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Fakes & Forgery in Classical Literature
Epic Fake? Forgery, Fraud, and the Birth of Philology
A set of epigrams in the Planudean Appendix to the Greek Anthology record the trope that even in antiquity seven different cities contended for the right to be considered the birthplace of Homer. Several are clearly inscriptions, no bigger than a couplet:
nn? p-lei? m-rnanto sof-n di? r-zan Om-ro?
The more flowery elaboration upon this lapidary couplet at 296 is attributed to Antipater of Sidon, and approaches a more modern conception of the epigram by making a vatic sort of claim on his own behalf in order to assert Homer's own divinity:
Others, like 293, try to resolve the questions about Homer's identity by ascribing authorship of the poems to Zeus himself. The overall effect is uncanny -- to realize that the nexus of ideas relating antiquity to uncertainty, to fraudulent claims and…
Aulus Gellius. Noctes Atticae I. Edited with an English translation by J.C. Rolfe. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press, 1927. Print.
Ausonius. Cento Nuptialis. In Hugh G. Evelyn-White, Ausonius I. With an English Translation. Cambrige, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press, London: William Heinemann Ltd.;1919. Print.
Batrachomyomachia. In Hugh G. Evelyn-White, Hesiod, The Homeric Hymns and Homerica, With an English Translation. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press, London: Wiliam Heinemann Ltd.; 1954. Print.
Bentley, Richard. A Dissertation on the Epistles of Phalaris. London: Bowyer and Nichols, 1777. Print.
Counterfeit Clothing Industry in China
This paper presents a detailed examination of the counterfeit clothing industry in China. The writer explores several aspects of the industry in China and its counterfeit apparel and jewelry aspects. The writer discusses why the industry seems to succeed in China as well as how it works. The writer also uses several social theory examples in the exploration of the topic. There were 12 sources used to complete this paper.
As the world continues to globalize its residents are seeing more of other cultures and how they operate. In addition to the globalization process the technological boom of the last few decades has taken mankind where it never dreamed it could go. Today with the click of a mouse one can manage stocks, plan travel and buy tickets, chat with others from other cultures and shop around the world. The ability to shop around the…
Faking Orgasm: Why Women Should Be True to Themselves and Their Partner
Why would any person, male or female, fake an orgasm? Throughout history, women have reported faking orgasms much more frequently than men. The reasons are varied, and include the desire to please their mate, self-consciousness at actually achieving orgasm, and the lack of knowledge related to how their "plumbing" works. Most individuals have likely "faked" an orgasm at least once in their life.
History of Women Faking Orgasm: According to an article by Laura Lewis, "Why Women Fake Orgasm," women often feel a mental pressure to climax. Ms. Lewis describes a situation where the male member of a couple refuses to climax prior to his partner's own pleasure
Why Women Fake Orgasm: Another important consideration: Why are men much more comfortable with saying, "I just can't do it tonight, sorry." Have women been programmed to believe that they…
Bendery, Jennifer. "Sex and Our City." June 22, 2002. March 6, 2003, http://www.popmatters.com/tv/reviews/s/sex-and-the-city.shtml
Irma, Kurtz. "Am I Bad For Faking My Orgasms?" (2000) Cosmopolitan Magazine. March 6, 2003, http://magazines.ivillage.com/cosmopolitan/experts/agony/qas/0,12750,284428_286197,00.html
Lewis, Laura Dawn. "Why Women Fake Orgasm" (2000). March 6, 2003 http://www.couplescompany.com/Jungle/WhyFake/default.htm
Faking Orgasm." March 6, 2003, http://www.indiadiets.com/sex_guide/guide%20to%20womens%20orgasm/faking_orgasm.htm
However, an ADHD diagnose is particularly harmful because it prevents parents from looking for other solutions to the situation. The shock they experience when hearing the news makes them less determined to hear other diagnostics, given that they consider it futile and extremely difficult for them to try to consult other doctors. People were not previously aware of ADHD and as a consequence had no other choice but to go to a therapist when there was nothing that they could do in order to temper their children ("Agony of Not Knowing" 24). hereas this might seem to be extremely unfortunate for most of present-day ADHD supporters, it was actually better for individuals that would most probably be diagnosed with ADHD in the present. Because they were not immediately labeled with a disorder, people could benefit from prolonged psychological or psychiatric treatment that was more likely to benefit them.
Hunker, Paula Gray "Boys Will Be Boys - but Not if They're Riddled with Ritalin," Insight on the News 20 Apr. 1998
O'Meara, Kelly Patricia. "New Research Indicts Ritalin," Insight on the News 1 Oct. 2001: 22
Wender, Paul H. ADHD: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder in Children and Adults (New York: Oxford University Press, 2000)
"Agony of Not Knowing Why Your Child Is So Different from the Rest," Evening Chronicle (Newcastle, England) 17 Feb. 2006: 24
This law was designed to punish the supplier, not attack the unsuspecting victim of the crime. However, the size of this seizure of merchandise is evidence that these measures simply do not work. Despite existing laws, consumer demand for these products remains high.
The ultimate solution to the counterfeit and fakes problem is to convince people to stop buying them. This seems to be a reasonable approach, but the volumes reported in counterfeit products indicate that this is not likely to happen on a voluntary basis. There is already a considerable amount of press regarding how to spot a fake and the dark side of the business, but consumers still continue to purchase fakes. Sometimes they make the purchase by accident, but many times, they intentionally seek out these cheap imposters.
Stronger measures are needed to bring the black market to a halt. If consumers are not willing to do…
Goodwin, J. The Human Cost of Fakes. Harper's Bazaar. January 2006/. Reprinted in Do We Need an Ethics of Buying?
Law, P. A Call for More Sweatshop Labor. The Columbia Daily Spectator. Columbia University. January 26, 2005. Reprinted in Do We Need an Ethics of Buying?
Murphy, S. Cache of knockoff bags triggers federal case. November 4, 2005. Boston Globe. www.boston.com/news/local/Massachusetts/articles/2005/11/04/cache_of_knockoff_bags_triggers_federal_case / http://www.boston.com/news/local/Massachusetts/articles/2005/11/04/cache_of_knockoff_bags_triggers_federal_case / Accessed November 11, 2008.
Media and Society: The Problem of Too Much Fake News
Is the era of fake news becoming too dangerous for our families today? As Jones (2013) notes, communication media in the digital world is a powerful tool that we all must be mindful of lest we risk using it poorly and causing more harm than good. With the recent news faux pas involving a group of high school Catholic boys being harassed by a group of protestors yet getting blamed by news media right and left, getting “doxxed” by celebrities calling for blood, and receiving death threats all over an incident blown completely out of proportion, we as a community have to stop and consider how we allow the media to dictate the terms by which we live our lives. This paper will explain why we have to get a better handle on the problem of fake news before it…
In addition, the recall constitutes an expectation of substantial change before products actually reached consumers, placing it in compliance with 402A. obins & obins lived up to its legal and its ethical responsibilities.
The Blanchard and Peale method of determining ethicality consists of three checks, which can be applied to both the decision to avoid the $0.35 per-package charge to automate recalls and to the "fake" recall process of the company (Lankard, 1991). First, the models asks if the action is legal, both in terms of governmental laws and company policy; the answer for both dilemmas in this case is "yes." The second test is whether the action is balanced and fair, promoting "win-win" solutions; here, the answer in both cases is more ambiguous. The additional costs of medications from the UPC rule would have been passed on to consumers, which is a "lose" to some extent even…
Adminsitrative Procedure Act. (n.d.). Accessed 18 April 2012. http://www.archives.gov/federal-register/laws/administrative-procedure/553.html
402A. (n.d.). Accessed 18 a / http://biotech.law.lsu.edu/cases/products/402a-b.htm
Lankard, B. (1991). Resolving Ethical Dilemmas in the Workplace. Accessed 18 April 2012. http://www.ericdigests.org/pre-9220/focus.htm
Radcliffe, M. & Brinson, D. (1999). Contracts Law. Accessed 18 April 2012. http://library.findlaw.com/1999/Jan/1/241463.html
Film Begets Film And Real Begets Fake: Woody Allen's Zelig
Woody Allen's Zelig represents many classic potentialities and limitations of the mockumentary. Predating the "mockumentary" designation by a full year, Zelig helped pioneer the mockumentary's use of clever parody to entertain, expose the fallibility of "historical" archival footage, prick the conscience and soothe. Simultaneously, Zelig suffered and suffers from the limitations of the mockumentary, as parasite and slave to the documentary, inherent filmed format and key components imitated to the point of triteness. espite Zelig's relatively early techniques and presentation, it remains squarely within the mockumentary mode.
Body: Film Begets Film and Real Begets Fake: Woody Allen's Zelig
The term "mockumentary" is a synthetic word stemming from a comment in 1984's This is Spinal Tap. In that film, documentarian Marty iBergi referred to his work as a "rockumentary, if you will" (oherty 24). In a small leap from that term,…
During Zelig's first wave of celebrity, medical experts -- including psychiatrist Dr. Eudora Nesbitt Fletcher -- unsuccessfully analyze him. Then, upon his return from Italy, Dr. Fletcher takes Zelig to the isolation of the countryside and so successfully "cures" his malady that Zelig attacks an expert because Zelig disagrees with the expert's correct statement that it's a nice day. A "cured" Zelig now travels the U.S. with renewed celebrity status, giving motivational speeches about "being yourself." In addition, Zelig and Dr. Fletcher -- who is also famous due to Zelig's cure -- announce their engagement, at which point multiple women come forward to claim that Zelig married them while he was in one of his chameleon forms. Now that Zelig is accused of bigamy and adultery, the easily manipulated public turns against him, pressuring him to return to his chameleon disease and disappear. Dr. Fletcher searches for Zelig and finds him in a newsreel of Hitler; consequently, she travels to German and sees that Zelig is in Hitler's inner circle. Seeing Fletcher, Zelig comes out of his chameleon existence once again and they both return to America. The gullible and manipulated public now celebrates Zelig with a ticker tape parade in New York City. Zelig and Fletcher then marry and fade into obscurity.
Ideally, the mockumentary has several powerful potentialities. Typically, it is a clever, provocative parody of the documentary genre (Grossman 271-2). Zelig, for example beautifully imitates the black-and-white documentaries of the 1970's which purported to give an accurate and complete history. Without the benefit of digital film or CGI, Allen inserts himself as Zelig in numerous historically important scenarios. Zelig's revisionist history, just this side of reality in that Zelig poses with real historical characters (Doherty 24), "incinerated" the naive reliance on archival film as an accurate conveyor of history. Furthermore, to buttress the supposed historical reliability of his mockumentary, Allen used a then-key innovation that has been used ad nauseum: real experts such as Susan Sontag and Saul Bellow, to lend superficial credence to the truthfulness of his mocking historical account (Doherty 23). By almost seamlessly inserting Zelig into archival footage, the film shows the fallibility of film as genuine history.
Zelig also succeeded in fulfilling another potentiality of the mockumentary: parodying the modern concept of celebrity and human nature, particularly modern man's wish to conform, assimilate and belong (Genter). Through the use of comedy and keen historical mockery, Zelig succeeds in cultural critique of those facets, prompting audiences to "self-conscious analysis" of our tendency toward those human weaknesses (Grossman 272). By raising Zelig to celebrity, then lowering him to despised status, then raising him to celebrity, then relegating him to obscurity, the film forces the audience to examine our gullibility, easy manipulation and persistent problem in distinguishing fact from fiction in our celebrity-obsessed, image-obsessed culture (Grossman 283). Consequently, even as the audience laughs at the
motional labor is an important aspect of what people do in their jobs, as Grandey rightly points out. Also considered, though, is the regulation of emotion within the workplace, because there have been workplace shootings, cases of rage, rapes, killings, and all kinds of problems. These are rare, but they do happen, and it is believed that they will become more common in the future because society is going more global and workers are under increasing pressures today.
Grandey, a., Fisk, G.M., & Steiner, D.D. (2005). Must "service with a smile" be stressful? The moderating role of personal control for American and French employees. The Journal of Applied Psychology, 90, 893-904.
Having control is an important concept in the business world. People must be able to maintain control over themselves when they deal with other employees and with customers that may or may not be happy. As Grandey, Fisk, and…
Emotional labor and the discomfort that it can bring are discussed by Tracy. The idea of emotional labor is a relatively new one, and a lot of people still try to overlook or ignore it. However, it is not something that can be wished away. It is important to understand this discomfort so that people who need help with the work that they do and the way that they feel about that work can get some assistance. Without getting help, individuals can spiral out of control emotionally, which is an unfortunate consequence of too much dissonance and discord in a person's life. It was originally thought that these kinds of dissonance problems only happened in social and personal lives, but the business world has changed so much that these issues are starting to appear there, as well.
Tracy, S.J., & Tretheway, a. (2005). Fracturing the real-self, fake-self dichotomy: Moving toward "crystallized" discourses and identities. Communications Theory, 15, 168-195.
For most people in the business world, there is a fake self and a real self. The real self is who a person is when he or she is completely alone. The fake self is who that same person is when he or she is out there in the world, trying to cope with work, other people, and the hustle and bustle of life that so many people both loathe and take for granted at the same time. There is a way, say Tracy and Tretheway, to take the fake self and the real self, and merge them into a self that is 'real' in the larger picture of things. By doing this, there is less of a problem with feeling fake around others or feeling as though he or she has to perform in a certain way, and this can help a person feel much more meaningful and real overall, both in the business world and in his or her personal life.
It can also be reasonably concluded that the implied representation induced Client to purchase the watch as he would not have paid $12,500.00 for a watch that was a fake. As the watch was not a real Beckham watch, but instead a cheap copy, Seller's representation that she had an Akers Silver Lady watch was a false representation about a material fact which induced Client to act in reliance thereon. Thus, the first and third elements of fraud are satisfied.
The second element of Seller's knowledge of the false representation will be more difficult to establish. Client will argue that this element is satisfied for a number of reasons. First, Client will contend that Seller had prior actual knowledge that the watch was not a real Beckham and will have to prove this through the evidence, such as testimony from her friends or relatives that she knew its actual value.…
Pornification of Women in Western Media
The Pornification of Women in Mainstream Western Media
Sexuality is a normal part of life for every male and female. egardless of where he or she lives, or even what age a person is, sex will be a need. It is a known biological fact. However, the Western media has been blamed to play a large role in exacerbating the need. Back in 1811, a novel published by Jane Austin known as Sense and Sensibility mentioned the word chaperon. It was stated that back then a young woman and young man were never left alone. Even if they were left alone, they were left in the presence of a chaperone. (Poisoned by Porn; It's" 2010, 14) why was this the case? The answer to that lies in that sex is a need for every man or woman born into this world. It was back…
8 July, 2009 "Bad boob jobs," The Times of India.
2012, "Christina Aguilera's 'Your Body' Dress Doesn't Leave Much To The Imagination," The Huffington Post.
American Society of Plastic Surgeons (2012) 2011 Plastic Surgery Statistics Report. [report].
Baudrillard, Jean 1979. "Seduction." Translated by Brian Singer. New York: St. Martin's Press
1). Hence when mankind creates something that is meaningful and orderly it will probably work effectively.
Krieger counters that it may not be possible to deliberately create something that is "orderly, purposeful or meaningful" and that works well (Krieger, 2005:76). Historically design has focused on structures that are sacred including cities (Krieger, 2005). It is important if planning to redesign nature that mankind takes into consideration the sacredness of nature. It is not geographers that would give meaning to the Earth but rather nature itself; it is too important for mankind to forget the original design and hence become confused about that which is real vs. that which is fake (Krieger, 2005).
Balance may be defined once mankind realizes it's understanding of the natural landscape has changed. egardless of how much mankind may revere trees for example, mankind rarely treats nature or trees as sacred or relevant; rather nature has…
Light, Andrew. The Beauty Around Us: Environmental Aesthetics in the Scenic
Landscape and Beyond. Albany: Suny Press: 2003.
Elliot Robert. "Faking Nature." Environmental Ethics. 4th edition.
Ed. Louis P. Pojman. Belmont, California: Thomson Wadsworth, 2005.
Simulacrum: hat is neither real nor a copy?
The simulacrum subverts the common notion of what constitutes a copy vs. An authentic artifact (Camille 31). In the common, classical ordering of priorities, the 'real' is what comes first, followed by the copy. The copy affirms the real, and the worth of the real, rather than negates it. A good example of this can be seen in art forgery. The worth of the real is affirmed by the fact that the copy (whether illegally or legally made) is considered inferior to that of the real, and the copy attempts to slavishly imitate the real. The greatest compliment that can be paid to a copy is that it can be mistaken for the real thing. A picture post card of the Mona Lisa is not synonymous with the famous painting itself.
The simulacrum, however, is a false idea, image, or rendition that…
Baudrillard, Jean. Simulacra and Simulation. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.
Benjamin, Walter. "Works of Art in the Age of Mechanical Reproduction." In Film Theory and Criticism. New York: Oxford University Press, 2004.
Camille, Michael. "Simulacrum." In Critical terms for art history. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1992.
Hart, Kevin. Postmodernism: A beginner's guide. Oxford, Bridgewater books, 2005.
chose to base my studies on J. because we shared a lot in common; we are both Christians living in a predominantly Muslim country. He is eleven years old. His parents are Jordan nationals who have lived in Bahrain for at least two years. J goes to school at Naseem nternational School where work. The school offers PYP programs. Lessons are conducted in English; however, Arabic lessons are also offered per week. Majority of kids in this school are Muslims most of whom are Bahrainis. Other nationalities making the student population are Saudis, Lebanese, Jordanians, few South Africans, and other Arabian Gulf countries. Teachers are a mixture of nationalities. Some of them are Arabs, others South Africans, while some are Europeans.
Different research methodologies were used to collect information on J's school progress and behavior. Some of the methodologies used were, to mention but a few, unstructured interviews,…
In an unstructured interview with his IT teacher on 16th November, 2012, that lasted 30 minutes, the teacher reiterated that J. had social problems that apparently made him unpopular with other students especially student S. The student created a lot of problems for J. during IT lessons. S repeated virtually everything that J. said in an insulting manner. He only has one physically small boy as a friend in the entire I.T class. The teacher had no problems with his behavior or performance in his lesson.
In an unstructured interview with Ms. Y, the school counselor, in her office on 18th November that lasted for 30 minutes, she pointed out that J. was a sensitive well mannered child who stuck to agreements he made. She maintained that J. was always on the receiving end because his classmates, who are predominantly Bahrainis, are naturally provocative while J. was not aggressive. She made such observation based on an incident when during break time play student S. violently pushed a necklace out of J's hand. This provoked J. into pushing student S. away. When the two of them were called into the counselor's office, student S. brought a fake witness to support his case. The witness claimed that J. provoked S. into a fight. Student S. claimed that he just tripped by mistake and this made the necklace to drop. The fake witness made it difficult for Ms. Y to defend J. despite the fact that she knew that it was not J's fault. She observed that J. is very clever and quiet and that's why he was provoked quite often. She affirmative that J. situation was aggravated by the fact that he was a Christian learning in a Muslim school, sentiments that J's father also believed in. She also pointed out that J. was provoked by his fellow students because he was not a Bahraini.
In another interview with Ms. Y on 2nd December, 2012, she opined that M, B,
The mall in Shanghai is not representative of all shopping experiences in China, and the questionnaire and its use of imagery and descriptions lack clarity and precision needed for more extrapolative results. The study however does underscore the role of ethicacy as a key determinant in defining if a person is going to purchase a counterfeit product or not.
Analysis of Counterfeit Luxury Goods Online:
An Investigation of Consumer Perceptions
One of the most rapidly expanding selling channels for counterfeit products are websites and e-commerce sites. On the Internet a counterfeiter can be up and running within a day or less, selling counterfeit items globally using PayPal and other well-known payment processing systems to manage transactions. This area of counterfeit luxury products selling is the subject of the study Counterfeit Luxury Goods Online: An Investigation of Consumer Perceptions (adon, 2012). The methodology is loosely defined as those customers who have…
Kozar, J.M., & Marcketti, S.B. (2011). Examining ethics and materialism with purchase of counterfeits. Social Responsibility Journal, 7(3), 393-404.
Ian Phau, Marishka Sequeira, Steve Dix, (2009) "To buy or not to buy a "counterfeit" Ralph Lauren polo shirt: The role of lawfulness and legality toward purchasing counterfeits," Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Administration, Vol. 1 Iss: 1, pp. 68 -- 80
Phau, I., & Teah, M. (2009). Devil wears (counterfeit) Prada: A study of antecedents and outcomes of attitudes towards counterfeits of luxury brands. The Journal of Consumer Marketing, 26(1), 15-27.
Anita Radon (2012). Counterfeit luxury goods online: An investigation of consumer perceptions. International Journal of Marketing Studies, 4(2), 74-79.
He questions whether he should try to clear the court of corruption or just give up and end his life now. It is this emotional doubt that drives Hamlet to act deranged at times, but he overcomes it, and almost manages to answer the difficult questions posed in his life. In Act V, when calm returns, Hamlet repents his behavior (V, ii, 75-78) (Lidz, 164).
In Lidz's book Freud is quoted as saying "that if anyone holds and expresses to others an opinion of himself such as this [Hamlet's "Use every man after his desert, and who shall escape whipping?"], he is ill, whether he is speaking the truth whether he is being more or less unfair to himself." Though Hamlet has proved his intellectual stability, he is quite obviously emotionally "ill."
This emotional illness and uncertainty is why Hamlet procrastinates in the killing of Claudius. On his way to…
Babcock, Weston. A Tragedy of Errors. Purdue Research Foundation 1961.
Charlton, Lewis. The Genesis of Hamlet. Kenniket Press, Port Washington, NY 1907.
Elliot, T.S. "Hamlet and His Problems." Sacred Woods. 1920.
Leavenworth, Russel E. Interpreting Hamlet: Materials for analysis Chandler Publishing CO, San Francisco 1960.
(Cattelain, 1997; paraphrased) the work of Cattelain additionally states that as of the beginning of "...July, 1997, approximately 66,000 children born to couples of which one is a Hong Kong resident and one is a mainlanders were waiting to come to Hong Kong, and around 2,000-4,000 children who had entered the territory illegally or overstayed visit permits were estimated to be in Hong Kong." (Cattelain, 1997) Marriage between individuals and the resulting bearing of children has proved problematic to the mainland in terms of regulations and it is stated in Cattelain's work that "One of the first issues that the newly created Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (HKSAR) has had to dealt with his pitted an individual right against a community's capacity to absorb large numbers of new immigrants at one time." (1997)
VII. asic Law Regulating Children orn Outside of Hong Kong with Parent in Hong Kong
Tu, Edward Jow-Ching (2007 Cross-Border Marriage in Hong Kong and Taiwan. International Marriage Migration in Asia. 2007 Seoul. PAK/IPAR Conference.
Chen, Yu-Hua (2007) the Rise of Cross-Border Marriages and Its Impact on Fertility in Taiwan. Comparative Workshop of low Fertility organized by Asia Research Institute and Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences. 22-23 February 2007. National University of Singapore. Online available at http://www.ari.nus.edu.sg/showfile.asp?eventfileid=265
Cattelain, Chlo (1997) Family vs. Society: Hong Kong's Battle Over Right of Abode for Mainland-Born Children. HRIC. 30 June 1997. Online available at http://iso.hrichina.org/public/contents/article-revision%5fid=4156&item%5fid=4155
Chan, Bernard (nd) Post-1997 Hong Kong: The Social and Environmental Impact. Asia Financial Group and Asia Insurance Co. Ltd. And the Hong Kong Council of Social Service.
The keystone species of this ecosystem is pricing and the systems to support their definition, management and exception management. Pricing as the keystone specifics of selling and service systems also acts as a catalyst of the quantity and profitability of transactions. Pricing also acts as the defining element of how elastic or inelastic demand for products will be as well. Pricing is so potent as a keystone species it can communicate in an instant what the value of an entire business is. Consider the pricing for a diamond ring that is real, over 4 karats large, versus a cubic zirconium imitation and the example becomes very clear. The price of a Yugo car vs. A new Mini also shows this point, and even in commoditized products pricing still sends a very clear message of implied value and market position.
The information ecology of a selling and service ecosystem also requires…
Furthermore, he argues, a technological culture is not an inevitable feature of human evolution. If other cultures had achieved ascendancy, then science and technology would not have emerged as a reference point for measuring intelligence. SETI's requirement for an almost identical technology, although scientifically understandable, is based on an impoverished concept of intelligence.
According to Munevar, the development of a scientific culture, with access to radio communication, is highly contingent, requiring a number of lucky breaks from the environment and human natural and social history. In this context Munevar cites the development of mammalian intelligence. It is widely believed that the dinosaurs were wiped out by the immediate effects of an asteroid or cometary impact or possibly volcanic eruption. But mammals who survived the years of darkness caused by the dust of the impact or eruption then evolved to occupy the niche held by the dinosaurs. If the dinosaurs had…
Lamb, D. Discovery, Creativity and Problem Solving, Aldershot: Ashgate. 1991
Lamb, D. Crop patterns and the greening of Ufology, Explorations in Knowledge, XI, 2: 12-46. 1994
Munevar, G. Radical Knowledge, Aldershot: Avebury. 1981
Munevar, G. Extraterrestrial and human science, Explorations in Knowledge, VI, 2: 1-8. 2005
Miami was where it all happened. I dated then. I guess you could say I had a life. Back then, if I were to be living under any rock, it had to be a very beautiful one, such as limestone, the kind of limestone that grew in small crevices on the road leading up to my grandfather's home on the island. I felt then that Prince Charming would come, eventually and when he did he wasn't going anywhere. After all, I am amazing; he must just not have received the memo quite yet. All of this was in the past and the time was now. I had been through enough doubt and feeling that I was some creature living under a rock. I was going to meet him and this situation would be resolved. Tonight was my coming out from under the rock.
Lucas. His name is Lucas Walker. We…
Additionally, eston Smith's wife Susan Jones-Smith, was also a finance executive at the company, a further example of the incestuous relationships that characterized the financial leadership of HealthSouth. A failure of the company meant the failure in the financial future of the family of one's friends and spouses.
Another warning sign should have been the nature of the company's assets. The firm was able to conceal its financial shenanigans for so long from outside auditors because of its multiple and constant stream of acquisitions of a variety of inpatient and outpatient facilities. The nature of the acquisitions should have been a clear warning sign to be wary of HealthSouth's spiraling profits. The volume of transactions meant there was great difficulty in keeping track of the 'real' value of the different operations, despite the company's alleged revenues on paper.
Also, the existence of such superficial nods to ethical practices, such as…
Stuart, Alix Nyberg. (2005) "Keeping secrets: how five CFOs cooked the books at HealthSouth." CFO Magazine.
Financial Fraud Fannie Mae
eview of Fraud Schemes within Fannie Mae 1998-2004
The agency found the fraud understatements of earnings and illegal gratuities that led to accounting violations and inability to meet Wall Street goals.
The investigation of Lee Frakas, executive of a major mortgage company which had dealings with Fannie Mae with hundreds of fake mortgages. The Securities Exchange Commission cited that Fannie Mae had to repay earnings and correct their books for the period 2001 through 2004. This major undertaking will cost the company over $11 billion by SEC estimates. In addition the Department of Justice has conducted a criminal investigation on the board members.
The top executive managing Fannie Mae were found guilty of illegally reporting accounting information that led to their receiving million dollar payments. Under Fraudulent Financial Statement Schemes this case is one of corruption and financial fraud. The specific areas include Illegal…
Associated Press. (2006). Fannie Mae manipulated accounting. Retrieved January 19, 2012 from http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/12923225/ns/business-corporate_scandals/t/report-fannie-mae-manipulated-accounting/#
Schoenberg, T. (2011). Silence on taylor bean opened the way to $3 billion fraud. Retrieved January 19, 2012 from http://www.freerepublic.com/focus/f-news/926704/posts
Justifications and Excuses
As Adam leaves the bank and approaches his car, he sees his wife behind the wheel of the car with an unknown man seated next to her holding an object to her side. Another man approaches Adam and informs him that he and his partner will kill Adam's wife unless Adam robs the bank and returns to the parking lot within five minutes. He hands Adam a stick-up note and a fake gun. Adam robs the bank and delivers the money to the men. Adam is arrested for bank robbery.
In the past there have been cases where innocent individuals have been forced to rob banks. Either they were threatened with guns or their family members were; others have been hooked up to explosives and told that if they do not rob the bank, then the bomb will detonate. In 2012, a woman was forced to rob…
Jones, D. (2013). Anthony Senatore charged after son, 4, fatally shoots friend Brandon Holt.
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Loewy, A. (1975). Criminal Law in a Nutshell. 2nd Edition. West Publishing Company.
Velasquez, A. (2012). Woman forced to rob was dating gunman, investigators say. KOAT
Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS), previously the Health Care Financing Administration (HCFA), that by the time 2011, health care expenditure will arrive at $2.8 trillion, as well as it will bill for 17% of the Gross Domestic Product. As a result, it is no revelation that white-collar offenders observe health care deception as a rewarding effort. Certainly, the General Accounting Office ("GAO") quotes that such deception accounts for up to 10% of entire health care expense (3).
As health care deception outlays taxpayers almost $100 billion a year, federal, as well as state agencies have given health care fraud tribunal a key center of attention. All through her term, Attorney General Janet Reno made impeaching health care fraud a top precedence at the Department of Justice ("DOJ"), subsequent only to brutal offenses (3).
The government focuses its pains to perceive, as well as take legal action against health care fraud…
(1) Adelaide Few & Jay Trezevant, Fighting the Battle Against Health Care Fraud & Federal Enforcement Actions, 72 FLA. B.J. 34, 34-6 (1998)
(2) Alice A. Love, Leniency Offered Health Care Providers that Admit Federal Fraud, S.D. Union Trib., Oct. 22, 1998
(3) Andy Bunds, The results of the Health Insurance Regulations on Health Care Fraud and Abuse, 72 Mont L. Rev. 63, 72 (2001)
(4) Brian A. Kaset, Sailing Without Safe Harbors: Physician Recruitment and the Law of Fraud and Abuse, 9 Healths Span. 9, 9 (1992)
Ethical Communication and Social Media: Discussion and Implications
“Almost a quarter of the world’s population is now on Facebook. In the USA nearly 80% of all internet users are on this platform. Because social networks feed off interactions among people, they become more powerful as they grow” (Gaitho, 2018). Social media has created a manifestation of a branch of society that human civilization has never had to deal with before. Due to the fact that society is experiencing and using social media as people attempt to scrutinize its impacts, it can be harder to pinpoint all the numerous ways that social media affects the individual and the collective. One phenomenon that has grown out of social media is that people don’t only share information about themselves and their own personal lives, they also share information, articles, and images about various aspects of the shared world. This can be problematic as many people…
Peter Eckersley, a senior technical staff of the EEF says, "What you don't want the world to know about, don't put it on Facebook. Facebook's security engineering is improving, but it's still not good enough that we'd ever advise people to put private, sensitive information there," [Juan Carloz]
As mentioned above, Facebook continuously changes its privacy policies which makes it all the more difficult for members to understand. The recent changes to privacy settings, which the company introduced, involved access to name, photos and friends list of members to third party Websites. This implementation of this new policy has led to the compromise of user privacy as witnessed in the recent episode where user email addresses which are supposed to be confidential was available to all members on the facebook website. For a short period of time everyone's email was put on public information, which is in clear violation of…
1) Facebook, 'Statistics', (2010), accessed 5th May 2010, available at, http://www.facebook.com/press/info.php?statistics
2) Helen Carter, 'Facebook killer Sentenced to life for Teenagers Murder', Accessed May 6th 2010, available at, http://www.guardian.co.uk/uk/2010/mar/08/peter-chapman-facebook-killer
3) Harvey Jones & Jose Hiram Soltren, 'Facebook: Threats to privacy', (Dec 2005, Accessed May 5th 2010, available at, http://groups.csail.mit.edu/mac/classes/6.805/student-papers/fall05-papers/facebook.pdf
4) BBC, 'Payout for False Facebook Profile', Jul 2008, Accessed May 6th 2010, available online at, http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/7523128.stm
Fake books with jazz notation might look as if they are intended for amateurs. However, although beginners may use the simplified notation to practice music, the fake book's original intention was to provide a stepping-stone for a musician or an ensemble to create their own, unique rendering of the music. Thus jazz notation reflects the stress in this musical tradition upon the musician or the band's individual style. The musician, rather than the composer is the star, when using jazz notation. Rather than attempt to slavishly recreate a performance from the past, which is impossible, as every audience, every musical context changes from night to night, jazz notation empowers the musician to create a living and vibrant performance on the stage, with his or her fellow musicians. ("Fake Books," ikipedia, 2006)
Fake books and jazz notation originated with illegal transcriptions of overheard music, although most fake books today copyrighted with…
Fake Book." Wikipedia. [6 Jun 2006]
Marsalis, Wynton. "On a slave's need for improvisation." From Jazz: A PBS documentary by Ken Burns.2001. Companion Website. [6 Jun 2006] http://www.pbs.org/jazz/time/time_slavery.htm
Musical notation." Wikipedia. [6 Jun 2006] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Musical_notation
Evaluating and Controlling Technology
Thanks to the internet, and the subsequent growth of social media, people can interact and share information widely and instantaneously. However, this ability to disseminate and share information has also led to the proliferation of fake news. As a matter of fact, over time, various fake stories, false rumors, and urban legends have been circulated widely – effectively misleading readers and distorting the true nature of various facts. Towards this end, quite a number of fact-checking websites have been created with an aim of countering the said urban legends, political spin, as well as fake news. One such website is snopes.com (www.snopes.com).
In essence, Snopes fact-checks urban legends and related stories to determine their validity and authenticity. The website, according to Fleischman (2014), “devotes scholarly diligence to rumors, photos-gone-viral, and other statements that often pass for fact in popular culture” (p. 181). Over time, the website…
pharmaceuticals in ussia. The writer provides an overview of the history of the topic as well as the current concerns in the field. There were five sources used to complete this paper.
When the Soviet Union dismantled its communist regime and began to rebuild its entire political and economic structure the world cheered and offered its support. It has been more than a decade and while several areas have been enjoying marked success the pharmaceutical field has been fraught with problems. The pharmaceutical industry in ussia has dealt with many problems including fraud, counterfeit and fake products. It is an industry that by its very nature mandates the strict compliance with purity both in manufacturing as well as cost. ussia works towards that compliance while trying to rid itself of the problems that have come with it.
The ussian pharmaceutical market is filled with problems and one of the biggest…
Privin, Irina (1997). Russia Beckons the Industry., Pharmaceutical Executive, 10-01-1997, pp 88.
Author not available (1996). RUSSIA DISCUSSES QUALITY OF MEDICAL IMPORTS FROM INDIA.., ITAR-TASS, 04-04-1996.
Author not available (1998). AS OF DEC. 8 RUSSIA RAISES IMPORT DUTIES ON ANY PHARMACEUTICALS HAVING A RUSSIAN-MADE ANALOGUE.., A&G Information Services, 12-29-1998.
Startseva, Alla (2002).Fake Drugs Called a $250M Business, THE MOSCOW TIMES., The Moscow Times (Russia), 04-26-2002.
online consumer reviews from the consumer's perspective.
Online consumer reviews are often the first way that a consumer will learn about a new product or service. The pros of online consumer reviews include receiving potentially unbiased information about a product or service. The cons of online consumer reviews include their increasing lack of credibility as more companies are resorting to tactics like paying bloggers for positive product reviews, paying writers to write positive Amazon reviews, and the inability to genuinely decipher the difference between a trustworthy and untrustworthy review. Paid or compensated reviewers are becoming increasingly savvy in their presentation of material. By inserting a few objective or even critical comments amid a sea of positive information about the brand or specific product, the paid reviewer engenders trust and therefore creates an illusion of credibility. The ill informed consumer might be prone to trusting the paid reviewer because of the…
12). Six weeks after that public relations disaster for RC2 Toys, other toy company, Fisher-Price, was obliged to recall "nearly 1 million of its most popular character toys, also because of lead paint," Field continues. Not long after those embarrassing recalls, Mattel and Fisher-Price announced "three more recalls from China" (Field, 12).
When an adult item is recalled, it doesn't make as big a negative splash as when items for children are recalled, so the toy industry was truly rocked by these events. One can also factor in the American economic downturn at the time of these above-mentioned recalls; that is, when people are out of work by the millions, and many are having their homes foreclosed, to have one's hard-earned dollars spend on a product that might sicken family members is doubly impactful on the negative side of the ledger.
Field explains that the recalls have had a "far-reaching…
Adams, Duncan. 2007, 'Baby crib recalled over bolts: Bassett Furniture imported the item from China. Fasteners in the railings can work loose,' Roanoke Times, Retrieved August 5, 2011, from EBSCOHost.
BBC News. 2011, 'China officials close fake Apple stories in Kunming city,' Retrieved August 6, 2011, from http://www.bbc.co.uk .
Canadian Press. 2008, 'Melamine fears: FDA slaps sweeping hold order on foods imported from China. Retrieved August 5, 2011, from TOPICsearch.
De Melim, 2007, 'Can we trust Chinese manufactured furniture?' Cabinet Maker, issue 5553, Retrieved August 6, 2011, from EBSCOHost.
universities, professors retire invited give a Last Lecture. Dr. andy Pausch tradition. What made story, dying pancreatic cancer, knew . His lecture featured Good Morning America television show, millions readers bought copies book form.
A Positive Man: andy Pausch and the Last Lecture
andy Pausch's "Last Lecture" is a great example of the power of communication. It is simply a college professor's speech -- albeit one with great gravitas, as the deliverer is suffering from a terminal illness -- but it has made a worldwide impact due to the frank, humorous, and inspirational story it tells. Pausch's wisdom reverberates in the mind of the viewer long after watching. In delivering this last lecture, he manages to educate his audience about a myriad of topics, not the least of which is the human condition.
One of the most revelatory ideas in Pausch's speech is the notion of the "head fake;" Pausch…
Pausch, R. (2007). The last lecture: Really achieving your childhood dreams. Lecture. Retrieved on 11 Apr 2011 from Randy Pausch's website, at http://www.cs.cmu.edu/~pausch / Randy/pauschlastlecturetranscript.pdf
Peterson, C. (2008). The last lecture: A positive case study. Retrieved on 11 Apr 2011 from the Psychology Today website, at http://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/the-good-life/200806/the-last-lecture-positive-psychology-case-study
performance of the Hollywood film industry, keeping in view all the relevant details and structures, which the directors and the moviemakers of the Hollywood film industry present in their movies. The idea of artificiality in Hollywood fiction and in Los Angeles will be mainly discussed and elaborated further in the paper. The ideas, arguments and the statements regarding the Hollywood fame culture and artificiality will be supported by the examples of the movies.
Sunset Boulevard by William Holden is selected as an example to reflect the ideas on the Hollywood's fame culture and its artificiality. The names and descriptions of other movies will also be included so as to give a true and fair view of the statement regarding the culture of fame and artificiality in Hollywood fiction and in Los Angeles. In the end, conclusion based on all the relevant facts will also be presented which will prove that…
As retrieved from Illusions of Immortality: A Psychology of Fame and Celebrity
By David Giles (Author) pg 2 On April, 15 2004
As retrieved from L.A. Story (1991)
http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/078401163X/inktomi-dvdasin-20/ref%3Dnosim/102-8On April, 15 2004
Fall Trends for 2015
Christian Dior, which is commonly known as Dior, is a luxury goods firm that has developed over the years to become an important part of LVMH, which is the largest luxury group in the world. The company, which is headquartered in France, was founded in 1946 by Christian Dior, a designer who the company was named after. Since its inception, Dior has experienced tremendous growth and profitability over the years to become a leading company in the fashion design industry. Currently, Dior designs and retails a wide range of products including leather goods, jewelry, fashion accessories, make-up, footwear, ready-to-wear goods, fragrance, and skincare products. As part of designing and retailing these products, Dior operates several labels for men and children's wear products while retaining its Christian Dior label mostly to women's products. The company not only sells its products online but also throughout its wide range…
Annual Report 2014. LVMH Group. accessed September 27, 2015. http://r.lvmh-
Fashion Color Report Fall 2015. Pantone Color Institute Volume 43. accessed September 27,
Spamming involves receiving deceptive mail like one has won the lottery then engineers ask for information to receive payment so as to gain financially or for social gains. For fake spyware, they claim to have utilities that are anti-spyware but are actually the spyware that can hack into your system. The engineers in this case pretend to be genuine and are out to offer solutions.
Protecting individuals from social engineering
There are various ways to prevent social engineering when one is using the internet. People should update themselves on the new techniques that social engineers are using. People should always contact their banks or any other financial institution using unknown sites or links. A website can never be assumed to be legitimate just by looking at it, it is important to ensure from experts that a website that is being used to give crucial information is a secured website.
Social- engineer. (2010). Security Through Education. Retrieved October13, 2010, from http://www.social-engineer.org/
Podgorecki, A. And Alexander, J. (1996) Social Engineering: Internet Fraud. New York:
Thapar, A. (2008. November 19). Sophisticated Engineering Techniques in Business. Time magazine, 160(5), 24-26.
Arguably, the raw data at ikiLeaks is far more powerful than anything that can be found in traditional media or satire news. The audience here must also acquire the tools necessary to properly digest the information, as an audience accustomed to uncritical digestion of mainstream media will be challenged by the raw information presented devoid of spin and context.
Feldman, L. (2007). The news about comedy. Journalism. Vol 8 (4) 406-427.
Ludlow, P. (2010). ikiLeaks and hacktivist culture. The Nation. Retrieved November 27, 2011 from http://xa.yimg.com/kq/groups/7669895/771113000/name/ikileaks.pdf
McCue, D. (2009). hen news breaks, "the Daily Show" fixes it: Exposing social values through satire. University of Nevada, Las Vegas. Retrieved November 27, 2011 from http://gateway.proquest.com/openurl%3furl_ver=Z39.88-2004%26res_dat=xri:pqdiss%26rft_val_fmt=info:ofi/fmt:kev:mtx:dissertation%26rft_dat=xri:pqdiss:1456354
Postman, N. & Power, S. (2008) How to watch TV news. Penguin Books.
Reilly, I. (2011). Satirical fake news and the politics of the fifth estate. University of Guelph. Retrieved November 27, 2011 from http://gateway.proquest.com/openurl%3furl_ver=Z39.88-2004%26res_dat=xri:pqdiss%26rft_val_fmt=info:ofi/fmt:kev:mtx:dissertation%26rft_dat=xri:pqdiss:NR71829
Feldman, L. (2007). The news about comedy. Journalism. Vol 8 (4) 406-427.
Ludlow, P. (2010). WikiLeaks and hacktivist culture. The Nation. Retrieved November 27, 2011 from http://xa.yimg.com/kq/groups/7669895/771113000/name/Wikileaks.pdf
McCue, D. (2009). When news breaks, "the Daily Show" fixes it: Exposing social values through satire. University of Nevada, Las Vegas. Retrieved November 27, 2011 from http://gateway.proquest.com/openurl%3furl_ver=Z39.88-2004%26res_dat=xri:pqdiss%26rft_val_fmt=info:ofi/fmt:kev:mtx:dissertation%26rft_dat=xri:pqdiss:1456354
Postman, N. & Power, S. (2008) How to watch TV news. Penguin Books.
Workplace is not safe from numerous types of crimes. These crimes can range anywhere from burglary to homicides and from discrimination on the basis of sex to even rape for that matter. But these crimes are physical crimes and it is easy to avoid them or keep them at bay by making use of physical barriers, security cameras and a few sensible risk/security management tactics. For instance, if only 3 or 4 people work at night-time, it is easy to target anyone of them but if a considerable amount of people work together and have no hostility towards each other, these types of situations can be avoided. Use of security systems is a pre-requisite for the protection of material wealth and belongings. These types of systems can help avoid theft and burglary but if somehow these do occur, it will inform the managers of the incident at the earliest…
McCollonel '(2000). Cybercrime And Punishment. Page 8-9. www.mcconnellinternational.com.
Balkin J. M (2007)Cybercrime: digital cops in a networked environment. NYU PRESS. New York. USA.
Perline I.H. & Goldschmidt J. (2004). The psychology and law of workplace violence:a handbook for mental health professionals and employers. Charles C. Thomas Publisher. USA
Keats J. (2010) Virtual Words: Language on the Edge of Science and Technology. Oxford University Press. USA.
The person with the greatest responsibility for the death of Bart Matthews was Ray Johnson. Johnson contributed to the death of Matthews in several ways. The most important of these was ordering the tests to be faked by Yardley. Johnson was in a position of authority over Yardley, and therefore bears a higher degree of responsibility for the outcome of the faked tests. If the tests had not been faked, the error would have been discovered by Yardley or somebody else. Indeed, Johnson seemed to know about the error. Johnson also went around the project head Mr. Reynolds to fake the tests, under the assumption that it was more important for the project to be completed on time than completed correctly. He also incorrectly assumed that a fall back (the interface) would be sufficient to prevent a worst-case outcome. He had no basis for that assumption.
Alexander, L. & Moore, M. (2007). Deontological ethics. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Retrieved November 6, 2011 from http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/ethics-deontological/
Sinnott-Armstrong, W. (2011). Consequentialism. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Retrieved November 6, 2011 from http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/consequentialism/
Implications on a Call Centre
During the last two decades Contact or call centers have emerged as the answer to cost effectiveness for all sort of businesses that require back end customer services (Boreham et al., 2007). These call centers hailing from different countries are very similar with respect to markets, offered services, structure of the organization and type of workforce. This industry has flourished very quickly but usually these call centers are about ten to twelve years old hence still in infancy. Despite the similarities that exist across the globe in standards, processes and customers; are these call centers actually catering to the emotional side of this work.
Being a repetitive task with only a set of responses most of the time with no creativity and innovation in the services process added with long hours and no formal education on the subject, do these call centers affect…
Ashforth, B.E., & Humphery, R.H. (1993). Emotional Labor in Service Roles: The influence of Identity. The Academy of Management Review, 18(1), 88-115.
Blau, P. (1989) Exchange and Power in Social Life, New Brunswick: Transaction Publishers.
Chu, K.H. -L. (2002) The Effects on Emotional Labor on Employee Work Outcomes. Unpublished Dissertation, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, Virginia.
Hochschild, A.R. (1983) The Managed Heart: Commercialization of Human Feeling. Los Angeles, California, United States of America; University of California Press.
False Beliefs new
False Beliefs and Their Behavioral Consequences
Human psychology is so amazing that it can control human behavior with and without his conscious will. People often develop habits, behaviors or routines that become a vital part of their lives and once they become used to these habits, there are often negative aspects associated to these routines and habits that develop false believe in them (False Memories Can Influence Behavior, 2008). When there are false believes in the minds of people, they observe the world with same negative believes and perceptions and respond accordingly. The paper investigates whether the childhood memories affect the behavior in later age or not and how long-term or short-term it can be that the believes affect behavior.
The false believes are such a disease that is often beyond a person's ability to control. These believe inculcate in the minds of people and…
False Memories Can Influence Behavior, (2008), Retrieved from:
Geraerts, E, Bernstein, D.M., Merckelbach, H., Linders, C., Raymaekers, and Loftus, E.F.,
(2008), "Lasting False Beliefs and Their Behavioral Consequences," Association for Psychological Science, 19(8), pp. 749-753
American Higher Education
Higher Education is ading in Deep ater in 2014
Is there anything to celebrate about higher education in the 21st century? hat are the most troubling issues facing America's campuses that have emerged in particular over the past twenty years? These questions cry out for thoughtful, scholarly answers. On the one hand, there are crises related to university finances, student financial programs are bogged down by endless congressional haggling, federal financial backing for important research and development has withered away to a significant extent, and scholarships and grants from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) have not been able to meet the demand of qualified scholars (Thelin, 2013). On the other hand, according to the Knight Foundation Commission, many university presidents (if not most) are admitting that they no longer have control of their NCAA-governed athletics programs, and moreover, deans in medical schools are being urged to…
Barrett, P.M. (2014). In Fake Classes Scandal, UNC Fails Its Athletes -- and Whistleblower.
Bloomberg Businessweek. Retrieved July 19, 2014, from http://www.businessweek.com .
Barrett, P.M. (2014). The NCAA Will Investigate Fake-Classes Scandal at UNC. Bloomberg
Businessweek. Retrieved July 19, 2014, from
Facebook is still banned in China, which took initiatives in 2009 to quell any sort of protest or governmental opposition sparked by social media sites like Facebook. Facebook is not the only Western site to be banned in China. Moreover, it has essentially a lookalike Chinese competitor known as Renren, which is a social media site that operates just like Facebook but complies with the Chinese government’s regulations with regard to the filtering of content posted on the site (Darwell, 2012). China’s government is very concerned about regulating content published on the Internet since this is such an impactful platform for communicating and spreading information in the Digital Age. For a government that wants total control of every aspect of the country’s life, allowing Facebook to have the freedom to come in and allow users to post whatever content they want without regulating or filtering it would be like allowing…
The Role of a Photojournalist in Shaping the Syrian Narrative
This paper discusses the role of the photojournalist in shaping the Syrian narrative. The images that photojournalists create are used by a variety of media outlets, both mainstream like CNN and alternative like social media uploaders, to develop a narrative that promotes a perspective on events and advocates for a reaction from the public—either support for intervention or condemnation of the use of force by governments that are not directly involved in the conflict. The paper examines the gassing incident at Khan Shaykhun in Syria to see how photojournalism played a part in shaping the responses of the American president. It also examines how spectacle, soft power, embedded reporting, interventionism and the CNN effect all play a part in shaping the narrative built on the work of photojournalists.
The paper also discusses the impact of photojournalism in the Digital…
This was followed by the enactments by House of Lords in 1897 in Solomon v. Solomon & Company. The concepts of corporate entity and limited liability were incorporated in English law in the same period. In this case, the head court announced that a company is a separate legal individual completely different from the members or shareholders.
From this announcement, we can say that a company is a separate legal entity having a separate life, different from its members. A company can be an owner of any property, can sue anyone, can be sued by anyone and has a life just as any going concern. It is a commonplace of the law, is a very heavy veil drawn between the two can be lifted in many cases; it seems that only a limited number of changes is based on current judicial thinking.
2.2 Some doctrines about Corporate Veil
AW Machen, "Corporate Personality" (1910) 24 Harvard Law Review 253
J Dewey, "The Historic Background of Corporate Legal Personality" (1926) 35 Yale Law Journal 655
C Alting, "Piercing the corporate veil in German and American law - Liability of individuals and entities: a comparative view" (1994 -- 1995) 2 Tulsa Journal Comparative & International Law 187
AA Berle, "The Theory of Enterprise Entity" (1947) 47(3) Columbia Law Review 343
In this manner, a chain of custody could be established. if, say, Aldo's product had suddenly jumped from one step of the process to another, it might indicate that Aldo had not gone through the usual channels; had possibly stolen the idea, or copied it to a significant degree from Alexander McQueen. In either case, the designer could protect himself or herself by following the customary procedures of their marketplace.
Can Knockoffs Be Stopped?
ith so many ways to counterfeit designer fashion items like clothing, shoes, and handbags, and so few laws to prevent the actual production of pirated merchandise, stopping knockoffs would seem to be an almost impossible task. Nevertheless, knockoffs can be controlled if designers, retailers, and government authorities remain vigilant. As noted by American designers, merchandising is the key to the American design process. It is also the key to controlling the flow of counterfeit goods. hile…
Brenner, Susan W., and Anthony C. Crescenzi. "State-Sponsored Crime: The Futility of the Economic Espionage Act." Houston Journal of International Law 28, no. 2 (2006): 389+. http://www.questiaschool.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5015869743
Congress Considers Fashion's Copyrights." The Washington Times, 28 July 2006, C10. http://www.questiaschool.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5001806764
Delener, Nejdet. "International Counterfeit Marketing: Success without Risk." Review of Business 21, no. 1 (2000): 16. http://www.questiaschool.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5007317199
Online Transaction Empowered by E-Currency Exchange without credit card
The growth of the internet on a public scale, since its arrival in the eighties has allowed businesses to expand internationally. User interactions are no longer restricted to the local level. Easy to use web interfaces allow voice, message and video-based conversations. Entrepreneurship is much easier than before as individuals can place their product catalogues on websites without much set up costs. Country specific currencies (such as the American dollar, Euro, upee etc.) tend to cause problems if users need to purchase something unavailable in their location. This led to the concept of 'E-Currency' which is geared towards online transactions as it removes usage limitations based on country or nationality. The popularity of this industry grew as a way of handling the restrictions imposed on global businesses. Privacy is a major concern in this regard since there are multiple web-based transactions…
Christian, P.(n.d.) Speed-E-Money: A subsidiary of international load center. Retrieved from http://www.speed-emoney.com
n.a. (2002) Understanding the E-Currency and Exchange maker industries. Retrieved from www.financial-spread-betting.com/e-gold.pdf
n.a. (2011) Terms of service. Retrieved from http://www.e-currencybank.com/nview/title/Terms+of+services/?lang=english
n.a.(2011) E-Currency Fact Sheet. Retrieved from http://www.adl.org/internet/e_currency.asp
This was done so that the flag would stand out from the flagpole... The bar was also not quite the full width of the flag, so that it was slightly furled to give a 'wave look' to it." (Red Zero, 2003) Other complaints, such as mismatched shadows in the moon-landing photographs also seem to have simpler explanations. While having a photo being faked does seem to simply explain multi-angled shadows, allowing that the rough ground alters the lay of shadows is even simpler. So it would be possible to generally apply Occam's Razor and say that evidence points to the moon landings being real, even though faking the landing would be easier than actually doing it.
Cosnette, D. (2003) the faked Apollo landings. Retrieved September 30, 2004 at http://www.ufos-aliens.co.uk/cosmicapollo.html.
Easton, K. (2002) Occam's Razor. Paranormality.com: the a to Z. Of paranormal, supernatural and unusual phenomena. Retrieved September 30, 2004…
Cosnette, D. (2003) the faked Apollo landings. Retrieved September 30, 2004 at http://www.ufos-aliens.co.uk/cosmicapollo.html .
Easton, K. (2002) Occam's Razor. Paranormality.com: the a to Z. Of paranormal, supernatural and unusual phenomena. Retrieved September 30, 2004 at http://www.paranormality.com/occam's_razor.shtml
Kaku, Michio. (1995) Hyperspace: a scientific odyssey through parallel universes, time warps and the tenth dimension. New York: Anchor.
Marrs, J. (1997) Alien agenda: investigating the Extraterrestrial presence among Us. New York: HarperPaperbacks
dimensional man'? What is the relevance of this concept for management today?
One-Dimensional Man will dither all over between two opposing theories: which is modern industrial community is able to restrict qualitative alteration for the anticipatory future; power and propensities are there that might shatter this repression and blow up this society. The two propensities are present, concurrently and also one within the other. The initial propensity is foremost, and whatever prerequisite for a turnaround is available are being employed to avert it. It seems that a catastrophe might transform the state, but unless the acknowledgment of what is being performed and what is being checked undermines the awareness and the conduct of man, a calamity will not be enough to unleash the transformation. The study is concentrated on modern industrial society, wherein the technological equipment of manufacturing and delivery operates, not as the aggregate of just tools which can…
"Chapter 1: The New Forms of Control. Marcuse, Herbert: The One Dimensional Man" Retrieved from http://www.grossmont.edu/joe.braunwarth/POSC150/Readings/Marcuse.htm Accessed on 14 December, 2004
Fuchs, Christian. "On the Topicality of Selected Aspects of Herbert Marcuse's Works"
Retrieved from http://cartoon.iguw.tuwien.ac.at/christian/marcuse/marcuseENG.html Accessed on 14 December, 2004
"Hebert Marcuse: One-Dimensional Man" Retrieved from http://home.cwru.edu/~ngb2/Authors/Marcuse.html Accessed on 14 December, 2004
Spy in Hullabaloo in Guava Orchard by Kiran Desai
Kiran Desai's Hullabaloo in Guava Orchard is an interesting story that doesn't truly signify anything except presenting an entertaining tale of a man who seeks refuge from expectations of the society in a guava tree. The novel is an amalgamation of very interesting characters including the spy, who is a member of the Atheistic society and has come to the orchard to uncover the truth about Sampath Chawla, the protagonist of the novel. His purpose in the novel is to expose Sampath for what he is, or what spy believes him to be i.e. An idiot who is pretending to be a holy man.
Sampath Chalwa is a young man whose otherworldliness may appear fake to people like the spy but in fact he has a holy soul as he can actually look into people's problems and offer them advice. He…
Kiran Desai. Hullabaloo in Guava Orchard. Grove Press. 2009
Fur From China
Against fur buying in China
Almost 80% origin of the world's fur is from farms. The world's largest exporter of fur clothing is China, and is as well considered as the largest fur trade production and processing base within the globe. Some of the wild species that are bred for fur are ex abbits, mink, raccoon dogs, red and arctic foxes. Based on the fur industry sources of China, as a result of increase in international fur traders, fashion designers and processors, the business have shifted to China, leading to availability of cheap labor in addition to enjoying unrestrictive regulations making life easier and broaden the profit margins.
Whether to buy fur that originate from China or not has been an issue discussed widely. However, indeed fur from China does not deserve to be bought, and there are various indications to back this. For example, the manner…
Chiara Feddeck, (2012). Fur Is Not Fashionable: The Cruelty of The Fur Industry. Retrieved march 17, 2013 from http://www.witandfancy.com/2012/01/19/fur-is-not-fashionable-the-cruelty-of-the-fur-industry/
Steve Martindale, (2013). Best of PETA Prime: Help Shut Down the Chinese Fur Trade. Retrieved march 17, 2013 from http://prime.peta.org/2011/07/china
Graham, David,(2012). How Canada Gets Dog and Cat Fur from China. The Star.
Social Media and how it goes on to affects people. The advantages and the risks of social media are discussed. Furthermore, it goes on to talk about appropriate and inappropriate content. Use of social media in the professional world is also discussed.
Social Media is basically the modes of interaction among persons in which they produce, exchange, and share information in varied virtual communities and network. (Ahlqvist et al., 2008) This information can include written information, pictures, videos and audio notes as well. Kaplan and Haenlein (2010) describe this form of technology as varies internet origin applications that were created on technological and ideological foundations that merely allow the exchange of content that the user himself created. Initially, social media was only prevalent on laptops or pcs but now this technology has move on to mobile phones. This therefore enables users to upload and share information instantaneously. The advent of…
Ahlqvist, T. et al. (2008). Social media road maps exploring the futures triggered by social media. VTT Tiedotteita - Valtion Teknillinen Tutkimuskeskus, 2454 pp.13.
Bullas, J. (2009). Survey Reveals: The Top 5 Social Media Channels Companies Are Using | Jeffbullas's Blog. [online] Retrieved from: http://www.jeffbullas.com/2009/08/10/survey-reveals-the-top-5-social-media-channels-companies-are-using / [Accessed: 16 Apr 2013].
Daft, R.L., & Lengel, R.H. (1986). Organizational informationrequirements, media richness, and structural design. ManagementScience, 32(5), 554 -- 571.
Fama, E.F. (1970). Efficient capital markets: A review of theory and empirical work. Journal of Finance, 25(2), 383 -- 417.
Stephen Glass, the protagonist of the film, played by Hayden Christensen, works for The New Republic as a reporter. His use of colorful stories to draw attention from readers earns him a solid reputation amongst his peers and his employers. Michael Kelly, an editor that backs Glass' eventually discovered false stories, gets fired for standing up for himself. Glass then writes a hacker story that he himself did not check and is therefore caught in the first real instance of the movie of corruption. A reporter, wishing to earn or maintain a good reputation, fabricates a story.
How it was discovered, was when Charles Lane becomes weary of the so called, "credible sources," of Glass' piece. When he discovers that Glass never went to the restaurant he said he did and never went to a hacking convention, and only relied on online, false sources, Glass gets suspended. Many…
Bullying has been around since the beginning of recorded history, and probably well before then, as well. However, many people express a belief that people are becoming more aware of and sensitive to bullying. While it may be true that there is a heightened awareness of bullying, the increased sensitivity to bullies may be a misconception. The nature of bullying has changed and evolved with technological changes. With the advent of cyberbullying, victims are no longer able to escape from bullies. Instead, bullies can follow victims into almost any setting. The inability of victims to escape from their bullies for even small amounts of time seems to be exacerbating the impact of those bullies. Victims seem more vulnerable, and victims may be taking dramatic actions, up to and including suicide, in the hopes of ending the bullying. In this article, the author discusses cyberbullying. The discussion begins with a…
One instance of this strategy is the self-therapy suggested by the Speech Foundation of America which is focused on the assumption that stuttering is not a symptom, rather a behavior which can be corrected. (Sadock; Kaplan; Sadock, 2007)
Stutterers have been advised that they can learn to control their problems in part by correcting their feelings regarding stuttering and mindset towards it and in part by correcting the abnormal behaviors linked with the blocks that come to the forefront during stuttering. The strategy covers desensitizing i.e. lowering the emotional reaction to and uncertainties revolving stuttering and substituting positive action to control the moment of stuttering. The latest mature strategies concentrate on the aspect of restructuring fluency. The complete speech production pattern is remolded with emphasis on a series of target behaviors, covering reduction of rate, simple or gentle starting of voicing, and even shift between sounds, syllables as also words.…
Bothe, Anne K; Shenkar, Rosalee C. (2004) "Evidence-based treatment of stuttering"
Conture, Edward G. (2001) "Stuttering"
Allyn and Bacon.
Most of the time, intellectual property theft involves stealing copyrighted material in the form of a book, a magazine or journal article or material on the Internet and claiming that the material is one's own property, also known as plagiarism. This type of high-tech crime is very widespread in today's America and often shows up as major news stories in the media, especially when the copyrighted material belongs to a high-profile author.
Another high-tech crime which is closely linked to identity theft is credit card fraud which occurs when "purchases are made using another individual's credit card or credit card number with the intent to defraud" ("Credit Card Fraud," Internet). These purchases might include buying products and goods at a well-known business establishment or purchasing products from Internet sites. Some of the more common forms of credit card fraud found in the U.S. include counterfeiting or creating fraudulent credit cards,…
About Identity Theft." (2008). FTC. Internet. Retrieved January 8, 2009 at http://www.ftc.gov/bcp/edu/microsites/idtheft/consumers/about-identity-theft.html .
Credit Card Fraud." (2009). Criminal Law. Internet. Accessed January 7, 2009 at http://criminal-law.freeadvice.com/criminal-law/credit-card-fraud.htm .
Financial and High-Tech Crimes." January 7, 2009. Interpol. Internet. Accessed January 7, 2009 at http://www.interpol.int/Public/FinancialCrime/Default.asp .
Thompson, William T. (2004). High-tech crime in the United States. Boston: G.K. Hall.
It is a farce, founded on dishonesty: like the old regime itself. And Alex has become the neurotic, control-freak prime minister, acting on behalf of an ageing, debilitated monarch" notes Peter Bradshaw, the film reviewer of the Guardian. A real-life parallel might be that of a child in a nursing home who carefully controls his or her parent's visitors, diet, and lifestyle. Politically, Bradshaw's implication is that the love parents and children feel can mirror a kind of tyranny. The love of an old parent can distort the feelings that the young have a changing world as they become dependant upon propping up the lies of parents. This suggest that love the young for elderly people can inhibit and even unconsciously prevent the ability of the world to change, as they live for a dying, rather than a new ideal.
The film at its best shows how love, perhaps too…
Bradshaw, Peter. "Good-bye Lenin." The Guardian. 25 Jul 2003. 1 May 2008. http://film.guardian.co.uk/News_Story/Critic_Review/Guardian_Film_of_the_week/0,1005279,00.html
Good-bye Lenin." Directed by Wolfgang Becker. 2003.
All along, Miller's salesman was creating a tableau vivant, in his work and in his family. If you put the right characters on stage, you create the right image.
In illy Loman's mind, Dave Singleman, that "single" salesman, no doubt created the proper image. Even Singleman's death was that of a salesman, "hen he died -- and by the way he died the death of a salesman, in his green velvet slippers in the smoker of the New York, New Haven and Hartford, going into Boston -- when he died, hundreds of salesmen and buyers were at his funeral." A traveling salesman should die on the road, as Dave Singleman obviously did. hat greater tribute to a way of life than to die in the course of one's duty? Appropriately, as well, Loman's hero received the adulation of his peers - the ultimate complement in the eyes of a man…
Boehm, Christopher. Hierarchy in the Forest: The Evolution of Egalitarian Behavior. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1999.
From the Tour: Titian and the Late Renaissance in Venice." The Collection, National Gallery of Art. Washington, D.C.: National Gallery of Art, 2006. URL: http://www.nga.gov/collection/gallery/gg23/gg23-1226.0.html .
In addition, smoking is addictive, and the earlier a person starts, the more likely they are to continue, making it more difficult to quit as one ages. Young people do not understand smoking, because they tend to have an "it will not happen to me" mentality, and it should not be available to teens, you should have to be an adult to make the choice to smoke, because it is a health choice, as well as a lifestyle choice.
In conclusion, smoking is hazardous to your health and well-being, and that has been proven. People start to smoke too early in life, and then they find it difficult to quit. The earlier you start smoking, the longer smoke can do damage to your lungs, making it more likely you will develop lung disease such as emphysema or lung cancer. Smoking is no less dangerous than drinking, it can harm others…
As shown in Appendix 2 these report gives a complete and detailed picture of candidate's personality type, classifying him to one of five main types: A-director, B - socializer, motivator, people person, C - thinker, analytic, D - supporter, X which means that personality has two types synergized.
Interviewing as the most used employee screening skill
Another very effective method of prospective employee evaluation is evaluation interview. Evaluation interview was a theme of a number of researches and studies, which examine the validity of different interview types. The researches show that structured intrviews have a higher acuracy than unstructured (Huffcutt and Arthus, 1994; McDaniel et al., 1994; Wiesner and Cronshaw, 1988; Wright et al., 1989). In most cases interviews can be planned using job analyses questions or scoring procedures, which can objectively evaluate candidates creditability in prospective field.
Each interview has five common steps: planning and preparing the interview, beginning…
Terpstra, D.E., & Rozell, E.J. The relationship of staffing practices to organizational level measures of performance. Personnel Psychology, 46. 1993
Maurer, S.D., Howe, V. And Lee, T.W. Organizational recruiting as marketing management: an interdisciplinary study of engineering graduates, Personnel Psychology, Vol. 45, 1992.
Lievens, F. Recent trends and challenges in personnel selection, available from www.emeraldinsight.com/0048-3486.htm
Ullman, J.C. 1966. Employee referrals: A prime tool for recruiting workers. Personnel, 43
The promotion budget remains high, however, and it is essential to maintain the promotions budget to defend the space, especially over the coming months when technologically superior rivals may finally enter the tablet space.
The iPad 2 has been given a premium price, consistent with Apple products. Competitors such as Samsung have chosen to meet Apple at this price rather than undercut. This brings the iPad 2 into direct competition with such products on the basis of features, something that at present favors the iPad 2. The price points are consistent globally, and are not expected to change until the next generation of iPad is introduced and the old devices need to be cleared from inventory. Apple typically does not discount its products while they are still current, and has no plans to change that policy for the iPad 2.
ith respect to place, distribution of the iPad 2 is…
Madway, G. & Raj, J. (2011). Apple iPad 2 sales seen clearing 1 million units. Reuters. Retrieved August 18, 2011 from http://www.reuters.com/article/2011/03/14/us-apple-research-idUSTRE72D30020110314
King, R. (2011). Best Buy holding iPad2 sales due to shortages. ZD Net. Retrieved August 18, 2011 from http://www.zdnet.com/blog/gadgetreviews/best-buy-holding-iPad-2-sales-due-to-shortages/23579
Kahney, L. (2002). Apple: It's all about the brand. Wired Magazine. Retrieved August 18, 2011 from http://www.wired.com/gadgets/mac/commentary/cultofmac/2002/12/56677
MarketingMinds. (2010). Apple's branding strategy. Marketing Minds.com. Retrieved August 18, 2011 from http://www.marketingminds.com.au/branding/apple_branding_strategy.html