Use our essay title generator to get ideas and recommendations instantly
Ones a site has been detected or surveyed to contain such carcinogens, proper protection should be availed to the brigade before they are allowed to access the site.
Neorutoxic chemicals can cause damage (reversible or irreversible) to the central nervous system (the brain and the spinal cord) or the peripheral nervous system (the nerves responsible for movement and sensation in the arms, hands, legs, and feet). This can be a setback in the fire service if the brigade is not protected from exposure or contamination to these materials.
adioactive materials may emit alpha or beta particles or gamma rays. These agents can affect the cells of the body in various ways, but each is capable of destroying cells. In an emergency situation, one may know only that a material is radioactive without knowing which type of radiation is being emitted. The brigade should minimize their experience…
Chris K, (2009). Laboratory Close-Out Procedures and Transportation of Hazardous
Materials. Retrieved on March 30, 2010 from www.ehs.indiana.edu/lab_closeout_chem_transport.shtml
Green & Turk (1978). Safety in working with chemicals. New York, NY: MacMillan.
NFPA, (1975). Fire protection guide on hazardous materials. Boston, MA: National Fire
1984 when a toluene storage tank at a bulk petroleum storage facility exploded while firefighters were trying to get to an low-skill worker that was trapped inside said tank. The author of this report will assess the factors involved, what could be done to prevent a recurrence of such an incident, what changes should be made for the same reasons, the regulations or standards involved and so forth. The overall idea behind what the storage facility was trying to do made at least some sense but the execution of adding the portal as well as the way in which the extrication was attempted was shoddy to say the least. Neither of the two people had to die but it happened for two distinct reasons and both pertain to gross negligence on the part of the parties involved.
The sheer stupidity and negligence that happened in this case was abysmally…
CDC. (2015, March 27). FACE 85-05: Confined Space Incident Kills Two Workers-
Company Employee and Rescuing Fireman. Retrieved March 27, 2015, from http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/fire/reports/face8505.html
Medscape. (2015, March 27). Toluene Toxicity. Retrieved March 27, 2015, from http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/818939-overview
OSHA. (2015, March 27). Toluene Safety in the Workplace. Retrieved March 27, 2015,
Interactions of Hazardous Materials
Chemistry of the process
MCMT, methylcyclopentadienyl manganese tricarbonyl, was manufactured in a three-step process by T2 Laboratories, Inc. The first step of the chemical reaction necessitated the use of heating to activate or initiate the reaction. All three of the steps that followed were heat producing (exothermic) and in turn required some form of cooling. The first step (known as metalation), involves molten metallic sodium being reacted together with methylcyclopentadiene (MCPD) using diglyme (diethylene glycol dimethyl ether) as a catalyst in order to produce two MCPD molecules; these then reacted with sodium. The T2 firm released the hydrogen gas by-product produced by this reaction into the atmosphere.
The second step, referred to as substitution, involved the addition of dry manganese chloride powder to the reactor by the T2 firm employees. The manganese chloride then reacts with sodium MCPD within the reactor, resulting in the formation of…
Levin, D. (2014). Managing Hazards for Scale Up of Chemical Manufacturing Processes. ACS Symposium Series (pp. 3-71). California: American Chemical Society.
U.S. Chemical Safety and Hazard Investigation Board. (2009). investigation report T2 laboratories, inc. runaway reaction. Jacksonville: U.S. Chemical Safety and Hazard Investigation Board.
Wikipedia. (2015, july 3). Thermal runaway. Retrieved from Wikipedia: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thermal_runaway
Increased tear production, inflammation, accumulation of blood, clouding of the cornea, burns.
Unlikely, due to gaseous state: frost-bite of the lips, mouth, and throat possible.
Upper airway irritation, cough, choking, shortness of breath, breathing difficulty, vomiting, narrowing of major airways, fluid in lungs, lung lesions, upper airway closure resulting in death, cardiovascular collapse due to low oxygen.
Irritation, ulceration, first, second, and third degree burns, frost-bite.
Chemical Name: Acetylene
Acetylen, Ethine, Ethyne, Narcylene
DOT Hazard Class:
In pure form, gas is odorless; commercial form, odor is garlic-like.
119°F, -84° C
Vapor:.906 (air=1), Liquid: N/A
0.00117 g/ml @ 0° C
Flammable Limits (% by volume)
Lower: 2.5, Upper: 100
Solubility in Water:…
Most state and federal regulations related to the transportation of hazardous materials were first established in 1975 with the Hazardous Materials Transportation Act. The Act broadly defines hazardous materials as anything that “may pose an unreasonable risk to health and safety or property,” (OSHA, 2017). In practice, hazardous materials generally include explosives, hazardous waste, gasses, radioactive material, flammable or combustible materials, and harmful chemicals. However, each state would have its own regulations, which sometimes conflicted with neighboring states or federal regulations. Further complicating the issues related to safe transport of hazardous materials was the fact that a large number of federal, state, and local agencies would have different jurisdictions and subject to different regulations or laws, such as the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA), Federal Railway Administration (FRA), Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration (PHMSA), and the United States Coast Guard (USCG) (Federal Motor Carrier…
In the modern developed world, chemicals play an important role in our lives. They are part of our food, the way we commute, how we live, and how we clean. There are a number of household chemicals, though, that are hazardous or toxic. These chemicals, if used improperly, can affect our health, and are particularly dangerous to those who already have compromised immune systems, the very old or very young. In our homes, there are dozens and dozens of potentially hazardous substance: detergents, furniture polish, pains, cleaning products, art supplies, and more. Cleaners contain such toxins as ammonia, sulfuric and phosphoric acids, lye, chlorine, formaldehyde, and phenol. Even air fresheners contain toxins that, if ingested, can cause considerable harm. These toxins can also build up in one's system over time and cause genetic damage. There are varieties of health effects from these homes-based hazardous chemicals; including allergic reactions,…
Toxic Chemicals in Your Home. (2010). Children's Environmental Health Network. Retrieved from: http://www.cehn.org/education/toxic_products
Hammett, T. (1996). Hazardous Household Products. Water Quality and Waste Management.
Retrieved from: https://www.bae.ncsu.edu/programs/extension/publicat / wqwm/he368_1.html
Manahan, S.E. (1989). Interactions of Hazardous-Waste Chemicals. Advances in Chemistry.
In Florida, responsibility is held by the Bureau of Solid & Hazardous Waste, which falls under the auspices of the Department of Environmental Protection. Moreover, the state sets some of the environmental definitions - a key one to CBI is the state of Florida's stringent definition of petroleum contact water.
Among the key points of the regulations is that used oil must be tested to determine the hazard that it poses, before disposal is commenced. CBI tests used oil both at the customer site and then when it arrives at the Miami facility.
The county and city governments also have their own environmental regulations, and Cliff Berry must adhere to those as well. There are specific statutes with regards to the Miami iver and air pollution in both the city and Miami-Dade county.
Plans for the Future
Cliff Berry Inc. has undertaken significant expansion in the past few years. They…
No author (2008). Dissolved Air Flotation Design and Application. Envirowise. Retrieved May 20, 2008 at http://www.envirowise.gov.uk/page.aspx?o=166728#n2
No author (2008) Laws & Regulations. Environmental Protection Agency. Retrieved May 20, 2008 at http://www.epa.gov/epaoswer/osw/laws-reg.htm
No author (2008) Hazardous Waste. Environmental Protection Agency. Retrieved May 20, 2008 at http://www.epa.gov/osw/hazwaste.htm
No author (2004) Hazardous Incinerators? Waste Treatment Facilities Linked to Health Problems. Science News. Retrieved May 20, 2008 at http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m1200/is_n21_v143/ai_13797900
TESOL: Materials and Course Design
A situation analysis, giving all details availale efore the course egins:
New comers of the TESOL school scheme will e assessed for their English language proficiency y the teachers assigned y TESOL (Teaching of English to speakers of other languages). Programming system will e run under this teacher - memer of TESOL (Dorr, 2006).
This TOSEL teacher is assigned to assist and teach student in estalishing sound understanding of English language, coping with the required skills and academic strategies to assist the process of gaining firm proficiency in English language as necessitated y the course design and classroom environment (Dorr, 2006).
Teacher assigned y TESOL is also a memer of programming system as a support memer, the team of which is designed to develop a close relation with students and collaoration with other related groups including programming team, parents, other teachers, administrative staff and counselors…
bibliography of ESL resources: Suggestions for selecting materials & ircs top choices. Illinois Resource Center.
Hamayan, E., Marler, B., Sanchez-Lopez, C. And Damico, J. (2007). Special Education Considerations for English Language Learners: Delivering a Continuum of Services. Caslon Publishing.
Kieffer, M.J. (2008). Catching up or falling behind? Initial English proficiency, concentrated poverty, and the reading growth of language minority learners in the United States. Journal of Educational Psychology, 100, 851-868.
Linse, C. (2008). Language Issue or Learning Disability? Essential Teacher, 5/4, 28-30.
Roessingh, H. (2006). Early language and literacy development among young ELL: Preliminary insights from a longitudinal study and the dual language book project. [Power Point Presentation Slides] Retrieved online November 20, 2011 at https://webdisk.ucalgary.ca/~hroessin/public_html/Early%20language%20and%20literacy%20development%20among%20young%20ELL.%20old%20word.ppt
U.S.-EPA consider to be hazardous waste. Are there any discrepancies in the regulations?.
The statutory regulations of the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) designs hazardous waste as simply consisting of: a waste with a chemical composition or other properties that make it capable of causing illness, death, or some other harm to humans and other life forms when mismanaged or released into the environment (Environmental Protections Agency (EPA), 2005, p.2). The involved definition is, however, more complex than that particularly since a regulatory program structured for safe and immediate handling of hazardous waste demands a more rigid and tightly structured definition.
The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), therefore, worked at length to create tightly controlled definitions of the term so that adherence to the esource Conservation and ecovery Act (CA) should be simpler and less confusing.
CF §262.11 of the CA requires that any individual generating or producing a waste must determine…
Environmental Protections Agency (EPA). Hazardous waste characteristics scooping study. Retrieved on 4/17/2011from: http://www.epa.gov/osw/hazard/wastetypes/wasteid/char/scopingp.pdf
Environmental Protections Agency (EPA) (Sept. 2005). Introduction to United States Environmental Protection Agency Hazardous Waste Identification (40 CFR Parts 261). Pdf. Retrieved on 4/17/2011from: http://www.epa.gov/osw/inforesources/pubs/hotline/training/hwid05.pdf
Environmental Protections Agency (EPA). Solvents study. Retrieved on 4/17/2011from: http://www.epa.gov/osw/hazard/downloads/studys.pdf
Environmental Protections Agency (EPA) Waste identification. Retrieved on 4/17/2011from: http://www.epa.gov/osw/hazard/wastetypes/wasteid/index.htm
This approach has been regarded as one of the best and safest approaches. Despite this, there is widespread concern about proper radioactive waste management. (National esearch Council (U.S.), 1)
According to a 1976 EDA report, the nine facilities for radioactive waste disposal have been referred to as significant health hazards. Leaks and spills at such facilities are not very uncommon. In fact, the radioactive waste storage facility at ichland has reported around 18 leaks in a period of 20 years discharging approximately 430,000 gallons of radioactive wastes, shows the enormity of the situation. Leaks have also been reported in Kentucky, New York State, and in Tennessee. (Gyorgy, 130) it has been reported that the U.S. generates radioactive PCB wastes at a rate greater than 5 million tons annually. Moreover, the U.S. has more than 200 million tons of uranium mill tailings in which 85% of its original radioactivity still persists.…
Brown, Lester R; Earth Policy Institute. Eco-Economy.
Cember, Herman. Introduction to Health Physics.
McGraw-Hill Professional, 1996.
Currently, the cytotoxicity of chrysotile, which is a type of asbestos, as well as Rockwool along with other man-made vitreous fibers (MMVFs) have been evaluated by cell magnetometry. This method established cytoskeleton-dependent functions of macrophages, which contribute to a significant role in phagocytosis, and is used to assess the degree of harm caused on macrophages (Kudo, Kotani, Tomita and Aizawa, 2009).
Biological consequences of MMVFs have to be looked at not only at the cell level but also in the lung. To date there have been no studies done to look at the safety of Rockwool by way of lung magnetometry. In a study done by Kudo, Kotani, Tomita and Aizawa, 2009, rats were forced to inhale Rockwood a nose-only inhalation exposure system, and then looked at by lung magnetometry, a biopersistence test and pathological examination. The well-being features and safe utilization of mineral wools have been looked at for…
Baldwin, Stephen Andrew. (2010). "List of Materials to Build a Vocal Booth," viewed 20
October 2010, < http://www.ehow.com/list_6299897_list-materials-build-vocal-booth.html>
"CSR Building Materials Rockwool Insulation," 2008, viewed 20 October 2010,
This was further detrimental to the morale of existing workers, as they began to resent the striking section of the workforce for their situation. The managing team then determined that a management of change assessment was necessary.
The first step in this assessment was an assessment of the existing situations. Workers were beginning to suffer from extreme fatigue, resulting in outbursts of anger and potential fights. This created physical hazards in the underground workplace. Worker resentment and anxiety were also rising as a result. Because these elements were detrimental for concentration and awareness, the physical hazard of spending long hours in the underground environment also rose exponentially for each worker.
It was also determined that input from workers themselves and their division supervisors was needed. For this purpose, several meetings were held between employees and their supervisors, and then with supervisors and management. These helped determined the precise areas of…
The author of this report is to assess a case study where a truck that has potentially toxic or lethal substances has overturned outside of town. While the truck crashed outside of the city limits, the truck has placards, is leaking and is rather close (but not in) an irrigated field. The author of this report is asked how to proceed given the placard information and other details, what restraints should be used, what advice should be given to those that drive up to the scene and what to say to first responders as they show up. While there are some good bits of news about this spill, the news is mostly bad.
The class 8 placard by itself indicates that the material in question is corrosive. The "dangerous when wet" sign is concerning given that there is an irrigated field nearby. However, the details of the case…
NFPA. (2014, October 27). NFPA. NFPA. Retrieved October 27, 2014, from http://www.nfpa.org/
Hazardous Waste Operations and Emergency esponse Standards
OSHA specifically prohibits employee rotation as a method of administrative control as it may increase the number of exposed employees to harmful components such as gasses in dangerous work environments (OSHAa). Exposure to a large number of employees to potential hazardous elements poses a significant risk to a large population.
Other administrative controls that could be used include the following:
Limited time exposure to hazards: Activities in this aspect include using control equipment such as partial enclosure and LEV (OSHAa). Controlling procedures also come in handy in this step and include training and supervision to reduce exposure. Additional measures include testing, examination, and maintenance of control measures. It is also vital to ensure that employees adhere to the control measures in place to minimize exposure time to hazards.
Stretching and break policies for employees: egular rest breaks ease physical strain such as eye…
Occupational Safety & Health Administration [OSHAa] (n.d.) Occupational Safety and Health Standards. Toxic and Hazardous Substances Retrieved from https://www.osha.gov/pls/oshaweb/owadisp.show_document-p_table=STANDARDS&pid=10023
Occupational Safety & Health Administration [OSHAb] (n.d.) Hazardous waste operations and emergency response. Hazardous Materials. Retrieved from https://www.osha.gov/pls/oshaweb/owadisp.show_document-p_table=STANDARDS&p_id=9765
Hazardous Waste at Pharmacy
The pharmaceutical business generates some waste that is considered to be hazardous. Some of this waste is in the form of drugs that are dangerous. Up until this point, a lot of the regulations surrounding the handling of these drugs has come from OSHA, and thus the regulations pertain to occupational safety, rather than environmental safety. OSHA has had recommendations for the safe handling of dangerous drugs for at least thirty years. Most hazardous drugs are cytotoxic, but some others are also potentially harmful, among them drugs for chemotherapy (Polovich, 2004).
The current regulations at the federal level are from OSHA and are designed to protect the people who either produce or dispense pharmaceuticals that fall into the hazardous class (Connor & McDiarmmid, 2006). Chemotherapy agents, for example, have been linked to secondary leukemia and other cancers (Polovich, 2004). When OSHA brought in its…
Connor, T. & McDiarmid, M. (2006). Preventing occupational exposures to antineoplastic drugs in health care settings. CA: A cancer journal for clinicians. Vol. 56 (6) 345-365.
EPA.gov (2015). Proposed rule: Management standards for hazardous waste pharmaceuticals. Environmental Protection Agency. Retrieved April 8, 2016 from Patwary, M., O'Hare, W. & Sarker, M. (2011). Assessment of occupational and environmental safety associated with medical waste disposal in developing countries: A qualitative approach. Safety Science. Vol. 49 (8-9) 1200-1207.
Polovich, M. (2004). Safe handling of hazardous drugs. Online Journal of Issues in Nursing. Retrieved April 8, 2016 from http://www.nursingworld.org/mainmenucategories/anamarketplace/anaperiodicals/ojin/tableofcontents/volume92004/no3sept04/hazardousdrugs.html
He directed me toward various reading materials and articles that related my areas of expertise to a wider range of study. Since then I have been thoroughly investigating the relationship between personal and public health. I believe I will make a valuable adjunct to your Master's Program in Environmental Science and to your Environmental Health Sciences Department. I bring with me years of hands-on experience working with individuals and health care institutions, an observer of the ill effects of a poorly managed environment. Also, I have traveled around the world and have an international background. My unique experiences and heritage will contribute to program diversity.
With a professional attitude and a natural inclination for combining science with public relations, I will fit in naturally to your Masters in Environmental Sciences program. My professional, academic, and personal background will contribute greatly to what I have learned so far in my academic…
This training is designed to increase employees' safety awareness and to reduce the possibility of incidents related to hazardous materials. This training is deemed important in that, ."
A insufficient understanding of the rules is often a factor contributing to such incidents. For example, in 17 of 25 dangerous goods enforcement cases we reviewed involving businesses, FAA identified employees' lack of training as a contributing factor. (Undeclared Air shipments of Dangerous Goods and DOT's Enforcement)
It is significant that outreach programs also form an important part of the FAA's hazardous materials policy. This policy aims to"... prevent accidents and incidents related to hazardous materials by redoubling its outreach to industry and the community" (FAA Hazardous Materials Program).
This includes aspects such as the holding of news conferences by the FAA to convey the regulations and the importance of adhering to these regulations to various sectors of industry and…
Del Valle C. (1997) the HIGH COST of SAFETY., Business Week, 1/13/97,
FAA Hazardous Materials Program. Retrieved December 4, 2007, at http://www.faa.gov/news/fact_sheets/news_story.cfm?newsKey=4210
Larson R. Hazardous material top priority for FAA: Budget bolstered for more inspectors. The Washington Times: www.highbeam.com/Search.aspx?q=FAA+hazardous+cargo%20pubdate:%5b19960713;19960719%5dJuly 16, 1996. Retrieved December 4, 2007, at http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1G1-56869537.html
PHSA: Part IV: Department of Transportation. Retrieved December 4, 2007, at http://hazmat.dot.gov/regs/rules/final/68fr/68fr-23831.htm
Hazardous Materials Incident
Key Lessons for Preventing Hydraulic Shock and New Cumberland, WV Metal Dust Explosion and Fire are two case studies that will be examined in this report. One examines a metal dust explosion and fire and the other involves a pipe that catastrophically failed thus leading to the release of more than 32,000 pounds of anhydrous ammonia. Each also gives formal detailed reports on significant chemical accidents and include key findings, root causes, and safety recommendations. With that said, this essay will summarize the findings of each investigation, and compare and contrast the two incidents with respect to the chemicals involved, underlying hazards, accident causes, and recommendations from the CSB.
Casse study one: The New Cumberland, West Virginia Fire Explosion
This case study examines a metal dust explosion and fire at the AL Solutions facility in New Cumberland, West Virginia. The incident resulted in three employee fatalities and…
AL Solutions Case Study. (2010, December 7). AL Solutions, Inc., New Cumberland, WV Metal Dust Explosion and Fire. U.S. Chemical Safety and Hazard Investigation Board.
Hydraulic Shock Safety Bulletin. (2015, January 5). Key Lessons for Preventing Hydraulic Shock. U.S. Chemical Safety and Hazard Investigation Board.
Role of Specific Air Monitoring and Detection Devices in Terrorist Related Hazardous Materials Incidents.
The term HAZMAT refers to the team that works with hazardous material. Hazardous material and terrorism are closely intertwined since most terrorist attacks obviously involve some form of hazardous material and therefore the HAZMAT team is inextricably involved in investigating, identifying, and dissembling this hazardous material. Their work, in fact, makes the HAZMAT member a crucial and invaluable part of our modern day lives. The following essay is a collection of sources that elaborates on the interconnections between HAZMAT and terrorism and the way that HAZMAT prepares and responds to terrorist incidents.
HAZMAT is an inextricable part of terrorism preparedness and response since terrorism inevitably deals with weapons of destruction that almost always constitute hazardous material. Examples of the hazardous material implicit in terrorist attacks are:
Radiological and nuclear materials
LARA Emergency Response to Terrorism: HazMat
http://www.michigan.gov/lara/0,4601,7-154-28077_42271_42325-17441 -- ,00.html
Tucker, JB. (1997) National Health and Medical Services Response to Incidents of Chemical and Biological Terrorism, JAMA, 278, 362-368
In 1987, Gianfranco Raffaeli and Renato Pent of the firms Ecomar and Jelly ax established a contract with Sunday Nana of the firm Iruekpen Construction to store 18,000 drums of hazardous industrial waste in his backyard for $100 per month ("Nigeria aste Imports" par. 2-6). This contract was illegal, because it represented the dumping of toxic waste from Italian factories in Nigeria without government oversight or approval. hen the drums began to leak and the Nigerian government attempted to cover it up, Nigerian students in Italy notified the press in Koko, Nigeria about the scandal. The contents of the drums were so toxic that Nigerian cleanup crews became ill from the polychlorinated biphenyl (PCBs), asbestos, and dioxins contaminating the waste. The Italian government was forced to pay for the cleanup and ship the waste back home, but protests broke out at the ports where the waste was to…
"Basel Convention." Archive.Basel.Int. Geneva: Secretariat of the Basel Convention, n.d. Web. 7 Oct. 2012.
EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). "Chapter V -- Basel Convention." EPA.gov. n.p., 2012. Web. 7 Oct. 2012.
"Nigeria Waste Imports from Italy (Nigeria)." American.edu. Trade and Environment Database, n.d. Web. 7 Oct. 2012
Thai, Nguyen Thi Kim. "Hazardous Industrial Waste Management in Vietnam: Current Status and Future Direction." Journal of Material Cycles Waste Management 11.3 (2009): 358-262.
Emergency, Planning and Operations Methodology
In your opinion what were the main issues expressed by the States
Concerning Homeland Security and states rights at the 2002 State Emergency esponse Commission Conference? Please justify your position.
Most of the states attending the 2002 State Emergency esponse Conference expressed an overall sentiment that in relation to security, things are going to vary from state to state based on the capabilities of the emergency response agencies in each state, as well as the types of hazards that states are likely to face in addition to WMD's i.e. For example, states have to take into consideration whether they have chemical facilities, nuclear facilities and similar hazardous materials to address. State also has to take into consideration whether or not they have highways that are used to transport hazardous or nuclear waste materials.
Colorado made the point that secrecy regarding Homeland Security measures will not…
Analysis for the Homeland Security Act." (2003). Retrieved November 22, 2003, http://www.whitehouse.gov/deptofhomeland/analysis/index.html
Hall, Richard., Adams, Barbara. (1998). Essentials of Firefighting, 4th Edition. Fire Protection Publications: Oklahoma
Homeland Security Act" (2003). Retrieved November 21, 2003, http://www.whitehouse.gov/deptofhomeland/bill/index.html
Homeland Security Act of 2003." Retrieved November 22, 2003, http://www.theorator.com/bills108/hr1389.html
National esponse Framework Incident Annexes
Timely responses to natural and manmade disasters require the effective coordination of numerous federal, state and local resources. Indeed, effective responses can make the difference between life and death for countless citizens, and there is therefore a need for a framework to coordinate these disparate but valuable first responder resources. In this regard, the National esponse Framework provides such a framework, but given the enormous range of providers that are involved, it is not surprising that the framework is also lengthy and complex. Moreover, the NF recently superseded the National esponse Plan (NP) and provided a number of incident annexes concerning optimal contingency or hazard situation responses. To gain additional insights into the provisions of these annexes, this paper provides a summary of the annexes to the NF, followed by recapitulation of the research and important findings in the conclusion.
Summary of National esponse Framework…
Biological incident annex. (2012). FEMA NRF Resource Center. Retrieved from http://
Catastrophic incident annex. (2012). FEMA NRF Resource Center. Retrieved from http://www.
Overarching theme of the Democratic-epublican National Committee
Statement of the purpose of the exercise
The objective of the table top stimulus has been to replicate as practically as one possibly can the likeliest circumstances that the actual work-team task force might experience throughout the DNC, in addition to a worst-case scenario.
Participating entities and their roles
A few of the entities included within the table top conference consist of: Major Susan Barker, the commander of the Crime Scene Investigations Bureau related to the Miami-Dade Police Department (MDPD) together with professionals coming from the Miami-Dade Police Crime Lab, the Broward County Sheriff's Workplace Crime Scene Investigations Bureau, the town of Miami PD Crime Scene Section, Jackson Memorial Hospital, the FBI's Hazardous Material esponse Unit, the Miami-Dade Police Bomb Squad, the Miami-Dade Healthcare Examiner's Office, the 44th Civil Support Team related to the Florida National Guard, along with Miami-Dade Fire escue's Urban…
Corley, J., and Lejerskar, D. (2003). Simulation for Emergency Response: Homeland Defense Center Network - Capitalizing on Simulation, Modeling and Visualization for Emergency Preparedness, Response and Mitigation. In Proceedings of the 35th Conference on Winter Simulation: Driving Innovation (New Orleans, LA). Winter Simulation Conference, 1061-1067.
DHS (Department Of Homeland Security). (2004). Fact Sheet: National Incident Management System (NIMS). http://www.dhs.gov/xnews/releases/press_release_0363.shtm.
Frishberg, L. (2005). Looking Back at Plan AHEAD™: Exercising User-Centered Design in Emergency Management. In CHI '05 Extended Abstracts on Human Factors in Computing Systems (Portland, OR). ACM Press, New York, NY, 988-1003.
Jain, S., and Mclean, C. 2003. Simulation for Emergency Response: A Framework for Modeling and Simulation for Emergency Response. In Proceedings of the 35th Conference on Winter Simulation: Driving Innovation (New Orleans, LA). Winter Simulation Conference, 1068-1076.
Organizational Case Analysis
Apple Inc. is a multinational companies specializing in the designing, manufacturing and marketing of mobile communication devices such as personal computers and digital music players. The company also sells varieties of mobile telecommunication devices such as iPhone, iPod, iPad, and Mac. Additionally, Apple Inc. sells some professional software application such as Mac OS, iOS, iCloud and other varieties of communication accessories. Apple Inc. sells its products through retail stores, online stores, value-added resellers, direct sales, wholesalers, and through third party cellular network carriers. (Apple Annual eport, 2011). Apple Inc. was Incorporated in 1977 in California, and presently Apple Inc. has become one of the most successful companies in the United States and globally. Apple Inc. is committed to bring best computer experience to its customers, and the company business strategy is to develop high quality products to reach more customers. Major customers of Apple Inc.…
Apple Annual Report (2011). Apple Annual Report 2011. Apple Inc.2011.
Caixing, L. & David, Y. (2011).An Analysis of the Impact of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act on Earnings Management. Advances in Management.4(6): 25-31.
Elmer-DeWitt, P. (2011). Rethinking Apple's Org Chart. A Time Warner Company.
Griffin, R.W. & Moorhead., G. (2011). Organizational Behavior: Managing People and Organizations. Cengage Learning.USA.
" (fom Wold envionmental news, Intenet edition)
Besides developing flexible legislation that will distibute the functions of ecycling between manufactues and municipal sevices thee has to be a definite and developed pogam that would specialize on the optimal and the most exhaust utilization of electonic waste, eduction of e-waste landfills and incineation. Recycling pogam should not be limited to the ecycling of CRT monitos, as thei ownes ae moe likely to bing the whole obsolete compute system to the ecycling, not just compute monitos.
The benefit of integal pogam of ecycling is that it allows using a vaiety of mateials used in the electonics manufactuing like pecious metals, semi-pecious metals, and some electonic items in the euse.
The most impotant pat of the e-waste management is seach of the most appopiate and qualified patnes in the technical o pactical pat of the poblem solution. This poblem is of the essential…
reference: being reused repaired and modernized; being recycled and the most ecologically disadvantageous solution is simply being land filled. But the realization of these practices faces a lot of obstacles mainly of financial character. All of them are quite expensive and do not bring desired return.
That's why scientists and economists agree in the following: recycling of e-waste has to be the concern of electronics manufacturers. Loop industry is the most optimal solution to the problem as the manufacturer becomes responsible for the recycling of the products he makes. Introduction of such practices has the negative outcomes of course. Because technological process becomes more complicated and intensive, requires involvement of additional equipment and facilities on the hand with new labour the net value of the production increases and so the customers would have to pay more for electronics.
Another direction in the solution of e-waste problem is export of e-waste to the developing countries, where the process of recycling is cheaper and the possibility of e-waste to be reused, repaired and modernized is higher. Moreover some third world countries use unpopulated territories for e-waste. Anyways, this kind of solution is not appropriate again, because most of these practices somehow avoid law regulations of these countries and cannot have a mass character. It only creates additional problem which would have to be solved in close future.
As most of experts agree that recycling of e-waste has to be the problem of e-products manufacturers they have to develop different effective strategies and technologies for the most optimal solution of this problem: starting form transportation of e-waste from customer to the process of recycling. At this point global environmental community has to cooperate and share new practices and approaches in solving this problem. It refers both to technology and legislative regulation of the problem.
And in developing own strategy for e-waste management the officials of different countries have to work together and adopt practices of each other that are being effective. Countries of European Union had already made the first steps to the solution of this problem, making manufactures to be responsible for the waste caused by their products. The United Sates and Canada should start to introduce these practices as well, if they want to achieve ecological balance and safe coexistence of scientific and technological progress with health of humanity.
Hazard Communication Standard. There are five references used for this paper.
Safety in the workplace is a major concern for both employees and employers. It is important to look at the Hazard Communication Standard, 29 Code of Federal egulations 1910.1200 and Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) to understand the employer's role and responsibility.
History and Development
The Hazard Communication Standard (HCS) was developed by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) in 1974, and is "known as the 'employee right-to-know law' (Geigler, 1989)."
The development process was lengthy, lasting until November 25, 1983 when the Federal egister published the original final rule. The original rule covered the "manufacturing segment of industry, and its basic intent was to inform workers about hazardous materials they come in contact with (Geigler, 1989)."
The effective date for industries to implement the HCS was May 25, 1986. The rule was changed on August 24, 1987,…
Brady, John F. (08 November, 1990). Chemicals training plan stresses comprehension. (Safety)
Daugherty, Jack. (01 February, 1995). Hazard communication for small plants. (Occupational
Safety and Health Administration's Hazard Communication Standard).
This information was used to assess the level of compliance by drivers with company policies and procedures, as well as to ensure that all transportation of product was performed in a safe and efficient fashion.
Application of Engineering Knowledge and Skills: This project required an extensive review of existing GPS technologies and how they could be used to capture the requisite telemetry from the GPS-equipped vehicles in a real-time manner. In addition, the requisite telecommunications required to provide this information was thoroughly investigated and an optimal solution was developed that was based on these findings.
Delegated Tasks and How They Were Accomplished: With approval from the company's general manager, two tasks that were part of the overall engineering project were delegated to other team members who had the requisite expertise in order to successfully complete the project by the management-imposed deadline. These two tasks were as follows:
1. Recapitulation and…
However, recent spot checks suggest that many operators are unaware of the risk and therefore have not taken precautions to prevent dangerous concentrations of CO (NIOSH, 1984). This could prove to be fatal.
When employees are around aircraft it is important to practice the utmost safety, in order to ensure the safety of the ground crew, the people are on board of the aircraft, and all other employees involved in the handling of the flight line. Individuals must watch and listen for newly arriving or passing aircraft. If driving, employees must keep a proper distance from the aircraft and drive slowly, at 5 miles per hour only (AFOSH, 2003). Caution must also be taken with forklifts and k-loaders, as they must be lowered while aircraft is moving.
When working at night and around hazardous equipment, employees must utilize luminous wands, practice safe driving techniques, as those mentioned above, and use…
AFOSH, Std 91-100 (2003). Retrieved June 20, 2005, from AFOSH Web site: http://www.hill.af.mil/safety/chklists/ChecklistIndex.htm
CDC (2005). Retrieved June 20, 2005, from CDC Web site: http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/sars/factsheet.htm
FAA (2005). Retrieved June 19, 2005, from FAA Web site: http://www.faa.gov/about/mission/activities/
NIOSH: Controlling carbon monoxide hazard in aircraft refueling operations (1984). Retrieved June 20, 2005, from NIOSH Web site: www.cdc.gov/niosh/84-106.html
Fortunately, no NC responders have been killed, but around the country every year several first responders are injured or die from job-related exposures to these labs" (efilmgroup, 2009).
The fire department seems to be at the forefront of the risk in many cases, because a significant number of the clan labs are called in as explosions or fires. In other words, often the fire service doesn't know exactly what they are getting into. Calls may report medical aid is needed, or that someone is injured, a structure fire, trash fire, or investigation is required of some suspicious "smoke," a strange odor, or someone dumping illegally, and on. And the actual mix of whatever it really is could be fatally toxic to someone -- like the fire service or police -- who first encounters it. These chemicals are mixes of: acetone, methanol, benzene, ether, hydriodic acid, muriatic acid, sodium hydroxide, and…
Clandestine drug laboratories. (1997, June). Retrieved December 5, 2009, from phoenix.gov: http://www.phoenix.gov/fire/20407.pdf efilmgroup. (2009). Meth labs - a to z hazard for emergency responders. Retrieved December 6, 2009, from efilmgroup.com: http://www.efilmgroup.com/AtoZ.html
IAFF. (2009). The methamphetamine problem: A health and safety overview for firefighters. Retrieved December 6, 2009, from International association of firefighters (IAFF): http://www.iaff.org/HS/Resi/Methamphetamine%20final.htm
IDEM. (n.d.). Indiana department of environmental management (IDEM):Cleanup illegal drug labs. Retrieved December 5, 2009, from in.gov (Indiana): http://www.in.gov/idem/4178.htm
Peterson, D. (n.d.). Hazardous materials - clandestine drug labs. Retrieved December 6, 2009, from State of Minnesota (from Firehouse.com): http://www.health.state.mn.us/divs / the/meth/lab/dpeterson.pdf
American business has grown over the past several decades, so have the number of laws, rules, and regulations governing the operation of such business. These laws and regulations are generally of types: 1) to promote market competition and to keep the power of large corporations under control, and 2) to mitigate the adverse effects of business activity on individuals and organizations. These laws and regulations are often beneficial but they come at a cost. These costs are not always obvious but they include the cost of compliance as well as the increased risk of litigation. These costs affect all businesses no matter how large but they hit smaller businesses particularly hard. The purpose of this paper will be to examine the various laws and regulations affecting employee safety in the United States and determine their advantages and disadvantages.
Employment laws, regulations, and policies have become burdensome for American businesses. Whether…
Therefore should such an employee be fired, and then the basic tenets of corporate social responsibility would have been violated. The enterprise would be therefore in essence sanctioning the gross mutilation of its moral and ethical guidelines. Every employee, irrespective of their employment rank has a right to fair dismissal. Dismissing employees due to budget cuts is unethical, immoral and irresponsible. This means that it is the moral duty of the firing authority to ensure that the fired employee has a safe landing or a negotiated layoff.
Protection of the society from harm/hazardous wastes/effluents is an ethical and moral responsibility of responsible companies/
While defining CS as the act of conducting the affairs of a given enterprise in a manner that would maintain an equitable and yet workable balance among several claims of numerous directly interested parties comprising of a harmonious balance among the stakeholders such as employees, clients and…
Bowen H.R. (1953). Social responsibilities of the businessman. Harper and Row: New York.
Brincat, C.,Wike, vs (1999). Morality and the Professional Life: Values at Work. Pearson; 1st ed.
Frederick, W. (2006). Corporation, be good! The story of corporate social responsibility. Indianapolis: Dog Ear Publishing.
" (U.S. Department of Transportation, 2000 P. 3). In the United States, the average bridge deck in a snow-belt state generally shows the spalling shortly after 7 to 10 years of construction, and requires rehabilitation after 20 years of construction. Typically, the repair of the damaged caused by corrosion is invariably expensive. A crack is one of the major damage caused by corrosion. Although structural cracks could be attributed to pure tension, torsion, pure bending, bond failure, and concentrated load, however, non-structural crack is attributed to the chemical process that occurs within the concrete or steel structure, and the damage include shrinkage, expansion process, and thermal movement.
Mackechnie & Alexande, (2001) argue that corrosion could lead to a distress in a concrete capable of causing spanning and cracking to the surrounding concrete. The expansion associated to hydrated oxides is that the steel may swell ten times of its original position…
Arya, C. & Wood, L.A. (1997). Relevance of Cracking in Concrete to Corrosion of Reinforcement. The Concrete Society. Technical Report, No 44.
Atkins, C. Brueckner, R. & MacDonald, M. (2013).Corrosion Monitoring. Technical Note No: 14. Corrosion Prevention Association.
Koch, G. H, Brongers, M.P.H. Thompson, N.G. et al. (2001). Corrosion Costs and Preventive Strategies in the United States. FHWA-RD-01-156. 2001. Springfield, VA, National Technical Information Service.
Lambert, P. & MacDonald, M (2013). Reinforced Concrete-History, Properties, & Durability. Technical Notes No: 1. Corrosion Prevention Association.
The main hazards related to LNG include:
upture due to Corrosion
upture while excavation
upture while excavation
upture during an earthquake
upture due to mechanical failure
upture at compressor
upture at inspection stations
Uncontrolled detonation of explosives
Blow-out of gas at head and subsequent fire
Gas leak from infrastructure
Fire involving combustible
LPG or Diesel
Diesel pump fire involving equipment brittle fracture valve Leaks
Welding failure welding casting failure
Mechanical overstressing of equipment Vibration
Failure due to external loading or impact
Underground pipe rupture of transmission pipeline
Pipe rupture at main line valve sites.
upture of adjacent gas pipeline
Uncontrolled detonation of explosives
Gas leak from pipeline infrastructure
Drop of pipe from pipe lifts
Accommodation fire involving combustible construction LPG or Diesel
Diesel fire involving mobile fuel tanker
Uncontrolled release of LNG
Uncontrolled release of refrigerant gas
Uncontrolled release of by- product…
Acutech Consulting (2009). The HAZOP (Hazard and Operability) Method
American Petroleum Institute (August 2009). Analysis of U.S. Oil Spillage. p26
Responsibilities of Corporations
Most people would agree that the purpose of business is to make a profit, but at what cost in human lives and suffering?
On December 3, 1984, a cloud of highly toxic gas rose above the city of hopal, India. When it settled, it instantly killed approximately 3,000 people, and left up to 600,000 people dying slowly or suffering various kinds of medical problems (Economist, par. 2). Union Carbide's pesticide plant was the culprit, yet the company denies any wrongdoing as well as any responsibility in the incident. According to the company's official statement, the explosion was the result of sabotage (Union Carbide, par. 4).
Even if we accept Union Carbide's claim that sabotage was the cause of the catastrophe, does this clear the company of any guilt in the matter? If sabotage really is to blame, doesn't it only shift the company culpability from one area…
1. Economist. "Bhopal's Deadly Legacy." 373.8403 (2004). Academic Search Premier 6 Dec. 2004 http://80-web15.epnet.com.memex.lehman.cuny.edu.
2. Multinational Monitor. "Workers at Risk: The Dangers on the Job When the Regulators Don't Try Very Hard." 24.6 (2004): 21-26.
3. Schmitt, Christopher H., Wakefield, Ann M., Ekman, Monica M. "Secrets behind the mask." U.S. News & World Report 137.4 (2004): 38-41.
4. Union Carbide Corp. "Statement of Union Carbide Corporation Regarding the Bhopal Tragedy." 2004. http://www.bhopal.com/ucs.htm.
hen found, these labs must be dismantled by people wearing hazardous material suits." (Halperin 2006-page 1)
ith the huge budget allocated to Homeland Security, many of the tech-savvy drug producers and dealers can be tracked and busted with the same type of weaponry they use to create the drug product in the first place. Homeland Security's budget allows for the purchase and training for officials. This training allows them the capabilities to combat the ever increasing sophistry of the drug dealers.
That a high percentage of the crystal meth drug dealers also consume their product is another potentially dangerous situation. The drug itself can lead to paranoia and psychological problems and if the drug dealer is ingesting the drug the result is that many times the environment in which the drug is being produced is one of great volatility, both due to the nature of the chemicals themselves as well…
Booth, Stephanie, (2006) the Faces of Meth, Teen People, Vol. 9 Issue
Constantine, Thomas a. (2000) Victims: The Forgotten Ingredient, Albany Law Review, Vol. 63, Issue 3, pp 687
Crystal Meth (2006) Times Educational Supplement, Issue 4674, pp 11-14
Gaining Against Crystal (2005) Advocate, Issue 953, pg 24
Preventing Terrorist Attacks on the Water and Wastewater Systems Sector
Terrorism is nowadays an already established threat that is part of every security strategy of modern states. It is not only an un-conventional threat at the address of national security but also it drove the re-definition of the term of security as it was understood and worked with some twenty years ago. Currently, there is talk about economic, political, social security as part of the areas that the state must take into account when drafting and enabling a national security strategy. At the same time though, especially after the events from September 2001, the security of the infrastructure and that of natural resources has become an increasingly important aspect to consider.
Currently in the United States, the country considered to be the most targeted by terrorist threats, an important part of the security strategy is related to the economic sectors…
Copeland, C. 2005. "Hurricane-Damaged Drinking Water and Wastewater Facilities: Impacts, Needs, and Response" CRS Report for Congress. Available at http://www.hsdl.org/?view&did=463973
Copeland, C. 2010. "Terrorism and Security Issues Facing the Water Infrastructure Sector" Congressional Research Center Available at http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/terror/RL32189.pdf
Dept. Of Homeland Security. 2013. Water and Wastewater Systems Sector. Available online at http://www.dhs.gov/water-and-wastewater-systems-sector
Leuven, L. 2011. "Water/Wastewater Infrastructure Security: Threats and Vulnerabilities" in R.M. Clark et al. (eds.), Handbook of Water and Wastewater Systems Protection, 27 Protecting Critical Infrastructure, available online.
Nano particles and nano tubes are on the small scale of a virus, which is why the living organism is crucial for downsizing the materials that are customarily used in portable rechargeable batteries. The new batteries will be more powerful and also prove less taxing on the environment. Manufacturing the virus-assisted batteries will also be more efficient and safer, as no solvents are needed to manipulate them and engineers do not have to use high heat or resort to high-pressure procedures. Instead, only water is necessary.
Although prior research has revealed ways to genetically manipulate viruses to create a material suitable for the anode of a battery, the most recent research revealed ways to use viruses for the cathode of the battery too. The first genetic manipulation revealed the potential for the virus to cover itself in nano-particles of iron phosphate. The most recent research showed that this genetic manipulation…
Barazesh, Solmaz. "Viruses Could Power Devices." Science News 175(9). Retrieved April 25, 2009 from http://www.sciencenews.org/view/generic/id/42454/title/Viruses_could_power_devices
Batteries are common in individual household systems. Inverters could help, though their technology is not standardized. Automated demand response using smart meters with microclimate forecasting research is well funded (St. John). Building dedicated (express) feeders for larger PV systems with bidirectional voltage regulators is one response. Avoiding fixed capacitator banks and having the PV system absorb volt-ampere reactives are two other possible solutions (Katiraei and Romero Aguero 69-70). On the other hand, PV can be useful to a utility by improving the voltage profile and reducing electrical line losses (Srisaen and Sangswang 855), as well as "relieved transmission and distribution congestion, environmental impact reduction, peak shaving, and enhanced utility system reliability" (Ramakumar and Chiradeja 722-723).
PV has environmental issues. Making solar cells is an energy-intensive process, using significant amounts of water and toxic chemicals. Most good monocrystalline silicon is produced by the highly inefficient (80% waste) trichlorosilane (SiHCl3) distillation and…
BrighterEnergy.org. SunPower offers solar modules boasting 19% efficiency. 3 May 2010. Web. 20 October 2011.
Chen, Hong Wen. "Exposure and Health Risk of Gallium, Indium, and Arsenic from Semiconductor Manufacturing Industry Workers." Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology (2007): 5-9.
Database of State Incentives for Renewables & Efficiency (DSIRE). Home. n.d. Web. 20 October 2011.
Edelman, Philip. "Environmental and Workplace Contamination in the Semiconductor Industry: Implications for Future Health of the Workforce and Community." Environmental Health Perspectives 86 (1990): 291-295.
The same thing with our super-modern companies and school: although they have found sophisticated ways to conceal their garbage from people's eyes, the garbage still exists and is contaminating to the atmosphere. As is known, despite their tremendous care taken to avoid lethal gas emission, the landfill may still produce emission of methane gas that is produced by the decaying waste material and modern garbage, concealed thoguh it is by our institutions, produces the same results.
Recycling is still our only option. It has a superior effect on reducing lethal emissions since it reduces the amount of energy used by the industry most of which produces fossil fuels like gasoline, diesel and coals that transform themselves into carbon dioxide, methane, and other toxic greenhouse effects. In this way, recycling acts as preventative rather than as implementation after matter (Morris, 1996). Incinerators and landfills used in recycling projects also produce reduced…
Pennsylvania. Department of environmental protection. Recycling saves our environment.
Rogers H (2002) Gone Tomorrow: The Hidden Life of Garbage USA: New Press
San Luis Obispo County (2004) Comparison of environmental burdens. San Luis Obispo County Integrated Waste Management Authority San Luis Obispo, California
The codes also serve as a model, in themselves, of an integrated, comprehensive regulatory framework for public safety in buildings.
City of Dallas uilding Code (2006)
City of Dallas Fire Code (2006)
http://www.dallascityhall.com//pdf/uilding/Chapter52ooklet.pdf - p. 10 Enforcement
Annual check not required, Questions arise about what city could have done to ensure safety
MICHAEL GRAELL and RENDAN M. Dallas Morning News, July 27, 2007.
Dallas to add more safety inspectors, MARK WROLSTAD and SELWYN CRAWFORD.
Dallas Morning News. February 22, 2003.
Code violations shut down homeless shelter. CYNTHIA VEGA. WFAA-TV. Thursday, December 11, 2008
Team didn't have roof work inspected, Cowboys were contractor for '08 project; inquiry may take months
RANDON FORMY. Dallas Morning News. May 5, 2009.
City of Dallas Building Code (2006)
(Combating Terrorism: FEMA Continues to Make Progress in Coordinating Preparedness and esponse: Participation in Interagency and Intra-agency Groups and Committees)
CIMS: The Office of Emergency Management --OEM who has been collaborating with NYPD & FDNY and other City agencies to develop the CIMS, the adoption of which was declared by Mayor Bloomberg in March, 2004. CIMS makes a uniform incident management structure for every City agency that is broadly based on the Incident Command System model. The setting up of CIMS ensures a system for management of emergencies with a universal understanding of terminologies and roles and responsibilities among all agencies. CIMS makes use of the combined lead agency/unified operations section. In case of the majority of the incidents where multiple agencies are needed to act on several emergency situations, a unified operations post is made. The core competencies of the primary agencies will establish command of authority for immediate…
About FEMA" Available at http://www.fema.gov/about/ . Accessed 7 September, 2005
About FEMA: FEMA History" Available at
ICS and WMD
ICS Procedures during a Chemical Attack
The Incident Command System (ICS) is a an approach to all-hazards incident management that is standardized and on-scene, and can be used for incidents of any scope, type, or complexity. This system allows for the integration of personnel, equipment, facilities, communications, and procedures that operate within a common organizational structure. When established, the ICS will coordinate responses from among various public and private jurisdictions and agencies, establishing a common system for planning and managing resources. ("Incident Command System") ICS is usually structured into five areas: Command, Operations, Planning, Logistics, and Administration, with a sixth area: Intelligence/Investigation being an option that can be used when appropriate. ("Incident Command System")
The system makes use of what are known as Incident Management Teams (IMTs) which are described as a "comprehensive resource to either augment ongoing operations,… or to include all components/functions of a Command…
"Chemical Threats." FEMA. Retrieved from http://www.fema.gov/hazard/terrorism/chem/index.shtm
"Emergency Operations Center." FEMA. Retrieved from http://www.fema.gov/hazard/terrorism/index.shtm
Gum, Robert, et al. (2011). "CBRNE-Chemical Warfare Mass Casualty Management." WebMD. Retrieved from http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/831375-overview
"Incident Command System." FEMA. Retrieved from http://www.fema.gov/emergency/nims/IncidentCommandSystem.shtm
These sheets contain information regarding a substances hazard class and steps an employee or organization should take if any person is exposed to the hazardous substance in question. Also provided is detailed information regarding the handling and care of hazardous materials.
HAZMAT Training equirements
It is absolutely essential to the livelihood and well being of employees and organizations that anyone involved in transporting hazmat is adequately tested, trained and certified. Training can mean the difference between life and death for individuals working with hazardous materials. Fortunately there are federal and state regulations that currently govern the types of training employers must offer with respect to hazmat. This training is standardized to ensure that ell people handling hazardous materials are adequately informed and trained regarding transportation, handling and any problems they might encounter during daily operations with hazmat materials.
HAZMAT training is any training for employees that operate a motor vehicle…
CDL. (2005). DOL - CDL FAQs." CDL Department of Licensing. 25, Sept 2005:
EHS. (2005). "DOT definition of hazardous material." 26, Sept 2005:
The author of this report has been asked to offer an analysis and summary of the importance and need for what is known as 49 CF. Of course, 49 CF is the section of the United States code that pertains to the regulation of the transportation and labeling of hazardous substances. The author of this report is to offer why this regulation is an important aspect of day-to-day operations. Finally, the author will answer the question of what would happen without the regulation being in place. While many deem some laws to be a waste of time and money to comply with, 49 CF is an absolutely important law and should not be done away with in any form.
As noted in the introduction, 49 CF is short-hand for the section of the United States Code of egulations that pertains to the domestic transportation of hazardous materials for…
Berlin Dangerous Goods. (2015). 49 CFR - Dangerous Goods. Berlindangerousgoods.com.
Retrieved 18 July 2015, from http://www.berlindangerousgoods.com/en/resource-center/everything-un/cfr-49
DOT. (2015). Regulations. Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration. Retrieved 18 July
2015, from http://www.fmcsa.dot.gov/regulations
Designing a Safety System
Safety management system is a management policy to prevent or minimize injury within a workplace. Top organizations across the United States are increasingly investing in safety management because of the general believe that safety is central precondition to market competitiveness and "an integral part of high quality business operations." (Tervonen, Haapasalo, & Niemela, 2009 P. 17). Safety is defined as a state where all the business related risks are managed at acceptable level. Typically, safety management is a management policy used to protect workers from undetermined accidents. Safety management is very similar to corporate safety where corporate safety is a holistic management strategy to protect an organization as a whole against accidents, misuse, harm and crime.
Objective of this project is to design safety management system for Hobart Brothers Co. To design safety management system for the company, the paper provides essential components that could prevent…
Azadeh M.A.(2000). Creating highly and reliable manufacturing systems: an integrated approach. Intern J. Reliabil Saf Eng. 7(3): 205-22.
Honkasalo A. (2000). Occupational health and safety and environmental management systems. Environ Sci Policy. 3(1): 39-45.
Miettinen J. (2002). Corporate Safety Manual Jyvaskyla: Gummerus Printing Ltd. .
New South Wales Government (2012).Unit 2: Managing Workplace Hazards, and Consultation in the Workplace. NSW Education and Communities.
Natural overburden includes silty clay, silty peat, and silty sand (CH2MHILL, p. 3-2). Overburden is generally thin, averaging 3 meters in most areas, but can go up to 9 meters at times (CH2MHILL, p. 3-2). Native soils primarily reside in areas of low topography.
This topography allows for constant movement and shifting of overburden. Rainy seasons create excessive water flows, which travel down slopes to the low-lying areas and into the waterways. These areas of low topography are of particular concern, as they tend to accumulate deposits of contaminants.
Groundwater and surface water in the area are altered by man-made structures placed by the mining company. ater travels through the area by means of the overburden and the bedrock. In the area of the main mine, water flows primarily through bedrock (CH2MHILL, p. 3-2).Groundwater flows in a generally southeasterly direction. ater flows towards the major waterways such as the Moira…
British Columbia Ministry of Environment. Arsenic in Groundwater. February 2007. www.env.gov.bc.ca/wsd/plan_protect_sustain/groundwater/library/ground_fact_sheets/pdfs/as (020715)_fin3.pdf
CH2MHill. Deloro Mine Site Cleanup. Mine Area Rehabilitation Alternatives. Final Report. Ontario Ministry of the Environment. 2003. http://www.ene.gov.on.ca/envision/techdocs/4915e.pdf .
McAndrew, B. Ministry kept town in dark over arsenic, group says. Tuesday 11 June 1999 the Toronto Star, http://www.e-b-i.net/ebi/Deloro/articles/del990611.html
US Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA). Arsenic in Drinking Water. 2006. http://www.epa.gov/safewater/arsenic/index.html
One of the main reasons that have been highlighted by the prosecutors is that the pressure to clear up the asbestos from the basement was intense and the contractors were constantly being forced to finish the work. Because of an increased pressure, the contractors and the workers working under the contractors were working in a miscalculated manner. One of the wrong decisions that were made by the contractors was to ignore the broken water pipe in one of the floors being demolished. This has been highlighted as evidence by the District Attorney Joel Seidemann in one of his closing arguments at the trial that had been going on since two months in the Manhattan Supreme Court
Other than the three contractors, the third party that had been under investigation for more than 16 months was the New York City itself. In this case, the court mentioned that the city authority…
Association Of Fire Chiefs International. Fire Inspector: Principles and Practice. Jones & Bartlett Publishers, 2011.
Bureau of National Affairs (Arlington, Va.). Construction labor report, Volume 55, Issues 2710-2736. Bureau of National Affairs., 2009.
Eligon, John. Final Defendant Acquitted in Deutsche Bank Fire. 2011. 29 November 2011. http://www.nytimes.com/2011/07/07/nyregion/final-defendant-is-acquitted-in-deutsche-bank-fire-trial.html
Italiano, Laura. FDNY Firefighter Recalls Fatal Deutsche Bank Fire. 2011. 29 November 2011. http://www.firehouse.com/news/top-headlines/fdny-firefighter-recalls-fatal-deutsche-bank-fire
The trainee would thereafter be able to demonstrate his knowledge of the various 'primary identification systems' that may be the Department of Transportation System, the National Fire Protection Association, and the Hazardous Materials Information System and so on. When this is accomplished the trainee would be able to identify the safety measures that he as an individual must now undertake for the overall safety of the plant, and also be able to understand the need for the usage of his own protective equipment and gear when he is in the process of handling the hazardous substances within the course of his duties. (OSHA 8-hr Hazardous Waste efresher - With Confined Space Safety)
At the end of the training period, it is expected that the trainee would be in a position to not only identify the areas that are prone to danger such as 'confined spaces', and define the space as…
Kurtus, Ron. The Difference between Education and Training. 12 October, 1999.
Retrieved at http://www.school-for-champions.com/training/difference.htm . Accessed on 11 January, 2004
OSHA 8-hr Hazardous Waste Refresher - With Confined Space Safety. Online HAZMAT School. Retrieved at http://www.hazmatschool.com/descriptions/HAZWOPER_1290_information.html . Accessed on 11 January, 2004
The World's Largest Safety Train -- the Training Company. Retrieved at http://www.trainosha.com/ . Accessed on 11 January, 2004
Safety within the workplace is a central issue that Occupational Safety and Health Authority hold with the highest consideration than any other matter within the workplace that can potentially affect the employees. OSHA has in place lucid rules and regulations guiding the safeguarding of the employees safety within organizations. There are various initiatives taken by organization to ensure that there is safety within the workplace. egardless of the safety initiative taken, employees should feel free to report any illnesses or injuries in the workplace if not then the entire workforce will be at risk. With a sound safety program in place there will be a reduction of accidents at the workplace. This paper will hence concentrate on the issue of workplace safety, its application and the different approaches that both the employees and the employers can always put into practice in order to ensure safety of the employees…
Canadian Centre for Occupational Health & Safety, (2014). Back Injury Prevention. Retrieved May 8, 2014 from http://www.ccohs.ca/oshanswers/ergonomics/inj_prev.html
Copeland, J. (2012). Safety Incentive Programs-pros and cons. Retrieved May 8, 2014 from http://arbill1.web11.hubspot.com/arbill-safety-blog/bid/166165/Safety-Incentive-Programs-Pros-and-Cons
Green, C. (2012).Best Safety Practices for the Workplace. Retrieved May 8, 2014 from http://smallbusiness.chron.com/safety-practices-workplace-782.html
Healthy Working Lives, (2010). Personal Protective Equipment (PPE). Retrieved May 8, 2014
..as long as those programs were at least as effective as the federal program." (the Occupational Safety and Health (OSH) Act)
The passing of this Act by congress is therefore aimed at ensuring adequate health and safety standards for all workers. In terms of employers, the Act was designed to make sure that the place of employment was free of any hazards that might be injurious or detrimental to safety and health. This may include aspects such as the exposure to toxic chemical and materials as well as other environmental factors, for example excessive noise levels. (Summary of the Occupational Safety and Health Act) the Act cover a wide range of possible health and safety measures and is also intended to ensure that physical and mechanical dangers in the workplace are avoided, as well as unsanitary conditions. (Summary of the Occupational Safety and Health Act)
An important part of this…
Background: The Resource Conservation and Recovery Act: RCRA. http://www.chemalliance.org/tools/background/back-rcra.asp
Britannica Concise Encyclopedia: Superfund. February 7, 2009. http://www.answers.com/topic/superfund
Clean Air Act. February 4, 2009. ( http://www.epa.gov/air/caa/ )
Clean Water Act (CWA). February 4, 2009. http://www.epa.gov/oecaagct/lcwa.html
Most of the world's electronic trash -- especially old computers -- is dumped in the third world countries, resulting severe environmental problems and illnesses among residents. A latest news agency declares that about 80% of the world's electronic trash is imported to Asia every year, and about 90% of which ends up in China (Chandran, 2002). The large amount of electronic trash dumped in Chinese cities has created serious health hazards for residents living across these cities. Although Chinese authorities have listed Guangdong's towns of Guiyu, Longtang and Dali and other areas as the country's major collection and distribution centers for electronic trash, these areas now have become a health hazard. The health problems arise through cathode ray tubes (CTs), and any device that might hold them. CTs contain lead and other chemicals that leach from landfills into groundwater. The pollutants are released into the air during burning.
Bartholomew, Doug (2001). E-Business Commentary -- PC Makers: Haul Your Own Trash. Industry Week, August, pp.21-24.
Berger, Sandy (2004). Recycling Computers & Electronic Equipment. Compu-Kiss, pp. 1-2.
Chandran, Rina (2002). Trash e-trash. Business Line, April 10, pp. 4-5.
Markoff, John (2002). Technology's Toxic Trash Is Sent To Poor Nations. Silicon Valley Toxics Coalition, pp.7-8.
Environmental Crimes and Health and Safety Law Violation
With the current changes in weather patterns, strange climatic conditions and other uncontrollable natural disasters, there has been a lot of attention directed towards the environment and the way people may be contributing to the degradation of the environment in small ways that is summed up results into the disasters that we see on daily basis. The environment is becoming unpleasant on an increasing trend each and every day, this is a cause to worry about for each government that cares to see the consequences of our careless handling of the environment.
There are also man's contribution to the insecurity that surrounds us on a daily basis since people no longer care for the safety of the workers that work in their industries and sadly to some extent, some don care even about themselves and the safety that may be protecting their…
Environmental Affairs and Tourism, Republic of South Africa, (2012). Stepping up
Enforcement Against Environmental Crimes. Retrieved April 4, 2012 from http://www.environment.gov.za/Services/booklets/Environmental/EnviroCrimesEMI.pdf
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) (1998). Final Guidance for Incorporating
Environmental Justice Concerns in EPA's NEPA Compliance Analyses Retrieved April 4, 2012 from http://www.epa.gov/compliance/ej/resources/policy/ej_guidance_nepa_epa0498.pdf .
Dahmer Forensic Analysis
Jeffrey Lionel Dahmer
Crime Scene and Discovery
Never before has egregious police incompetence hindered the apprehension of a serial killer as in the case of Jeffrey Dahmer. When police were called to investigate an alleged domestic disturbance between Konerak Sinthasomophone and Jeffrey Dahmer on May 27, 1991. Although two women came to the aide of Sinthasomophone and urged police to look further into the alleged dispute, the police ignored their pleas and Dahmer was able to convince them that Sinthasomophone was his 19-year-old lover; if police had bothered to check Sinthasomophone's identification they would have seen that he was in fact only 14 years old (ardsley, n.d.). Having convinced the police that Sinthasomophone and he were in the midst of a lovers' quarrel, Sinthasomophone was released into Dahmer's custody and by the end of the night, Sinthasomophone would become Dahmer's 13th victim (ardsley, n.d.). Dahmer would proceed…
Bardsley, M. (n.d.). Jeffrey Dahmer. Retrieved June 25, 2012, from TruTV: http://www.trutv.com/library/crime/serial_killers/notorious/dahmer/index.html
Benedict, J. (2004). No Bone Unturned: Inside the World of a Top Forensic Scientist and His Work on America's Most Notorious Crimes and Disasters. New York: Harper Collins .
Copeland, L. (2002, May 31). Skeleton Keys: Smithsonian Anthropologists Unlock Secrets in Bones of Ancestors and Crime Victims. Retrieved June 25, 2012, from Washington Post: http://911research.wtc7.net/cache/planes/evidence/washingtonpost_skeletonkeys.html
Crime and Investigation Network. (n.d.). Jeffrey Dahmer. Retrieved June 25, 2012, from http://www.crimeandinvestigation.co.uk/crime-files/jeffrey-dahmer/crime.html
DHS and Plainsville
In order to comply with the priorities handed down through Department of Homeland Security (DHS) Grant Programs and state mandates, Plainsville, Colorado, must address the situation of its critical rail line running through its community. The rail line is crucial for industrial use in manufacturing a hazardous material that is not manufactured anywhere else. However, the rail line is two centuries old and in need of repair. To assess the issues and risks at hand, the city has been tasked with bringing a committee of experts together that can share information on a range of issues, including: the integrity of the rail line, the prevention of a hazardous spill, the safety of the citizens, and the continuity of the neighboring town’s industry. This paper will describe ten organizations that can serve as a pool of expert opinion on these areas. It will also discuss their individual value…
Oil Offshore and Gas Installations: Safety Culture
The offshore oil and gas installation industry is one of the most notoriously hazardous due to its extreme and remote conditions. Both acute and chronic health and safety issues plague offshore oil and gas industry workers. However, offshore oil and gas installation sites are not more hazardous than other natural resources-related occupational sectors; moreover, the occupational safety in the offshore oil and gas industries are on par with other industries (U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, 2011). The same is true for offshore oil and gas installation sites in other countries like the United Kingdom, where it was found that "the sector demonstrates a relatively low lost time injury rate and has, for many years, outperformed a number of comparatively lower hazard industrial sectors (Oil & Gas UK, 2012).
The hazards of working in offshore oil and gas installations…
American Petroleum Institute (2013). The oil and natural gas industry's ongoing commitment to safety. Retrieved online: http://www.api.org/policy-and-issues/policy-items/safety/~/media/6A15AB96288D44569B23217E84D79E13.ashx
"American Petroleum Institute Guide to Reporting Process Safety Events," (n.d.). Version 2.0. Retrieved online: http://www.api.org/environment-health-and-safety/process-safety/process-safety-standards/~/media/files/ehs/health_safety/api_guide_to_report_pses_2_0.ashx
Canadian Association of Petroleum Producers (n.d.). Safety training in Atlantic Canada's Offshore Oil and Gas Industry. Retrieved online: http://www.capp.ca/getdoc.aspx?DocID=215473
Flin, R., Mearns, K., Fleming, M. & Gordon, R. (1996). Risk perception and safety in the offshore oil and gas industry. Retrieved online: http://www.hse.gov.uk/research/othpdf/400-499/oth454.pdf
Clandestine Drug Labs and the Fire Service
hat are the risks and inherent dangers when firefighters are facing a blaze that resulted from a meth lab? hat should firefighters do when they suspect a fire has been caused by the existence of a meth lab? Are clandestine meth labs more prevalent then they were a few years ago? These questions and others will be addressed in this paper.
hat States' Firefighters have the biggest Threats from Meth Labs?
According to the U.S. Department of Justice (and the Drug Enforcement Agency) the states with the most meth labs (as of 2011) are Missouri (2,684 busts in 2011), Indiana (1,364 busts in 2011), Kentucky (with 1,084 busts) and Tennessee (1,130 busted meth labs). Other states that have a great deal of meth lab activity include Oklahoma (916), Michigan (365 labs busted), Mississippi (269 labs shut down) and Iowa (380 labs busted) (DOJ,…
Hadlock, Tim. (2010). Clandestine Drug Labs Present Hidden Dangers for Firefighters.
Fire Engineering. Retrieved September 14, 2012, from http://www.fireengineering.com .
Jordan, Larry P. (2011). Calhoun firefighters lean about dangers of meth labs. The Times and Democrat. Retrieved September 15, 2012, from http://thetandd.com .
Lindsey, William, and DeNicola, Michael. (2010). Trust Your Instincts. Fire Chief. Retrieved September 15, 2012, from http://firechief.com .
Properties of Acetyl Chloride
Acetyl chloride is a colorless, fuming liquid used primarily in the chemical industry.
a) How is acetyl chloride produced? If 915 gallons is produced and shipped, will DOT require the carrier to display the FLAMMABLE placard? Explain your answer.
The production process used to create the colorless liquid acetyl chloride [CH3COCl], which is also known by the terms ethanoyl chloride and acyl chloride, requires a controlled reaction between hydrogen chloride [HCI] and acetic anhydride [(CH3CO)2O] in the laboratory setting. This reaction can be described as (CH3CO)2O + HCl ? CH3COCl + CH3CO2H. An alternative method for deriving acetyl chloride involves the catalytic carbonylation of methyl chloride (Paquette 2005).
In the occasion large quantities of acetyl chloride are transported for industrial use, the U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT) would require the carrier to display the FLAMMABLE (3) placard for a variety of reasons. First, because acetyl chloride…
Caledon Laboratories Ltd. (2011). Acetyl chloride, [Material Safety Data Sheet].
Retrieved from http://caledonlabs.com/upload/msds/0650-5e.pdf
New Jersey Department of Health and Senior Services, (2008). Hazardous substance fact sheet:
Acetyl chloride. Retrieved from website:
An Analysis of the Causes and Effects of Littering
Littering may be defined as a human behavior that results in the improper or inappropriate disposal of waste products. Litter can range from anything such as plastic bags and wrappers to appliances, electronics and biological hazardous materials. Litter can be classified as illegal dumping if the former crosses a level of quantity or volume. egardless of the volume, however, littering can have detrimental effects. In fact, studies show that even though littering "has decreased in the past 40 years" (Schultz, Stein, 2009, p. 6), "litter is still quite common" (Littering Behavior in America, 2009, p. 2). There is really only one primary cause of littering, which is nothing more than harmful human behavior. The effects of littering on humans, animals and the environment, however, are much more varied and diverse. This paper will analyze how human behavior causes littering to…
Cardi, N. (2012). Littering Facts: The Causes and Effects of Littering. Cereplast.
Retrieved from http://www.cereplast.com/littering-facts-the-causes-and-effects-of-littering/
Couteaux, M. et al. (1995). Litter decomposition, climate and litter quality. Trends in Ecology & Evolution, 10(2): 63-66.
The EarthWorks Group. (1990). 50 Simple Things Kids Can Do to Save the Earth. KC:
The regulations regarding abandoned tanks are dictated by state and county governments and vary greatly (p. 98).
There are several methods of remediation that can be used for restoration purposes. These include: pump and treat, product removal, vapor extraction, and bioventing. "Bioslurping combines the remediation techniques of vacuum-enhanced recovery and bioventing" (Author, year, p. 98).
However, at many contaminated sites, site remediation focuses primarily on long-term protection of water resources, from the pollution caused by the leakage.
In the end, USTs and underground pipelines are key components in many industries, especially the petroleum industry. They offer a cost effective and aesthetically pleasing means of transportation, distribution and storage. However leakage from these systems is a significant concern. By understanding the leakages that occur and their effects and characteristics, one can better prevent them from occurring in the future, minimizing their impact.
Author, a. (Year). Title.…
Author, a. (Year). Title. Location: Publisher.
Overview of the federal UST program. (28 Sept 2007). Retrieved October 10, 2007, at http://www.epa.gov/OUST/overview.htm .
Underground Storage Tanks and Pipes
Legislation on liability and compensation is needed.
The United States should ratify the International Maritime Organization (IMO) 1984 Protocols.
Federal planning for oil spills must be improved.
Studies of the long-term environmental and health effects must be undertaken expeditiously and carefully.
How NOAA responds to spills?
NOAA is a 24/7 service that monitors and waits for a help if there is a spill. They help protect and conserve the natural resources. As soon as they got call they go to the scene as fast as possible. They inspect the vessel, and study the spill, damage and spread in the affected area. We determine the success of their operation through the response of NOAA. NOAA Office of Response and Restoration has a mission based on the online source, http://www.noaanews.noaa.gov/stories2004/s2353.htm:
OR& R. is currently assisting with trajectory modeling, oil fate forecasting, weather, and information management and participating in over flights and resource…
"Clean-Up Techniques" [Online] Available at:
"Containment and Recovery of Floating Oil" [Online] Available at:
Etkin, D.S. 1997. Oil Spills from Vessels (1960-1995): An International Historical Perspective.