. Yet the associated advantages…
Eisenstein, R., Finnegan, J. R., & Curran, J. W. (2014). Contributions of Academia to Public Health Preparedness Research. Public Health Reports, 129(Suppl 4), 5 -- 7.
Khan, Y., Fazli, G., Henry, B., de Villa, E., Tsamis, C., Grant, M., & Schwartz, B. (2015). The Evidence Base of Primary Research in Public Health Emergency Preparedness: A Scoping Review and Stakeholder Consultation. BMC Public Health, 15, 432. http://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-015-1750-1
Moore, S., Mawji, A., Shiell, A., & Noseworthy, T. (2007). Public Health Preparedness: A Systems-Level Approach. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 61(4), 282 -- 286. http://doi.org/10.1136/jech.2004.030783
Nelson, C., Lurie, N., Wasserman, J., & Zakowski, S. (2007). Conceptualizing and Defining Public Health Emergency Preparedness. American Journal of Public Health, 97(Suppl 1), S9 -- S11. http://doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2007.114496
The two most important operations that are executed during a successful response effort are evacuation and hazard or threat containment. Communication is essential to both responses and neither can be achieved without an effective communication effort; however, communication by itself is not a sufficient goal. In an emergency response situation, the two most critical steps are to safely evacuate anyone potentially still in danger and to then effectively contain the threat so that the danger does not spread to other places and risk the lives of others. Victim treatment and apprehension of the perpetrators are important—but in the first stages of response, they are secondary to the immediate goal of getting people to safety, which is always going to be the first and foremost initial concern in any emergency response approach (Haddow, Bullock & Coppola, 2017).
As Ding, Tong, Zhang and Mao (2018) point out, evacuation is one…
Perhaps the public has become somewhat desensitized by nuclear war, but the idea of unseen agents loosed in the water supply, or used to burn without fire, causes panic to a greater degree (Tucker, 2008, 112-15).
An interesting paradigm regarding the fear factor involved in chemical and biological terrorism may surround the psychological issues that have surrounded the possibility of nuclear fear for decades, almost desensitizing people to it -- and the thought that they would either be instantly vaporized, or at least face a quick death. With biologics and chemicals, though, the fear is more of slowly dying, sick, bleeding, etc. such as shown in the films Outbreak or the Andromeda Strain (Smithson, 2004).
hemical Weapons -- hemical warfare and weaponry is nothing new to the scene of terrorism and war, especially after the advances made during World War I. The destructive effects of chemical weapons are their toxic…
Chemical terrorism is terroristic warfare that uses weapons that are chemically based, such as gas, burning agents, or other liquid or gaseous compounds. Unlike the chemical warfare that so terrorized the soldiers in World War I, in which trenched troops shot poisonous shells into each other's trench cities, or gassed whole planes of battle, is it more systematic and targeted. It differs, too, from a military use of such agents against a human population, for example the use of poisons by Sadaam Hussein against his own minority populations. Chemical terrorism is similar in many ways to biological terrorism, but the agents and toxins used operate in a different manner -- chemically induced carnage from the outside of the body as opposed to bioligically induced destruction from the inside of the body moving outward (Taylor, 2001; Falkenrath, et.al., 1998).
Biological Weapons - a bioterrorism attack uses biological weapons (viruses, bacteria, or germs) that are released in a manner that will negatively impact either humans, flora or fauna in a given environment. The particular agents involved must be deliberately set upon a population and may be natural forms or genetically manipulated agents that are more virulent than naturally found in nature, or resistant to current treatment or detection. These deadly agents may be airborne, ingested in drinking water, or become part of the food chain. This is the crux of their popularity -- they are often difficult to isolate and detect and often are latent for hours or days prior to symptoms, allowing the terrorist to be far away from the specified population when it becomes clear a biological was used. Some of the most power (smallpox, etc.) can be spread from person to person, some (Ebola) are so virulent they often kill their host prior to recontamination and others (anthrax, for example) must be touched or ingested by the individual for the effect to occur ("Bioterrorism Overview," CDC, 2007).
Every society has suffered more from disease than warfare, even though one might argue that the first case of biological warfare was unleashed upon the Aztec and Maya by the Spanish Conquistadores. In fact, many experts believe that without the outbreaks of smallpox, measles, and venereal disease, there would not have been a Spanish victory (Diamond, 2005).
She is said to have refused to stop being a cook and this led to infection of people in a New York maternity hospital consequently she was re-arrested by the health officers and taken back to quarantine in 1915 till her death in 1938. This sparked a lot of human rights issues concerning quarantine as never before.
The typhoid pandemic in New York went hand in hand with the poliomyelitis pandemic that began in 1916. The health officers began to separate parents from their children in chagrin of many. This saw the wealthier families provide isolation rooms and treatment for their children right at home. However, in November of the same year when the pandemic subsided, it was after well above 2,300 lives claimed by the pandemic, a vast majority being the young.
It was not long until the world war brought with it another challenge of prostitution and consequent…
Barroni & Lemer, (1993). Temporarily Detained: Tuberculous Alcoholics in Seattle: 1949
through 1960. Public Health then and now. American Journal of Public Health. Vol. 86 No. 2. http://ajph.aphapublications.org/cgi/reprint/86/2/257.pdf
Elizabeth & Daniel M., (1988). AIDS: The Burdens of History. PP 151-152. London: University
of California Press Ltd. retrieved on May 17, 2010 from http://books.google.co.ke/books?id=z6NTN5uYOEAC&pg=PA151&lpg=PA151&dq=the+most+concerted+attack+on+civil+liberties+in+the+name+of+public+health+in+American+history.%22&source=bl&ots=ex3b2rbZNW&sig=A0oWLrxni6iipuMdeUwT5jiCzEI&hl=en&ei=jvXyS6jkJZGnsAazg8HrCw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=2&ved=0CBsQ6AEwAQ#v=onepage&q=the%20most%20concerted%20attack%20on%20civil%20liberties%20in%20the%20name%20of%20public%20health%20in%20American%20history.%22&f=false
These efforts include: expansion of international efforts to prevent terrorist acquisition of biological agents, initiated Bioatch program to detect initial releases of biological weapons within the environment, launched food programs to carefully inspect foods for potential bioagents (with greater focus on foreign foods), expanded bioterrorism research (including Project Bioshield, a program to develop medical ripostes to biological agents), and increased medical stockpiles and training for dealing with bioterrorism attacks (Cordesman; Lindler, Lebeda, & Korch; Petsko; Fidler & Gostin). These efforts will help to both prevent the initial release of any biological agents within the general populace or environment, as well as effectively treat afflicted individuals and slow spread through appropriate treatments.
Once biological agents are released into the general population, the extent of disease spread and number of individuals afflicted will be significantly affected by the role and effectiveness of the government through quarantine and treatment (Cordesman; Lindler, Lebeda, &…
Cole, Leonard A. The Eleventh Plague. Macmillan, 2002. Print.
Cordesman, Anthony H. The challenge of biological terrorism. CSIS, 2005. Print.
Fidler, David P., and Lawrence O. Gostin. Biosecurity in the global age. Stanford University Press, 2008. Print.
Kortepeter, MG, and GW Parker. "Potential biological weapons threats." Emerging Infectious Diseases 5.4 (1999): 523-527. Print.
" Encyclopaedia Britannica. 2009. Encyclopaedia Britannica Online. 22 Apr. 2009 .
Goldman, D. "The Generals and the Germs." Journal of Military History 73(2). Apr 2009: p. 531-569. Academic Search Complete. EBSCOHost. University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ. April 22, 2009 .
Guillemin, J. "Germ arfare Under the Microscope." Futurist 42(3) May/Jun 2008: p. 31. MasterFILE Premier. EBSCOHost. University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ. April 22, 2009 .
Kelle, A. "Strengthening the Effectiveness of the BT Control Regime -- Feasibility and Options." Contemporary Security Policy 24(2) Aug 2003: p. 95-132. MasterFILE Premier. EBSCOHost. University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ. April 22, 2009 .
Kellman, B. "Bioviolence: A Growing Threat." Futurist 42(3) May/Jun 2008: p. 25-30. MasterFILE Premier. EBSCOHost. University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ. April 22, 2009 .
Littlewood, J. "Biological eapons: Much Ado and Little Action." Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning & Policy 45(2) Apr 2007: p. 191-203. MasterFILE Premier. EBSCOHost. University of…
"Biological Weapon." Encyclopaedia Britannica. 2009. Encyclopaedia Britannica Online. 22 Apr. 2009 .
Goldman, D. "The Generals and the Germs." Journal of Military History 73(2). Apr 2009: p. 531-569. Academic Search Complete. EBSCOHost. University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ. April 22, 2009 .
Guillemin, J. "Germ Warfare Under the Microscope." Futurist 42(3) May/Jun 2008: p. 31. MasterFILE Premier. EBSCOHost. University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ. April 22, 2009 .
Kelle, A. "Strengthening the Effectiveness of the BTW Control Regime -- Feasibility and Options." Contemporary Security Policy 24(2) Aug 2003: p. 95-132. MasterFILE Premier. EBSCOHost. University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ. April 22, 2009 .
Management of Technology in Developing Countries Such as Iran
Technology management arrangements of developing countries vary from those of first world ones. The requirement for skill in these states is not growing from within, but somewhat cropping up from new wares imported from first world countries. Technological growth in addition does not consequence from inner data and research, but resulting upon the technology transmission from abroad. In these environments, technology management by customary way is barely effective. These are troubles facing the Islamic epublic of Iran these days and as a consequence organizations controlling the technology management endure non-compliance, then technological development does not trail an accurate trend (obertson, 2002).
Lack of distinctive management, vagueness of technological precedence's, misunderstanding of policy-making roles and inter-organization implementation and management, tremendous government involvement in all fields and lack of specialist manpower are amongst the vital troubles of the topic (Sveiby et. al 2001).…
(1.) Abou-Zeid, E.S. "A Knowledge Management Reference Model." Journal of Knowledge Management, 6(5), 2002. pp. 486-499.
(2.) Bender S. And Fish A. "The Transfer of Knowledge and the Retention of Expertise: The Continuing Need for Global Assignments." Journal of Knowledge Management, 4(2), 2008. pp. 125-135.
(3.) Beveren, V.J. "A Model of Knowledge Acquisition that Refocuses Knowledge Management." Journal of Knowledge Management, 6(1), 2002. pp. 18-22.
(4.) Bhatt, G. "Organizing Knowledge in the Knowledge Development Cycle." Journal of Knowledge Management, 4(1), 2009. pp. 15-26.
Middle ange Nursing Theorist: ozzano Locsin
Dr. ozzano Locsin attained a PhD in nursing at the University of the Philippines in 1988. He is currently a tenured Professor of Nursing at Florida Atlantic University. Locsin has extensive experience in nursing research in a variety of nations: "Through the Fulbright Scholar Award, he developed the first Masters program in Nursing in Uganda while researching the phenomenon 'waiting-to-know' and the lived experiences of persons exposed to patients who died of Ebola Hemorrhagic Fever" (ozzano Locsin, 2011, Pro-Libraries). His current research interests focus on themes of technology and caring in nursing and "life transitions in human health" (ozzano Locsin, 2011, Pro-Libraries). Locsin calls his mid-range theory the "technological competency as caring model."
Theory development: How the theorist came about to develop his/her theory
Locsin's theory arose because of the frustrations he perceived in nurses when they were coping…
Locsin, Rozzano C. (2005). Technological competency as caring in nursing.
Sigma Theta Tau International
Parker, Marilyn E & Marlaine C. Smith. (2010). Nursing theories & Nursing practice.
F.A. Davis Company.
It starts with 2 broad branches -- Psychopathic rapists and Non-psychopathic rapists. In this category, Homolka can be classified to be a Psychopathic rapist. The next classification under psychopathic rapists divides them into opportunistic, pervasively angry and sadistic rapists. Here, the behavior of Homolka can be thought to be sadistic in nature. Under sadistic, there are 2 categories of rapists who are the overt and the muted rapists. Here, Homolka is classified as a muted rapist since her actions were not well pronounced and they were hidden and secret. The acts of rape only came to be known when they came clean to their uncle under the fear that their separation would lead to the rapes being discovered. Therefore according to the MTC:3, Homolka can be thought to be a type 5 rapist.
Under the gross typology there are various categories of rapists. There is the power reassurance rapist who…
http://seattletimes.nwsource.com/html/nationworld/2009330156_holocaustshooting12.htmlEmery , T., & Robbins, L. (2009). Holocaust Museum shooter James von Brunn had history of hate Retrieved 21st January, 2012, from Goodwin, J. (2006). A Theory of Categorical Terrorism. Social Forces, 84(4), 2027-2046.
Kruttschnitt, C. (1989). A Sociological, Offender-Based, Study of Rape. The Sociological Quarterly, 30(2), 305-329.
Future Strategies of eBay
eBay was founded in 1995 by Pierre Omidyar as "AuctionWeb," part of a larger personal site that included, among other things, Omidyar's tribute to the Ebola virus (Wikipedia, 2004). The site belonged to Echo Bay Technology Group, Omidyar's consulting firm. He had tried to register the domain name "EchoBay.com" but found it already taken, so he shortened it to his second choice, "eBay.com." eBay is headquartered in San Jose, California. Meg Whitman has served as eBay's president and CEO since March 1998.
eBay has transformed traditional businesses through technology and understanding consumer needs (Cohen and Lopez, 2002). eBay transformed the ideas of low growth, private party newspaper classified businesses into an auction business. eBay has also revitalized traditional automotive advertising. ecognizing that businesses needed to move obsolete or slow-moving items, but not to "advertise" broadly, eBay created new outlets for major business-to-business and business-to-consumer players.
Business Week Online. (1999). Q& A with eBay's Meg Whitman. McGraw-Hill Companies Inc. Retrieved from the Internet at: http://www.businessweek.com/1999/99_22/b3631008.htm?scriptFramed-scriptFramed .
Cohen, Barbara. Lopez, Matthew. (2002). eBay: A Web-centric
Model for Marketplace and Community. Kannon Consulting, Inc.
Dixon, Bill. (March 8, 2000). EBay Not Bidding for Sotheby's, Announces CEO on The Motley Fool Radio Show. The Motley Fool.com.
Obesity in Los Angeles County
The United States, while being one of the most technologically developed countries in the world, is not a healthy nation. Typically, when we think of disease pandemics we think of things like Swine Flu, Ebola, Lyme disease, etc. However, in the 21st century, we have a new pandemic that affects our children, adults, and eventually the whole population. Because of a more sedentary lifestyle, a proclivity for fast food, a high-fat diet, and hundreds of sugary drinks, obesity is now statistically so rampant that it is having a serious effect on American's health. Almost every researcher, whether medical or academic, as well as the public health sector, agree that there are statistical links between what we ingest and the consequences to our overall health profile. Certainly, all we need to is walk down any grocery store aisle, open up most magazines and newspapers, or watch…
About Health People. (2012, December 17). Retrieved from HealthyPeople.gov: http://healthypeople.gov/2020/about/default.aspx
Executive Order on Physical Fitness. (2010, June 22). Retrieved from The President's Council on Physical Fitness: http://www.fitness.gov/about/order/index.html
Overweight and Obesity, (2008) Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Retrieved
from: http://www.cdc.gov/nccdphp/dnpa / obesity / economic_consequences.htm
goal of their ethical calling, physicians, nurses and other health care workers are obliged to treat the sick and potentially infectious patients and, in so doing, they are to take some personal risk (Murray 2003). This was the bottom line of the assessment and stand made by Dr. Henry Masur and his colleagues at the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Disease (NIAID), particularly during the outbreak of dread global SARS in Canada and Hong Kong last year. They also referred to other epidemics, such as the HIV / AIDS.
Masur emphasized that this primary goal and obligation is voluntary and sets the medical profession apart from other professions, precisely because of the involvement of some personal risk in fulfilling that obligation. esides physicians, medical professionals are nurses, dentists and health workers. Records of the first SARS outbreaks in Toronto and Hong Kong showed that a huge 50% of those…
Katz, Laura L. And Marshall B. Paul. When a Physician May Refuse to Treat a Patient. Physician's News Digest, 2000. http://www.physiciansnews.com/law.202.html
Levin, Aaron. Doctors Willing But Not Ready to Treat Deadly Bio-terror Agents. Health Behavior News Service: Center for the Advancement of Health, 2003. http://www.cfah.org/ubns/news/bioterror09-17-03.cfm
Murray, Terry. Health Care Staff Have a Duty to Treat. The Medical Post: Rogers Media, 2003. http://www.medicalpost.com/mpcontent/article.jsp.jsessionid=NJCJNDCEAGHH?content=20020515_09
Schulman, David I. The Dentist, HIV and the Law: Duty to Treat, Need to Understand. Dental Treatment Consideration, 2000. http://www.hivdent.org/dtcblaa082001.htm
The question to be addressed in this paper is: should society hold back technology in order to protect those workers that are unskilled? It is true that many unskilled laborers have no opportunity to learn digital and other kinds of technology, and indeed many workers who lack skills in modern technology struggle to learn when they are given the opportunity. Hence, in order to protect unskilled workers and their potential, should technology be somewhat scaled back so those unskilled workers are not left out of the economy, and basically denied the opportunity to make a livable wage?
First of all, there can be no holding back of technology no matter how just and fair the reasons might be for doing that. Technology has done so much in a positive light to enhance communication and information worldwide, it would make no sense to attempt to hold it back. Secondly, the…
Business Dictionary. (2014). Technology. Retrieved September 27, 2014, from http://www.businessdictionary.com .
Oxford Dictionaries. (2014). Technology. Retrieved September 27, 2014, from http://www.oxforddictionaries.com .
Sanders, M. (2005). Technology and the Decline in Demand for Unskilled Labour: A
Theoretical Analysis of the U.S. And European Labour Markets. Northampton, MA:
An Examination of Southwest Airlines
Globalization and Technology
Application of the I/O Model
Application of the BV Model
Mission and Vision Statement
Southwest Airlines has been one of the aviation industry's success stories; founded in 1967 the airline pioneered the low cost carrier model, and grew organically leveraging a first mover advantage (Morrison, 2001). The airline now operates approximately 3,600 flights every day, employees 45,009 staff and with the acquisition of AirTran in 2011 it became the largest domestic U.S. carrier (Southwest Airlines, 2014). The airline has grown, but in recent years the airline industry has seen significant constraints on growth due to the maturity of the industry in the U.S. along with the economic influences constraining growth (IATA, 2014). However, this does not mean there is not room for growth; to assess ways in which the firm may improve and understand the position of…
Belobaba, Peter; Odoni, Amedeo; Barnhart, Cynthia, (2009), The Global Airline Industry, John Wiley & Sons
Buchanan, D; Huczynski, A, (2010) Organisational Behaviour, Harlow, FT/Prentice Hall
Carey, (2014, Oct 14), Steep Learning Curve for Southwest Airlines as It Flies Overseas, Wall Street Journal, accessed at http://online.wsj.com/articles/steep-learning-curve-for-southwest-airlines-as-it-flies-overseas-1413326936
Cook Sarah, (2008), The Essential Guide to Employee Engagement: Better Business Performance Through Staff Satisfaction, Kogan Page Publishers
IDSA lecture, Finch (2006) offers seven arguments against mandatory influenza vaccinations for health care workers. The reasons are primarily philosophical, political, and ethical in nature. Although Finch (2006) substantiates his primary claims with references to literature and historical precedent, none of the claims refer to the ultimate goal of vaccination programs: reducing rates of serious illness or death resulting from influenza. Finch's (2006) arguments are sound and tight, but would be enhanced greatly by references to the role mandatory vaccination might play in reducing the spread of highly communicable diseases. Likewise, the author does not provide sufficient counterpoints to the core arguments and does not entertain the opposing viewpoint. There is no mention of influenza rates, the potential for disease proliferation among at-risk communities, or the role mandatory vaccinations may play in diseases other than influenza, such as Ebola.
In spite of the weaknesses in the Finch (2006) argument, the…
Whether or not mandatory vaccine programs are effective in achieving health care goals is the core point. The issue of civil liberties infractions is a serious one, as health care workers do have the right to self-determination. However, it can also be said that health care workers are a special community of individuals exposed on a regular basis to infectious diseases. Given this fact, health care workers may need to occasionally sacrifice their civil liberties for the common good to which their profession is pledged: to uphold and promote public health.
Finch, M. (2006). Point: Mandatory influenza vaccination for all health care workers? Seven reasons to say no. IDSA Lecture. In Clinical Infectious Diseases 42, 1141-1143.
The per capita health care expenditures for the United States are exorbitant, particularly when compared to those of other countries. In fact, the spending on health care per person in the U.S. is much more so than that of other developed countries. According to the Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development (OECD), the U.S. led the world in healthcare expenditures per capita at a rate of $8,508 for each person-which translates to approximately 17.7 percent of its Gross Domestic Product (OECD, 2011). Neighboring Canada, meanwhile, spends approximately half of that amount, $4,522, which translates to nearly 11 percent of its GDP. The country that comes the closest to the United States in these two areas of spending is Norway, a developed country in Europe, which spends about $5,669 per person or 11 percent of its GDP. It is interesting to note that a country such as Mexico, which is still…
Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development. (2011). OECD health data 2013 - frequently requested data. www.oecd.org. Retrieved from http:www.oecd.org
The Henry J. Kaiser Foundation. (2011). Snapshots: healthcare spending in the United States & selected OECD countries. http:kff.org Retrieved from http:kff.orghealth-costsissue-briefsnapshots-health-care-spending-in-the-united-states-selected-oecd-countries
World Health Organization. (2015). Human infection with avian influenza A(H7N9) virus - China. www.who.int Retrieved from http:www.who.intcsrdon11-march-2015-avian-influenza-chinaen
What is Success of Afropolitan
Africa is a continent that is filled with vast cultures and distances. At the same time, there are tremendous amounts of poverty and disparities between economic / social classes. These shifts are having an adverse impact on the population with a large number traveling overseas. According to Global Migrant Origin, a total of 13.1 million people are living or studying overseas. This demographic is referred to as the Afronpolitan. This is someone who studies and lives abroad. They are known for having wide ranging social and cultural identities. This allows them to provide unique insights on issues and the challenges impacting this segment.
What is success to the Afropolitan?
For the Afropolitian, success is defined loosely in comparison with previous generations. This is because more from this demographic are college educated and work in distinguished professions. They are different from their parents by having…
Technology gives us more capabilities than we ever had before, and health care organizations need to ensure that their staff members are aware of the regulations surrounding the use of technology in the workplace, both for work-related activities and private activities. The prompt was of a nurse who took photos of a celebrity and texted them to her friend. This action constitutes a violation of HIPAA, wherein the Privacy ule holds the health care providers must safeguard information from your medical records, any information that is recorded by the health care provider, billing information and any other health information (HHS.gov, 2015). Furthermore, there has clearly been an ethical violation committed with regards to the recording of the patient without their consent, and the distribution of that material. Patient information is always confidential in nature, by ethics even if not by law (Mulholland, 1994). This paper will examine the situation…
HHS.gov (2015) Guidance materials for consumers. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Retrieved March 19, 2015 from http://www.hhs.gov/ocr/privacy/hipaa/understanding/consumers/index.html
HIPAA (2007). Subtitle B -- Requirements relating to health care access. Retrieved March 19, 2015 from http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2007-title45-vol1/pdf/CFR-2007-title45-vol1-part164.pdf
Li, K. (2014). Health smartphone applications on chronic disease monitoring: Development and regulatory considerations. The University of Hong Kong. Retrieved March 19, 2015 from http://hub.hku.hk/bitstream/10722/206932/1/FullText.pdf?accept=1
Milholland, K. (1994). Privacy and confidentiality of patient information: Challenges for nursing. Journal of Nursing Administration. Vol. 24 (2) 19-24.
chief economic principle that must be confronted in the horrifying picture Steven Brill paints in "Bitter Pill: Why Medical Bills Are Killing Us" is the devastating effect caused by economic monopoly. Brill tiptoes around the issue, and basically defines monopoly by the concept of "powerless buyers" -- -but the economic conditions that render buyers powerless are economic conditions that restrict a buyer's freedom of choice, which is precisely the problem with American medicine in Brill's article. Doctors -- or by extension the Medical Industry -- represent a monopoly. There may be a plethora of pharmeceutical companies that exist, and which ostensibly compete under heavily regulated industries (which include a close government supervision on potentially monopolistic new inventions, such that copyrights and patents in pharmaceuticals are guarded under law for a mere fraction of the time that the copyrights and patents, for example, involved with Walt Disney's trademark cartoon character Mickey…
isk Analysis and the Security Survey
The following risk analysis and security survey report will be centered on the hospital as an organization. Vulnerabilities can be classified as crime opportunities, opportunities for breaking rules and regulations, opportunities for profiting and also for loss. By definition, vulnerability can be a gap or a weakness inside a security program that might be exploited by opponents to acquire unlawful access. Vulnerabilities include procedural, human, structural, electronic as well as other elements that offer opportunities to damage assets (Vellani and Owles, 2007).
A vulnerability assessment can be classified as a systematic method utilized to evaluate an organization's security position, assess the efficiency of current security infrastructure, as well as, recognize security limitations. The basic approach of a Vulnerability Assessment (VA) first measures what precise assets require protection. Subsequently, VA recognizes the protection measures previously being used to protect those assets, as well as what…
Brandon Region Hospital. (2012). Evacuation plan.
Brandon Region Hospital. (2012). Risk management plan.
Chung, S., & Shannon, M. (2005). Hospital planning for acts of terrorism and other public health emergencies involving children. Archives of disease in childhood, 90(12), 1300-1307.
Code Green Networks. (2009). Protecting Healthcare Organizations from Patient Data Loss. Retrieved from: www.codegreennetworks.com/resources/downloads/wp_patient_dlp.pdf
Communication, particularly in a global economy is critical to success. Communication allows individuals to discuss ideas and notions in a common language and format. It allows for the exchange of ideas that can ultimately help improve the well being of an individual, a company, or society overall. The healthcare industry is no different in this regard. In fact communication is paramount to the success of the industry overall. Management must be able to properly disseminate information to subordinates to drive both profitability and service. Subordinates must be able to freely communicate findings or ideas that can help improve the healthcare facility overall. Management must be able to listen to recommendation to guide the overall direction of the healthcare firm. As such, communication skills are a key competency for a nurse manager.
To achieve better communication skills one must first practice communicating. It is through this practice that I personally developed…
1) Schramm, W. (1954). How communication works. In W. Schramm (Ed.), The process and effects of communication (pp. 3 -- 26). Urbana, Illinois: University of Illinois Press
National Preparedness Goal
National Preparedness, the Presidential Policy Directive #8 (PPD-8), gives a description of the approach of the United States (U.S.) in the area of being prepared for threats and hazards posing the highest risk to American security. The whole national community shares the responsibility of national preparedness. Contribution and participation is required from every person including communities, individuals, faith-based organizations, and local, state and federal governments. The society will be described based on the core capabilities required in dealing with great risk. An integrated and layered approach shall be the foundation of the description. Success is used to mean a resilient and secure nation having the capabilities needed to prevent, protect against, mitigate, respond to, and ensure recovery from the most devastating of hazards.
The National Preparedness Goals shall be achieved by use of core capabilities in the following ways:
Prevention, avoidance, and halting threats or real terrorism…
Bea, K. (2005, March). The national preparedness system: Issues in the 109th Congress. Library of Congress Washington Dc Congressional Research Service
FEMA. (n.d.) Federal Emergency Management Agency. Retrieved June 10, 2015, from http://fema.ideascale.com/a/ideas/tag/campaign-filter/byids/campaigns/58561
Homeland security, (First Edition September 2011) National Preparedness Goal retrieved on June 10, 2015
National Preparedness Goal FEMA.gov. (n.d.). Retrieved June 10, 2015, from https://www.fema.gov/national-preparedness-goal
Did America justly fulfill its manifest destiny? Explain your opinion.
America did fulfill its destiny. This occurred with the country uniting as one nation embracing these ideas of personal freedom and equality. While at the same time, it went from a series of small backward colonies to becoming a world power. These objectives were realized over the course of American history. (Kennedy, 2012)
The biggest reasons for the westward expansion were based upon the desire to obtain land and have access to various natural resources (i.e. gold, silver, coal and oil). This was a part of America's expansion into becoming a new nation that embraced the ideas of personal freedom. A classic example of this peaceful expansion occurred with the purchase of Alaska from ussia in 1867. To this day, it is continuing to contribute economically and militarily. (Kennedy, 2012)
However, the westward expansion often involved the use…
National Vital Statistics System. (2012). CDC. Retrieved from: http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nvss.htm
Brewer, P. (2004). Near Zero Deficit Accounting with Sigma Six. Journal of Corporate and Accounting Finance, 15 (2), 67 -- 72.
Kennedy, D. (2012). The Brief American Pageant. Mason, OH: Southwestern.
There are no shortage of political bloggers, most of them partisan hacks without any credentials or writing ability. There are many, however, who have lent their voices to election campaigns and daily political life in a positive way, providing arguments for different positions, and keeping their readers informed. In general, political bloggers are by their nature partisan, particularly in a nation where politics are as fractured as in the United States. But partisanship need not be stupid, and thankfully there are a few bloggers with a political bent who genuinely create meaningful content. This paper will examine three of these. The first is obert eich, the former Secretary of Labor under President Clinton and current professor at the University of California, Berkeley, who blogs at the Huffington Post. The second is Paul Krugman, the Nobel Prize-winning economist who blogs at the New York Times, lending economic analysis to…
Adamic, L. & Glance, N. (2005). The political blogosphere and the 2004 U.S. election: Divided they blog. Intelliseek Applied Research Center. Retrieved November 2, 2014 from http://www2.scedu.unibo.it/roversi/SocioNet/AdamicGlanceBlogWWW.pdf
Ekdale, B., Namkoong, K., Fung, T., & Perlmutter, D. (2010). Why blog?: Exploring the motivations for blogging by popular American political bloggers. New Media & Society. Vol. 12 (2) 217-234.
Granderson, L. (2014). Commentaries. CNN. Retrieved November 2, 2014 from http://www.cnn.com/OPINION/granderson.commentaries/archive/
Krugman, P. (2014) The conscience of a liberal. New York Times. Retrieved November 2, 2014 from http://krugman.blogs.nytimes.com/?_r=0
Technology in Higher Education
hy use Technology in a College Classroom?
Author Linda B. Nilson does not posit that technology suits all student needs nor does she assert that technology is helpful to all types of students. But in a survey involving 882 college students (from Texas, North Carolina, and New York State), 99% had a cell phone, 90% owned a laptop computer, and 83% owned an MP3 player (Baker, et al., 2012). Given the overwhelming number of students in this survey (41.2% were female and 58.8% were male) who use technology regularly, it can be assumed that for the most part students would be comfortable with the use of technology in a college classroom (Baker, 2012).
Nilson does explain that technology enhances students' productivity and also allows them to work at the pace they are most comfortable with. Increasingly instructors show a willingness to provide students with computer-based tutorials,…
Baker, W.M., Lusk, E.J., and Neuhauser, K.L. (2012). On the Use of Cell Phones and Other
Electronic Devices in the Classroom: Evidence From a Survey of Faculty and Students. Journal of Education for Business, 87(5), 275-289.
Bertrand, W.E. (2010). Higher Education and Technology Transfer: The Effects of "Techno-
Sclerosis" on Development. Journal of International Affairs, 64(1), 101-114.
Personal Healthcare Technology
Sunrise Hospital and Medical Center and the Sunrise Children's Hospital
The Sunrise Hospital and Medical Center, which includes the Sunrise Children's Hospital, is an approximately 55-year-old facility located in Southern Nevada; it serves the greater Las Vegas area and the surrounding communities. The Sunrise Health and Medical Center is proud of its quality initiatives to ensure patient safety and comfort, including direct approaches to pharmaceutical safety such as safe medication dosing via smart pump technology, and bar coding on medications. As well, the Sunrise Health and Medical Center does not discriminate with respect to HIV / AIDS or in any manner related to employment, program participation, admission and/or treatment.
Sunrise has been rated as the most popular area hospital for 15 years in patient surveys. As well, Sunrise Health and Medical Center has developed community outreach programs for health education in a variety of areas, often based…
Appari, A., & Johnson, M.E. (2010). Information security and privacy in healthcare: Current state of research. International Journal of Internet and Enterprise Management, 6 (4), 279-314. Retrieved from http://www.ists.dartmouth.edu/library/501.pdf
Ayanian, J.Z., & Weissman, J.S. (2002). Teaching hospitals and quality of care: A review of the literature. The Milbank Quaterly, 80(3), 569-593. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2690120/pdf/milq0080-0569.pdf
Baker, J.J., & Baker R.W. (2000). Health care finance: Basic tools for nonfinancial managers. Gaithersburg, MD: Aspen
Byington, R., Keene, R., Masini, D. (2006). The impact of federal and state funding levels on strategic decisions and how those decisions affect patient care. The Internet Journal of Healthcare Administration. (4)2. Retrieved from https://ispub.com/IJHCA/4/2/5827
Health policy issues are now becoming more contentious throughout the world. The advent of the internet has created a much needed awareness of human rights and liberties. No longer are countries able to fully sheath society from information. A critical component of this information relates directly to health care and the overall well-being of societies constituents. Policy issues relating to health are now becoming paramount to voters and decisions makers. The Affordable Care Act is one of many illustrations that detail the desire for universal healthcare for all. In addition, many countries are mandating a standard health care system for all of their citizens irrespective of socio-economic status. Although costly, it appears that many constituents are willing to pay for the ability to extend healthcare to all. Outside the universal healthcare within individual countries, many are now looking to address worldwide health epidemics. Aspects such as food shortages, proper treatment…
1) Bell, B, Thornton, K. (2011). From promise to reality achieving the value of an EHR. Healthcare Financial Management, 65(2),51-56
2) Jamoom, E., Patel, V., King, J., & Furukawa, M. (2012, August). National perceptions of ehr adoption: Barriers, impacts, and federal policies. National conference on health statistics.
3) Rosenberg, Charles E. The Care of Strangers: The Rise of America's Hospital System (1995) history to 1920 table of contents and text search
4) Pollack, A. (2015, September 20). Drug Goes From $13.50 a Tablet to $750, Overnight. Retrieved October 1, 2015, from http://www.nytimes.com/2015/09/21/business/a-huge-overnight-increase-in-a-drugs-price-raises-protests.html?_r=0
ExxonMobil invested in and assessed its corporate social responsibility?
In recent years, ExxonMobil (hereinafter alternatively "the company") has invested in a wide range of corporate social responsibility (CS) initiatives (Batruch, 2011). For instance, in 2014, the company invested around $1 billion in research and technology development for existing and next-generation energy products and sources (CS at ExxonMobil, 2015). In addition, besides remediating sites that are no longer used by the company, ExxonMobil also manages 7,200 acres of land exclusively for wildlife conservation and environmental awareness programs (CS at ExxonMibil, 2015)
Where has the company invested?
Interestingly, many of the company's CS initiatives have been focused on African nations, including ongoing efforts to combat infectious diseases such as the Ebola virus and promoting women's economic opportunities (CS at ExxonMobil, 2015). In addition, the company, together with a joint partnership (the Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation) recently donated millions of dollars worth of…
Batruch, C. (2011, April-June). Does corporate social responsibility make a difference? Global Governance, 17(2), 155-160.
CSR at ExxonMobil. (2015). ExxonMobil. Retrieved from http://read.uberflip.com/i/514689-ExxonMobil-2014-ccr-fullreport-digital-final?parentId=8ad09e0c-80e6-4bfa-a4b1-7aaba32d9e1b .
Fahey, J. (2014, April 1). Exxon: Highly unlikely world limits fossil fuels. The Charleston Gazette (Charleston, WV), 8.
Kaye, L. (2011, May 26).ExxonMobil beats its own (oil) drum in latest CSR report. Triple Pundit. Retrieved from http://www.triplepundit.com/2011/05/ExxonMobil-beats-oil-drum-latest-csr-report/ .
World Health Organization
Advocating Universal Access to Primary Care
One major goal of primary health care is better health for all. Furthermore, the major international initiative to foster this goal is from the World Health Organization who has advocated since the late seventies to improve global public health by improving access. The WHO has created a coalition calls for a (WHO, N.d.):
"A new global coalition of more than 500 leading health and development organizations worldwide is urging governments to accelerate reforms that ensure everyone, everywhere, can access quality health services without being forced into poverty. The coalition emphasises the importance of universal access to health services for saving lives, ending extreme poverty, building resilience against the health effects of climate change and ending deadly epidemics such as Ebola."
The statement calls something other than common conceptions of what is referred to as "universal healthcare" in the West. However, "access"…
Evans, D., Hsu, J., & Boerma, T. (2013). Universal health coverage and universal access. Retrieved from WHO: http://www.who.int/bulletin/volumes/91/8/13-125450/en/
WHO . (N.d.). Neglected Tropical Diseases. Retrieved from World Health Organization: http://www.who.int/neglected_diseases/diseases/en/
WHO. (N.d.). Univesal health coverage . Retrieved from World Health Organization: http://www.who.int/universal_health_coverage/en/
The city of Denver, not to mention the wider state of Colorado, is blooming in terms of demographics and population. Whether it be the scenic views or the legalization of recreational marijuana, Denver has seemingly become a "go to" place in terms of places to move. This quick report shall discuss the population of the town, whether the population is increasing or decreasing, the age distribution of the town and how that compares to the wider United States, the ethnic composition of the area, the educational level of the population and how it compares to the wider population of the United States and the public health problems that are prevalent in Denver. While Denver's cost of living and other factors might dissuade some from moving there, the good seems to outweigh the bad for more and more people.
As a metropolitan area, Denver has a population of…
Census Scope. 2015. 'Census Scope -- Population Pyramid And Age Distribution Statistics'. Censusscope.org. Retrieved October 16, 2015 ( http://www.censusscope.org/us/chart_age.html ).
Denver Health. 2015. 'Denver Health -- Public Health Concerns -- Colorado'. Denverhealth.org. Retrieved October 16, 2015 ( http://www.denverhealth.org/public-health-and-wellness/public-health/health-information-for-denver/public-health-concerns ).
Home To Denver. 2015. 'Denver Colorado Demographics And Population Statistics'. Hometodenver.com. Retrieved October 16, 2015 ( http://www.hometodenver.com/stats_denver.htm ).
MetroDenver. 2015. 'Metro Denver Age & Gender -- Metro Denver'. Metrodenver.org. Retrieved October 16, 2015 ( http://www.metrodenver.org/do-business/demographics/age/ ).
The author of this report has been asked to answer several questions about noted ethicists and philosophers. There will also be coverage of both of those as they pertain to happiness, good, evil and utilitarianism. The people that will be covered in these answers include Mill and Kant. When it comes to Mill, there will be a definition of happiness as well as what is meant by something or someone being intrinsically good or evil. As it relates to Kant, there will be the question of whether it is ever morally acceptable under Kantian ethics to lie to patients so as to not cause them psychological harm. Finally, there will be the question of whether it is practical or possible to combine utilitarianism and ethics of care. While some ethical questions about healthcare are cut and dry and have a fairly to very obvious answer, there are most…
Krieger, E. (2016). Mill on Happiness. University of Colorado. Retrieved 5 February 2016, from http://www.colorado.edu/philosophy/center/rome/papers/Evan_Kreider_Mill_on_Happiness.pdf
Lachman, V. (2012). Applying the Ethics of Care to Your Nursing Practice. Medsurg Nursing, 21(2), 112-116.
Senior, U. (2012). What is Happiness? Aristotle vs. Mill. Bear Market. Retrieved 5 February 2016, from https://bearmarketreview.wordpress.com/2012/12/03/what-is-happiness-aristotle-vs.-mill/
TAMU. (2016). ethics3. Philosophy.tamu.edu. Retrieved 5 February 2016, from http://philosophy.tamu.edu/~sdaniel/Notes/ethics3a.html
Ethical Issues in Healthcare
Healthcare Access and Healthcare ationing
Universal Healthcare Coverage
Issues with Unequal Access
Forms of ationing
Alternative Solutions to Providing Access
Nursing, and healthcare in general, often gets negative publicity when the idea of rationing healthcare is presented. However, healthcare is a finite resource that must be distributed by some means and a different levels. Decisions about health care are made at multiple levels within the system: (a) the macro level where policy is established by governments, health authorities, insurance plans, etc.; (b) the meso level where organizational budgets are established by organizational administrators; and (c) the micro level where care is delivered by clinician providers (Jones, 2015). On a national level, the politics and the economy of a nation often dictate the healthcare system. While nearly all developed countries offer some form of universal coverage, the United States is only slowly progressing towards a more inclusive…
Beauchamp, T., & Childress, J. (2001). Principles of Biomedical Ethics. NY: Oxford University Press.
Best, M. (2006). Ethics in Health Services Management. Quality Management in Healthcare, 311.
Evans, D., Hsu, J., & Boerma, T. (2013). Universal health coverage and universal access. Retrieved from WHO: http://www.who.int/bulletin/volumes/91/8/13-125450/en/
Jones, T. (2015). A Descriptive Analysis of Implicit Rationing of Nursing Care: Frequency and Patterns in Texas. Nursing Economics, 144-154.
real or hypothetical situation?
The context of the report is based on the real world implications of the financial crisis on the banking industry and society as a whole. The report details the need for reform within the sector overall. Particular emphasis is placed on Bank of America, as it was a large component of the subprime-lending crisis.
Why did you choose this topic, and does it relate to you in any way?
I chose this topic because it has impacted both society and the world at large. Nearly $1 trillion in asset values were erased in 1 year due to the financial crisis. People were foreclosed on and subsequently lost their homes. Taxpayers were forced to pay large sums of money to bailout a corrupt and greedy system. This topic not only resonates with me personally, but with the entire developed world. We nearly were on the brink of…
1. Edward Gramlich (2004). "Subprime Mortgage Lending: Benefits, Costs, and Challenges." Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System.
2. Eichengreen and Hausmann (2005), Other People's Money: Debt Denomination and Financial Instability in Emerging Market Economies. Pg 6-15
3. Peter Coy (2007). "Why Subprime Lenders Are In Trouble." Business Week
4. Pitt, Harvey L. (2005). "Conflict of Interest Lessons From Financial Services." Compliance Week.pg 2-5
Categories of risk associated with sourcing of IT/IS services
Delays at third parties may lead to a decline in end customer performance levels and timely delivery. As a product/service is outsourced, this risk gets heightened severely. Several factors can cause delays such as factors that are not within the outsourcing company's control. For instance, delays at the port/custom, weather, labor disputes, and political crisis. More severe examples are delays caused by terrorist activities and uncertainties and interruptions from outbreaks of deadly and contagious diseases like SARS or Ebola. As variability and lead-time increase, the need for greater stock levels and all other expensive buffers also increases, whereas generally, supply chain confidence reduces.
Also, the outsourcing alteration phase may not succeed if budgets and schedules are not actualized as a result of lack of resources or adequate planning. It is possible to run an outsourcing using…
Pather, S., & Usabuwera, S. (2010). Implications of e-Service Quality Dimensions for the Information Systems Function . Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences. Hawaii: IEEE.
Scheier, R. (2012, May 14). Cloud computing tools: Improving security through visibility and automation. Retrieved from CSO: http://www.csoonline.com/article/2131715/identity-access/cloud-computing-tools -- improving-security-through-visibility-and-automation.html
Seiter, T., Wildenrother, R., & Metzl, C. (2011, May 26). Contractual Issues and Practical Implications. Retrieved from Legal Issues in Outsourcing: http://outsourcing-legal-issues.blogspot.com.ng/2011_05_01_archive.html
Vaccines have all but eliminated some diseases that were once pandemics or epidemics like polio and smallpox. The power of vaccines to control infectious diseases cannot be underestimated, and can promote public health worldwide. However, new strains of existing diseases like influenza and potent viruses like HIV continue to plague researchers. Of the various epidemics and pandemics currently facing the international community, all are concerns but it is possible that influenza will become the gravest threat to humanity because of its continual mutations and changes.
The international research community needs to respond to influenza by more aggressive programs in vaccine development, designing new vaccines using methods like those described by Berkeley in his Ted talk. Every few years, a new type of infectious disease becomes a pandemic, according to Berkeley, and this means that the research community around the world must work tirelessly to target new expressions of the same…
Berkeley, Seth. "HIV and Flu: The Vaccine Strategy." TED Talks. Retrieved online: https://www.ted.com/talks/seth_berkley_hiv_and_flu_the_vaccine_strategy?language=en#t-35482
Campbell, Patricia J., MacKinnon, Aran and Stevens, Christy R. An Introduction to Global Studies. Wiley-Blackwell, 2010.
Healthcare is one of those industries and fields of work where the promotion of innovation and change management is key. It is also one of those fields where managing that change through tried-and-true practices such as evidence-based practice and so forth is a must. One change that is changing nursing a lot, especially when it comes to the advanced levels of nurses, is the flattening of the hierarchy that typically exists when it comes to what nurses are allowed to do, what they are expected to do and what they must do. Whether it be the aging of the population, the shortage of some types of doctors (or doctors in general) or general access to quality care for patients in general, there is often a distinct reason for the need and thus the prior mentioned need for innovation and proper change management in the nursing field is necessary…
Bassett, E. (2010). Doctors face cash flow problems with Medicare. Fort Worth Business
Press, 22(47), 29.
Delgado, C., & Mitchell, M. M. (2016). A Survey of Current Valued Academic Leadership
Qualities in Nursing. Nursing Education Perspectives, 37(1), 10-15. doi:10.5480/14-1496
HPV Case Study
The author of this report has been asked to assess and reflect upon a public health dilemma. In particular, the issue is whether HPV vaccination should be mandated or at least widely encouraged on a wide-spread or targeted basis. Unlike other vaccines such as those for polio, the measles, mumps, rubella and pneumonia, HPV cannot be contracted through casual contact. Indeed, sexual contact is really the only way to get it. At the same time, not being protected against HPV can cause cervical cancer in women. While there are certainly detractors when it comes to vaccines, the efficacy and importance of those vaccines cannot be understated or under sold.
The main dilemma cited is that HPV is not transmittable through anything other than sexual contact. While this may lessen the chances of it being passed from person to person, most everyone will engage in sexual contact at…
Bohlin, R. (2016). The Epidemic of Sexually Transmitted Diseases. Leaderu.com. Retrieved 17 March 2016, from http://www.leaderu.com/orgs/probe/docs/epid-std.html
CDC. (2016). CDC Press Releases. CDC. Retrieved 17 March 2016, from http://www.cdc.gov/media/releases/2014/p0424-immunization-program.html
Thornicroft, G., Brohan, E., Kassam, A., & Lewis-Holmes, E. (2008). Reducing stigma and discrimination: candidate interventions. Int J Ment Health Syst, 2(1), 3. http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1752-4458-2-3
Weissmann, J. (2014). For Millennials, Out-of-Wedlock Childbirth Is the Norm. Now What?. Slate Magazine. Retrieved 17 March 2016, from http://www.slate.com/articles/business/moneybox/2014/06/for_millennials_out_of_wedlock_childbirth_is_the_norm_now_what.html
There are some jobs were what comes across and what happens every day is rather simple and basic. By extension, how one reacts to those things as they happen is going to be fairly straightforward. However, paradigms and jobs where complexity is the coin of the realm are entirely different. There is the absolutely right and justification to consider whether there are (or should be) absolute rules and guidelines when it comes to such situations or if leaders should be adjusting their rules and guidelines as they go along based on what comes up. This report shall explore the latter subject and what answers that might exist when it comes to the same. While having firm best practices and guidelines is a good thing in most cases, doing so when there are complex situations and potential outcomes is not the easiest thing to do.
As indicated by the…
Gray. (2016). Leadership Actions to Reach Goals. Presentation.
Walters, W. (2016). Supervisory, Emergency Management Specialist.