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George Bush has left what some consider the biggest mark on American economic history. Although presidents like Abraham Lincoln will forever be remembered for his ability to unite a nation and end slavery, former President George W. Bush will forever be remembered for his gross incompetence, the war on terror, disastrous acts like the Patriot Act and No Child Left behind, and the growing national debt that spiraled out of control once he took office. Although not everything can be blamed on one person, Bush's cabinet and his actions throughout his two terms have left the country with bad memories and smaller pockets.
The Patriot Act, put into effect six weeks after the 9/11 attacks, enabled the government to perform roving wiretaps as well as searches of business and library records to help protect the United States from suspected acts of terrorism. "…the Patriot Act, which was proposed by the…
Bush, G.W. (2002). The national security strategy of the United States of America (ADA407178). Retrieved from EXECUTIVE OFFICE OF THE PRESIDENT WASHINGTON DC website: http://oai.dtic.mil/oai/oai?verb=getRecord&metadataPrefix=html&identifier=ADA407178
Domke, D., Graham, E., Coe, K., John, S.L., & Coopman, T. (2006). Going Public as Political Strategy: The Bush Administration, an Echoing Press, and Passage of the Patriot Act. Political Communication, 23(3), 291. Doi: 10.1080/10584600600808844
Duncombe, W., Lukemeyer, A., & Yinger, J. (2008). The No Child Left Behind Act: Have Federal Funds Been Left Behind? Public Finance Review, 36(4), 381. Doi: 10.1177/1091142107305220
Using the same theme he moved from issue to issue. For example using the phrase "human dignity," he introduced the issue of Aids, human trafficking, human cloning, poverty, corruption, debt burden of the developing economies, ethnic and religious violence and democracy. This attachment of important values to various serious issues gave his speech a flow and a dramatic effect. Organization of his speech around these values helped him in putting forward complex issues. However, the world was waiting for his reaction to violence in Iraq and cases of abuses in Iraqi prisons. These issues were conspicuously absent and were not even a minor part of overall organization of the speech.
On a number of occasions President used language to draw the attention of audience to issues at hand. For instance, President asked international community and nations to help in rebuilding of Iraq. He substantiated his point of success in Iraq…
"President Speaks to the United Nations General Assembly'. (2004). Retrieved on October 20, 2004 from: http://www.whitehouse.gov /news/releases/2004/09/20040921-3.html' target='_blank' REL='NOFOLLOW'>
1990 Gulf War, but, given the subsequent perspective of the U.S. external policy during the following years, the actions that followed, the current war in Iraq, with its own justifications, bring a new light into the Middle East problem and the U.S. involvement in the entire region.
In 1990, George Bush had an excellent justification for an intervention in a region that had been, until then, an area of Soviet influence during the Cold War. Indeed, the Soviet support for Arab actions against Israel, the only American ally in the region, was notorious. With the Iraqi invasion in Kuwait in 1990, consequent with the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991, the United States could finally be involved in a region that determines the trend of the global economy, given the largest oil reserves present here. In the beginning, as we can see from George Bush's speech, the involvement reduced…
presidential administration continues to falter and fail, with a blatant disregard for common sense, logic, and human decency. Among the recent debacles that have haunted America include the botched response to hurricane Katrina and the nomination of a Supreme Court Justice who has no judiciary experience. Coupled with the lies and mishandling of the war in Iraq, the recent actions of the Bush administration have been socially, politically, and economically disastrous. George Bush and his presidential administration have undermined the American economy: the dollar has fallen in relation to other world currencies, and the deficit has skyrocketed. Hurricane Katrina drew attention to the continued problems of racial injustice and economic disparity in the United States, as well as to the inefficiency of governmental bureaucracy. Moreover, the lack of adequate response for Katrina victims can be linked to the overextension of America's National Guard troops in Iraq.
To top it all…
foreign policy positions President George Bush Jr. President Obama terms realism idealism
President George Bush and president Obama have all executed cases of similarities and differences when it comes to management of realism and idealism in the governance. The finest policies touching on foreign management and exemplification of people are determined by the magnitude at which these two leaders managed to ensure economic growth, diplomacy, preservation of the national interests, and other connotations that make up these nations. As a form of managing the rudimentary origins and displacements of the nations, President George Bush and President, Obama involved idealism and realism in their management of the country towards foreign matters.
On the recent terms, Obama has displayed an orientation of realism by asserting that the goal of transforming Afghanistan and Iraq into pro-west democracies should not be taken anymore as the goal of the United States of America. This is…
Bardes, B.A., Schmidt, S.W., & Shelley, M.C. (2012). American government and politics today: the essentials, 2011-2012. Boston, MA: Wadsworth, Cengage Learning.
Callahan, D. (1994). Between two worlds: Realism, idealism, and American foreign policy
after the Cold War. New York: Harper Collins.
Crawford, R.M.A. (2000). Idealism and realism in international relations: Beyond the discipline. London: Routledge.
So there is coordination between the agent (radio announcer) and the purpose, which is to turn voters against John Kerry by reporting his alleged plans to raise taxes for the average person like the woman we see driving the car.
The coordination of the ad tells us that the motivations of the group presenting it is to reach the typical American parent/spouse who is spending their time and gas money picking up groceries and doing other things to take care of their family, but instead of being rewarded for their hard work and dedication, if they vote for Kerry, they will instead be severely penalized through higher taxes. Ultimately, the motivation is to win the election. However, the more indirect motivation is to discredit John Kerry and the "liberals" (a term that is spoken as if it were the most reprehensible term on earth) by making it seem as if…
Death of G. H. Bush
When George H. Bush he was hailed by many for leaving behind a legacy of kindness: it was a quality not often associated with the president during his lifetime but in Trump Presidency it seemed to stand out to many by way of contrast with the bombast and bullying tactics of the current president. Even Al Gore, who lost the 2000 election to Bush’s son W., had a touching anecdote to tell about George H. Bush. Gore said, “I remember when I gave my second and final concession speech in 2000, I was in the Secret Service car going back to the vice president's residence, and it was President George H.W. Bush calling me on the telephone and he was overcome with emotion and he said the kindest things. It was really a touching call” (Tatum, 2018). Bill Clinton, George W. Bush and Barack Obama…
Foussianes, C. (2018). Jon Meacham\\\\'s Eulogy for George H.W. Bush: Read What the President\\\\'s Biographer Had to Say. Retrieved from https://www.townandcountrymag.com/society/politics/a25412042/jon-meacham-george-hw-bush-funeral-eulogy-transcript/
Tatum, S. (2018). Gore remembers Bush’s ‘personal kindness.’ Retrieved from https://www.cnn.com/2018/12/04/politics/al-gore-george-hw-bush/index.html
Bush Case Study
Case Study in Decision Making
Onlookers often assume that a man who has a firm mindset, and a strong will does not go through what onlookers would consider a "traditional decision making process" Men with strong minds, and a sense of moral right and wrong often take much more time considering a course of action than other who make decisions based on personal agendas. Men with moral mindsets are simply not easily persuaded once a new decision is firmly made on the basis of what the decision make considers moral grounds. For the moral decision maker, the moral right and wrong of a situation dictate the course of action once the somewhat rigid boundaries are crossed. It is the moral absolutism which the on looking world does not understand.
When George W. Bush decided that the country would go to war against those responsible for the 9-11…
The buck stops here: The Bush administration at war
Journal article by Bob Woodward; Harvard International Review, Vol. 25, 2003
The administration's disregard for international norms led to the excesses at Abu Ghraib Prison in Iraq, and attempts to circumvent congressional oversight over the activities of the Administration backfired. Faced with increasing criticism at home and the inability to stabilize Iraq, the Bush Administration began to temper its approach with realism. The Administration agreed to a bipartisan Iraq Study Group, led by former Secretary of State James Baker and Democratic Congressman Lee Hamilton (Baker & Hamilton, 2006). The report prepared by the group was quite critical of the Bush Administration's policies in Iraq, and though many of those criticisms were rejected, the Administrated still took the criticism seriously, and a year later began to pursue a new approach, which eventually helped to decrease the level of violence in Iraq.
The Obama Administration's approach to Iraq War reflects the liberal views of Obama who warned in 2002 that "a U.S. occupation…
Ahmad, I. (2010). The U.S. Af-Pak Strategy: Challenges and Opportunities for Pakistan. Asian Affairs: An American Review, 37(4), 191-209.
Bacevich, a. (2010) Washington Rules: America's Path to Permanent War. New York: Metropolitan Books.
Bacevich, a., (November 6, 2005) the Realist Persuasion. The Boston Globe, retrieved on March 13, 2011, from http://rempost.blogspot.com/2006/04/realist-persuasion.html
Baker, J.A., & Hamilton, L.H. (2006) the Iraq Study Group Report: The Way Forward -- a New Approach. New York: Vintage Books.
Primarily, both Bushes wanted to show the world that America is a powerful force with which to be reckoned -- even if not a single or sole superpower, a force that can at least militarily have its way in the world, especially with regard to rogue, weaker states.
Also, both Bushes believed in cut-and-dried reactions. Communism and Saddam Hussein are simply "bad" without complicating factors such as reasons or motivations for their actions. Going hand in hand with that assessment, communism and Saddam Hussein must be defeated thoroughly, recognizing that even small victories on the part of Iraq, for instance, could draw support to Hussein's ranks and erode America foreign policy world opinion.
However, that is where the similarities ended. For George Bush, the homeland in the United States was never under a serious threat. The most perilous years of the Cold War were behind America when Bush took the…
George Tenet and the Last Great Days of the CIA, in Stillman
The cross-coded ethical dilemmas facing former CIA Director George Tenet and its impact
The operations of an intelligence agency and its governance are different from the everyday administration of public services and bureaucracies. The fact that the agency -- C.I.A was dealing with espionage and intelligence gathering in states that are hostile to the U.S. And the way the offices of the President and the general U.S. administrators considered it just another branch of the U.S. Government led to its downfall. The loss of credibility is more because of creating an ethic and work protocol that could not be sustained. Although the death of the CIA has been attributed to George Tenet, in reality it was a system that was bound to collapse and tenet was just the last scapegoat. Analysis will reveal that the bureaucratic system and…
Alexander, Jennifer; Nank, Renee. (2009) "Public -- Nonprofit Partnership Realizing the New
Public Service" Administration & Society, vol. 41, no. 3, pp: 364-386.
Bannink, Duco; Ossewaarde, Ringo. (2012) "Decentralization New Modes of Governance
and Administrative Responsibility" Administration & Society, vol. 44, no. 5, pp: 595-624.
President George Bush has recently won reelection as the President of the United States. While he has remained clear and concise on many of his political stances, his position on Social Security has been one of at least marginal variation. His overall belief that the Social Security system should be reworked has not altered, but his position on the best way to do that seems to have changed from month to month. This paper will follow statements from President Bush since November of last year through the election, and will show that while his overall ideas have remained stable, the details of those ideas have changed.
It is important to note that the issue of Social Security reform is not new to President Bush. As early as July of 2000, President Bush was redesigning the Social Security system, beginning to introduce ideas of how to revamp the system to provide…
Allen, Mike. "Bid to Change Social Security is Back." Washington Post, 21 Nov 2003: A14.
Andrews, Edmond L. "To Trim Deficit, Greenspan Urges Social Security and Medicare Cuts." New York Times, 26 Feb., 2004: A10.
Andrews, Edmund L. "Tough Issues, Awaiting their Turn." New York Times 13 April 2004: online. Retrieved 13 Nov 2004 from New York Times.
Associated Press. "Social Security Shortfall Disputed." Washington Post 12 June, 2004: A09.
hen Cheney is seen, it is because he is usually attending a Republican fundraiser and attacking Democrats who criticize Bush's war in Iraq. Gore was seen as a very open vice president whose work achieved very high visibility; Cheney works behind the scenes, and is believed to be very influential in the Bush administration in matters of fighting terrorism and war strategy in Iraq.
Bush is very much aware of one of his main political constituencies, the conservative Christian movement; this movement is anti-abortion and very negative about gay people. In fact, Bush has supported a constitutional amendment (which makes his conservative Christian supporters happy) that would ban gay marriage. Clinton, meanwhile, reached out to the gay community and initiated the "Don't ask, don't tell" policy toward gays in the military. Many gays were being pushed out of the military based on old suspicions and values.
Clinton was involved in…
Miller Center University of Virginia. "Governing American in a Global Era: Presidential Oral
History / Bill Clinton." Retrieved April 10, 2007, at http://millercenter.virginia.edu.
Wikipedia. "George W. Bush." Retrieved April 10, 2007, at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/George_W_bush .
George W. Bush
George Walker Bush is the second man in the history of the United States to have followed in his father footsteps and become the President. Bush served two consecutive terms as President, starting with January 2001. He was born in 1946 in New Haven, Connecticut, but most of his childhood, he spent in Midland, and then his teenage years in Huston, Texas. George W. Bush was the first child born in George and Barbara Bush's family. At the time of his birth, his father was an undergraduate at Yale (Bush, A Charge to Keep, 15). George W. Bush enrolled at the same university where his father studied and received a BA in history there. ater, he graduated from Harvard, receiving a MBA at Harvard Business School, in 1975. Between his studies at Yale and Harvard, Bush activated as a pilot in the Texas Air National Guard (The…
Lobe, Jim. The Bush Team Reloaded. Middle East Report, No. 234 (Spring, 2005), pp. 10-16 Published by: Middle East Research and Information Project
King, D.S. Edwards III, G.C. The Polarized Presidency of George W. Bush. Oxford University Press, 2007
Hamilton, W. Bush Began to Plan War Three Months After 9/11. Washington Post. April 17, 2004; Page A01
Proponents of stem-cell research believe that it may be the secret to curing infertility, genetic imperfection and neurological degeneration, and on the premise of this supposition, have lobbied vigorously to prevent legislation that would protect embryos from harvest and use in research, espousing the idea that:
"Criminalizing human reproductive cloning in the United States will only make it less safe and more costly for these infertile couples. They will be forced to travel outside the United States to pursue their dream of creating a family. After all, according to the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), infertility is a disability and reproduction is a major life activity for the purposes of the ADA (Bragdon v. Abbott, 118 S.Ct 2196; 1998). In light of this, it is the right of each and every American citizen to bear a child." (Speeches, 21)
In spite of this, there were very few legislative efforts which…
Brannigan, Michael C. Ethical Issues in Human Cloning: Cross-Disciplinary
Perspectives. New York; Seven Bridges Press, 2001.
Brownback, Sam. James Greenwood. Symposium. Insight on the News.
Vol. 17, Issue
S. soldiers of the 4th Armored Infantry Division. He surrendered, spitting and cursing -- in French, reportedly." (Dale, 2003)
Somehow the president survived the recent election and many democrats have hinted that maybe the fix was in again. No matter, the president survived and his approval rating were down, they were high enough to beat Senator Kerry and the Democrats.
Date Organization Approve Disapprove No Opinion Sample Size Notes 11/7-10/04
LV (the oper Center, 2004)
Media coverage of the Bush administration has been too busy jumping from one topic to the next so there has been little overall damage to the Bush administration. When ever the situation gets too hot there seems to be a new story to take the heat off of the last one. Unlike the Monica Lewinski situation for Bill Clinton, there has yet to be a sustained…
Dale, Helle (December 17, 2003). Saddam Found. The Washington Times
The Roper Center. (n.d.). General Approval Trend for President Bush (2001-). Retrieved on November 24, 2004, at http://www.ropercenter.uconn.edu/cgi-bin/hsrun.exe/Roperweb/PresJob/PresJob.htx;start=HS_fullresults?pr=Bush (the Roper Center, 2004)
ith the production of Dolly, we also entered a vast technological frontier of possibilities. The cloned sheep "was born after nuclear transfer from a mammary gland cell, the first mammal to develop from a cell derived from adult tissue." Taking a cell containing 98 per cent of the DNA, or its genetic blueprint, from the udder of a six-year-old adult sheep, they fused it to the egg of another sheep to produce a lamb that is virtually an exact copy." (Marsh, 1) Equally as groundbreaking as the creation of the world's first clone was the implication of its process, which indicated that there is a way to employ adult cells, already differentiated and specialized to their own organic functions, in order to fabricate new, un-differentiated genetic material. For researchers battling such diseases as Parkinson's, Alzheimer's and paralysis all around the world, such a possibility began to hint at countless opportunities…
Albu, M. (2004). Bush's gay marriage ban is unjust. The Channels Online. Online at http://media.www.thechannelsonline.com/media/storage/paper669/news/2004/03/03/Opinion/Editorial.Bushs.Gay.Marriage.Ban.Is.Unjust-625066.shtml
Bazinet, K.R. (2009). President Obama Reverses Bush's Stem Cell Research Ban; Debate Rages Along Abortion Fault Lines. New York Daily News. Online at http://www.nydailynews.com/news/politics/2009/03/09/2009-03-09_president_obama_reverses_bushs_stem_cell.html
Campbell, D.E. (2007). A Matter of Faith: Religion in the 2004 Presidential Election. The Brookings Institute.
Chaddock, G.R. (2006). Veto Clash Looms for Stem Cell Bill.
The narrative, reporting-driven style of this book also draws criticism for rarely making conclusions or passing judgment on the characters and actions that he recounts in such detail. Some of Woodward's critics accuse him of abandoning critical inquiry to maintain his access to high-profile political actors.
Others praise his detached and evenhanded style for allowing readers to absorb the facts and come to their own conclusions. From a factual standpoint, Woodward's balanced account of the events seems to agree with other sources, such as Ari Fleischer's Taking Heat.
No reporter has more talent for getting Washington's inside story and telling it cogently.
In a Washington Post review of the book, Fouad Ajami said in 2002, "Why Woodward's sources divulge to him the deep inner workings of government shall remain a mystery of the craft. He lives by the leak, and the leaks are here in ample supply - memos and…
Ajami, Fouad. "Bush at War' by Bob Woodward." The Washington Post. November 24, 2002.
Fleischer, Ari. Taking Heat: The President, the Press, and My Years in the White House. New York: William Morrow, 2005.
Michiko Kakutani. "Inside Bush's War Room." The New York Times. November 22, 2002. http://query.nytimes.com/search/full-page?res=9D00E1DF1539F931A15752C1A9649C8B63 .
This constant interaction with the press and their barrage of (sometimes) irrational questions, and the way that he handled such interaction, led him to more of a comfortable, and comfortable individual.
Condoleezza Rice was also portrayed in a very confident light, and the reader is often surprised to discover that she was many times a guiding force in regards to how the main characters of the book interacted. Another surprising aspect concerning Rice is the large degree of confidence President Bush has in her judgment.
Oftentimes Rice is portrayed in the book as a coordinator, and she believed that was her role. "...she didn't feel it was her place to tell the president that this wasn't likely or possible. She was a coordinator. If pressed hard after the president had heard the views of the others, she would give her opinion, but only then." (pg 144).
Rice's role as coordinator…
Woodward, Bob. (2002) Bush At War, New York: Simon & Schuster
The Bush administration has not welcomed dissenting opinions or multiple points-of-view because ostensibly it is "easier and more efficient" to act unilaterally and bypass the bureaucracies of multinational organizations like the United Nations. Thus, a seemingly blatant disregard for the input and opinions of other nations has characterized the Bush Revolution and has drawn criticism from foreign leaders.
The Bush Revolution reflects the cowboy mentality also through its spirit of independence. In principle, acting unilaterally and independently helps to quickly and efficiently accomplish American goals. Yet one of the consequences of the Bush Revolution is that unilateral action could also isolate the United States in the long run and could in fact work against the nation through the development of the anti-American sentiment that fuels terrorism in the first place. For example, to outright refuse to participate in any multilateral coalition on principle signifies arrogance, not wisdom, in the eyes…
Daalder, I.H.. "Bush's Foreign Policy Revolution: A Radical Change." Minneapolis-St. Paul Star Tribune. Sept 2004. Retrieved Sept 17, 2006 at http://www.brookings.edu/views/op-ed/daalder/20040926.htm
Daalder, I.H. & Lindsay, J.M. "America Unbound: The Bush Revolution in Foreign Policy." The Brookings Review 21(4) Fall 2003, p. 206. Retrieved Sept 17, 2006 online at http://www.brookings.edu/press/review/fal2003/daalder.htm
Daalder, I.H. & Lindsay, J.M "The Bush Revolution: The Remaking of America's Foreign Policy." The Brookings Institute. May 2003. Retrieved Sept 17, 2006 at http://yaleglobal.yale.edu/about/pdfs/bush_revolution.pdf#search=%22bush%20revolution%22
Daalder & Lindsay "America Unbound."
Bush's Judicial Appointments
At the onset of the framing of the American Constitution, there was considerable desire to change the manner in which the Kings of Europe had the prerogative to appoint, demote, or fire members of the Judicial branches on a whim. They believed that, at least when it came to the appointment of Supreme Court Justices, there would be less politization involved, a way to limit executive power, and allow Judges to feel less partisan in their approach to policy. The original purpose for appointing the Judges for life, then, was so that regardless of the current administration's views or leanings, the Judges would be able to interpret the Constitution based on their legal views, not the views of the current President or staff. This keeps the High Court relatively stable so that there are not swings every four years in liberal or conservative interpretations (McCloskey and Levinson,…
How Judges and Justices Are Chosen. (2012). The Judicial Branch -- American Government. Retrieved from USHistory.org: http://www.ushistory.org/gov/9d.asp
Biskupic, J. (March 14, 2008). Bush's Conservatism to Live Long in the U.S. Courts. USA Today. Retrieved from: http://www.usatoday.com/news/washington/2008-03-13-judges_N.htm #appointments
McCloskey, R. And Levinson, S. (2010). The American Supreme Court. Chicago, IL: The University of Chicago Press.
Savage, D. (January 2, 2008). Conservative Courts Likely Bush Legacy. The Los Angeles Times. Retrieved from: http://articles.latimes.com/2008/jan/02/nation/na-judges2
ush's State Of The Union Address
Critically analyzing U.S. President George W. ush's State of the Union Address in 2003, it is evident that the rhetoric of fear dominates his speech. Using the rhetoric fear is the speaker's way of extending to the public that the issue being discussed at hand is not only of great importance to the ush Administration, but to the whole nation of United States as well. Evidence of the use of this kind of rhetoric is initially established in the first part of the speech. The speaker enumerates a list of the potential dangers that the Iraqi president Saddam Hussein poses for the security of the country and the whole world. ush mentions statistics to give validity to his claims, mentioning from time to time the active participation and cooperation of the United Nations (UN) with the ush administration in order to assess and gauge…
Bush's State Of The Union Address
Critically analyzing U.S. President George W. Bush's State of the Union Address in 2003, it is evident that the rhetoric of fear dominates his speech. Using the rhetoric fear is the speaker's way of extending to the public that the issue being discussed at hand is not only of great importance to the Bush Administration, but to the whole nation of United States as well. Evidence of the use of this kind of rhetoric is initially established in the first part of the speech. The speaker enumerates a list of the potential dangers that the Iraqi president Saddam Hussein poses for the security of the country and the whole world. Bush mentions statistics to give validity to his claims, mentioning from time to time the active participation and cooperation of the United Nations (UN) with the Bush administration in order to assess and gauge the security threat that Hussein presents to the country. Examples of instances wherein the rhetoric of fear is evident is in the speaker's use of terms used in describing chemical and biological forms of warfare, such as "25,000 liters of anthrax," "38,000 liters of botulinum toxin," "500 tons of sarin, mustard, and VX nerve agent," and "30,00 munitions capable of delivering chemical agents." In order to alleviate the state of emotional fear that his speech may entice, Bush also used subtle forms of the rhetoric of fear, informing his audience about the bigger implication that the statistics about biological and chemical warfare may mean to the citizenry -- that is, that these statistics show that Hussein has made every measure possible in order to "intimidate" the security of its enemy nation, the United States. The speech ends with a resolution to continue with the war the country has waged against the Iraqi president, and this time, Bush mentions the large participation and role of the UN Security Council in the administration's pursuit to maintain the country and world's security from further terrorist attacks.
Rove made an art form out of stirring up his client's opponents with whispers, innuendos and lies, while his candidates stood high above the dust and dirt. "A lot of times it wasn't enough for Karl to just win. He had to crush you in the process," according to "an adversary" quoted in Moore and Slater's book on page 28. On page 175-176, the details of Guerrero's demise are written out fully; Rove produced a "mass mailing" in 1992, as Guerrero was running for re-election as State Railroad Commissioner; it suggested she was "soft on crime, pro-gay rights, antigun, and an enemy of traditional family values." Soon thereafter, came the Rove-driven word that Guerrero was not a graduate as she claimed, and she fell like a big oak tree.
The methodical way in which Rove plowed acting Governor Ann Richards into the dust for his candidate, George . Bush, is…
Moore, James, & Slater, Wayne. (2003). Bush's Brain: How Karl Rove made George W. Bush
Presidential. Hoboken, New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
First, this brings Social Security's promises close to what Social Security can afford to pay. Second, this focuses benefits on people who need it the most, the ones who are least likely to have other types of retirement plans." says an analyst at the Heritage Foundation, David John (Lambro, 2005).
It is believed that people making about $110,000 or more would have benefits based on price increases which in turn tend to rise more slowly than wages while benefits of people making $25-000 or less would continue to be calculated on wage growth. Mr. Michael Tanner, Director of the Cato's Social Security privatization project, is a little apprehensive is however all the more optimistic:
like it. Something has to be done to restrain the growth of benefits. Personal accounts help solvency, but they don't solve the entire problem. This seems to be the best of a lot of tough choices."…
Michael D. Tanner, "Chapter 12: Perspectives on the President's Commission to Strengthen Social Security," Social Security and Its Discontents: Perspectives on choice, Washington D. C: Cato Institute, 2004, pg 1, 201-204.
Kate O'Beirne, June 5, 2000, A Politician steps up: Why Bush decided to do it, NATIONAL REVIEW, vol: 52, issue: 10.
Bill Sammon, January 27, 2005, Bush focusing on Social Security; Case for reform to go on Road, The Washington Times, pg: A04.
Donald Lambro, May 2, 2000, Bush wins support on social security, The Washington Times, pg: 1.
George W. Bush seemed to salivate slightly after September 11, knowing that the massive military arsenal of the United States might finally be put to good use. First the government targeted Afghanistan, an easy and convenient target, despite being completely unable to find Osama Bin Laden. With all the high-tech surveillance gadgets and techniques used by the American military, the Al Qaeda terrorist network was barely scraped. As the world would soon see, Afghanistan was only the beginning. The United States government launched a major war against Iraq, a country which the U.S. accused of being connected with the September 11 attacks without providing any concrete evidence. It became clear at the outset of the war on Iraq that the United States government was dedicated to the "descending spiral" of violence that Martin Luther King, Jr. speaks of.
A entirely agree with King's statement about violence multiplying violence. It is…
Bush, the primary
strategy for U.S. engagement of partners revolved on the conditions
provoked by the ar on Terror. This is evident in the ends, ways and means
of addressing the situation in Somalia, where Bush cites as the primary
priority for all partners involved to end war. Indeed, the intended ends
of the strategy are the transformation of Somalia into a peaceful
democracy. The ways proposed have seen the formulation of a regional
alliance helmed by the United States, which such partners as Kenya,
Djibouti, Ethiopia and Yemen have come together to assist Somalia in
extracting the cause of its conflict. To the perception of the Bush
administration, this cause is the presence of terrorism, with the means of
strategy implementation centering on the need to "eliminate the terrorist
threat and promote political stability by supporting the establishment of a
functioning central government." (Bush, 7)
4. The strategy described…
Bush, G.W. (2007). Report on U.S. Strategy Toward Somalia. Report to
Gates, R.M. (2008). International Institute for Strategic Studies. U.S.
Department of Defense.
Julius Caesar and George ush
William Shakespeare's play, Julius Caesar explores the social and political underpinnings of perhaps one of the most famous assassinations of all time, the assassination of Julius Caesar by his friends. Currently we live in a time of major upheaval in the world, the combination of war and economic hardships have made this first decade of the new millennium a turbulent one. These two timeframes can be connected through their respective leaders. Shakespeare's Caesar bears a great deal of resemblance to our current leader, George W. ush. The following paper will attempt to make a comparison between these two figures, the Shakespearean Caesar and the real life President of the United States.
At the top of Shakespeare's play, Julius Caesar is returning to Rome in a parade, triumphant in his victory over the Roman general, Pompey. This particular man is painted as Caesar's archrival, his nemesis…
Shakespeare, William. (1599) Julius Caesar. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company.
Hatfield, J.H. (2001) Fortunate Son: George W. Bush and the Making of an American President. Brooklyn: Soft Skull Press.
Associated Press. (2003, May 1) Bush Experiences Aircraft Carrier Landing. Las Vegas Sun.
Martin, Patrick. (2002, December 24) U.S. Senate Leader Trent Lott Resigns. Retrieved May 6, 2003 from World Socialist Web Site. Website: http://www.wsw.org/articles/2002/dec2002/lott-d24.shtml
morality of the George Bush administration. The writer looks at classic texts to garner a sense of what political morality should be about and then holds the administration of Bush against the measurement to illustrate the lack of morality and the fact that it failed to promote the happiness of the United States people. In addition, the author explores the negative impact that was felt by other nations under the watchful lack of morality by the Bush administration.
According to the Two Treatises by Locke political power has no other purpose than for the greater good. He wrote that it was the right to make decisions and laws but that it was always and should only be for the greater good of the people that it served.
"Political power, then, I take to be a right of making laws, with penalties of death, and consequently all less penalties for the…
The Bush doctrine.(From The Editor)(Editorial)
Sojourners; 3/1/2005; Wallis, Jim
AGAINST WAR, OR JUST BUSH?(OPINION)(Letter to the Editor)
Wisconsin State Journal (Madison, WI); 3/20/2003
ush justified to invade Iraq
Incontrovertibly, one can assert that Iraq had not been invaded for social or political reforms by the ush and lair Administration. Their objective had not been to liberate or free Iraq, but instead to occupy it and abuse the massive quantities of oil it holds. If truth be told, the aspiration to conquer Iraq and have power over the oil fields has not been a latest development.
Historic tendencies have revealed that all colonial states and super powers, for example America, ritain, Russia, France etc., have worked as a team and sometimes challenged each other depending on the state-of-affairs to achieve control over the oil wealth within Iraq. Abbas Alnasrawi (2001) writes, "It is a historical fact that the home governments of multinational oil corporations (U.S., UK, France) have all played significant roles in enabling their companies to acquire oil concessions, to penetrate markets and…
Abbas Alnasrawi. Oil, Sanctions Debt and the Future. Arab Studies Quarterly, Vol. 23, 2001
Barry Schweid. Powell: Iraq Evidence May Have Been Wrong. Associated Press
April 4, 2004.
Dr. Ferruh Demirmen. Oil in Iraq: The Byzantine Beginnings. Global Policy Forum. April 25, 2003
portraying an analysis of the speaking style of George ush
The objective of this paper is merely to collect a number of speeches by George W. ush so as to analyze the particular features and characteristics of his respective speaking style, delivery Etc.
The significance of the presidential speeches of George W. ush is rendered rather unsurprising when considering the circumstances leading to each speech. Take into consideration, for instance, the fact that the inevitable undermining of the political system (s) of the United States of America is the prime reason the leader is viewed with doubt and yet awe for since the execution of the gruesome terrorist attacks conducted against the U.S. On the 11th of September, 2001, it an obstacle that George ush encountered within an exceptionally immature phase of his presidency, ush has at times said things that enraged the world even as they acknowledge…
Lumpkin, Beverley. Everything old is new again. ABCnews.com. March, 2002. Accessed online on June 14, 2004 @ http://abcnews.go.com/sections/us/HallsOfJustice/hallsofjustice70.html critically focused website that particularly stresses upon the lingual inadequacy of George Bush
George W. Bush. [Presidential] Remarks to rescue workers in New York. September, 2001. Accessed online on June 14, 2004 @ http://www.nando.net/special_reports/terrorism/transcripts/story/79294p-1108713c.ht website that offers a transcript of the president's remarks to rescue workers at 'Ground Zero' in New York
George W. Bush, Grand Rapids, Mich., January 29, 2003. Bushisms. Accessed online on June 14, 2004 @ http://politicalhumor.about.com/library/blbushisms.htm website that offers a compilation of a plethora of ridiculous misnomers and errors in various speeches by Bush
Russert, Tim. Transcript of interview with President George W. Bush. Meet the Press. February 8, 2004. NBC News. Accessed online on June 14, 2004 @ http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/4179618/
Condoleezza Rice's current job title is Secretary to the President on National Security Affairs. This job is alternatively called "National Security Advisor." She was appointed to this position by President George W. ush after his inauguration in January 2000. This appointment was historic. This is the first time a woman and an African-American has a position of national importance. (Wade, 2003)
The 48-year-old Dr. Rice brings to the position impeccable credentials. She is a brilliant tactician and considered a genius in foreign affairs and matters of National Security. In 1989, she was director of Soviet and East European affairs with the National Security Council. She also was appointed special assistant President George ush (Sr.) for national security affairs. She was senior director for Soviet affairs at the National Security Council at a critical moment in World History when glasnost and perestroika were just taking root in the former Soviet Union.…
Dao, James. "Rice More Ally Than Enemy to Former General Powell." Sydney Morning Herald June 30, 2003. http://www.smh.com.au/articles/2003/06/29/1056825280095.html
ExpandNATO.org. The Biography of Dr. Condoleezza Rice. 2003. 2003. ExpandNATO.org. Available:
http://www.expandnato.org/ricebio.html . August 20, 2003.
King, John. Dr. Condoleezza Rice Discusses the Roadmap for Peace in the Middle East. 2003. State.Gov. Available:
George W. Bush White House [...] Bush's appointment of Condoleezza ice and her success in the George W. Bush cabinet. The Bush White House has been shedding cabinet members since re-election in November, but one member who has stayed and moved up the ranks is Secretary Condoleezza ice. She seems to be the most strategic choice to replace Colin Powell as Secretary of State, and her tenure should bring cohesiveness to the President's Cabinet that may have been lacking before.
Elected in 2000 after eight years of Democratic leadership in the White House, George W. Bush began his first term as president in January 2001. One of his first appointments was his National Security Advisor, Condoleezza ice. Dr. ice was born on November 14, 1954 in Birmingham, Alabama. She graduated cum laude in political science from the University of Denver in 1974, received her Master's in 1975, and her PhD.…
Editors "Condoleezza Rice Biography." Whitehouse.gov. July 2004. 7 Dec. 2004.
< http://www.whitehouse.gov /nsc/ricebio.html' target='_blank' REL='NOFOLLOW'>
ush's presidential judicial appointments Web. Students read ush's appointments assess President made judicial appointments. Use http://www.usatoday./news/washington/2008-03-13-judges_N.
ush's judicial appointments
There is much controversy concerning the George W. ush Presidential administration and the judicial appointments it performed throughout its two terms. ush's inauguration influenced a great deal of people to express fear with regard to how the new President would mainly focus on nominating conservative jurists. ush apparently wanted to adopt a similar attitude to Reagan and even though he made fewer judicial appointments, he concentrated on appointing conservative jurists to lifetime posts, thus meaning that his actions would reflect on the American judicial system for decades consequent to his administration.
ush's nomination of John G. Roberts Jr. was an effective move from the President, as he chose someone whom he knew Senate was likely to confirm. Furthermore, ush intended to have power over the judiciary long after the end of…
Baker, Peter, "Bush Nominates Roberts as Chief Justice," Retrieved May 12, 2013, from the Washington Post Website: http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2005/09/05/AR2005090500173.html
Biskupic, Joan, "Bush's conservatism to live long in the U.S. courts," Retrieved May 12, 2013, from the U.S.A. today Website: http://usatoday30.usatoday.com/news/washington/2008-03-13-judges_N.htm
"Janice Rogers Brown," Retrieved May 12, 2013, from the People for the American Way Website: http://www.pfaw.org/issues/fair-and-just-courts/janice-rogers-brown
George ush & Charles Taylor
General Analysis; current affairs; George ush & Charles Taylor"
The Objective of this paper is wholly to illustrate and depict what President Charles Taylor done to have been ordered by President George ush to relinquish his power
One of the most significant and relevant happenings within the contemporary world has been, arguably, the achievement of ultimate global, strategic and military power by the United States of America, an occurrence that the country appears to be intensifying and fortifying in so much as enhancing the ostensible war on terrorism incepted as a consequence of the ghastly September 11th attack (s) on the WTC and the Pentagon.
Subsequent political influence
The U.S., as a result of contemporaneously being the nation wielding supreme power, finds itself in a position demanding monumental commitment and responsibility, such as resolving particularly deteriorative issues around the globe. This is something that becomes…
Jones Tony & Hermant Norman (09/07/2003) Bush still to decide on Liberia force, Lateline, Australian Broadcasting Corporation @ http://www.abc.net.au/lateline/content/2003/s898642.htm
Wiley Ed III (July 3, 2003); U.S. Military Command in Europe Told to Prepare for Possible Action In Liberia @ http://www.bet.com/articles/0,1048,c1gb6733-7533-1,00.html
Hoffman Lisa (July 9, 2003); A look at Liberian President Charles Taylor @ http://www.knoxnews.com/kns/world/article/0,1406,KNS_351_2098076,00.html
Fofana Lansana (Thu Jul 03, 2003); Liberia: Pressure mounts on President Taylor to resign, Inter-Press Service (IPS), @ http://www.afrika.no/Detailed/3803.html
Reelecting President George W. ush
George W. ush became president under some of the most unusual circumstances in U.S. history, with the legitimacy of his claim to victory a matter of heated public debate (Mansfield, 2003). Despite the highly contested election that brought him to power, ush came into office motivated and ready to act, surprising many of his critics with a successful early push for tax reduction and other domestic initiatives. However, the shattering events of September 11, 2001 forced the ush administration to change the focus of its agenda. Since that day, the power of the presidency -- as well as its limitations -- have been criticized and praised by the public and the media.
George W. ush is the 43rd President of the United States (Mansfield, 2003). He was elected in 2001 after a campaign in which he outlined sweeping proposals to reform America's public schools, transform…
Bothwell, T. (February 22, 2004). Why George W. Bush will win in 2004. Town Hall Magazine.
Mansfield, S. (2003). The Faith of George W. Bush. Tarcher.
Powell, B. (April 22, 2003). Assessing George W. Bush: From a "caretaker president" to a "revolutionary" of "missionary zeal." Public Affairs.
George Tenet and the Last Great Days of the CIA
The face of American politics has changed greatly over past fifteen years. After 9/11 incident, the American version of democracy and the credibility of higher offices of United States has been questioned time and again. Even CIA is not different from any other organization in the machinery of United States government and its integrity and objectivity has been the subject of doubt consistently over past few years. Where CIA has been the questioned repeatedly, so has its former and last DCI, George Tenet. George Tenet has been accused of crossing ethical boundaries and overlapping his ethical obligations with his personal preferences which caused the downfall of CIA as an organization.
During his tenure as CIA's head, George has been praised over time for brining CIA back to the status of fully-functional organization full of motivated employees and has…
Gordon, P.D.(2007), The ethics map- a values-based approach to defining ethics and integrity in the public service. Retrieved from http://users.rcn.com/pgordon/homeland/ethicsmap.pdf
McDougle, M.L. (2007), Understanding and maintaining ethical values in the public sector through an integrated approach to leadership, retrieved from http://www.ipa.udel.edu/3tad/papers/workshop6/McDougle.pdf
Menzel, D. (2003). Public administration as a profession: Where do body and soul reside? Public Integrity, 5(3), 239-249.
Waldo, D. (1980). The enterprise of public administration, Chandler and Sharp, Novato, CA.
Kant was no exception to the paradigmatic priorities (i.e. objectivity as knowledge) of the era, and brief reference to the episteme is serves accuracy in discursive analysis of this heritage within American politics and policy thought. For instance, Kant's Critique of Judgment is enormously influential in establishing a connection between judgment and political and moral precepts to conduct in communities. Intellectual lineage to Kant's model of Enlightenment 'reason" combines ritish Empiricism with Continental Rationalism; and partly explains why his philosophical proposition that the existence of persistent war against non-liberal states is a requirement to perpetual peace is reiterated in scholarly expiation since the Enlightenment period, making Perpetual Theory of War as lasting as seminal reference (ehnke, 2009, Caranti, 2006 and Murray, 2003). Discourse Analysis toward the study's cause-and-effect analysis is derived from speeches and interviews taken from the ush administration in Table 1.
President ush -- Speeches and…
Behnke, a. (2009). Eternal Peace, Perpetual War? A Critical Investigation into Kant's Conceptualisation of War. Conference Papers -- International Studies Association, 1-18.
Bolton, J. (2010). Obama's Next Three Years. Commentary, 129(1), 24-28.
Brose, C. (2009). The Making of George W. Obama. Foreign Policy, (170), 52-55.
Caranti, L. (2006). Perpetual War for Perpetual Peace? Reflections on the Realist Critique of Kant's Project. Journal of Human Rights, 5(3), 341-353. doi:10.1080/14754830600812357.
hen a president of the United States begins incorporating religious rhetoric into his speeches, alarm bells must sound. hen that same president allocates taxpayer monies to religious groups, then citizens should be experiencing widespread panic.
Bush's No Child Left Behind Act is no less frightening than the faith-based initiative. Hiding behind good intentions, the No Child Left Behind Act fails to take into account a major factor: reality. Jim Donlevy notes, "It simply is not reasonable to continue to identify thousands of failing schools throughout the United States and then to see through to completion the sanctions written into the Act." The Act includes provisions for annual testing for schools, with progress requirements in core subjects such as English, math and science. "The idea is to be sure that all students are learning at higher standards," (Donlevy). However, the Act demands too much too soon. Forcing some schools to shut…
Anders, Christopher E. 2001. They must remain separate. The World & I. Washington: Jul 2001.Vol.16, Iss. 7; pg. 55 http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=74767508&sid=1&Fmt=3&clientId=12334&RQT=309&VName=PQD .
Dobbins, James. 2005. Iraq: Winning the Unwinnable War. Foreign Affairs. New York: Jan/Feb 2005.Vol.84, Iss. 1; pg. 16 http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?index=7&did=805099671&SrchMode=1&sid=1&Fmt=3&VInst=PROD&VType=PQD&RQT=309&VName=PQD&TS=1114122900&clientId=12334 .
Donlevy, Jim. 2003. Teachers, Technology and Training: No Child Left Behind: Failing Schools and Future Directions. International Journal of Instructional Media. New York: 2003.Vol.30, Iss. 4; pg. 335, 4 pages http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=549016431&sid=2&Fmt=3&clientId=12334&RQT=309&VName=PQD .
Patterson, Thomas E. We the People. 5th edition. McGraw-Hill.
Bush's Judicial Appointments
An Examination of President George W. Bush's Judicial Appointments
During the eight years of his presidency George W. Bush appointed two Supreme Court justices, 61 Appeals Court judges, and 261 Federal District Court judges. Judicial appointments can be one of a president's longest lasting legacies. The people President Bush named to the judiciary will be making decisions and affecting policy long after he leaves office. Courts today, especially the Supreme Court and appeals courts, make policy that has just as much of an impact on Americans' lives as do the laws that Congress passes. President Bush recognized this fact and took his power to appoint judges very seriously.
According to Christopher Miles (2010) it is hard to know exactly how the nomination process worked in the White House because those involved in the process have remained relatively silent; however some details have come to light.…
American University (2009, July 10) George W. Bush's appointments emphasized ideology over diversity. Newswise. Retrieved August 16, 2011, from http://www.newswise.com/articles/george-w-bushs-court-appointments-emphasized-ideology-over-diversity
Biskupic, J. (2008, March 14). Bush's conservatism to live long in the U.S. courts. USA Today. USATODAY.com. Retrieved August 16, 2011, from http://www.usatoday.com/news/washington/2008-03-13-judges_N.htm
Eggen, D. (2008, October 7). Bush stresses judicial nominations. The Washington post. Washingtonpost.com. Retrieved August 16, 2011, from http://www.washingtonpost.com/wpdyn/content/article/2008/10/06/AR2008100602851.html
Miles, C. (2010). Cases and controversies: George W. Bush's appeals court nominations. Student pulse academic journal. 2.06. Retrieved August 16, 2011, from http://www.studentpulse.com/articles/255/cases-and-controversies-george-w-bushs-appeals-court-nominations
aid President George W. ush in policy formulation. It is an all-inclusive paper dealing with a wide range of issues such as the American economy in general- discussing issues such as budget deficits, tax cuts, medical assistance and benefits for retired people, the weakening American dollar, allocations for the military, intelligence and homeland security, job growth and the regime and policies of free trade. With regards to security, it features the recent American initiate on the war on terrorism. The issue of Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD) and nuclear proliferation are discussed quite at length.
Another aspect listed in the paper is the 'future', as it was viewed from the era of the Vietnam War. The relevance of the cold war is also outlined as a great American victory. Compelling issues such as the role of oil, OPEC, the Middle East and the socio-political and economic situation after the incidents…
Bush's tax cut' Retrieved from;
http://amateurpundit.hypermart.net/features107_bushtaxing.htm Accessed on March 5, 2004
Economy: Job Creation' Retrieved from;
http://ipsnews.net/africa/interna.asp?idnews=22469 Accessed on March 5, 2004
"The amazing disappearing budget." CNNMoney. 26 Jan 2004. Retrieved online 12 Nov, 2004. http://money.cnn.com/2004/01/26/news/economy/election_budget/.
Hollings, Ernest F. "Bush's Failed Mideast Policy is creating more terrorism." 6 May 2004. Online office of United States Senator Fritz Hollings. Retrieved online 12 Nov 2004. http://hollings.senate.gov/~hollings/opinion/2004506A17.html.
Itum, Khalid. "Pro-Middle East, pro-Bush: An Unusual Anomaly." 30 Oct 2004. Daily Star. Retrieved online 12 Nov 2004. http://www.dailystar.com.lb/article.asp?edition_id=10&categ_id=5&article_id=9712.
Kerry: Bush's Iraq Policy has endangered U.S.." 21 Sept 2004. CNN.com. Retrieved online 12 Nov 2004. http://www.cnn.com/2004/ALLPOLITICS/09/20/kerry.iraq/.
Mann, Damian. "Crowd lauds Bush for his conviction, 'his word.'" Mail Tribune. 15 Oct. 2004. Retrieved online 12 Nov. 2004. http://www.mailtribune.com/archive/2004/1015/local/stories/03local.htm.
Mishel, Lawrence and Bernstein, Jared. "Grading the Bush 'Jobs and Growth Plan.'" 2004. Economic Policy Institute. http://www.epinet.org/content.cfm/webfeatures_viewpoints_jobs_growth_testimony.
Sanchez, Marcela. "Morality Justifies Bush policy." 5 Nov 2004. SeattlePI.com. Retrieved online 12 Nov 2004. http://seattlepi.nwsource.com/opinion/198265_sanchez05.html.
Transcript: First Presidential Debate." 30 Sept. 2004. From FDCH E-Media, reproduced on ashington Post.com. Retrieved online 12 Nov…
Academics Slam Bush Policy." 13 Oct 2004. News24.com. Retrieved online 12 Nov 2004. http://www.news24.com/News24/World/US_Elections/0,2-10-1665_1604185,00.html .
Curl, Joseph and Duin, Julia. "Focus on Moral values tipped vote for Bush." 4 Nov 2004. The Washington Times. Retrieved online 12 Nov 2004. http://washingtontimes.com/national/20-3786r.htm .
Farhi, Paul. "Job Loss May Affect Who Wins the Vote." 1 June 2004. WashingtonPost.com. Retrieved online 12 Nov 2004. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/articles/A4808-2004May31.html .
Gongloff, Mark. "The amazing disappearing budget." CNNMoney. 26 Jan 2004. Retrieved online 12 Nov, 2004. http://money.cnn.com/2004/01/26/news/economy/election_budget/ .
For example, he says, "Whatever the dangers of the action we take, the dangers of inaction are far, far greater" (Blair One). Bush's remarks are far harsher and already allude to many of the controversial actions Bush will take to "win the war on terror." He says, "Our response involves far more than instant retaliation and isolated strikes. Americans should not expect one battle, but a lengthy campaign, unlike any other we have ever seen. It may include dramatic strikes, visible on TV, and covert operations, secret even in success" (Bush).
While both men advocate quick retribution and continued action against terrorists, Blair's speech seems far more balanced and humane. He says, "This is the moment to bring the faiths closer together in understanding of our common values and heritage, a source of unity and strength" (Blair Two). Bush attempts to bring the American people together as well, but uses…
Blair, Tony. "Tony Blair's Speech (part one)." GardianUnlimited.com. 2 Oct. 2001. 28 Feb. 2007. http://politics.guardian.co.uk/labour2001/story/0,1414,562006,00.html
Tony Blair's Speech (part two)." GardianUnlimited.com. 2 Oct. 2001. 28 Feb. 2007. http://politics.guardian.co.uk/labourconference2001/story/0,1220,561988,00.html
Bush, George W. "Address to a Joint Session of Congress and the American People." WhiteHouse.gov. 20 Sept. 2001. 28 Feb. 2007. http://www.whitehouse.gov /news/releases/2001/09/20010920-8.html' target='_blank' REL='NOFOLLOW'>
President Bush's ar On Iraq
President Bush feels the United States should launch a preemptive strike on Iraq, rather than waiting for sanctions by the United Nations.
He has received support from some political groups while facing opposition from others. Each side presents valid arguments on why they believe the U.S. should or should not go to war with Iraq.
In 1990, the United Nations imposed sanctions on Iraq after it invaded Kuwait. The invasion eventually lead to the Gulf ar in 1991.
The U.N. agreed to lift the sanctions if Iraq would allow international inspectors to certify it had removed its weapons.
However, since 1998, Baghdad has refused to allow inspectors into the country until the sanctions are lifted, claiming the weapons no longer exist (Yacoub, 2002).
In May 2002, a new Security Council resolution dealing with U.N. sanctions was accepted by Iraq for a period of 6…
COVER EDITORIAL / Convince Us / 4 Questions Bush Must Answer Before Deciding to Invade Iraq. Newsday. (2002): 03 August. Pp.B01.
DON'T BLAME THEH SANCTIONS. Denver Rocky Mountain News. (2001):
03 December. Pp. 38A.
IRAQ CALLS FOR INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE TO IDENTIFY TERROR.
"The rumor claiming that the commercial almost never aired is true," said Clow (www.ciadvertising.com).The Apple board "demanded that it not be aired," Clow goes on, but Apple CEO Steve Jobs insisted that it be played, and so it was. Clow says that this commercial wasn't just a parody of Nineteen Eighty-Four; "one could almost interpret this commercial as a bleak commentary on society," he writes. It shocked the "PC world into paying a little more attention to their competitors in their field," Clow asserts.
In conclusion, TV Guide called the Apple commercial "the greatest commercial of all time," according to CNN. And while Orwell's book isn't the greatest by any means, it has created an endless number of allusions and references, including the phrase "Big Brother," who, unfortunately, is with us today far more than most of us probably realize.
Clow, Lee. "Lee Clow: His Masterpiece." Chiat/Day Advertising.…
Clow, Lee. "Lee Clow: His Masterpiece." Chiat/Day Advertising. Retrieved Nov. 28, 2007, at http://www.ciadvertising.org/SA/fall_02/adv382/qwkag/assign2/master.htm .
Leopold, Todd. "Why 2006 isn't like '1984'." Cable News Network / CNN.com. Retrieved Nov. 28, 2007, at http://www.cnn.com/2006/SHOWBIZ/0202/eye.ent.commercials.
Orwell, George. Nineteen Eighty-Four. New York: Plume / Penguin Group, 2003.
Speech by President Bush
Prospective Deliberative Speech to the Republican National Convention in July, Directed on Television to the American Nation as a hole
Nods, smiles, acknowledges audience)
My fellow Americans, this November every one of you will be faced with a seemingly simple choice, but a choice that will affect this entire nation's future -- should you vote to change the current administration and vote democratic? Or should you vote Republican and stay the course this nation has followed over the past four years?
e have been through many difficult times together, you and I, my fellow Americans, over the course of my administration. Together, we have weathered a terrible attack on our nation's security, a devastating economic recession, and a just but sorry war against a brutal dictator. The war for our nation's security on all these fronts has yet to be won, but it will be won.…
BBC. (2004) Iraqi Q&A. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/middle_east/3543595.stm
This site explains the new interim government of Iraqi and the history of the United States' recent engagement with the nation
Chaddock, Gail Russell. (November 21, 2002). "Security Act to Pervade Daily Lives." The Christian Science Monitor. http://www.csmonitor.com/2002/1121/p01s03-usju.html
This news article provides an analysis of the new provisions of the Home Security Act and how they affect all Americans.
McPherson also points out that following the Union victory at Laurel Hill, McClellan was given the responsibility of training the newly-named Army of the Potomac at Washington, D.C. Upon arriving in the city, McClellan "found no army to command, only a mere collection of regiments, perfectly raw and dispirited... " He then "took hold with a firm hand to reorganize and train these troops" which demonstrates his excellent skills as an organizer and administrator, two very important traits for a general. In response, national newspapers hailed McClellan as "the man to save his country... And talked of him as the next President." This praise "went to his head and came to regard himself" as a master over Lincoln and every other high-ranking military officer. McPherson refers to this as McClellan's "Messiah complex" which seems quite accurate, especially since McClellan said to Lincoln that "I can do it all" in…
George McClellan." (2007). Internet. Retrieved April 14, 2008 at http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/USACWmcclellan.htm.
Guelzo, Allen C. (2004). Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation: The End of Slavery in America. New York: Simon & Schuster.
McPherson, James M. (1993). Ordeal by Fire: The Civil War and Reconstruction.
New York: McGraw-Hill Companies.
From these examples there is a varied sense of the realism of Eliot in both her prose and her poems. The realism of Eliot demonstrates a reflection of the era. The naturalist and realism movements were ingrained in the Victorian 19th century and yet the descriptive nature of Eliot's works make them in many ways timeless. The characters are enveloped with the reader into the surroundings of events of human social drama.
Eliot, George. The Best-Known Novels of George Eliot: Adam Bede, the Mill on the Floss, Silas Marner, Romola. New York: Modern Library, 1940.
Eliot, George, Brother and Sister
Eliot, George, Two Lovers
Eliot, George in a London Drawingroom
Eliot, George, Mid my Gold-brown Curls
Eliot, George, Two Lovers, in Stevenson, Burton Egbert. The Home Book of Verse. At http://www.famouspoetsandpoems.com/poets/george_eliot/poems/3456
Pizer, Donald. Realism and Naturalism in Nineteenth-Century American Literature. Revised ed. Carbondale, IL:…
Eliot, George. The Best-Known Novels of George Eliot: Adam Bede, the Mill on the Floss, Silas Marner, Romola. New York: Modern Library, 1940.
Eliot, George, Brother and Sister
Eliot, George, Two Lovers
The upremacy Clause of Article VI in the Constitution for example provides the federal government with all-encompassing powers of regulation. This includes immigration (Hall, 1994, p. 11 of fax). Furthermore, commerce and business within the United tates can also be regulated by the Federal law under the Commerce clause of Article 1, section 8, clause 3, under which commerce with foreign nations, for example, can be regulated.
An argument like the one by the Islamic Army may therefore be characterized as somewhat narrow, lacking insight into the true character of the Constitution. The American Constitution does not guarantee human rights and equality to everybody that comes its way. It is also obliged to protect as best it can the citizens of the United tates. uch protection means that the rights of those who mean to harm citizens need to be prohibited within the country.
Hall, Daniel E. (1994). Administrative…
Hall, Daniel E. (1994). Administrative Law: Bureaucracy in a Democracy. New Jersey: Pearson / Prentice Hall
President Bush, George W. (2001, Sept. 24). "Executive Order on Terrorist Financing: Blocking Property and Prohibiting Transactions With Persons Who Commit, Threaten to Commit, or Support Terrorism." Office of the Press Secretary. http://www.whitehouse.gov /news/releases/2001/09/20010924-1.html' target='_blank' REL='NOFOLLOW'>
The Machiavellian Characteristics of President George . Bush
George . Bush has followed in his fathers' footsteps, becoming the 43rd President of the U.S., holding office between 2001 and 2009. He is a president that held power during a notable period, with the 9/11 attacks occurring only a year into his presidency. Like any U.S. president, there will be a number of controversial issues associated with his presidency, including the way action was taken in Iraq. In hindsight it may be argued that President Bush was acting in a very Machiavellian manner, aligned with Machiavelli's ideal Prince.
The alignment between the prince and Bush may not be surprising when it is realized that both a principle adviser to the president; Karl Rove, as well as Republic strategists and friend, Lee Atwater where both avid fans of Machiavelli (Phillips 147). However, to argue the likeness requires an examination of examples…
Harris, P, "Bush says God chose him to lead his nation," The Guardian, 29 August 2005
Ludlow, Lawrence M, Machiavelli and U.S. Politics, 25 October 2013
Machiavelli, The Prince, < http://www.gutenberg.org/ebooks/1232 > 1513
Rycroft, D, Iraq: Prime Minister's Meeting, 23 July (Dearlove Memo), accessed 25th of October 2013
" (Campo, PAGE) Such statements remind historians of colonialism, where invaders believed that their society was superior to the culture they were supplanting, while reaping significant financial rewards for doing so. However, the United States has never claimed financial gain. The real criticism of this war is the rush to get there. The United States planned to solve the Iraqi war with force of arms even while the U.N. was still working diligently to confirm whether WMD even existed in Iraq. As we all know now, they were never found, and that was the strongest and most primary reason for the war.
Campo, Juan E. "enign Colonialism? The Iraq War: Hidden Agendas and abylonian Intrigue." Harvard International Review. Volume: 26. Issue: 1, 2004.
Fuss, Toni. "Germany's Opposition to the Iraq War and Its Effect on U.S.-German Relations." Social Education. Volume: 68. Issue: 4, 2004.
Cordesman, Anthony H. Iraq and…
Campo, Juan E. "Benign Colonialism? The Iraq War: Hidden Agendas and Babylonian Intrigue." Harvard International Review. Volume: 26. Issue: 1, 2004.
Fuss, Toni. "Germany's Opposition to the Iraq War and Its Effect on U.S.-German Relations." Social Education. Volume: 68. Issue: 4, 2004.
Cordesman, Anthony H. Iraq and the War of Sanctions: Conventional Threats and Weapons of Mass Destruction. Westport, CT: Praeger Publishers, 1999.
Jackson, Richard. "Between Iraq and a Hard Place: Richard Jackson Suggests That the United States Is Losing Its War on Terror." New Zealand International Review. Volume: 29. Issue: 4, 2004.
Everyone is under suspicion, according to the eye of the camera. Everyone is treated as if they are a likely criminal. This has a negative psychological affect on the general population who are not criminals.
For those who are not criminals, they feel as if their privacy is being invaded for no reason. They are reduced to being under suspicion and scrutinized even though they are upstanding citizens. They feel as if they are being treated as a criminal and that their freedoms are being slowly eaten away one by one. More and more the general population expresses concerns about the trend toward and Orwellian world. The telescreens in Orwell's world broadcast propaganda and continually exaggerated positive production numbers and lied about the failing state of the economy. The telescreens made the economy sound like a growth economy, when it was slowly slipping away, sound familiar?
In Orwell's novel, inston…
Froomkin, D. Obama Hasn't Entirely Abandoned the Bush Playbook. February 18, 2009. the
Washington Post. < http://voices.washingtonpost.com/white-house-watch/bush-rollback/obama-hasnt-entirely-abandoned.html >. Accessed December 6, 2010.
London Evening Standard. George Orwell, Big Brother is watching your house. March 31, 2007.
< http://www.thisislondon.co.uk/news/article-23391081-george-orwell-big-brother-is-watching-your-house.do > . Accessed December 5, 2010.
Te tyroid is regulated by te pituitary gland. Autoimmune diseases, infections, ormonal imbalance or ereditary conditions can result in tyroid malfunction. Tese tyroid disorders usually come in one of two forms: functional, suc as ypotyroidism and ypertyroidism, and structural, suc as nodules and goiters, as in te case of te former President. Earlier tis year, Barbara Bus ad a mild relapse of er Graves' disease. Se began experiencing eartbeat irregularities tat can lead to cardiac arrest in older patients.
Graves' disease is te most common cause of ypertyroidism in te United States. Symptoms of te disease, suc as anxiety, restlessness, irritability, emotional instability, fatigue, muscle weakness or cramps, increased appetite, palpitations and eate intolerance can be accompanied by a quickened eartbeat, atrial fibrillation, tremor, an eye stare or canges in te air. Oter symptoms include increased sweating and bowl movements, sortness of breat on exertion and weigt canges.
3. Fitzgerald, Paul. Graves Disease. 16 December 2003.
Accessed at: http://www.nytimes.com/2000/06/25/health/your-thyroid-may-be-talking-but-is-the-doctor-listening.html?pagewanted=2
[…] With the U.S. now mired in a Mesopotamian morass because of what is described as a 'unilateralist' foreign policy, the UN's multilateralist approach is gaining unearned prestige and unwarranted credibility" (Grigg, 2006). While the UN might not have masterminded the war, they certainly participated in the events that led up to the invasion, so they did play an important role in arguments for the invasion, and now they are benefiting, which does not seem right, somehow.
Many members of NATO, including France, Germany, and Belgium opposed the war, and they protested sending any NATO troops into Iraq for any cause. Another writer notes, in July during a trip to Washington, obertson told U.S. lawmakers that NATO would not go beyond providing logistical support for the Polish-led force in Iraq" (Dettmer, 2003). The Polish forces were peacekeepers sent in to assist British and American forces. While NATO seems to have…
Dettmer, J. (2003). NATO suffering from identity crisis. Retrieved 7 May 2010 from the FindArticles.com Web site: http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m1571/is_2003_Sept_16/ai_107543546/ .
Editors. (2004). The invasion of Iraq. Retrieved 7 May 2010 from the Frontline Web site:
Grigg, W.N. (2006, January 9). Bring 'em home! The New American, 22, 12+.
Bush doctrine AND THE EMERGING NATIONAL SECURITY STRATEGY
The 'Bush doctrine' has diverse meanings especially in the enhancement U.S.' security. Nonetheless, the Bush doctrine is simply a defensive strategy that was created by the 43rd U.S. president, George Bush. The plan was designed and directed towards actions that should be done amidst the instantaneous danger to U.S. security. The Bush doctrine contained a number of safety principles that were termed as prongs, three of which are practical, while one is mostly impractical. The doctrine's first point held the notion that terrorists and the countries supporting them were not different and had to be treated equally. This was designed to manage countries that would pose some threat to the U.S. The second prong urged the U.S. government to take the first step of attacking the terrorists' breeding grounds before they make the first step of attacking America. This prong was supposed…
counterfactuals or theoretical, normative, or political implications of the facts conveyed in the assignment.
n his "Arsenal of Democracy," Zelizer (2010) indicates that, contrary to the popular truism that "politics stops at the water's edge," domestic concerns has intruded onto national security. Pages 431 onwards document George Bush's controversial War on Terrorism and show how Bush stoked his house with conservative Republicans of like-minded views and how these people carried their partisan politics into everything including their fight against terrorism.
Clinton, for instance, had battled terrorism by bringing it into the legal and judicial field and treating domestic terrorism as a high-level crime
For Bush, it was a war from the beginning.
Bush's stance reveals as much:
"Today our nation saw evil," The president said in a televised address on the day of the [9/11] attack, "the very worst of human nature." On September 13, he said, "We have just…
In 1950, political scientist Robert Dahl had warned that the national legislature "Is remarkably ill-suited to exercise a wise control over the nation's foreign policy." (ibid.). Unfortunately, this is just what occurred during Bush's ill-reputed War on Terror; in fact, during his entire era. America's truism that "politics stops at the water's edge" was evidenced to be inaccurate. As illustrated by Bush, partisan fighting has always shaped American politics and domestic affairs have always stepped into national security. It has shaped the celebrities of the moment and it has shaped the way that his country deals with foreign issues. "The relationship, "says Zelliser, "is one that will not go away, and one that will only intensify as the international challenges facing the nation grow more complex." (506). National security is influenced by the same dynamics as all other issues. It is indistinct from domestic partisan concerns.
Zellizer, J. (2010) Arsenal of Democracy. Basic Books, NY
Sociological Class Theories - ush
In every society, people are grouped into a variety of categories in order to determine how they earn a living, and how much they earn that actually affects or is affected by the economy. This kind of social stratification is common in virtually all of modern societies, but social class theories can help explain or provide some insight as to why a certain economy works smoothly or inadequately. In effect, the real question becomes, is each social class being served fairly, or does one appear to have a class advantage over the others? The three primary theories of social class are 1) conflict, 2) functionalist, and 3) interactionist. If we examine George ush's economic policies we'd notice that these were implemented for the express purpose of benefiting the upper classes even though tax cuts may at first glance, seem like an equal benefit for all.…
Kornblum, William. Sociology in a Changing World Sixth edition New York: Thomson-Wadsworth, 2002.
Greider, William. "Bush's Touchy-Feely Economics: The Rich Still Get Richer and the Rest Get the Shaft, But It's Done in a Friendlier Way" The Nation (August 7, 2000) v271 i5 p24.
Herbert, Bob "There's A Catch: Jobs" New York Times (Oct 27, 2003) A21.
Graham Jill and Charlie Mitchell. "Pivotal Events in Congress" National Journal Feb 10, 2001 v33 i6 p416
The selected candidate, Lyndon B. Johnson's ad can be found here: http://www.livingroomcandidate.org/commercials/1964. The ad chosen is the most famous of his ads, "Peace Little Girl (Daisy)."Although the ad is not informative in the traditional sense, the lack of explanatory words adds a powerful yet simple cinematic device that resonated with people making this ad value-laden. By using an innocent child juxtaposed with a bomb explosion, the fear generated by these images provided enough of a reaction that made the ad effective. It is because the overall message was fear, fear of what would happen should people not vote for Johnson. The male narrator at the end told the audience vote for Johnson and this direct action showed effectively that the audience really only has one choice in the campaign, to vote for Johnson.
There's no common link between this ad and the others below. However, the ad did influence me…
strategy executed by the United States (U.S.) and the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) met the criterions for a just war as defined below. Both the U.S. And NATO did not fight this war in order to overthrow the Yugoslavian government nor to give the Kosovo Albanians a country of their own. ather, the war was fought to stop the needless ethnic violence against the Albanians living in Kosovo and allow the return of all refugees, and that is just what both the U.S. And NATO did during this military operation. The U.S. And NATO had no intention of any major military operation, they only wished to use the minium force required in order to achieve their stated goals. This paper examines the strategy formulation, coordination, and execution, that lead to NATO's war to save Kosovo. How the U.S. And NATO reached their goal could not be described as perfectly…
Yugoslavia: Travel Guide, n.d. [cited 12 December 2004] Available from World Wide Web: http://sg.travel.yahoo.com/guide/europe/yugoslavia / history.html
Elshtain J.B. "The third annual grotius lecture: Just war and humanitarian intervention." American Society of International Law: Proceedings of the Annual Meeting.( 2001) 1-12
Please replace this with the proper citationr, e.g. (W.U. 1987 4)
Need reference for W.U.
(ipley 2002) There is also an increasing presence of Middle Eastern expats within the metropolitan Detroit and its suburbs. Bush genuinely, believed, according to his supporters that ideologically driven Islamic youth might perform terrorist's acts from within despite any efforts by the Transportation Safety Authorities to ensure that no terrorists came into the country from without.
This gave rise to the first critic of President Bush, invoking the American Defense Act to allow security officials to perform security related wire taps on telephones and electronic surveillance on computer activities of suspected terrorists. This was in direct violations of the FISA (Federal Intelligence Surveillance Act). The violations involved non-compliance with FISA. The FISA rule involves the ordering the surveillance of suspects only after such a surveillance is court-ordered. (Apuzzo 2007) the uniqueness of the FISA construct is that for security reasons the court does not have to be informed of the…
Apuzzo, Mark. "Secretive Spy Court Refuses to Reveal Wiretap Rules,." Neward Star Ledger 2007.
Constitution. "Article 2, Section 1, Clause 1." 2009. April 3, 2009. .
Greenburg, Jan Crawford, Howard L. Rosenberg, and Ariane de Vogue. "Sources: Top Bush Advisors Approved 'Enhanced Interrogation'." ABC News, 2008.
Johnsen, Dawn E. "What's a President to Do? Interpreting the Constitution in the Wake of Bush Administration Abuses." Boston Law Review 88 (2008): 395.
Kennedy recognizes the need to establish a bond with all the South American leaders, thereby isolating Chavez-Chavez politically as ineffective leader in South America. Kennedy perceived the Third orld in terms of the "national military establishment," and vulnerable to the manipulations of the Soviet Union (Schwab, Orrin, 1998, 1). Kennedy had already gone around with Cuba, and did not wish to repeat his mistakes in Venezuela, but he also had no intention of surrendering Venezuela to the Soviet Union in the way in which Cuba had been surrendered before him.
President Kennedy saw South American diplomacy as the route to turning Venezuela away from bonding with the Soviet Union. He recognized that he could not alienate the rest of South America from the United States, or that would drive them into the sphere of Venezuela's influence over them towards the Soviet Union.
Kennedy calls a meeting with Chavez-Chavez, in private,…
Brown, Seyom. Faces of Power. New York: Columbia University Press, 1994. http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=100986354
Clark, General Wesley K. Waging Modern War: Bosnia, Kosovo, and the Future of Combat. New York: Public Affairs, 2001. Questia. 15 Nov. 2008 http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=100986356 .
DeConde, Alexander. A History of American Foreign Policy. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1963. Questia. 15 Nov. 2008 http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=65362550 .