Food Safety Essays Examples

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Food Poisoning in San Diego There Are

Words: 1140 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 3308632

Food Poisoning in San Diego

There are more than 200 known microbes that can lead to food poisoning in people (Paredez, 2009). While most people have heard of the more common E. coli and Salmonella, there are many others including certain bacterias that are found naturally in the soil. The common symptoms of food poisoning can be as minor as an upset stomach to actual fatality in serious cases. With the hottest part of summer approaching in San Diego, it is only a matter of time until the amount of food poisoning cases begin increasing. This paper will discuss the trends of food poisoning within the community of San Diego, California and how, as a nurse, the trends associated with the statistics can be decreased.

Community: San Diego, California is a bustling and very old city. Most of the buildings are from the 1950's and earlier. Toxins such as lead and asbestos are common in buildings and the surrounding soil. With the humid and relatively mild weather, there is a large pest population which includes roaches, spiders, roof rats, bats, and lizards. Even the local restaurants are primarily small mom-and-pop-owned restaurants typically in converted residences. Along with the normal residents,…… [Read More]

Census Data (2010). Southern California Association of Governments. Accessed at

Entis, Phyllis (2008). San Diego Hepatitis Cases Still on the Rise. Accessed at 
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Food Inc The Industrialization of Farming and

Words: 2392 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 27410920

Food, Inc.

The Industrialization of Farming and Agriculture:

Effects on the Environment and the Way We Live

The film Food, Inc. By award winning documentary maker Robert Kenner starts out with a simple goal: it wants to find out where our food comes from. In his quest to answer this question, however, Kenner, and his two narrators, Pollan and Schlosser, find some unpleasant and startling facts about the way in which our food is raised, caught and ultimately produced for mass distribution. Essentially, this wonderfully executed film exposes the negative impact that industrialization has had on farming, on our health and on our environment. This paper will thus prove these negative effects by referencing topics covered by the movie, including what society should do in order to reverse the irrevocable damage that this way of producing food is bound to have upon our society. [1: "Food, Inc.' Film Looks at Corporate Impact on What We Eat | Daily Dish | Los Angeles Times." Top of the Ticket | Jay Carney's Newest Warning to Syria on Violence | Los Angeles Times. Web. 07 May 2011. . ] [2: Official Food, Inc. Movie Site - Hungry For Change? Web. 07 May 2011.…… [Read More]

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Food and Beverage Industry Analyzing

Words: 1332 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 99292830

Wal-Mart specifically is pioneering the development of Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) projects with up to two thousand of its key suppliers today (Kumar, 2007). The goal of this pilot is to enable food and beverage suppliers to coordinate more effectively with Wal-Mart on mixed pallet mode shipping of products (Kumar, 2007). This is critical for Wal-Mart from the standpoint of supporting their expansion strategies into smaller, more diverse stores in terms of selection. The focus of Wal-Mart going forward will be on smaller stores in urban and suburban locations in the U.S., and smaller stores throughout their most successful global locations as well. The use of RFID as a technology to enable greater logistics and supply chain performance is already showing signs of supporting much greater levels of shipping accuracy and cost control. RFID tags can be read on pallets traveling at 40 miles per hour through warehouses and from a distance of 100 yards or more depending on the electronics in the tag itself. These technologies translate into a trend that will eventually re-order the food and beverage industry from an expansion, reporting, product planning and development standpoint. RFID is also already showing signs of being able to deliver…… [Read More]

R Cigolini, & T. Rossi. (2006). A note on supply risk and inventory outsourcing. Production Planning & Control, 17(4), 424.

Joanna Cosgrove. (2003, February). Riding the retail wave. Beverage Industry, 94(2), 35-46.
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Food Production and Distribution in the World

Words: 688 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 14676722

food production and distribution in the world today?

Despite Malthusian predictions to the contrary, there is generally enough food currently available to adequately feed the world's six billion people. In fact, Searchinger (2011) recently observed that, "Economists have made such a fuss about how complicated the food crisis is that they have created the impression that it has no ready solution. . . . This view is wrong" (p. 14). Indeed, agricultural crop production has continued to keep pace with population growth, with record-setting grain production being achieved in 2010 (Searchinger, 2011). The real problems with food production and distribution in the world today relate to rising demand during a period when an increasing amount of food crops are being diverted for the production of biofuels. In this regard, Searchinger emphasizes that, "Since 2004, biofuels from crops have almost doubled the rate of growth in global demand for grain and sugar and pushed up the yearly growth in demand for vegetable oil by around 40%. Even cassava is edging out other crops in Thailand because China uses it to make ethanol" (p. 14). This diversion of human food crops to energy-producing resources has driven demand -- and prices -- up…… [Read More]

Kaufman, C. & Heri, S. (2007). Liberalizing trade in agriculture and food security - Mission impossible? Vanderbilt Journal of Transnational Law, 40(4), 1039-1041.

Miller, C. (2003). In the sweat of our brow: Citizenship in American domestic practice during
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Food and Beverage Reverse Logistics

Words: 2268 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 60925248

Sustainable Rules

Drake Nash

RLMT 307 Food and Beverage Reverse Logistics -- Fall 2015


The implementation of sustainable rules and regulations as well as constraints in the markets across the world, have compelled international industries, in this case, the food and beverage industry, to establish reverse logistics, which is the backflow management of the supply chain system. Reverse logistics encompasses the waste management of products and merchandises in the backward supply chain. There has been a gap or limitation in research studies on the implementation of reverse logistics on the food and beverage industry. Due to the fact that food and beverage products are delicate in nature, the backward flow of packing and food supplies compel the formation of a free-flowing reverse logistics system throughout the supply chain. The development of an efficacious reverse supply chain practice for the food retail industry necessitates the conduction of studies on prevailing reverse procedures, and their enactment across the diverse retail set-ups.


The food and beverage industry experiences plenty of difficulties and challenges with regard to the supply chain. This is largely because of the underlying fact that the industry trades easily perishable food products. Retailers, in this industry, across the…… [Read More]

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Food Inc Food Inc How the Industrial

Words: 1607 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 96598387

Food Inc.

Food, Inc.: How the Industrial Food is Making us Sicker, Fatter and Poorer -- and What You Can do About It (Karl Weber [editor])


"When you think of the California economy, you think of high-tech industries like Silicon Valley, you think of Hollywood. You don't think of poor, desperate migrants picking fruits and vegetables with their bare hands" (p. 4).

This is interesting because people often associate places with a few eye-catching things, ignoring many other sides of those places. It reminds me of how Korea is associated with high-tech industry, Hyundai and Samsung, but people do not think of Korean art, music, history, or its ordinary people much.

"Factory farms strive to increase the number of animals they raise every year. To do so, however, they use some practices that present health concerns for consumers" (p. 22).

This is an interesting point because industries today try to outdo their competitors by increasing the level of production at all costs. In reality, consumer health must be protected even at the cost of slow production, but what happens is that consumer health is compromised for the sake of greater production. That is totally wrong.

3. ". . .…… [Read More]

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Safety Management in the United

Words: 1525 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 11996538

Any organization that deals directly with petroleum-based products, including storage facilities, will be affected by the act. The act also provides for Area Contingency Plans in case of emergency. The Pollution Prevention Act aims to reduce pollution "through cost-effective changes in production, operation, and raw materials use," ("Pollution Prevention Act"). Recycling programs fall under the Pollution Prevention Act; therefore, organizations might be required under this law to participate in large-scale recycling programs. Moreover, the Pollution Prevention Act is designed to curb source pollution, so the act applies especially to organizations that are potential polluters. The Resource Conservation and Recovery Act applies especially to storage of toxic waste. The act will pertain to employees of waste management facilities or of any organization that must dispose of its waste material in an environmentally sound and legally authorized way.

Works Cited

About EPA." 2005. Online at

Clean Water Act." Online at

Endangered Species Act." Online at

Freedom of Information Act." Online at

Major Environmental Laws." 2005. Online at

Occupational Safety and Health Act." Online at < Occupational Safety and Health Act>.

Pollution Prevention Act." Online at… [Read More]

About EPA." 2005. Online at

Clean Water Act." Online at
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Safety the Etiology of the Majority of

Words: 1121 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 92081626


The etiology of the majority of cases of Parkinson's disease (PD) is unknown. What is known is that the disease is a neurodegenerative disorder that results from a loss of dopaminergic neurons in the area of the brain known as the substantia nigra (Hatfield, 2013). In addition, it is speculated that the disease is related to some type of genetic susceptibility and environmental risk factors that largely remain unidentified. Epidemiological research has suggested that there may be an association between exposure to pesticides and the onset of PD; however, this research is very mixed with some studies indicating that there is such relationship and a number of others failing to demonstrate such an association (Dardiotis, Xiromerisiou, Hadjichristodoulou et al., 2013). Dardiotis et al. (2013) reviewed the research and made a case that perhaps the relationship between pesticide use and PD is moderated by a genetic susceptibility. However, one of the flaws in most of the studies that attempt to link pesticide exposure and PD is that a history of pesticide exposure is often determined by the self-report of the individuals with PD. Individuals who have developed PD may selectively recall being exposed to or using pesticides at sometime in…… [Read More]

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Food and Drug Law in

Words: 1160 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 77408681

S. Food and Drug Administration, because they were in wide use before the 1938 Act (grandfathered in, as it were). (Dunn 1938)

The problem was that Act contained a definition for a "new drug" (one in need of prior approval to market), as any drug "the composition of which is such that such drug is not generally recognized, among experts qualified by scientific training and experience to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of drugs, as safe and effective for use under the conditions prescribed, recommended, or suggested in the labeling." FDCA § 201(p) (1). The manufacturers set out to establish then, that anything GRAS/GRAE therefore was not a new drug, and needed no FDA blessing.

Many medicines are ancient, and the active ingredients of many drugs on were first introduced before 1938. To make matters worse, between 1938 and 1962, the FDA considered drugs that were identical, related, or similar (IRS) to any approved drug to be covered by that approval, permitting IRS drugs to be marketed without independent approval.

Naturally, some companies brought drugs onto the market between 1938 and 1962 based on their own conclusion that the products were generally recognized as safe and effective (GRAS/GRAE), or based…… [Read More]

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Genetically Modified Food There Has

Words: 2281 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 31286843

On a biological level, consumption of genetically modified foods means the potential for "pleiotropic and insertional effects," Dona explains on page 165. Pleiotropic refers to the possibility that a gene may have more than one affect on the food. The above-mentioned effects could result from an increase of "anti-nutrients"; and moreover human health could be impacted due to the use of "viral DNA," Dona continues (165). The pleiotropic affect could actually cause "…the silencing of genes, changes in their level of expression, or, potentially, the turning on of existing genes that were not previously being expressed" (Dona, 165). All of this potential interaction could biologically lead to "…the disruption of metabolism in unpredictable ways" and in the process lead to the emergence of "new toxic compounds" (Dona, 165).

Increasing the anti-nutrient level in food should not be acceptable to science or to regulators, Dona continues, because heat-stable anti-nutrients (like phytoestrogens, glucinins, and phytic acid) are known to cause "…infertility problems" in cattle, including sheep (165). Many of the crops that have been manipulated use the Cauliflower Mosaic Virus 35S promoter (CaMV35S) to "switch on the introduced gene," Dona explains (167). But there is a serious problem with CaMV35S because: a)…… [Read More]

Works Cited:
Daunert, Sylvia, Deo, Sapna, Morin, Xenia, and Roda, Aldo. (2008). The genetically modified foods debate: demystifying the controversy through analytical chemistry. Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry, 392(3), 327-331.

Dona, Artemis, and Arvanitoyannis, Ioannis S. (2009). Health Risks of Genetically Modified
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What Are the Motivational Factors for People to Purchase Organic Food

Words: 2580 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 64786484

Organic Food Motivation Research

The fiscal crisis of 2009 did not dissuade people from digging a little deeper into their noticeably thinner wallets to pay a lot more for food that they can trust. Sales of organic food rose by 5% during the global financial crisis, sustaining the trend from 2000 through 2008 when organic food sales rose 15%. The purpose of this study was to determine the primary motivational factors for purchasing organic food by those shoppers who regularly buy organic food for their own consumption. The participants in this study shopped regularly for organic foods and despite the steeper prices, considered organic food to be a good value. The subjects were primarily attracted to organic foods because they perceived it to be better for them, but many study participants also expressed environmental concerns. Subjects in this study were relatively young, with a median age of approximately 30 years, and most were married. The subjects shopped at a variety of locations for food and reported buying organic food from all available food categories, although most purchases were organic vegetables.

II. Introduction

Organic food is better for the environment, the ecosystem, and the farm workers who plant, tend, and harvest…… [Read More]

Baxter, B. 2006. Who's buying organic? Demographics 2006, HartBeat, Retrieved
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Health Concerns in the Food

Words: 1396 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 29408852

In the UK for instance, there are no guidelines on the issue of nutritional labeling. In some cases nutritional information is ether missing totally or is present in a form which is too complex to be comprehended by the general public.

Therefore, the ongoing discussion between the industry players, health groups and regulators has a focus on making nutritional labeling compulsory as well as making the current system simpler to read and understand. This would the enable the consumers to make their own independent judgments on the type of food that they would like to purchase.

Several proposals have been advanced by the health regulators and watch groups. They include the placing of warning on food and beverages with high energy density as well as linking of the calorie consumption to the energy output by effectively stating how much exercise would be needed to burn off the 'extra' calories in a given serving of a product.

It is worth noting that the food and beverage manufacturers are notorious of arguing that they are never directly responsible for the rise in obesity rates. They blame the consumer's personal eating habits. Well this is pure hogwash because they have the responsibility from…… [Read More]

Ethical Investment Research Services. Obesity concerns in the food and beverage industry (2006) < >

Greene, Michael ., Menu labeling laws: the right to nutritional information? Prepared as an academic requirement for the agricultural law course at the Pennsylvania state university's Dickinson school of Law Spring semester (2010)
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Global Economy Relate to Food Security and

Words: 3531 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 99697347

global economy relate to food security and food bank use in Canada. There has been some exploration in the academic literature of the links between the changes in the global economy and food security. There have also been a couple of attempts to examine the linkages between the global issue of food security and the individual issue of food bank usage. This paper will examine this literature to examine whether or not there are linkages between the two.

There are a number of potential approaches that can be used to examine an issue such as this. Food security is a macro-level issue normally addressed on a societal or governmental level. As a net food exporter, Canada has no inherent food security issues. However, the urban environment does not produce much food, if any, and therefore the question of food security can be applied to cities. Cities inherently exist by producing wealth that can be used to acquire, among other things, food. Food security in the urban context therefore relates to the ability of the urban center to sustainably generate and distribute wealth. At the national level, the ability of the nation to produce food for the city to buy is…… [Read More]

Bickell, G., Nord, M., Price, C., Hamilton, W. & Cook, J. (2000). Guide to measuring household food security. USDA. Retrieved March 10, 2013 from

Cordell, D., Drangert, J. & White, S. (2009). The story of phosphorous: Global food security and food for thought. Global Environmental Change. Retrieved March 10, 2013 from
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Organic Food British Consumer Attitudes Organic

Words: 3305 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 92615272

217+). It is not only the consumer, then, who might be affected by cost; producers also might be reluctant to grown or process organic foods unless they believed that consumers would continue to be willing to pay the price of the organic foods. Their study focuses "on the benefits associated with segregation and labelling strategies that are commonly gauged by the size of premiums consumers are willing to pay for non-biotech foods" (Moon and Balasubramanian, 2003, p. 217+).

The results Moon and Balasubramanian got from their study seemed to prove that the demand for non-biotech foods (if not 'health foods' or 'organic foods' per se) would "arise from the following: "risk perceptions about adverse health effects, environmental concerns, moral and ethical considerations, and negative perceptions about the growing role of multinational corporations in farming" (2003, p. 217+).

That did not mean all British consumers would automatically be willing to pay a premium for non-biotech foods, however. In fact, "if respondents perceived benefits from agrobiotechnology in the forms of reducing chemical use in crop production, mitigating world food shortage, of improving nutritional quality, they were less likely (emphasis mine) to pay a premium for non-biotech foods" (Moon and Balasubramanian, 2003, p.…… [Read More]

Arce, A., and T.K. Marsden. "The Social Construction of International Food: A New Research Agenda." Economic Geography 69, no. 3 (1993): 293+. Database online. Available from Questia, Accessed 26 July 2005.

Are You an Ethical Consumer?" New Statesman, 129, no. 4511 (2000): 15. Database online. Available from Questia, Accessed 26 July 2005.
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Health Safety Nutrition Interrelated How Health Safety

Words: 1165 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 65825363

health, safety, nutrition interrelated. How health, safety, nutrition interrelated? Give examples readings relations importance. Think relationship preventative health care health promotion.PAGE 1 Emotional regulation important skill learned early childhood. Your textbook states "One important aspects emotional regulation predicts development. Preschoolers elementary-age children express a great deal anger, hostility, negative emotions show poorer social competence school isolated rejected peers (Eisenberg al,.

Individuals' health is often a cumulative of factors. These come in relation to certain safety extends that a person can assume, as well as other, external elements, external in that they come about as the result of other people's actions. For example, smoking will not only affect the individual in cause but as well those around him. Further, individuals can be predisposed to particular illnesses due to hereditary traits, which is why medical controls, especially for children, are proper safety measures that do not only diagnose but as well help prevent development and/or escalation. The interrelationship between health, safety, and nutrition is thus based on premises of a healthy life style which can help prevent the apparition of certain illnesses. A person who assumes a healthy nutritional diet and is aware of the necessity of regular physical exercise while as…… [Read More]

Works Cited:
Consumer Product Safety Commission. (2013). Recalls: Toys R Us recalls Imaginarium Activity Walker due to choking hazard. Retrieved from 

Food Safety and Inspection Service. (2011). Strategic plan FY 2011 -- 2016. United States Department of Agriculture. Retrieved from

Marotz, L.R. (2012). Health, safety and nutrition for the young child (Seventh Edition). Australia, Canada, Mexico, Singapore, Spain, United Kingdom, United States. Retrieved from
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Transgenic Foods Genetically Modified Crop

Words: 2537 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 34104641

98 million farmers. It is reported that in a review of sustainable agriculture projects findings show that "average food production per household increased by 1.71 tons per year (up 73%) for 4.42 million farmers on 3.58 million hectares, bringing food security and health benefits to local communities. Increasing agricultural productivity has been shown to also increase food supplies and raise incomes, thereby reducing poverty, increasing access to food, reducing malnutrition and improving health and livelihoods." (Independent Science Panel, 2003) Sustainable agriculture results in low-cost and readily available food resources being gained by consumers since organic food is safer. Specifically it is reported that: "Sustainable agricultural approaches draw extensively on traditional and indigenous knowledge, and place emphasis on the farmers' experience and innovation. This thereby utilizes appropriate, low-cost and readily available local resources as well as improves farmers' status and autonomy, enhancing social and cultural relations within local communities." (Independent Science Panel, 2003)

VIII. Controversy Surrounding Transgenic Crops

The work of Schahczenski and Adam (2006) states that there has been "great controversy among government agencies, business consortia, researchers, and certain nonprofit organizations" concerning the "capacity to produce transgenic crops." In 2001 it is related that the Experiment Station Committee on Organization…… [Read More]

What Are Transgenic Plants? (2010) Transgenic Crops: An Introduction and Resource Guide.

Department of Soil and Crop Sciences, Colorado State University 1999-2004. Online available at' 
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Cafeteria Food in My Community

Words: 909 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 94052223

The problem with this is that the underlying issue is not addressed. The headmaster and staff completely ignored the contents of the petition, and the fact that numerous students have complained about the food they receive. They have also ignored the fact that the complaint, in the light of a more health-conscious society, is in fact legitimate.

Another problem is a basic lack of communication. It can be that the school has a legitimate reason for the quality of food offered by the cafeteria, such as finances. The children were also summarily punished without being given an opportunity to state their case. Thirdly, the parent conference was conducted without the presence of the children, further limiting their opportunity to communicate. In this light, they saw their only opportunity to bring their point across by means of trespass. Furthermore, by encouraging parents to also punish their children, the problem is exacerbated rather than eradicated.

By being punished, the responsible group become heroes, or even martyrs in the eyes of their peers. This would encourage rather than discourage future actions of the same nature. This could further impact upon the school in terms of finances and basic food safety, until the headmaster…… [Read More]

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Dean Foods Company Dean Foods

Words: 562 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 42212176

However, as coffee creamer and margarine have demonstrated, there is risk of substitution even with long-established consumer staples.

The intensity of rivalry is becoming greater. Firms in both dairy and soy are fighting for market share, one because of market contraction and the other because of market expansion. Firms compete for shelf space at major retailers and because the products lack differentiation, firms in the industry tend to compete strictly on brand name, rather than product attributes. Overall, this leaves the industry moderately unfavorable. Soy is more favorable that milk generally, but milk is the much larger industry and for a sizeable, established player with strong distribution networks it is still a good industry to be in.

The regulatory environment is important to Dean. The federal government has a stake in agricultural industries because of the impact on the nation's food security. There are variety of programs and subsidies available to protect producers of goods like milk and soy. While in general Dean benefits from agricultural policies, it is also subject to FDA regulations concerning food safety. These are especially critical in Dean's milk products business, as the risk of spoilage and infection is higher. Dean and its subsidiaries must…… [Read More]

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Hormones in Our Agricultural Food and the

Words: 1467 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 34425337

hormones in our agricultural food and the adverse effects it has on the animals and the human consumers. The writer provides an outline of the effect the hormones have both physically and politically on the consumer and the nation's that support the use of hormones. The writer also presents evidence of the health problems hormones are thought to cause as well. There were four sources used to complete this paper.

As the world becomes more crowded the demand for fast growing resources including food increase. The use of growth hormone in cattle has sparked a worldwide controversy as several nation's wrestle with trade organizations mandates against what they believe the hormone treated cows can cause by way of health problems.

The most common hormone used today in the cow industry is Bovine Growth Hormone, which is also referred to as BGH. This hormone is a genetically engineered hormone. It is administered through the use of injections and the injections are given to dairy cows. This is so that the dairy cows would increase their milk production because of the way the hormone speeds that process (History of Monsanto ( use of this hormone was approved for use in the United…… [Read More]

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Convenience Food to Generation Y

Words: 2774 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 6508963

" (Guelph Food Technology Centre, 2008) This report additionally relates four "meta trends" in the packing industry which are those of:

1) Convenience;

2) Health and wellness;

3) Upscale experiences; and 4) Sustainability. (Guelph Food Technology Centre, 2008)

The work entitled: "Generational Change and Marketing Indicators" states that five decades ago "when supermarkets were 'stores of the future' retailers and manufacturers pretty much knew where to find their customers. Food came from food stores; drugs from drug stores and cooked meals were consumed at drive-in or sit-down restaurants." (Mogelonsky, nd) it is important to know where shoppers intend to buy their food today. Generation Y, at a total population of 72 million, is an important consideration for marketers. Potato chip shopping including tortilla chips and pretzels are stated to "round out the top three snack categories, with household penetration rates of 76 and 62% respectively." (Mogelonsky, nd)) Also noted is that Generation Y buys health bars and health sticks.

The report states that Generation Y consumers know both "where and how to get reliable food information, understand the importance of healthy eating, and will demand cutting edge convenient, exotic, vegetarian, and organic food options. By 2020, many Generation Y consumers…… [Read More]

Works Cited:
Ramierz, Andrea (2008)Leveraging Consumer Megatrends National Association of College & University Food Services. Online available at

Sloan, a. Elizabeth (2005) Top 10 Global Food Trends. Food Technology April 2005 Vol. 59 No. 4.
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Shifting Trends in the Food

Words: 2541 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 49490583

How Fast Food Restaurants are Reacting to the Shift to More Organic Foods:
To remain competitive, fast food restaurants have had to turn to
innovative products, often redeveloping their product lines, to meet the
changing demands of consumers for organic foods specifically, and healthier
foods in general. The demand for organic foods has been the mechanism for
industry evolution. As noted, McDonalds phased out their supersize menu
items, in response to society's growing health concerns. In addition,
they've begun to offer more healthy menu choices, such as low-fat items and
fresh salads, to their customers, as well as promoting healthy lifestyles
in their marketing campaigns. In the New England area, McDonald's even
replaced their coffee with Newman's Own Organic blend, in an attempt to
take further advantage of more organically-discriminating tastes of
consumers. This move has been well-received in the region[18]. In
addition, new fast food restaurants are being introduced to the
marketplace, in response to these new consumer demands. Company's like
Healthy Express are still relatively small players in the industry, but are
slowly garnering market share from their less healthy competitors[19].
Another industry innovator is Organic to Go (O To Go). Based in
Seattle, Washington, the company "is…… [Read More]

Abelson, J., "An Overarching Goal: Innovation," Boston Globe (September 24,
2006): E2 (database online); available from ProQuest, ProQuest ID:
Brunning, R. "Organic Fast-Food Restaurant to Open in Boulder," Knight
Ridder Tribune (October 12, 2006): 1 (database online); available from
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Peter Andree Entitled Gm Food Regulation An

Words: 569 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 369608

Peter Andree entitled "GM Food Regulation: An Analysis of Efforts to Improve Genetically Modified Food Regulation in Canada." Andree reports on a trade dispute of an ongoing nature over genetically modified organisms occurring between the European Union and the United States and Canada reporting that a "more precautionary approach" has been witnessed recently in regulating GMOs. Andree examines the regulatory approaches toward GMOs.

According to Andree (2006), the regulatory approach in Canada has been influenced greatly by the model in the United States and there have been more than sixty genetically modified foods that Canada has approved upon the basis of "limited sets of compositional and nutritional data" demonstrating the "substantial equivalence to products already on the market." (Andree, 2006, p.377-8) Andree states that there are major differences in the data requirements for GM regulation between that of the European Union and the United States and Canada. The EC regulations are reported to require scientific evaluation of an extensive nature of these GMOs before their release and that the regulations require the accounting of "indirect, immediate, delayed, or unforeseen effect of GMOs" in addition to the "potential cumulative long-term effects associated with the interaction with other GMOs and the environment."…… [Read More]

Andree, P. (2006) GM Food Regulation: An Analysis of Efforts to Improve Genetically Modified Food Regulation in Canada. Science and Public Policy, volume 33, number 5, June 2006, pages 377 -- 389, Beech Tree Publishing, 10 Watford Close, Guildford, Surrey GU1 2EP, England.
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Organic Food and the Benefits of Choosing Organic

Words: 1661 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 56014943

Organic Food

Today's world is becoming increasingly more complex and fast-paced, which has caused many people to adopt a catch-as-catch-can attitude towards their food. We have become accustomed to receiving things instantly, hence the popularity of fast food restaurants, and we have also become accustomed to receiving larger portions of food. Food today is more processed, refined, pre-packaged, and instantly available than it ever has been at any time in our history to date.

However, such convenience and processing comes with a price. Fast foods, prepackaged foods, and other "convenience" foods are loaded with fat and sodium, not to mention all the chemicals, preservatives, and additives they contain. One source (McGraw, p.133) estimates that eating out at fast food restaurants five times a week compared to having a healthy meal prepared at home adds an additional 280 calories a week and 14,560 calories a year to a person's diet. This translates to a weight gain of four pounds in a year! While this might not seem like much at first glance, this weight gain can quickly add up. Children, especially, are fatter now than ever before, and they learn their eating and health habits from their parents. While it is…… [Read More]

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Obesity and the European Food

Words: 2136 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 55851162

' (EurActiv 2008)

'The traffic light Scheme was shown to be the most effective of by the FSA. What they also discovered was that consumers wanted product labeling; they liked separate information on 4 key nutrients that include fats, carbohydrates, proteins and salts and sugars.' (EurActiv, 2010) Consumers found traffic color coding easy to understand and use. As a result they wanted numerical information on amount of nutrients in a serving. However they found GDA percentage rather confusing. Also the importance of making nutrition and ingredient labeling mandatory on wines, beers and spirits and having a consistent mandatory labeling system with color codes was emphasized by the NGOs representing different areas of health at the hearing. These products could not be eliminated from the labeling because they were part of the foods that contributed to obesity.

At the public hearing on efficient food, (Public Hearing on Efficient foods, 2011) Mr. Csibi closed the debate ensuring all those concerned that the European Parliament would be involved in the preparation of the legislation and the "the end product is both of added benefit to European consumers without posing additional unnecessary burdens for food product manufacturers.' What he meant is that the people…… [Read More]

DN Sanco, (2011) European Vegetarian and Animal News Alliance (EVANA): Renewed Commitment of stakeholders to Combat Overweight and Obesity Related Health Issues Brussels, Belgium

European Public Health Alliance, (2011) putting citizens' health at the heart of Europe, Brussels, Belgium: Retrieved from
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Supply Chain Technologies for the Food Sector

Words: 662 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 92120756

Supply Chain Technology in the Food Industry

In the past few years, manufactured food stuffs have become important parts of the diet of many individuals across the globe. This trend has been fueled by changes in eating habits that incorporate a combination of local produce and imported food stuffs. As manufactured goods continue to be important elements in many individuals' diets, the development of sustainable food supply chains has become a major issue. The significance of this issue is particularly fueled by the need to ensure the safety and health of food stuffs given that they incorporate both local produce and internationally conserved food items. Actually, the food industry has experienced the development and increased use of supply chain technologies that are geared towards enhancing the safety and health of food stuffs in business across the world. These supply chain technologies are also utilized by retail businesses in the food industry, especially with increased focus on nutrition and health.

Wal-Mart is one of the retail businesses that utilize supply chain technologies to ensure safe and healthy food stuffs across all its stores. One of the cool supply chain technologies utilized by Wal-Mart to promote food safety and health is The…… [Read More]

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Functional Food Fad Diet

Words: 927 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 48554098

Fad Diet

Premise/Theory: Functional foods are all the rage nowadays. As such, a fad diet that focuses on those functional foods, which are usually fruits and vegetables (or involve them to some degree) would be a great cornerstone for a fad diet. The diet will be known as the "Functional Foods Diet."

Dietary Recommendations/Guidelines: A person who wants to partake in the Functional Foods Diet just needs a litany of what are known as functional foods and a blender. In practice, it will break down like this:

The meal system will basically mimic that of Slimfast in that a person will have a functional food "smoothie" for breakfast and then another one for lunch.

The person will then need to eat a responsible dinner to close out each day.

For snacks, people can eat low-calorie fruits and vegetables like carrots or a small salad. Again, there will be focus on functional food. For example, a functional food would include tomatoes so one could include cherry tomatoes on a salad.

The functional foods diet can be used in the regular meal portion of the day as well. One can even have the occasional glass of wine and not run afoul of…… [Read More]

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Food Supply Technology Industrialization and

Words: 1142 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 60182596

A farmer in each year can produce enough food to feed a hundred people, according to Pollan (2001), but this productivity comes with a heavy price: "The modern industrial farmer cannot grow that much food without large quantities of chemical fertilizers, pesticides, machinery, and fuel. This expensive set of 'inputs,' as they are called, saddles the farmer with debt, jeopardizes his health, erodes his soil and ruins its fertility, pollutes the groundwater, and compromises the safety of the food we eat" (Pollan, 2001, p. 190). These accrued costs accumulated through generations may lead to catastrophic consequences such as global warming and scarcity of edible food and drinkable water.

The drive to industrial efficiency blinded us to several hidden costs of food production. Orr (1994) identifies six of the costs that, if we intend to maintain sustainable growth, need to be curbed. The first obvious cost of industrial food production is the damage to the planet Earth. The average rates of soil erosion today vastly outnumber the rates at which soil is created. According to one study, the soil erosion costs the United States $44 billion each year (Orr, 1994, p. 173). Pesticides used in agricultural production cause environmental and health…… [Read More]

McDonough, W., & Braungart, M. (2002) From cradle to cradle: remaking the way we make things. New York: North Point Press.

Orr, D.W. (1994) Earth in mind: on education, environment, and the human prospect. Washington, DC: Island Press.
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Foods You Shouldn't Feed Baby 2008 Parents

Words: 404 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 64558439

foods you shouldn't feed baby. (2008). Parents. Retrieved:

Lack, Evonne. (2011). Ten best foods for babies. Baby Center. Retrieved:

Solid foods: How to get your baby started. (2012). Mayo Clinic. Retrieved:

Your baby's first meals are the one and the only time you will have total control over baby's eating habits: Choose those meals wisely

Introduce solid baby foods safely

Resources Available

List the available in this order with contact information.

Community Resource #1

Community Resource #2

National Resource

Mayo Clinic

Web-Based Resource

How to avoid common hazards:

Everyone knows that breastfeeding is the best food for infants, but some parents experience confusion about what is the best, first 'real food' to give their children.


Why the first foods you feed your baby are so important:

Every parent wants their children to get a good start in life: just as with adults, "you are what you eat."

Eating habits and preferences influence later growth and development.

Eating 'first foods' should be a positive experience to lead to a healthy relationship with food

How to begin introducing solids

Remember: wait three days before introducing new foods, to check for allergic reactions (Lack 2011)

Start with baby…… [Read More]

Why the first foods you feed your baby are so important:

Every parent wants their children to get a good start in life: just as with adults, "you are what you eat."
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Food Stamp and Social Security

Words: 917 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 4077004

Also, this should be seen as a short-term solution for people who are temporarily out of jobs in the U.S. And not as a long-term means to living comfortably.

Social Security Benefits

Social security benefits help many elderly and disabled people to live a reasonable life. In 2010, more than 53 million Americans received social security benefits that amount to a whopping $703 billion. Out of these, 34 million retired workers accounted for $40 billion and $1.7 billion went to 2.9 dependents of retired workers at an average amount of $1,170 per month. The eight million disabled workers and their $1.9 billion dependents received an average of $1,065 per month and this amounted to $8.5 billion and $0.6 billion respectively. The remaining $6.3 billion went to 6.4 million survivors at an average monthly benefit of $1,129. (Social Security Administration USA, 2010).

The Social Security Administration of the U.S. estimates that nine out of ten individuals who are 65 years and older receive social security benefits and this money accounts for about 40% of their income. The retired workers along with their dependents account for 69% of the benefits and this provides them a stable income in their older age. However,…… [Read More]

USDA Food and Nutrition Service. (December 2010). State Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program Participation Rates in 2008. Washington, DC:Author. Retrieved from:

DeParle, Jason. (November 28, 2009). Food Stamp Use Soars and Stigma Fades. New York Times.
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Food Justice and the Role of Local Farmers

Words: 1054 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 45022001

Fast Food Delivery

Green Bean Delivery delivers fresh produce to the door of customers who sign up for deliveries. So instead of purchasing produce (fruits, vegetables, dairies) from the grocery store (and not knowing where they come from -- Mexico, California, South America), Green Bean Delivery does all the work for you. The only question is: where do Green Bean's products come from? To find out, some investigative work was needed. This paper will show who is behind the produce that Green Bean Delivery delivers straight to the door of its customers, how it is produced, what goes into the process of growing, harvesting, transporting and preparing the items that are then sorted and shipped to customers.

The number one claim of Green Bean Delivery is that it uses organic produce and natural groceries to please its customers. This is a great claim and one that makes a lot of people happy to see -- but as Schlosser (2012) points out, the "organic" and "all-natural" label is one that can actually be misleading. His trip to the jelly bean flavor factory highlights the ways in which corporations are able to get away with the suggestion that they are using "all-natural"…… [Read More]

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Safety Innovations in Mine Safety

Words: 1704 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 73965398

On the plus side, though, the research also showed that innovations in technology, both high- and low-tech, hold enormous promise for improving miner safety by providing early warnings of impending disasters and by providing rescuers with better techniques for locating and rescuing trapped miners. In the final analysis, the technology already exists to accomplish these improvements and it remains a matter of establishing the relevant priorities at the state and federal levels to ensure that all mines are equipped with these devices before disaster strikes, and that these technologies are available for rescue efforts when the inevitable does occur. Future studies should investigate how these technologies can be deployed more cost effectively for developing nations and what steps should be taken ahead of time to ensure that these devices provide the maximum amount of protection for the investments involved.


Cooper, S., Ryan, J., & Sinback, M. (2003). Employment-related crimes. American Criminal Law Review, 40(2), 367.

Kravitz, J.H., Kovac, J.G., & Duerr, W.H. (1994). Advances in mine emergency communications. Proceedings of the International Emergency Management and Engineering Conference, 23-26.

Mining disaster incidents and fatalities, 1900-2006. (2007). National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health. (2007). Retrieved October 2, 2007 at…… [Read More]

Cooper, S., Ryan, J., & Sinback, M. (2003). Employment-related crimes. American Criminal Law Review, 40(2), 367.

Kravitz, J.H., Kovac, J.G., & Duerr, W.H. (1994). Advances in mine emergency communications. Proceedings of the International Emergency Management and Engineering Conference, 23-26.
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Safety as Prescribed by the

Words: 950 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 58233193

S. Department of Health and Human Services et al., 2006). This first study will involve limited human exposure and extreme caution.

Most significantly, the study itself has to be based on sound scientific principles with a thorough knowledge of the properties of the chemical, and the potential results on the human subject. Standard clinical safety evaluations will include serial assessment of patient symptoms, physical signs, and clinical laboratory tests amongst other tests monitoring possible adverse effects. These tests will be of sufficient duration in order to catch potential negative effects. Safety hazards for patients and health care workers during and after administration of the radio labeled product will also be identified, evaluated and appropriately managed.

Finally, as prescribed by Section 505(d) of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (the Act) (21 U.S.C. 355(d)), adequate tests must be taken on the drug first before applying to a human individual. The drug must be FDA approved, before sponsor is allowed to proceed.

4) micro dosing: its benefits.

Since the drug can potentially be lethal, it is important that a repeat-dose pattern be applied (e.g. Of 14-28 days duration) with the patient being monitored throughout. This also prevents possible adverse effects occurring…… [Read More]

Farde, L. et al., 2007 Using Positron Emission

Tomography (PET) microdosing. Focus, The Organisation for Professionals in Regulatory Affairs,1-8
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Food Culture

Words: 611 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 63467003


In "McDonald's in Taipei," Wu describes the radical changes to Taiwanese culture that took place during the 1980s. The introduction of American fast food to Taiwanese markets symbolized the nature of the changes to Taiwanese culture that ensued. McDonald's is not singularly to blame for the decimation of the diversity of traditional Chinese food from the mainland, but prior to its introduction, there was a cornucopia of independent eateries boasting food from various regions. However, Wu also discusses the symbolic role of McDonald's in Taiwan in relation to the development of Taiwanese national identity.

According to Wu, Taiwanese identity has formed largely in response to its need to politically and culturally distance itself from mainland China. As Taiwanese people sought new ways of expressing its food culture as being distinct from the mainland cuisines that once flourished there, it turned to the indigenous foods of the island as well as to foreign foods. These two mutually exclusive trends in Taiwanese food culture therefore converged in interesting ways. Whereas betel nut represents the rural traditions of Taiwan, McDonald's represents all that globalization and capitalism has to offer. Taiwan embraced these two seemingly disparate food cultures in meaningful ways, ways that…… [Read More]

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Ethics of Food Production

Words: 732 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 70649987


Genetically Modified Crops -- America says 'Yes' while the European Union and the Sudan says 'No!

Recently, the famine-stricken nation of the Sudan turned away an entire load of crops and seeds that could have filled the bellies of many of its hungry citizens. Why did it do so? Was it madness? No, it was because of the fact that the products in question contained genetically modified crops. "Eat GM or Starve," said the United States, according to an association designed to prevent the introduction of GM crops into the international as well as the national food supply. (OCO, 2004) Proponents of these crops, however, pointed out that the genetic modifications were to make the crops more disease resistant and hardier to the harsh climates of the Sudan.

Genetically modified crops remain one of the most controversial agricultural issues today. Despite fears regarding the safety of these so-called franken-foods, and the resistance of the European community in particular to their usage and introduction into the national food supply, as a destruction of ways of traditional methods of farming, the United States has quietly and seamlessly, some would say courageously integrated these products into our own food supply. Organic foods…… [Read More]

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Workplace and Environmental Safety

Words: 2468 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 37893512

Safety Audit

Acme Fireworks is facing tremendous challenges which are similar to growing businesses. This occurs when firms need to adjust with increasing demand and expand their operations. During this process, they must examine their business model and determine if it is economically viable moving forward. In this case, the company is currently organized as a sole proprietorship.

Fireworks are known to be deadly products. This is because a flame is ignited and travels into a tube filled with gunpowder. Even those who are exercising extreme caution, have the possibility of becoming injured from debris or being too close to the explosion. In these cases, there is a likelihood of death or the person receiving extensive injuries. This is problematic, as it exposes Acme Fireworks to potential litigation from these challenges. (Okrent, 2014)

At the heart of these challenges, are potential work safety issues. This is because the company is using highly combustible materials. Any kind of accident could result in a large number of injuries to the workers. To prevent this, a safety audit must be conducted. It focuses on the safety management system elements within the organization. To fully understand how this occurs there will be an examination…… [Read More]

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Occupational Safety and Health

Words: 7021 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 11755407

Occupational Health and Safety in Catering Industry in Hong Kong

Occupational Safety and Health

The incidence rate of workplace accidents in the catering industry in Hong Kong is higher than that of other sectors, even those associated with inherently high risk to workers. Despite corrective action within the catering industry, the accident rate remains stubbornly high. This research identifies causal factors in occupational accidents in catering companies and delineates effective strategies that can be emulated by catering businesses in Hong Kong in efforts to reduce their accident rates and worker injuries.

Hong Kong is known for its international cuisine and, characteristically, a high number of restaurants -- many offering catering services -- exist in the city. Yet, the polished environments of the dining areas of world-class restaurants contrast greatly with the restaurant kitchen and backroom workspaces. The catering industry in Hong Kong attains extraordinarily high rates of accidents and has, according to the 2010 occupational safety and health statistic bulletin of the Labour Department of Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (HKSAR) of the People's Republic of China, has the highest rate of occupational accidents, even exceeding the accident rate found in construction, manufacturing, mining and quarrying, transport and servicing, and…… [Read More]

Bailey, K. (1994). Methods of social research, (4th ed.) New York, NY: The Free Press.

Denscombe, M. (2007). The good research guide for small-scale social research (3rd ed.). Open Up Study Skills. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill International. Retrieved
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Pesticides Exposure and Infants' Health and Safety

Words: 1539 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 40290764

Threat of Pesticides to Infants' Health and Safety:

Pesticides are chemicals that have successfully been used in agricultural production to restrain pests on different crops such as vegetables, cereal grains, fruits, and nuts. As a result, they have become a standard part of most farming operations to an extent that they have contributed to an increase of farm productivity to 82% in the past three decades. However, did you know that pesticides pose a serious threat to the health and safety of infants? How? Because infants can routinely come into contact with these chemicals with inherent toxicity since most of their common surroundings are usually touched by these chemicals.

The purpose of this pamphlet is to examine the threats posed by this environmental factor i.e. pesticides on the health and safety of infants. This evaluation is based on the increased or widespread use of these chemicals even in areas where infants can easily come into contact with them. The pamphlet provides an analysis of health effects associated with pesticide exposure based on how the young are vulnerable to health effects of these chemicals.

Resources Available: There are various resources available to help parents and caregivers of infants understand the serious…… [Read More]

Del, A. & Davis, B. (2007, May 7). Home Environmental Health Risks. The Online Journal of Issues in Nursing, 12(2). Retrieved from 

Mott et. al. (1997, November 25). Our Children At Risk: The Five Worst Environmental Threats
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Genetically Engineered Food Over the Last Ten

Words: 2308 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 6757825

Genetically Engineered Food

Over the last ten to fifteen years, the presence of genetically modified foods in grocery stores and homes has increased exponentially. This emergence of genetically modified foods has impacted many different details of human life, including in the areas of farming, research, fertility, the environment, and pharmaceuticals, just to name a few. However, there remains strong opposition to the use of this technology in foods that will be consumed by humans, because long-term affects are unknown and the introduction of a genetically modified organism into the environment could have widespread and unforeseen consequences. Perhaps most dangerous of all, however, is the amount of disinformation and fear which surrounds the issue of genetically modified food, because this prevents the public from assessing the dangers accurately and effectively. When the risks are assessed from an objective, reasonable perspective, having cut through the excited public chatter concerning genetically modified foods, it becomes clear that while genetically modified foods likely do not pose a sever threat to humans, the potential for environmental disruption is severe, and thus any future expansion of genetically modified foods must be monitored for its potential environmental impact.

As mentioned above, the public discourse surrounding genetically modified…… [Read More]

Goldman, Karen A. "Labeling of Genetically Modified Foods: Legal and Scientific Issues."

Georgetown International Environmental Law Review 12.3 (2000): 717-60.
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Meat Packing Industry

Words: 6838 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 17615196

Safety and Health Issues in Meat Processing Industry

In the meat processing industry, health and safety issues are of vital importance, in view of the several risks arising out of microbial contamination of meat and the occupational hazards faced by workers. Past experiences have shown that microbial reproduction in meat and meat products can reach alarming proportions traversing across countries and even continents. The infamous mad cow disease and the foot and mouth disease in cattle has rattled the British meat industry for a considerable period, resulting in loss of image, confidence and erosion of profits. North America's main problem is the widespread prevalence of eschericia coli in meat, more commonly known as the hamburger disease. It is well-known that meat is highly susceptible to attack of bacteria and virus and hence there is a constant need to address this risk. When microbial activity sets in, the quality of meat is affected and the consumer suffers from food poisoning or infection.

According to Dr. Linda Saucier of Canada's Food Research and Development Centre (FRDC), every year about 5 to 10% of the global population is inflicted by some kind of food poisoning; of which one out of three cases of…… [Read More]