Epidemiology Essays (Examples)

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Epidemiology
Definition and Description of Epidemiology

The word epidemiology was derived from the Greek words where "epi" means upon, "demos" means people, and "logos" means study.

Epidemiology can be defined in detail as the study of distribution and determinants of health-related states or events in specified populations, and the application of this study to the prevention and control of health problems. (Last, 2001)

Here, in the definition the distribution refers to analysis of persons, classes of people, places that are being affected by the specific disease and determinants refers to factors that influence population health; these factors may be chemical, physical, biological, social, economic, cultural, behavioral or genetic. Health-related states refers to causes of death, diseases and behaviors such as use of tobacco, use of health services and reactions to preventive treatments. Specified population refers to those groups who indicate identifiable characteristics and application to prevention and control is aim of public health to….

The "where" category is at the right corner, and can be delineated as Fulton, Georgia. All three categories interact with each other to offer conclusions for the study. Additional factors such as child abuse and the crime rate can then be examined in terms of these categories.
According to osenberg & Handler, descriptive epidemiology focuses on the pattern and frequency of health issues for a population group, while analytic epidemiology searches for the determinants of health outcomes. Generally, epidemiological studies tend to focus on both of these in order to most adequately examine and remedy the problems involved.

For the specific problem of teenage pregnancy in Fulton, however, it is estimated that a descriptive type of epidemiology would be more suitable. In this regard, it is estimated to be of greater importance to focus on a descriptive approach of the existing problem than on factors that prevent it. In order to….

Recent estimates suggest that while representing 25% of the ever sexually active population, 15 to 24 years of age acquire nearly half of all new STD" (Special focus profiles: Adolescents and young adults, 2007, Surveillance 2006: CDC).
Explained the type of epidemiology used

hile most of the data compiled is based upon statistical evidence from clinics and hospitals, in addition to this analytical methodology, research indicates in a descriptive fashion that teenage girls are particularly at risk as well because of physical reasons: "the greater the number of sex partners, the greater the risk of infection. Because the cervix (opening to the uterus) of teenage girls and young women is not fully matured and is probably more susceptible to infection, they are at particularly high risk for infection if sexually active" (Special focus profiles: Adolescents and young adults, 2007, Surveillance 2006: CDC). Men who engage in unprotected intercourse with other men….


References.

"Epidemiology." World Health Organization. Viewed 13 April, 2013. Retrieved from http://www.who.int/topics/epidemiology/en/

2. Qualitative research, and qualitative understanding, is very useful in translating certain ideas into words that can be more readily understood by the researcher. Quality is understood as a subjective term and by trying to model quality into a form that can be translated mathematically allows this type of data to be manipulated and crafted to fit certain arguments. Descriptive terms such as good and bad are relative terms and qualitative analysis seeks to standardize these terms in order to communicate their understanding of these terms to more complex and mathematically-based languages.

Oftentimes researchers will use qualitative words, phrases and meanings and somehow translate them into numerical data that then can be processed and put through the statistical wringer. The human condition works with both qualitative and quantitative aspects within the brain. Focusing too much on one side of the equation….

Participants were included if they had experienced sexual or physical assault in childhood or adulthood and met criteria for PTSD at the time of the initial assessment, were at least 3 months posttrauma (no upper limit), and if on medication, were stabilized. Women with current substance dependence were included if/when they had been abstinent for 6 months. Those with substance abuse were permitted to participate if they agreed to desist in usage during the period of treatment. Following telephone screening, potential participants were invited to be assessed for possible participation, at which time they discussed and signed informed consent for participation.
Subjects. A total of 256 women were assessed for possible participation by assessors who were blind to group assignment. The most common reasons for exclusion from the study (n = 94) were not meeting the criteria for PTSD (n = 28), current substance dependence (n = 12), medication instability….

Epidemiology and Nursing
PAGES 2 WORDS 682

Epidemiology Intersecting With and Impacting Nursing Work
Although epidemiological research may seem far removed from the work of the clinical nurse, in actuality it has a material impact upon how nurses interact with patients every day. A good example of this is the mounting epidemiological evidence indicating that there is an obesity epidemic in the United States. Without this knowledge, a nurse might be inclined to ignore a patient whose weight is on the borderline of overweight and normal weight, particularly if the patient is young. But the risk of children and adolescents becoming overweight, despite the previously high levels of activity and growth of these age groups, is likewise increasing due to sedentary behaviors and an increased reliance upon convenience, nutrient-poor but calorically dense foods.

If a child or an adult has risk factors such as sedentary behavior, poverty, or membership in certain historically discriminated-against groups with higher risk factors for….

Epidemiology of Elderly Driving Safety
Annotated.

In some mammals with this capability, an unfertilized egg may begin developing into an embryo or the development can just stop. Investigators even suspected that the difficulties experienced by teams in mammal-cloning experiments were due to the absence of RNAs in the sperm. In cloning, scientists would take the DNA from a non-germ cell, add it to an egg denuded of its DNA and trick it into developing as though it were fertilized by a sperm. The procedure would work only a few times. Most of the time, it would develop gross defects, which often delayed further development. John Eppig, a reproductive biologist at Jackson Laboratory in ar Harbor, Maine, suggested that the success of cloning was a strong argument against the supposed key biological role of apparently large numbers of RNAs being delivered by the sperm (Travis).
It has been estimated that infertility occurs in 2 million couples in….

Furthermore, reports reveal that major organs of the body such as nerves, blood vessels, kidney and so forth are at immense risk of being damaged after the onset of type 1 diabetes. Moreover, history illustrates that diabetes cut down the years from the life of sufferers (Achenbach, Bonifacio, Koczwara, & Ziegler, 2005).
Clinical type 2 diabetes is also developed through a number of stages. The person initially becomes resistant towards responding to the presence of insulin in blood. This result in fluctuation of blood glucose level from the normal value for certain period of time and when the condition persists, diabetes is said to have developed. Consequently, medical treatment and preventive measures are implemented to control the prevailing state of disorder (amlo-Halsted & Edelman, 2000).

(amlo-Halsted & Edelman, 2000)

Generally, type 2 diabetes is initiated during adulthood. Its history demonstrates that its signs and symptoms are not distinctively observed; however, in most….

This includes the prison population, the patients in the hospital and any county-assisted long-term care facilities, and all of those who utilized the relief shelters set up throughout the county. Those residents who attempted to shelter in place rather than evacuating to one of the relief shelters as recommended will also need to be served, of course, but as the scattered nature of these residents will require a much greater expenditure of time and available resources in order to treat and asses far fewer people, the bulk of resources must first and foremost be applied to those population centers already established prior to, during, or immediately in the wake of the emergency event. The response for these populations will be relatively straightforward, and the focus on these community populations specifically is directly needs-based.
Not only will these populations require fewer per-person resources and time expenditures in order to be assessed….

A decrease in the rates of recent infections, a reduction in the lifetime risk of TB infection, and a reduction in the effective contact number would reflect the control of TB among the adults.
The primary target for the long-term TB control should be to reduce the high force of TB infection, particularly in densely populated sub-urban areas. This is because the effectual contact numbers and the population prevalence of the infectious TB cases are the drivers of the high force of infection for the TB epidemic. Using of antiretroviral therapy (AT) as prevention has a strategy of controlling the HIV epidemic will have a supplementary effect in the control of the TB that is HIV-associated. A full implementation of the available AT guidelines, among the HIV- infected patients, will decrease the pre-AT TB infection burden. There is a need to target high-risk communities, and accompanying a shift in priority….

Epidemiology and Diabetes
PAGES 5 WORDS 2033

Epidemiology and Type II Diabetes
In order to correct or avoid a medical condition, especially one that is preventable, a person has to have a good understanding of what is causing that condition and how to prevent (or reverse) it in order to promote optimum health. However, one cannot work on preventing a condition without examining the literature on it, in an effort to determine what actually works and what does not. There are many "cures" and "remedies" for a number of conditions, and a significant number of those remedies and cures are not helpful. Some may actually be dangerous, so it is very important to understand the true nature of what is being offered to a person or a community when it comes to remaining (or becoming) healthy. Here, type II diabetes will be discussed in order to determine how to use the literature review and other data so it….

Epidemiology
Shellfish-associated hepatitis a in 1961

Rippey, S.R. (1994). Infectious disease associated with molluscan shellfish consumption.

Clinical Microbiology Review. 7(4):419. DOI: 10.112/CMR.7.4.419. http://cmr.asm.org/content/7/4/419.full.pdf

This article provides a historical overview of the shift to the dominance of different disease pathologies associated with consuming tainted shellfish. Prior to the 1950s, the most common disease associated with eating tainted shellfish was typhoid fever. However, improved sanitation has changed this and the last case of shellfish-derived typhoid fever was reported in 1954. Hepatitis A, in contrast to typhoid, is on the rise: the first case was reported in 1956 in Sweden. In 1961, there were a number of outbreaks reported in Mississippi and Alabama of consumers of raw oysters and of raw clams in New Jersey and Connecticut.

Diseases associated with shellfish consumption can be difficult to track: in many healthy individuals they present themselves only as mild gastrointestinal distress and are not reported to health authorities. In….

Adolescent Suicide
Epidemiological Approach to the Study of Male Adolescent Suicide in Idaho

Throughout history suicide has remained an enigma in cultures that are far and different from each other. The act of taking one's life has been a representation of religious beliefs, cultural attitudes, and the answer to pain and suffering. Although suicide is mainly frowned upon in the western world is such countries as Japan and India the act of suicide is a requirement of honor and social acceptability and the passage of time has seen the emergence, and rejection, of varying attitudes toward suicide. For example, during the persecution of Christians by the omans an acceptable practice of a Christian woman to prevent herself from being "deflowered" by a oman soldier the act of suicide was not only accepted but expected as well. In fact the omans and Greeks both were of the opinion that suicide was a responsible….

Epidemiology of Obesity
PAGES 3 WORDS 1038

Prevention Epidemiology Provide a Framework Health Professional Intervene Prevent Disease, Injury Disability
Levels of prevention in epidemiology: Obesity

Obesity is responsible for an estimated 3,000,000 premature deaths every year and the numbers of obese persons in the U.S. are increasing (Nammi et al. 2004). In the field of epidemiology, it is recognized that it is not enough to merely treat the symptoms of a disease: in fact, when the disease is fully manifested is often the least effective stage to intervene. Prevention is often the best cure, particularly for chronic health conditions like obesity. The Centers for Disease Control (CDC) has identified three distinct levels of public health promotion: primary, secondary, and tertiary, all of which are necessary to address the problems generated by obesity.

"Primary prevention reduces both the incidence and prevalence of a disease" (Three levels of prevention, 2007, CDC). In the case of obesity, this might include physical education….

Outline for an Essay on Norovirus

Introduction

Hook: Begin with a captivating statistic or personal anecdote related to norovirus.
Thesis statement: Clearly state the main argument of the essay, which should focus on the significance, impact, or management of norovirus.

Body Paragraph 1: Epidemiology and Transmission

Define norovirus and explain its characteristics.
Describe the epidemiology of norovirus, including its prevalence and geographic distribution.
Discuss the modes of transmission, emphasizing the role of contaminated food, water, and surfaces.

Body Paragraph 2: Symptoms and Complications

Describe the typical symptoms of norovirus infection, such as nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and fever.
Explain the potential complications of norovirus,....

## Infectious Diseases Essay Topic Ideas

### Epidemiology and Surveillance

- The role of surveillance in controlling infectious disease outbreaks
- The challenges and limitations of infectious disease surveillance
- The economic impact of infectious diseases on the healthcare system
- The impact of globalization on the spread of infectious diseases
- The role of social determinants of health in the spread of infectious diseases

### Prevention and Control

- The role of vaccination in preventing infectious diseases
- The development and evaluation of new antimicrobial therapies
- The use of hand hygiene and other infection control measures
- The role of public health education in preventing the spread of infectious....

A Comprehensive Guide to Global National Illnesses: Unveiling the Spectrum of Disease

Exploring the Tapestry of National Illnesses: A Cross-Cultural Perspective

Unveiling the Hidden Crisis: A Global Perspective on National Illnesses

National Illnesses: A Global Burden Unraveled

The Global Landscape of National Illnesses: Navigating the Diversity of Disease

A Journey into the Heart of National Illnesses: Exploring the Human Toll

Uniting Against National Illnesses: A Global Call to Action

The Socioeconomic Impact of National Illnesses: A Ripple Effect Across Nations

Bridging Borders: Collaborative Solutions for National Illnesses

National Illnesses and Global Health: A Vital Nexus

Unmasking National Illnesses: A Comprehensive Atlas of Symptoms and Treatments

The Role of Culture in National....

1. The Rising Epidemic: Exploring the Prevalence and Consequences of Sleep Deprivation in Adolescents

2. Sleep Deprivation Among Adolescents: Causes, Consequences, and Potential Solutions

3. Unmasking the Hidden Effects: Investigating the Long-term Health Implications of Sleep Deprivation in Adolescents

4. The Role of Technology: Analyzing the Impact of Screen Time on Sleep Quality in Adolescents

5. From Zzzs to A's: Examining the Relationship Between Sleep Deprivation and Academic Performance in Adolescents

6. Sleep Deprivation and Mental Health: Unraveling the Complex Connection in Adolescent Population

7. The Power of Naps: Exploring the Benefits of Short Sleep Interventions for Improving Adolescents' Cognitive Functioning

8. Sleep Hygiene in Adolescents: Understanding....

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7 Pages
Essay

Disease

Epidemiology Definition and Description of Epidemiology the

Words: 1995
Length: 7 Pages
Type: Essay

Epidemiology Definition and Description of Epidemiology The word epidemiology was derived from the Greek words where "epi" means upon, "demos" means people, and "logos" means study. Epidemiology can be defined in detail…

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4 Pages
Thesis

Children

Epidemiology Global and Public Health

Words: 1323
Length: 4 Pages
Type: Thesis

The "where" category is at the right corner, and can be delineated as Fulton, Georgia. All three categories interact with each other to offer conclusions for the study.…

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5 Pages
Essay

Disease

Epidemiology Teens & Chlamydia Epidemiological

Words: 1681
Length: 5 Pages
Type: Essay

Recent estimates suggest that while representing 25% of the ever sexually active population, 15 to 24 years of age acquire nearly half of all new STD" (Special focus…

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2 Pages
Essay

Healthcare

Epidemiology Is a Very Useful

Words: 613
Length: 2 Pages
Type: Essay

References. "Epidemiology." World Health Organization. Viewed 13 April, 2013. Retrieved from http://www.who.int/topics/epidemiology/en/ 2. Qualitative research, and qualitative understanding, is very useful in translating certain ideas into words that can be more…

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8 Pages
Thesis

Psychology

Epidemiology and Treatment of Post-Traumatic

Words: 2841
Length: 8 Pages
Type: Thesis

Participants were included if they had experienced sexual or physical assault in childhood or adulthood and met criteria for PTSD at the time of the initial assessment, were…

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2 Pages
White Paper

Medical - Epidemiology

Epidemiology and Nursing

Words: 682
Length: 2 Pages
Type: White Paper

Epidemiology Intersecting With and Impacting Nursing Work Although epidemiological research may seem far removed from the work of the clinical nurse, in actuality it has a material impact upon how…

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5 Pages
Annotated Bibliography

Transportation

Epidemiology of Elderly Driving Safety

Words: 1310
Length: 5 Pages
Type: Annotated Bibliography

Epidemiology of Elderly Driving Safety Annotated

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9 Pages
Term Paper

Genetics

Epidemiology Gulf War Syndrome This

Words: 3046
Length: 9 Pages
Type: Term Paper

In some mammals with this capability, an unfertilized egg may begin developing into an embryo or the development can just stop. Investigators even suspected that the difficulties experienced…

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8 Pages
Essay

Healthcare

Epidemiology of Diabetes Causes and

Words: 2799
Length: 8 Pages
Type: Essay

Furthermore, reports reveal that major organs of the body such as nerves, blood vessels, kidney and so forth are at immense risk of being damaged after the onset…

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4 Pages
Research Paper

Healthcare

Epidemiology Vulnerabilities in Lexington County

Words: 1024
Length: 4 Pages
Type: Research Paper

This includes the prison population, the patients in the hospital and any county-assisted long-term care facilities, and all of those who utilized the relief shelters set up throughout…

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12 Pages
Term Paper

Disease

Epidemiology of Tuberculosis and Epidemiology

Words: 3532
Length: 12 Pages
Type: Term Paper

A decrease in the rates of recent infections, a reduction in the lifetime risk of TB infection, and a reduction in the effective contact number would reflect the…

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5 Pages
Research Paper

Healthcare

Epidemiology and Diabetes

Words: 2033
Length: 5 Pages
Type: Research Paper

Epidemiology and Type II Diabetes In order to correct or avoid a medical condition, especially one that is preventable, a person has to have a good understanding of what is…

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2 Pages
Research Paper

Disease

Epidemiology Shellfish-Associated Hepatitis a In 1961 Rippey

Words: 436
Length: 2 Pages
Type: Research Paper

Epidemiology Shellfish-associated hepatitis a in 1961 Rippey, S.R. (1994). Infectious disease associated with molluscan shellfish consumption. Clinical Microbiology Review. 7(4):419. DOI: 10.112/CMR.7.4.419. http://cmr.asm.org/content/7/4/419.full.pdf This article provides a historical overview of the shift…

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10 Pages
Term Paper

Death and Dying  (general)

Epidemiology Adolescent Suicide

Words: 3557
Length: 10 Pages
Type: Term Paper

Adolescent Suicide Epidemiological Approach to the Study of Male Adolescent Suicide in Idaho Throughout history suicide has remained an enigma in cultures that are far and different from each other. The…

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3 Pages
Essay

Not Specified

Epidemiology of Obesity

Words: 1038
Length: 3 Pages
Type: Essay

Prevention Epidemiology Provide a Framework Health Professional Intervene Prevent Disease, Injury Disability Levels of prevention in epidemiology: Obesity Obesity is responsible for an estimated 3,000,000 premature deaths every year and…

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