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Electric Car Manual
Instruction Manual for an Electric Car
Electric Car Charging (Silicon Prairies Social, 2012)
For this project, I intend to write an instruction manual for an electric car. This seems like an interesting topic because environmental issues are becoming more noticeable all the time and it seems that our society will have to accelerate its response to these issues. It is likely that part of the response will include the mass production of electric vehicles at some point in the future. Although this technology is similar to the motor vehicles that are on the road today, there are many differences that drivers will have to get used to. Therefore, I thought it would be interesting to document how the electric car will work and how it will differ from existing vehicles that run on fossil fuels.
The most obvious difference is that the vehicles are powered by different…
Hybrid Cars. (2012). Electric Cars: A Definitive Guide. Retrieved from Hybrid Cars: http://www.hybridcars.com/electric-car
Krisher, T. (2011, March 31). Thinking of an electric car? Get your garage ready. Retrieved from Fuel Fix: http://fuelfix.com/blog/2011/03/31/thinking-of-an-electric-car-get-your-garage-ready/
Silicon Prairies Social. (2012, March 29). Naperville Embraces Electric Vehicles with Charging Stations. Retrieved from The Top Suburban Tech Stories and Events: http://www.siliconprairiesocial.com/tag/electric-car/
Singh, T. (2010, October 08). Massachusetts Set To Install 100 EV Charging Stations! Retrieved from Inhabitat: http://inhabitat.com/Massachusetts-set-to-install-100-ev-charging-stations/
electric cars a good solution to oil consumption in the United States?
McKibben and Electric cars
Alternate Vehicle (AV)
Are electric cars a good solution to oil consumption in the United States?
Electric cars are the contemporary technology that auto-industry has come up with in order to mitigate higher carbon emissions and pollution issues. It is estimated by researchers and practitioners alike that electric cars will play an important role in restricting the use of imported oil in the U.S. The hybrid and plug-in-hybrid cars can significantly reduce the dependence of vehicles on oil. Since oil production has been even riskier in recent months due to some incidents of spillover at deep sea, the new technology of electric cars is being heavily invested in by the auto makers.
Thesis Statement: With current emphasis on reducing oil dependence of the U.S. And reducing the vehicle-generated emissions, the role of…
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McKibben, Bill. "Crossing the red line." The New York Review of Books 50.10 (2004): 68. http://www.climate-talks.net/2004-ENVRE130/PDF/20040610-NYRB-McKibben.pdf
All of these factors have led to forecasts of between 100 to 120 new models being produces industry-wide in 2013 as the industry supply chain can now manage this run rate and diversity of models (Egbue, Long, 2012). Aggregating together the sources of data available from an analysis of the electric vehicle supply chain, it is reasonable to project that regular hybrids will growth from just under 300,000 units in 2013 to 500,000 by 2015 (Egbue, Long, 2012) (Weiss, Patel, Junginger, et.al., 2012). At 522K units, hybrids will be 55% of the total market size, which will be 900,000 total units. The plug-in models are expected to generate 200K units in 2015, and the balance in high-end battery-based electric vehicles including the Chevy Volt (Weiss, Patel, Junginger, et.al., 2012). esearch indicates that the combining of hybrid and battery-based technologies could be the fastest-growing segment of all, attaining a 39% compound…
Egbue, O., & Long, S. (2012). Critical issues in the supply chain of lithium for electric vehicle batteries. Engineering Management Journal, 24(3), 52-62.
Lave, L.B., & MacLean, H.L. (2001). Are hybrid vehicles worth it? IEEE Spectrum, 38(3), 47-50.
Voelcker, J. (2010). Global market review of full and plug-in hybrid vehicles - forecasts to 2017: 2010 edition: Chapter 3 estimates on market takeup. Bromsgrove, United Kingdom, Bromsgrove: Aroq Limited.
Weiss, M., Patel, M.K., Junginger, M., Perujo, a., Bonnel, P., & van Grootveld, G. (2012). On the electrification of road transport - learning rates and price forecasts for hybrid-electric and battery-electric vehicles. Energy Policy, 48, 374.
It also requires us to be involved in that region of the world in very costly ways that would not matter but for our dependence on Middle Eastern oil. We are now at the point where the next generation of Americans or the one immediately after the next generation will experience the complete depletion of the world's available oil reserves.
Even before the oil finally runs out, its price will increase so substantially because of the economic laws of supply and demand that it will bankrupt this country to remain dependent on foreign oil. Even now, our economy is already tied to oil in ways that are damaging to our welfare and some of the nations to whom we pay billions of dollars annually may actually support extremist Jihadist terrorists who are planning what they believe will be the destruction of the way of life in the United States and…
E & FN SPON (2009). Urban Traffic pollution. Retrieved July 8, 2009, from W.T. STURGES (2004). Pollution of the arctic Atmosphere
NATIONAL ACADEMY of ENGINEERING (2002).Energy Futures and Urban Air
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Smith Electric Vehicles - KC
The organization chosen for analysis is Smith Electric Vehicles who is based in the U.K. But has an operation in Kansas City, MO. Smith Electric Vehicles manufactures and markets zero-emission commercial electric vehicles that are designed to be a superior-performing alternative to traditional diesel trucks due to higher efficiency and lower total cost of ownership (Smith, 2012). The organizations purpose is to provide the visionary leadership to completely and permanently alter the vehicle electrification supply chain.
Although many organizations are non-profit and subject to different sources of funding, Smith Electric Vehicles is a private company that relies on primarily the private sector to generate their cash flow. The company has partnered with global leaders across multiple industries: food & beverage, utility, telecommunications, retail, grocery, parcel and postal delivery, school transportation, military and government. Our customers include many of the world's largest fleet operators, including PepsiCo's…
Colgrass, N. (2012, April 15). The Coal-Powered Secret of Some Electric Cars. Retrieved from Newser: http://www.newser.com/story/144094/are-electric-cars-so-green-depends-where-you-live.html
Smith. (2012). Overview. Retrieved from Smith Electric Vehicles: http://smithelectric.com/about-smith/overview/
Smith. (2012). Zero Emissions. Retrieved from Smith Electric Vehicles: http://smithelectric.com/go-electric/zero-emissions/
What deal has Nikola made with GM to build electric trucks?
Nikola and GM's deal allows GM to work with Nikola (an electric-truck startup) to develop and manufacture new models. GM, an experienced and already established traditional automaker, will provide electric batteries and fuel cells for Nikola's trucks, including the future planned Badger pickup truck. According to the deal, GM will receive a $2 billion worth of stock and a seat on Nikola's board (Colias, 2020).
What are the advantages of having a strategic alliance with GM in terms of environmental impact?
First, it is a fact that GM has the technology and the manufacturing scale required to comfortably produce and sustain the auto market, something that the current electronic companies lack. This deal allows GM to put into use its industries and for Nikola to not necessarily have to put have another auto manufacturing industry, therefore, ensuring the…
Strategy Development at Tesla Motors
The hybrid and all-electric vehicle market is growing rapidly, and some industry analysts suggest that the future of personal transportation is in the hands of these manufacturers. One company that is in the vanguard of this industry is Tesla Motors, named for famed inventor Nikolai Tesla. The purpose of this capstone project is to provide an industry analysis to develop a strategy for the CEO of Tesla Motors to help shape the company's future.
Review and Analysis
Define strategy and examine how the definition of strategy fits Tesla Motors and its situation
Although a number of different definitions have been advanced over the years, a useful definition in an organization context states that “strategy determines the direction and scope of an organization over the long term, and it should determine how resources should be configured to meet the needs of markets and stakeholders” (Three levels…
Electric and Self-Driving Cars
Both the electric car trend and the self-driving car initiative may be considered fads that in the long run are simply untenable. Autonomous cars present numerous safety obstacles that are currently not being addressed, and the electric car phenomenon presents numerous obstacles as well. Currently it is a niche market: increasing power to the electric car and making it equal to gas-powered vehicles is a substantial obstacle, and a solution—expanding the number of electric vehicle charge points—needs to become part of the infrastructural horizon. In the UK, this solution is already being applied, as Murray (2016) shows: charge points are set to outnumber petrol stations in the United Kingdom by 2020.
However, much of the rest of global society is affected by the autonomous car in only a marginal way: if they are ever allowed to proceed into the mass market it will be a different…
Thackery, John. "ybrid autos REV up: but will SUV-addicted buyers opt for an environmentally friendly car that saves on gas but commands a premium price?" Electronic Business: Automotive Electronics. Oct 2002 v28 i10 pp. 64(5)
Even before reading the article, "ybrid autos REV up" an informed consumer of the media should know that quite often automobile and electronics magazines are highly favorable of the industries they chronicle. The industry is essentially their 'bread and butter' of such magazines -- i.e. without cars, fancy car gadgets, and car aficiandos, there would be no audiences for such segmented magazines. The credentials of John Thackery, the article's author, are not immediately obvious, but the article's title "ybrid autos REV up: but will SUV-addicted buyers opt for an environmentally friendly car that saves on gas but commands a premium price?" suggests a highly positive slant is being given to the vehicles, for…
However, the article does provide credible statistical evidence to suggest the car's popularity, noting "Toyota has sold a total of 100,000 of all types of HEVs worldwide in the last five years and boasts that it will crank out 300,000 HEVs annually by 2005, as more car buyers show a preference for lower emissions and better mileage." As further testimony to the likely future popularity of the cars it also notes as well that in addition to Toyota, Honda and Nissan have also begun to offer hybrid cars. Other automotive manufacturers plan to introduce electric cars in the next few years, including Ford, General Motors and Daimler Chrysler. All of these manufactures, incidentally, have linked advertisements to this article on the World Wide Web.
The intended audience of this article, however, is clearly more interested in the car's purported power than environmental impact. Although the article does quote a director of alternative power technologies at J.D. Power & Associates, Westlake Village, who notes "the total HEV industry could be as large as one-half-million units by 2007," instead the author is more keen to emphasizes that forward-thinking car makers are "building a new breed of HEVs with smaller sticker premiums and more modest emission-reduction and mileage-enhancement targets." Thackery gently mocks the Toyota Prius, for example, stating that the car "sells on its appeal as a statement of the driver's environmental piety," but the more revved up HEVs, of the future, which are incidentally are more likely to be made by American car manufacturers, "are more attuned to market realities in a country where gas guzzling is an accepted addiction. 'If you do the math, you can see that we can actually save significantly more fuel converting a 20-mpg vehicle into a hybrid than a 30-mpg vehicle, especially if it's a vehicle that sells in high volumes, not a niche vehicle,'" one GM executive is quoted as saying, in defense of GM's future, more modest emissions standards for its electronic vehicles, in contrast to the Toyota Prius.
Thus, the article overall presents solid and credible information about how hybrid cars work, and their burgeoning popularity. But this American car and electronic niche magazine, aimed at car and gadget aficionados rather than the average cost-conscious middle class American car consumer may be too quick to sneer at the petite and cost-conscious hybrids such as the Prius, and too quick to endorse the more mildly conservationist and conserving 'mild-HEVs' that American manufactures plan to make in the future. Although its information its solid, its tone must be regarded with a pinch of proverbial (electrically charged) salt.
emotional positioning stategies. Maketing Intelligence & Planning, 23(1), 9-29.
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Philip Kotler, & David Gertner. (2002). Country as brand, product, and beyond: A place marketing and brand management perspective. Journal of Brand Management, 9(4/5), 249-261.
Car repair is the process of diagnosing the car problem to identify the fault within the car. While the cars manufactured before 2000 requires special tools to be repaired, however, the computer technology has been increasingly used to diagnose and repair many newly manufactured cars. Before mechanics start the repairing of cars, they often quote the prices for customers before starting the repairing work. To repair the car, mechanic uses both electronic methods to gather data in order to replace the faulty materials in the vehicle. A mechanic diagnoses the car and identifies the problem within the car before starting the repairing work. There are two approaches used to diagnose a faulty car:
Use of a repair manual
elying on one's analysis
Use of computer technology
A repair manual is a book that assists an auto mechanic to identify the problems within a car. The repair manual consists…
Alberta Canada (2012). General Practitioners and Family Physicians. Government of Alberta. Canada.
Armenia Development Agency (2010). Jewelry and Gemstone Overview. Armenia.
Hoover's (2012). Jewelry Stores Industry Description. Hoover's Inc.
MedicineNet (2012).Optometrist vs. Ophthalmologist, Do You Know The Difference. USA.
Hybrid vs. Gas Powered Cars
Currently, global warming and a shrinking natural resource base are two of the greatest headaches for governments and regulators alike the world over. The price of gas in the U.S., for instance, almost doubled over the last decade, from $1.86 in 2004 to $3.62 on average in the first half of 2014; and given that more than half of the country's oil consumption is taken up by motor vehicles, one question looms -- what will the situation on our roads be like when our oil reserves can no longer sustain our consumption needs? Then there is the even greater problem of greenhouse emissions and global warming. The transport sector accounts for approximately 17%-18% of total CO2 emission globally, and automakers have been under intense pressure to roll out emission-free automobiles, and thereby reduce the damage resulting from the Greenhouse effect. More and more regulators are…
IIHS. (2014). Hybrid Models have Lower Injury Odds than their Conventional Counterparts. Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS). Retrieved 5 November 2014 from http://www.iihs.org/iihs/news/desktopnews/hybrid-models-have-lower-injury-odds-than-their-conventional-counterparts
Markel, T. & Simpson, A. (2006). Cost-Benefit Analysis of Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle Technology. WEVA Journal, 1(1), 1-8.
Pavan, R.S. (2013). A Review on Hybrid Vehicles. International Journal of Research and Engineering and Technology, 2(5), 59-64.
Reddy, S.S. & Tharun, K.S. (2013). Eco-Friendly Vehicle: Hybrid Electric Vehicle. International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology, 4(4), 957-960.
General Motors was founded in 1908 and has been the largest manufacturer, designer, building and marketer of cars and trucks throughout the world since 1921. It sells vehicles in more than 200 countries worldwide and maintains assembly, manufacturing, distribution or warehousing operations in 53 of these countries. In 2000, it sold 8.6 million cars and trucks - constituting 15.1% of the entire world vehicle market (the world's biggest share) at $4.5 billion net sales and $184.6 billion in revenues. (General Motors). It envisions itself as the enduring world leader in transportation products and related services, whose goal is "to maintain this position through enlightened customer enthusiasm and continuous improvement, driven by the integrity, team work and innovation" of its employees. (General Motors)
The organization operates in four regions. The first, which has the largest market at 27%, is the GM North America. This region designs, manufactures and markets vehicles for…
Business Wire. Raytheon Chosen by General Motors to Provide Dealership
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Tesla Marketing Plan
For over a decade, Tesla Motors has emerged as one of market leaders in designing, manufacturing, and selling luxurious electric cars, battery components, and powertrain components. ith its establishment in 2003, the company has established an innovative niche in the electric car business. Tesla has developed a market strategy that embodies the company's core values in the luxury electronic vehicle business. ith this strategy, the company establishes a competitive niche that surpasses other players in the market.
ith this strategy, Tesla can benefit from gaining a significant market share, brand loyalty and awareness, and realization of profits through the adoption of new strategies. In this paper, we look into the market success plan for Tesla Motors (Damodaran 40).
In this case, we develop a fully electric, brand new, and entry-level car named Tesla Z. The car will possess core components of a Tesla vehicle. However, the creation…
Ayre, James (2015, March 28). "Electric Car Demand Growing, Global Market Hits 740,000 Units." Clean Technica, 28 March 2015.
Damodaran, Aswath. Investment Valuation: Tools and Techniques for Determining the Value of any Asset, University Edition. New York: John Wiley & Sons, 2012. Print.
Kalla, Susan. "Demand For Tesla Is Not The Problem, Switching The World To Electric Cars Is" Forbes. 30 November 2014. Web.
promoting fuel efficient cars, establishing green spaces or forestry, random emission testing, and encouraging alternative transportation, walking, and bicycle use. The total cost is $15.5 M.
Fuel efficient cars
Fuel efficient cars not only reduces pollution but I chose it due to the fact that it is also a good option given today's rising gas prices.
Fuel efficient cars come in 2 categories -- electric and water. What this means is that these cars substitute gas -- which pollutes the atmosphere -- with either electricity or water or hydroxyl.
Hybrid cars are healthier for the environment since they combine gas and water (or electricity) producing lower emissions. They also reduce dependence on fossil fuel which is the main source of fuel today.(Future-Method.com)
The trade-offs of fuel efficient cars are first and foremost price. That, however, can be overcome by compelling distributors to lower the price by making it a more…
Future-Method. Fuel Efficient Hybrid Cars -- Initiatives to Reduce Pollution. http://www.futuremethod.org/418/fuel-efficient-hybrid-cars-initiatives-to-reduce-pollution
The benefits of alternative transportation http://www.scdhec.gov/administration/library/CR-007047.pdf
Supnithadnaporn, (2007), Do Vehicles Passing Emission Test Pollute Less-Georgia Institute of Technology http://www.spp.gatech.edu/faculty/WOPRpapers/AnupitWOPRFinal.pdf
Lotus ental Car's CFO feasibility adding alternative fuel vehicles fleet
The problem of switching to a more fuel efficient car, especially ones that are considered non-polluting will arise for all tourist and individual car owners. The reason is the rising cost of fossil fuels and the actions of environmentalists and other powers that try and curb the use of fossil fuels and cars in many places. While the operators have some more breathing time, it can be predicted that in the near future there will be a forced shift to hybrid cars, electric vehicles and non-fuel-based vehicles in all sectors of the world. The automotive industry is itself gearing up for the change. One factor that has made the automobile producers take to producing hybrid vehicles and electric and other fuel vehicles is primarily the costs of fuel as is obtained now. The rising cost in fuel has made automobile…
Baker, Linda. (2006) "The Service Economy: Car Sharing Is the New Consumer Model." E
Magazine, vol. 17, no. 2, pp: 16-18.
Becker, Helmut. (2006) "High noon in the automotive industry"
Use of electricity a d heat production is to systemize this process (.Nurettin Demirdoven, 13 Aug. 2004)
In contract Hybrid and fuel vehicles are efficient plus its engine is conventional with internal combustion. Fuel vehicles which consume hydrogen from fossil fuels dose not offer efficient energy with an advantage to operate an urban drive cycle used by hybrid vehicles. However, priority is mostly given to hybrid vehicles by government and various industries. In Addition, One of a famous company, Honda has released its Honda hybrid car in 2007 namely Honda Civic Compact Sedan. This car is made on the basis of new technology for saving gas. This car generally operates with three features including battery pack, gas powered engine and an electric motor to save its energy. There is also a full hybrid car which consists of the same major features mentioned above. Honda's hybrid car can easily be powered…
Further this gives them a feeling that politics are not involved in the organization and people get what they deserve. Further the president stresses on the absence of any executive dining room. Management and workers sit together and eat. This promotes a sense of equality where everyone feels as if they are part of the same team.
Moreover for any organization to keep the workers motivated is highly important. High motivation would increase the level of productivity. Lincoln Electric's Advisory Board meetings include the workers who can then share any problems they might be facing or other issues of concern. They have a right to question company policies and also take part in suggesting ideas and opinions on how to solve the problem. This type of democratic leadership exhibited by the management of Lincoln Electric causes high motivation levels in the employees who feel that their opinion matters and they…
Alternative Fuel cars
The best way that we can approach this complex subject is by differentiating the different types of fuels that the cars use since each fuel requires a different type of car and each fuel, accordingly, has its particular advantages and disadvantage.
Biodiesal vehicles combine petroleum gasoline with vegetable oils. Their benefits lie in the fact that these fuels produce fewer carbon emissions and reduced harmful particulates than does regular fuel. Biodiesel is more cost-effective for drivers than is standard fuel and is also more energy-efficient in its production.
On the other hand, biodiesel fuel is more expensive than standard gasoline aside from the fact that its production would take up vast tracts of land, and farmers may be encouraged to replace food crop planting with biodiesel plants.
Ethanol-fueled cars are driven by a combination f gasoline and a grain-based propellant. There are various…
hour car ride; regarding whom I would choose and why.
I have been extremely interested in the functionalities and technicalities inherent to the world of business ever since the time that I came to realize the essentiality that businesses have in regard to the world that we live in. One of the things that has become most apparent to me regarding my idea of an ideally effectual degree of business know-how has been the concept that only in so much as absolutely understanding the characteristics of the marketing within it is operating can a particular business ensure any degree of market success.
This is the primary reason due to which I would prefer to select Jack Welch and Bill Gates as two of my companions to accompany me upon a hypothetical car ride lasting for 72 hours. Both of the men are monumental names in the business sector; in fact…
That means the car does not have to be recharged after going only short distances. The electric motor can also help recharge the batteries if necessary. The gasoline engine recharges the bank of batteries, and the car just keeps going. Most hybrids can get between 55 and 60 mpg on the highway, although some owners do report less.
Most of the cars also use a generator that actually produces the electric power that drives the electric motor, and most use conventional transmissions, although the Toyota Prius uses a new, radically different transmission. The cars also combine a gasoline gas tank with a bank of batteries to power both engines. This is called a "parallel hybrid." Another type of hybrid engine, the "series hybrid" uses the gasoline engine to power a generator that creates the power for the electric engine or can recharge the batteries (Nice).
There's another advantage to hybrid…
Bamber, Taylor. "All about the Hybrid Car." Searchwarp.com. 2005. 30 Sept. 2005. http://searchwarp.com/swa14037.htm
Brotman, Steve. "Hybrid Cars." University of Florida. 2005. 30 Sept. 2005. http://plaza.ufl.edu/triplest/
Nice, Karim. "How Hybrid Cars Work." HowStuffWorks.com. 2005. 30 Sept. 2005. http://www.howstuffworks.com/hybrid-car.htm
2007 Economic Crisis on American Car market
Effect of the 2008 global economic crisis on automotive industries
Crisis in the United States
Crisis in Canada
Crisis in ussia
Crisis in European markets
Crisis in Asian markets
Effects by other related crisis events
In this paper, we will review the effects of 2008 global automotive crisis. Our main focus will be on the American car manufacturers and the negative impact they suffered due to the crisis. We will also have a look at how this crisis had affected car manufacturers in other major markets around the world notably Europe, Canada and the prominent Asian markets such as China and India. Finally, we will look at some of the other factors which were important to this event namely the energy crisis since the cost of fuel is directly related to the car industry.
The automobile industry is a very important part…
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At least three customer roles are needed for a marketplace transaction: (Ibid)
1. Buying, choosing a particular product or service;
2. Closing sale by paying for product or service;
3. Consuming or using product or service.
Subsequently, one customer may be a buyer, a payer, or a user; or each of these roles may be filled by an organization; various individuals; or different departments. During the process of transforming a showroom visitor to a used car buyer, it is vital to note that if a seller does not cater to each of these three roles, he may loose the customer.
Insuring a used car's features are the ones the potential customer has in mind and that the vehicle will best satisfy the user's want or need has to be a primary goal of a seller.
The payer role is equally important as without a payer a sale will…
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People seeking to make a fundamental change in the way they transport themselves will likely need a great deal of information, some of which may provide greater clarity while others may provide confusion and resort in them seeking out another alternative product. The consumer may then look for information that will support their inquiry into a commitment to a Hydrogen Fuel Cell Vehicle as opposed to one of many alternatives.
a. Choosing a lower cost option, or in this case an option that best fits into their personal budget;
b. Choosing an alternative with greater support and/or greater available review data, i.e. something that has already been tried and embraced by consumers;
c. Choosing a product that offers the least resistance in the way of lifestyle change, where to fuel, how to fuel, easier to drive, and/or service.
2. Consulting an expert, such as the lease agent, dealer manufacturer or…
Al-Muslim, a. (2011, March 29). Hempstead adds three hydrogen-powered cars. Newsday, (Melville, NY). Retrieved from EBSCOhost.
Katzanek, J. (2005). Hybrid car buyers willing to wait in line -- and pay more. Press-Enterprise, the (Riverside, CA), Retrieved from EBSCOhost.
Lenderman, a. (2007). Hybrids, concept cars generate buzz. Santa Fe New Mexican, the (NM), Retrieved from EBSCOhost.
Strahan, D. (Nov 29-Dec 5, 2008) Hydrogen's long road to nowhere. New Scientist (200) 2684, 40-44.
There is a lot of predictability and patterns when it comes to economics. There are many examples that one can point to. First, there is a bit of a cycle to things. Even when there are economic "booms" in the United States or other capitalistic countries, there are eventually "busts" of varying size and degree called recessions. Most of the time, the recessions are fairly brief and not a lot of damage is done. Other times, one sees recessions like the Great Depression in the 1930's and the Great Recession in the 2000's. There was also the fairly dark period that occurred during the latter part of Jimmy Carter's Presidency and into the early 1980's when Reagan took over (24/7 all Street). Of course, there are behaviors that are expected and realized when economic travails come. People tend to tighten their spending, stick to their current job if…
24/7 Wall Street. "The 13 Worst Recessions, Depressions, And Panics In AmericanA History." 247wallst.com. N.p., 2015. Web. 21 Dec. 2015.
Car Scoops. "Want A Car 'Made In The U.S.A.'? Then Check The First Digit Of The VIN Code." Carscoops. N.p., 2015. Web. 21 Dec. 2015.
Crawford, Steve. "How Does Consumer Spending Change During Boom, Recession, And Recovery?: Beyond The Numbers: U.S. Bureau Of Labor Statistics." Bls.gov. N.p., 2015. Web. 21 Dec. 2015.
Fiat. "Fiat.Com - Homepage." fiat.com. N.p., 2015. Web. 21 Dec. 2015.
Ultra Long-Term Perspectives World Energy
Energy is a very important part of our lives and the world that we live in today. It has always been important since the time that the humans used to do all their work by themselves to the times when they started using animals and even today when we make use of the energy sources around us to produce energy such as electricity.
Today our main source of energy are the fossils fuels that won't last forever as, they take millions of years to form and very little time to get used as a source of energy. One of the very important concerns of today's time is the speed with which we are consuming these fossil fuels and how it will be very difficult for us to keep up with the increased demand which is expected to double by 2050 as the population is expected…
European Renewable Energy Council EREC. (2010). Re-thinking 2050 - A 100% renewable energy vision of EU. Retrieved from http://www.erec.org/media/publications/re-thinking-2050.html
Jess, A. (2010). What might be the energy demand and energy mix to reconcile the world's pursuit of welfare and happiness with the necessity to preserve the integrity of the biosphere? Energy Policy, 38(8), 4663 -- 4678. Retrieved from http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0301421510003009
Khatib, H. (2011). IEA World Energy Outlook 2010 -- A comment. Energy Policy, 39(5), 2507 -- 2511. Retrieved from http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0301421511000930
Khatib, H. (2012). IEA World Energy Outlook 2011 -- A comment. Energy Policy, 48, 737 -- 743. Retrieved from http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0301421512005149
Ashford Writing Center. Must include a title page: Title paper Student's Course number Instructor's Date submitted Must begin introductory paragraph a succinct thesis statement.
Efficiency of Cars
The following pages focus on debating whether cars should be more efficient or not. The Introduction presents certain points-of-view that will be used in the sections of the paper. The Efficiency section intends to provide a definition and explanation of efficiency. The Efficiency of Cars section presents a discussion that compares different types of cars and their efficiency. The Conclusions section presents some of the most important issues discussed in the paper.
The business environment in which companies develop their activity determines them to focus on strategies that help them improve their efficiency. It seems that efficiency is considered an important factor that influences companies' success. The need for efficiency is determined by the resources of customers. In other words, customers want to…
3. Whitman, J. (2011). High Hopes, and Hurdles, for Hydrogen Cars. Retrieved March 18, 2012 from http://www.usatoday.com/money/autos/2011-06-19-cnbc-hydrogen-cars_n.htm .
4. Electric Vehicles (2012). U.S. Department of Energy. Retrieved March 18, 2012 from http://www.fueleconomy.gov /feg/evtech.shtml.
5. What Is an Electric Car (2012). HybridCars. Retrieved march 18, 2012 from http://www.hybridcars.com/electric-car .
Merger, Acquisition and International Strategies
Mergers, Acquisitions and International Strategies
A merger is a combination of two or more business entities with the aim of consolidating the resources that they have and creating a single entity with that. The process of merging is done through acquisition or direct pooling together of the resources available. Acquisition occurs when a firm buys a stake in another firm and assumes control of it. Acquisitions are part of growth strategies paid for in cash, payment through stock of the acquiring company or both. Mergers and Acquisitions commonly denoted by M & A work hand in hand and are in recent times seen as one. M & A is a strategy of finance and management dealing with the selling, buying, combination of, firms and entities to help grow a firm rapidly. M & A occur to help a firm create a new strategy, joint venture…
GM:New York Stock Quote - General Motors Co - Bloomberg. (n.d.). Bloomberg - Business, Financial & Economic News, Stock Quotes. Retrieved December 1, 2012, from http://www.bloomberg.com/quote/GM:U.S .
General Motors | GM.com. (n.d.). General Motors | GM.com. Retrieved December 1, 2012, from http://www.gm.com/
Tesla Motors | Premium Electric Vehicles. (n.d.). Tesla Motors | Premium Electric Vehicles. Retrieved December 1, 2012, from http://www.teslamotors.com/
Solar is the Solution, author Steve Heckeroth argues that solar energy is the key to alleviating climate change. Heckeroth builds his argument on the statement that "Solar is a promising source of future energy supplies because not only is it clean, it's remarkably abundant." Another one of Heckeroth's claims is that "relying on coal, oil and natural gas threatens our future with toxic pollution, global climate change and social unrest caused by diminishing fuel supplies." These statements are internally valid; although Heckeroth does not provide quantitative data to back up these statements, they are easy to reference. Moreover, Heckeroth establishes his own credibility as an author qualified to write about environmental science by stating "I have been studying our energy options for more than 30 years." Of course, "studying" something for thirty years does not automatically make a person an expert. Heckeroth is admitting that he is a layperson who…
Heckeroth, Steve. "Solar is the Solution." Dec-Jan 2008. Retrieved online: http://www.motherearthnews.com/Renewable-Energy/2007-12-01/Solar-is-the-Solution.aspx?page=6
top page. This reference citation complete successful locating article.
Karlgaard, R.R. (2012). Energy in 2050 Shell's Peter Voser. Forbes Asia, 8(6), 97.
Shell Oil's present CEO Peter Voser came to the helm of the company in 2009, at the height of the world's credit crisis. Voser immediately began 'cleaning house' and completely restructured the company. He began with the management. Twenty percent of the management staff was completely eliminated. Another 14,000 people at Shell were asked to reapply for their jobs and justify their worth to the company. Voser took seven months to completely change the organizational structure of the company to make it leaner and more competitive. Despite the far-reaching nature of his actions, Voser stated that he was primarily changing the nature of the management, not the fundamental company philosophy and orientation of Shell. Shell will remain an oil company, founded on the belief that oil…
Growth of GE
General Electric was founded in 1878 and became a firm in1890 when Thomas Edison combined his different business ventures ("Thomas Edison & GE"). During this time the Thomson-Houston Company was a competitor with GE. hen each of the businesses began to grow neither company was having much success in creating electrical installations with their individual patents and technologies. By1892, the Thomson-Houston Company and GE were merged together ("Thomas Edison & GE"). The new company became the General Electric Company ("Thomas Edison & GE").
The company has been responsible for the development of the first iridescent light bulb. In addition the company was responsible for the creation of the first x-ray machine. Throughout the years the company has played a role in much historical advancement including the electric toaster (1905), commercial finance (1905), first radio broadcast (1906), electric locomotives (1908), the vacuum tube (1912) and Resins (1912). In…
"GE CEO keen on oil, gas deals." 12 Oct. 2010. 16 Oct. 2010
"GE's Growth Strategy: The Immet Initiative"
"GE's Immelt gets no respect" 15 Oct. 2010. 16 Oct. 2010
"General Electric screen matrix." n.d. 16 Oct. 2010 http://www.palgrave.com/keyconcepts/pdfs/Strategic%20Management%2014039_21350_10_G.pdf
The former might be, 'What specific...' [while] Less structure might be exemplified by: "Please respond to the following in your own words: I....'" (Dereshiwsky, 1999) in addition:
adding some open-ended items such as these to a more traditionally scaled quantifiable survey, such as one with Likert-scaled attitudinal items, and/or "check/off" questions on demographic background variables, is a good way to make the survey "multimethod" in nature. This is because you'd be using that "single" data collection vehicle (survey instrument) to collect your data (responses) in more than one form: quantitative and qualitative! You could ask the same general questions in both forms and then compare the two alternative forms of responses to see if they 'converged,' or agreed, regarding the phenomenon that you are trying to measure via the survey (e.g., attitudes towards school climate). If they do, you can have greater assurance that "there's something real being captured/measured" regarding…
Area Sales of Luxury SUVs in High Gear; Gas Prices Don't Slow Down Affluent Buyers. (2007, April 28). The Washington Times, p. C10. Retrieved April 24, 2008, from Questia database:
Alternate Energy in Daily Life
Imagine that you could travel in time, much like Doc Brown and Marty McFly in the movie Back to the Future. uppose you traveled back to 1955 with the Doc and Marty and asked a resident of 1955 what the year 2011 would be like. Would he predict hybrid cars, or flying cars? Would he believe that the United tates has a moon base -- or that is has no moon program at all? Would he believe that kids carry cell phones but that the only commercial viable robot is the Roomba vacuum? omeone living in 1955 would probably predict a future much different from the one we are actually living today. When you consider how life in the future was depicted in movies, TV programs, and books in the middle of the 20th century, it easy to see that our predictions about the future…
Sources." (February 21, 2009.) Retrieved April 27, 2011 from the Alternative Energy website at http://www.alternative-energy-news.info/hydrogen-fuel-from-non-food-sources/
IBM. (2000.) "Flying Cars Commercial." Retrieved April 26, 2011 from YouTube.com at http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vzm6pvHPSGo
Johnson, Keith. (August 10, 2009.) "Blown Away: Wind Power Makes Electricity Cheaper in Texas." Retrieved April 28, 2011 from the Wall Street Journal at http://blogs.wsj.com/environmentalcapital/2009/08/10/blown-away-wind-power-makes-electricity-cheaper-in-texas/
Kobayashi, Teruo. (December, 2005.) "Progress of Electric Railways in Japan." Japan Railway and Transport Review issue 42. Pp 62-69. Retrieved from http://jrtr.net/jrtr42/pdf/s62_kob.pdf
Loftin, Josh. (April 18, 2011.) "Home renewable energy for focus of Utah conference." Retrieved April 27, 2011 from Business Week at http://www.businessweek.com/ap/financialnews/D9MM3JV80.htm
Electronic Hybrid and Patrol Engines
ELECTONIC, HYBID AND PETOL ENGINES
The first auto engine was invented in 1886 by Karl Benz and Gottlieb Daimler. Tracing the history of the origin and development of engines, we see that the crucial role in the creation of the car engine played a gasoline internal combustion engine, which remains to this day, a source of power to the vast majority of engines. Analysis of the ways of development of automobile engines is not only interesting from a historical point-of-view but it is a striking illustration of a very productive and relatively rapid improvement of internal combustion engines with respect to those requirements of road transport. Very often, it takes years, even decades, before a more perfect principle or the most rational design application in production. The design of automobile engines, their creation, improvement and mass production for a wide variety of operating conditions, carried…
Choi, H & O. Inha, (2010)."Analysis of product efficiency of hybrid vehicles and promotion policies, "Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 38(5), pp 2262-2271.
Michi, N, (2009)."Hybrid or Electric Vehicles? A Real Options Perspective," Discussion Papers in Economics and Business, pp 09-31,Osaka University, Graduate School of Economics and Osaka School of International Public Policy (OSIPP)
Moyer, M (2009), 'Internal-Combustion Engine. (Cover Story), Scientific American, 301, 3, p. 97.
Wolf-Peter, S. (2010)."Electric Vehicles: Charging into the Future," Weekly Report, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research, vol. 6(27), pp 207-214.
Hybrid cars generally run quieter that the traditional IC engine cars. (Keelan, 2004) the very design of operation of the hybrid cars ensures that the engine turn off when stationary and start up on electric power and then switch to gas. This design could be risky to people who do not pay attention to the road and blind pedestrians. It is presumptuous to state that this is a negative for the hybrid cars. Any change in technology is always viewed with skepticism.
For instance, when cars with glass on all four sides were introduced, people were afraid to ride in them. This was due to the concern that they had regarding the safety of the vehicle if it met with an accident and the glass broke. (PBS, 2007) it took some time and observation of the benefits such as protection from the elements that convinced people that it was safe…
Valdes-Dapena, Peter. (2006). Hybrids: Seven worries, seven answers. CNN. Retrieved June 16, 2007, from the World Wide Web: http://money.cnn.com/2006/03/14/Autos/tipsandadvice/hybrid_worries/index.htm
Verhoeven, Peter. (2007). Silence of hybrid vehicles concerns blind pedestrians. Retrieved June 17, 2007, from the World Wide Web: http://www.magnifiers.org/news.php?action=fullnews&id=232
Wood, Douglas S. (2001). The relationship between the automobile and the suburbs. CNN. Retrieved June 17, 2007, from the World Wide Web: http://www.cnn.com/SPECIALS/2000/democracy/sprawl/stories/auto.history/index.html
With the increased level of awareness of the environment, automotive car manufacturers vie on the viability of selling environmentally hybrid cars. Leading this group are Honda and Toyota. The following is a market analysis of the position of Toyota's Prius. It analyzes the following factors:
Situation of the firm in the market
The industry of hybrid cars
The strategy adopted by Prius and how it is faring in the market
The barriers of the market
Some alternative strategies to rectify the weakness of Prius and The implementation of one of its alternatives.
Toyota Motor Corporation with its subsidiaries all around the world reports $5,447 billion for the fiscal year 2001. With more than 5.5 million cars, trucks, and buses worldwide sold annually, the company boast of high profits and symbolizes the ideal in automotive industry. Spread to 24 nations and regions worldwide, Toyota with its…
Shenandoah Weiss, Environmentally friendly car may become wave of the future., University Wire, 04-26-2000.
REITMAN, VALERIE Toyota Touts Dual Benefits Of Hybrid Power System. Wall Street Journal March 26, 1997-Page A-12
JOE GAROFOLI, SUN NEWS SERVICES, NEW CIVIC TAKES HYBRIDS PRIME TIME., The Edmonton Sun, 02-01-2002, pp DR28.
Many countries developed their own automobile industries, and did so in order to create jobs, for national security reasons, and simply because shipping cars overseas was impractical for much of the 20th century. This paper will look at three major automobile manufacturers, one each from Europe, Japan and America, to examine the differences and similarities between them. Each company evolved differently, and did so on the basis of both national culture and in terms of the markets in which they operated. The companies studied are Ford, Hyundai and Renault-Nissan-Mitsubishi. The latter makes a nice case study because it is a French-Japanese firm, one of the biggest and most powerful transnational automakers, but a model that if successful might be replicated increasingly in the future.
American automakers are depicted both as monolithic giants, and as dinosaurs at the same time. It is only grudgingly that international press talks about…
Whether it is solar power, used vegetable oil, turds, wood, or hydrogen research and experimentation is the way forward. These cheap resources have already been proven effective in various ways and manners. The need of the day is to develop new energy technologies and apply them in the most useful and practical way possible. If we want global economic stability then eco energy sector requires due attention. We have witnessed crises situations in the past. The rising demand for oil, its increasing prices and possible depletion of oil resources demand a way out. Alternative energy sources in this scenario give us a flicker of hope. U.S. government is also pushing the agenda and so should other individuals and organizations also look in this direction for the economic betterment of their counties and the world with the use eco-fuels. The change cannot be brought about by government alone, will and…
Kay, Tonya Making Biodiesel. Hawai'i Indymedia, Retrieved December 11, 2006 at http://hawaii.indymedia.org/news/2006/06/5943.php.
Youngquist, W. (1998, December). Alternative Energy Sources - Myths and Realities. Electronic Green Journal. Retrieved December 11, 2006, at http://egj.lib.uidaho.edu/egj09/youngqu1.html
Bond, M. (2000, November). SOLAR ENERGY Seeing the Light.. Geographical, 72(11), 28.
Eco-Lifestyle Ideas for Surfers'. Retrieved December 11, 2006 at http://188.8.131.52/search?q=cache:wzhmycSWxXQJ:www.ecosurfproject.org/downloads/download.php%3Ffilename%3Decosurfer.pdf%26backto%3D../resources/articles/index.php+Articles+on+ECO-FUELS&hl=en&gl=pk&ct=clnk&cd=14
Fuel Cell Technology
There are over 600 million motor vehicles in the world today. If present trends continue, the number of cars on Earth will double in the next 30 years." ("Cars Emit")
As the demand for energy increase and resources, such as fossil fuel, decrease alternative must be sought. Of these alternatives, hydrogen fuel cell technology, in automotive applications, has significant benefits and is now technologically feasible. Given this knowledge, it is imperative that we begin to set up the infrastructure necessary to utilize this technology.
I have studied this topic over the last three years, and the advancement of the technology has become increasingly exciting. hat was once a dream is now a reality.
I'm going to provide you first with an overview of how fuel cells work and then describe for you the benefits of the use of fuel cells, including why hydrogen is the best choice.…
Cars Emit Carbon Dioxide." 1997. Global Warming Focus on the Future. 27 May 2004. http://globalwarming.enviroweb.org/ishappening/sources/sources_co2_facts3.html.
Efficiency of Fuel Cells." 2004. HowStuffWorks.com. 27 May 2004. http://science.howstuffworks.com/fuel-cell4.htm .
Gasoline and Battery Power." 2004. HowStuffWorks.com. 27 May 2004. http://science.howstuffworks.com/fuel-cell5.htm .
Proton Exchange Membrane." 2004. HowStuffWorks.com. 27 May 2004. http://science.howstuffworks.com/fuel-cell2.htm .
Portable Nuclear Power
Is a Portable Nuclear Power Device Feasible?
As the global population grows, we find ourselves facing growing energy consumption needs. In industrialized nations, this translates into rising energy costs to power our homes and businesses. Power outages are a major concern in metropolitan areas that depend on power to meet humanity's most basic needs. For those in poorer nations, we do not even have a way to supply them power. It is hard to believe, but there are still many in the world who are not close enough to a power grid to be connected.
What if there was a way to cut energy costs in half? What if we could eliminate the possibility of power outages in the future? What if we did find a way to supply power to those in even the most remote areas, even though there is no grid close by? What…
Asher, M. "Miniature Nuclear Reactors to be on Sale Within 5 years." Daily Tech. November 10, 2008. (Web) Accessed 6 June 2011.
U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA). Biomass For Electricity Generation. U.S.
Department of Energy. Electricity Analysis Reports. (Web) Accessed 6 June 2011.
Fehrenbacher, K. "Hyperion's Nuclear-In-A-Box by 2013." Gigaom. August 1, 2008. (Web)
Ford Motor Company is - according to its financial statements for the last year - in relatively good financial shape, especially if one considers the current weak state of the economy, the past recessionary months and the still extremely shaky state of the recovery. This paper analyzes the current strengths and weaknesses of the company as it moves toward increasing globalization.
A useful tool in analyzing the external environment in which Ford is presently situated can incorporate Michael Porter's Five Forces model, which is graphically summarized below: (http://www.marketingteacher.com/Lessons/lesson_fivefoces.htm)
Ford is vulnerable to the threat of both new entrants (in terms generally of new car models as well as specifically of new environmentally friendly cars) as well as the threat of substitute products from other car companies eager to attract the same consumers that Ford wishes to attract. Honda, for example, is likely to become one of Ford's primary…
Hamel, Gary and C.K. Prahalad. Competing for the Future. Boston: Harvard Business Press, 1997. http://www.businessweek.com/2000/00_19/b3680166.htm
Global energy and climate objectives have contributed to the increased development and use of renewable sources of energy that focus on lessening the environment impact of generating energy. The conventional sources of energy have contributed to significant environmental impacts, especially climate change. The environmental impacts that are brought by emission of greenhouse gases from conventional energy sources are endangering the world's ecosystems and human life. As a result, renewable energy sources are considered as suitable alternatives to help lessen environmental impacts while meeting energy needs. There are various renewable energy sources that are regarded as suitable alternatives to conventional sources including solar, wind, and electric energy. Even though these sources have minimal environmental impacts compared to conventional sources of energy, they are not cost-effective yet.
Solar, Electric and Wind Energy
Wind energy has been considered as one of the cheaper energy generation methods unlike conventional sources of energy…
Barbaric, M. & Loncar, D. (2016). Energy Management Strategies for Combined Heat and Electric Power Micro-grid. Thermal Science, 20(4), 1091-1103.
Berman, B. (2014, October 14). What Is an Electric Car? Retrieved October 11, 2016, from http://www.plugincars.com/electric-cars
Bounce Energy. (n.d.). Residential Solar and Wind Systems: What are the Costs? Retrieved October 11, 2016, from https://www.bounceenergy.com/articles/green-energy/residential-solar-and-wind-systems
Hirth, L., Ueckerdt, F. & Edenhofer, O. (2016). Why Wind Is Not Coal: On the Economics of Electricity Generation. The Energy Journal, 37(3), 1-27.
Fuel consumption advantage is an important consideration in an age where fuel prices are skyrocketing, as well as in the current political climate. The hybrid car therefore provides the driver not only with the advantage of power when needed, but also with the vitally important fuel consumption advantage that is so prominent in electric cars.
Another advantage of hybrid cars is maintenance. The fact that two different power sources are used on an as-needed basis reduces the wear and tear on both the motors. This results in lower maintenance time and costs. Another element of lower maintenance is the brakes. Regenerative braking is the result of both the electric motor and the regular brakes combining to slow down the car. The ultimate result is less wear on the brakes. The brakes are also connected to the batteries, which mean that they charge while slowing down the car. The tires are…
Dunn, Philip. Hybrid Cars - Pros and Cons. PhysOrg.com, 2006. http://www.physorg.com/news10031.html
Eggert, Mike. Hybrid Cars: An Introduction. 2007. http://www.nicedeals.co.uk/blog/hybrid-cars/hybrid-cars-an-introduction/
Koster, James. What are the advantages of hybrid cars? Solar Energy News, 2006. http://www.solarenergynews.info/hybridcars/hybrid-advantages.htm
The Effects Corporatocracy Has in Government
Corporatocracy occurs when a government is found to be run not by its own people, but by corporations or conglomerates within the country. The mixture of business and government allows corporations to control a country by deciding its governmental direction or economic plans (Mooney, Knox, and Schacht 256). Whether a corporation involves itself in a country's government for the good of its people or its profits, corporatocracy effects all involved, from employees and citizens to government and business. It is not uncommon for there to be a blurred line between government and business, but it is unfortunately a line that is all too often crossed.
Perhaps one of the strongest and most notable displays of corporatocracy in America was that of General Motors. In 1987, GM produced a solar powered car named Sun aycer which won the first World Solar Challenge, hosted by…
Mooney, L.A., David Knox, and Caronline Schacht. Understanding Social Problems. 6th.
Belmont, California: Cengage, 2009. 256. Print.
Perkins, John. Confessions of an Economic Hit Man. San Francisco, California: Berrett-Koehler
Publishers, Inc., 2004. Print.
The concept of the five forces is rooted in the idea that these are the five forces that influence whether an industry or company can be profitable. A company, when formulating its strategy, will seek to find ways to shift these forces and manipulate them in ways that allow the company to be profitable, preferably sustainably profitable. As Porter (2008) elaborates, the five forces that shape competitive strategy are the bargaining power of buyers, the bargaining power of suppliers, the threat of new entrants, the threat of substitutes and the intensity of rivalry within the industry.
About the Company
The company to which the five forces will be applied is Tesla Motors, the electric car maker. Tesla is a relatively new player in the industry, has a tremendous reputation with respect to product quality, but has yet to turn a profit, has a tremendous bleed rate, but it…
Bershidsky, L. (2016). Millennials are buying cars after all. Bloomberg. Retrieved May 14, 2016 from http://www.bloomberg.com/view/articles/2016-01-04/millennials-are-buying-cars-after-all
Hard, A. (2016). Apple car rumor roundup: Here's everything you need to know about Project Titan. Digital Trends. Retrieved May 14, 2016 from http://www.digitaltrends.com/cars/apple-car-news/
MSN Moneycentral: Tesla Motors. Retrieved May 14, 2016 from http://www.msn.com/en-us/money/stockdetails/financials/fi-126.1.TSLA.NAS?ocid=qbeb
Porter, M. (2008). The five forces that shape competitive strategy. Harvard Business Review. January 2008, 79-93.
GM's Chevy Volt and its all-electric design, as well as diesel-electric and conventional gas-electric hybrids could and must replace the image of the 'old' GM in the public's imagination. The company has shed the Hummer stigma, now it must create a new image for itself in the future, not just domestically, but internationally.
Gas-free cars future priority. (2009, April 20). China Daily. Retrieved August 6, 2009
General Motors. (2009). Company history. Updated August 4, 2009. The New York Times.
Retrieved August 6, 2009.
Hu, Lei. (2008). GM's joint venture is China's top-selling brand in 2007. Edmunds.
Retrieved August 6, 2009.
Jason. (2004). The global hybrid race: Is Europe catching the fever. GreenHybrid. Retrieved August 6, 2009 at http://www.greenhybrid.com/wiki/index.php/The_Global_Hybrid_Race:_Is_Europe_Catching_The_Fever%3F
ald, Matthew. (200, August 5) $2 million in grants to speed up electric car manufacturing.
The New York Times. Retrieved August 6, 2009.
Ying, Tina &…
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General Motors. (2009). Company history. Updated August 4, 2009. The New York Times.
Retrieved August 6, 2009.
This is important, because physics has allowed the combustible engine to provide the world with a cost effective solution for traveling long distance. Sadly, the electric car can only be used for short to medium distances. Then, there is another potential problem that could be developing with the lithium batteries that are used, where China control 95% to 100% the resources for these batteries (lithium). This is problematic because they could restrict how much they are exporting (which they already have) to ensure that there is enough supply for the country to meet its own internal demand. (ryce 2010)
Despite this dire news, there are increased effort within the industry to support the use and development of such new technologies, to work in conjunction with the combustible engine. An example of this support for such technologies can be seen by the fact several oil companies hold the patents on several…
2011 Volt, 2010, Chevrolet. Available from: [25 April 2010].
Exxon Mobil, 2010, Yahoo Finance. Available from: [25 April 2010].
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Fuel Efficiency Standard, 2009, MSNBC. Available from: [25 April 2010].
People have been unmotivated to offset the cabon dioxide emissions of automobiles due to a pesonal attachment to thei cas. Howeve, they have also been moe willing to implement pocedues and poducts in thei home that ae moe enegy efficient. One notable example of this concens electicity and light fixtues. In ecent yeas, lighting that is moe enegy efficient has become incedibly popula, and it has been shown that people ae even willing to pay geate sums of money to puchase lighting systems that ae moe enegy efficient (Stall-Meadows, Hebet, 2001). Such behavio stands in stak contast with consume habits with egad to automobiles, and this is pehaps attibutable to the fact that electicity is viewed as being moe utilitaian and less of a status symbol. It may also be a esult of the fact that cas ae moe public while electicity is featued in the pivacy of one's own…
references: The role of affect, imagery, and values. Climatic Change, 77, 45-72.
Longo, a., Hoyos, D., & Markandya, a. (2012). Willingness to pay for ancillary benefits of climate change mitigation. Environmental and Resource Economics, 51(1), 119-140.
Nolan, J.M. (2010). "An Inconvenient Truth" increases knowledge, concern, and willingness to reduce greenhouse gases. Environment and Behavior, 42(5), 643-658.
Peters, G.P., et al. China's growing CO2 emissions -- a race between increasing consumption and efficiency gains. Environmental Science and Technology, 41(17), 5939-5944.
Reiner, D.M., et al. (2006). American exceptionalism? Similarities and differences in national attitudes toward energy policy and global warming. Environmental Science Technology, 40(7), 2093-2098.
hy the huge disparity in viewpoints when the science has been empirically established for twenty years or more? Journalist Bryan alsh references sociologists from Michigan State and Oklahoma State Universities (Riley Dunlap and Aaron McCright, respectively), who say there has been a "well-financed effort on the part of conservative groups and corporations to distort global-warming science" (alsh, 2011). In the book written by Dunlap and McCright (the Oxford Handbook of Climate Change and Society) they assert that global climate change science has been "assaulted" by fossil-fuel corporations, conservative think tanks" for over twenty years.
Hence, in conclusion, one way to spread the word to consumers and citizens is to battle back against the propaganda that seeks to deny the truth about climate change. In addition, very simple changes in lifestyles (using CFLs, taking the bus, hanging clothes out to dry, keeping the car tuned up, and sealing up leaks and…
Chevrolet. (2012). Somebody Has to Be First. Chevrolet VOLT. Retrieved March 8, 2012, from http://www.chevrolet.com/volt-electric-car/ .
Environmental Protection Agency. (2011). Frequently Asked Questions About Global Warming
And Climate Change: Back to Basics. Retrieved March 8, 2012, from http://www.epa.gov/climatechange .
Greenercars.org. (2010). Green Driving Tips. Retrieved March 9, 2012, from http://www.greenercars.org/drivingtips.htm .
Transportation and Sustainability in Los Angeles
Increase utilization of green technology for vehicles
The horrific traffic situation in Los Angeles is not only detrimental to society in the sense that its immense levels of congestion cost commuters millions of dollars in lost time daily, but also because it can cause physical harm. One study has identified several risk factors that are significantly increased by freeway pollution levels such as cardiovascular problems, respiratory disease, cancer, heart attacks and flat-out premature death (Cronan). It further finds that some brain cells in mice showed inflammation consistent with Alzheimer's disease when exposed to these pollutants.
It would be one thing if the levels of pollutants in the city were consistent with the levels found in other cities; however the levels of air pollution found in Los Angeles are among the highest in the country. In fact, Forbes…
Ford Motor Company is facing the challenge of a changing external environment in the long-run. In the short-run, business will continue more or less as usual, but in the medium to long run the company faces technological changes that will make electric cars mainstream, and will introduce driverless cars to the roadways, which will be a transformative development for society, one that might only be a couple of years away (Hars, 2016). Further, the costs associated with burning fossil fuels are likely to escalate, in particular the potential for carbon taxes, consumer rejection of burning carbon and a gradual shift in the first half of the 21st century towards different models of transportation. Ford will need to examine the long-run impacts of these trends to its business, and seek to find the right long-run strategy to build around for the future.
Ford Motor Company is a leading producer of…
Enderle, R. (2016). How Ford's approach to innovation could help Apple. CIO Magazine. Retrieved May 20, 2016 from http://www.cio.com/article/3020263/innovation/how-ford-s-approach-to-innovation-could-help-apple.html
Ford.com (2016). Model: Focus Electric. Ford Motor Company. Retrieved May 20,2016 from http://www.ford.com /cars/focus/trim/electric/
Hars, A. (2016). Driverless car market watch. Driverless Future.com. Retrieved May 20, 2016 from http://www.driverless-future.com/
Interbrand (2015). Top Global brands: rankings. Interbrand. Retrieved May 20, 2016 from http://interbrand.com/best-brands/best-global-brands/2015/ranking/
Therefore, they use strict evaluation criteria to make choice among different alternatives. Keeping in view the strength of customers' bargaining power, Toyota and other automakers are expending huge amounts on advertisements and promotional campaigns to create awareness about their brands and convince these customers to prefer them over all other brands (Jenny & Scammon, 2010).
5. Internal Environmental Analysis for Toyota Motor Corporation
5.1. The esources Types:
Like other types of business corporations, Toyota also relies on four different organizational resources. These are: financial resources, human resources, informational resources, and physical resources. Financial resources are the money invested by the company's shareholders and the profits left after paying off liabilities. These resources enable the company to run its day-to-day operations, run marketing campaigns, and make strategic investments to keep it innovative and competitive in all aspects. Secondly, the human resources are the intellectual capital that plays a major role in…
Bearden, W.O., Ingram, T.N. & LaForge, R.W. (2007). Marketing: Principles and Perspectives, 5th Edition. Boston, Mass: McGraw-Hill
Blythe, J., & Megicks, P. (2010). Marketing Planning: Strategy, Environment and Context, 3rd Edition. U.K: Prentice Hall
Brassington, F. & Pettitt, S. (2006). Principles of Marketing, 4th Edition. Harlow: Financial Times Prentice Hall
Frederic, M., Agnes, V. & John, M. (2011). Pest Analysis, 2nd Edition. U.K: Gardners Books
The mission statement is the most important part of a business plan: it communicates the organization’s purpose and identifies its goals, aims and values. It makes clear to all stakeholders exactly why the company is in business and what it intends to offer to people. It describes the standard to which the company will hold itself and is a clear statement that stakeholders can use to hold the company accountable.
The significance of the mission statement within the sustainability dialogue is that it sets the stage for the company’s plan. If the company intends to engage in sustainable practices, it will say so in the mission statement. For example, Tesla’s mission statement is: “to accelerate the advent of sustainable transport by bringing compelling mass market electric cars to market as soon as possible” (Tesla, 2013). By building its brand around the idea of sustainability, Tesla identifies both a…
lost book. The idea is to have a sticker that contains a code, by which an item can be located. If you are looking for an item, it will be equipped with a signal that, when you ask for it, will respond.
A variation on this technology already exists in the logistics field, where the FID concept was adapted to use Bluetooth and smartphone apps. Bluetooth Low Energy technology that sits dormant is utilized. Apple has its iBeacon, and commercial uses for this are in development stages already (Swedberg, 2013). If a model can be developed that will support some sort of signal that can ping back to the phone when the app calls it, this will allow people to locate any strip. They can then put the strip on anything they don't want to lose, be in a book or a laptop, or a wallet or car keys. The…
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Global warming is one of the most contentious political issues of our times. It was famously dramatized in Al Gore's An Inconvenient Truth, and remains a hot-button topic of debate. The majority of unbiased, legitimate scientific research supports the existence of human-generated global warming, although the question of what to do to slow the rate of escalating temperatures remains far from settled in the arena of politics. According to one recent review of major scientific publications, 97-98% of "the climate researchers most actively publishing in the field & #8230; supported the basic tenets of ACC (manmade global warming) established by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change" (Blakemore 2012).
The earth's climate and temperature has always been unstable, and there have been periods when overall temperatures have increased or decreased in the earth's history, before modern industrialization. But climate changes after the Industrial Revolution, particularly those since the 1980s, have been…
"2012 Chevy Volt." Official website. [23 Apr 2012] http://www.chevrolet.com/volt-electric-car/
Blakemore, Bill. "Global warming denialism just foolishness." ABC News. [23 Apr 2012]
"Causes." NASA. [23 Apr 2012] http://climate.nasa.gov/causes/
Still, the future stated goal of GM is to develop an electric or hybrid version in all of its existing brands lines -- Chevrolet, Cadillac, Buick and GMC.
Outcome of changes
GM's most notable success has been overseas, where it is currently ahead of all of its competitors in the rapidly expanding Chinese market. "While GM is outpacing Ford in overseas competition, GM cannot solely depend on China for growth. While the emerging market contributed to GM's global recovery last year with 2.3 million in sales, it may not experience the same momentum this year  because the Chinese government has ended incentives on small cars and rural purchases" (Benedicto 2011). Still, evidence of GM's health is seen in the fact that it recently announced that it will issue profit-sharing checks this month for hourly workers, the largest in a decade (Vlasic & Bunkley 2011:1). Talks with the UAW will…
Benedicto, Tanya. (2011, February 26). Should the new GM thank Waggoner? The Wall Street
Journal. Retrieved March 1, 2011 at http://blogs.forbes.com/tanyabenedicto/2011/02/26/should-the-new-gm-thank-wagoner/
Bunkley, Nick. (2011, January 11). GM plans 2 plug-in hybrids. The New York Times.
Retrieved March 1, 2011 at http://www.nytimes.com/2011/01/12/business/12volt.html?ref=generalmotorscorporation
Such a program would not only boost consumer confidence: if drivers did not have any problems after the repairs, this would also repair the public's trust in the Toyota brand.
Concern 2: Mistrust of flagship electric car model the Prius
Perhaps even more damaging have been the problems with Toyota's flagship electric car model, the Prius. The Prius has also been accused of unstoppable, unintended acceleration. Toyota had become synonymous with eco-friendly cars. Damaging the reputation for the safety of electric cars not only hurts Toyota's short-term profits; it also impacts the likelihood of consumers to buy electric cars in general. This shift would be particularly damaging to Toyota, given it has invested so much of its brand image and research and development capital in the success of the Prius.
As well as improving the safety features on new models and repairing old models, Toyota must undertake a…
Bunkley, Nick. (2010, April 9). Regulators may pursue more fines against Toyota. The New
York Times. Retrieved April 10, 2010
Healey, James. (2010, January 28). Toyota expands floor mat recall; supplier redesigns pedal.
Part I: Description of the Organization
Tesla is a niche-market company organization that manufactures electric vehicles and batteries to advance the green energy movement in the modern world. Guided by the vision of the CEO, Elon Musk, Tesla began its car business by provided luxury brand vehicles under two models, the Tesla Model X and the Tesla Model S. Recently, the company has been working on mass production of a lower-priced brand, the Tesla Model 3, for consumers not in the market for luxury vehicles. Tesla’s mission statement is: “to accelerate the advent of sustainable transport by bringing compelling mass market electric cars to market as soon as possible” (Tesla, 2013). At the core of its business is the concept of providing a product that promotes sustainability and that does not rely upon the burning of fossil fuels for vehicle transportation. Tesla’s electric vehicles are battery powered rather…
How Companies Use Tech for Competitive Advantage
Technology is one of the main drivers of competitive advantage today. The emergent technologies such as artificial intelligence, big data and alternative energy are all powerful means by which a company can extract competitive advantage, if the company stakes out a leadership position in the technology. The key to deriving competitive advantage is to be a leader in the field, which means having the people in place to develop cutting edge technology.
An example would be Tesla. The company's cars are beautifully-designed and the marketing has been top-notch but the company's competitive advantage rests on a couple of key technological competitive advantages. First, the company is the leader in developing battery technology. This has not only allowed it to make inroads into the battery market but has also allowed it to have the best range of any electric car. This gives it a…
Ford is a car company that has endured many challenges and travails over the years. Indeed, they are not unlike General Motors and Chrysler in this regard. While they have generally been unscathed as compared to the other two "American" car companies and they are only one of two of the original Big 3 that is still entirely American-controlled, Ford is not dominating the market by any means. Their overall sales figures are going up in terms of volume but their market share and a lot of their important financial metrics reflect flatness or falling rather than rising. Ford has certainly learned some lessons since the Ford Pinto scandal in the 1970's and some other companies are suffering recall problems in more modern days while Ford is doing quite well. Even so, Ford is not keeping up with the market and they need to address that right away (Ford Motor…
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Kimbrough, B. (2015). Editorial: Did Ford Take Bailout Money Too? Yes They Did. - Chevy Hardcore. Chevy Hardcore. Retrieved 26 September 2015, from http://www.chevyhardcore.com/news/editorial-did-ford-take-bailout-money-too-yes-they-did/