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Most of the existential thinkers laud humanity's boundless freedom to chose
Total freedom is in existence in the world where the virtual actions of humanity cannot under any specified circumstances cause harm to anything real. Knowledge is the significant key to the establishment of the applicable methods. Every force in the development of humanity produces something of exceptional value. The nature of the response we exercise towards daily life determines the true worth of humanity. For an individual to live a successful life in consideration to the aspect of freedom, greatest ideals selected as availed and incorporated in the course of life. The ability to cope with every aspect in regards to the education system as witnessed in the case of Charles Bronson in writing is capable of causing a person to lead a quality life.
Does humanity's freedom has a limit? Why or why not?
The humanity freedom…
Hughes, J.A., Martin, P.J., & Sharrock, W.W. (2003). Understanding classical sociology: Marx, Weber, Durkheim. London [u.a.: Sage.
Freedom of the press is a cornerstone of democratic societies. The phrase "freedom of the press" means that television, radio and other media can report the news without interference from the government. In addition it includes freedom of speech, or the rights of individuals to express their opinions without fear that the government will harass or arrest them for what they have said. Freedom of the press is an important part of the Universal Declaration of Human rights put forth by the United Nations (Wikipedia, 2005). It includes the entire process of producing news from gathering to writing, publishing, and distribution (Fink, 2002).
Freedom House, an organization dedicated to the monitoring of freedom of the press around the world, tracks which countries have the most effective rights supporting freedom of the press as well as those countries where rights have been eroded, and those countries where freedom of the press…
Editors. 2001. "The News Letter has won an important victory for the freedom of the Press." News Letter, May.
Fink, Herschel P. 2002. "Freedom of the press becomes a river without water': an attorney describes the fight for access to news in a post-September 11 world." (INS Coverage). Nieman Reports, Dec. 22.
Gessen, Masha. 2000. "Moscow Dispatch: Beat the Press (freedom of the press seems increasingly endangered under the leadership of President Vladimir Putin). The New Republic, June 5.
Goldfarb, Michael. 2005. "Study Finds Decline in Global Press Freedom." Freedom House, April 27. Accessed via the Internet 8/30/05.
John Stuart Mill suggested in his famous work on Liberty (1859) that human freedom in society should be absolute to the extent an individual's desired conduct does not harm other individuals. Experts in philosophy (Taylor, 1980) consider the following passage to represent Mill's position most comprehensively:
The object of this Essay is to assert one very simple principle...That principle is, that the sole end for which mankind are warranted, individually or collectively in interfering with the liberty of action of any of their number, is self-protection. That the only purpose for which power can be rightfully exercised over any member of a civilized community, against his will, is to prevent harm to others." (Shields, 1956).
Authority over individuals within this principle is the underlying basis of civil law and the statutory definitions of criminal conduct in free societies. Dictatorships, autocracies, and oligarchies generally do not subscribe to Mill's principle, but…
Shields, C. (1956) John Stuart Mill: On Liberty. Bobbes-Merrill Co.:
Taylor, R. (1980) Freedom, Anarchy, and the Law: An Introduction to Political Philosophy. Prometheus: Buffalo
In trying to be different from the rest and in trying to act against reason people are either false or they prefer to believe that they actually have an alternative. Considering this, it is only safe to assume that freedom, as Kant sees it, is limited to performing acts that act in accordance with reason. Unlimited freedom would mean that one would act against reason and against his or her purpose as a typical human being that is expected to contribute to the well-being of society. If what Kant thinks is actually true it means that people are unable to act in accordance with their personal convictions and that they are merely a part of a greater mechanism. Being a person would be nothing more than just a dream, considering that one could not actually exercise his or her free will and that basically everything that he or she would…
Gardner, Sebastian, Routledge Philosophy Guidebook to Kant and the Critique of Pure Reason (London: Routledge, 1999)
"Immanuel Kant: Metaphysics," Retrieved May 11, 2011, from the Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy Website: http://www.iep.utm.edu/kantmeta/#SH8a
"Kant," Retrieved May 11, 2011, from the John Carroll University Website: http://www.jcu.edu/philosophy/gensler/ms/kant -- 00.htm
The period of reconstruction was seen as a failure. WEB Dubois in his "Black econstruction in America" (1935) "The slave went free; stood a brief moment in the sun; then moved back again toward slavery." Eric Foner, in his assertion regarding the black perspective, "econstruction must be judged failure… it was a noble flawed experiment, the first attempt to introduce a genuine inter-racial democracy in the United States" (255-256). Other such as Booker T. Washington asserted that the reconstruction failed because it started from the wrong premise and in the wrong place. He asserted that reconstruction was political and targeted civil rights when the real focus should have been self-determination and economic equality. During this time in American history the Ku Klux Klan was glorified as white vigilantes, romanticizing the notion of torturing black people. According to T. Harry Williams,
econstruction was a battle between two extremes:
the Democrats as…
DuBois, W. (1935). Black reconstruction in America, 1860 to 1880. New York, NY: The
Foner, Eric. (1988) Reconstruction: America's unfinished revolution, 1863-1877. New
York, NY: Harper and Row.
'm not afraid of my school, my teachers, my streets, but somehow inside of me, there is some fear: know things are different.
Both of my grandfathers served in the Navy during World War ; both fought to protect an idea of freedom and security that was taken away from me at 12. My grandfather was 17 when he was on wo Gima - these 17-year-olds did not even respect that which they were taking away.
am now 18, and can't imagine having traded prom and homecoming last year for a military-issue weapon and a station in raq. don't even know what it must be like to be an raqi - do 12-year-olds there wish they could walk down the street worried only about bullies from the senior high? Abraham Lincoln said, "Those who deny freedom to others deserve it not for themselves." And as we send more and more…
I would guess they'd carry on, just like we do, and tell their children to be careful outside and rationalize that a 12-year-old maybe should have a cell phone - just in case. In all the wars my grandfathers and great-grandfathers knew before me, only once in 136 years of freedom did that war touch their soil. Only once, one Sunday in 1941, did they taste that kind of fear - until September 11th, 2001, when those who seek to destroy our way of life brought their unholy mission to our shores and I woke up, went to my middle school, and started an 8th grade day like any other, not knowing that my whole world had been shaken.
On September 11th, terrorist fanatics challenged freedom in New York. Two years before that, three bullies on my block did too. Poverty, struggling school systems, broken homes, border security, immigration, new languages - all of these changes we are struggling to accept force us to reconsider all that is "American" and redefine what we are committed to keeping Free.
And so we are faced with a new age of choices, and I don't claim to have any answers. But what I do know, what Mills wrote, and what Simone Weil affirms, is that the prize for freedom is making that choice at all, and "Liberty, taking the word in its concrete sense, consists in the ability to choose."
Freedom to Be Yourself
Harry Brown, the author of How I Found Freedom in an Unfree World, once wrote "...the only way to achieve total freedom is to jettison all attachments and responsibilities -- to family, to country, to people, to government and to morality. In other words, only when you become a lone wolf outlaw do you achieve maximum freedom." And true to form, Browne hit a nerve: being true to self is veritable freedom of humanity.
In the three literary pieces presented, Tite Poulette, The Little Convent Girl and Free Joe and the Rest of the World, there is a common theme of what Browne made so clear: being true to self. It is evident, though, that each main character of these short stories was ultimately sacrificing many things in order to achieve that freedom and the happiness that exudes from having that autonomy.
It is clear that…
Freedom and Social Justice
Barbour's "Philosophy and Human Values, and Dyson's "Technology and Social Justice"
Barbour and Dyson's ideas about freedom and social justice, how these ideas relate to technology?
Ian Graeme Barbour
Graeme Barbour is a known scholar who relayed the relationship between religion and science. He made cognition that religion is related to science in various ways. In his "critical realism" term, Graeme Barbour exemplified that religion and science shares certain similarities and differences in their basic structures. This is in relation to the subjective and objective features in religion and science. For instance, the two bodies entangle subjective entities like comprehensible theories dealing with falsification, theory, and non-relevance to rules in choosing paradigms. Moreover, religion and science relate on objective features like related data, evidence that support or dispute a theory, and criteria dependent on the paradigms used.
Graeme Barbour's ideas are related to technology. Graeme Barbour…
Barbour, I. (2008). The Beloved Community: How Faith Shapes Social Justice from the Civil
Rights Movement to Today. New York: Basic Books
Dyson, F.J. (1999). The sun, the genome & the Internet: Tools of scientific revolutions. New York: New York Public Library
Winston, M.E., & Edelbach, R. (2012). Society, ethics, and technology. Boston: Wadsworth
Everyone should be treated as per his/her capabilities not as per hi/her religion. This is what knowledge about the psychology teaches us clearly in all the fields and stages of life.
Education is a wide subject in which so many fields are included. The government of any country should try to plan education curriculum in such a way that the modern requirements are properly met. Education is always an independent source and freedom is highly dependent on education. Education always helps people, give proper knowledge about the way of living a healthy life. Education supports people to understand their rights and responsibilities as a civilized, independent and thoughtful citizen of the country. People get the confidence and ask about their benefits in case they are harmed or going to be harmed anytime (Newman).
The freedom of mind and questioning can only be developed if people know about the laws and…
Austin, Michael. Reading the World, Ideas that Matter W.W. Norton & Company, 2006.
Burnside, John, Iain Crichton Smith and Pier Paolo Pasolini. Edinburgh Review (Edinburgh Review S.) (v. 99). Edinburgh U.P., 1996.
Church, R.W. The Oxford Movement . Kessinger Publishing, LLC, 2004.
Douglass, Frederick. American Slave. Washington: Prestwick House Inc.; 2004 edition, 2004.
Science has become a dominant facet of modern society and has to a large extent replaced the guiding role of religion. Therefore, science has a great responsibility to ensure that research freedom is not irresponsibly applied. This has resulted in numerous debates on subjects such as science and the environment and modern cloning. This in turn has raised the question whether scientific freedom is always ethical. There is a view from many quarters that science is in fact an ethically neutral and that scientific freedom does not come with social or ethical responsibilities. (Tielman)
This aspect is also discussed in an article by Fenstad, entitled, Science between freedom and responsibility (2003) in this article the author argues against the view of scientific neutrality and asserts that modern science cannot avoid its ethical responsibilities. "Previously, science was the problem solver. Now science came to be seen as a major source of…
An ethical analysis of fisheries. October 19, 2008. http://www.fao.org/docrep/008/y6634e/y6634e06.htm
Bok, Hilary. Freedom and Responsibility. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1998. Questia. 20 Oct. 2008. http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=102968480 .
Context of the Ethics Framework. 20 Oct. 2008. http://www.ncehr-cnerh.org/english/code_2/intro03.html www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5008280386
Drazenovich, George. "Towards a Levinasian Understanding of Christian Ethics: Emmanuel Levinas and the Phenomenology of the Other." Cross Currents Wntr 2005: 37+. Questia. 21 Oct. 2008 http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5008280386 .
After chronic stomach trouble in 1799, the composer became progressively hard of hearing, and finally completely deaf by 1816. Despite this, he continued enjoying and composing music, enjoying great success until his death in 1827. In contrast to Mozart, he not only had a longer and more successful career than his former mentor, but also a much better funeral. Despite being practically friendless when he died, Beethoven had many fans, of whom 20,000 lined the streets on the way to his final resting place.
In conclusion, the types of freedom experienced by the four persons mentioned above are divergent, but also compare in terms of their effect on the souls involved. Marx experienced satisfaction by achieving freedom for the social collective, while Luther experienced the same for his flock. Mozart and Beethoven still influence millions today with the sense of freedom inspired by their music.
Island of Freedom (2010).…
Island of Freedom (2010). Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756-1791). Retrieved from http://home.comcast.net/~rsarkiss/iof/MOZART.htm
Luther, Martin. (1520) on the Freedom of a Christian Retrieved from http://www.sjsu.edu/upload/course/course_3435/Martin_Luther_On_the_Freedon_of_a_Christian.pdf
Marx, Karl. A Critique of the German Ideology. Retrieved from http://www.marxistsfr.org/archive/marx/works/download/Marx_The_German_Ideology.pdf
Powell, Jim. (1995, Dec.) Ludwig van Beethoven's Joyous Affirmation of Human Freedom. The Freeman, Vol. 45, Iss. 12. Retrieved from http://www.thefreemanonline.org/featured/ludwig-van-beethovens-joyous-affirmation-of-human-freedom/#
Freedom of information is needed to ensure that government and business is transparent and accountable. However, the mass proliferation of computer and communication technologies has created a unique vulnerability that makes it difficult for agencies to effective protect security and privacy without reducing overall access to information. With this in mind, efforts to resolve this dichotomy must be considered.
3.1 Building Better it Infrastructure
Critically reviewing what scholars have noted about balancing freedom of information with privacy and security, the development and implementation of secure information technology infrastructure has been noted as a principle issue for improving outcomes in this area . Scholars argue that with the right it infrastructure in place, agencies will be able to effectively review and evaluate data to determine its relevance in terms of compromising personal information or security. In short, an additional layer of it infrastructure is needed to ensure that agencies are able…
1] Holsen, S. (2007). Freedom of information in the UK, U.S. And Canada. Information Management Journal, 41(3), 50-55.
2] Kirtley, J.E. (2006). Transparency and accountability in a time of terror: The Bush Administration's assault on freedom of information. Communication Law & Policy, 11(4), 479-509.
3] Swartz, N. (2004). The world moves toward freedom of information. Information Management Journal, 28(6), 20-23.
4] Halstuk, M.E., & Chamberlin, B.F. (2006). The Freedom of Information Act 1966-2006: A retrospective on the rise of privacy protection over the public interest in knowing what the government's up to. Communication Law & Policy, 11(4), 511-564.
That does not mean that a person who supports the right to burn the flag supports the burning of the flag. As an American, I think the idea of someone desecrating a flag, and, by extension, desecrating America, would be a very disturbing one. However, political speech is going to deserve to at least a portion of the audience.
5. Most laws prevent employers from refusing to hire people because of their race, but employers can take race into account in more subtle ways. Have you ever encountered any serious forms of discrimination that were not illegal?
I have not personally encountered any serious forms of discrimination that were not illegal. I can imagine how that discrimination might occur. For example, I have heard stories of people having their resumes ignored because they have ethnic-sounding names. It would be difficult to prove discrimination in such a case, but that discrimination…
Freedom, Politics, Economics
Politics and Economics from the eyes of Henry David Thoreau
To begin, Henry David Thoreau was very unique during his era, primarily due to his forward thinking style and rationality. In regards to economics, Thoreau would not favor the expanded powers of government currently prevailing in America. In fact, Thoreau often advocated for limited government with powers only responsible for the protection of society from foreign competitors. Thoreau is often quoted for saying, "I ask for, not at once no government, but at once a better government." In this quote he often refers to a limited government as best for the constituents of the country as a whole. As such, Thoreau would not be supportive of many of the progressive laws expanding government control and influence. Aspects such as universal healthcare and disaster relief funding, Thoreau would be against on a federal level. However, if individuals as…
1) Benson, Jackson. (1989). "Ernest Hemingway: The Life as Fiction and the Fiction as Life." American Literature. Volume 61, issue 3. 354 -- 358
2) Bosco, Ronald a. And Joel Myerson (2003). Emerson in His Own Time. Iowa City: University of Iowa Press. ISBN 0-87745-842-1.
3) Howarth, William. The Book of Concord: Thoreau's Life as a Writer. Viking Press, 1982
4) Gura, Philip F (2007). American Transcendentalism: A History. New York: Hill and Wang. ISBN 978-0-8090-3477-2.
The American and French Revolutions occurred within decades of each other, influenced by similar changes taking place in European society. Concepts of freedom and liberty therefore evolved concurrently within these two societies, in part due to the vibrant interchange of ideas and philosophies. French philosopher Alexis de Tocqueville epitomized the bilateral ideological communications that flowed between France and the United States. In a general sense, French and American concepts of freedom and liberty are similar, deriving from Enlightenment humanism and the concept of a universal moral order divorced from overarching church authority. Concepts like freedom of speech and religion are embedded into the constitutions of these two countries and cultures. French and American republican values also influenced how these two nations would structure their governments in the era of the modern nation-state. As their nations evolved throughout the modern era, though, it became apparent that France and the United States…
Eskow, Richard. “Ten Ways Americans Have Lost Their Freedom.” Salon. 2012. https://www.salon.com/2012/08/31/ten_ways_americans_have_lost_their_freedom/
Foner, Eric. “The Contested History of American Freedom.” Historical Society of Pennsylvania. https://digitalhistory.hsp.org/pafrm/essay/contested-history-american-freedom
Freedom House. https://freedomhouse.org/report/freedom-world/2016/france
Goldhammer, Arthur. “What Would Alexis de Tocqueville Have Made of the 2016 US Presidential Election?” The Nation. 28 Sept, 2016. https://www.thenation.com/article/what-would-have-alexis-de-tocqueville-have-made-of-the-2016-us-presidential-election/
Haefeli, Evan. “Liberty, Diversity, and Slavery: The Beginnings of American Freedom.” Historical Society of Pennsylvania. https://digitalhistory.hsp.org/pafrm/essay/liberty-diversity-and-slavery-beginnings-american-freedom
“The Ideas of the French Revolution.” Alpha History. http://alphahistory.com/frenchrevolution/revolutionary-ideas/
Naylor, Thomas N. “Freedom, Equality, Justice, and Liberty Forever.” Second Vermont Republic. http://vermontrepublic.org/freedom-equality-justice-and-liberty-forever/
Williamson, Lucy. “What do liberty, equality, fraternity mean to France now?” BBC. 14 July 2016. http://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-36775634
Cuba, Central African Republic, Iran, Myanmar
Regulation and Transparency
Caribbean nation, was a Spanish colony for centuries until the Treaty of Paris in 1898. United States military occupied for more than 3 years thereafter
Capital – Havana
Climate - Tropical with trade winds; wet season May to October and dry season November to April
Area 110,860 sq km
World rank in area:107
world rank 80
Government: Communist State
UN, UNESCO, WHO,WTO
Heavily dependent on the services industry, currently about 75% of the economy. 21.5% of GDP is in the industrial sector and 3.9% in agriculture. GDP in purchasing power parity is $132.9 billion and climbing, ranked 80 in the world.
Flag : The triangle symbolizes the three components of liberty, equality, fraternity.
The three blue bands are divisions on the island (central, east, west).
The white bands symbolize the purity…
Central African Republic
CIA World Factbook (n.d.). Central African Republic. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/resources/the-world-factbook/geos/ct.html
Freedom House (n.d.). Central African Republic. https://freedomhouse.org/report/freedom-world/2017/central-african-republic
Transparency International (n.d.). Central African Republic. https://www.transparency.org/country/CAF
CIA World Factbook (n.d.). Cuba. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/resources/the-world-factbook/geos/cu.html
Feinberg, R.E. (2012). The new Cuban economy. Brookings Institute. https://www.brookings.edu/wp-content/uploads/2016/06/cuba-economy-feinberg-9.pdf
Freedom House, Freedom in the World (2017). Cuba. https://freedomhouse.org/report/freedom-world/2017/cuba
S. citizens. In this program designed to help young ones value the freedoms they currently experience:
according to Tyler Barnwell, stands for grievance, as in "to petition the government for a redress of grievances." which denotes religious freedom, Leslie Anne Hill, a Presbyterian, states:
"means you don't have to follow a certain religion." stands for freedom of assembly, Sherri Jones states is "the right to get together with other people peaceably, but not to disturb anyone." which is for freedom of speech, Stephanie Kenfield relates: "means you can say anything you want to say, and nobody can stop you or anything, but not bad words and stuff." stands for freedom of the press, Justin Jolly explains: "You could write and say anything you want on a piece of paper or in a newspaper or anything like that." "Getting a grasp..., 1994)
The ruling for The Alpha Epsilon Pi v. The…
Blankley, T. (2001, March 7). Freedom under Siege. The Washington Times, p. 17.
Cicero, Marcus Tullius. (1996). The Columbia World of Quotations. New York: Columbia University Press, 1996. Retrieved 12 December 2006 from www.bartleby.com/66/65/12465.html.
COURT THROWS OUT LAW USED TO BAN WEEDSTOCK 4TH DISTRICT COURT OF APPEALS DECIDES SAUK COUNTY'S OPEN AIR ASSEMBLY LAW VIOLATES THE FIRST AMENDMENT.(LOCAL/WISCONSIN)," Wisconsin State Journal (Madison, WI), July 25, 2003.
Sonny's brother wakes up and states, "Freedom lurked around us and I understood, at last, that he could help us to be free if we would listen, that he would never be free until we did" (47). Sonny was more free and living a life more true than his brother realized.
The transformation in Sonny's brother is dramatic. Duncan writes, "By the end of the story, the narrator has gained much more than an astute musical ear. He has learned . . . To listen" (Duncan). Throughout the story, Baldwin designates the act of listening as the linchpin of this moral tale; by focusing on an often-overlooked component of communication, this early Baldwin story illustrates how Brother, initially deaf to what Sonny calls "all that hatred and misery and love," opens his ears to his culture, his brother, and himself. and, through Brother's example, readers might also become more willing…
Baldwin, James. "Sonny's Blues." The Norton Anthology of Short
Fiction R.V. Cassill,
W. Norton and Company. New York: 1981. pp. 22-48.
In the fierce amounts of fighting, Ferguson tried to break through the enemy position and was killed. This caused his men to lose faith and surrender.
However, the rebels could not maintain control of these forces. As they were fearful that Cornwallis could counterattack at any moment. This forced them to retreat into the mountains. The battle was significant, because it made Cornwallis abandon his strategy of pacifying the South. As a result, he moved his forces into Virginia (where he was surprised by Washington and the French). This led to his surrender and the subsequent peace treaty. (Bower)
These events are showing some of the parallels that the U.S. is facing with its War on Terror and dealing with non-traditional military forces. What causes their ranks to increase; is the approach that is taken by American officials in different regions of the world. In many cases, this has meant…
Bower, Stephen. Freedoms Warriors. U.S. Army Solider Support, 2005.
Authors Donald Lively and ussell Weaver describe Hustler Magazine as Falwell's "antagonist (p. 79)," no doubt representing for Falwell abuses of our Constitutional freedoms.
"In 1983, Hustler Magazine decided to parody Falwell using a Campari Liqueur advertisement. The actual Campari ads portrayed interviews with various celebrities about their 'first times.' Although the advertisement actually focused on the first time that the celebrities had sampled Campari, the ads portrayed the double entendre of the first time that the interviewees had engaged in sex. Hustler mimicked the Campari format and created a fictional interview with Falwell in which he stated that his 'first time' was during a drunken incestuous rendezvous with his mother in an outhouse (p. 79)."
The Oregon Commentator, May, 2007
There is probably no limit to the outrage that was felt by Falwell, and by his support base, both of which would have been offended, first, by using Falwell…
Block, H. (Artist) (1979). Spiritual Leader, Washington Post, Field Newspaper
Syndicate, April 8, 1979. Found online at Pop Art Machine, http://popartmachine.com/item/pop_art/LOC+1158615/SPIRITUAL-LEADER-/-HERBLOCK.-UNPROCESSED-%5BITEM%5D-%5BP&P%5DREPRODUCTION ..., retrieved March 1, 2010.
Chunovic, L. (2000). One Foot on the Floor: The Curious Evolution of Sex on Television
From I Love Lucy to South Park. University of Michigan Press, Ann Arbor, MI.
Freedom speech guarantees freedom extend disturbing funeral (Armed Forces funerals) support claim, acknowledge claim opponent, find common ground .
There is presently much controversy regarding the concept of freedom of speech and the fact that people are often denied the right to speak when they want to express themselves. Even with this, there are a series of situations when one's right to express his or her position needs to be denied on the basis of common sense. It would surely be absurd to claim that freedom of speech should not be present in every setting regardless of circumstances. However, people should carefully analyze a situation and decide whether or not it would be right for them to speak in a particular environment. Freedom of speech is in some cases rendered ineffective because of a series of reasons that make it possible for individuals to understand that it is more important…
Brouwer, D.l C. And Hess, A. "Making Sense of 'God Hates Fags' and 'Thank God for 9/11': A Thematic Analysis of Milbloggers' Responses to Reverend Fred Phelps and the Westboro Baptist Church," Western Journal of Communication 71.1 (2007)
Conery, B. "Supreme Court upholds protests at military funerals as free speech," Retrieved February 12, 2012, from the Washington Times Website: http://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2011/mar/2/supreme-court-oks-church-protest-military-funerals/?page=all
Kingsbury, A. "Supreme Court Weighs Free Speech Limits in Military Funeral Case," Retrieved February 12, 2012, from the U.S. News Website: http://www.usnews.com/news/articles/2010/10/06/supreme-court-weighs-free-speech-limits-in-military-funeral-case
Liptak, A. "Justices Rule for Protesters at Military Funerals," Retrieved February 12, 2012, from the NY Times Website: http://www.nytimes.com/2011/03/03/us/03scotus.html?pagewanted=all
Western world it appears is slightly alienated from the spiritual world that most people in the east like Hindus take for granted. For an average person in the West, physical and material world is the only world and spirit is only an illusion. For those in the east, like Hindus, physical world is the illusion and spirit is the only truth there is.
Western social, political and economic systems play an important role in the shaping of western concept of freedom. Freedom to choose, freedom of speech, freedom from bondage, freedom to vote, are some of the main ideals upheld by western society and thus freedom has become merely a hollow term used to describe a state of liberation in the physical world. Capitalism has also influenced the development of this concept as freedom to choose what one likes, build what one desires and move as and when one…
Frederic Spiegelberg. Living Religions of the World: Prentice-Hall. Englewood Cliffs, NJ 1956
Hedebro, Goran. Communication and Social Change in Developing Nations. Iowa: Iowa State University Press, 1982.
Peter Heehs. Indian Religions: The Spiritual Traditions of South Asia: An Anthology/edited. Delhi, Permanent Black, 2002
For Freedom, this was in communications and in making people feel stronger and more confident, and seeking to maximize their potential. Freedom has a passion for potential and for not ever giving up on her goals. Freedom's family all have unique backgrounds, some have served in the armed forces, others have won awards for volunteering, and all of them see serving others as part of who they are. The Freedoms seek to make others feel stronger and as a result are very popular. They give people the strength to get to their dreams and get them unleashed from what holds them back. In a sense, the Freedom family makes it possible for people to become who they want to be by getting big obstacles out of their way. Some members of the Freedom family are also doctors and physicians, getting people well so they can have the freedom of health…
Mrs. Peters shows this belief when she says, "But Mrs. Hale, the law is the law." (Glaspell, 16.)
Many of the laws that govern society are based on maintaining society. This includes criminal laws, which are easily justified, they protect everyone's safety. It also includes business laws, which again protect society by clarifying how businesses can operate. Everyone has a responsibility towards society simply because they are part of it. This means that individual freedom is restricted in favor of the freedom of society.
The question that "Trifles" raises, is when is it all right to overlook this responsibility to society in favor of responsibility to an individual. In life, this question is raised often. Stealing is a crime, but is it acceptable to steal food if a child's life depends on it? In the play we see that a criminal crime of 'suppression of evidence' occurs where Mrs. Peters…
Look at any communist regime in the last 100 years, where religion is considered an opiate of the masses. The government becomes god in that circumstance, and can get away with anything, including mass genocide (the Origin of ights - posted on."
True freedom should be given to individuals who do not harm other members of society.
One classic example of a lack of freedom that does not make sense is teenage curfew. Thousands of cities across the nation impose teenage curfews. The governments of those cities choose an arbitrary time by which teens have to be home or they can be taken into custody and their parents can be charged with contributing to the delinquency of a minor for letting their child be out past curfew.
Curfew laws impose on what freedoms should be allowed. Why is it necessary for teenagers to come in at a certain time? Who…
Enemies of the Future
The Origin of Rights - posted on March 30, 2005 @ 12:12: AM CST
Jim did tell his mom though that he was going to continue working six days a week, and saving as close to three quarters of his take-home pay as he could. His mom was worried about him because he would not move out of his apartment; he lived in a rough neighborhood, where drug deals were commonplace on street corners, where old cars were up on blocks in front of run-down houses with mud where lawns used to be. There was a fatal stabbing last year near his apartment, he told his mom, an old warehouse was set on fire by delinquent teen-agers, and two men were injured recently in a "drive-by" shooting a block away from his house. So his mother insisted he map out a plan to move out of that neighborhood, but not rent again, rather, put money down on a home of his own in…
Mills, Magnus. All Quiet on the Orient Express. New York: Arcade Publishing, 1999.
But to someone my age, the rodeo is just no longer a family thing; it's a friend thing, at least for me. After all, I don't ask to hang out with my friends on Thanksgiving, because that's a family thing and I understand that.
My parents justified "supervising" me by saying that the rodeo was "too far" from home for me to be alone, but it is only a bit further than school and they let me make that trip "alone" at night all the time. Even if there are legitimate safety issues about being out "alone," they don't apply when I'm actually not "alone," but with all of my friends.
Their other concern was that "there's always alcohol at the rodeo," but there are also always cops walking around the whole place. They make you spill out anything they catch you with and they all know I'm underage, so…
Intellectual Freedom in Libraries
In today's academic world intellectual freedom is a very important issue. In this paper various factors which are affecting intellectual freedom have been discussed along with efforts that need to be made in order to make the access of information possible for all. The issues being faced mainly by the librarians regarding the protection of confidential information of the library users have also been discussed in this paper. Furthermore the paper focuses on the important roles that can be played by the librarians in guiding and educating the people regarding the proper use of information.
Intellectual freedom is the liberty to express opinions in the academic world, the freedom of access to the information and the freedom of using that information (in a legal manner) without the fear of your confidential information being exploited. Intellectual freedom is very important for the academic growth of any society…
American Association of School Librarians. (2009). Empowering learners: Guidelines for school library media programs. Chicago: American Association of School Librarians.
American Library Association (ALA). (2007). Office for Intellectual Freedom: intellectual freedom and censorship Q & A. http://www.ala.org/ala/oif/basics/intellectual.htm
Arko-Cobbah, A. (2004). The role of libraries in student-centred learning: the case of students from the disadvantaged communities in South Africa. The International Information and Library Review 36(3):263 -- 271.
Arko-Cobbah, A. (2011). Intellectual Freedom and Academic Freedom: Some Challenges and Opportunities for Academic Libraries in Africa. Mousaion, 28 (2) 2011 pp. 76 -- 95
Jean Paul Sartre and Simone De Beauvoir on Freedom, Being-for-Others, And Sartrean Despair
Simone de Beauvoir and JP Sartre were two famous existentialists that converged and diverged on various concepts. These included the existentialist concepts of freedom, being-for-others and transcendence or despair. Their converged and divergences will be addressed in this essay.
Sartre was one of the most famous existentialists of all times. For him, existence did not base itself on an ethos of God-ordained morality nor did it have any transcendental meaning. ather meaningfulness of life -- or liberty / freedom -- depended on the meaning that one arbitrarily accorded life and he claimed that man is "what he makes of himself," or in other words "in the end one is always responsible for what is made of one" In this way, Sartre's philosophy integrated both optimism and despair: optimism in the belief that one can resolutely make something…
Fullbrook, Kate & Edward. Simone de Beauvoir and Jean-Paul Sartre: The Remaking of a Twentieth-Century Legend. New York: Basic Books: 1994.
Jean-Paul Sartre mythosandlogos.com/Sartre.html
Vintges, Karen. Philosophy as Passion: The Thinking of Simone de Beauvoir. Translated by Anne Lavelle. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1996.
de Beauvoir, Simone. The Ethics of Ambiguity. New York: Citadel Press, 1976. Print.
Freedom and Liberty to the Founding Fathers
The founding fathers of the United States of America were a product of the Enlightenment. The "Enlightenment" was the 18th century's attempt to break out of the self-imposed restrictions of society and create something better. (osner 2000, 251-253) Beginning with the writings of John Locke in the mid-1600's, a new idea had begun to take root: that man could, through his reason, create better social structures. In other words, man had the ability to create a more perfect form of government, one more in line with the rights of the people. This idea, by its very nature, is an attempt to transfer authority over society from a select few, to the masses of people. The idea of taking power away from Kings, and other rulers, and creating governmental system that would be created and responsible to the people is what the…
Locke, John, and Peter Laslett (ed.). Two Treatises of Government. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1988. Print
Rosner, Lisa, and Theibault, John. 2000. A Short History of Europe, 1600-1815. New York: M.E. Sharpe
"Africans in America Narrative: Part 2, The Revolutionary War." PBS.org. Retrieved from http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/aia/part2/2narr4.html
MacPherson goes on to point out how different seventeenth century theorists -- Leveller, Hobbes, and Locke, to name a few -- included these ideas in their philosophies. MacPherson further illustrates that a main similarity in these philosophies was the belief that human society was a series of market relations (266). At this point, these theories have "failed" liberal-democratic theory (MacPherson 270) because it has made impossible a valid theory of obligation. As such, MacPherson poses the question whether liberal-democratic theory and Hobbsian can be realigned and made to not be mutually exclusive (277). In relation to Western human rights, these theories recognize the certain aspects of freedom (unsurprising, as we have seen from Halcoff's piece) 'create' a man, in a sense. As such, it might be argued that these seventeenth century philosophers were some of the first to recognize, implicitly, a Western notion of human rights.
In their article, Bunch…
Bunch, Charlotte & Frost, Samantha.
Halcoff, George. Whose Freedom? The Battle Over America's Most Important Idea. New York: Farrar, Strauss and Giroux, 2006. Print.
MacPherson, C.B. The Political Theory of Possessive Individualism, Hobbes to Lock. Oxford U. press, 1962. Print.
Pollis, Adamantia & Schwab, Peter. Human Rights: Literal and Ideological Perspectives.
freedom and rights are valued, it can be observed that the most oppressed members of societies in our world today are the women. Treated as subordinate individuals and subject to abuse and exploitation, women are continually perpetuated as "objects of possession" instead of human beings through the rampant sex trade industry. In a report presented by the United Nations Population Fund, they addressed the continuing problem of sex trafficking, which is defined as, "the recruitment... harboring or receipt of persons... For the purpose of exploitation. Exploitation shall include...prostitution..." (United Nations Convention Against Transactional Organized Crime). At present, sex trafficking is estimated to have 700,000 to 2 million women trafficked internationally. This number could grow up to 4 million women if the estimates shall include the number of trafficked women domestically.
The reasons why women are forced to enter the sex trade industry are poverty and inequity. Domestically, women are forced…
building of the nation. Education not only means the acquisition of new skills and knowledge through classrooms and lectures but also meant to be the experience gotten while working under a skilled and knowledgeable person.
Many scholars and leaders in the past and today's world have thrown light on this topic through thousand of words and enlightened quotes. It is basically a thing which can not only change a person. But in fact it helps in changing the whole society and further to much larger extent than just a society. As Nelson Mandela said,
"Education is the most powerful weapon which you can use to change the world"
Nelson Mandela's words clearly illustrate the importance of education and its role in the development of society. In the modern era the power of education is accepted globally and it is crystal clear from the performance of literate people that only those…
Jennifer Schommer, Elizabeth Pierce, CMC Cherrie Woods, NTouch Communications
Dick Gregory, Robert Lipsyte (1986), Nigger: An Autobiography, New York: Washington Square Press.
Russell Jacoby (1992), "Whither Western Civilization, The Nation
Eve Kosofsky Sedgwick (1988), "Privilege of Unknowing," Genders 1
People are free to decide whether they want to sacrifice their lives or whether they don't.
Humanity today is imperfect because of several motives. One of the aspects in which humanity fails from letting justice prevail is determining the value of life. Nowadays, life has a price, and people usually determine what that price is depending on the circumstances. Clearly, it would seem barbaric to try and decide the value of a human being. Truthfully, it is barbaric even to associate the words value and human because of the fact that in the civilized world the human life is meaning much more than something you can put a price on.
Even if a man was to decide the faith of another man, and the latter would be killed, the first man would certainly feel a drawback from taking the decision. This can happen because all people have a conscience and…
Freedom and bondage are two concurrent Themes that run throughout the period of history. In the reform movement that arose in the 19th century those two themes coexisted side by side. how can this be ?
And, in what ways was the language of freedom used to subvert and undermine the hard cold facts of slavery and bondage in the United States? Look at the cases of African American and women in comparison to white men in the United States.
The two items, freedom and bondage, existed side-by-side in the 19th century. How so?
Harvard professor and history scholar Henry Louis Gates, Jr., writes (in a PBS article) that while many assume after the 13th Amendment (freeing slaves), free blacks headed north just as soon as they could, right? (Gates, 2007). It is remarkable, Gates explains, to learn that in 1860, there were 226,152 free blacks living in…
policy makers underestimate internet independence?
YouTube independence of positing video content
The internet moderated terrorism
egulating the internet for anti-terrorism
Freedom and Terrorism on the Internet
The purpose of the study is to explore the use of internet by terrorist organizations and the degree of independence that terrorist enjoy while conducting and coordinating their terrorism activities from the cyberspace. The topic is an area of interest for the researcher as it is significantly relevant in today's environment when cross-border terrorism has increased. As part of the academic and citizen world, the researcher feels it is essential to gauge the scale and severity of terrorism moderated by internet sources.
The main audiences of the research paper are academic instructors, research students of cyber security and government policy makers who can influence to control terrorism originating from the freedom of internet use for every user irrespective of the underlying motive.
Amble, J.C. (2012). Combating terrorism in the new media environment.Studies in Conflict & Terrorism, 35(5), 339-353.
Brinkerhoff, J.M. (2006). Digital diasporas and conflict prevention: the case of Somalinet. com. Review of International Studies, 32(1), 25-47.
Crilley, K. (2001, September). Information warfare: new battle fields Terrorists, propaganda and the Internet. In Aslib Proceedings (Vol. 53, No. 7, pp. 250-264). MCB UP Ltd.
Denning, D.E. (2009). Terror's web: How the internet is transforming terrorism.Handbook on Internet crime.
Colin Kaepernicks political activism and his symbolic taking the knee have sparked a fierce debate over the power, potential, and possible limitations on freedom of speech. According to an article in The Washington Post, survey after survey has shown that too many students at all levels including in college dont understand free speech and dont know that it is guaranteed by the First Amendment, (Strauss, 2017, p. 1). The reason why I am writing about freedom of speech in relation to the reaction to Kaepernick is that the First Amendment encompasses the fundamental rights and freedoms fundamental to democracy. The goal of the paper is to explain the facts of the case through the lens of both ethics and constitutional law. Ultimately, I want to demonstrate to the audience why a democracy cannot function without freedom of speech. I also want to show why protesting something symbolic like…
Conceptions of American Freedom
Freedom is an extremely important aspect of American culture, history, and identity. The European settlers that sailed to what would later become the United States of America, came for key reasons, one of which was freedom of religion. The concept of freedom was in one way very important to the people of the United States. Certainly, the concept of freedom in America is fraught with conflict, tension, and paradox. It is common knowledge that the freedoms of one particular group of Americans was increased with the elimination of the freedoms of other groups in the United States. While white males enjoyed the most freedoms, and declared to have build a country heavily predicated on guaranteed freedoms, the freedoms of women, enslaved Africans, and the indigenous tribes of natives who lived in the country for thousands of years did not have many freedoms relative to theirs.
Democracy Web -- Comparative Studies in Freedom. 2012. The Idea of Freedom. Web, Available from: http://www.democracyweb.org/young/young1.php. [footnoteRef:3]2012 November 15. [3: ]
Maier, P. 1998. Sparring for Liberty. The New York Times, Web, Available from: http://www.nytimes.com/books/98/11/01/reviews/981101.01maiert.html . 2012 November 18.
Shipley, C. 2012. Power to change -- What is True Freedom? Web, Available from: http://powertochange.com/students/truefreedom/ . 2012 November 16.
Spease. 2012. What is Freedom in America. Web, Available from: http://spease.hubpages.com/hub/What-is-Freedom-in-America . 2012 November 15.
The idea of human freedom transcends the spectrum of most subjects worthy of academic discussion. The purpose of this essay is to investigate, describe and discuss the concept of human freedom as it specifically relates to sociology and the social landscape. In order to accomplish this I will highlight some of aspects of human freedom to demonstrate the complexity and necessity of understanding this ideal. Political, religious and economic factors will be included to give this broad issue context and to further broaden the discussion and descriptions of this important subject.
Society could be described as a qualitative manifestation of human freedom. Differing cultures residing in various national landscapes appear to hold varying views on what is allowed or not allowed in these areas. Freedom is therefore rationally based upon the local and domestic traditions and practices of given areas. ar and conflict appears as the process where…
Carlisle, C. (2012). Evil, part 3. does freedom make us evil? The Guardian, 29 Oct, 2012. Retrieved from http://www.guardian.co.uk/commentisfree/2012/oct/29/does-freedom - make-us-evil
Greenwell, A. (2011). Catholic Social Teaching and Authentic Human Freedom. Catholic Online, 27 Dec, 2011. Retrieved from http://www.catholic.org/hf/faith/story.php?id=44188
The Universal Declaration of Human Rights. The United Nations Web Site. Viewed 20 November, 2012. Retrieved from http://www.un.org/en/documents/udhr/index.shtml
(Philpott, Clabough, McConkey, and Turner, 2011).
Handling controversial social studies topics in the classroom setting is often not an easy undertaking. In the words of Philpott, Clabough, McConkey, and Turner (2011), "even though controversial issues are included in the curriculum, teachers face uncertainty on how to best teach the content" (42). As Byford, Lennon, and ussell (as cited in ussell, 2009) observe, teachers avoid controversial subjects in social studies because of lack of the relevant classroom management skills, discomfort when discussing some issues, restrictive district or school policies, and job security. To handle controversial subjects and topics appropriately, teachers can make use of a number of strategies and approaches.
To begin with, it helps to ensure that while at the same time seeking to ensure that one does not veer off the topic, learners are exposed to multiple perspectives with regard to the issue at hand. When there is a…
High, J.F. (1962). Teaching Secondary School Social Studies. New York: John Wiley & Sons.
Levstik, L.S. & Tyson, C.A. (Eds.). (2008). Handbook of Research in Social Studies Education. New York, NY: Routledge.
National Council for the Social Studies. (2007, September). Academic Freedom and the Social Studies Teacher: A Position Statement of National Council for the Social Studies. Retrieved from: http://www.socialstudies.org/positions/academicfreedom
Philpott, S., Clabough, J., McConkey, L. & Turner, T.N. (2011). Controversial Issues: To Teach or Not to Teach? That is the Question! The Georgia Social Studies Journal, 1(1), 32-44.
Michael Collins- Terrorist or Freedom Fighter?
The name Michael Collins has very different meanings for different groups of people. For millions of people, he is considered not only a terrorist, but one of the first real terrorists. For millions of others, he is considered a great freedom fighter. The author was called upon to choose a position and support an argument about whether Collins was a terrorist or a freedom fighter. However, the reality is that Collins was both a terrorist and a freedom fighter, and the two roles are not mutually exclusive. Many people who support his position as a freedom fighter reject the terrorist label. Therefore, this paper will focus explaining why the author believes that Collins was a terrorist. There are several facts that support Collins being considered a terrorist. First, Collins developed modern guerrilla warfare, one of the preferred tactics of modern-day terrorists. Initially, he targeted…
Boot, M. (2011, May 17). The queen visits Michael Collin's Ireland. Retrieved January 9, 2012
from Commentary website: http://www.commentarymagazine.com/2011/05/17/queen-elizabeth-visit-reaffirms-anglo-irish-friendship/
The Delaware Criminal Justice Council Terrorism Research Page. (2007, March 22). The
history of terrorism: More than 200 years of development. Retrieved January 9, 2012 from The State of Delaware website: http://cjc.delaware.gov/terrorism/history.shtml
Kazantzakis Freedom or Death
Captain Michalis, the hero of Freedom or Death, was based on Kazantzakis' father Michalis, a traditional Cretan community leader and warrior in the independence struggles who fought in the 1888-89 rebellion. He also introduces the Captain's best friend Nuri Bey and his wife Emine, who he also loves, but in the end he rejects them both in the cause of Cretan independence. The Pasha and the Metropolitan also symbolize the ancient clash of religions, cultures and civilizations that is fought out in this novel -- Greek vs. Turk, Christian vs. Muslim -- which also resonates with the contemporary word and the battlefields of Iraq and Afghanistan. These ethnic, tribal and nationalistic hatreds are so great and so enduring that they crowd out all romance, friendship or personal feelings, as all the characters join in the bloodbath. Only Nuri Bey commits suicide rather than go to war…
Kazantzakis, Nikos. Freedom or Death. NY: Simon & Schuster, 1983.
History has shown that freedom is not inherently a part of society, rather it is something fought hard for and won. When countries fight for freedom, when people rise for liberty, they do so because they feel they must. Whether it is a strict government, a deranged dictator, or a highly religious society, people have seen their freedoms limited to varying degrees. The United States has been built upon the idea that freedom should be a basic right. While the country has seen its fair share of battles, with itself and with outsiders, it has maintained this very ideal throughout its history.
What is freedom and liberty? Why is it so important that people would risk their lives to maintain certain freedoms? To begin analysis of these two words, I will present my own definition of freedom and liberty followed by how others define these two words. First and foremost,…
Voice of Freedom
In chapter 15 it deals a lot with resistance to slavery and of course one of these was the best known of all slave rebellions which involved was Nat Turner, who happened to be a slave preacher. This chapter was also devoted in describing the conspiracies that went into the uprisings and the rebellions that actually changed the face of slavery. This chapter gave a very vivid detail in exploring what went on behind the scenes in regards to these revolts coming together. ith that said, this essay will explore this chapter and talk about the significance of the voice of freedom.
After the Civil ar, the definitions of freedom surely changed for nation, for the freedmen, and for southern whites in a lot of ways. Southern white were fearful. It was apparent that they never wanted slavery to end because it had a huge effect on…
Arts, Martin. "The Liberty Haggadah: From Slavery to Freedom. From Exile to Independence." 1-90. Chicago: Matan Arts; Hebrew - English edition, 2011.
Chambers, Glenn A. "From slavery to servitude: The African and Asian struggle for freedom in Latin America and the Caribbean." History 21, no. 9 (2008): 23-45.
de, la Fuente. "From slaves to citizens? Tannenbaum and the debates on slavery, emancipation, and race relations in Latin America." International Labor and Working Class History 77, no. 1 (2010): 154-173.
Foner, Eric. "Give Me Liberty!: An American History." 1-584. New York City W.W. Norton & Company; Seagull Third Edition, 2009.
Americans generally think that they are one of the most free nations in the world regardless of whether their thoughts are the truth or illusory. hese thoughts are fueled by the consideration of freedom as a fundamental topic and issue that touches the sense of individuality and nation. However, the history of American freedom is characterized by struggles, disagreements, and debates. Actually, freedom has never been a fixed concept for Americans because of its ubiquity and the fact that the country's history does not have a series of evolutionary narrative towards the achievement of a pre-determined objective or goal. As a result, American freedom consists of events that most encouraged freedom since 1865 and those that most diluted or detracted freedom during the same period.
One of the events that most encouraged freedom since 1865 to present is the Civil War that was a by-product of the Supreme…
The third event that encouraged freedom is the aftermath of the 9/11 terrorist attack, which made the language of freedom to take center stage in the public discourse of the United States. The issue of freedom took the center stage once again because it was highlighted as an all-purpose explanation for the 9/11 attack and the resultant fight against terrorism. President Bush encouraged freedom in the aftermath of this attack by stating that freedom itself was under attack. The presidential invocation of freedom in the aftermath of the attack eventually became a powerful popular rallying call for freedom.
On the contrary, there are events in the history of the United States that have detracted or diluted freedom since 1865. The first event that detracted freedom is the reconstruction period, which overturned significant gains that had been made by African-Americans with regards to freedom. Actually, reconstruction failed to safeguard freedom of black people and was followed by a prolonged period of inequality for black Americans. This was despite of attempts to promote freedom by enacting abolitionist principle of birthright citizenship and equal protection into the Constitution. The second event occurred at the end of Reconstruction, which was brought by the withdrawal of federal troops. During this period, African-Americans experienced eradication of their nascent freedoms as black codes severely restricted their freedoms. In addition, the subsequent Supreme Court decisions culminated in the final blow to hopes of freedom and equality for black people for nearly a century. The third event is the enactment of the Search and Seizure Law and the U.S. PATRIOT Act after the 9/11 attack. These legislations were enacted to help in the fight against terrorism and enhance the security of all Americans. These laws have diluted freedom by raising concerns on the balance between security and freedom, particularly in the face of potential serious violations at home. The laws detract freedom by enhancing chances for compromising or curtailing equality and freedom.
Generally, the concept of freedom remains a central issue to the American culture and politics to an extent that it has been increasingly contested among policymakers and the general public. As evident in the country's history from 1865 to present, the issue of American freedom will forever remain unfinished. Consequently, debates and controversies regarding the issue will undoubtedly continue as new definitions emerge based on the challenges and issues in the modern world. However, freedom is a reality in the modern American culture and politics based on the significant challenges and gains that the country has made on that front. While the complete and ideal picture of freedom is yet to be realized and will probably not be realized, freedom is a reality in the current American culture. The seeming inability to realize ideal freedom in America is attributed to evolution of this concept and its meaning.
In the older forms, people could live and work in relative independence if they disengaged from politics. Under a modern totalitarian government, people are completely and utterly dependent on, and submissive to, the rule and whims of a political party and its leaders. Older forms of such a government ruled by divine right, while the modern totalitarian state is ruled and run by a dictator who controls a political party. Examples of totalitarian governments are Germany under Adolph Hitler, the U.S.S.R. particularly under Joseph Stalin, the People's Republic of China under Mao Tse Tung, Italy under enito Mussolini and Iraq under Saddan Hussein. The ruling party is the elite and the whole society is subjugated to a hierarchical order wherein an individual becomes responsible to another of a higher position of authority. All social groupings are either destroyed or subjected to the purposes of the ruling party and the state.…
1. Labor Law Talk. Parliamentary System. Labor Law Talk Forum: Jelsoft Enterprises, Ltd., 2006
2. Lee, Dwight R. Liberty and Individual Responsibility. The Freeman: Foundation for Economic Educatin, 2005. http://www.fee.org/publications/the-freeman/articles.asp?aid=2124&print_view=true
3. MNS Encarta. Totalitarianism. Microsoft Corporation, 2006. http://encarta.msn.com/text_761574819_0/Totalitianism_html
4. Mikuriya H.N. Authoritarianism: a Social Disease. SOHOComp, 2006. http://www.mikuriya.com/sp_authority.html
Communication Islamic Countries
Freedom in all its forms is a highly contested topic across all areas of politics, not only in countries where freedom has been traditionally repressed, but even in the most democratic of states, such as the United States and the UK. When freedom extends to the press, the contestability of the topic gains an extra dimension. Some critics, for example, advocate freedom of the press only to such an extent as its ability to promote a peaceful existence and harmony among citizens and their government. Others, however, would see the press gaining complete freedom, regardless of its consequences for personal and collective peace. In Muslim countries such as Indonesia and the United Arab Emirates, freedom extended to the press and the media is yet further muddied by the importance of religious and state rule in these countries. In both environments, Islam remains the main ruling force in…
Article 19. (2005, Dec.). Freedom of Expression aand the Media in Indonesia. Alliance of Independent Journalists. Retrieved from: http://www.article19.org/data/files/pdfs/publications/indonesia-baseline-study.pdf
BBC News Middle East. (2012, June 15). United Arab Emirates Profile: Media. Retrieved from: http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-middle-east-14704229
BBC News Middle East. (2012, June 15). United Arab Emirates: Overview. Retrieved from: http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-middle-east-14703998
El-Baltaji, D. (2009, Fall). Emirates Press Law. Arab Media & Society, Iss. 9. Retrieved from: http://www.arabmediasociety.com/?article=727
hile still not free, Linda secures a degree of autonomy even in her master's house, which in turn manifests the confidence to make plans to flee that house for good.
Unfortunately, the clutches of slavery go far beyond the boundaries of a house, a state, or even an entire country. Though Linda succeeds in her escape to the North, she is still legally the property of Mr. Flint and his family, as she will remain until she either buys her freedom or it is bought for her. As Linda continues to put space between herself and her oppressors, however, she finds it increasingly difficult to stomach the thought of paying for own freedom -- a thing she believes she has a right to. Even when her dear friend, Mrs. Bruce, offers to purchase her freedom for her, Linda graciously refuses, saying:
The more my mind was enlightened, the more difficult…
Brent, Linda. Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl. New York: Penquin Group, 2000. .
Cope, Virginia H. "I Verily Believed Myself to Be a Free Woman': Harriet Jacobs's Journey into Capitalism." African-American Review 38.1 (Spring 2004): 5-20. Rpt. In Nineteenth-Century Literature Criticism. Ed. Jessica Bomarito and Russel Whitaker. Vol. 162. Detroit: Gale, 2006. Literature Resources from Gale. Web. 2 Dec. 2010.
Gwin, Minrose C. "Green-Eyed Monsters of the Slavocracy: Jealous Mistresses in Two Slave Narratives." Conjuring: Black Women, Fiction, and Literary Tradition. Ed. Marjorie Pryse and Hortense J. Spillers. Indiana University Press, 1985. 39-52. Rpt. In Nineteenth-Century Literature Criticism. Ed. Denise Evans. Vol. 67. Detroit: Gale Research, 1998. Literature Resources from Gale. Web. 2 Dec. 2010.
Moore, Geneva Cobb. "A Freudian reading of Harriet Jacobs' Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl." The Southern Literary Journal 38.1 (2005): 3+. Literature Resources from Gale. Web. 2 Dec. 2010.
So, the rightness of the claim that the CIA needed more money cannot be supported by the fruition of terrorist attacks.
Hannity moves on into a discussion regarding immigration and the U.S. Immigration and Naturalization Service -- or INS. Essentially, Hannity feels that the Immigration Act of 1965 makes it entirely too easy for illegal immigrants to exploit loopholes in the present legislation. In particular, he mentions how illegal immigrants are able to overstay their visits here in the United States and to obtain legal certifications like drivers' licenses in the process. Hannity believes that the INS is altogether too soft on illegal immigration and that this softness, created by the Clinton administration, has resulted in numerous social problems and contributed to the terrorist threat. He states:
This system that absolutely must be fixed before terrorists use such loopholes to strike us again. Illegal aliens must be incarcerated, not allowed…
Hannity, Sean. Let Freedom Ring. New York: HarperCollins Publishers, 2002.
"In eloved, Morrison allows the reader to share the legacy of slavery as the characters Sethe, Paul D, and Denver attempt to make a new life in freedom. However, they cannot put the past, lived in slavery, behind them; they must reveal it to themselves, to each other, and to the reader in 'digestible pieces.'" (Nigro) The traumatic events which were experienced by slaves cannot be wiped clean, and the past will continue to have an effect on the future. Today, the concept of post-traumatic stress disorder -- the psychological consequences of experiencing traumatic events -- would perhaps be identified in Morrison's characters. (Feldspar) Nightmares, flashbacks, irritability, emotional detachment, and other distress are common symptoms, and certainly experienced by Sethe and others in eloved, all of which are a kind of continued mental slavery.
In addition to freedom being a myth because of legal and psychological reasons, there are also…
Davis, Kimberly Chabot. "Postmodern blackness': Toni Morrison's 'Beloved' and the end of history." Twentieth Century Literature. Summer, 1998. http://www.findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m0403/is_2_44/ai_53260178/print
Elliott, Mary Jane Suero. "Postcolonial Experience in a Domestic Context: Commodified Subjectivity in Toni Morrison's Beloved." MELUS, 2000. 181. http://www.geocities.com/tarbaby2007/beloved4.html
Feldspar, Antaeus, et al. "Post-traumatic Stress Disorder." Wikipedia. 28 July 2005. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/PTSD
JW1805, et al. "Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution." Wikipedia. 12 August 2005. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thirteenth_Amendment_to_the_United_States_Constitution
Value More Freedom or Security
Which do you value, more freedom or security?
This is a debate that has been going on for some time now especially in America with some advocating for freedom while others security. I value security as compared to freedom since there are a lot of threats to our security. These threats include terrorist attacks, natural disasters, cyber attacks, and gang activities. It is certain that when these threats are not addressed and well managed then even with freedom we can do very little. For instance, when there is enough freedom without security, would one settle and feel secure? I believe not, for everyone to be calm and happy there is need for security. It should be noted that in as much as everyone would like to be free, security is a pre-requisite. People need to be free from fear, free from arbitrary attacks and threats,…
Due to the forgiveness that is extended to every Christian by their faith in Christ as pronounced in the New Testament, Luther argues, all Christians are free to act in any way they please. When they continue to behave according to God's law as it is written in the Bible, they do so of their own free will; acts of charity and kindness are nto something that is required in order to receive forgiveness, but rather is an outgrowth of the charity and kindness that exists in people's hearts regardless of the status of their salvation, which is already assured so long as their faith is pure and strong. This quite obviously limits the power of the Church as far as condemning acts of any kind is concerned; even one found guilty of heresy would, according to Luther's argument, still receive salvation through their faith in Jesus Christ as the…
WHIGS vs. DEMOCATS
Slavery, Freedom, crisis Union 1840-1877 Democracy America: The Whigs Democrats Many Americans half nineteenth century a powerful federal government a threat individual liberty supported sovereignty state local government.
Slavery, freedom, and the crisis of the Union 1840-1877: Considering economic policies and the balance of power between national and local government, how did Whigs and Democrats differ in their definitions of American freedom and its relationship to government authority? Use two examples from both the Democrats and Whigs to support your claims.
Ever since the birth of America, two competing strains of thought ran through the American consciousness. The first was the Jeffersonian idea that the government which governed best, governed least and that a relatively weak central government was a facilitator of liberty. The contrasting Hamiltonian notion stressed that a strong federal government was required to protect individual liberties and the state as a whole. These tensions…
Baker, William D. (2007). Whig Party. Encyclopedia of Arkansas. Retrieved:
Democrats v. Whigs. (2012). Tennessee 4 Me. Retrieved:
n fact, the Court distinguished between Pickering's rights as citizen and his rights as an employee of an institution. Subsequent related Supreme Court decisions have continued to distinguish between an employee's rights as a citizen vs. The member of an institution (243).
2. What requirements must be observed in the awarding of rank, tenure, and salaries?
"Wide discretion" is offered to public and private institutes of higher learning regarding the awarding of rank, tenure, and salaries (213). The Courts are "less likely to become involved in disputes concerning the substance of standards" than the way those standards are enforced (214). nstitutions are constrained by First and Fourteenth Amendment considerations and due process of law. Vagueness and overbreath decisions also impact an institution's decision for awarding (or denying) rank, tenure, and salaries: decisions must…
In public institutions, tenure and other issues related to employee or staff status are irrelevant because of equal protection guarantees embedded in the Bill of Rights. The First Amendment right to free expression may be constrained by institutional concerns such as possible impediments to the educational mission of the school. For example, in Pickering v. Board of Education (1968) the Supreme Court found in favor of the state institution when "maintaining an efficient educational system" is a priority (240). In fact, the Court distinguished between Pickering's rights as citizen and his rights as an employee of an institution. Subsequent related Supreme Court decisions have continued to distinguish between an employee's rights as a citizen vs. The member of an institution (243).
2. What requirements must be observed in the awarding of rank, tenure, and salaries?
"Wide discretion" is offered to public and private institutes of higher learning regarding the awarding of rank, tenure, and salaries (213). The Courts are "less likely to become involved in disputes concerning the substance of standards" than the way those standards are enforced (214). Institutions are constrained by First and Fourteenth Amendment considerations and due process of law. Vagueness and overbreath decisions also impact an institution's decision for awarding (or denying) rank, tenure, and salaries: decisions must be based on clear institutional guidelines.
However, in principle, the rules and laws of society merely ensure our freedom from unwanted behavior of others. In many cases, in fact, the particular rules themselves are purely arbitrary, such as the simple rules of the road about stopping on a red signal and going on a green signal because the reverse rule would be just as good. The purpose of the rules of the road are simply to protect us from accidents. Likewise, acquiring a drivers' license as a condition of driving is intended to ensure that anybody who drives a heavy vehicle capable of maiming and killing is competent to do so without exposing others to risks.
Other rules of society are much harder to justify because they regulate conduct that affects nobody else. For example, prohibiting driving under the influence of alcohol or drugs have a legitimate purpose of protecting others. On the other hand, prohibitions…
Russell, B. (1992) the Basic Writings of Bertrand Russell. (Edited by Egner & Denonn). London: Routledge
Though scholars debate if this is a credible technique to help individuals overcome certain issues in their lives, it certainly has contribute to the person's self-awareness. For instance, if a person has battled obesity all of their lives and has a negative self-esteem and perception because of it, then ETF forces the individual to identify the core of their self-esteem issues. If a person is becoming increasingly obese and they do now know why, they need to back track to find out. If the person has a negative self-esteem, and uses that as their crutch to continue eating and then gets the more negative about them, ETF forces them to identify the core problem. In this case, it would be the negative self-esteem caused by overeating. From that point, ETF can be used to address the issue. That critical transition from identifying the issue or problem at hand to the…
The Women's Freedom Network, the Educational Equity Center and the AAUW all agree on one thing. They agree that women have made great strides in the educational arena. What they don't agree on is how the advancement of women in the education arena has affected men. Some believe that there is an effect while others don't.
The AAUW believes that women have made great strides over the past years but this success has not come at the expense of the men (Where the girls are, n.d.). Educational achievement is not a zero-sum proposition, in which a gain for one group consequences in a corresponding loss for the other. If girls' success comes at the expenditure of boys, one would expect to see boys' scores go down as girls' scores rise, but this has not been the case. I agree that just because women are beginning to succeed in…
Kleinfeld, J.S. (1998). The myth that schools shortchange girls. Retrieved from http://www.menweb.org/kleinful.htm
Raising and educating healthy boys. (2005). Retrieved from http://www.edequity.org/files/Raising%20and%20Educating%20Healthy%20Boys%2
movie elements power, vengeance freedom. Explain chose movie specific references Mill / Norton's arguments.
Finding parallels between Steven Spielberg's 1993 motion picture Schindler's List and John Stuart Mill's theory of utilitarianism.
This proposal's goal is to determine whether or not the film's protagonist was guided by moral principles in his struggle to free a large number of individuals from Nazi authority. It is very probable that Schindler acted on account of his moral thinking, as he acknowledged the fact that he was among the only individuals who could actually have a say in the critical conditions in Nazi-dominated Europe.
y looking at how the character of Oskar Schindler manages to abandon his previous convictions with the purpose of helping others viewers are likely to observe his moral attitude. The fact that he is no longer interested in physical forms of pleasure demonstrates that he virtually reached a whole new level…
Mill, John Stuart. "Utilitarianism," (Forgotten Books, 1939)
Dir. Steven Spielberg. Schindler's List. Universal Pictures, 1993.
Thus, free will -- as demonstrated by moral choice -- is in actuality a series of discrete and connected choices, each dependent on those preceding it as they shape the individual's attitude.
De Beauvoir then describes the sub-man, who wishes he did not exist. Yet he is the very consciousness that is willing this non-existence, and is thus self-defeating. To escape his subjectivity, he immerses himself in the object, and Lives fro a Thing rather tan for himself. She derides nihilist thought, too, claiming that though neither the world nor the individual have inherent and objective justifications, as the nihilists claim, it is the individual's responsibility to create that justification. Several other attitudes, given archetypal names like "the adventurer" and "the passionate man" are described, along with their mistaken takes on morality and free will. The truly free will, de Beauvoir claims, is in understanding and accepting -- indeed, actively…
S. But this incident was a turning point in the history of Iran and many believe that this conflict was staged to prove that Iran was not afraid of any country. The conflict played a huge role in exposing Carter's foreign policy. The book's weaknesses lie in its overemphasis on few successes of Carter's Presidency era and its failure to dwell on his numerous failures including inflation, poor international relations and unemployment. The book wants to show that it was President Carter who earned the release of hostages but the fact remains that these hostages were released the very day, he left the office and Reagan took over.
Carter, Jimmy. Sources of Strength: Meditations on Scripture for Daily
iving. New York: Random House, 1997
This book contains 52 lessons from the Bible that President Carter cherishes. Each lesson is meant for each week of the year. The book provides an…
Lieutenant James Earle Carter, Jr., USN." Department of the Navy.
Naval Historical Center. October 19, 1997. Retrieved February 16, 2007, at http://www.history.navy.mil/faqs/faq60-14.htm .
This site can be treated as a primary source since it only gives factual information about President's time in Navy. The site explains how the ex-president joined Naval Academy and chronicles his rise to the rank of lieutenant. There are no major achievements mentioned during his service time in Navy except some academic achievements during wartime program. The site only informs about the various periods and stages in ex-president's service time. From this site, one can learn about Carter's interested in atomic and nuclear programs. He was interested in joining nuclear program with Admiral Rickover and was found capable enough to be a part of this project. He also received training as engineering officer to work at the nuclear power plant in 1950s.