Business Of Ecotourism, And The Ethics Of Marketing Essay

Length: 2 pages Sources: 4 Subject: Recreation Type: Essay Paper: #84221488 Related Topics: National Park, Ethics And Diversity, Consumerism, Tourism
Excerpt from Essay :

Leave No Trace includes seven principles for sustainable behavior in the outdoors, related to the ethics of stewardship for the environment. The seven principles include planning and preparing ahead, traveling and camping on durable surfaces, disposing of waste properly, leaving what you find, minimizing campfire impacts, respecting wildlife, and being considerate of fellow human visitors (Leave No Trace, 2015).

It is difficult to operationalize the definition of sustainable tourism or of environmentally-friendly tourists. Some of what seems to be emerging from research includes demographic information. Environmentally-friendly tourists tend to be "more educated, earn more money, and are interested in learning," (Dolcinar, Crouch, & Long, 2008, p. 21).

De-marketing is ironic, because it is "marketing aimed at limiting growth," (Dolcinar, Crouch & Long, 2008, p. 8). De-marketing also corresponds with the principles of "selective growth" in particular tourism markets (Dolcinar, Crouch & Long, 2008, p. 8). De-marketing is a potential solution to reduce the tourism demands from high-impact sectors, instead shifting focus to lower-impact tourism interests. Demand-driven sustainable tourism is ideal because it presumes an already educated consumer who is unwilling to tolerate outmoded models of tourism development, including being able and willing to learn about ways of reducing...


Factors influencing green behaviors include social background and economic factors. For example, wealthier people have more access to recycling facilities vs. poor people (Haanpaa, 2007). According to Haanpaa (2007), postmodern elements of green consumerism include diversity, freedom of choice, complex identity formations and lifestyles. Altruistic behavior is governed by social norms that encourage personal responsibility.

A. The five problems associated with green marketing include green spinning, green selling, green harvesting, enviropreneur, and compliance marketing. Green spinning occurs when "dirty" industries like oil and gas use clever but misleading PR and marketing campaigns to manipulate the public and spin the truth. Green selling is the marketing of useless materials branded as "green" because "green" is a consumer trend. Green harvesting occurs when a firm values cost-cutting and other conservative capitalist goals over the overarching ethics of greening. Enviropreneur refers to products that are manufactured and marketed ethically, but which fail to meet consumer demands, failed to educate the consumer, or which are branded poorly. Compliance marketing refers simply to firms that do only as much as they are required to by law.

B. 2. If I were to start a tourism business, I would use…

Sources Used in Documents:


Dolcinar, S. & Crouch, G.I. & Long, P. (2008). Environmentally-friendly tourists: What do we really know about them? University of Wollongong online.

"Driving Success: Marketing and Sustainable Development"

Haanpaa, L. (2007). Consumers' green commitment: Indication of a postmodern lifestyle? International Journal of Consumer Studies 31(2007): 478-486.

Leave No Trace (2015). The Leave No Trace 7 Principles. Retrieved online:

Cite this Document:

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