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The core or critical components of building operations and maintenance, real estate management and strategic plans, human and environmental factors, project management, space planning, finance, quality assessment are the most critical areas of facilities management. As companies seek to create a more collaborative work place, each of these systems are being integrated into other subsystems, departments, workflows and process areas. In the case of hospitality companies, the highly integrative nature of these subsystems are global in scope, often reaching across multiple time zones, cultures and as a result, drastically different customer expectations as to their performance (Parry, Collins, 1993). Each of these key areas of facilities management mentioned are monitored as subsystems and have analytics associated with them. Yet many hospitality companies have found that this approach to just measuring per-area performance in facilities management is not enough (Nick, 1993). Just measuring these facilities management systems is isolation is being…
Atkinson, Ann, Branch, Cindi, & LaHatte, Greg. (1987). Training for Excellence. Cornell Hotel and Restaurant Administration Quarterly, 28(1), 15.
Tony Halim, Kanesan Muthusamy, Sie Yong Chia, & Shao Wei Lam. (2011). A systems approach in the evaluation and comparison of engineering services applied in facilities management. Facilities, 29(3/4), 114-132.
Xianhai Meng. (2011). Performance measurement models in facility management: a comparative study. Facilities, 29(11/12), 472-484.
Johns, Nick. (1993). Quality management in the hospitality industry: Part 3 - Re. International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management, 5(1), 10.
Facility planning is inclusive of the preparation of short- and long-term facility plans. Comprehensive facility projects include the following:
1) New construction;
2) Additions to existing buildings;
3) Renovations of existing buildings;
4) Building systems replacements;
5) Building systems repairs;
6) Scheduled maintenance; and 7) Building disposition (change of use, sale, and demolition). (FEMA, 2006)
Hotel Bur Al Arab in Dubai
Building construction in Dubai is innovative, inspiring and characterized by adaptability to the environment. For example hotel Bur Al Arab in Dubai is the tallest structure in the world "with a membrane facade" and is the "tallest operating hotel building in the world (not counting mixed-use buildings like Jin Mao Tower in Shanghai or the unfinished Rouging Hotel in Pyongyang, North Korea). - "Bur" is Arabic for "Tower." The building's external lighting schemes, from white light to a multicolored one, change from one to other every 30…
Hilton Oceanfront Resort (2009) Online available at http://www.hiltonoceanfrontresort.com/ocean_tides_spa/ocean_tides_spa.asp
World's Tallest Hotel Opens its Doors (21999) BBC News. Online available at http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/middle_east/545499.stm
Burj Al Arab (2009) CityScape - the Emporium. Online available at http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=107803
Hotel and Motel Building Facility Management (2009) Appendix I FEMA400 Book.indb. 21 Mar 2005.
The ECOS Hotels is joining forces with international environmental conservation groups and places a great emphasis on "an efficient and economic hotel design in order to create a green approach to hospitality." (Ernest & Young. 2008)
SUMMARY & CONCLUSION
It does appear from the literature reviewed in this brief report that sustainable and environmentally responsible development is being emphasized by Dubai and other emirates in the UA and that it has been acknowledged that in order to achieve a competitive advantage that these issues are not optional factors but instead are requirements for design, development and implementation of project in Dubai.
ESTIDAMA (2008) Sustainable uildings and Communities and uildings Program for the Emirate of Abu Dhabi. Design Guidelines for New Residential and Commercial uildings. Abu Dhabi Urban Planning Council. Online available at http://www.scribd.com/doc/11432426/Sustainable-uildings-Guideline-in-AbuDhabi-UAE
Hospitality Going Green (2008) Global Hospitality Insights. Ernest & Young. 2008 EYGM Limited. Available online at:…
ESTIDAMA (2008) Sustainable Buildings and Communities and Buildings Program for the Emirate of Abu Dhabi. Design Guidelines for New Residential and Commercial Buildings. Abu Dhabi Urban Planning Council. Online available at http://www.scribd.com/doc/11432426/Sustainable-Buildings-Guideline-in-AbuDhabi-UAE
Hospitality Going Green (2008) Global Hospitality Insights. Ernest & Young. 2008 EYGM Limited. Available online at: https://eyaprimo.ey.com/natlmktgaprimoey/Attachments/hospitality_insights_DF0052.pdf
Dubai's Economic Growth Report (2008) Impressive Gains - realtyna Knowledge Center. Available online at http://www.realtyna.com/dubai_real_estate/dubais-economic-growth-report.html
Saadeh, Diala (2007) Environment Key Challenge for Booming Dubai. Reuters News 3 May 2007. Online available at http://www.reuters.com/article/environmentNews/idUSL0353057620070503
And it is done without a level of arrogance or exclusivity; the egalitarian design of the hotels' common spaces, from the two lobbies to the design of the buffet area, are all oriented towards these goals. The result is that the common spaces blend extremely well together and families with kids have a chance to enjoy their vacations while couples and those traveling alone can also enjoy the facilities as well.
The facility manager can continually strive to provide this "separateness" in the design of the hotels' open spaces by differentiating areas by the use of colors, fabrics, carpeting and traffic flows. It is very evident just on these cues what areas of the hotel you are in at any time. The subdued reed separation walls and thicker coaches are for the couples and adults traveling together. They are separated from the sturdy plastic tables and chairs for children and…
Mike Hoots. (2005). Customer relationship management for facility managers. Journal of Facilities Management, 3(4), 346-361.
Naumann, E., Haverila, M., Khan, M., & Williams, P.. (2010). Understanding the causes of defection among satisfied B2B service customers. Journal of Marketing Management, 26(9/10), 878.
Matthew Tucker, & Michael Pitt. (2009). Customer performance measurement in facilities management: A strategic approach. International Journal of Productivity and Performance Management, 58(5), 407-422.
All players must be properly equipped with protective gear and the gear must be inspected on a regular basis (Kentucky Country Day School Coaches Handbook, n.d.). Another aspect of this is the coach's duty to properly instruct. They must make sure to instruct the skills and techniques that are required for safe play. All instruction must be properly documented (Kentucky Country Day School Coaches Handbook, n.d.). A coach does also have a duty to warn parents of inherent dangers of athletic participation. This is usually performed by ensuring that all school required forms are completed accurately and submitted to the school (Kentucky Country Day School Coaches Handbook, n.d.). All of these requirements refer back to the coach's responsibility to supervise and protect the well being of the players that are on their team. One of the primary safety obligations that a facility owes regarding participatory risks is to warn its…
Health & Safety in Football Stadiums. (2009). Retrieved July 24, 2009, from NorthgateArinso
Kentucky Country Day School Coaches Handbook. (n.d.). Retrieved July 24, 2009, from Web
259). These authors assert that crowd management and crowd control constitute two additional vital issues that athletic facility management needs to address when hosting events at any stadium or venue.
Event managers also need to understand the type of event(s) they host and understand that variuos events draw different types of crowds, as no two crowds are alike and each crowd typically behaves in different manners. Abbott and Geddie (2001) warn: "Crowds can behave violently, resulting in destruction of property, personal injury, and, in extreme cases, death. Crowd management plans should be adjusted to meet the needs of the event and the potential crowd" (p. 260). Event managers need to prepare for the unexpected that might occur. They need to also realize that football game may require more security officers than a golf game.
Event managers also need to be aware of the surrounding location of the stadium or venue.…
Abbott, J. & Geddie, M.W. (2001). Event and venue management: Minimizing liability through effective crowd management techniques. Event Management. Cognizant Comm. Corp.
Vol. 6, pp. 259 -- 270. Retrieved July 10, 2009 from http://www.popcenter.org/problems/spectator_violence/PDFs/Abbott.pdf
Borkowski, R.P. (2006). When good facility go bad. Athletic Management. Retrieved July 12,
2009 from http://www.athleticmanagement.com/2007/01/15/when_good_facilities_go_bad/indx.php
Facilities Strategic Plan for a University:
The development of facilities is a crucial part of constant health and well-being of an institution. This implies that every institution needs to have a comprehensive facilities strategic planning process. In light of these factors, I have been hired as a new facilities director at a local university to promote its ongoing health. The first task in this role would involve designing a new strategic plan for the institution's facilities. The institution has made significant investments on the construction and development of its classrooms and laboratory facilities. Currently, the university seeks to renovate current facilities to accommodate new teaching and learning methods as well as the increased use of technology. The facilities strategic plan would involve certain considerations including alignment with organizational needs, improvement of the learning environment, and recruitment of wide-ranging constituent support.
Alignment with Organizational Needs:
The approach towards the development of…
"A Strategic Plan: 2010-2015." (n.d.). Cornell University at its Sesquicentennial. Retrieved from Cornell University website: http://www.cornell.edu/strategicplan/docs/060410-strategic-plan-final.pdf
"Facilities Management." (n.d.). Strategic Initiative Summary. Retrieved from Duke University
"Facilities Management Strategic Plan 2009-2012." (2009, August 24). UPEI. Retrieved October
Facility isk Management
isk Management Facility Issue: Infant Abduction
isk is defined as "anything that threatens the ability of [a] business to accomplish its mission." (Pakeys, 2010) The risk management plan is held to be "much broader than the emergency preparedness plan" and involves the management of risk, which offers a method of protecting against unforeseen hazards, and the routine risks faced by workers each day. (Pakeys, 2010) The express reason for a risk management plan in Facility Management is lower the likelihood that an accident or failure event occurs and to minimize the results in terms of consequences of accidents or failure events.
Developing and Implementing a Facility isk Management Program
According to the Nurses Service Organization there are specific steps to taken in the facility risk management planning which includes: (1) stating the goals of the organization; (2) describing the program's scope, components and methods; (3) delegation of…
Busowsky, Garry (nd) Risk Management in Facility Management. Retrieved from: http://www.beims.com/fm_news/white_papers/Risk_Management_in_FM.pdf
Risk Management Plan Guide (2010) Pennsylvania Early Learning Organization. Retrieved from: http://www.pakeys.org/docs/LM-05%20Risk%20Management%20Guide%205.1.08.pdf
Basic Principles of Risk Management (2006) Risk Advisor -- Nurses Service Organization. Retrieved from: http://www.nso.com/pdfs/newsletters/2006-NSO-firms-brief.pdf
Schumann, Andrew. J. (1999) Infant Abductions: Preventing the Unthinkable. Contemporary Pediatrics. 1 Oct. 1999. Retrieved from: http://mediwire.sma.org/main/Default.aspx?P=Content&ArticleID=140246
New home construction in the community also alters water usage issues. Bob Wilbert is the head of maintenance of the facility and oversees all internal and subcontracted maintenance and upkeep of the grounds and facilities.
The administrative structure of the facility includes:
Successful criteria employment
General Manger oversees all staff, including temporary and permanent employees in catering and facilities management
Controller facilitates all accounting and financial needs and maintains records.
The facility does not offer a box office or ticketing, but reservations for golf and tennis are suggested. The facility has 550 golf members and over 1000 sport and social members. So use of the tennis and golf facilities are in high demand. The golf shop schedules tee times every 10 minutes and the tennis facility has 30 minute to 3 hours reservations for tennis courts. Availability for walk in is always a possibility but does not take priority over…
Red Rock Country Club Website www.redrockcountryclub.com
Sunrise Company Website at http://www.sunriseco.com/
Summerlin Community Website at http://www.summerlin.com/home.html
University of LV Libraries Website at http://www.library.unlv.edu/arch/aia/awa2003/b03016.html
Furthermore, the proper selection of the team provides a means of determining general responsibilities for each team member involved. They will need to know the overall scope of their service while also knowing their overall design responsibilities as compared to their peers. In addition, their contracts will be a directly correlated to the contract and specifications of the client involved. This is important as it aligns the motivations of the work team with that of the client. By aligning motivations and incentives, the design team has their personal interests affiliated with those of the client. This will ultimately help reduce unethical practices and mistakes within the overall process. According to the British design management standards, the design team will want to establish effective means of communication while also electing a qualified leader. More important the team must establish an overall brief. The brief, according to British Standards, should outline the…
1) Guide to RIBA Agreements 2007 (Royal Institute of British Architects) RIBA Publishing, 2008
2) Architect's Job Book Eighth Edition (Royal Institute of British Architects) RIBA Publishing, 2008
3) Briefing the Team (Construction Industry Board) Thomas Telford Publishing, 1998
4) The CIC Scope of Services Handbook (Contraction Industry Council) RIBA Publishing, 2007
Facility esearch and Selection
The report describes the facilities, need and services offered in an Ambulatory Care Clinic.
VICTIMS IGHTS MOVEMENT
Health practitioners should expect some very dramatic changes in the area of ambulatory care within the next decade. Driven by different factors, which include double digit improvement in some major outpatient areas, health care managers should expect the trend that began in the 80s to continue. The issue of ambulatory care is now a major issue for health care providers. A lot of health care institutions experienced some growth, spanning double digit in major outpatient sectors and significant changes in some major inpatient services to the modes of outpatient only. Hospitals are expected to adopt a new philosophy and plan of action for system redesign, carrying out a scrutiny of the traditional way of making the needed care available with the aim of surviving in the future. While these…
Allen, David. W, and Weber, Daniel (1995). 'Ambulatory Care Planning for a Hospital'. Healthcare Strategic Management 13.2 (February 1995)
Dailey, David (n.d). 'Ambulatory Care Facilities: The Evolution of Healthcare'. Medical Construction and Design. Extracted from http://mcdmag.com/
Matson, Ted (1991). 'Ambulatory Care to Drive Hospital Services in 1990s'. Healthcare Strategic Management 9.3 (March 1991)
Stouffer, Jeff; Frank Kittredge, Ashley Dias (2013). 'Eight Ambulatory Design Trends'. Health Facilities Management. Extracted from http://www.hfmmagazine.com/
The facilities we plan today must help an organization achieve supply chain excellence (Tompkins, et al. 2003, pg 3). Product design activities begin with conceptualization, where ideas for new product are generated based on market information or from existing technology. Product selection restricts new products to those ideas which pass the tests of market potential, financial viability, and producibility. In many cases product selection analysis may be quite subjective in nature and based on somewhat limited information. Once a new product idea has been selected for implementation, a preliminary design is developed. During this stage the product is specified completely. As part of the process many tradeoffs between cost and product performance are considered. A preliminary set of drawings may also be completed. The preliminary design is then operationalized as a prototype. The prototype is tested in an attempt to verify market and technical performance.
Several iterations through…
Anderson, Kenneth R., David E. Coleman, C. Ray Hill, Andrew P. Jaworski, Patric Love, Douglas A. Spindler, and Marwan Simaan (2009). Knowledge-based statistical process control. Innovative Applications of Artificial Intelligence Herbert Schorr and Alain Rapport (eds). Menlo Park, CA: AAAI Press/The MIT Press, 169-181.
Council on Competitiveness (2006), Building on Baldrige: American Quality for the 21st Century. Washington, D.C.
Franz, L.S. And S.T. Foster, Jr. (2002), Utilizing a Knowledge-Based Decision Support System as Total Quality Management Consultant. International Journal of Production Research Vol. 30, No. 9, 2159-2171.
Kojima, Schoichi, Hiroatsu Hara, Nobuo Matsuda, Yoshitatsu Mori, Michiaki Nishimura, and Yasuhiko Yasuda. (1991) A Scheduling Expert System for Paper Production J.K. Lee, R. Mizoguchi, D. Narasimhalu, and D.S. Yeung, eds. Operational Expert System Applications in the Far East New York, Pergamon Press, 122-132.
This allows for proper safety since Via Christi is located in Wichita, Kansas, which is the biggest city in the state (Via Christi, 2011).
In regards to the internal environment, all employees and patients are treated with dignity and respect. The facilities' each have in place safety measures for fires and tornadoes. Each person is asked how they can get assistance, and clinical staff tells the patients what it is they are going to do before they do it, so that no harm or offense is done to anyone without their consent. Infection Control is taught and enforced, such as frequent hand washing or using hand sanitizers for anyone who enters or leaves the hospital (Via Christi, 2011).
Explain how management contributes to its effective or non-effective performance
Via Christi management contributes to the effective performance of the hospital. They maintain and stress that everyone is treated with "human dignity,…
Via Christi . (2011, January). Standardized Orientation for Personnel. Retrieved April 9, 2011,
from Via Christi Hospitals Inc.:
Some or all such authority may be in fact unlimited. This is when a committee can counterbalance authority and diffuse power within an organization since effectively only a small faction is making important decisions. The best use of committees is to have limited power to make decisions but have unlimited power to make recommendations on how things should be done.
2. Identify the initial issue that should always be thoroughly addressed when the establishment of a committee is recommended.
The initial issue that should be addressed is that of making sure that those on the committee are the people capable of carrying out the agenda of the committee and that the committee will have limited power to make organizational decisions.
3. In what ways may committees be said to dilute the recognition and diffuse the blame or responsibility? Where, based on your personal experience, have you seen one of these…
The performance of each team member depends on the performance of all others, this being a team project. Constraints include time and financial resources; as such improvement requires permanent improvement effort.
isk Management. No risk has been identified related to the project's completion.
Monitoring and Controlling Mechanisms. The data analysts will develop a metric system to measure each member's performance on a weekly basis. This weekly performance will be submitted to the project manager for potential adjustments.
V. Operations management plan
Operations Strategy. An easy way to understand the meaning of operations strategy is to break the word into the two separate words: operations and strategy - these words being the opposite of each other (Slack & Lewis, 2002). 'Operations' is about the functions and procedures regarding the day-to-day processes, while 'strategy' is about the direction and scope of an organisation over a long period of time. The operations strategy…
Aberdeen Group. 2008. Operational KPIs and Performance Management -- Are Your Daily Decisions Based on Fact?, http://www.aberdeen.com/
Cooper, M. & Lambert D. 2000. Issues in Supply Chain Management. Industrial Marketing Management, vol. 29: pp. 65-83.
Johnson, J. C. And Wood, D.F. 1996. Contemporary Logistics, N.J.: Prentice Hall Upper Saddle Creek.
Keah C.R.K. And Handfield, R.B. 1998 .Supply Chain Management: Supplier Performance and Firm Performance. International Journal of Purchasing and Materials Management: pp.2-9.
esearch Objectives and Scope
The main objective of the research then relates closely to the research problem. It is to research the problem of uncertainty as it manifests in the global business environment. Specific issues to be investigated include supply chain management and its related uncertainties, the production process itself and uncertainties related to it, as well as the post-production phase and market uncertainties that are related to it.
Time is also an important factor. Some industries require a long-term time frame in their planning process, which exacerbate uncertainties. The time factor should also be an important consideration in terms of creating a model that can effectively help businesses achieve their manufacturing and revenue goals.
To achieve these aims, the main objective of the research will then be to research industries and companies that operate on a global scale. They will be investigated for the models they have implemented to…
Alonso-Ayuso, A., Escudero, L.F., Garin, A., Ortuno, M.T. And Perez, G. An Approach for Strategic Supply Chain Planning under Uncertainty based on Stochastic 0-1 Programming. Journal of Global Optimization, No. 26, 2003. Retrieved from http://chentserver.uwaterloo.ca/aelkamel/che720/che720-methods-of-optimization-pse/stochastic_optimization/05100412180122714.pdf
Eppler, Martin J., Platts, Ken, and Kazancioglu, Emre. Visual Strategizing: the Systematic Use of Visualization in the Strategy Process. Institute for Corporate Communication, Dec. 2006. Retrieved from http://doc.rero.ch/lm.php?url=1000,42,6,20061207091432-KB/wpca0607.pdf
Gupta, Anshuman and Maranas, Costas D. Managing demand uncertainty in supply chain planning. Computers and Chemical Engineering, No. 27, 7 Feb. 2003. Retrieved from www.sciencedirect.com.
Kazaz, Burak, Dada, Maqbool and Moskowitz, Herbert. Global Production Planning Under Exchange-Rate Uncertainty. Management Science, Vol. 51, No. 7. July 2005. Retrieved from http://myweb.whitman.syr.edu/bkazaz/kazaz-MS-2005.pdf
S. DHS "Strategic Plan," 2008, http://www.dhs.gov/xabout/strategicplan/) ealistically acts of terrorism, domestic or foreign are exceedingly rare, though slightly more common than they have been in the past and at least marginally more violent in nature, they occur very, very rarely. (Lewis, 2000, p. 201) Though maintaining serious preparedness the mitigation of natural disasters, most which cannot be avoided is an issue needed to be addressed almost yearly, on both small and large scales, across the nation and is much more likely to directly effect people and resources on an intimate level and should be the Emergency Management system's first and primary concern! Though worst possible case scenarios, regarding the use of WMDs is important it is not where all the resources should go.
(5. In the course, you have been introduced to the various responsibilities of different levels of government in the homeland security effort. What level of government do…
Daniels, R.S. (2007). Revitalizing Emergency Management after Katrina: A Recent Survey of Emergency Managers Urges Improved Response, Planning, and Leadership and a Reinvigorated FEMA -- the Federal Government Has Responded by Making Most of the Recommended Changes. The Public Manager, 36(3), 16.
Department of Homeland Security Website www.dhs.gov
Depoorter, B. (2006). Horizontal Political Externalities: The Supply and Demand of Disaster Management. Duke Law Journal, 56(1), 101.
Hulnick, a.S. (2004). Keeping Us Safe: Secret Intelligence and Homeland Security. Westport, CT: Praeger.
Historical records show that people always organized themselves in order to work together towards a common objective and they coordinated their efforts to achieve this objective (Accel-Team 2004). It was not until the latter part of the 19th century that the concept of scientific management entered history during the Industrial evolution, but management skills existed long before the 19th century. Ancient Egyptians built the pyramids, ancient Chinese erected the Great Wall of China, the Mesopotamians irrigated their lands and walled their cities and the omans of old put up their roads, aqueducts and notably Hadrian's Wall not without established and superb management standards of their leaders (Accel-Team) and massive obedience and coordination among the followers. The pyramids of Egypt, wonders of the world, each measure 75,600 square feet at the base, 480 feet high and consists of more than two million blocks of stone, each weighing 2.5 tons.…
1. Accel-Team. (2004). Developments from Ancient History. Accel-Team.com. http://www.accel-team/scientific
2. Allen, G. (1998). Management History. Supervision. http://allie.dcccd.edu.mgnmt1374
3. Geocities. (2004). Human Behavior. http://www.geocities.com/the sydication/hr.html
4. McNamara, C. (1999). Very Brief History of Management Theories. http://www.mapnp.org/library/mgmnt/history.htm
As organizations become larger in both scope and scale, the need for both management and leadership compounds. Many organization problems today, correlate heavily to a lack of true management. Aspects such as fraud, high employee turnover, product recalls, and strikes, all have origins with management. To better combat many of these negative influences, companies must hire, attract and retain talented management. In order to do so, many companies use the administrative management theory of management. This theory emphasizes the use of planned procedures, job specialization, and merit pay to help facilitate business objectives. I believe this theory to be the most useful in regards to managing an organization. For one, specialization of labor helps increase operational efficiencies with a business. In addition, planned procedures allow both employees and management to have clearly defined goals and job expectations. Finally pay based on merit provides incentive for employee and management to…
1) Manfred F.R. Kets de Vries The Dark Side of Leadership - Business Strategy Review 14(3), Autumn Page 26 (2003).
2) Stroh, L.K., Northcraft, G.B., & Neale, M.A. (2002). Organizational behavior: A management challenge. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.
3) Paul C. Dinsmore et al. (2005) The right projects done right! John Wiley and Sons, 2005. ISBN 0-7879-7113-8. p.35-42
4) Lewis R. Ireland (2006) Project Management. McGraw-Hill Professional, 2006. ISBN 0-07-147160-X p.110- 116
This would allow IM to find individuals from other countries and also to take a more global approach to training and staff development. Hire the "best and the brightest" to rapidly reenergize the organization and product line.
Grow existing lines and existing customers -- Instead of trying to grow rapidly, IM could target its current user base and simply solidify their needs by using market research to contact them and find ways to improve and maintain market share while retaining talent in the current geographical model. This model would be more conservative about hiring and wages, and would of course allow for some expansion, but keeping most of the &D in Waterloo, Canada. This would also retain more control over the design and marketing of the product for those in the organization who prefer to manage each instance and aspect of the organization from a Central --( field mentality.
Research in Motion: Managing Explosive Growth. (2008). Ivey Management Services. Cited in:
Patel, N. (January 22, 2010). Motorola Asks ITC to Ban Blackberry Imports. Endgaget.
Cited in: http://www.engadget.com/2010/01/22/motorola-asks-itc-to-ban-blackberry-imports/
Sweeney, a. (2009). Blackberry Planet: The Story of Research in Motion and the Little Device
This is also favorable for organizations as a whole, as enhanced leadership skills within employees, means better performance within the company. This is historically proven by the many companies who have implemented the program.
2. Workout can certainly be adapted to any type of organization. It is however emphasized that the program is fairly expensive to implement in terms of outside facilitators and training venues, which might present a challenge to not-for-profit organizations. However, this depends upon the specific resources and needs of an organization.
A not-for-profit organization might for example need only one outside facilitator to train facilitators within the company itself. Existing company facilities could be used for this, as initial training sessions will be small. If there is a need for more funding resources, sponsors can be contacted in this regard. In this it is important that the involved sponsors be aware of the benefits of Workout.…
Management Perspective on Aviaton Safety
Aviation Safety Management
However, this topic narrows substantially when one considers it from a management perspective. Management has a number of diverse concerns that it must consider in regards to aviation safety. For the most part, these safety issues are typically balanced out with issues related to cost and customer satisfaction. Although safety should always be the principle point of concern, management oftentimes has to temper this with practical considerations related to finances regarding time and money spent. Management can help to mitigate the severity of financial constraints, however, by involving as many people as possible in the safety and quality assurance process via a team-based approach. Additionally, there are certain Safety Management System (SMS) programs that can help to stratify different facets of safety management. Finally, it is important for management to make aviation safety a continuous process which is increasingly refined and improved.…
Burnside, J.E. (2013). "Top five pre-flight mistakes." Aviation Safety Management. Retrieved from http://www.aviationsafetymagazine.com/issues/33_5/features/Pre-Flight-Check-Mistakes_10554-1.html
Conyers, B. (2013). "Safety management systems: beyond theory." SM4 Safety. Retrieved from http://sm4.global-aero.com/articles/safety-management-systems-beyond-the-theory/?disp=pdf
Grosenick, C. (2002). "Quality assurance: how does it impact maintenance?" Aviation Pros. Retrieved from http://www.aviationpros.com/article/10387519/quality-assurance-how-does-it-impact-maintenance?page=3
Waikar, A., Nichols, P. (1997) "Aviation safety: a quality perspective." Disaster Prevention and Management. 6 (2): 87 -- 93.
Managing Quality in Practice Settings: Six Sigma at Floyd Medical Center
By examining an organization's approach to establishing, measuring, and evaluating performance and outcomes, it is possible to develop a firmer grasp on how the quality control process functions in practice. To this end, this paper provides a review of the literature concerning quality management practices at Floyd Medical Center in ome, Georgia, followed by a summary of the research and important findings concerning these issues in the conclusion.
Meaning of "managing quality" and what it means at Floyd Medical Center
Managing quality at Floyd Medical Center is the responsibility of all staff members and the hospital's stated goal in this regard is to "provide excellent care while ensuring the comfort, privacy and safety of our patients and visitors"; the medical center adds that its healthcare teams are "dedicated to continually improving your experience by providing quality health care that…
Cohen, J. (2008, May). CHAP and the Department of Veterans Affairs. Nursing and Health Care
Perspectives, 21(3), 151.
Gowen, C.R., Stock, G.N. & McFadden, K.L. (2008). Simultaneous implementation of Six
Sigma and knowledge management in hospitals. International Journal of Production
Given the fact that the entire organizational structure relies on performance, one needs to ensure that (1) performance levels are reasonably defined and (2) that these performance levels are known to all employees within the organization.
In this sense, an organization that will be implementing the respective framework needs to make sure that the performance levels are reasonably defined. Perhaps an external structure or organization can help defined reasonable levels for outcomes.
The problem we have previously discusses seems to have itself a counterpart in terms of the performance measurement and reporting systems. First of all, measuring performance means that there are specific performance criteria that can be used. These are, in part, related to the strategic planning details I have mentioned on the previous paragraphs.
Second of all, one needs to take into consideration the reasonability of the person who is making the assessments. Again I suggest here someone…
Since, this one lacks structure means that many employees can become confused about their responsibilities. Once this occurs, it can often lead to employee issues, where this confusion can become an issue of contention between the staff and management. As management is telling them to engage in particular activity, yet they don't understand why they are doing such tasks. Over time, this can cause moral to drop as those employees who do not thrive under such a system, begin to lower the overall positive attitude in the work environment. ("Contingency Theory," 2010)
Despite some of the obvious weaknesses, the contingency theory is effective for those organizations that are small. This is because the in formalized structure allows managers / owners the opportunity to adapt to changes that are occurring in real time. Where, they can use their experience and common sense to adjust to various business conditions. As a result,…
Building Emotional Capital. (2004, June 24). Retrieved April 10, 2010, from Executive Education website: http://executive.education.insead.edu/programme/documents/Nissan_004.pdf
Contingency Theory. (2010). Retrieved April 9, 2010, from Values-Based Management website: http://www.valuebasedmanagement.net/methods_contingency_theory.html
Babineck, M. (2006, March 13). The Enron Trial. Retrieved April 10, 2010 from Chron website: http://www.chron.com/disp/story.mpl/special/enron/3718892.html
Bissonette, Z. (2008, August 1). How Does General Motors CEO Rick Wagoner Still Have a Job. Retrieved April 10, 2010 from Blogging Stocks website: http://www.bloggingstocks.com/2008/08/01/how-does-general-motors-ceo-richard-wagoner-still-have-a-job/
Management of Immunocompromised Patients
In beginning I writer specific nursing assignment. The Question: 2000 Words While clinical placement asked prepare a single room an admission. The patient requiring admission isolation room immunocompromised.
Immunocompromised patients usually require isolation in order to prevent them from becoming infected with infections from other patients which is known as protective isolation. For the immunocompromised patients, their immune system is unable to fight the infectious diseases. There are many diseases or conditions that lead to immunodeficiency in patients.
One is AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome). The pathophysiology of AIDS starts when the person's CD4+ T cell count begins to decrease as the disease kills these cells. This is HIV-induced cell lysis where the virus enters the CD4+ cells where it inserts its genetic information to the cell nucleus thus taking over the cell and replicating itself. The virus then mutates extremely rapidly thus making it more and…
Agusti, C., & Torres, A. (2009). Pulmonary Infection in the Immunocompromised Patient: Strategies for Management. New York: John Wiley & Sons.
Bodey, G.P. (2010). Managing Infections in the Immunocompromised Patient. Clinical Infectious Diseases, 40(Supplement 4), S239. doi: 10.1086/427328
Glauser, M.P., & Pizzo, P.A. (2009). Management of Infections in Immunocompromised Patients New York: Elsevier Health Sciences.
Hayden, R.T. (2008). Diagnostic Microbiology of the Immunocompromised Host. Washington, DC: ASM Press.
Most audit managers assign supervisory tasks to senior auditors and, in general, consistently encourage more senior auditors to fulfill a mentor role within the audit team.
The dual benefit of this practice is that it fosters greater team unity and a healthier organizational culture, in addition to enabling junior auditors to learn technical skills from their more senior associates. Very often, the types of relationships maintained by senior auditors within their audit teams is one of the most important criteria considered in conjunction with possible recommendations for future promotion of senior (GS-13) auditors to management at the GS-14 level. By the time auditors reach the GS-13 level, they are not readily distinguishable from one another in technical skill (or they would not have risen above the GS-12 level).
Therefore, it is precisely their performance in the unofficial role of "supervisory" auditor that is most often considered the difference between auditors…
Kinicki, a., Williams, B. (2005) Management: A Practical Approach. New York: McGraw-Hill.
Nowalinski, G. (2001) a Brief History of the HHS Office of Inspector General USDHHS Office of Inspections and Evaluations. Washington, DC: GAO
U.S. Health and Human Services Office of Inspector General Public Website, Retrieved March 24, 2008, at http://oig.hhs.gov/organization/OAS/index.html
There are two things that concern the new facility in Walkerton and that need to be addressed. The first relates to the equipment and machines in use within the plant. As we have seen, one third of the equipment is obsolete and up to 50% will have to be renewed. However, clear steps have already been taken in this direction. The company is committed to transferring new product lines into Canada and the local government has a favorable tax treatment on the purchase of equipment. In this sense, the problem of obsoleteness may be successfully solved.
An even more serious problem, however, relates to the employees. As we have seen, and this is perhaps the best description which accounts for the current situation within the plant, the working environment reminds us of high school, only with adults. It is clear that, in order for the plant to become efficient…
Management Issues and Practices
James Strong, the former CEO and managing director of Qantas Airlines, twice sat on the panel convened at the Sydney office of CPA Australia to select those who would be recognized for the annual 40 Young Business Leaders list. Strong believed in the importance of nurturing young talent and threw himself wholeheartedly into leading much of the discussion among prominent leaders from all over the globe. Criteria for entrants included "the ability to land a top job, develop others and get the most from a team, and leading by example was also a must-have attribute" ("CPA Australia," 2014). To provide the scope and depth of the list-building endeavor, it is informative to explore the names of other participants on the panel, and to match them to the criteria they articulated for entrant evaluation. Here is a quick run down: James Strong looked for entrants who had…
40 young business leaders. In the Black. 2014 CPA Australia Ltd. Retrieved from http://www.itbdigital.com/lists/40-young-business-leaders-2013/
Bennis, W. (1997). Managing people is like herding cats. Covey Leadership Center.
Braithwaite, J. & Mannion, R. (2011). Managing change. In K. Walshe & J. Smith, Healthcare Management, pp. 830-861. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill Education.
Cummings, G.G., McGregor, T., Davey, M. Lee, H., Wong, C.A., Lo, E., Muise, M. & Strafford, E. (2010). Leadership styles and outcome patterns for the nursing workforce and work environment: A systematic review. International Journal of Nursing Studies, 47(3), 363-385. doi: 10.1016/j.jnurstu.2009.08.006.
Facility Location Decision
Facility location has been an imperative research area in economics, regional progress, in addition to industrial management for more than a few decades. More lately, the worldwide propagation of regional industrial centers has inclined a variety of public and private segment interest groups to strengthen labors to appreciate the forces driving such expansion.
As of a public point-of-view, many local governments observe a high-technology-based economy, embraced first and foremost of smaller capitalist pains, R&D laboratories, as well as "clean" assembly work, as the significant connection in their long-range pains to set up an energetic community. As a result, rivalry among local, state, as well as even national governments to entice these kinds of firms has taken on augmented strength (Alderfer, 2000).
imilarly, private sector concentration in high technology expansion is uniformly heightened. Venture capitalists, financial organizations, industrial site developers, hotel and conference center workers, present high-technology companies…
Alderfer, E.B. (2000). Economics of American Industry. New York: McGraw-Hill.
Black, John. (1999). Production Economics. New York: Henry Holt and Co.
Boddy, F.M., and others (2000). Applied Economic Analysis. New York: Pitman Publishing Co.
Chamberlin, Edward H. (2000). The Theory of Monopolistic Competition. 5th ed. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
To avoid all these hassles, corporates should take the lead. They should ensure that the environment is not harmed in any way and people are treated with respect and dignity without exploiting the people or the environment in any unfair way. Such initiatives get publicity too and this has a positive impact on the company's business interests. Therefore, technology has been another driving factor that induces companies to take the right steps to preserve and protect the environment and the people who depend on it.
Steps that should be taken by the company
Companies should have a clear strategy of how they are going to address their issues and this should be decided after taking into account its impact on the environment as well as its business interests. ecent years has seen more importance being given to shareholders and so company executives do everything possible to increase the returns for…
Melville, Nigel. (March 2010). Information Systems Innovation for Environmental Sustainability. MIS Quarterly. Vol 34(1). p1-21.
Livesey, Sharon; Hartman, Cathy; Stafford, Edwin; Shearer, Molly. (October 2009). Performing Sustainable Development through Eco-Collaboration. Journal of Business Communication. Vol 46(4). p423-454.
Bansal, Pratima. (March 2009). Corporate Social Responsibility: The Good, the Bad and the Ugly. Administrative Science Quarterly. Vol 54(1). p182-184
Margolis, Joshua. Walsh, James. (June 2003). Misery Loves Companies: Rethinking Social Initiatives by Business. Administrative Science Quarterly. Vol 48(2). p268-305.
" (fom Wold envionmental news, Intenet edition)
Besides developing flexible legislation that will distibute the functions of ecycling between manufactues and municipal sevices thee has to be a definite and developed pogam that would specialize on the optimal and the most exhaust utilization of electonic waste, eduction of e-waste landfills and incineation. Recycling pogam should not be limited to the ecycling of CRT monitos, as thei ownes ae moe likely to bing the whole obsolete compute system to the ecycling, not just compute monitos.
The benefit of integal pogam of ecycling is that it allows using a vaiety of mateials used in the electonics manufactuing like pecious metals, semi-pecious metals, and some electonic items in the euse.
The most impotant pat of the e-waste management is seach of the most appopiate and qualified patnes in the technical o pactical pat of the poblem solution. This poblem is of the essential…
reference: being reused repaired and modernized; being recycled and the most ecologically disadvantageous solution is simply being land filled. But the realization of these practices faces a lot of obstacles mainly of financial character. All of them are quite expensive and do not bring desired return.
That's why scientists and economists agree in the following: recycling of e-waste has to be the concern of electronics manufacturers. Loop industry is the most optimal solution to the problem as the manufacturer becomes responsible for the recycling of the products he makes. Introduction of such practices has the negative outcomes of course. Because technological process becomes more complicated and intensive, requires involvement of additional equipment and facilities on the hand with new labour the net value of the production increases and so the customers would have to pay more for electronics.
Another direction in the solution of e-waste problem is export of e-waste to the developing countries, where the process of recycling is cheaper and the possibility of e-waste to be reused, repaired and modernized is higher. Moreover some third world countries use unpopulated territories for e-waste. Anyways, this kind of solution is not appropriate again, because most of these practices somehow avoid law regulations of these countries and cannot have a mass character. It only creates additional problem which would have to be solved in close future.
As most of experts agree that recycling of e-waste has to be the problem of e-products manufacturers they have to develop different effective strategies and technologies for the most optimal solution of this problem: starting form transportation of e-waste from customer to the process of recycling. At this point global environmental community has to cooperate and share new practices and approaches in solving this problem. It refers both to technology and legislative regulation of the problem.
And in developing own strategy for e-waste management the officials of different countries have to work together and adopt practices of each other that are being effective. Countries of European Union had already made the first steps to the solution of this problem, making manufactures to be responsible for the waste caused by their products. The United Sates and Canada should start to introduce these practices as well, if they want to achieve ecological balance and safe coexistence of scientific and technological progress with health of humanity.
Management Action and Productivity
usinesses in developed countries tend to think of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) as a characteristic that is centered in their own businesses or, failing that, situated in the industries of wealthier nations. The CSR movement is substantively skewed in the direction of the developed world where the motivation for adopting a CSR initiative is driven more by altruism -- or "enlightened self-interest" (Vogel 2006: 18) -- than profit margins. It is unusual to find a perspective that considers CSR from the perspective of a sourcing company. In the centrically-oriented corporate arena of the developed world, CSR is seen as originating with the company that establishes a supply chain with a multinational company -- not the other way around. In order to manage and control ethical issues arising from doing business with overseas markets, many corporations rely on a social compliance model (PricewaterhouseCoopers 2007).
The social compliance…
Buying your way into trouble? The challenge of responsible supply chain management. 2004. Insight Investment, HBOS. London, UK: Acona Investment Consulting. Retrieved http://www.acona.co.uk/reports/Buying+your+way+into+trouble.pdf
Cooper, D.R. And Schindler, P.S. 2008. Business Research Methods, 10th Ed. Edition, McGraw-Hill.
Environics International 3rd Annual CSR Monitor. 2002. (In November of 2003, Environics became GlobeScan Incorporated. [Press release] Retrieved http://www.globescan.com/news_archives/csr02_press_release.html
Eslenshade, J. 2004. Monitoring Sweatshops: Workers, Consumers, & the Global Apparel Industry. Temple University Press.
There should be responsible planning and management to ensure the rights of all, and there should be planned areas where hazardous and other undesirable sites are located, away from populated areas. This is the responsibility of the government, who must create tighter regulations regarding these types of facilities. In addition, if a site is a known hazardous site, then building of a new community near the site also should not be allowed. Government planning and policy is a key to making sure the poor do not bear the brunt of hazardous disasters. They should not change zoning or other requirements after the fact to allow development near areas that could be potentially dangerous. If they allow these types of developments, they are ultimately responsible for any deaths or damages that occur if an accident occurs. Public policy need to recognize the dangers of hazardous sites and stop forcing them in…
Farazmand, a. (2001). Handbook of crisis and emergency management. New York: Marcel Dekker, Inc.
The vision Oracle has is one of unifying all of their enterprise applications into their Fusion architecture and creating a single unifying Service oriented Architecture (SOA) was first announced in 2006 (Krill, 13). Since that time Oracle has continually strived to create an SOA in Fusion that would appeal to its corporate customers. The proposed Fusion SOA platform has been designed to be robust and scalable enough to encompass enterprise-level applications including Enterprise esource Planning (EP) applications while also being flexible enough to provide for individualized application development. There are critics of SOA in general and Fusion specifically, with industry analysts considering it too difficult to create a process-centric model that allows for pervasive, in-depth applications necessary for mission-critical business while at the same time allowing for significant scalability (Handy, 2005). Despite these concerns however Fusion continues to gain market acceptance and provide Oracle with a path to the fulfillment…
Alex Handy. 2005. Oracle Fusion: The 'Frankenstein' of SOA? Software Development Times, October 15, 6
Paul Krill. 2006. Oracle Does SOA. InfoWorld, August 14, 11-13
Managing Organizational Change
It is reasonable to suggest that companies of all types and sizes have integrated information technology systems of some sort to help them manage their businesses and achieve a competitive advantage in recent years. Because computer systems tend to become obsolete rapidly as Moore's Law continues to hold true, many companies have accumulated a mish-mash of various computer types and capabilities that may not operate efficiently in a networked environment. When these legacy systems are replaced by a standardized array of compatible computers, the transition may introduce a number of challenges and obstacles that can adversely affect the company's ability to remain agile and responsive to internal and external customer needs. To determine how the transition from an older legacy system to an improved set of computers can be achieved in an efficient fashion, the key stakeholders who are involved in the process, and the potential lessons…
Johnson, J. & Andrews, M. (2003, July). New markets, old technology: a strategic mismatch.
Risk Management, 50(7), 48.
McGinn, D., Kudyba, S. & Diwan, R. (2002). Information technology, corporate productivity and the new economy. Westport, CT: Quorum Books.
Nakata, C., Zhu, Z. & Kraimer, M.L. (2008). The complex contribution of information technology capability to business performance. Journal of Managerial Issues, 20(4), 485-
Management of Stress and Tension
Goals-- What do you wish to complete?
The answer to attain a postgraduate degree can develop into a very long journey. For me, the contending aspects of time and financial resources constantly appeared to present problems and control the situation. In truth, it would be considerably much easier to provide every single argument present against returning to institution at this time. One can say that numerous considerable life-changing occasions experienced just recently would be cause or motive enough to put off the commencement of the Master's of Business Administration (MBA) program. Concerns associated with household loss and task modification can be made use of as proof in support of delay. Financial pressures can likewise exist yet an additional motive that the moment in time, endeavor, and cost needed for an MBA would not be a required use of resources. Nonetheless, regardless of every one of…
Center for Applications of Psychological Type, Inc.. (2011). What are archetypes. Retrieved from http://www.capt.org/discover-your-archetypes/about-archetypes.htm
Cohen, B. (2001, April 21). Average Salary for First Year Accountants. Retrieved from eHow Money: http://www.ehow.com/info_8271661_average-salary-firstyear-accountants.html
Curtis, J. (2009). Life change stress test. WebMD. Retrieved from http://www.webmd.com/hw-popup/life-change-stress-test
Hansen, R.S. (n.d.). The Master of Business Administration: Is the MBA Worth the Time, Effort, and Cost? Retrieved from Quint Careers: http://www.quintcareers.com/MBA_degree.html
Another difficulty is raised by the nature of the environment in which the leadership function is exercised. The medical field is a traumatizing one, in which people need not only follow their professional desiderate, but also cope with the drama of human death on daily basis. This makes it significantly more difficult for the leader to motivate his staff. Within a general business context, the employees deal with numbers, commodities, customers, deadlines, targets, final products and so on, and the major risk is that of registering financial loses. At Ascension Health, the major risk is that of losing human life.
The challenges virtually imply the necessity for the leader to possess a combination of three distinct characteristics:
Technical knowledge of the medical field
Ability to lead the people, and Ability to understand and manage trauma.
In order to reduce the power of the challenges -- because their entire removal is…
Hernandez, S.R., 2009, Strategic human resources management in health services organizations, 3rd edition, Cengage Learning
2007, Some U.S. hospitals, health care organizations implementing induced labor guidelines, Los Angeles Times Reports, Medical News Today, http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/79663.php last accessed on October 14, 2010
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2010, Website of Ascension Health, http://www.ascensionhealth.org / last accessed on October 14, 2010
Comparison to Airbus
oeing is headquartered in Chicago and Airbus is headquartered in Toulouse. oeing was founded 54 years sooner than Airbus. It numbers over 166,000 employees, whereas Airbus only numbers 48,500. oeing's net sales for fiscal year 2002 amounted to a total of $54 billion, Airbus' were less than half ($24 billion). The American company has a total of 14,000 aircrafts on the market; Airbus' aircrafts do not exceed 3,000. oeing also holds other six units, whereas Airbus holds no additional units.
8. oeing 787 Dreamliner vs. Airbus A380
The new oeing aircraft 787 Dreamliner is the company's latest airplane and it is designed to be safer, offer travellers more comfort, consume less fuel (by 20%) and increase its luggage capacity by 40 up to 60%. The Airbus A 380 is the largest airplane on the market, being able to transport up to 800 people at one flight. However…
Boeing Website, http://www.boeing.com , last accessed on November 6, 2007
International Directory of Company Histories, Vol. 32. St. James Press, 2000, https://www.fundinguniverse.com/company-histories/The-Boeing-Company-Company-History.html, last accessed on November 6, 2007
The Boeing Overview, retrieved at
During the aftermath of current corporate scandals, administrators and scientists have directed their focus to concerns towards management of ethical values. We determine 3 popular misconceptions about organization integrity and offer responses which are grounded theoretically, groundwork, and organization cases. Even though the study of organization ethics is fairly brand new, theory and groundwork can be found that may direct professionals who're attempting to better handle their workforce and their very own moral conduct (Corina and oxana, 2011). We suggest that moral behavior be handled actively by way of specific honorable leadership as well as informed administration of the company's ethical culture.
The current century has taken business ethics scandals which have damaged countless workers as well as shareholders, and delivered shock waves all through the business community. The scams have created "perp walks" as well as regulation backlash, and company ethical values are yet again a popular subject.…
Corina, G., & Roxana, S. (2011). Comparative study on corporate governance. Annals Of The University Of Oradea, Economic Science Series, 20(2), 674-680.
Fouchet, R., & Keramidas, O. (2010). Organizational morality: The ecosystem of public utilities. Journal Of U.S.-China Public Administration, 7(9), 1-14.
Hanford, M.F. (2007). Establishing portfolio management governance: key components. Portfolio management governance, White paper.
Othman, Z., & Rahman, R. (2011). Exploration of Ethics as Moral Substance in the Context of Corporate Governance. Asian Social Science, 7(8), 173-182.
Managing the elationship Between Customer and E-Banking
E banking or the Electronic banking is an Electronic method of money transfer or the EFT. This is a means whereby, an individual transfers money directly from different accounts by use of an Electronic system. This service allows clients to make use of computers or electronic gadgets to access the accounts information and conduct the various transactions involved. The service is beneficial for customers working in remote locations or a workplace. Its biggest advantage is that the service is convenient to customers. A customer can access a transaction at any given time of the day whether at night or during the day. Other advantages of E-Banking include; lower operating system in that, the general operating costs for the E-banking system is usually lower for the banks. A customer registered for the Electronic banking system is guaranteed few errors during the transaction. The…
Alessandrini, P., Fratianni, M., & Zazzaro, A. (2009). The changing geography of banking and finance. Dordrecht, Springer Verlag.
Amin, H 2009, 'AN ANALYSIS OF ONLINE BANKING USAGE INTENTIONS: AN EXTENSION OF THE TECHNOLOGY ACCEPTANCE MODEL', International Journal Of Business & Society, 10, 1, pp. 27-40, Business Source Complete, EBSCOhost, viewed 6 May 2012.
Computer Crime research Center. Fears over e-banking in the UK, Research. Retrieved From:
Darsow, M, & Listwan, L 2012, 'Corporate practitioners moving to mobile banking: Key factors driving adoption', Journal Of Payments Strategy & Systems, 5, 4, pp. 360-372, Business Source Complete, EBSCOhost, viewed 6 May 2012.
History of Reebok
he company of Reebok started in England in around 1890 to provide shoes which could help athletes run faster. he cleated running shoes were developed by Joseph William Foster and he had then started a company to make hand-stitched athletic shoes for the runners of that time. he enterprise continued in that manner and started with the name of Reebok International due to the starting of a new company by the grandsons of JW Foster. he name was taken from the name of an African gazelle. he company came to USA in 1979 when Paul Fireman bought an exclusive license for distribution of Reebok in North America. From the beginning itself, the products were the most expensive, and were being sold for $60 a pair even in 1979. he sales increased over time, and became $1.3 million in 1981, and then the production capacity of…
The international sales of Reebok were organized from the corporate office in Canton, and this office directly controlled sales in Latin America. The operations in Europe were controlled from the offices in Lancaster and London in England, as also the sales in the Middle East and Africa. There were wholly owned subsidiaries for marketing the Reebok branded products in Austria, Belgium, France, Germany, Ireland, The Netherlands, Italy, Poland, Portugal, Sweden, United Kingdom, Japan and South Korea. There were also majority owned subsidiaries for India, Mexico, and Spain. There were also 26 independent distributors and two joint ventures in which the company had minority interest. The entire effort marketed Reebok products in 170 countries and territories. During 2001, the total sales from international operations reduced to $1.170 billions from the previous year's figure of $1.176 billions. This was mainly due to weakening of the currencies against the dollar.
What are Reebok's and the industry's advertising and public relations strategies?
It has been stated earlier that the main strategy for all American sports footwear company has been to depend on celebrity endorsements, apart from New Balance. Even they had tried it initially. New Balance advertising featured unknown athletes and was generally released in special magazines like Outside, New England Runner and prevention as also on cable TV channels like CNN, the Golf Channel and A&E. The main slogan of the company is 'Achieve New Balance' and the slogan has not changed in five years. The headlines for the advertising are also different and like 'Life sucks go for a run'. The media strategy is clearly targeted at older people. This is the reason for Reebok to worry as the main buyers for Reebok are older people and kids who cannot spend $80 to $90 for a pair of shoes. Will New Balance finally upset the Reebok balance?
For instance, doctors usually tend to show the real situation through their facial expressions.
According to Smith,
There are no occurring contradictions as signs of body expressions or gestures are understandable to the family members"
This kind of example only demonstrates the success of using nonverbal communication. In the case we mentioned, the emotional pain showed by a physician is almost equivalent to telling the real truth to the patient's family about the patient's health condition. Here, the flow of information gathered from a nonverbal form is effective because despite of lack of speech, the sender is able to deliver the message that he wants to convey.
The book of Smith (1966) reiterates that the symbols exist in nonverbal communication. Symbols are sometimes used in hospitals to deliver information about a patient. Symbols such as medical symbols cannot be understood by a layman unless they are explained to him by…
Cherry, Colin. On Human Communication. (Chicago: Encyclopedia Britannica, Inc. 1966).
Gordon, G.N. The Languages of Communication. (NY: Harper & Row, 1969).
Pierce, J.R. Symbols, Signals and Noise. (McGraw-Hill Book Co., 1961)
Rosen, George. The Encyclopedia Ameicana. (CT: Grolier, Inc., 1972).
Figure 3: Groups by Children Present
It is important that some of these groups that include children plan to feed the ducks meaning that children will be near the water and requiring assurance that required staff be present to manage the feeding of ducks and to ensure safety of the children. The following chart indicates the with red highlighting the groups that will be grilling during trail use indicating the requirement of staff being present to ensure that there is no occurrence of fire that is incorrectly used or extinguished while grilling that might harm the environment of the trail area.
Figure 4: Presence of Children equiring Additional Staff
It is recommended that each group include a trail guide and a trail assistant. The trail guide will lead the group on the trail with the assistant walking, running or bicycling at the rear of the group to ensure the group…
Capital Area Greenway System (2014) City of Raleigh, North Carolina. Retrieved from: http://www.raleighnc.gov/parks/content/PRecDesignDevelop/Articles/CapitalAreaGreenwayTrailSystem.html
Chavez, DJ, et al. (1993) Recreational Mountain Biking: A Management Perspective. Journal of Park and Recreation Administration. Vol. 11, No. 3. Retrieved from: [HIDDEN]
Conflicts on Multiple-Use Trails: Synthesis of the Literature and State of the Practice (nd) Federal Highway Administration and the National Recreational Trails Advisory Committee. Retrieved from: https://www.fhwa.dot.gov/environment/recreational_trails/publications/conflicts_on_multiple_use_trails/conflicts.pdf
Conflicts On Multiple-Use Trails: Synthesis of the Literature and State of the Practice (2014) Trail Maintenance and Management. National Trails Training Partnership. Retrieved from: http://www.americantrails.org/resources/ManageMaintain/MooreConflictMgmt.html
egulatory requirements and their impact on the design and equipment for Better Bank.
A new facility being designed, built, with a grand opening next spring/summer 2012.
egulatory requirements impact for facility planning work to protect the builder or property owner. With most contracts the owner has the least amount of protection. egulatory requirements often help provide some modicum of protection for the owner. As in the case of the American Institute for Architects for example, contract terms should clearly define the obligations, rights, and consideration or benefits for all parties involved (. That includes the builder, architect and owner of the facility. The contract is a tool that can be used to provide evidence of the agreement terms in case there is a problem disputing any conflict. Often most facilities planning comes from business arrangements that are amicably achieved among parties. However in times of confrontation regulations help…
Appendix A Attached File of SmartDraw Gantt Chart
With no clear standard operating procedures or defined chain of command, the project met with near-continual impasses and delays. For example, two critical company leaders with important decision-making capabilities were on vacation, while the manufacturing drawings for equipment awaited approval. Delays resulted in spiraling costs (Wideman, 1993, Design). However, the outsourcing of the project, it could be argued, was already a 'disaster waiting to happen.' Expert Industrial Developers (EID) was offered an hourly rate, which essentially gave it a reward to work longer, given that this would generate more revenue for EID (versus a flat fee) (Wideman, 1993, Design). EID's employment of Schemers and Plotters (S&P) for the building and industrial design work further dissipated the control over the project and increased the risk of delays (Wideman, 1993, Design).
Woody 2000 would not yield the expected profits for the company, unless it was met in a timely fashion. It was…
Wideman, Max. (1993). Woody 2000. Expert Project Management.
Retrieved October 25, 2010 at http://www.maxwideman.com/papers/woody2000/intro.htm
He or she is also entitled to proper medication to deal with the disease.
It's not just the responsibility of medics to offer health care but the family members of the sick too play a very important role in caring about health. y accompanying the sick person to hospital and administering the prescribed medicine at home. As well, family members offer support by praying and giving the sick member company. Did you know that even loneliness is a health hazard.
Quality health care is individual responsibility. Every individual is supposed to make sure they have the best health always. Contagious diseases should be avoided at all costs, however, should we contact them then we should care for ourselves. A sick person should maintain bodily cleanliness and eat the right foods. Ones health should not also cause harm to neighbors at home and in public. Global concerns are also rising quickly…
Baum F (1998).The new public health: an Australian perspective, Oxford University Press,
Mannion R, Konteh F, Davies H (2008) Measuring culture for quality and safety improvement: a national survey of tools and tool use, Quality and Safety in Health Care (in press).
Mannion R, Davies H, Marshall M (2005) Cultural attributes of 'high' and 'low' performing hospitals. Journal of Health Organization and Management 19(6):431-9.
The objective of this study is to examine how flexibility can be built into warehouse planning and design to accommodate change for the future and what would be required as well as what would the trade-offs be with respect to allocation of resources up front or into the future.
According to the work of Supply Chain & Logistics Consulting Ltd., warehouse design states that the warehouse design that is effective is one that takes into account "a wide range of factors from all areas of the operation." (2012) It is reported that the scope of warehouse designing should "encompass inventory levels, cycle and variance in inventory throughout the business year, cost of space, warehouse o9perational management, cost of inventory transport and flexibility for future change adjustments in product or demand. The first reported step is to map the overall operations through collection process flow information and supporting data…
Baker, P (2009) European Journal of Operational Research. 2009. Vol. 193, Retrieved from: https://dspace.lib.cranfield.ac.uk/bitstream/1826/3017/1/Warehouse%20Design-2009.pdf
Warehouse (2011) Steven Winter Associates, Inc. Whole Building Design Guide. National Institute of Building Sciences. Retrieved from: http://www.wbdg.org/design/warehouse.php
Warehouse Design by Supply Chain Logistics Consulting Limited (2012) Warehouse Design by Supply Chain Logistics Consulting Limited. Retrieved from: http://www.supplychainlogistics-consulting.co.uk/warehouse.html
Fool-proofing a service operation.
In the banking industry, a significant service industry in any country, optimized operations are essential to ensure that the public has maximum confidence in the operators of this industry. ank of America and its operations have been selected for discussion in this study. The bank has grown tremendously in the past few years. CEO, Ken Lewis realized that the bank could gain a wider market share and customer base if it was able to streamline its operations and the level of service. Incorporating concepts of process management was considered essential to the improvement process. (Cox and ossert, 2005) Some of the tools such as six-sigma were used to ensure that a high level of quality was maintained in the service that the provided to the customer.
ank of America recognized that customer satisfaction was paramount in ensuring that the customer was loyal and would…
Anonymous. "Starbucks - Taking on the World." Strategic Direction 20.7 (2004): 13-15.
Coffeeresearch.org. Starbucks and Transfair USA Enter into Breakthrough Alliance to Promote Fair Trade Certified Coffee. 2000. August 5, 2005.
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Cox, Daniel, and James Bossert. "Driving Organic Growth at Bank of America." Quality Progress 38.2 (2005): 23-28.
Management of Risk: Role of Performance Measurement as Part of a Health and Safety Risk Management System
The HSE is the UK government body responsible for implementing health and safety legislation at work. In the UK, the Government's Revitalising Health and Safety strategy and the necessities of the Turnbull Report on company governance offer a changed emphasis on safety and health performance and the control of health and safety risks (Health and Safety Legislation, 2016). Risk management is a broad subject area spanning numerous disciplines and there is no single "accurate" description. All through the years, a lot of scientists tried to stipulate, categorise, recognize and analyse the risk of a certain project. Numerous activities have been created so as to calculate uncertainty and standardize risk. However, the most typical and recognized known risk management procedure is broken to three straightforward steps. With that said, this essay will show Role…
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Bawcutt:, B. & ., 2001. Practical Risk Management,. London: Witherby.
Dunford, H., 2013. "Emergency Planning and Response for Libraries, Archives, and Museums.." Australian Library Journal, 62(3), pp. 236-237..
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eports from medical center services and committees concerning patient incidents are used to develop appropriate interventions.
Trended data of patient incidents can point to shift and date where most incidents occur.
A 50% reduction in the number medication errors of all types over the next 12 months.
Goals and Objectives to Facilitate Outcome
The overarching goal of this program would be to reduce the number of medication errors in general and among those wards/shifts with the highest numbers of medication errors over the past 12 months. The objectives in support of this goal include:
1. Developing awareness campaign materials such as locally prepared newsletter articles, posters and brochures concerning the goal to reduce medication errors.
2. Conduct a medication error theme seminar that provides basic guidelines for avoiding medication errors (the "5 Ps").
Translation of Goals and Objectives into Policies and Procedures
The above-described goals and objectives would…
Jorm, C.M. & Dunbar, N. (2009, August). Should patient safety be more patient centered?
Australian Health Review, 33(3), 390-395.
Tillman, P. (2013, January 7). U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs. Retrieved from http://www.
For instance, stress due to the change of working systems is a problem caused by the employer. Therefore, it is the employer's duty to ensure that employee learn and adapt to the new systems or machines and be able to work stress-free to meet the demands for production from the company management. The employer should ensure that an employee has just enough work for the day and not an overloaded of work. This will enable the employee to cope up with the work environment and love his work. The employer is also obliged to the provision of break periods between the work process, to provide the employee some time for relaxing and refreshing. Therefore, the employer should also ensure that appropriate rest rooms and sanitation facilities are available for employees to relax when tired and respond to the nature calls when necessary (Bedeian, 1997, p.51).
However, despite the employer's role…
Anderson, P., & Pulich, M. (2001). Managing Workplace Stress in a Dynamic Environment.
Health Care Manager, 19(3): 1-10.
Bedeian, A.G. (1997). Workplace Envy. Louisiana: Elsevier Science Publishing Company, 49-
Diminishing a patient's sense of helplessness is a founding principle of Orlando's theory, and empowerment is important in ensuring that the patient does not feel lost after receiving a diagnosis and are being discharged. For example, Nurse B. recently treated a man who had been diagnosed with Type II Diabetes. He was afraid of becoming dependent upon insulin his entire life. Explaining how dietary changes and exercise, reducing his weight, and taking proactive steps of self-care could reduce his blood sugar helped the man regain a sense of control over his life. This does not mean that the patient must stand alone. ellness is a dialogue between nurse, environment and patient. Stressing how professional resources such as dieticians were there to help manage his nutrition and involving the man's wife in the way family meals were prepared also had a great impact in diminishing his sense of helplessness (Chinn 1983,…
Chinn, P. (Ed). (1983). Advances in nursing theory development. Rockville, MD: Aspen
Systems. Chapter 5, pp. 63-87. Used with permission from Peggy Chinn. Last Revised 2006. Retrieved 13 Oct 2007 at http://www.uri.edu/nursing/schmieding/orlando/schapters/files/chinnnjs.pdf
Valentine, Susan. (2002). "Nursing Leadership and the New Nurse." The University of Arizona College of Nursing. Retrieved 13 Oct 2007 at http://juns.nursing.arizona.edu/articles/Fall%202002/Valentine.htm
According to the APA Publication Manual, because a personal, unpublished interview consists of unrecoverable data, there is no need to cite it in the Reference List
(Krukowski, 2001) Civil religion and workplace mysticism each change the institutional locus of religious expression from the church, synagogue, or mosque to another public organization- the state or the company. The existence of these different organizations hoists the main question of individuality and perhaps challenging faithfulness.
Both civil religion and workplace theology do not show the likely clashes and problems often met by employees who are also religious practitioners. Jews, Christians, or Muslims who are workforce of a company may well have grounds to question the customs of their company on religio-moral basis. Workplace theology in a funded organization does not distinguish these possible clashes. Institutionally conveying workplace theology is obviously not identical with permitting individual employees to convey their beliefs and customs at work. This grave outlook of workplace theology should not be realized, as a censure of persons who want to live out their definite religious or spiritual…
Alpert, Richard T. "Religious Diversity in the workplace." Retrieved at http://users.crocker.com/~amedpub/rc21d/Religion%20in%20the%20Workplace11.htm. Accessed on 4 February, 2005
"Workplace Religious Freedom: What is an Employer's Duty to Accommodate? A Review of Recent Cases" Workplace Religious Freedom / 49. Retrieved at http://homepages.ius.edu/LCHRISTI/Journal%20of%20emply/religious%20accommodation.pdf . Accessed on 4 February, 2005
Deveney, William D. (September-October, 2004) "Religious Harassment Claims: Case Studies in Good Faith." No. 05-05. Retrieved at http://www.etsw.com/NewsletterLB/2004_09-10.pdf . Accessed on 4 February, 2005
In the GEOMA methodology, carbon dioxide displaces methane within the water lattice which reforms into a more stable state than was present with the methane. While this new technology is still in development, it is very promising (Traufetter, 2007). ecent advances by researchers from Japan, China, India, Canada, Australia, and the United States could result in commercial exploitation of Methane gas within the decade.
Natural gas recovery techniques have come a long way since that first primitive well in Fredonia. Now, a complex and sophisticated process brings natural gas from the field to your home. Exploration for new sources of natural gas has become a highly evolved science. Geologists study the physical structure of a potential site. The scientists can use seismology and magnetometers to develop three dimensional models of the earth using computer programs designed for that purpose. These models allow the geologists to narrow down specific areas that…
The level of the investment also isolated them more in the case of a failure. They paid attention to the wrong details. Disney acted on American views of Europe rather than on native views, which could identify the important cultural differences. It appeared that the managers were too confident in their success to research the small details about European cultures.
In planning Euro Disney there were not any contingency plans put into place. The attitude towards customer habits was very complacent. They assumed that there would be so many customers every day, each staying an average number of nights spending an average amount of money. In America this would have worked because there is already a well established theme park culture. The European market proved to be a lot more unpredictable.
Up until now, Disney's venture into China has been anything but magical. The Hong Kong theme park, which opened…
Balfour, Frederik. 2009. "Disney Shanghai: Good for China, Bad for Hong Kong." 28 June,
2010. Business Week. Web.
Liu, Ling Woo. 2009. "Disneyland in Shanghai: A Second Try in China." 28 June, 2010. Time.
The work of HHS-OIG-OAS audit teams culminates in a formal audit report written by a writer in each regional office. Each HHS-OIG-OAS audit report undergoes a series of reorganization, refinement, changes, and edits before it is finally issued and signed by the Inspector General and released to the news media and the public.
Several years ago, the evolution of audit results into audit reports was not particularly efficient, because the various responsibilities in the process of developing results into written reports needed improvement. Each auditor drafted a portion of the report before review by a senior auditor; and then the senior auditor in each audit team revised and edited the draft section before another review by the audit manager.
The audit managers reviewed all the sections of the reports drafted by the audit teams and made further changes and edits before presenting the draft report to the IGAS. The IGAS…
Nowalinski, G. (2001) a Brief History of the HHS Office of Inspector General
USDHHS Office of Inspections and Evaluations: Washington, DC.
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Port Facilities Manager
Ports have historically played an instrumental role in driving the global economy by facilitating the movement of people and cargo from one part of the globe to another. Due to their phenomenal influence on the global economy, ports must be effectively managed. This is particularly true in terms of their facilities, equipment, and infrastructure. The port facilities manager is tasked with the responsibility of supporting the port in carrying out its day-to-day operations. Their work particularly involves managing and maintaining port facilities, equipment, and infrastructure; supervising and managing port personnel; and supporting the security management function in ensuring the safety of cargo, tenants, and port personnel. The port facilities manager is also involved in liaising with and engaging port users, assisting in the preparation of port facilities budgets, ensuring adherence to the relevant regulatory requirements, as well as coordinating special events held at the port. These roles…
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Brooks, Mary, and Thanos Pallis. Considering the perspectives of port users. Port Technology, n.d. Accessed 21 September 2016. https://www.porttechnology.org/technical_papers/considering_the_perspectives_of_p ort_users
Then, another, and probably the most obvious, application of operations management is that of achieving cost reductions. ichard Stylves offers the most conclusive example of Henry Ford, who sought to integrate assembly lines using the most cost effective commodities, including labor force. The aim of operations management is then that of reducing expenditure and increasing operational efficiency. Its applications are present at all organizational levels, from resource allocation to product distribution. Amazon.com has successfully integrated these principles by establishing its warehouses in adequately chosen locations which allow it to efficiently and automatically distribute its products to worldwide consumers.
Carter McNamara agrees with most of the previous findings, but his article is more of a generalist one, in which the author simply states that operations management has applications in "purchasing, control and coordinating function of management, product and service management, quality management, inventory management, logistics and transportation management, facilities management, configuration…
Ebojo, M., March 2009, Skillful Communication, Supplement to Pharmaceutical Executive
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Stylves, R., 2008, FEMA, Katrina and Operations Research: Better Operations Management Would Have Helped FEMA in Preparedness and Response Work before Hurricane Katrina -- and Still Could Now, The Public Manager, Vol. 37
Some of those are as follows:
1) Affect the environment;
2) Either save or expend energy;
3) Economically feasible or expensive to maintain, heat and cool.
4) Affect student learning;
5) Affect the health of students and teachers alike and 6) Affect the retention of teachers. (Olson and Carney, 2004)
Criteria involved in the design, operation and maintenance of these 'sustainable' buildings are those as follows:
Sustainable site planning and landscaping design that decrease the use of pesticides and provide an outdoor learning environment for students;
Good building envelope design such as efficient windows and high R-value insulation that reduce draftiness and increase student and teacher comfort levels;
Proper lighting along with increased use of daylighting to improve student performance and increase comfort levels;
Good indoor air quality from adequate air filtration and exchange systems and the banning of idling buses or delivery trucks near buildings that eliminate toxins, allergens…
American Society of Civil Engineers, Reston, VA, (Apr 2005). 2005 Report Card for America's Infrastructure. Online available at http://www.asce.org/reportcard/2005/
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Benya, J.R. 2001. "Lighting for Schools." Washington, D.C.: National Clearinghouse for Educational Facilities. Online available at http://www.edfacilities.org/pubs/lighting.html
Berry, Michael (2002) Healthy School Environment and Enhanced Educational Performance: The Case of Charles Young Elementary School, Washington DC. 12 Jan 2002. The Carpet and Rug Institute.