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The whole aim of a fable is to create a laugh but yet, under the laughter the fable conveys an instruction. Fables are designed to teach a lesson in morality or judgment. The lessons are implied within the fable itself.
The construction of a fable pays particular attention to the narration itself, the deduction of the moral and a careful maintenance of the individual characteristics of the personages introduced into it. The narration itself relates to a simple action and is not over laden with details. Further there are not a variety of circumstances and is always precise to the point. The moral lesson is so simple and plain that it becomes very easy for a person to deduce it the way it is supposed to be deduced without any room for misinterpretations or distortions. For example in the story "The appointment in Sammara," we learn that it is fruitless…
During this time in history all community organizations interacted at many levels within towns and communities to address needs, emergencies, agendas, projects, and what was deemed important and many times these meetings took place at the local schools in the area which community level civic engagement and participation occurred. Therefore, having named national regulations and rules, standards, and quantitative data in testing to have played a great role in the lack of civic education in schools, as well it is necessary to address the importance assigned to education in the United States. While politicians, policy-makers and legislators all want to declare that they and their political party and organization has assigned the utmost importance to education in today's schools then a new fable in school education curriculum is discovered as under-funded and understaffed schools with horrendously unfit schools much less computer and other technology learning equipment required for today's students…
Just Another Fable in the Educational Landscape (2006) Thespis Journal. Online available at: 16 July 2006. http://thespisjournal.blogspot.com/2006/07/just-another-fable-in-educational.html
Dissemination of a Fable in the American School System
Myth to Reality
The Hidden Meanings of Fables and Parables
Since earliest times, human beings have sought to improve the world in which they live. As Man is a social creature, the day-to-day interactions between himself and his fellows take on at least as much importance as his contacts with the natural world. Certain standards of ethics and morality must be maintained if a society is to function smoothly. hile the particular standards may vary somewhat from culture to culture, the necessity of upholding them is universal. Often, a fanciful story - a fable or a parable - can express ideas that might be difficult to discuss in a more straightforward manner. People are sensitive to criticism, and frequently are blind to their own faults. They need a way to stand outside of themselves, to be an observer looking in, in order to obtain a truer picture of the real…
http://www.questia.com/PageManagerHTMLMediator.qst?action=openPageViewer&docId=97627824"Duncan-Jones, Katherine, ed. Sir Philip Sidney. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 223, 1989.
Guiton, Margaret. La Fontaine: Poet and Counterpoet. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press 23, 1961. Hall, James. Dictionary of Subjects and Symbols in Art. New York: Westview Press 274, 1979.
A www.questia.com/PageManagerHTMLMediator.qst?action=openPageViewer&docId=65846650"Kaufmann, Wanda Ostrowska, and Madeline Sutherland. The Anthropology of Wisdom Literature. Westport, CT: Bergin & Garvey 111, 1996.
Long, John R.
In A Fable for Critics, James ussell Lowell pays tribute to his contemporaries with a sort of poetic roast. Although Lowell may not be joking, the overall tone of the lengthy poem is satirical. The assessments of authors like Emerson, Bryant, Whittier, Hawthorne, Cooper, Poe, Irving, and Holmes occasionally come across as jibes. Yet often, Lowell gushes with admiration and respect for his fellow writers. Lowell consistently and liberally uses hyperbole throughout A Fable for Critics. For example, he calls Emerson's words "like gold nails in temples to hang trophies on," (line 2). He also uses romantic imagery and metaphors like the one describing Emerson as having a "Greek head on right Yankee shoulders," (2nd stanza). Just as Lowell seems to be admiring Emerson, he launches into some harsh criticisms. For example, Lowell states that Emerson speaks about ideas like they were "fossils stuck round in a cabinet" and…
Lowell, J.R. (n.d.). A Fable for Critics. Retrieved online: http://www.readbookonline.net/readOnLine/1163/
marathon is among the most fabled athletic events of all times. The modern-day Olympic Games, arguable the largest athletic spectacle worldwide, are rooted in ancient rites more storied than the traditions of the major religions. While the modern-day games are rooted in the post-war spirit of pacific global competition under the guise of competition, the age-old tradition of the marathon is entrenched in the collective memory of ancient history. More than two thousand years later, the marathon has become the epitome of athletic competition, rivaling the Olympics for rigor, demand, and athleticism. Held in cities all over the globe, the marathon has witnessed a recent event-tide in flourishing popularity with more people taking part each year to be part not only of the history, but reap the incredible health, metaphysical, and interpersonal rewards the race offers.
The ancient Greeks were no strangers to long-distance running, marathon scholar Charlie Lovett writes.…
"Marathon: Health Benefits." Copa Cabama Runners. Available Online: http://www.copacabanarunners.net/welcome.html
Burton, Allegra. "The Marathoner's Diet for Optimal Performance." MarathonGuide.Com Available Online:
This Matthean Bible passage falls under the concept of eschatology (Matt. 24:1-31). One of the eschatological occurrences foretold is the return of the Son of Man (Matt. 24:29-31). The focus passage (Matt. 24:45-51) falls in-between a group of successive passages (Matt. 24:32-25; 46-51) which are advices on how best to live currently in line with this eschatology. The verses preceding and succeeding “The Parable of the Good Servant and the Wicked Servant” has several repeated warnings which states that, though the end is foreseen, there is no one who knows when exactly the end will come (Matt. 24:36, 42, 44; 25:13). These exhortations are concerned with the time between the first and the second coming of Christ, this time in which the master has embarked on a trip which he will return from (Matt. 25:14), as explained in the Parable of the Talents (Matt. 25:14-30). Since the time…
Hagner, D. A. (1995). Matthew 14-28. Word Biblical Commentary, gen. ed. Bruce M. Metzger, vol. 33B. Dallas, Texas: Word.
Tasker, R. G. V. (1961). The Gospel according to Matthew. Tyndale New Testament Commentaries, vol. 1. Grand Rapids, Michigan: Eerdmans.
Carson, D. A. (1984). Matthew. The Expositor’s Bible Commentary, ed. Frank E. Gaebelein, vol. 8. Grand Rapids, Michigan: Zondervan Publishing House.
Aland, Kurt, ed. (1987). Synopsis of the four Gospels: Greek English edition. 8th corrected ed. Stuttgart: German Bible Society.
Parable of the Prodigal Son
Among the multitude of lessons taught within the Holy Bible, perhaps none are more widely recognized by devotees and layman alike than the Parable of the Prodigal Son. Found within the Gospel of Luke (Luke 15:11 -- 32), this parable tells of a father torn between his two beloved sons, and the bargain he must make to satisfy a pair of sons both yearning for his approval. By acceding to his younger son's demands for half of the family estate, the father in this parable is demonstrating that he holds an equal amount of love in his heart for both of his progeny, which is tantamount to the love God has for every one of His children.
When the younger son immediately displays his irresponsibility and travels to a foreign land to live wildly, he has forsaken his father's gift of early inheritance, and indeed…
Parable of the Sower is a complex novel that engages is the post-apocalyptic world of conversation about race and religion through realistic character development and fast-paced action. The novel winds itself through the wastelands of urban warfare, the degradation of the earth at the hands of the worst American vices; violence, addiction, racial tension, cultish religions conviction, where the test of hope against woe is waged with fortress walls and armed demand. Inside the story of Lauren Oya Olamina, Butler narrates the quixotic preacher of Earthseed with the curse of hyperempathy, damning her to the emotions of those around her. Yet, inside these tales of drug wars, migration, and cruel hunger, Butler tells a modern day story of honesty, grace, and warmth that parallels the Markan Parable written two thousand years earlier.
The Markan gospel includes a much-overlooked text subject to much clergical and academic debate. The original Parable of…
Parable of the Sadhu
Bowen H. McCoy's 1983 Harvard Business Review article "The Parable of the Sadhu" describes the author's own experience of how he "literally walked through a classic moral dilemma without fully thinking through the consequences" (p.106). During a sightseeing junket to the peak of Everest, McCoy and his moralistic Quaker buddy Stephen have their travel interrupted by the discovery of a religious pilgrim -- a "sadhu" -- found basically naked and half-frozen on one of the high mountain passes. The weather is good and this high mountain pass is not invariably passable for tourists like McCoy, so the fact of the good weather means that all the parties present -- which include various tourists from Japan, Switzerland, and New Zealand -- are more concerned with getting over the pass than with a two-day trek back down the mountain to get the sadhu to a hospital or the…
Fletcher, Donna and Newell, Susan. (2007). "Tetra Tech EC and risk management." Harvard Business Review. 17 May 2007.
McCoy, Bowen. (1983). "The parable of the sadhu." Harvard Business Review. September-October 1983.
Taleb, N. Nicholas. (2007). The Black Swan: The impact of the highly improbable. New York: Random House.
Another important characteristic of the passersby is that the first two include high ranking members of the Jewish community. If the person lying by the side of the road were beaten and were truly dead, the Pharisee and the Levite would have been forbidden to touch the body (Gourges, 883). This allowed Jesus to make the point that the upper class would not break tradition, even if it meant a man's life. The commandment given by Jesus in the end was a double commandment, typical of Rabbinical teachings of the time (Fitsmeyer, p. 879). Jesus commands that the audience be good their neighbor and to love their enemy. This further helps to further the argument that the parable was a cry out against the established norms of the time. By using these references, Jesus extends the use of the word "neighbor" beyond the context found in other places in the…
Bock, D. Baker Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament: Luke Volume II. Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Books, 1996.
Esler, P. Conflict: The Parable of the Good Samaritan Jesus and the Reduction of Intergroup in the Light of Social Identity Theory. Biblical Interpretation. October, 2000. Vol. 8, no. 4, pp. 325-357.
Fitzmeyer, J. The Anchor Bible: The Gospel According to Luke (X-XXIV). Garden City, NY: Doubleday. 1985.
Gourges, M. The Priest, the Levite, and the Samaritan Revisited: A Critical Note on Luke 10:31-35. Journal of Biblical Literature. Vol. 117. no. 4. pp. 709-713.
Parable of the Sadhu
In the story "The Parable of Sadhu," author Bowen H. McCoy explores the question of ethics while his narrator hikes in Nepal. McCoy himself was the managing director of Morgan Stanley. He was also president of Morgan Stanley Realty, Inc. Bowen McCoy then is a figure who embodies the idea of business and financial gain. hat then could he gain from a trek in the Himalayas but a vacation from the stress of his money-centered world? This is the conflict that makes up the story of "The Parable of Sadhu." It is not only a cultural clash, but a moral and ethical one, which McCoy makes evident through the use of literary devices to make the reader feel the clash as much as he did.
By using a first-person narrator, the author adds authority to the words of the narrator. henever this perspective is utilized by…
McCoy, Bowen H. "The Parable of the Sadhu." Harvard Business Review. Sept-Oct 1983. 103-
Go and study'" (2000, 733). These observations suggest that while it may be possible to interpret the Parable of the Good Samaritan in different ways, there can be no misunderstanding the basic message that is being communicated.
Like the Lukan and Markan versions, Leviticus 19:18 also requires everyone to not only refrain from acts that would harm others, but to come to their assistance when they are in need, but this is not the only other biblical reference that contains this important guidance. According to Anderson, "Mark's version of this same pericope leaves out the parable of the Good Samaritan but makes the same point, in even more emphatic terms, as here it is Jesus himself who gives the proper answer. 'There is no other commandment greater than these,' to love God and neighbor, Jesus says (Mark 12:31)" (2004, 170).
Although different interpretations of the Parable of the Good Samaritan…
Anderson, Chris. Teaching as Believing: Faith in the University. Waco, TX: Baylor University
Davis, Ellen F. (2000). "Critical Traditioning: Seeking an Inner Biblical Hermeneutic." Anglican
Theological Review 82(4): 733-735.
Octavia Butler's novel Parable of the Sower depicts an America that has crumbled into complete chaos and disarray. ithin the dystopia of 2024, Lauren Olamina reflects on her family background and her past in order to help create a more ideal future for humanity. The key to the future is liberation, both personal and political. Therefore, the message of Parable of the Sower is revolutionary. Lauren does not just need to be a true leader; she needs to change what it means to be human. Butler reportedly said about the potential for female heroines to create a utopian society out of the ashes of the patriarchal dystopia: "I don't believe that imperfect humans can form a perfect society," (Zaki 239). Butler does not expect Lauren and the Earthseed community to become a Utopia because no matter how revolutionary and idealistic she might be, Lauren remains constrained by her past and…
Barr, Marleen. Lost in Space. UNC Press, 1993.
Butler, Octavia. Parable of the Sower. New York: Warner, 2000.
Miller, Gavin. "Octavia Butler's Parable of the Sower." In Hoagland and Sarwal (Eds.) Science Fiction, Imperialism, and the Third World. McFarland, 2010, pp. 202-213.
Salvaggio, Ruth. "Octavia Butler and the Black Science Fiction Heroine." Black American Literature Forum, Vol. 18, No. 2, 1984, pp. 78-81.
It was if he had left his ethical principles behind when he entered a context where fulfilling his ethical responsibilities to others meant less than the competitive drive to reach his goal. The fact that he had tried and failed to make the climb before, as a result of altitude sickness, was a further motivator for his callousness. The other climber's similar lack of care and concern for the man created a context where 'every man for himself' seemed to be the dominant ideology, not 'all for one and one for all.'
Later, Stephen attributed his fellow climber's failure to provide adequate care for the sadhu because sadhu was not a part of the climber's culture in his demeanor, and appearance. (McCoy, 1983, pp.104-106) the sadhu was alien, and disoriented as a result of altitude sickness. It was easy to render the man as 'other' or fundamentally different, Stephen argued,…
Parable of the Unjust Steward
Parables, The Unjust Steward
Initial issues identified are, the added sayings' (16:8b -13) connection with the parable, its initial extent, and the "master's" identity in verse 16:8 (kurios). If one works back from the last (added) verse, one will be able to identify irregular literary unity. There is inconsistency in content, to the extent that the New Testament scholar/theologian, Charles Harold Dodd, has considered this section to be notes for as many as 3 distinct sermons on this parable. Verse 16:13, which states that a servant cannot simultaneously serve more than one master (from Matthew, verse 6:24), though tangential to this parable's economic setting, can scarcely be deemed as an interpretation, as the steward in the parable is successful at doing what the above mentioned saying forbids -- i.e., he effectively works for two masters. The text's traditional title (i.e., Unjust Steward) may be challenged…
Donahue, J. R. (1988). SJ, The Gospel in Parable. Philadelphia: Fortress.
Fiction: The Parable of the Sower
In Octavia Butler's Parable of the Sower, the plot focuses on one woman's attempt to start and maintain a new religion for humanity -- one that can give meaning to the people in Los Angeles in a post-apocalyptic world. The struggles that she encounters cause her flee the security of the border walls and make due in the alien world beyond the walls. Her ability to continue to give testimony to her beliefs -- and in particularly to the idea that "God is Change" helps her and her followers to deal with the biases and inhuman treatment that is still pervasive in this uncivilized world.
The setting is in the future -- 2024 to be exact -- in Los Angeles, California. The world has collapsed and the government in America has fallen apart. The world is in a type of waste land status:…
Parable of the Sadhu" is a legendary text in business ethics -- it won the Harvard Business Review's Ethics Prize in the year of its publication. McCoy, a managing director at Morgan Stanley, writes autobiographically about a real experience during his leisure hours, but the lesson of McCoy's piece is one about the fundamental ethics of the business community. Bowen McCoy describes how he and a colleague "literally walked through a classic moral dilemma without fully thinking through the consequences" (McCoy 106). McCoy and his friend Stephen are on a climbing expedition on Mount Everest -- crucial to the backstory is the fact that McCoy had attempted climbing Everest six years before, but fell ill just short of reaching the mountain's summit. But in this case, McCoy and his friend Stephen have made it almost all the way up the mountain, and are experiencing perfect weather -- which is not…
McCoy, Bowen. (1983). "The parable of the sadhu." Harvard Business Review. September-October 1983.
Taleb, N. Nicholas. (2007). The Black Swan: The impact of the highly improbable. New York: Random House.
Exegesis of Luke 14:14-21
Luke 14:14-21 is situated within the larger context of the Messiah's time teaching the Pharisees and attempting to get them to understand why He would "eat with sinners" (Luke 15:2) and spend time in their company. It is connected to His overall Divine Mission, and MacArthur notes that this mission can be found in Scripture, where one sees the whole of the Will of God.[footnoteRef:1] The main idea of the Parable of the Great Dinner in Luke 14, however, is that the Pharisees are the original invitees -- they are of the chosen people; yet they do not wish to accept Christ's invitation. Their reason is rooted in pride, which is why Christ emphasizes the need for humility (Luke 14:11). [1: John MacArthur, How to Study the ible (IL: Moody), 62.]
This exegesis will show why those who reject Christ are like those invited to the…
Aherne, Cornelius. "Gospel of Saint Luke." New Advent. Web. 22 Nov 2015
Frey, R. Joseph. Introduction to the New Testament. New York, NY: Ave Maria, 1948.
Frye, Northrop. Northrop Frye's Notebooks and Lectures on the Bible and Other
Religious Texts. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2003.
Massacre at El Mozote: A Parable of the Cold War by: Mark Danner and the Farming of Bones by: Edwidge Danticat. The writer compares the two books and the plots with a focus on the massacres themselves as well as their consequences. The writer uses two sources, the books, to complete this paper.
Throughout history authors of literature have used their works to prove a point or send a message to their readers. Sometimes the message is put out there with a bluntness that cannot be ignored, and other times it is a more subtle undertaking in which the reader is led to the conclusion without knowing they are being led there. egardless of the way the author chooses to address the important points and messages if they do it with finesse the book becomes a solid piece of literature. Two classic examples of authors using their talent to do…
The Massacre at El Mozote: A Parable of the Cold War by Mark Danner
Parable of the sadhu teaches us the importance of a group's commitment to the welfare of an individual. In corporate ethics, this would mean the support of the entire organization for the welfare and career/personal growth of an employee. In the sense of individual ethics, it means instead of doing our bit and throwing the rest of others, we must pool our resources and offer complete commitment to the welfare of an individual in need and that is the only way we can hope to survive as a community. In the case, a group of few individuals from different countries are navigating the wild tracks of Himalayas in Nepal when they find a half-naked sadhu in very unstable condition. Each one in the group does something for the sadhu but rather reluctantly as if they wanted to get rid of him as soon as possible without feeling guilty and responsible.…
Aristotle: 1984, Nicomachean Ethics. Indianapolis: Bobs-Merrill Educational Publishing, Book III 1115 b 15 -- 20.
Velasquez, Manuel G.: 2002, Business Ethics: Concepts and Cases. Upper Saddle River, NJ.: Prentice Hall, p.135.
Aristotle. Nicomachean Ethics: Books VIII and IX. Translated, with commentary, by Micael
Pakaluk. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1998.
From a position of business ethics, the landowner suddenly shifts his focus to one of social norms and interpersonal relationships. He comments on the use of money as a tool by which to gain friends seems sinister, and contrary to the general canon of Jesus' teachings. Jesus might not be condoning sin and evil; but he does seem to suggest that money can be used to manipulate social relations to achieve desired ends of harmony and social stability. There is an "ends justifies the means" ethic embedded in the parable. Jesus states, "I tell you, use worldly wealth to gain friends for yourselves, so that when it is gone, you will be welcomed into eternal dwellings," (Luke 16:9). Using worldly wealth to gain friends is the crux of the problem. To understand this complex ethical issue, it is necessary to examine the prevailing social norms and the role that money…
Bailey, Kenneth E. Poet & Peasant and Through Peasant Eyes. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1983.
Donahue, John R. The Gospel in Parable. Philadelphia: Fortress, 1988.
Green, Joel B. The Gospel of Luke. NICNT. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1997.
Johnson, Luke Timothy. The Gospel of Luke. SacPag. Collegeville, MN: Liturgical, 1991.
The Parable as Guide to Life and History
The Bible is filled with parables, short tales that attempt to communicate profound truths. A parable is in some ways like a satirical comic strip -- it uses ordinary persons and events to discuss that which might otherwise be considered beyond the pale; to daring or outrageous to speak of in more direct terms. The parable of "The Great Dinner" that is found in Chapter 14 of the Book of Luke is an excellent example of this technique. A relatively simple, and very short, story, it nevertheless illustrates a point. Of course, what that precise point is depends upon the reader -- it also depends upon the exact wording of the story. For as the Bible was originally written in a tongue that is entirely foreign to most modern-day Americans, it is only in the form of various translation that this,…
The parable of the prodigal son in the Gospel of Luke is one of the seminal Biblical tales. In it, the father of two healthy sons divides his wealth and property equitably between them, and later willingly allows the younger son to ramble on and go traveling in his youth. The older son remains at home with the father. The younger son sows his wild oats and has a grand time gallivanting, but eventually runs out of money. Before he runs home to his father, he seeks gainful employment as a pig feeder, one of the lowliest positions that he could have imagined, especially given the scriptural admonishment against eating swine. Eventually the young man returned home hoping to seek solace in his father's home. The father welcomes his estranged son with open arms. He is so happy to see him, in fact, that he slaughters a fat calf…
representation of Death and the impermanence in the short story "A Father's Story" by Andre Dubus, and the poem "Because I could not stop for Death" by Emily Dickinson. These two works were chosen because both speak of Death and impermanence, yet these authors employ different literary forms, characters, settings and plots. "A Father's Story" follows the format of a short story, being prose written in concise paragraphs with a main point or moral and portraying its characters by the way they speak. "Because I could not stop for Death" follows the form of poetry, being structured in shifted lines and using language to evoke imagination or emotion in the reader. In addition, the two writers substantively approach Death very differently. Comparison of these distinct forms shows how writers can make very different styles and statements about Death and impermanence through different devices, including but not limited to the short…
Academy of American Poets. (2013). Emily Dickinson. Retrieved from www.poets.org Web site: http://www.poets.org/poet.php/prmPID/155
Bodwell, J. (2008, July/August). The art of reading Andre Dubus: We don't have to live great lives. Retrieved from www.pw.org Web site: http://www.pw.org/content/art_reading_andre_dubus_we_don%E2%80%99t_have_live_great_lives-cmnt_all=1
Clugston, R.W. (2010). Journey into Literature. Retrieved from www.content.ashford.edu Web site: https://content.ashford.edu/books/AUENG125.10.2/sections/sec1.2
Clugston, R.W. (2010). Poems for comparison, Chapter 12, Journey into Literature. Retrieved from content.ashford.edu Web site:
The field is represented as the earth, which was once free of weeds and negative influences. The seeds the followers of the Lord, some of whom have been corrupted by the devil, the enemy of the Lord. God has chosen not to separate the good from the bad right away, but instead to allow each seed to grow to fruition and prove him or herself as wheat or a weed, "Let both grow together until the harvest" (Matthew 13:30). The harvest as the apocalypse, where the Lord will weed out the sinful and only accept the good seeds, or the wheat, into the Kingdom of Heaven. Even the messages of the foreshadowing of the evelation were something known by the people of the time, who were typically of Jewish faith; "Jesus' message was shaped by Jewish eschatology; that is, Jesus proclaimed the end of all time," (Charlesworth 4). Thus, Jesus…
Bovon, Francis. The Last Days of Jesus. Westminster John Knox Press. 2006.
Charlesworth, James H. The Historical Jesus: An Essential Guide. Abdingdon Press. 2008.
Crossan,, John Dominic. Jesus: A Revolutionary Biography. HarperOne. 1995.
Holy Bible: King James Version. Pew Library ed. Thomas Nelson. 1994.
He describes how he dines with the members of Antipas' court, "thus maintaining the table-fellowship connection of Mark and Daniel," (Freyne 98). Therefore, the account of government practices which can be validated by other reliable sources show the New Testament as presenting clear and reliable sources for the historical validity of the figure of Jesus. Thus, modern researchers have found great truths and reliable correlations between the figure of Jesus and the occurrences of government within the ancient world.
The Biblical cannon also present more specified elements of correlation, such as Jesus' relationship with John the Baptist. John was a reliable historical figure, whose existence has long been assumed as historically accurate and backed up with sources verifying his locations and actions during and before the time of Jesus. In fact, the beginning of Jesus' ministry was heavily defined by his relationship with John the Baptist. Very little was recorded…
Blackburn, Barry L. "The Miracles of Jesus." Studying the Historical Jesus: Evaluations of the State of Current Research. Eds. Chilton, Bruce & Evans, Craig A. Brill Press. 1998.
Charlesworth, James H. The Historical Jesus: An Essential Guide. Abingdon Press. 2008.
Freyne, Sean. "The Geography, Politics, and Economics of Galilee and the Quest for the Historical Jesus." Studying the Historical Jesus: Evaluations of the State of Current Research. Eds. Chilton, Bruce & Evans, Craig A. Brill Press. 1998.
Josephus, Flavius. Antiquities of the Jews Book XVII. Christian Classics Ethereal Library. 2009. Retrieved 11 Dec 2009 from http://www.ccel.org/j/josephus/works/ant-18.htm
" The differences in these two lines seem to be only a matter of syntax but in actuality, it also differs in the meaning. The King James Bible version makes it seem like the Lord is making the individual do something, as if by force or obligation, while the Puritan version states that the Lord causes the individual to do something, as if out of their own will. This alone relays the message that faith itself is driving the action, not a perceived obligation.
Another distinction between the two translations can be found with the lines "Surely goodness and mercy shall follow me all the days of my life: / and I will dwell in the house of the Lord forever" (King James Bible) and "Goodness and mercy surely shall / all my days follow me. / and in the Lord's house I shall / dwell so long as days…
1939 by Robert L. May, Rudolph Story
Rudolph, an American Folk Hero
The story of Rudolph the Red-Nosed Reindeer is an excellent example of taking a classic folk story theme and giving it new vitality by infusing the hero with distinctly American values and ideals. The combination of the classic theme and the American hero combined to make Rudolph's story an indispensable part of the Christmas holiday season for millions of people for the past 50 years. In fact, it seems as if Rudolph has always been a part of Christmas, but in reality he was only created 65 years ago. Because Rudolph has become such a celebrated part of America's Christmas tradition in such a relatively short amount of time, the study of the story of Rudolph the Red-nosed Reindeer is essential in any course examining the development of the fable or tale.
What is it about misfit stories…
Gospel of Luke / Confucius REVISED
Although Jesus and Confucius are both seen as sources of wisdom in major religious traditions, it is useful to distinguish between the two of them. For a start, Confucianism is not a religion per se -- it offers no particular view of God or the afterlife, and instead concentrates on social relationships, aiming at rules of proper behavior. A comparison of certain well-known sayings by each sage -- taken from the Gospel of Luke and the Analects -- might clarify some of the differences between these two ethical worldviews.
Confucius notes "While your parents are alive, you should not go too far afield in your travels: if you do your whereabouts should always be known" (Lau 74). As Confucius is mostly concerned with principles of social organization and behavior, the right relation of children to their parents quite nearly provides the basis for his…
Facilitating Organizational Change
Change in Organizations
Change is often resisted at both the individual and organizational levels despite the potential for positive outcomes. The reasons for this are varied and the process of identifying them can be difficult. obbins and Judge (2010) note that most organizations have developed practices and procedures over an extended period and being based on behaviors to which employees are strongly committed are by and large stable. In order for an organization to keep up in an ever evolving world it must learn and change accordingly. This paper examines the characteristics of a learning organization, barriers to change, and some of the elements that must be present in order to bring about organizational change.
Characteristics of a Learning Organization
A "big picture" organizational point-of-view, a supportive organizational culture and a common understanding and agreement of organizational goals are elements necessary for the creation and maintenance of…
Brandt, R.S. (1998). Powerful learning. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development (ASCD).
DuFour, R. (2004, May). What is a "professional learning community"? Educational leadership. Retrieved June 3, 2012, from http://staffdev.mpls.k12.mn.us/sites/6db2e00f-8a2d-4f0b-9e70-e35b529cde55/uploads/What_is_a_PLC._DuFour_Article_2.pdf
Harman, W.W. (2001, Autumn). Two contrasting concepts of participatory leadership. Theory into practice. Vol. 20, No. 4, 225-228. Retrieved June 3, 2012, from http://web.ebscohost.com/ehost/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?vid=4&hid=108&sid=6c89e74f-aaad-4555-9782-20b1233442c0%40sessionmgr111
Heathfield, S.M. (2011). How to change your organizational culture: Organizational culture change. About.com Hunan Resources Retrieved June 2, 2012, from http://humanresources.about.com/od/organizationalculture/a/culture_change_2.htm
The Lord will lead one to safety always. One can simply believe in something higher to get the meaning of this; it doesn't have to be Jesus. Psalm 127, contrarily is confusing because it states that unless the Lord builds the house, it is built in vain. This seems to be more literal, but I do get the idea. Unless the people building the house are doing it with the love of the Lord in their hearts, or building it for him, then what is the point?
Didactic poetry can be quite comforting as seen in Psalm 23 or it can be much too literal and seen as both confusing and condescending. Psalm 127 isn't very instructive spiritually speaking, unlike Psalm 23.
Updated Proverb: A broken toe can hurt, but a broken heart can kill.
Metaphors: Obscure or Illuminate? Didactic literature with its use of metaphors can sometimes obscure the…
The poems Catullus wrote to the woman Lesbia are among his best known. How would you characterize their affair?
Catallus describes a conflicted and stormy affair with the women of Lesbia. Sexual tension is evident in his poems, which have a strong erotic content. Therefore, his affairs were passionate and physical.
If the gender roles were reversed and the woman were the narrator, do you think this series of poems would read differently? Explain.
The poems would read differently not because their content would have changed but because they would subvert social norms. As a male, Catallus is allowed, almost expected to write such explicit details about his physical affairs including references to love and hatred. Females would have been more subtle because of the widespread social persecution they might suffer if they admitted to promiscuity or tumultuous romantic interludes especially with married people.
Catullus ends up calling his lady…
Edgar Allen Poe is one of the most famous American authors, but many of his works are not explicitly about the American experience. His "gothic" fiction is filled with suspense, the macabre, the grotesque, and the dark side of human nature. However, a deeper analysis of Poe's works can reveal parallels between his fiction and the American experience. One of Poe's works that can particularly symbolize and exemplify the American experience is his short story "The Fall of the House of Usher." While Poe may not have intended the symbolism and motifs in "The Fall of the House of Usher" to represent the American experience, there are several elements in the story that show that the author was at least on some level aware of the connection. In several ways, Edgar Allen Poe's "The Fall of the House of Usher" is a parable of the American experience because the author…
Infant Physical, Cognitive and Social Development
One of the most important aspects of a child's physical, cognitive and social development is motor skills development. In this case, an infant is expected to master fine and gross motor skills in order for him/her to effectively explore the surrounding environment/world. Gross motor skills are considered as large muscles movements such as arms and legs whereas fine motor skills are considered are movements of smaller groups of muscles like hand and wrist. Berk & Meyers (2016) have developed a table that provides a list of gross- and fine-motor skills milestones in different stages of an infant's development. As an 11-month old infant, David has relatively developed necessary and anticipated motor skills based on the milestones listed in the table. He has fairly developed nearly all motor skills expected of infants his age and seems to be progressing well in motor skills development. David's…
The Widow and Miss Watson see nothing wrong with slavery in modern society, while Huck actually takes actions to end slavery by leading Jim to freedom and treating Jim like a human being.
6. "To be or not to be, that is the bare bodkin."
Twain, Mark. The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn. Signet, 2002, p. 143.
The Shakespearean 'actors' Jim and Huck befriend are really charlatans, despite their pretence of learning. They cannot even quote William Shakespeare's Hamlet in his "To be or not to be" soliloquy correctly.
7. "He says anyone who doesn't understand the theorems of Euclid is an idiot."
McCourt, Frank. Angela's Ashes. New York: Scribner, 1999, p.151.
The references to Euclid show the disparity between what is taught in Frank's school by an ambitious teacher and the poverty and ignorance of the rest of the boy's life. It also shows the narrow-mindedness of the principal, who…
A toasted my favorite strawberry Pop Tarts, carefully cut them into quarters like my precision would protect me from something, and sipped regular Coke.
Garbage in, garbage out, sis," said my brother. "Carrie, girl, your energy is going to totally crap out halfway through practice, if you eat like that." I didn't care that much. Yeah, I'd probably have half a snack bag of corn chips for lunch, throw the rest away and say I was fat, try to pretend I was fashionably dieting like the pretty girls, and then feel like wet rag after doing wind sprints with my hockey stick after school. But I never saw my body as a carefully sculpted, inhuman machine, capable of perfection like my brother. My legs were just a vehicle to get my life to Point a and Point B, as best as it could. I think deep inside, I had learned…
Inch Golden Lotus
According to the 1000-year-old Chinese tradition, "a pair of perfectly bound feet must meet seven qualifications- small, slim, pointed, arched, fragrant, soft, and straight- in order to become a piece of art, an object of erotic desire." (ang 2000, p.3) This passage describes what many consider to be a barbaric practice: foot binding, or a process by which a girl's feet were wrapped tightly so as to force the prevention of growth. This process, which can be traced back over a thousand years, was considered to be a sign of beauty and eroticism in women, and carried with it great symbolism within Chinese society. But by the beginning of the 20th century, foot binding was considered by many to be a backward and barbaric practice which forced women into a second class position; and it was outlawed. Feng Jicai, in The Three Inch Golden Lotus, explored the…
Feng, Jicai, David Wakefield, and Howard Goldblatt. The Three-Inch Golden Lotus.
Honolulu: Univ. Of Hawaii, 1994. Print.
Wang, Ping. Aching for Beauty: Footbinding in China. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota, 200. Print.
The father only sees Tom's limitations, but Tom knows the horse has been trained to follow voice commands. "Put me in his ear," he says, and he guides the horse through the woods successfully. ecause of this, evil men notice Tom and offer to buy him from the father. The father refuses, but Tom talks him into it, and tricks the men by escaping. In this scene we see Tom acting immorally, as he actively plans to cheat the men. Through this, ettelheim would probably argue that the reader has the fact that children sometimes act badly validated, making the reader less of a monster: his parents may expect him to always act well, but he has an example to demonstrate that other children besides him sometimes make mistakes or even deliberately do something they shouldn't do, and remain loveable. The reader learns that a child does not have to…
Bettelheim, Bruno. The Uses of Enchantment. New York: Alfred a Knopf, 1976.
The Brothers Grimm. "Tom Thumb." Translated by Edgar Taylor and Marian Edwardes. Accessed via the Internet 2/8/05. http://www.rickwalton.com/folktale/grimm24.htm
But such a violent and unexpected murder, and to come in such a very uncivilized manner! According to what the other men told me, there was absolutely no provocation or intimidation -- they simply told the assembly to disperse, and one of them that had been in jail yesterday simply started hacking him to pieces with a machete.
The other men were understandably shaken, and I cannot say I blame them. We must all thank God that they were able to escape with their lives, though it does seems that only this one individual displayed such extreme rage.
Still, I do not relish my duty now. Like Daniel walking right into the lion's den -- except he had a king who threw him in, and I have only the weight of history and the advancement of proper civilization pushing me forward. And the lions Daniel faced were never so dangerous,…
hen there is an increase in competition, there is an increase in production supply, which exceeds the demand of the product. hen the production is increased, there is a great reduction in the prices. ith this, there is an increase in competition in regards to the quality as well as the quantity of the product. The consumer is the final gainer.
The story that follows is a clear indication of some of the main concepts that are being highlighted by the author. It can be seen that the author in favor of the international and more open business being run on an international scale is rejecting protectionism. Ed never saw any change in his business, neither his profits when he was surrounded by his idea of business based on protectionism.
The concepts given by Russell Roberts are to be compared with the economic concepts that have been highlighted by Glenn…
Hubbard, Glenn., and O'Brien, P. Anthony. Economics, MyEconLab Series. Edition 3. Prentice Hall, 2009.
Roberts, X. Russell. The choice: a fable of free trade and protectionism. Edition 3. Pearson Prentice Hall, 2007.
Because Boyle has written a fable -- a fiction -- and not an investigative report on immigration and classism, he was able to sympathetically present both Candido incon and Delaney Mossbacher, striped to their naked souls. Neither man is favored in the narrative, though readers are likely to form an alliance -- most likely emerging from their political leanings -- early in the book.
A collision of culture and values. Out of the gate, the reader is treated to Delaney's self-absorption: "To his shame, Delaney's first thought was for the car (was it marred, scratched, dented?), and then for his insurance rates (what was this going to do to his good-driver discount?), and finally, belatedly, for the victim….he'd injured, possibly killed another human being. It wasn't his fault, god knew -- the man was obviously insane, demented, suicidal, no jury would convict him -- but there it was,…
Boyle, Tom Coraghessan. (2011). The Tortilla Curtain. New York, NY: Bloomsbury Publishing.
The Problems of ace & the Myths of Urban Poverty
ace is a social construct. There is exists very little genetic difference among the various "races" of humans on Earth. This construct is central to many, and perhaps even most people on our planet. ace is a physical difference that draws clearly defined boundaries between people. ace can be the inspiration for war. ace is hardly an inspiration for peace, unfortunately. This paper will briefly examine situations when race has been used to hurt and subordinate others. This paper will reference examples of groups of people that are systematically via the social realms and institutions who suffer due to their race, an aspect over which they had no choice or say. Drawing from the series, The Wire, and a few readings, the paper will propose what the myths of urban poverty are, who are the authors of such myths,…
Dreier, P. And J. Atlas. 2009. The Wire - Bush-Era Fable About America's Urban Poor. City & Community, 8: 329-340.
Edin, K. And K. Harris. 1998. Getting Off and Staying Off: Racial Differences in the Work Route off Welfare. Pages 270-301: Latinas and African-American Women at Work: Race, Gender, and Economic Inequality, New York, NY: Russell Sage Foundation.
Newman, K. 2001. Hard Times on 125th Street: Harlem's Poor Confront Welfare Reform. American Anthropologist, 103(3): 762-778.
Zhou (or Chou) dynasty, arising to power after defeating the Shang Dynasty in China in the mid-1000's C, was the first dynasty to move the people groups which lived in the area currently known as modern china toward a common civilization.
Under the Shang, the Chinese people were no more than a collection of family tribes scattered throughout the region. At the beginning of the Chou dynastry, the region still felt little cohesive cultural unity. It wasn't until the 6th and 7th centuries C that archeological designations begin to appear that signify the people were collecting under a common identity. The early forms of collectivism appeared in the form of tribal heads marrying daughters of neighboring tribes. At this time, the term Hsia appeared, and was used as a designation for the people of the region who had the common experiences of living under a number of dynasties.…
Benn, Charles. 2002 Daily Life in Traditional China: The Tang Dynasty. Connecticut: Greenwood Press.
Ebrey, Patricia Buckley.1993. "Religion and Society in Tang and Song China." Hawaii: University of Hawaii Press.
Gernet, Jacques 1998. Buddhism in Chinese Society: An Economic History from the 5th to 10th Centuries. Coilumbia University Press.
Keightley, David (ed.) 1983. The origins of the Chinese Civilization. California:University of California Press.
William Fay's 1999 spiritual text entitled Share Jesus Without Fear, is an emotional and poignant tale that encourages the followers of Jesus Christ into a harmonious practice of evangelical Christianity. Fay holds a unique position in the evangelical community and presents a self idealized person who can truly understand what it is to be a follower of Christ. This is best summarized when he wrote " but be aware: you are not responsible for causing a person's heart to turn toward God."[footnoteef:2] This idea sets the tone for this manual of sorts that helps the reader assume a position of nonjudgmental awareness and truly accepting faith as the true motivator towards God's will. [2: Fay (1999). Share Jesus Without Fear, p.3.]
The book is an instructional work that is aimed at Christians who are eager to learn about one of the more interesting facets of the Christian religion;…
Fay, W. (1999). Share Jesus Without Fear. Broadman and Holman, Nashville, TN.
The Heifer, the Goat, and the Sheep, in Company ith the Lion illustrates the absolute power of the feudal lord (the lion) over the peasantry (the goat and sheep). This fable may be referring to the division of taxes and possessions, or it may be a direct reference to the hunting rights of feudal lords. The feudal lord (lion) declares that a stag killed by the goat is his, by the right of the strong.
Again, as the bravest, the third must be mine.
To touch but the fourth whoso makes a sign,
I'll choke him to death
In the space of a breath!" (Shapiro, p. 9).
This attitude represents the attitudes of the wealthy towards the peasantry. They would rather see them dead than share even a small portion of their wealth with them. This fable is where the phrase "a lions' share" originates (Shapiro, p. 9). A similar…
Aesop's Fables. The Mules and the Robbers. Aesopfables.com. last Updated October 1, 2006. http://www.aesopfables.com/cgi/aesop1.cgi-srch&fabl/TheMulesandtheRobbers Accessed April 15, 2008.
Shapiro, N. (trans.) the Complete Fables of Jean de La Lafontaine, University of Illinois Press. Chicago, Illinois. October 2007.
The whole concept of Christianity is that all people are sinners, but that God will forgive those sins and those sinners if they only ask for redemption. The lyrics say, "I lost my way but now I'm on my knees / if it's not too late won't you tell me please / You gotta place for me / a little grace for me" (Bentley). That lyric is not about the prodigal son, it is about all who have lost their way, which is every Christian. hat this song makes clear is that the idea of redemption as it has been portrayed in Christianity may have its beginnings in the parables told by Jesus, but those parables were broadened by the crucifixion and resurrection, and they changed them in the same way that they changed all of the other traditions of Judaism.
Bentley, Dierks. "Prodigal Son's Prayer." AZLyrics.com. N.p.…
Bentley, Dierks. "Prodigal Son's Prayer." AZLyrics.com. N.p. 2011. Web. 30 Mar. 2011.
Carter, Joe. "Finding God in the Gaps of Country Music." First Things: On the Square. N.p. 9
Feb. 2011. Web. 30 Mar. 2011.
Luke 15. New International Version. N.p. 2011. Web. 30 Mar. 2011.
Elkind's Manifestations of Adolescent Egocentrism
Adolescent egocentrism is the belief of teens that other people are attentive to their appearance and behaviors. In other words, egocentric adolescents generally believe that all eyes on them. Typically, adolescence egocentrism characteristics appear between the age of 11 and 12 and may taper off between the 15 and 16 years of age. Egocentrism features on adolescents because they see things from their perspectives rather than the perspectives of others. Typically, adolescent egocentrism is characterized by some behaviors, for example, adolescents may spend hours admiring themselves behind the mirror because they think everybody will notice them if they do not look good. The theory of adolescent egocentrism is proposed by Elkind (1978) who argues that the resurgence of adolescent egocentrism appears during the earlier childhood and is expressed through personal fable and imaginary audience. (Elkind, Bowen 1979). Elkind argues that adolescents always focus on their…
Alberts, A. Elkind, D. Ginsberg, S. (2007). The Personal Fable and Risk-Taking in Early Adolescence. Journal of Youth and Adolescence 36 (1): 72.
Elkind D (1978) Understanding the young adolescent. Adolescence 13(49):127 -- 134.
Elkind D, Bowen R (1979) Imaginary audience behavior in children and adolescents. Dev Psychol 15(1):38 -- 44.
Galanaki, E.P. (2012). The Imaginary Audience and the Personal Fable: A Test of Elkind's Theory of Adolescent Egocentrism. Psychology. 3(6): 457-466.
The book of Luke is largely regarded as one of the synoptic gospels that provide a different account of the ministry of Jesus Christ. The author of the book not only provides a different account of the events and life of Jesus Christ but also adopted a biblical approach to his writing instead of a classical style. This book has attracted considerable attention among biblical scholars because of its different approach and account of the life of Jesus. The considerable attention is also attributed to the fact that approximately 40% of the content of this book is not found in the other synoptic gospels. Some of the differences in this book as compared to the other synoptic gospels include the stories of the life and times of Jesus, the Good Samaritan, and the Prodigal Son. The differences in the book of Luke in comparison with other synoptic gospels are…
Brown, Raymond E. An Introduction to the New Testament. New Haven, Connecticut: Yale
University Press, 1998
Crossway Bibles. ESV Study Bible: English Standard Version, Trutone: Natural Brown.
Wheaton, Illinois, Good News Publication, 2008
The situation in El Salvador was also a parable of what was happening all over the region. Central America seemed to be covered in revolt in 1981, when the massacre occurred. Along with the revolution in El Salvador, there was an armed conflict going on in Guatemala that was bringing terror and bloodshed to the country, and the Sandinistas had just taken over control in Nicaragua. In the midst of the Cold War, America supported the Central American regimes that fought Communism, no matter how corrupt and dictatorial they became, because Communism was the "real" evil that threatened the world. As such, they supported regimes that committed unspeakable crimes, such as the massacre at El Mozote, while keeping the true nature of their support from the American people. The Nicaraguan situation (Iran-Contra affair) with Oliver North supporting the rebel Contras against the Sandinistas by selling weapons to Iran is probably…
Danner, Mark. The Massacre at El Mozote: A Parable of the Cold War. New York: Vintage, 1994.
Succinct structural form marks all Disney's pictures and makes other animated cartoons, no matter how ingenious they may be, look pallid."
The narrative source of the production is consistently the characters themselves, and the film's style is a mixture of realism in terms of the lush and colorful scenery and a caricature of the protagonist and antagonist, Toby and Max, as the bullied and bully, the show-off and the showed-off, respectively. As Nowell-Smith points out:
The technical advances explored in the Silly Symphonies partly arose from a rivalry with the Fleischers, who, among all the other animation studios that survived into the sound era, consistently produced excellent cartoons in the early 1930s. Unlike the Disney product, which tended increasingly to an 'illusion of life' live-action imitation, the earlier Fleischer cartoons reveled in stylization, caricature, unrealistic transformations, elaborate repetitive cycles, direct address to the audience, and illogical developments which seem inherent,…
Hunggyu, Kim and Robert J. Fouser. 1997. Understanding Korean Literature. Armonk, NY M.E. Sharpe.
Jacobs, Lewis. 1939. The Rise of the American Film: A Critical History. New York: Harcourt Brace.
Lounsberry, Barbara, Susan Lohafer, Mary Rohrberger, Stephen Pett and R.C. Feddersen. 1998. The Tales We Tell: Perspectives on the Short Story. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press.
Nowell-Smith, Geoffrey. 1997. The Oxford History of World Cinema. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Nature of the Parables of Jesus
Jesus used parables as a form of teaching because, like the rabbis during this time, he wanted to convey ideas with simple word-pictures so people could understand the concept of God and the kingdom of God. Jesus used images from the world around him to recreate situations people would recognize. Jesus painted portraits with simple language because he knew a good picture could make an impact more than a lengthy sermon. He also knew that using ordinary objects, people, and situations would reveal truth more successfully than complex notions. By using ordinary things to point to another aspect of reality, Jesus could talk about hidden things that were visible to those who had eyes to see and ears to hear. Jesus knew this form of communicating was successful because it caught attention and caused people to think. Jesus was not simply telling stories when…
Nicholas C. Burbules, "Jesus as a Teacher." Spirituality and Ethics in Education: Philosophical,
Theological, and Cultural Perspectives, Hanan Alexander, ed. Brighton: Sussex
Academic Press. web. Information Retrieved April 24, 2011.
Jesus' Teachings, Prayer, & Christian Life
"He (Jesus) Took the Bread. Giving Thanks Broke it. And gave it to his Disciples, saying, 'This is my Body, which is given to you.'" At Elevation time, during Catholic Mass, the priest establishes a mandate for Christian Living. Historically, at the Last Supper, Christ used bread and wine as a supreme metaphor for the rest of our lives. Jesus was in turmoil. He was aware of what was about to befall him -- namely, suffering and death. This was the last major lesson he would teach before his arrest following Judas' betrayal. Eschatologically speaking, the above set the stage for the Christian ministry of the apostles, evangelists and priests. Indeed, every Christian is called to give of him or herself for the Glory of God and the Glory of Mankind. The message at the Last Supper was powerful. People have put themselves through…
" The point made by the poet is similar to the poem above. The reference to John,
The Father of our souls, shall be,
John tells us, doth not yet appear;
is a reference to the Book of Revelations, at the end of the Bible.
That despite the promises of an Eternal life for those who eschew sin, we are still frail and have the faults of people. We are still besought by sin and temptations and there's really no escape. People are people. No matter what we say or do, we find that life is not so simple. Consider this reference, which really refers to a person's frame of reference or "way of seeing."
Wise men are bad -- and good are fools,
This is a paradoxical statement: there is large gap between spirituality and reality. Those we consider wise or bad, might make decisions that are globally profound,…
Certainly, common sense tells us that the wisdom literature of different societies is similar. Christianity must have struck a cord with the simple people of Greece as it did with the simple people of Jesus' time that lived the simple life and trusted in providence for their sustenance once that had done what they were morally obligated to. They needed to be happy and content with their station's in life. This way, they would not suffer from the anxiety of worrying about what would happen tomorrow.
While this was mentioned above, we must again state that while the Roman's may have ruled the Mediterranean world, it was the Greeks who colonized the minds of the area's inhabitants. The minds of Jewish peasants may have been against Greek pagan thought, but otherwise embraced the Greek world with a Judaism that spoke Greek. They thought more like the Greeks than they would…
Chrysostom, Dio. Penelope.uchicago.edu, "The Euboean Discourse, or The Hunter ." Last modified 1
Nov 2010. Accessed November 13, 2011.
This passage depicts Jesus' famous temptation by the devil in the wilderness. Jesus fasts for forty days and forty nights during his trial. This passage is cited by Christians as proof of the fact that humans have free will. Jesus, despite being the Son of Man, is given a choice as to whether he is allowed to choose salvation or damnation, ruling over the kingdom of earth or heaven. Jesus chooses the path of God, of course, and is not deterred by the temptation to turn from the path of righteousness. He states that he needs spiritual rather than human bread for his primary sustenance.
This passage is a metaphor for the ability of the human mind to withstand suffering. Humans cannot live on 'bread alone' in the sense that they need more to 'feed' themselves than earthly food. Food merely nourishes the body, while spiritual…
Massacre at El Mozote
This report is a critical book review of Mark Danner's excellent 1994 book called "The Massacre at El Mozote: A Parable of the Cold ar" published by Vintage Books, a division of Random House. The book comes highly acclaimed from sources such as the ashington Post and New York Times. "Once in a rare while a writer re-examines a debated episode of recent history with such thoroughness and integrity that the truth can no longer be in doubt. Mark Danner did just that in a long article that took up most of last week's issue of The New Yorker. Mr. Danner's subject was the massacre in December 1981 in the Salvadoran village of El Mozote." (Lewis) The review is basically a reaction paper where I point our some of the book's strengths and weaknesses as well as describe to content of the book and my understanding…
Danner, Mark D. The Massacre at El Mozote: A Parable of the Cold War. 1st ed. New York: Vintage Books, 1994.
Lewis, Anthony. "Abroad at Home; The Whole Truth." New York Times [New York] December 6, 1993. 5 Dec. 2004 .
Hem and Haw's reaction to change is completely different to Sniff and Scurry's. They aren't focused on the practical needs of finding more cheese. Instead, they react emotionally. They complain that it's not fair and become depressed. They spend a lot of time looking around and hoping that the cheese will return. They even return to the same spot the next day to see if the cheese has returned. These reactions by Hem and Haw show how being attached emotionally complicates the situation. It also shows how ineffective this response to the situation is. It must be noted that Sniff and Scurry have already left and discovered more cheese. This is Johnson's way of showing how trying to fight or deny change is ineffective. Once change happens, there is no point hoping that things will return to normal. Instead, you have to respond to the changes and adapt to the…
Johnson, S. (1994). Who Moved My Cheese? An Amazing Way to Deal with Change in Your Work and in Your Life. New York: Penguin.
ho Had the Habit of Dining on His ives"
"the Story of the Lizard ho Had the Habit of Dining on His ives"
"The Story of the Lizard ho Had the Habit of Dining on His ives" seems to be a short, simple, strange story at first. But if a person looks into Eduardo Galeano's biography, the story makes much more sense and seems to say a lot more than just lizard-eats-women/woman-eats-lizard. The story actually says a lot about "be careful what you wish for," "what goes around comes around," the relationships between men and women, and political symbolism about South America. Maybe even most important is the theme of "rich against poor" because of Galeano's background and Marxist political beliefs.
Analysis of a short story is sometimes helped by studying the author, so this analysis will begin with a look at Eduardo Galeano.…
ABC Radio National - Australia. "Sunday Story | The Story of the Lizard Who Had the Habit of Dining on His Wives by Eduardo Galeano." 2 January 2011. ABC.net.au Web site. Web. 21 March 2012.
Dagerman, Lo. "Annual Award." 2011. Dagerman.us Web site. Web. 22 March 2012.
Galeano, Eduardo. "The Story of the Lizard Who Had the Habit of Dining on His Wives." Halpern, Daniel, (Editor). The Art of the Story: An International Anthology of Contemporary Short Stories. New York, NY: Penguin Putnam, Inc., 1999. 291-294. Print.
Global Exchange. "Three to Be Awarded for Extraordinary Contributions in Human Rights, Community Building and Economic Justice." 26 May 2006. Globalexchange.org Web site. Web. 22 March 2012.
" James a.S. McPeek
further blames Jonson for this corruption: "No one can read this dainty song to Celia without feeling that Jonson is indecorous in putting it in the mouth of such a thoroughgoing scoundrel as Volpone."
asserts that the usual view of Jonson's use of the Catullan poem is distorted by an insufficient understanding of Catullus' carmina, which comes from critics' willingness to adhere to a conventional -- yet incorrect and incomplete -- reading of the love poem. hen Jonson created his adaptation of carmina 5, there was only one other complete translation in English of a poem by Catullus. That translation is believed to have been Sir Philip Sidney's rendering of poem 70 in Certain Sonnets, however, it was not published until 1598.
This means that Jonson's knowledge of the poem must have come from the Latin text printed in C. Val. Catulli, Albii, Tibulli, Sex.…
Alghieri, Dante Inferno. 1982. Trans. Allen Mandelbaum. New York: Bantam Dell, 2004.
Allen, Graham. Intertextuality. Routledge; First Edition, 2000. Print.
Baker, Christopher. & Harp, Richard. "Jonson' Volpone and Dante." Comparative
But restoration efforts are hampered by the political and religious struggles that still define the area. The building is deeply symbolic for Christians, Muslims, secular Turks, and historical conservationists. Architectural historian obert Ousterhout points out that "each group looks at Hagia Sophia and sees a totally different building" (qtd. In Bordewich 5-6).
In his article, Bordewich examines the multiple agendas and suspicions of the groups seeking to control the restoration of the building, bemoaning the fact that the building is currently stuck in an "ideological no-man's land" (6). In the meantime, one of the premier examples of extreme architecture, Eastern oman power, Christian iconography, and Muslim decorative arts falls prey daily to the natural forces of decay, and runs the risk of being destroyed utterly by an earthquake or even by religious extremists. Even the grand ambitions of Justinian and the architectural genius of Anthemios cannot stem those forces. Instead,…
Bordewich, Fergus M. "Fading Glory." Smithsonian 39.9 (2008): 54-64. History Reference Center. EBSCO. Web. 10 Nov. 2010.
Krautheimer, Richard. Early Christian and Byzantine Architecture. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1992.
Nelson, Robert S. Hagia Sophia 1850-1950: Holy Wisdom, Modern Monument. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2004.
Salvadori, Mario, Saralinda Hooker, and Christopher Ragus. Why Buildings Stand Up: The Strength of Architecture. New York: W.W. Norton & Co, 1990.