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As the 21st century unfolds, we are told that the world is embracing globalism -- a key change in the economic, political and cultural movements that, broadly speaking, move the various countries of the world closer together. This idea refers to a number of theories that see the complexities of modern life such that events and actions are tied together, regardless of the geographic location of a specific country (political unit). The idea of globalism has become popular in economic and cultural terms with the advent of a number of macro-trade agreements combined with the ease of communication brought about with the Internet and cellular communication.
Would we not logically think, then, that countries in the developing world would be doing their upmost to encourage global thinking? That these same countries would embrace the chance to forge a nation of entrepreneurs and move into a position of self-sustaining…
Committee For Economic Development. (2006). Education for Global Leadership: The
Importance of International Studies and Foreign Language Education for U.S. Economic
And National Security. CED. Retrieved from: http://www.ced.org/images/library/reports/education/report_foreignlanguages.pdf
Graham, J.P. (2005). The Globalization of the Small Enterprise. Going Global. Retrieved from:
Global leadership used to be a bit of a novelty or niche part of doing business. While many businesses have engaged in global commerce and discourse for quite some time, it was much more limited in many other parts of industry. However, the advancement of technology, the internet/computers in particular and supply chain logistics has been a game changer. Also significant is the massive movement of many peoples from their customary and common parts of the world to new endeavors and locales. Whether it be the refugee migrations from Africa and the Middle East or whether it be professionals from Asia finding new frontiers in the West as doctors and so forth, demographics are changing swiftly and significantly and this will require a level of cultural awareness and understanding even for businesses that do not intentionally operate in a global fashion.
Even though much of the developments relating to…
Regional Star to Global Leader
Global and Intercultural Competencies of Yang Jianguo
Using the information case study from regional star to global analyze the global competencies and intercultural competencies of Yung Jianguo. What are his strength and weakness?
Yang Jianguo possesses some of the most important and competent skills having been promoted from a regional to a global leader. Getting an appointment to this position demands great qualities that only a few educated and well-experienced persons can possess. This man had certain cultural and global competencies that enabled him to be among the best people. For instance, he is very innovative and can form ideas and opinions that can take a business so many milestones. His critical analysis of situations and business environment makes him capable of tackling global issues that may seem a bit complex. His ability to apply these skills competently made him one of the best global…
Adler, N.J., & Gundersen, A. 2008. International dimensions of organizational behavior. Mason, Ohio, Thomson/South-Western.
Doh, J., & Stumpf, S. 2009. Handbook on Responsible Leadership and Governance in Global Business. Cheltenham, Edward Elgar Pub.
McCall, M.W., & Hollenbeck, G.P. 2010. Developing global executives the lessons of international experience. Boston, Harvard Business School Press.
Mobley, W.H., Wang, Y. & Li, W. 2008, Advances in Global Leadership. London: Emerald Group Publishing
Magna International a global leader in automotive supplies "designs, develops and manufactures technologically advanced automotive systems" (Magna.com. About Us. 2011). Fiscal year 2010 saw "Magna sales of $24.1 billion, an increase of 39% compared with fiscal year 2009" (Magna International Annual Report 2010. P.10). his revenue growth was predicated on a return of global growth in the automotive space however, equally crucial was an executive management team which built a solid financial foundation "with net cash of $2 billion and little debt" (Magna International Annual Report 2010. P.10). he 2010 financial results including strong operating and net income gains stand in contrast to 2009 results which saw Magna International with net operating income and net income losses. he task at hand is to analyze the 2009 and 2010 Annual Reports to discern changes in management strategy which can explicate these financial changes.
Were fixed assets added because of the need…
The most useful method of analyzing Magna'a annual sales to cost is through analysis of the firm's Gross Margin and Selling, General, and Administrative Expenses (SG&A). The 2009 Annual Report identifies "Gross margin decreased 22% or $746 million to $2.72 billion for 2008 compared to $3.46 billion for 2007 and gross margin as a percentage of total sales decreased to 11.5% compared to 13.3%" (Magna International Annual Report. 2009. P.39). "The calculation of the Gross Profit is: Sales minus Cost of Goods Sold. The Cost of Goods Sold consists of the fixed and variable product costs, but it excludes all of the selling and administrative expenses" (Accounting for Management.com. N.D.). From the decline in Gross Margin as well as study of the income statement, Magna's Cost of Goods Sold declined from 2008 levels of $20.9 billion to $15.69 billion, while Selling, General, and Administrative Expenses declined from 2008 levels of $1.31 billion to $1.26 billion in 2009 (Magna International Annual Report. 2009. P.46). . What this decline indicates is significant reductions in variable cost related to labor and wages concomitant with a large reduction in sales volume. Additionally, depreciation expense declined by approximately $150 million, while interest expense increased by approximately 70 million (Magna International Annual Report. 2009. P.46).
Has the firm's cost structure changed over the period noted in the annual report?
For the period covered by the Annual Report 2009, Magna costs reflected a shift away from higher variable costs in the form of labor and wages to a greater reliance on fixed costs; evidenced by cap-ex spending in
At the same time, as Google will try to diversify its presence on the market, it will run into Microsoft, an important adversary.
However, the IT market offers numerous opportunities as well, starting with the diversification and amplification of the portfolio of instruments that Google is offering to entering some of the related segments, such as some of those that have been described previously.
There are several alternative solutions to some of the problems that have been previously identified.
1. Develop new technologies
This type of solution would allow Google to enter new markets, but will also address one of the problems that has been identified as the brain drain: important executives migrating to other companies because of the need for new challenges. This type of solution is a feasible one: the company has enough financial resources to pour them into developing new technologies and into research and…
1. Penenberg, Adam L. "Why Google Is Like Wal-Mart." Wired. 21 April 2005. Retrieved on 25 February 2007.
2. Google Annual Report 2008.
Penenberg, Adam L. "? http://www.wired.com/culture/lifestyle/news/2005/04/67287 o "
Importance of the Global Mindset
I agree with the assertion made by Cohen that possessing a global mindset is a key and integral part to being successful in business, particularly if global expansion is an organizational goal or aspiration. To be successful in today's marketplace, leaders must understand that the world is no longer made up of only local/regional/national customers and competitors. It has been shaped by the digitized age we live in. Customers come from everywhere, for just about everything. Similarly, competition does too. This means to be truly successful, business leaders must know how to integrate a number of geographies, cultures, demographics, tastes, preferences, and business strategies from across the globe (Gumbel 2008). Leaders need an appreciation for diverse business relationships and more specialized skills to achieve their goals.
Universal cooperation is a daily business reality. The vast majority of this is due to technological advancement…
Beechler, S, & Baltzley, D 2008, 'Creating a Global mindset', Chief Learning Officer, 7, 6, pp. 40-45, Business Source Elite, EBSCOhost, viewed 17 May 2013.
Cohen, SL 2010, 'Effective global leadership requires a global mindset', Industrial & Commercial Training, 42, 1, pp. 3-10, Business Source Elite, EBSCOhost, viewed 17 May 2013.
Gumbel, P 2008, 'Big Mac's Local Flavor', Fortune, 157, 9, pp. 114-121, Business Source Elite, EBSCOhost, viewed 17 May 2013.
Massingham, P 2013, 'Cognitive Complexity in Global Mindsets', International Journal Of Management, 30, 2, pp. 232-248, Business Source Elite, EBSCOhost, viewed 17 May 2013.
Global warming has become an issue of major global concern. This research explores the complexities of the issues surrounding global warming and the development of models to help curb the human contributions to its continuation. This research focuses on the UAE and its initiatives to develop sustainable cities in the future.
Evolution of Cities
environmental change and Global warming
Field Work and Case Studies
The United Arab Emirates (UAE) covers an area of approximately 777 sq. km and has a population of over 5 1/2 million residents according to 2009 statistics (Department of Economic and Social Affairs Population Division. 2009). The country has the six largest oil reserves in the world and is one of the most developed economies in the Middle East. It has one of the most developed infrastructures in the Middle East as well. Global warming has become a key issue in developed nations that…
Department of Economic and Social Affairs Population Division (2009) (PDF). Expat numbers rise rapidly as UAE population touches 6m. 2009 revision. uaeinteract.com. [Accessed October 5, 2011] Available from World Wide Web: http://uaeinteract.com/docs/Expat_numbers_rise_rapidly_as_UAE_population_touches_6m/37883.htm.
Ellis, C. History of Cities and City Planning. [Accessed October 5, 2011] Available from World Wide Web: http://www.art.net/~hopkins/Don/simcity/manual/history.html
Environment and Ecology. 2011. UNESCO World Heritage. XIth World Congress of the OWHC -- Sintra 2011 Climate Change. [Accessed October 5, 2011] Available from World Wide Web: http://www.environment-ecology.com/unesco-world-heritage.html
Ewing, R., Bartholomew, K., & WInkel, S. et al. "Growing Coooler: evidence of urban development and climate change. Urban Land Insititute. [Accessed October 5, 2011] Available from World Wide Web: http://www.smartgrowth.umd.edu/pdf/GrowingCooler-Ch1Overview.pdf
Global Environmental Issues
Organisms have to deal with both abiotic and biotic factors to succeed living in a given environment. Such physical and chemical environmental conditions as salinity, light, wind, pressure and heat, constitute abiotic factors. Biotic factors include the whole set of biological conditions that a species faces including the abundance of both predator and prey, space available, food availability, inter and intra species competition (Sherbinin, Alex de et al. 1). The relationships of interdependent nature among and between the living organisms; also referred to as the biotic aspects of an ecosystem can be classed in terms of whether they are harmful or beneficial to a given species. They may also have no effect on a given organism in focus. Human-environment interaction leads to changes and shifts in the global environment via a series of associated causes. These causes change the environments in certain ways to the extent of…
Global Perspectives on LeadershipAlthough the process of globalization began in antiquity, it has greatly accelerated in recent years to the point where the marketplace is increasingly globalized and economic downturns in one country can have profoundly severe rippling effects around the world. Moreover, innovations in transportation and communications have created an environment in which products and services must appeal to a far larger audience than in the past, but many organizations are failing to respond to these changes in timely and appropriate ways. Against this backdrop, it is clear that more effective global leadership is needed by the private and public sectors. The purpose of this paper is to provide a review of the relevant literature to define and thoroughly explain global leadership and an analysis concerning the importance of competencies in the context of global leader. In addition, the paper also provides a definition and critique of the role…
ReferencesBarrett, E. (2014). Global leadership and learning through humor. International Center for Global Leadership. Retrieved from http://www.icglconferences.com/articles/global-leadership-and-learning-through-humor/ .Burt, G. & Anderson, J. (2019, March 5). Use humor to energize the global workplace. Society of Human Resource Management. Retrieved from https://www.shrm.org/resourcesand tools/legal-and-compliance/employment-law/pages/global-using-humor-to-energize-the-global-workplace.aspx.Caligiuri, P. (2006). Developing global leaders. Human Resource Management Review, 16(2), 219228.Javidan, M., Bullough, A. & Dibble, R. (2016). Mind the Gap: Gender Differences in Global Leadership Self-Efficacies. Academy of Management Perspectives, 30(1), 5973Knoll, C., & Sternad, D. (2021). Identifying global leadership potential. Journal of Management Development, 40(4), 253272.Mayo, A. J., & Nohria, N. (2005). Zeitgeist leadership. Harvard Business Review, 83(10), 45.Sager, M. (2019, February 24). Humor as an effective leadership strategy. Medium. Retrieved from https://mathias-sager.medium.com/humor-as-an-effective-leadership-strategy-8a3f4ef668dc .Tardiff, K. J. (2018). Global Citizen Leader: Successful Leaders Engaging in International Trade and Global Assignments. Fort Smith, AR: University of Arkansas. Yang, I., Horak, S. & Chi, S-C. (2020). Leader humor effectiveness The divergent dynamics of leader humor over time in East Asia and North America. Thunderbird International Business Review. Retrieved from http://facpub.stjohns.edu/horaks/prep/file/ Leader%20Humor%20Effectiveness.pdf.
One of the trends that has emerged in strategic management over the last generation is how organizations can better position themselves to deal with diversity. As globalization continues to spread its influence, many multinational corporations have to actively manage global teams in a dynamic environment. This requires that global teams overcome diversity in stride with strategic objectives. William Pieroni, chief operations officer at Marsh who is a global leader in insurance broking and risk management shared his tactics for managing global teams with students at the Yale School of Management; Marsh has 25,000 employees based in 150 countries around the world (Yale School of Management, 2015).
"As the manager of large global teams, your job is to direct, align, and motivate all these people all over the world," Pieroni said. "And you can't be ambiguous." While each office within a large, multinational corporation has its own "unique, local…
Minbaeva, D., Pedersen, T., Bjorkman, I., Fey, C., & Park, H. (2003). MNC knowledge transfer, subsidary absorptive capacity, and HRM. Journal of International Business Studies, 34(6), 581-599.
Sarkar, M., & Cavusgil, T. (2007). Trends in international business thought and literature: A review of international market entry mode research: Integration and synthesis. International Business Review, 825-847.
Tsai, W. (2001). Knowldedge Transfer in Introgranizational Networks. The Academy of Management Journal, 996-1004.
Yale School of Management. (2015, November). Marsh COO William Pieroni on Managing Global Teams. Retrieved from Yale School of Management: http://som.yale.edu/news/2015/11/marsh-coo-william-pieroni-managing-global-teams
The capital requirements together with reserve policies were overhauled with the entry of new leadership and avenues of the company. Moreover, the company had to align compensation with long-term returns. The strategies, which were laid by the company after its revival was to settle the dividends of the purchasers, and pay debts, which had been accrued in payments (Stonehouse, 2004).
Porter's Five Force
The Porter's Five Forces have a great influence of the way McDonald's Company has been operating in the market. Literally, the company has embraced all the five figures making up the Porter's Five Forces. These are the forces, which influence the market as it happened to McDonald's Company. The company faced the threat of new entrants into the market. When the company was introduced, it dealt with different products, most of which were also being produced by some other companies. As such, the company had to shift…
Ahlstrom, D., & Bruton, G.D. (2010). International management: Strategy and culture in the emerging world. Australia: Southwestern Cengage Learning.
Facella, P., & Genn, a.M. (2009). Everything I know about business I learned at McDonald's:
The seven leadership principles that drive break out success. New York: McGraw-Hill.
Gilbert, S. (2009). The story of McDonald's. Mankato, MN: Creative Education.
When businesses go international, they have to operate in a more competitive, uncertain, and risky business environment. The forces present in the Global environment bring a number of challenges for the businesses; making it more difficult for them to maintain their market share, enhance profitability, and keep the customers satisfied (Cherunilam, 2007). To compete successfully and ensure a sustainable future in the international markets, business organizations have to analyze these forces carefully and strategize accordingly. Globalization has also impacted the way countries use to recognize themselves as internationally competitive and advanced than other countries (Tellis, Stremersch, & Yin, 2003).
This paper presents a comprehensive discussion on the positive and negative impacts of Globalization and the efforts which nations and business organizations make in order to become internationally competitive and keep up pace with the Globalization. The paper starts with a brief description of different environmental forces that are…
Benetton, (2012). The Group. Retrieved on May 3rd, 2012, from
CIA, (2012). Italy: Economy Overview. Retrieved on May 3rd, 2012, from
Cherunilam, F. (2007). International business: text and cases. India: PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd.
Dconti, (2012). Effects of Globalization on Italy. Retrieved on May 3rd, 2012, from
Global Business Cultural Analysis
Synopsis of Nigerian government
Nigerian monarchy to presidential system
The evolution of Nigeria from British control to a civilian democratic government
Nigerian major commodities
The major elements and dimensions of culture in Nigeria
Model of culture
Universalism or Particularize
How is the integration of elements and dimensions that Nigerians doing business in the country?
The effects of governments on the prospects for its business around the world
How the elements and dimensions compared with the United States, culture, and business?
The role of women in the workplace
Business visitors must be dressed in an elegant and tie (for men!)
Cross-cultural business transactions between the United States and Nigeria
Thurstan Shaw and Steve Daniels, who are the founder for archaeological research proved in their research that Nigeria has been developed since 9,000…
Afolayan, T.E. (2011). Coming To America: The Social and Economic Mobility of African Immigrants in the United States. Inquiry (University of New Hampshire), 6-11. Retrieved from EBSCO host.
Alutu, O.E., & Udhawuve, M.L. (2009). Unethical Practices in Nigerian Engineering Industries: Complications for Project Management. Journal of Management in Engineering, 25(1), 40-43. Doi: 10.1061 / (ASCE) 0742-597X (2009)25:1(40)
Global Business Project Management
The objectives of a project are the expected outcomes and benefits to be received upon completion of the project. What the project is projected to achieve can either be specific, measurable or varying and materializing gradually over time. Projects are developed and executed in many settings and the type of project chosen; the time, the budget and the team size are agreed on based on the setting, the objectives of the project and the available resources among other factors. Different organizations have particular individual styles and cultures influencing the manner in which the project work is executed. This paper will look at projects, the many factors that make projects to differ, advantages and disadvantages of the functional and matrix organizations when observed from a project management perspective.
A project is understood to be a temporary endeavor that is executed by an organization, group or institution and…
Berkun, S. (2005). The Art of Project Management (Theory in Practice (O'Reilly)). Cambridge: O'Reilly Media.
Galbraith, J.R. (1971). "Matrix Organization Designs: How to combine functional and project forms." In: Business Horizons, February, 1971, 29-40.
Goodman, M., Greenwood A., Major, I. And Nokes, S. (2003). The Definitive Guide to Project Management: The Fast Track to Getting the Job Done on Time and on Budget. New Jersey: Prentice Hall.
Gottlieb, R.M. (2007). The Matrix Organization Reloaded: Adventures in Team and Project Management (Creating Corporate Cultures). Connecticut: Praeger.
Global Refugee Regime eems to Be Veering Away From Traditional Rules
As the threat of war looms large, the situation of those displaced because of violence and fights is becoming the focal point of talks amidst humanitarian groups. Many wrote about the situation in Afghanistan. The last many years have brought about quite a lot of enormous "refugee movements and humanitarian emergencies." More than 50 million people have been displaced by conflicts, war and other disasters and things may get worse.
The many organizations that offer aid to those who are forced to flee from their native lands are trying their level best to reach out and help each one of them. But nations all over seem to be hesitant to take in refugees who do not have any place else to go. What is the solution? How can humanitarian agencies cope with the increasing number of refugees? A book…
Agamben, Giorgio (1995). We refugees.(Section 2: Issuing Identity) Symposium v49, n2 (Summer):114
Appling, Cathy (1995). United Nations Involvement in Haiti from a Humanitarian Perspective. Current World Leaders 38, 4, Aug, 83-98.
Copeland, Emily (1992). Global refugee policy: an agenda for the 1990s. (Conference Reports) International Migration Review v26, n3 (Fall):992
Deng, Francis M. (1995). Dealing with the Displaced: A Challenge to the International Community. Global Governance 1, 1, winter, 45-57.
Global Organizations -- IMF
At the Bretton Woods Conference in 1944, that created the World Bank and International Monetary Fund, the Western capitalist nations sought to avoid a repetition of the events that led to the Great Depression and Second World War by establishing a stable international economic order that was not bound by the rigidity of the pre-1914 gold standard system. The interwar period of 1919-39 was one of economic and politic chaos, featuring deflationary devaluations, closed trading blocs, massive unemployment and the failure of the revived gold standard in 1925-31, which were key factors in the rise of the Nazi regime in Germany in 1933 and the fascist takeover of Japan that began in 1931. President Woodrow Wilson had been an early advocate of free trade and had warned against the nationalism and autarky in economic policies that became the norm in the 1920s and 1930s. Secretary of…
Bordo, M.D. "The Bretton Woods International Monetary System: A Historical Overview." pp. 3-108.
Boughton, J.M. 2001. Silent Revolution: The International Monetary Fund, 1979-1989. Washington, DC: International Monetary Fund.
Boughton, J.M. (2004). The IMF and the Force of History: Ten Events and Ten Ideas that Have Shaped the Institution. IMF Working Paper No. 04/75.
Kahler, M. (1990). The United States and the International Monetary Fund: Declining Influence or Declining Interest? Eds. Karns, M.P. And K.A. Mingst. The United States and Multilateral Institutions. Routledge, pp. 91-115.
It is as if the India Country Manager built the slide deck to slam the French Quality Assurance team. Saying nothing, the French Country Manager glares at the Indian Country Manager and waits until he is through talking. At the end of the Indian Country Manager's presentation the French Country Manager tells him if he indeed did accomplish Six Sigma production levels there would be no need for French Q.A. To be so rigorous. However, he adds, the Indian subsidiary is performing way below acceptable quality levels on other products. The French manager, obviously angry, rattles off a series of statistics and the near-recall of another medical device. It is getting to the point of a full-on conflict and the VP of Products yells "Stop!" And the entire room falls silent. The VP goes back to the board, this time, banging on it with his hand right on the revenue…
Francesca Auch, & Hedley Smyth. (2010). The cultural heterogeny of project firms and project teams. International Journal of Managing Projects in Business, 3(3), 443-461.
Bodla, M., & Nawaz, M.. (2010). Transformational Leadership Style and its Relationship with Satisfaction. Interdisciplinary Journal of Contemporary Research In Business, 2(1), 370-381.
Hofstede, G.. (1998). Think Locally, Act Globally: Cultural Constraints in Personnel Management. Management International Review: Special Issue 2, 38, 7-26.
Hofstede, Geert, Neuijen, Bram, Ohayv, Denise Daval, & Sanders, Geert. (1990). Measuring Organizational Cultures: A Qualitative and Quantitative Study Across Twenty Cases. Administrative Science Quarterly, 35(2), 286.
This behavio is not consideed dishonest; in fact, and Indian peson would be consideed ude if he o she did not ty to attempt to give a peson what has been equested.
Anothe vey impotant aspect of business cultue in India is the meeting etiquette. Meeting Etiquette is influenced by all sots of cultual elements descibed above, including social class. Fo example, in India, one must geet the eldest o moe senio fist, and when leaving a goup each peson must bid faewell individually. Though shaking hands is common, this is only in big cities, whee the natives ae accustomed to Westenes. Men and women, howeve, do not usually shake hands.
The next pat of the business cultue is knowing Indian names, and whee they oiginate. Accoding to one aticle, names ae based upon "eligion, social class, and egion of the county." Fo Hindus fo example, in the noth, people…
references taken from "India: Language, Culture, Customs and Etiquette." (2011). Kwintesential. Retrieved August 13, 2011, from .
List provided by Shukla, M. (2011). "Guide to India." Executive Planet: Wiki. Retrieved August 13, 2011, from < http://www.executiveplanet.com/index.php?title=India >.
Jayaganesh, M & Shanks, G. (2009). "A cultural analysis of Business Process Management governance in Indian organizations." Department of Information Systems, University of Melbourne. Retrieved August 13, 2011, from .
Jayaganesh, M & Shanks, G. (2009). "A cultural analysis of Business Process Management governance in Indian organizations." Department of Information Systems, University of Melbourne. Retrieved August 13, 2011, from . s
McKnight, D., Stokes, P., Vilmenay, J. (2003). "India - A Market Analysis: For Staples Incorporated." University of Maryland. Retrieved August 13, 2011, from < http://www.sixsmart.com/SSPapers/subindia.htm >.
This in turn will lead to a rift between civilizations, one that would encourage them to rediscover their own individual cultural identity. Therefore, the globalization of the world can mean the fragmentation of cultures and the possibility of new conflicts along civilization lines.
The theory of Samuel Huntington however has had several critics who argue that in fact the neo-liberal approach of world economics and politics will increase the financial resources of the world and thus foster the creation of a global culture based on similar moral values and norms. However, it is less likely for the neo-liberal practices to have this effect on the short-term because it is rather clear from the image of today's world that globalization has led, in a constant manner, to inequality. This consideration is rather simple and revolves around the issue of the distribution of resources. More precisely, the developed world has limited resources…
Ayres, J.M. (2004) "Framing Collective Action Against Neo-liberalism: The Case of the "Anti-Globalization" Movement." Journal of World- Systems Research.. 14 May 2008. http://jwsr.ucr.edu/archive/vol10/number1/pdf/jwsr-v10n1-ayres.pdf
Forum Barcelona. (2004) "Theme 2: Is There a Global Culture? The Globalization of Media and the Culture of Societies." Session summaries. 14 May 2008. http://www.barcelona2004.org/eng/banco_del_conocimiento/documentos/ficha.cfm?IdDoc=1676
Huntington, S.P. (1996) the Clash of Civilizations and the Remaking of World Order, New York, Simon & Schuster.
Modelski, G.(n.d.) the four dimensions of globalization. 14 May 2008 https://faculty.washington.edu/modelski/Global4.html. html
Besides the fact that flooding destroys agricultural lands leading to a disruption of food supplies to millions of people, one also has to consider the social impact on areas where there are large population groups. This can lead to forced migration and often to refugee situations, with all the related negative social implications. .
Another important aspect is the increase in serious diseases as a result of global warming. Scientists warn that an increase in temperature also means that infectious diseases could become more widespread. Infectious diseases carried by insects and rodents may also appear in new areas and regions where the population may be unprepared to deal with them. This has already been seen in cases of serious insect -- borne disease, such as Dengue fever, Malaria, West Nile virus, and Yellow Fever.
One also has or bear in mind that in order to understand the devastating effects of…
Climate change responsible for 300,000 deaths a year. Retrieved from http://www.peopleandplanet.net/doc.php?id=3574
Policies need be established that dictate how currency is used (Homaifar, 2003).
Trends in international banking suggests that within Europe while the euro may still be the standard currency used, often throughout the world and in international banks generally, much of currency is denominated in the form of dollars (Bertuch-Samuels & amlogan, 2007; Homaifar, 2003). The United States dollar has represented the gold standard among international financial institutions because the U.S. has relatively little exchange rate fluctuation, which lowers the potential risk within the international financial marketplace. To gain operational independence and affirm prices will remain stable, banks want to ensure the currency they use is issued in a country that is stable and holds prestige (Homaifar, 2003). This can easily be assessed by evaluating a country's financial systems, determining whether the banking systems are strong and offer policies and provisions for conducting business using foreign currency as well as…
Bertuch-Samuels, a. & Ramlogan, P. (2007, Mar). The Euro: Ever more global. Finance and Development, a Quarterly Magazine of the IMF. 44(1): 1. Accessed 11, May, 2007: http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/fandd/2007/03/bertuch.htm
Blount, E. (1998). Taming global market risks. ABA Banking Journal, 90(3): 38.
Homaifar, G.A. (2003). Managing global financial and foreign exchange rate risk. New York: John Wiley & Sons.
Lim. E.G. (2006), the Euro's challenge to the dollar: Different views from economists and evidence from COFER and other data, IMF Working Paper, No. 06(153). Washington: IMF.
The Growing Consensus on Global arming
In the aftermath of Hurricane Sandy, many segments of the general public have begun to concede that global climate change and its various consequences are real. Moreover, as the New Jersey coast and the streets of New York experienced flooding and damage the likes of which had never been seen this far north, it has become difficult to deny that our weather patterns are changing. Global warming contends that these changes are as a result of manmade hazards. According to the Stanford Solar Center (SSC) (2008), a "panel convened by the U.S. National Research Council, the nation's premier science policy body, in June 2006 voiced a "high level of confidence" that Earth is the hottest it has been in at least 400 years, and possibly even the last 2,000 years." (p. 1) The discussion hereafter will demonstrate that the case for the…
Blue Marble. (2012). How to Help Stop Global Warming. Bluemarble4us.com.
Bryce, E. (2012). On Our Radar. The New York Times.
Lewis, M. (2012). Scientists Find No Trend in 370 Years of Tropical Cyclone Data. Globalwarming.org.
National Geographic (NG). (2011). What Causes Global Warming? Nationalgeographic.com.
" (Johnson, 2005) the notion of ruling against the defendant in all identity theft or related cases may establish the wrong precedent for future cases. "On the other hand, if liability is too readily assessed, it will have the power to bankrupt valuable enterprises because of the often vast numbers of potential plaintiffs and consequent extensive resulting damages." (Johnson, 2005)
Internet security and identity theft is a very pervasive problem globally. In fact, most every nation with a web presence must deal with the same issue of hackers breaching server security or web browser security and stealing identities or other destructive behavior with malicious intent. The United States has a much more serious issue in this realm, however, when compared to countries within Europe, Asia, Africa, ussia, and South America. Although the threat remains global and can affect any nation at any time, the probability of identity theft in America…
Anthes, G. (2010) Security in the Cloud. Association for Computing Machinery. Communications of the ACM, 53(11), 16. Retrieved December 14, 2010, from ABI/INFORM Global. (Document ID: 2198161791).
Babcock, C. (2010) Cloud Computing Differences Between U.S. And Europe. Information Week. Retrieved from: http://www.informationweek.com/news/government/cloud-saas/showArticle.jhtml?articleID=224202598
2009. New Straits Times. Cyber security challenges. Retrieved from: http://www.lexisnexis.com.rlib.pace.edu/lnacui2api/results/docview/docview.do?docLinkInd=true&risb=21_T10848791436&format=GNBFI&sort=RELEVANCE&startDocNo=1&resultsUrlKey=29_T10848791439&cisb=22_T10848791438&treeMax=true&treeWidth=0&csi=151977&docNo=13
Campbell K., Gordon L., Loeb M., Zhou L. The economic cost of publicly announced information security breaches: empirical evidence from the stock market. Journal of Computer Security Vol.11 Number 3/2003 pgs 431-448
Global Marketing -- Country Penetration Strategies
Global marketing refers to the degree to which a business organization strategizes to operate in an international market in a competitive way. This paper focuses on the Country Penetration strategies that are formulated to ensure a potential entry and a sustainable future into a new international market (Lord & anft, 2000). The increasing trend towards Globalization has opened attractive opportunities for large-size organizations to expand their business operations in potential international markets. In order to thrive and develop their strong presence in those markets, organizations need to perform a comprehensive situational analysis and formulate marketing strategies so that they can avail the attractive opportunities and encounter the possible threats (Lord & anft, 2000).
This paper covers all those country penetration strategies that are devised by large MNCs when they target some international market as a part of their expansion or growth strategy.…
Achrol, R., S., (1991). Evolution of the Marketing Organization: New Forms for Turbulent Environments, the Journal of Marketing, American Marketing Association, Vol. 55, No. 4 (Oct., 1991), pp. 77-93
Dickson, P., & Ginter, J., (1987). Market Segmentation, Product Differentiation, and Marketing Strategy, the Journal of Marketing, American Marketing Association, Vol. 51, No. 2, pp. 1-10
Farley, J., (1964). Why Does "Brand Loyalty" Vary our Products? The Journal of Marketing, American Marketing Association, Vol. 1, No. 4, pp. 9-12
Gronroos, C., (1994). From Marketing Mix to Relationship Marketing: Towards a Paradigm Shift in Marketing, Management Decision, Vol. 32 Issue 2, pp. 4-20
The study methodology is predicated on a literature review of over two dozen previous studies, stratified across both the French and U.K.-based respondent populations. Of particular interest with regard to the methodology is the researcher's detailed work on defining variations in cultural differences, which is an area that Dr. Hofstede and the Model of Cultural Dimensions is specifically designed to take into account (Marieke, Hofstede, 2010). The study is highly qualitative in nature and uses academic databases as its primary research instrument (Gloria, Wulf, Mullen, 2013). The studies cited throughout the analysis indicate the potential to break out senior citizen segments by psychographics, an areas of emerging interest for Internet marketers. There is also a thorough analysis from numerous secondary studies of the correlation of income, gender, education and Internet usage. Demographics within the study are defined more in age-based terms when psychographic delineations create through primary research and factor…
Belal, H.M., Shirahada, K., & Kosaka, M. (2013). Value Co-Creation with Customers through recursive approach based on Japanese Omotenashi service. International Journal of Business Administration, 4(1), 28-28.
Kim-Shyan Fam, Waller, D.S., Ernest Cyril, d. R., & He, J. (2013). Advertising dislikeability in Asia. Asia Pacific Journal of Marketing and Logistics, 25(1), 144-161.
Gloria, a.M., Wulf, C., & Mullen, H. (2013). Internet marketing to 50+ generations in the UK and France. Journal of International Consumer Marketing, 25(1), 45.
Marieke, d. M., & Hofstede, G. (2010). The Hofstede model: Applications to global branding and advertising strategy and research. International Journal of Advertising, 29(1), 85.
Many of them are either uddhist or Taoist, and both of these religions teach respect very seriously. In order to understand the idea of respect amongst siblings in the way that the Chinese individuals see it, it becomes necessary to also understand some of the Taoist and uddhist traditions and beliefs. These are not always seen as being very significant, largely because many individuals in the west do not understand Taoism and/or uddhism, and therefore it gets largely ignored. However, it is also important to understand the importance of schooling and how this affects the way that the Chinese individuals think when it comes to the respect that they show to their siblings (ogdan & iklen, 1992).
Integration of the Elements by Locals
Religion and usiness in China
uddhism is the religion that is generally seen in the Chinese culture. uddhists seek an elimination of suffering. The uddha teaches that,…
Balfour, Frederik. (2006). B&Q stores: Renovating China's attitudes. BusinessWeek. Retrieved from: http://www.businessweek.com/globalbiz/content/apr2006/gb20060425_120572 . htm
Bass, Frank M. The Future of Research in Marketing: Marketing Science. Journal of Marketing Research 30, 1 (1993): 1-6.
Bogdan, R.C., & Biklen, S.K. (1992). Qualitative research for education: An introduction to theory and methods (2nd ed.). Boston: Allyn & Bacon.
Cateora, P.R., & Graham, J.L., (2002) International Marketing 11th Ed. Mc Graw-Hill
The resolution of this policy counsel meeting is the endorsement of a refinement of Australia's terror policy with respect both to the preservation of constitutional rights and in terms of approach its relationship to the United States with balance and diplomacy. Recognizing the severity the security threat but simultaneously recognizing the need to refine policies so as to diminish the tendency toward inflaming the political and ideological anger of the developing world, Australia must spend the coming decades finding ways to quell such hostility. This will mean a closer consideration of the economic, political and trade policies that often have run aground of the interests of the developing world. Likewise, it means that Australia must function as a continued partner to the U.S. But also as a voice of conscience with respect to the discretionary use of military force or diplomatic finesse.
Aly, a. (2007). Australian Muslim…
Aly, a. (2007). Australian Muslim Responses to the Discourse on Terrorism in the Australian Popular Media. Australian Journal of Social Issues, 42(1).
Australian Federal Police (AFP). (2009). Fighting Terrorism in Australia. www.afp.gov.au
BBC News. (2006). Australian Loses Terrorism Appeal. BBC News.
Brown, M. (2009). Al-Shabaab terrorists 'living in Australia.' ABC News. Online at http://www.abc.net.au/news/stories/2009/09/23/2693927.htm?section=justin
The training program will be multidisciplinary, to give our people all of the tools they need to excel, rather than merely giving them some of the tools they need to function. The fifth component will be to foster cooperation within the company. This will allow our people to share knowledge from all areas of the company with one another. Furthermore, it will provide a more enriching work environment, and allow for the free flow of workers to different parts of the company. These last two components of the plan will help us build a company full of leaders, from which we will derive sustainable competitive advantage.
An international firm's human resources policies support its business strategy. Human resources is one of the most important inputs in any knowledge-based industry, or any firm that seeks to succeed through a differentiation strategy. When human resources policies are not aligned with the strategy,…
One of the positive aspects to all this is that there are several career counseling and orientation programs available within and outside of the military. These provide valuable information on "life after the military" and how to go about reintegrating in the civilian world. Most of those who leave, especially the younger ones, can opt to go back to school and earn a college degree (for those who do not have one) or even a master's or doctorate degree.
Another viable option when it comes to thinking about a career in the military is looking for future employers or colleges that accept experience in the military or provide equivalences. This means that a soldier's military occupation specialty can be aligned with related civilian specifications. Having an equivalence in the civilian world means being able to ease out of the military and enter available civilian jobs. These post-military career actions may…
Burns, R. (2011, May 24). Gates: Defense cuts mean smaller U.S. military. The Washington Times. Retrieved June 1, 2011 from http://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2011/may/24/gates-defense-cuts-mean-smaller-us-military/
Ratnesar, R. (2011, April 11). Military spending must be part of the deficit debate. Time. Retrieved June 1, 2011 from http://www.time.com/time/nation/article/0,8599,2064468,00.html
e're going to get the whole "stating the obvious" out of the way. The company has ten retail stores, so obviously there is room to grow through geographic expansion even in a down market. e comprise an insignificant portion of the market share in this business, so to worry about fractions of percentages is almost silly. The focus of this report is going to be trying to figure out what the firm is doing wrong and how we can address those problems. The broad-based stuff is not really relevant to a small business because we're not in a position to be a national player.
According to the Bureau of Economic Analysis, GDP in Q3 of 2011 grew at 1.8%, compared with growth in Q2 of 1.3%. e don't know Q4 yet, but we did not have a stellar holiday season regardless. Because we sell general consumer products, we…
BEA.gov. (2011). Gross domestic product. Bureau of Economic Analysis. Retrieved January 16, 2012 from http://www.bea.gov/newsreleases/national/gdp/gdpnewsrelease.htm
BLS.gov. (2011). International labor comparisons. Bureau of Labor Statistics. Retrieved January 16, 2012 from http://www.bls.gov/fls/china.htm
Hoak, A. (2009). Five home trends for 2010. MarketWatch. Retrieved January 16, 2012 from http://www.marketwatch.com/story/the-five-top-trends-well-see
Homan, T. (2011). U.S. housing starts jump 9.3%, to highest in year. Bloomberg. Retrieved January 16, 2012 from http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2011-12-20/housing-starts-in-u-s-increase-to-highest-level-in-year-in-stability-sign.html
" This is the first thing that a manager must remember: he/she must leave ethnocentric thoughts behind and remember that each culture has something to offer to the equation.
This necessitates that managers must be well-educated on the culture with which they will be working. They need to know how to communicate with them, their working behaviors and their personal characteristics. This is the only way that a workforce will be productive and support an organization. When looking at a school for an MBA or what courses/training are needed after graduation, potential and current managers should be seeing what the schools offer in terms of global cultures. The days of the United States being the universal leader and everyone following are gone. Now it is imperative that management understand other cultures. In addition, these managers must look at their own ethical standards, because they will be judged on these when…
Venkat, Archana. A global manager needs global exposure. New Manager. Website retrieved January 11, 2007. http://www.thehindubusinessline.com/manager/2006/09/25/stories/2006092500031000.htm
" It caused missionaries to deal with peoples of other cultures and even Christian traditions -- including the Orthodox -- as inferior. God's mission was understood to have depended upon human efforts, and this is why we came to hold unrealistic universalistic assumptions. Christians became so optimistic that they believed to be able to correct all the ills of the world." (Vassiliadis, 2010)
Missiology has been undergoing changes in recent years and after much serious consideration Christians in the ecumenical era "are not only questioning all the above assumptions of the Enlightenment; they have also started developing a more profound theology of mission. One can count the following significant transitions:
(a) From the missio christianorum to the missio ecclesiae;
(b) the recognition later that subject of mission is not even the Church, either as an institution or through its members, but God, thus moving further from the missio ecclesiae to…
Bosch, David Jacobus (1991) Transforming Mission: Paradigm Shifts in Theology of Mission, American Society of Missiology Series; No. 16. Maryknoll, N.Y.: Orbis Books, 1991.
Gelder, Craig Van (2007) the Missional Church in Context: Helping Congregations Develop Contextual Ministry. Volume 1 of Missional Church Series. Missional Church Network Series. Wm B. Eerdmans Publishing 2007.
Guder, Darrell L. (2000) the Continuing Conversion of the Church. Grand Rapids, NI: Eerdmans, 2000.
Hesselgrave, David J> (2007) Will We Correct the Edinburgh Error? Future Mission in Historical Perspective. Southwestern Journal of Theology.Vol. 49 No. 2 Spring 2007.
Global Business Leadership
When I first registered for the global leadership class, I thought "isn't all business the same?" In the sense that I really wasn't sure what distinguished global leadership from any other type of leadership. Having never held a management position in the workplace, I was perhaps at a disadvantage to understand the nuances of the question of global business leadership. The course has broadened my understanding of leadership on a global scale.
I see leadership as the process of leading people. The latter point is specific to understanding what leadership is -- people. A manager is someone who manages resources, and directs them to tasks, but these resources are not necessarily people -- they can be capital, or equipment. Thus, a manager is someone who determines who and what will perform the different tasks that will bring the organization closer to its stated objectives. Leadership is somewhat…
Rost, J. (1998). Leadership and management. From Leading organizations: Perspectives for a new era. Sage Publications: Thousand Oaks, CA
Employee development and training is an alternate zone. In the IT business, training is not simply about recognizing training needs and giving the presupposed training, but anticipating and reckoning the necessities and advancing suitable training to equip employees so that they can handle the challenges.
Another serious challenge is the way businesses have the ability to fuse all the sub-systems in H and help them in accomplishing a definitive objective: extraordinary performance. Individuals must be groomed to get in tune with the performance culture. Making an environment that invigorates the formation of information and its sustenance all through the organization is an enormous challenge. However, investments in Human esource Information Systems (HIS) must create, maintain, and enhance a performance driven culture. The role shifts to that of a facilitator. H will include the entire organization in this process and go about as an advisor and facilitator. This is a H…
Aswathappa, A. (2009). International business. New Delhi: Tata McGraw-Hill.
Bell, M.P. (2012). Diversity in organizations. Mason, Ohio: South-Western College.
Burke, R.J. (2005). Reinventing human resource management: Challenges and new directions. London [u.a.: Routledge.
Congress, E.P., & Gonza-lez, M.J. (2013). Multicultural perspectives in social work practice with families. New York: Springer Pub. Company.
Global Corporate Governance and Social Responsibility
An in-depth analysis of all possible factors responsible for the Social efforts
Socio-Economic, Cultural, Technological and Legal Factors
Strategic ideas involved in addressing corporate social responsibility issues
The Unique Composition of Microsoft
Creating etter-Quality Products
Using Conventional and Contemporary Resources
In recent years, augmented degree of interest has been shown on the subject of "Corporate Social Responsibility," also known as "CSR." This interest has been shown, both in the international/national business and academic circles, because almost all the current studies indicate that "Corporate Social Responsibility" increases the credibility of the business in the eyes of the stakeholders, both within and outside the organization (Isabelle and David, 2002).
Another reason for the increased interest being shown in the direction of "Corporate Social Responsibility," both by international/national business and academic circles, is because of the constant emphasis by the global society towards…
Bill Gates. Business @ the Speed of Thought: Succeeding in the Digital Economy. Warner Business Books; 2001
Christine L. Smith. Corporate Social Responsibility: A Dutch Approach. International Labor Review, 2002.
Doug Dayton. Selling Microsoft: Sales Secrets from Inside the World's Most Successful Company. Adams Media Corporation. 1999.
David Thielen, Shirley Thielen. The 12 Simple Secrets of Microsoft Management: How to Think and Act Like a Microsoft Manager and Take Your Company to the Top. McGraw-Hill. 1999.
The September, 2003 supplement to the Economist, Running on One Engine contains a survey of the worlds economy, and outlines how the economic engine in America is similar to the single engine operation in a large commercial airliner. Connections are not made by the writers that an airliner operating on one engine can stay in the air for a limited amount of time, but cannot be expected to fly without problems, nor can it be expected to continue its course as if it were running on all of its multiple engines. The economists carry the metaphor to the country, and the global economy. The single engine is taxed beyond its design capacity. The overworked engine could fail, and thereby leave the airliner no other option but to plummet ground ward. In the same way, the authors say that the American economy, should it stall, could bring the entire…
Understanding this aspect is one of the keys to understanding the principle behind Flying on one Engine. The authors take great pains to describe the precarious position which the U.S. has created by becoming the sole leader in the global economy. Beginning in the 1980's the U.S. economy made larger gains as a global supplier of goods and services than did our major industrialized partners, Japan, China and Germany. According to the supplement, the momentum gained by the U.S. during the 1980's lead to increasing acceleration during the 1990's. Since 1995, domestic demand for goods and services has risen 3.7%, which is twice the rate of the rest of the modern or rich world.
The survey goes on to evaluate the economic policies of Reagan, and how these tax reductionist policies under the Bush administration are continuing to create the increased demand in the U.S., thus fueling U.S. contribution to the global economic pie. In comparison to Germany, China, and Japan, the U.S. has captured more of the global markets, and since the high amount of demand in the U.S. is also creating an import - export imbalance which is not in our favor, the authors suggest that a U.S. slow down could negatively affect the entire globe.
What the Economist supplement does not address is that the taxation policy under Reagan and both Bush's has been the source of the economic growth in the U.S. Across the globe, our major trading partners do not share our policy of reducing taxes to stimulate growth. Germany, Japan, and China all have created an interdependent relationship between business and government.
Mexican Economy: The resources that help the Mexican economy include petroleum (oil), silver, copper, gold, lead, zinc, natural gas, and timber (CIA orld Factbook). Mexico has a free market economy (into the trillions of dollars), featuring a mix of "modern and outmoded industry and agriculture," the CIA Factbook explains. Mexican leaders in recent years have expanded the country's airports, seaports, telecommunications, railroads, natural gas distributions and electrical generation, the CIA orld Factbook reports.
The per capita income for Mexico is only a third of the per capita income of the United States, and the GDP (purchasing power parity) is an estimated $1.675 trillion (based on 2011 figures). The country's "real growth rate" (as of 2011) is 3.8%. By sector, the GDP is: 3.9% from agriculture; 32.8% from industry; and 63.4% from services (including tourism), based on 2011 data. An estimated 47.77 million people are in the Mexican workforce and 13.7%…
Central Intelligence Agency. (2011). Mexico. Retrieved May 23, 2012, from https://www.cia.gov .
Flannery, Nathaniel Parish. (2011). Violence on Mexico's Northern Border Not Stopping
Wave of Investment in Country's Booming it Sector. Forbes. Retrieved May 22, 2012, from http://www.forbes.com .
They communicate the H situation to the H responsible who then acts in accordance with the information received from the division managers.
The business in which Niche Tools operates requires a lot of field work. This means that people at the base observe better and faster any problems or needs that might interfere with the company's activity. Therefore, information within the company circulates mainly from the bottom to higher levels. Top managers make their decisions based on the information received from their subordinates.
The company's top management mainly assesses the conditions of the external environment. They negotiate with suppliers, they analyze competitors in order to develop competitive advantage. Also, they analyze other components of the external environment, like the economic, demographic, geographical environment and their likely influence on the company's activity.
Top managers conduct analyses in order to identify the company's strengths and weaknesses. They identify opportunities that can be…
1. Pieniazek, a. (2007). Centralization vs. Decentralization. Retrieved March 3, 2010 from http://adamp.com/management/centralization-vs.-decentralization/ .
Division leader 1
Division leader 2
This is because there is some kind of give and take between company and customer (Relationship Marketing Program).
From further research, it has become apparent that Global Communications has become a world leader in the telecommunications industry by making use of a multi-cultural workforce, which allows the company to go every corner of the world. Therefore, stock prices and profitability are greater than before, which secures the future of the company and allows Global Communications to give employees a stable workplace.
By working as a worldwide team, the company has the ability to conquer a lot of obstructions to have an impact on the industry (Global Communication).
n this paper, it has been discussed that Global Communications had to face rising struggle with the progress of the company. The company has come to realization that the employees are what make the company in order to overcome the struggle. However, the…
In effort to grow new business, Global Communications will develop a corporate branding and internet marketing scheme. For increased profitability, the company will outsource their call centers to India and Ireland, ultimately resulting in lower operations costs. Top contributors will be enticed to remain employed at Global Communications with a new employee development program and engagement in important company decisions. Corporate branding and internet marketing are good choices for growing the business. Risks are minimal since latest online technology provides multiple security options for protecting internet users from predators. Companies such as TriCipher offer advanced security protection with voice recognition, among other products. (Wolfe, 2005). The corporate branding strategy will enable Global Communications to become a common name used in the telecommunications market worldwide" (Global Communication).
By giving the company a new market, Global Communications will need to find the small business, consumer, and international markets to produce what is needed to push it to the next level. "When a customer walks into a telecommunications business office or places a call to her telecommunications provider, it is a rare opportunity -- an opportunity not only to meet the service needs of that customer, but also to make sure that customer understands the full value of her local telecommunications network. That's why a telecommunication company has developed a relationship marketing/communication program that empowers employees to extend these rare opportunities into network success strategy sessions for the customer" (Peoples Rural Telephone develops relationship marketing program. (Communications Corner).(Peoples Rural Telephone Cooperative, McKee KY)(Column). This main change will be the turning point for the employees of the company; and better customer support by a well Relationship Marketing Program within the telecommunication company.
Swatch and the Global Watch Industry
Until the 1970s, Switzerland was the global leader in the watch industry. However, as technology advanced, digital watches were introduced and quickly began replacing the quality analog pieces that had been made for centuries, by the craftsmen of Switzerland. Digital watches were cheaper to manufacture. They also had the added value of mass production, which the handcrafted Swiss pieces simply could not produce. For the first time, the watch industry now included timepieces that anyone could afford.
Swiss watchmakers saw the development of inexpensively produced, mass production digital watches, but failed to take action. Quite rapidly, the Swiss lost valuable market share, in the industry. Their mid-level segments were quickly lost to Japanese watch manufacturers. The only market segment they could still compete in was that of high-end pieces. A decade later, understanding that mass-produced watches were here to stay, Swiss manufacturers decided to…
ole modern accountant Corporate & Global Business the paper Double Spaced Times New oman Font Size
In many ways, the role of the modern accountant in corporate and global business has substantially changed from that in previous times. The effects of globalization are ever increasing; thus, it is necessary for accountants to be cognizant of global developments more than ever. Additionally, the financial crisis of 2008 has resulted in significant regulations that have changed the way that accounting is practiced to include a greater degree of transparency for all parties involved: company representatives, stockholders, and regulators. Due to these developments, one can argue that the role of the accountant has never been more important than it is in contemporary society, especially when one considers that in addition to newer developments accountants are also charged with the primary responsibilities that they have always had.
From an extremely pragmatic standpoint, accountants are…
Guthrie, S.L. (No date). "Immanuel Kant and the categorical imperative." www.sguthrie.net. Retrieved from http://sguthrie.net/kant.htm
Nohria, N., Tsang, K., Javidan, M., Champy, J. (2009). "From regional star to global leader." Harvard Business Reader. 87 (1): 33-39
Valdmanis, T. (2008). "Senate report blasts SEC's Enron oversight." USA Today. Retrieved from http://usatoday30.usatoday.com/money/industries/banking/2002-10-06-sec_x.htm
While imported species can be controlled to a degree by Governmental regulation, unintentional imports are a different matter. Garth mentions the example of the brown tree snake that stowed away on ships and military equipment during World War II. During this time, obviously, there was not as much awareness of the invasive species problem as there is today. Basically therefore the current era is faced with a problem unintentionally created decades ago.
Another case of unintentional transport that I found particularly interesting in the article is the movement from port to port of ballast water. Ships take on water for balancing purposes. The water is transported to the destination port and discarded. The cycle is repeated from port to port. The aquatic life in this ballast water is then also transported between the ports. As a solution to this, one of the suggestions mentioned in the article is that ships…
McGrath, Susan. (2005, March). "Attack of the Alien Invaders." National Geographic
In the past few years, Myanmar has been one of the world's fastest-growing economies. This success has been the result of a new government under Aung San Suu Kyi, which has resulted in democratic reforms and a shift towards a more capitalist economy. Annual GDP growth rates in the past few years have been around 7%, which puts Myanmar in the top ten for GDP growth, but the country is still very poor, with a GDP per capita of $6300, ranked 163rd in the world. While several neighboring countries are global leaders in textiles, the industry is relatively nascent in Myanmar. Yet, clothing ranks as the #6 export earner for the country (CIA World Factbook, 2018). This paper will examine the current state of the clothing industry in Myanmar, and what this means for fashion merchandising.
The Economic Situation
When Myanmar was under military rule, even in Yangon, the…
etailers are the primary tier of buyers in the television segment of the global consumer electronics market. There are a variety of retailing channels used in this industry. The primary channel of distribution is through electronics retailers, like Best Buy, which comprises 65% of the total market value. Hyper and supermarkets, such as WalMart and Target, make up only 14.4% of the market. Sales via department stores, like Sears, only contributes 3.7% of the market's value. Although they typically don't sell televisions, music, video, books, and stationery retailers do contribute 3.1% of sales for the overall consumer electronics market. Lastly, a variety of other retailers make up 13.8% of the sales in this industry ("Global consumer," 2010) (See Figure 3).
The primary manufacturers in this market segment, like Sony, are often highly valued by retailers, as they provide branded products that retailers' buyers, the end consumers, have come…
"Global consumer electronics." (May 2010). Datamonitor. Retrieved November 30, 2010, from http://360.datamonitor.com.ezproxy.apollolibrary.com .
Gonsalves, a. (28 Jan 2010). "Samsung 3D TV mass production begins." InformationWeek. Retrieved November 30, 2010, from http://www.informationweek.com/news/personal_tech/TV_theater/showArticle.jhtml?articleID=222600258 ,
"History." (2010). Datamonitor. Retrieved November 30, 2010, from
Globalization & Leadership
Leadership itself, even within a single country or other geographical area, is complex enough but it can become all the more complex and wide-ranging when speaking of a firm or organization that spreads into a new country or series of countries. Many countries that have become part of the globalization landscape are completely different and on many levels than the West and this would include Central and South America as well as Southeast Asia. Even so, there are good and commonsense ways to expand in areas like this while not rubbing the local populace the wrong way or abandoning the core values of the home company and home country in question. While avoiding all cultural and other faux pas is impossible a lot of the time, there are indeed ways to avoid many to most of them.
One major way that leadership on a global scale…
Davis, D. (2014). The Pedagogy of Leadership and Educating a Global
Workforce. International Journal of Progressive Education, 10(2), 32-36.
Mabey, C., Kulich, C., & Lorenzi-Cioldi, F. (2012). Knowledge leadership in global scientific research. International Journal of Human Resource Management, 23(12),
Workplace discrimination can be understood as an inappropriate, unjustifiable treatment towards a person or a set of people at the workplace. Such undesirable treatment is based more often on people's race, ethnicity, age, marital status, sex or other describing characteristics (Australian Human Rights Commission, n.d). Workplace discrimination can give the impression of a repudiation of particular civil liberties, neglectful treatment, deliberate undervaluing of an employee's character or work outcomes and attainments. Workplace discrimination is not only done by the employee but by the fellow employees or peers and other superiors as well. Workplace discrimination, although often not as blatant as in previous periods, continues to proliferate across organizations and on a global level. Fittingly regarded as modern discrimination, discriminatory behavior in the present day is time and again categorized by elusive and clandestine behaviors that can edge below regulations and organizational guidelines (Marchiondo et al., 2015).
Types of Discrimination in…
global strategy, retail giant Wal-Mart has a few different factors to consider, as is evident in the Newsweek article, "Wal-Mart World." Not only does Wal-Mart have certain factors that must be taken into account when considering their global strategy, but these choices differ from country to country.
According to the article, "Wal-Mart is the No. 1 retailer in the United States, Canada and Mexico, growing rapidly in Asia, but still a minor player in Europe and South America." This can be attributed to the ways in which Wal-Mart attempts to expand into these regions. For example, when considering whether or not to move into a region and how the process shall be achieved, Wal-Mart must look at things such as the country's current economy, local labor laws, how the country's market operates, what sort of government regulations are in place, and the country's culture, to name just a few.
Ernsberger, Jr., Richard. Wal-Mart World. Newsweek. (International ed.). New York: May 20, 2002. pg. 50.
Kotler Marketing Group. Defensive Strategy in Price Wars -- Asda. Retrieved November 14, 2003. Web site: http://www.kotlermarketing.com/resources/miltonkotler/seeds/s18.html .
Wal-Mart Stores. Third Quarter Earnings Call. Retrieved November 14, 2003. Web site: http://www.walmartstores.com/wmstore/wmstores/[email protected]@@@[email protected]@@@&BV_EngineID=ccciadcjjgkgekmcfkfcfkjdgoodglg.0&pagetype=news&template=NewsArticle.jsp&categoryOID=-8298&contentOID=13385&catID=-8248&prevPage=NewsShelf.jsp&year=2003 .
global strategic alliances that exist between two companies in the computer industry. Hewlett Packard and SAP are the two companies selected for evaluations here. A brief overview of the companies will be provided. HP is a leading provider of products, technologies, solutions and services to consumers and businesses. HP offers services spanning IT infrastructure, personal computing and access devices, global services, and imaging and printing. (HP.com, 2005) William Hewlett and David Packard founded the company in 1939. The company now has 140,000 employees with capabilities in 160 countries. Today, HP conducts business in 43 currencies and 15 languages. HP essentially offered hardware components for the computer and the technology industry. Their main product lines included computers, printers, monitors and other peripheral devices for computers. "HP is #1 globally in inkjet, all-in-one and single-function printers, mono and color laser printers, large format printing, scanners, print servers, and ink and laser supplies."…
Al-Mashari, Majed. "Enterprise Resource Planning (Erp) Systems: A Research Agenda." Industrial Management + Data Systems. 103.1/2 (2003): 22-27.
BusinessWeek. "Online Extra: Q& a with Carly Fiorina." Business Week Online February 19, 2001.
Dvorak, John C. "Hp Gobbles Compaq." PC Magazine September 5, 2001.
EQUIS. "Sap and Hp Team for Midmarket Hosting Model (Manufacturing Business Technology)." Executive Quote and Information Service: EQUIS. (2005).
Exporting apparel to France would reveal a slightly similar difference. As integrant part of the European Union, France has removed numerous financial barriers in relationship to other EU member states. It has however intensified its barriers relative to product quality and sanitary standards. In terms of the direct relationship between France and the United States, this is generally a positive one, revealing mutual gains and lack of controversy. Efforts are currently being made to reduce the trade barriers between the United States and the EU as a whole (Buy USA, 2009).
A franchising entry strategy would reveal numerous benefits for Miana Fashion, such as reduced risks and shared responsibilities, but would also imply shared financial results. In France nevertheless, such a strategy would stand increased chances of success, supported by all political, economic, cultural and legal backgrounds. France is the leading franchising country of the European Union, with…
Dickson, D.M., August 13, 2009, Trade Panel Hits China's Import Barriers, Washington Times
Hugh, E., 2009, Global Manufacturing: France Outperforms while Spain Continues to Flounder, Seeking Alpha, http://seekingalpha.com/article/170859-global-manufacturing-france-outperforms-while-spain-continues-to-flounder last accessed on December 7, 2009
Pinto, J., 2009, Global Manufacturing -- The China Challenge, Automation, http://www.automation.com/resources-tools/articles-white-papers/articles-by-jim-pinto/global-manufacturing-150-the-china-challenge last accessed on December 7, 2009
2008, China Real Estate Market Faces Slump, NuWire Investor, http://www.nuwireinvestor.com/articles/looming-housing-slump-in-china-52103.aspx last accessed on November 26, 2009
But in Bali," where she went on a business trip "it was politely but pointedly noted that when you stand that way it's seen as a sign of rudeness or defiance.'" (Garfinkel, 2004)
hen do you need proactive PR planning? And when do you utilize reactive crisis management?
If only all gaffes crying out for crisis management were so small. hen launching a new product or introducing a new enterprise on the part of a company, such as Starbuck's entry into the music selling business, or as the release of a new film starring a new, up and coming star, public relations must be active and proactive in a positive fashion. However, crisis management when a major executive commits a personal or professional ethical lapse or linguistic gaffe requires damage control or reactive management. A recent such problem occurred for the real estate firm Douglas Elliman when its star employee…
Garfinkel, Perry. (July 13, 2004) "On Keeping Your Foot Safely Out of Your Mouth." Business Travel. The New York Times. Retrieved 3 November 2004 at http://travel2.nytimes.com/mem/travel/article-page.html?res=990CE2DA1E3BF930A25754C0A9629C8B63
Duenwald, Mary (October 26, 2004) "The Dorms May Be Great, but How's the Counseling?" The New York Times. Retrieved 3 November 2004 at http://www.nytimes.com/2004/10/26/health/psychology/26cons.html
Levine, Robert. (November 3, 2004) "Would You Like an Extra Shot of Music With That Macchiato?" The New York Times. Business. Retrieved 3 November 2004 at http://www.nytimes.com/2004/11/03/arts/music/03buck.html?pagewanted=all
Neuman, William. (October 10, 2004) "The Rise and Fall of a Sweet Deal: The Swift Rise and Fall Of a Star Broker." The New York Times. Real Estate. Retrieved 3 November 2004 at http://query.nytimes.com/search/article-printpage.html?oref=login&res=9D02EFDB143BF933A25753C1A9629C8B63
While the above refers to some essential aspects of company growth, there are many other areas that could be improved. The following is a summary of some of the areas that could be enhanced and adjusted to increase viability and consumer perception of the company.
Financial streamlining in the business and service area is an important aspect that has been recognized by Dell and which is in need of improvement.
Customer Service. As has been noted in many studies customer services are an area that has been singled out as not being up to standard in Dell. As one article states; "Consumer eports rates Dell's customer service below that of every other company it examined, a group that includes Apple, Sony, Gateway and Hewlett-Packard" (Smith a. And Godinez V. 2007). There are already plans by the company to launch a major customer initiative. According to reports, Dell will, "...spend…
References www.soxfirst.comAccounting problems: the tip of the iceberg. Retrieved August 2, 2007, at http://www.soxfirst.com/50226711/dells_accounting_problems_the_tip_of_the_iceberg.php
Atlas Copo facts in Brief 06. Retrieved August 3, 2007, at http://www.atlascopcoexploration.com/pdf/Facts_in_Brief_2006.pdf
Dell's Outsourcing of Call Centers to India. Retrieved August 3, 2007, at http://webdrive.service.emory.edu/users/ahutton/index.html
Heldman B. (2005) Dell beefs up workforce in India. Retrieved August 3, 2007, at http://www.networkworld.com/newsletters/asp/2005/0509out1.html?fsrc=rss-outsourcing
India's Outsourcing Problems. Retrieved August 3, 2007, at http://www.metafilter.com/56898/Indias-Outsourcing-Problems
In their October press release, the PE organization provided narrative to explain how the data breaks down as far as political party. The public is "divided" when it comes to the question of whether scientists themselves agree that human activity is the cause of global warming. Forty-four percent say scientists agree and 44% say scientists do not agree on the data regarding global warming. That data is radically different from what PE learned in July, 2006, when 59% of those polled said scientists agree on global warming and only 29% said scientists do not agree.
"A substantial majority of Democrats (79%) say there is solid evidence" that the average temperature on the planet has been rising recently, and 53% of Democrats believe the warming is caused by human activity, PE continues. But among Republicans, just 38% agree with the statement that the earth is actually warming up and only 16%…
Media Matters. (2010). Brain Freeze: Conservative media still using winter weather to attack global warming. Retrieved January 14, 2011, from http://mediamatters.org .
Pachauri, Rajendra. (2010). Statement of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change at the opening of the UNFCCC meeting, 29 November, 2010, Cancun, Mexico. Retrieved January, 2011, from http://www.ipcc.ch .
Pew Research Center for the People & the Press. (2010). Little Change in Opinions about Global
Warming. Retrieved January 14, 2011, from http://people-press.org/report/669 .
global business environment and organizations are vying with each other to obtain a share in this global business market. Innovation and intellectual property protection have become crucial for business success under these increasingly competitive market environments. The fast paced business culture and the changes that Organizations encounter require good leadership skills from the business manager. Today's managers have to be proactive and anticipatory of these change requirements. They have to possess good risk management strategy to be better prepared for unforeseen market changes. A consistent effort at process improvement and a customer centric business focus has made Quality management an integral part of every business. Project management therefore involves 'communication management', 'risk management', 'quality management'. These business concepts, when applied to the classroom environment help the students imbibe these managerial skills and result in significant improvements in their academic performance, stimulate their creative thinking, and their decision-making ability. A brief…
1) Joshua S. Gans & Scott Stern, (2002) 'Managing Ideas: Commercialization Strategies for Biotechnology', Melbourne Business School.
2) HLC, "Great Leadership Quotes," retrieved Dec 4th 2010, from, http://leadership.uoregon.edu/resources/quotes
3) Tom Burns & Sandra Sinfield, (2004), "Teaching Learning and Study Skills A guide for Teachers: How to Promote Student Self-Confidence" Sage Publications, retrieved Dec 5th 2010, from, http://www.sagepub.com/upm-data/9781_036609CHAP6.pdf
4) Q-BPM, 'PDCA cycle', retrieved Dec 4th 2010, from, http://en.q-bpm.org/mediawiki/index.php/PDCA_Cycle
All of the major Asian powers, including Japan and China, have manifested expanded growth, indicating that was what was once a global recession may now only be an American and European recession. Regardless, the policies of South Korea can prove instructive to Western powers, particularly in terms of its sustained stimulus spending.
Fuller, homas. (2009, October 25). Asian leaders focus on freer trade. he New York
imes. Retrieved October 26, 2009 at http://www.nytimes.com/2009/10/26/world/asia/26iht-asean.html?ref=business
South Korea's economy grows at fastest pace in 7 years. (2009, October 25). he New York
imes. Retrieved October 26, 2009 at http://www.nytimes.com/aponline/2009/10/25/business/AP-as-SKorea-Economy.html?ref=business
abuchi, Hiroko. Rising debt a threat to Japanese economy. he New York
imes. Retrieved October 26, 2009 at http://www.nytimes.com/2009/10/21/business/global/21yen.html?ref=global
Times. Retrieved October 26, 2009 at http://www.nytimes.com/aponline/2009/10/25/business/AP-as-SKorea-Economy.html?ref=business
Tabuchi, Hiroko. Rising debt a threat to Japanese economy. The New York
Times. Retrieved October 26, 2009 at http://www.nytimes.com/2009/10/21/business/global/21yen.html?ref=global
Censorship and Freedom of the Press
In 2009, Frank ainimarama, the self-appointed Prime Minister of Fiji said that freedom of speech causes trouble and is to blame for his country's political turmoil (AC News, 2009). This is only a small portion of controversial remarks and actions made by ainimarama surrounding the announcement made by President Iloilo stating the abrogation of Fiji's constitution, the dismissal of the judiciary, and the deferral of democratic elections until 2014 (Puppet show, 2009). Iloilo's decision, given its relationship to ainimarama's interim regime, which took power in a coup in 2006, being declared illegal by ruling of the Court of Appeals demanding that a neutral leader replace ainimarama immediately with dissolution of the existing government and elections to commence as soon as possible (Puppet show).
ainimarama expressed his grievance towards this decision by the Court and did not hesitate to ignore it as he showed up…
ABC News. (2009). Retrieved from http://abcnews.go.com/
Alley, R. (2010). Fiji Under Bainimarama. Journal of Pacific History, 45(1), 145-153. Retrieved from Academic Search Premier.
Dikotter, Frank. (1996, Winter). Culture, race, and nation: The formulation of national identity in 20th century China. International Affairs, 49(2), 592.
Evans, M. (2011). Exacerbating social cleavages: The media's role in Israel's religious-secular conflict. Middle East Journal, 65(2), 235-251.
Terrorist Groups Are Aligning to Conduct Global Terrorism.
Terrorism used to be a topic limited to only certain sectors of the world, such as the Middle East or South Africa. However, in recent years, it appears that no one is safe in any part of the world. A growing number of countries must take measures to protect citizens and visitors from the threat of terrorism. The Unites States is the latest addition to this list. It has become evident in recent years that terrorism is not a localized event any more, but has become an increasing global problem. It has also become obvious that terrorism requires a global solution as well. Evidence has been mounting that terrorist groups are beginning to connect and form alliances. This gives them greater strength and greater resources. It seems that they are finding common ground and are beginning to coordinate efforts. This will be…
Office of the Secretary Office of the Coordinator for Counterterrorism (OSOCC) U.S. Department Of State. 1994 April: Patterns Of Global Terrorism, 1993. Department of State Publication 10136. 1994. http://www.state.gov/s/ct/rls/pgtrpt/2000/2441.htm . Accessed December 2002
U.S. State Department (USSD) (1996) State-Sponsored Terrorism. 1995 Patterns of Global Terrorism. April, 1996. USIA Electronic Journal, Vol. 2, No. 1, February 1997. Retrieved at http://usinfo.state.gov/journals/itgic/0297/ijge/gj-9.htm. Accessed December, 2002.
United Stated Department of State (USDS) (1996a). Patterns of Global Terrorism: 1995. The Year in Review Office of the Coordinator for Counterterrorism. Department of State Publication. Embassy of the United States of America. Dag Hammarskjlds V g 31, SE-115 89 Stockholm. Released April 1996. Retrieved at
Fact or Fiction
Global arming is a controversial topic largely because of its sprawling prediction of worldwide catastrophe, an image which is far exaggerated from the reality of global climate change. If it were to be a more subtle phenomenon, say an increase in cloud cover, or more sunny days in February, then people would not pay any attention to the matter and would go on living their carefree lives. This is not the reality however, as science predicts massive changes to the way all of humanity will have to live due to climate change. Some may scoff at this allegation, and some may seriously change their habits in fear of the future. For the sake of comparison, I will present global warming believers, and global warming deniers and will analyze the motivations for each side to stretch its influence, whether in the political realm or…
"The Basics of Global Warming - Science of Global Warming - Environmental Defense Fund." Environmental Defense Fund - Finding the Ways That Work. Web. 25 July 2011. .
Klein, Naomi. Global Warming, Fact or Fiction. Web. 25 July 2011. .
NOAA - National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Web. 25 July 2011. .
Cross-Cultural Perspectives and Ethicacy of Outsourcing Practices at Oracle
Evaluating the Cross-Cultural Ethics and Social Responsibility
of Software Outsourcing Programs at Oracle Corporation
The low costs and extremely talented programmers available in 3rd world nations is fueling a cross-cultural ethics conflict in addition to forcing companies in this industry to become much better at Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) initiatives over time. These two aspects of the ethicacy of outsourcing software development on the one hand and the need for rigorous CSR frameworks and initiatives on the other at enterprise software provider Oracle Corporation is the basis of this analysis. Like Oracle, many merican enterprise software companies face a comparable challenge, as an increasing number of qualified programmers and engineers can be hired in 3rd world nations including India for a fraction of what it costs to hire a programmer in the U.S. Of the many aspects of this paradox, the…
As of today, Oracle operates in 160 of 171 nations globally and has development centers in 20 of them (Glover, 2005). Oracle has devised an application development strategy that allows for software to be produced continuously around the plant, ensuring 24/7 development cycles. One of the major hubs for this activity is India, which has emerged as the most productive and prolific of all outsourcing locations globally (Rucker, 2003). Oracle relies on Indian outsourcing operating specifically to support the Oracle 11i database extensions in addition to core programming teams on their Fusion applications, also-based throughout Asia and specifically in India (Glover, 2005). Oracle has invested heavily in a training and development facilities in India which has helped with the cultural transformation of the workforce and with knowledge transfer.
Despite these best efforts to make knowledge transfer more transparent, there still is a very significant difference in salaries and benefits between the Oracle headquarters personnel in Redwood City, California and those working in India. It is common to see Indian PhDs getting 40% less salary for identical work for example, and for entry-level programmers the pay differences are even more acute. There is clearly a double standard when it comes to ethical pay across the Indian and U.S. software engineering professions (Pratt, 2008).
M8D1: Global Crime and Regional Police
How can the police and law enforcement address transnational and globalization of crime given the current organizational mission and mandates of the police and law enforcement?
Include a discussion of the potential of "regionalizing" small police and law enforcement agencies.
It has been said that "transnational criminals have been one of the biggest beneficiaries of globalization…Globalization facilitates international trade but also increases the difficulty of regulating global trade…traffickers and smugglers have exploited this" as well as terrorists (Patrick 2012). Globalization has also facilitated the creation of terrorist networks connected by ideology rather than nationality. "Illicit networks are challenging to states because states are militarily and diplomatically organized to deal with other states. Governments around the world "have found it very hard to adapt to non-state or sovereignty-free actors" and perceive them s threats (Patrick 2012).
he problem with dealing with global, transnational threats it…
The phenomenon of 'citizen journalism' is a new one, spawned of new technology. Many people are keeping 'watch' on the police via photographs and videos that they take themselves. Others are even more radical and may try to engage in their own 'set ups,' such as proving how easy it is to breach security. "For individuals and groups who believe that mainstream news outlets do not accurately or fairly report the news, citizen journalism offers opportunities to present stories unmediated by professional journalists. However, citizen journalism presents real dangers both to individual organizations and people and perhaps to democracy itself. Among the skills that traditional journalistic practices require are unbiased news gathering, a separation of fact and opinion, and research skills" (Braunstein 2007). The proliferation of media channels in general makes it more difficult for law enforcement agencies to convey a coherent message to the public. Officers must maintain public trust through communicating directly with the public in an effective manner, given that trust is a cornerstone of policing.
Other, new methods of ensuring police accountability may be more crudely technical in nature. "In the past few years, more state legislatures and state supreme courts have created statutes and evidentiary rules that either mandate or strongly encourage audio or video recording of interrogations. More than half the states now have some rule on this topic. In 2010, that number is expected to grow" as will the use of in-car video systems "capable of recording an officer's activity for an entire ten-hour shift. Constant electronic recording of police activity may become the new core of police accountability" (Wallentine 2009). On one hand, many officers will find this frustrating; on the other hand it can be a way for officers to protect themselves against baseless charges of harassment. It may make evidence-gathering more difficult but also will reduce the chances of officers crossing the line and potentially getting evidence thrown out of court.
Technology has thus changed law enforcement and the perceptions of law enforcement. A final technology-related concern pertains not to perceptions of officers and the threats they pose but the threat of new types of crimes, specifically cyber-related crimes. Technology not only gives criminals enhanced ways to communicate: it also creates new forms of crime that solely take place online such as identity theft. Moreover, given that credit-reporting agencies require victims to issue an 'identity theft affidavit' and report the crime to the police to obtain restitution, the police are more involved than ever before in fighting 'virtual' threats to public safety (Newman 2004). Cyber harassment, using online venues to sell illegal goods,
I believe my background and extensive business acumen, make me an ideal candidate for admission into your PhD program. As an international student, I believe that I also possess a unique approach to healthcare that differentiates me from other applicants to the program. The combination of a strong business background, unique skillset, and a passion for health will drive my continued success in the program. I will also help facilitate the growth of other members in my cohort through my diverse background from the Middle East.
To begin, I have a very strong track record of working together with others to derive mutually beneficial results within the healthcare industry. I have experience building entirely new healthcare departments, which requires vision, foresight, and strong communication skills. Through my leadership, I have also developed healthcare infrastructure programs design to provide aid to the poor and less fortunate. Here, I was able to…