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Issues in English Second Language Acquisition
Words: 2070 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 89504488
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Issues in English Second Language Acquisition
All students have different learning styles and for Second Language learners or English-as-Second-Language (ESL) learners, the challenge faced by the ESL instructor is not only about using a differentiation-based method of instruction to convey the lesson (Peregoy & Boyle, 2013) but also about using a variety of methods to assess the ESLs (Gottlieb, 2006). ESLs come from a variety of different backgrounds; they have unique social contexts and socio-economic situations; they have different levels of communication skills, which makes measuring their L2 acquisition a challenge for the instructor if the instructor is not prepared to assess a group of students individually, based on where they are coming from and how much learning distance they have covered. This paper will examine the differences, problems and assessment issues within second language acquisition.
Every ESL comes from a unique background—socially, culturally, economically and linguistically.…

Bista, K. (2011). How to Create a Learning-Centered ESL Program. Online Submission, 10(31), 1-13.
Bonvillain, N. (2011). Language, Culture, and Communication: The Meaning of Messages, 6th edition. Boston: Prentice Hall.
Gottlieb, M. (2006). Assessing English language learners: Bridges from language proficiency to academic achievement. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin Press.
Peregoy, S., & Boyle, O. (2013). Reading, writing, and learning in esl: A resource book for teaching k-12 english learners.. Boston: Pearson Education, Inc.
Saville-Troike, M., & Barto, K. (2016). Introducing second language acquisition. Cambridge University Press.
Sireci, S. & Faulkner-Bond, M. (2015). Promoting validity in the assessment of English learners. Review of Research in Education, 39(1): 215-252.
Whyte, K. L., & Karabon, A. (2016). Transforming teacher–family relationships: Shifting roles and perceptions of home visits through the funds of knowledge approach. Early Years, 36(2), 207-221.

Esol What Is the First
Words: 343 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 69589866
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Stereotypes have proven dangerous because they prevent communication, create barriers the mutual recognition of humanity between individuals of different groups, and have been used to justify violence, or the denial rights and opportunities to certain individuals

here do most of the new words in English come from today?

Most of the new words today are of foreign extraction.

hat are pro-mimics? hat does it have to do with teaching?

Using mimicry is one way to encourage ESOL learners to become more comfortable with the sounds of English speech. Using words that sound like what they mean, like onomatopoeias, and encouraging students to repeat the words of native speakers, encourages familiarity with the language.

orks Cited

Step One: Identification." State of Vermont: Education. 1994. 21 Oct 2007.

ESL Terminology." ESL Terms. University of Vermont. 21 Oct 2007.

Works Cited

Step One: Identification." State of Vermont: Education. 1994. 21 Oct 2007. 

ESL Terminology." ESL Terms. University of Vermont. 21 Oct 2007.

Esol Learner's Language & Reading Skills You
Words: 580 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 84770662
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ESOL Learner's Language & Reading Skills

You are invited to participate in a research project being conducted by researchers from Western Governors University. The researchers are conducting research to determine the most effective ways to improve the English reading abilities of immigrant students.

The purpose of this research is to survey ESL teachers, students, and parents in order to identify how much time students spend speaking in their native languages and the impact this has on their fluency in reading English. This research project will require students to read sample chapters aloud on two different occasions. Students may also be asked to increase the amount of time spent using their English speaking skills. The research will be conducted over a week period, where parents, faculty, and students will be interviewed and provided with surveys. Students will be required to continue all of their routine classroom activities with two additions of…

EFL and Online Identities
Words: 581 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 67349948
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children's story book subject teaching English picture books EFL I write carol moore story (Ollie's jar, kitty a box ) write's important story children learn drawing story color attractive children, writer means children's understand, disadvantage, children study English native, short texts.

Carol Moore's story "Ollie's Jar" discusses with regard to an eel named Ollie that lives in a jar in the sea. hile the story might seem pointless and uninteresting from the perspective of a fluent English speaker, it can be especially effective in providing children with a better understanding of the language. Beginning English speakers are more probable to learn something from the story and to generally get a better grasp of the language.

Some of the most interesting aspects of the story involve the words "over," "under," "through," "around," and "into." These respective terms provide readers with the ability to observe how each of these words describes a…

Works cited:

Epstein Ojalvo, H. "Should People Be Allowed to Obscure Their Identities Online?." Retrieved March 14, 2015, from 

"Ollie's Jar," Retrieved March 14, 2015, from

Motivation to Read Amongst Esol
Words: 1239 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Literature Review Paper #: 84456072
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Reaction to the source

The authors presented a well developed and cohesive approach to analyzing the manner in which young people learn a foreign language.

Kartal, G. (2006). Working with an imperfect medium: Speech recognition technology in reading practice. Journal of Educational Multimedia and Hypermedia, 15(3), 303-305.

Description of the focus of the source

The focus of this study was the read-aloud behaviors of learners who were assigned an experimental computer-based program that used speech recognition software for reading practice that provided novice students with immediate feedback.

Usefulness of the source

The useful of this source was primarily for classroom ESOL teachers using speech-recognition applications.

Limitations of the source

Many ESOL classrooms may not feature speech-recognition software, making this study purely speculative for these educators.

Description of the intended audience

Primary school ESOL teachers.

Authors' conclusions

Although speech-recognition software has become more accurate in its interpretation of speech, the technology…

Analyzing Vocabulary Acquisition in Esol Students
Words: 3756 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Literature Review Chapter Paper #: 45788643
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Vocabulary Acquisition in ESOL Students

English as foreign/second language (EFL/ESL) classrooms widely neglected the area of vocabulary, until lately. Grammar lessons are founded on a collection of rules having coherent structure, expected to be remembered or followed by students. However, the same doesn't hold true when it comes to vocabulary (Jeff, 2010). In the past few years, this area of English learning has gained importance as a necessary component to be learned by ESL students. It is believed by many to be just as crucial as reading, speaking, writing, and listening (Jeff, 2010). Work of different researchers state that knowledge of vocabulary aids language use, which in turn helps expand vocabulary knowledge, while knowledge about the world leads to increased language use and vocabulary knowledge (p. 6). The above contextualized outlook towards vocabulary learning will aid students in expanding their vocabulary by means of authentic communication (Jeff, 2010).

Of all…


Adel M. Alharbi. (2015). Building Vocabulary for Language Learning: Approach for ESL Learners to Study New Vocabulary. Journal of International Students. ISSN: 2162-3104 Print / ISSN: 2166-3750 Online Volume 5, Issue 4, pp. 501-511

August, D., & Shanahan, T. (Eds.). (2006). Developing literacy in second-language learners: Report of the National Literacy Panel on Language-Minority Children and Youth Mahwah, New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

ERIC Clearinghouse on Languages and Linguistics. (1992). Myths and misconceptions about second language learning. ERIC Digest. Washington, DC: Author. Retrieved May 22, 2007, from 

Francis, D. J., Rivera, M., Lesaux, N., Keiffer, M., & Rivera, H. (2006). Practical guidelines for the education of English language learners: Research-based recommendations for instruction and academic interventions. Portsmouth, NH: Center on Instruction. Retrieved February 21, 2007, from - Interventions.pdf

Educational Philosophy Regarding Esol Students
Words: 312 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 35162070
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However, I believe wholeheartedly that it is possible to help ESOL students keep up with classroom material and overcome the language barrier without suffering either socially or academically. Research reveals several ways teachers can work within diverse linguistic environments such as cooperative learning.

Because I have two boys of my own who both attend private schools, I also have insight into different pedagogy and educational environments. The philosophies of teachers who work in private schools does not differ greatly from those in public schools but the student body tends to be more homogenous in terms of socio-economic class than it would be in a comparable public school. Wherever I work as a teacher I will be acutely sensitive to the issues related to class including access to technology and other…

1st and 2nd Grade Observations
Words: 1549 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 26216974
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Elementary School ESL Teacher

Befitting the United States of America's unique status as a cultural melting pot, the nation's educational system has learned to adapt its traditional method of English language instruction to suit students who primarily speak another language at home. The concept of English as Second Language (ESL) learners has emerged during the last few decades to recognize the need for teachers to customize their lesson plans, becoming more inclusive in terms of accessibility to ESL students. In light of the fact that ESL students are far more likely to absorb English during their earliest years, many school districts have elected to integrate ESL instruction within the 1st and 2nd grade levels, in the hope that this proverbial head start will enable the majority of ESL students to effectively utilize English in the educational setting. Recently, I was fortunate enough to have an opportunity to observe a 1st…

Education Today Has Become More Interesting and
Words: 1389 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Article Review Paper #: 51087543
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Education today has become more interesting and challenging than it has ever been before. This is particularly the case with the teaching and learning of English as a second language. Immigrants to the United States and other English speaking countries, for example, are faced with the challenge of not only learning a new language sufficiently to be able to communicate in their new environment, but also of fitting in with a lifestyle and culture that is more often than not completely foreign to them. These challenges can have both a motivating and demotivating effect on EFL and ESL learners. Teachers who are aware of these effects can then more effectively plan their lessons and work with such students to help them obtain optimal results. Hence, a myriad of research articles have seen the light regarding the challenges faced by this sector of learners. "EFL learners moving to an ESL context:…


Adriaensens, D. (2011). Further Destruction of Iraq's Higher Education: Blazing Fires, Forged Degrees And Silencer Guns. Retrieved from: 

Bao, D., Abdilah, H., and Chowdhury, R. (2012, Jan.). EFL learners moving to an ESL context: Motivating and demotivating factors in English language learning among Iraqis. The New English Teacher, Vol. 6.1

Griffiths, M. (2010). A Situational Analysis of Girls Education in Iraq. UNICEF. Retrieved from: 

McTaggart, R. (1996). 'Appraising reports of enquiry', in Social Science Methodology for Educational Inquiry: A Conceptual Overview, eds D. Caulley. H. Moore & J. Orton. Beijing Teachers College Press. Beijing.

Salcedo C S 2010 The Effects of Songs
Words: 964 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Article Critique Paper #: 47227820
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Salcedo, C.S. (2010). The effects of songs in the foreign language classroom on text recall, delayed text recall and involuntary mental rehearsal. Journal of College Teaching and Learning, 7(6), 19-30. etrieved:

One of the goals of teaching any foreign language is making the words seem fluid, easy, and natural to the new speaker as his or her own native dialect. However, this can be a challenging task for teachers of ESL, particularly given the multitasking they are forced to perform on a daily basis in the classroom and the additional academic demands under which they operate. Teaching English to a non-native speaker, and then attempting to aid the student to function in a biology or a math class, whether the alternative subject is in simplified English or even the student's first language, can sometimes seem like an insurmountable task. However, the 2010 article "The effects of songs in the…


Salcedo, C.S. (2010). The effects of songs in the foreign language classroom on text recall, delayed text recall and involuntary mental rehearsal. Journal of College Teaching and Learning, 7(6), 19-30. Retrieved:

Pizza Pizza Grade Level Intermediate
Words: 2027 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 77025957
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Again, if the students got it wrong, she will switch the pictures and compliment their efforts either way.

The teacher will then tell the students that while pizza can be all different types of thicknesses in America, in Italy it is usually very thin, almost like a cracker. She will also tell them that in America, pizza is usually round, but in Italy, it is often rectangular in shape. Once again, if the students got it wrong, she will switch the pictures, and compliment their efforts either way.

Lastly, the teacher will tell the children that pizza in America is often loaded with all kinds of crazy toppings, but in Italy, the toppings are much sparser and tend to be just vegetables. Sometimes they don't even have cheese. Again, if the students got it wrong, she will switch the pictures and compliment their efforts either way.

The last part of…


Bloom B.S. (1956). Taxonomy of educational objectives. New York: Longmans-Green

Coe, J. Pizza. Helium. Retrieved from 

Difference between Italian food in Italy and "Italian" food in your country? (n.d.) Travel Expert Guide, retrieved from 

NCSS Themes, retrieved from

Bassoff Tobey A Time Effective
Words: 3986 Length: 13 Pages Document Type: Annotated Bibliography Paper #: 86214900
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Of great benefit is the accompanying activity sheets that can be easily copied for use in the classroom setting. he work also goes even further by informing users through a presentation of the most important language skills to be learnt. his is supported by an excellent bibliography and answers to the questions. his book is an excellent resource for teachers and may even be used by some students based on their level of language competence. he work however could be more explicit in some areas as some of the directions are at times confusing. Additionally, there should be greater usage of online-based resources.

Frost, Richard. "esting and Assessment." eaching English: British Council, BBC. n.d. .

Frost draws on his personal experiences to demonstrate why testing does not work and what can be done to improve the assessment process. esting becomes a problem because students may become nervous and other challenges.…

The work provides the reader with a brief summary of some of the salient work on the subject of assessing writing. The readings are separated into background and theory, in this area the readings give sufficient coverage of the theoretical and foundational issues to ensure the reader has a basis understanding of the underlying themes. The section titled current issues presents the recent debates in the discipline as well as the most up-to-date concerns. Practices contains the experiences of practitioners as well as best approaches, there are several narrative and practical pieces in this section. The final section, additional resources points to other beneficial materials that can supplement the work found in the other sections. Each section contains multiple resources and while not making a claim to be exhaustive, the readings provide excellent coverage of the relevant subject area. This work is directed toward a general audience of teachers and persons with interest in the area. The value of the work is that it gives a quick summary of the material presented so that the reader can easily decide if that is the work required.

Rief, Linda. "Evaluation: Where I Am, Where I Want to Be." Seeking Diversity: Language Arts with Adolescents. Portsmouth, NH: Heinemann. 1992. 121-32.

Straw, Stanley B. "Assessment and Evaluation in Written Composition: A Commonsense Perspective." Research in the Language Arts: Language and Schooling. Eds. Victor Froese and Stanley B. Straw. Baltimore: U. Park P. 1981. 181-202.

Individual Learning Plans in Community
Words: 4463 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 74917892
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V. Government System RARPA

The government introduced the RARPA Program which is abbreviated for the:: "Recording and Recognition of Progress and Achievement Summary of the Evaluation Report" in relation to the Pilot Projects April 2003 to March 2004 Learning and Skills Development Agency National Institute of Adult Continuing Education 2004 August. Since 2002 the Learning and Skills Council (LSC) has focused its efforts on establishing an appropriate method of recognizing and recording the progress and achievement of learners that is non-accredited in nature. Development of a model called the 'Staged Process." The RARPA consists of the application "of an explicit and common staged process to the recognition and recording of progress and achievement, together with the validation of this process through a range of judgments about its consistent and effective application." The background of the project is stated to be that LSDA and NIACE were involved in preparation of work…

Works Cited:

McCallum, Myra K. (1999) "Strategies and Activities to Stimulate Adequate ESOL Instruction in Content Area Courses and Increase Honest Effort and Motivation Among ESOL Students Dekalb County School System, Decatur, GA 1999 November U.S. Department of Education: #FL026093.

Your Guide 2 Skills For Life Policy and Strategy (2005) Skills and Education Network March Online available at: sforlife/G2skillsforlifeG028.pdf

English for Speakers of Other Languages (ESOL) Case Studies of Provision, Learner's Needs and Resources, National Research and Development Centre for Adult Literacy and Numeracy Online at ISBN 0 95456492 Kings College London, University of Leeds, Institute of Education, University of London and Lancaster University.

Fogel, H. & Ehri, L.C. (2000). Teaching elementary students who speak Black English Vernacular to write in Standard English: effects of dialect transformation practice. Contemporary Educational Psychology, vol. 25.

Ismail & Hussain 2010 This
Words: 868 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Dissertation Paper #: 58531701
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udby (2005) specifically identifies organizational and generic difficulties that might be encountered as a part of the cultural disparity that exists between many non-native English speakers and the institutions wherein they earn advanced degrees, noting that it is far more than a simple linguistic barrier that makes the proper collation and presentation of research questions and data difficult for EFL and ESL students. Simple writing modules that emphasize theoretical underpinnings and practical techniques, and that incorporates other areas of academic knowledge and research as well, have proven especially effective in supporting ESL/EFL dissertation efforts and leading to greater clarity and reliability in the presentation of results and in the results and findings of ESL/EFL dissertations themselves (udby 2005). Though built on a single case study, the conclusions and recommendations made herein are also largely supported by previous and more general research (udby 2005).

eynolds 2005

This research compared language fluency…


Krase, E. (2007). "Maybe the communication between us was not enough": Inside a dysfunctional advisor/L2 advisee relationship." Journal of English for academic purposes 6(1), pp. 55-70.

Ismail, S. & Hussain, N. (2010). "Learning, re-learning and un-learning: our journey across the dissertation process: reflections of two student teachers. Reflective Practice 11(2), pp. 197-204.

Reynolds, D. (2005). "Linguistic correlates of second language literacy development: Evidence from middle-grade learner essays." Journal of second language writing 14(1), pp. 19-45.

Rudby, R. (2005). "A multi-thrust approach to fostering a research culture." ELT Journal 59(4), pp. 277-86.

Articles Regarding Pedagogy to Bridge the Gap
Words: 1354 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 62167824
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articles regarding pedagogy to bridge the gap between practice and theory in education. We will see how new teachers can apply their freshly absorbed knowledge in order to benefit them in their fresh classroom environments in the area of ESOL teaching. Increasingly, immersion is seen to be effective in improving ESOL as well as it is in the teaching of foreign languages. What the study discovered is that interaction is the key in training children in ESOL

ESOL Effectiveness Online


In an article in Journal of esearch on Technology in Education analyzes the effectiveness ESOL students in communication using the agency of electronic discussion boards. The study focused on the use of electronic discussion boards equipped with ESOL students who were in grades K-12 in school. There has been a movement within ESL in recent years to concentrate on competency as opposed to grammar and form, hence the format…


Chiodo,, J.J. (2004). Do they really dislike social studies? A study of middle school and high school students. Journal of Social Studies Research, 28(1), 16-26 .

Lowery, N.L. (2002). Construction of teacher knowledge in context: Preparing elementary teachers to teach mathematics and science. School Science and Mathematics, 102(2), 68-83.

Zha, S., Kelly, P., Park, M.K., & Fitzgerald, G. (2006). An investigation of communicative competence of esl students using electronic discussion boards. Journal of Research on Technology in Education, 38(3), 349-367.