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In contrast to the freedom of the boat, Joyce juxtaposes the inside of the house with the dust that is mounting up, the familiar objects and the yellowing photograph. Although her brothers are not there physically with her, the letter to Harry says he is near to her heart. Similarly, he uses water as a means of rejuvenation, as well as a threat of drowning her and letting her see what she loses through her fear and lack of courage. By not plunging into those "seas of the world that tumble[d] about her heart" Eveline gives up escape, renewed life and possible love for the past, duty, and a stale life.
The whole concept of duty to her family and to God is contained in this brief story, as well. She in fact prays to God and he responds to her with a mournful sound: "She felt her cheek…
Eveline." James Joyce. Website retrieved on May 1, 2007. http://www.online-literature.com/james_joyce/959
James Joyce, in Dubliners, explores the internal conflict that paralyzes his female protagonist, Eveline, as she stands upon the event horizon of a new life, and a new set of possibilities. At this particular moment in her life, Eveline finds herself at a crossroads, considering whether or not she should leave her home and her abusive, alcoholic father in order to travel to a far away and exotic land to begin a new life, full of promise and hope. As the story progresses, Eveline appears ready to say 'yes!' To life when the story's narrator suggests that Eveline "wanted to live" (Joyce 38). A trip to Buenos Aires with her lover, Frank, would offer Eveline the opportunity to grow beyond the restrictive confines of her old life, that which she had been required to endure while living in Dublin. But as the boat for Buenos Aries is about…
Joyce, James. Dubliners. Harmondsworth, England: Penguin, 1967.
In the case of "Eveline" written by James Joyce, Eveline is the female character who is shown to be bound by the chains of responsibilities that she is supposed to fulfill being the only woman in the house. She needs to give up on her dreams and freedom, as she needs to take care of her household. She plans to travel and runaway with her boyfriend but her responsibilities stop her. Feminism is the main theme of Eveline. "A Clean ell-Lighted Place" by Ernest Hemmingway is based on the existentialist themes, where despair is based on considering life as being empty, and nothing. The main character of the story is an old rich man who comes to a well-lit and an organized cafe to deal with his despair.
Two stories mentioned and compared in the sections above have highlighted and pointed towards increased despair in the main characters. Eveline…
Attridge, Derek. The Cambridge Companion to James Joyce, Cambridge Companions to Literature, Cambridge Collections Online. Edition 2. Cambridge University Press, 2004.
Bloom, Harold. Ernest Hemingway, Bloom's BioCritiques. Infobase Publishing, 2002.
De Voogd, Peter. "Special Issue: Imaging Eveline, Visualised Focalisations in James Joyce's Dubliners." European Journal of English Studies 4 (2000), pages 39-48.
Garrigues, Lisa. "Reading the Writer's Craft: The Hemingway Short Stories." The English Journal 94 (2004), pp. 59-65.
Eveline" by James Joyce
Leaving for an unfamiliar territory: Reinforcing Eveline's fear through setting in "Eveline" by James Joyce
In the short story "Eveline," James Joyce presented a thought-provoking narrative of the life of Eveline, a woman who refused to let go of the world she had long lived in and pursue other opportunities and challenges life has to offer her. Her story had been established in two phases. The first phase involved a narrative of her family's history, the life she led long before her mother died. The second phase began with her mother's death, wherein most of Eveline's childhood friends had moved on to live separate lives. Even her brothers had moved on, Harry pursuing a career outside their hometown and Ernest dying soon after his mother's death. It became evident that Eveline was not the only one who refused to move on with life: her father, too,…
"She stood up in a sudden impulse of terror. Escape! She must escape!" (Joyce). The sudden of this quotation, and its transient fear, is readily apparent. Evelyn is not acting so much as reacting to this memory, and the "terror" it brings her. This quotation is demonstrative of the fright she feels due to her faint-heartedness. She cannot act but react, and it is this same inability to act due to fear (initially induced by her father) that drives her emotions and her behavior.
At the end of the story, Eveline's faint-heartedness causes another spasm of terror that prevents her from escaping her life in Europe and pursuing a better one with her sailor in South America. She is afraid of the unknown, and is afraid of leaving the only life that she has known -- regardless of how little she likes it or how debilitating an effect it produces…
Joyce, James. "Eveline." Online-Literature Network. 1914. Web. http://www.online-literature.com/james_joyce/959 /' target='_blank' REL='NOFOLLOW'>
Dubliners stories deal mortality/death . For, "Eveline," a young girl lives a promise made dying mother.
There is no denying the fact that morality is one of the principle themes in James Joyce's collection of short stories Dubliners, and in the tale "Eveline" in particular. Joyce is regarded as "one of the brightest stars of European literary modernism" (Spinks 1). In many ways, this short story functions as a precaution about morbidity. The antithesis of death, life, is highly prevalent and effervescent in this tale, always struggling to extricate itself out of the shadow of its more moribund counterpart. The titular charter in this work, Eveline, faces a struggle in which she attempts to assert her life and her volition to live against the diseased backdrop of her life -- as demonstrated through its past, present, and even future incarnations. Ultimately she fails, full acknowledging her mortality and evincing the…
Barnes, Tom. "Critical Analysis of James Joyce's Eveline." Yahoo Voices. 2006. Web. http://voices.yahoo.com/critical-analysis-james-joyces-eveline-33513.html
Dilworth, Thomas. "The Numina of Joyce's 'Eveline'." Studies in Short Fiction. 15 (4): 456-458. 1978. Web.
Joyce, James. Dubliners. www.gutenberg.org. 1914. Web. http://www.gutenberg.org/files/2814/2814-h/2814-h.htm
One of the Dubliners stories, “Eveline” is a devastating tale about a woman’s resistance to change. The title character acts as if she is trapped in the past, even though she has a tremendous and promising opportunity to embrace a new life filled with freedom and excitement. Eveline grapples with the question of whether to stay in Dublin or leave with her lover, and her indecision results in the decision being made for her—Eveline remains powerless. A feminist criticism approach to “Eveline” shows how the title character responds ambivalently to patriarchal social structures and gender norms.
Eveline is a young woman, whose mother has died, and whose father has since become violent; “she sometimes felt herself in danger of her father's violence,” (Joyce 2). Although Eveline claims her father “was not so bad” when her mother was still alive (1), she contradicts herself later, saying, “she would not be treated…
Joyce, James. “Eveline.”
Her disappointment is passed on to Frank and they both suffer because of her inaction and resulting fear.
In "The Boarding house," we discover disappointment connected to two characters, Polly and Mr. Doran. In this story, disappointment is wrapped up with victimization and manipulation. Mrs. Mooney is the one holding the cards in this game and she is determined to see that her daughter does not suffer for the sake of a man. Mr. Doran becomes her victim Mrs. Mooney deals with her own misery. hile Polly is accustomed to having her way with the men of the boarding house, her mother is intent on her having some semblance of a good life. Mr. Doran is a victim of circumstance. He happens to be at the proverbial wrong place at the wrong time and ends up paying for it - perhaps for the rest of his life. e read, "There…
Joyce, James. "Araby." Online Literature Database. Information Retrieved Accessed October 12, 2008. http://www.online-literature.com/james_joyce/954/
The Boarding House." Online Literature Database. Information Retrieved Accessed October 12, 2008. http://www.online-literature.com/james_joyce/955/
Eveline." Online Literature Database. Information Retrieved Accessed October 12, 2008. http://www.online-literature.com/james_joyce/959 /' target='_blank' REL='NOFOLLOW'>
Eveline describe her home? Her past? Why is her assessment of her past expressed as follows: "Still they seemed to have been rather happy then."
Eveline describes her past in nostalgic terms. She is nostalgic and wistful because she is leaving and though she is not particularly happy about her situation, it is all she knows. She also remembers the promise she made to her mother about looking after the family and that makes her decision to leave all the more difficult. Yet when she looks at how things have changed in her neighborhood and how alien her own home is to her, she feels that she has the right to leave -- as though now that the happiness of the past is gone it is time to look for it elsewhere (with Frank).
The narrator says, "It was hard work -- a hard life- but now that she was…
women are confined in society as depicted in the stories by Steinback, Joyce and Oates.
Stories set in the end of the 19th century and beginning of the 20th century often depict women as being confined to the norms of society even while they struggle to be free. Authors of literary works may they be short or long stories have often presented these women as being frustrated with the status imposed upon them and show the problems they face in a patriarchal society. In John Steinback's Chrysanthemums for instance, the female character Elisa Allen has been portrayed as "a strong, capable woman kept from personal, social, and sexual fulfillment by the prevailing conception of a woman's role in a world dominated by men" (Steinback, 306). Her appearance, manner and speech all suggest that she is a woman frustrated with the male dominated world. Her husband forever reminds Elisa that she…
Walker, Alice. "Everyday Use." The Norton Anthology, 4th ed., shorter. New York: Norton, 1995.
Wright, Richard. "The Man Who Was Almost a Man" available at www.xroads.virginia.edu/~DRBR2/wright.htm
Oates, Joyce Carol. "Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been?" accessed on 8-11-2002 at: www.usfca.edu/fac-staff/southerr/wgoing.html
Gender and Organizational Social Change Models
The increasing number of women in managerial positions represents a social change. Women are in these positions, and must earn their way to be accepted by both males and females. There are other changes within organizational styles that may be impacted by the entrance of more female managers into the workplace. For instance, the older authoritarian styles of the early part of the century are slowly being replaced by a more "team" approach (McGuire and Hutchings, 2006). These cultural changes within organizations represent a switch to an organizational culture that is more oriented towards the female managerial style. Male managers may need to soften their approach in order to make the transition to a "team oriented" organization.
The differences in the way in which males and females approach problems is an accepted paradigm in psychology. Historically, women have had difficulty adjusting to the male…
Aaltio, L. And Huang, J. 2007. Women managers' careers in information technology in China: high flyers with emotional costs? Journal of Organizational Change Management. Vol. 20. Issue 2, pp. 227-244.
Akgun, a., Byrne, J., Lynn, G., and Keskin, H. 2007. Organizational unlearning as changes in beliefs and routines in organizations. Journal of Organizational Change Management. Vol. 20. Issue 6, pp. 794-812.
American Psychological Association (APA). 2006. When the Boss is a Woman. March 22, 2006. Psychology Matters. Available at http://www.psychologymatters.org/womanboss.html
Diefenbach, T. 2007. The managerialistic ideology of organisational change management. Journal of Organizational Change Management. Vol. 20. Issue 1., pp. 126-144.
The reality of this truth is that is Nora does not know herself, her husband cannot possible know who she is. Nora experiences the pain of a blind love that has finally seen the truth. In a moment of enlightenment, she tells her husband, "You don't understand me, and I have never understood you either -- before tonight" (194).
For years, Nora lived safely behind the lie that she called a marriage but after Torvald found out about the loan, the happy marriage was gone and both partners saw the lies of one another. Nora's difficulty with love is different in that she makes a positive discovery in addition to the terrible truth she has learned. In short, not all is in vain. Nora can walk away a more informed, educated, and independent woman as a result of what she went through with Torvald. She can also look forward to…
Chekhov, Anton. "The Lady with the Pet Dog." The Norton Anthology of Short Fiction R.V. Cassill, ed. New York W.W. Norton and Company. 1981.
Ibsen, Henrik. A Doll's House. Three Plays by Ibsen. New York: Dell Publishing Company, Inc. 1963.
Oates' story, Were Are You Going, Were Have You Been? is one tat as sparked te interest of numerous commentators wo ave read a multiplicity of views into te plot and caracters? Some ave seen te story as cautionary tale to teenagers. Oters ave read Jungian or Freudian arcetypes into te story, wilst oters ave packed it wit psycological insigt. Certainly, Oates as skillfully used er background, motifs and oter elements of fiction (suc s point-of-view, foresadowing, irony, and symbolism) to paint us a tale tat sows a multiplicity of meaning. Te element of music tat winds troug te tale is one of tem. Te following essay develops some of tese implications
Most readers see te story serving as cautionary tale to adolescents. Connie is a naive restless teenager at te beginning of te story, typically, as most teens are, preoccupied wit er appearance, and feeling frustrated wit er life.…
Quirk, Tom. "A Source For "Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been?" "Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been?" Ed. Elaine Showalter. New Brunswick: Rutgers UP, 1994. 81-89.
Urbanski, Marie Mitchell Olesen. "Existential Allegory." "Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been?" Ed. Elaine Showalter. New Brunswick: Rutgers UP, 1994. 75-79.
Victorian Female Sexuality
Victorian Sexuality: George Bernard Shaw's Mrs. arren's Profession and Thomas Hardy's "The Ruined Maid"
omen in the Victorian era must have suffered enormously under the massive double standards and the shameful image of a woman who wanted to be on her own. It is clear from examining the literature of the period how much discrimination was placed on women in the era. George Bernard Shaw's Mrs. arren's Profession and Thomas Hardy's "The Ruined Maid" show the intense sexual and gender discrimination that women in the Victorian era had to endure and the extreme consequences that were reserved for them upon breaking such strict traditions on sexuality and love relationships; however, George Bernard Shaw does allow for a greater sense of freedom for his female characters as his work was written much later at the tail end of the Victorian era, as long as they avoid the contact…
Hardy, Thomas. "The Ruined Maid." All Poetry. 1866. Web. http://allpoetry.com/poem/8442925-The_Ruined_Maid-by-Thomas_Hardy
Shaw Festival. Mrs. Warren's Profession: Connections Shaw Festival Study Guide. 2008. Web. http://www.shawfest.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/03/Mrs_Warrens_Study_Guide.pdf
Shaw, George Bernard. Mrs. Warren's Profession. Gutenberg EBook. 2011. Web. http://www.gutenberg.org/files/1097/1097-h/1097-h.htm