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Los Angeles Fine Arts Building
"Form follows function" may be a cliche nowadays, one that's parroted in chic commercials for high-end, luxury sedans, but at some point, before the phrase devolved into a catchphrase for Cadillacs, it had real meaning. The architects who designed and built the Los Angeles Fine Arts Building knew what it meant, and they applied that philosophy to their stunning 12-story masterpiece in the city of angels. That is to say, the design of the Fine Arts Building not only enriches the architecture, but it gives voice to the activities of the building's original tenants (Several, 1999). It is the purpose of this paper to discuss the elements of architectural style in the Los Angeles Fine Arts Building.
But first, here is a brief history of the men behind the masterpiece. The Los Angeles Fine Arts Building was designed by the acclaimed duo of…
Several, M. (1999, November). Fine arts building background information . Retrieved
Los Angeles Conservancy Tours. (n.d). Los Angeles Fine Arts Building. Retrieved from http://www.laconservancy.org/tours/downtown/fine_arts.php4 .
Vincent, R. (2008, May 27). Fine Arts Building Los Angeles Attorneys to Do Justice to Fine Arts Building. Los Angeles Times. Retrieved from http://articles.latimes.com/2008/may/27/business/fi-attorneys27 .
Thus, we assume that childen gifted in the ats ae evey bit as intellectually endowed as those with academic gifts.
The elationships among giftedness, talent development, and ceativity ae challenging aeas of eseach. Because eseaches lack consensus about what constitutes ceativity itself, pogess in developing opeational definitions of "ceativity" has been slow (Clak & Zimmeman, 1992-page 344; Csikzentmihalyi, 1996; Hunsake & Callahan, 1995-page 2). Although some scholas agee that ceative achievement is eflected in the poduction of useful, new ideas o poducts that esult fom defining a poblem and solving it in a novel way (Hunsake & Callahan, 1995-page 98; McPheson, 1997-page 201; Mumfod, Wakefield, 1992), othes distinguish between expet ceative acts and those of novices. Csikszentmihalyi (1988, 1996), Feldman (1982), and Winne and Matino (1993) efeed to ceativity as inventiveness within a domain of knowledge, whee a ceative individual's wok is ecognized as a significant addition to that domain,…
references of children's drawings. Studies in Art Education, 41(1), 40 -- 60.
Wakefield, J.F. (1992). Creative thinking: Problem solving skills and the arts orientation. Norwood, NJ: Ablex.
Winner, E. (1996). Gifted children: Myths and realities. New York: Basic Books.
Winner, E., & Martino, G. (1993). Giftedness in the visual arts and music. In K.A. Keller, F.J. Monk, & a.H. Passow (Eds. ), International handbook of research and development of giftedness and talent (pp. 253 -- 281). New York: Permagon.
Zimmerman, E. (1997). What art teachers are not teaching, art students are not learning. Art Education, 37(4), 12 -- 15.
The line that forms the corner of the wall behind her is much more definite and concrete, but it almost appears as though there has been an attempt to obliterate notions of line in the woman herself -- the folds of her clothes resist any distinguishability.
The different uses of line by these two artists also show up in their simple geometry. In his self-portrait, Picasso uses almost no curved line at all. The result is a very angular yet still completely recognizable face with very prominent -- indeed, almost exaggerated -- features. His woman is far more abstract, and the painting contains far more curves, but Picasso still gives his images very definite geometric shape through his use of line. Hals on the other hand does not define his figure so concretely. The room itself, however, is strongly defined by line, making it seem to extend off the canvas…
Still Life after Jan Davidsz. de Heem's 'La Desserte'
Henri Matisse was one of the great "colorist of the 20th century" and is one of Picasso's rivals in the area of innovations. Matisse is reported to have "emerged as a Postimpressionist, and first achieved prominence as the leader of the French movement Fauvism." (The Art Story, 2011) Matisse was interested in Cubism but rejected this seeking rather to use color "as the foundation for expressive, decorative, and often monumental paintings." (The Art Story, 2011) Matisse is noted for having stated that he sought to create an art that would be "a soothing, calming influence on the mind, rather like a good armchair." (The Art Story, 2011) Matisse was born to a middle class family and his father was a merchant selling grain and hardware. Matisse began his career as a law clerk but was anxious and felt the…
Chipp, Herschel Browning (2011) Theories of Modern Art: A Source Book by Artists and Critics. Google Books.
Cubism (2005) Alexander Boguslawski. Retrieved from: http://tars.rollins.edu/Foreign_Lang/Russian/cubism.html
Green, Tyler (2010) Matisse: Radical Invention, 1913-17: Enter Juan Gris. Modern Art Notes. 7 Oct 2010. ARTINFO. Retrieved from: http://blogs.artinfo.com/modernartnotes/2010/10/matisse-radical-invention-1913-17-enter-juan-gris/
Green, Tyler (2010) Matisse; Radical Invention, 1913-1917 Enter juan Gris 7 Oct 2010. Modern Art Notes. ARTINFO. Retrieved from:
Still, Mohist impact was considerable. The Legalists embraced the Mohists' authoritarian concepts. The Confucians and Taoists both acquired meaning and intensity from responding against Mohist rulers. And the universalistic social vision of Mohism helped motivate comparable propensities in later on, post-classical Taoism. In addition, Chinese reformers of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, typically discovered Mozi an interesting exemplar of the committed social reform (Kirkland, p. 4-5).
The idea of reform or transfer, where "discovering in one context helps discovering in various other contexts," has actually interested intellectual experts and education analysts for even more than a century and certainly beyond Mozi and his idea of life without inspiration of art i.e. life for simple survival (Catterrall, 2002b). A generally held view is that all educational experiences include some degree of transfer of knowledge both in life and education outside the school in addition to education within the school. Nonetheless, the…
Benjamin, W. (1936). The work of art in the age of mechanical reproduction. Penguin Great Ideas.
Iwai, K. (2003). The Contribution of Arts Education to Children's Lives - Prepared for the Division of Arts and Cultural Enterprise in UNESCO under the project to promote arts education in school environment. Paper presented at the UNESCO Regional Meeting on Arts Education in the European Countries Canada and the United States of America, Finland.
Kirkland, R. The Book of Mozi (Mo-Tzu) - Mozi (Mo Di; ca. 470 -400 BCE), p. 1-5.
NAEA. (2009). Learning in a Visual Age - Th-e Critical Importance of Visual Arts Education. The National Art Education Association.
," goes on to say that one gallery almost sold all of its prints and a rival site also took 100 orders for prints. (Selling, 1)
Also, in the second article cited, "Art and the Internet," an article found in BusinessWeek on 24 January, 2001, it claims that only 2% of international art sales, valued at $7 billion, are actually well-known and sold in public auctions with the help of the Internet. They look forward to a future where the value of art will be redesigned and modernized. Some online auction houses are creating new concepts to further open the art market, presumably setting up more dazzling designs and flash images to catch the attention of would-be art collectors.
However, in the fourth article entitled "ough Time Online," from ArtNews of January, 2001, the journal declares that it has been a tough year for online sales of art, with many…
Bamberger, A. (2005) "Selling Art on the Internet." ArtBusiness.com. Retrieved December 10, 2006 from http://www.artbusiness.com/internetsell.html.
Ducourtieux, C. (2001). "Art and the Internet." BusinessWeek. 24 Jan 2001.
Selling Art Online. (2001). ArtsJournal.com: The Daily Digest of Arts & Cultural Journalism. http://www.artsjournal.com/issues/sellingartonline.htm .
Organizational Issues at Fine Arts Inc.
Fine Art Inc., are facing challenges, sales are falling and the firm needs to find a way to turnaround the decline. In order to achieve this, a team has been put together, with senior mangers from the different departments. It has been argued by many theorists that multifunctional have the potential to be highly beneficial with the different team members able to bring differing perspectives and inputs into the teams' performance, but that there is also the greatest potential for dissonance in multifunctional trams due to the differences (Weingart et al., 2010). However, in the case of Fine Arts, while all the team members may want the firm to succeed, the multi-functional team that has been put together does not appear to be achieving anything, there is conflict which is focused on Randy, who is highly intelligent and knowledgeable about the industry, but…
Of course, I am incidentally exposed to non-commercial art throughout my day, as well. My home is decorated with original paintings by unknown artists, so I see art as I glance around my home. My work is also decorated with artwork, though the works there are reproductions of the works of famous artists. I also hear music during my commute to work, and my office plays jazz music in the background.
Examining my experience with art in my daily life, it becomes clear to me that art is an essential part of a civilized life. Though I have not formally studied any of the fine arts, I believe that they have been very helpful to me. I believe that art serves as a reminder to me and to my fellow human beings that we are elevated above other animals. In addition, I believe that the tone and nature of a…
Houses are being bought and sold on an ongoing daily basis, and there is also a strong market for collectors of artwork that could lead to offering more title services to those people as well. A drawback to the career could be, if the person seeking such a career would put all the eggs in the artwork basket. There currently does not seem to be a high enough demand for artwork title services that would allow for individuals to easily or quickly find employment in this field. Rather the same individual would probably be more likely to find employment in the real estate area and have it grow from there.
One area touted by AXA Fine Art Services is that of educating art dealers and collectors to the various dangers and pitfalls of owning and protecting fine art. Each year, this insurance company sponsors an exhibition of fine art that…
AXA Art at Tefaf Maastricht: Leading Fine Art Insurance Company Warns of Water Damage, (2006)
http://www.axa-art.co.uk/nws/nws005.pdf, Accessed June 25, 2007
Chubb Group Insurance, (2007)
http://www.chubb.com/personal/collector_services.jsp , Accessed June 25, 2007
Race and gender might have always been rigidly determined social categories, but class was more mutable when it came to access to cultural emblems like the visual and literary arts (Levine).
In "Cartoon and Comic Classicism," Smooden argues that scholars are deeply conflicted about the boundaries between high and low art. Cartoons, and the analysis of cartoons, are a perfect example of how, when, and why the boundaries between highbrow and lowbrow become blurred. Cartoons are artistically discreet modes of visual culture, and they often convey social and political commentary that is far more in depth than canvases hanging on the walls of art museums. Some mass-produced popular art carries with it an element of subversion, buried beneath the surface and only visible as satire by those keen enough to notice it -- whether high or low on the social ladder. Artists like Mark Ryden embody lowbrow, popular art and…
Levine, Lawrence. Highbrow/Lowbrow: The Emergence of Cultural Hierarchy in America. Harvard University Press, 1988.
Peterson, Richard A. "Understanding Audience Segmentation: From Elite and Mass to Omnivore and Univore." Poetics 21 (1992).: 243-358.
Smoodin, Eric. "Cartoon and Comic Classicism: High-Art Histories of Lowbrow Culture." American Literary History, Vol. 4, No. 1 (Spring, 1992), pp. 129-140
The figures of people, carriages, etc. are "washed-out," they are as small as ants are. The method of reflecting motion and dynamics of routine life by "washed-out effect" was borrowed "from a new invention of photography" (Schapiro 81). Photographic cameras of that epoch were not sensitive for picturing motion, so all objects in motion were "washed-out."
Some impressionists, for example Edgar Degas (1834-1917), were influenced by ethnic painting techniques such as Chinese and Japanese graphics, characterized by striking representation of shape and figures. Degas continued Monet's experiments with light and reflection of motion. Many of his paintings were influenced by other methods similar to photography: uncommon visual angles and asymmetric perspectives, which can be observed in such paintings as a Carriage at the aces (1872), Ballet ehearsal (1876) characterized by unusual visual solution and geometric interpretation.
Auguste enoir (1841-19191), father of Impressionism, became famous for his mass portraits. enoir's Impressionism…
Sayre, Henry M.A world of art Prentice Hall; 4 thedition 2004
Schapiro, M. 1997.Impressionism: Reflections and Perceptions. George Braziller
The Impressionists, Article from web resource: http://www.biography.com/impressionists/artists_morisot.html
Pool, Phoebe Complete Paintings of Monet. New York: Abrams,1967
Beauty is in the eye of the beholder, as the old trope goes, and that phrase holds true even when encountering some of the world's "great" art, as I saw in the Boston Museum of Fine Arts. The Museum itself is massive. It holds more than 450,000 works of art and a recent expansion added 28% more space with an expansion of 133,000 square feet (Dwyer). ithin its walls there are naturally pieces of art that fall outside of specific people's taste. For me, there were three works of art in the museum that struck a chord -- two that I loved and one that I disliked intensely.
Unfortunately, the piece of art I liked the least in the museum is also one of the most prominent. The sculpture is a massive green glass sculpture by Dale Chihuly that sits in the entrance of the Boston MFA. The…
Barlow, Deborah. "Chihuly at the MFA." Slow Muse. 10 April, 2011. 8 June, 2011.
Benfrey, Christopher. "A Certain Slant of Light" Slate 13 November 1997. 8 June 2011.
"Dance at Bougival." 8 June, 2011.
Delmar, John D."Oskar Kokoschka: Early Portraits from Vienna and Berlin 1909-1914." The City Review. 2002. 8 June, 2011.
The basis of collage with is associated with humor and entertainment forms its captivating content, an element for passing its information. Materials that are used for collage are normally readily available old objects that have been disregarded. Use of new materials in the art is not restricted but again not considered to add value to the collage work. It is thus a considerably less expensive process as compared to other artistic communications avenues such as painting that requires newly acquired materials that consequently calls for extensive financial commitment. Its relative affordability together with its captivating elements makes collage a good avenue for communication especially in social campaigns. This becomes specifically effective if the entire society is integrated in the collage representation (Learning, 10).
Other collage artists
There are a number of collage artists that have also been significantly felt because of their contribution in collage. Apart from Michael Anderson, Oliver…
Anderson Michael. (2006). Monthly statements; Retrieved from: http://www.accumulationproject.org/anderson/index.html
Bemstein Mark. (2003). Collage, composite, construction; Retrieved from: http://www.ht03.org/papers/pdfs/18.pdf
Endtorture. (2010). Well-known collage artists. Retrieved from:
In this regard, Nead notes that because she was an art lover, Richardson experienced a moral dilemma in her decision to attack "The Rokeby Venus," but she felt compelled to do so anyway based on her perception that the government was failing to act responsibility towards women in general and the suffragettes in particular. "In her statement during her trial, Richardson appears calm and articulate and nothing is said explicitly about any objections that she might have had to a female nude. Indeed, it was not until an interview given in 1952 that Richardson gave an additional reason for choosing the Velazquez: 'I didn't like the way men visitors to the gallery gaped at it all day'" (emphasis added) (Nead 36).
Figure 1. Velazquez, The Rokeby Venus.
Source: The Social Construction of Gender, 2006.
According to Mann (2002), functionalism could help explain the attack by Richardson on "The Rokeby…
Bartley, Paula. (2003). "Emmeline Pankhurst: Paula Bartley Reappraises the Role of the Leader of the Suffragettes." History Review, 41.
Damon-Moore, Helen. Magazines for the Millions: Gender and Commerce in the Ladies' Home Journal and the Saturday Evening Post, 1880-1910. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press, 1994.
Harris-Frankfort, Enriqueta. "Velazquez, Diego." Encyclopedia Britannica. 2006. Encyclopedia Britannica Premium Service. 31 May 2006 http://www.britannica.com/eb/article-222892 .
Mallory, Nina Ayala. El Greco to Murillo: Spanish Painting in the Golden Age, 1556-1700. New York: HarperCollins, 1990.
On some level, all art tells the viewer something about its sociological context. A painting by Vermeer says much about gender roles and norms in Flemish society; just as a painting by arhol says much about consumerism in American society.
One irony that Bennett points out is, "Art collectors have paid millions of dollars for some of arhol's pieces, but shoppers at Target, where the limited-edition soup cans are on sale, will have to shell out only 75 cents for a 10.75-ounce can." arhol's art is the ideal bridge between "low" and "high" art, evidenced by this differential in pricing. The "authentic" painting by arhol is worth millions, but the authentic item that arhol depicted on the canvas is only worth 75 cents. Consumers place a high demand on something that is deemed valuable and irreplaceable, but not as high of a demand on food.
Andy arhol's "100 Cans" points…
Albright-Knox Gallery. "100 Cans." Retrieved online: http://www.albrightknox.org/collection/collection-highlights/piece:100-cans/
Bennett, Katherine Dorsett. "Andy Warhol's '15 Minutes' of Fame are not up yet." CNN. 5 Spet, 2012. http://www.cnn.com/2012/09/05/living/campbell-soup-company-andy-warhol
Vogel, Carol. "Warhol Soup Cans, Now at Your Local Target." New York Times. Retrieved online: http://artsbeat.blogs.nytimes.com/2012/09/03/warhol-soup-cans-now-at-your-local-target/
He maintains that graphic design discussion is flawed for a number of reasons, and these flaws have led to distortions about graphic design and its principles. He writes, "He and other avant-garde artists made a major impact in the visual development of graphic design, but they also raised the importance of their esthetic approach to a point where they communication link with the common denominator they were addressing broke down" (Frascara 20). He maintains their designs were so "out there" that they lost their meaning and were actually detrimental to graphic design, rather than the positive influence many people thought they were.
He also maintains that graphic design is an art form, but that many designers aren't considering that graphic design is also a medium that communicates and is socially significant. He writes, "Furthermore, as an art form, graphic design is viewed only from an esthetic perspective, without enough consideration…
Frascar, Jorge. "Graphic Design: Fine Art or Social Science?" Design Issues, Vol. 5, No. 1 (Autumn, 1988), pp. 18-29.
Poyner, Rick. "Art's Little Brother." Icon Magazine, May 2005.
Five years from now, you chat with a friend about your favorite humanities class (this one, naturally). What were your favorite artworks encountered throughout the course that you will share with them? Why?
"The Persistence of Memory" by Salvador Dali.
This is a painting by Catalonian-Spanish surrealist Dali. I could choose anything that Dali does to describe my favorite artwork, because I greatly admire his ability to create imagery and symbolism that blends nature with the supernatural. This painting is like a dream. There are elements of reality inside the painting, such as the watches and clocks, the landscape in the background, and the tree. However, there are also elements of the painting that are clearly unreal, such as the clocks melting. Dali is not too concerned about the accuracy of representation, as the perspective of the painting is wrong in terms of depth of field. However, the artist…
Great Art proponents
Art is not something new that started recently. Art work has been in existence for a very long time and there are various artists who have brought an influence in this field. When looking at art in the 1960s we can see that there are various art movements as well as cultural histories which are associated with this period.
Andy Warhol was a very influential pop artist in the 1960s. He took product logos and their labels from a commercial context and displayed them as a form of art. He also went ahead to make sculptures that were identical to Brillo boxes and Campbell's soup cans. Through his work we can see that pop art posed as a challenge to traditional art through equating imagery that was mass produced in advertising with existing fine arts. This was attracted by graphical directness of advertising and consumer packing…
References psychedelicadventures.com. (2010).The Psychedelic [in] Society:
A Brief Cultural History of Tripping. Retrieved July 4, 2013 from http://www.psychedelicadventures.com/BriefHistory.htm
Chappell, M. (2006). Art in the 1960s. Retrieved July 4, 2013 from http://artsconnected.org/collection/118487/art-in-the-1960s?print=true#%281%29
Sarasota Visual Art. (2012). William Pachner: Works from the 1960s. Retrieved July 4, 2013 from http://sarasotavisualart.com/2012/02/william-pachner-works-from-the-1960s/
Most historians are quite fond of dates and eras, while Feldman is concerned with the objects, their ultimate purpose, and what they say about the culture as a whole, above all else. As with many cultures, symbolism is highly important in much of the Ugarit artworks, and the descriptions of the many figurines showed religious and cultural overtones. It was interesting that ivory was such a prevalent medium for the work, and indicates the detail of the work and the craftspeople, because ivory is a relatively soft medium and can be broken or chipped if it is not crafted with care.
Throughout the article, the idea of "International Style" comes through as the author uses illustrations of Ugarit works with those of other cultures. She proves her point by doing this, and makes the article a bit more interesting, too. It seems many items may have been created in one…
Feldman, Marian. H. "Luxurious Forms: Redefining a Mediterranean "International Style," 1400-1200 B.C.E." The Art Bulletin, March, 2002. 1-37.
For example, most (if not all) of the ancient Greek and Egyptian pottery that we find in museums was not considered art in its time of creation. They were made as practical pieces that were used for practical purposes. It was later when humans defined the word art that these relics were collected and renamed as art.
Another example of why art is hard to define and why it really depends on the time in history that makes a piece a work of art or not can be seen in the way in which many artists do not achieve success until after their deaths. It can be argued that true artists are often very in tune with what is going on in the culture and very aware of ways in which culture oppresses people or glorifies them. They are sensitive to what is going on in the world and perhaps…
Billio, Bruno. (2011). About. Bruno Billio. Accessed on 11 December 2011:
There are expressed their feelings through different work of art such as filming. Through films, they used actors and actresses to manipulate the story of the film. And thus through the facial expressions and their actions people watching it can get the whole picture of what the story was all about. One of the first to sense this transformation of the actor by the test performance was Pirandello (enjamin 1937). It was through the film actor that critics understand the moral of the story. Through time, the film was enhanced, it was first a silent film where the artists acts and try to relay the message through his actions but now, there are sounds that help the actor easily and accurately relay the message. His feelings as well the manner of his delivery through the sounds can very well understand the message of the story.
Technology boomed and changes came…
Benjamin, W. (1937) "The Work of Art in the Age of Mechanical Reproduction" [Online] Available at: http://pages.emerson.edu/Courses/spring00/in123/workofart/benjamin.htm#value
Blunden, A. (1998) "Translated: The Work of Art in the Age of Mechanical Reproduction" UCLA School of Theater, Film and Television [Online] Available at: http://www.marxists.org/reference/subject/philosophy/works/ge/benjamin.htm
MS Encarta (2005) "Dada" Reference Library Microsoft Corporation.
Color Me Three
The use of color by artists depends on both personal predilections as well as environmental and social circumstances. This paper will use the works from three well-known artists to illustrate the assumption that the use of color and the style of each artist is combination of these various factors. An important issue that will be dealt with is the artistic climate and the predominant view on art and art theory at the time. Another important aspect is the artist's personal creative aims and views as they relate to color and art in general.
The use of color is part of the artist's creative process and forms an important part of the works of the following three artists: Claude Monet, Pierre onnard and Paul Signac. Specific woks by these artists will be referred to in this discussion.
Color, while not the only element that constitutes their works is…
Beetem R.. Discover Master Artist Pierre Bonnard at the Denver Art Museum March 1 - May 25, 2003. Accessed June 1, 2005.
Blanshard, F.B. (1949). Retreat from Likeness in the Theory of Painting. New York: Columbia University Press.
BONNARD Pierre. June 2, 2005. http://www.londonfoodfilmfiesta.co.uk/Artmai~1/Bonnard.htm
Artist Zwelethu Mthethwa
Zwelethu Mithethwa says, "I chose color because it provides a greater emotional range. My aim is to show the pride of the people I photograph" (National pp). Born in 1960 in Durban, Kwa-Zulu Natal, Mithethwa holds diplomas from the Michaelis School of Fine Art from the University of Cape Town (National pp). As a recipient of a Fullbright Scholarship, he studied at the Rochester Institute of Technology and in 1989 received a master's degree in imaging arts (National pp). Mthethwa left teaching in 1999 to devote himself fulltime to his artwork (National pp). He has received national and international recognition and has had over thirty-five solo exhibition in galleries and museums in the United States, Italy, Germany, Spain, France, Switzerland and South Africa (National pp). Residing in Cape Town, Mthethwa is best known for his large-format color photography, however he also works in pastel and paint (National…
Jamal, Ashraf. "Zwelethu Mthethwa. http://www.artthrob.co.za/99apr/artbio.htm
Culture Base. http://www.culturebase.net/artist.php?939
National Museum of African Art. http://www.nmafa.si.edu/exhibits/insights/index2.html
Van Dyke, Kristina. "The Short Century: Independence and Liberation Movements in Africa, 1945-1994." African Arts. September 22, 2002; Pp.
Ansel Adams: An Analysis of the Importance of America's Most Popular Photographer
Of all the great black-and-white photographers, Ansel Adams was the blackest and the whitest. -- Kenneth Brower, 2002
Today, Ansel Adams is widely regarded as the most important landscape photographer of the 20th century, and is perhaps the most best known and beloved photographer in the history of the United States. As a firm testament to his talents and innovations, the popularity of his work has only increased over the years following his death in 1984 (Szarkowski 1-2). This photographer's most important work concerned the last remaining vestiges of untouched wilderness in the nation, particularly in the national parks and other protected areas of the American est; in addition, Adams was an early and outspoken leader of the conservation movement (Szarkowski 2). This paper provides an overview of Adams and his historical significance, followed by a discussion of…
Adams, Ansel. "The Artist and the Ideals of Wilderness." In Wilderness: America's Living
Heritage, David Brower (Ed.). San Francisco: Sierra Club, 1961.
--- -- . Letters and Images 1916-1984, Mary S. Alinder and Andrea G. Stillman (Eds.). Boston:
Little, Brown, 1988.
Vincent Van Gogh, Frank Lloyd right and Madeleine Vionnet. hat did this 19th century artist, architect, and fashion designer share in common? Very simply: They all incorporated Japanese techniques into their works of genius. hen Commodore Perry opened the doors to this Eastern country in 1853, an abundance of unique and influential styles of art rushed out and captured the imaginations of artists throughout the estern world. As author Emile Zola once said,
It is certain that our students painting with black bitumen, were surprised and enhanced by these horizons, these beautiful vibrating spots of the Japanese painters in watercolours. There was a simplicity of means and an intensity of effect which struck our young artists and then influenced them with a painting filled with air and light
This flow of Japanese artistic riches and influence continues to this day. Ask any graphic designers including those at alt Disney Company…
Coburn, F.W. "Mr. Benson's Birds," The Boston Herald, November 16, 1913, 28.
Encyclopedia of Visual Art. Grolier Educational Corp., 1984 printing. Danbury, CT: 1983.
Gardiner, Debbi. Japan, Inc., January 2003. Anime in America. http://www.japaninc.net/article.php?articleID=972.Visited 8/03/03.
Japan Economic Society, November/December 2002. Impact of the Kimono on Modern Fashion. http://www.jef.or.jp/en/jti/200211_016.html . Visited 8/04/03.
Three examples come to mind: the aboriginal art of the indigenous peoples of Australia, the native art of Central and West Africa, and some of the cave paintings from Lascaux. Like Anderson, each produced colorful, realistic, yet unique depictions of nature and animals. Shown here from left to right are Australian Aboriginal Art, Folk Art from Tanzania, and a poster of one of the Cave Paintings from 10-15,000 BC in Lascaux, France. Note the similarity in texture and line to Anderson, the fact that the animals almost curve, and that we have an anatomical element within each of the three interpretations.
Anderson, however, is far more enveloping than many other primitivists. One can almost sense the hours he spent observing these creatures. And, the sense of movement that is communicated in the flatness by the oscillation of the circles from crab to crab, as if they were imitating sonar back…
The Life of Walter Inglis Anderson. (2009, April). Citied October 2010, from Walterandersonmuseum.org: http://www.walterandersonmuseum.org/frameset3.htm
Hansen, L. (September 28, 2003). "The Art of Walter Inglis Anderson." National
Public Radio. Cited October 2010, from:
theater and particularly its musical performances, have changed dramatically over the years. Their tone and style have reflected historical and cultural changes as well as shifts in attitudes toward musical theater. Recent productions like Book of Mormon and Hamilton would have been inconceivable just a generation ago. Broadway musicals are unique in that they straddle the line between popular and high culture. They have popular culture appeal, packed within the fine art of theater. In some ways, musical theater is a popular culture version of the opera. Broadway theater has matured and expanded its repertoire considerably, moving from the relatively limited domain of Steven Sondheim and Andrew Lloyd eber productions towards a more diverse and creative one. As Lewis points out, "How sadly limiting that was; it surely took some kind of toll on alternative voices trying to break free of cliche expectations," (2). Broadway has broken free, finally, and…
Lewis, David H. Broadway Musicals. Mcfarland, 2002.
Perpetua, Matthew. "The Book of Mormon,' Triumphs at the Tony Awards." Rolling Stone. Retrieved online: http://www.rollingstone.com/culture/news/the-book-of-mormon-triumphs-at-the-tony-awards-20110613
Schutte, Harm K. and Donald G. Miller. "Belting and Pop, Nonclassical Approaches to the Female middle voice: Some preliminary considerations." Journal of Voice, Vol 7, No. 2, 1993, pp. 142-150.
Stone, Matt and Parker, Trey. Book of Mormon.
A long era of colonialism and imperialism led to a confluence of cultures at the start of the twentieth century. Art and design motifs could borrow from a perceived "exotic," an aesthetic from non-uropean cultures including those of Africa, India, the South Pacific, and the Far ast. The exotic made its way into Art Deco art, architecture, and design in terms of shapes, forms, motifs, colors, and materials. specially in the early Art Deco movement during the 1920s, so-called exotic materials such as zebra skin and dark woods made their way into furniture and decor.
For example, Jacques-mile Ruhlmann's dressing table from 1925 combines solid oak with ebony and ivory inlay design. The ebony and ivory both represent the exotic. The overall effect combines the familiar with the exotic, into new shapes, forms, and textures. The dressing table's shape, furthermore, is reminiscent of gyptian papyrus and has a…
Eileen Gray's 1928 screen is certainly less overtly exotic as it lacks referential points to Egypt. However, the screen is a direct reference or homage to Japanese interior design. Furthermore, Gray's screen encapsulates the modernism of Art Deco. The screen is abstract in its design, and it lacks any anthropomorphic, zoomorphic, or floral motifs. Rendered in wood, Gray uses a lacquer technique to apply black, red, and silver leaf. Although it lacks the nature motifs that are often present on original Japanese interior screens, Gray's screen has an earthy feel because of the materials she uses and the final form the item takes.
Pierre Legrain's stool from 1923 presents a return to Egyptian motif and design, as it resembles the hard "pillows" that were often placed in mummy sarcophagi. Rather than use the curved base for the neck, however, Legrain envisions it for the behind. The result is an item that is likely far more comfortable than the pillow version used by the Egyptians. In terms of materials, Legrain's stool is more sub-Saharan Africa than it is Egyptian. Dark woods and sharkskin combine for an exotic effect, but one that is far from being frivolous. The stool is elegant; its forms are strong and solid enough to be a practical design element while also being fine art.
Rene Buthaud's stoneware vase from 1926 challenges the notion of boundary between the applied and fine arts. The undulating form of the vase matches the curvaceous female forms depicted in black paint. A sculpture with a purpose, the vase calls attention to ancient vase-making, which also incorporated artistic design elements onto something that was an everyday use item. The way Buthaud renders the flora in the background of the piece is reminiscent of oriental art: such as Chinese and Japanese calligraphy and landscape art. These five Art Deco pieces combine elements that might have been considered exotic to the European designer and consumer as well. The blending of familiar and exotic is emblematic of the early twentieth century and the close of the age of imperialism.
Since the Greek kouros, sculpture has depended on at least a basic understanding of human anatomy. Anatomy was in fact studied by ancient civilizations independently of its relevance to rendering the human body in two dimensions or three for art. The fusion of anatomy and art reached its first peak during the Renaissance, when artists in Europe longed to deepen their technique and enhance the realism of their human forms and figures. Some artists went so far as to paint anatomy lessons in a display of dramatic irony that brings the viewer face-to-face with the reality that art depends on a solid understanding of the human body. In the middle of the seventeenth century, Dutch master Rembrandt van Rijn painted "The Anatomy Lesson of Dr. Nicholas Tulp," which depicts the titular doctor and his cadre of students with a corpse. Dr. Tulp uses a pair of scissors to slice…
Bambach, Carmen. "Anatomy in the Renaissance." Hellbrun Timeline of Art History. Retrieved online: http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/hd/anat/hd_anat.htm
Eknoyan, Garabed. "Michelangelo: Art, Anatomy, and the Kidney." Kidney International 57(2000): 1190-1201.
Frank, Priscilla. "Everything You Wanted to Know about Human Anatomy in One Art Exhibit." The Huffington Post. 2 October, 2013. Retrieved online: http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2013/10/02/anatomy-art_n_4023603.html
Gray, Carl. "Anatomy Art: Fascination Beneath the Surface." British Medical Journal. Volume 223. September 2001. Retrieved online: http://pubmedcentralcanada.ca/pmcc/articles/PMC1121254/pdf/698a.pdf
Fine Dining Analysis: Cafe Pinot, Downtown Los Angeles
Analyze the restaurant from Three Perspectives
estaurant is quiet, dimly lit.
Soft classical music plays in the background.
estaurant goers are over-40 mostly and conservatively and elegantly dressed.
Wait-staff wear full uniforms, which are vintage style.
Fine china, silver, and fine silver tea services are used throughout.
f. Interior has vintage molding, vintage fixtures and large plate glass windows.
When I first encountered the sights and sounds that filled the interior of the restaurant, I felt largely overcome by a sense of elegance, elegance that was delivered in a very soothing feel. I felt this way because the restaurant is able to deliver such a remarkable and distinct experience immediately: one feels as though one has entered a different era, and that one is being pleasantly swallowed up by a strong sense of grandeur and loveliness.
I felt as though…
Pun, K. (2001). Identification of service quality attributes for restaurant operations. Managing Service Quality, 233-240.
UofSF. (2014). The Concept Analysis Assignment. Retrieved from [HIDDEN]
Vettel, P. (2008, May 15). Restaurant service vs. food quality. Retrieved from chicagotribune.com: http://articles.chicagotribune.com/2008-05-15/entertainment/0805130180_1_restaurant-universe-food-related-service
Splashes of color like red and several shades of blue are added to the collage in a "dragonfly, wing-like" formation. A cutout photograph of a boy is pasted on the "wing" of a lighter shade of blue, perhaps to note a sense of calm to his surroundings.
The Hawkins' exhibit will consist of 80 objects, a retrospective of his nearly a quarter of a century career. The work is described as "at its core, about the pleasure of intense looking." Third mind is described as referring to another piece of Hawkins' work, "ichard Hawkins: Of two minds simultaneously," which means to be undecided, uncertain or unsure, the description states. Hawkins is aware of the duplicity that this body of work creates, which is stated to be intentional.
The Art Institute of Chicago was founded in 1879 as a school and museum. The museum holds art from African-American artists to silk…
1. The Art Institute of Chicago. "The Art Institute of Chicago: Exhibitions." 2 December 2010 the Art Institute of Chicago 2010. .
2. The Art Institute of Chicago. "The Art Institute of Chicago: Exhibitions." 2 December 2010. The Art Institute of Chicago 2010. .
3. George Eastman House. "Current Exhibitions • George Eastman House." 2 December 2010. George Eastman House 2000-2010. .
4. George Eastman House. "Photographs by Jessica Lange • George Eastman House." 2 December 2010. George Eastman House 2000-2010. .
A good example of this can be seen with Sistine Chapel in the Last Supper. In this piece, he is using color and his imagination to understand what is happening. The use of bright and dark colors added to the sense of realism by giving the appearance as if these events were happening at the moment. In the future, this technique would be utilized by artists to create a sense of appreciation and underscore the emotions of the work itself.
Furthermore, the article that was written by Oremaland (1980), is discussing how pieta has often been used throughout many different building projects in the world (with the original at St. Peter's Cathedral). Since that time, various churches have used this dome like structure to create designs that mirror those of Michael Angelo. These different elements are important, because they are showing how this technique was continually embraced by various contractors…
Eknoyan, Garabed. "Michael Angelo," Kidney International, no. 57 (2000): 1190 -- 1201.
Lavoy, Michael. "The Digital Michael Angelo Project," Modern Art, no. 10 (1999): 2 -11.
Oremaland, Jerome. "Mourning and its Effect on Michael Angelo," Annual of Psychoanalysis, no. 8 (1980): 317 -- 351.
Chicago Format. http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/717/01/
The perspective might seem extreme. In this sense, it is important to understand that Van Gogh was trying to break free from the limitations of the perspective frame which imposed realistic perspectives and proportions. Moreover, towards the end of his life, at the peak of his artistic maturity, he rebelled against the muted colors that Dutch painters were using at the time.
tylistically, the task of understanding Van Gogh's paintings cannot be undertaken without a proper look at what Post-Impressionism meant. Post-Impressionism took Impressionism to another level. However, Post-Impressionists continued to use vivid colors and real-life subject matter, as well as thick layering of paint. In addition, nonetheless, Post-Impressionists rejected the confines of Impressionism which upheld natural colors and traditional forms. From this point-of-view, Van Gogh along with other Post-Impressionists such as Cezanne, Gaugain and Bonnard, blurred the limitations of conventional form, and distorted it in order to increase the…
Neo-Impressionism." Accessed November 8, 2008. http://www.impressionniste.net/neo-impressionism.htm
Paul Signac Biography." Paul Signac Online. Accessed November 8, 2008. http://www.paul-signac.com/
Post-Impressionism." Art Movements. Accessed November 8, 2008. http://www.artmovements.co.uk/postimpressionism.htm
Vincent Van Gogh Paintings." Vincent Van Gogh Gallery. Accessed November 8, 2008. http://www.vangoghgallery.com/
If they are a couple, they have no children together. Whereas Morisot focuses on the child in "The Basket Chair," Caillebotte accomplishes the opposite. Caillebotte's painting lacks emotional intensity, because his palette is far more retrained than that of Morisot. Morisot's garden is rendered in vivid greens and intensely saturated hues. Caillebotte's, on the other hand, is a more staid palette. Furthermore, unlike Morisot's fenced-off garden, Caillebotte's is a public park. Yet there are no other people in the park: which suggests that there are a disproportionate number of wealthy elite in Paris at the time of painting. In their own ways, the two Impressionists suggest that the bourgeois live in a world apart from the working class society. Beyond the boundaries of their respective gardens, scores of working class French men and women toil to feed the burgeoning capitalist enterprise that characterizes urbanization and industrialization. However, the subjects in…
Caillebotte, Gustave. "The Orange Trees." 1878.
Duret, Theodore. Manet and the French Impressionists. London: Grant Richards, 1910.
Fell, Derek. The Impressionist Garden. London: Frances Lincoln, 1994.
Harrison, Charles. Painting the Difference: Sex and Spectator in Modern Art. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2005.
A especially like "Memory Door eries," where the artist uses silkscreen and mounts it on an antique wooden door. He then carves parts in the door, and lets the silkscreen go around them and through them. It is very beautiful, and the carving is very detailed and graceful. I like one where the man is standing with his back to the viewer, and there is a carved, delicate tree coming out of the silkscreen. It is very beautiful and moving somehow, almost like I was really there, in China, looking at this scene. I like the way the artist created shadows, too, that make the piece seem three-dimensional.
A also like the door called "Library" that looks like bookcases of books with a desk in front of them. It reminds me of the school library, but it is more detailed, and the books seem to go on forever. I like…
Some of this artist's work is very traditional, like "Going to Work" (2007), except he uses different materials. Like this piece, it is made of ash on linen, he uses only the grains of ash from burned incense to make this, and it is very fascinating to think he could material like this to make art. It gives very fine texture in black, white, and grays and it can be very detail, too. It is strange medium to use, but it works, and he even did a live painting on the sidewalk in front of the 22nd Street gallery using the same material.
A especially like "Memory Door Series," where the artist uses silkscreen and mounts it on an antique wooden door. He then carves parts in the door, and lets the silkscreen go around them and through them. It is very beautiful, and the carving is very detailed and graceful. I like one where the man is standing with his back to the viewer, and there is a carved, delicate tree coming out of the silkscreen. It is very beautiful and moving somehow, almost like I was really there, in China, looking at this scene. I like the way the artist created shadows, too, that make the piece seem three-dimensional.
A also like the door called "Library" that looks like bookcases of books with a desk in front of them. It reminds me of the school library, but it is more detailed, and the books seem to go on forever. I like that this artist, like so many we see, has different talents. He can sculpt, he can carve, he can paint, and I like that he puts these all together in very unique works.
Fine Motor Skill Development in Children
Fine motor skills are important for a variety of activities such as writing and feeding, so its important they develop properly in young kids. This paper talks about the importance of fine motor skills and how it can be improved with proper intervention and the right activities.
Fine motor skills and their importance
Fine motor skills are the skills that involve the use of small muscles in the hands such as fingers. The biggest challenge in fine motor skills is the coordination of the hand with the eyes and brain and it is more complicated than what many people imagine. It develops at a young age, typically before five or six and it plays an important role in the way our hands function during adolescence and adulthood.
The development of fine motor skills is vital in young children because it is these skills that…
Smith, Jodene. (2003). Activities for Fine Motor Skills Development Grd PreK-1. Westminster, CA: Teacher Created Resources.
No author. (2011). Fine motor control. Medline Plus. Retrieved from: http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/002364.htm
Curtis, Kathleen; Newman, Peggy. (2005). The PTA Handbook: Keys to Success in School and Career for the Physical Therapist Assistant. New Jersey: Slack Incorporated.
Charlesworth, Rosalind. (2010). Understanding Child Development. Mason, OH: South-western Cengage Learning.
The painting is shocking because of its dramatic perspective. First and foremost the table is not situated in the centre of the painting, nor is Jesus. In a symbolical manner this transmits the idea that God is no longer in the centre of man's world and this accounts for the chaos that seems to be omnipresent. The lower side of the painting is dominated by human figures and an atmosphere of panic and confusion seems to be dominating. The upper side of the painting is filled with angels. There is a clear separation lien between the scared world of the divine and the one of the people. The dark colours, as well as the composition succeeded into transmitting the desired message, managing to appeal to the viewer's emotions.
As opposed to the simplicity that the Protestants supported, a new style emerges, that is the aroque. This new artistic…
Feast in the house of Levi. http://www.law.harvard.edu/faculty/martin/art_law/feast_in_the_house_of_levi.htm (Accessed November 19, 2008)
Friedlaender, Walter, the anti-mannerist style. http://witcombe.sbc.edu/art-theory-baroque-Fall-2008/style3.html (Accessed November 18, 2008)
Mannerism. Wikipedia, the free encyclopaedia. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mannerism (Accessed November 19, 2008)
Nosotro, Rit. Art of the reformation and the counter reformation. Hyperhistory. http://www.hyperhistory.net/apwh/essays/comp/cw20reformationart.htm (Accessed November 19, 2008)
Perhaps she realized her husband did not really love her. or, she may have realized that her married her simply to convert her, and she chafed at giving up her own culture and roots. Probably, she followed him willfully as his wife (and as a woman's duty), but she could have found that marriage without love is not nearly as satisfying as a loving relationship, and she may have been disappointed and disillusioned, something that clearly shows in her proud features. Whatever the painting explores, it shows a rigid and seemingly unhappy woman, and this seems to mirror many women's lives at the time. They were subservient to men, and even more, they played little role in most of society, and so, they were not masters of their own fates or well being. They could not own property, they could not vote, they could not hold office, and most of…
Bjelajac, David. American Art, a Cultural History. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Peterson Education, 2003.
Patterned after the old cathedral at Reims, the abbey church displays a similar set of volumes with east and west transepts with crossing towers; an especially large western apse balancing a triple apse at the opposite end.
The massing of the towers around the main structure of the nave, and the rows of round arched windows set high in the walls are typical Romanesque features. The overall affect is one of fortress-like magnificence - a fitting setting for an abbey in a world that was still heavily plagued by violence, and in which the learned were as yet required to turn inward. Symbolically, too, it represents the introspection of religion, the commitment of the devout to purge themselves of sin, and to create a pure space within themselves, one that is walled off from all external temptations. The interior plan, as well, is simple and straightforward, a two-aisled nave that…
Calkins, Robert G. Medieval Architecture in Western Europe: From a.D. 300 to 1500. New York: Oxford University Press, 1998.
Horste, Kathryn. Cloister Design and Monastic Reform in Toulouse: The Romanesque Sculpture of La Daurade. Oxford: Oxford University, 1992.
Coplans, John. Andy Warhol. England: The Curwen press, 1989
Kinsman, Jane, "Soup can mania." Artonview, no. 49 (2007): 38-9.
Ratcliff, Carter. Andy Warhol. New York: Abbeville Press, 1983.
Revy, Louisiana. Andy Warhol and his world: Nykredit, 2000
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Bauer, Claudia. Andy Warhol. Nw York: Prestel, 2004.
Coplans, John. Andy Warhol. England: The Curwen press, 1989
Kinsman, Jane, "Soup can mania." Artonview, no. 49 (2007): 38-9.
The argument that I have been making is a twofold one. The first branch of this argument is that Pop Art, while it incorporates ordinary images and commercial motifs and tropes just as does commercial design, it does so in different ways and for different reasons than does purely commercial work. It is because the motivations of the Pop Artist (and I suppose we might say of the art objects themselves) are so different from the motivations of commercial designers that Pop Art must qualify as art. Rather than simply giving his audiences pretty pictures, arhol made them work to understand his creations -- and this seems to me to be a pretty good definition of what art is and what the artist does. And once this condition is met, it really does not matter how much (if any) money the artist makes from the work.
Yes, arhol ended up…
Davies, Stephen. The Philosophy of Art. New York: Wiley-Black, 2006.
Madoff, Stephen Henry. Pop Art: A Critical History. Berkeley: U. Of California Press, 1997.
Sandler, Irving. Abstract Expressionism and the American Experience: A Reevaluation. New York: Hudson Hills Press, 2009.
Warhol, Andy. Andy Warhol: Art from Art. Berlin: Schellmann, 1994.
Just as painting and drawing require an interpretation by the artist, so too do photography and printmaking. While amateur artists may just splash paint on a canvas and amateur photographers may simply take pictures and hope for the best, truly outstanding artists use their mind's eye for interpreting what they want to communicate and in a similar fashion, outstanding photographers select the right combination of camera settings, filters, lighting and scene elements to create their works of art. In the final analysis, it depends on the definition used, but it does not take much a stretch of the imagination to see how photography and printmaking can be legitimately considered to be fine art.
Margolis, J. (1962). Philosophy looks at…
Margolis, J. (1962). Philosophy looks at the arts. New York: Scribner.
On the work 'Convergence' by Jackson Pollock, the viewer can see that, in spite of the total abstract nature of the picture the artist displays the mastering of the technique and training necessary to create a painting. Pollock used contrasting colors to create optic vibrancy. This composition is made only of the three main colors of the spectrum and the use of black and white lines that create depth and space effect to the entire composition. The free lines that spread all over the support construct a texture of visual noise that leads the eye to the key points of the painting, the colored highlights and dark corners. The colored lines merging in every direction invite the viewer to search, in the apparent anarchy of the composition, a hidden drawing carrying the message that the artist wants to deliver.
Jackson Pollock. Retrieved August 7, 2007, from: Albright-Knox Art Gallery…
Jackson Pollock. Retrieved August 7, 2007, from: Albright-Knox Art Gallery Web Site: http://www.albrightknox.org/ArtStart/lPollock.html
2003). Jackson Pollock 1912-1956. Retrieved August 7, 2007, from: The American Museum of Beat Art Web site: http://www.beatmuseum.org/pollock/jacksonpollock.html
Her works emerged from dreams and visions she had since childhood, as her hands were being guided by the wonders of God to show divine presence in the world. Giant birds, biblical figures, complex flowers, mysterious faces, and other spiritual images adorned her pages. Once she began drawing, nothing stopped her, not poverty, or the claim by family members and friends that she was "crazy," or her lack of training as an artist (Farrington 203).
Similarly, J.B. Murray lived nearly all his life in a rural, remote Georgia town. In the late 1970s, the devoutly religious Murray seriously believed that God was sending him messages. Although he was illiterate, Murray thus began writing with any available instruments in undecipherable script and crosses. Despite the fact that he was later incarcerated and briefly institutionalized for his odd behavior, after he was freed he continued writing throughout his home's interior and sending…
Cardinal, Roger. Toward an Outsider Aesthetic in the Artist Outsider: Creativity and the Boundaries of Culture. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian, 1994.
Dubuffet, Jean. "Make way for Incivism." Art and Text. 27 (Dec 1987/January 1988), 36
Cerny, Charlene, and Suzanne Seriff. Recycled. Re-seen. New York: Harry Abrams, 1996.
Farrington, Lisa. Creating their Own Image. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2005.
The most striking difference of this painting is the extensive use of gold leaf. A matured use of shadow and detail can be seen in this tangka, indicating a later, more developed art form. It lacks the detail to symmetry found in the other two examples as well. This piece provides an excellent contrast to the earlier two Tangka that were examined. it's attention to shading, clear outlines, and accents in gold may indicate the Menris school of the 1500s (Tibetanartschool.com).
Tangka paintings are an important part of Tibetian life. Many regional differences exist in the painting styles and techniques that are employed in the paintings. It might be noted that Tangkas in western Tibet take on a Chinese flavor. Tangkas of the religious nature are divided into three major portions. They are the top, middle and lower portions of the painting, representing the heaven, earth and underworld (U-wayttours.com).…
Asianart.com. Desire and Devotion: Art From India, Nepal, and Tibet in the John and Berthe
Ford Collection. < http://www.asianart.com/exhibitions/desire/tara.html > Accessed
November 23, 2010.
Rumsey, D. Green Tara.
Robert, Calvin, Martha, and illiam Scott and Mila ended up in the Fine Arts Museum of San Francisco because its owner, Rev. illiam Anderson Scott, was the minister at Calvary Presbyterian Church there in 1853-61. He was originally from the South and because of his sympathy for the Confederate cause in the Civil ar, including offering public prayers for Jefferson Davis, he "had to leave the city for his safety and that of his family" (Smylie 89-90). His son Robert, depicted on the far left of the painting, became a Union Army officer in 1862, although Rev. Scott regretted that he was "on the wrong side" (Acker 79). Mila was a gift to his wife Ann from her father in 1830, and was in charge of caring for the four children. In the painting, the Scott's wished to be depicted as "relatively well-heeled members of Sothern society" even…
Acker, Emma. "Black, White and Shades of Gray: Picturing Identity in Robert, Calvin, Martha and William Scoot and Mila." Fine Arts Museum of San Francisco, 2010.
Manigault Plantation Journal. Southern Historical Collection, University of North Carolina
Smylie, James Hutchinson. A Brief History of the Presbyterians. Geneva Press, 1996.
Louvre: Influences of an Art Museum on Vistors, People, and Politics
"The Louvre, once the palace of kings, was now reorganized as a museum for the people, to be open [...] It
thus became a lucid symbol of the fall of the Old Regime and the rise of a new order" (192)
Built as a palace for the pomp of kings and queens of France, the Louvre has served to awe and inspire its visitors for centuries. The Louvre, now no less than one of the world's most famous art galleries, still continues to communicate majesty to its visitors, without the monarchial affliation. Yet in the Louvre's undeniable aesthetic appeal, both in its palatial architecture and near endless masterpieces of artwork, is intertwined with a vibrant, smart political advantage that has come to define not only citizen-centered political systems, such as democracy, but also the entire field of Art History.…
world's most famous museums and private art collectors are now grappling with a difficult problem. Multiple cases of museums and collectors have surfaced where a painting paid for and owned by them was actually stolen from their legitimate Jewish owners by Nazis or Nazi collaborators during World War II. Some current ownership has been contested; some have been challenged in court; and some artwork has been returned to the descendents of the owners who were robbed.
Two questions arise about these contested purchases: did the purchaser know the painting had been stolen, and if the purchaser did not know, should that person or museum be required to return it to people who never actually owned it?
One example of this complicated ownership is a painting by Frans Hals titled" Portrait of Pastor Adrianus Tegularius." Painted in the mid-1600's, the Nazis stole it from Frenchman Alolphe Schloss in 1943. Later, Adam…
Brinks, Jan Herman. 1999. "The Dutch, the Germans & the Jews (Dutch-Nazi Collaboration)." History Today, June.
Editors. 2001. "Heir to Vast Art Collection Recovers Old World Painting Looted by Nazis; First Painting From Famed Goudstikker Collection Returned to Family." Business Wire, May 24.
Rubinstein, Raphael. 2001a. "More Perils of Provenance." Art in America, Feb.
Rubinstein, Raphael. 2001b. "Nazi Loot Finder Sues, Hals Buyer Found Guilty." Art in America, Sept.
Modern art in the Asia-Pacific region reflects the rapidly changing geo-political landscapes, as well as becoming increasingly integrated into architecture and urban planning. In the Asia-Pacific region, the art of the 21st century can be large scale and includes ambitious installation projects as well as graphic art, graffiti, and urban art. Although influenced by European trends like abstraction and surrealism, the art of the Asia-Pacific region is dedicated to communicating a localized aesthetic. Contemporary art in the Asia-Pacific region can also be politically powerful, designed to make statements. In some cases, art has become a critical component of social justice and communications. The work of Ai Weiwei reflects the fusion of art with politics at critical junctures. In Japan and Korea, political statements were less concerned about protests against governmental institutions and more about gender and oppression in general. Throughout the 20th century, Korean art aimed to celebrate the history…
Native Art of North and Meso America
The objective of this study is to examine the relationship between native North American art and the art of Mesoamerica? Is an exchange of artistic influences seen between these two neighboring regions?
etween 20,000 and 30,000 years ago, the first inhabitants of the Americas arrived in North America. This time was approximately around the time of the last glacial age. The oceans of the world due to water forming into ice were lower than they presently are and a land bridge approximately 1,000 miles wide connecting Siberia to Alaska formed. This is known as the ering land bridge. Some of these new inhabitants settled in North America and others migrated to Central and South America. There were great civilizations flourishing throughout the Americas at different times and in different locations. (Education Department of the Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco, 2000, paraphrased)
Art of the Americas: Information for Educators (2000) Education Department of the Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco. Retrieved from: http://deyoung.famsf.org/files/ArtoftheAmericasEducatorGuide.pdf
Messenger, LC (2010) The Southeastern Woodlands: Mississippian Cahokia -- Late Prehistoric Metropolis on the Mississippi. Making Archaeology Teaching Relevant in the XXI Century (MATRIX). Retrieved from: http://www.indiana.edu/~arch/saa/matrix/naa/naa_web/mod13D.html
Sorenson, JL (2012) Mesoamericans in Pre-Columbian North America. Meal A. Maxwell Institute for Religious Scholarship. Brigham Young University. Retrieved from: http://maxwellinstitute.byu.edu/publications/books/?bookid=71&chapid=829
Thornton, R. (2010) The Mesoamerican connection: the Toltecs, artisans, scholars, priests and fearsome warriors. The Examiner. 22 Apr 2010. Retrieved from: http://www.examiner.com/article/the-mesoamerican-connection-the-toltecs-artisans-scholars-priests-and-fearsome-warriors
jazz and the culture industry? Is Adorno simply an elitist or is there something useful you can appropriate from his argument? What connections can you draw from Benjamin and the "Andalusia Dog?"
Theodor Adorno was clearly inspired by Walter Benjamin, from whom he founded his philosophy of modern art, versus fine or popular art. Adorno constructed a theory of the modern art movement, as embodied in such early surrealist films as "The Andulasian Dog," that stressed that fine art was primarily characterized by a sense of formal autonomy within its structures. This is unlike modern art, which was the social antithesis of society. Jazz, for example, in its ideal form, is atonal and improvisational in its nature. It is of the moment, and of the individual artist's creation, rather than a creation of formal structures purely and calculatedly designed to please the larger populace. In its purest form, jazz is…
In terms of iconography, it is quite obvious that the works of art known as Shiva Nataraja, which is displayed on the Smithsonian's website, and Siva as Lord of Dance, which is displayed on the Museum of Fine Arts in oston's web site, are depictions of the Hindu god Shiva. One of the most eminent ways in which this information is conveyed, of course, is via the titles of these respective works. However, even if they were untitled, the prudent viewer would recognize them as Shiva. Shiva is the Hindu deity who is not portrayed as anthropomorphic -- the fact that there are multiple arms (far more than two) in each of these works helps to underscore this fact. Additionally, the fact that the physiognomy of the being depicted in both works is male also alludes to the fact that this is a male god, Shiva, "the destroyer…
Caughram, Neema. "Shiva and Parvati: Public and Private Reflections of Stories in North India." The Journal of American Folklore. 112, 446 515-526. 1999.
Godlaski, Theodore. "Shiva, Lord of Bhang." Substance Use & Misuse. 47, 1067-1072. 2012.
1. Theodore Godlaski, "Shiva, Lord of Bhang," Substance use & Misuse, 2012, 1067.
David Gilhooly the Ceramist
The art of using ceramics for sculpturing is traced many years back. In the early days ceramics were used in conjunction with the art of pottery. Ancient people used the art to mould their artificial gods. As things and traditional technology advanced, people started using ceramics to mould other relevant objects of use in their day-to-day life. It is under this progressive notion that major artists in the moulding and pottery began rising up.
David's early and artistic life
David James Gilhooly is amongst such artists. He was born around 1943 in California, where he undertook his scholarly work. Throughout his pursuit in education, David developed an interest in making things out of his own designs and materials. He was among the initial students at the Davis Ceramics Department. As early as 1948, he began collecting wares such as telephones, stamps and coins. Around the same…
Adelman, Alex. David Gilhooly. Masterworks of Fine Art.
Heath, Terrence, Fafard, Joe and MacKenzie. Joe Fafard. Chicago: Douglas & Mclntyre. 2008.
Kerr, Don. The Garden of Art: Vic Cicansky, Sculptor. New York: University of Calgary Press. 2004.
Landauer, Susan, Gerdts, William, H & Trenton, Patricia. The Not-So-Still Life: A Century of California Painting and Sculpture. California: University of California Press. 2003.
The codes appeared on the screen and were read by trained typographers. In 1970, the Merganthaler Linotype VIP became the first phototypesetter to incorporate a minicomputer with programmable software that could be used to process raw text within the output machine (Barlow & Eccles, 1992).
The graphic artist and designer had been losing some of their credibility in relationship to the fine artists up to the 1970s, because typesetting became a mechanical process that required technical training rather than artistic talent. Yet illustrators continued to be considered artists. However, several graphic designers proved such beliefs biased and irrelevant. Starting in the 1950s, Alan Fletcher used pop art, humor and bold and colorful works to develop new works of art. David Carson, a typographer and graphic designer, established his expertise in the 1980s for experimental typeface design. Completely developing his own approach, he established new rules of design and typography and…
Barlow, G., & Eccles, S. (1992) Typesetting and composition. Great Britain: Heron Press.
Crawford, T. (2008). AIGA Professional Practices in Graphic Design. Allworth, NY: American Institute of Graphic Arts
Eskilson, S. (2007) Graphic design: a new history. New Haven, CT: Yale University
Loxley, S. (2006) Type: The secret history of letters. London: I.B. Tauris
Indeed, Rodrigue was very pleased to be commissioned in this way. Another artist who followed this trend was Yuri Gorbachev, painting the bottle during the early 1990s. After this, the artist created a "Christmas present" for tolichnaya. This proved so successful that the company retained this artistic service on a yearly basis. Many of these ads have found their way into collectors' homes, where they are framed and displayed. In this way, the boundaries between art and advertising have blurred even further.
The success of such advertisements, along with the associated respect for the artists involved, is indicative of consumer reaction to such advertising. The reason for this is ascribed to the qualities of fine art: the quality, strength and emotion associated with art is communicated to the product being advertised, which finds its way into the consumer heart and mind on a multiplicity of levels. Using art in this…
AbsolutAd.com. (2003). From the Fine Art of Advertising to the Advertising of Fine Art. http://www.absolutad.com/absolut_about/history/advertising/
Admedia Solutions Ltd. (2007). Magazine Advertising Trends - the story so far. http://www.myadbase.com/cgi-bin/guide.cgi?page=magazine_adverts_trends
Tarateta, Maja. (2001, April). Advertising & Art: A modern-Day Marriage. Art Business News. http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m0HMU/is_4_28/ai_73063938
Feminist Art as Evolution Rather Than as a Movement
Feminist art as a named movement evolved in the context of the late 1960's early 1970's political climate. The movement contextually cannot be separated from larger civil rights movements and specifically those relating to women; like the sexual revolution, the women's liberation movement, and the formation and growth of groups like the National Organization for omen. Strictly speaking there can be no real separation of the feminist art movement from the civil rights movements in its context because so much of art of the era acted as the voice and vision of the messages of the movements as a whole. Though there are of coarse exceptions to this rule art as a whole during this period was a demonstrative agent for social change.
In this analysis of both feminist art and its contextual school of thought, during the civil rights era…
Norma Broude and Mary D. Garrard eds., The Power of Feminist Art, (New York: Harry N. Abrams, Inc. 1994)
Lucy R. Lippard, The Pink Glass Swan: Selected Feminist Essays on Art, (New York: The New Press, 1995)
Ana Mendieta "Siluetta" 1976 series Photograph by artist of site specific work in Mexico seen in Lucy R. Lippard, The Pink Glass Swan: Selected Feminist Essays on Art, (New York: The New Press, 1995) 56.
Cindy Nemser, Art Talk: Conversations with 15 Women Artists, Revised ed. (New York: IconEditions, 1995).
The appraisal and valuation of art can be a tricky thing. When it comes to real property such as vehicles and land/real estate, there is usually a much more precise set of values, expectations and market factors that can help establish what something is worth. Cars and real estate in particular can be valued fairly precisely based on the age of the item and the demand that is present for the same. Further, an appraisal that is clearly out of line with reality can be easier to spot when such things are in place. However, there other items that are a bit harder to value. Some of those items are real property. While there is a tried and true way to value art, the competence and motives of the appraiser is something that must be considered.
A good example of the concept noted in the introduction would be exotic…
City of Ambitions.
By the early 20th century, photography had established itself as more than a means of documentary evidence. The medium had the potential to convey the artist's impressions as well as political content. Photographers like Alfred Stieglitz capitalized on the power of the medium to depict social and political realities without sacrificing aesthetics. "The City of Ambitions" is one example of Stieglitz's early work, a large portion of which uses urban life as its focus.
"The City of Ambitions" is New York, the American -- even global -- hub of capitalist enterprise. Stieglitz captures New York's industrial side. Not only does the photographer wait for the time of day during which factory smoke is at its most visible, but Stieglitz also includes in the composition multiple features of urban architecture including the river dock and the burgeoning high rises sprouting up around it…
"Bauhaus." The Art Story. Retrieved online: http://www.theartstory.org/movement-bauhaus.htm
Duchamp, Marcel. "Fountain." Sculpture. 1917.
"Early Documentary Photography." The Met. Retrieved online: https://www.metmuseum.org/toah/hd/edph/hd_edph.htm
Gropius, Walter. "Bauhaus Building in Dessau." [Building]. 1926
Psychology and Teaching- The Importance of Art
How Childhood Events develop a lifetime in Art
One of the crucial times in an individual's life is early childhood. Early childhood acts as the basis for all later undertakings in one's life. It is not only the kids who suffer in case we, as a community, fall short in meeting their needs. We, the community, also suffer as a result. It is essential to note that their achievements are also our achievements. According to a recent report, the cost of every high school dropout is approximately at $292,000 (Sum, Khatiwada, McLaughlin, & Palma, 2009). Dropping out from high school is not a singular incident, but also a conclusion of several factors, commencing in early childhood. Encouraging parents and kids in the childhood years would possess some influence into elementary school, high school, early years of adulthood, and far beyond. The executives of…
Adolf Hitler: Biography and Character. (2015, September 20). Retrieved from www.suu.edu/faculty/ping/pdf/hitlerbiography.pdf
Brown, J. (2008). Educating the whole child Curriculum Development. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and.
Clark, E. (2012). A Psychological Analysis of Adolf Hitler. Washington DC: University of Mary.
Csikszentmihalyi, M. (1990). Flow: The psychology of optimal experience. New York, NY: Harper & Row.
arts in the modern era in India. The discussion would revolve around the conditions and the situations that led to the so-called modernization of the Indian art form and the relation of the socio-economic changes in the Indian society and its impact on Indian art transformation or modernization. The discussions in the essay would revolve around this topic.
The India in the 21st century is a representation of a society which is modern and traditional at the same time, and yet religious and secular at the same time. The social make-up of the country consists of some of the richest in the world as well as home to some of the poorest. Democracy, the largest in the world, is another aspect of modern India (aghuramaraju, 2009). Hence modern India is varied and full of opposing perspectives put in a box. And the Indian art has developed within this environment and…
Mitter, P. (2007). The triumph of modernism. London: Reaktion Books.
National Gallery of Modern Art, New Delhi. (2016). Ngmaindia.gov.in. Retrieved 25 July 2016, from http://www.ngmaindia.gov.in/history.asp
Raghuramaraju, A. (2009). Pre-of Art in Modern India. Third Text, 23(5), 617-623. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09528820903184872
Sinha, G. (2009). Introduction to Art and Visual Culture in India, (pp. 22-23). Mumbai: Marg Publications.