Free Will Essays (Examples)

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Free and Forced Actions Analyzing an Argument

Words: 1577 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 57674571

Free and Forced Actions Analyzing an Argument

In the article, Is Determinism inconsistent with free will? Walter Stace argues that every action or event is caused; however, whereas free actions are caused by the doer's internal psychological state, forced ones are caused by forces external to the user. This text evaluates the validity of the author's argument in the short story, 'Shooting an Elephant' based on Stace's definition of free and forced actions.

Free and Forced Actions

Stace's Definition of Free and Forced Actions

In the article, Is Determinism inconsistent with free will?', Walter Terrence Stace puts forth an argument for determinism, arguing that it is consistent/compatible with free will. He is of the view that free will exists and every event in the world is caused (Colorado University, n.d.). He illustrates the compatibility of these two views by giving his own definition of what exactly constitutes free will. Stace…… [Read More]

References

Baxter, T. (2004). Frederick Douglass' Curious Audiences: Ethos in the Age of the Consumable Subject. New York, NY: Routledge.

Bulman, C. (2007). Creative Writing: A Guide and Glossary to Fiction Writing. Malden, MA: Polity Press.

Colorado University. (n.d.). Precis: W. T. Stace's Compatibilism. Colorado University. Retrieved September 17, 2015 from http://www.colorado.edu/philosophy/robertsm/student_precis3.htm

Lockhart, J. (2010). How to Market your School: A Guide to Marketing, Communication and Public Relations. Plymouth, UK: Rowman & Littlefield Education.
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Will Ethics Survive

Words: 966 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 57834904

Realist Moral Theories Unit IV: Bioethics

The moral of the film "ottaca" is quite obvious and the development of events also quite predictable. The film starts from the idea that parents want their children to have the best start in life. The majority of parents would agree with it. This idea is put into the context of genetic engineering, a palpable reality today. The moral is that letting doctors apply genetics to do every magic possible in order to get the "best version of you" by eliminating all the "less perfect possibilities" is wrong.

Most religions teach one to mind the body as well as the soul in order to be in harmony with od and the rest of the universe. They also teach about free will. Causal determinism, on the other side, superposes the end over the beginning and leaves no chance for the "chance." According to this philosophical…… [Read More]

Gottaca's predictable end warns us of the danger of deifying science and placing all our hopes into it.

"Gottaca," 1997.Directed by Andrew Niccol, produced by Columbia Pictures Corporation, Jersey Films, United States

Shapshay, Sandra.2009. Bioethics and the Movies. JHU Press
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Free Writing Reflections on Art

Words: 698 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 38721837



Theater

In theater classes, children are usually asked to learn scriptwriting, to communicate and sustain different characters, learn to interpret dramatic texts among many others. More than learning the basics of theater production, it can be seen that theater cultivates critical knowledge in the minds of students. The value of critical minds is deemed important especially when they grow old, when different options shall be laid before them, when competing motives hide behind altruistic platforms. Theater knowledge can be seen as teaching the child that different characters exist, that the need to learn to interpret and give meanings to things is essential.

Hence, we have seen that art in schools go beyond technicalities and simple art appreciation. It goes as far as instilling societal values that children need to learn as part of the society. Indeed, art showcases and cultivates important socio-cultural values in a different, fun, and entertaining manner.…… [Read More]

Reference

Henslin, J. (1993). Sociology. A Down-to-Earth Approach. Massachusetts: Allyn and Bacon.
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Free Blacks in American Society

Words: 1820 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 9481008

Therefore, the certificate was the black's ultimate proof, and without it, they could never hope to live a peaceful and fulfilled life, and although the purpose of the certificates was to ensure that the blacks could move about freely, it had the opposite effect, and this was that they were more often arrested if they ventured to travel outside of their county. When they set up shops, they found that they could only sell in certain incorporated towns, and they could neither sell liquor nor groceries to whites, nor could they operate printing presses or any type of entertainment houses. By the year 1840, the state of Mississippi had its largest free black population, numbering about 1,400, of which more than a third lived in two of the state's fifty-six counties, and about 80% of the free blacks were of mixed racial ancestry. This was, in essence, the condition of…… [Read More]

References

Abolitionism, Judgment Day. Retrieved From

 http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/aia/part4/4narr2_txt.html  Accessed on 21 March, 2005

Davis, Dernoral. A Contested Presence, Free Blacks in Antebellum, Mississippi: 1820 -- 1860. Retrieved From http://mshistory.k12.ms.us/features/feature4/freeblacks.html Accessed on 21 March, 2005

Free Blacks Before the Civil War. 2003. Retrieved From
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Freed Slaves and Land Ownership What Did

Words: 752 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 18588062

Freed Slaves and Land Ownership

What did freed slaves received after the Civil War and mancipation? What were the realities for freed slaves when it came to wanting their own land to cultivate? These and other questions will be addressed in this paper.

The Literature on Freed Blacks and Land Ownership after the Civil War

After the war, freed slaves had to struggle to adjust to their new lives away from the shackles of slavery. They wanted to break into "…emerging industrial occupations" but that was difficult because laws were passed in the South to "restrict the mobility of newly freed slaves" (Work in America, p. 9). What actions did freed slaves take after the Civil War? The book, Work in America, explains that they "did not suffer meekly" but instead they attempted to organize themselves into a kind of union (9). An example of a union formed by freed…… [Read More]

Economics: An Introduction to Traditional and Progressive Views. Armonk, NY: M.E.

Sharpe.

Work in America: A-M, Volume 1 (2003). Santa Barbara, CA. Page 9.
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Free WIFI Based on the Current Information

Words: 995 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 17507386

Free WIFI

Based on the current information regarding free Wi-Fi being offered in various municipalities, it is impossible to make any generalized statements either pro-or con. There have been some successful implementations and some very unsuccessful attempts at implementation. Generally, those that failed were vast, sweeping projects that failed to consider the limitations which would inevitably lead to their demise. Those with a more limited scope were often more successful. To properly assess the viability of such an ambitious project, each interested municipality must conduct an objective review of its immediate and long-term requirements and make an evaluation based on its needs rather than jumping on the band wagon just because it's the trendy thing to do ( Opsahl, 2009). It has been proven that municipalities can benefit by using Wi-Fi, but the scope should follow a narrower definition in the beginning, and it should be spearheaded by whomever (public/private)…… [Read More]

References

Opsahl, A. (2009, April 27). Municipal Broadband Efforts Succeed Despite Wi-Fi Meltdown.

Retrieved December 20, 2011, from Public CIO website:  http://www.govtech.com/pcio/Municipal-Broadband-Efforts-Succeed-Despite-Wi-Fi.html 

Churchhill, S. (2009, December 18). Top Ten Municipal WiFi Stories of the Decade. Retrieved December 20, 2011, from dailywireless.org website:  http://www.dailywireless.org/2009/12/18/top-ten-municipal-wifi-stories-of-the-decade/ 

Kylie. (2010, November 29). Best Cities For Free WIFI. Retrieved December 20, 2011, from TechKnowTimes website: http://www.techknowtimes.com/computing/wireless-internet-computing/best-cities-for-free-wifi/
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Free Market Approach to America's

Words: 2619 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 91025407

" (Snell, 2005)

Presently, there are approximately 1 million students nationwide enrolled in Charter schools and over 3,400 contracts between charter schools and their government authorizers..." resulting in Charter schools being the "most common example of school choice." (Snell, 2005) Charter schools in both the profit and nonprofit sector charter schools are growing and stated specifically is: "In 2005 there were at least 500 public schools being operated by 51 for-profit management companies in 28 states. There has also been substantially more specialization and branding of nonprofit charter schools. There are well-known national nonprofit brands, such as KIPP Academies, and there are scores of for-profit and nonprofit charters that operate a handful of schools each focusing on the Montessori method, or math and science, or the performing arts." (Snell, 2005) Snell also relates that the nonprofit schools have succeeded in branding as some of the nonprofit charter schools are well-known.…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Coulson, Andres J. (2004) Academic Performance of Market vs. Monopoly Schooling (2004) Cato Institute Market Research: A Quick Guide to Scholarly Literature on School Choice. Online available at;

http://www.cato.org/research/education/marketresearch_coulson.html

Harrington-Lueker, Donna (1997) a School District's Entrepreneurism Raises Questions About Fairness, Funding, and the Best Place for Learning the School Administrator 1997 February. American Association of School Administrators. Online available at: A School District's Entrepreneurism Raises Questions About Fairness, Funding, and the Best Place for Learning

Lendman, Stephen (2008) Destroying Public Education in America. 7 April 2008. Global Researcher.ca Centre for Research on Globalization. http://www.globalresearch.ca/index.php?context=va&aid=8579
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Free to Choose the Ideas

Words: 1396 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 51116567

This means that those providing the bulk of the revenue to the State are not the same as those receiving it. Those receiving (without paying) would naturally prefer more government hand-outs; if they are in the majority, the danger is that government can continue to grow, and command a "rent" which reduces overall productivity.

Is the argument of the Friedmans viable and workable? The program "Free to Choose" was aired in 1980. Since that time, nearly one-half of the world's population has moved from socialistic and communist government control to greater personal and economic freedom. These people include those in China, India, Southeast Asia, much of Latin America and Eastern Europe. The result of this freeing of government controls has been an unprecedented growth rate in the world. In the past decade, for example, global GDP grew at 3.1%, with growth rates in China and India at 9% and 6.3%…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Bade, R. a. (2007). Foundations of Microeconomics. London (HQ): Addison Wesley.

Economist. (2007). 2008 World Almanac. London: Economist.

Friedman, R. (1980). FREE to CHOOSE: The Power of the Market. (McKenzie, Interviewer) New York.

Li, H. (2005). Family Life Cycle and Peasant Income in Socialist China: Evidence from Qin Village. Journal of Family History, 121-138.
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Free Trade Argue Whether You

Words: 368 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 51917634

Also, the importation of technology from abroad exposes consumers and producers alike to the innovative use of vehicles, such as hybrid technology, that domestic producers can implement even better than the original manufacturer. Innovation is the ultimate driver of new sales and the creator of new markets and new markets means more jobs for workers.

Beginning a trade war by setting tariffs or limiting imports through quotas ultimately creates waste and more expensive cars for consumers. Giving domestic producers the ability to price their products artificially low through subsides encourages them not to innovate, a critical part of remaining competitive in a high-tech industry. It has been argued that American car manufactures are out of touch with the needs of car buyers and the needs of the environment alike, but isolating them through protectionism will only preserve company profits and jobs in the short run.… [Read More]

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Free Range Kids How to Raise Safe Self-Reliant Children Without Going Nuts With Worry

Words: 1267 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 56393506

Free-ange Kids

Skenazy introduces to the reader a (supposedly) profound "new" way of raising children in the United States, which is the Free-ange way. Her point-of-view stems from the new parenthood phenomenon of sheltering children to the point of exhaustion: no longer do children walk or bike to school, play in the park with friends, go to the grocery store alone or sleepover at a friend's house. Skenazy suggests that because crime rates in America are at their all-time low, despite what many parents believe, that it is time to give children back recess, walking, playing, and basically, being children. The main premise of the book is to give parents tools to start raising Free-ange children, and addresses any problems or issues parents may face if the decide to make this decision. Each chapter denotes a "Commandment," followed by sound reasoning to a problem or task (such as, letting your…… [Read More]

References

Skenazy, L. (2009). Free -Range kids: How to Raise Safe, Self-Reliant Children (Without Going Nuts with Worry). SanFrancisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.
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Will Rogers -- American Intellect

Words: 1006 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 26582937

This, in combination with his slick use of language, and ability to use up-to-date sland and invented words to fit his needs, linked him not only with the cowboy tradition, but speech and mannerism of the American South. Because of this easy going style -- and ability to cut through the extraneous and find the base truth in the matter at hand, allowed him to move through social classes in all countries, standing for the virtues of a self-made-man, with the obvious respect for capitalism, utilitarianism, and faith in the progression of humans (Brown, 1979)

The standard definition of an intellectual is a person who uses intelligence (thought and reason) in a critical way to analyze issues and give not just a summation of rote memorization of facts, but of analysis and synthesis. Was Will ogers an intellectual? How could he not be -- he meets every standard, and then…… [Read More]

REFERENCES

Give a Trougth to Will. (1922, November 13). Retrieved December 2010, from the New York Times:  http://query.nytimes.com/mem/archive-free/pdf?res=9D00E5D61F39EF3ABC4B52DFB7678389639EDE 

Will Rogers. (2009, April). Retrieved December 2010, from Will Rogers Website:  http://www.cmgww.com/historic/rogers/index.html 

Brown, W. (1979). Will Rogers and His Magic Mirror. Chronicles of Oklahoma, 57(3), 300-25.

Roach, F. (1980). Will Rogers' Youthful Relationship With His Father. Chronicles of Oklahoma, 58(3), 325-42.
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Free Urgent Care Facility Marketing

Words: 1263 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 96781688

The combination of these effects can also contribute to greater economic growth in a region over time. The greatest opportunity of all is to transform these low income and poverty level regions with better medical care so they can pursue better paying jobs due to their family's health being stabilized. While urgent care facilities treat all age ranges, concentrating on infant and young adults will have an inordinately higher rate of impact across entire communities than not focusing on a given age group at all.

Threats

There is unfortunately always the threat of litigation and lawsuits. This is an unfortunate, unpleasant fact, especially in the state of California. This has led to many free urgent care facilities being closed or even sued despite their nonprofit status (Bindman, Grumbach, Bernheim, Vranizan, Cousineau, 2000). The threat of lack of partial government funding as many states and regions of the world face cutbacks…… [Read More]

References

Anthopolos, R., & Becker, C.. (2010). Global Infant Mortality: Correcting for Undercounting. World Development, 38(4), 467.

Andrew B. Bindman, Kevin Grumbach, Susannah Bernheim, Karen Vranizan, & Michael Cousineau. (2000). Medicaid managed care's impact on safety-net clinics in California. Health Affairs, 19(1), 194-202.

Fitzgerald, B.. (2010, May). Casting a wider net to attract donations. NJBIZ, 23(18), 10.

Maureen Lewis. (2007). Informal Payments And The Financing Of Health Care In Developing And Transition Countries. Health Affairs, 26(4), 984-97.
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Restrictions on the Free Market

Words: 1873 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 51577357

This information goes both ways, which is essential for the functioning of the free market.

While this information comes and goes in the free market, so does it in the realm of advertising and consumerism. Companies advertise, consumers follow suit with their response, and these companies continue with or adjust their advertising methods to better suit themselves and their consumers. It is this give and take that has made the American business world and its economy so generally successful since the country's inception as a nation. Consumers know what they want and companies understand how to give these desires back to the consumers. In the arena of business, it is rare for any company to succeed who plays their consumers for fools, and companies in the realm of fast food and junk food do not play their consumers for fools either. ather is the consumer base that plays the fool…… [Read More]

References

Chang, H. 2011. 23 Things They Don't Tell You About Capitalism. Print. New York,

NY: Penguin.

Children's Television Report and Policy Statement. 1974. Decision and Report, 50

F.C.C.2d.1. Web. Retrieved ftom: http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal
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Nike Marketing Nike Free in

Words: 1353 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 96636720



Market Attractiveness:

The appeal of the Nike Free is precipitated by the growth of interest in the 'barefoot running' trend, the growing proclivity of individuals to wear sneakers for reasons of fashion, and the growing footwear market in Turkey.

Goals and Measurements:

The goal is to penetrate the Turkish market and will be measured according to the achievement of incrementally spaced sales goals. Projected sales expectations will be measured against real sales at the end of 6 months, 1 year and 2 years.

Strategic Marketing Goals:

Strategic marketing goals include the targeting of young users, the establishment of an affiliation between the shoe and desirable health goals and a pairing of the shoe with an image of hip, dynamic fitness orientation.

Tactical Marketing Goals:

Tactical marketing goals will revolve on the promotion of medical evidence of the health benefits of 'barefoot running.'

Budget:

ith a $20 million budget, Nike Free's…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

Adams, B. (2012). Running Shoes get the High Fashion Treatment. Style File Blog.

Fibre 2 Fashion. (2008). Footwear in Turkey. Fibre2fashion.com.

Murphy, T.J. (2012). Least Is Best: A Guide To Minimalist Running Shoes. Competitor.

Nike. (2012). Nike Free. Nike.com.
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Moral Status of Advertising in a Free Market Economy

Words: 972 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 71960079

Michaels

Moral Status of Advertising in a Free Market Economy

Jane Michaels

Marketing 201

Moral Status of Advertising a Free Market Economy

Despite what many individuals may think, when devising an advertising plan, the planners must carefully pay attention to the motives of not only the business that is selling, and the perceptions of the target audience. Understanding the audience and paying attention to how one sells an idea or product is the core of affective and positive advertising (Shell and Moussa 313). However, persuasion can be a careful line of right and wrong, and in the case of a free market economy. In a free market economy, the concept of supplying a people with a sense of economic freedom can also lead to political and civil opportunities. To follow is the argument affirming a free market economy, highlighting more opportunities then inopportunity for economic growth and underlining freedoms.

Justifying…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Goldman, Alan. The Justification of Advertising in a Market Economy. New York: Random House, 1983. Print.

Shell, G. Richard, and Mario Moussa. The Art of Woo: Using Strategic Persuasion to Sell Your Ideas. New York: Portfolio, 2007. Print.

Von Hayek, Friedrich. The Non-Sequitur of the 'Dependence Effect'. Southern Economic Journal, April 1961.
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How Free Is the Will of the Individual Within Society

Words: 989 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 4586351

Conflict between Civil Obedience and Moral Freedom (Free ill and Personal Conscience) in the Discourses of Henry Thoreau, Martin Luther King, and Plato

People in societies, upon establishing institutions that provides and maintains order, unity, and peace within the society, are bound together through an agreement. This agreement, termed the "social contract," binds people together to commit subject themselves to the power of the government, where part of an individual's free will is given to it. The government acts as an agent, the representative of the people, in order to ensure that all members of the society comply with the laws of Nature, wherein humans are under obligation to follow.

In effect, the government plays a vital role in ensuring the society that peace, unity, and order are established. Any deviation or disobedience from the laws imposed by the society can result to punishment of the individual. Indeed, social institutions…… [Read More]

Works Cited

King, M.L. (1963). Letter from Birmingham Jail. Available at http://almaz.com/nobel/peace/MLK-jail.html.

Plato. Crito. Translated by Sanderson Beck. Available at  http://www.san.beck.org/Crito.html .

Thoreau, H. (1849). On the Duty of Civil Disobedience. Available at  http://www.constitution.org/civ/civildis.htm .
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The Will of the Crowd

Words: 935 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 97231604

Shooting an Elephant," deconstructs many different notions about the concept of free will. Actually, free will concept is at the crux of this essay, which is about a young police officer (Orwell) in British occupied India who is called to stop an elephant which has gotten loose. The author expressly states in a number of different places that he does not want to have to shoot the elephant; moreover, when he comes upon the elephant the animal is acting peacefully. However, a large crowd of people has gathered about him, which largely compels him to murder the elephant. A thorough analysis of this essay indicates that the primary conflict is between that of the will of the officer and that of the will of the crowd. A prolonged examination into the factors that lead the officer to shoot the elephant unequivocally indicate that he did not have free will in…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Orwell, George. "Shooting an Elephant." www.online-literature.org . 1939. Web. http://www.online-literature.com/orwell/887/

Stale, Walter T. "Is Determinism Inconsistent with Free Will?" Current Issues and Enduring Questions. Ed. Sylvan Barnet and Hugo Bedau. New York: St. Martin's. 1999. Print.
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St Augustine Confession Two Wills

Words: 1078 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 44519109

It was not simply that his body did not obey his will and that he possessed a stronger spiritual and a physical will after his conversion, but that before his conversion his will was not fully sincere internally. He had not yet accepted God's grace, and submitted to God. Before he was converted he said: "the power of willing is the power of doing; and as yet I could not do it. Thus my body more readily obeyed the slightest wish of the soul in moving its limbs at the order of my mind than my soul obeyed itself to accomplish in the will alone its great resolve" (10.VI.20). hen his spiritual will truly accepted Christ, his body followed and God freed him from unwanted desire. He accepted his lack of ability to master his body, and accepted that he needed grace to be good.

Thus although he speaks of…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Augustine. "Confessions." Christian Classics Ethereal Library. 11 Nov 2008.  http://www.ccel.org/ccel/augustine/confessions.xi.html
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Application of Employment at Will Doctrine

Words: 1651 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 53795331

Employment-at-Will

Today's working or business environment is increasingly changing and generating several issues that employers have to contend with. These numerous issues have considerable impacts on organizational operations since they affect the relationships between employees and their employer as well as interactions between employees. The most common issues that can threaten an organization's effective operations include insubordination, privacy issues, personal problems, and use of the Internet in the working environment. Employers are increasingly faced with the need to establish suitable mechanisms and measures for addressing these issues in order to enhance organizational productivity. The Employment-at-Will doctrine is one of the major ways through which employers can address some of these issues. As a recently hired Chief Operating Officer, I'll use the Employment-at-Will doctrine to address some issues that have been identified in mid-sized firm preparing for an IPO.

Overview of Employment-at-Will Doctrine

The National Conference of State Legislatures (n.d.) states…… [Read More]

References

Hendricks, D. (n.d.). How to Manage an Employee Who Doesn't Respect You. Retrieved April 30, 2016, from http://www.inc.com/drew-hendricks/how-to-manage-an-employee-who-doesn-t-respect-you.html

National Conference of State Legislatures. (n.d.). The At-Will Presumption and Exceptions to the Rule. Retrieved April 30, 2016, from http://www.ncsl.org/research/labor-and-employment/at-will-employment-overview.aspx

Pasternak, S. (n.d.). The Role of Ethical Theories in Ethical Reasoning and Behavior within Organizations. Retrieved April 30, 2016, from http://www.ti-israel.org/_Uploads/dbsAttachedFiles/sigalitpasternak.pdf

WKRG Staff. (2015, July 22). Alabama Man Fired Over Confederate Flag. News 5. Retrieved April 30, 2016, from http://wkrg.com/2015/07/22/alabama-man-fired-over-confederate-flag/
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Philosophy in Defense of Free

Words: 1355 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 77883963

Buddhists, who similarly believe in the concept of Karma, also have a strong commitment to the belief that their actions have consequences. hile Buddhists have a much different value system than Hindus or especially estern religions that tend to see good and bad as black and white, while Buddhists see it as wholesome or unwholesome (Sach 80), they still have a code of morality, such as valuing peace over harm. Karma represents this moral dichotomy. Thus, both the Eastern religions of Hinduism and Buddhism support the theory that one creates one's own destiny. If they did not, they could not have their system of moral rights and wrongs. ithout the chance to make positive or negative decisions, a belief system cannot coherently state that one cannot make one's own decisions, creating one's own destiny. How could a belief system maintain that one would be punished for his or her actions…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Mannion, James. Essential Philosophy. Avon: F+W, 2006.

Rice, Hugh. "Fatalism." 2006, Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. 8 October 2008.

Stanford University.  http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/fatalism/ 

Sach, Jacky. Essential Buddhism. Avon: F+W, 2006.
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Free Markets Perspective Examine the Ethics and

Words: 3484 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 66424351

free markets perspective, examine the ethics and morality of 'let capitalism rip' allegation made by British Prime Minister David Cameron. (Guide: 750 words)

The competence or incompetence of free markets and the implications of resource allotment to agents in an economy continues to be a passionately debated topic within economic and political circles. "In reality, markets are prone to inefficiencies when a number of factors arise" (Mendes, n.d.). A key principle of the free market philosophy is that businesses should focus exclusively on maximising shareholder value and not allow other considerations, apart from compliance with the law, to intrude on their business activities. This is what governments over the past 30 years have lived by. And that's what still protects big business from having to pay for its own excesses. The speculative banks, the oil companies, the private equity and hedge funds, all steal from the tax payer with total…… [Read More]

References

Beyond 50 years: Building a sustainable future. 2012. [ONLINE] Available at: http://www.walmartstores.com/sites/responsibility-report/2012/pdf/WMT_2012_GRR.pdf. [Accessed 12 July 2012].

Corporate Criminality and the Free Market Philosophy. 2012. [ONLINE] Available at: http://www.gordonpearson.co.uk/08/corporate-criminality-and-the-free-market-philosophy/. [Accessed 13 July 2012].

CSR Efforts: The slow greening of Wal-Mart. 2010. [ONLINE] Available at: http://www.justmeans.com/CSR-Efforts-slow-greening-of-Wal-Mart/34672.html. [Accessed 13 July 2012].

Foldvary, F.E. 2011. Is the Free Market Ethical? [ONLINE] Available at: http://www.thefreemanonline.org/features/is-the-free-market-ethical/. [Accessed 13 July 2012].
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Free How the Criminal Justice System Is

Words: 2325 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 79452872

Free

How the Criminal Justice System is Dysfunctional according to Paul Butler's Let's Get Free

The American criminal justice system has had a long history of prejudice. From the Plessy v. Ferguson (1896) decision that institutionalized the false concept of "separate but equal" to the Jim Crow laws that followed to the methods of "control" enacted by police in urban communities, criminal justice in the U.S. has seen lots of crime but little justice. Part of the reason for the inherent dysfunction in the way minorities have always been treated in America is that the country was founded on prejudiced WASP (White Anglo-Saxon Protestant) principles: the principle of "manifest destiny" was based on the supposedly "divine right" that WASPs had to "control" the New World and eradicate the "lesser" races (such as the Native Americans and the African-Americans). These prejudiced principles were absorbed into the criminal justice system through lawmakers…… [Read More]

Reference List

Butler, P. (2010). Let's Get Free: A Hip-Hop Theory of Justice. UK:

ReadHowYouWant Publishers.
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Free Trade vs Protectionism

Words: 718 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 80176087

There are many arguments both for and against both free trade and protectionism. There are some that say that free trade should rule the day and that the market can regulate itself. There are others that suggest that the market is an immoral mess and/or that countries should be allowed to protect their national and economic interests if and when it becomes necessary. This report will talk about the pros and cons of each thought process and offer an overall opinion at the end. While free trade is generally the better course of action to follow, there are times and situations where at least some elements of protectionism are not beyond the pale.

Generally speaking, free trade is when trade is allowed to happen in an unfettered way. Rather than goods being blocked from crossing borders in the form of exports or imports, free trade is all about letting people…… [Read More]

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Free Labor the Majority of

Words: 1452 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 75113645

These newspapers continuously wrote that there is no essential conflict between labor class (referring to wage earners) and the capitalists and that each should not suspect the other in the development of America.

outhern slave society: An essential conflict with free labor social order

There were many distinctions in the Northern and outhern economic and social outlook of America. There were conflicting ideologies being pursued in these regions and the economic progress of Northern region was associated to the free enterprising class known as the middle class. The class thrived in the Northern region by investing in their own businesses, small and large. On the contrary, outhern society was based on slavery system. The Northerners demanded that the slavery of fugitives' slaves shall be abolished and free soil in the west was to be enforced. The essential elements that divided the Northerners and outherners were the matter of slavery. The…… [Read More]

Such deep was the issue of slavery that it broke down the part of Whigs during 1850s and led Republicans to replace them as a symbol of hope, prosperity, and economic progress. The main reason of elimination of Whigs from national scene was their persistence to support the slave system in south whereas its own leaders were not willing to support such oppressive practice while rest of Americas strived for economic progress. Such diverse and conflicting was the issue of slavery and the difference in Southern and Northern concepts of economic progress that 'The Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854' nearly destroyed two political parties, Whigs were totally eliminated from political scene and Democrats saw their party divided on sensational lines. W.C. Pennington quoted that the slavery impacted each and every aspect of economic and thus the social life of African-Americans. He said "the being of slavery, its, and its body, lives and moves in the chattel principle, the property principle, and the bill of sale principle" (Henretta, Edwards & Self, 358). The domestic slave trade was considered to be absolutely what Republicans essentially wanted to abolish in figurative sense as well. The Republicans held the view that "Free labor meant independence from wage earning with fixed salaries, if northern person is wage earning and dependent for whole life, he is no different from southern slave" (Foner, 15). Thus, the Republican viewed dependence of a northern on the wages for whole of his life as being equal to the status of a southern slave. This figurative explanation indicates that the southern way of life and economic conduct was fundamentally conflicting with that of Republican's notion of free labor and enterprise, let alone being inconsistent with Republican ideology.

Conclusion

The Republican concept of free labor, as described by Zachariah Chandler, meant "that a young man goes out for service, for labor by wages and earns enough money to start his own farm and becomes employer of labor." Thus, it was contradictory to the oppressive and conservative notions of labor held by the southern slave owners. The progress of American society, according the Republican perspective, lay in the enterprising and middle class men who strived for better economic prospects. The practices of slavery and such oppressive social and economic systems were opposed to the very concept of economic justice that was held by Northerners.
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Free The Story of Emancipation

Words: 612 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 88202301

He writes, "In Louisiana, South Carolina, and Virginia - the home of large free black populations - men who had never known slavery dominated among econstruction officeholders. For the South as a whole, however, the black political leadership arose out of local slave communities" (Foner 136). He shows the struggles, victories, and defeats the blacks faced, and helps the reader see why econstruction was so important to our history. He also believes that there is still a type of econstruction going on today, in other ways, which is another reason he feels it is so important.

Foner's book belongs on the shelves of any reader interested in Civil War history, because he explains his ideas effectively and writes so anyone can understand his ideas and conclusions. It effectively uses illustrations to help make some of the key points, (such as how blacks were viewed historically during econstruction and beyond), and…… [Read More]

References

Foner, Eric. Forever Free: The Story of Emancipation and Reconstruction. New York: Knopf, 2005.
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Free Are American Media Events Occur and

Words: 1125 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 25129975

Free Are American Media

Events occur and become news, news circulate all around the globe. In early times it was almost impossible to convey these happening with in short period of time but with the advent of time technology grew exponentially and gave a fast source of communication called "media."

Media has played a very important role throughout. Any event occurring in one side of the globe gets to the other side within a span of minutes. They cover events such as politics, sports, entertainment etc. And telecast it to the other regions. Every event that had occurred in the past has been covered by the regions local and international media. The point lies in the contradicting news telecasted by the media i.e. one event coverage contradicting to the same event covered by another channel.

The process of broadcasting consist of many events such as coverage, filtration, etc. A channel…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Czitrom, Daniel J. Media and the American Mind: From Morse to McLuhan. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 1982. Questia. Web. 28 July 2012.

Davis, Richard, and Diana Owen. New Media and American Politics. New York: Oxford University Press, 1998. Questia. Web. 28 July 2012.

Entman, Robert M., and Kimberly A. Gross. "Race to Judgment: Stereotyping Media and Criminal Defendants." Law and Contemporary Problems 71.4 (2008): 93+. Questia. Web. 28 July 2012.

Fox, Julia R., and Byungho Park. "The "I" of Embedded Reporting: An Analysis of CNN Coverage of the "Shock and Awe" Campaign." Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media 50.1 (2006): 36+. Questia. Web. 28 July 2012.
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Free Referring to Data Will

Words: 1160 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 33874194

There is the mindset that recruiting and retaining younger, talented yet less expensive workers is a practice that is better suited for managers from comparable generations who understand what motivates workers by generation (Young, 008). There is also the theories of how contingency-based leadership as defined by Fielder and others (Fielder, Mahar, 1979) have also shown how metrics can define the goodness of fit between a given manager's leadership style and the needs of the organizations they serve. Finally the use of balanced scorecard (BSC) methodologies has a significant impact on how companies measure the retention and growth in skills of employees over time. The metrics in each of these cases is managed to a series of Key Performance Indicators (KPIs) and measured for variance over time to ensure managers stay on track towards their goals.

. How do we learn? Identify and discuss the theories to explain the process…… [Read More]

2. How do we learn? Identify and discuss the theories to explain the process by which we acquire patterns of behavior. Be sure to specifically identify the key elements of each of these theories by name.

There are dozens of theories that explain how people learn with the majority of peer-reviewed research concentrating on the areas of learning by observation and self-efficacy, behaviorism, cognitivism, and social learning. Theorists have also worked to create frameworks that encompass learned behavior in the context of strategic planning as well (Hunt, Sorenson, 2001). This is highly relevant in industries marked by rapid and abrupt changes in their structure and their competitiveness, as is evidenced by Freestyle Semiconductor for example. Each of these theories of how patterns of behavior are learned also must concentrate on the extent to which collaboratively-based information sharing and intelligence can provide competitive advantages over time as well (Ray, 2007). Learning by observation assumes the level of innate motivation is present in an employee and that the guidance being receives is accurate given the task at hand. Learning by observation is most successful in self-efficacy scenarios where employees have internalized the objectives of their positions and can readily see the value of the learned behavior. Behaviorism however relies more on observation and the quantifying of it without regard to the attitudes, beliefs and values of the employee. How this affects learned behaviors in organizations is therefore limited it is value as it does not accurately gauge motivation that is innate, only observed. As a result it is often seen as one of several strategies for defining learning programs in organizations, and is also one that is often seen as only part of a potential solution set. Additional insight is needed to define a more complete strategy for enabling organizational development for the long-term.

Cognitivism is in direct contrast to behaviorism in that its key components are entirely internalized within the learner. The information processing is entirely internal and therefore not measurable through observation, only through attitudinal questionnaires and other forms of interviews over time. There is the need for managing retention strategies based on this aspect, measured through a series of questionnaires and internal assessments to ensure that retention programs are resonating and seen as relevant with key contributors. There is also the aspect of cognitivism being more of a continual development cycle that is recursive in nature; there is a continual focus on how to create the greatest learning experience from the standpoint of relevancy to key contributors based on their perceptions alone. This is inherently more challenging and
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Free Referring to Data Will

Words: 1160 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 29122629

Do you think metrics can be applied to other areas of management, such as employee attitudes, employee performance, or skill development? How might those metrics be measured and managed?

There are an abundance of opportunities to provide metrics of performance in other areas of management as well. The uses of metrics for example for measuring employee attitudes and attributes that lead to performance analysis are also pervasive in defining human resource management strategies aimed at increasing both morale and performance (Bukowitz, Williams, Mactas, 2004). Often these metrics and more like they are integrated into a common benchmark report often called a balanced scorecard and are used for assessing strategies and their performance over time.

2. How have the fields of psychology and sociology contributed to our understanding of organizational behavior? Explain with suitable illustrations

There is direct relevance to organizational behavior of psychology and sociology across several different dimensions. irst,…… [Read More]

From a sociological standpoint, organizational behavior has also shifted the balance of power in many working environments as knowledge now trumps seniority from a job security standpoint (Marques, 2008). Sociologically this forces managers to focus more on how they can serve their subordinates and be developmental as opposed to being focused on their own agendas over time. Sociologically, organizational behavior is turning more into a level paying field as a result. The reliance on knowledge as a critical catalyst in the development of entirely new approaches to competing on product development, shown in the Freestyle example, is becoming more pervasive. The Internet and with it the speed up in development cycles is forcing more companies to rely on psychologically and sociologically based approaches in managing their businesses than ever before. Psychology also is contributing to a rapid reduction in resistance to change once employees find they can internalize and excel at the objectives they are given.

3. Explain Fiedler's contingency model. In your discussion, describe the role of the LPC (least preferred coworker) questionnaire and identify the key situational factors that determine leadership effectiveness, according to this model.

The essence of Fielder's contingency model is the empirically-based observations of how any given managers' organizational effectiveness is more determined by their situation leadership vs. their absolute set of leadership characteristics. There are several key assumptions with regard to the Fielder Contingency Model, the first being that there are no empirically proven best practices of management, instead there is the need for a leader to assimilate and determine the unique role they have in a given organizational culture before they can become truly effective over time
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Will Brazil become a Global Trade Partner

Words: 1191 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 12925938

1.
Substitute strategy or substitution strategy was put in place by Brazil’s government following the 1930’s Great Depression because of the disastrous turn of events in its economy. With coffee being its main exporter at the time, Brazil had to change its economy. It did so during this time by creating an import substation strategy where the government would invest a massive amount of money and targeted key industries. Along with the investments and focus in other areas, Brazil’s government also safeguarded against competition using high tariff walls.

The article notes that the strategy worked for four decades. Brazil saw a 7% growth from 1950 to 1980. The strategy also led to the creation of a diversified and large industrial sector. However, in the 1980’s inflation soared, and disaster came once again. Along with high inflation, investment fell due to the fear of foreign investors in Brazil’s economy. As a…… [Read More]

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Wills Outline of Gilbert Law

Words: 3832 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 60528103



E.

Revival of revoked wills. In most cases, a revoked will is not revivable unless it is reexecuted or revived by codicil; however, if a revoked will was destroyed, it cannot be revived in this fashion.

F.

Dependent relative revocation. These are mistakes of law made by the testator concerning the disposition of property that can be disregarded in the administration of a will.

Components of a Will

A.

Integration. This term refers to the collation of various sheets of paper into a cohesive whole which constitutes a single, entire will which is executed via a single act.

B.

Incorporation by reference. A majority of states allow documents that were not integrated into the single, entire will to receive the same force and effect by referencing them in the will.

C.

Facts of independent significance. This term refers to the description of intended beneficiaries or bequests in a will that…… [Read More]

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Free Range Parenting Neglect

Words: 580 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 34026476

free range parenting." Child Protective Services in Maryland, acting on a report from law enforcement, investigated a couple for neglect, based on the fact that they allowed their children to walk home from a park without parental supervision. For the Maryland couple, the charge was "unsubstantiated child neglect." This is not a criminal charge, but it is typically a precursor to a criminal charge (Nye, 2015). The couple was charged by Maryland Child Protective Services, rather than the police. The charge means that, operating within the confines of their mandate, Maryland CPS has the right to monitor the parents for the next five years. The CPS may, if it chooses, recommend criminal neglect charges that would go through the standard criminal justice processes. The CPS responded to an alert that the children were walking alone, and brought about their own investigation of the parents in this case. Thus, the effort…… [Read More]

Analysis

Parents need to be given back the right to raise their children as they see fit. There are two main premises in this argument. The first is that parents have in recent years seen such rights eroded, replaced by increasing government involvement in what used to be parental decisions. It is known and agreed that in the 1980s and earlier, children were able to walk freely in their own neighborhoods, play in parks unsupervised, and to walk to and from school. Today, parents can be charged with neglect and face other legal actions if they allow their children unsupervised in public, even at a playground or walking to/from school. As Pimentel (2012) notes, there has been a shift in the way that both government agencies and courts have interpreted the standard of care that parents need to provide their children. External intervention in parenting is typically only exercised when neglect is suspected; it is the interpretation of the concept of neglect that has shifted over time that results in cases like that in Maryland.

There have been considerable study of this issue, by ethicists, legal scholars, sociologists, public administrators and, of course, by parents. The first support to the thesis is that the erosion of parental rights is a recent phenomenon. Pimentel (2012) examines the issue from a legal perspective, and notes that laws regarding child neglect have increasing been interpreted, especially since the turn of the millennium, to include strict provisions for constant supervision. The Supreme Court affirmed that the Due Process clause of the 14th Amendment protects the right of parents to make decisions regarding the care of their children in 2000, and it is only in the interim that the statutes and legal interpretation of those statues has begun to change (Pimentel, 2012). He notes that the degree to which these changes have occurred varies between states. Thus, the issue is not the advent of "free range parenting," but that the statutes and interpretations in law of the concepts of neglect and the standard of care expected of parents have changed. The vagueness of existing laws -- which also
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Free to Choose A Personal

Words: 753 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 88700106

The authors use everyday examples, such as "investment in a newly formed small business" to make their economic processes more understandable to anyone who understands modern business, and this is one of the things that makes this book so readable, and so fascinating, even for someone who might not be that interested in economic theory and practice.

The Friedman's support many ideas that would reduce the authority of government in many economic areas, including the "negative income tax, the volunteer army, an improved method of auctioning Treasury securities, the monetary rule for achieving price stability; the voucher system for education, the flat tax, and flexible exchange rates" (Jordan et al. 199). It is quite amazing to see just how many of these Friedman ideas have made their way into our business and political world, including the volunteer army, the educational voucher system, and flexible exchange rates, to name a few.…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Economist of the Century." The Washington Times 3 Aug. 2002: A11.

Friedman, Milton and Rose. Free to Choose: A Personal Statement. New York: Harcourt, Inc., 1990.

Jordan, Jerry L., et al. "Milton, Money, and Mischief: Symposium and Articles in Honor of Milton Friedman's 80th Birthday." Economic Inquiry XXXI.2 (1993): 197-212.

Oi, Walter Y. "Milton Friedman, Starting His Ninth Decade." Economic Inquiry XXXI.2 (1993): 194-196.