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Yet Jenny's dabbling in the counterculture movement is portrayed as being counterproductive. Not only does her boyfriend turn out to be physically abusive (thus suggesting that hippies are not as peaceful as they seem), but Jenny comes down with some kind of virus that is implied to be sexually transmitted. Thus, the subjugation of women is perpetuated in the film. Jenny's sexual liberation experiment failed. She tried to be independent and cultivate a life free of societal expectations but in the end she is conscripted to being a domestic servant and mother who is punished for her "sins" and divergence from American family values by dying.
Forrest Gump is the ultimate family values guy. He has no political consciousness. He blindly follows what authority figures say, evidenced by his amazing successes in the United States Army. Gump's bravery in battle emphasizes the idealized American hero -- he is G.I. Gump.…
Mustanski et al. (2007) have conducted research on genetics and disposition and have found genetics can influence personality, sensation seeking, impulsivity, and social deviance. Since her father was clearly abusive and appeared to be a drinker as well, his impulsiveness and social deviance was evident. In looking at internal psychological states things like goals and self-efficacy beliefs are main determinants of behavior (Vancouver, More, & Yoder, 2008)
External factors influencing Jenny's personality, were her interactions socially within the environment in which she lived. Also contributing to her self-schema and how she viewed the environment was the development of knowledge structures. The different social and interpersonal experiences Jenny faced developed a self-schema that was different from those around her. Since Forrest was the only person she had that was positive in her life, her experiences drove her toward a negative self-schema. This would be the only way she might be able…
Anderson, S.M., Saribay, a., & Thorpe, J.S. (2008). Simple kindness can go a long way:
Relationships, social identity, and engagement. Social Psychology. 39, 59-69.
Diehl, a.S., & Prout, M.F. (2002). Effects of posttraumatic stress disorder and child sexual abuse on self-efficacy development. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry.
Forrest seems not to think about what he cannot do, but only what he can, and this comes from his mother's teaching and his own life experiences. He always seems to be in the right place at the right time, and this may help him in adapting to situations. He does not expect anything bad to happen, and so it usually does not. In addition, because Forrest is so simple, he does not create barriers for himself, and so, he becomes more adaptable and flexible as a result. "You never know what you're going to get" is OK with him, and even if he gets the "bad" chocolate in the bunch, it will be OK, because he is adaptable and flexible. Forrest could not be anything else and be such a simple character. Complexity brings worry, inflexibility, and a whole host of other human qualities that Forrest does not possess,…
Finerman, W. (Producer), & Zemeckis, R. (Director). (1994). Forrest Gump. [Motion picture]. USA: Paramount Pictures.
Music in Forrest Gump
Forrest Gump is a true epic of a film in that it spans several decades and numerous different stages in the life of its protagonist, Tom Hanks. Essentially, Hanks is in the process of recounting his life story to different people as he waits at a bus stop. He is both candid and surprisingly reflective -- the latter fact stems from the reality that he is mildly mentally retarded and has an IQ below that of most people. Ultimately, it is this facet of Gump's character that proves the most prominent in this movie, for the simple fact that Forrest is able to achieve myriad remarkable things: certainly more than most people with 'average' intelligences are able to do. Gump grows up in Alabama with his single mother, and has to walk with metal braces to correct some sort of debilitating condition. He is constantly bullied…
Traditional and Modern Picaresque:
The Adventures of Lazarillo de Tormes and Forrest Gump
According to Maximillian E. Ovak, unlike some other literary designations, such as the baroque and the grotesque, the essential features of the picaresque in literature has been defined based upon a series of notable and specific works of fiction, including The Adventures of Lazarillo de Tormes. Lazarillo was a critical influence upon the genre’s development and also its definition among literary historians. In general, the genre is associated with the following features: a fluid social situation, whereby the rogue hero can easily move in and out of history and his fortunes can take sharp upturns and downturns; a pseudo-autobiographical format, whereby the narrator claims to be either the hero or to know the hero and thus has authority in verifying and detailing absurd circumstances; and finally a partial and prejudiced narrator but one with a critical and…
The Adventures of Lazarillo de Tormes. Trans. J.C. Nimo & Bain, 1881.
“The Cultural Context Surrounding ‘Lazarillo de Tormes’” Art and Analysis. Web. December 17, 2018. https://sites.uark.edu/alf010/the-cultural-context-surrounding-lazarillo-de- tormes/
Defoe, Daniel. The Fortunes and Misfortunes of the Famous Moll Flanders. New York, NY: Fawcett, 1967.
Ebert, Robert. “Forest Gump.” July 6, 1994. Web. December 17, 2018. https://www.rogerebert.com/reviews/forrest-gump-1994
Twain, Mark. The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn. Mineola, NY: Dover, 1994.
Ovak, Maximillian E. “Liberty, Libertinism, and Randomness: Form and Content in Picaresque Fiction.” Studies in the Novel, vol. 4, no. 1, 1972, pp. 75–85.
Zemeckis, Robert, Steve Tisch, Wendy Finerman, Steve Starkey, Eric Roth, Don Burgess, Arthur Schmidt, Alan Silvestri, Tom Hanks, Robin Wright, Gary Sinise, Mykelti Williamson, Sally Field, and Winston Groom. Forrest Gump. Hollywood, CA: Paramount Pictures, 2001.
Bubba Gump Shrimp Company is a seafood chain of restaurants with restaurants across the globe. By September 2010, the restaurant chain had 32 stores throughout the world with 22 of these restaurants located in the United States. While the formation of this company was inspired by the Forrest Gump film in 1994, the company has largely been successful in the seafood market. The president of this company has attributed the success and productivity in this market to reduced turnover in management. Actually, the firm's president has constantly stated that one of the major secrets to organizational success is having minimal management turnover. His emphasis and focus on turnover has yielded huge success to an extent that Bubba Gump Shrimp Company has not had a manager leave in 3 years whereas management turnover has decreased to approximately 16% in 2 years. As a result, the company provides a major example of…
Aamodt, M.G. (2011). Industrial/organizational psychology: an applied approach (7th ed.).
Belmont, CA: Cengage Learning.
Crecca, DH (2003 November 1). Staying Power. Retrieved October 4, 2013, from http://maamodt.asp.radford.edu/Aamodt%20(5th)/Case%20Study%20Articles/Case%20study%20-%20bubba-gump%20shrimp%20company.pdf
Phillips, J.J. & Edwards, L. (2008). Managing talent retention: an ROI approach. San Francisco,
Groom, Winston. Forrest Gump. 1994.
Bein' an idiot is no box of chocolates," but "at least I ain't led no hum-drum life," says Forest Gump to the reader. This quotation aptly illustrates the appreciable, though subtle difference between the more famous movie of the book and the text by Winston Groom that inspired its cinematic incarnation. As portrayed in film, Forrest Gump is 'slow' in mind but not in body. However, his disability does not limit his ability to experience the events of history in a full and visceral manner.
Unlike the image one might have from the screen, Groom's Gump is a large, hulking boy, excellent at football but not particularly strong at school. However, because of his refusal to abstain from living life, and his willingness to tolerate and accept other people, his existence takes him through all of the major conflicts of America, from playing…
Mental Retardation in Forrest Gump
Forrest Gump, a cheerful and good-hearted, but mentally retarded young man with a low IQ, fights in and survives the Vietnam War, and also meets with a variety of important people of his time (between the 1950's and the 1970's). By chance, Forrest actually helps, through some of these meetings to shape certain national events from the 1950's on. However, his own mental deficiencies make him unable to realize any of this. He experiences meetings with Elvis Presley, John F. Kennedy, Lyndon Johnson, and Richard Nixon. He also comes to be seen by such people as representing his generation (the baby boomers.) Still, everything that happens to Forrest happens merely through a combination of his good attitude and his good luck.
Describe the relevance of the movie as it relates to persons with disabilities or exceptionalities:
I found the movie very touching and warm-hearted, especially…
Sometimes the worst disabilities are those which are invisible to the naked eye; people who have a mental illness or disability are overwhelmingly stigmatized by society and discrimination against them is both widespread and fully condoned in our culture. (Johnstone, 2005). The disadvantages of mental disabilities are compounded by the fact that the abilities which are disabled, so to speak, tend to be those which are most useful in navigating the social provisions for the disabled, and by the lack of physical manifestations which may discourage outsiders from recognizing the need for intervention. Thus there are many particular challenges facing the mentally disabled, including a lack of social sensitivity to, acceptance of, and knowledge about these disabilities, and widespread institutional discrimination affecting employment, medical care, travel, residency, and many other aspects of life. The purpose of this paper is to explore the portrayal in film and literature of the…
Huge esearch Project
The conflict of the individual vs. society is a timeless conflict that plagues each and every one of us. It is an integral part of our genetic make-up so that despite everything we as individuals need to be part of society as our need for interdependence is so great. And that is the reason why the conflict of individual and society persists with no panacea for it, and will continue to be a war waged with either one triumphing over the other as the situation warrants.
Freud's psychoanalytic theory might have stirred up a controversy, but it was able to aptly indicate the everyday conflict that man faces being part of the society. His theory with id as the primal instincts that humans follow, the ego as the regulator and the superego as the philanthropist has enabled us to pinpoint the probable causes of this ubiquitous conflict…
Abraham Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs motivational model. 2010. 6 December 2011 .
Ebert, Roger. "Forrest Gump." Chicago Sun-Times 6 July 1994.
Elliott, Anthony. Psychoanalytic Theory: An Introduction . North Carolina: Duke University Press, 2002 .
Maslin, Janet. "Forrest Gump Film Reiew; Tom Hanks as an Interloper in History ." New York Times 6 July 1994 .
In order for the study to be conducted properly, it would be expected to use the literature review method of examination. This is the logical way to conduct this type of study. However, there is not that much literature available. ecause of this, the method that will be used will instead be similar to a case study method, but will be expanded to study more than one case. In other words, the study will not just examine Forrest Gump, for example, but will look at books, stories, television shows, and movies over the last 20 years in order to determine the way that handicapped characters evolve, the way that they are treated, and whether there are more handicapped characters now than there were. While the handicapped characters' evolution and the way that they are portrayed is important, also important is whether more handicapped characters are being seen in fiction today…
Bibliography hero sits next door. (2005). Episode Guide. Family Guy Main. http://familyguymain.bravehost.com/EpGuide.html
AnxietyPanic.com (2006). http://www.anxietypanic.com/
Forrest Gump. (n.d.). UMBC. English 347. http://userpages.umbc.edu/~landon/Film%20Summaries/Summary_ForrestGump.htm
Perry, Gregg. (2004). Confessions of a handicapped man. World Net Daily. http://worldnetdaily.com/news/article.asp?ARTICLE_ID=37143
Snakes on a Plane (2006). Plot Summary. IMDB. http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0417148/plotsummary
identity institutionalized in mainstream culture?
Belonging to a group differentiated by character and trait best defines the identity of an individual. Identity can also be distinguished in a qualitative and quantitative approach by means of identifying the disposition and similarity of a person. The state of being as "I'm" denotes the individuality of a man in a common state within a group since the individual is all but one. Such that, a man can be qualitatively identical to another man by means of his trait but can never be identical to another man in terms of individuality or the state of being one. Wikipedia further explains this by citing:
"Examples of this might be two wine glasses made in the same wine glass factory on the same production line ... (at least, for a relaxed standard of exact similarity)
For example, Clark Kent is numerically (quantitatively) identical with Superman in…
Identity-Norms-Individual, Wikipedia (2005),
Extracted, Aug. 15, 2005 Website
Personal Identity (2003), Stanford Education (2003-2005)
Critics and audiences are fascinated by how an actor interprets a formidable historical figure, bringing her or him to life on the big screen. Television actors have more leeway but the roles that earn actors awards tend to be quirky and unusual, such as Hugh Laurie in House, Alec Baldwin in 30 Rock, and America Ferrera in Ugly Betty.
ill Ferrell and Jack Black may be correct about comedians not earning accolades on the big screen. However, comedians that step beyond their boundaries, who can stretch the meaning of comedy as well as their acting skills, may land award-nominated parts. hile starring in a film about a man with no arms and legs who sues a major corporation would be surefire way to get noticed, less melodramatic parts may also propel a former comic into Oscar stardom. Quirky and dark comedies are the prime contenders for films that are both…
Nominations and Winners: 2007." HFPA. Retrieved Feb 26, 2007 at http://www.hfpa.org/nominations/index.html
79th Academy Awards." Oscar.com. Retrieved Feb 26, 2007 at http://www.oscar.com/oscarnight/winners
There is a direct correlation with, say, Henry Hill's cocaine abuse and the increasingly rapid cuts between shots. Faster-paced narrative parallels quicker-moving shots. When viewers finally see the film in the theater, the finished product reads like a cohesive narrative when in fact the filmmakers strung together disparate shots and cuts and combined them later after thousands of hours of painstaking labor. Analyzing a movie must therefore include respect for the editorial prowess of the post-production crew.
Editors must be intimately familiar with the screenplay they work with, especially in films that do not have a linear narrative. For instance, Christopher Nolan's 2000 film Memento describes one man's struggle with memory degradation. elying on a non-linear plot, the filmmaker depended on the post-production crew to adequately convey the disjointedness of amnesia. Other elements like dramatic irony, in which the audience is privy to information that protagonists do not have access…
Bellour, R. (2000). The Analysis of Film. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.
Bertolucci, B. (1993). Little Buddha. Feature film.
Brown, B. (2002). Cinematography: Theory and Practice. USA: Elsevier Science.
Cameron, J. (2009). Avatar. Feature film.
Mental Retardation in Film: Radio
Main Actors: Cuba Gooding Jr., Ed Harris, Debra Winger
Year released: 2004
A mentally retarded young man, nicknamed "Radio" due to his love of radios (real name James Robert Kennedy; played by Cuba Gooding Jr.) is befriended by a high school football coach in Anderson, South Carolina, Harold Jones (played by Ed Harris), after some of the coach's star players play a mean trick on Radio and he rescues him from a storage shed where they have tied him up. At first, the young man is almost completely non-verbal and non-responsive, but little by little, as Radio comes to trust Coach Jones more, and Coach Jones takes him inside his office at the high school and even has him attending and participating in some of his regular classes, Radio becomes more verbal and more demonstrative. That football season, he helps out with the football team,…
movie industry in America has been controlled by some of the monolithic companies which not only provided a place for making the movies, but also made the movies themselves and then distributed it throughout the entire country. These are movie companies and their entire image revolved around the number of participants of their films. People who wanted to see the movies being made had to go to the studios in order to see them. They made movies in a profitable manner for the sake of the studios, but placed the entire industry under their control and dominated over it. The discussion here is about some of those famous studios inclusive of that of names like Metro Goldwyn Mayer, Culver, RKO, Paramount Studios, Warner Bros, 20th Century Fox, Walt Disney Studios, Universal Studios, Raleigh Studio, Hollywood Center Studio, Sunset Gower Studio, Ren-Mar Studios, Charlie Chaplin Studios and now, Manhattan Beach Studio.…
"What better way to annoy the Hollywood liberals than to remind them every single day that
George W. Bush is STILL the President?" Retrieved from https://www.donationreport.com/init/controller/ProcessEntryCmd?key=O8S0T5C8U2 Accessed 15 September, 2005
"What's interesting about the business is that it's no longer the movie business" Retrieved from http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/shows/hollywood/picture/corptown.html Accessed 14 September, 2005
In 1996 Westinghouse/CS bought Infinity radio broadcasting and outdoor advertising group for $4.7 billion, a deal that was largely the result of the Telecommunications Act of 1996. The Telecommunications Act heavily deregulated the media industry and allowed a company to significantly increase the amount radio stations it could own. In 1997, Viacom dealt its educational, professional and reference publishing businesses to Pearson for $4.6 billion, and retains Simon & Schuster. In 1999, CS bought King World Productions, the leading television program syndicator at that time, for $2.5 billion. On September 7, 1999, Viacom and CS announced their merger, a $50 billion deal. This was the largest media merger of that era, which came one-month after the FCC approved duopolies. Under this merger, the new Viacom had 33 television stations, eclipsing the FCC's 35% ownership cap. This cap was based on the amount of stations one company owns that reach 35%…
America Online. (2005). AOL.com. Retrieved October 2, 2005 at http://www.corp.aol.com/ .
Bloomberg News. (2005). Viacom Explains Slip into Units. Retrieved October 4, 2005 at http://www.nytimes.com/2005/01/06/business/media/06viacom.html .
Columbia Journalism Review. (2005). Viacom Corporate Timeline. Retrieved October 1, 2005 at http://www.cjr.org/tools/owners/viacom-timeline.asp .
Goldsmith, J. (2005). Viacom Looks to the Future. Retrieved October 4, 2005 at http://www.variety.com/article/ur1117929452?cs=1&5=h&p=0 .
History Teaching to Modern Students
The way teaching history and social sciences to students of the modern era has to undergo a change. There is no place for the old style of books and hundreds of pages of history cramped into one to two text books. Students are no longer the types of students that used to exist decades ago times have changed and so has the pattern and tendency to learn.
Sam Wineburg, the Professor of Educational Psychology and Adjunct Professor of History, University of Washington, Seattle, says that the education system and the teachers have been trying to rewrite textbooks and hoping that by doing so they would change how history is learned and taught by the to the students. But they are wrong as many realize that the means and ways of teaching and learning have changed. Wineburg claims that the problems is not with hat is…
Gerwin, D. (2004). Preservice Teachers Report the Impact of High-Stakes Testing. The Social Studies, 95(2), 71-74. http://dx.doi.org/10.3200/tsss.95.2.71-74
Marshak, L., Mastropieri, M., & Scruggs, T. (2011). Curriculum Enhancements in Inclusive Secondary Social Studies Classrooms. Exceptionality, 19(2), 61-74. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09362835.2011.562092
Timmins, G., Vernon, K., & Kinealy, C. (2005). Teaching and learning history. London: SAGE.
Although Forest lacks the type of intelligences that allow him to succeed in school such as verbal and mathematical intelligences, he has profound goodness within his heart. This shows his interpersonal or empathetic intelligence. He selflessly helps others throughout his life and seems to intuitively know what to say to people like Jenny, when they feel sad. This also gives him emotional resiliency, as famously expressed in his comment about how 'life is like a box of chocolates.' Forest is kinesthetically gifted, as can be seen in his great speed as a runner. And he is also intrapersonally intelligent -- he understands himself. He knows that he is lacking in intelligence, but that he is a good-hearted person and believes that makes him worthy of love, even Jenny's love (Smith 2008).
Of the three deaths Forest experiences in his life, only one is to be expected: that of a death…
The hideous ugliness of normalcy is perhaps best demonstrated in the mob scene where Merrick is trapped in an underground station, and cries out that he is not an animal, but a human being. In truth, the so-called normal persons have been acting like a stampede rather than compassionate creatures, unlike Merrick who still retains the individualism, that is humanity's truest birthright. This reversal or world upside down where the persons dehumanized with animal or medical names actually exhibit the values that make human beings distinct from animals validates the suggestion that the way that both popular and medical culture celebrates health, symmetry, and beauty is profoundly misguided.
In her essay, "From The Crooked Timber of Humanity, Beautiful Things Can Be Made," Anita Silvers makes a profound call that the standards of symmetry and wholeness be rewritten as a standard for human health in a way that is sounded like…
The Elephant Man." Directed by David Lynch. 1980.
Silvers, Anita. "From The Crooked Timber of Humanity, Beautiful Things Can Be Made." From Beauty Matters. Edited by Peg Brand. Bloomington, Indiana University Press, 2000.