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Howard Bloom, a literary critic notes, "That is, Dickens portrays Havisham and the convict as social products who self-defeatingly embrace the ideology of the class that has unjustly destroyed their innocence and happiness" (Bloom 258). Estella is another example. She is a member of the upper class, a ward of Miss Havisham, but she is really the child of a convict and a cold, calculating woman who only manipulates Pip. She represents all that was wrong with Victorian British society and culture, and it takes Pip nearly the entire novel to see her and society for what they really are. Biddy is the exact opposite of Estella, but because she is "lower class," Pip never sees her for what she is. Indeed, she represents the best of a person, while Estella, the untouchable, represents the worst of British society and culture.
Bloom, Harold, ed. Charles Dickens Great Expectations. Philadelphia:…
Bloom, Harold, ed. Charles Dickens Great Expectations. Philadelphia: Chelsea House, 2000.
Dickens, Charles. Great Expectations. Ed. Margaret Cardwell. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press, 1993.
Newlin, George. Understanding Great Expectations a Student Casebook to Issues, Sources, and Historical Documents. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 2000.
The man was limping on towards this latter, as if he were the pirate come to life, and come down, and going back to hook himself up again. It gave me a terrible turn when I thought so; and as I saw the cattle lifting their heads to gaze after him, I wondered whether they thought so too. I looked all round for the horrible young man, and could see no signs of him. but, now I was frightened again, and ran home without stopping.
This passage sets the tone for the first, dramatic scene of Charles Dickens' Great Expectations, when the young boy Pip has his life-altering encounter with the convict Magwitch. Immediately, the reader learns that the boy, Pip lives in the country, because of the grazing cattle on the field and the overgrown nettles of the untended graveyard. The reader also learns that people rather…
Appearance vs. Reality in Great Expectations
In Great Expectations Pip is frequently affected, effected and influenced by appearances. The very nature of his life is dictated by his view of the appearance of others and his own self and outward appearances. The work itself demonstrates a major theme associated with not judging by appearance as it simultaneously demonstrates how much those very appearances actually mean to the individual characters and society in general. The tenor of the story is based around the concept of appearance making or breaking an individual while juxtaposing the dark concept of hidden faults and weaknesses that exploit all the characters, regardless of appearance. The juxtaposition of the appearance and power of wealth with the ideation that it represents all that is good and poor as all that is bad, specifically speaking of people and their appeared circumstances is a construct of social criticism…
Dickens, Charles. Great Expectations. East Rutherford, NJ, USA: Viking Penguin, 1997.
Great Expectations Dickens judges his characters not on social position or upbringing but on their treatment of one another
Character, class and social status in Great Expectations
The world in which Charles Dickens wrote was one in which class and social status was a determining factor in establishing the quality of an individual's life. Social status was an element of nineteenth century society, like the legal system, that Dickens continually exposed and criticized in his novels. Dickens allows our judgment of his characters to be determined by actions and relationship rather than by social standing or appearance. In essence, the understanding and assessment of the characters in this novel depends on separating appearance from reality. Social status is no guarantee of good character and this aspect is explored in the various relationships in Great Expectations. The final judgment of character lies rather in the evidence of their morality and compassion…
Bloom, Harold, ed. Charles Dickens's Great Expectations. Philadelphia: Chelsea House, 2000.
Born, Daniel. The Birth of Liberal Guilt in the English Novel: Charles Dickens to H.G. Wells. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 1995.
Carlisle, Janice, ed. Great Expectations: Case studies in Contemporary Criticism. Boston: Bedford Books,!996.
Glancy, Ruth. Student Companion to Charles Dickens. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1999.
imprisoned angle of human character Charles Dickens has presented in his novel Great Expectations mainly through its central and self inspired character of Pip.
Great Expectations (Dickens)
Charles Dickens is without a doubt one of the most finest and hugely admired of the British 19th century writers. To this popularity two factors mainly contributed, the first being the quality his writing. Secondly his work was widely adapted for both the stage and the screen. Additionally the writer was involved in an extremely triumphant second career as a public performer in recitals of extracts from his own writings. Great Expectations presents the world from an imprisoned angle.
ith the book being titled Great Expectations the confidence within the writer surfaces along with the standard he has set for himself. The mastermind that Charles Dickens was it in unlikely that he selected the title as part of a marketing gimmick. It is…
Dickens, Charles. Great Expectations.
hen Justice is Neither Deaf nor Blind: Crime and Punishment in Dickens' Great Expectations
Charles Dickens' Great Expectations is epic in scope, covering the rise and fall of its hero Pip through the class system of nineteenth century England with the growth and failure of a tragic romance tied into the package. The several interconnected plot lines, the wide cast of detailed and fully human characters, and the many timeless and universal themes that play integral roles throughout the story all mark this novel as one of the masterpieces of English literature, and its social commentary is important both historically and as an ongoing dialogue with modern society. One theme in particular continues to reverberate all too resoundingly in a modern context: the novel deals with crime and punishment in many ways both fundamental to the plot and incidental, and the perspective this gives on the relationship between justice…
Collins, Philip. Dickens and Crime. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1994.
Dickens, Charles. Great Expectations. 1860-1. New York: Penguin, 1965.
Hagan, John. The Poor Labyrinth: The Theme of Social Injustice in Dickens's Great Expectations. Nineteenth-Century Fiction 9(3) (1954), pp. 169-78.
Morgentaler, Goldie. Meditating on the Low: A Darwinian Reading of Great Expectations. Studies in English Literature 38($) (1998), pp. 707-21.
Farewell." (Bronte 596)
In other obvious ways, the novel divides itself from the values of recognition, suggesting that individuality is a multiple and variable potential, a power of estrangement or alteration as much as it is a power of identity. Here, fate seems to play an important part if we consider, for instance, the multiple scenes of non-recognition in the novel: Lucy goes to Belgium where she meets Graham again; he helps her at night, though she does not recognize him, and he does not recognize her; nor do they recognize each other on the many occasions when he is at the school. Recognition only takes place after he and his mother have taken her in after her collapse, and she recognizes their furniture and ornaments. Again, Paulina returns, and she and Lucy fail to recognize each other for a longtime, as do Paulina and Graham. She also comes across…
The coincidences of plot are abundant in Villette. The fact that Lucy was acquainted with a de Bassompierre in childhood, and that she just happens to meet another relative of that family (Ginevra) on her sea-crossing may appear hard to believe when considered as a whole. However, the world of early nineteenth-century Europe was smaller than today, with fewer people in the educated classes. Since there was no electronic communication, word of mouth was more important then. It is not outside the realm of possibility that Lucy would meet these two people in the manner that she did, but it is still remarkably convenient for the plot. Bronte never veers into the fantastic; merely the believably improbable. Bronte even wryly inserts into the mind of Lucy, upon the reunion with Polly, the idea that "it seems a miracle when that chance befalls" (Bronte Chapter 24). This device, especially with the excellent character development for which Bronte is famous, was more common and more credible in novels of her day than what many readers prefer today.
Bronte, Charlotte. Villette. London: Penguin, 1985.
Dickens, Charles. Great Expectations. Penguin Classics, 2002.
Storm and Great Expectations
George Herbert's poem "The Storm" showcases a variety of themes which have been long present in literature, film and other art forms for hundreds of years. This poem, by focusing on the presence of the storm, speaks to the inherent, yet unavoidable struggles of man via the journey of life. To struggle is organic; it's natural and as inescapable as a storm carved by nature. It's equally as natural to not to succumb to the storm, to rage and fight against the storm and to continue on one's path. This poem brings a range of works from art and literature to mind. Most notably, the film adaptation of "great Expectations" emerges as strongly evocative.
Great Expectations directed by Alfonso Cuaron (1998) was an adaptation of the novel by Charles Dickens. This film was able to portray the inherent and inescapable struggle of a poor boy born…
Cuaron, A. (Director). (1998). Great Expectations [Motion Picture].
Glazer, M. (1998). Great Expectations. Retrieved from Drew's Script O. Rama: http://www.script-o-rama.com/movie_scripts/g/great-expectations-script-transcript-gywneth.html
Herbert, G. (n.d.). The Storm. Retrieved from Luminarium.org: http://www.luminarium.org/sevenlit/herbert/storm.htm
With great expectations of 11 million visitors the first year and exceptional profits anticipated from concessions, entertainment, hotels and sports, the Walt Disney Company imperviously launched EuroDisney in April, 1992. Despite the fact there had been two previous attempts at mega-parks in France, each priced at $150M or more and launched in the years 1987 and 1991 that failed, Disney charged on against cultural and economic warning sights. Analyzing this case from the context of the four functions of management including planning, organizing, leading and controlling, the factors that led to the initial difficult launch period and eventual acceptance by the French is explained.
Planning at EuroDisney Takes on an Unfortunate Ethnocentric Perspective
Instead of realizing that the primary factors behind the success of other parks located in foreign nations was in large part due to managers from those nations running them, Disney executives ignore this point and plunge…
Geert Hofstede, & Robert R. McCrae. (2004). Personality and Culture Revisited: Linking Traits and Dimensions of Culture. Cross - Cultural Research, 38(1), 52-88.
reading is "Great Expectations" by Charles Dickens. This introduction to a different kind of novel is a new experience for me, because as I finished reading the novel, I felt disenchanted and unsure of the story's final chapter, and the way Dickens ended his novel. I've always been acquainted with stories that depict life full of suffering, but in the end, one can always expect that the story will end up alright, that the protagonist, the sufferer, will emerge triumphant in the end. Not so with my first novel. Not only did I feel disenchanted, I was at a loss and did not know what really happened between the characters, Estella and Pip. Did they end up being together after all? Or did they realize/decide that they are just friends?
This disenchantment led me to further discover other kinds of literary works, especially the classic ones, and true enough; I…
Expectations and Significance of Group Facilitation Learning Outcomes
Humans are notoriously difficult subjects to analyze, understand, motivate and lead, and while some group counselors appear to possess a natural ability to facilitate effective group interactions, others struggle to cope with the exigencies of a group setting. Despite the challenges that are involved, the importance of developing the requisite skills needed for effective group facilitation means that counselors must draw on the entire range of group dynamic theories and proven strategies to achieve this goal. In order to gain further insights into these areas, this paper provides a review of the relevant literature to identify relevant expectations from learning about group dynamic theories and strategies, followed by a discussed concerning various aspects of applying these concepts in real-world settings. Finally, a summary of the research and important findings are presented in the paper's conclusion.
eview and Discussion
Expectations concerning application of…
Clark, A.J. (2002). Scapegoating: Dynamics and interventions in group counseling. Journal of Counseling and Development, 80(3), 271-272.
Furr, S.R. & Barrett, B. (2000). Teaching group counseling skills: Problems and solutions.
Counselor Education and Supervision, 40(2), 94.
Zinck, K. & Littrell, J.M. (2000). Action research shows group counseling effective with at-risk adolescent girls. Professional School Counseling, 4(1), 50-52.
Expectations Change That Led evolution
Compare Contrast Expectations Change Led evolution 1917/Civil War ealities
How the ideological changes that accompanied the revolution shaped the arts/culture of ussia/USS
The social and economic systems experienced tremendous transitions occasioning to stress among the populations of ussia. The great reforms formed a cautious path to modernization and reform. Through emancipation, peasants were allowed to own pieces of land and had the personal freedom to share their pieces of land. However, these peasants were not happy with the settlement programs based on emancipation because they held the belief that they were legal owners of the land. This claim became a major source of discontent leading to the 1917 peasant revolution (Sampson & Marienhoff, 2008).
ussia experienced a turning point at the onset of 1917; the nation was prepared for revolution and indeed, they saw the first revolution, which brought rapid changes and increased social opportunities.…
Rossman, V. (2010). Russian intellectual antisemitism in the post-Communist era. Lincoln, Neb:
Sampson, R.J., & Marienhoff, I. (2008). The American economy: Analysis, issues, principles.
Boston: Houghton Mifflin
University of Pittsburgh., & American Political Science Association. (2005). United States political science documents. Pittsburgh: University Center for International Studies,
"(Fitzgerald, 2) the image of personality, the "self as process" (Bloom, 189), parallels that of reality as process. Gatsby's own character is for its most part invented, dreamed up into reality, according to a plan he had made when he was nineteen. Fitzgerald's novel is thus an extremely subjective vision of the world, in which the author has a very important voice. As in all modernist novels, reality is obliterated by the artistic and scientific constructions. Fitzgerald tells the story of the American Dream, and the blind belief in idealism. As Breitwieser explains, Fitzgerald's intention is to define the modernist tendency of disconnecting from the real and dissolving into the artistic and the relativist view, just like in the jazz piece Nick listens to at Gatsby's party: "terminating expression, dissevering the conduit that makes things really real" (Breitwieser, 370)
Barrett, Laura. "Material without Being Real: Photography and the…
Barrett, Laura. "Material without Being Real: Photography and the End of Reality in 'The Great Gatsby.'"
Studies in the Novel. Vol. 30(4) 1998, p. 540-555.
Breitwieser, Mitchell. "Jazz Fractures: F. Scott Fitzgerald and Epochal Representation." American Literary History. 3 (2000): 359-81
Bloom, Harold, ed. Gatsby. New York: Chelsea House Publishers, 1991.
New Deal and Programs to Cure the Great Depression
Back in the 1930s, the Americans experienced the worst financial crisis that has ever occurred in the United States' history. In attempts to get back from this particular disaster, the New Deal- a chain of laws and programs, meant to provide assistance to the Americans- was established by Franklin D. Roosevelt. However, an argument has always existed regarding the usefulness of the policies of the New Deal. Robert haples published his results to the prolonged Great Depression in his article "here Is the Consensus among American Economic Historians?" back in 1995. The findings of a research on Forty Propositions states: it is quite exciting to view where the division falls in this argument, given that the difference in reactions clearly exists amidst historians and economists.
In his article, "An Overview of the Great Depression," he offers an introduction to the circumstances…
Eggertsson, Gauti. "Great Expectations and the End of the Depression." American Economic Review. 98. (2008): 1476-1516.
Kirkwood, John. "The Great Depression: A Structural Analysis." Journal of Money, Credit and Banking. 4. (1972): 811-837.
Parker, Randall, ed. Economic History Association. Tuscan: 2010. s.v. "An Overview of the Great Depression." http://www.eh.net/eha/contact-us (accessed February 10, 2013).
6). Beattie, like anyone else, was a product of her times.
She is also, again like anyone else, a product of her own individual circumstances. A further interpretation of the bowl as a symbol of the feminine finds a deeper connection between the circumstances of the fictional Andrea and the real-life Ann Beattie. Though she is not especially forthcoming with personal details, there are some facts with which a correlation can be drawn.
Though (presumably) happily married for many years, Ann Beattie and her husband have no children (Frost, par. 1). Again, she has not shared the reasons for this, nor would it be a reasonable question to pose to her. It is a significant fact to note, however, given the resemblance of the bowl to the female womb. Henningfield suggests an interpretation of the bowl, especially of the husband's turning away from it and Andrea's refusal to let him…
Beattie, Ann. "Janus." The Norton Introduction to Literature. Ed. Allison Booth, J. Paul Hunter, Kelly J. Mays. New York: Norton, 2005. 280-283.
Brent, Liz. "Overview of 'Janus.'" Short Stories for Students, Vol. 9, the Gale Group, 2000.
Frost, Adam. "Beattie, Ann." Literature Online bibliography. Cambridge, 2002. ProQuest Information and Learning Company. 12 Mar. 2009. http://gateway.proquest.com/openurl-ctx_ver=Z39.88-2003&xri:pqil:res_ver=0.2&res_id=xri:lion-us&rft_id=xri:lion:ft:ref:BIO006220:0
Henningfield, Diane Andrews. "Overview of 'Janus.'" Short Stories for Students, Vol. 9, the Gale Group, 2000.
All of the information I was gaining about a topic I had not previously understood was intriguing to me, and made me excited and ready to learn more. General Psychology I and Abnormal Psychology were my two favorite classes at Bergen, and I wanted to pursue additional psychology classes.
I transferred to Fairleigh Dickinson and enrolled in General Psychology II with the expectation that I would learn even more about psychology. I did not have an expectation as far as what topics would be covered in the course, but I did expect the material to be harder and more complex; I was right. I did not expect to study the biology and physiology of the brain, and I struggled with understanding and memorizing the material. Memorizing and understanding the parts of the brain and their function, such as the thalamus, cerebellum, brain stem, etc. did not appeal to me and…
So he invented just the sort of Jay Gatsby that a seventeen-year-old boy would be likely to invent, and to this conception he was faithful to the end (Fitzgerald 104).
Nick's description of Gatsby's facade reveals that in Gatsby's attempt to acquire the essence of the American dream, he had to sacrifice himself and create a new identity. As such, an aura of sadness and loneliness lingers about Gatsby's existence as he lets go of his past and his own identity in the hope of finding happiness. In fact, on an individual level, while this represents the Modernist element of the dichotomy between illusion and reality, Gatsby's character is also doing that which Modernism as a genre seeks to do: create a disconnect with the past.
Since Jay Gatsby is not even his real name, one wonders what other elements of this man, whose real name is James Gatz, are…
Great ar for Civilisation
Fisk begins chapter 14 Anything to ipe Out a Devil… with an account of the French invasion of Algeria in 1830 and it's subsequent ramifications. The author went to great lengths to parallel the French invasion of Algeria to the British and American invasions of Iraq. Both the British invasion of Iraq during I and the American invasion in 2003 was done under the guise of liberation, the same as the French; but all three encountered the problem of not being welcomed as liberators. Fisk then began to describe a man named Mohammed Bouyali, who fought against the French and then fought against the Algerian government that replaced the French. His story was a microcosm of the story of Algeria: Bouyali helped expel the French only to be disillusioned by the native Algerian secular government which replaced the French. He went on to form a group…
Fisk, Robert. The Great War For Civilisation. New York: Knopf. 2005. Print.
Disney manages a wide variety of expectations that not only vary by demographics but also by culture by managing the desired services through rapid new service delivery coupled with a high-touch service strategy. Disney excels at expectations management by working very hard to make sure there are few adequate service moments in their parks, instead concentrating on how to set and achieve expectations across a very wide demographic and cultural customer base. In effect the managing of desired expectations (Zeithami and Bitner, 2005) is strategically defined for the long-term, supported with marketing campaigns and strategies, and launched to specific customer segments, in effect setting their expectations and then fulfilling or exceeding them.
Zeithami, V, & Bitner, M (2005). Services Marketing: Integrating Customer Focus across the Firm.…
Zeithami, V, & Bitner, M (2005). Services Marketing: Integrating Customer Focus across the Firm. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill/Irwin
In conclusion, this book shows conclusively that customers' expectations are continually increasing while the most forward-thinking companies are attempting to continually integrate social networks and social media into their marketing, selling and service platforms. Based on the assessment of Mr. reenberg and his case studies, the early adopter companies are very successful with this strategy of meeting and exceeding customer expectations.
Xu, M., & Walton, J. (2005). aining Customer Knowledge through Analytical CRM. Industrial Management + Data Systems, 105(7), 955-971.
Analytics have become the foundation of marketing in the 21st century as marketers continue to measure interactions with prospects and customers and quantify the performance of their strategies over time. The continually evolving role of the Chief Marketing Officer (CMO) has also led to increasing reliance on dashboards and balanced scorecards as a means to continually track marketing strategy performance gains goals and objectives (Kim, Suh, Hwang, 2003). The research…
Greenberg, P. (2010). The impact of CRM 2.0 on customer insight. The Journal of Business & Industrial Marketing, 25(6), 410-419.
Luck, D., & Lancaster, G. (2013). The significance of CRM to the strategies of hotel companies. Worldwide Hospitality and Tourism Themes, 5(1), 55-66.
Kim, J., Suh, E., & Hwang, H. (2003). A model for evaluating the effectiveness of CRM using the balanced scorecard. Journal of Interactive Marketing, 17(2), 5-19.
F. Scott Fitzgerald's "The Great Gatsby" is set against the backdrop of 1920's Long Island. It explores multiple themes about the human condition as experienced through the actions of the story's lead character, Jay Gatsby, and the narrator, Nick Carraway.
I have selected three such themes from the book as the basis for this paper. Each of them revolves around Fitzgerald's core assessment of class differences that existed between the have's and the have not's in the society of excess and indulgence which emerged after America's participation in World War I. The first theme I will examine relates to the promise, pursuit and subsequent failure of the American dream; specifically, the expectation that the acquisition of enough money can buy one's way into all of the right circles and hearts. The second theme is that of the superficiality of the upper classes and how their worth as…
The Great Depression
The Great Depression started in 1929 and lasted until the end of the Second World War, it was the most severe depression seen in the western world. The depression had far reaching economic, social, and political consequences. To understand the depression it is necessary to look at the event itself, underlying causes, the impacts and the way in which recovery took place.
The Great Depression may be argued as starting in August of 1929, when the countries GDP started to decline; but it is the cash of October 1929 that marks the official beginning of the crisis (obbins & Weidenbaum, 2009). The stock market crash of 1929 was a surprise for many; the previous decade had been one of growth and prosperity. On Black Tuesday 29th of October the bottom dropped out of the stock market, which resulted in panic selling loosing 40% of the paper…
Bernanke, BS, (1983), Nonmonetary Effects of the Financial Crisis in the Propagation of the Great Depression, The American Economic Review, 73(3), 257-276
Cecchetti, G, (1992). Sources of Output Fluctuations During the Interwar Period: Further Evidence on the Causes of the Great Depression, Working Paper No. 4049, National Bureau of Economic Research
Robbins, Lionel; Weidenbaum, Murray, (2009), The Great Depression, Transaction Publishers
societal expectations play a part in "The Sorrowful Woman."
The protagonist in Gail Godwin's short story "A Sorrowful Woman" demonstrates not only the ways in which people's lives can become compromised and limited by their attempts to meet the expectations of others but also the ways in which we each internalize those expectations. This is the real harm that limiting attitudes like racism and sexism have, as Godwin shows us: Not that other people try to limit what we can accomplish in our lives but that we ourselves also begin to believe that we are not good enough to be, as Dickens so eloquently summarized it, the heroes of our own lives.
The story tells about a woman who has become so used to following the societally determined and enforced rules of conduct for a wife and a mother that she is no longer capable of living in an atmosphere…
As a consequence, the personnel strategy must be elaborated and implemented based on the following relevant aspects for the organization: the project's mission, objectives, success factors, organization's strategy, and the analysis of the internal and external environment.
Basically, the process of elaborating human resources strategies is the result of a continuous analysis or diagnosis process of all the activities performed within the organization and of the directions that the organization follows.
In the case of Greater Manchester's transport investments process, this is a very important condition. The project must be closely and continuously monitored. All the activities comprised by the project must be controlled, so that they are performed in accordance with the established standards.
The main purpose of the analysis is to identify the human resources of the organization that are able to be introduced in the project and to establish a correlation with strategic decisions that affect the…
Creating a 21st Century transport system (2008). Greater Manchester Passenger Transport Authority. Retrieved October 29, 2008 at http://www.gmfuturetransport.co.uk/default.aspx.
Project management (2008). Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Retrieved October 30, 2008 at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Project_management .
Arnold, John (2007). AGMA Test Review. Association of Greater Manchester Authorities. Retrieved October 30, 2008
Belcourt, M. (1998). Managing Human Resources. Second Canadian Edition, ITP Nelson. Retrieved October 30, 2008
e learn that our way of life can change practically overnight. e learn that suffering on a massive scale can happen from just a few high-level missteps. But perhaps most importantly, we learn that the American spirit has an amazing capacity for resourcefulness and resilience -- a lesson that might comfort us in our own times of worry.
"Always Lending a Helping Hand: Sevier County Remembers the Great Depression." New Deal Network. eb. Retrieved 19 Sept 2011 from http://newdeal.feri.org/sevier/index.htm
Downing, David. The Great Depression. Chicago: Reed Educational Publishing, 2001.
Horowitz, Irving Lewis. "A Child's View of the Great Depression." Antioch Review. Fall 2009, Vol. 67, Issue 4. p 678-681.
McNeese, Tim. The Great Depression, 1929-1938. New York: Infobase Publishing, 2010.
Schultz, Stanley. The Great Depression: A Primary Source History. New York: Gareth Stevens, 2005.
"Always Lending a Helping Hand: Sevier County Remembers the Great Depression." New…
"Always Lending a Helping Hand: Sevier County Remembers the Great Depression." New Deal Network. Web. Retrieved 19 Sept 2011 from http://newdeal.feri.org/sevier/index.htm
Downing, David. The Great Depression. Chicago: Reed Educational Publishing, 2001.
Horowitz, Irving Lewis. "A Child's View of the Great Depression." Antioch Review. Fall 2009, Vol. 67, Issue 4. p 678-681.
McNeese, Tim. The Great Depression, 1929-1938. New York: Infobase Publishing, 2010.
Information Technology holds great promise for improving the way a government serves its citizens in various services it conducts to the citizens. This rapid adoption of information technology has produced substantial benefits to the citizens, tax payers, and businesses alike. It is therefore recommended for every particular government to develop digital services to streamline all its operations. One area where governments should enhance its key functions is the establishment of online tax preparation services for the citizens.
It is quite obvious that the government is actively involved in taxation, and this is where the provision of information technology makes the entire process easier and more efficient. Electronic provision of tax forms and other tax information is very beneficial to the residents and falls within the traditional scope of government's activity. This is why government must actively engage tax payers in electronic filing since it is appropriate in boosting the efficiency…
Arcot (2009) Arcot Fraud Detection and Risk Analysis for eCommerce Transactions
Solution Guide. Available http://www.arcot.com/resources/docs/Arcot_Fraud_Detection_&_Risk_Analysis_for_eCommerce_Transactions.pdf
A definition from Webopedia "Data Center Tiers" (HTML). Webopedia. 2010-02-13. Retrieved 2010-02-13.
A document from the Uptime Institute describing the different tiers (click through the download page) "Data Center Site Infrastructure Tier Standard: Topology" (PDF). Uptime Institute. 2010-02-13. Retrieved 2010-02-13.
The downward spiral of deflation, the collapse of countless banks and other financial institutions, and the unprecedented levels of unemployment all demanded that something be done.
The programs that constituted President Franklin Delano Roosevelt's New Deal were not entirely unknown in the pre-Depression world. Various European countries already possessed social welfare schemes to some extent, but in the United States this was largely new thinking. The changes wrought by the New Deal reflected as much the uniqueness of conditions during the Great Depression as they did the undercurrent of new attitudes and ideas that had gradually been taking hold among America's intellectuals.
FDR's planners acted in the context of changing values, an evolving set of institutions, shifting political and economic circumstances, and the ebb and flow of planning opportunities to create a distinctly national, American form of planning.... They were part of a wide-ranging national debate over how to create…
DUMMY CITATION #1 G.M., Blaauw, G.A., and Brooks, Jr., F.P. "Architecture of the IBM System/360," IBM Journal of Research and Development, Vol. 44, No. 1/2, IBM, January/March 2000 [Reprint of IBM Journal of Research and Development, Vol. 8, No. 2, 1964.]
DUMMY CITATION #2 Anderson, Philip, and Michael L. Tushman. "Technological Discontinuities and Dominant Designs: A Cyclical Model of Technological Change." Administrative Science Quarterly 35.4 (1990): 604fl.
Gibbons, Jim. "Gibbons Tells Congressional Committee to Abolish Arbitrary FAA Retirement Age: Nevadan Calls Current Federal Rule, 'Blatant Age Discrimination.'" Press Release, (United States Congress, Washington D.C., 12 March, 2003).
Wilkening, Robin. "The Age 60 Rule: Age Discrimination in Civil Aviation." (No Date). URL: http://aeromedical.org/Articles/age60.html.
Girl and Great Falls
All cultures, seemingly without exception, foster gender role differentiation. Codes of male vs. female behavior guide the way parents raise their children, the ways children relate to each other, and the way individuals view themselves. In many cases, sex-differentiated adult gender roles, social norms, and expectations are constructed painfully. The painful, chaotic, and even violent process by which gender role differentiation occurs is captured by both Jamaica Kincaid and Richard Ford in their respective short stories, "Girl," and "Great Falls." These short stories show how gender as a sociological phenomenon can disrupt inner peace and fracture the soul. In her terse tale "Girl," Jamaica Kincaid recounts her internalized authoritarian voices: a list of "thou shalts" and "thou shalt nots" that have, for better or worse, constructed the narrator's sense of identity. In addition to the poignant impact of the narrator's internal dialogue, "Girl" shows how one…
Ford, Richard. "Great Falls." The Norton Anthology of Short Fiction. New York: W.W. Norton, 2000. (pp. 338-349)
Kincaid, Jamaica. "Girl." The Norton Introduction to Literature. 8th Edition, 2002. (pp. 476-77).
Improving Human esource Management at Great Northern America
Because all organizations are comprised of people, there will always be human resource issues involved and the manner in which these issues are resolved can spell the difference between organizational success and failure. This was the situation facing Joe Salatino, president of Great Northern America as he sought to formulate timely and responsive solutions to his company's human resource problems in order to save his company and achieve a competitive advantage in the future. To gain some fresh insights concerning how the president of this company could approach these problems, this paper provides a review of the relevant literature to explain why employees need to understand the importance of how people form perceptions and make attributions, an evaluation of the applicability of social learning theory to the circumstances, followed by an examination of ways that the president could use social learning theory…
Bandura, A. (1986). Social foundations of thought and action: A social cognitive theory.
Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.
Demirbas, M. & Yagbasan, R. (2006, May). An evaluative study of social learning theory-based scientific attitudes on academic success, gender and socio-economical level. Kuram ve
Uygulamada Egitim Bilimleri, 6(2), 37-39.
Mercosur is the fourth largest integrated market and is the second largest in the Americas (Paolera & Taylor, 1999). NAFTA is first. In May of 2008 Argentina was also elected to the Human Rights Council.
There have also been UN peacekeeping operations in places like Cyprus, Haiti, Kosovo, and the Middle East that have used Argentine troops (Paolera & Taylor, 1999). In 1990, diplomatic relations with Argentina were restored and many countries invest in Argentina (Paolera & Taylor, 1999). The U.S. is one of them, and is the sixth largest investor (Paolera & Taylor, 1999). In the pharmaceuticals sector, the UK is one of the biggest investors (Paolera & Taylor, 1999). It is easy to see that Argentina has been through a lot but it has emerged stronger and is capable of doing a great deal for other countries as well.
Caldwell, J. & O'Driscoll, T.G. (2007). What caused…
Caldwell, J. & O'Driscoll, T.G. (2007). What caused the great depression? Social Education, 71(2), 70-74.
Hopenhayn, H.A. & Neumeyer, P.A. (2003). The Argentine great depression 1975-1990. Universidad T. di Tella. Retrieved from: www.utdt.edu/download.php?fname=_ 116465913307356800.pdf
Ohanian, L.H. & Cole, H. (2002). The great UK depression: A puzzle and possible resolution. Review of Economic Dynamics, 19-44.
Ohanian, L.H. & Cole, H. (1999). The great depression in the United States from a neoclassical perspective. Quarterly Review, Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, 2-24.
Discrepancies in Achievement: Aspirations vs. Expectations Among Students
HISTOICAL OIGINS OF DIFFEENCES
There is a large body of research that focuses on the educational and occupational aspirations and expectations of minority students as well as between male vs. female students. Expectation is defined as a concrete or realistic plan students have and may differ from aspirations, which are generally more abstract and ideological (Trusty, 2002). As Hanson (1994) describes, a student may well have a high aspiration, as evidenced in the national statistics, such as to achieve a college degree; however many students might not actually expect to earn that degree during the course of their education (Trusty, 2002).
Why the discrepancy? In the past little effort has been made to differentiate between aspirations and expectations; and example given is a study conducted in 1991 by Marjoribanks, who used the term 'aspirations' to describe his study, but actually measured student…
Fisher, T.A., & Padmawidjaja, I. "Parental influences on career development perceived by African-American and Mexican-American college students." Journal of Multicultural Counseling and Development, 27, 1999: 136-152.
Hanson, S.L. "Lost talent: Unrealized educational aspirations and expectations among U.S. youths." Sociology of Education, 67, 1994: 159-183.
Kao, G., & Tienda, M. "Educational aspirations of minority youth. American Journal of Education," 106, 1998: 349-384.
Smith-Maddox, R. "The social networks and resources of African-American eighth
92). This approach is also consistent with a qualitative study conducted by Couvier, Brandon and Prasow (2008) who emphasize the need to learn about the experiences of first-year teachers "in their own voice" (p. 261).
Background for the Study
Four high school teachers from different schools who had completed their first year of teaching were recruited to participate in the semi-structured interviews used to achieve the above-stated research purpose.
Following the review of the relevant literature above, the next step in the research project was to conduct the series of semi-structured interviews. The interviews were all recorded using a handheld recorder with mini-cassettes and transcribed using a borrowed transcription machine afterwards. All of the interviewees were consented prior to the start of the interviews. Two of the five interviews were conducted face-to-face with the interviewees at their schools after hours, and the other three were conducted telephonically, all…
Certo, J.L. (2006). Beginning teacher concerns in an accountability-based testing environment.
Journal of Research in Childhood Education, 20(4), 331-332.
Chapdelaine, R.F. & Alexitch, L.R. (2004). Social skills difficulty: Model of culture shock for international graduate students. Journal of College Student Development, 45(2), 167-168.
Chase, B. (2000, September). Helping new teachers survive the first year. NEA Today, 16(2), 2.
Patient expectations and goals
When one is unwell, there are expectations that the individual has and these vary from one patient to another bearing the peculiarity of the sickness the person suffers from. However, there is the other level that determines the differing in the goals that the patients have, and that is the duration or type of care that the patient is put under, be it long-term care, acute care or home care. All these present varying goals and expectations due to the different needs that the patients have.
Long-term care patients
Long-term care is when one needs help of another on the emotional or physical needs over a prolonged period of time. This is often given to people with the patients who need the greatest medical care needs. Due to their health condition, the expectations and goals of these patients include having a highly trained medical practitioner,…
National care Planning Council, (2013). About Long-Term Care. Retrieved September 6, 2013 from http://www.longtermcarelink.net/eldercare/long_term_care.htm
The Regents of University of California, (2013). Acute Care or Emergency. Retrieved September 6, 2013 from http://www.ucsfhealth.org/acute_care_or_emergency/
4. In one paragraphe, discuss your own attitudes toward aging and ageism.
All too often, the elderly in our society are not shown the value or care they deserve. Aging often leads to social isolation, economic insecurity, loss of a life-partner and a decline in physical capabilities. Quality of life in such instances can only be assured by a compassionate support system. An absence of such a system is a leading factor in one's vulnerability to ageism. Here, opportunities for quality of life become decidedly limited.
5. Identify and discuss health care disparities that you have read or heard about in the past 1-2 years in the news media.
Recent years have led to greater acknowledgement of terrible disparity in life quality for older adults as a function of socioeconomic differences. Financial resources are a top determinant of the way that older adults live in their final years.
Ebersole, P., Hess, P., Touhy, T.A., Jett, K., & Luggen, A.S. (2008). Toward healthy aging: Human needs and nursing response (7th ed.). St. Louis, MO: Mosby.
When a husband and wife learn that denying themselves leads their relationship and love grow. I learned that if my husband and I just start by giving up on simple things, we would be able to take more time out for ourselves. In love we have got to give up on keeping scores, only then we can build compassion and connection towards each other.
The main areas discussed in this book ask for one to change their thinking and behavior in order to work things out with their partner. The two people in the marriage bond must be the same however, with the passage of time situations change and you can't get the same attention and love which you once had.This process is natural, as along with the increase in number of years you have been with your husband there is an increase in the responsibilities as well. Since…
Cloud, H. And Townsend, J. (2006). Simple Secrets of a Great Marriage. Nashville, Tenneesse: Thomas Nelson.
In addition, because her neighborhood does not feature many other stay-at-home moms, she has joined an organization called the MOMS Club, which provides support and companionship for stay-at-home mothers. Finally, because she is aware that being a stay-at-home mother puts her in a financially dependent position, she has made sure that she controls all of the finances and has a substantial separate savings account. In fact, her husband's inability to participate in daily life means that she makes all of the major decisions in their household; she selected their home without his input, researched and purchased both of their automobiles, and plans all of their family vacations and holidays.
In the working mother's household, the division of labor is far more apparently equitable. She and her husband have comparable salaries and work comparable hours. While the mother was responsible for all activities in the domestic sphere, her husband took care…
Business -- Economics
Business Expectations and Community Involvement
Successful businesses bring many things to the communities in which they are located. Because they are successful and profitable they are often admired by most of the people that reside near them. The question at hand is whether these businesses should concentrate less on their maximization of profit and instead use some of their resources to give back to the communities. It would seem as though the answer to this would be a resounding "yes." Unfortunately, not all businesses are willing to do this.
Many businesses only have interest in how much profit they can make. They are not concerned about those around them, and they certainly do not give things back to the community. These businesses fail to realize some things. First of all, by using raw materials and resources from the community, potentially polluting the air of the community if…
Christy had some preconceived notions about Roamni people and their motivations, habits, and lifestyle. Being proactive rather than reactive is the best way to deal with different cultural practices and beliefs. Christy could educate herself regarding the cultural practices of bathing, cleanliness, eating etc. This information is available on the internet. Typically when faced with medical condition that a nurse, aide or physician is unfamiliar with it is a common practice to research it. This practice should extend to dealing with certain cultural groups one has not encountered. Obviously, she should have changed the water, sponge, and washed herself after touching the patient's lower body in clear view of the patient's relatives. Perhaps a better approach would have been to offer the patient's family the opportunity to participate in the care of the patient and perform some of these functions or to ask them how she should care for the…
Ethical caring's great contribution is to guide action long enough for natural caring to be restored and for people once again to interact with mutual and spontaneous regard" (Noddings 1998: 187).
Noddings believes that rather than ethics shaping moral behavior, our moral, spontaneous caring is what is more important and must come first. This impulse is sometimes interfered with, which is why we need ethical systems, but caring comes before the creation of ethical systems.
Statement: "All human communities are founded upon specific shared information, and the basic goal of education in a human community is acculturation - the transmission to children of the specific information shared by the adults of the group or polis" (Hirsch cited by Coppola 2011).
Comment: This reflects Hirsch's belief in the need for a common curriculum, or shared values that must be transmitted to all students to create a more homogeneous and cohesive society.…
An interview with Bill Ayers. (2006). Revolution Newspaper. Retrieved:
Coppola, Jen. (2011). The Educational theory of E.D. Hirsch. New Foundations. Retrieved:
Although there are few Americans alive today who actually lived through the Great Depression, the event exacted an enormous toll on the country's and ultimately the world's economy in unprecedented ways, and some contemporaries questioned whether recovery was ever possible. To determine the facts, this paper reviews the literature concerning the Great Depression to identify is causes, including the financial, ecological and speculative reasons for the crash of the American economy. Finally, a discussion concerning the gradual recovery that spelled the end of the Great Depression is followed by a summary of the research and important findings concerning this seminal event in American history in the conclusion.
eview and Discussion
Although precise figures remain elusive, historians estimates that at least one-quarter and perhaps even more of the American workforce was unemployed during the period following the stock market crash in October 1929 through 1932, and 9,000 banks failed…
Byas, S. (2016, December 5). The Great Depression: Why it started, continued, and ended. The New American, 32(23), 33-37.
Joseph, L. C. (2003, November-December). Legacy of the Dust Bowl. Multimedia Schools, 10(6), 36-39.
Salamon, H. & Ebrahimi, M. (2014, October). The functions of speculation in economy: An investigation on the New York Stock Exchange Crash (1929-39). Asian Social Science, 10(19), 129-133.
Tips for Contracts
The first greatest contributor to a contract dispute is that of ambiguous language, or failure to address all possible situations. The second greatest contributor to contract disputes is ambiguity in the situations that are addressed. Thus, the parties agreeing to a contract must not leave key terms undefined such as price or performance or means of exchange. They also, for their own welfare and to reduce chances of legal disputes in court, must consider as many possibilities as possible that may result.
Both potential contractual deficits are reasons why it is so important to use the clearest and simplest English possible when drafting an agreement, rather than obscure legal jargon. However, since some legal terminology is inevitable, a letter of intent that defines the clear objective of the contract, so the minutia of the language cannot be used to twist the wording of the contract to fulfill…
In fact, one of the most important functions of assessments is measuring the efficacy of any given lesson. If most students in the class perform poorly on an assessment, the nature or structure of the lesson might be to blame.
McMillan (2007) point out the need for setting goals and targets with high expectations of our students. I have found a great deal of pessimism surrounding our profession. This pessimism is unfounded. Students want to learn, because curiosity is an innate part of the human experience. Teachers should expect their students to possess an insatiable intellectual curiosity. Unfortunately, federal standards demand that teachers cannot digress too much from standard educational curricula issued by our state. We face a dichotomy in our profession between teaching for tests and teaching for intellectual stimulation. Teachers can work around the dichotomy by offering their students opportunities to expand their knowledge on their own such…
McMillan, J.H. (2007). Classroom Assessment: Principles and practice for effective standards-based instruction. 4th ed. Old Tappan, NJ: Pearson Allyn & Bacon.
This would immediately flag the loans going outside their own bank and also provide greater insights into how customers were using funds over time. Another approach is to incent auditors to find fraud and embezzlement and make it widely known in the bank that anyone finding illegal practices would receive a reward up to 20% of the error found. Auditors, who are traditionally not paid that much, would work overtime looking for fraud, hoping to earn 20% of the fraud found, thereby drastically reducing the threat. While this may appear expensive, without this strategy a bank could go for years, losing millions of dollars, if no action was taken.
In the case study, it is apparent that Greater Providence Deposit and Trust auditors were not organized or incented in their job design and rewards to actively seek out embezzlement and fraud. This is a major limitation in the design and…
Kristy Holtfreter, Kevin M. Beaver, Michael D. Reisig, & Travis C. Pratt. (2010). Low self-control and fraud offending. Journal of Financial Crime, 17(3), 295-307.
Eelco R. Van Wijk, & Timothy R. Holmes. (2007). Fraud in the Audit Department. The Internal Auditor, 64(2), 83-85,8.
Joseph T. Wells. (1998). An unholy trinity. The Internal Auditor, 55(2), 28-33.
UTSA Personal Statement
It is with great pleasure that I prepare this personal statement as part of my application to the University of Texas at San Antonio. As a recognized leader in business educational programs, UTSA represents what I like best about the possibilities of international business management: the chance to use quality and practical business applications in the growing world of global business opportunities.
I had the chance as a young person to live in two different cultures, Indonesia and Australia. Being in those countries gave me the chance to appreciate and understand more about how different people of the world see their situations. While I was very young when I lived in these locations, my family values and other travels have given me the chance to learn more about and respect the kinds of differences I feel influenced by. As such, I want to make sure that my…
The first results would be the Generic Appointment System (GAS) and the Geographic Information System (GIS), which would substantially improve the efficiency of its employees by reducing unnecessary phone repair house visits and create a more usable and comprehensive telephone network database respectively. There were, of course, issues of resistance to the new technology, most particularly by users who felt that this approach did not substantially address the political issues that often impeded productivity. According to the case study, some employees felt of GAS and GIS that "these mechanisms were inappropriate because many of the problems users had with the system were of a 'political' nature -- that is, they were related to the changes wrought by the new systems on user work-related roles, remuneration, responsibilities and conditions, the automation of certain tasks by these systems and so on." (p. 11)
Positively though, the Computer Liaison Committee (CLC) would…
Butler, T. & Fitzgerald, B. (1999). The Institutionlisation of User Participation for Systems Development in Telecom Eireann. Idea Group Publishing.
As indicated on the Universalteacher.org Web site: "Epic theatre is historical: the audience is continually reminded that epic theatre gives a report of events." Encouraging the audience to remain detached and separate from the narrative, strange things must be put in place to establish and preserve distancing. V-effekt as defined previously was Brecht's way of doing this. He provides an example of V-effekt through the situation of a child whose mother remarries, thus seeing her as a wife not just a mother. An example from "Life of Galileo is the long and profound speech by the unheroic protagonist which is then followed by the bathetic observation: "Now I must eat." (Brecht 2008, 64)
Galileo as shown through Brecht, is an anti-hero through his cowardice behavior. He fears the instruments of torture that come with bravery. He fails the role of hero through his refusal and lack of courage to prove…
Brecht, Bertolt. 2008. Life of Galileo. New York, NY: Penguin Classics.
Millman, Noah. Brecht's Galileo: Hero or Anti-Hero? The American Conservative. http://www.theamericanconservative.com/articles/anti-hero-of-science / (accessed May 6, 2013).
Moore, Andrew. Studying Bertolt Brecht. Universalteacher.org. http://www.universalteacher.org.uk/drama/brecht.htm (accessed May 6, 2013).
omen's Nature In Oliver Twist
hen assessing women's original nature and how it is manifested and displayed in Oliver Twist, it becomes clear that the three main female characters all portray a different version of how women can be perceived and render themselves. Rose, Agnes and Nancy. However, the exploration of women's nature and how it was defined in the Victorian age need not be limited to those three. It is illuminating and revealing how Dickens poses and presents the women of Oliver Twist and the reactions that tend to be elicited by those that read and review this work. On the whole, it is obvious and clear that Dickens levied a full-frontal assault against the system and regimentation that were held against women, the poor and the ruffians of society. As it pertains to women, this obviously included the concept and idea that woman that keep themselves virginal, prim…
Dickens, Charles. "The Adventures of Oliver Twist." Google Books. N.p., 1 Jan. 1986. Web. 16
Oct. 2014. .
The theme of unrequited love in The Great Gatsby
Discuss the fallibility of youth in The Great Gatsby
Discuss the primacy of socioeconomic status as it manifests in The Great Gatsby: which characters confront it with the most grace? Which with the least?
If Daisy and Jay had been members of the same socioeconomic class would they have ended up together? Why or why not? Provide textual evidence.
Nick Carraway goes to great lengths to show and tell the reader that he is a reliable narrator: discuss three concretes way he does this and how successful they are.
How does the period and place of the novel add to the sense of youth, love, promise or despair?
How does the death of Myrtle Wilson highlight a sense of something rotten underscoring the 1920s? Discuss using the novel and the historical period.
What role does Jordan Baker serve in the…
Strong leaders exhibit decisiveness, vision, and strong communication skills. They are unafraid to take risks, but do so wisely and with the willingness to take responsibility for mistakes or even failure. Faced with failure, crisis, or difficult challenges, strong leaders respond gracefully, with a determination to overcome the obstacle and continue to commit to the vision of the organization. Yet strong leaders are also flexible, open-minded, interested in soliciting feedback from members of the team and welcoming dissent and constructive criticism because those alternative views help with creative problem solving. Not all leaders are effective in one-on-one personal relationships, but all have the ability to reach out to teams, groups, organizations, and their stakeholders with a clear message. Even though strong leaders differ in their style and approach, with some responding differently to situational variables, strong leaders are ultimately willing to pass the torch and empower others with more knowledge…
Crime, Punishment & Justice in Great Expectations
Crime, Punishment and Justice in Great Expectations
In his novel Great Expectations Charles Dickens' characters often seem to be operating outside or just outside the law in gray areas where what is legally correct clash with what is morally the right thing to do. The theme of crime in Dickens' novels is used as a focal point to explore his deep concern for the pervasive array of social problems that permeated England in the nineteenth century (Ford 82-83).
Dickens frames this novel as an individual's struggle to rise above the social and political conditions of that time. Criminality, punishment, and a perverse sense of justice are some of the themes Dickens surfaces to explore this world. At several points throughout the novel convicts come into the story, Pip encounters Magwitch on the marshes in the first chapter (Dickens 2), Magwitch and Compeysen are…
Davie, Neil. "History Artfully Dodged? Crime, Prisons and the Legacy of 'Dickens's England'." Dickens Quarterly, Vol. 28, Issue 28, December 2011: 261-272. EBSOC Web. 6 December 2012.
Dickens, Charles. Great Expectations. Janice Carlisle (Ed.) New York: Bedford Books of St. Martin's Press, 1996. Print.
Ford, George H. Dickens & His Readers. New York: W.W. Norton & Company Inc., 1965. Print.
Lucas, John. The Melancholy Man: A Study of Dickens's Novels. London, UK: Methuen & Co. LTD., 1970. Print.
The subject of films is a matter of dreams for many persons though the attraction has come down after the new medium of video has come in. Yet, for some it is still the medium to dream in.
To get into the concept of formalist film theory, one has to talk about the film in terms of the formal or technical elements within the film. These are in terms of its lighting, sound and set design, scoring, color usage, composition of shots and editing. This is the most prevalent method of studying films today. Thus when the theory is considered, it will take into account the synthesis or lack of synthesis of the different elements of film production and the total effects that are produced by the individual elements of the film. One of the common examples of this is to consider the effects of editing and when a…
Baker, Elizabeth. 2003. Hitchcock. Retrieved from http://www.sprocketguild.org/pdf/essay-hitchcock.pdf Accessed 14 August, 2005
Film Reviews: Great Expectations. Retrieved from http://www.timeout.com/film/70513.html Accessed 14 August, 2005
Formalist film theory. Retrieved from http://www.absoluteastronomy.com/encyclopedia/F/Fo/Formalist_film_theory.htm Accessed 14 August, 2005
Spotlight of the Month: The Night of the Hunter. Retrieved from http://www.turnerclassicmovies.com/ThisMonth/Article/0,,99305%7C911%7C29975,00.html Accessed 14 August, 2005
Microsoft's future development plans for ensuring a high level of usability of their applications also includes putting the familiar Microsoft Office applications interface onto the more complex Enterprise esource Planning (EP) and Customer elationship Management (CM). These are all strategies Microsoft has undertaken based on their research of customers' expectations to bring their previously more difficult-to-use applications more in alignment with what customers' expectations dictate. For Microsoft, the managing of expectations from purely a usability and functionality standpoint can mean the difference of holding onto their long-standing customers or not. esearch expectations are essential for Microsoft to continually bring value to their loyal customer base. Without this research Microsoft would not be able to align their product strategies to the evolving needs and expectations of their customers.
Yu, L (2005). The Great Expectations Effect. MIT Sloan Management eview, 47(1), 5. etrieved March 12, 2008, from ABI/INFOM Global database. (Document…
Yu, L (2005). The Great Expectations Effect. MIT Sloan Management Review, 47(1), 5. Retrieved March 12, 2008, from ABI/INFORM Global database. (Document ID: 924480251).
Turner, P & Krizek, R. (2006). A Meaning-Centered Approach to Customer Satisfaction. Management Communication Quarterly: McQ, 20(2), 115-147. Retrieved March 11, 2008, from ABI/INFORM Global database. (Document ID: 1148834491).
In 1996 Westinghouse/CS bought Infinity radio broadcasting and outdoor advertising group for $4.7 billion, a deal that was largely the result of the Telecommunications Act of 1996. The Telecommunications Act heavily deregulated the media industry and allowed a company to significantly increase the amount radio stations it could own. In 1997, Viacom dealt its educational, professional and reference publishing businesses to Pearson for $4.6 billion, and retains Simon & Schuster. In 1999, CS bought King World Productions, the leading television program syndicator at that time, for $2.5 billion. On September 7, 1999, Viacom and CS announced their merger, a $50 billion deal. This was the largest media merger of that era, which came one-month after the FCC approved duopolies. Under this merger, the new Viacom had 33 television stations, eclipsing the FCC's 35% ownership cap. This cap was based on the amount of stations one company owns that reach 35%…
America Online. (2005). AOL.com. Retrieved October 2, 2005 at http://www.corp.aol.com/ .
Bloomberg News. (2005). Viacom Explains Slip into Units. Retrieved October 4, 2005 at http://www.nytimes.com/2005/01/06/business/media/06viacom.html .
Columbia Journalism Review. (2005). Viacom Corporate Timeline. Retrieved October 1, 2005 at http://www.cjr.org/tools/owners/viacom-timeline.asp .
Goldsmith, J. (2005). Viacom Looks to the Future. Retrieved October 4, 2005 at http://www.variety.com/article/ur1117929452?cs=1&5=h&p=0 .
However, with the same aforementioned idea in mind, in Vitro Fertilization technology also has it's benefits. Being able to remove all disease from human kind would be an unimaginable thing to do. ith in Vitro Fertilization technology the possibilities are endless (Russell 2010). A new generation could be produced where life-debilitating illnesses would be free from them. They would not have to worry about passing certain genetic diseases on because they would be completely erased from their DNA. It makes the possibilities of medicine and health care seem endless.
The ethical issues involved in Vitro Fertilization lay hand in hand with the ethical dilemmas that Shelley was attempting to address in "Frankenstein." The very idea of creating an individual without fully knowing the consequences may not be the best way to go. It carries with it consequences that will affect an entire society, the parties involved, and most importantly, the…
Klitzman, Robert. "Who Made Me?' The Ethical Issues That in Vitro Fertilization Families Face." The Huffington Post. 16 Nov 2010. Web. 22 Mar 2012.
Russell, Cristine. "Four Million Test-Tube Babies and Counting." The Atlantic. 7 Oct 2010. Web. 22 Mar 2012.
Sandel, Michael J. "The Case Against Perfection." The Atlantic. Apr 2004. Web. 22 Mar 2012.
right of employers to engage in electronic surveillance of their employees remains an area of intense legal dispute. However, overall the courts have been expanding, rather than limiting the rights of employers to use new technology to monitor worker behavior. Workers cannot assume that they have an expectation of privacy in the public environment of the workplace. "New technologies make it possible for employers to monitor many aspects of their employees' jobs, especially on telephones, computer terminals, through electronic and voice mail, and when employees are using the Internet. Such monitoring is virtually unregulated" (Fact sheet, 2011, Privacy ights).
Because employers own workplace computers and phones, they have a right to monitor employee's use of these devices. The one exception to this rule was in a New Jersey Supreme Court case where attorney-client privilege prevented an employer from reading the communications sent by an employee to her counsel on a…
Fact sheet 7: Workplace privacy and employee monitoring. (2011, April). Privacy Rights.
Retrieved April 29, 2011 at http://www.privacyrights.org/fs/fs7-work.htm#computermonitoring
Introduction: Privacy in the workplace. (2011). Cyberlaw. Harvard University.
Retrieved April 29, 2011 at http://cyber.law.harvard.edu/privacy/Module3_Intronew.html
Compare and contrast prior impressions of teaching with the reality of your experiences in the classroom.
The moment teachers fresh out of college to get into the class environment, what they might have expected and what they encounter in the class can often be different (Melnick & Meister, 2008). The education profession is often a more complex profession than what many anticipate. Individuals who choose teaching as a profession should review why they did so in the first place if they are to overcome what awaits them. When new teachers enter the classroom, they are usually shocked by the challenges that come with being a teacher in the real world. At times, the reality is much more different than what the teacher anticipated. Beginning teachers often describe their first year in the classroom as a year of survival. Different studies have also backed this argument, labeling the first year…
Bluestein, J. (2004). Great Expectations: Good News for Beginning Teachers. Retrieved from Education Oasis: http://www.educationoasis.com/instruction/bt/great_expectations.htm
Carter, V., Orr, B., McGriff, M., Thompson, C., & Sonawane, S. (2014). Critical Incidents in Classroom Management During Student Teaching Internships and Their Effects on the Teaching Profession: Perceptions of Student Teachers in India and the United States. U.S.-China Education Review, 4(4), 209-228.
Cochran-Smith, M., & Lytle, S. (Eds.). (2009). Inquiry as Stance: Practitioner Research for the Next Generation. New York: Teachers College Press.
Cole, A. L., & Knowles, J. G. (1993). Shattered Images: Understanding Expectations And Realities. Teachrng & Teacher Educarion, 9(5), 457471.
In very day life, it is a common occurrence to attend various special meetings to celebrate a given occasion. These meetings can also be for education purposes, promotions or commemorations. The occurrence of such special meetings constitutes an event. Therefore, to make this event happen, a long process of planning and preparing for the event takes place. Thus, this process of applying the skills and structures of project management to create and develop a festival, celebration, conference or social gathering is what makes event management (eid & Bojanic, 2010). Event management is significantly involving for the people who are organizing the event as they have several factors to ensure are in place for the event. Currently, there are several events; world events all over the world such as the Olympics and the world-cup games, which involve not only a portion of the bodies involved, but also the whole country…
Allen, J. (2009). Event planning: The ultimate guide to successful meetings, corporate events, fund-raising galas, conferences, conventions, incentives and other special events.
Ont: J. Wiley & Sons Canada.
Anholt, S. (2009). Places: Identity, image and reputation. Houndmills, Basingstoke: Palgrave
In order to understand the structural change and implementation of hybrid organizations in public administration it is necessary to gain a comprehension of what defines hybrid organizations as opposed to public and private organizations. Differences between these three types of organizations exist in managerial approaches to goals and rules, and they also vary in regards to effectiveness with achieving distinct aims and objectives (Lan and ainey, 1992). The extent to which these types of organizations are similar or differ illuminate organizational and managerial approaches that may function well for certain approaches but not for others.
A study conducted by Lan & ainey (1992) explored private, public, and hybrid organizations in order to assess and explore differences in regards to goals, rules, and effectiveness. The researchers sought to demonstrate specific factors involved in common assertions held with regard to private and public organizations by utilizing hybrid organizations as a…
Anheier, H.K. (2011). Governance and leadership in hybrid organizations: comparative and interdisciplinary perspectives. Centre for Social Investment (Draft for International Symposium at Heidelberg University, December 2011).
Battilana, J., Dorado, S. (2010). Building sustainable hybrid organizations: the case of commercial microfinance organizations. Academy of Management Journal, 53(6), 1419-40.
Boland Jr., R.J., Sharma, A.K., Afonso, P.S. (2008). Designing management control in hybrid organizations: the role of path creation and morphogenesis. Accounting, Organizations, and Society, 33, 899-914.
Evers, A. (2004). Mixed welfare systems and hybrid organisations -- changes in the governance and provision of social services. Sixth International Conference of the International Society for Third-Sector Research, 11-14 July, 2004.
Male & Female Roles in Modern American Society
Being a Man
From time immemorial, the society has placed unnecessary pressure on men. There has been a great expectation on masculinity when compared to feminism. hereas there have been several advocacies for gender inequality, such has always been skewed towards the rights of women in the society. This has largely been successful in emphasizing the equal rights of women to men. However, the society has ignored the struggle for equal rights of men. Statements such as "be a man" are often used in society in reference to men. Such phrases imply that men have other physical, emotional and psychological abilities that women lack. The frequent use of such phrases in society serves to put men under pressure to behave and act in a certain way.
The use of such phrases in society against men has served to increase insensitivity and lack…
Psychological Association of America. "Men and Women: No Big Difference." American Psychological Association. APA, 20 Oct. 2005. Web. 07 Apr. 2017
Theroux, Paul. Being a Man. In Sunrise with Seamonsters. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 1986
It also assists these individuals to better understand themselves and nature and improves their understanding of their place in the world around them and their senses. For people who pursue some of the more challenging outdoor recreation activities, they have many opportunities for development of self-image and self-confidence, cooperation and trust, and physical fitness. These benefits frequently are only gained through sporting and other leisure time activities in a natural environment.
Up until now, however, the emphasis has not been on recreational facilities for this older population. In a study conducted for the YMCA (Blanding, 1994) as part of the Comprehensive Leisure and Aging Study of the University of Northern Colorado and National etired Persons Association, directors of senior centers and programs were asked to say whether or not they provided any of a select group of outdoor recreation activities. As noted by the following chart, very few senior centers…
Adtkins, D. (1994) the Leisure of the Aging: We've Only Just Begun
Illinois Parks & Recreation. Retrieved February 22, 2008 http://www.lib.niu.edu/ipo/1994/ip941128.html
Blanding, C. (1994) the changing face of outdoor enthusiasts - senior citizens. Parks & Recreation. Retrieved February 22, 2008. http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m1145/is_n8_v29/ai_15769902/pg_1
Cauchon, D. (May 21, 2007) Generation Gap? About $200,000, USA Today, May 21, 2007, p. 1A..