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The humanity has experienced an unprecedented level of scientific and technological progress in the last two hundred years. The progress, however, has been achieved with a heavy price. Human actions have significantly damaged the natural environment, leading to numerous problems such as pollution, climate change, diseases, and much more. Because of these developments, the subject of environmental management has become a critical one. Environmental managers therefore face certain challenges related to time pressure, uncertainly, and politics.
Time pressure is critical, as many environmental problems demand rapid decisions. This is especially the case when there is a natural disaster such as the nuclear accident in Chernobyl or numerous oil leaks from cargo ships in many parts of the world. The British Petroleum Gulf Oil spill in 2010, for instance, placed environmental managers at a critical position, demanding that they come up with the quickest solution. Sometimes, natural disasters may inflict…
Additionally, the potential profits involved with the exploitation of the nation's resources, make for tempting business to acquire through corrupt activities and exploitation. This enormous poverty gap is "a testament to the government's corruption, mismanagement and callousness toward its own people," (Mouawad 2009).
Yet, the environment can be used as an element to quell the conflict as well by providing a source to create unity within the region. The environment can be a potential source of natural unity. According to research, "Equatorial Guinea has shown its desire to fight against ecological destruction by adhering to international conventions on the protection of the environment," (Equatorial Guinea 2002). Thus, conservation can serve as a pathway for the people of Guinea to work together and take pride in their nation along with restoring the depleted resources that have been at the very heart of the nation's conflicts.
Advameg. (2009). "Guinea -- Environment."…
Advameg. (2009). "Guinea -- Environment." Encyclopedia of Nations. Retrieved December 16, 2009 from http://www.nationsencyclopedia.com/Africa/Guinea-ENVIRONMENT.html
Equatorial Guinea. (2002). "Forest Exploitation." Ministry of Fishing and Environment. Retrieved December 16, 200 from http://www.ceiba-guinea-ecuatorial.org/guineeangl/minforets1.htm
Mouawad, Jad. (2009). Oil corruption in Equatorial Guinea. New York Times. Retrieved December 16, 2009 from http://greeninc.blogs.nytimes.com/2009/07/09/oil-corruption-in-equatorial-guinea/
An important influence on enaissance architecture was the Dome of the ock, famous for its spatial harmony, balance and overall perfection. . . . The Dome of the ock is basically a Byzantine building [with] classical columns, topped by arches in alternating black and white marble, the dome, and the gold and semi-precious mosaics that decorate the walls all speak of Byzantine heritage" (p. 119).
Some scholars, though, have argued that authentic Islamic architecture essentially ended in 900 C.E., with the sole exception of Egypt, and even in this venue Islamic architectural development all but ceased for a period of four centuries until the middle of the Bahri Mamluk period (Blair & Bloom, 2003). It is important to note, though, that the Mamluk sequence of sultans continued until 1517 and there was ample evidence for a comparable tradition of Islamic architecture in a number of countries besides Egypt (Blair &…
Abdullah, U. (2011, January/February). Islam in Europe: People and architecture. Islamic Horizons, 40(1), 99-101.
Amhed-Ullah, N.S. (1998, February 8). Building for future design. Daily Herald (Arlington
Heights, IL), 7.
Aylin, O. (2000). Tourists in historic towns: Urban conservation and heritage management.
The real world companies that are being studied are Starbucks, Apple and FedEx. These three companies face different external environmental challenges and have focused on shifting their internal environments in order to better compete in their external environments. The PEST analysis will be used as the analytical framework (QuickMBA, 2012).
Starbucks operates in the quick service restaurant industry, and is one of the top brands in that business (QSR Magazine, 2011). The political environment is generally favorable, with no major impediments to business. The company is focused on international expansion, and to this point has been able to perform well in most foreign markets. The ones where it has failed (Australia, Israel), the failure was not because of the political environment. The economic environment, however, has proven to be a challenge for Starbucks. The company saw its revenues and profits decline heading into the recession (MSN Moneycentral, 2012), as…
Baertlein, L. (2009). In a first, Starbucks lowers price of some drinks. Reuters. Retrieved May 6, 2012 from http://www.reuters.com/article/2009/08/20/us-starbucks-idUSTRE57J69K20090820
P. & Chan, E. (2012). Apple, Foxconn set new standard for Chinese workers. Reuters. Retrieved May 6, 2012 from http://www.reuters.com/article/2012/03/30/us-apple-foxconn-idUSBRE82S19720120330
MSN Moneycentral. (2012). Apple Inc. Retrieved May 6, 2012 fromhttp://investing.money.msn.com/investments/stock-income-statement/?symbol=AAPL
Environment from a Christian Perspective
Using Toulmin's Argument Model, this paper will explore the way in which Christians should act in response to the environmental challenges facing the planet. There are many reasons that all citizens should be paying attention to the problems that the earth is facing, due to climate change and pollution. And Christians, while they have spiritual values that differ from Muslims, Buddhists and other faiths, are citizens of the world and should be attentive to ways in which they can help reduce global climate change and make the planet safe and healthy for future generations. Thesis: hat specific actions should Christians take with regard to the challenges facing the world's environment and the need for preservation and restoration?
It is a well-documented fact that the planet and its vital ecosystems are being threatened and challenged by climate change, which is being caused in no small…
Bible Gateway. 2011. Genesis 1:26-28 (New International Version). Retrieved July 5, 2012,
From http://www.biblegateway.com .
Goodstein, Laurie. 2006. Evangelical Leaders Join Global Warming Initiative. The New York
Times. Retrieved July 5, 2012, from http://www.nytimes.com .
Environment and Delinquency
Over the last several years, the issue of juvenile crime and its impact on the criminal justice system has been increasingly brought to the forefront. This is because there are debates about what to do with these types of offenders and the kind of approach that should be utilized with them. These differences have resulted in considerable amounts of volatility in juvenile delinquency rates. Evidence of this can be seen with the total number of cases that were handled by the juvenile courts from 2000 to 2008 (which is illustrated in the below table).
Total Number of Juvenile elated Cases in the Criminal Justice System from 2000 to 2008
("Delinquency Cases," 2010)
These figures are showing how the juvenile crime rate has continued to…
Delinquency Cases. (2010). U.S. Census. Retrieved from: http://www.census.gov/compendia/statab/2012/tables/12s0340.pdf
Juvenile Delinquency. (2011). UN. Retrieved from: http://www.un.org/esa/socdev/unyin/documents/ch07.pdf
Hammen, W. (1996). Influences of Family Environments. Missouri Western. Retrieved from: http://www.missouriwestern.edu/psychology/research/psy302/spring96/WendyHammen.html
Lounsbury, J. (2009). Causes of Juvenile Delinquency. Yahoo. Retrieved from: http://voices.yahoo.com/causes-juvenile-delinquency-adult-criminal-3171892.html
The Costa Rican courts ruled in favor of AIDA's actions on the grounds that the aquaculture project would drastically harm the marine environment and undermine the nation's constitutional guarantees of a healthy environment ("Toward).
Some of the root problems that confront over fishing and environmental damage to marine ecosystems include lack of regulatory mechanisms and lack of general knowledge about the environmental impacts of commercial fisheries. AIDA has demonstrated some success in not only educating the general public about potential dangers, but also in encouraging -- sometimes through legal action -- local governments to improve and strengthen the regulatory framework that is in place to protect international marine resources from ecological and economic damage.
Ravaging the Oceans -- the Impacts of Commercial Marine Fisheries." AIDA. 2007. 28 Feb. 2008 http://www.aida-americas.org/aida.php?page=fisheries_home.
Toward Sustainable Aquaculture." AIDA. 2007. 28 Feb. 2008 http://www.aida-americas.org/aida.php?page=aquaculture_home.
Ravaging the Oceans -- the Impacts of Commercial Marine Fisheries." AIDA. 2007. 28 Feb. 2008 http://www.aida-americas.org/aida.php?page=fisheries_home .
Toward Sustainable Aquaculture." AIDA. 2007. 28 Feb. 2008 http://www.aida-americas.org/aida.php?page=aquaculture_home .
The three companies chosen are Apple, Google and Starbucks. Apple has several strengths, including its design capabilities, high brand loyalty, vertical integration, distribution channels, brand recognition/reputation and a massive cash pile. There are few weaknesses for the company, although arguably stock market pressure to distribute its cash, which might harm the innovation it needs to thrive. There remain great opportunities for Apple to expand into new markets, to develop new products, both of which can drive earnings higher. There are threats, however, not the least of which is competition given that Android is by far and away the dominant mobile operating system, pushing Apple's market share down almost to single digits (IDC, 2013).
Google has several strengths. It has $50 billion in cash, so ample resources, and it has been named as the best place to work, attracting top talent (CNN, 2013). The company has a great brand,…
Apple 2012 Annual Report. Retrieved November 26, 2013 from http://files.shareholder.com/downloads/AAPL/2800993151x0xS1193125-13-416534/320193/filing.pdf
CNN. (2013). 100 best companies to work for. CNN Money. Retrieved November 26, 2013 from http://money.cnn.com/magazines/fortune/best-companies/
Google 2012 Annual Report. Retrieved November 26, 2013 from http://www.sec.gov/Archives/edgar/data/1288776/000119312513028362/d452134d10k.htm
IDC. (2013). Android pushes past 80% share while Windows phone shipments leap 156% year over year in the third quarter. IDC. Retrieved November 26, 2013 from http://www.idc.com/getdoc.jsp?containerId=prUS24442013
Next to the Greenhouse Effect, the 2nd largest threat to the environment comes from acid rain, caused by sulfur dioxide and nitrous oxide put into the atmosphere from factories, mixing with water in the clouds, and then falling as acid rain. This is so serious that Canada has charged the U.. For ruining some of its lakes.
Currently, rain has 10 times the normal acidity rate in most of the northeastern parts of the United tates
PCB's (Polychlorinated Biphenyls) are waxy substances that were previously used as coolants, but now banned because of their cancer-causing properties and difficulty in disposal
PBBs (Polybrominated biphenyls) are potent and have been responsible for the deaths of thousands of cattle.
EDBs (Ethylene dibromide) is a pesticide that was finally banned but used extensively in the 1970s and early 1980s.
Antibiotics from urine and waste enter the water table and are stored in…
Bechtel, R. (1997). Environment and Behavior: An Introduction. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage
"The actions of the American government and people toward the environment in the 18th and 19th centuries were ignorant, wasteful, and greedy; they were also understandable."
In the modern age, the impact of man's actions upon the environment is a very serious issue. There are laws that determine what is and what is not appropriate action with regard to the environment and there are serious punishments for those who abuse the environment. However, it is unfair to judge the actions of people in other centuries based on modern opinion and modern information. The above quote illustrates the main reason why this is so, people in other eras were not subject to the same laws or regulations and modern Americans, nor did they have access to the same information that we now have in our possession. The key word in that quotation is "ignorant." They were ignorant of the repercussions…
"America Looks West -- the Jeffersonian Vision." American Environmental History.
Kline, Benjamin. First Along the River: A Brief History of the U.S. Environmental Movement.
Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield, 2007. Print.
On the one hand, a Westerner such as myself could read Rose's essay regarding this perspective of the future and the land that is supposed to engender it and think is little more than a quaint tale, some outmoded way of dealing with life that has no practical application to the modern world. However, there seems to be a lot of sense in the approach that the Aborigines take regarding the world that birthed them, and which they in turn believe they must protect to create a future existence for others.
The part that I identify with the most is the aspect of living in harmony with the world, as opposed to trying to control it. In Western society, the age-old struggle has always been man attempting to assert his will over that of nature, which of course includes the world and pretty much everything else in it other than…
Environment and Social Equality
The modern world and all of its technological progress has led to a situation in which many individuals become detached from its reliance on the knowledge of natural systems to provide for themselves and their families. Yet they are entirely dependent on the natural systems that provide things such as food, water, and clean air; it's just that they are rather unaware of how these systems are integrated with their lives. hereas once individuals had to hunt, gather, farm, or raise livestock for their sustenance, now people can simple just travel to the grocery store and purchase nearly anything they desire.
The modern environment has created a circumstance in which people take for granted the technologies, man-made systems, and natural systems that all work to provide for them. As James Burke points out in his documentary, Connections: The Trigger Effect, it is actually impossible for individuals…
Burtynsky, E. Photographic Works. 1999. Web. 12 July 2012.
CO2 Now. "Earth's CO2 Home Page." 12 July 2012. CO2 Now. Web. 12 July 2012.
Hensen, J., et al. "Target Atmoshperic CO2: Where Should Humanity Aim?" NASA Goddard Intitute for Space Studies (2008): 1-18. Web.
McKibben, B. Eaarth: Making a Life on a Tough New Planet. New York City: St. Martin's Griffin, 2011. Print.
Today, it is impossible to ignore the issue of environmentalism. Indeed, the noticeably erratic nature of the weather, the instability of the yearly seasons, and the general mayhem in terms of droughts, floods, hunger, and excess have contributed to the general human understanding that something must be done, and soon. On the other hand, it is all too easy for an individual to, although fully aware of the crisis and its current and future impact, to simply ignore this in favor of going about his or her daily struggle. Such an individual may have the hope that giant corporations will finally begin to take the responsibility they have been shirking for decades or even centuries. After reading the two articles by Kristof (2012) and Shiva (2012), I have come to the conclusion that it is not enough to hope, to pray, or to think positively. Each individual must…
Kristof, N. (2012) Our gas guzzlers, their lives. In J. Ramage, J. Bean & J. Johnson (Eds.) Writing arguments: A rhetoric with readings (pp. 564-565). Boston, MA: Pearson.
Shiva V. (2012) The soil vs. The Sensex. In J. Ramage, J. Bean & J. Johnson (Eds.) Writing arguments: A rhetoric with readings (pp. 579-580). Boston, MA: Pearson.
The Amur leopard is considered to be critically endangered as per population data maintained by the World Wildlife Fund. This particular cat is mainly found in the Russian Far East and is known to be largely solitary. As of the year 2007, there were only 30 Amur leopards left in Russia’s wild. In other parts of the world, i.e. in China’s adjacent areas, only 8-12 cats remained.
The Amur leopard, according to the World Wildlife Fund, is threatened by aggravated poaching – with poachers largely targeting it for its attractive, spotted fur. For instance, according to the fund, an investigative team in Russia, in 1999, found skin for a male Amur leopard going for as much as 1000 USD. The price has perhaps tripled over the years, further enhanced by the cat’s increasing rarity.
Various efforts have been put in place to prevent the extinction of this beautiful cat.…
Carl, Zimmer. “Climate Change is Altering Lakes and Streams, Study Suggests.” New York Times. 10 Jan 2018. Web. 12 Jan 2018. https://www.nytimes.com/2018/01/11/science/climate-change-lakes-streams.html
World Wildlife Fund (2018). “Species: Amur Leopard.” WWF. 2018. Web. 12 January 2018. https://www.worldwildlife.org/species/amur-leopard
Environment is something all people and all cultures share. Nature knows no international boundaries or religions. On the contrary, nature is the universal constant binding people together. A healthy relationship with the environment can promote intercultural dialogue and cross-cultural communication because of the universal need for and appreciation of nature. Nature is "healing," and it impacts human well-being (University of Minnesota). Although individuals and societies will have different attitudes, beliefs, and goals related to environmental stewardship, it is possible to discover shared values and work towards a new vision for the future.
Individuals and communities have responsibilities to protect, serve, and conserve the environment. As individuals change their attitudes toward nature, each person can work towards shifting social norms related to consumerism, materialism, and overconsumption. Likewise, individuals can alter their relationship with nature by promoting appreciation and affection for the beauty in all things. As the Canadian Conference of Catholic…
Canadian Conference of Catholic Bishops. Our relationship with the environment: The need for conversion. Retrieved online: http://www.cccb.ca/site/images/stories/pdf/enviro_eng.pdf
University of Minnesota. What is our relationship with nature? 2014. Retrieved online: http://www.takingcharge.csh.umn.edu/enhance-your-well-being/environment/nature-and-us/what-our-relationship-nature-0
For What easons Do Organizations Need
An Awareness of Their Environment
Competitive pressure, globalization and the continuing economic turbulence and uncertainty of the world's leading nations all contribute to a level of risk that businesses have never seen before. Continually being aware and monitoring their environments gives businesses of all sizes an opportunity to anticipate significant shifts in customer demand and react accordingly. The intent of this paper is to provide insights into the many factors that drive organizations to have a greater awareness of their global environment.
Striving Towards Agility and isk Management
The most common factor that drives businesses of all sizes to continually stay aware of their environment is the need to always stay in step with their customers, markets, and their unmet needs. The need for being responsive to the market is a critical one that underscores every successful organization globally today (Ball, Lorange,…
Ball, Ben C., Jr., and Lorange, Peter. 1979. Managing Your Strategic Responsiveness to the Environment. Managerial Planning 28, no. 3, (November 1): 3.
Anna Shaojie Cui, David A Griffith, and S. Tamer Cavusgil. 2005. The Influence of Competitive Intensity and Market Dynamism on Knowledge Management Capabilities of Multinational Corporation Subsidiaries. Journal of International Marketing 13, no. 3, (January 1): 32-53.
Fahey, Liam, King, William R., and Narayanan, Vandake K.. 1981. Environmental Scanning and Forecasting in Strategic Planning -- the State of the Art. Long-Range Planning 14, no. 1, (February 1): 32.
Kuei, C., C. Madu, and C. Lin. 2011. Developing global supply chain quality management systems. International Journal of Production Research 49, no. 15, (August 1): 4457.
The 11th Hour (film):
Global warning/climate change impacts all of humanity, and therefore it is not a local but a global concern that requires multidisciplinary intervention (general point made throughout film).
Weather and climate issues have been in the mainstream media, and events are happening more frequently (beginning of film).
Climate change can be framed as a matter of national security, and there may be "environmental refugees," (middle of film).
The rate of decline and tragedy is accelerating at a rapid pace, making immediate intervention necessary (throughout the film).
Existing and emerging technologies provide the solution (toward the end of the film)
Essence of Permaculture
Permaculture is an extension of "systems thinking" (3)
Permaculture is not just about land use but about a whole method of living and sustaining human communities that goes beyond food and energy and toward lifestyle (3)
The Permaculture Design Course " has been the…
Baxter, W.F. "People or Penguins."
The Eleventh Hour (Feature Film, 2007).
Environment Science education and its effect on Students' Improvement
Does the current curriculum actually improve the student's decision making regarding environmental issues?
Sample Size and Sampling Method
Time Frame for the Study
Scope and Limitations
Current Environmental Science Curriculum
Is the current curriculum design actually improves the decision making regarding environmental issues?
For years it has been a tough job to implement the appropriate environmental education in the colleges. esearch in the field has pointed out several challenges in the creation of effective environmental curricula. esearchers also examined different strategies being used for the promotion of student awareness as well as fostering them to engage in the ever changing circumstances. The empirical research studies have made it clear that just acquiring the information on the environment science and ecology is not enough to motivate students to practically participate in environment protection. For the motivation there is a need…
Balgopal, M., & Wallace, A. (2009). Decisions and dilemmas: Using writing to learn activities to increase ecological literacy. Journal of Environmental Education, 40(13), 13 -- 22.
Balgopal, M., & Wallace, A. (2009). Decisions and dilemmas: Using writing to learn activities to increase ecological literacy. Journal of Environmental Education, 40(13), 13 -- 22.
Bateson, G. (1972). Steps to an ecology of mind. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.
Biriukova, N. (2005).The formation of an ecological consciousness. Russian Education and Society, 47(12), 34 -- 45.
Under Armour is a worldwide company that produces performance sports apparel. In an environment where people are always looking for the "latest and greatest," a company with a high-tech and unique product can certainly flourish. In the world of athletics there is a desire for quality products that improve performance. Additionally, local and younger athletes look towards professional athletes to set the trend as far sports apparel, equipment and accessories are concerned. The technology used in the Under Armour products is new, and has potential to change for the better as technology changes. A wide range of athletes are looking for this type of performance gear, so products need be either very specialized or appeal to multiple demographics. There is a huge market not only in the United States, but in all parts of the world where an emphasis on athletics is prevalent. While these products are not traditionally…
William F. Baxter argues in favor of a people-oriented perspective on environmentalism in his article "People or Penguins." According to Baxter, measures to protect or conserve natural resources are only meaningful if they benefit human beings. In fact, the author asserts that concerns like clean air and water should be the means, not the end. Human beings, Baxter feels, are the end. Penguins and pine trees matter insofar as they please human beings, but they do not matter for their own sake. To support his arguments, Baxter first outlines four philosophical criteria by which he bases his observations about environmentalism. First, Baxter urges that all persons should do as they will as long as they do not "interfere with the interests of other human beings," (604). Second, Baxter notes that human beings possess limited resources, not just natural products like coal or water but also human labor resources. Therefore,…
d.). It has been estimated that in the Midwest, where infestation levels have been notoriously high, that "hundreds of millions of dollars in maintenance and damage repair" have been direct consequences of zebra and quagga mussel invasions (Arizona Game and Fish Department, n.d.). There are as many as 10 trillion quagga and zebra mussels in the Great Lakes today (National Wildlife Federation, n.d.).
Based on what is known about zebra and quagga mussels, it is hypothesized that their populations can be reduced using systematic methods of cleaning boats and monitoring local and especially man-made waterways. It has been shown that man-made waterways such as canals can act as "superhighways" particularly conducive to the rapid spread of the quagga and zebra larvae (National Wildlife Federation, n.d.). Ballast water regulation has been shown to be an effective preventative measure, but it is not the only means by which to curb the growth…
Aquatic Invasive Species of Pennsylvania (n.d.). Retrieved online: http://www.pserie.psu.edu/seagrant/ais/watershed/mussel.htm
Arizona Game and Fish Department (n.d.). Quagga mussels. Retrieved online: http://www.azgfd.gov/h_f/zebra_mussels.shtml
National Wildlife Federation (n.d.). Invasive mussels. Retrieved online: http://www.nwf.org/Wildlife/Threats-to-Wildlife/Invasive-Species/Invasive-Mussels.aspx
Elderly individuals are also "more likely to take prescription medicines that impair the body's ability to regulate its temperature or that inhibit perspiration" (Heat stress in the elderly, 2009, CDC).
hat levels of prevention are warranted in the situation? hat might a community health nurse do to intervene?
The immediate concern is removing the residents to a safer area during oppressively hot days with bad air quality. For residents who wish to exercise, arranging for transport to a local cooling center where they can exercise is one option. For round-the-clock care, however, the unit overall must be maintained with a proper air conditioning and ventilation unit. The community health nurse must stress that this is to be done ASAP, otherwise the nurse will report the facility for health code violations. Until the unit is repaired, the nurse can provide supportive instruction to help residents deal with the heat, such as…
Asthma and the elderly. (2009). therubins.com. Retrieved March 24, 2009 at http://www.therubins.com/illness/asthma.htm
Heat stress in the elderly. (2009). Center for Disease Control (CDC). Retrieved March 24, 2009 at http://www.bt.cdc.gov/disasters/extremeheat/elderlyheat.asp
Heatstroke and the elderly. (2009). North Shore - Long Island Jewish Health System.
Retrieved March 24, 2009 at http://www.nslij.com/body.cfm?id=1231
The development activities are always difficult to be hampered for the sake of environmental protection; therefore the organizations including Green Vision should provide possible alternatives to the authorities so that the development activities can continue, recreational parks should be created (Mayer, 2002).
The ultimate beneficiary and the victim of the advantages and concerns associated with any of the project is neither the authority, the developers nor the non-governmental organizations, but it is the public that benefits and suffers the most either ways, therefore keeping in view the concerns of the people in mind, there is need to adopt a moderate approach, which provide the benefits of the development plans to the public, and also provide environmental safeguard to them and the generation to come, because the environmental impact are never serious instant, the impact buildup gradually, and then take a strong trajectory towards environmental outburst, which will cause economic…
Eldon D. Enger, Bradley Fraser Smith. Environmental Science: A Study of Interrelationships. Rutledge Publication. 2004. pp. 176
David D. Kemp. Exploring Environmental Issues an Integrated Approach. Rutledge Publication. 2004. pp. 121
David B. Linden Mayer, Jerry F. Franklin. Conserving Forest Biodiversity: A Comprehensive Multi-scaled Approach. John Wiley and Sons 2002. pp. 213
Jay H. Lehr. Rational Readings on Environmental Concerns. John Wiley and Sons, 1992. pp. 98
Still, it is not unimaginable, within a lake as large as Victoria that they might also divide into separate populations along very subtle lines of variation -- like mating behaviors or feeding preferences.
This sort of interpretation of the situation in Lake Victoria, however, rests upon the notion that the species of cichlid found there evolved from a single ancestral species. Yet, even Meyer acknowledges that this might not be the case: "Within the past decade, however, morphology has increasingly emphasized the view that the flock may be polyphyletic." Put differently, it is possible that the species of cichlid that have evolved in Lake Victoria came from a group of distinct, but closely related, fish that colonized the region several thousand years ago. If this is the case, then the scientific importance of the Victorian cichlids would be somewhat diminished, because a less explosive series of adaptive radiations could explain…
Goldschmidt, Tijs. 1998. Land-Use Changes and NIS in Lake Victoria. Bright and Lodge, 1998.
Kolar, Cynthia S. And David M. Lodge. 2000. Invasive Species in a Changing World. Washington D.C.: Island Press.
Meyer, Axel et al. 1990. Monophyletic Origin of Lake Victoria Cichlid Fishes Suggested by Mitochondrial DNA Sequences. Nature, 347.
Office of Protected Resources. 2005. Endangered Species Act of 1973. NOAA Fisheries. Available:
Environment Affects Nurses
Over and again, literature reviews show the consistent relationship and association between nurse working environment and patient outcome as well as superior nurse performance (Aiken et al., 1999; Aiken et al., 1994; Lake, 2004). Better environments result in better nurse care as this case model shows. The case model was based on the study popularized in our institution that was directed by Aiken et al. (2008) who sought to examine whether better hospital nurse care environments were associated with lower patient mortality and better nurse outcomes irrespective of nurse education and the quality and quantity of nurse staffing.
In 1999, the researchers had sampled 168 hospitals, which was 80% of the 210 adult acute care hospital in Pennsylvania in 1999. 60 nurses from each hospital completed the survey, with half of the hospitals having more than 50 nurses who responded. Other nurses who worked outside the hospitals…
Aiken LH. (2005) Extending the magnet concept to developing and transition countries. Reflect Nurs Leadersh.31(1):16 -- 18
Aiken L.H. et al. (2008) Effects of Hospital Care Environment on Patient Mortality and Nurse Outcomes J. Nurs Adm. 38(5): 223 -- 229.
Aiken LH, Sloane DM, Lake ET, Sochalski J, Weber AL. (1999). Organization and outcomes of inpatient AIDS care. Med Care.;37:760 -- 772.
Aiken LH, Smith HL, Lake ET. (1994). Lower Medicare mortality among a set of hospitals known for good nursing care. Med Care.;32(8):771 -- 787
environment host country chose study. Discuss briefly political, economic, legal environment focus culture. Make present deeper levels culture, artifacts. HOFSTEDE'S DIMENSIONS .ID
Germany: Country analysis
Germany is a parliamentary democracy. It is a multi-party system, which means that political parties must often share power to govern. It is currently led by Chancellor Angela Merkel, who became Germany's first female chancellor in 2009. Merkel is the leader of the center-right Christian Democrats (CDU). Merkel won a close election and serves as "chancellor in a 'grand coalition' involving the CDU, its Christian Social Union (CSU) allies and the centre-left Social Democratic Party (SPD)" ("Germany," BBC, 2012). Merkel has faced recent resistance from the Germany populace, who are growing increasingly discontented with the feeling that Germany is being forced to 'bail out' financially undisciplined members of the European Community, to preserve the EC in the wake of the meltdown of the…
Crumly, Bruce. "In Paris and Berlin, fury over a Greek bailout." Time. 2010. [23 Mar 2012]
"Germany." BBC. [23 Mar 2012]
Human ace and Environment
The Human ace and the Environment: Moral and Ethical Dilemmas
"We can't as humans oblige the environment to follow our agenda in all things, however much we can bend certain natural forces to our will; we can't control the weather system or the succession of the seasons...the world turn, and the tides move at the drawing of the moon" (Williams). As the modern philosopher comments on the relationship that humans have with the environment, it seems that his commentary is more than just that- it is factual information that needs to be explored deeper. The environment that the human race inhabits is a delicate one but it is imperative that there is an understanding between the two entities, especially from the humans that reap the benefits from the environment. From William's commentary, moral and ethical questions are illuminated in regards to the relationship between the human…
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, (2011): Scientific Missions- Reduce the environmental effects of human activities. Available from: http://www.pnnl.gov/missions/environment.asp : [Accessed: Oct 18, 2011].
Science Staff, (2011), "Global warming ," The New York Times, Sep 30, 2011.
Soluk, A, (2010), Why We Need to Protect Our Environment, New Polity. Available from: http://www.newpolity.com/2010/10/21/why-we-need-to-protect-our-environment,: [Accessed: Oct 18, 2011].
Williams, R, (2009), Rowan Williams: Human Responsibility and the Environment, . Available from: http://www.guardian.co.uk/commentisfree/belief/2009/mar/26/religion-anglicanism ,: [Accessed: Oct 18, 2011].
The Corporate social responsibility (CSR) of companies demands their involvement in global issues such as air and water pollution. They can promote their organization by demonstrating how their products aid in protecting the environment. Companies are taking additional measures by getting their products certified of being eco-friendly in order to maintain their position in the race with others. This helps in improving their reputation which is a necessity for future success. Adherence to International Environmental standards such as the ISO 14000 series guide companies towards achieving their environmental goals. Certification boards conduct checks on their standards before they can use these to expand their market reach. The consumers nowadays tend to stay away from products which can potentially harm their environment or those which cannot be recycled. Companies align themselves to their line of thought by presenting themselves as being receptive to the needs of the environment.
There are some…
Sociofugal inhibits interaction while sociopetal encourages it (Bechtel, 1997). Some places need both types (like airports) (Bechtel, 1997).
Theories originating within the person: "trait theory sees human behavior as a result of what is brought to each situation. Situational determinism sees behavior within any situation as universal and regardless of individual differences" (Bechtel, 1997).
Stress: Seyle 1956. 'Environments can cause stress and belief systems are a central aspect of how people deal with their world' (Bechtel, 1997).
Belief Systems: Spicer 1971. AKA identity systems (Bechtel, 1997). "All of is operate within belief systems. They are socially reinforced and, more often than not, independent of environmental issues" (Bechtel, 1997). 'They give us the illusion of control' (Bechtel, 1997).
Control: "is only beneficial when the person is capable, believes he or she is capable, and wants to take control" (Bechtel, 1997).
Ecological Psychology: 'truest E&B model' (Bechtel, 1997). 'Blends or mixes the…
Bechtel, R. (1997). Environment & Behavior an Introduction. Thousand Oaks: Sage
However, their theories, like the catastrophic predictions, lack real, hard, personal evidence. They may be right - but what if they are wrong and civilization does nothing to combat global warming and the other issues facing the Earth?
In conclusion, it seems that many of the people who are so convinced the Earth will survive on its own are ignoring many of the facts. The Earth's survival has depended on regeneration and re-growth in the past, and many species have been eliminated in global events of the past (think of the dinosaurs). During these historic events, man was a blip on the global landscape, or did not exist at all. Today, billions of humans populate the planet and pollute it in a wide variety of ways. The Earth has been able to survive natural events in the past because it was naturally able to regenerate. Today, man has altered the…
Bailey, R. Two sides to global warming: Is it proven fact, or just conventional wisdom? 20 Nov. 2004.
BBCNews. Pollution hot spots. 2004
Blackmore, S. Our civilisation will survive the coming climate catastrophe.
Borenstein, S. UN report says climate change man-made. Associated Press; 2 Feb. 2007
Environment Influences the Body Plan of Organisms
The distinction between adiata and Bilateria, or organisms with a radial or bilateral symmetry, is that the latter have a dorsal/ventral polarity resulting in bilateral body axes (reviewed by Martindale and Henry, 1998). By comparison, species with radial symmetry, the adiata, have a single anterior/posterior axis in their body plan and no dorsal/ventral polarity. Another general distinction is the presence of three germ layers in the Bilateria, which are the endoderm, ectoderm, and mesoderm. These three pluripotent cell types will give rise to organs and internal epithelial layers, skin and nervous tissues, and muscle and connective tissues, respectively.
ole of Environment
adiata contain a digestive tract that is perpendicular to radial structures (reviewed by Martindale and Henry, 1998). For example, the cnidarians have a mouth that is surrounded by radial pattern of tentacles. After the food enters the mouth, it collects in a…
Martindale, Mark Q. And Henry, Jonathan Q. (1998). The development of radial and biradial symmetry: The evolution of bilaterality. American Zoologist, 38, 672-684.
Yoshimura, Kazuya and Motokawa, Tatsuo. (2010). Bilaterality in the regular sea urchin Anthocidaris crassispina is related to efficient defense not to efficient locomotion. Marine Biology, 157, 2475-2488.
Toulmin Model Argument About the Environment
God has obviously put the human beings in a status of having full responsibility over the establishment. In bible in the section called Genesis 2:15 mentions "And on the seventh day God ended his work which he had made; and he rested on the seventh day from all his work which he had made."(2) It is understood that everyone produced are a part of God's contribution to the earth (3) and that all of those that are individuals living on this planet are responsible to take care of it. In Deuteronomy it says "A land that the Lord your God cares for. The eyes of the Lord your God are always upon it, from the beginning of the year to the end of the year." This verse clearly explains that God commands us to take charge over the formation in a way that endures,…
Guth, J.L. (2005). Faith and the environment: religious beliefs and attitudes on environmental policy. American Journal of Political Science, 19, 364-382.
Hitchcock, D. (2005). Good reasoning on the toulmin model. Argumentation, 21(6), 45-46.
Merritt, J. (2010). Green Like God: Unlocking the Divine Plan for Our Planet. New York.
Voss, J.F. (2005). Toulmin's model and the solving of ill-structured problems. Argumentation,, 9(2), 21-23.
The last few decades have seen the healthcare environment change from one that was dictated by physicians to one that is dictated more by big business and government entities. That is particularly problematic, because that puts healthcare into the hands of people who are not really focused on helping people, and are, instead, focused on the financial aspects of ensuring that people get care. While healthcare should be about taking care of people who are ailing, injured, or sick, it becomes who has the most money or the best insurance provider. There are a number of segments to the healthcare environment, as well, and they all play roles in the mission that involves caring for the health and well-being of the greater society. Among these segments is the pharmaceutical industry, which has provided medicines for more than 100 years so that people with disease and health conditions could…
Galloway, S.J., (2009). Simulation techniques to bridge the gap between novice and competent healthcare professionals. OJIN: The Online Journal of Issues in Nursing, 14(2), manuscript 3. doi:10.3912/OJIN.Vol14No02Man03
Hagler, D., & Wilson, R. (2013). Designing nursing staff competency assessment using simulation. Journal of Radiology Nursing, 32(4), 165-169. doi:10.1016/j.jradnu.2013.10.001
Iacono, M. (2013). The culture of accountability. Journal of PeriAnesthesia Nursing, 28(2), 107-109. doi:10.1016/j.jopan.2013.01.002
Muller, L. (2013). Integrity and accountability the omnibus final rule: Part 1. Professional Case Management, 18(4), 204-207. doi:10.1097/NCM.0b013e3182950694
(Colorado Department of Human Services (CDHS), 2011)
Even though, the services provided by the Colorado division of child welfare are of satisfactory quality but there are certain areas on which the Colorado division of child welfare has to work in order to enhance the quality of its programs and services. The Colorado division of child welfare shall opt for a more facilitated and properly administered organizational structure as this would enable the management to work in a more effective and efficient manner. (Policy Studies Inc., & American Humane, 2009)
The Colorado division of child welfare shall also work on properly assigning the responsibilities to the staff members on the basis of their functionality, position, skill and abilities. In addition to that, Colorado division of child welfare shall also work on the communication gap that prevails in the organization and shall facilitate communication between the staff and shall explicitly state…
City and County of Denver (2013). Rules Regulating Child Care Centers. [report] Denver: City and County of Denver, pp. 1-8.
Colorado Department of Human Services (CDHS) (2011). Child And Family Services Review Performance Improvement Plan. [report] Alamosa: Colorado Department of Human Services (CDHS), pp. 1-39.
Colorado Department of Human Services (CDHS) (2011). 2011 Annual Evaluation Report The Division of Child Welfare. [report] Alamosa: Colorado Department of Human Services (CDHS), pp. 1-25.
Colorado.gov (2013). Division of Child Welfare. [online] Retrieved from: http://www.colorado.gov/cs/Satellite/CDHS-ChildYouthFam/CBON/1251586904497 [Accessed: 17 Jul 2013].
radioactive materials that were leaked into the environment by the Fukushima Dai-ichi plant. This is a science paper, so it provides me with insight into how radiation pollution is measured and what the key issues are with respect to the environment. For example, cesium in seawater is a key measure that is used. In this paper, they looked at both water pollution and air pollution. The paper also provides hard numbers that can be used in my final paper.
Mitamura, et al.
This paper does not talk about Fukushima specifically, as it predates that incident. It provides background scientific knowledge that has helped me learn about some of the key issues with radiation poisoning. What this paper does is discuss long-term effects of curium and barium pollution. It is important to understand the rates at which these radioactive materials decay, in order to have a better understanding of nuclear pollution…
This is an important consideration that each clinical practitioner must contemplate sooner or later -- and perhaps it is best done sooner rather than later. It is not something I have considered lightly, but at the end of the day I am confident that I can find that balance in my life. I am person of many different interests: music, art, philosophy, writing, research; and I am a spiritual person. For me, these have always been key elements in keeping my life balanced. It has not evolved me in a perfect way, but these things in my life serve to bring me back to earth during those moments when my ego becomes to inflated, too deflated, bruised, or battered; and take comfort in, and I am grateful for all the things that keep me balanced.
I will continue to pursue my interests and develop myself socially as I work in…
Micucci, Joseph a. (2009). The Adolescent in Family Therapy,
Reyhner, Jon Allan, Rosier, Paul, and Echo-Hawk, Walter (2005). Education and Language Restoration: Assimilation vs. Cultural Survival (Contemporary Native American Issues), Chelsea House Publications.
Taibbi, Robert (2007). Doing Family Therapy, Second Edition: Craft and Creativity in Clinical Practice, New York the Guilford Press.
Environment: the Ethical Fashion Show." Online Posting. YouTue, 8 Octoer
We. 4 Novemer 2011.
Lacayo, Richard. "Jean Nouvel Wins Architecture Honor." Time Magazine. 30 March 2008.
We. 4 Novemer 2011.
Tahari, Elie. "CBS Sunday Morning: Elie Tahari -- Fashioning Success." Online Posting.
YouTue, 21 Feruary 2011. We. 4 Novemer 2011.
Woodman, Ellis. "Jean Nouvel's Serpentine Pavilion, review." The Telegraph. 6 July 2010.
We. 4 Novemer 2011.
The reports "The Race to Seismic Safety: Protecting California's Transportation System," pulished in Decemer 2003, and "The Missing Piece: Improving Seismic Design and Construction Practices," pulished in 2003, oth deal with preventative measures that must e taken in order to reduce the safety hazards that are imposed upon the surrounding communities in California that are prone to earthquake induced damages. Presented from different perspectives with a common goal, the two reports analyze the damage that has occurred in California due to earthquakes and propose…
bibliography that is ordered alphabetically and formatted to follow APA or Harvard formatting.
Environmental ethics is a conjecture and an application in relation to apprehensions for principles in, and obligations regarding the natural world. Ethics, basically, is people relating to people in impartiality and love. Environmental ethics begins with human distresses for quality surroundings (Gaston 52). This concern shapes the ethic from beginning to the end. Beyond inter-human concerns, ideals are at pledge when individuals relate to animals, plants, species and ecosystem. Humans ought to find nature morally considerable, and this turns ethics into new directions.
Environmental ethics maintains that humans, not until they reach a more considerate ethic, are ignorant as opposed to popular opinion (Keller and Golley 67). Humans are the only self-reflective, deliberative moral agents. Nature has endowed the wise species with a conscience. Ecological quality is essential for eminence of human life. Individuals significantly re-establish their surroundings and live in an innate ecology where resources are subjects of life…
Carlstrom, P. As The Solar Gets Bigger, Its Future Gets Brighter. San Fransisco: Sage, 2005.
Gaston, K.J. Biodiversity And Extinction. New York: New York Publishing Press, 2003.
Keller, G. And A. Golley. The Philosophy Of Ecology. New York: Oxford Publishing Press,
In other industrialized countries, however, like Germany, Italy and Japan, the main concern of governments today is that not enough children are being born to even reach the level of the replacement rate. This is almost certainly a mistake since reduction of population should be the main goal in order to save the planet, and additional middle-class consumers in Western nations are the greatest burden on the environment.
Encouragement of voluntary euthanasia will be another method of reducing the excess population. Today many billions of dollars are spent on the last thirty days of life and 65% of physicians and nurses in one survey admitted that had provided unnecessary treatments for the terminally ill. That statistic was mentioned frequently in the debates over health care reform, with the implication that those dollars would be better spent on medical care for younger and healthier people at the start of their productive…
The significance of obesity in American society is hardly unforeseen; evidence of its ugly head is reared throughout all facets of America, including diverse geographic and demographic arenas. One American city lends credence to the glaring problem of obesity with the following statistics presented in a Department of Health report from 2005. The facts as presented in the report show that, 1) the percentage of adults in the state of New York who are overweight or obese increases from 42% in 1997 to 57% in 2002, 2) the percentage of obese adults increased more than one hundred percent from 10% to 21%, 3) obesity among children and adolescents has tripled during the past three decades, 4) 24% of children in grades K-5 are obese, and 5) 29.5% of high school students in New York City are obese or overweight (NY Dept of Health 2005). Additionally, the report showed that…
Burt, V.L.; Cutler, J.A.; Higgins, M.; Horan, M.J.; Labarthe, D.; Whelton, P.; Brown, C.; Rocella, E.J.; (1995) Trends in the prevalence, awareness, treatment, and control of hypertension in the adult U.S. population, Hypertension, Vol. 26, pp. 60 -- 69
Cooper, A.; (2011) Lunch lessons, Educational Leadership, Vol. 68, Issue 8, pp. 75-78
Medicine Net.Com (2011) We bring doctor's knowledge to you, accessed on July 11,
2011 at http://www.medterms.com/script/main/hp.asp
Drilling in the Alaskan Wilderness, the primary ethical issue is environmental, putting petroleum production development against preservation in Section 1002 of the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR) in Alaska. Secondary ethical issues relate to specific impacts that development would have on inhabitants of the ANWR, including the Inupiat Eskimos, the Gwich'in, wildlife such as caribou, and wilderness that is represented within this area. This is an ethical issue because decisions must balance a sense of right and wrong without clear answers when deciding how much wilderness will be protected and what level of development will occur.
Members of Congress are the primary decision-makers. The ANWR falls under the jurisdiction of the United States Fish & Wildlife Service, making federal legislators the group that is responsible for setting the overall direction for this protected area. Stakeholders of the ANWR include the Inupiat Eskimos and the Gwich'in. Both of these groups rely…
These technologies are can be separated into three main categories (Alternative Energy):
Wave Energy Converters: These systems extract the power of ocean waves and convert it into electricity. Typically, these systems use either a water column or some type of surface or just-below-surface buoy to capture the wave power. In addition to oceans, some lakes may offer sufficient wave activity to support wave energy converter technology. (Alternative Energy).
Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC): OTEC generates electricity through the temperature differential in warmer surface water and colder deep water. Of ocean technologies, OTEC has the most limited applicability in the United States because it requires a 40-degree temperature differential that is typically available in locations like Hawaii and other more tropical climates (Alternative Energy).
Offshore Wind: Offshore wind projects take advantage of the vast wind resources available across oceans and large water bodies. Out at sea, winds blow freely, unobstructed by…
Alternative Energy. "Renewable ocean energy: Tides, currents, waves." 23 October 2006. alternative-energy-news.info. 18 November 2009 .
AWEA. "Wind Energy Basics." 2005. American Wind Energy Association (AWEA). 18 November 2009 .
Burgermeister, J. "Germany: The World's first major renewable energy economy." 3 April 2009. Renewableenergyworld.com. 18 November 2009 .
CIA. "World Factbook: Germany." 11 November 2009. Central Intelligence Agency (CIA). 18 November 2009 .
The specific categories include the following:
4) temperature; and 5) feelings.
FINDINGS of the STUDY
The following table labeled Figure 1 in this study states the responses given by participants in both groups in this study and as well provides totals and grand totals for both groups which for the purpose of this study are labeled as follows:
Group 1 - Memory Recall Group (Outside Light)
Group 2 - Memory Recall Group (Darkened or Muted Light)
Responses of Participants in Group 1 and Group 2
FIRST GROUP Color Smell Texture Temperature Feelings TOTALS GRAND TOTAL PARTICIPANT
SECOND GROUP Color Smell Texture Temperature Feelings TOTALS GRAND TOTAL PARTICIPANT
It is clear from the findings in this study which specifically show that Group 1 - Memory Recall Group (Outside Light) Participant responses were notably higher in their descriptive content more often describing more specific…
Takao, Ito, Hiroshi, Yamadera, Ritsuko, Ito, and Shunkichi, Endo (1999) Effects of Bright Light on Cognitive Disturbances in Alzheimer-type Dementia. Journal of Nippon Medical School. Vol. 66, No. 4.
Moore, R.: Visual Pathways and the Central Neural Control of Diurnal Rhythms. The Neurosciences 3rd Study Program, Cambridge, Mass.: MIT, 1974.
Shealy, Norman: Effects of the Lumatron upon Neurochemicals. Lecture given for Dr. Shealy by Dr. Klinghardt at the 6th Int. Rehab. Med. ass. Congress, Madrid, Spain, 1990
Wurtman, Richard u.a.: The Medical and Biological Effects of Light. in: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, Vol. 453, 1985
Environment and Organizational Settings
Compare the environments and organizational settings in which library and information professionals practice
There are various types of libraries demonstrating different environment and organizational settings. In order to make the libraries diverse and dynamic, each library has the ability to reflect characteristics of their user community. This research will focus on differentiating environment and organizational settings of the four critical library organizations: academic libraries, school libraries, special libraries, and public libraries.
In the case of the United States, public libraries have the ability to offer services to the people following their establishments by law. The main objective of the public libraries is to enhance accessibility of citizens to information through facilitating reading and borrowing of resources free of charge. This is critical towards the achievement of the public libraries in relation to creation of a more informed citizenry. Moreover, these libraries have the ability…
Environment: Toulmin Model Argument
To be environmental or not may not be a difficult question for Christian people, then again, for others it might be. However, when it comes to Christians and the Environment, the question is, should Christians be worried about the ecosystem? Spending time in the bible can clearly show Christians that they need to accept the obligation to be more active in caring for the environment for the reason that it is God's creation. If people believe, as Christians that they are God's workers, they should not have any part in helping destroying the earth. Any utilization of earth's resources need to upkeep the sustainability of such assets. If this is done would be to act in revolt against the objective of God in design and in a very real sense walk in insincerity in regards to the environment. With that said, this paper will argue specific…
Attfield, R. (2003). "Christian Attitudes to Nature.." Journal of the History of Ideas, 44(3), 369-86.
Berry, T. (2009.). The Christian Future and the Fate of the Earth. . New York City: Orbis.
Bianchi, E. C. (2009, March 8). The Ten Commandments of Ecological Spirituality. Retrieved from https://www.researchgate.net/publication/237314672_Chapter_7_The_Ten_Commandments_of_Ecological_Spirituality
Gebara, I. (1999.). Longing for Running Water: Ecofeminism and Liberation. . Minneapolis, MN: Fortress.
Batteries and the Environment
BATTERIES AFFECT ON THE EVIRONMENT
A Study of the Impact of Batteries on aste and the Environment
The disposal of batteries can led to negative consequences for human health. There are various types of batteries and most contain some form of a heavy metal that react with chemical electrolytes to produce the battery's power. hen batteries are improperly disposed of they can release these metals into the environment and contaminate the land, air, and water supplies. The most common heavy metals that can be found in batteries that have the worst adverse effects for human health are mercury, lead, cadmium, and nickel. Most of the developed world has instituted regulations which aim to enforce proper disposal to limit contamination. However, some of the new generations of materials have yet to fall under these regulations. Any exposure to these heavy metals can lead to adverse health effects…
Battery University. (N.d.). What's the Best Battery. Retrieved from Battery University: http://batteryuniversity.com/learn/article/whats_the_best_battery
Bellis, M. (N.d.). What is a Nickel Cadmium Battery? Retrieved from Inventors: http://inventors.about.com/od/bstartinventions/ss/How-A-Battery-Works_2.htm
Brian, M., Bryant, C., & Pumphrey, C. (N.d.). How Batteries Work. Retrieved from How Stuff Works: http://electronics.howstuffworks.com/everyday-tech/battery3.htm
Dictionary.com. (N.d.). battery. Retrieved from Dictionary.com: http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/battery
These studies show development and growth is usually positive and normal in a home environment where there is sufficient care and/or love and in an environment that positively motivates learning and development. Conversely, the problems that can be experienced in a dysfunctional family can lead to problems even later in life. This is shown by the fact that juvenile criminals who become repeat offenders often come for broken or dysfunctional family environments.
The home and family are not the only environments that can have a profound influence on the individual. The school and educational environment is another environmental "space" that is important in normal human development. The school is an area that is particularly important in that it is an environment in which we first learn to interact and encounter the outside world. Therefore it is a crucial factor in social development. This can be seen in the fact that…
law help protect the environment and what steps can citizens take to ensure that the law accomplishes this goal?
Protection of the environment is important for our health, but humans affect the system through various means such as through polluting water and atmosphere with toxic gasses, with oil, with car fuels, and with debris that is plunked into the waters as well as depleting the fisheries and filling the air with smog and the earth with pollution.
It is for this reason that legislation is put into effect to curb our destruction and to teach us how to look after the environment in better ways. The state employs its own regulations, but it needs a synthesis of both state, business and citizen involvement to safeguard the environment, and motivation from both business and citizen is not always forthcoming. The following essay discusses policies that have been implemented to help protect…
Amos, W. (2011) Development of Canadian Arctic Offshore Oil and Gas Drilling: Lessons from the Gulf of Mexico RECIEL 20 (1)
British Columbia v. Canadian Forest Products Ltd.,  2 S.C.R. 74, 2004 SCC 38
Bruce, JP (2011) Protecting Groundwater: The Invisible but Vital Resource C.D. Howe Institute
DeMarco, Jerry V;Valiante, Marcia;Bowden, Marie-Ann (2005) Opening the Door for Common Law Environmental Protection in Canada Journal of Environmental Law and Practice 15, 2
Organizations Environment Each perspective examines organizations perceived relationships environment differently. Describe differences. What enacted features organization's (U.S. Postal Service) environment ways features displayed perceived consistent perspectives? Text: Organization Theory by Mary Jo Hatch.
Each perspective examines organizations and their perceived relationships to the environment differently. For this discussion, describe these differences.
Contingency theory stresses the fact that an organization's decision-making processes are in constant dialogue with the environment. An organization's policies are always contingent upon its particular market situation. This theory of organizational behavior stresses the situational nature of decision-making on the part of organizations. An organization in a 'mature' or perfectly competitive market environment with an established demand for its product will need to make different decisions regarding pricing and marketing than an organization with clear market dominance and a near monopoly. Complexity of the individual organization and rate of change of the external environment will determine…
Hatch, Mary Jo. (2006). Organization theory. New York: Oxford University Press.
US Postal Service: Vision 2013. (2008). Five-year strategic plan. U.S. Postal Service.
Of the top 150 medications that are sold by prescription in the U.S. 118 of these are medications that are either "derived from or modeled on naturally occurring substances." (SEAM Global, 2005) Some of the medications that count on habitat presently being destroyed are "aspirin, morphine, vincristine, taxol, digitalis, and most antibiotics."(SEAM Global, 2005)
VI. Internet/Networking: Role Played in Preservation
Through global and subglobal assessments of the ecosystem and monitoring of data in relation to global changes information may be shared from one region to another and earlier attempts made in changing, slowing or altogether avoidance of more extreme conditions. As stated on the web page of "GreenFacts.org": "Some ecosystem problems have been reduced by innovative local responses...Therefore institutions are needed at multiple levels to strengthen the adaptive capacity and effectiveness of sub-national and local responses. (GreenFacts.org, 2005)
VII. Globalization and Changes in Production
Changes have been seen in the…
Globalization's Effects "A World Connected" Online available at http://www.aworldconnected.org/article.php/231.html
Shah, Anup (2005) Effects of Consumerism 2005 April 18 Online available at http://www.globalissues.org/TradeRelated/Consumption/Effects.asp
Globalization: Negative Effects of Development (2005) Walon Laboratories Online available at http://whalonlab.msu.edu/Student_Webpages/2003_EC_Projects / Globalization/page_6.html.
Robbins, Richard H. Global Problems and the Culture of Capitalism. Allyn & Bacon. Copyright: 2002.
Cleaner environment how work effectively promote a cleaner environment? Will ? Macionis, John J. (2009). Society basics (10th ed.) Upper Saddle iver, NJ: Pearson Prentice Hall. Chapter 15: Population, Urbanization Environment Chapter 16: Social Change: Modern Postmodern Societies.
How can you work most effectively to promote a cleaner environment?
educing waste is perhaps the most effective and immediate way to produce a cleaner environment. ecycling, reusing, and trying to buy as few new objects as possible are all simple ways to reduce one's carbon footprint. This can include steps as simple as buying from secondhand stores, avoiding the use of products that cause needless destruction to the environment (such as those which contain palm oil), and using a refillable water bottle. "It takes 95% less energy to recycle aluminum than it does to make it from raw materials. Making recycled steel saves 60%, recycled newspaper 40%, recycled plastics 70%, and…
Bittman, Mark. (2008). Rethinking the meat-guzzler. The New York Times.
Retrieved August 16, 2011 at http://www.nytimes.com /2008/01/27/weekinreview/27bittman.html
Recycling benefits. (2005). Recycling revolution. Retrieved August 16, 2011 at http://www.recycling-revolution.com/recycling-benefits.html
Tehran's geography makes air pollution worse: the Alborz Mountains at its north side trap the increasing volume of pollutants and lead these to remain and hover over Tehran when the wind is not strong enough to blow them away. Furthermore, Tehran's high altitude makes fuel combustion inefficient and adds to the problem. Its altitude is between 3, 300 and 5,000 feet and it is in this space that the pollutants are trapped since the destruction of orchards and other vegetation especially in northern Tehran in the past decades by rapid development and human activity pressures. These natural and man-made factors together have made Tehran one of the most polluted cities in the world. Air pollution reached critical level in December 1999 when high levels of carbon monoxide and other pollutants filled Tehran for many weeks. Deaths, diseases and skin conditions are attributed to extreme air pollution. Records say that more…
Energy Information Administration. (2002). Iran: Environmental Issues. http://www.eia.doe.gov/emeu/cabs/iranenv.html
2005). Iran. Country Analysis Briefs.
Technology on the Environment
e do not tread lightly on the earth, we children of this high-tech age. All of our machines, which we have designed to help us live longer and more enjoyable - and more carefree - lives have damaged the world we live in, in some cases to the extent that the very good life that we have tried to engineer into being is itself in danger. e have for millennia increased the sophistication of our machines, but we have now come to a point in our historical and biological evolution that technology can most certainly not be counted upon to save us and we must ask ourselves very serious questions about what the relationship between technology and the environment is and what the future may hold for us.
hen considering the impact of human technology upon the environment, we should look to the centuries just before…
Chiras, Daniel, etal. Natural Resource Conservation: Management for a Sustainable Future (8th ed.). New York: Prentice Hall, 2001.
Answering the posed question depends on one's understanding of "substantially different." On the one hand, there is the basic commonality of a recognition of the threat that natural hazards and man made activities pose upon environmental safety. Also, there is the common element of intensified efforts made in the direction of attaining environmental sustainability. What differs however is the extent to which researchers, lawmakers, organizations and individuals will go to protect the environment. Additionally, differences are obvious in terms of the emergence of new threats, such as bioterrorism. So yes, even if they refer to environmental threats and protection, the issues throughout this course will be substantially different from those forwarded in 1996.
Charlesworth, a., 29 September 2009, Cost-Cutting Takes Precedence Over Environmental Concersn, Computing, http://www.computing.co.uk/computing/news/2250303/cost-cutting-takes-precedence last accessed on October 2, 2009
Logue, J.N., 1996, Disasters, the Environment, and Public Health: Improving Our esponse, American Journal of Public Health,…
Charlesworth, a., 29 September 2009, Cost-Cutting Takes Precedence Over Environmental Concersn, Computing, http://www.computing.co.uk/computing/news/2250303/cost-cutting-takes-precedence last accessed on October 2, 2009
Logue, J.N., 1996, Disasters, the Environment, and Public Health: Improving Our Response, American Journal of Public Health, Vol. 86, No. 9
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2009, Fuel Economy Website, http://www.fueleconomy.gov last accessed on October 2, 2009
Legal Ethical Environment
[Type the document title]
Over the last several years, the mining industry has faced similar challenges. Part of the reason for this is because of the increase in demand for a host of different raw materials. In the case of Rio Tinto and HP illiton, they are facing similar challenges from various safety issues. elow we will examine how both companies are addressing this underlying problem. (Goodman, 2004)
Identify two firms with similar problems but from different countries
Two firms that are facing similar challenges that are from different countries include: Rio Tinto (based out of the UK) and HP illiton (headquartered in Australia). Where, they are wrestling with how to improve mine safety, due to a series of accidents that have occurred.
Conduct a comparative analysis of the firms
The two firms are facing increasing pressure to improve mine safety standards because of a number of…
Australian Mine Disaster. (1998). Mine Web. Retrieved from: http://www.mineweb.com/mineweb/view/mineweb/en/page67?oid=80326&sn=Detail
Goodman, P. (2004). Booming China Devouring Raw Materials. Washington Post. Retrieved from: http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/articles/A43765-2004May20.html
Perrin, C. (2010). Rio Tinto Spends More. IB Times. Retrieved from: http://www.ibtimes.com/articles/85861/20101126/rio-tinto-spends-more-for-underground-mine-safety.htm
Stevens, M. (2007). African Deaths Highlight BHP Mine Safety Problems. The Australian. Retrieved from: http://www.theaustralian.com.au/news/african-deaths-highlight-bhps-safety-problems/story-e6frg77f-1111115202285
Ethics and the Environment
One of the most eminent challenges societies around the world is to find practical and economic ways to bring the benefits of economic growth to the developing world without damaging the environment. Whereas Beijing is the number one in the least of air polluters, Mexico City, the world's second largest city ranks on place four of the megacities with the most polluted air of any major metropolitan area in the world. There should be a combined consecutive approach of scientists and politicians guided by principles of ethics in government to make to transform the recommendations the scientific world operative.
I have chosen to review the following articles: Platt, Holden K. (9 July 2009) on "Chinese Air Pollution Deadliest in World." Platt wrote this article for the "National Geographic News" which is a magazine published by the National Geographic Society, based in Washington, D.C., USA. Existing since…
American Myths Nature Environment
Unlimited Growth and Finite Resources
Western Civilization is currently coming to terms with some very important and unsettling realities. Capitalism, and modern economics thinkers, have idolized economic growth without limit. In most economic textbooks and theories, economic growth is considered an end good, and a lack of economic growth a problem.
Though we can argue about whether economic growth is a good in all situations, it is indisputable that economic growth has natural limits. These natural limits are created by our own natural environment. For this reason, the culture of "more" which dominates Western Civilization and drives all of our reasoning, is not sustainable.
The effect of Western industrial capitalist civilization on the environment has been huge. The culture of Western civilization, currently driven by an ethic of individualism and materialism, empowered by science and technology, has done irreversible damage to the natural environment and continues…
Hobson, K. (January 01, 2006). Environmental responsibility and the possibilities of pragmatist-orientated research. Social & Cultural Geography, 7, 2, 283-298.
Abram, David. The Spell of the Sensuous: Perception and Language in a More-Than-Human World. New York: Vintage Books, 1997. Print.
Sessions, G. (January 01, 1991). Ecocentrism and the anthropocentric detour. Revision, 13, 3.)
Colombo, Gary, Robert Cullen, and Bonnie Lisle.Rereading America: Cultural Contexts for Critical Thinking and Writing. Boston: Bedford Books of St. Martin's Press, 1992. Print.
Christians and the Environment
When it comes to the environment, Christians are as beholden to it as anyone regarding its preservation and restoration. The environment is a physical manifestation of God's love and it's for us to preserve. This notion is found clearly in scripture which asserts in Colossians 1:1619, "For by Him [Jesus] all things were created, in heaven and on earth… whether on earth or in heaven…" This clearly demonstrates the undeniable responsibility that all Christians have in preserving and protecting the environment and how they have an obligation to protect the earth not just for themselves but for future generations.
One of the major articles of proof for such a thesis is in the belief or viewpoint that the environment is a gift from God and thus the responsibility of all Christians. As one scholar explains, "Our environment is one of the greatest examples we have of…
Belknap, J. (2013). God's Gift, Our Responsibility. Retrieved from Christianitytoday.com: http://www.christianitytoday.com/iyf/hottopics/faithvalues/belknap.html
Dwyer, R. (2013). Caring for God's gifts: the natural environment and faith. Retrieved from spsmw.org: http://spsmw.org/2009/04/20/caring-for-gods-gifts-the-natural-environment-and-faith/
Escrivia, J. (2013). The environment should mirror the creative love of God. Retrieved from JOsemariaescrivia.info: http://www.josemariaescriva.info/article/the-environment-should-mirror-the-creative-love-of-god
UPI.com. (2013, February 25). Poll: Environment is low global priority. Retrieved from UPI.com: http://www.upi.com/Science_News/2013/02/25/Poll-Environment-is-low-global-priority/UPI-97081361826137/
Business Organisations Environments Exist
Business Organizations Environments
Organisations have changed their normal horizon of working and they have transformed their general perspective to work. In the current era strategies have been transformed and effectiveness prevails in the international business arena. This paper would solely focus on the aspects of internal and external environments within the organisation and how these environments affect the general procedures of an organisation in the longer run. The evaluation of this paper is based on several questions and these questions are answered below in detail.
Internal pressures in an organisation and quite critical and complex. At times they can change the entire scenario of a worker and they have the tendency to either bring laurels for the company or they can also tarnish the career of an individual. That is the reason why all these aspects should be kept in mind when an individual is working…
Davis, P. & Desai, A., 2000. Mode Of International Entry: An Isomorphism Perspective.. Journal of International Business Studies, Volume 4, pp. 3-28.
Johnson, R. & Scholes, G., 2008. Exploring Corporate Strategy. 8th ed. London: Prentice Hall.
Judge, T. & Robbins, S., 2010. Organizational Behavior. 14th ed. London: Prentice Hall .
Kinicki, A. & Kreitner, R., 2009. Organizational Behavior. 9th ed. NewYork: McGraw-Hill/Irwin.
Business environment is mainly characterized by various human economic activities including the production, sale, and purchase of goods and services that are carried out with the main objective of earning profits. Generally, the business environment can be described as a set of conditions that facilitate and promote the human economic activities. This environment is basically comprised of the internal business environment and the external business environment. The internal business environment includes the factors that are within the control of business while the external business environment refers to factors that are beyond the control of the business enterprise. One of the most common aspects of the business environment and human economic activities is the economy, which is generally influenced by various factors.
ole of Business in the Economy:
Business is defined as the management and coordination of individuals and resources in order to achieve specific production objectives, with the main goal…
Bernanke, B. (2011, February 9). The Economic Outlook and Monetary and Fiscal Policy.
Retrieved November 3, 2012, from http://www.realclearpolitics.com/articles/2011/02/09/the_economic_outlook_and_monetary_and_fiscal_policy_108845.html
"Introduction to the Economy, Fiscal and Monetary Policy." (n.d.). Investorguide.com. Retrieved November 3, 2012, from http://www.investorguide.com/igu-article-284-basic-economic-concepts-introduction-to-the-economy-fiscal-and-monetary-policy.html
"McDonald's Issues First Worldwide Social Responsibility Report." (n.d.). CSR Press Release.