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Health and Wellness
Definitions of Health
In 1997, the World Health Organization decided that the on hand definition of health needed to be modified to ensure elasticity and better implementation. The definition according to the WHO constitution of 1948 defines health as a "state of complete physical, mental and social well being, and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity." It has been proposed that the prologue should be customized to include spiritual well being and the dynamic concept of health. The new definition defines health as a "dynamic state of complete physical, mental, spiritual and social well being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity." (WHO, 1998)
Other definitions also refer to the energetic nature of health. In the Community Health Education and Promotion Manual (Aspen, 1996) health is "a quality of life involving dynamic interaction and independence among the individual's physical well being, his mental…
Aspen Reference Group. 1996.Community Health Education and Promotion Manual. Gaithersburg, Maryland. Aspen Publishers, Inc.
Turning Point Initiative of NACCHO. 1998.W.K. Kellogg Foundation and The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, University of Washington School of Public Health and Community Medicine Healthy Capital District Initiative, Albany Tri-count Region, New York.
WHO'S New Proposed Definition.101st Session of the WHO Executive Board, Geneva, January 1998. Resolution EB101/.R2.Document EB101/7.
Health and Wellness
According to Zoller, scholars and/or practitioners proponents of workplace health promotion (WHP) generally assume that employees universally welcome the programs. Perhaps, the primary delimitation that could be contributed to health and wellness programs would be that one of the other would not be wanted by employees. Consequently, health promotion literature that deems the programs to be "pro-social" endeavors designed in employees' best interests frequently fail to engage employees' participation.
Additional delimitations incorporate:
Failure to adequately engage employee needs
The development of divisive gender issues and eliance on disciplinary models of health contributed to negative reactions and lower employee participation." (Zoller)
Smoking, Diet and Exercise in 1996, approximately nine out of ten major employers offered health promotion programs which ranged from fitness centers; health testing; health education programs; incentive/disincentive programs to increase health behaviors like dieting or cease smoking; health outcomes (lowering body fat levels and/or cholesterol). By changing employees' voluntary…
Aetna Health Connections (SM) Programs for Wellness Target Optimal Health; Enhanced Tools and Programs Offer Personalized Content and Support," Business Wire, September 12, 2006.
Carter, Jimmy President. The Columbia World of Quotations. New York: Columbia University Press. (1996). [15 September 2006]. http://www.bartleby.com/66/9/10909.html .
Constitution of the World Health Organization. The Columbia World of Quotations. New York: Columbia University Press. (1996). [15 September 2006]. http://www.bartleby.com/cgibin/texis/webinator/sitesearch?FILTER=colQuotations&query=Health+is+a+state+of+co plete+physical%2C+&x=12&y=10.
Conway, Sue & Norbert Kugele, Warner Norcross & Judd. "Avoiding legal pitfalls with your wellness program." August 07, 2006. [15 September 2006]. http://www.mibiz.com/absolutenm/templates/template.asp?articleid=9653&zoneid=65 .
Health and Wellness for the Elderly
Elderly Citizen's Health and Wellness
Elderly Citizen's Health and Wellness
Health and Wellness for the Elderly
The aim of this interview is to identify the health and wellness of an elderly person with the aim of providing knowledge on areas. These are areas that social health workers and the government services can develop to improve the overall public health of the community. The program first focuses on the elderly population since it is the most neglected of the general population in terms of public health programs. This is especially necessary for the population not living in elderly and assisted living homes. The interview is confidential, with information purely meant for academic and policy makers.
Can you tell me what you consider in your daily activities are physical activities or physical exercise?
In your opinion, is your current physical regime different from when…
Mauk, K.L. (2010). Gerontological Nursing: Competencies for Care. 2nd ed. Sudbury, MA; Jones & Bartlett Learning.
Health and Wellness Foods & everages
Increase in health consciousness:
Studies on health consciousness among Americans have been carried out on the telephone by Peter D. Hart Research Associates on the telephone among a representative sample of 1,018 "Less Active" American adults more than 18 years old. The definition of less active was taken as being people who exercised vigorously less than twice a week. The summary of the study stated that 43% of the total adult population is less active while 57% belong to the more active section. The study was conducted among all Americans on behalf of the President's Council on Physical Fitness and Sports and the collaborator was the Sporting Goods Manufacturers Association.
The study showed that some groups of the population like women and lower-income Americans have more than their representative shares of population in the Less Active group. The other interesting factor is that the…
Big Boy Restaurants Introduces Three New Lo-Carb Seafood Entrees: Three New Seafood Dishes and Some All-Time Seafood Favorites" (11 March, 2004) Big Boy Restaurants International LLC. Retrieved at http://biz.yahoo.com/prnews/040311/deth026_1.html . Accessed on 29 May, 2004
Hart, Peter D. "American Attitudes toward Physical Activity & Fitness A National Survey" President's Council on Physical Fitness & Sports in collaboration with the Sporting Goods Manufacturers Association Retrieved at http://fitness.gov/activity/activity7/american_att/american_att.html . Accessed on 29 May, 2004
Is low-fat a cure-all?" (2004). Calorie Control Council. Retrieved at http://www.google.co.in/search?q=cache:-Pm -- nHOyGkJ:www.caloriecontrol.org/cureall.html+health+and+foods+and+beverages&hl=enAccessed on 29 May, 2004
Kortbech-Olesen, Rudy. (March, 2002) "The United States market for Organic Food and Beverages" United Nations Conference on Trade and development. International Trade Center. Retrieved at http://www.intracen.org/mds/sectors/organic/foodbev.pdf . Accessed on 29 May, 2004
Eating for Good Health - Safe Weight Loss vs. Fad Dieting
This paper explores the need for safe weight loss and healthy eating, as opposed to the fad diets often featured on television, in newspapers and in magazines. For the purposes of this paper, healthy eating is defined according to the standards set out by the U.S. government in its 2000 guidelines on nutrition.
The diet industry globally makes millions of dollars each year. rands such as Slim-Fast, Slimmers World and Weight Watchers are household names throughout the world and a new diet craze surfaces every few months, helped along by media coverage and the cult of celebrity as a-list stars and lesser mortals in the public eye rush to promote themselves as perfect beings with lifestyles worth emulating. The latest figures published by the U.S. government show a rising incidence of weight problems in the U.S.A. with 31 per…
National Center for Health Statistics Press Release (2002) on National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 1999-2000. Retrieved October 16, 2002, at http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/releases/02news/obesityonrise.htm
Nutrition and Health: Dietary Guidelines for Americans, (Fifth edition, 2000). (Department of Agriculture/Department of Health and Human Services) Home and Garden Bulletin No. 232
Atkins Center online, retrieved October 16, 2002 from www.atkinscenter.com
Journal of the American Dietetic Association, (February 2000) v100 i2 p268
Health and Wellness
Staying well is easy for some people, and others seem to always be battling some form of illness. Genetics play a part in how healthy a person generally remains throughout life, but there are other factors that come into play such as behaviors like smoking or drinking (Ogden, 2007). Overall, people who eat healthy and exercise will live longer lives and have fewer illnesses than people who eat poorly and are very sedentary (Marks, et al., 2011). Smokers and heavy drinkers also tend to have more health problems than people who do not smoke and who either abstain from drinking or drink very little (Ogden, 2007). There are exceptions to these rules, of course, but they are few and far between. One of the main challenges to health and wellness is how to get information to people so that they can adopt a better, healthier lifestyle that…
Marks, D.F., Murray, M., Evans, B., and Estacio, E.V. (2011). Health psychology: Theory-research-practice. (3rd Ed.) Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.
Ogden, J. (2007). Health psychology: A textbook (4th ed.). Berkshire, England: Open University Press.
Quick, J.C.; & Tetrick, L.E. (Eds.). (2003). Handbook of occupational health psychology. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
Taylor, S.E. (2005). Health Psychology (8th ed.). New York, NY: McGraw-Hill
New Health and Wellness Program
Evaluation of a Health and Wellness Program
Psychologists use five methods to conduct research including naturalistic observation, case study, survey, correlation, and experimental research. The case study provides researchers with an in-depth analysis of a single participant. In psychological studies employing naturalistic observation, researchers observe and document human or animal behaviors in natural settings. Other research methods include the experimental method, survey research, and correlation study. In a survey study, researchers administer survey questionnaires to large groups of subjects to obtain information on a variety of topics. A correlation study allows psychologists to study the relationships between variables. The results of a correlation analysis indicate positive, negative, or null correlations between variables. In experimental research, researchers alter a variable in a controlled environment to observe measured changes in a study's participants. When the outcome of an experiment is statistically significant, the results are used to…
(Hockenbury D. Hockenbury H. 2010 Psychology) Hockenbury, D., & Hockenbury, H. (2010). Psychology (5th ed.). New York, New York: Worth Publishers.
If you need to type anything after the reference list then start it on this page
Indeed, there is an increasing amount of recognition for the varied sectors of the older population, with more research attention and services provided to these sectors. The Internet also provides increased opportunities to help older people maintain and regain control over the services they choose to utilize.
The National Association of Chronic Disease Directors (n.d.), for example, provides evidence of research into the older demographic and the way in which chronic conditions might affect their lives. Particularly, mental health is a concern, since the loss of mental faculties could also mean a basic loss of control over everyday functions and tasks.
According to the Assocation, there is an estimated 20% of people over 54 years who expereince some type of mental health concern. Commonly, this demographic tends to experience anxiety, cognitive impairment, and mood disorders. Often, these conditions could lead to a lack of joy or satisfaction in life and…
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2012) Healthy Aging. Retrieved from: http://www.cdc.gov/aging/
NIH Senior Health. (2012, June). Retrieved from: http://nihseniorhealth.gov/
The National Association of Chronic Disease Directors. (n.d.) the State of Mental Health and Aging in America. Retrieved from:
esearch has shown that good communication amid patients and health care providers is directly connected to a person's happiness, treatment adherence and affirmative health results (Cultural Competency for Health Care Providers, 2007).
The goal of a lot of provider-oriented health it tools is to make relevant patient information flawlessly and unmistakably accessible to providers at the point of care. In so doing, these tools can decrease clinical indecision related to blurred or mistaken patient information that may be found in a handwritten medical record. In the nonexistence of desired information or in the presence of blurred or uncertain data, providers may undervalue patient precise information while at the same time overweighting their own medical viewpoints, suppositions, prejudices, or stereotypes about certain kinds of patients. If apparent and precise patient information is accessible to the clinician, the utilization of this information should augment, getting rid of the need for relying on…
Cultural Competency for Health Care Providers. (2007). Retrieved March 13, 2011, from Web
The article states, "The enormous human and economic costs associated with occupational stress suggest that initiatives designed to prevent and/or reduce employee stress should be high on the agenda of workplace health promotion (HP) programs" (Noblet, LaMontagne, 2006, p. 346).
Along with the article's assertion that reducing employee stress should be beneficial to both the individual and the company, the article also documents the many problems that can occur due to stress in the workplace. The article espouses, "For employees, chronic exposure to stressful situations such as work overload, poor supervisory support and low input into decision-making have been cross-sectionally and prospectively linked to a range of debilitating health outcomes, including depression, anxiety, emotional exhaustion, immune deficiency disorders and cardiovascular disease" (Noblet, p. 347). Many of these illnesses are debilitating and can be long-term which adds to the company's cost due to employee absence(s) directly affecting the company's bottom line.…
Aldana, S.G., Merrill, R.M., Price, K., Hardy, a. And Hager, R. (2005) Financial impact of a comprehensive multisite workplace health promotion program, Preventive Medicine, 40, 131-137.
Downey, a.M., Sharp, D.J., (2007) Why do managers allocate resources to workplace health promotion programmes in countries with national health coverage?, Health Promotion International, Vol. 22, No. 2, pp. 102-111
Musich, S.A., Adams, L. And Edington, D.W. (2000) Effectiveness of health promotion programs in moderating medical costs in the U.S.A., Health Promotion International, 15, 5-15
Ozminkowski, R., Ling, D., Goetzel, R., Bruno, J., Rutter, K., Isaac, F. et al. (2002) Long-term impact of Johnson & Johnson's health & wellness program on health care utilization and expenditures. Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 44, 21-29.
Health Care Professions: Issues and Questions
I believe that health care is indeed a right for all people. Just as personal and public safety is a right that we all believe in, ascribe to, and pay to uphold, so we should also protect the right to be healthy. It is the nation's job to help create an existence for its citizens that is free from disease and other forms of harm. The government does this in other concrete ways for its people, such as by providing definitive means of protection through a police force and through legislation to protect public and personal safety. Thus the health and wellness safety of its people needs to be treated as equally important. Those who oppose a pervasive and comprehensive healthcare system for all (and with it, the taxes that come to all in order to afford such a system) often argue that sick…
Boseley, S. (2005, December 19). UK agencies still hiring poorest nations' nurses. Retrieved from theguardian.com: http://www.theguardian.com/society/2005/dec/20/health.politics
Roy, A. (2013, March 28). Yes, Health Care is a Right -- An Individual Right. Retrieved from Forbes.com: http://www.forbes.com/sites/theapothecary/2013/03/28/yes-health-care-is-a-right-an-individual-right/
As a woman enters her geriatric years, many unique problems are also faced. Her post-menopausal period leaves a woman with increased risk of osteoporosis, and hormone-replacement therapy may need to be considered or dismissed depending upon the needs and wellness of the individual women. Additionally, increased risk for obesity begins nearly at the adolescent period, when women's hormone loads change and often activity of childhood decreases. The incidence of obesity and overweight among women perpetually increases with every year of life. ("Overweight, Obesity Threaten U.S.," 2002, p. 8)Obesity and overweight, as one of the most significant conditions associated with several chronic diseases, such as type 2 diabetes, heart disease, increased risk of stroke and hypertension should be developed as a lifespan issue, as the needs of intervention and prevention change as women age and go through various stages of life.
While women have functional characteristics that require specialized health care,…
Blackwell, Daria, 2002. Women in the Healthcare Industry Reaching for the Top. Medical Marketing & Media, Dec2002, Vol. 37 Issue 12, p44, 8p.
Fleming, Carl, 2004. Healthcare Access: Conflicts of Interest Presented by Managed Care Icu Bedside Rationing and Their Impact on Minorities and Women. Georgetown Journal of Gender & the Law, Spring2004, Vol. 5 Issue 1, p663-676.
Heyman, B., & Henriksen, M. (2001). Risk, Age and Pregnancy: A Case Study of Prenatal Genetic Screening and Testing / . New York: Palgrave.
Lueck, T.L., & Chang, H. (2002). Tribune's 'WomanNews' Gives Voice to Women's Issues. Newspaper Research Journal, 23(1), 59.
health care to the elderly.
In the next several years, many commentators argue that population aging will considerably affect the federal budget. When one turns sixty-five, his or her cost of care doesn't abruptly increase. However, the cost of healthcare to the federal government will go up since at that age Medicare usually becomes the main or primary insurer. According to studies by the CBO (Congressional Budget Office), over the next two decades, population aging will account for over fifty percent spending growth on various government healthcare programs (What Is Driving U.S. Health Care Spending? America's Unsustainable Health Care Cost Growth). As the baby boomers age, the population will lead to a higher percentage of seniors, which will in turn lead to an overall increase in per capita spending. Studies indicate that over the next decade or so, the aging American population will contribute to the increase in healthcare spending…
Barr. (n.d.). Hospitals & Health Networks - Hospital and Health Care Executives. Baby boomers will transform health care as they age - H&HN. Retrieved 2014, from http://www.hhnmag.com/articles/5298-Boomers-Will-Transform-Health-Care-as-They-Age
(2012). Bipartisan Policy Center. What Is Driving U.S. Health Care Spending? America's Unsustainable Health Care Cost Growth. Retrieved December 2, 2016, from http://bipartisanpolicy.org/wp-content/uploads/sites/default/files/BPC%20Health%20Care%20Cost%20Drivers%20Brief%20Sept%202012.pdf
Rice, & Gabel. (1986). Protecting the elderly against high health care costs. Health Affairs,5(3). Retrieved, from http://content.healthaffairs.org/content/5/3/5.full.pdf
(n.d.). The White House - whitehouse.gov. REDUCING COSTS AND IMPROVING THE QUALITY OF HEALTH CARE. Retrieved December 2, 2016, from http://www.whitehouse.gov/sites/default/files/docs/erp2013/ERP2013_Chapter_5.pdf
The objective is to use one set of variables (columns) to predict another, for the purpose of optimization, and to find out which columns are important in the relationship. Here, we can compare the lifestyles through social status, activities they are involved in, physical activities and diet.
esearch tells us that obesity and being overweight play a role in cardiovascular disease, diabetes, hypertension, coronary heart disease, arthritis and colon, breast, uterine and prostate cancers. The health risks of being overweight are no secret, of course, and yet there appears to be no widespread urgency to address this trend (UCLA, 2009). Through this study, the writer hopes that public becomes more aware on which lifestyle they would like to choose -- hopefully, the health and wellness campaign that will be of benefit to everyone in the long run. Parents of overweight children have to go all-out to present healthy diet alternatives…
University of California - Los Angeles (2009, February 13). New Factor in Teen Obesity: Parents. ScienceDaily. Retrieved March 5, 2009, at http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/02/090209125824.htm .
Feinstein, a.R. (1996) Multivariable Analysis. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
Heritage Assessment Tool
Heritage Assessment Tool: Cultural values and health beliefs
Cultural sensitivity is an integral part of effective nursing. Although the definitions of concepts such as 'health' and 'wellness' might seem on their surface to be self-evident, these notions are, in fact, highly mutable and particular to the individual and his or her culture. Cultural insensitivity can result in patients becoming alienated from the medical system and this results in poorer, ineffectual care. One of the reasons instruments such as the Heritage Assessment Tool can be so useful is that it can be a clear and efficient way to establish the culturally-contextual health beliefs of a patient whose experiences and values that are different those of the physician, nurse, or other healthcare provider treating the patient.
The first family I interviewed was a Chinese-American household. Although the family was relatively assimilated and the children were second-generation residents…
Health Promotion Case Study
In this scenario the individual has been asked by a local law firm to come into the organization and establish a wellness program to promote the health of its employees. The firm includes a team of 20 lawyers, 3 managers, 45 paralegals, 5 administrative assistants, 2 information technologists and 4 part-time housekeeping and maintenance staff. The partners agreed last year to install a fully equipped gym in their building because otherwise they would receive a discount on the health insurance if 85% of the employees were participating in the gym at least an average of 90 minutes a week. At the time of renewal of the health care benefits package, the organization was disqualified from the discount because only approximately 10% of the employees were participating in the gym. This case involves a solution for engaging more of the law firm employees in health promotion activities…
Wieczner, J (2013) Your Company Wants to Make You Healthy. The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved from: SB10001424127887323393304578360252284151378
Gaines, M. (2012) How to Motivate Employees to Exercise. Chron. Retrieved from: http://work.chron.com/motivate-employees-exercise-1860.html
Garity, C. (nd) Corporate Fitness and Active Aging. Retrieved from: http://wellness.nifs.org/blog/bid/39826/Corporate-Fitness-Programs-Can-Motivate-Employees-to-Exercise-at-Work
Health Model and Healing Model
The healing model and health model have influenced the human belief for several decades, and the health model defines health as robust physical human fitness that is free of disease. On the other hand, healing is a functional restoration of repairing or conquering alien destroyer. In other word, health is the balance of spirit, mind and body. Since disease serves as an agent that disrupts the balance, healing serves as restoration of human balance. (Carpenter, 2010).
In essence, healing and spirituality are intimately connected. Healing is the spiritual process that influences the wholesome of an individual. In other word, healing is an intangible, experiential and spiritual that integrates human body, mind, soul and spirit. More importantly, healing is concerned with the wholesome of human being. For several thousand years, many people with different cultures have used the healing model for the well being of their…
Liu, C. Li, D. Fu, B. et al. (2014). Modeling of self-healing against cascading overload failures in complex networks. EPL (Europhysics Letters). 107(6).
Meilin, S. (2013). Characterization of a porcine model of post-operative pain European Journal of Pain.
Tiaki, K.C. (2013). Helping transform health service models. Nursing New Zealand. 19 (7): 27.
Health eform Act
The work of Flanagan, Miller, Pagano, and Wood (2010) entitled "Employee Benefit Plan eview -- Meyerowitz, Health care eform Is Here -- Now What?" states that health care reform laws are expected to have an impact that is significant in nature and this is on the health insurance industry as well as on employee benefit issues as well. The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA), which was then supplemented and modified, less than one week later, by the Health Care and Education Tax Credit econciliation Act (HCEA)." (Flanagan, Miller, Pagano, and Wood, 2010) Those two laws are referred to as "Health Care eform" or "Health eform Laws." (Flanagan, Miller, Pagano, and Wood, 2010) The Health eform Laws are reported, while being extremely lengthy and in depth and very detailed to "leave open a host of issues that will have to be resolved either through agency regulations…
Current Internal Revenue Code (Standard Federal version), SEC. 45R. EMPLOYEE HEALTH INSURANCE EXPENSES OF SMALL EMPLOYERS (2010) WK_ Current Internal Revenue Code SEC 45R EMPLOYEE HEALTH INSURANCE EXPENSES OF SMALL EMPLOYERS.pdf
Part III - Administrative, Procedural, and Miscellaneous Section 45R -- Tax Credit for Employee Health Insurance Expenses of Small Employers Notice 2010-44
National Tax Advisory (2010) What you need to know now about the tax aspects of health reform litigation. 6 Apr 2010.
IRS Rulings & Other Documents (2002-Current), Rev. Rul. 2010-13, Internal Revenue Service, (May 3, 2010) WK_ IRS Rulings Other Documents 2002-Current Rev Rul 2010-13 May 3, 2010.pdf ©2010 Wolters Kluwer.
Healthcare spending by the New York State persistently surpasses its earnings. That difference continues to be expanding and is also anticipated to broaden unless of course there happen to be severe, continuous modifications in spending budget actions. Lieutenant Governor ichard avitch, in "A 5-Year Strategy to Deal with the State of New York's Spending budget Deficit" released during March 2010, approximated this structural disproportion within the state's spending budget to become no less than $13 billion. The structural inequality isn't simply the consequence of the economic downturn that started during 2007, and a commonly strengthening economic climate is not going to get rid of it.
To help the State of New York in providing the solutions and dedication to quality that its residents rely on, structural modifications are needed. The aim of this paper is actually to summarize one particular realignment - solving an outright inequity involving the state as…
California Public Employees' Retirement System, "Facts at a Glance: Health," September 2010, http://www.calpers.ca.gov/eip-docs/about/facts/health.pdf .
Citizens Budget Commission, Out of Balance: A Comparison of Public and Private Employee Health Benefits in New York City, December 2009, http://www.cbcny.org/sites/default/files/REPORT_Survey_12162009.pdf .
City of New York Office of Labor Relations, "New York City Summary Program Description, Health Benefit Program," 2010, http://www.nyc.gov/html/olr/downloads/pdf/healthb/full_spd.pdf.
Government Finance Officers Association, "Recommended Practices, Health Care Cost Containment 2004," http://www.gfoa.org/downloads/corbaHealthCareCostContainment.pdf .
It is from this spiritual foundation that I wish to approach healthcare as a professional nurse. Healthcare is my duty, and I shall see to it that I "freely give" of my energy to heal the sick and communicate the word of God via my work.
Heartfelt concern for human beings is a core Christian ideal. In a Christian light, healthcare is not as controversial as it is made out to be in the American media. Rather, the issue of healthcare parallels the three Christian norms of love, justice and peacemaking. To love others is to put into practice Jesus' advice to love our neighbors as ourselves. No matter what a patient's background or physical condition, that individual has the right to receive the best care possible. Love is caring in action, which is the job of the nurse. Justice refers to equal treatment of all patients. Within a Christian…
Contracts with doctors often contain a clause which doesn't allow the doctors to discuss
Health care 7 with their patients financial incentives to deny treatment or about treatments not covered by the plan (Glazer, 1996). This has caused many consumers, especially those with chronic illnesses, to form organizations with the American Medical Association and physician specialty groups to promote legislation forbidding "gag rules" (Glazer, 1996). One group, Citizen Action, has 3 million members and "has been lobbying in state legislatures for laws that would require plans to disclose how they pay their doctors; give patients the right to choose specialists outside the plan; and provide appeals for patients who get turned down for expensive treatments" (Glazer, 1996).
The doctor-patient relationship is also affected if a patient must switch to a new doctor under managed care. Having a longterm relationship with a primary doctor is important because he or she is…
Bennett Clark, Jane (1996, July). What you should ask your HMO.
Kiplinger's Personal Finance Magazine. pp. 92-93.
Glazer, Sarah (1996, April 12). Managed Care. CQ Researcher, 6,
Koop, C. Everett (1996, Fall). Manage with care. Time. pp. 69.
Healthcare Reform Models
Health Care Reform Models
Shim and colleagues (2012) argue for taking advantage of provisions within the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA) of 2010 that emphasizes preventive and integrated care. They propose that the primary care setting is ideal for screening patients for signs of mental illness and associated risk factors. A mental health wellness program could also include coaches and other experts that interface with patients on an individual basis, including at the patient's home.
Long-Term Behavioral Health Care
Bao and colleagues (2012) examined four patient populations defined by disease severity and ability to pay, and then assessed how these four groups will fare under the behavioral health provisions in the ACA. Patients with private insurance and suffering from mild to moderate mental illness will probably receive the best care at a Patient-Centered Medical Home (PCMH). The authors suggest that the presence of…
Health Care -- Philosophy of Graduate Nursing Education
In many senses, the nurse practitioner (NP) takes the profession of nursing to the next level. While the treatment of illness important, the NP also has broader focus of total well-being, including wellness, rights, education and preventative medicine for the patient, his/her family, and local, state, national and global communities. Consequently, in addition to treating the physical ailments of a patient, the modern NP must be clinically and intellectually excellent, an eternal student and teacher who fulfill numerous roles in nearly every health care situation.
A crucial aspect of nursing is the caregiver's relationship with the patient. Patient education is an important aspect of nursing and when carried over to the NP role, patient education greatly improves treatment because the patient has a greater understanding of the reasons for treatment and is likelier to effectively participate in treatment. A NP is a…
The absence of illness does not thoroughly explain "Health", it can as well be described as wellness of the body and mind. More technically, health can be defined from two perspectives -- bodily and psychological health. A state of well-being due to regular exercises, adequate nutrition, sufficient rest, sensitivity to signs of sickness and when to seek help is referred to as Physical health. A person's fitness is showcased by his/her body make-up, cardiorespiratory endurance, muscular stability, and adaptability. Mental wellness refers to psychological and emotional welfare.
As defined by the World Health Organisation (WHO), mental health is "a state of wellness in which an individual discovers and harnesses his abilities, make headways regardless of stress encountered in life, can complete tasks adequately and profitably with substantial end product, and also contributes immensely to the uplift of his or her locality." (Nordqvist, 2015). A means of enabling people…
Boundless, 2016. Research Methods for Evaluating Treatment Efficacy - Boundless Open Textbook. Boundless. Available at: https://www.boundless.com/psychology/textbooks/boundless-psychology-textbook/treating-psychological-disorders-19/introduction-to-the-treatment-of-psychological-disorders-99/research-methods-for-evaluating-treatment-efficacy-382-12917/ [Accessed June 27, 2017].
Brassai, L, Piko, B, & Steger, M 2011, 'Meaning in Life: Is It a Protective Factor for Adolescents' Psychological Health?', International Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 18, 1, p. 44, Advanced Placement Source, EBSCOhost, viewed 27 June 2017.
Cuijpers, P. et al., 2014. EU-Compass for Action on Mental Health and Well-being. PREVENTION OF DEPRESSION AND PROMOTION OF RESILIENCE. Available at: https://ec.europa.eu/health/sites/health/files/mental_health/docs/ev_20161006_co03_en.pdf [Accessed June 27, 2017].
Gillham, J.E. et al., 2012. Preventing Depression in Early Adolescent Girls: The Penn Resiliency and Girls in Transition Programs. Handbook of Prevention and Intervention Programs for Adolescent Girls, pp.124 -- 161.
Based upon the fact the baby boomers are all approaching retirement age, it would be a good idea for the organization to pursue programs that are geared towards seniors. Programs that are geared towards seniors are a great way to produce quality comprehensive health care for those in the community that need it. The organization might pursue the idea of opening a PACE program. " The Program of All-Inclusive Care for the Elderly (PACE) is a capitated benefit authorized by the Balanced Budget Act of 1997 (BBA) that features a comprehensive service delivery system and integrated Medicare and Medicaid financing" (Program of All Inclusive Care for the Elderly (PACE), 2009). The PACE program features complete medical and social services that rely on an interdisciplinary team approach in an adult day health center that includes in-home and referral services depending on the person's needs (Program of All Inclusive Care for the…
Baker, J. Judith & Baker, R.W. (2006). Healthcare Finance, Basic Tools for Nonfinancial
Managers. Maryland: Aspen Publications, Inc.
Bury, Elizabeth, Carter, Kara S., Feigelman, Masha and Grant, Jennifer M. (n.d.). Retrieved June
2, 2009, from Web site:
Health and Social Sciences
Health, Well Being and Social Care in UK
Sociological Perspective of Health and Well Being in UK
Psychological Perspective of Health and Well Being in UK
Psycho-Social Needs of Service Users in UK
Health and Social Sciences
This report casts light upon the various aspects of physical and mental health of people living in United Kingdom. The selected sample chosen for this study belongs to the settings of people who do not belong to UK from their old generations and they are spending the lives of homelessness there. In other words, the paper is about physical and mental health of people who belong to other areas of the world but are settled in UK for education of job purpose. Since they are outsiders, they do not have permanent place to live in, they make temporal arrangements depending upon their requirements. Their priorities are different…
BBC News, 2011. Archbishop calls for NHS bill to cover spiritual health. [Online] Available at: < http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-politics-15570290 > [Accessed 07 Oct 2012]
Department of Health, 2012. Public Health, adult social care and the NHS. [online] Available at: < http://www.dh.gov.uk/en/index.htm > [Accessed 07 Oct 2012]
International Health Insurance, 2012. 3 Easy Steps to Health Insurance. [Online] Available at: < http://www.international-health-insurance.com / > [Accessed 07 Oct 2012]
Men's Health News, 2012. The Hardest Workout You're not Doing. [online] Available at: < http://news.menshealth.com/the-hardest-workout-youre-not-doing/2012/02/10 / > [Accessed 07 Oct 2012]
The research thus concludes the essence of having quality and effective legislation addressing the aspects of overall oral health of the people.
Additionally, the Canadian Dental Association also relates several issues of the overall body health to the oral health of the individual. In view of the article on the relation "oral health -- good life," the article gives information on the essence of good oral health, indicating some of the illnesses of ill oral health (Chattopadhyay, 2011). In this article, the relation between the ill oral health and the overall health of the body is that the mouth is the ingress to the body. Therefore, an individual with ill oral health is at the highest risk of having infection that affects the whole body system severely. According to this article, it emphasizes the need for dentists-patient relation as the dentists is the only person with the skill, expertise and…
Chattopadhyay, a. (2011). Oral health epidemiology: Principles and practice. Sudbury, Mass:
Jones and Bartlett Publishers.
Ramseier, C.A., & Suvan, J.E. (2010). Health behavior change in the dental practice. Ames,
In addition, Senator Collins led the fight to restore critical f funding to Medicare for home health care so that elderly citizens and disabled can receive needed care in their own homes ("Biography")."
Obviously the senator encourages the funding of both Medicaid and Medicare as she has fought to ensure that both are funded correctly. Collins was also a supporter of the stimulus package that improves healthcare information technology.
As it pertains to abortions Susan Collins is also pro-choice and believes in stem cell research. She is adamant about the right of a woman to choose just as Senator Kennedy. She also voted no on prohibiting HHS grants to organization who perform abortions. She has also been a proponent of expanding stem cell research.
In both the present and the past Collins has worked to ensure that healthcare coverage is affordable. From the bill that she coauthored with Senator Kennedy…
Biography. Official Website of Senator Susan Collins. Retrieved June 20, 2009 from; http://collins.senate.gov/public/continue.cfm?FuseAction=AboutSenatorCollins.Biography&CFID=1388899&CFTOKEN=51070689
Fritze, J. Moderates in Congress feel health care push. Retrieved June 20, 2009 from; http://abcnews.go.com/Politics/story?id=7789528&page=1
Funding for Biomedical Research at Maine Medical Center. Retrieved June 20, 2009 from; http://senatorcollins.blogspot.com/2009/06/funding-for-biomedial-research-at-maine.html
Healthcare. Official Website of Edward Kennedy. Retrieved June 20, 2009 from; http://kennedy.senate.gov/issues_and_agenda/issue.cfm?id=dad5db98-20db-4e85-9b73-7a16c4eac15f
Healthcare professionals offer their services to the community whilst taking care to fully respect people's dignity. Doctors need to earn public confidence by dedicating their skill all equally, and to the best of their ability. A number of professional organizations supporting doctors in ensuring public safety exist, two of which are the ANA (American Nurses Association) and the AMA (American Medical Association). In this paper, the two aforementioned organizations' standards and functions will be analyzed.
A clear identification of the professional boards
The ANA represents its 3.6-million-strong registered nurse (RN) workforce's interests. Its goal is attempting to advance the profession of nursing through the promotion of superior practice standards (American Nurses Association, 2016). Meanwhile, the AMA represents a professional organization chiefly engaged in publishing studies geared at advancing public health, in addition to advocating for licensed doctors' interests. It participates in the areas of Obamacare implementation, healthcare IT, Medicare/Medicaid, improvements…
I want to die knowing that I did everything I could with my life to feel and be as successful as possible.
During my golden years, I will continue to exercise as much as possible. The type of exercise I do will be varied, as it will be necessary to incorporate some cardiovascular activity using a gym or personal trainer. I will do yoga and meditate also, perhaps even more often than before. Turning inward for introspection will help me to reflect regularly on my life and how I hope to spend my later years. By the time I die, I will feel ready and at peace with myself.
My personal eulogy will be humble and reflect the fact that I did my best. I want to be remembered as someone who was intelligent and balanced in their approach to life. Being healthy is one of the most important things…
Health Care -- Introduction of Evaluation Plan:
Los Angeles Department of Mental Health Services
he Los Angeles Department of Mental Health Services (LADMH) is the largest mental health department in the United States. reating more than 250,000 patients of all ages every year, LADMH stresses the importance of community for adequately addressing mental health issues. Furthermore, in order to serve its stated mission of enriching lives through partnership with the community, the Department has developed six long-term goals supported by multiple short-term goals.
he Mission of the Organization Responsible for Implementing the Program
he stated mission of the Los Angeles Department of Mental Health Services (LADMH) is "Enriching lives through partnership designed to strengthen the community's capacity to support recovery and resiliency" (Los Angeles County Department of Mental Health, n.d.)
he Program's Short and/or Long-erm Goals
LADMH is a comprehensive program that stresses the importance of community for effectively addressing…
The stated mission of the Los Angeles Department of Mental Health Services (LADMH) is "Enriching lives through partnership designed to strengthen the community's capacity to support recovery and resiliency" (Los Angeles County Department of Mental Health, n.d.)
The Program's Short and/or Long-Term Goals
LADMH is a comprehensive program that stresses the importance of community for effectively addressing mental health issues (Edmund G. "Pat" Brown Institute of Public Affairs, 2010). The organization has six long-term goals supported by multiple short-term goals. The first long-term goal, to "Enhance the quality and capacity, within available resources, of mental health services and supports in partnership with clients, family members, and communities to achieve hope, wellness, recovery and resiliency," is supported by the short-term goals of: developing a system providing a balanced and "transformed continuum" of services to as many County clients as possible, according to the program's resources; providing integrated mental/physical health and substance abuse treatment to improve service quality and the clients' well-being; assisting clients' establishment of their own goals and the best process for achieving those goals; inclusion and support of clients' families as a vital aspect of the clients' recovery (Los Angeles County Department of Mental Health, n.d.). The second long-term goal to "Eliminate disparities in mental health services, especially those due to race, ethnicity and culture" is supported by the short-term goals of: developing programs for early intervention for underserved populations; working with underserved communities to provide services in ways that reduce and overcome traditional barriers to treatment such as socioeconomics, culture, race, language, religion, age, disability and sexual orientation; develop programs that reach out to and educate the population in order to reduce the stigma of mental health treatment, promote tolerance of and increase compassion for persons suffering from mental illness, and reduce the incidence/severity of mental illness (Los Angeles County Department of Mental Health, n.d.). The third long-term goal to "Enhance the community's social and emotional well-being through collaborative Partnerships" is supported by the short-term goals of: creating effective partnerships/models for integrating mental/physical health and substance abuse treatment; establishing, supporting and enhancing the organization's partnerships with community organizations in natural environments to enhance the community's well-being; increasing collaboration with organizations, individuals and families that serve children and youth in order to address the mental health of children and youth; strengthening partnerships among mental health organizations, courts, probation and law enforcement to best address the mental health needs of the community's children and youth; partnering with educational institutions ranging from pre-school through higher education to enhance the provision of mental health services; and partnering with religious organizations to use spirituality in supporting mental health recovery goals (Los Angeles County Department of Mental Health, n.d.; (Edmund G. "Pat" Brown Institute of Public Affairs, 2010). The fourth long-term goal to "Create and enhance a culturally diverse, client- and family-driven, mental health workforce capable of meeting the needs of our diverse communities" is supported by the short-term goals of:
Health and Culture
Alejandro Flores was the first in his family to be born on American soil. This meant that Alejandro's life was destined to straddle two worlds: one of the life of his parents and ancestors in Puerto ico and the other of his life as an American citizen. Alejandro's parents were "very proud" that their son could be born on American soil and worked hard to make that happen ("The Case of Alejandro Flores," n.d.). Alejandro's Spanish-speaking household consists of he and his three older siblings and one younger one, his parents and his grandmother.
Severe asthma has hampered Alejandro's health since he was age two. His parents have changed their lifestyle to accommodate and remedy the situation, going so far as to move to a new apartment. Alejandro receives and takes medication for his asthma but still experiences symptoms such as nighttime wheezing. Because the medications were…
"The Case of Alejandro Flores." (n.d.). Retrieved online: http://support.mchtraining.net/national_ccce/case3/case.html
Phillips, M.J. (n.d.). Normative cultural values. Lecture. Online: http://support.mchtraining.net/national_ccce/case3/lecture.html#
com). A certain amount of errors is to be expected, but there should not be so many that it demonstrates a certain level of skewedness about the model in its entirety. Thus, if the NHI model is the one which is selected, then it needs to be tested against a range of different scenarios. The following demonstrate some truly relevant what-ifs: what if the doctors only move half the projected volume; what if medicare slashes rates; what if competitors open a comparable program (dgapartners.com).
There are a range of factors which can change or adjust once a healthcare facility opens their doors for business. And as much as this facility is attempting to engage in a solid humanitarian effort, at the end of the day, it's still a business and people need to get paid. Thus, before engaging in further developmental activities, one needs to determine in what ways the…
Brakatu Ofori-Adjei, a. (2007). Microfinance: An Alternative Means of Healthcare Financing for the Poor. Ghana Medical Journal, 193-194.
Burnstein, L., Harris, R., & Love, L. (2012, August 30). Top Four Legal Issues to Consider When Opening an Urgent Care Center. Retrieved from Mondaq.com: http://www.mondaq.com/unitedstates/x/194082/Healthcare/Estate+planning+is+important+step
Burnstein, M., Harris, R.L., & Love, L. (2012, August 20). Top Four Legal Issues to Consider When Opening an Urgent Care Center. Retrieved from Mondaq.com:
The Surgeon General remains a respected figure, but the job is ill-defined, budgetless, and subject to the whims of political appointees at the Department of Health and Human Services and the hite House.
The Surgeon General is widely considered to be the doctor for the nation and an ombudsman for the public's health. But in reality, modern holders of the office are tightly constrained by the increasingly politicized environment of ashington. It is difficult to imagine a modern Congress creating the office of Surgeon General. Politics wouldn't allow it to happen. Fortunately, and to our nation's great benefit, the position and the tradition already exist. But the job needs help (Mullan 2007).
According to Mullan, legislation is needed to do three things: provide an independent budget for the currently mendicant position; mandate an annual Surgeon General's Report on the state of the nation's health; and, essential to all else, insulate…
Bouffard, Jo Ivey and Philip R. Lee. "Health Policy Making: The Role of the Federal
Government." In Danis, Clancy and Churchill (eds.) Ethical Dimensions of Health Policy. New York: Oxford University Press, 2002.
Mullan, Fitzhugh. "Plight of the Surgeon General." Science 318 (2007): 169.
Profiles in Science. "The Reports of the Surgeon General." National Library of Medicine.
Access to Healthcare:
One of the major issues facing the United States health sector is the problem of access to care services. Generally, many Americans have insufficient access to these services to an extent that the issue goes beyond insurance coverage. Notably, America has the largest number of uninsured people as many citizens cannot afford the increasing premiums or deductibles of their current coverage while others have no health insurance at all. The other reasons attributed to the problem of access to healthcare include deficient cultural competency, language barriers, and weakened health care literacy. Therefore, the issue of access to healthcare incorporates four major components i.e. timeliness, workforce, coverage, and services. Since access to healthcare is a major issue in the current health care system, there is an urgent need to address this problem.
The solutions to the problem of healthcare access requires the development of various initiatives and designs…
Feinson, C. (2005, January 27). Current Issues in Access to Healthcare. Retrieved May 31, 2013,
"Improving Healthcare Access: Finding Solutions in a Time of Crisis." (2004, November).
National Policy Consensus Center. Retrieved May 31, 2013, from http://www.policyconsensus.org/publications/reports/docs/Healthcare.pdf
Discuss relationship systems theory healthcare deliver U.S. - What current concepts healthcare explained helped a system theory approach? - What system theory? - How researchers (Ludwig von Bertalanffy Everett M.
Systems theory and diffusion of innovation theory
Systems theory was not specifically designed to cope with the challenges of the U.S. healthcare system, although it has been frequently applied to some of its issues. Systems theory was originally coined by the scientist Ludwig von Bertalanffy to sum up his idea that the 'whole' of systems -- both biological and otherwise -- were larger than the sum of their parts. According to von Bertalanffy, "in the past, science tried to explain observable phenomena by reducing them to an interplay of elementary units investigable independently of each other, conceptions appear in contemporary science that are concerned with what is somewhat vaguely termed 'wholeness', i.e. problems of organization, phenomena…
Diffusion of innovation theory. (2013). University of Twente. Retrieved:
This website contains excerpts from E.M. Rogers' work on diffusion of innovation theory, along with a helpful graphical representation of how the information is disseminated.
Kaminski, J. (Spring 2011).Diffusion of innovation theory. Canadian Journal of Nursing.
In terms of the disaster planning, the decision was made to select remote backup services, the most cost-effective strategy available for backing up records and data. In terms of recovery, the decision to rely on distributed processing was an expensive one, yet assured HEWE of continual uptime due to parallel and fault-tolerant processor-based systems. For the insurance coverage, Business Interruption Insurance Coverage was chosen as part of the disaster planning strategy that HEWE undertakes. While there are many insurance options specifically for HEWE to consider, the Business Interruption one makes the most sense from covering potential loses due to a lack of systems and data being available.
The final area of the case study regards project implementation. While there are phased implementations, Big Bang implementations or parallel implementations, the last option would be most advisable for HEWE. It is recommended that the parallel implementation to minimize risk and also provide…
Hagop S. Mekhjian, Melinda S. Vasila, Kevin A Jones. (2008). Combine and Conquer: Computing from a Single Database. Physician Executive, 34(5), 30-32, 34-35.
Gordon's Functional Health Pattern (Teen)
Adolescent Summary - Gordon's Functional Health Pattern
Date of Visit: 8/31/2012, 10:30am.
ace/Gender Hispanic, Female
Weight: 34 kg.
Height: 4ft. 7 inches
BMI: Normal ange 16.6 kg/m2
eason for Visit: Evidence of exasperated asthmatic conditions. (Not an acute asthma attack). Became overexerted at school, 8/30/12. estless night and complaints of tightness in chest and inability to catch breath. Slight wheezing can be heard during exhales. Potential asthma complications; albuterol has proven slightly ineffective in easing symptoms and discomfort.
Financial History: Patient is fully covered under parent's insurance. Mother works; serving as informant and escort to physician. Single parent household.
Past Health History: Patient is fully immunized and receives all routine health and wellness physicals and exams as appropriate. Last physical exam 5/30/2011, prior to beginning of summer camp. History includes struggle with exercise-induced asthma (albuterol use via bronchodilator).…
Hull, J., Hull, P., Parsons, J., Dickinson, J., & Ansley, L. (2009). Approach to the diagnosis and management of suspected exercise-induced bronchoconstriction by primary care physicians. BMC Pulmonary Medicine, 929.
The integration of information systems with these processes aimed at supporting holistic health (Kelley, Attridge, 31, 33) is the most rapidly expanding area of capital investment by organizations looking to transform their health benefit strategies. It is essential for information systems to support these underlying processes if individualized health benefit programs are to be created and tracked over time. The integration of processes, systems and the roles of benefit planners and administrators is crucial if measurability is going to be possible with any health benefit program. Bringing informatics to the individualized tracking of health programs for employees is an evolving best practice that serves as a knowledge foundation (Bath, 501) for fine-tuning programs even further. Putting the employee, not the process, at the center of the analytics and measurement of health care strategy performance is crucial if results are to be consistently achieved. The challenge is that in many organizational…
Jafar Alavi, Mahmoud M. Yasin. "The role of quality improvement initiatives in healthcare operational environments: Changes, challenges and responses. "
International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance 21.2 (2008): 133-145. ABI/INFORM Global. ProQuest. 21 Sep. 2008
Peter a Bath. "Health informatics: current issues and challenges. " Journal of Information Science 34.4 (2008): 501. ABI/INFORM Global. ProQuest 21 Sep. 2008
Bruce Kelley, Mark Attridge. "Information Access: Will Make or Break Consumer-Driven Health Plans. " Benefits Quarterly 22.2 (2006): 28-31,33-35. ABI/INFORM Global. ProQuest 20 Sep. 2008
working of operating room nurses as a result of the nursing shortage and the general strain and intensity of the health care arena in general. Nurses in general fulfill a truly crucial role within the arena of patient care, these are the individuals who engage with patients and their relatives for the longest amounts of time, and are the ones who detect and evaluate all changes in their health status: this means that nurses are generally the ones who are the first to react to such changes and the first to initiate dialogue with other medical team members on the necessary intervention that needs to be made. The nurses are the ones who are capable of delivering the bulk of the pharmacological, physical and emotional interventions: thus, if they're fatigued or unable to work at the highest level of their abilities because of exhaustion, in the integrity of the healthcare…
McMillan, D. (2011, November). Benefits of napping . Retrieved from nursingtimes.net:
Rogers, A. (2008). Chapter 40 The Effects of Fatigue and Sleepiness on Nurse Performance and Patient Safety. Retrieved from nih.gov: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK2645/
Evidence-based nursing interventions that will provide quality care to vulnerable populations
There is evidence in innovative health programs whose outcomes are Hospice care with increased patient and caregiver satisfaction costs lower than the conventional care; programs with community-based care reduces the severity of symptoms and results in a rapid functioning; for the frail elderly, it results in improved satisfaction; Patient empowerment, especially with the frail elderly and disabled adults, brings satisfaction and knowledge about their care; for the mentally ill, it lowers the rate of homelessness and for patients with diabetes or congestive heart failure, it decreases the morbidity. Usually, the beneficial effects were limited to the duration of the intervention (Aday, 2001).
There is evidence for enhanced patient satisfaction in the health care that emphasize continual care, multidisciplinary approaches, patient empowerment, and innovative approaches. Health care providers should also practice evidence-based care as it demonstrates the effectiveness. Patients with…
Culture and Health Disparities - Filipinos
PESONAL SOCIAL STATUS: In researching this project, I found a study prepared by the Canadian Nurses Association (2005). It reviewed the social determinants of health and how one's social status impacts their or their family health outcomes. The focus of this piece was on issues such as poverty, economic inequality, social isolation and social support systems and their impact on the health of minorities, many of the same categories and characteristics mentioned in the Journal of Transcultural Nursing (Andrews et al., 2010). While their study was more on a broad base of Canadian conditions, their findings seem to reflect the circumstances of many first and second generation Filipinos. First and later generations of Filipinos who move to new cultures do act differently, but for the most part there remain many family connections and networks that cannot be overlooked.
My social status is mostly a…
Andrews, M. et al. (2010). Theoretical Basis for Transcultural Care. Section II. Foundations of Transcultural Nursing and Health Care. Journal of Transcultural Nursing. Vol. 21. DOI: 10.1177/1043659610374321.
Canadian Nursing Association (2005). Social Determinants of Health and Nursing: A summary of Issues. Canadian Nursing Association. Viewable at http://www.cna-aiic.ca/CNA/documents/pdf/publications/BG8_Social_Determinants_e.pdf.
Castillo, M.V. (nd). Caring in the Diaspora: Filipino Immigrants, Health Care, Healing, and Religion. Religious Healing in Boston. Viewable at http://www.hds.harvard.edu/cswr/resources/print/rhb/reports/13.Castillo.pdf .
McBride, M. (nd). Health and Health Care of Filipino Elders. Stanford Geriatric Education Center. Viewable at http://www.stanford.edu/group/ethnoger/filipino.html .
Value-based reimbursement models are becoming more common in healthcare. Value-based models structure reimbursements according to metrics like efficiency, cost, quality, and patient feedback (Pennic, 2014). Some of the most commonly used value-based reimbursement and payment models include Medicare Quality Incentive Programs, Pay for Performance, Accountable Care Organizations, Bundled Payments, Patient-Centered Medical Home, and Payment for Coordination (Pennic, 2014). More traditional reimbursement models include standard fee-for-service systems, which are woefully inefficient for patients with chronic conditions due to the large number and type of treatments needed (Sanghavi, George, Samuels, et al, 2014). While there is no one preferred approach to reimbursements, value-based models are clearly superior to fee-for-service models.
One of the most promising value-based reimbursement models is the Patient-Centered Medical Home model. This model tends to be more culturally-appropriate than others, taking into account individual and family needs, community diversity, and other contextual variables that might impact patient health outcomes…
Racial Diversity in Rural Nursing
Describe the problems associated with Racial Difference in rural health care nursing and what successful strategies can be made where racial and cultural differences are apparent factors. What rational to supported their behaviors? What could be done differently today?
Why? And with these difference how can one incorporate strategy for providing culturally competent care?
In rural communities that once lacked a long-standing tradition of racial diversity, but that have now become increasingly diverse, it can be difficult to broach issues of health and wellness if the nurse feels that there are strong tensions within the larger environment between his or her own ethnic group and the ethnic group of his or her patient. But regardless of the cultural divide that exists between patient and nurse, the hospital must improve upon rather than simply reflect society.
True, quite often, a nurse may experience difficulty discussing a…
In terms of the plainness of gendered inequalities in the health and longevity of women, compared with men, the majority world demands our notice. The world-wide toll in terms of women's raised levels of mortality and morbidity corroborates that limited or negligible access to political power, land-ownership, education, sexual self-determination and earning ability has detrimental bodily effects (Bradby, 2009).
While sociologists have long studied the aspect of illness, it has only been recently that they have turned their attention to the development of sociology of health. Sociologists' interest in health emerged in part in reaction to the biomedical mode, which focused primarily on disease. A more holistic approach to health and healing, sociologists argued, must also encompass the idea of positive health and well-being. The concept of health itself needs to be explored, and such exploration must take lay perspectives into account. A holistic, or socio-environmental, model of health also…
Albrecht, Gary L., Fitzpatrick, Ray and Scrimshaw, Susan. 2003. "Handbook of Social Studies
in Health and Medicine." Sage Publications: California.
Bradby, Hannah. 2009. "Virtual Special Issue on feminism and the sociology of gender, health and illness." Sociology of Health and Wellness. Available at:
Employee Wellness Program
Benefits of the Employee Wellness Program
Employee Needs Assessment
Components of the Program
Marketing of the Program
Implementation of the Plan
Evaluation of the Plan
This paper aims at developing an employee wellness program for the organization so as to ensure that the due attention is paid to the health and wellness issues that are being confronted by the employees. The paper would also propose strategies for the effective marketing and evaluation of the developed employee wellness program.
Employee Wellness Program
The organization under consideration has been in the business since last 10 years. The organization is a manufacturing concern that is indulged in the development and sales of beverages, including fresh juices and gerbil teas. The organization operates in 3 different regions of the United States of America and employs a total of 500 people. The organization has a healthy business and…
Forbes Magazine, (2012). 4 Steps To Implement A Successful Employee Wellness Program. Forbes. Retrieved 17 July 2014, from http://www.forbes.com/sites/theyec/2012/11/28/4-steps-to-implement-a-successful-employee-wellness-program/
McClintick, K. (2009). WSU Employee Wellness Needs Assessment and Programming Implementation (1st ed., pp. 1-35). Winona: Winona State University. Retrieved from http://www.winona.edu/asf/media/wsu_employee_wellness-mcclintick.pdf
Staff Members of the International Public Management for Human Resources, (2013). Employee Wellness Benefit Guide (1st ed., pp. 2-14). Alexandria: International Public Management for Human Resources. Retrieved from http://ipma-hr.org/sites/default/files/pdf/EmployeeWellness_Plantation.pdf
Staff Members of the Texas Municipal League Multistate Intergovernmental Employee Benefits Pool and Deer Oaks Employee Assistance Program, (2010). The City of Somewhere's Wellness Program (1st ed., pp. 1-4). Austin: Texas Municipal League Multistate Intergovernmental Employee Benefits Pool and Deer Oaks Employee Assistance Program. Retrieved from https://www.tmlmultistateiebp.org/documents/Sample%20Wellness%20Program.pdf
Natio is a health and beauty products maker from Australia, and the company is seeking to expand its business. It has targeted countries in Southeast Asia for expansion as a result of the proximity of the region to Australia and the size of the market. This paper will explore the possibility of Natio entering one of the largest markets in the region -- the Philippines.
The cosmetics industry is a relatively lucrative industry, with competition split among hundreds of competitors. Many such competitors operate worldwide, but there are strong regional players in Asia as well. Consumers tend to be relatively brand loyal. The largest cosmetics industry in Asia is in Japan, worth 10 billion yen a year (Lloyd, 2004). Cosmetics are marketed in department stores, in drug stores/chemists and in standalone stores as well. The market globally is worth an estimated $170 billion USD, and the market in the Philippines…
Lloyd, T. (2004). Blueprint for a cosmetics empire. Japan Inc. Retrieved October 18, 2010 from http://www.japaninc.com/article.php?articleID=1390
Personal Care. (2010). Inside Philippines cosmetics market. Personal Care. Retrieved October 18, 2010 from http://www.personalcaremagazine.com/Story.aspx?Story=6052
Austrade. (2010). Cosmetics and toiletries to the Philippines. Austrade. Retrieved October 18, 2010 from http://www.austrade.gov.au/Cosmetics-and-toiletries-to-the-Philippines/default.aspx
Natio.com.au website, various pages. (2010). Retrieved October 18, 2010 from http://www.natio.com.au
This means that the entire interview process will take a period of one month. It should be noted that an allowance has been given for the differences in geographical areas as each interviewee will represent a different city.
Participants will be expected to answer questions derived from the information already gathered in the desk research. On top of this, the staff members hired for the research will also come up with special questions designed to address issues that had not been fully covered in the primary research such as personal preferences.
espondents could possess knowledge about GNC as a company and its health products or they may not. However, it will imperative for these participants to have at least used a heart beat watch or to have purchased once so that they can have adequate knowledge about it.
The research will be done through random probability sampling. However, the sample…
Bartlett, J.E., II, Kotrlik, J.W., & Higgins, C. (2001). "Organizational research: Determining appropriate sample size for survey research," Information Technology, Learning, and Performance Journal, 19(1) 43-50
Bradley, Nigel (2007) Marketing Research. Tools and Techniques.Oxford University Press, Oxford,
ConsumerLab Multivitamin and Multimineral Supplements Review - Testing Method." 15 June 2011. Retrieved from: https://www.consumerlab.com/howtested/review_multivitamin_compare/multivitamins/ .
Creswell, J. (2003). Research Design: Quantitative, Qualitative and Mixed Methods Approaches; Sage Publications
Human Resources: Legal Environment -- Total Rewards
modern HRM consultant must be aware of the array of possible employee benefits. The modern trend is away from traditional notions of benefits and toward benefits that enhance the lives of employees and their productivity for the company. Two of the many possible modern benefits are training and educational opportunities and wellness programs. s specific examples will show, despite the several challenges of implementing such benefits, the reward for both the employees and the company are clear.
Two Employee Benefits That Provide Great Opportunities to Increase Employee Productivity
fter decades of research and practical experience, Human Resources specialists have moved away from traditional notions of employee benefits to a more holistic and integrated approach that simultaneously attracts talent, enhances employee growth, and motivates meaningful employee contributions to the company's goals. Competitive local and global forces have made measures once deemed extraordinary now highly…
After decades of research and practical experience, Human Resources specialists have moved away from traditional notions of employee benefits to a more holistic and integrated approach that simultaneously attracts talent, enhances employee growth, and motivates meaningful employee contributions to the company's goals. Competitive local and global forces have made measures once deemed extraordinary now highly strategic (Chen & Hsieh, 2006). While the modern approach to employee benefits ideally encompasses multiple options far beyond the parameters of this report, two intelligent employee benefits in the "war for talent" are: training and educational opportunities; and wellness programs.
Training and educational opportunities for employees both reward employees for their contributions and trains employees to expand their skill sets, ultimately contributing even more to the company's goals (Chen & Hsieh, 2006). Starbucks Corporation, for example, offers a college achievement plan to its employees/partners (Starbucks Corporation, 2014). According to this plan, eligible Starbucks employees receive partial or total tuition reimbursement and individually tailored support including an enrollment coach, financial aid counselor and academic advisor (Starbucks Corporation, 2014). In this way, Starbucks not only rewards willing and capable employees but also increases the skills and motivation and loyalty of its workforce (Chen & Hsieh, 2006), all to Starbucks' advantage. The more knowledgeable and skilled the employee, the more productive he/she can be for Starbucks. As with any widespread program, Starbucks faces special challenges of nondiscriminatory application of the plan, along with the time, expense and legal requirements of record-keeping, evaluation and reimbursement. Despite the outlay of resources for the college achievement plan, Starbucks is wise to invest in higher education of its human assets, as this will attract talented employees, enhance their loyalty to Starbucks and motivate them to develop skills that will ultimately serve Starbucks' own corporate goals.
Wellness programs increase employees' control over and responsibility for their own physical and mental well-being while reducing health care expenses and losses to employers through employee illness (U.S. Department of Labor, 2014). The offer of low-cost, attractive wellness programs helps a company attract talent, increase employee loyalty to the company and motivate employees to higher productivity (Chen & Hsieh, 2006); furthermore, the healthier an employee is, the more capable he/she is of being productive for the company (U.S. Department of Labor, 2014). Consequently, the Affordable Care Act offers new incentives for wellness programs and increases employers' flexibility in offering those programs (U.S. Department of Labor, 2014). The Verizon Corporation, for example, offers a "Health and Wellness" program for its employees (Quick, 2013). Offering fitness centers at 44 Verizon office buildings across the nation, Verizon charges merely $15/month in membership fees for: use of the fitness facilities; the services of personal trainers; fitness assessments; and annual medical checkups (Quick, 2013). The provision of all those wellness-related benefits for a mere $15/month shows Verizon's understanding of the program's benefit to the company as well as the employees. Challenges to such a program are
When organizations align their goals and objectives with those of employees, workers soon also begin to realize how relevant their role is to the well-being of the organization as an entity.
The health and safety phenomenon is not likely to change, especially as more companies grow and enter the technological workforce, which now includes members from all parts of the globe. Diverse work practices and communications coincide with international programs committed to organizing health and safety programs for employees that want to balance work life and family life. Now that these changes are occurring, it is the job of the employee or worker to take advantage of them. This is especially true of preventive programs for citizens living in the United States where healthcare insurance may not be available for many members of the population in need.
Brett, J.M. & Drasgow, F. (2002) the psychology of work: Theoretically-based empirical…
Brett, J.M. & Drasgow, F. (2002) the psychology of work: Theoretically-based empirical research. Mahwah: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Gunningham, N. & Johnstone, R. (1999) Regulating Workplace Safety: System and Sanctions. Oxford: University Press.
Murphy, L.R. & Cooper, C.L. (2000) Healthy and productive work: An international perspective. London: Taylor & Francis.
Takano, T. (2003) Healthy Cities and Urban Policy Research. London: Spon Press
Unilever manufactures products for the nutrition, health and beauty, and home care industries. The company faces industry issues of economic pressures, high commodity prices, and increased competitor focus. The sustainability issues include food security, poverty reduction, and sustainability of resources, climate change, as well as social and economic development. Unilever expects these issues to continue for the medium term as volatility and uncertainty have become a new norm. (Annual Report and Accounts 2011)
Economic pressures dominated 2011. There was major instability in the Eurozone and a weak recovery by the U.S. economy. Unemployment remained high in developed countries causing consumer spending to be continually squeezed. Commodity prices remained high with many rising even more. Competitor focus increased on the operational environment in emerging markets. There were a number of natural disasters in 2011. This required Unilever to respond to the societies in a humanitarian level. Employer and operational levels were…
2011 Annual Report. (n.d.). Retrieved from Procter & Gamble: http://annualreport.pg.com/annualreport2011/_files/pdf/PG_2011_AnnualReport.pdf
Kao Annual Report. (2011, Mar 31). Retrieved from Kao Corporation: http://kao.com/jp.en/corp_ir/imgs/reports_fy2011e_all.pdf
Annual Report 2011. (n.d.). Retrieved from Nestle: http://www.nestle.com/Common/NestleDocuments/Annual_Reports/2011-Annual-Report_EN.pdf
Annual Report and Accounts 2011. (n.d.). Retrieved from Unilever: http://www.unilever.com/images/Unilever_AR11_to_tcm13-282960.pdf
Human Resources planning and strategy will be 'key' in enabling the organization to deal with pandemic situations. This leads to another primary challenge that the health care industry faces which is the shortage of nursing staff in today's health care organizations and institutions. Nursing staff in the healthcare industry re under great stresses on staffing due to an inadequate supply of individuals pursuing their nursing degree with an."..unprecedented demand for nursing services" however, colleges and universities as well as health care institutions have failed to develop effective workforce supply. The work of leich and Hewlett (2004) entitled: "Dissipating the Perfect Storm - Responses from Nursing and the Health Care Industry to Protect the Public's Health" published by the Journal of Issues in Nursing states: "In spite of the progress in nurse recruitment, the prognosis for balancing supply with demand is still precarious, at best. Sadly, AACN (2003a) reports that more…
Bleich, Michael R. And Hewlett, Peggy O. (2004) Dissipating the Perfect Storm - Reponses to Nursing and the Health Care Industry to Protect the Public's Health. Online Journal of Issues in Nursing. Vol. 9 No.2, May 2004. Online available at http://www.nursingworld.org/MainMenuCategories/ANAMarketplace/ANAPeriodicals/OJIN/TableofContents/Volume92004/No2May04/DissipatingthePerfectStorm.aspx
Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, Career Guide to Industries, 2008-09 Edition, Health Care, on the Internet at http://www.bls.gov/oco/cg/cgs035.htm (visited March 11, 2008).
Business Continuity Planning for the Global Healthcare Industry (2007) International Federal of Pharmaceutical Manufacturers and Associations. Jan 2007 IFPMA.
Health Care and Nursing
As the medical profession gains a greater understanding of the various approaches to healthcare delivery, the concept of segmenting the services proscribed to a patient into primary, secondary, and tertiary care has emerged as one of the most useful advancements in the field. The preventative measures advocated by proponents of primary health care (PHC) are designed to improve a patient's quality of life in such a way as to reduce or eliminate their prospects of becoming ill or injured. Among the fundamental precepts of PHC are the administration of immunizations to guard against viruses and other contagious infections, the development of a nutritious daily diet to improve the body's natural immune defenses, and advisements to refrain from smoking tobacco or drinking alcohol to excess. As it pertains to the nursing profession, PHC involves "the delivery of comprehensive coordinated, continuous and individualized total patient care through the…
Canadian Nurses Association. (2005). Primary health care: A summary of the issue. CNA Backgrounder, 1-5.
Hodgkinson, K. (1990). What primary nursing means. Australian Nurses Journal, 19(9), 16-19.
Tholl, B., & Grimes, K. Canadian Ministry of Health, Minister of Health of Alberta. (2012). Strengthening primary health care in alberta through family care clinics: From concept to reality. Edmonton, Alberta, Canada.
Nursing Case Study and Theoretical Knowledge of Healthcare System
Significant evidence shows that the responsibilities of the primary and acute care nurses vary significantly. The variation creates differences in the scope of work for the nurses, as they are engaged in different job perspectives. Primary and acute care nurses provide an array of services that aim at promoting health, preventing the occurrence of diseases, treating the sick, and providing the e clients with services, meeting their needs alongside creating public awareness to issues that affect their health and well-being. The difference of the services provided by the two becomes evident by the fact that the acute care nurses provide their services to patients who are critically sick, creating continuum variation in the services provided. In addition, nurses involved in the provision of nursing care services in the acute setups require specialized knowledge, skills, and expertise that allows them to provide…
Brown, L., Burton, R., Hixon, B., Kakade, M., Bhagalia, P., Vick, C., et al. (2011). Factors Influencing Emergency Department Preference for Access to Healthcare. Western Journal of Emergency Medicine, 13(5), 410-415.
Brown, S., & Stenner, P. (2009). Psychology without foundations history, philosophy and psychosocial theory. London: Sage Publications.
Crowe, M., & Carlyle, D. (2003). Deconstructing risk assessment and management in mental health nursing. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 43(1), 19-27.
DiClemente, R.J., Crosby, R.A., & Kegler, M.C. (2002). Emerging theories in health promotion practice and research strategies for improving public health. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
They must understand the capital outlays required for health care and make plans to fund these outlays. Firms that budget for health care effectively are the ones that are spending on prevention and increasing co-pays, to ensure that outlays are reduced and inflows are increased.
Analysis: The rising cost of health care is a major concern for firms. They need to remain competitive, but increasing amounts of their budget are tied up in health care costs. The estimate of $29,000 per employee just on health care costs ten years from now has a profound impact on the budgeting process. Firms have several ways to address this issue. In the article it was discussed that firms seek to lower the cost of health care by reducing the need for it. Over the long run, a logical conclusion is that firms will make investments in technology or techniques that allow them to…
One of the more controversial questions that arises when discussing group interactions is if one person need to lead the group, for the group to be effective (Lane, 2000, Decision mapping). In healthcare, some type of hierarchy is essential. Treatment decisions cannot be made through consensus alone, especially when a patient's life is in immediate danger. Also, seniority and areas of expertise are essential to define -- a more experienced nurse's decision-making ability must have priority over a novice nurse's. Certain areas of expertise, like the staff's registered nutritionist, must be respected when providing care. In fact, research in support of a communication theory known as decision-mapping notes that "groups with ineffective leadership" are less rather than more cohesive (Stephens 1999). Knowing there is an effective source of leadership can produce confidence. However, some consultation between different people, including the patient, family, nurses, physicians, and other caregivers, is ideal when…
Cartwright Stephens. (1999). Recasting groupthink as a consequence of ineffective leadership: Is cohesion the problem or the solution? Small Groups' Communication Context.
Retrieved January 20, 2009 http://www.uky.edu/~drlane/capstone/group/dmap.htm
Lane, Derek (2000). Groupthink. Small Groups' Communication Context.
Retrieved January 20, 2009 at http://www.uky.edu/~drlane/capstone/group/gthink.htm
A largely insular community since their initial settlement in the United States, the Amish community presents unique challenges for healthcare workers. The Amish eschew modern technology, including many of the tools and techniques used in modern medicine. In fact, the Amish community also forbids higher education (Adams & Leverland, 1986). Misconceptions and misunderstandings about the Amish further complicate healthcare decisions and relationships between healthcare providers and Amish patients. For example, it is commonly assumed that the Amish “lack the preventive practices of immunizations and prenatal care,” (Adams & Leverland, 1986, p. 58). While the rates of immunizations are relatively low among the Amish, the Amish church does not forbid immunization (Adams & Leverland, 1986). The Amish also have a keen interest in disease prevention, health education, and lifestyle choices that prevent health problems (Talpos, 2016). Although Amish attitudes towards health, wellness, and the healthcare system may be at odds with…
The Affordable Care Act works on the premise that all Americans should have access to health care insurance. Because this is provided through insurance companies, the system is only enforceable under certain conditions. One of the key tenets of health care reform is the idea that those with pre-existing conditions cannot be denied insurance coverage. This group of people has long had problems getting insurance, and insurance companies spend tens of millions to invent pre-existing conditions that would then be used to deny coverage. Even insurance commissioners have been known to take offensive and absurd stances on pre-existing conditions, arguing that insurance companies should not have to take customers with such conditions because the person is to blame for their pre-existing condition (Ferguson, 2013). With attitudes like this from people connected to the insurance industry, the only way that the Obama Administration was going to achieve universal health care…
Ferguson, D. (2013). Georgia insurance commissioner: It's your fault if you have a pre-existing commission. Raw Story Retrieved December 6, 2013 from http://www.rawstory.com/rs/2013/12/05/georgia-insurance-commissioner-its-your-fault-if-you-have-a-pre-existing-condition/
Klein, E. (2012). Unpopular mandate. The New Yorker. Retrieved December 6, 2013 from http://www.newyorker.com/reporting/2012/06/25/120625fa_fact_klein
Kliff, S. (2013). Washington State provides case study on effects of health care reform. Washington Post. Retrieved December 6, 2013 from http://articles.washingtonpost.com/2012-06-16/national/35461636_1_individual-mandate-health-insurance-insurance-reforms
AARP. (2013). For people 65+. American Association of Retired People. Retrieved December 6, 2013 from http://www.aarp.org/content/dam/aarp/health/healthcare_reform/2013-07/aca-factsheet-for-65-aarp.pdf
Terrace Hospital Marketing Plan
Marketing trategy -- Terrace Community Hospital
ummary- Terrace Hospital is a smaller, community hospital, located in a suburb of a major city. There are a number of large urban hospitals within 45-60 minutes of Terrace, but the focus for Terrace is as an expanded clinic that provides basic services for urgent care, seniors, obstetrics, general practice, counseling and education programs, radiology, complete blood work, and an osteo-care unit for citizens of the outlying communities that are 45-60 minutes from Terrace, and thus quite a distance from the urban hospitals. The hospital is reviewing its marketing plan in order to focus more on profitable and complete care, knowing that more complicated specializations are more available in the urban center.
Major Health Concerns -- Quality pediatric care, childhood obesity and Type-II diabetes, alcohol and cigarettes, substance abuse, TDs, geriatric care, obesity and cardio-renal issues.
Target Patients- The community…
Buckley, P. (2009). The Complete Guide to Hospital Marketing. Marblehead, MA: HCPro, Inc.
City University of New York. (2011). Marketing Planning, Strategic Planning and the Marketing Process. Retrieved from: http://academic.brooklyn.cuny.edu/economic/friedman/mmmarketingplanning.htm
Eckrich, D.; Schlessinger, W. (2011). An Application of the marketing concept in health-care services planning. Journal of Marketing Research. Retrieved online from: http://www.www.aabri.com/manuscripts/10571.pdf
HR Council. (2012). HR Planning. Retrieved from: http://hrcouncil.ca/hr-toolkit/planning-strategic.cfm
Third Party Patient
The Doctrine of Apparent Agency
June, a 34-year-old divorced woman diagnosed with severe anorexia, is hospitalized. Her doctors feel she may need to be placed on a feeding tube soon to save her life. Initially June agreed to the feeding tube. However, in the evening (before the tube has been placed), she became combative, disoriented, and refused to have the feeding tube placed. Her mother and father insisted that the feeding tube be inserted despite her refusal to allow it. Her ex-husband wishes to uphold June's decision. The hospital administrators seek risk management for legal counsel.
Explain how the Patient Bill of ights applies to this situation.
The Patient Bill of ights articulates U.S. federal law on the doctor-patient relationship, and is consistent with laws on informed consent where licensed professional practice respective to patient well being is in order. Confidentiality of patient record is perhaps…
Bullough, B. ed. The Law and the expanding nursing role. New York, NY: Appleton-Century-Crofts, 1980.
Callahan, Joan, ed. Ethical Issues in Profesional Life. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1988.
Patient Bill of Rights (2010). NIH. Retrieved from: http://www.cc.nih.gov/participate/patientinfo/legal/bill_of_rights.shtml
How is shared decision-making different from informed consent? (2010) American Cancer Society. Retrieved from: http://www.cancer.org/Treatment/FindingandPayingforTreatment/UnderstandingFinancialandLegalMatters/InformedConsent/informed-consent-shared-decision-making