434+ documents containing “hazardous materials”.
Ones a site has been detected or surveyed to contain such carcinogens, proper protection should be availed to the brigade before they are allowed to access the site.
Neorutoxic chemicals can cause damage (reversible or irreversible) to the central nervous system (the brain and the spinal cord) or the peripheral nervous system (the nerves responsible for movement and sensation in the arms, hands, legs, and feet). This can be a setback in the fire service if the brigade is not protected from exposure or contamination to these materials.
adioactive materials may emit alpha or beta particles or gamma rays. These agents can affect the cells of the body in various ways, but each is capable of destroying cells. In an emergency situation, one may know only that a material is radioactive without knowing which type of radiation is being emitted. The brigade should minimize their experience to any type….
Chris K, (2009). Laboratory Close-Out Procedures and Transportation of Hazardous
Materials. Retrieved on March 30, 2010 from www.ehs.indiana.edu/lab_closeout_chem_transport.shtml
Green & Turk (1978). Safety in working with chemicals. New York, NY: MacMillan.
NFPA, (1975). Fire protection guide on hazardous materials. Boston, MA: National Fire
1984 when a toluene storage tank at a bulk petroleum storage facility exploded while firefighters were trying to get to an low-skill worker that was trapped inside said tank. The author of this report will assess the factors involved, what could be done to prevent a recurrence of such an incident, what changes should be made for the same reasons, the regulations or standards involved and so forth. The overall idea behind what the storage facility was trying to do made at least some sense but the execution of adding the portal as well as the way in which the extrication was attempted was shoddy to say the least. Neither of the two people had to die but it happened for two distinct reasons and both pertain to gross negligence on the part of the parties involved.
The sheer stupidity and negligence that happened in this case was abysmally bad,….
CDC. (2015, March 27). FACE 85-05: Confined Space Incident Kills Two Workers-
Company Employee and Rescuing Fireman. Retrieved March 27, 2015, from http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/fire/reports/face8505.html
Medscape. (2015, March 27). Toluene Toxicity. Retrieved March 27, 2015, from http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/818939-overview
OSHA. (2015, March 27). Toluene Safety in the Workplace. Retrieved March 27, 2015,
Interactions of Hazardous Materials
Chemistry of the process
MCMT, methylcyclopentadienyl manganese tricarbonyl, was manufactured in a three-step process by T2 Laboratories, Inc. The first step of the chemical reaction necessitated the use of heating to activate or initiate the reaction. All three of the steps that followed were heat producing (exothermic) and in turn required some form of cooling. The first step (known as metalation), involves molten metallic sodium being reacted together with methylcyclopentadiene (MCPD) using diglyme (diethylene glycol dimethyl ether) as a catalyst in order to produce two MCPD molecules; these then reacted with sodium. The T2 firm released the hydrogen gas by-product produced by this reaction into the atmosphere.
The second step, referred to as substitution, involved the addition of dry manganese chloride powder to the reactor by the T2 firm employees. The manganese chloride then reacts with sodium MCPD within the reactor, resulting in the formation of sodium chloride….
Levin, D. (2014). Managing Hazards for Scale Up of Chemical Manufacturing Processes. ACS Symposium Series (pp. 3-71). California: American Chemical Society.
U.S. Chemical Safety and Hazard Investigation Board. (2009). investigation report T2 laboratories, inc. runaway reaction. Jacksonville: U.S. Chemical Safety and Hazard Investigation Board.
Wikipedia. (2015, july 3). Thermal runaway. Retrieved from Wikipedia: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thermal_runaway
Increased tear production, inflammation, accumulation of blood, clouding of the cornea, burns.
Unlikely, due to gaseous state: frost-bite of the lips, mouth, and throat possible.
Upper airway irritation, cough, choking, shortness of breath, breathing difficulty, vomiting, narrowing of major airways, fluid in lungs, lung lesions, upper airway closure resulting in death, cardiovascular collapse due to low oxygen.
Irritation, ulceration, first, second, and third degree burns, frost-bite.
Chemical Name: Acetylene
Acetylen, Ethine, Ethyne, Narcylene
DOT Hazard Class:
In pure form, gas is odorless; commercial form, odor is garlic-like.
119°F, -84° C
Vapor:.906 (air=1), Liquid: N/A
0.00117 g/ml @ 0° C
Flammable Limits (% by volume)
Lower: 2.5, Upper: 100
Solubility in Water:
Do not extinguish flames due to possibility of explosive re-ignition. Allow fire to burn out.
Special Procedures for Fire Fighters:
Extremely flammable gas. Do not approach without breathing apparatus and fire-proof clothing.
When possible, remove containers from area of….
Most state and federal regulations related to the transportation of hazardous materials were first established in 1975 with the Hazardous Materials Transportation Act. The Act broadly defines hazardous materials as anything that “may pose an unreasonable risk to health and safety or property,” (OSHA, 2017). In practice, hazardous materials generally include explosives, hazardous waste, gasses, radioactive material, flammable or combustible materials, and harmful chemicals. However, each state would have its own regulations, which sometimes conflicted with neighboring states or federal regulations. Further complicating the issues related to safe transport of hazardous materials was the fact that a large number of federal, state, and local agencies would have different jurisdictions and subject to different regulations or laws, such as the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA), Federal Railway Administration (FRA), Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration (PHMSA), and the United States Coast Guard (USCG) (Federal Motor Carrier….
In the modern developed world, chemicals play an important role in our lives. They are part of our food, the way we commute, how we live, and how we clean. There are a number of household chemicals, though, that are hazardous or toxic. These chemicals, if used improperly, can affect our health, and are particularly dangerous to those who already have compromised immune systems, the very old or very young. In our homes, there are dozens and dozens of potentially hazardous substance: detergents, furniture polish, pains, cleaning products, art supplies, and more. Cleaners contain such toxins as ammonia, sulfuric and phosphoric acids, lye, chlorine, formaldehyde, and phenol. Even air fresheners contain toxins that, if ingested, can cause considerable harm. These toxins can also build up in one's system over time and cause genetic damage. There are varieties of health effects from these homes-based hazardous chemicals; including allergic reactions, migraine….
Toxic Chemicals in Your Home. (2010). Children's Environmental Health Network. Retrieved from: http://www.cehn.org/education/toxic_products
Hammett, T. (1996). Hazardous Household Products. Water Quality and Waste Management.
Retrieved from: https://www.bae.ncsu.edu/programs/extension/publicat / wqwm/he368_1.html
Manahan, S.E. (1989). Interactions of Hazardous-Waste Chemicals. Advances in Chemistry.
In Florida, responsibility is held by the Bureau of Solid & Hazardous Waste, which falls under the auspices of the Department of Environmental Protection. Moreover, the state sets some of the environmental definitions - a key one to CBI is the state of Florida's stringent definition of petroleum contact water.
Among the key points of the regulations is that used oil must be tested to determine the hazard that it poses, before disposal is commenced. CBI tests used oil both at the customer site and then when it arrives at the Miami facility.
The county and city governments also have their own environmental regulations, and Cliff Berry must adhere to those as well. There are specific statutes with regards to the Miami iver and air pollution in both the city and Miami-Dade county.
Plans for the Future
Cliff Berry Inc. has undertaken significant expansion in the past few years. They have taken on….
No author (2008). Dissolved Air Flotation Design and Application. Envirowise. Retrieved May 20, 2008 at http://www.envirowise.gov.uk/page.aspx?o=166728#n2
No author (2008) Laws & Regulations. Environmental Protection Agency. Retrieved May 20, 2008 at http://www.epa.gov/epaoswer/osw/laws-reg.htm
No author (2008) Hazardous Waste. Environmental Protection Agency. Retrieved May 20, 2008 at http://www.epa.gov/osw/hazwaste.htm
No author (2004) Hazardous Incinerators? Waste Treatment Facilities Linked to Health Problems. Science News. Retrieved May 20, 2008 at http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m1200/is_n21_v143/ai_13797900
TESOL: Materials and Course Design
A situation analysis, giving all details availale efore the course egins:
New comers of the TESOL school scheme will e assessed for their English language proficiency y the teachers assigned y TESOL (Teaching of English to speakers of other languages). Programming system will e run under this teacher - memer of TESOL (Dorr, 2006).
This TOSEL teacher is assigned to assist and teach student in estalishing sound understanding of English language, coping with the required skills and academic strategies to assist the process of gaining firm proficiency in English language as necessitated y the course design and classroom environment (Dorr, 2006).
Teacher assigned y TESOL is also a memer of programming system as a support memer, the team of which is designed to develop a close relation with students and collaoration with other related groups including programming team, parents, other teachers, administrative staff and counselors in developing required level….
bibliography of ESL resources: Suggestions for selecting materials & ircs top choices. Illinois Resource Center.
Hamayan, E., Marler, B., Sanchez-Lopez, C. And Damico, J. (2007). Special Education Considerations for English Language Learners: Delivering a Continuum of Services. Caslon Publishing.
Kieffer, M.J. (2008). Catching up or falling behind? Initial English proficiency, concentrated poverty, and the reading growth of language minority learners in the United States. Journal of Educational Psychology, 100, 851-868.
Linse, C. (2008). Language Issue or Learning Disability? Essential Teacher, 5/4, 28-30.
Roessingh, H. (2006). Early language and literacy development among young ELL: Preliminary insights from a longitudinal study and the dual language book project. [Power Point Presentation Slides] Retrieved online November 20, 2011 at https://webdisk.ucalgary.ca/~hroessin/public_html/Early%20language%20and%20literacy%20development%20among%20young%20ELL.%20old%20word.ppt
U.S.-EPA consider to be hazardous waste. Are there any discrepancies in the regulations?.
The statutory regulations of the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) designs hazardous waste as simply consisting of: a waste with a chemical composition or other properties that make it capable of causing illness, death, or some other harm to humans and other life forms when mismanaged or released into the environment (Environmental Protections Agency (EPA), 2005, p.2). The involved definition is, however, more complex than that particularly since a regulatory program structured for safe and immediate handling of hazardous waste demands a more rigid and tightly structured definition.
The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), therefore, worked at length to create tightly controlled definitions of the term so that adherence to the esource Conservation and ecovery Act (CA) should be simpler and less confusing.
CF §262.11 of the CA requires that any individual generating or producing a waste must determine if that….
Environmental Protections Agency (EPA). Hazardous waste characteristics scooping study. Retrieved on 4/17/2011from: http://www.epa.gov/osw/hazard/wastetypes/wasteid/char/scopingp.pdf
Environmental Protections Agency (EPA) (Sept. 2005). Introduction to United States Environmental Protection Agency Hazardous Waste Identification (40 CFR Parts 261). Pdf. Retrieved on 4/17/2011from: http://www.epa.gov/osw/inforesources/pubs/hotline/training/hwid05.pdf
Environmental Protections Agency (EPA). Solvents study. Retrieved on 4/17/2011from: http://www.epa.gov/osw/hazard/downloads/studys.pdf
Environmental Protections Agency (EPA) Waste identification. Retrieved on 4/17/2011from: http://www.epa.gov/osw/hazard/wastetypes/wasteid/index.htm
This approach has been regarded as one of the best and safest approaches. Despite this, there is widespread concern about proper radioactive waste management. (National esearch Council (U.S.), 1)
According to a 1976 EDA report, the nine facilities for radioactive waste disposal have been referred to as significant health hazards. Leaks and spills at such facilities are not very uncommon. In fact, the radioactive waste storage facility at ichland has reported around 18 leaks in a period of 20 years discharging approximately 430,000 gallons of radioactive wastes, shows the enormity of the situation. Leaks have also been reported in Kentucky, New York State, and in Tennessee. (Gyorgy, 130) it has been reported that the U.S. generates radioactive PCB wastes at a rate greater than 5 million tons annually. Moreover, the U.S. has more than 200 million tons of uranium mill tailings in which 85% of its original radioactivity still persists.….
Currently, the cytotoxicity of chrysotile, which is a type of asbestos, as well as Rockwool along with other man-made vitreous fibers (MMVFs) have been evaluated by cell magnetometry. This method established cytoskeleton-dependent functions of macrophages, which contribute to a significant role in phagocytosis, and is used to assess the degree of harm caused on macrophages (Kudo, Kotani, Tomita and Aizawa, 2009).
Biological consequences of MMVFs have to be looked at not only at the cell level but also in the lung. To date there have been no studies done to look at the safety of Rockwool by way of lung magnetometry. In a study done by Kudo, Kotani, Tomita and Aizawa, 2009, rats were forced to inhale Rockwood a nose-only inhalation exposure system, and then looked at by lung magnetometry, a biopersistence test and pathological examination. The well-being features and safe utilization of mineral wools have been looked at for almost….
This was further detrimental to the morale of existing workers, as they began to resent the striking section of the workforce for their situation. The managing team then determined that a management of change assessment was necessary.
The first step in this assessment was an assessment of the existing situations. Workers were beginning to suffer from extreme fatigue, resulting in outbursts of anger and potential fights. This created physical hazards in the underground workplace. Worker resentment and anxiety were also rising as a result. Because these elements were detrimental for concentration and awareness, the physical hazard of spending long hours in the underground environment also rose exponentially for each worker.
It was also determined that input from workers themselves and their division supervisors was needed. For this purpose, several meetings were held between employees and their supervisors, and then with supervisors and management. These helped determined the precise areas of grievance….
The author of this report is to assess a case study where a truck that has potentially toxic or lethal substances has overturned outside of town. While the truck crashed outside of the city limits, the truck has placards, is leaking and is rather close (but not in) an irrigated field. The author of this report is asked how to proceed given the placard information and other details, what restraints should be used, what advice should be given to those that drive up to the scene and what to say to first responders as they show up. While there are some good bits of news about this spill, the news is mostly bad.
The class 8 placard by itself indicates that the material in question is corrosive. The "dangerous when wet" sign is concerning given that there is an irrigated field nearby. However, the details of the case do note….
Hazardous Waste Operations and Emergency esponse Standards
OSHA specifically prohibits employee rotation as a method of administrative control as it may increase the number of exposed employees to harmful components such as gasses in dangerous work environments (OSHAa). Exposure to a large number of employees to potential hazardous elements poses a significant risk to a large population.
Other administrative controls that could be used include the following:
Limited time exposure to hazards: Activities in this aspect include using control equipment such as partial enclosure and LEV (OSHAa). Controlling procedures also come in handy in this step and include training and supervision to reduce exposure. Additional measures include testing, examination, and maintenance of control measures. It is also vital to ensure that employees adhere to the control measures in place to minimize exposure time to hazards.
Stretching and break policies for employees: egular rest breaks ease physical strain such as eye strain, muscle aches, and….
Occupational Safety & Health Administration [OSHAa] (n.d.) Occupational Safety and Health Standards. Toxic and Hazardous Substances Retrieved from https://www.osha.gov/pls/oshaweb/owadisp.show_document-p_table=STANDARDS&pid=10023
Occupational Safety & Health Administration [OSHAb] (n.d.) Hazardous waste operations and emergency response. Hazardous Materials. Retrieved from https://www.osha.gov/pls/oshaweb/owadisp.show_document-p_table=STANDARDS&p_id=9765
Hazardous Waste at Pharmacy
The pharmaceutical business generates some waste that is considered to be hazardous. Some of this waste is in the form of drugs that are dangerous. Up until this point, a lot of the regulations surrounding the handling of these drugs has come from OSHA, and thus the regulations pertain to occupational safety, rather than environmental safety. OSHA has had recommendations for the safe handling of dangerous drugs for at least thirty years. Most hazardous drugs are cytotoxic, but some others are also potentially harmful, among them drugs for chemotherapy (Polovich, 2004).
The current regulations at the federal level are from OSHA and are designed to protect the people who either produce or dispense pharmaceuticals that fall into the hazardous class (Connor & McDiarmmid, 2006). Chemotherapy agents, for example, have been linked to secondary leukemia and other cancers (Polovich, 2004). When OSHA brought in its guidelines, however, this….
Connor, T. & McDiarmid, M. (2006). Preventing occupational exposures to antineoplastic drugs in health care settings. CA: A cancer journal for clinicians. Vol. 56 (6) 345-365.
EPA.gov (2015). Proposed rule: Management standards for hazardous waste pharmaceuticals. Environmental Protection Agency. Retrieved April 8, 2016 from Patwary, M., O'Hare, W. & Sarker, M. (2011). Assessment of occupational and environmental safety associated with medical waste disposal in developing countries: A qualitative approach. Safety Science. Vol. 49 (8-9) 1200-1207.
Polovich, M. (2004). Safe handling of hazardous drugs. Online Journal of Issues in Nursing. Retrieved April 8, 2016 from http://www.nursingworld.org/mainmenucategories/anamarketplace/anaperiodicals/ojin/tableofcontents/volume92004/no3sept04/hazardousdrugs.html
Ones a site has been detected or surveyed to contain such carcinogens, proper protection should be availed to the brigade before they are allowed to access the site. Neurotoxic…Read Full Paper ❯
Business - Management
1984 when a toluene storage tank at a bulk petroleum storage facility exploded while firefighters were trying to get to an low-skill worker that was trapped inside said…Read Full Paper ❯
Interactions of Hazardous Materials Chemistry of the process MCMT, methylcyclopentadienyl manganese tricarbonyl, was manufactured in a three-step process by T2 Laboratories, Inc. The first step of the chemical reaction necessitated…Read Full Paper ❯
Health Hazards: Eyes: Increased tear production, inflammation, accumulation of blood, clouding of the cornea, burns. Ingestion: Unlikely, due to gaseous state: frost-bite of the lips, mouth, and throat possible. Inhalation: Upper airway irritation, cough, choking,…Read Full Paper ❯
Most state and federal regulations related to the transportation of hazardous materials were first established in 1975 with the Hazardous Materials Transportation Act. The Act broadly defines hazardous materials…Read Full Paper ❯
Transportation - Environmental Issues
Hazardous Chemicals In the modern developed world, chemicals play an important role in our lives. They are part of our food, the way we commute, how we live, and how…Read Full Paper ❯
Transportation - Environmental Issues
In Florida, responsibility is held by the Bureau of Solid & Hazardous Waste, which falls under the auspices of the Department of Environmental Protection. Moreover, the state sets…Read Full Paper ❯
TESOL: Materials and Course Design A situation analysis, giving all details availale efore the course egins: New comers of the TESOL school scheme will e assessed for their English language proficiency…Read Full Paper ❯
Transportation - Environmental Issues
U.S.-EPA consider to be hazardous waste. Are there any discrepancies in the regulations?. The statutory regulations of the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) designs hazardous waste as simply consisting of:…Read Full Paper ❯
Transportation - Environmental Issues
This approach has been regarded as one of the best and safest approaches. Despite this, there is widespread concern about proper radioactive waste management. (National esearch Council (U.S.),…Read Full Paper ❯
Currently, the cytotoxicity of chrysotile, which is a type of asbestos, as well as Rockwool along with other man-made vitreous fibers (MMVFs) have been evaluated by cell magnetometry. This…Read Full Paper ❯
This was further detrimental to the morale of existing workers, as they began to resent the striking section of the workforce for their situation. The managing team then…Read Full Paper ❯
Hazardous Materials The author of this report is to assess a case study where a truck that has potentially toxic or lethal substances has overturned outside of town. While the…Read Full Paper ❯
Hazardous Waste Operations and Emergency esponse Standards OSHA specifically prohibits employee rotation as a method of administrative control as it may increase the number of exposed employees to harmful components…Read Full Paper ❯
Hazardous Waste at Pharmacy The pharmaceutical business generates some waste that is considered to be hazardous. Some of this waste is in the form of drugs that are dangerous. Up…Read Full Paper ❯