Hazardous Materials Essays Examples

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Hazardous Material Operations Chemical Name

Words: 1160 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 53613202



Health Hazards:

Eyes:

Increased tear production, inflammation, accumulation of blood, clouding of the cornea, burns.

Ingestion:

Unlikely, due to gaseous state: frost-bite of the lips, mouth, and throat possible.

Inhalation:

Upper airway irritation, cough, choking, shortness of breath, breathing difficulty, vomiting, narrowing of major airways, fluid in lungs, lung lesions, upper airway closure resulting in death, cardiovascular collapse due to low oxygen.

Skin:

Irritation, ulceration, first, second, and third degree burns, frost-bite.

Chemical Name: Acetylene

Product Identification:

Trade Name:

Acetylene

Synonyms:

Acetylen, Ethine, Ethyne, Narcylene

Chemical Formula:

C2H2

Product Labeling:

DOT Hazard Class:

DOT Label:

DOT Marking:

Flammable Gas

Physical Properties:

Appearance:

Colorless gas.

Odor:

In pure form, gas is odorless; commercial form, odor is garlic-like.

Boiling Point:

119°F, -84° C

Freezing Point:

116°F, 82.2°C

Specific Gravity:

Vapor:.906 (air=1), Liquid: N/A

Vapor Density:

0.00117 g/ml @ 0° C

Flammable Limits (% by volume)

Lower: 2.5, Upper: 100

Solubility in Water:

Extinguishing Media:

Do not extinguish flames due to possibility of explosive re-ignition. Allow fire to burn out.

Special Procedures for Fire Fighters:

Extremely flammable gas. Do not approach without breathing apparatus and fire-proof clothing.

All Spills:

When possible, remove containers from area of fire.

Cool containers from a distance without…… [Read More]

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Hazardous Chemicals in the Modern Developed World

Words: 758 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 69225815

Hazardous Chemicals

In the modern developed world, chemicals play an important role in our lives. They are part of our food, the way we commute, how we live, and how we clean. There are a number of household chemicals, though, that are hazardous or toxic. These chemicals, if used improperly, can affect our health, and are particularly dangerous to those who already have compromised immune systems, the very old or very young. In our homes, there are dozens and dozens of potentially hazardous substance: detergents, furniture polish, pains, cleaning products, art supplies, and more. Cleaners contain such toxins as ammonia, sulfuric and phosphoric acids, lye, chlorine, formaldehyde, and phenol. Even air fresheners contain toxins that, if ingested, can cause considerable harm. These toxins can also build up in one's system over time and cause genetic damage. There are varieties of health effects from these homes-based hazardous chemicals; including allergic reactions, migraine headaches, dizziness, skin or eye irritation, and even in severe cases, coma or death. The health effects of these chemicals vary so much because of the type of exposure one may have: breathing, spill, or ingestion (Toxic Chemicals, 2010).

The FDA and Department of Agriculture define hazardous household products…… [Read More]

Sources:
Manahan, S.E. (1989). Interactions of Hazardous-Waste Chemicals. Advances in Chemistry.

219 (2): Chapter 6. Retrieved from: http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/ba-1988-

0219.ch006
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Daily Operations in a Hazardous

Words: 1981 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 26499985

In Florida, responsibility is held by the Bureau of Solid & Hazardous Waste, which falls under the auspices of the Department of Environmental Protection. Moreover, the state sets some of the environmental definitions - a key one to CBI is the state of Florida's stringent definition of petroleum contact water.

Among the key points of the regulations is that used oil must be tested to determine the hazard that it poses, before disposal is commenced. CBI tests used oil both at the customer site and then when it arrives at the Miami facility.

The county and city governments also have their own environmental regulations, and Cliff Berry must adhere to those as well. There are specific statutes with regards to the Miami River and air pollution in both the city and Miami-Dade county.

Plans for the Future

Cliff Berry Inc. has undertaken significant expansion in the past few years. They have taken on a large role in the servicing of the cruise ship industry, and have begun to expand their market with respect to cargo ships as well.

They have also expanded geographically from their Florida base. They've moved into other southeastern markets with the opening of a new facility…… [Read More]

Works Cited:
No author (2008). Dissolved Air Flotation Design and Application. Envirowise. Retrieved May 20, 2008 at http://www.envirowise.gov.uk/page.aspx?o=166728#n2

No author (2008) Laws & Regulations. Environmental Protection Agency. Retrieved May 20, 2008 at http://www.epa.gov/epaoswer/osw/laws-reg.htm
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TESOL Materials and Course Design a Situation

Words: 6759 Length: 24 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 39322444

TESOL: Materials and Course Design

A situation analysis, giving all details available before the course begins:

New comers of the TESOL school scheme will be assessed for their English language proficiency by the teachers assigned by TESOL (Teaching of English to speakers of other languages). Programming system will be run under this teacher - member of TESOL (Dorr, 2006).

This TOSEL teacher is assigned to assist and teach student in establishing sound understanding of English language, coping with the required skills and academic strategies to assist the process of gaining firm proficiency in English language as necessitated by the course design and classroom environment (Dorr, 2006).

Teacher assigned by TESOL is also a member of programming system as a support member, the team of which is designed to develop a close relation with students and collaboration with other related groups including programming team, parents, other teachers, administrative staff and counselors in developing required level for the student. TESOL teachers will be liable to work in programming framework assessing the student's individual issues and addressing these issues in form of progress report (Dorr, 2006).

The strategies implementing the programme include different levels of processes conducted in the classrooms with students comprising…… [Read More]

Bibliography:
Allington R. And Cunningham P. (2007). Schools that Work: Where All Children Read and Write. (3rd edition), Allyn & Bacon.

Alvalos, M.A., Plasencia, A., Chavez, C. And Rascon, J. (2007). Modified Guided Reading: Gateway to English Second Language and Literacy Learning. The Reading Teacher, 61/4, 318-329.
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U S -epa Consider to Be Hazardous Waste Are

Words: 1434 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 97452243

U.S.-EPA consider to be hazardous waste. Are there any discrepancies in the regulations?.

The statutory regulations of the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) designs hazardous waste as simply consisting of: a waste with a chemical composition or other properties that make it capable of causing illness, death, or some other harm to humans and other life forms when mismanaged or released into the environment (Environmental Protections Agency (EPA), 2005, p.2). The involved definition is, however, more complex than that particularly since a regulatory program structured for safe and immediate handling of hazardous waste demands a more rigid and tightly structured definition.

The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), therefore, worked at length to create tightly controlled definitions of the term so that adherence to the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) should be simpler and less confusing.

CFR §262.11 of the RCRA requires that any individual generating or producing a waste must determine if that waste is hazardous and, if so, dispose of it in the correct manner.

Regulatory and Statutory Definition of Waste

There are four steps of identification in the process:

1. Is the waste a solid waste

2. Is the waste excluded?

3. Is the waste a listed hazardous waste?…… [Read More]

References:
Environmental Protections Agency (EPA). Hazardous waste characteristics scooping study. Retrieved on 4/17/2011from: http://www.epa.gov/osw/hazard/wastetypes/wasteid/char/scopingp.pdf

Environmental Protections Agency (EPA) (Sept. 2005). Introduction to United States Environmental Protection Agency Hazardous Waste Identification (40 CFR Parts 261). Pdf. Retrieved on 4/17/2011from: http://www.epa.gov/osw/inforesources/pubs/hotline/training/hwid05.pdf
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Toxic Chemicals and Hazardous Wastes

Words: 1817 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 20429209

This approach has been regarded as one of the best and safest approaches. Despite this, there is widespread concern about proper radioactive waste management. (National Research Council (U.S.), 1)

According to a 1976 ERDA report, the nine facilities for radioactive waste disposal have been referred to as significant health hazards. Leaks and spills at such facilities are not very uncommon. In fact, the radioactive waste storage facility at Richland has reported around 18 leaks in a period of 20 years discharging approximately 430,000 gallons of radioactive wastes, shows the enormity of the situation. Leaks have also been reported in Kentucky, New York State, and in Tennessee. (Gyorgy, 130) it has been reported that the U.S. generates radioactive PCB wastes at a rate greater than 5 million tons annually. Moreover, the U.S. has more than 200 million tons of uranium mill tailings in which 85% of its original radioactivity still persists. (Tompkins; Smith, 375) in light of these problems, the Council on Environmental Quality has suggested that nuclear power use should not be increased until and unless an effective solution to the problem of proper disposal of radioactive wastes is not found. (Gyorgy, 130)

References

Brown, Lester R; Earth Policy Institute.…… [Read More]

Sources:
Brown, Lester R; Earth Policy Institute. Eco-Economy.

Earthscan, 2003.
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Architecture Construction Thermal Isolation Materials

Words: 4132 Length: 14 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 46741322



Currently, the cytotoxicity of chrysotile, which is a type of asbestos, as well as Rockwool along with other man-made vitreous fibers (MMVFs) have been evaluated by cell magnetometry. This method established cytoskeleton-dependent functions of macrophages, which contribute to a significant role in phagocytosis, and is used to assess the degree of harm caused on macrophages (Kudo, Kotani, Tomita and Aizawa, 2009).

Biological consequences of MMVFs have to be looked at not only at the cell level but also in the lung. To date there have been no studies done to look at the safety of Rockwool by way of lung magnetometry. In a study done by Kudo, Kotani, Tomita and Aizawa, 2009, rats were forced to inhale Rockwood a nose-only inhalation exposure system, and then looked at by lung magnetometry, a biopersistence test and pathological examination. The well-being features and safe utilization of mineral wools have been looked at for almost seventy years. NAIMA and its associate businesses have put forth tens of millions of dollars in investigative projects being done by important independent laboratories and universities in the United States and around the world in order to examine the possibility of human well-being influences of rock and slag wool…… [Read More]

Bibliography:
Baldwin, Stephen Andrew. (2010). "List of Materials to Build a Vocal Booth," viewed 20

October 2010, < http://www.ehow.com/list_6299897_list-materials-build-vocal-booth.html>
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Corporate Risk Management Hazardous Work

Words: 615 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 27104040

This was further detrimental to the morale of existing workers, as they began to resent the striking section of the workforce for their situation. The managing team then determined that a management of change assessment was necessary.

The first step in this assessment was an assessment of the existing situations. Workers were beginning to suffer from extreme fatigue, resulting in outbursts of anger and potential fights. This created physical hazards in the underground workplace. Worker resentment and anxiety were also rising as a result. Because these elements were detrimental for concentration and awareness, the physical hazard of spending long hours in the underground environment also rose exponentially for each worker.

It was also determined that input from workers themselves and their division supervisors was needed. For this purpose, several meetings were held between employees and their supervisors, and then with supervisors and management. These helped determined the precise areas of grievance for both workers and supervisors.

The outcome of the meetings revealed that workers were not satisfied with motivational input provided by division supervisors. On the contrary, these were met with increased hostility and resentment. Furthermore, employees felt that they were being punished for the mistakes of the absent workers,…… [Read More]

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Nfpa Placards and Information

Words: 702 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 26842789

Hazardous Materials

The author of this report is to assess a case study where a truck that has potentially toxic or lethal substances has overturned outside of town. While the truck crashed outside of the city limits, the truck has placards, is leaking and is rather close (but not in) an irrigated field. The author of this report is asked how to proceed given the placard information and other details, what restraints should be used, what advice should be given to those that drive up to the scene and what to say to first responders as they show up. While there are some good bits of news about this spill, the news is mostly bad.

The class 8 placard by itself indicates that the material in question is corrosive. The "dangerous when wet" sign is concerning given that there is an irrigated field nearby. However, the details of the case do note that there is no water/substance contact as of yet. So long as that remains the case, there is not a lot of danger in that regard. The UN 1836 notation is much more telling as this means that the substance is thionyl chloride. The NFPA placard gives more…… [Read More]

References:
NFPA. (2014, October 27). NFPA. NFPA. Retrieved October 27, 2014, from  http://www.nfpa.org/
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Enhacing Safety Standards in the Workplace

Words: 669 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 57764332

Hazardous Waste Operations and Emergency Response Standards

OSHA specifically prohibits employee rotation as a method of administrative control as it may increase the number of exposed employees to harmful components such as gasses in dangerous work environments (OSHAa). Exposure to a large number of employees to potential hazardous elements poses a significant risk to a large population.

Other administrative controls that could be used include the following:

Limited time exposure to hazards: Activities in this aspect include using control equipment such as partial enclosure and LEV (OSHAa). Controlling procedures also come in handy in this step and include training and supervision to reduce exposure. Additional measures include testing, examination, and maintenance of control measures. It is also vital to ensure that employees adhere to the control measures in place to minimize exposure time to hazards.

Stretching and break policies for employees: Regular rest breaks ease physical strain such as eye strain, muscle aches, and exposure to harmful components. Stretching enables the employees to 'cool off' and resume focus on the job after taking a break.

III. Alarms, signs, and warnings: Learning about the signs, tags, workplace labels, and warnings give employees a chance to identify the risk areas and the…… [Read More]

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Pharmacy Disposal of Waste

Words: 974 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 61181126

Hazardous Waste at Pharmacy

The pharmaceutical business generates some waste that is considered to be hazardous. Some of this waste is in the form of drugs that are dangerous. Up until this point, a lot of the regulations surrounding the handling of these drugs has come from OSHA, and thus the regulations pertain to occupational safety, rather than environmental safety. OSHA has had recommendations for the safe handling of dangerous drugs for at least thirty years. Most hazardous drugs are cytotoxic, but some others are also potentially harmful, among them drugs for chemotherapy (Polovich, 2004).

Current Regulations

The current regulations at the federal level are from OSHA and are designed to protect the people who either produce or dispense pharmaceuticals that fall into the hazardous class (Connor & McDiarmmid, 2006). Chemotherapy agents, for example, have been linked to secondary leukemia and other cancers (Polovich, 2004). When OSHA brought in its guidelines, however, this also reduced the concern in the industry about the hazards that these drugs present. What few studies existed were conducted on environmental hazards from a workplace point-of-view, such as measuring the amount of cyclophosphamide found in pharmacies during testing (Polovich, 2004).

Studies on the environmental hazards presented…… [Read More]

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Biohazard Material Management Having Worked

Words: 609 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 45066295

He directed me toward various reading materials and articles that related my areas of expertise to a wider range of study. Since then I have been thoroughly investigating the relationship between personal and public health. I believe I will make a valuable adjunct to your Master's Program in Environmental Science and to your Environmental Health Sciences Department. I bring with me years of hands-on experience working with individuals and health care institutions, an observer of the ill effects of a poorly managed environment. Also, I have traveled around the world and have an international background. My unique experiences and heritage will contribute to program diversity.

With a professional attitude and a natural inclination for combining science with public relations, I will fit in naturally to your Masters in Environmental Sciences program. My professional, academic, and personal background will contribute greatly to what I have learned so far in my academic career to my new chosen area of specialization because the study of health administration incorporates many of the practical elements of a career in environmental science.

Working with public officials in interpreting scientific journals, articles, and knowledge with the goal of creating a safer, sounder environment will come naturally for…… [Read More]

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FAA Regulations and Policies With

Words: 1944 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 83778977

This training is designed to increase employees' safety awareness and to reduce the possibility of incidents related to hazardous materials. This training is deemed important in that, ."

A insufficient understanding of the rules is often a factor contributing to such incidents. For example, in 17 of 25 dangerous goods enforcement cases we reviewed involving businesses, FAA identified employees' lack of training as a contributing factor. (Undeclared Air shipments of Dangerous Goods and DOT's Enforcement)

3. Conclusion

It is significant that outreach programs also form an important part of the FAA's hazardous materials policy. This policy aims to"... prevent accidents and incidents related to hazardous materials by redoubling its outreach to industry and the community" (FAA Hazardous Materials Program).

This includes aspects such as the holding of news conferences by the FAA to convey the regulations and the importance of adhering to these regulations to various sectors of industry and the public. There is little doubt that the FAA has extended its hazardous materials to be extremely comprehensive,

Today, the FAA is examining virtually every aspect of hazardous-materials transportation by air. With 124 dedicated hazardous-materials agents and $20 million for FY 2006, the program will inspect approximately 3,100 air carriers…… [Read More]

Works Cited:
Del Valle C. (1997) the HIGH COST of SAFETY., Business Week, 1/13/97,

FAA Hazardous Materials Program. Retrieved December 4, 2007, at  http://www.faa.gov/news/fact_sheets/news_story.cfm?newsKey=4210 
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Fire and Chemical Disasters

Words: 1415 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 34533630

Hazardous Materials Incident

Key Lessons for Preventing Hydraulic Shock and New Cumberland, WV Metal Dust Explosion and Fire are two case studies that will be examined in this report. One examines a metal dust explosion and fire and the other involves a pipe that catastrophically failed thus leading to the release of more than 32,000 pounds of anhydrous ammonia. Each also gives formal detailed reports on significant chemical accidents and include key findings, root causes, and safety recommendations. With that said, this essay will summarize the findings of each investigation, and compare and contrast the two incidents with respect to the chemicals involved, underlying hazards, accident causes, and recommendations from the CSB.

Casse study one: The New Cumberland, West Virginia Fire Explosion

This case study examines a metal dust explosion and fire at the AL Solutions facility in New Cumberland, West Virginia. The incident resulted in three employee fatalities and one contractor injury. The explosion and ensuing fire damaged the production building and ultimately caused the shutdown of the plant.

Background

The New Cumberland production facility is a place that was operated all day everyday 7 days a week non-stop. The company had processing equipment for metal milling, blending, pressing,…… [Read More]

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Interagency Disaster Management Preparedness and Response to a Terrorist Incident

Words: 781 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 28930565

Role of Specific Air Monitoring and Detection Devices in Terrorist Related Hazardous Materials Incidents.

The term HAZMAT refers to the team that works with hazardous material. Hazardous material and terrorism are closely intertwined since most terrorist attacks obviously involve some form of hazardous material and therefore the HAZMAT team is inextricably involved in investigating, identifying, and dissembling this hazardous material. Their work, in fact, makes the HAZMAT member a crucial and invaluable part of our modern day lives. The following essay is a collection of sources that elaborates on the interconnections between HAZMAT and terrorism and the way that HAZMAT prepares and responds to terrorist incidents.

HAZMAT is an inextricable part of terrorism preparedness and response since terrorism inevitably deals with weapons of destruction that almost always constitute hazardous material. Examples of the hazardous material implicit in terrorist attacks are:

Chemical agents

Biological agents

Radiological and nuclear materials

Explosives (Community Emergency Response Team (CERT))

HAZMAT works in various ways to help the citizen become more aware of the identity of hazardous material, how to react when found, how to identify them, and what to do in the possibility of an attack. There are thousands of self-study or other courses online…… [Read More]

References:
LARA Emergency Response to Terrorism: HazMat

http://www.michigan.gov/lara/0,4601,7-154-28077_42271_42325-17441 -- ,00.html

Tucker, JB. (1997) National Health and Medical Services Response to Incidents of Chemical and Biological Terrorism, JAMA, 278, 362-368
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1989 Basel Convention Environmental Agreements

Words: 984 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 62654498

Basel Convention

In 1987, Gianfranco Raffaeli and Renato Pent of the firms Ecomar and Jelly Wax established a contract with Sunday Nana of the firm Iruekpen Construction to store 18,000 drums of hazardous industrial waste in his backyard for $100 per month ("Nigeria Waste Imports" par. 2-6). This contract was illegal, because it represented the dumping of toxic waste from Italian factories in Nigeria without government oversight or approval. When the drums began to leak and the Nigerian government attempted to cover it up, Nigerian students in Italy notified the press in Koko, Nigeria about the scandal. The contents of the drums were so toxic that Nigerian cleanup crews became ill from the polychlorinated biphenyl (PCBs), asbestos, and dioxins contaminating the waste. The Italian government was forced to pay for the cleanup and ship the waste back home, but protests broke out at the ports where the waste was to be unloaded, in part because the ships were leaking and contaminating the local waters.

More and more of these scandals came to the public's notice because the press was becoming better informed about the international trade in toxic waste that began in the mid-1970s ("Nigeria Waste Imports" par. 8). The…… [Read More]

Bibliography:
"Basel Convention." Archive.Basel.Int. Geneva: Secretariat of the Basel Convention, n.d. Web. 7 Oct. 2012.

EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). "Chapter V -- Basel Convention." EPA.gov. n.p., 2012. Web. 7 Oct. 2012.
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Emergency Planning and Operations Methodology

Words: 1480 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 96961384

Emergency, Planning and Operations Methodology

In your opinion what were the main issues expressed by the States

Concerning Homeland Security and states rights at the 2002 State Emergency Response Commission Conference? Please justify your position.

Most of the states attending the 2002 State Emergency Response Conference expressed an overall sentiment that in relation to security, things are going to vary from state to state based on the capabilities of the emergency response agencies in each state, as well as the types of hazards that states are likely to face in addition to WMD's i.e. For example, states have to take into consideration whether they have chemical facilities, nuclear facilities and similar hazardous materials to address. State also has to take into consideration whether or not they have highways that are used to transport hazardous or nuclear waste materials.

Colorado made the point that secrecy regarding Homeland Security measures will not help. This opinion was likely expressed because many things related to the homeland security act are indeed kept confidential in nature. Colorado makes a good point, expressing the idea that the federal government needs to open up and reveal their safety and security procedures so that local emergency response commissions…… [Read More]

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National Response Framework Incident Annexes Timely Responses

Words: 1445 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 93938311

National Response Framework Incident Annexes

Timely responses to natural and manmade disasters require the effective coordination of numerous federal, state and local resources. Indeed, effective responses can make the difference between life and death for countless citizens, and there is therefore a need for a framework to coordinate these disparate but valuable first responder resources. In this regard, the National Response Framework provides such a framework, but given the enormous range of providers that are involved, it is not surprising that the framework is also lengthy and complex. Moreover, the NRF recently superseded the National Response Plan (NRP) and provided a number of incident annexes concerning optimal contingency or hazard situation responses. To gain additional insights into the provisions of these annexes, this paper provides a summary of the annexes to the NRF, followed by recapitulation of the research and important findings in the conclusion.

Summary of National Response Framework Annexes

Incident Annex Introduction

The Federal Emergency Management Administration's (FEMA) National Response Plan Resource Center reports that the Incident Annexes provide guidance concerning the responses needed to address specific contingency or hazard situations or an element of an incident requiring specialized application of the NRF (Incident annexes, 2012). The NRF…… [Read More]

Works Cited:
Biological incident annex. (2012). FEMA NRF Resource Center. Retrieved from http://

www.fema.gov/pdf/emergency/nrf/nrf_BiologicalIncidentAnnex.pdf.
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Overarching Theme of the Democratic Republican National Committee DRNC Convention

Words: 1220 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 52379341

Overarching theme of the Democratic-Republican National Committee

Statement of the purpose of the exercise

The objective of the table top stimulus has been to replicate as practically as one possibly can the likeliest circumstances that the actual work-team task force might experience throughout the DRNC, in addition to a worst-case scenario.

Participating entities and their roles

A few of the entities included within the table top conference consist of: Major Susan Barker, the commander of the Crime Scene Investigations Bureau related to the Miami-Dade Police Department (MDPD) together with professionals coming from the Miami-Dade Police Crime Lab, the Broward County Sheriff's Workplace Crime Scene Investigations Bureau, the town of Miami PD Crime Scene Section, Jackson Memorial Hospital, the FBI's Hazardous Material Response Unit, the Miami-Dade Police Bomb Squad, the Miami-Dade Healthcare Examiner's Office, the 44th Civil Support Team related to the Florida National Guard, along with Miami-Dade Fire Rescue's Urban Search & Rescue Team.

Regional crime scene and forensic capabilities tested

The Miami-Dada Police Department (MDPD) has been the biggest law enforcement division within the southeastern U.S., servicing a racially and ethnically diversified area of more than 2.4 million occupants. The division has been dedicated to delivering professional police force…… [Read More]

Bibliography:
Corley, J., and Lejerskar, D. (2003). Simulation for Emergency Response: Homeland Defense Center Network - Capitalizing on Simulation, Modeling and Visualization for Emergency Preparedness, Response and Mitigation. In Proceedings of the 35th Conference on Winter Simulation: Driving Innovation (New Orleans, LA). Winter Simulation Conference, 1061-1067.

DHS (Department Of Homeland Security). (2004). Fact Sheet: National Incident Management System (NIMS). http://www.dhs.gov/xnews/releases/press_release_0363.shtm.
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Organizational Case Analysis

Words: 2539 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 25863249

Organizational Case Analysis

Organization Overview

Apple Inc. is a multinational companies specializing in the designing, manufacturing and marketing of mobile communication devices such as personal computers and digital music players. The company also sells varieties of mobile telecommunication devices such as iPhone, iPod, iPad, and Mac. Additionally, Apple Inc. sells some professional software application such as Mac OS, iOS, iCloud and other varieties of communication accessories. Apple Inc. sells its products through retail stores, online stores, value-added resellers, direct sales, wholesalers, and through third party cellular network carriers. (Apple Annual Report, 2011). Apple Inc. was Incorporated in 1977 in California, and presently Apple Inc. has become one of the most successful companies in the United States and globally. Apple Inc. is committed to bring best computer experience to its customers, and the company business strategy is to develop high quality products to reach more customers. Major customers of Apple Inc. are the small and mid-sized business organizations, educational institutions, and government enterprises. Apple Inc. operates under mobile communication & media industry, and the company is facing aggressive competition within the industry. The industry is characterized by the frequent introduction of new products, aggressive pricing practice, and price sensitivity from customers…… [Read More]

Resources:
Apple Annual Report (2011). Apple Annual Report 2011. Apple Inc.2011.

Caixing, L. & David, Y. (2011).An Analysis of the Impact of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act on Earnings Management. Advances in Management.4(6): 25-31.
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Management Solutions for Electronic Waste

Words: 5441 Length: 16 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 47148951

" (from World environmental news, Internet edition)

Besides developing flexible legislation that will distribute the functions of recycling between manufacturers and municipal services there has to be a definite and developed program that would specialize on the optimal and the most exhaust utilization of electronic waste, reduction of e-waste landfills and incineration. Recycling program should not be limited to the recycling of CRT monitors, as their owners are more likely to bring the whole obsolete computer system to the recycling, not just computer monitors.

The benefit of integral program of recycling is that it allows using a variety of materials used in the electronics manufacturing like precious metals, semi-precious metals, and some electronic items in the reuse.

The most important part of the e-waste management is search of the most appropriate and qualified partners in the technical or practical part of the problem solution. This problem is of the essential value, as the efficiency of e-waste management depends primary on the executives of the practical side more than on simple legislature. Legislature may pave the way to the problem solution but can not solve it all by ecological and environmental laws and bills. In order to involve partners and government…… [Read More]

References:
Basel Action Network (BAN). (n.d.). October 22, 2003, at http://www.ban.org

Best Management Practices for electronic waste, Report Santa Clara County department of environmental health publishing, San Jose, California April 2004
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Hazard Communication

Words: 806 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 57218950

Hazard Communication Standard. There are five references used for this paper.

Safety in the workplace is a major concern for both employees and employers. It is important to look at the Hazard Communication Standard, 29 Code of Federal Regulations 1910.1200 and Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) to understand the employer's role and responsibility.

History and Development

The Hazard Communication Standard (HCS) was developed by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) in 1974, and is "known as the 'employee right-to-know law' (Geigler, 1989)."

The development process was lengthy, lasting until November 25, 1983 when the Federal Register published the original final rule. The original rule covered the "manufacturing segment of industry, and its basic intent was to inform workers about hazardous materials they come in contact with (Geigler, 1989)."

The effective date for industries to implement the HCS was May 25, 1986. The rule was changed on August 24, 1987, covering all "industries where employees are exposed to hazardous chemicals, and this rule has been enforced since January 24, 1989 (131.158.51.236/osha_cd/osha/FEDREG~1/FE5D1C~6.HTM)."

OSHA estimates that "there are over 32 million workers exposed to hazardous chemicals in over 3.5 million workplaces, and National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) states there…… [Read More]

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Competency Demonstration Report Career Episode

Words: 3086 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 6991675

This information was used to assess the level of compliance by drivers with company policies and procedures, as well as to ensure that all transportation of product was performed in a safe and efficient fashion.

Application of Engineering Knowledge and Skills: This project required an extensive review of existing GPS technologies and how they could be used to capture the requisite telemetry from the GPS-equipped vehicles in a real-time manner. In addition, the requisite telecommunications required to provide this information was thoroughly investigated and an optimal solution was developed that was based on these findings.

Delegated Tasks and How They Were Accomplished: With approval from the company's general manager, two tasks that were part of the overall engineering project were delegated to other team members who had the requisite expertise in order to successfully complete the project by the management-imposed deadline. These two tasks were as follows:

1. Recapitulation and summary of existing GPS technologies in place in the company's vehicle fleet; and,

2. Analysis of the current telemetry provided by the company's telecommunications network.

Technical Difficulties/Problems Encountered and Resolution: The company's rolling stock fleet consisted of almost one thousand vehicles, all of which were equipped with GPS technology but…… [Read More]

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Clandestine Drug Labs and the

Words: 1459 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 60974367

Fortunately, no NC responders have been killed, but around the country every year several first responders are injured or die from job-related exposures to these labs" (efilmgroup, 2009).

The fire department seems to be at the forefront of the risk in many cases, because a significant number of the clan labs are called in as explosions or fires. In other words, often the fire service doesn't know exactly what they are getting into. Calls may report medical aid is needed, or that someone is injured, a structure fire, trash fire, or investigation is required of some suspicious "smoke," a strange odor, or someone dumping illegally, and on. And the actual mix of whatever it really is could be fatally toxic to someone -- like the fire service or police -- who first encounters it. These chemicals are mixes of: acetone, methanol, benzene, ether, hydriodic acid, muriatic acid, sodium hydroxide, and many others -- all available over the counter in various forms of household products.

The Colorado Springs, Colorado police department, in order to know more about the exposure that firefighters might encounter in clan labs, accomplished a "real-life" study of controlled environment drug labs that they set up to produce…… [Read More]

Resources:
Clandestine drug laboratories. (1997, June). Retrieved December 5, 2009, from phoenix.gov: http://www.phoenix.gov/fire/20407.pdf efilmgroup. (2009). Meth labs - a to z hazard for emergency responders. Retrieved December 6, 2009, from efilmgroup.com: http://www.efilmgroup.com/AtoZ.html

IAFF. (2009). The methamphetamine problem: A health and safety overview for firefighters. Retrieved December 6, 2009, from International association of firefighters (IAFF):  http://www.iaff.org/HS/Resi/Methamphetamine%20final.htm 
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Employee Rights Safety

Words: 1469 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 25724171

American business has grown over the past several decades, so have the number of laws, rules, and regulations governing the operation of such business. These laws and regulations are generally of types: 1) to promote market competition and to keep the power of large corporations under control, and 2) to mitigate the adverse effects of business activity on individuals and organizations. These laws and regulations are often beneficial but they come at a cost. These costs are not always obvious but they include the cost of compliance as well as the increased risk of litigation. These costs affect all businesses no matter how large but they hit smaller businesses particularly hard. The purpose of this paper will be to examine the various laws and regulations affecting employee safety in the United States and determine their advantages and disadvantages.

Employment laws, regulations, and policies have become burdensome for American businesses. Whether it is the laws governing minimum wage, discrimination, worker's compensation or unemployment not everyone agrees on their benefits. The laws and regulations are obviously intended to protect employers and employees but the reality is that such laws and regulations also add costs for the employer. Theoretically, the laws and regulations…… [Read More]

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Resolution of Problems Involving Conflicting

Words: 1035 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 61446458

Therefore should such an employee be fired, and then the basic tenets of corporate social responsibility would have been violated. The enterprise would be therefore in essence sanctioning the gross mutilation of its moral and ethical guidelines. Every employee, irrespective of their employment rank has a right to fair dismissal. Dismissing employees due to budget cuts is unethical, immoral and irresponsible. This means that it is the moral duty of the firing authority to ensure that the fired employee has a safe landing or a negotiated layoff.

Protection of the society from harm/hazardous wastes/effluents is an ethical and moral responsibility of responsible companies/

While defining CRS as the act of conducting the affairs of a given enterprise in a manner that would maintain an equitable and yet workable balance among several claims of numerous directly interested parties comprising of a harmonious balance among the stakeholders such as employees, clients and the general society, Frederick (2006) indicated that there is also the element of the environment and the society as basic tenets of CSR. It is the moral and ethical responsibility of the company to safely dispose the bio-hazardous medical waste material without endangering the life of anyone whether they are…… [Read More]

Sources:
Bowen H.R. (1953). Social responsibilities of the businessman. Harper and Row: New York.

Brincat, C.,Wike, vs (1999). Morality and the Professional Life: Values at Work. Pearson; 1st ed.
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Corrosion in Reinforced Concrete Structures

Words: 3216 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 83828077

" (U.S. Department of Transportation, 2000 P. 3). In the United States, the average bridge deck in a snow-belt state generally shows the spalling shortly after 7 to 10 years of construction, and requires rehabilitation after 20 years of construction. Typically, the repair of the damaged caused by corrosion is invariably expensive. A crack is one of the major damage caused by corrosion. Although structural cracks could be attributed to pure tension, torsion, pure bending, bond failure, and concentrated load, however, non-structural crack is attributed to the chemical process that occurs within the concrete or steel structure, and the damage include shrinkage, expansion process, and thermal movement.

Mackechnie & Alexande, (2001) argue that corrosion could lead to a distress in a concrete capable of causing spanning and cracking to the surrounding concrete. The expansion associated to hydrated oxides is that the steel may swell ten times of its original position leading to the red or brown rust. Typically, rusting is major corrosion damage on steel, and the red or brown rust is caused due to the oxygen concentration. On the other hand, black rust is formed under the low oxygen concentration and form a hard and dense layer, and this…… [Read More]

References:
Arya, C. & Wood, L.A. (1997). Relevance of Cracking in Concrete to Corrosion of Reinforcement. The Concrete Society. Technical Report, No 44.

Atkins, C. Brueckner, R. & MacDonald, M. (2013).Corrosion Monitoring. Technical Note No: 14. Corrosion Prevention Association.
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LNG Process Risk Safety Modeling

Words: 5099 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 33540708



The main hazards related to LNG include:

Rupture due to Corrosion

Rupture while excavation

Rupture while excavation

Rupture during an earthquake

Rupture due to mechanical failure

Rupture at compressor

Rupture at inspection stations

Uncontrolled detonation of explosives

Blow-out of gas at head and subsequent fire

Gas leak from infrastructure

Fire involving combustible

Construction damage

LPG or Diesel

Diesel pump fire involving equipment brittle fracture valve Leaks

Welding failure welding casting failure

Mechanical overstressing of equipment Vibration

pump Corrosion

joint Erosion

Failure due to external loading or impact

Internal Explosion

Underground pipe rupture of transmission pipeline

Pipe rupture at main line valve sites.

Rupture of adjacent gas pipeline

Uncontrolled detonation of explosives

Gas leak from pipeline infrastructure

Drop of pipe from pipe lifts

Accommodation fire involving combustible construction LPG or Diesel

Diesel fire involving mobile fuel tanker

Uncontrolled release of LNG

Uncontrolled release of refrigerant gas

Uncontrolled release of by- product toxic gases (e.g. H2S, CO, CO2)

Plant fire involving pressure vessel of hydrocarbons

Uncontrolled release of product on production

Fire in process plant (e.g. Cable, lubrication oil, transformer etc.)

Gas explosion during maintenance or decommissioning

Fire from vapor cloud ignition during well operation

Fire from condensate ignition during well operation…… [Read More]

Works Cited:
Acutech Consulting (2009). The HAZOP (Hazard and Operability) Method

http://www.acusafe.com/Hazard_Analysis/HAZOP_Technique.pdf
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Responsibilities of Corporations

Words: 1574 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 76616307

Responsibilities of Corporations

Most people would agree that the purpose of business is to make a profit, but at what cost in human lives and suffering?

On December 3, 1984, a cloud of highly toxic gas rose above the city of Bhopal, India. When it settled, it instantly killed approximately 3,000 people, and left up to 600,000 people dying slowly or suffering various kinds of medical problems (Economist, par. 2). Union Carbide's pesticide plant was the culprit, yet the company denies any wrongdoing as well as any responsibility in the incident. According to the company's official statement, the explosion was the result of sabotage (Union Carbide, par. 4).

Even if we accept Union Carbide's claim that sabotage was the cause of the catastrophe, does this clear the company of any guilt in the matter? If sabotage really is to blame, doesn't it only shift the company culpability from one area to another; security procedures? Instead of the catastrophe being the direct result of intentionally mishandling dangerous materials, could we take a position that the dangerous materials were indirectly mishandled because Union Carbide failed to impose security measures that would have made it impossible for a saboteur to perpetrate such a…… [Read More]

References:
1. Economist. "Bhopal's Deadly Legacy." 373.8403 (2004). Academic Search Premier 6 Dec. 2004 http://80-web15.epnet.com.memex.lehman.cuny.edu.

2. Multinational Monitor. "Workers at Risk: The Dangers on the Job When the Regulators Don't Try Very Hard." 24.6 (2004): 21-26.
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Meth There Is Such a

Words: 3241 Length: 13 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 95387711

When found, these labs must be dismantled by people wearing hazardous material suits." (Halperin 2006-page 1)

With the huge budget allocated to Homeland Security, many of the tech-savvy drug producers and dealers can be tracked and busted with the same type of weaponry they use to create the drug product in the first place. Homeland Security's budget allows for the purchase and training for officials. This training allows them the capabilities to combat the ever increasing sophistry of the drug dealers.

That a high percentage of the crystal meth drug dealers also consume their product is another potentially dangerous situation. The drug itself can lead to paranoia and psychological problems and if the drug dealer is ingesting the drug the result is that many times the environment in which the drug is being produced is one of great volatility, both due to the nature of the chemicals themselves as well as the personalities of the people producing it.

Using crystal meth can cause drastic changes in an individual's character, causing many individual users of the drug to experience dramatic mood changes, violent rages and psychotic episodes.

Using crystal meth also affects more than just the user, the producer or the…… [Read More]

Sources:
Booth, Stephanie, (2006) the Faces of Meth, Teen People, Vol. 9 Issue

Constantine, Thomas a. (2000) Victims: The Forgotten Ingredient, Albany Law Review, Vol. 63, Issue 3, pp 687
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Preventing Terrorist Attacks on the Water and Wastewater Systems Sector

Words: 2251 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 66867138

Preventing Terrorist Attacks on the Water and Wastewater Systems Sector

Terrorism is nowadays an already established threat that is part of every security strategy of modern states. It is not only an un-conventional threat at the address of national security but also it drove the re-definition of the term of security as it was understood and worked with some twenty years ago. Currently, there is talk about economic, political, social security as part of the areas that the state must take into account when drafting and enabling a national security strategy. At the same time though, especially after the events from September 2001, the security of the infrastructure and that of natural resources has become an increasingly important aspect to consider.

Currently in the United States, the country considered to be the most targeted by terrorist threats, an important part of the security strategy is related to the economic sectors that need protection from possible perpetrators. One such sector is the water and wastewater system. The current research focuses on the way in which the government understands the insurance of the security of this sector, by pointing out the role this sector has on the larger strategy related to these…… [Read More]

Bibliography:
Copeland, C. 2005. "Hurricane-Damaged Drinking Water and Wastewater Facilities: Impacts, Needs, and Response" CRS Report for Congress. Available at http://www.hsdl.org/?view&did=463973

Copeland, C. 2010. "Terrorism and Security Issues Facing the Water Infrastructure Sector" Congressional Research Center Available at http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/terror/RL32189.pdf
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Batteries Including the Rechargeable Ones

Words: 939 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 98614705

Nano particles and nano tubes are on the small scale of a virus, which is why the living organism is crucial for downsizing the materials that are customarily used in portable rechargeable batteries. The new batteries will be more powerful and also prove less taxing on the environment. Manufacturing the virus-assisted batteries will also be more efficient and safer, as no solvents are needed to manipulate them and engineers do not have to use high heat or resort to high-pressure procedures. Instead, only water is necessary.

Although prior research has revealed ways to genetically manipulate viruses to create a material suitable for the anode of a battery, the most recent research revealed ways to use viruses for the cathode of the battery too. The first genetic manipulation revealed the potential for the virus to cover itself in nano-particles of iron phosphate. The most recent research showed that this genetic manipulation encouraged the virus to bind with a carbon nanotube and thereby create a highly conductive material useful in battery technology. Soon, researchers should be able to develop a battery that uses highly efficient materials -- not limited to iron phosphate -- that were essentially nano-sized by viruses.

This small change…… [Read More]

Resources:
Nanotechnology lets chemical engineers and scientists work on increasingly smaller scales, allowing us to streamline our technologies and make them lighter and more portable. Biological viruses are usually frightening prospects that sap our energy. With just a few gene tweaks, the same type of organism that puts us in bed for a week can power our computers.

Reference

Barazesh, Solmaz. "Viruses Could Power Devices." Science News 175(9). Retrieved April 25, 2009 from http://www.sciencenews.org/view/generic/id/42454/title/Viruses_could_power_devices
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Grid-Connected Photovoltaic PV Systems Though

Words: 2702 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 59047870

Batteries are common in individual household systems. Inverters could help, though their technology is not standardized. Automated demand response using smart meters with microclimate forecasting research is well funded (St. John). Building dedicated (express) feeders for larger PV systems with bidirectional voltage regulators is one response. Avoiding fixed capacitator banks and having the PV system absorb volt-ampere reactives are two other possible solutions (Katiraei and Romero Aguero 69-70). On the other hand, PV can be useful to a utility by improving the voltage profile and reducing electrical line losses (Srisaen and Sangswang 855), as well as "relieved transmission and distribution congestion, environmental impact reduction, peak shaving, and enhanced utility system reliability" (Ramakumar and Chiradeja 722-723).

PV has environmental issues. Making solar cells is an energy-intensive process, using significant amounts of water and toxic chemicals. Most good monocrystalline silicon is produced by the highly inefficient (80% waste) trichlorosilane (SiHCl3) distillation and reduction method, which involves highly toxic chemicals like hydrogen chloride in burning quartzite with coal in an electric arc furnace -- not to mention, the process itself is quite expensive. Sheer availability is an issue, when 25%-50% of semiconductor-grade monocrystalline silicon is lost to kerf. If that could be recycled,…… [Read More]

Works Cited:
BrighterEnergy.org. SunPower offers solar modules boasting 19% efficiency. 3 May 2010. Web. 20 October 2011.

Chen, Hong Wen. "Exposure and Health Risk of Gallium, Indium, and Arsenic from Semiconductor Manufacturing Industry Workers." Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology (2007): 5-9.
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Los Angeles Is a City

Words: 1126 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 77115208



The same thing with our super-modern companies and school: although they have found sophisticated ways to conceal their garbage from people's eyes, the garbage still exists and is contaminating to the atmosphere. As is known, despite their tremendous care taken to avoid lethal gas emission, the landfill may still produce emission of methane gas that is produced by the decaying waste material and modern garbage, concealed thoguh it is by our institutions, produces the same results.

Recycling is still our only option. It has a superior effect on reducing lethal emissions since it reduces the amount of energy used by the industry most of which produces fossil fuels like gasoline, diesel and coals that transform themselves into carbon dioxide, methane, and other toxic greenhouse effects. In this way, recycling acts as preventative rather than as implementation after matter (Morris, 1996). Incinerators and landfills used in recycling projects also produce reduced emissions s do slowing the harvest of trees. In 2005, for instance, recycling reduced greenhouse gas emissions by 2.5 million metric tons of carbon dioxide (Pennsylvania. Department of environmental protection. Recycling saves our environment).

In the final months of 2002, San Luis Obispo County compared greenhouse gas emission for recycling…… [Read More]

Sources:
Pennsylvania. Department of environmental protection. Recycling saves our environment.

www.dep.state.pa.us/dep/deputate/airwaste/wm/recycle/
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Fire Prevention Code for the

Words: 1703 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 77561933

The codes also serve as a model, in themselves, of an integrated, comprehensive regulatory framework for public safety in buildings.

Bibliography

http://www.dallascityhall.com/building_inspection/construction_codes.html

http://www.dallascityhall.com/building_inspection/pdf/OnlineApplications_manual.pdf

http://www.dallascityhall.com/building_inspection/required_inspections.html

City of Dallas Building Code (2006)

City of Dallas Fire Code (2006)

http://www.dallascityhall.com//pdf/Building/Chapter52Booklet.pdf - p. 10 Enforcement

Annual check not required, Questions arise about what city could have done to ensure safety

MICHAEL GRABELL and BRENDAN M. Dallas Morning News, July 27, 2007.

Dallas to add more safety inspectors, MARK WROLSTAD and SELWYN CRAWFORD.

Dallas Morning News. February 22, 2003.

Code violations shut down homeless shelter. CYNTHIA VEGA. WFAA-TV. Thursday, December 11, 2008

Team didn't have roof work inspected, Cowboys were contractor for '08 project; inquiry may take months

BRANDON FORMBY. Dallas Morning News. May 5, 2009.… [Read More]

References:
http://www.dallascityhall.com/building_inspection/construction_codes.html

http://www.dallascityhall.com/building_inspection/pdf/OnlineApplications_manual.pdf
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Homeland Defense Agency Identification In

Words: 4253 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 52563219

(Combating Terrorism: FEMA Continues to Make Progress in Coordinating Preparedness and Response: Participation in Interagency and Intra-agency Groups and Committees)

CIMS: The Office of Emergency Management --OEM who has been collaborating with NYPD & FDNY and other City agencies to develop the CIMS, the adoption of which was declared by Mayor Bloomberg in March, 2004. CIMS makes a uniform incident management structure for every City agency that is broadly based on the Incident Command System model. The setting up of CIMS ensures a system for management of emergencies with a universal understanding of terminologies and roles and responsibilities among all agencies. CIMS makes use of the combined lead agency/unified operations section. In case of the majority of the incidents where multiple agencies are needed to act on several emergency situations, a unified operations post is made. The core competencies of the primary agencies will establish command of authority for immediate decision-making and will constitute the basis for pre-implementation training. Currently, with the introduction of CIMS, New York City -- NYC has an Incident Management System in place which fulfils every federal mandate. Even though the complete implementation of this type of system will take sufficient time and proper training, introduction…… [Read More]

Resources:
About FEMA" Available at http://www.fema.gov/about/. Accessed 7 September, 2005

About FEMA: FEMA History" Available at http://www.fema.gov/about/history.shtm. Accessed 7 September, 2005
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Medical Public Health Components and Disaster Responses NIMS

Words: 1073 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 15306197

NIMS Medical/Public Health Components and Disaster Responses

The objective of this study is to discuss the NIMS medical and public health components and disaster responses in terms of its logistics, inventory, personnel credentialing, emergency operations center and ICS 206, Medial Plan.

Incident Management

Incident management is reported to include on-site incident management and multiagency coordination using the Incident Command Systems (ICS) structure which involves maintaining 'a continuation flow of critical information among multijurisdictional and multidisciplinary emergency responders, command posts, agencies and the governmental officials for the duration of the emergency response operation in compliance with National Incident Management System (NIMS)" and to "coordinate activities above the field level by prioritizing demands for competing resources, thereby assisting with coordination of operation in the field." (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 2009, p. 24) Also requires during incident management operations is communication among responders that is timely in nature so that there is efficient management of "response, services and available assets." (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 2009, p. 24) Finally, there is a requirement of monitoring of "critical resources, logistics and distribution." (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 2009, p. 24)

II. Population Safety and Health

Ensuring the…… [Read More]

Bibliography:
National Incident Management System (2008) U.S. Department of Homeland Security. Dec 2008. Retrieved from: http://www.fema.gov/pdf/emergency/nims/NIMS_core.pdf

National Health Security Strategy of the United States of America (2009) U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Dec 2009. Retrieved from:  http://www.phe.gov/Preparedness/planning/authority/nhss/strategy/Documents/nhss-final.pdf 
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Prison Reform the United States

Words: 3176 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 7254901

The average felony sentence imposed upon federal and state offenders in 1996 was 62 months, or just over 5 years. On average these prisoners actually serve 45% of a state sentence for a mean prison stint of 2 years and 4 months, and 85% of a federal sentence for a stint of 4 years and 5 months. Once they are released, the recidivism rates are high. According to Lin (2000), "incarceration, as it stands, does not prevent recidivism" (p. 4). In addition, even if the released prisoners do not commit another crime, it does not mean that they become self-supporting and contribute to their community as much as possible.

.Lin (2000) argues that it is not clear that prisons, as institutions, have the capacity to provide the type of environment required for preparation of returning to the outside world. Prisons are not presently designed to be schools or factories, most do not have any facility for providing advisors who can counsel or environments where family ties and support can be nurtured. The history of work, counseling, and family programs in prisons does not bode well for the future. The programs that do exist are difficult to evaluate, often operated arbitrarily,…… [Read More]

Works Cited:
Alexander, M. (2010) Is Mass Incarceration the New Jim Crow? NY: New Press

Durham, a.M. (1994) Crisis and reform: current issues in American punishment. Canada: Little Brown and Co.
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Ics and Eoc Principles as it Applied to WMD

Words: 1153 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 97694190

ICS and WMD

ICS Procedures during a Chemical Attack

The Incident Command System (ICS) is a an approach to all-hazards incident management that is standardized and on-scene, and can be used for incidents of any scope, type, or complexity. This system allows for the integration of personnel, equipment, facilities, communications, and procedures that operate within a common organizational structure. When established, the ICS will coordinate responses from among various public and private jurisdictions and agencies, establishing a common system for planning and managing resources. ("Incident Command System") ICS is usually structured into five areas: Command, Operations, Planning, Logistics, and Administration, with a sixth area: Intelligence/Investigation being an option that can be used when appropriate. ("Incident Command System")

The system makes use of what are known as Incident Management Teams (IMTs) which are described as a "comprehensive resource to either augment ongoing operations,… or to include all components/functions of a Command and General Staff." ("Incident Command System") In effect, an "Incident Management Team" is just what the title says, a team of people that can manage an emergency incident. This team will include a commander and general staff members, support staff, authority and responsibility to deal with the emergency. This team…… [Read More]

References:
"Chemical Threats." FEMA. Retrieved from http://www.fema.gov/hazard/terrorism/chem/index.shtm

"Emergency Operations Center." FEMA. Retrieved from http://www.fema.gov/hazard/terrorism/index.shtm
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Hazmat Regulations and Transportation School

Words: 1226 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 71988382

These sheets contain information regarding a substances hazard class and steps an employee or organization should take if any person is exposed to the hazardous substance in question. Also provided is detailed information regarding the handling and care of hazardous materials.

HAZMAT Training Requirements

It is absolutely essential to the livelihood and well being of employees and organizations that anyone involved in transporting hazmat is adequately tested, trained and certified. Training can mean the difference between life and death for individuals working with hazardous materials. Fortunately there are federal and state regulations that currently govern the types of training employers must offer with respect to hazmat. This training is standardized to ensure that ell people handling hazardous materials are adequately informed and trained regarding transportation, handling and any problems they might encounter during daily operations with hazmat materials.

HAZMAT training is any training for employees that operate a motor vehicle that transports HAZMAT (hazardous materials) (OHMS, 2005). This training is also applicable to any persons involved in loading or unloading hazmat from a vehicle, anyone testing packages used to transport hazmat materials, anyone repairing or operating hazmat vehicles and anyone responsible for the safety of hazmat while in transit (OHMS,…… [Read More]

Bibliography:
CDL. (2005). DOL - CDL FAQs." CDL Department of Licensing. 25, Sept 2005:

http://www.dol.wa.gov/ds/cdlschoolbusfaq.htm
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Environmental Impacts

Words: 4026 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 71348746

E-Waste: Environmental Impacts

The E-waste Threat

Health and Environmental Impact of E-waste

Particulars to Human Threat from Hazardous Metals from E-waste

Soil and water Contaminations from E-waste

The growth of electronic waste is expected to rise exponentially in the next few years. According to a report published in 'The Guardian' on December 2013, the volume of electronic waste is estimated to increase at a rate of 33% in the next few years (Hester & Harrison, 2009). The report, quoting UN's 'Step initiative', the combined weight of all the e-waste would be the same as eight of the great Egyptian pyramids put together (Vidal, 2013). The electronic wastes are made up of various materials like lead, mercury, cadmium, arsenic and flame retardants. All these chemicals are toxic in nature. For example, a cathode ray tube television set can have up to three kilograms of lead (McCann & Wittmann, 2015).

Such toxic wastes once, they get into landfills, can seep through the soil and enter the ground water or the land or air. These toxic elements can then also mix with farm produce, or can be directly consumed unknowingly by people and animals causing harm. Such toxic elements tend to contaminate water,…… [Read More]

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Occupational Health Safety Risks and Hazards Identified in a Student Workplace in UK

Words: 8588 Length: 30 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 57045885

NEBOSH Unit D

According to the Health and Safety Executive (HSE), the cost of workplace injuries and disease is in excess of $20 billion dollars per year. Obviously, these figures are alarming and would suggest that Occupational Health and Safety (OHS) should be a top priority for management. However, a survey from 2011 revealed that many companies have no written OHS policy and nearly half have no formalized occupational health and safety program. A relatively high number of risks and hazards exist in the workplace, particularly within the retail industry. These include gas, fire and electrical dangers, personal security and violence, biological hazards, dangers from improper equipment handling, and exposure to hazardous substances.

Organisations can avoid falling into the trap of mere reactive approaches to OHS through proper education and personal responsibility. Employers have a responsibility to provide a safe and healthy workplace, properly train workers, comply with legal requirements and implement a comprehensive OHS program for their premises. Workers have a responsibility to know and follow safety requirements, work safely and report unsafe conditions and injuries immediately should an incident occur. This collaborative approach to OHS helps reduce the number of accidents in the workplace, improve staff morale, inspire…… [Read More]

Sources:
Policy and compliance reviews should be conducted annually.

Reference

HSE. Workplace health, safety and welfare. HSE Books, ISBN 978 0 7176 6277 7. Available online:  http://www.hse.gov.uk/pubns/indg244.pdf  .
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49 CFR & Dot Regulations

Words: 641 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 57333476

CFR Analysis

The author of this report has been asked to offer an analysis and summary of the importance and need for what is known as 49 CFR. Of course, 49 CFR is the section of the United States code that pertains to the regulation of the transportation and labeling of hazardous substances. The author of this report is to offer why this regulation is an important aspect of day-to-day operations. Finally, the author will answer the question of what would happen without the regulation being in place. While many deem some laws to be a waste of time and money to comply with, 49 CFR is an absolutely important law and should not be done away with in any form.

As noted in the introduction, 49 CFR is short-hand for the section of the United States Code of Regulations that pertains to the domestic transportation of hazardous materials for all modes of transportation. This refers to materials being transported to, from and within the United States. There are a total of nine volumes within the 49 CFR code. The volumes containing parts one hundred through one hundred eighty-five for the transportation of any hazardous material is overseen by the…… [Read More]

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Designing a Safety System Safety Management System

Words: 1790 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 98207505

Designing a Safety System

Safety management system is a management policy to prevent or minimize injury within a workplace. Top organizations across the United States are increasingly investing in safety management because of the general believe that safety is central precondition to market competitiveness and "an integral part of high quality business operations." (Tervonen, Haapasalo, & Niemela, 2009 P. 17). Safety is defined as a state where all the business related risks are managed at acceptable level. Typically, safety management is a management policy used to protect workers from undetermined accidents. Safety management is very similar to corporate safety where corporate safety is a holistic management strategy to protect an organization as a whole against accidents, misuse, harm and crime.

Objective of this project is to design safety management system for Hobart Brothers Co. To design safety management system for the company, the paper provides essential components that could prevent accidents and injury within the organization.

Hobart Brothers Co is a manufacturing company specializing in manufacturing of Metal Cored Wire, Solid Wires Stainless, Stick Electrodes, Hardfacing, Submerged Arc, welding wire and airplane ground power equipment. Within the last few years, the U.S. Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) announced that…… [Read More]

Resources:
Azadeh M.A.(2000). Creating highly and reliable manufacturing systems: an integrated approach. Intern J. Reliabil Saf Eng. 7(3): 205-22.

Honkasalo A. (2000). Occupational health and safety and environmental management systems. Environ Sci Policy. 3(1): 39-45.
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Deutsche Bank Fire Reasons of

Words: 3044 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 49024282



One of the main reasons that have been highlighted by the prosecutors is that the pressure to clear up the asbestos from the basement was intense and the contractors were constantly being forced to finish the work. Because of an increased pressure, the contractors and the workers working under the contractors were working in a miscalculated manner. One of the wrong decisions that were made by the contractors was to ignore the broken water pipe in one of the floors being demolished. This has been highlighted as evidence by the District Attorney Joel Seidemann in one of his closing arguments at the trial that had been going on since two months in the Manhattan Supreme Court

Other than the three contractors, the third party that had been under investigation for more than 16 months was the New York City itself. In this case, the court mentioned that the city authority has failed to outline the rules to safeguard the building. The court decided in December 2008 that the city was not to be indicted or charged for the damage caused to the building based on the fact that many legal obstacles could be expected afterwards (Association of Fire Chiefs International…… [Read More]

References:
Association Of Fire Chiefs International. Fire Inspector: Principles and Practice. Jones & Bartlett Publishers, 2011.

Bureau of National Affairs (Arlington, Va.). Construction labor report, Volume 55, Issues 2710-2736. Bureau of National Affairs., 2009.
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Deloro Mine Remediation Evaluation of

Words: 2898 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 59594372

Natural overburden includes silty clay, silty peat, and silty sand (CH2MHILL, p. 3-2). Overburden is generally thin, averaging 3 meters in most areas, but can go up to 9 meters at times (CH2MHILL, p. 3-2). Native soils primarily reside in areas of low topography.

This topography allows for constant movement and shifting of overburden. Rainy seasons create excessive water flows, which travel down slopes to the low-lying areas and into the waterways. These areas of low topography are of particular concern, as they tend to accumulate deposits of contaminants.

Groundwater and surface water in the area are altered by man-made structures placed by the mining company. Water travels through the area by means of the overburden and the bedrock. In the area of the main mine, water flows primarily through bedrock (CH2MHILL, p. 3-2).Groundwater flows in a generally southeasterly direction. Water flows towards the major waterways such as the Moira River and Young's Creek (CH2MHILL, p. 3-2). Bedrock in the area is complex, providing many depressions, faults, and folds. These are generally shallow and near the surface (CH2MHILL, p. 3-2). The bedrock consists of numerous dykes, sills, xenoliths and highly mineralized areas (CH2MHILL, p. 3-2). These structures have been altered…… [Read More]

Sources:
British Columbia Ministry of Environment. Arsenic in Groundwater. February 2007. www.env.gov.bc.ca/wsd/plan_protect_sustain/groundwater/library/ground_fact_sheets/pdfs/as (020715)_fin3.pdf

CH2MHill. Deloro Mine Site Cleanup. Mine Area Rehabilitation Alternatives. Final Report. Ontario Ministry of the Environment. 2003. http://www.ene.gov.on.ca/envision/techdocs/4915e.pdf.
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Cadmium in Wastewater and Drinking Water the

Words: 6106 Length: 19 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 81125932

Cadmium in Wastewater and Drinking Water

The importance of efficiently controlling and monitoring potential toxins in water systems is extremely important. The potential contaminant known as Cadmium (Cd) is a naturally occurring trace metal that is regularly found in various types of ores. Its most common commercial uses are in the metal plating and coating of transportation vessels, household-cooking utensils, machinery and nickel-cadmium batteries (Advanced Purification Engineering Corporation, 2010). As a result of its multitude of uses, there are an equally large number of ways in which Cd can find its way into water systems. The most common of these are leaching, pipeline corrosion, corrosion from transportation vessels, runoff from metal and ore refineries among others. Cd is also capable of resulting in various negative health effects to humans unfortunate enough to consume it. Failure to adequately monitor Cadmium levels can result in numerous unsolicited health outcomes such as: "nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, muscle cramps, salivation, sensory disturbances, liver injury, convulsions, shock and renal failure," and these are only the effects of short-term exposure (Advanced Purification Engineering Corporation, 2010, p. 1). Prolonged exposure to cadmium-infected water can result in life-threatening "kidney, liver, bone and blood damage" (Advanced Purification Engineering Corporation, 2010,…… [Read More]

References:
Advanced Purification Engineering Corporation, 2010, 'Drinking Water Contaminants: Cadmium', Retrieved April 13, 2011, from  http://www.freedrinkingwater.com/water-contamination/cadmium-contaminants-removal-water.htm 

Ahmed, FE 2001, 'Analysis of pesticides and their metabolites in foods and drinks', Trends in Analytical Chemistry, vol. 20, pp. 649-661.