Ecotourism Essays (Examples)

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Study of Tourist Behavior Toward Nature-Based Tourism Activities

Words: 8137 Length: 23 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 91076246

Tourist Behavior Toward Nature-Based Tourism Activities

For most of the developing countries tourism industry is playing a very important role in boosting their economies. In 2004, it was found out that Asia Pacific was one of the fastest growing tourism regions (Cruey, 2005). According to WTO, up to 3% of world's tourism market is made up of Thailand, Indonesia, India and Sri Lanka. It was in 1970's that the development of Thai international tourism started (Mcdowall and Wang, 2007). Tourism industry accounts for 5.1% of Thailand's National Gross Domestic Product (Tourism Authority of Thailand, 2009). For the purpose of providing a proper development direction, the National Economics and Social Development Plan (NESDP) served as a guide (Mcdowall and Wang, 2007). The result of the survey which was conducted by the Universities of USA and Thailand, showed that Thailand stood on the first place as best hospital city for all the…… [Read More]

References

Blamey, R.K. (2001). Principles of ecotourism. In Encyclopedia of Ecotourism, Weaver D (ed). CAB International: Wallingford, England; 5 -- 22.

Brass, J.L. (1997). Community Tourism Assessment Handbook. Western Rural Development Centre, Utah State University, ed.

Business Day, (2005). Tourist Sector Wins 3.65BN Baht Budget. [Electronic bulletin board], February 24, 2005.

Carter, R. And Fabricius, M. (2007). UNWTO Conference in Topic is Creating campetitve advantage for your destination, Budapest, UNWTO Consultants (TEAM tourism Consulting).
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Sustainable Tourism in an Increasingly Globalized World

Words: 2046 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 44432890

Sustainable Tourism

In an increasingly globalized world concerned with environmental destruction, there has been a recent rise in the practice of sustainable tourism, especially within the context of developing nations. Yet, because the context of sustainable tourism is such a new development within the larger industry, there are many controversies and questions revolving the practice of sustainable tourism. Still, sustainable tourism development can promote sustainable development through regional community involvement, as long as the people living in these areas continue to see benefits from their devotion to sustaining eco-friendly practices within their tourism models.

Sustainable tourism is a relatively new element within the larger tourism industry. Ecotourism is often defined as "travel to natural areas that conserves the environment and sustains the well-being of local people," (Kiss 2004 p 232). Sustainable tourism occurs in a situation where organizations make eco-friendly choices in order to maintain a higher degree of sustainability…… [Read More]

References

Berns, Maurice; Townend, Andrew; Khayat, Zayna; Balagopal, Balu; Reeves, Martin; Hopkins, Michael; & Kruschwitz, Nina. (2009). The Business of Sustainability. MIT Sloan Management Review. Web.  http://www.mitsmr-ezine.com/busofsustainability/2009#pg1 

Carrier, James G. & McLeod, Donald V.L. (2005). Bursting the bubble: The socio-cultural context of ecotourism. Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute, 11(2005), 315-344.

Clarke, Arthur C. (2000). Models. Profiles of the Future. Indigo Publishing. 109-130.

Kiss, Agnes. (2004). Is community-based ecotourism a good use of biodiversity conservation funds? TRENDS in Ecology and Evolution, 19(5), 232-238.
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Social and Cultural Impacts of Establishing an

Words: 2030 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 23476641

socal and cultural mpacts of establshng an eco-Toursm enterprse n Joao Pessoa, Brazl. The man focus of the dssertaton s on the followng areas:

An analyss of eco-toursm development

An assessment of the opportuntes - regonal, domestc, nternatonal

An evaluaton of the projects feasblty

An examnaton of the socal-cultural mpact of the eco-toursm

Brazl has a sanctuary of the fnest natural resources ("fauna & flora") n the world, and therefore toursm s n ascendence, and demands for md-class hotels are on the ncrease. The development of eco-toursm n specfc areas s antcpated due to partnershp wth local bankng ntutons; local government nterest and regulatons; and a general growth of awareness of the tenson between the tourst dollar, the envronment and local cultures.

Research Methods

Prmary research (ntervews and questonnares) wll be conducted to analyze the feasblty of the project. Secondary research wll be carred out, n the form of a…… [Read More]

i) Adventurers set out to discover other lands (e.g., Captain Cook) ii) People traveled for scientific research (e.g., Darwin) iii) People traveled for business (trade) iv) People traveled in order to visit friends and family (social), v) People traveled for leisure (relaxation) vi) People travel as Eco-Travelers (learners).

The development of tourism has influenced people and society, and has created thousands of organizations, at many levels: national and international, governmental or non- governmental. Tourism has thus led to the creation of million of jobs worldwide, in what is today is one of the fastest growing industries in the world. Tourism has led people to confront different attitudes and to admire eclectic cultures. In addition, to be able to understand these cultures, society at large has had to adapt to the pluralism of cultures by learning languages other than their own, different types of gastronomy and music, and also by adopting a greater tolerance of different religions.

Accordingly to Kaluf (2001), the development of tourism has been worldwide, and has been sustaining a growth of 20% over last five years: 5% in mass tourism and an incredible 15% in
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Sustainable Tourism Development the Aim of the

Words: 4350 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 64428472

Sustainable Tourism Development

The aim of the essay is to gain an understanding of the rational and different approaches to tourism planning and development, sustainable tourism, current issues and impacts of tourism.

The aim is to increase awareness of the need to plan and manage tourism destinations within an international, national, regional, and local framework. Investigate current trends in planning for tourism development in a range of destinations. The stages in the planning process are discussed and apply theoretical models to practical case studies and site visits.

Understand the differing approaches to tourism planning and development and understand the rationale for planning in the travel and tourism industry (1000+ words)

Using the EBSCO article: The effectiveness of public policies and structural funds in enhancing tourism development.The case of Romania.

a) Discuss, using appropriate references, why a long-term approach is beneficial to destinations like Romania, and state the advantages to stakeholders…… [Read More]

Hence, the conflict for the London Olympics 2012 surface when the choice between the two developments had to be made. There was no denying that the city needed development but the choice was made to prepare and finish the Canary Wharf development first so as to have a good, sustainable and efficient mode of transportation that would lead the Olympic grounds to the main city. Once, the Canary Wharf was completed, the focus then turned towards the docklands. It was far more important to have the Canary Wharf structure up and ready for clear and trouble-free transportation structure during the London Olympics 2012.

Task 3B - Explain the implications of balancing supply and demand which will need to be considered in the Olympics development. You need to state why there is a need to balance the supply and suggest possible consequences if this is not considered by the planners:

Evaluation of the Canary Wharf advancement has actually been extremely polarized. A brand-new monetary center has actually been built and analyses recommend that 'every a-g 1 million of public sector expense produced net extra advantages in the Urban Advancement Location of 23 tasks, 8300 sq m of workplace flooring area, 7.8 real estate devices plus numerous various other varied perks' (Rhodes and Tyler, 1998:32 estimated in Hamnett 2003:242). However, criticism has actually concentrated upon the elimination of neighborhood democratic controls and the replacement of the existing populace by a brand-new, more thriving team of young experts. In between 1981 and 1991 Tower
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Tourism What Are the Many

Words: 3877 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 88980094

The 2007 BCB survey averaged out to 7.5 out of a possible 10 "with regard to the perception of the services it offers." In the section dedicated to Barcelona's "worldwide image" the 2007 survey reached 8 out of ten from those visitors participating in the survey.

Spain isn't the only attractive meetings tourism destination by any means. There are countries all over the world seeking to attract business travelers that are part of conventions, conferences, seminars and other business-related gatherings. China is also an appealing destination for meetings tourism. The Jiangsu Tourism Company spells out some "useful tips for Meeting Planning in China" (http://tastejiangsu.com).

The old Japanese saying, "The protruding nail gets hammered down" is linked by the travel service to the possibility that some business travelers that are part of a meetings tourism group may commit a "major faux pas" during the business sessions. Hence, the ebsite explains, one…… [Read More]

Works Cited

About.com. "What is Adventure Travel." Retrieved Nov. 16, 2010, from http://www.adventuretravel.about.com. (2010).

Bawaba, Al. "Malaysia Still Has Room to Grow in Health Tourism, Says Liow." Malaysian

Government News. Retrieved Nov. 16, 2010, from GaleGroup.

Berger, Karen. "Types of Adventure Travel Tours: Challenges, Features of Soft, Medium, and Hard-Core Adventure Trips." Suite101.com. Retrieved Nov. 16, 2010, from  http://www.suite101.com  (2009).
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Kingbilli Country Estate a Current

Words: 1266 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 59159268

The price point may be the highest in the region, but Kingbilli should be wary of charging too high a price for what essentially is a special bed-and-breakfast experience rather than a five-star international resort experience. The product needs to reflect the pricing. Amenities and facilities should be first rate, although guests should be made to understand not to expect a top of the line service experience, as Kingbilli simply does not have the staff to support that.

The promotion at present emphasizes the nature and animals at the estate, but it does not focus on the quality of the experience that the customer will have. The promotion, while maintaining the low-key feel of the present promotion, should going forward emphasize the customer experience. Consumers are willing to pay a premium price if they feel that they are receiving a premium experience. Kingbilli needs to understand that its marketing must…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

Kingbilli Estate website. Retrieved January 13, 2010 from http://www.kingbilli.com.au

Ecotourism Australia website. Retrieved January 13, 2010 from  http://www.ecotourism.org .au/

Hall, C. & Boyd, S. (2005) Nature-based tourism in peripheral areas: development or disaster? Channel View Publications.

Bricker, K. & Kerstetter, D. (2002). Ecotourists and ecotourism: Benefit segmentation and experience evaluation. West Virginia University. Retrieved January 14, 2010 from http://fama2.us.es:8080/turismo/turismonet1/economia%20del%20turismo/turismo%20y%20medio%20ambiente/ECOTOURISTS%20AND%20ECOTOURISM%20BENEFIT%20SEGMENTATION%20AND%20EXPERIENCE%20EVALUATION.PDF
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Independence Less Than Half a

Words: 12705 Length: 46 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 94035562

Notwithstanding the challenges involved, the stakes are high and there is little room for false starts or experimentation; therefore, identifying a general set of best practices that Gambian organizations can follow in developing their own set of sustainable productivity practices represents a valuable and timely undertaking, which relates to the purpose of the study which is discussed further below.

Purpose of Study

The overall purpose of this study was to study to provide a review of the relevant juried and scholarly literature together with the findings of a survey of Gambian business leaders to generally identify the most pressing priorities for developing the nation's infrastructure and sustainable organizational productivity. The specific purpose of the study was to determine whether SMEs face the same types of challenges of to optimum performance as their larger corporate counterparts, and to identify any peculiar organizational characteristics that determine levels of performance between SMEs and…… [Read More]

References

About us. 2010. The Gambia Experience. Retrieved from http://www.gambia.co.uk/Docs/About-

Us/Default.aspx.

American Psychological Association. (2002). Publication manual of the American Psychological

Association (5th ed.). Washington, DC: Author.
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If Maintaining the Integrity of the Environment Is Good Business Sense

Words: 1563 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 47758064

Tourism vs. The Environment

Tourism is one of the fastest growing industries. In fact, it is believed that tourism will grow at approximately four percent per year through the year 2010. Tourism is usually good for the economy but is it is not always good for the environment. Mankind does have a way of messing up whatever we touch. Whenever something is taken out of its natural environment and placed elsewhere, there is an effect on something. Hikers generally stay on paths. Every so often a hiker just must have a photograph of a flower in the middle of a field and trounces off to get it. In doing so, rare vegetation might be killed. Destroyed vegetation, air pollution, water pollution and refuge are just a few of the problems irritated by tourism.

Sprawl is - no pun intended - a growing problem. In Lancaster ounty, Pennsylvania, sprawl and relative…… [Read More]

Campbell, page 4.

Lindberg, page 11/

Sierra Club sues state of Hawaii before it funds tourism," http://www.mnplan.state.mn.us/issues/scan.htm. Retrieved 4 November 2002.
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International Regulation of Tourism in Antarctica

Words: 19613 Length: 75 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 4075753

International egulation of Tourism in Antarctica

Since the mid-1980s, Antarctica has been an increasingly popular tourist destination, despite the relative danger of visiting the largest, least explored -- and arguably least understood -- continent on earth. Beginning with the 1959 treaty establishing Antarctica as an international zone free of claims of sovereignty by nation's that had been instrumental in establishing research stations there, there has been almost constant negotiation about how to administer regulations pertaining to the preservation of life forms on the continent, what those regulations should be, and what sanctions should be applied and by whom.

To understand the depths of the negotiations, and the potential for discord, it is necessary to understand what the continent offer the 65% of global nations that are party to the 1959 and all subsequent treaties. To understand the possible future of Antarctica, it is necessary to outline treaty attempts to minimize…… [Read More]

References

Antarctica. Siyabona Africa Web site. Retrieved September 28, 2004 at http://balule.krugerpark.co.za/africa_antarctica.html

Chile Web site. Retrieved September 17, 2004 at http://www.visit-chile.org/antartica/antartica.phtml

Australia urges regulation as tourism to Antarctica escalates. (2004, March 24) Agence France Presse English. Retrieved September 14, 2004 at http://www.highbeam.com.

Bulgaria in Antarctica. Retrieved September 15, 2004 at http://www.bluelink.net/antarctic/ant_en/BGant.htm
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Sustainable Marine Tourism in Similan

Words: 5220 Length: 18 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 50833690



Another case study, this one by Cole (2011) examines the cultural and community impacts of tourism, both sustainable and unsustainable, on specific cultures in Indonesia. Cole concludes as well that in order to help keep the cultural and community influences and positive attitudes intact, it is important to consider the local community as a major stakeholder in the sustainability of a tourist destination. Cole states in her article, "ourism has the potential to empower communities and the sustainable tourism agenda needs to focus on how to bring this about. As the case study illustrates, understanding tourists and tourism processes is the first stage to empowering the local community to make informed and appropriate decisions about their tourism development. Considerable investments are required in communication and trust building between the actors in tourism. his paper examines how action research, focus groups and the creation of a tourism forum can be concrete,…… [Read More]

These are the questions which are very difficult to answer, but in order to have a maintained tourism system they plays an important role.

Moreover, the use of term "itself" is confusing for a sustainable tourism. Alternative tourism, 'soft' tourism, ecotourism, and 'green' tourism are the types of tourism which can be used with sustainable tourism which is a high class branch of tourism. The story behind tourism in 1919, about 664 million tourists were present, and those who were known as mass tourism were approximately 80%. Development of sustainable tourism is affected by the differences in between mass tourism and sustainable tourism (Berno and Bricker, 2001).

If one can make a difference between 'good' tourism (best known as the alternative forms of tourism) and 'bad' tourism (particularly mass tourism) then sustainable tourism can appear as disruptive force in the society (Swarbrooke, 1999). To confuse ecotourism with sustainable tourism can give a bad result because all sustainable tourism does not take place at natural area and not all types of ecotourism are sustainable. According to Wall (1997), as the mass tourists might not prefer to visit threatened remote areas, their demand may be lesser than that of
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Ontology 1-3 Epistemology and Methodology

Words: 3653 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 75331223

The research too has to be reliable and valid cohering to an internal and external scientific definition of reality that is more physical and eschews the metaphysical and the abstract.

Ontological Basis

Positivism accepts a certain reality of existence and insists that this reality can be discovered by universal and immutable scientific / mathematical principles (Tribe, 2009) .

Epistemological Basis

The researcher has to distance himself as much as possible from his research in order to come to verifiable attempts. The scientific approach can help hims distance himself.

Interpretive Paradigm

An alternate rendering of this can be the constructionist paradigm where the approach depends upon the researcher in question and is often inductively created. It is subjective and avowedly so and the meaning / conclusions / perspective is generated from one's particular experiences, way of thinking, and origin (Oakes & Minca 2004, p. 30).

Ontological Basis

The researcher acknowledge existence…… [Read More]

Sources

Armstrong, DM (1973). Belief, Truth and Knowledge. Cambridge University Press

Catarina Marques, Elizabeth Reis & Joao Menezes (2010): Profiling the segments of visitors to Portuguese protected areas, Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 18:8, 971-996

Hartmann, Nicolai. 1953. New Ways of Ontology. Chicago, IL: H. Regnery Co.

Knorr-Cetina, K. (1999). Epistemic Cultures: How the Sciences Make Knowledge. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
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Tourism Some of the Major

Words: 730 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 17773473

Cultural tourism and long-term travel are recent trends, as are work-travel experiences such as language instruction.

In England, as in other European nations, history and culture play a major role in creating tourism markets. Visits to historical cites, museums, urban and rural activities remain popular in England. A strong British pound has not detracted significantly from the English tourism industry.

In spite of regional conflict and danger, tourism in Israel remains viable. Consumers interested in religious, historical, cultural and educational experiences thrive, as do individuals who are interested in long-term travel such as living on kibbutzim or studying at a university.

Since the fall of the Soviet Union, tourism in Russia has blossomed and includes travelers interested in a range of experiences including language instruction, ecotourism, and adventure travel.

Finally, Australia thrives in tourism experiences related to adventure travel, ecotourism, and long-term stays. Both urban and rural travel experiences are…… [Read More]

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Tourism Attraction Ethics

Words: 2900 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 61790903

Tourism Attraction Ethics

Extensive international travel even amidst the growing incidence of terrorism, accidents and disease give rise to various types of ethical concerns, which are normally not taken, into consideration by the present day tourism industry. The ethical concerns associated with travel involve health, safety and accessibility and also includes the detection of individual and institutional duties, informed sanction, eventuality preparation, disaster response mechanisms, fairness and unbiased treatment. The government agencies, professional associations and other such institutions have all strived to devise successful plans to address health safety and accessibility challenges cropping out due to the rapidly expanding international travel. The State Department of U.S., the Centers for Disease Control and the World Health Organization provides worthy resources in respect of public safety information; however, political considerations most of the times challenge accuracy and credibility. (Ethics Challenges: Health, Safety and Accessibility in International Travel and Tourism)

The Health and…… [Read More]

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Sustainable Tourism Does Not Destroy the Environment

Words: 2800 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 87777579

Sustainable tourism does not destroy the environment, economy, or cultural aspects of the tourist destination (David Vaughan, 2000). Sustainable tourism is aimed at ensuring that those concerned are not affected in any way and that a positive development is realized through it. Back in the 1980s, ecotourism which consisted of activities such as wildlife exotic cultures and nature, became more common with remarkably few people understanding what the impacts of such tourism are, this led to its pitfall (Erlet, 1993). Therefore, sustainable tourism helps to improve all associated impact of tourism as a whole, and this can steadily be achieved through seeking partnership between various governments, local community and any stakeholder in the tourism industry.

How sustainable tourism can be achieved

esearches done in this field indicate that for sustainable tourism to be achieved all efforts should be channeled towards fostering co-ordination and cooperation between managers of the tourism destination…… [Read More]

References

CEVAT, T. 2001. Challenges of sustainable tourism development in the developing world: the case of Turkey. Tourism Management, 22, 289-303.

COLIN, H. 1997. Sustainable tourism as an adaptive paradigm. Annals of Tourism Research, 24, 850-867.

DAVID A. LERTZMAN & HARRIE VREDENBURG 2005. Indigenous Peoples, Resource Extraction and Sustainable Development: An Ethical Approach. Journal of Business Ethics, 56, 239-254

DAVID VAUGHAN 2000. Tourism and Biodiversity: A Convergence of Interests? International Affairs, 76, 283-297.
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Pro-Poor Tourism

Words: 3175 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 45665588

Pro-Poor Tourism: Association With Development Activities, Sustainability, And Benefiting Local and Poor Population

Tourism is an effective tool of achieving development, especially in developing nations, and poor and remote communities. This is possible if governments, non-governmental, and private institutions involved in tourism engage poor and local communities in tourism activities, through pro-poor tourism strategies. Pro-poor tourism strategies, which can alleviate poverty and encourage development include unlocking opportunities in the tourism sector for the poor. This entails the expansion of employment and business activities, provision of training, and addressing the negative environmental and social impact of tourism. The research finds evidence that pro-poor tourism enables sustainable development and the conservation of social-cultural and environmental resources. Overall, pro-poor tourism promotes development at the community level through infrastructure and economic development and promotion of social amenities.

Pro-Poor Tourism in Development and Sustainability

Introduction

Private, non-governmental, government, and international organizations are increasingly paying attention…… [Read More]

References

Akyeampong, O. (2011). Pro-poor tourism: residents' expectations, experiences, and perceptions in the Kakum National Park Area of Ghana. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 19(2), 197-213.

Ashley, C., & Haysom, G. (2006). From philanthropy to a different way of doing business: strategies and challenges in integrating pro-poor approaches into tourism business. Development Southern Africa, 23(2), 265-280.

Choudhury, B., & Goswami, C. (2012). Community participation in minimizing leakage: A case study in manas national park. International Journal of Marketing and Technology, 2(2), 133-147.

Gossling, S., Schumacher, K., Morelle, M., Berger, R., & Heck, N. (2004). Tourism and street children in Antananarivo, Madagascar. Tourism and Hospitality Research, 5(2), 131-149.
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Growth of Tourism Capitalism as an Economic

Words: 1389 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 39468573

Growth of Tourism

Capitalism, as an economic system, is doing much of what democracy, as a political system could not. China has long been known as a communist country, but this truly applies to both political and economic policy, although the Marxist idea was originally economic. However, during the reign of Mao and the communists, the country sank deeper into poverty, and instead of being a world leader as it had been for centuries, it became a third world country. For the past three decades, the government in China has been slowly implementing economic reforms and these have been paying immense dividends. One of the most lucrative decisions made was that to allow tourism to begin again within the country. China has become a good example of what tourism can do for a failing economy, and how it can stabilize one that is emerging and volatile. The example China provided…… [Read More]

References

Bunten, A.C. (2010). More like ourselves: Indigenous capitalism through tourism. American Indian Quarterly, 34(3), 285-311.

Diaz-Guerra, B.B. (2008). New networks for the old paradise. Theoretical and Empirical Researches in Urban Management, 9, 43-50.

Henken, T. (2000). Islands of capitalism in a sea of socialism: Cuban tourism and workers in the second economy. Retrieved from  http://lasa.international.pitt.edu/Lasa2000/Henken.PDF 

Ketter, W.B. (2008, Sept 17). Vietnam today: Capitalism, tourism and technology draw country out of past. Cumberland Times-News. Retrieved from http://times- news.com/archive/x1540433642
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Beauty and Life of the Monarch Butterfly

Words: 2888 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 83935617

Beauty and Life of the Monarch Butterfly

This is a paper about the Monarch Butterfly. What animal kingdom is it from? Listed is the life cycle of the butterfly. What are the adaptations of the Monarch Butterfly?

THE BEAUTY OF THE MONACH BUTTEFLY

Many people think butterflies live in a carefree environment, but they are wrong. They seem so peaceful visiting flowers, but they are bound by social conventions and instincts of their own. Although their lives appear to be so simple, yet their lives are quite demanding (Farrand 1990). The beauty of the Monarch is found delighting in most butterfly lovers. The life of a Monarch Butterfly is quite complicated as it meets the instincts that it is bound with. A butterfly's life depends on finding enough food, where to lay its eggs safely, the intricate demands of courtships, and on finding the right spot of transformation from a…… [Read More]

References

Butterflies and Moths" Encarta Encyclopedia Article. http://encarta.msn.com/find/Concise.asp?z=1&pg=2&ti=761578331&cid=2

Butterflies The World of Nature" 1990. New York: Gallery Books

Carson, Shawn. "Unraveling the Secrets of Monarchs" Scientific American Sep. 1997 Vol. 277 Issue 3 p. 90

Darrach, Brad. "Millions of Monarchs" Life. Aug 93. Vol. 16. Issue 9. p. 50
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Ngos Geography Groundwork and Initial Steps for

Words: 3166 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 263798

NGOs

Geography

Groundwork and Initial Steps

For this research and analytical paper, we have chosen to work as the members of a small NGO and conduct a research as an executive director of a small non-governmental organization that would utilize its funding of one million dollar donation by establishing its branch in Pakistan, a third world country in order to improve and strengthen the country's educational arena. In this phase, we first had to decide a third world country that actually deserved a good financial aid in the form of a million dollar donation to improve its educational facilities. I came up with Pakistan, because this is one country that unfortunately has one of the most appalling literacy rates and percentages. So, in order to solve the problem at hand that is to answer the question as to where invest the donation, I chose Pakistan. Since, we have twenty years…… [Read More]

References

Bryson, J.M. (1995). Strategic planning for public and nonprofit organizations. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass Publishers.

State of Education in Pakistan, Care. Retrieved September 6, 2003 at http://www.care.org.pk/pakistan_facts/state_of_education.htm

Coffman J. (1997). Private Higher Education in Pakistan: The Need for Order. Centre for International Higher Education, Boston College. Retrieved September 6, 2003 at http://www.bc.edu/bc_org/avp/soe/cihe/newsletter/News09/text2.html

Ecotourism Society Pakistan (1999). Role of Non-Governmental Organizations in Pakistan.
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Alton Towers Is One of

Words: 6064 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 62027544

This analyst adds that Andy Davies of the Tussauds Group that operates Alton Towers reports that park visitors subscribing to the "Magic Moments" DVD "simply see it as a fun souvenir," and adds, "esearch shows that our visitors have a positive propensity to purchase these products, providing themselves with a personalized reminder of the day they and their friends and family had at Alton Towers. The system proposed will allow guests to relive their unique day time and time again through personalized digital video footage'" (quoted in Tucker at 10).

These types of innovative marketing initiatives are important for a theme park competing in the United Kingdom today because of the approaching saturation levels that appear to be developing in some regions of the country. For instance, besides the historic attractions that are ubiquitous throughout the United Kingdom, Alton Towers is also in competition with a number of other theme…… [Read More]

References

"About Us," 2010. Alton Towers Resort. Retrieved from http://www.altontowers.com/about-us/.

Brown, T., 2007, March 6. "Merlin Will Rival Disney with [Pounds Sterling]1bn Tussauds

Deal." The Daily Mail: 73.

Burling, R., 1985. Hill Farms and Padi Fields: Life in Mainland Southeast Asia. Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice-Hall.
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Tourism the Effects of Tourism

Words: 2833 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 96594064

9% of total GDP in Colombia (U.S.$3,524 million) and generates 386,000 direct jobs, equivalent to 1.8% of total employment in the country (Tourism Industry in Colombia).

The Composition of Tourism in Colombia

With 3,208 km of coastline (1,760 km on Caribbean Sea and 1,448 km on Pacific Ocean),

and 400 km of Amazon forest and Andean mountains, Colombia has a vast array of possible tourist destinations.

Some of the reasons tourists are interested in visiting Colombia would be its privileged location on the continent. All the environments of the tropics are present: glaciers, beaches, plains, rainforests, and deserts, which all add to its desirability (Where to go?).

Colombia also has countless tourist destinations offering a wide array of activities. Even the most jaded traveler can't help but be swept up by the magic of Cartagena, steeped in history and gentle people. Oozing romance, the old city is a warren of…… [Read More]

Bibliography

"1995-2000 Tourism-Sector Development Program." 2000. Mexico's Tourism Policy. 16 Apr 2009 .

"About Mexico." n.d. visitmexico. 15 Apr 2009 .

"Colombia Tourism." 1988. Geographic org. 16 Apr 2009 .

"Costa Rica has something for everybody." n.d. Costa Rica Tourism and Travel Bureau . 15 Apr 2009 .
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Iceland Is a Country Most

Words: 2444 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 25426466

However, the country recovered well and has improved its GDP considerably in the past decade.

The economic performance of Iceland has been good in recent years, with a growth in GDP over the past decade of 4% per annum, significantly bettering OECD growth over that period. Because of this, per capita GDP has recovered most of the ground lost in a preceding period of sluggish growth, making the country the fifth-wealthiest in the OECD on that benchmark:

Most of the rise in trend growth reflects productivity gains following the implementation of widespread structural reforms, which opened the economy and enhanced competition. Financial-market liberalization and privatization have unleashed entrepreneurial dynamism. Many companies have expanded abroad, and the country now plays a role that belies the small size of its economy. Labor markets have been increasingly opened to foreign participants, helping to reduce labor market tensions. ("Economic survey of Iceland 2006" para.…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Economic Survey of Iceland 2006." April 23, 2007. http://www.oecd.org/document/39/0,2340,en_2649_201185_37217255_1_1_1_1,00.html.

Frank, a.G. Capitalism and underdevelopment in Latin America; historical studies of Chile and Brazil. New York, Monthly Review Press, 1967.

Gilbert, Alan and Josef Gugler. Cities, Poverty, and Development. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1990.

Iceland." The CIA World Fact Book. April 24, 2007. https://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/geos/ic.html#Intro.
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Sage Handbook of Tourism Studies

Words: 1507 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 19320102



eferences:

Abari, Y., 2010, ural tourism is the best option for Nigeria, News Tower, http://newstoweronline.blogspot.com/2010/10/rural-tourism-is-best-option-for.html last accessed on December 8, 2011

George, E.W., Mair, H., eid, D.G., 2009, ural tourism development: localism and cultural change, Channel View Publications, ISBN 1845410998

Jamal, T., obinson, M., 2009, The SAGE handbook of tourism studies, SAGE Publications Ltd., ISBN 1412923972

Pillai, S.K.B., Govindas, B.A., Klaus, W., Feng, C.., 2010, ural tourism: catalyst of socio-economic transformation in the face of global warming and financial crisis -- a case study of Goa, Asia Pacific Journal of esearch in Business Management, Vol. 1. No. 2

2011, The world factbook -- Nigeria, Central Intelligence Agency, https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ni.html last accessed on December 8, 2011

2011, Tourism in Nigeria, Online Nigeria, http://www.onlinenigeria.com/travel/index.asp last accessed on December 8, 2011

Terms and definitions, Ecotourism in America, http://www.ecotourisminamerica.com/tools/definitions / last accessed on December 8, 2011

Training changes attitudes towards tourism industry in Jordan, Chemonics,…… [Read More]

References:

Abari, Y., 2010, Rural tourism is the best option for Nigeria, News Tower,  http://newstoweronline.blogspot.com/2010/10/rural-tourism-is-best-option-for.html  last accessed on December 8, 2011

George, E.W., Mair, H., Reid, D.G., 2009, Rural tourism development: localism and cultural change, Channel View Publications, ISBN 1845410998

Jamal, T., Robinson, M., 2009, The SAGE handbook of tourism studies, SAGE Publications Ltd., ISBN 1412923972

Pillai, S.K.B., Govindas, B.A., Klaus, W., Feng, C.R., 2010, Rural tourism: catalyst of socio-economic transformation in the face of global warming and financial crisis -- a case study of Goa, Asia Pacific Journal of Research in Business Management, Vol. 1. No. 2
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Touring the World Ecologically

Words: 700 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 11593381

Sustainable Tourism and Its Boons

Travel agencies have several sustainability practices that are germane to their business. These include educating travelers about appropriate, sustainable behavior, referring businesses that are sustainable, offering awards to sustainable businesses, investing in ecological friendly technology, and donating revenue to environmental causes. Airline practices for sustainability include implementing an Environmental Management Information System, creating environmental coordinator positions, recycling waste, building more efficient craft, and using Zero Emission Vehicles for ground support (Weaver, 2005, p. 81). Cruise ships can utilize native tour guides, Cruise Industry Waste Management Practices and Procedures, discharging water in appropriate sea conditions, treating water appropriately prior to discharge, and working with local governments to preserve natural environments. Hotels and resorts can make concerted efforts to recycle, invest in energy reduction technologies, reduce water use, invest in water treating technologies, and minimize waste. Theme parks can allocate land for environmental needs, donate land and…… [Read More]

References

Black, R., Crabtree, A. (2007). Quality Assurance and Certification in Ecotourism. London: CABI.

Weaver, D. (2005). Sustainable Tourism: Theory and Practice. New York: Elsevier.
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Summary of Chapters in Oceans End

Words: 653 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 94776198

Colin Woodward's book Ocean's End: Travels Through Endangered Seas describes the seas around Belize including those of Caye Caulker. Many of these are tourist areas, but with a low development footprint. As Woodward points out, most people walk and there are no cars anywhere on Caye Caulker. Although the author underestimates the intelligence and geographic awareness of Americans by stating that most of them have "never heard of this little nation," Woodward does do Belize justice in showing that increased rates of tourism to the island are wreaking havoc on the reefs, even though the type of tourism Belize attracts is "ecotourism."

Yet not all is idyllic on this stretch of paradise. As Woodward first points out, Caulker used to have a glut of spiny lobsters, so common that the locals were able to simply coax them ashore using palm fronds (p. 132). Tourism has increased the demand for fresh…… [Read More]

References

NOAA (2015). Coral anatomy and structure. Retrieved online: http://coralreef.noaa.gov/aboutcorals/coral101/anatomy/

Palumbi, et al. (2014). Mechanisms of reef coral resistance to future climate change. Science 344(6186): 895-898

Woodward, C. (2000). Ocean's End. Basic Books.
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Co-Creation Does Not Exist in

Words: 4824 Length: 16 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 85472649

As these preferences are determined, the algorithm then determines the best invitations to treat to present to the consumers. Today, these processes are powerful and can drive business at these websites, but they do not yet constitute bona fide interaction between the travel provider, the agent (website) and the consumer. Rather, the algorithms merely produce smarter sales pitches. At such a point when algorithms can literally cater to consumers' needs based upon the consumers' interactions the travel industry will be on the cusp of experiencing genuine co-creation. Co-creation at this point, however, is not an automated process. It must be conducted by humans. Given that more people are purchasing travel online than ever before, this would point to a decline in co-creation. It may be, however, that this technology will emerge in the next few years and truly transform the travel industry into one where co-creation is the norm.

Li…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

Binkhorst, E. (no date). The co-creation tourism experience. Unpublished. In possession of the author.

Prahalad, C. & Ramaswamy, V. (2004). Co-creation experiences: The next practice in value creation. Journal of Interactive Marketing. Vol. 18 (3) 5-14.

Porter, M. (1980). Porter's five forces. QuickMBA.com. Retrieved May 1, 2010 from  http://www.quickmba.com/strategy/porter.shtml 

WTO. (2009). Tourism highlights, 2009 edition. United Nations World Tourism Organization. Retrieved May 1, 2010 from http://www.unwto.org/facts/menu.html
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UNESCO This Talks About the

Words: 1830 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 79917149

A few of the most notable include: the vast disparities between rich / poor in the region, mining, logging and developing tourism. These various elements are important, because they are highlighting the underlying problems that will more than likely face the reserve in the future. Where, these interests will try to gain even more amounts of influence, despite the fact that the park is a protected through a host of different regulations. Some the recent regulations / actions that have been taken are: it has been included as a national park, the Projected Area Management Code has been adopted and there is a National Action Plan (to guide the future use of the park). At the same time, various efforts have been introduced to address the underlying challenges facing the park in the future to include: the expansion of the borders of the preserve, increased levels of staffing / enforcement…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Rainforests of Atsinanana. (2009). African Cultural Heritage. Retrieved from: http://www.africannaturalheritage.org/Rainforests-of-the-Atsinanana-Madagascar.html

Rainforests of Atsinanana. (2006). Marojey. Retrieved from:  http://www.marojejy.com/Pdf/UNESCO%20World%20Heritage%20Madagascar.pdf 

Rainforests of Atsinanana. (2011). UNESCO. Retrieved from:  http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1257 

Rainforests of Atsinanana of Madagascar. (2010). United Nations Environment Program. Retrieved from: http://www.unep-wcmc.org/sites/wh/pdf/ATSINANANA.pdf
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World's Oldest Largest and Deepest

Words: 2674 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 39017351

134). In addition, ussian authorities have also joined with the international community to protect the lake. In this regard, Hudgins adds that, "Increased awareness of such threats to the unique ecology of Lake Baikal has prompted a number of international organizations -- including the Sierra Club and Baikal Watch in the United States -- to join the ussians in their efforts to protect this natural wonder of the world" (1998, p. 135). According to the Sierra Club, "Lake Baikal, arguably ussia's most significant environmental treasure -- it contains a fifth of the world's unfrozen freshwater and is a UNESCO World Heritage site -- is being polluted by toxic waste from a paper mill that Vladimir Putin ordered reopened for economic reasons" (Pollutin' Putin, 2010, para. 2). In fact, the recently reopened paper mill disposes of toxic wastes directly into Lake Baikal's fragile biological system (Hoare, 2008). While the Sierra Club…… [Read More]

References

Current programs. (2010). Baikal Watch. Retrieved from http://www.earthislandprojects.org / project/campaignPage.cfm?pageID=7&subSiteID=1&CFID=43926225&CFTOKEN=32

975106.

Gladkochub, D.P., Donskaya, T.V., Wingate, M.T., Poller, U., Kroner, a., Fedorovsky, V.S.,

Mazukabzov, a.M., Todt, W. & Pisarevsky, S.A. (2008). Petrology, geochronology and tectonic implications of C. 500 Ma metamorphic and igneous rocks along the northern margin of the Central Asian orogen. Journal of the Geological Society, 165, 235-237.
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Tourism Opportunities Strategic Directions for

Words: 514 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 9879160



2.0 Nature Tourism

2.1 Capitalizing on existing infrastructure and programs

Currently, the BRTA organizes adventure tours including whitewater rafting, 4x4 off-road adventures through the hills, and also mountain bike touring. The BRTA should ensure that all equipment is up-to-date, and should solicit investment from private companies interested in increasing competition and growth in this sector.

2.2 New opportunities

While adventure tourism remains a strong point of Bilby's tourism potential, the town also needs to incorporate more relaxed and leisurely activities into its portfolio. Farm tourism is one area that Bilby can excel, becoming a regional destination for families and individuals interested in orchards and other agricultu products Bilby is famous for. The BRTA should make sure that its Web site adequately publicizes the annual events related to farm tourism as well.

Conclusions

With a few strategic improvements to the BRTA's approach, Bilby can become a destination for families, couples, and…… [Read More]

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Passamaquoddy Tribe & Harbor Porpoise

Words: 3256 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 8341569

These gunboats would devastate wildlife area and other immense and indefinite environmental impact. These tankers would carry liquefied natural gas or LNG in cruising through Head Harbor Passage. It would take at least 90 minutes for each tanker, the size of Queen Mary, to cross the passage of whale and porpoise feeding areas, breeding grounds and nurseries as well as aquaculture sites and fishing grounds (Figart).

Legal attle

The Passamaquoddy people and their ancestors have, for thousands of years, lived, fished, hunted and cultivated land in the Quoddy region (Harvey, 2004). They have thrived on marine species for survival. ut over 200 years of permanent European settlement in the region since the late 18th century introduced environmental predators and developers. With the passing of the years, they increased and became more and more efficient (Harvey). In response to the situation, the United Nations Environment developed the Global Programme of Action…… [Read More]

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Akagi, H.M. (2002). Appeal to the UN. NGO Committee of the United Nations

International Decade of World's Indigenous Peoples: Sipayik.com. Retrieved on December 19, 2009 from http://www.sipayik.com/akagi's_appeal_to_the_un.htm

CEC (1998). Impact of contaminants on the resources of the Gulf of Maine. A Global

Programme of Action Coalition for the Gulf of Maine. Commission for Environmental Cooperation: Horsley & Witten, Inc. Retrieved on December 20,
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Ecological Balance of the Coral

Words: 873 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 2824796

It should not be a difficult question to answer: we must begin reducing ocean pollution and taking steps to prohibit overfishing of our ocean shallows.

The plan that is formulated to address the overfishing and man-made pollutants in the coral reefs must be conducted by authorities in marine and ecological sciences. It must be conducted on two levels: the fishing industry associated with the catches on the coral reefs; and the pollutants that are introduced into the coral reefs through contact with man. This can be done by monitoring commercial tourism and diving industries, which claim there is no residual effect on the coral reefs (Carrier, James, and McLeod, Donald, 2005, p. 315).

The Plan for Preserving the Coral eefs

Action Items in the correct order)

Action Steps

Timeline

esearch and identify the effects of overfishing of species found in coral reefs.

eview fishing data as it pertains to catches,…… [Read More]

References

BBC/Discovery Channel (2006). Planet Earth: Shallow Seas, documentary film,

Discovery Channel, 12 October 2008. http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5009915994

Carrier, J.G., & Macleod, D.V. (2005). Bursting the Bubble: The Socio-Cultural Context of Ecotourism. Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute, 11(2), 315+. Retrieved October 26, 2008, from Questia database: http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5009915994

Tibbetts, J. (2004). The State of the Oceans, Part 2: Delving Deeper into the Sea's Bounty. Environmental Health Perspectives, 112(8), 472+. Retrieved October 26, 2008, from Questia database: http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5011316980
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Global Business International Reserves in

Words: 2721 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 24643959

other intangible assets such as patents and management strength. Finally, those future earnings are discounted to arrive at a net present value. Interbrand discounts against current interest rates and also against the brand's overall risk profile to factor in brand strength. Considerations include market leadership, stability, and global reach -- or the ability to cross both geographic and cultural borders. The final result values the brand as a financial asset. BusinessWeek and Interbrand believe this figure comes closest to representing a brand's true economic worth. (Business Week, Aug, 2007 (http://www.businessweek.com/pdfs/2007/0732_globalbrands.pdf)

Among the top 100 brands the U.S. has the largest representation with a full 52 brands on the list. This is comparable to no other nation. The U.S. also boast the highest rankings in high tech brands, producing electronic support systems, like software and PCs and/or support functions for them, as well as food and beverage provider brands, while Japan…… [Read More]

References

BP Statistical Review of World Energy, 2008, retrieved 8, 15, 2008:

http://www.bp.com/liveassets/bp_internet/globalbp/globalbp_uk_english/reports_and_publications/statistical_energy_review_2008/STAGING/local_assets/downloads/pdf/statistical_review_of_world_energy_full_review_2008.pdf

Business Week, Aug, 2007, retrieved 8, 15, 2008:

 http://www.businessweek.com/pdfs/2007/0732_globalbrands.pdf
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Eden Project Is One of

Words: 5745 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 13509169

As one would expect, those with children and teens tended to increase visits in the summer. While the older demographic groups dominated during the winter months. Seasonal fluctuations in Cornwall follow typical patterns found in non-tropical regions. The tourism trade in Cornwall depends on the influx of seasonal visitors during the warm summer months.

According to statistics from the Cornwall Tourism Board (2007), the largest percentage of visitors were from Devon. This is more than likely due to proximity more than any other factor. Other visitors can be broken down into the following general locations.

Location

Percentage of Total Visitors to Cornwall

Devon

Hampshire

Bristol

Wales

West Midlands

Yorkshire

Essex

London

Overseas

Source: Cornwall Tourism Board, 2007

It might be noted that Cornish residents were excluded from the survey. Therefore, these percentages only represent non-local tourism. One might notice that overseas tourism has a greater impact in numbers of tourism…… [Read More]

References

Cornwall County Council. 2006. County Supports Future Development of Eden Project. Available at http://www.cornwall.gov.uk/index.cfm?articleid=15629

Cornwall Tourist Board. 2007. Visit Cornwall. Available at http://www.cornwalltouristboard.co.uk/

Cornwall Tourist Board. 2007. Occupancy Rates in Cornwall 1993-2006 - Serviced Sector. Available at http://www.cornwalltouristboard.co.uk/documents/OccupancySurvey93to06.pdf

Cornwall Tourist Board. 2007. Tourism in Cornwall. Available at http://www.cornwalltouristboard.co.uk/documents/TourisminCornwallResearchUpdateSep06.pdf
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Evolution of International Tourism Citation

Words: 2345 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 16280082

During the period from April to June2003, the severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) outbreak had a negative impact on Thai economies. The total revenue from tourism was 10% lower than expected.

Seenprachawong U.)

However many studies of the tourist industry in the country point out that it is extremely resilient and " in the tsunami disaster, a quick recovery process began after a deep sentiment of sadness. Investment recovered very quickly with a view to cleaning up the destruction left behind. Following recent years of strong growth, the economy of Thailand should be in a strong position to recover from this tragedy." (Seenprachawong U.)

4. Conclusion

There is little doubt that the Thai tourist industry is one that is extremely dependent on changes in the natural environment and influences on the culture from the outside. While the resilience of this industry have be shown in the face of natural disasters,…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Asia Market Research. March 16, 2007.  http://www.asiamarketresearch.com/ 

Continued unrest, travel warnings hit Thai tourism. March 16, 2007.  http://www.dancewithshadows.com/travel/thai-tourism.asp 

Community-Based Tourism in Doi Inthanon National Park:Case Study of Ban

Mae Klang Luang Tourism Alliance, Chiangmai, Thailand. March 16, 2007. http://www.iges.or.jp/APEIS/RISPO/inventory/db/pdf/0006.pdf
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Doug Mckenzie Director Canadian Department

Words: 640 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 82329057



What Israel Offers Today in General

Israel offers a great plethora of historical and religious sites. It also offers beach resorts, archaeological tourism sites, heritage tourism sites and ecotourism. Israel now has the highest number of museums of any country per capita in the world. Most of the countries tourists visit from the U.S., Canada, rance, Russia, the UK, Russia, Germany and Italy.

Jerusalem -- the Main Attraction

Jerusalem has some 3.5 million tourist arrivals annually. One of the oldest cities in the world, it is the capital of Israel and largest city of Israel if the area and population of occupied East Jerusalem are included. The city is holy to 3 major religions, including Judaism, Christianity and also Islam. Most important is the Temple Mount site of the ancient Temple in Jerusalem with the Western Wall at its foot and with the Dome of the Rock, Al-Aqsa Mosque and…… [Read More]

February 27, 2012

Future Projects-"Hot" Information List

In coordination with other countries' tourism departments, we have a link sharing service on the Israeli Department of Tourism website and our related social media sites in Facebook, Twitter and Myspace. Given our past happy history of sharing, we would like to offer this service to you where we would offer to feature top links in Canadian on our sites in exchange for your doing the same on Canadian Department of Tourism sites. Giver the growth of social networking especially, we feel that this approach has incredible potential for mutual tourism promotion, since many tourists visit certain countries on a regular basis. They then will share these links and information with their friends and family in a natural word of mouth advertising campaign. Please consider becoming part of this promotional project. Its success depends upon your help and our mutual cooperation will help your department, just as we have worked together so profitably in the past. Please refer to www.goisrael.com for more information about this project. Thank you for your attention.
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Tourism Travel Management

Words: 2787 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 68931484

Tourism Distribution Network due to a mounting trend of ecommerce in the global market. The advent World Wide Web, Wireless Application Protocol and the integration of media with tourism, has somewhat halted the growth of traditional channels of travel and tourism. Thus, showing a prelude to eTourism, a modern concept of online or web-based distribution network, providing complete travel information and booking details only a click away. But this surge of information, economy and accessibility has also threatened the survival of traditional distribution channels like Travel Wholesaler and egional etailer Travel Agents. Which means where technology, sophistication and immediacy have brought forth new prospects of business in tourism, it also has a downside for traditional means of product and information transactions.

TOUISM DISTUBUTION NETWOK.

Tourism has traditionally relied on travel wholesalers and retail travel agents but this isn't to prevail in the ever converging global village. Electronic media, Mobile and…… [Read More]

Reference:

Travel and Tourism Research Association. www.ttra.com[Accessed 25th September 2005]

( eTourism Newsletter  http://www.etourismnewsletter.com/ecommerce.htm [Accessed 25th September 2005]

( Foresight Tourism Report for South African Tourism and Travel Distribution Networks http://www.dst.gov.za/reports/foresight_reports/FORESIGHT%20TOURISM%20REPORT.doc. [Accessed 25th September 2005]

( World Tourism Organization http://www.world-tourism.org / [Accessed 25th September 2005]
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Local Participation in Tourism Development

Words: 7386 Length: 23 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 82371250

Successful sustainable development also requires an evaluation of major trends and problems in the tourism industry rather than focusing on minor new developments that may have localized impact only (Butler, 1998).

Taken together, the foregoing indicates that irrespective of the precise definition that is used, sustainable tourism development is based on three main principles, economic, environment and social which are described below:

1. Economic: This principle refers to something that affects to the majority number of people and enhance the economic situation which is related to sustainable management of economic in tourism sector. This can regarded as opportunities to educate and train employees, support local suppliers, trade, producers and so on (Chapman, 2007). This principle is consistent with the observation by King (2008) that, "tourism in Thailand, as with tourism in the Asian region more generally, is a highly diversified, complex, and changing phenomenon, the impact and consequences of which…… [Read More]

References

'Bung Kan Is Thailand's 77th Province.' 2011, March 23. Pattaya Daily News. [online]

available: http://www.pattayadailynews.com/en/2011/03/23/bung-kan-is-thailand%E2%80%99s-77th-province/.

Burton, S., & Steane, P. 2004. Surviving Your Thesis. New York: Routledge.

Cater, E. 1993. 'Ecotourism in the Third World: Problems for Sustainable Tourism
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Tanzanian Experience Since Independence and

Words: 1942 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 54352259

In the case of Tanzania, because of the country's continued heavy reliance on agriculture and the fact that almost half of the country's workforce remains tied to that industry, foreign policies with developed nations in the future should seek to expand ecotourism opportunities and promote joint ventures with the country's burgeoning service industries. These are just a couple of examples, though, because a much broader approach is going to be needed in the future if Tanzania is going to overcome the enormous problems that it continues to face today to become a viable member of the international community. In the final analysis, every country in Africa is unique and comes with its own specific combination of resources and challenges. In the case of Tanzania, the country needs a foreign policy today that can help it improve its economic infrastructure in the short-term to be sure, but a much more broad-based…… [Read More]

References

Auty, R.M. (1993). Sustaining development in mineral economies: The resource curse thesis. New York: Routledge.

Bigsten, a., & Danielson, a. (2001). Tanzania: Is the ugly duckling finally growing up? Uppsala: Nordic African Institute.

Larsen, U., Mccloskey, L.A., & Williams, C. (2005). Gender inequality and intimate partner violence among women in Moshi, Tanzania. International Family Planning Perspectives, 31(3), 124.

Tanzania. (2007). U.S. Government: CIA World Factbook. [Online]. Available: https://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/geos/tz.html.
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Carbon Footprint Qantas Carbon Footprint Researcher One

Words: 1487 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 93091176

Carbon Footprint

Qantas Carbon Footprint

Researcher One

Corporate Governance

Qantas corporate governance statement mentions that Qantas has an appropriate corporate governance structure to ensure the creation, protection, and enhancement of shareholder value (Qantas, 2012). Based on this statement alone it seems as if Qantas does not promote a triple bottom line or any other measure of sustainability in the summary of their corporate governance strategy. Other firms in the airline industry make a stronger dedication to social and environmental issues in their corporate governance. Continental for example has significantly more mentions of such causes as well as a plethora of various projects to address these causes (Continental Airlines, 2012). Although Qantas does address such business functions later in their document, their corporate governance strategy seems to be more focused on shareholder value than a more balanced scorecard.

In response to pressures to mounting pressures to address ecological concerns about issues…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Airline Tickets, 2011. How Airlines Cut Costs. [Online]

Available at: http://www.airlinetickets.org/blog/how-airlines-cut-costs / [Accessed 5 February 2012].

Continental Airlines, 2012. Ethics and Compliance. [Online]

Available at: http://www.continental.com/web/en-U.S./content/company/investor/docs/continental_ethicsandcompliance_2007_02_12_01.pdf
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Tourism and Hospitality Industries it Is Perhaps

Words: 1017 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 63571827

Tourism and Hospitality Industries

It is perhaps indicative of how interconnected the hospitality industry and the tourism industry are that they are often connected in literature as one broad industrial category, "the hospitality and tourist industry." Their aims and objectives certainly overlap, sharing a common goal of catering to the needs and desires of people who are traveling for one reason or another. It is a facile separation of the domains of each industry to suggest that hospitality pertains to where people stay and tourism pertains to what people do in the process of travel, particularly as the options become more elaborate and varied to reflect a simultaneous increase in technology and the sophistication of consumer demand. Instead of focusing upon debatable divisions between the functions of each industry, it is perhaps a better model to look at the ways in which they support each other's key services (Ottenbacher 2009).…… [Read More]

References

Brey, ET al. (2008). Standard Hospitality Elements at Resorts: An Empirical Assessment. Journal of Travel Research. 47: 2; 247-258.

Crouch, GI. (2011). Destination Competitiveness: An Analysis of Determinant Attributes. Journal of Travel Research. 50: 27-45

Denver ES et al. (2009). "A World Ranking of the Top 100 Hospitality and Tourism Programs" Journal of Hospitality & Tourism Research. 33, 4: 451-470.

McCleary KW. (1993). Hotel Selection Factors as They Relate to Business Travel Situations. Journal of Travel Research. 32: 2; 42-48.
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Global Marketing and Management

Words: 4276 Length: 13 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 2744509

Global Marketing Strategies and Management Techniques of Apple Inc.

The central objective of this report is to perform an environmental analysis of a country in which our selected company shall aim to establish a market for its products and services. The company chosen for the purposes of this report is Apple Inc. The country selected for the analysis is The People's Republic of China. The aim of this report is to assist the management of Apple Inc. In assessing whether the country presents a viable business opportunity or not. The product chosen for this purpose is the Apple iPhone 4S.

The Apple iPhone 4S is said to be the best technology that the company has come up with in the iPhone product line. With the dual-core A-5 chip, 8 megapixel iSight camera, io5 and iCloud functions coupled with a speech recognition personal assistant dubbed Siri, it is one the most…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Altucher, J., 2010. There's no stopping China, s.l.: New York Post.

Anon., 2010. Apple Form 10-K, s.l.: Apple Inc.

Anon., 2011. [Online]

Available at: http://www.freedomhouse.org/report/freedom-world/2011/china?page=22&country=8016&year=2011
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Shopping Tourism Hong Kong a Study of

Words: 3450 Length: 13 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 34346765

Shopping Touism Hong Kong

A study of shopping touism: Is Hong Kong a good place fo shopping?

Backgound to the eseach Issue 2

Discussion of elevant liteatue

Poposed eseach Methodology and analysis

Sampling Method

Demogaphic Chaacteistics

Analysis of the esults fom Suvey

Suvey Question 7- Who ae the main companions fo visit in HongKong?

Backgound to the eseach Issue

Within the past thee decades shopping touism at intenational level has been inceased hugely the eason being advancement in the ailine industy as well as lessening in taveling expenses. This is evident fom the latest data which shows that in 2008 intenational aival was 922 million which is an incease of 4.47% since in 2005 it was 800 million (UNWTO, 2009, p.4). Although wold economy faced economic ecession in 2008, yet it did not impact on the touism ate which inceased by 1.99% in the peiod of 2007-2008.

Touism now has…… [Read More]

references and expenditure behaviors: the case of the Taiwanese outbound market. Journal of Vacation Marketing, 10(4), 320-332.

McCabe, S. 2009. Who is a tourist? Conceptual and theoretical developments. In J. Tribe (Ed.), Philosophical issues in tourism. (pp. 25-42). Buffalo, NY: Channel View Publications.

Mok, C. & Iverson, T.J. 2000. Expenditure-based segmentation: Taiwanese tourists to Guam, Tourism Management, 21(3), 299-305.

Oh, J.Y., Cheng, C.K, Lehto, X.Y. & O'Leary, J.T. 2004. Predictors of tourists' shopping behavior: examination of socio-demographic characteristics and trip typologies. Journal of Vacation Marketing, 10(4), 308-319.

Timothy, Dallen J., and Richard W. Butler 1995, "Cross-Border Shopping a North American Perspective." Annals of Tourism Research 22, 1 (1995): 16-34.
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Tourism Demand

Words: 3896 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 40870827

Tourism Demand esearch & Analysis

International Tourism Demand Estimation

Demand Theory

Switzerland

Tourism Attraction Sales

Cambodia

Tourism Attraction Sales

Tourism & Employment

Suggestions

Tourism Demand

Tourism may be defined as, "The sum of the phenomena and relationships arising from the interaction of tourists, business suppliers, host governments and host communities in the process of attracting and hosting these tourists and other visitors," (McIntosh and Goeldner, 1990, p. 4).

From the above definition, it can be seen that the development of tourism in any area involves multiple players. In addition, tourism is made of up numerous activities, services, and industries that contribute to the tourists' experience. These include the provision of transportation and accommodation; eating and drinking establishments; entertainment facilities; and shops, among others (McIntosh and Goeldner, 1990). Edgell (1990, p. 12) adds that,

"The full scope of international travel and tourism, therefore, encompasses the output of segments of many industries.…… [Read More]

References

Barry, K., & O' Hagan, J.(1972). An econometric study of British tourist expenditure in Ireland. Economic and Social Review, 3, 143-161.

Blake, Adam, Durbarry, Ramesh, Sinclair, M. Thea, Sugiyarto, Guntur, "Modeling Tourism and Travel Using Tourism Satellite Accounts and Tourism Policy and Forecasting Models." Online at www.nottingham.ac.uk. Accessed 09/12/2011

Crouch, G.(1994a). The Study of International Tourism Demand: A Survey of Practice. Journal of Travel Research, 32, 41-55

Deaton, A., & Muellbauer, J. (1980b). An almost ideal demand system. American Economic Review, 70, 312-326
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Rt Appreciation Analysis

Words: 2513 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 96390706

Power Politics and Glory

Example 1: The Great Wall Of China

It is a common phenomenon for an object to be associated with the ruler or the country in question. The Great Wall of China, where not only served as a defense system, but also consolidated the image of China as a mighty power for many years. The Wall -- acted more as a psychological defense mechanism -- giving the image of China as a united nation.

The design and the emergence of the wall was only possible in the then current prevailing Political Condition of the country, when the country needed to defend itself from foreign attacks by the Mongols.

The design of the Wall was used as a medium to inspire fear and an image of a strong state -- depicted by the strong wall itself. Aesthetic consideration was not point or considering factor, as the main point…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Carlisle, Lyndsay. "Walls and their impacts in a worldwide historical Context." Mexico: National Institute Of Ecology, n.d.Web. 27th Aug 2011

Ecotourism & Adventure Specialists . "The Palace at Paleanque National Park." n.d. Web. 28th Aug 2011.

Great Wall of China. n.d. Web. 27th Aug 2011.

Iliana Papadopoulou, Anastasia Veneti. "Committed Art and Propaganda." Annual PSA Conference. Leeds: Political Studies Association, 2005: 1-16.Web. 28th Aug 2011
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Endangered Malayan Tiger

Words: 1330 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 97325087

Malayan Tiger

Conservational organization

The Malayan tiger is a tiger subspecies that is smaller in size and is found in Malaysia as well as some areas in Thailand. It is one of the many tiger species but it is endangered. It can be found in central and southern areas of the Malaysia peninsula as well as to the south of Thailand. Its habitat is the forests that are less dense which have higher food supply.

Because of the loss of habitat occasioned by deforestation, the existence of Malayan tiger is endangered. Recent estimates place their population at between 600-800 individuals, thereby making it one of the tiger species that have a large population (Malayan Tiger n.p).

ild tigers in all their species are facing extinction threats. For hundreds of years they have been important in Asia's nature and culture (Global recovery program p.10). They are at the top of the…… [Read More]

Work cited

"Global Tiger Initiative." Tiger Summit. St. Petersburg: Global Tiger Initiative Secretariat, 2010. 70.

Malayan Tiger. 1 January 2008. 26 January 2015 .

"Securing a future for tigers in the wild." Wednesday November 2010. WWF. Accessed by 26 January 2015 available at:.

Tara Harris, Minnesota zoo, Allison Amavisa, Phoenix zoo. "Tiger conservation campaign." The AZA tiger species survival plan (2012): 12.
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Sustainable Development

Words: 1713 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 79309132

Urbanization in Latin America was the result of the industrialization that took place in the 18th century and attracted rural population to migrate in order to get better employment and life facilities. However, Neoliberalism caused privatization and resulted in the economic opportunities and growth prospects but the long-term effects tend to be declining in terms of growth due to the imbalance of job availability and job requirements and autonomy of corporate companies.

Import Substitution Industrialization vs. Neoliberalism

Urban primacy

Privatization

Urban Growth

Over Urbanization

Informal Sector

Squatter Settlement

Sustainable Development

Tourism

Drug Production

Neoliberalism and Sustainability

EFEENCES

Answer

Import Substitution Industrialization vs. Neoliberalism

Import-Substitution-Industrialization or (ISI) refers to the policy which facilitates trade and country's economy by means of replacing imports with the products that are produced domestically which ultimately focuses on a country's dependency and protects it from the foreign economic shocks. The policy was adapted by many countries…… [Read More]

REFERENCES

Butler, Richard W. "Tourism, environment, and sustainable development." Environmental conservation 18.03 (1991): 201-209.

Elliott, Jennifer. An introduction to sustainable development. Routledge, 2012.

Howell, D., and Mamadou Diallo. "Charting U.S. economic performance with alternative labor market indicators: The importance of accounting for job quality." online]. SCEPA Working Paper 6 (2007): 202007-6.

Jackiewicz, E.L., Bosco, E.J. (2012). Placing Latin America: Contemporary Themes in Geography. Roman and Littlefield Publishers.
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BP Crisis

Words: 2866 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 55103452

Evidence of this can be seen with the company being slow to provide information, on the total amounts of oil that are leaking into the ocean and the various restrictions that they have placed on media coverage. (Lack of Transparency Afflicts Oil Spill Response 2010) This problematic, because when there are restrictions and the company is slow to release information, it appears as if they have something to hide. At which point, the public will become furious with the company, from their perceived unwillingness to cooperate. This could have negative political fallout, as various Congressional Committees and regulators will demand all documents relating to the spill. Once this take place, it sets the stage for an ugly showdown with Congress and the White House. Where, they could seek to force the company to disclose more documents and engage in criminal investigations, as these actions give the appearance that executives are…… [Read More]

Bibliography

'Boards of Directors Need to Oversee Corporate Sustainability more Effectively', 2010, PR Newswire, Available from Proquest. [19 June 2010] http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?index=0&did=2054701491&SrchMode=2&sid=4&Fmt=3&VInst=PROD&VType=PQD&RQT=309&VName=PQD&TS=1276983049&clientId=45065

'BP Engineer Called Deepwater Horizon Nightmare Well Days Before Blast', 2010, Huffington Post, Available from: [21 June 2010].

'BP Establishes a $20 Billion Claims Fund', 2010, BP, Available from: . [21 June 2010].

'Estimating Cleanup Costs for Oil Spills', 1999, Cutter Information Corporation, Available from: . [19 June 2010].
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Sustainability Has Been a Foundational

Words: 897 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 78753546

As Lisa Mastny, an expert for the Worldwatch Institute, argues that sustainable tourism has been a new approach that forces many within the tourism business to take positive steps to "become more environmentally and socially responsible" (Mastny, npg). Eco-tourism has become a modern trend not only because of pressure towards greater environmental initiatives, but that having such a practice will ensure the future sustainability of the industry itself. Mastny argues that current eco-tourism measures has restructured management and operations along environmental lines (Mastny, npg). Principally that new measures are being instituted to reduce the damage to local environments and cultures by changing the way they use water, energy and resources to reduce consumption and efficiently dispose of waste. echnologies are being developed in the past ten years to provide renewable energy use, and ecologically sound chemical management practices. he general trend of the industry is to modify its behavior to…… [Read More]

Tourism. Retrieved January 25, 2007, at http://www.gdrc.org/uem / eco-tour/jburg-etour.html

Geis, D. (n.d.). Developing Sustainable Communities: The Future is Now.

Retrieved January 25, 2007, at http://www.smartcommunities.ncat.org / articles/develop.shtml
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Parks Recreation and Tourism

Words: 573 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 86261762

Parks Design

Roberts, R. (2010). DESIGN FOR THE Bottom Line. Parks & Recreation, 45(3), 48.

The author of this report has been asked to find a recent parks design article from an approved list of scholarly publications. This report will start with a summary of the article found and reviewed for this assignment. The second section will answer a series of brief questions that pertain to the article including who the article was designed for and how well the article is structured.

The main point of the article reviewed was that parks should be designed and constructed with the bottom line in mind. The article speaks of an example where a park was planned a year and a half in advanced which included tours of pre-existing facilities around the state. The economy started to go south when the final approvals were finally logged and this led to a huge drawback…… [Read More]

Just as an example, the article talks about how buying "green" materials such as energy-efficient products (e.g. light bulbs, etc.) can pay for themselves in fairly short order. Some may think the costs would never be recoverable but this article argues to the contrary in a clear-cut fashion without getting preachy or blowing smoke. It is a very effective article in this regard (Roberts, 2010).

Conclusion

The article reviewed in this paper is related to the planning process of designing, budgeting and planning park construction projects. Again, it did not get too technical but still would be useful to anyone and everyone that wants a good high-level overview of how to start the process correctly. It serves as a starting point to nail down before getting into the minutia of a project (Roberts, 2010).