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Classroom Instructor Observation Protocol
California's urlock Unified School District leverages the Sheltered Instruction Observation Protocol (SIOP) as the basis of its observation protocol. Specifically, this school system has different SIOP site plan protocols for its K-6 schools, 7-8 middle schools, and 9-12 high schools. Observation protocols mandate an instructional visitation that is comprised of a pair of classroom observations and a debriefing period from an instruction coach trained in SIOP methods. For the K-6 schools, a site administrator will ensure that a minimum of 10 walkthroughs are completed per week. eachers will experience one walkthrough each month in an attempt to identify data trends and their implementation of these data-based practices into their pedagogy.
Florida's Seminole County Public School system does walkthroughs via iObservation, which is an internet-based evaluation program and forms. he goal of the electronic access to this information is to get feedback to teachers more…
This site is a state sponsored one that provides the foundation for teacher evaluations in public schools in Wisconsin. The Wisconsin Educator Effectiveness System is predicated on two vital components, Student Outcome Measures and Teacher Practice, both of which are important to assessing the competency of pedagogues in the various public school districts in this state. There is a fair amount of flexibility in terms of the variability of the educator effectiveness systems, which has been modified to suit the needs of teachers who are in different roles and work with different segments of the overall student population. Additionally, the aforementioned assessment measures are also adaptable to other school personnel such as those in administrative roles including principals and vice-principals.
This website provides information about the teacher performance evaluations for FairFax County Public Schools in Norfolk, Virginia. The standards utilized by this particular school district are part of the state's Board of Education's Code of Virginia -- which have performance objectives aligned with the board's Guidelines for Uniform Performance Standards and Evaluation Criteria for Teachers, Administrators and Superintendents. Specifically, the Teacher Educator Evaluation Program is comprised of three different elements: seven performance standards, key elements, and a performance matrix. The performance standards including professional knowledge, instructional planning, delivery of instruction, assessing student learning, learning environment, professionalism, and student academic progress. The matrix provides detailed information in these key areas. Key elements are used as markers of observable behavior that teachers either are or are not demonstrating, and which are indicative of the sort of behavior that is desired by both the district and the state.
Persons in a Military Setting
Today's organizations are increasingly operating in a complex and rapidly changing environment that requires them to retain highly qualified employees as well as promote their well-being. While all organizations require effective human resource management practices, military organizations need these practices more because of their rapidly changing organizational environment. In essence, military organizations or settings are faced with the need to establish effective H practices because retaining and enhancing the well-being of their members is crucial towards success in the rapidly changing environment (Dupre & Day, 2007, p.186). Given this need, military organizations continue to develop and utilize different approaches towards retaining valuable personnel and ensuring their well-being in the highly complex military setting. Even though these strategies have been relatively effective in achieving desired goals, they have been characterized by some shortcomings.
Based on cognitive behavior theory, persons in a military setting can be helped…
Brown et al. (2016). Assessing Cognitive Therapy Skills Comprehension, Acquisition, and Use by Means of an Independent Observer Version of the Skills of Cognitive Therapy (SoCT-IO). Psychological Assessment, 28(2), 205-213.
Dupre, K.E. & Day, A.L. (2007). The Effects of Supportive Management and Job Quality on the Turnover Intentions and Health of Military Personnel. Human Resource Management, 46(2), 185-201.
Fenn, K. & Byrne, M. (2013, September). The Key Principles of Cognitive Behavioural Therapy. InnovAiT, 6(9), 579-585.
Goldman et al. (2013). Psychotherapy Integration and Alliance: Use of Cognitive-Behavioral Techniques Within a Short-Term Psychodynamic Treatment Model. Journal of Psychotherapy Integration, 23(4), 373-385.
Value of Performance Evaluations
Some people think of the performance evaluation as little more than a waste of time. They believe that given that they are mandatory and generally completed in a relatively short period of time, performance evaluations fail to capture an employee's true performance or give the employee meaningful feedback that would enable him or her to improve performance. As a result, many have suggested that the performance evaluation process be eliminated or significantly changed. These criticisms of the performance evaluation process might lead some to the conclusion that performance evaluations have no use or value. However, there are several reasons that such a conclusion is premature.
Examining this problem is appropriate because employers need to have a way to assess their workforce. It is well-established that employee productivity, job satisfaction, efficiency, and attitude can all have a tremendous impact on an organization's output, and, therefore, on profitability.…
Behn, R.O. (2003). Why measure performance? Different purposes require different measures. Public Administration Review, 63 (5), 586-606.
Christensen, C.M., Marx, M., & Stevenson, H.H. (2006). The tools of cooperation and change. Harvard Business Review, 84 (10), 76.
Grubb, T. (2007). Performance appraisal reappraised: It's not all positive. Journal of Human
Resource Education, 1(1), 1-22.
Sounds simple, but it can get complex. For example, in any point factor system, knowledge/education is usually a heavily weighted factor. H managers are usually very biased and this may tend to play into those biases and result in an unfair assessment and could eventually harm the organization in the long run. The Point Factor system is too sophisticated and may drain resources within the H department as well.
anking vs. Factor Comparison
The anking method is quite simple and even more simple than Factor Comparison. In this type of evaluation jobs are compared to one another based on the overall value to the organization. This value or worth is based on judgments by the evaluators. This method is too simple and may cause the H manager to overlook key facts when performing this evaluation. It may be more useful for casual or temporary evaluations, but a more sophisticated and…
Anderson, a. (ND). Job Evaluation Principles and Techniques. Chron, Viewed on 6 May 2013. Retrieved from http://smallbusiness.chron.com/job-evaluation-principles-techniques - 11811.html
Busi, D. (ND). The Job Evaluation Process: A Big Hindrance. PA TIMES, Viewed on 6 May 2013. Retrieved from http://patimes.org/the-job-evaluation-process-a-big-hinderance-not - a-help-what-should-be-done-part-3/
Sanderson, S. (2013). Human Resources Keys to Performance Evaluation. Journal of Social Sciences and Finance, 22 Feb 2013.
planning an evaluation, there are several steps an evaluator must take. One of the final steps in the planning process is to present a written proposal. What should the written proposal include, and why is it important to get the details of the evaluation in writing?
The steps that must be taken in the planning process for research or evaluation include the written proposal, which is comprised of specific sections. The first section of the research proposal is the introduction or background, which briefly provides information about the issue to be examined. The next section is titled the 'Research Objectives & Aims' which states the goals of the research that is being proposed. Following the objectives and aims of research is the 'Research Purpose' section, which sets out the reasons that the research is being conducted. The research proposal should contain a section entitled 'Significance of the Study', which relates…
Lamotte, G. And Carter, G. (1999) Are the Balanced Scorecard and the EFQM Excellence Model mutually exclusive or do they work together to bring added value to a company? EFQM Common Interest Days of December 1999 & March 2000. Retrieved from: http://www.paceperformance.co.im/documents/Link%20b%20EFQM%20and%20Balanced%20Scorecard%20V5.pdf
Advantages and disadvantages of open and closed ended questions? (nd) Answers.com Retrieved from: http://wiki.answers.com/Q/Advantages_and_disadvantages_of_open_and_closed_ended_questions
REVIEW OF RESEARCH BY THE CONVENED IRB (2012) Human Research Protection Program Policies and Procedures. Retrieved from: http://orrp.osu.edu/irb/osupolicies/documents/ReviewofResearchbytheConvenedIRB.pdf
Miller, MJ (nd) Reliability, and Validity. Western International University. Retrieved from: http://michaeljmillerphd.com/res500_lecturenotes/reliability_and_validity.pdf
Interface Evaluation: Smart Watches and Smart Phones
Assessment of Samsung Galaxy
Allion Labs Inc. Comparison of Smart Watch Integration
Advances in Smart Watch Technology Integration
INTERFACE EVALUATION: SMART WATCHES AND SMART PHONES
The focus of this study is the evaluation of the interface between Smart Watches and Smart Phones. This study will conduct this evaluation through a review of the literature published in this area of inquiry.
Samsung Galaxy Assessment
The Smart Watch is reported in the work of udiu (2013) to be "the next important platform, extending the range of screen sizes to design for down one notch desktop, tablet, phone and now the watch." (p.1) The Samsung Smart Watch is reported to have been released first as a "companion to the Samsung Galaxy Note phablet." (udiu, 2013, p. 1) The phone is reported to be a large phone measuring six inches that is very inconvenient to remove from…
Ping, Z. (nd) Smart Watches: Enrich People's Lives. Retrieved from: https://www.cs.auckland.ac.nz/courses/compsci705s1c/assignments/proj_sem/reviews/pzha291.pdf
Budiu, R. (2013) Smart Watches are the Future -- But Samsung Galaxy Gear Only Partway There. Nielsen Norman Group. 8 Dec 2013. Retrieved from: http://www.nngroup.com/articles/smartwatch/
New Friend on the Wrist: Smart Watch Test Report. Allion Engineering Services. Retrieved from: http://blog.allion.com/2014/01/new-friend-on-wrist-smart-watch-test-report/
Lyons, K., Nguyen DH, Ashbrook, D., and White, S. (2012) Facet: A Multi-Segment Wrist Worn System. In, Proceedings of the 25th annual ACM symposium on User interface software and technology, ACM Press (2012), 123-130. Retrieved from: http://delivery.acm.org.ezprox y.auckland.ac.nz/10.1145/2390000/2380134/p123-lyons.pdf?ip=184.108.40.206&acc=ACTIVE%20SERVICE&CFID=195538716&CFTOKEN=89562440&__acm__=1364009971_e617dc9550e1fd745eab3dc5f224c69f
System Test and Evaluation Plan and Procedure: The Department of Defense (DoD)
The objective of this study is to conduct a system test and evaluation plan and procedure for a the Department of Defense (DoD). Toward this end this study will review literature that informs this area of inquiry.
Concepts of Security Assurance and Trusted Systems
A system is "an integrated composite of people, products, and processes that provide a capability to satisfy a stated need or objective." (Defense Acquisition University Press, 2011, p.3) Systems engineering management is accomplished through integration of three primary activities:
(1) Development phasing that controls the design process and provides baselines that coordinate design efforts;
(2) A systems engineering process that provides a structure for solving design problems and tracking requirements flow through the design effort, and (3) Life cycle integration that involves customers in the design process and ensures that the system developed is…
Systems Engineering Fundamentals (2011) SUPPLEMENTARY TEXT PREPARED BY THEDEFENSE ACQUISITION UNIVERSITY PRESS Secure Software Development: A Security Programmer's Guide. For Belvoir, VA. Retrieved from: http://www.dau.mil/pubs/pdf/SEFGuide%2001-01.pdf
Grembi, J. (2008)
Computer Security: Art and Science. Bishop, Matt
One of the important elements of those recommendations is that care leavers be given open and free access to their own records (Australian Senate, 2004). They also suggest that the government establish counseling for care leavers and their families to deal with the impact of life in care, including specialized education for mental health professionals so that they are in a position for dealing with this problem (Australian Senate, 2004). Furthermore, they emphasize the need for continuing educational opportunities, from literacy to higher education, for these people (Australian Senate, 2004).
It is incredibly difficult to attempt to assess the impact of this report on current policies and practices. At are governmental level, even prior to this report, there had been a number of changes to the foster and institutional care system, aimed at curing some of the institutional-level problems of the system. For example, the practice of routinely removing…
Australian Senate. (2004). Forgotten Australians: A report on Australians who experienced institutitional or out-of-home care as children. Canberra: Parliament House.
Chili's: An Evaluation
Chili's -- an evaluation
In spite of generally being known as a fast-food type restaurant, Chili's actually makes it possible for customers to feel different from how they are probable to feel in most fast-food places that they are accustomed to. This restaurant is not necessarily about elegance, as it is more about style and about making customers feel that both workers and the management actually care about how their customers feel while eating. This is a place for people who don't have a great deal of money, but want to feel satisfied with both the taste and the quantity of the food they are eating.
While most people expect American-like styles of food when they are eating in a fast-food restaurant, many fast-food places fail to live up to the standards and simply adopt cuisine from particular parts of the world in an attempt to provide…
Business Code of Ethics
Evaluation of Business Code Ethics
Over the last several years, the issue of ethics has been increasingly brought to the forefront. This is because a wide variety of organizations have been facing some kind of high profile scandal involving an ethical dilemma. To address these issues, most firms have implemented a code of ethics for everyone to follow. The problem is that most people are not aware that these codes could exist or the specific ideas inside of them.
A good example of this can be seen by looking no further than observations from Farrell (2012). He found that a number of private corporations and non-profit entities do have a code of ethics in place. However, only a limited numbers of employees know about them. Moreover, there is no attempt inside the majority of firms to enforce them. Once this happens, is when the odds increase…
American Nursing Association. (2011). Nursing World. Retrieved from: http://nursingworld.org/MainMenuCategories/ThePracticeofProfessionalNursing/Improving-Your-Practice/Research-Toolkit/ANA-Research-Agenda/Research-Agenda-.pdf
ANA History. (2012). Nursing World. Retrieved from: http://www.nursingworld.org/FunctionalMenuCategories/AboutANA/History
Business Ethics. (2012). Brain Mass. Retrieved from: http://brainmass.com/business/other/296249
Code of Ethics. (2012). Nursing World. Retrieved from: http://www.nursingworld.org/MainMenuCategories/EthicsStandards/CodeofEthicsforNurses/Code-of-Ethics.pdf
Evaluation a Business Code Ethics the purpose assignment assist refining problem-solving capabilities organizations possesses business ethics applications. This paper a structured, objective format called a system inquiry.
Starbucks code of ethics
The Starbucks Corporation has its origins in a small chain of coffee stores that was designed to replicate the European coffeehouse experience for American consumers. At the time of its birth in Seattle, most Americans' experience of coffee was confined to Folgers or Maxwell House. Starbucks was acquired by current CEO Howard Schultz who believed its "top-quality, fresh-roasted, whole-bean coffee was the company's differentiating feature and a bedrock value" (Thompson & Gamble 1997:1). Under Schultz's control, Starbucks expanded rapidly in both American cities and suburbs. Eventually, the company began to open stores abroad, in East Asia and Europe. Starbucks strove to super-saturate the market, going contrary to conventional business wisdom that it is unwise to let…
Alter, Lloyd. (2009). Starbucks makes big investment in fair trade. Tree Hugger. Retrieved:
Code of Ethics for CEO and Finance Leaders (2012). Starbucks. Retrieved:
Security in Airports
Evaluation of Scanning Equipment
Security situation in airports
The main threat faced by most of the airports is terrorism, which has been traumatizing the airport officials ever since the 20th century. There have been many cases of bombing and hijacking incidents conducted by different militant groups in the entire group. This has lead to the necessity of measures that are aimed at curbing the ever-increasing rates of crime in airports. As the security analyst of Chicago O'Hare Airport, there are exclusive measures that are recommended to ensure insecurity does not affect the airport transactions and its entire surrounding. Already, there are regulations that are to be followed strictly by both passengers and any other visitors in the airport. The arrival time has been increased, so that all the passengers arrive on time. Amount of luggage to be carried has also been reduced to reduce the possibilities…
Elias, B. (2009) Securing General Aviation. Darby, PA: DIANE Publishers.
MacDonald, J. & Mendez, C. (2005) Unexploded Ordnance Cleanup Costs: implications of alternative protocols. Santa Monica, CA: Rand Corporation Publishers.
Tiebert, L. (2009) Frommer's Chicago with Kids. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley and Sons.
C. Evaluation question(s) and aims.
The primary question that will be addressed is to identify whether HCBS program is able to provide service to the target population. The evaluation questions will also be directed to the cost effectiveness of the program. The following evaluation questions are identified:
1. Is the program meet the budget requirements of the 1915 (b)?
2. Has the program generates cost saving?
3. Has the program has been able to deliver quality health service as being stipulated by 1915(b) waiver?
4. Has the program been able to meet the needs of the participants?
a. Operational definitions.
The operation definition for the proposal is as follows:
Assessing the effectiveness and efficiency of the of HCBS program in Alaska.
What are the procedure to evaluate the effective and efficiencies of the HCBS waiver program in Alaska?
Since the proposal will employ both qualitative and quantitative techniques for data…
Benjamin, A.E. (2001). Consumer-Directed Services At Home: A New Model for Persons with Disabilities. Health Affair. 20(6): 80-95.
Braddock, D., Hemp, R., Rizzolo, M., Parish, S., & Pomeranz, A. (2002). The state of the states in developmental disabilities: Study summary. In D. Braddock (Ed.), Disability at the dawn of the 21st century. Washington, DC: American Association on Mental Retardation.
Charoenruk, D.(2005). Qualitative and Quantitative Methodology. Communication Research Methodologies: UICC International College.
Duckett, M.J.(2000). "Home and Community-Based Services Waivers (HCBS)." Health Care Financing Review. 22(1): 123-125.
Problems That Arise When Groups are Categorized as Individuals
The difficulty of determining the extent to which group policy evaluation vs. individual evaluations differ is that context is the deciding factor, and contextual factors are always shifting. Therefore, a case by case analysis is required rather than a one size fits all universal evaluation. As Briggs and Helms (2015) explain, there are actors and roles and the inputs and outputs of each impact one another so that the relationship between parts, between groups and individuals is really a dynamic one.
One of the important points that Reich (2010) makes is that groups are not individuals and should not be counted as such, because it alters the character of the population when they are. He cites the decision in Citizens United vs. the Federal Election Commission, which led to the creation of the super political action committee (PAC). The super PAC…
The Purpose of E/M Codes
E/M codes are generic and are intended for use by all medical practitioners including nurse-practitioners, physicians and physician assistants. They can be used in both specialty care and primary care. All E/M codes can be used for reporting services. The decision on which E/M code to use is informed by which code describes most accurately the service the patient is to receive. The flexibility of E/M codes allows for easy and flexible reporting when service provided has more medical content or when more of coordination and counseling of care is given than psychotherapy (Codes and Documentation for Evaluation and Management Services).
The Creator of E/M Codes
E/M codes were created by the E/M Guidelines. The E/M Guidelines documents what is required for all E/M code documentations. The Centre for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) together with the American Medical Association developed the E/M guidelines. So…
Evaluation and Management Coding (E/M Code)
The patient visited the clinic complaining of pain and redness to the left foot and with a history of diabetes. Following an assessment of the patient’s condition and his clinical history, he was diagnosed with cellulitis in addition to type 2 diabetes. Given the patient’s history of diabetes, he is at high risk of developing MRSA and/or osteomyelitis secondary to skin infection. The treatment and management of this patient’s condition require the use of an appropriate evaluation and management coding (E/M code). An E/M code is an important part of the management of cellulitis in patients with diabetes since it is critical to making the correct diagnosis, which in turn influences the treatment approach (Sullivan, 2018). In essence, giving an appropriate E/M code for the patient’s condition is essential to avoid under or overtreatment with antimicrobials, which remains is a major challenge in the…
Krive et al. (2015, May). The Complexity and Challenges of the ICD-9-CM to ICD-10-CM Transition in Emergency Departments. The American Journal of Emergency Medicine, 33(5), 713-718.
Sullivan, T. (2018, April). Diagnosis and Management of Cellulitis. Clinical Medicine, 18(2), 160-163.
integrate evaluation techniques in your daily work routine to improve your job performance? (Answer taken from PDF uploaded - Program_Evaluation_-_Overview_and_Definitions_PowerPoint)
Gredler explains that evaluation is the structural accumulation of any and knowledge that helps to make informed and profitable choices and corporate decisions M.B. Dignan further adds that all basic evaluations are procedural assessments of the results and overall functionality of any and all programs. P.D. Sarvela and a colleague R.J. Mcdermott gave a more detailed explanation in 'Health Education Evaluation and Measurement' by saying that basic evaluation was the utilization of a number of processes that were used to understand and decipher if a program had been functionalized in accordance to the aim with which it was created. Hence, basic assessment of a program is to highlight whether or not the program was able to practically attain the objectives it had originally theoretically set. Research procedures on the other…
Introduction to Evaluation Research
Evaluation Research is a vital aspect of organizational and program establishment and development. Used extensively across multiple industries, Evaluation Research encompasses dozens of methods, some of which overlap and/or encompass other methods. Though the methods vary, they ideally share the common characteristics of good basic research, systematic processes, data collection to increase knowledge, enhancement of decision making, and practical use of evaluation findings. In addition, despite the variations of methods, there are basic steps that can be followed in order to conduct an effective evaluation of an organization or program.
Evaluation Research "Snapshot"
Evaluation Research has been variously defined as a unique method of applied/action research, a social applied/action research method of evaluation, or a unique method of assessing programs (Powell, 2006). These definitions apparently depend on the focus of the definer. However, regardless of the definition, all Evaluation Research apparently has common elements:…
Center for Disease Control. (2011, November 10). Healthy youth: Program evaluation. Retrieved on October 21, 2012 from www.cdc.gov Web site: http://www.cdc.gov/HealthyYouth/evaluation/resources.htm
Powell, R.R. (2006, Summer). Evaluation research: An overview. Retrieved on October 21, 2012 from search.proquest.com Web site: http://search.proquest.com/docview/220455507/139E976709F239B2F98/1?accountid=28844
Scriven, M. (1991). Evaluation Thesaurus, 4th Ed. Newbury Park, CA: Sage Publications, Inc.
Under the stewardship of Police Commissioner Howard Safir, the NYPD began analyzing daily crime statistics collected from its 40,000 officers throughout the five boroughs of New York City and generating computer modeling of crime trends in a system dubbed CompStat that allowed the accurate identification of crime trends with pinpoint accuracy, often permitting nearly as precise predictive modeling via extrapolation (Safir, 2003).
The other main benefit and purpose of CompStat was that is enabled police administrators to grade the performance of every precinct according to any criteria defined by policy considerations. That aspect of CompStat is relied upon heavily by NYPD administration to the extent that Commissioner Safir reassigned, removed, or demoted fifty-four precinct commanders during his tenure as commissioner between 1996 and 2000 (Safir, 2003). Naturally, the technical means of data collection and analysis techniques differ quite profoundly from those available to previous generations of police administrators, but the…
Coleman, J.L., Thomas, C.C. (2002). Operational Mid-Level Management for Police. Illinois: Springfield.
Conlon, E. (2004). Blue Blood. New York: Riverhead.
Lee, W.D. (2007). Program Evaluations: Improving Operational Effectiveness and Organizational Efficiency; FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin (Nov/07 Vol. 76
No. 11, pp. 1-6).
Health Care -- Impact Evaluation and Accountability
Accountability to stakeholders should be an integral aspect of any health-related government program. This is achieved by systematic and objective assessment of how a program's effectiveness, evaluation normally involves measuring and documenting a program's effectiveness; calculating a program's outcomes; documenting a program's execution and cost effectiveness; strengthening a program's impact. In the case of health-related government programs, the stakeholders to whom accountability is owed typically are those served by the program, those conducting the program, and those who will use evaluation findings to make decisions about the program. The importance of evaluations for accountability is underscored by the resources provided by state and federal governments for ongoing evaluations to ensure ongoing accountability to all stakeholders. Evaluation for the purpose of accountability can assist stakeholders and specifically those in charge of the programs in a number of ways, all of which in program continuation,…
Chatterji, M. (2008, Jan/Feb). Synthesizing evidence from impact evaluations in education to inform action. Retrieved on December 2, 2012 from search.proquest.com Web site: http://search.proquest.com/docview/216902584/13AC6E704D753569CAD/1?accountid=28844
MacDonald, G., Starr, G., Schooley, M., Yee, S.L., Klimowski, K., & Turner, K. (2001, November). Introduction to program evaluation for comprehensive tobacco control programs. Retrieved on December 2, 2012 from www.cdc.gov Web site: http://www.cdc.gov/tobacco/tobacco_control_programs/surveillance_evaluation/evaluation_manual/pdfs/evaluation.pdf
Main State Legislature. (2009, January 2). OPEGA Home. Retrieved on December 2, 2012 from www.main.gov Web site: http://www.maine.gov/legis/opega/index.htm
National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion. (2011, November 10). Program Evaluation - DASH - Resources/HealthyYouth. Retrieved on December 2, 2012 from www.cdc.gov Web site: http://www.cdc.gov/HealthyYouth/evaluation/resources.htm
Policy Evaluation of the Non-Experimental Evaluation Design Approach in Education
A program can be described as a set of activities that are coordinated and run in tandem over a significant period, and aimed at delivering a specified outcome to a client/s. The terms: policy, strategy, initiative, intervention and project are often interchangeably used with the word program. Programs are discrete funded activities that are different from the usual daily operations and activities. These sets of activities are designed to achieve specific objectives within provided timeframes and resource allocation. Regular core business operations and activities are typically outside the scope of programs.
The systematic evaluation of the value/worth of an item (abstract or concrete) is called evaluation (Trochim, 2006). Evaluation is intensive, systematic, objective and rigorous. It draws judgments about the effects and merits of a program. The policy discussed here gives direction for evaluation of programs. This policy is intended…
) during the evaluation. This interaction could have plausibly influence responses and skewed the results. The comparison was used to demonstrate student growth in knowledge and attitude during the course.
The authors' position is that, "overall," the four goals of program were met. In support they report that 79% of the time students who participated in the program correctly identifying illegal acts, reasons for laws, and components of the legal system. They assert that information from the student focus groups and interviews indicated that many students seemed to understand the main "message" of the Project L.E.A.D. program: it was important to do the right thing and that there are consequences to bad decisions. They further reported that the project survey items suggest that tolerance and appreciation of diversity was an area with great need for intervention as many students were likely to report being teased by peers and the program…
Chi, B. & Middaugh, E., (2005). Project L.E.A.D. (legal enrichment and decision making) program evaluation 2002-2004. Office of the distrist attoney, county of los angeles. Retrieved June 24, 2010, from: http://da.lacounty.gov/pdf/LEAD_Final_Report.pdf
The evaluation facilitator will explain that curriculum evaluation is a necessary process to help foster student growth and that evaluation is not a negative critical review; rather, it is to recognize progress and to identify areas for future improvement. This is important because evaluation has traditionally been focused on the identification of shortcomings and, for this reason, has caused anxiety and resentment which can impede constructive participation.
Second, the facilitator will explain the process of curriculum evaluation. The process will be described as an analysis of current curriculum, the expression of key goals in a formal mission statement, allocation of resources, implementation of curriculum change and the monitoring of progress over time. In this way, teachers will know exactly what to expect and this will help allay their fear of change. Plus, showing that there are well-defined processes will help lend credibility to the curriculum evaluation program.
Third, the facilitator…
Carl, AE 1995: Teacher empowerment through curriculum development: theory into practice. Kenwyn, Cape Town: Juta, p. 178.
Evaluation and assessment: Curriculum evaluation. http://www.ibe.unesco.org/curriculum/Rpack/e_evaluation.htm
The three discussion groups. http://www.ibe.unesco.org/curriculum/GulfStatesProjectsPdf/omanVI.pdf
job evaluation methodologies are techniques or systems used to evaluate jobs against universal factors and sub-factors. During this process, the job content is examined against the identified factors and then represented as a point or numeric value. This is followed by comparing the pre-determined pay structure of grades to identify the most suitable pay range assignment. Following the evaluation of a set of jobs in an organization, the unique interpretation of the levels of the factors in the organization and requirements for jobs becomes very crucial. The results of point factor job evaluation methodologies are determined through the use of factor comparison. Actually, one of the most powerful measures for conducting job evaluation is combining point-factor techniques with factor-comparison approaches (Henderson, 2006, p.2008).
There are several point factor job evaluation systems such as Lott's Point Method, Benge's Factor Comparison, NEMA Method, Hay's Profile Method, and Factor Evaluation System. While these…
Henderson, R.I. (2006). Compensation management in a knowledge-based world (10th ed.).
Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.
Wagoner, L. (n.d.). Job Evaluation Two Point-Factor Methods. Retrieved from University of Houston website: http://www.uh.edu/~wagon/WS_09.ppt
Greenby faces a significant budget problem, and is starting to look at its Consultation and Education Department, which on the surface is not turning a profit. The first thing that the C&E Department needs to do is make sure that other departments are profitable, and that it is the problem. Otherwise, cutting C&E will not help Greenby, the exercise being moot.
The second issue at hand, the one in the case, is that the C&E Department has no evidence to support its claim that it acts as a feeder, or brand ambassador if you will, for the hospital. The claim is that the C&E projects, which are essentially community outreach, have provided exceptional visibility for the company. As such, they are bringing in new clients, in particular the third-party payers on whom the hospital presently relies to turn a profit. For its part, Greenby needs to find out how the…
Linnell, D. (2014). Process evaluation vs. outcome evaluation. Third Sector New England. Retrieved November 29, 2014 from http://www.tsne.org/process-evaluation-vs.-outcome-evaluation
SAMHSA. (2014). Using process evaluation to monitor program implementation. SAMSHA.gov. Retrieved November 29, 2014 from http://captus.samhsa.gov/access-resources/using-process-evaluation-monitor-program-implementation
He has found that in his experience, this method works best.
Grossman, Pam and Loeb, Susanna. (2010). Learning from multiple routes. Educational Leadership, 67(8), 22-27.
Grossman and Loeb talk about how alternative routes to becoming a teacher have grown throughout the past few decades. The necessity for teachers is mainly in urban areas as this is where most teacher shortages occur. They discuss how subjects such as math and science are in high demand and people with backgrounds in either area usually are successful at taking an alternative route. The authors make a point to note that not all alternative programs are the same. They praise the Teach for American and New York City Teaching Fellows programs as being top rated and highly selective, thus garnering the best candidates. Teach for American and New York City Teaching Fellows programs generally recruit applicants from competitive schools which is why both programs…
Kaye, Eileen Beverley. (2004). Turning the tide on marginal teaching. Journal of Curriculum and Supervision. 19(3), 234-258.
In this journal article, Kaye discusses what she calls marginal teachers and the best methods to assist teachers falling into this category. Her definition of marginal teachers are those whose teaching practices are borderline unacceptable. She favors the collaborative approach which requires input and goal setting from both the teacher and the supervisor. Going a step further, she looks at the formative and summative methods of evaluation to find out if either or both approaches would be helpful for teachers falling into the marginal category. Kaye also looks at factors that may cause marginal teaching. She notes that certain supervisory methods could be the blame and says that all areas should be examined.
She favors the formative approach in dealing with schools having a large number of teachers that fall into this category. Kaye feels that when there are several teachers not performing well, the programs should be examined for ways to improve them instead of placing the blame on the teachers.
However, strategy should not be considered to be static. Strategy continually evolves in response to changes in the business environment and within the organization itself. Strategy evaluation serves the dual purpose of closing the door on the old strategy and beginning the formulation process anew. This is how strategy evaluation becomes proactive, by kick starting the next round of formulation and implementation. By conducting strategy evaluation, the organization takes the onus upon itself to start the cycle, which is proactive.
Another reason to question the validity of this comment is that strategy evaluation is not the only tool by which an organization can take a proactive stance. The evaluation process itself, for example, does not imply action. A company may have the raw information needed to conduct proactive decision-making, but there must be an action step included in the methodology. Moreover, a company can be proactive without evaluating its strategy.…
Understanding esearch & esearch Methods in Social Work
Feminist evaluation: An evaluation of the conceptual framework
According to ebecca M. Beardsley and Michelle Hughes Miller's 2002 article "evisioning the process: A case study in feminist program evaluation," feminist program evaluations are based upon three core principles. The first principle is cooperation, namely that all relevant stakeholders must be considered when setting the standards for evaluation, not simply the program designers. The second is one of a lack of hierarchy -- the evaluation team members are all regarded as equal partners. Thirdly, the program must be evaluated from the ideological perspective of feminism. Although this final standard might seem unrealistic to use in program evaluation in anything buy a woman-oriented program, such as the program targeting females in the article, Beardsley and Miller point out that the majority of consumers of social services are female. The authors believe that…
Beardsley, Rebecca M. & Michelle Hughes Miller. (2002). Revisioning the process: A case study in feminist program evaluation. New Directions for Evaluation. 96: 57.
Hood, Denice Ward & Denice A. Cassaro. (2002). Feminist evaluation and the inclusion of difference: Revisioning the process: A case study in feminist program evaluation.
New Directions for Evaluation. 96: 27.
Sielbeck-Bowen, Kathryn A. Sharon Brisolara, Denise Seigart, Camille Tischler, Elizabeth
Healthcare Economics Evaluation
This report is about a proposed healthcare economics investigation. Some early research has been done and will be described based on what was found and how it was found. The report will conclude with a proposed plan for further economic evaluation on that same topic with a great deal the expected and proper form and function of that research to be described in that section. A conclusion will wrap up the report.
Critical Appraisal of the Evidence
The author of this report has chosen how to make health care affordable and have the most amount of people possible covered in the United States as this is one of the more omnipresent issues and matters in American society in the modern time. Health care being at the forefront of the American news cycle is nothing new as it is has been a huge part of the…
Berkowitz, E. (2008). Medicare and Medicaid: The Past as Prologue. Health Care Financing Review, 29(3), 80-93.
Bovbjerg, R.R., & Schoenbaum, S.C. (2004). Malpractice Reform Must Include Steps To Prevent Medical Injury. Annals Of Internal Medicine, 140(1), 51-54.
Budget problems, Medicaid expansion main topics at SAMHSA meeting. (2012). Alcoholism & Drug Abuse Weekly, 24(32), 1-3.
CDC. (2013, March 19). CDC Online Newsroom - Press Release: October 17, 2011. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Retrieved March 19, 2013, from http://www.cdc.gov/media/releases/2011/p1017_alcohol_consumption.html
As evident in the works of many professionals and scholars, job evaluation is described as a way that helps in establishing a justified rank order of jobs. This process is considered as the starting point for developing the virtual variations of wage rates. In some cases, job evaluation is considered as a systematic process that is geared towards developing pay variations among jobs within a single employer. In the past few years, several methods of job evaluation have been developed to help understand this process and make relatively easier to carry out. In addition to being used as a formal method for setting wage rates and pay scales by an employer, job evaluation methods are used for assessing the value links between jobs. Some of the most common methods of job evaluation include Lott's Point Method, Benge's Factor Comparison, and Multiple egression method.
Benge's method of job evaluation…
Henderson, R.I. (2006). Compensation management in a knowledge-based world (10th ed.).
Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.
"Position Evaluation is the Foundation of Pay Program Design." (2007). Exempt Pay Program
Design. Retrieved from The Evergreen State College website:
Job Evaluation, Market Pricing & Pay Structures
Job evaluation is a division of the salary management practice. It is a methodical examination of the relative demands that work places on a worker. Job evaluation results in a relative ranking of positions. This position, frequently expressed in terms of salary grades, is the foundation for the classification of salary ranges (Hilling, 2003). Market pricing is an organization of gathering data on the pay rates for comparable jobs in other companies to set up their market rate or price and track movements in those rates. The objective of the process is to help set the organization's own pay rates at the suitable level in order to employ and retain the personnel it desires (Graebner & Seaweard, 2004). While market pricing has forever been the foremost way that companies establish their pay levels, the lack of valuable survey data has been…
Dufetel, L. (1991). Job evaluation: Still at the frontier. (cover story). Compensation & Benefits Review, 23(4), 53.
Graebner, D.R., & Seaweard, K.A. (2004). Bringing it all inside: Job evaluation and market pricing at JCPenney. Workspan, 47(8), 30-30-35.
Hilling, F. (2003). Job evaluation is here to stay. World at Work Journal, 12(3), 14-21.
Job Evaluation: Understanding the Issues. (n.d.). Retreived from http://www.effectivecompensation.com/PDF/CareerPathJobEvaluation.pdf
One of the best ways of ensuring that an individual is motivated is to talk to him or her before undertaking any sort of training or evaluation procedure, in order to ascertain whether or not improvement is actually a goal of the individual. Once employees have demonstrated that positive change is a priority, another prime motivating factor is the tailoring of learning and training programs on an individual basis -- within reason, of course. By inducing elements of self-directed learning or training, in which employees may be able to study on their own or demonstrate their proficiency of concepts before others, motivation will be sufficiently evidenced and individuals will gain more out of a particular training.
Still, in order for long-term success and proficiency in a particular topic, it becomes necessary to stratify both the performance evaluation feedback process as well as any applicable training modules into smaller, manageable goals.…
Coleman, D. (2000). Working With Emotional Intelligence. New York: Bantam.
Evaluation and the ATA Model
Two major perspectives on new product evaluation have been proffered, and in order to make a decision of which one is right -- or what level of compromise should be established -- it is necessary to more closely examine the issue. On the one hand, it has been suggested that early evaluation can determine whether or not resources are wisely spent in further development, meaning the firm will spend less on products that are less promising, while on the other hand developing everything faster and evaluating at a later stage yields more meaningful data and more realistic assessments of potential success, while also leading to the creation of more potentially viable products. While there is some merit to both arguments, a general application of the ATA model can be used of demonstrate the higher efficacy of earlier evaluation in terms of increasing overall profitability.…
Cartier, L. (2011). The A-T-A-R Model. Accessed 12 November 2011. http://docs.google.com/viewer?a=v&q=cache:ICdNW4TRGm8J:www.aquila-bsi.com/npd/module_3/ATAR%2520Model.pdf+atar+model&hl=en&gl=us&pid=bl&srcid=ADGEESh0dcHEridcB1Fja3yA_FweEzCHotOWxLQc3kAPJO2CPBEL6Ey6l4LFhEb3msANSzrjZbb0frE67Y2QRZ38Zl6OsiGF1oItOVcV2qmxjY6EgLK_ZmvzVeBtYakKZD5vWsM-gaze&sig=AHIEtbSBVCz4Su6EgoRWWyerr7RyU_urag
Leeds, C. (2011). New Product strategy. Accessed 12 November 2011. http://docs.google.com/viewer?a=v&q=cache:lAbZNVledD0J:leeds-faculty.colorado.edu/moreaup/Marketing%25204250%2520-%2520Fall%252004/class%252014%2520-%2520forecasting.ppt+atar+model&hl=en&gl=us&pid=bl&srcid=ADGEESg4Oea8zeaTouBT3Il5Unnc0C04aKTWIGQcOZDx2HacRsmYVS8TrwvtuBROW2jJF3FJt935d9GWDZYUTFsAZFW84cBzYMWamDw2f5ZJVqoWmaBPh24ClIoPUqAE1Gu3MaHzu8b_&sig=AHIEtbQ5NW4unpa9n35gd2farS0emtp19w
EVALUATING A POGAM
Evaluation of a project or program plays an important role in future funding or accreditation of the program and also lends credibility to the service provided. When an organization launches a new program especially in the non-profit sector, it usually requires funding from various sources and needs to attract more people to the program to make it successful, for this purpose it must adopt a sound evaluation process. The evaluation report familiarizes the public with the objectives of the program, the goals it has achieved so far and the time frame in which it hopes to achieve further objectives. Carter McNamara explains what program evaluation is and what is its main purpose:
Program evaluation is carefully collecting information about a program or some aspect of a program in order to make necessary decisions about the program. Program evaluation can include any or a variety of…
Feins, J.D.; J.C. Epstein; and, R. Widom (1997), Solving Crime Problems in Residential Neighborhoods: Comprehensive Changes in Design, Management, and Use. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice.
Peterson, Ruth D., Lauren J. Krivo; and, Mark A. Harris. "Disadvantage and Neighborhood Violent Crime: Do Local Institutions Matter?" Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency. 37:1,31-63.
Carter McNamara, MBA, PhD, Basic Guide to Program Evaluation, 1999
E. Erin Artigiani, Hotspot Communities Initiative, Center for Substance Abuse Research University of Maryland, College Park, 2001
eserve Personnel Management Systems Division: Officer Evaluations
This paper engages in a thorough assessment of the culture, organization and technology of the reserve personnel management that operates as a branch within the Personnel Service Center of the United States Coast Guard: specifically the Officers Evaluation Systems. The method used to assess this particular branch relies heavily on ethnographic skills and related techniques. According to the official website of the U.S. Coast Guard, this is the division which handles "boards, panels, promotions, evaluations, advancements, retirements, resignations, discharges and separations for all reserve officer, chief warrant officers, and enlisted members" (uscg.mil, 2013). This is the division which deals with assignments, copies of records, medical issues and disability, individual ready reserve, promotions, separations, reserve retirement requests, policy waives and a host of other connected factors.
By scrutinizing closely factors like culture, organization, technology and related issues, one is able to obtain an accurately…
Boisjoy, R. (2013). Professional Responsibility and Conduct (Ethical Decisions - Morton Thiokol and the Challenger Disaster) . Retrieved from Onlineethics.org: http://www.onlineethics.org/Topics/ProfPractice/PPEssays/thiokolshuttle/shuttle_pro.aspx
Goldstein, H. (2005, September 1). Who Killed the Virtual Case File? Retrieved from ieee.org: http://spectrum.ieee.org/computing/software/who-killed-the-virtual-case-file/0
Howard, A. (2012, February 22). Data for the public good. Retrieved from Oreilly.com: http://strata.oreilly.com/2012/02/data-public-good.html
Israel, J. (2012). Why the FBI Can't Build a Case Management System. Computer, 73-80.
Operations Evaluation of Nike Incorporated
Marketing Mix Price
Marketing Mix Place
Factories Based on Region and Product
Current Situation of Footwear Industry
Marketing Mix Product
Nike Current Situation
Marketing Mix Promotion
Changes in Operations orkers at Factories
Code of Conduct Grade Assessment
Operations Evaluation of Nike Incorporated
Understanding how globalization affects a company will be analyzed to explore how Nike Incorporated handles the multiple risks and capitalizes on the benefits of such expansion. As Nike has faced immense growth and criticism due to the complex business model that has led to the number one position in the athletic footwear industry. It has been a challenge to balance strong organizational performance along with required corporate ethical standards expected for a global leader. A critical evaluation of Nike Inc. will…
Harvard Business Case. "Hitting the Wall Nike and International Labor Practices." Case
Number 9-394-198. 2010.
Locke, Richard M. MIT. "Promises and Perils of Globalization" Nike. 2010. <
http://www. scribd. com/doc/31654319/NikeCaseStudy
job evaluation, the responsibilities of the job must be understood. A friend works as a tour guide at a museum. There are a number of different responsibilities for this job. The first is to guide guests around the museum, so there are elements of this task including having good customer service, being knowledgeable about the museum, answering questions and providing a good visitor experience. My friend also gives tours in American Sign Language, so should also be evaluated on her ability in that form of communication.
The performance plan includes a number of metrics, both qualitative and quantitative. The number of tours given without complaint and the total number of complaints are two of the quantitative metrics, along with attendance statistics. There is also a qualitative evaluation that is done where the supervisor goes along on one of the tours in order to evaluate performance. This includes a checklist of…
McNamara, C. (no date). Employee performance management. Free Management Library. Retrieved May 15, 2011 from http://managementhelp.org/emp_perf/emp_perf.htm
Cost analysis methods, 2011, U.S. National Library of Medicine). This will give a picture of the efficacy of the drug, its financial costs, its impact upon society, and impact upon the patient. When a drug is new, data must first be accrued on the drug itself before it can be compared with similar treatments.
What type of economic evaluation should be used when comparing outcomes and costs of two diabetes therapies that affect both the severity of the disease and the survival rate? Why?
A cost-benefit analysis should be used. In this instance, the two therapies do not produce equivalent outcomes. This means a cost-minimization analysis that presumes equivalency cannot be used. The study's designers are not only interested in the costs of the treatment, but also the impact upon patient health, so cost-utility and cost-effectiveness analysis is not appropriate. Only a cost-benefit analysis provides non-quantitative information on the benefits…
HTA 101: IV. Cost analysis methods. (2011). U.S. National Library of Medicine.
Retrieved June 27, 2011 at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/nichsr/hta101/ta10106.html
It seems sound to recommend that Adam stop taking Concerta, because it might aggravate underlying bipolar symptoms.
Strattera not stimulating, but it can have side effects, like prolonged erections, and it is also a fairly new drug. It should be prescribed with caution. It is still uncertain whether Adam's conduct disorders are due to his unstable home environment, and not due to any biological factors. Prescribing Strattera seems like a normal course of therapeutic action, but should not be regarded as a panacea.
If you were the clinician, counselor, or therapist, what would be the primary issue you would want to address?
To be diagnosed with ADHD, the individual should exhibit the symptoms in two environments, and Adam's behavior seems to primarily assert itself in the home. With support, he seems functional in school, and he is substantially less functional at home than at school or with his peers.…
computer capacity evaluation is helpful for educational institutions. In addition to having many of the same IT requirements as other businesses, schools benefit from the use of technology in additional ways. Educational institutions use technology as an effective tool for promoting student learning, to enable new roles for students and teachers, to support professionalization of educators and to extend learning beyond the school walls (U.S. Department of Education, n.d.). Given the benefits of technology, the educational institution likewise has requirements for computer performance evaluation and capacity planning. Consequently, schools also stand to benefit from capacity planning that makes sure IT meets the demands placed upon it.
Research has documented the impact of technology in education and helps to underscore the importance of capacity planning and computer performance evaluation. Experts point to studies showing that careful planning is a prerequisite to effectively implementing technology in education and training. Planning and evaluation…
Adams, S. (2006). Maximizing the benefits of capacity planning. Retrieved December 23, 2011 from: http://esj.com/articles/2006/02/07/maximizing-the-benefits-of-capacity-planning.aspx
Cradler, J. (2011). Implementing technology in education: Recent findings form research and evaluation studies. Retrieved December 23, 2011 from: http://www.wested.org/techpolicy/recapproach.html
IBM Corporation. (2010). Benefits of capacity planning. Retrieved December 23, 2011 from: http://publib.boulder.ibm.com/infocenter/zos/v1r12/index.jsp?topic=%2Fcom.ibm.zos.r12.erba900%2Ferbzpm9019.htm
U.S. Department of Education. (n.d.) Technology and education reform. Retrieved December 23, 2011 from: http://www2.ed.gov/pubs/EdReformStudies/EdTech/overview.html
Leadeship is both an at and a science. As a leade wishing to make a stong impact and achieve the oganization's objectives, it is impotant to undestand the individual components of the team. This pocess equies balance, expeience and intuition. Knowing the stengths and weaknesses of the team is instumental in maximizing the efficiency, effectiveness and economics of any team oganization.
The DISC evaluation, which stands fo dominant, influential, steady and conscientious ae fou qualities that consist of a pesonality inventoy that helps ceate some geneal ideas about how these pats of the pesonality can be used to contibute to a lage team. The pupose of this essay is to develop a plan using these DISC pesonality categoies and incopoate them into a eal wold example using my mento's pesonal situation. The plan will incopoate ideas on how to best identify and employ the diffeence in attitudes, emotions,…
The aim of the following study was to conduct an ergonomic evaluation to identify contributing factors in the development of musculoskeletal pain and discomfort in Ultrasound Sonographers involved in Obstetric and Gynecological scanning. The methodology involved a cross-sectional study of Sonographers in one hospital. The methodology included the use of the Rapid Upper Limb Assessment (RULA) to identify the exposure to postural risk, static muscle work and repetition, and the use of an adapted Musculoskeletal Questionnaire to evaluate the frequency and distribution of musculoskeletal problems,. Fourteen participants were assessed in the workplace. The RULA analysis identified that the task element with the highest risk factor within this sample was scanning patients; it was found that the participant spent between 31% and 39% of their working time doing this in a 26-hour week. The results from the questionnaire found that 64% had experiences one or more combined physical problems…
Craig, M. 2005, Sonography. An occupational health hazard? Focusing on the issues. Journal of Diagnostic Medical Sonography, 1, 121-126
Habes, D.J., Baron, S. 2000, Case Studies: Ergonomic evaluation of antenatal ultrasound testing procedures. Applied Occupational and Environmental Hygiene, 15, 521-528
HSE 1992, Display Screen Equipment Work: Health and Safety Regulations 1992, Guidance on the Regulations L26, (HMSO, London)
Kirwan, B., and Ainsworth, L.K. 2007, A Guide to Task Analysis, (Taylor and Francis, London)
The communication aid would need to be durable so that Darmoth could not accidentally break it (he is not always very gentle with his "toys" and often does not realize his own strength) as well as easily portable so that he could carry it around with him. Perhaps having the tool be connected to a strap that kept it "hands free" when he is moving around would be ideal. It would have to be simple enough for him to learn how to operate, but also have a wide range of functions. The device must be able to translate Darmoth's thoughts into something that others -- even those who are not specifically trained -- can understand. The evaluation of a specialist would be extremely helpful so that the best kind of tool can be identified for Darmoth's needs.
The first step I would take in convincing the administration that an outside…
Abilitytech. (2004) Abilitytech: Computer Special Needs Solutions. Retrieved on November 12, 2004 at http://www.abilitytech.com.au/.
ATRC. (2004) Adaptive Technology Research Centre. University of Toronto. Retrieved on November 12, 2004 at http://www.utoronto.ca/atrc/ .
Cook, Albert & Hussey, Susan (2002) Assistive Technologies: Principles and Practice. 2nd ed. St. Louis, MO. Mosby. ISBN 0-323-00643-4
CAC. (2004) Speech and Language Therapy Department. Communication Aid Centre. Retrieved on November 12, 2004 at http://www.cacfrenchay.nhs.uk/cac_hist.htm.
This view is reflected in increasing calls for financial equity among schools, desegregation, mainstreaming, and standardized testing for teachers and students alike; it has been maintained that by providing the same education to all students, schools can equalize social opportunity (Bowman, 1994).
This latter position is typically followed up with the use of a particular curriculum designed to support the approach. In this regard, Bowman suggests that, "Knowledge is thought to exist in the collected wisdom of a canon, and education is the transferral of established wisdom to the learner" (p. 218). Unfortunately, when educators attempt to impose a "one-size-fits-all" curriculum on a diverse study body, there are bound to be problems -- particularly for those students who are already marginalized through language and other socioeconomic constraints.
Furthermore, in many ways, the public schools are unique in that they have been assigned the responsibility of communicating what American society regards…
Artiles, A.J., Higareda, I., Rueda, R., & Salazar, J.J. (2005). Within-group diversity in minority disproportionate representation: English language learners in urban school districts. Exceptional Children, 71(3), 283.
Banks, J.A. (1994). An introduction to multicultural education. Boston: Allyn and Bacon.
Bowman, B.T. (1994). The challenge of diversity. Phi Delta Kappan, 76(3), 218.
Breitborde, M.L. (1993). Multicultural education in the classroom. Childhood Education,
Forensic Psychological Evaluation
Confidential Psychological Evaluation
Gender: Male Date of Report: 05/07/2012
Date of Birth: 10/01/1981 Age
Marital Status: Single Occupation: Unemployed
Race: Caucasian Education: GED
Referred by: Dr., B. Wynter
REASON FOR REFERRAL:
A Psychiatric Evaluation on May 19, 2006 by Barbara Wynter, License psychologist who is
Clinical administrator of Central Treatment Facility ward 1, 2, 3, was requested to further assist in diagnosis.
LIMITS OF CONFIDENTIALITY:
DR, B. Wynters
MMPI (Spell out the name Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory)
Is a depressive component of scale 6. The items connote extraordinary emotional sensitivity or vulnerability that is dysphonic in tone. These items have a "poor little me" flavor, portraying the self as meek and innocuous, emotionally fragile, incapable of being a threat to others, and perhaps as being entitle to special concern and consideration for one's tender sensibilities. There is an implicit theme of resentment…
One solution to enhance learning might be to require that all officers take the initial course and to then develop online content for 'follow-up' briefings and re-testing of knowledge every six months. This would be more rigorous than the current method of having refresher courses every three years. The frequency of the retraining would reinforce the seriousness of the issue.
While it is true that there is an optional SFST update course to be taken within six months, the course is not mandatory. While an SFST instructor must supervise the SFST practitioner administering the SFSTs' in initial administration, the 35 test cases within six months of the initial training that the officer must complete are not supervised and thus there is no ongoing feedback during the course, limiting its effectiveness. Feedback is an essential component of learning -- in the classroom and in the field.
Level 3: Behavior
In addition to all these limitations, ProjectDesk also does not appear to have a process interlink to quotes, proposals or additional flow-on tasks that the project task list would be used for. Most noticeable when one considers collaboration from a global standpoint, ProjectDesk does not appear to be supporting any other languages but English.
Conversely ProjectDesk does have value purely as a collaboration platform where workgroups are primarily interested in tracking their tasks over time. The interface, which is intuitive, makes learning the application very quick and also can lead to higher rates of user adoption in larger groups as it is comparable to other low-end applications. There is also the support of document sharing and automated e-mailing of project document to members of a team. Given the fact this is an entirely Web-based application there is also no hardware investment involved on the part of companies choosing to use…
Explain how each of the five evaluation factors for a secondary source influences its management decision- making value.
The globalizing nature of our economy has foisted certain challenges upon business managers and organizational decision-makers. Particular among them is the need to remain abreast of shifting research, newly advanced findings and cutting-edge market theories. In order to do this, an organization's research department must remain steeped in an array of secondary sources with proper discretion of data quality. The Five Evaluation Functions of Purpose, Scope, Authority, Audience and Format help to avail this discretion.
First and foremost, it is recognized that qualifying the credibility of secondary sources is essential to meaningful decision-making. According to ang et al. (1995), "use of the term 'data manufacturing' encourages researchers and practitioners alike to seek out cross-disciplinary analogies that can facilitate the transfer of knowledge from the field of product quality to the…
Nannapaneni, S.K. (2008). Business Research Methods. Morehead State University.
Wang, R.Y.; Storey, V.C. & Firth, C.P. (1995). A Framework For Analysis of Data Quality Research. IEEE Transactions of Knowledge and Data Engineering, 7(4).
Team evaluation: MGI
Fundamentally, my team worked so effectively because of our common goals and determination to succeed. A critical component of creating our effective team was the drawing-up of a team charter. The charter listed team member strengths, duties, processes, ground rules, and above all a timetable of deliverables. Having a series of deadlines for small projects, rather than focusing on the single, final deadlines of the project forced us to keep in constant contact over email and have a consistent and ongoing dialogue about the preoccupations of the case study.
One of the challenges of being a member of a virtual team is that the distanced format can lack accountability, and people do not get a clear sense of the personalities of other team members. However, in the case of our team, we clearly bonded as a unit. The fact that Nicholas Payne was so prompt in getting…
Evaluating the program's progress and results will be an ongoing concern for this study; many of the tools necessary to do so are relatively simple to create and implement. The process for doing so includes both quantitative and qualitative methodologies. The quantitative method will include hard numbers and percentages based on initial testing, ongoing evaluations and a comparative test at the end of the study that will be used to determine results and outcomes. The qualitative method will be based on the perceptions, thoughts, ideals and beliefs of the participants of the study and how they have changed in either negative or positive ways.
The instructional problem that this paper will address is "can instructing students in the area(s) of fitness and diet improve the student's capabilities and understanding in regards to how they influence the student's overweight or obesity issues?" Previous research has shown…
Hua, V.; (2010) A strategy worth watching, THE Journal, Vol. 37, Issue 5, pp. 26-31
Kastner, M.; Li, J.; Lottridge, D.; Marquez, C.; Newton, D.; Straus, S.E.; (2010) Development of a prototype clinical decision support tool for osteoporosis disease management: A qualitative study of focus groups, BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making, Vol. 10 Issue 1, pp. 40 -- 54
Rivera, M.L.; Donnelly, J.; Parry, B.A.; Dinizio, A.; Johnson, C.L.; Kline, J.A.; Kabrhel, C.; (2008) Prospective randomized evaluation of a personal digital assistant-based research tool in the emergency department, BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making, Vol. 8, Issue 1, Special section, pp. 1 -- 7
Rumsey, S. & Loureiro-Koechlin, C.; (2010) The role of an entity registry in scholarly communication: Exploring creative uses of research activity data, New Review of Academic Librarianship, Vol. 16, pp. 17 -- 27
Policy Process: Evaluation, Analysis and evision
The National Nursing Shortage eform and Patient Advocacy Act was designed to address the public health workforce shortage that is seen, especially where nurses are concerned. It is no secret that nurses are leaving the profession in record numbers, and as they do that it is becoming more and more difficult to replace them with others who want to do the same type of work (Buerhaus & etchin, 2013; Iglehart, 2013). Because of all the nurses retiring, and so many of them experiencing burnout, the gap between the number of needed nurses and those who are available continues to widen (Negron & Cohen, 2013). The issue here is how that Act becomes a policy, so it can provide more help to a public health workforce that is struggling. In order for the Act to become a policy, it must first be evaluated. The Act…
Buerhaus, P.I., & Retchin, S.M. (2013). The dormant National Health Care Workforce Commission needs congressional funding to fulfill its promise. Health Affairs, 32(11), 2021-2024.
Iglehart, J.K. (2013). Expanding the role of advanced nurse practitioners - risks and rewards. New England Journal of Medicine, 368(20), 1935-1941.
Negron, B., & Cohen, E. (2013). Back to the future: A standardized approach to delivering effective nursing care. Nurse Leader, 11(2), 52-56.
S.739 (2014). Congress.gov. Retrieved from https://beta.congress.gov/bill/113th-congress/senate-bill/739
Even though the American Revolution is seen as justified today, it was not seen as such during its time period, and a sophisticated historian never sees historical events as inevitable. Nor is the decision to go to war ever a purely good ethical decision. Students will be able to take a similarly rigorous analytical approach later on to other periods of history, and to contemporary civil controversies.
The use of art will give added aid students who are visual learners, or who have untapped artistic talents that may go unnoticed in the academic classroom to shine. Making a poster a group project encourages collaboration and discussion. Debate and exchange of ideas is another essential element of the civic process the students will later engage in, as future voters. On this section of website, the graphic of the pointing Uncle Sam, although not historical, underlines the importance of political advertising in…
Pakistan is the South Asian country and was established in 1947. It shares border with India, Tajikistan, Afghanistan, Iran and China. It has a coastline spanning of 1,046 km with Arabian Sea. The country has highest peaks in the world that are K2 and Nanga Parbat of Karakorum and Pamir in the northern and western highlands of Pakistan. Islamabad, Lahore and Karachi provide the major by air gateways to Pakistan. India and Iran also provides the way to reach Pakistan by train.
There are several favorable characteristics that make Pakistan an ideal country for an international business. However, the country is facing imbalanced economic, societal and political conditions since independence due to which investors gets reluctant to invest in the country. This report reviews the favorable and unfavorable aspects of Pakistan for U.S. investors.
Investors need to consider various factors before making investment for an international business. First…
Dawn. (2012, May 27). Taxation and Foreign Investment. Retrieved July 23, 2012, from Dawn: http://dawn.com/2012/05/27/taxation-and-foreign-investment/
Khan, A.H. (2012, January 31). Instability and Economy. Pakistan.
Mahmood, J. (2012, 07-16). Pakistani Stock Market, Rupee Exchange Rate Rise. Karachi, Pakistan.
Masood. (2010, June 3). Foreign Direct Investment in Pakistan. Pakistan.
and, some teachers focus mainly on staff development issues related to changes in curriculum, measures and/or desired outcomes.
Of these various roles, I am most interested in how to change instruction so that it can meet desired standards and measurements. Ultimately, I believe that this is what makes the real difference in being able to achieve outcomes, particularly with the growing need for differentiated teaching strategies to achieve the same results for students with unique learning needs.
As I have mentioned, I am an advocate of summative and formative assessments because I believe they serve two very different, but complimentary purposes. That being said, I also believe there needs to be the right mix of the two. Currently, our school relies too much on summative assessments due to increased standardized test requirements by our district and state. This has affected every role that teachers play in our assessment process. This…
Ornstein, a.C., & Hunkins, F.P. (2003). Curriculum: Foundations, principles, and issues. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.
Shavelson, R.J., Dylan, P.J. And Coffey, J. On linking formative and summative functions in the design of large-scale assessment systems. http://220.127.116.11/search?q=cache:DI8Y2NFddAUJ:www.stanford.edu/dept/SUSE/SEAL/Reports_Papers/on%2520Aligning%2520Formative%2520and%2520Summative%2520Functions_Submit.doc+%22curriculum+assessment%22+%22formative+and+summative%22&hl=en&ct=clnk&cd=3&gl=us
Swearingen, R, (2002). A orimer: Diagnostic, formative, & summative assessment http://www.mmrwsjr.com/assessment.htm
Thiel, T. & Feeny, M. Literature synopsis. http://18.104.22.168/search?q=cache:zAO6k54RBXEJ:www.education.gov.ab.ca/k_12/special/aisi/pdfs/Project_Evaluation_UniversityofLethbridge.pdf+formative+summative+Bhola&hl=en&ct=clnk&cd=7&gl=us
Individual Evaluation of the Completed Process by Answering the Following Questions:
Catchball is a concept called Hoshin Kanri. After the Second World War, Hoshin Kanri was a system to create policy management in Japanese companies. 'Hoshin' is a Japanese word that means pointing the direction and 'Kanri' means control. (Ten Step, 2003) The process is complex in the sense that the management creates the policy or attempts to create a goal. In this case it was to create the 'electronic housemaid'. This requirement often translates to many actions from all participants and thus the peers in the team throw a 'catch-ball' to the staff or various participants who then respond to these questions or propositions and the analysis of the response evinces further questions and so on until all issues are sorted out. This method was used in the project which was a software project to create an artificial intelligence…
Business Process Excellence. (2008) "Applied Strategy Execution: Strategy Deployment and Execution Guide for Sustainable Business Improvement" Business Process Excellence LLC.
Cowley, Michael; Domb, Ellen. (2012) "Beyond Strategic Vision"
Harvard Business Essentials. (2006) "Decision Making: 5 Steps to Better Results"
limitations of an evaluation are that the evaluation is biased in one way or another. Researchers guard against this by using reliability estimators. Each of the possible four reliability estimators has certain advantages and disadvantages. For example, inter-rater reliability is one of the better methods to estimate reliability when measuring an observation. For an evaluation it is better to use the reliability estimator of test-retest. This reliability estimator can be administered to the same test or a similar sample from different occasions. This approach assumes that there is no substantial change in the construct being measured between the two occasions. The amount of time allowed between measures is obviously critical. Measuring the same thing twice so that the correlations between the two observations are compatible depends partly on elapsed time between measurement occasions. The shorter the time gap, the higher the correlation; the longer the time gap, the lower the…
There are three major job evaluation methods. These are the time span of discretion, the decision band method and the problem-solving method. The time span of discretion method requires the inputs of whether it is a single- or multiple-task job, the standards used, and the normal length of time between when a subordinate starts a task and when the supervisor checks his or her performance. The decision band method uses the principle that decision-making is important in all jobs. So the types of decisions are used to analyze each job, then the jobs are graded on that basis and the pay structure is then determined. Finally, there is the problem-solving compensable method, which uses problem-solving as a single universal factor in evaluating all of the jobs in the organization. A fourth method is the benchmark guide chart method, which requires the identification of relevant compensable factors and building…
Henderson, R. (no date). Compensation Management in a Knowledge-Based World, Tenth Edition.
Ryerson University. (2008). Decision band method overview. Ryerson University. Retrieved December 19, 2013 from http://www.ryerson.ca/content/dam/hr/management/job_eval/docs/je_dbm_handbook_and_paq_guide_2009.pdf
On the other hand, a new business plan should not be so unrealistic as to fail to take note of existing market conditions and real economic pressures. The balance of personalities of team members, between the more practical and introverted, to the more feeling and extroverted individuals gave our team an excellent personality blend of boldness and caution. There was methodological weight behind the market research we conducted, yet there was also innovative thinking in terms of how the product was structured.
Another great strength of our team was the balance of people who enjoyed beginning new projects, and people who enjoyed bringing tasks to completion. One problem with creative idea-generating techniques such as laddering and SWOT is that so many ideas and potential innovations and obstacles can be generated that idea sessions spiral out of control and there is no grounding in reality and no sense of refining the…
Allen, K.R. (2010). New venture creation (International Edition). 5th ed. South-Western
Bolton, B. & J. Thompson. (2004). Entrepreneurs: Talent, temperament, technique. 2nd ed.
In the ad, we see a testimonial coming from a working mother. Hence, consumption has already taken place and upon her consumption of the product, the working mother found significant value in it. This can be attested by the product's instrumental value, i.e. she took the product to lose weight and this is exactly what happened. We can also detect its hedonic value when the working mother found the product's website to be helpful and encouraging. This helped make product consumption an enjoyable and positive experience. Product satisfaction, on the other hand, is the result of the value she placed upon the consumed product. In this case, product satisfaction is high because of the positive value obtained by the product from the consumer.
In terms of the type of influence used, we argue that both internal and external techniques were employed. The advertisement appealed on consumer perception and better judgment…
Babin, Barry J. & Harris, Eric G. CB. Ohio: South-Western Cengage Learning. 2009.
Building Security Evaluation: Baltimore-Washington Thurgood Marshall International Airport
Just a couple of decades ago, travelers, visitors and virtually anyone else could walk freely through the nation's airports without being challenged at any point, and security considerations were generally restricted to concerns over possible so-called "skyjackings" to Cuba, but even these were rare. Following the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, though, all of this changed in fundamental ways as airports across the country implemented a wide range of security measures intended to prevent a recurrence of these deadly security breaches. Indeed, today, security at the nation's airports has never been stricter, and despite the time and trouble these initiatives have created for air travelers, most passengers today appear to accept these measures in stride as part of the post-September 11 climate. To determine what security measures have been taken in a specific airport facility, this paper provides an evaluation of…
Facts & figures. (2009). Baltimore/Washington Thurgood Marshall International Airport. [Online]. Available: http://www.bwiairport.com/about_bwi/facts_figures/ .
Fire suppression division. (2009). Maryland Aviation Administration, Department of Transportation. [Online]. Available: http://www.marylandaviation.com/content/aboutthemaa/firerescuedept.html.
Ramstack, T. & Lively, T. (2004, January 7). BWI airport police search entering cars; action taken as a Code Orange precaution. The Washington Times, C08.
Wallis, R. (2003). How safe are our skies? Assessing the airlines' response to terrorism. Westport, CT: Praeger.