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Environmental Analysis: A H Perspective
HI, . I'd point writer moriks58 write essay. This essay Strategic Human esource Management Employment elations. If problem, feel free email . [email protected] esearch Paper- Environmental Analysis: An H perspective Maximum 2,000 words (excluding references) Topic: Firms achieve sustained competitive advantage adopting a proven design strategic human resource management practices.
Environmental Analysis: A H perspective
The internal and external environments of an organization profoundly influence the business strategies that can be adopted by the organization. They also influence how the H department of the organization handles its activities since they need to be linked up to the environmental analysis. The human resources of an organization play a key role in the performance of the organization. It is thus vital for the organization to use the most favorable HM practices for the organization's competitive advantage. These practices include pay for performance, employee training and development and…
Barney, J., Ketchen, D.J., & Wright, M. (2011). The Future of Resource-Based Theory: Revitalization or Decline? Journal of Management, 1-17. doi: 10.1177/0149206310391805
Baron, J.M., & Kreps, D.M. (1999). Strategic Human Resources: Frameworks for General Managers. New York: Wiley.
Becker, B., & Gerhart, B. (1996). The Impact of Human Resource Management on Organizational Performance: Progress and Prospects. Academy of Management Journal, 39, 779-801.
Beer, M., Spector, B., Lawrence, P., Mills, D.Q., & Walton, R. (1984). Human Resource Management: A General Manager's Perspective. New York: Free Press.
Sikorsky Aircraft: Environmental analysis
At present, the U.S. is still embroiled in numerous conflicts abroad, although it is pulling out of one of its major conflicts (Afghanistan) slowly. egardless of whatever party assumes control over the White House in the future, there will still be strong demand for military vehicles, including Sikorsky Aircraft Black Hawks.
However, the shaky U.S. economy means that there will likely be less available funds for military spending on vehicles such as the Black Hawk helicopter, which forms the core of the Sikorsky brand
Socially, once again the economy plays a role upon in terms of public perception of the company: citizens are more reticent about supporting military spending, when many Americans are dependent upon social service organizations for basic necessities and cutbacks are necessary 'across the board.'
Sikorsky places a premium upon innovation in its aircraft technology.…
Gershon, Eric. (2010). Sikorsky's unmanned planes. The Harford Courant.
Retrieved August 23, 2011 at http://articles.courant.com/2010-02-03/business/hc-blackhawk0203.artfeb03_1_sikorsky-aircraft-corp-sikorsky-s-unmanned-plans-unmanned-aircraft
Former rivals Lockheed and Sikorsky partner for new presidential chopper. (201). The Hill.
Retrieved August 23, 2011 at http://thehill.com/news-by-subject/defense-homeland-security/92991-former-rivals-lockheed-and-sikorsky-partner-for-new-presidential-chopper
My firm is Expedia, and it operates in the travel industry. The company's core site is a consolidator, but the company operates a range of complementary sites in the travel business. There are a few key macroeconomic variables that impact on the travel industry in general. The most important is the state of the economy (TO, 2010), which we can take as a combination of GDP and the unemployment rate. These two variables are important because travel is largely a luxury item for consumers. During difficult times, consumers are more apt to save than spend on luxury items. As such, the savings rate is also a variable to which there is a correlation between travel industry demand. This demand will be reflected in firm revenues.
In addition, because firms like Expedia are in an environment characterized by rapidly changing technology, these companies must constantly invest in research and…
BEA.gov. (2010). Gross domestic product. Retrieved December 8, 2010 from http://www.bea.gov/national/index.htm#gdp
BLS.gov. (2010) Unemployment rates. Retrieved December 8, 2010 from http://www.bls.gov/cps/cpsaat1.pdfv
Federal Reserve Discount Window. (2010). Retrieved December 8, 2010 from http://www.frbdiscountwindow.org/historicalrates.cfm?hdrID=20&dtlID
MSN Moneycentral: Expedia. (2010). Retrieved December 8, 2010 from http://moneycentral.msn.com/investor/invsub/results/statemnt.aspx?Symbol=EXPE
Environmental Analysis: Target Corporation
The objective of this work is to complete an environmental scan and economic analysis on Target and to identify any major changes expected to affect the remote, industry, and operating environments. This work will refine the analysis of the forces and trends, utilize a macroeconomic forecast of economic indicators affecting Target in the future and analyze the noneconomic factors in the remote environment including: (1) social/cultural; (2) political; (3) technological; and (4) demographic. This work will complete a competitive analysis of the organization's position from a microeconomic perspective based on the pricing of the organization's primary product or service line, an assessment of its cost structure, and an assessment of the market in which the organization competes. Finally, this work will develop a summary of the current situation of target including its mission, business overview, current competitive position and the forces and trends in its industry.…
Morris, James L. (1992) Environmental Scanning. In M.S. Whitely, J. Porter. D and Fenske RH (Eds.) A Primer for New Institutional Researchers. Tallahassee Florida: The Association for Institutional Research.
Target Corporation (2011) Vault Career Intelligence. Retrieved from: http://www.vault.com/wps/portal/usa/companies/company-profile/Target-Corporation?companyId=741
Lydersen, Kari (2006) Target: Wal-Mart Lite. Corp Watch 20 Apr 2006. Retrieved from: http://www.corpwatch.org/article.php?id=13508
Choo, Chun Wei (2001) Environmental Scanning as Information Seeking and Organizational Learning. Information Research Vol. 7 No.1 Oct 2001. Retrieved from: http://informationr.net/ir/7-1/paper112.html
An obvious threat is represented by all other entities and organizations that offer similar healthcare services, with an added note with those that do so more efficiently: large organizations such as hospital that are better able to capitalize on both a larger volume of patients and economies of scale that can derive from this. Other small practices on the community are also a potential competitive threat: patients tend to have a high level of loyalty when it comes to the physician they use, which may mean that there is an increased reticence on their part to consider switching their physician. This limits the prospects of potentially gaining new
The external analysis will include two main categories:
Porter analysis, aimed at identifying potential issues such as the bargaining power of consumers and of suppliers, the threat from substitute products/services, the threat of new entrants on the market and the…
1. Porter, M.E. The Five Competitive Forces That Shape Strategy. Harvard Business Review. January 2008
2. Internal and External Analysis. May 2010. On the Internet at http://mystrategicplan.com/resources/internal-and-external-analysis/ . Last retrieved on September 4, 2010
3. SWOT Analysis: Internal Analysis. 1998. On the Internet at http://erc.msh.org/quality/example/itintern.cfm. Last retrieved on September 4, 2010
Unlike larger size companies however, which possess wider financial resources, the smaller size companies possess fewer financial resources and are as such less capable to integrate the latest technological developments in their operations. These entities as such seek more cost efficient solutions and one such example is represented by the SEO optimization of their websites (Vendorland).
The Canadian businesses place an increased emphasis on marketing as an effort to attract as many customers as possible. The marketing efforts of the Canadian businesses are complex and include efforts such as promotion on various media channels or the association of the advertising campaigns with personalities. In terms of the promotions, these are now highly popular and common within the internet, but also more traditional channels continue to be used. In terms of the campaign's association with the celebrities, the strategy is employed as it creates a sense of trust. Nevertheless, smaller size…
Vendorland, http://www.vendorland.ca last accessed on July 28, 2011
This equation is more equipped to take into account changes in costs and cash flows on an annual basis, and with energy prices likely to increase this will yield a better view of the situation. Assuming a 10% annual increase in the price per kWh yields the following costs of 15,000 kWh of purchased electricity:
Year 0: $3,000
Year 1: $3,300
Year 2: $3,630
Year 3: $3,993
Year 4: $4,392
At a 75% savings, cash inflow would be:
Year 0: $2,250
Year 1: $2,475
Year 2: $2,723
Year 3: $2,995
Year 4: $3,294
The additional savings in preventing costs of carbon emission removal can be estimated at two cents per kg, for an additional annual savings of $3,000. According to the Net Present Value equation, each of these projected inflows must be discounted by the discount rate (given as 5%), resulting in the following determination of value:
NPV = (5250)+(5475/1.05)+(5723/1.05^2)+(5995/1.05^3)+(6294/1.05^4)…
In addition, vanity is a widespread issue throughout the country and the media perpetuates certain notions about what is beautiful and acceptable and the image is usually of someone who is not overweight. For this reason the diet and fitness industry makes billions of dollars each year with nutrition and exercise programs designed to help people lose weight.
From a global perspective the world is becoming much smaller. Globalization has become possible because of the advent of the internet and the ability of the internet to connect people regardless of borders. The internet has also changed the manner in which companies throughout the world function by creating applications that allow for 24-hour financial transactions. This has forever changed the manner in which business is conducted.
Another global trend, particularly is microloans, particularly in third world countries. Microloans are given to individuals to start or expand a business. These…
Eldon, E. Why Facebook is now the number one social network in the world, and why this matters. http://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://venturebeat.com/wp-content/uploads/2008/06/fbms061308.jpg&imgrefurl=http://venturebeat.com/2008/06/13/why-facebook-is-now-the-number-one-social-network-in-the-world-and-why-this matters/&usg= __ XbWbmrfJxr9Q8bksgSBTeNaRUc=&h=294&w=590&sz=20&hl=en&start=10&um=1&itbs=1&tbnid=WjYFfcD8wftfTM:&tbnh=67&tbnw=135&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dfacebook%2Busers%2Bglobally%26um%3D1%26hl%3Den%26sa%3DN%26rlz%3D1T4GGLL_enUS357US357%26tbs%3Disch:1
How the Government Measures Unemployment. http://www.bls.gov/cps/cps_htgm.htm
Internet Social Media Rivalries Heating Up (2010). http://www.casinoaffiliateprograms.com/news/internet-social-media-rivalries-heating-up.php
Millennials: Confident. Connected. Open to Change, 2010. http://pewsocialtrends.org/pubs/751/millennials-confident-connected-open-to-change
Strategic Plan Part II - Environmental Analysis and Setting Strategic Goals
The objective of this study is to complete an environmental scan for the Bon Secours Health System. This study will assess the organizational internal strengths and weaknesses and analyze the industry for opportunities and threats. This study will additionally perform a gap analysis including strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats and describe the organization's present and prospective customers. The following external factors will be considered: (1) consumer and social; (2) competitive; (3) technological; (4) economic; and (5) legal and regulatory.
Bon Secours is a nonprofit Catholic health care system. The organization is reported to be engaged in "providing skilled, unified management and professional resources for all Bon Secours health care operations while preserving its tradition of providing quality care to all." (Global Data, 2013, p.1) The Bon Secours organization is inclusive of nursing care centers and acute care hospitals, community-based…
Bon Secours Annual Report (2012) Retrieved from: http://www.bshsi.com/2012-annual-report/
Bon Secours Health System Highlighted in Healthcare Equality Index 2013. Retrieved from: http://www.bshsi.com/news-and-events-press-releases.html?newsID=C6EC6385-8400-432F-B7D6-DDE339419D4D
Bon Secours Health System, Inc. -- Strategic SWOT Analysis Review (2013) Global Data. Retrieved from: http://www.rnrcompanyprofiles.com/bon-secours-health-system-inc-strategic-SWOT-analysis-review-report.html
Bon Secours Health System, Inc. Named 2013 Most Wired (2013) Bon Secours Website. Retrieved from: http://www.bshsi.com/news-and-events-press-releases.html?newsID=5D8D1438-D2E1-4E5C-914A-D20DB58EBB67
Internal Environmental Analysis" Please respond: •Evaluate importance internal environmental analysis a healthcare organization. Determine specific reasons internal analysis important activity healthcare organizations.
Healthcare organizations need to perform check-ups in order to make sure that the management is well-acquainted with weaknesses and strengths regarding the institution's environmental condition. This information can then be used with the purpose of devising strategies that can effectively assist the organization in being able to progress from an environmental point-of-view.
Hospitals need to install systems that can constantly analyze the environment within the institution in order to detect any changes. Such strategies can make it possible for the management to effectively deal with environmental problems that the hospital they are in charge of might be responsible for.
The fact that the organization has control over its internal environment enables it to get actively involved in taking on attitudes that are probable to reflect positively in the…
"About ACL," Retrieved January 29, 2014, from http://www.acl.gov/About_ACL/Index.aspx
Rosko MD. "Impact of internal and external environmental pressures on hospital inefficiency." Health Care Manag Sci. 1999 May;2(2):63-74.
We wish to become a playground for the mind, to foster relationships between students and faculty members that last a lifetime, and to serve every student as an individual.
Step 5: Goals and objectives
Maintain need-blind admissions: Admissions decisions must continue to be made regardless of the student's or the student's family's desire to seek financial assistance. This will require some belt-tightening on the part of the university. To accomplish this objective the university will:
Create a temporary hiring freeze on the number of faculty in every department, but keep the educational environment intimate by having small sections composed of 10-15 students taught by graduate students
Conduct an intensive fund-raising campaign to draw financial support from alumni to enlarge scholarship funding for needy students and to make up for a reduction in the endowment.
Look to cut costs on underused extracurricular programs, food services, and other amenities that are not…
External Environmental Analysis
This is an online business that offers direct retail sales as well as online auctions both at the international level and locally. It is an online market place where potential buyers can visit for designer brands and home goods at the best price bargains. It also offers a platform where sellers of items can get onto the market platform online and sell their items to other people within or outside the U.S.A.
Porter's Five Forces model and the overstock.com (Mind Tools Ltd., 2014)
Supplier power- this refers to the concentration of other businesses or suppliers that can provide the same service that overstock.com offers. This threat can be rated as high since there are several websites like amazon, ebay among several others that offer the same services.
Buyer power- this refers to the ease with which the buyers of the goods or services can drive down…
Mind Tools Ltd., (2014). Porter's Five Forces Assessing the Balance of Power in a Business Situation. Retrieved February 3, 2014 from http://www.mindtools.com/pages/article/newTMC_08.htm
Strategic Management Insight, (2014). PEST & PESTEL Analysis. Retrieved February 3, 2014 from http://www.strategicmanagementinsight.com/tools/pest-pestel-analysis.html
MT v TGT II
The environment shared by al-Mart and Target can be analyzed by answering a number of questions about the nature of the industry and its key success drivers. Both firms compete in the discount retail industry, which is a large segment of the broader retail industry. Firms in discounting typically offer a wide range of goods but compete primarily on price (Investopedia, 2011). ithin the broader retailer category, al-Mart is ranked #1 with sales of $405 billion and Target is ranked #5 with sales of $65 billion. Kroger, Costco and Home Depot are in between, meaning that in discounters al-Mart and Target are #1 and #2 respectively (Planet Retail, 2009).
The discount industry is populated by firms pursuing a cost leadership strategy. The industry is in a state of monopolistic competition, so firms within the industry attempt to differentiate from one another. They do this…
Bustillo, M. (2011). Wal-Mart merchandise goes back to basics. Wall Street Journal. Retrieved April 17, 2011 from http://online.wsj.com/article/SB10001424052748704776304576253252673697210.html
Corral, C. (2009). Baby products to get more shelf space. Kids Today. Retrieved April 17, 2011 from http://www.kidstodayonline.com/article/519002-Target_to_reduce_SKUs_create_stronger_kids_brand_Circo.php
Investopedia. (2011). The industry handbook: The retailing industry. Investopedia. Retrieved April 17, 2011 from http://www.investopedia.com/features/industryhandbook/retail.asp
Kapner, S. (2009). Wal-Mart celebrates its growing market share. Fortune. Retrieved April 18, 2011 from http://money.cnn.com/2009/06/05/news/companies/wal-mart.shareholders.meeting.fortune/
Motorcycle Industry Environmental Analysis
One of the primary determinants of success or failure in most industries is the level of competition and response to that competition by individual firms. In many industries this is entirely straightforward, as competition is direct in terms of product offering and pricing scale: McDonald's and Burger King are clearly in direct competition with each other, for example. Things are not quite so clear-cut in the motorcycle industry, as the product lines of many of the key players in this industry differ dramatically and cannot all be said to be in direct competition with each other, the competitive forces and macroenvironmental influences that exist in the industry can affect different companies in very different ways.
Numerous Competitors: In some regards, the motorcycle industry is very well populated and well balanced, and there is not a clear industry leader. While Harley Davidson has the largest…
http://knol.google.com/k/the-u-s-motorcycle-market# http://www.mic.org / http://www.webbikeworld.com/motorcycle-news/statistics/motorcycle-sales-statistics.htm
environmental analysis helps any organization to recognize factors that impact its performance. The factors impacting an organization's performance may be internal to the organization and they can also be external. Environmental analysis is therefore critical to an overall strategic plan. Several methods of performing environmental analysis can help organizations like the Carolina Health Care System, including the PESTLE and SWOT analyses ("What is Environmental Analysis?" n.d.). These types of analyses help to identify strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats (SWOT), as well as political, economic, social, technological, legal, and environmental (PESTLE) factors impacting the organization. Without performing systematic environmental analyses, business and public sector administrators would be working blindly and likely lead their organizations to fail in key preventable ways. On the other hand, a skillful and deft environmental analysis helps managers to develop strategic plans for the future, buffer against possible challenges, mitigate crises, and ensure long-term success.
Arthur, L. (n.d.). The implications of environmental analysis on strategic plan. Houston Chronicle. Retrieved online: http://smallbusiness.chron.com/implications-environmental-analysis-strategic-plan-35303.html
Carolinas Health Care System (2016). About Carolinas Healthcare System. Retrieved online: http://www.carolinashealthcare.org/about-us
Henry Schein Medical Systems (2016). Advantages of electronic medical records. Retrieved online: https://www.micromd.com/emr/advantages.html
"What is Environmental Analysis?" (n.d.). Pestle. Retrieved online: http://pestleanalysis.com/what-is-environmental-analysis/
Strategic Review -- Whole Foods
Organizational diagnosis of Whole Foods, Inc. involved environmental and institutional analyses. The environmental analysis involved categories of political, economic, social, technological, geographical, community relation and informal sector network, seeking to discern opportunities and threats. The institutional analysis involved categories of organizational role & profile; membership; programs and services; resources and capabilities; management systems; and external links, seeking to discern strengths and weaknesses. The combined environmental and institutional analysis and their charted results the Company's nature and interactions for more fluid integration of Whole Foods, Inc. into ABC Company.
Analyzing the external forces affecting Whole Foods to see the options open to the Company (ffw.org.ph, n.d.), one can see significant opportunities and threats to the Company.
Whole Foods arket, IP.LP is a U.S. based supermarket specializing in natural and organic foods and having 300+ stores in the United States, Canada and the…
Membership and other beneficiaries of Whole Food's activities (ffw.org.ph, n.d.) are extensive. Whole Foods employs more than 80,000 people in its 300+ stores and supporting businesses (Whole Foods Market, IP.LP, 2014). In addition, Whole Foods' involvement in local and global communities, with suppliers and distributors and with its customers in the U.S., Canada and the United Kingdom give Whole Foods considerable impact as the largest retailer of fresh organic food (Whole Foods Market, IP.LP, 2014). Simultaneously, interacting with that large a "membership" causes considerable headaches for the Company: some of its members have reacted with criticisms, boycotts and lawsuits due to the Company's heavy-handed treatment of smaller competitors (Shaywitz, 2013), its unabashed pro-business conservative stance (Berman, 2013), it anti-unionism (Shaywitz, 2013), its knowing illegal sale of products high in carcinogens (Baldas, 2008) and for overcharging California customers (Li, 2014).
3) Programs and Services
Whole Foods engages in unique and notable objectives and activities to assist its constituencies (ffw.org.ph, n.d.). The Company practices "conscious capitalism," intent on maximizing profits, while engaging in: "community giving" by donating food and money to local and global communities; "Whole Planet Foundation" which seeks to create economic partnerships in developing countries with micro-credit loans and other tangible support for community partnership projects;
Environmental Assessing Canada
More and more countries have gotten actively involved in protecting the environment and Canada makes no exception from the rule, taking into account that it installed a series of programs meant to assist nature and discourage individuals or groups that might be inclined to damage it. The Canadian Environmental Act is probably one of the most significant steps that the country has taken with the purpose of making it mandatory for people and communities to conduct environmental assessments for diverse projects that they propose. Canadians have acknowledged the fact that some actions might have negative effects on the environment and thus developed environmental assessments meant to remove or diminish a project's capacity to harm to environment.
The 1868 Fisheries Act is probably one of the first significant environmental assessment programs that the government installed with the purpose of preventing individuals from harming the environment as a result…
Atomic Energy of Canada Limited, "Canada Enter the Nuclear Age: A Technical History of Atomic Energy of Canada Limited," (McGill-Queens, 1997)
"Fisheries Act," Retrieved November 11, 2012, from the Fisheries and Oceans Canada Website: http://www.dfo-mpo.gc.ca/habitat/role/141/1415/14151-eng.htm
"Canadian Environmental Assessment Act," Retrieved November 11, 2012, from the Canadian Environmental Law Association Website: http://www.cela.ca/taxonomy/term/212
As a brief introduction of this study, environmental psychology pertains to the Correlational approach and linkages that are focused on the relationship between human being and their environment. This is a scientific study that are focused on the importance of natural environments that can be utilized by human beings that are focused on the development and manipulation of prioritization of certain issues and challenges affecting the environment. In this manner, the existence of the environment is influential to the world of humans for the fact that the degree of the environment's capability improves the welfare of the society to make the quality of life achieved. The concept of environmental psychology has an interest for applying the principles of design that can be made as an important structure in the environment according to Davis (2011). This can be in the form of architectural design and infrastructures that involves the…
Davis, John (2011). Ecopsychology and environmental psychology. Accessed: http://www.johnvdavis.com/ep/index.htm.
Edgerton, Eddie (2009). Environmental Psychology. Available: http://www.c-s-p.org/flyers/9781847182180-sample.pdf.
Evans, Gary (2007). Environmental Stress. Accessed: http://www.psy.cmu.edu/~scohen/environstress.pdf.
Graetz, Ken. (2009). Environment Learning Moments. Retrieved from: http://net.educause.edu/ir/library/pdf/ERM0663.pdf .
The 1980s (the period when onald eagan was the U.S. President) witnessed a series of government measures targeting environmental regulations. This resulted in public outrage against the anti-environmental policies of the government leading to a renewed interest in nature clubs and groups and the formation of radical groups who led strong movements to protect the environment. (vii) the post- eagan resurgence (1990s onwards) - President Bush and President Clinton did not take the radical stance of their predecessor. However, President George W. Bush has taken many measures which have weakened the environmental movement instead of strengthening it. This includes opposing curbs on greenhouse emissions via the Kyoto Protocol, supporting oil drilling in the ANW or Arctic National Wildlife ange, weakening clean air standards and lifting the ban on logging in forests.
3) How does economics determine the public's opinion regarding environmental issues? Discuss the values of the dominant social paradigm…
Bocking, Stephen. Nature's Experts: Science, Politics, and the Environment. Rutgers University Press. 2004.
Palmer, Mike. Pathways of Nutrients in the Ecosystem - Pathways of elements in ecosystem. http://www.okstate.edu/artsci/botany/bisc3034/lnotes/nutrient.htm
Redclift, M. R; Woodgate, Graham. The International Handbook of Environmental Sociology. Edward Elgar Publishing, 2000.
Schmidtz, David; Willott, Elizabeth. Environmental Ethics: What Really Matters, what Really Works. Oxford University Press U.S., 2002.
Environmental isk Analysis Process
Environmental isk Analysis (EA) is "a process for estimating the likelihood or probability of an adverse outcome or event due to pressures or changes in environmental conditions resulting from human activities" (Ministry of Environment, Land, and Parks, 2000). EA should be a scientific process, when that is possible. "In general terms, risk depends on the following factors: How much of a chemical is present in an environmental medium (e.g., soil, water, air), how much contact (exposure) a person or ecological receptor has with the contaminated environmental medium, and the inherent toxicity of the chemical" (United States Environmental Protection Agency, 2012). All of these factors help the assessor determine the "potential adverse effects that human activities have on the living organisms that make up ecosystems. The risk assessment process provides a way to develop, organize and present scientific information so that it is relevant to environmental decisions"…
Alaska Department of Environmental Conservation. (2009, June). Ecological risk assessments.
Retrieved January 7, 2013 from Department of Environmental Conservation website: http://dec.alaska.gov/spar/csp/guidance/eco_risk.pdf
Ministry of Environment, Land, and Parks. (2000, July). Environmental risk assessment (ERA):
An approach for assessing and reporting environmental conditions. Retrieved January 7,
The field of environmental psychology is a specialized discipline within psychology whose major developments have been totally adopted into mainstream psychology. In past few decades, the much of the positive and negative visibility of environmental psychology have been lost. One of the significant visibilities to be lost is the initial enthusiasm that came from the common desire by designers and social scientists in developing buildings that would work better for people. In addition to being incorporated into mainstream psychology, environmental psychology has also been adopted into other areas of psychology including social psychology and health psychology. Consequently, environmental education has now become a major area within education and various organizations are increasingly studying human behavior and the physical environment.
The Discipline of Environmental Psychology:
The discipline of environmental psychology can be defined as the study of the relationship between human behavior and the physical environment. Since this discipline…
Clayton, S. & Myers, G. (2009). Conversation Psychology. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley Blackwell.
Evans, G.W. (n.d.). Current Trends in Environmental Psychology. Retrieved February 12, 2012,
Stewart, A.E. (2007, March1). Individual Psychology and Environmental Psychology. Journal of Individual Psychology, 63(1), 67-85. Retrieved from http://ehis.ebscohost.com/eds/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?sid=683c2681-82da-4688-ab5c-e765114727dd%40sessionmgr111&vid=4&hid=115
Additionally, Bollier further states the contrail emissions to cause warmer weather.
The duration of contrails in the atmosphere can last for days, according to (Harris, Kuper, Lebel, 2010). Trails may last for days and spread over hundreds of miles. According to Patrick Minnis, senior research scientist at NASA's Langley esearch Center in Virginia, "It helped us get a very good handle on the relationship between natural cirrus clouds and contrails, and separate the two effects. We estimate that contrails have an overall warming effect which is at least the same as aircraft CO2 exhaust, if not more." (Harris, Kuper, Lebel, 2010)
The white streaks (Murray, 2006), which characterize the contrail left by a flying aircraft is suggested by Murray to be removed as a contaminant by lowering the altitude of the aircraft during flight. Additionally, "because contrails are released at high altitudes, have a more potent effect on the environment…
Fast, E. 2002, "Can contrails alter climate?," Environment, vol. 44, no. 8, pp. 7.
Beam, S. 2005, "The Trouble with Contrails," Environment, vol. 47, no. 3, pp. 4.
Bollier, S. 2007, "High Flyers and the Grounding of Equality," Multinational Monitor, vol. 28, no. 5, pp. 31.
Harris, P., Kuper, S. & Lebel, C. 2010, Sandals Optional: Stories - Environment - Insight; Not all heroes of the green revolution fit the left-liberal activist stereotype.., the Financial Times Limited.
This is a pertinent observation and one that is possibly central to understanding the problem of environmental ethics today.
Bugeja goes on to state that "…the new technologies that now keep us constantly connected also keep us constantly distracted" (Bugeja, 2008). He also makes the important point that, "Digital distractions now keep us from addressing the real issues of the day. Each of us daily consumes an average of nine hours of media through myriad technological platforms…" (Bugeja, 2008). In other words, we have become distracted from the holistic view of reality by modern communications technology to the extent that we are out of contact with the environmental issues that surround us.
Bugeja is also of the opinion that this situation has deprived us of the important aspect of critical thought. Critical thinking is defined as "… the ability to engage in reflective and independent thinking, and being able to…
Bugeja M. ( 2008) The Age of Distraction: The Professor or the Processor? The
Futurist, 42 (1).
Consequentialism: The Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Retrieved from http://www.iep.utm.edu/c/conseque.htm .
Environmental Ethics. Retrieved from http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/ethics-environmental/
" (United States Department of Agriculture - Forest Services, 2000)
The draft environmental impact statement elicited over 1.1 million responses which the Forest Service identified and summarized into six major issue categories including:
1) Public access;
2) Identification of other unroaded areas;
3) Exemptions and exceptions
4) Environmental effects;
5) Local involvement; and 6) the effect on communities with strong natural resource affiliations. (United States Department of Agriculture - Forest Services, 2000)
These issues served to guide the process through:
1) Determining the scope of the proposal;
2) Development of a range of alternatives;
3) Direction of the analysis of potential environmental, social and economic effects;
3) Identification of possible mitigation and 4) Ensuring that the agency is operating within legal authorities. (United States Department of Agriculture - Forest Services, 2000)
Two sets of alternatives were developed:
Four alternatives, including a No Action Alterative that cover the range of possible…
Forest Service Roadless Area Conservation (2000) United States Department of Agriculture. Forest Service. Washington Office November 2000. Final Environmental Impact Statement Summary. Online available at http://roadless.fs.fed.us/documents/feis/documents/summarynb.pdf
NEPA Documentation Environmental Impact Statement (EIS)(2000) Project Development. U.S. Department of Transportation Federal Highway Administration. Online available at http://www.environment.fhwa.dot.gov/projdev/docueis.asp
There are numerous other supporting factors within this paper that provide support for differentiation to the market level, further supporting this statement. The one statement disagreed with within the enhanced model section is "Therefore, it is clear that an organization cannot engage in marketing without being aware of its environment" is false. Many organizations participate in marketing and have no idea what they are doing or how to accomplish it. This statement is therefore false and debatable.
The reliance on one specific model (Deshpande) for the definition of Organic vs. Mechanistic processes is enough of a foundation onto which the authors can arguably create more useful quadrants. The authors however stop short of being able to create a useful scalable framework that can be used across the entire lifecycle of a product or a service for example. The framework is also static; it does not take into account…
(Saxby, Parker, Nitse, Dishman, 28 -- 34)
Carl L. Saxby, Kevin R. Parker, Philip S. Nitse, and Paul L. Dishman.
"Environmental scanning and organizational culture." Marketing Intelligence & Planning 20.1 (2002): 28-34.
" (2007) Recommendations of this report include those as follows:
China should learn from the successes and failure of the U.S. And other developed countries in reducing the influence of energy use on air quality;
Continued dialogue and information exchange among U.S. And Chinese scientists and policy-makers should be promoted through professional organization, government support programs, and the National Academies in both countries to promote joint development of energy and pollution control strategies." (Committee on Energy Futures and Air Pollution in Urban China and the United State, Policy and Global Affairs, 2007)
Other findings of this report include the fact that "an important lesson learned is that air pollution damage imposes major economic costs, through premature mortality, increased sickness and lost productivity, as well as in decreased crops yields and economic impacts." (Committee on Energy Futures and Air Pollution in Urban China and the United State, Policy and Global Affairs,…
Energy Futures and Urban Air Pollution: Challenges for China and the United States (2007) Development, Security, and Cooperation (DSC) Committee on Energy Futures and Air Pollution in Urban China and the United States - Development, Security and Corporation: Policy and Global Affairs. National Academy of Engineering and National Research Council of the National Academies and the Chinese Academy of Engineering Chinese Academy of Sciences. Online Pre-publication Release available at http://books.nap.edu/openbook.php?record_id=12001&page=R2
Holder, Kevin (2007) Chinese Air Pollution deadliest in World - National Geographic News 9 July 2007. Online available at http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2007/07/070709-china-pollution.html
Kim, Juli S. (2007)Transboundary Air Pollution - Will China Choke On Its Success? - A China Environmental Health Project Fact Sheet. 2 Feb. 2007. China Environment Forum in partnership with Western Kentucky University on the U.S. AID-supported China Environmental Health Project (CEHP)
Wang, Alex (nd) The Downside of Growth: Law, Policy and China's Environmental Crisis. Perspectives Vol. 2 No. 2. Online available at http://www.oycf.org/Perspectives/8_103100/downside_of_growth.htm
Environmental Material Accounting
Phosphorus (P) for sustainable use within the framework of an infrastructural system at the national level is subsequent to a filtration-based system. The topography of Australia is flat throughout south central coast and the middle south interior of the country. The coast bordering Sydney is mountainous whilst Western Australia is hilly terrain. The filtration system from a top-down perspective will flow from the mountain and hill peaks down through a filtration system that eventually bottlenecks at the coast where P. can be collected. Below is a topographical map of Australia that depicts the mountainous area near Sydney in White, the lowest lying region in darkest green, and the higher regions in lighter green to brown/yellow to tan.
Source: Macey (2005) http://www.smh.com.au/news/National/Map-from-above-shows-Australia-is-a-very-flat-place/2005/01/21/1106110947946.html
"We need to be concerned about the emerging threat of phosphorus scarcity, as well as the impacts of too much phosphorus through run-off into lakes and…
Hammond, J. & White, P. 2008, "Sustainable future for fertilisers," Horticulture Week,, pp. 33-34.
Phosphorus: Too Much or Too Little? 2011,, SPRINGFIELD, VA, United States.
Sharpley, A., Foy, B. & Withers, P. 2000, "Practical and innovative measures for the control of agricultural phosphorus losses to water: An overview," Journal of environmental quality, vol. 29, no. 1, pp. 1-1.
2. Project Preparation
3. Project Implementation'
4. Facility Operation
These four assessment tools are to be standalone tools that are applied at specific stages of the Gipsy Lane brickworks road extension and the industrial development project life cycle. The assessment with one of the tools has no link or dependence with earlier stages. The tools of assessment are to be designed in a manner that they are applicable throughout the planning stage up to the point of making decisions in the project life cycle (See figure 1.).
The process of protocol assessment (Source: IHA, 2010).
The tools are to undergo repeated application so as to help in the continuous improvement of the process.
Strategic Assessments section
This section is important for the assessment of the strategic basis of the Gipsy Lane brickworks project. This part is most applicable at the stage when the Gipsy Lane brickworks is still…
Gratton, C., & Jones, I. (2003). Research methods for sport studies. New York: Routledge.
Fraenkel, J.R. & Wallen, N.E. (2001). Educational research: A guide to the process. Mahwah,
Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
As Andresen points out, their quasi-legal or soft status renders intergovernmental groups legally powerless in general. Thus, intergovernmental groups need to bolster their efficacy by linking more strongly with local and state law enforcement organizations.
Another weakness of intergovernmental environmental organizations that Biermann points out in "The Case for a orld Environment Organization" is the poor communication and coordination between existing organizations. A plethora of related institutions may be working on the same environmental issue without pooling resources, when it would be far more efficient and effective to tackle global environmental threats in a cooperative manner. Likewise, Biermann cites capacity building as a key aspect of institutional coordination and cooperation.
Perceived legitimacy of intergovernmental environmental organizations is also a major concern, as many developing nations may be viewing the UNEP and other groups as being representative of estern (U.S./European) hegemony (Biermann). How to allocate funding is another critical concern, reflecting…
Andresen, Steinar. The effectiveness of UN environmental institutions. Int Environ Agreements (2007) 7:317 -- 336.
Bauer, Steffen and Biermann, Frank. Does Effective International Environmental Governance Require a World Environment Organization? The State of the Debate Prior to the Report of the High-Level Panel on Reforming the United Nations. Global Governance Working Paper No 13. Amsterdam, Berlin, Oldenburg, Potsdam: The Global Governance Project. 2004. Available at www.- glogov.org
Biermann, Frank. The Case for a World Environment Organization. Environment, Nov2000, Vol. 42 Issue 9, p22, 10p
Najam, Adil. "The Case Against a New International Environmental Organization." Global Governance 9(2003): 367-384.
The growing population has a great impact on the extent of global warming and its consequences for society, economy and the environment. This means that there is rising in greenhouse emission, more people means more industry. Scientists worry about the emission from developing countries which may contribute to global environment problems even sooner than expected. ut not only the developing countries contributes to the emission but also rich industrialized countries have been putting carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases in the atmosphere for many years now. "20% of the world's population can not continue to indiscriminately pollute the atmosphere at the expense of the majority" (M. Glantz 2005). Rich industrialized countries contributes a higher percentage of emission at the atmosphere that increases the environment's temperature of global warming and results to change of weather pattern to different regions. "Africa's contribution to the increasing concentrations of greenhouse gases has been minimal,…
Glantz.H. (March 2005) Climate Change Global Warming and Sub-Saharan Africa. Fragile Ecologies. Retrieved on May 03, 2008, from website: http://www.fragilecologies.com/mar02_05.html. s
Global Warming. Natural Resources Defense Council. Retrieved on May 03, 2008, from website: http://www.nrdc.org/globalWarming/qthinice.asp
Klueger J. (2008). Global Warming Heats Up. Time Magazine. Retrieved on May 03, 2008, from website, www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,1176980,00.html
g. hospitals, etc.) need signs because there are few waypoints that are familiar; lack of way finding indoors causes stress
Way finding for the Blind -- the Blind pay more attention to environmental cues, but otherwise research shows react similarly to the fully sighted
You are Here maps -- must be in alignment with building or cognition is worse than having no map at all -- must be aligned pointing north, etc. -- or will disorient
There are practical effects to finding landmarks and clustering objects and paths around them
The "Theory of Mind" (TOM) is the ability to individually attribute mental states (e.g. beliefs, desires, knowledge, fantasy, etc.) to the individual self and others with the goal of understanding and empathizing with the drives and intentions of human beings.
Way finding indoors is a special problem -- people need signs every 50 feet or so to assure them they…
Bechtel, R. (1997). Environment and Behavior: An Introduction. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage
" (Sukumaran, 2004) Mutation is what results in the difference and may be utilized as a measure of the time that has elapsed since separation of the species from the common ancestor during evolution. This is a method of "inferring the divergence of time of clades from a common ancestor by means of gene/protein sequencing" and has been termed 'molecular dating'. The process is one in which there is a calibration of time in comparison to the Phanerozoic era fossil data and then expoliation is conducted for providing the estimation time for divergence of phyla. (Sukumaran, 2004; paraphrased) Indeed, if life did evolve as posited in the work of Charles Darwin then "the abrupt appearance of diversified life at the beginning of the Cambrian period was not explainable." (Sukumaran, 2004) However, Sukumaran explains that gradualism is not a central tenet to the idea that there has been an evolution of…
Fenchel, Tom (2002) the Origin and Early Evolution of Life. Oxford University Press 2002.
Wray et al., Molecular evidence for deep Precambrian divergence among metazoan phyla, Science, Vol. 274, pp. 568-573, 1996
Gon, S.M. III (2005) Trilobites of Chengjiang, China. 27 Apr 2005. Online available at http://www.trilobites.info/Chengjiang.htm
Gon, S.M. III (2007) Trilobites of the Emu Bay Shale, Australia 7 July 2007. Online available at http://www.trilobites.info/Emu.htm .
esponsible Leadership is the culmination of Moody-Stuart's forty-five years of work in the oil, gas, metal, and mineral extraction industries. Moody-Stuart draws from his experience and observations to provide an analysis of how business has been, and can become more, responsible champions of social and environmental issues. The book includes two Forewords, one by Sir obert Wilson, former Executive Chair of io Tinto, and another by UN Deputy Secretary-General Mark Malloch-Brown. Moody-Stuart offers fifteen chapters, all related in some way to issues of economic development, globalization, free markets, free trade, corporate responsibility, and corporate ethics. The book includes Moody-Stuart's political philosophy, his opinions on nearly every major global conflict extant at the time of publishing, and on issues both relevant and irrelevant to the primary topic of the book, which is the role of business in the current global scenario.
The book begins with an introduction that outlines…
Moody-Stuart, M. (2014). Responsible Leadership. Sheffield: Greenleaf.
Nightingale met a friend Richard Monckton Miles in 1842. Then in 1844, Nightingale asked Dr. Howe if she could do a charitable job in a hospital like the catholic nuns, and refused her marriage to her cousin, Henry Nicholson. By 1845, Nightingale started training herself in the nearby Salisbury Hospital, but her parents were not happy about it, seeing nursing as an inappropriate job for a well to do woman like their daughter. In the next year, Nightingale began teaching herself from the government blue books. In the meantime, Monckton Miles wanted to marry her, but soon she travelled to Rome, Italy with friends to avoid him. Britain unlimited, 2009). Finally, after she attended the Herbert's Charmouth convalescent home, her knowledge was recognized. In 1849, after refusing finally to Miles proposal, she decided to go to Egypt while accompanying her friends, the Bracebridges. They then travelled through Europe, and ended…
(Source: Cody, 2006, p. 259).
Differences Between Nightingale's Theory and Emancipatory Knowing -- When Nightingale thought about the benefits of a well-ventilated room, she was not basing her view on previous knowledge. Emancipatory progress is now evident in the way world healthcare approaches a patient's room -- typically well-ventilated and clean (Beck, 2005, pg. 140). Nightingale was born in an era were by women has very little voice most of the work done by women were in-house work so most of Nightingale's major innovation was providing place for women to work with and for women (Selanders, 2005, pg., 83). Today with Emancipatory knowledge we see a more educated workforce of both men and women in nursing. Although in the late 19th century there were still arguments regarding Nightingale's visions, today's theorists use her broad-based knowledge as a best -- practice template for modern conceptions (Attewell, 2005).
The Legacy of Nightingale Part 1 -- Nursing Ethics -- Most modern ethical theorist are based on traditions dating back as far as Ancient Greece. However, medical, and in particular nursing, ethics are clearly a post-Nightingale logical evolution (never a conclusion). The philosophical combination of advocacy and ethics, while still remaining true to the realities of budgets and the need for a medical institution to
The Japanese government has taken measures to prevent this from happening again, settlements have been reached, and today the national government is the body that certifies a person as afflicted by the disorder.
Harada, Masazumi. M.D., Ph.D. "Minamata Disease and the Mercury Pollution of the Globe." (accessed 31 January 2005). http://www.einap.org/envdis/Minamata.html)."
Minamata Disease Archives. (accessed 31 January 2005). http://www.nimd.go.jp/archives/english/tenji/a_corner.html).
Minamata Disease, The History and Measures. (accessed 31 January 2005). http://www.env.go.jp/en/topic/minamata2002/ch2.html).
Political Settlement of Minamata Disease Issues. (accessed 31 January 2005). http://www.env.go.jp/en/topic/minamata2002/ch5.html).
The Chisso Minamata Disease Kansai Lawsuit. (accessed 31 January 2005). http://www1.odn.ne.jp/~aah07310/english/index-e.html).
Unknown. "Supreme Court holds state responsible for Minamata Disease." Kyodo orld News Service. (2004): 15 October.
Harada, Masazumi. M.D., Ph.D. "Minamata Disease and the Mercury Pollution of the Globe." (accessed 31 January 2005). http://www.einap.org/envdis/Minamata.html )."
Minamata Disease Archives. (accessed 31 January 2005). http://www.nimd.go.jp/archives/english/tenji/a_corner.html).
Minamata Disease, The History and Measures. (accessed 31 January 2005). http://www.env.go.jp/en/topic/minamata2002/ch2.html).
Political Settlement of Minamata Disease Issues. (accessed 31 January 2005). http://www.env.go.jp/en/topic/minamata2002/ch5.html).
Analysis of an Organizational Vision
Describe the company and its vision statement.
Toyota Motor Corporation, established in 1937, is an automotive company that has grown to become one of the biggest organizations in the world. Toyota designs, manufactures, assembles and retails vehicles in approximately 190 nations and regions across the globe. Toyota Motor Corporation is a multinational corporation with its main center of operations situated in Aichi, Japan. Since its establishment, the corporation had significantly grown and developed to become the largest car manufacturer in the world.
The vision statement of Toyota is:
“Toyota will lead the way to the future of mobility, enriching lives around the world with the safest and most responsible ways of moving people. Through our commitment to quality, constant innovation and respect for the planet, we aim to exceed expectations and be rewarded with a smile. We will meet our challenging goals by engaging the…
Hometown Deli -- Environmental Analysis
The Hometown Deli was established by grandfather in 1952 in our hometown. The Deli has a product mix that consists of many different kinds of specialized coffees, teas, a full service bakery, homemade soups, sandwiches, and salads. The Deli has been a local hotspot for many years and has served as a community gathering place. Unfortunately, business has been steadily declining over the last five years and there has been rumors emerge that another Deli, Wall Street Deli, might enter the market as a local competitor. Although grandfather was an expert at running the deli, it lacks any modernization and many of the orders were previously taken with pen & paper or even just memory; the Deli essentially still operates the same as it did in 1952. This analysis will be comprised of a Porter's Five Forces analysis that will help the Deli kwon more…
Vision validation is portrayed using a triangle whose points represent judgment, intuition and action with the center having collective experiences of the team. These four concepts come handy in validating the firm's vision "…to pursue excellence in the field of arboriculture, and to be of utmost service to our customers & #8230;" The firm's judgment relies upon past experiences in managing initiatives like the new venture they are intending to form. The founders have led vision creation exercises in the past, thus used good judgment in formulating the vision (Abell, 1978). The firm's vision is acceptable to all customers, potential investors, as well as employees. Intuition is essential for the firm in understanding consequences of any decision made concerning business activities. Intuition gives the firm insight whether the business is growing at the right pace in realization of the vision. Based on the notion that the vision…
Abell, D. (1978). Strategic Windows. Journal of Marketing, Vol. 42, 21-28.
Anderson, G. (2005). Framework for Marketing Planning. Michigan Business School.
Chandler, A. (1962). Strategy and Structure: Chapters in the History of Industrial Enterprise. New York: Doubleday.
Tichy, N. (1983). Strategic Change: Technical, Political, and Cultural Dynamics. New York: John Wiley & Sons.
Strategic Plan, Part II, SWOT Analysis
The research will provide an insight about the internal and external environment of the business. The major elements of external business environment including the political, economic, social, technological, environmental are addressed below. The internal environment of an organization is also relevant and requires consideration. Therefore strategy, resources, organizational structure, organizational culture, leadership, and processes of internal environment are also discussed. The SWOT analysis along with its advantages and disadvantages are also a part of the study.
Internal and external environmental analysis for your proposed business:
Legal and regulatory:
The legal and regulatory issues associated with the external environment of the business effect a business to the core of its existence. The development in certain laws and regulations effecting the company operations are considered relevant and to some extant beyond the control and influence of the organization (Trkman, 2010).
The globalization has caused various…
Chen, Y., Wang, Y., Nevo, S., Jin, J., Wang, L., & Chow, W.S. (2013). IT capability and organizational performance: the roles of business process agility and environmental factors. European Journal of Information Systems.
Helms, M.M., & Nixon, J. (2010). Exploring SWOT analysis -- where are we now?: A review of academic research from the last decade. Journal of Strategy and Management, 3(3), 215-251.
Kajanus, M., Leskinen, P., Kurttila, M., & Kangas, J. (2012). Making use of MCDS methods in SWOT analysis -- Lessons learnt in strategic natural resources management. Forest Policy and Economics, 20, 1-9.
Trkman, P. (2010). The critical success factors of business process management. International Journal of Information Management, 30(2), 125-134.
eviromental analysis, Porters powers SWOT analysis sbout a project . My project open a retailing medical company buys locally import medical surgical consumables . The company manufacture prodect, copmany import consumables saudi arabia resell local market, Also company buy medical surgical items local market bulk quantities factories resell .
Medic etailers is intended to be a large organization that will deal in the sale of medical supplies to consumers in Saudi Arabia. Indeed, doing business in the medical field is usually intensely involving given that the area is extremely regulated in order to ensure that standards are kept high. Similarly, the regulatory authorities are generally ultra-fast in closing down any businesses. Nevertheless, Medic etailers intend to come up with a precise elucidative process that will ensure high levels of hygiene and efficiency in its operations. The business will be about the importation of medical and surgical equipment from foreign countries…
Drucker, P.F. (1999). Management: tasks, responsibilities, practices (1st ed). New York: Harper & Row.
Freeman, R.E. (2007). Strategic management: a stakeholder approach. Boston: Pitman.
Huggins, R. (2011). Competition, competitive advantage, and clusters: the ideas of Michael Porter. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Owens, R.N. (2004). Introduction to business policy. Homewood, Ill: R.D. Irwin.
HR Case Analysis
This report is a combination review of the article "Verizon Communications, Inc.: Implementing a Human Resources Balanced Scorecard" and also a review of the process of balanced scorecard. Companies today can only get what they measure. hen it comes to Human Resources performance management, how can they be sure they are measuring the right things? Or, are the communicating the right information to the right people? There are new tools to help companies address issues such as these. The tools allow companies to align and support key processes and to translate strategy into operational objectives, measures, targets and initiatives. The report will try to identify and discuss the key issues and problems related to the cohesion between an organization's existing business strategy and its Human Resource Management strategy and practices. This will be done by analyzing how and why an organization creates business missions and strategies.…
Epstein, Marc J., Cott, Jeremy, and Srikant, Datar M. "Verizon Communications, Inc.: Implementing a Human Resources Balanced Scorecard." Harvard Business School Review (2001).
HR Case Analysis
Barnes and Noble Strategic Analysis
In evaluating a business strategic positioning, the research approach relates towards Barnes & Nobles' seven main areas of focus relating towards the company's annual report, investor relations summary notices, and corporate governance. By reviewing a variety of available public company's governance, proper research can start to measure strategic approaches effectively. In doing so, the organizational vision, mission, and value statements are from the Barnes & Noble Governance initiative that influences all other strategies, either internally or in the external environment.
The intention behind every organization is to have a successful manifestation of plans and objectives that will elicit equitable control methods and strategies in the company. Barnes & Noble is a multifaceted company that incorporate a number of strategies and planned options to carry out its business entities in the global market. Marketing options involved are rudimentary to the tastes and preferences of the social…
Barnes & Noble (2012) Corporate Governance, retrieved from http://www.barnesandnobleinc.com/for_investors/for_investors.html
Barnes & Noble (2012). Retrieved from http://www.barnesandnobleinc.com/jobs/core_values/our_core_values.html
Barnes & Noble Annual Report, (2011). Retrieved from http://www.barnesandnobleinc.com/for_investors/annual_reports/2011_bn_annual_report.pdf
Barney, J.B. (2007). Gaining and Sustaining Competitive Advantage (3rd ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Prentice Hall.
PAWS SWOT Analysis
The SWOT analysis is a comprehensive analysis and review of the organizational dynamic, inclusive of the internal and external environmental analysis. The internal analysis is a function of the internal strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats. The effectiveness of the analysis ostensibly reveals the level to where the organization can be identified, relative to industry competition. Prior to engaging into the SWOT, a brief literature review is included to embolden the thought process regarding the analysis of the strategic landscape for Pets Assisting With Students (PAWS).
However, there have been addendums to the methodology inherent to the effective practice of conducting a SWOT analysis. The strategic change includes the focus to the resources-based SWOT analysis that does analyze the resource structure of the firm as a function of the internal and external environment, relative to the market share of the organization and the total available market within the…
Dunlap, R., & Johnson, C.W. (2010). Creating community at the farm: A contested concept. Journal of Leisure Research, 42(2), 221-221-242. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/874263395?accountid=13044
Sarah, C.N., & Of, t. P. (2000, Mar 11). Children can help animals in so many loving ways. St. Louis Post - Dispatch, pp. 42-L.42. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/404018910?accountid=13044
Valentin, E.K. (2001). SWOT analysis from a resource-based view. Journal of Marketing Theory and Practice, 9(2), 54-54-69. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/212164985?accountid=13044
Shanghai Tang Strategic Case Analysis
Strategic Case Analysis: Shanghai Tang (ST)
Fashion and Clothing Industry Overview
Shanghai Tang (ST)
Global Business Expansion
Analysis of Environmental Factors
Suitability of Shanghai Tang Strategy
The strategic review of Shanghai Tang is conducted in order to explore brand presence, business focus, and other related functional strategies. The business is quite well placed in terms of its growth, revenues, and profitability. The company has also expanded its business line in other business. It is regarded as a flair for growth. However the expansion in unrelated businesses also creates an impact on the focused approach for young businesses. The fashion industry overview provides a significant account of the industry trends and key variable influencing the business. The micro and macro environmental analysis along with the SWOT analysis also provides a significant understanding of the business. The assessment of Shanghai…
Bhardwaj, V, & Fairhurst, A2010, Fast fashion: response to changes in the fashion industry, The International Review of Retail, Distribution and Consumer Research, Vol. 20, No. 1, pp. 165-173.
Caniato, F, Caridi, M, Moretto, A, Sianesi, A & Spina, G 2013, Integrating international fashion retail into new product development, International Journal of Production Economics.
Choi, TM 2011, Fashion supply chain management: industry and business analysis, IGI Global, USA.
Gillespie, K, Jeannet, JP & Hennessey, HD2010, Global marketing, South-Western Pub, USA.
External Analysis of the Portable Saw Mill Industry
Explain three benefits of conducting an external analysis.
For Edward Perry, Timber King's new CEO, external analysis is one of the most strategic activities he can engage in and have his company continually pursue. Of the many benefits associated with external analysis, the top three are staying on top of customer trends and their continual evolution, being able to anticipate and act on opportunities, and getting advance warning of any significant threats (Banham, 2010). These three areas of customer-centered analysis, scanning the external environment for opportunities while looking to mitigate threats must eventually be integrated to the internal systems and processes of Timber King in order for the company to be successful (Feldmann, Olhager, 2008). The company must become highly agile and market-driven for the portable saw mill business to succeed.
Educate Mr. Perry on some of the challenges of conducting an…
Banham, H.C., C.G.A. (2010). External environmental analysis for small and medium enterprises (SMEs). Journal of Business & Economics Research, 8(10), 19-25.
Feldmann, A., & Olhager, J. (2008). Internal and external suppliers in manufacturing networks -- an empirical analysis. Operations Management Research, 1(2), 141-149. doi:10.1007/s12063-008-0011-1
Kessides, I.N. (1990). Internal vs. external market conditions and firm profitability: An exploratory model. The Economic Journal, 100(402), 773-773.
Lings, I.N., & Greenley, G.E. (2009). The impact of internal and external market orientations on firm performance. Journal of Strategic Marketing, 17(1), 41.
Strategic Macro Analysis
Foot Locker, Inc. is a New York headquartered sports product company with strong market presence in Australia. The leading resource for athletic shoes and apparel, with 4000 speciality stores in more than twenty countries across the globe in North America and Europe, as well as Australia and New Zealand, the company is well recognized by the globetrotting Australian consumer republic which finds trusted synchronicity in price point and brand identification wherever it travels. Subsidiary stores, Lady Foot Locker, Kids Foot Locker, Footaction, Champs Sports, and CCS all fall under the banner of the corporate conglomerate, augmented by its virtual direct-to-customer unit dedicated to sports gear distribution of catalog sales through retailer Eastbay at Footlocker.com. Footlocker is a member of the Australian Sporting Goods Association (Footlocker.au, 2010).
esponsive to the decline in sales prompted by the global economic crisis of 2008,-Foot Locker is posed to focus…
Foot Locker, Inc., Australia (2010). Retrieved from: http:/ / www.footlocker.au
Foot Locker, Inc. (2010). Hoovers. Retrieved from: http://www.hoovers.com
Foot Locker, Inc. (2009). Datamonitor. Retrieved from: http://www.datamonitor.com
Porter's Five Forces -- The Missing Link (2010). The Marketers. Retrieved from: http://www.themarketers.in/?p=446
Powerful Stakeholder Policy to Prevent Industrial Environmental Impact
Friedman's stakeholder theory emphasizes the critical function of stakeholders in determining company's goals and responsibilities. Responsibility in a corporation is stated as individual role of each employee and manager to act and report to the upper level and finally to the decision-making boards.
As the top-level management and decision makers, corporate directors address their responsibility to the stakeholders, literally as the "owners" of the company, to whom all the running processes in the company, goal settings, and money spent should be reported. To follow the track, a manager is tied to what his/her employers have defined in the tasks list. Whatever skills and creativity managers possess must be utilized within the range of responsibility they have to the stakeholders, as stakeholders are the top decision-making board.
Company directors act based on the interest of shareholders as stakeholders. Scholl reads them as the…
Camill, Phil. Dec 15, 1999. The Deforestation of the Amazon: A Case Study in Understanding Ecosystems and Their Value. Department of Biology Carleton College. http://ublib.buffalo.edu/libraries/projects/cases/case.html.(Mar28, 2002).
De Leon, R. And White A.T. 1997. Mangrove Resources Decline in the Philippines: Government and Community Look For New Solutions. Intercoast Network Newsletter. Special Edition # 1.
Demosthenous, M. June 20, 2000. The Social Responsibility of Business: A Review. School of Commerce. The Flinders University of South Australia. http://commerce.flinders.edu.au/research/00-8.htm.(Mar28, 2002).
Youth Advocate Programs, Inc.
Youth Advocate Programs, Inc. (YAP) is a registered as a nonprofit corporation, licensed to conduct business in the United States according to rules and regulations of not for profit companies in the states in which the corporation operates. The YAP Institute as it is better known derives most of its revenues cash contributions made by private charitable sources. According to the Institute's 2009 IS 990, those sources are undisclosed, and line itemed according to a general statement about cash contributions in support of the organization's mission and programs. Some grant monies are also mentioned in the federal reporting narrative, yet the title to those sources of contribution also unmentioned with exception of annual totals.
External granting to YAP's international programs is mentioned, and is listed as earmarked funds for programmatic and operational support in those countries. YAP's connection to the court system,…
Light, C. (2004). Sustaining Nonprofit Performance: The Case for Capacity Building and the Evidence to Support It. Washington, D.C.: Brookings Institution Press.
Youth Advocate Programs, Inc. (2010). Retrieved from: http://www.yapinc.org/
External Analysis Southwest Airlines
One of United States' most successful airlines in the business is Southwest airlines. The company has been one of the most successful businesses in the economy with no case of worker layoff or strike being recorded in the organization. The company has dedicated its commitment to ensuring it provides a favorable environment for its workers. The company's corporate culture has played a significant role in the success of the company as it recognizes the workers emotions. Positive attitude is influential in the workplace as the workers become more productive. The air transport business is in an industry where profit maximization is a challenge to many players. The struggling economy and the increased number of players in the company make the industry unfavorable for business. The industry is also affected by the increased price of fuel which increases the cost of transportation. The paper conducts environmental analysis…
PEST analysis.(2009). Retrieved on August 15, 2011 from: http://www.valuebasedmanagement.net/methods_PEST_analysis.html
Porter's Five Forces: A model for industry analysis. (2007). Retrieved on August 15, 2011 from: http://www.quickmba.com/strategy/porter.shtml
SWOT analysis: Lesson. (2009). Retrieved on August 15, 2011 from: http://marketingteacher.com/lesson-store/lesson-SWOT.html
Zahorsky, D. (2009). A business owner's secret weapon: SWOT analysis. Retrieved on August 15, 2011 from: http://sbinformation.about.com/cs/bestpractices/a/SWOT.htm
Marketing Plan for a New Product
Marketing Plan New Product Launch
Background and Competitors
Brite Briks is a multinational company in the business of manufacturing construction toys. Brite Briks ranks third in size with Lego leading this market, followed by Mega Bloks (Solomon, 2013). Both Legos and Mega Bloks are inter-competitors as the toy construction products they sell are very similar, and fundamentally compatible -- although the brick to block match is not exact. Over 100 countries offer Brite Briks for sale, featuring a line of roughly 100 items in four block sizes (Solomon, 2013). The exponential growth in Brite Briks' sales over the past five years indicates that the company's overall approach to marketing to its targets is effective. Indeed, Brite Briks has the largest market share in the preschool construction toy segment (Solomon, 2013).
Prestige of American made products
Branding and distribution key to…
Clark, T. (1990, October). International marketing and national character: A review and proposal for an integrative theory. Journal of Marketing, 54, 66-79.
Khemani, R.S. And Shapiro, D.M. (Eds.) (1993). Glossary of industrial organisation economics and competition law. Directorate for Financial, Fiscal and Enterprise Affairs, OECD. Retrieved from http://stats.oecd.org/glossary/detail.asp?ID=3153
Lowe, J. (2003, February). The marketing dashboard: Measuring marketing effectiveness. Venture Communications.
Lundby, C.F. & Rasenowich, C. (2003). The missing link. Marketing Research, Winter, 18.
Environmental Cues Shape Behavior and Implications for the Environment
Humans are responsive creatures, and a wide array of environmental cues serves to shape human behavior. In some cases, the responses to environmental cues are strictly in the self-interests of the consumer, but in other cases, these responses can be modified to promote improved outcomes. Because people may not be able to gauge the impact of their individual behaviors on the environment, it is important to identify those environmental cues that promote and sustain environmentally responsible behaviors. To this end, this paper provides a review of the relevant literature concerning how environmental cues shape behavior and how behavior can be modified to support sustainability to limit the negative impact on the environment. Finally, the paper provides two possible solutions that could successfully change behavior and habits to lessen negative environmental impact followed by a summary of the research and…
Dane-Staples, E. (2012, September). Gendered choices: Mascot interactions in minor league baseball. Journal of Sport Behavior, 35(3), 286-291.
Fulton, R. (2012, December). Perceptions of reality: 'Poverty tourism' often sits uneasily in the range of sightseeing options open to travellers in underdeveloped countries.
Geographical, 84(12), 52-59.
Henson, H.K. (2006, Summer). Evolutionary psychology, memes and the origin of war.
Although the research tools provided by the ISO 14001 framework are both qualitative and quantitative, this approach is consistent with the guidance provided by Neuman (2003) who points out that, "Both qualitative and quantitative research use several specific research techniques (e.g., survey, interview, and historical analysis), yet there is much overlap between the type of data and the style of research. Most qualitative-style researchers examine qualitative data and vice versa" (p. 16). Indeed, researchers have used qualitative and quantitative surveys to assess consumer reactions to proposed environmental initiatives at the local level (Neuman, 2003).
In fact, quantitative and qualitative research methods are characterized by a number of similarities that lend themselves to environmental systems analyses and development (as well as some differences) (Neuman, 2003). The distinct differences in the qualitative and quantitative research suggest that the use of quantitative data for environmental system development is highly appropriate, but that such…
Bonlac Foods. (2012). Bloomberg Businessweek. Retrieved from http://investing.business week.com/research/stocks/private/snapshot.asp?privcapId=883342.
McComb, S. (2010). Green building & green business informatics tool. Elusor. Retrieved from http://www.environmentalaccountingtools.com/magazine/tag/building.
Recardo, R. & Jolly, J. (1999). Organizational culture and teams. SAM Advanced Management
Journal, 62(2), 4-5.
Environmental Hazards as a Consequence of Crude Oil/Natural Gas Exploration, Transportation, Refining and Storage
Ever since crude oil was first successfully drilled in the U.S. In Titusville, Pennsylvania, in 1859, the demand for oil has only been increasing over the years in countries all over the world. (Camden, 1883) Crude oil, from which various petroleum products are obtained, is a naturally occurring hydrocarbon component found trapped in rocks below the earth. The word "petroleum" means "rock oil" or "oil from the earth." Natural gas is another form of hydrocarbon that is also found in nature. oth crude oil and natural gas have excellent combustibility and are good sources of energy. Crude oil is not used in the extracted form; but it is refined to obtained products such as gasoline, liquefied petroleum gas (LPG), naphtha, kerosene, gas-oil and fuel oil. Secondary products during the purification of crude oil are obtained are…
Associated-Press, and Reuters. World's Biggest Oil Rig Sinks. 2001. CNN. Available:
http://www.cnn.com/2001/WORLD/americas/03/20/brazil.rig.02/.August 2, 2004.
AWMA. Oil Spills - a Fact Sheet. 2000. Air & Waste Management Association. Available:
http://www.awma.org/education/oilspills.htm . August 1, 2004.
Environmental Psychology: Securing its Future" by Harold M. Proshansky
Relatively young field, is it secure?
Epistemology: study or theory of the nature and grounds of knowledge
How did field begin, where is it going?
Environmental Psychology: Yesterday and Today
Empiricism -- theory of relying on observation, experiment, experience
Positivism -- theory that considers religion, metaphysics imperfect means, and relies on natural phenomenon and empirical sciences
Field developed in 1960s during social and political upheavals
But even before, after WWII -- new structures built, rapid growth -- increased research in social psychology, emphasis on attitude change, group processes, intergroup conflicts
Lewin (1948), Festinger, Schacter, and Back (1950) and Deutch (1949) students of Lewin (1948) -- began applying field theory conceptions to various social problems
Confluence of Forces
laboratory-experimental model but failure to apply to real world -- leads to loss of credibility and "malaise" in the social sciences in 1960s…
Environmental History of Sandia Mountains
The view from the top of Sandia Peak is breathtaking. Showing off some of Nature's finest work, the Tramway glides along the cable climbing the rugged Sandia Mountains presenting spectacular views of the io Grande Valley and nearby Sandia Crest. Even though you're just a few miles from Albuquerque, the 15 minute tram ride has taken you far away from the everyday world. As your eyes sweep across the mountain range, appreciating one geological feature after another, you're taken by the spirituality of the scene. You have discovered what every Pueblo Indian knows, that this is indeed a sacred space. At the same time, you understand too why obert Nordhaus was inspired to build the Sandia Peak Tramway to share this picturesque bounty with millions of tourists. For Sandia Mountains, past and present, is a place where residents and tourists, Native Americans and…
Benedict, Cynthia. 2009. Contemporary American Indian uses and tribal consultation, U.S. Forest Service, http://www.fs.fed.us/outernet/r3/cibola/projects/nepa_reports/hondo/tribal_uses_specialist_report.pdf (accessed March 22, 2012).
Hawkinson, Bruce. 2011. History A brief, unresearched history of the Sandia Park Scenic Byway neighborhood. Sandia Park Scenic Byway Neighborhood Association, http://www.sandia-park.com/History_and_Maps.html (accessed March 22, 2012).
Indian Pueblo Cultural Center. 2007. Sandia Pueblo, http://www.indianpueblo.org/19pueblos/sandia.html (accessed March 22, 2012).
New Mexico State Record Center and Archives. 2012. Sandia Pueblo, http://www.newmexicohistory.org/filedetails.php?fileID=1220 (accessed March 22, 2012).
When a company such as Wal-Mart goes green, it is because they see a profit in it, and customers are demanding it, and that is the case with the fashion industry, as well.
In conclusion, the fashion industry is becoming much more eco-friendly largely because of consumer demand. People are becoming increasingly aware of just what goes into the products they consume, and they are demanding new products that use less energy to produce and use eco-friendly fibers and fabrics, as well. The public is becoming much more aware of environmental issues such as global warming and climate change, and it seems that the demand for eco-friendly products, including fashions will continue to rise. Smart fashion designers and companies will jump on this growing trend. They need to take the earth and its survival into consideration, but even more than that, they need to continue to fill consumer's shelves to…
Belli, Brita. "The Eco Fashion Revolution: Getting Consumers to Care about What They Wear." E. Sept.-Oct. 2007: 26+.
Claudio, Luz. "Environmental Impact of the Clothing Industry." Environmental Health Perspectives 115.9 (2007): 448+.
Editors. Sustainable Innovation: Cultivating Growth and Prosperity through Collaboration. Organic Exchange, Volume 4, Issue 1, March 2008. 1-8.
Human Need for Privacy
Environmental psychology is the study of the interaction between the physical world and human behavior. In recent years, the topic of privacy has been a key aspect of this field of study, as research reveals that it directly relates to a sense of well being and control. A supportive physical environment has been proven to contribute to a successful social, private and work life, and privacy is a key factor in creating a positive environmental setting.
hy e Need Privacy
There are many theories as to why people need privacy. Many psychologists believe that people need to maintain personal space between themselves and others to avoid overstimulation. According to Scott (1993), when people are too close to one another, they are bombarded with too many social or physical stimuli.
Some researchers argue that people need to maintain personal space to avoid various stressors associated with very…
Altman, I. (1975). The environment and social behavior. Monterey, CA: Brooks/Cole.
Altman, I. (1976). Privacy: A conceptual analysis. Environment and behavior, 8, 7-29.
Altman, I. (1977). Privacy regulation: Culturally universal or culturally specific? Journal of Social Issues, 33(3), 66-84.
Baum, A., Singer, J.E., & Baum, C.S. (1981). Stress and the environment. Journal of Social Issues, 37(1), 4-29.
Environmental Effects on Species Habitats in the Southern California Mountains
Southern California is not for everybody. "Some people view the climate and laid-back lifestyle with longing. Others perceive the area, and its inhabitants, as a little too far over the edge" (Hutchings 2001:4D-Z). hile the region may not appeal to all types of humans, it does attract a wide range of species who make their home in the mountainous areas of Southern California. In fact, Southern California is dotted with several mountain ranges, including the San Gabriel, San Bernardino, San Jacinto, San Bruno, Santa Rosa, Cuyamaca, the Palomar Mountains and even the Chocolate Mountains (Havert, Gray, Adams & Gray 1996). One of the most biodiverse and well-studied of these ranges is San Gabriel (ake 1996). This paper will provide an overview of the ecosystems in these mountain ranges in general with an emphasis on the San Gabriel mountain range in…
Adams, Jonathan S., Lynn S. Kutner and Bruce A. Stein, eds. Precious Heritage: The Status of Biodiversity in the United States. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000.
Baur, Donald C. And Karen L. Donovan. The No Surprises Policy: Contracts 101 Meets the Endangered Species Act. Environmental Law, 27(3):767-90.
California's Plants and Animals. (November 24, 2003). Habitat Conservation Planning Branch, California Department of Fish and Game. Available: http://www.dfg.ca.gov/hcpb/species/lists.shtml.
Dasmann, Raymond F. (2004). Habitat Conservation. In Encyclopedia Britannica.com [premium service].
Environmental Concern on Green Products Purchase: Empirical Study of German etailers
Evaluation of results
The analysis exhibits various results about the perceptions of German consumers with reference to green products. The findings have been able to achieve the research objectives and test the hypothesis based on the demographic characteristics of the sample population. The results reveal that all the sample population is well educated with 84% of participants have completed the graduate programs. Thus, the participant has advanced knowledge of health benefits of green products. They also have knowledge about the impact of conventional products on the environment, which influences consumer buying decisions of sustainable products. Larsson, & Arif Khan (2011) argue that green awareness motivates consumer's choice of pursuing the green criteria, and consumer's choice of product is also influenced by earlier purchases experience. When informed consumers decide to purchase sustainable products, they search for both primary and secondary…
Andrea K. M. (2016). Buying organic -- decision-making heuristics and empirical evidence from Germany, Journal of Consumer Marketing, 33(7): 552 -- 561.
Delafrooz, N. Taleghani, M. & Nouri, B. (2013). Effect of green marketing on consumer purchase behaviour. QScience Connect:5.
Larsson, S. & Arif Khan, M. (2011). A Study of Factors That Influence Green Purchase. Umea School of Business and Economics.
Moser, A.K. (2016). Consumers' purchasing decisions regarding environmentally friendly products: An empirical analysis of German consumers. Journal of Retailing and Consumer Services. 31: 389 -- 397.
Port Everglades is a predominantly industrial area, with a container port and cruise ship port. Overall, however, noise levels at FLL for all airlines are below the federal standards.
The effort to manage noise pollution at FLL is ongoing. The airport authorities have submitted Noise Mitigation Principles to the FAA and are awaiting feedback on a preferred alternative for noise mitigation. The Broward County Board of County Commissioners also has a consultant to implement the noise mitigation program forthcoming.
The growth of FLL has mirrored growth in the region. The population of South Florida is expected to grow a further 25% by 2020. This will increase the strain on FLL. The lands adjacent to the airport are all developed, so there is little room for expansion. The 9R/27L runway, for example, cannot be expanded to accommodate jet traffic because of the course of I-95. Therefore, flights on the 9L/27R…
No author. (no date). FLL International: Building a Green Airport. Clean Airport Partnership. Retrieved November 8, 2008 at http://www.cleanairports.com/reports/gai_fllforweb.pdf
No author. (2008). Noise Information. Broward County. Retrieved November 8, 2008 at http://www.broward.org/airport/community_noise.htm ; http://www.broward.org/airport/pdfs/fll_pqs_q22008.pdf
Andrus, Katherine (2006) ATA Comments on FAA Noise Analysis for Fort Lauderdale-Hollywood International Airport. Air Transportation Association. Retrieved November 8, 2008 at http://www.airlines.org/NR/exeres/2E3BE77B-86CF-41E2-BADD-1936AC6250FB.htm no author). (2000). Aviation and the environment: airport operations and future growth present environmental challenges United States General Accounting Office. Retrieved November 8, 2008 at http://books.google.com/books?id=1yTVCGk7DfMC&printsec=frontcover&dq=fll+environment+noise&source=gbs_summary_r&cad=0
No author. (no date). FLL International: Building a Green Airport. Clean Airport Partnership.