Health Information Management Essays (Examples)

View Full Essay

Healthcare Information Management Systems Why

Words: 1078 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 88705746

The best practice in this area is to concentrate on creating role-based access points and defining specific steps that healthcare it professionals can take to mitigate unauthorized use of the information (Hickman, Smaltz, 2008). By having a high degree of compliance of it security strategies to governance frameworks, healthcare facilities can ensure all investments in these technologies deliver long-term value.

How feasible is the Web services solution for HIMS? What are some of the challenges and potential solutions?

The growing adoption of development platforms and applications that can enable secure, enterprise-wide access to the full suite of HIMS modules is progressing rapidly. These developments in Web Services development architectures and platforms is also driving the development of entirely new frameworks for it governance in healthcare providers as well (Tan, Payton, 2010). It is today very feasible to have a Web Services solution for an HIMS platform and modules, and many…… [Read More]

References

Dwyer, S.J., Reiner, B.I., Siegel, E.L. (2004). Security Issues in the Digital Medial Enterprise (2nd ed.). Society for Computer Applications in Radiology. ISBN 0-9706693-4.

Foss, B., Stone, M., & Ekinci, Y. (2008). What makes for CRM system success -- or failure? Journal of Database Marketing & Customer Strategy Management, 15(2), 68-78.

Hickman, G.T., Smaltz, DH (2008). The Healthcare Information Technology Planning Field book: Tactics, Tools and Templates for Building your it Plan. Chicago: HIMSS. ISBN 978-0-9800697-1-6.

Tan, J., Payton, F.C. (2010). Adaptive Health Management Information Systems: Concepts Cases and Practical Applications (3rd ed.). Boston: Jones and Bartlett. ISBN 13: 978-0-7637-5691-8.
View Full Essay

Health System Management

Words: 2067 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 38807038

Health System Management

State why this issue selected by the student.

In modern lifestyles, work stress is getting very common. Social life and work both have undergone drastic change in this new century. All the professions have been hit directly and even the physical health of the professionals has been affected badly because of it. With the health of the workers the health of the organization is also affected adversely (AACN, 2008).

On one side, where there is a heavy demand of life improving actions on the other side we see a demand of better customer services. It is an employee's duty to fulfill the demand of the customers, even if he is stressed, while doing so he must have a firm believe on the fact that customers are always correct (AACN, 2008).

There lies an indirect link between the hospital's high employer turnover rate during the residency program and…… [Read More]

References

American Association of Colleges of Nursing. (2008, September). Fact Sheet: Nursing Shortage. Retrieved March 23, 2009, from AACN Web site:http://www.aacn.nche.edu/Media/FactSheets/NursingShortage.htm

Chulay, M. & Burns, S. (2010) AACN Essentials of Progressive Care Nursing. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill

Hodges, H.F., Keeley, A.C., & Troyan, P.J. (2008). Professional Resilience in Baccalaureate-Prepared Acute Care Nurses: First Steps. Nursing Education Perspectives, 80-89.

Kim, H.J., Shin, K.H. And Swanger, N. (2009). Burnout and engagement: A comparative analysis using the Big Five personality dimensions. International Journal of Hospitality Management 28, 96 -- 104
View Full Essay

Protection of Digital Health Information With Increase

Words: 1333 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 1234850

Protection of Digital Health Information

With increase health information technology store access patient information, likelihood security breaches risen. In fact, Canadian Medical Association Journal (CMAJ): In United States, a whopping 97% increase number health records breached 2010-2011

Ensuring that patient information is protected at all times is vital for any health care institution. Patient information records contain sensitive information that can be used for malicious purposes like identity theft, credit card fraud, and leaking of information for malicious intent. The advancement and use of technology has made it easier for patient information to be accessed within the health care facility Shoniregun, Dube, & Mtenzi, 2010.

This increases the speed of service delivery to the patient and improves the care given to the patient. Technology has allowed for the use of portable electronic devices by the healthcare practitioners in entering and accessing patient records and information. Portable electronic devices are small…… [Read More]

References

Green, M.A., & Bowie, M.J. (2005). ESSENTIALS OF HEALTH INFORMATION Management: PRINCIPLES AND PRACTICES: Principles and Practices. Independence, KY: Thomson/Delmar Learning.

Harman, L.B., & Association, A.H.I.M. (2006). Ethical Challenges in the Management of Health Information. Burlington, MA: Jones and Bartlett Publishers.

Laurinda B. Harman, C.A.F., and Kesa Bond. (2012). Electronic Health Records: Privacy, Confidentiality, and Security. American Medical Association Journal of Ethics, 14(9), 712-719.

Shoniregun, C.A., Dube, K., & Mtenzi, F. (2010). Electronic Healthcare Information Security. New York / Heidelberg: Springer.
View Full Essay

Analyzing the Information Management Phenomenon

Words: 1659 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 89525650

Management

Essential interdisciplinary team members, their roles and why the expertise of each team member is necessary

Electronic System Implementation Manager

The implementation manager is assigned to looking after a project's progress and its consequent completion. It shows the imperativeness of a manager, in absence of whom, a project can be postponed incessantly. The job description of a project manager entails the following:

a) Supervising the work-flow so as to maintain its deadline

b) Keeping a list of practice and retailer problems to be solved

c) Mapping out execution-based processes, such as hardware distributions

d) Assigning daily tasks to employees entailed in the work force

Apart from that, the implementation overlooks relaying of new information and updating the work-force.

Lead Nurse

An imperative constituent of work-force is the lead nurse, playing a pivotal role in nursing duties. The lead nurse is an experienced professional having an intricate knowledge of nursing…… [Read More]

References

ADSC. (2014, August 14). What Is Interoperability, and Why Is it Important? Retrieved from Advanced Data Systems Corporation: http://healthcare.adsc.com/blog/what-is-interoperability-and-why-is-it-important

Bajwa, M. (2014). Emerging 21st Century Medical Technologies. Pak J Med Sci, 30(3), 649-655.

Cavendish, R. (2001). The use of standardized language to describe abdominal pain. The Journal of School Nursing, 17(5), 266-273.

HealthIT. (2013). Capturing High Quality Electronic Health Records Data to Support Performance Improvement. Health Information Technology: Beacon.
View Full Essay

Healthcare Financial Management to Quote Jonathan Clark

Words: 1064 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 20934207

Healthcare Financial Management

To quote Jonathan Clark at the beginning of his article, "Improving the revenue cycle can be a daunting task due to the scope and complexity of the interdepartmental process." Of the suggestions offered by the authors, which concept(s) give you the greatest insight into creating an improved evenue Cycle process in the organization where you work (or one in which you are familiar)? Be sure to identify which article or author you are referencing.

In his comprehensive advisory article to improve the medical industry's revenue capturing capabilities, entitled Strengthening the evenue Cycle: A 4-Step Method for Optimizing Payment, Jonathan Clark provides a series of sensible solutions to the ongoing dilemma of payment optimization. David Hammer also provides guidance to healthcare finance professional in his article The Next Generation of evenue Cycle Management, by reminding them that the key performance indicators (KPIs) which dictated policy in previous years…… [Read More]

References

Clark, J. (2008). Strengthening the revenue cycle: a 4-step method for optimizing payment. Healthcare Financial Management, 62(10), 44.

Hammer, D.C. (2007). The next generation of revenue cycle management. Healthcare Financial Management, 61(7), 49.

Seddon, J. (2008). Think system. Management Services, 52(2), 10.

Wilson, D.B. et al. (2004). 3 steps to profitable managed care contracts. Healthcare Financial Management, 58(5), 34.
View Full Essay

Health Management Discussion Questions First Student the

Words: 953 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 94885056

Health Management (Discussion questions)

First student

The Emergency Medical Treatment and Labor Act (EMTALA) is a law governing how and when patients may be denied treatment or moved from one hospital to another in cases of extreme medical conditions. EMTALA was legalized as a component of the 1986 consolidated budget reconciliation (ichards & athbun, 2009). Sometimes, it is known as the CONA law. This generalized name has generated other laws. A common provision under the COBA name is the statute that governs continuation of benefits derived from medical insurance after job termination. The principal provision of this statute is as follows:

Patients visiting the emergency unit seeking treatment or examination for medical conditions must be given the required medical screening diagnosis. This will be helpful in identifying if they are suffering from emergency medical conditions. In case they are, then hospitals are obliged to either furnish them with appropriate treatment…… [Read More]

References

Davis, N.A., & Cleverley, W.O. (2010). Essentials of health care finance: A workbook for health information managers. Chicago, Ill: American Health Information Management Association.

Ferenc, D.P. (2013). Understanding hospital billing and coding. St. Louis, Mo: Elsevier.

Richards, E.P., & Rathbun, K.C. (2009). Medical care law. Gaithersburg, Md: Aspen Publishers.

Institute of Medicine (2013). Emergency medical services at the crossroads. Washington, D.C: National Academies Press.
View Full Essay

United Health Strategic Management

Words: 1027 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 82273513

Health Organization

The United Health Group is the largest provider of healthcare services to Americans. According to Forbes (Lorenzetti, 2014), the group had revenue of $130.5 billion in 2014. United is the largest health insurer, and has a health services arm as well, Optum, which provides around one-third of the group's total revenue. United has net income of $5.62 billion in 2014 and served an estimated 85 million people. While the company's revenues have been growing quickly, the net income has been more stable, highlighting in particular that the tax burden has increased on the company, as gains in operating income have been slow to translate into gains in net income (MSN Moneycentral, 2015).

Competitive Strategy

Part of United's competitive strategy is that is has diversification of services. The company has two divisions: UnitedHealthcare and Optum. UnitedHealthcare is the company's health care services and insurance provider. This group has a…… [Read More]

References

Japsen, B. (2015). With one billion prescriptions, UnitedHealth prescribes future PBM growth. Forbes. Retrieved August 7, 2015 from http://www.forbes.com/sites/brucejapsen/2015/07/16/with-one-billion-prescriptions-unitedhealth-prescribes-future-pbm-growth/

Lorenzetti, L. (2015). The 10 biggest health care companies in the Fortune 500. Forbes. Retrieved August 7, 2015 from https://r-login.wordpress.com/remote-login.php?action=auth&host=fortune.com&id=64089429&back=http%3A%2F%2Ffortune.com%2F2015%2F06%2F20%2Ffortune-500-biggest-healthcare-companies%2F&h=

MSN Moneycentral (2015). UnitedHealth Group. Retrieved August 7, 2015 from  http://www.msn.com/en-us/money/stockdetails/financials/fi-126.1.UNH.NYS?ocid=qbeb 

United Health Group (2015). Businesses. UnitedHealthGroup.com. Retrieved August 7, 2015 from  http://www.unitedhealthgroup.com/Businesses/Default.aspx
View Full Essay

Governance Information Management Is Similar to Information

Words: 1173 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 40059465

Governance

Information management is similar to information technology and this term is usually used as a synonym of information technology. In this modern era, information technology is an essential part of almost every organization due to vast competition and globalization. On one hand information, technology provides a number of benefits to the organizations but, on the other hand, it has been commonly observed that a sudden failure in information technology results in heavy losses. In order to avoid these losses, certain steps can be taken by the organizations. These steps vary with the nature of information and different organizations take different measures to avoid this failure (Weill & oss, 2005).

Some of the imperative and useful steps taken to avoid the failure in information technology are described below:

Hiring a technical expert

A common person cannot easily understand how to check the information technology. Since every field requires experts, it…… [Read More]

References

Austin, J., C., Boxerman, & ., & B, S. (2008). Information system for health care management . Chicago: Health Administration Press.

Kappelman, L.A., McKeeman, R., & Zhang, L. (2006). Early warning signs of IT project failure. Journal of Management Information System, 35.

Milosevic, D.Z., Martinelli, R., & Waddell, J.M. (2009). Program Management for Improved Business Results. John Wiley & Sons Inc. .

Poterba, J.M. (2006). Government intervention in the market for education and health care. Journal of Economic Perspectives, 31-43.
View Full Essay

Trends Issues in Provision of Health Information Resources Services

Words: 1930 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 90814371

Health Information esources/Services

Libraries have traditionally been safeguarded the fulfillment of goals of continuing education in their respective fields. It is felt to accord enhanced priority to the health science librarians while the continuing education experts enhance their knowledge of the learning process and the various elements that make the scope of the continuing education effective. eally, the role of health sciences libraries is enormous particularly in the sphere of the lifelong learning and Continuing Education. The concept of Continuing Education has been conveniently been divided by Gruppen as formal CE that concentrates on conventional programs concerning specific topics and aimed at particular audiences; and the informal CE that emphasizes on the learning that involves the anxiety of practitioners anxious of resolving the problems in their routine practice. (Messerle, 1990)

The role of health science libraries has been realized to be significant in both the categories of continuing education and…… [Read More]

REFERENCES

Block, Karla J. (Summer, 1997) "Problem-based learning in medical education: Issues for health sciences libraries and librarians" Katharine Sharp Review. Graduate School of Library and Information Science, Dominican University/College of St. Catherine. No. 5. pp: 25-28

Braude, Robert. M; Wood, Samuel. J. (January, 1997) "On the origin of a species: evolution of health sciences librarianship" Bull Medical Library Association. Vol: 85; No: 1; pp: 116-121

Kronenfeld, Michael R. (January, 2005) "Trends in academic health sciences libraries and their emergence as the "knowledge nexus" for their academic health centers" Journal of Medical Library Association. Vol: 93; No: 1; pp: 32 -- 39.

Messerle, J. (April, 1990) "The changing continuing education role of health sciences libraries" Bull Medical Library Association. Vol: 78; No: 2; pp: 180 -- 187.
View Full Essay

Governance Primary Causes of Information Management Project

Words: 1233 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 86209774

Governance

Primary causes of information management project failures

There are several primary causes of failures in management of projects. Project management is a lucrative field that needs equitable standards of growth and development. In many projects, equitable measures have not been used in order to arrive at management of projects to the levels of their successes. Project failure is attributed to a number of factors. Many organizations have intensified equitable measures of ensuring that they have lived within the precepts of successful information technology projects in the organizations. Nonetheless, there are a number of primary causes of project failures (Murch, 2004).

Failure to deliver the projects in time

Time is one of the elemental figures in managing projects. From the time of conceiving IT projects to their implementation and maintenance stages, it is often immensely vital to bear in mind the importance of keeping taps with time in all aspects.…… [Read More]

References

Murch, R. (2004). Project management: Best practices for IT professionals. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall PTR.

Ward, W.A., Deren, B.J., & D'Silva, E.H. (1991). The economics of project analysis: A practitioner's guide. Washington, D.C: World Bank.
View Full Essay

Technology and Health Information Usage

Words: 6821 Length: 25 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 66338022

" (MediLexicon International, Ltd., 2006).

The PCIP was formed from the recognition that high costs and low quality inherent in the Healthcare system of the U.S. is largely due to a system that is antiquated and fragmented (DOHMH, 2006a). The inability to properly collect and use health information is one of the primary problems associated with proper health care maintenance. The PCIP. was formed in response to this need. The primary care physician acts as the conduit between the patient and the healthcare system. However, the physician often has no means to effectively transmit the information that they collect to other entities within the system. The PCIP grew out of a need for the primary health care Physician to be able to transmit the needed information to others in the Healthcare system.

There are three essential parts to the PCIP. The first is the Primary Care Health Information Consortium (PCHIC).…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Department of Health and Mental Hygiene. (DOHMH) 2006. PCIP. Retrieved August 30 at http://www.nyc.gov/html/doh/html/pcip/pcip.shtml

DOHMH 2006b. Primary Care Health Information Consortium (PCHIC). Retrieved August 30 at http://www.nyc.gov/html/doh/html/pcip/pcip-pchic.shtml.

MediLexicon International, Ltd. (2006). 1,000 New York City Doctors Will Get Electronic Health Records Systems. Retrieved August 30 at http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/medicalnews.php?newsid=42483

The American Health Quality Foundation (AHQF)(2006). Quality Improvement Organizations and Health Information Exchange. March 6, 2006. Retrieved August 30 at http://www.ehealthinitiative.org/assets/documents/QIOHIEFinalReportMarch62006.pdf#search=%22Health%20care%20information%20management%20PCIP%22
View Full Essay

Nature of Health Information the

Words: 955 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 51951254

Evidence of improved access and cost effectiveness should soon follow. Over the next two decades, e-health could deliver patient, provider, and planner/manager interactions for all aspects of health care (Detmer, 2000, p. 181). Detmer continued on to state that this could be a positive move from seeking out errors and problems to information systems whose processes prevent many adverse outcomes. When the problem becomes one of error and miscommunication, one needs to do all that is necessary in order to correct the problem. McKnight et al. continued to report how physicians and nurses both report how there were problems with having updated information both web based as well as written copy (McKnight et al., 2002).

A question that also comes to mind is the concern of training or lack there of. Not only should all current systems of information and resources be overhauled, there is also a need to train…… [Read More]

References

Detmer, D.E. (2000, July 6). Information technology for quality health care: a summary of United Kingdom and United States experiences. Quality in Health Care, 9, pp. 181-189.

McKnight, L.K., Stetson, P.D., Bakken, S., Curran, C., & Cimino, J.J. (2002, 2002). Perceived Information Needs and Communication Difficulties of Inpatient Physicians and Nurses. Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association, 9, pp. 64-69.
View Full Essay

Cam Healthcare Management Issues Complementary and Alternative

Words: 884 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 25904548

CAM

Healthcare Management Issues: Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM)

The objective of this work is to provide a written summary on information related to Complementary and Alternative Medicine (DAM) and to answer the question that asks how CAM products and providers are regulated. This work will additionally answer the question of what impact the proliferation of CAM has had on consumer spending for health-related care and products and the question of whether there should be more widespread third-party coverage of CAM.

The National Cancer Institute reports that Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) is "the term for medical products and practices that are not part of the standard medical care. Complementary medicine refers to the treatments that are used with standard treatment." (National Cancer Institute, 2011) Alternative medicine is treatments that are utilized rather than using standard type treatments. Standard treatments are such that are "based on scientific evidence from research…… [Read More]

Bibliography

$34 Billion Spent Yearly on Alternative Medicine (2009) Associated Press. 30 Jul 2009. Retrieved from: http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/32219873/ns/health-alternative_medicine/t/billion-spent-yearly-alternative-medicine/#.ToUZcOyK9QI

Health Consumers Spend More Out-of-Pocket than the Federal Government Counts (2011) Health Populi. Retrieved from: http://healthpopuli.com/2011/03/23/health-consumers-spend-more-out-of-pocket-than-the-federal-government-counts/

Santa, CF (nd) The Adoption of Complementary, and Alternative Medicine by Hospitals: A Framework for Decision Making. All Business. Retrieved from: http://www.allbusiness.com/management/3604702-1.html

What is Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM)? (2011) National Career Institute. Complementary and Alternative Medicine. Retrieved from: http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/cam
View Full Essay

Marketing in Healthcare Management Over

Words: 3563 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 47724235

It was especially effective when evaluated for the specific demographic segmentation the organization was targeting. Young adult males were particularly inclined to watch the commercial, thanks to the buxom, bikini-clad beauty as the star. In addition, young adult females were more likely to relate to the star of commercial, more so than if they had cast a middle-aged housewife. Although these demographics were more likely to watch the commercial, such a small portion of the commercial was devoted to the actual message, it's difficult to determine the effectiveness on whether or not these viewers would take action, such as learning more about breast cancer or conducting monthly self breast exams, or other behaviors that would help with early detection of breast cancer, to ensure the likelihood of survival.

egarding the seven Ps of marketing, the Save the Boobs campaign was more effective than originally anticipated regarding the place of the…… [Read More]

References

Aggarwal, V.B., & Gupta, V.S. 2001, Handbook of journalism and mass communication, Concept, New Delhi.

Anselmo, D. 2010, Marketing demystified a self-teaching guide,.McGraw-Hill, New York.

Assael, H. 2005, Consumer behavior and marketing action (3rd ed.), Kent Pub. Co., Boston.

Crane, F.G. 2001, Professional services marketing: strategy and tactics, Haworth Press, New York.
View Full Essay

Accounting Fundamentals for Health Care Management

Words: 1261 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 20123590

Accounting Fundamentals for ealthcare Management

This paper examines governmental and nonprofit accounting and discusses how it differs from commercial accounting. In the accounting field, there may not always be a clear distinction between the three types of organizations. The dividing line between business and nonbusiness organizations may depend on the incidence and relative importance of the nonbusiness characteristics found in an entity. The funds of such organizations are usually earmarked for specific purposes and must be used in accordance with laws, regulations, or contractual requirements.

One distinction of nonbusiness organizations is that they generally have no single indicator of performance, such as profit or net income. FASB:CS-4 provides two performance indicators for financial reporting for nonbusiness organizations:

They provide information about the nature and relationship between inflows and outflows of resources.

They provide information about service efforts and accomplishments.

FASB: CS-4 also sets forth the distinctive features of the nonbusiness…… [Read More]

Horowitz, K.J. (2006, February 26). State and Local Government Accounting Principles. Retrieved on Aril 15, 2011 from Mercer County Community College website:  http://www.mccc.edu/~horowitk/documents/Chapter02D.pdf 

Ruppel, W. (2010). Governmental Accounting Made Easy. Hoboken, New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Siegel, J.G., & Shim, J.K. (2006). Barron's Accounting Handbook (4th ed.). Hauppage, New York: Barron's Educational Series.
View Full Essay

Use of Advanced Nurses to Improve Healthcare Access

Words: 3619 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 43233063

Healthcare Innovation

Healthcare is one of those industries and fields of work where the promotion of innovation and change management is key. It is also one of those fields where managing that change through tried-and-true practices such as evidence-based practice and so forth is a must. One change that is changing nursing a lot, especially when it comes to the advanced levels of nurses, is the flattening of the hierarchy that typically exists when it comes to what nurses are allowed to do, what they are expected to do and what they must do. Whether it be the aging of the population, the shortage of some types of doctors (or doctors in general) or general access to quality care for patients in general, there is often a distinct reason for the need and thus the prior mentioned need for innovation and proper change management in the nursing field is necessary…… [Read More]

References

Bassett, E. (2010). Doctors face cash flow problems with Medicare. Fort Worth Business

Press, 22(47), 29.

Delgado, C., & Mitchell, M. M. (2016). A Survey of Current Valued Academic Leadership

Qualities in Nursing. Nursing Education Perspectives, 37(1), 10-15. doi:10.5480/14-1496
View Full Essay

Looking Into Performance Management of Health Information Technology

Words: 2175 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 14661375

Building Linkages Between Nursing Care and Improved Patient Outcomes: The ole of Health Information Technology

Health IT (HIT) is capable of transforming care quality and establishing connections between patient outcomes and nursing care. This article will examine the application of health IT and nursing-sensitive measures/indicators (NSIs) for improving care quality and establishing connections between better patient outcomes and nursing care. NSIs refer to measures reflecting nursing care process, structure, and outcomes. NSIs of outcome denote caregiver or patient measurement approaches sensitive to nurse care. While a number of advocates deliberate over the perceived advantages of health IT, an honest consideration of practical experiences with real HIT systems, together with the drawbacks and obstacles associated with poorly-constructed systems, is not addressed. Ultimately, the aim must be improvements to quality, added convenience, and growth of efficiency, rather than mere creation of wired health facilities. Nursing informatics as a practice specialty is having…… [Read More]

References

Balas, M. C., Rice, M., Chaperon, C., Smith, H., Disbot, M., & Fuchs, B. (2012). Management of delirium in critically ill older adults. Critical Care Nurse, 32(4), 15-26. doi: 10.4037/ccn2012480

Council of Economic Advisors (2009). The economic case for health care reform. Washington, D.C.

Chapter 3 (n.d) HEALTHCARE ENVIRONMENT: INNOVATION, TECHNOLOGY, AND LEGAL ISSUES IN NURSING. Retrieved 19 April 2016 from http://www.nursecredentialing.org/documents/certification/reviewmanuals/nurseexecchapter.aspx

Dykes, P., & Collins, S. (2013). Building linkages between nursing care and improved patient outcomes: The role of health information technology. OJIN: The Online Journal of Issues in Nursing, 18(3).
View Full Essay

Execution of Health Information Systems

Words: 1930 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 95364001

Advance Information Management and the Application of Technology

In this modern age, the incorporation of information technology (IT) with the health care system is important. . With the need of quality care within the industry, there is great significance in many institutions about the execution of electronic health record (EHs) and information support systems. The use of registries and IT support systems will enable the community hospital to monitor and track patients and improve patient safety and quality of care (Chin and Sakuda, 2012). The advantage of making use of computerized management systems is limited not only to reduced book-keeping and accounts for patients and physicians but is linked to continued access to reasonably priced healthcare, enhanced quality of care, prevention of medical blunders, reduction in health care expenses, improved administrative efficacies, and engagement of patients in their own health care (Chin and Sakuda, 2012). The following proposal will seek…… [Read More]

References

Blavin, F., Ramos, C., Shah, A., Devers, K. (2013). Lessons from the Literature on Electronic Health Record Implementation. Urban Institute. Retrieved 16 October 2015 from: https://www.healthit.gov/sites/default/files/hit_lessons_learned_lit_review_final_08-01-2013.pdf

Chin, B. J., & Sakuda, C. M. (2012). Transforming and Improving Health Care through Meaningful Use of Health Information Technology. Hawai'i Journal of Medicine & Public Health, 71(4 Suppl 1), 50-55.

Health IT. (2013). Creating a Leadership Team for Successful EHR Implementation. The National Learning Consortium. Retrieved 16 October 2015 from: https://www.healthit.gov/providers-professionals/creating-leadership-team-successful-ehr-implementation

Martinez, X. E. (2015). What Role Should Nurses Play In EHR Implementation? Power Your Practice. Retrieved 16 October 2015 from: http://www.poweryourpractice.com/electronic-health-records/what-role-should-nurses-play-in-ehr-implementation/
View Full Essay

Management of Healthcare

Words: 1899 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 80433693

Healthcare Management -- Discussion Questions

Communication strategies are very important when it comes to promoting the practice of healthcare delivery and ensuring that customer service is offered at the highest level. If a person does not communicate well it can harm him or her both personally and professionally. However, that is still a rather isolated issue that is generally considered to be self-limiting in nature. With companies, and especially with healthcare companies, the issue of poor communication is much larger and more significant. As a healthcare worker, a person has to be able to communicate information to patients, families, and other healthcare workers (Nutbeam, 2000). When a person is a manager in a healthcare setting, though, there is much more pressure to make sure that everyone gets the information they need in a timely manner and that the communication preferences as addressed in such a way that each and every…… [Read More]

References

Arora, V.M., Manjarrez, E., Dressler, D.D., Basaviah, P., Halasyamani, L., & Kripalani, S. (2009). Hospitalist handoffs: A systematic review and task force recommendations. Journal of Hospital Medicine, 4(7): 433- 440. Retrieved from  http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3575739/ 

Mercuri, R.T. (2004). The HIPAA-potamus in health care data security. Security Watch. Communications of the ACM, 47(7): 25-28. Retrieved from  http://www.notable-software.com/Papers/HIPAA.pdf 

Moskop, J.C., Marco, C.A., Larkin, G.L., Geiderman, J.M., & Derse, A.R. (2005). From Hippocrates to HIPAA: Privacy and confidentiality in emergency medicine -- Part I: Conceptual, moral, and legal foundations. Annals of Emergency Medicine, 45(1): 53-59. Retrieved from https://www3.acep.org/assets/0/16/898/904/2196/2280/C798499F-59F2-42A3-A23A-A575767D4234.pdf

Nutbeam, D. (2000). Health literacy as a public health goal: A challenge for contemporary health education and communication strategies into the 21st century. Health Promotion International, 15(3): 259-267. Retrieved from  http://heapro.oxfordjournals.org/content/15/3/259.long
View Full Essay

Information System Briefing the Process of Selecting

Words: 948 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 46516907

Information System Briefing

the Process of selecting & acquiring an Information System (IS) for Healthcare:

Any medical organization planning to go for an IS must choose an efficient Electronic Patient ecord -- EP which is the starting point of any computerized system. Effectiveness of the following points must drive the process of selection and acquisition of an IS. These are (i) Patient care which is the documented record of every patient undergoing process at the medical care unit. (ii) Communication: Patient records constitute and important means through which doctors, nurses and other are able to communicate with one another regarding patient requirements. (iii) Legal documentation: Legal documentation is important as these keep track document care as well as treatment, can become legal records. (iv) Billing and reimbursement: Patient record delivers the documentation which is used by patients to verify billed services. (v) esearch and quality management: Patient records are used…… [Read More]

References

Anderson, James. G; Aydin, Carolyn. (2005) "Evaluating the Organizational Impact of Healthcare Information Systems" Springer.

Keshavjee, K; Bosomworth, J; Copen, J. (2006) "Best practices in EMR implementation"

AMIA Annu Symp Proc. 2006; 2006: 982. compete-study.com [PDF]

Wager, Karen A; Lee, Frances W; Glase, John P. (2009) "Healthcare Information System -- A
View Full Essay

Health it Information Technology and Cultural Transformation

Words: 666 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 60181940

Health IT

Information Technology and Cultural Transformation in Healthcare

apid advances in information technology have continued to drive change in many sectors, including healthcare. Ongoing research suggests that cultural transformation is necessary in order to properly adapt to the capabilities and constraints of the increasing complexity and pervasiveness of information technology in healthcare settings. Better utilizing the information technology available to healthcare organizations and more accurately understanding the social impacts of this technology can actually help to achieve the cultural changes that are needed, as is demonstrated in the following brief literature review.

At one level, there needs to be a certain degree of autonomy for individual healthcare organizations in their adoption and utilization of information technologies in certain operations, as this will enhance opportunities for cultural adaptability and a willingness to undergo such transformations (Abraham et al. 2011; Lopez et al. 2011). Different communities can experience significantly different effects…… [Read More]

References

Abraham, C., Nishihara, E. & Akiyama, M. (2011). Transforming healthcare with information technology in Japan: A review of policy, people, and progress. International Journal of Medical Informatics 80(3): 157-70.

Box, T., McDonell, M., Helfrich, C., Jesse, R….Rumsfeld, J. (2010). Strategies from a Nationwide Health Information Technology Implementation: The VA CART STORY. Journal of General Internal Medicine 25(1): 72-6.

Karsh, B., Weinger, M., Abbott, P. & Wears, R. (2010). Health information technology: fallacies and sober realities. Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association 17(6): 617-23.

Lopez, L., Green, A., Tan-McGrory, A., King, R. & Betancourt, J. (2011). Bridging the Digital Divide in Health Care: The Role of Health Information Technology in Addressing Racial and Ethnic Disparities. Joint Commission Journal on Quality and Patient Safety 37(1): 437-45.
View Full Essay

Healthcare - The Truth About

Words: 3685 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 27551651



The experiences of seniors within the healthcare delivery system will alter how all Americans view healthcare. The healthcare delivery systems and overall organizational structure in the United States has been slow to adjust but that rest of the world is currently in flux that will migrate into our system. Technological advances in communication have made telehealth and telemedicine vialbel solutions to our outdated healthcare industry orgainzational structre. While these types of advances are only in their infancy, "...there seemed to be broad acceptance that telehealth and telemedicine had provided positive benefits to the worlds healthcare delivery system." (Telehealth Applications) Our technoloically challenged seniors have actually discovered the trend within the healthcare system and telehealth and telemedicine seems to be an advance that will find worldwide support so we as a nation will be reqquired to jump on the bandwagon.

In conclusion, this article review focused on new Healthcare Delivery Systems…… [Read More]

References

Farnsworth, Chris. "The Truth About Fraud" Washington Monthly 01 May 1997.

Joshua-Amadi, Mabel. "Recommendations: A Study in Motivation: Recruitment and Retention in the NHS" Nursing Management. February (2003).

Soloye, Daniel J. "Privacy and Power: Computer Databases and Metaphors for Information Privacy" Stanford Law Review July (2001).

Telehealth Applications. (2004) "Current Telehealth Applications" Retrieved October 26, 2004, at http://www.startegis.com/epic/internet/inict-tic.nsf/PrintableE/it07545e.html
View Full Essay

Health Care Information and the

Words: 2722 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 55750775

Information technology and computers have also begun to affect, in ways that are both bad and good, family life, community life, education, freedom, human relationships, democracy, and many other issues. By looking into the broadest sense of the word it can be seen that cyber ethics should actually be understood as a branch of applied ethics, and ethics should be something that is believed in by all that provide medical information, whether via the Internet or in some other way, since providing false or fraudulent information could be damaging and potentially deadly for many people.

This particular branch of ethics analyzes and studies information technology and what type of ethical and social impacts it has. Within recent years this new field has led to countless courses, workshops, articles, journals, and many other ways of expression. With the World Wide Web becoming so popular when it comes to health care information,…… [Read More]

Gotterbarn, 1991.

Bynum, T.W. (1999) the Foundation of Computer Ethics. A keynote address at the AICEC99 Conference, Melbourne, Australia, July 1999. Published in the June 2000 issue of Computers and Society.

Bynum, 1999.
View Full Essay

Managing Information Systems Introduction in

Words: 2760 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 55736802

Furuholt, (2006) argues that lack of management engagement to the acceptance of information systems has been a barrier to the implementation of information systems. The issues are even common with organizations in the developing countries where management does not give enough priority to the information systems implementation. Importantly, implementation of information systems requires management support since management will need to approve fund that would be used for IS implementation. Generally, younger people are more interested in the it tools than older people. In a situation where number of older working team outnumbers younger working team within an organization, the IS implementation may be cumbersome.

More importantly, lack of knowledge of information systems may serve as barrier to its implementation. In the developed countries, private and public organizations have already aware the importance of information systems to the organizations. Many organizations in developed countries already realize that it tool is a…… [Read More]

References

Abukhzam, M. & Lee, a. (2010). Factors affecting Bank Staff attitude towards E-banking adoption in Libya. The Electronic Journal on Information Systems in Developing Countries: 42(2): 1-15.

Ali, S.N.A. (2010). E-government services: an exploration of the main factors that contribute to successful implementation in Libya. PhD thesis, University of Portsmouth.

Bartol, K.M. (1982). Managing Information Systems Personnel: A Review of the Literature and Managerial Implications. MIS Quarterly.

Boh, W.F. & Yelling, D. (2007). Using Organizational Architecture Standards in Managing Information Technology. Journal of Management Information Systems. 23 (3): 163 -- 207.
View Full Essay

Health Literacy the Nurse Plays

Words: 636 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 35885390

Therefore, I would tell the patient that their symptoms should not be considered in isolation of their whole person. Websites that address symptoms only are not taking into account the wealth of factors that can influence the diagnosis of a specific disease.

At the same time, patients have the right to know about alternative solutions other than those provided or suggested by the physician or health care organization. Sometimes insurance constraints prevent nurses and doctors from mentioning interventions, diagnoses, and cures. The insurance provisions should not come in the way of the patient seeking second opinions or investigating such things as alternative and complementary medicine.

The strategies for assisting patients in becoming informed consumers of online health information include creating brochures and pamphlets, as well as websites. These materials can offer patients helpful links to the CDC (2013) and similar credible resources related to health literacy. The nurse can also…… [Read More]

References

CDC (2013). Health literacy. Retrieved online:   http://www.cdc.gov/healthliteracy/  

Speros, C.I. (2011). Promoting health literacy: A nursing imperative. Nurs Clin North Am. 2011 Sep;46(3):321-33, vi-vii. doi: 10.1016/j.cnur.2011.05.007
View Full Essay

Management Healthcare Define and Describe

Words: 2739 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 32263576

Some or all such authority may be in fact unlimited. This is when a committee can counterbalance authority and diffuse power within an organization since effectively only a small faction is making important decisions. The best use of committees is to have limited power to make decisions but have unlimited power to make recommendations on how things should be done.

2. Identify the initial issue that should always be thoroughly addressed when the establishment of a committee is recommended.

The initial issue that should be addressed is that of making sure that those on the committee are the people capable of carrying out the agenda of the committee and that the committee will have limited power to make organizational decisions.

3. In what ways may committees be said to dilute the recognition and diffuse the blame or responsibility? Where, based on your personal experience, have you seen one of these…… [Read More]

References

Baker, L. 2002. "Managed care, medical technology, and the well-being of society," viewed 21

February 2011, <   http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12055455  >

Carlson, Gail. 2009. "Managed Care Understanding Our Changing Health Care System," viewed

21 February 2011,
View Full Essay

Health System Management and the Use of New Grad Program for Reducing Turnover

Words: 2457 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 39644169

Reducing Turnover in New Graduate Residence Program

Introduction- The process of recruiting and training, particularly in high-impact fields like healthcare, has become increasingly complex and expensive. Turnover is the rate at which an organization gains or loses employees. High turnover means that more employees are leaving more rapidly, which can be harmful to productivity and finances. Real costs of hiring including recruitment time, opportunity costs, and investment in both the new employee and the staff in Human Resources. Indirect costs include training, loss of production, reduction of performance levels, overtime due to inexperience, etc. In fact, this issue is so important that in for-profit organizations, the cost of employee turnover is estimated to be about 150% of the total payroll and benefit package (Rothwell, 2012). One needs to also understand the high costs of post-employment; drug-screening, physical exams, orientation, learning curve, coaching from others, etc. Staff time is difficult to…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Nurses' job satisfaction well below average. (2012, March 5). Retrieved from Medical Express:  http://medicalxpress.com/news/2012-03-nurses-job-satisfaction-average.html 

The Real Costs of High Turnover. (2012, October). HRNNewsdaily. Retrieved from:

http://hrnewsdaily.com/the-real-costs-of-high-turnover/

Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. (2013, January). Researcha dn Data. Retrieved from U.S. Department of Health and Human Services: http://www.ahrq.gov/
View Full Essay

Management Functions and Roles Please

Words: 580 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 78371104

Trending analysis through a balanced scorecard methodology is used to evaluate the level of performance of each practice relative to another based on patients served, costs, and support costs. The use of balanced scorecards as part of the strategic planning process in healthcare organizations is a best practice that delivers insights and intelligence that drives ROI strategies (Niles, 2010). This is certainly the case with the healthcare organization interviewed.

3. What are some of the most important practices or activities related to this function? What is your involvement?

Managing the underlying IT systems that make the reporting performance evaluation and improvement processes possible is the most important activity related to that specific function. As the acting CIO for the healthcare organization, the person interviewed must also manage the teams that keep the computer systems up and running over time. The have completely accountability and responsibility for keeping the entire IT…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Health Care Strategic Planning Over

Words: 937 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 8831945

The reason why, is because this is a sign that the quality of care that is being provided in declining. What normally happens is staff members, will often become frustrated with: health care environments that are inefficient and where management has an attitude of indifference. This is problematic, because it can spread through the organization like cancer by: eating away at the fundamentals that made the facility great.

Once this occurs, it will have an impact on: the costs, efficiency and profitability of the hospital. This is the point that this could undermine the reputation of facility and it could have an impact on the brand. When this takes place, it is a sign that many hospitals are falling into a downward spiral of: declining quality of care and increasing costs. At which point, it only becomes a matter of time until: some kind of major restructuring must occur or…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Ableson, R. (2010). Employers Push Costs for Health Care on Workers. New York Times. Retrieved from: http://www.nytimes.com/2010/09/03/business/03insure.html

Palfry, C. (2004). Effective Health Care Management. Malden, MA: Blackwell.

Shortell, S. (2006). Health Care Management. New York, NY: Thomason.
View Full Essay

Managing Information Technology - Set

Words: 6095 Length: 13 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 42345676



The vision Oracle has is one of unifying all of their enterprise applications into their Fusion architecture and creating a single unifying Service oriented Architecture (SOA) was first announced in 2006 (Krill, 13). Since that time Oracle has continually strived to create an SOA in Fusion that would appeal to its corporate customers. The proposed Fusion SOA platform has been designed to be robust and scalable enough to encompass enterprise-level applications including Enterprise esource Planning (EP) applications while also being flexible enough to provide for individualized application development. There are critics of SOA in general and Fusion specifically, with industry analysts considering it too difficult to create a process-centric model that allows for pervasive, in-depth applications necessary for mission-critical business while at the same time allowing for significant scalability (Handy, 2005). Despite these concerns however Fusion continues to gain market acceptance and provide Oracle with a path to the fulfillment…… [Read More]

References

Oracle

Alex Handy. 2005. Oracle Fusion: The 'Frankenstein' of SOA? Software Development Times, October 15, 6

Paul Krill. 2006. Oracle Does SOA. InfoWorld, August 14, 11-13

Security
View Full Essay

Healthcare Reform Review of Literature

Words: 6070 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 45810582

(Menzel, 1990, p. 3) Fisher, Berwick, & Davis alude to the idea of integration in health care, with providers linking as well as creating networks of electronic medical records and other cost improvement tactics.

The United States and other nations over the last twenty or so years, have begun a sweeping change in health care delivery, regarding the manner in which health information is input, stored and accessed. Computer use in the medical industry has greatly increased over the last thirty years the culmination of this is fully networked electronic medical record keeping. (Berner, Detmer, & Simborg, 2005, p. 3) the electronic medical record trend began in the largest institutions first, as hospitals and large care organizations attempted to reduce waste and improve patient care, while the adoption has been much slower among physician's practices and smaller medical institutions. (Hillestad, et al., 2005, pp. 1103-1104) Prior to this time medical…… [Read More]

Resources, and Utilization
Kahnamoui, N. (2004). Electronic medical records. pp. 1-31.

Kant Patel, M.E. (2006). Health Care Politics and Policy in America. Armonk, NY: ME Sharp Inc.

Kumar, K., & Subramanian, R. (1998). Meeting the Expectations of Key Stakeholders: Stakeholder Management in the Health Care Industry. SAM Advanced Management Journal, 63 (2), 31-38.

LeGrand, J. (2009). Choice and competition in publicly funded health care. Health Economics, Policy and Law, 4, 479-488.
View Full Essay

Management Issues and Practices James Strong the

Words: 2719 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 78166394

Management Issues and Practices

James Strong, the former CEO and managing director of Qantas Airlines, twice sat on the panel convened at the Sydney office of CPA Australia to select those who would be recognized for the annual 40 Young Business Leaders list. Strong believed in the importance of nurturing young talent and threw himself wholeheartedly into leading much of the discussion among prominent leaders from all over the globe. Criteria for entrants included "the ability to land a top job, develop others and get the most from a team, and leading by example was also a must-have attribute" ("CPA Australia," 2014). To provide the scope and depth of the list-building endeavor, it is informative to explore the names of other participants on the panel, and to match them to the criteria they articulated for entrant evaluation. Here is a quick run down: James Strong looked for entrants who had…… [Read More]

References 13

40 young business leaders. In the Black. 2014 CPA Australia Ltd. Retrieved from http://www.itbdigital.com/lists/40-young-business-leaders-2013/

Bennis, W. (1997). Managing people is like herding cats. Covey Leadership Center.

Braithwaite, J. & Mannion, R. (2011). Managing change. In K. Walshe & J. Smith, Healthcare Management, pp. 830-861. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill Education.

Cummings, G.G., McGregor, T., Davey, M. Lee, H., Wong, C.A., Lo, E., Muise, M. & Strafford, E. (2010). Leadership styles and outcome patterns for the nursing workforce and work environment: A systematic review. International Journal of Nursing Studies, 47(3), 363-385. doi: 10.1016/j.jnurstu.2009.08.006.
View Full Essay

Managing Quality Safety and Risk

Words: 2671 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 69475225

He or she is also entitled to proper medication to deal with the disease.

It's not just the responsibility of medics to offer health care but the family members of the sick too play a very important role in caring about health. y accompanying the sick person to hospital and administering the prescribed medicine at home. As well, family members offer support by praying and giving the sick member company. Did you know that even loneliness is a health hazard.

Quality health care is individual responsibility. Every individual is supposed to make sure they have the best health always. Contagious diseases should be avoided at all costs, however, should we contact them then we should care for ourselves. A sick person should maintain bodily cleanliness and eat the right foods. Ones health should not also cause harm to neighbors at home and in public. Global concerns are also rising quickly…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Baum F (1998).The new public health: an Australian perspective, Oxford University Press,

Melbourne.

Mannion R, Konteh F, Davies H (2008) Measuring culture for quality and safety improvement: a national survey of tools and tool use, Quality and Safety in Health Care (in press).

Mannion R, Davies H, Marshall M (2005) Cultural attributes of 'high' and 'low' performing hospitals. Journal of Health Organization and Management 19(6):431-9.
View Full Essay

Healthcare Changes to Healthcare Practice and Delivery

Words: 1016 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 29208990

Healthcare Changes

Changes to Healthcare Practice and Delivery: A Study of Two Detroit, MI Healthcare Facilities Separated by Twenty Years

Changes to technology and to the political and regulatory landscape have led to many changes in the ways that businesses in all manner of industries operate. Increased communications capabilities, the shrinking size and cost for advanced technologies, and a variety of other changes have provided many businesses with an opportunity to operate more efficiently, and in so doing have also made many industries and markets more competitive. An examination of some typical businesses operating in these industries today as compared to their counterparts that were in operation twenty years ago provides ample evidence of the changes that have occurred and the ways in which businesses have adapted.

The healthcare industry has by no means been immune from these changes, but in fact has changed more than many other industries due…… [Read More]

References

Anderson, J. & Aydin, C. (2005). Evaluating the organizational impact of health care information systems. New York: Springer.

Armoni, A. (2000). Healthcare information systems: challenges of the new millennium. Hershey, PA: Idea Group.

Wager, K., Lee, F. & Glaser, J. (2009). Health care information systems: a practical approach for health care management. New York: Wiley.
View Full Essay

Healthcare Integrity Is a Major Issue for

Words: 1315 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 2662441

Healthcare

Integrity is a major issue for healthcare organizations because there are many avenues for fraud, and for people to demonstrate a lack of ethics. The problem is that the temptation is sometimes too great and despite the fact that there are laws in place to guard against these practices unethical behavior takes place anyway. The government, which supplies a lot of the money which goes for treatments through Medicare and Medicaid, has structured certain laws to make sure that the practices of healthcare organizations are ethical, but billions of dollars in fines are still doled out every year. The big drug companies complain of arcane and hard to decipher legalese, but the fact is that although they realize the issue and the penalty they continue to subvert the law. This paper looks at qui tam statutes and cases, Medicare and Medicaid admissions criteria, installing a corporate integrity program, and…… [Read More]

References

American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASLHA). (2010). Summary of self- referral and anti-kickback regulations. Retrieved from  http://www.asha.org/practice/reimbursement/medicare/regulations_sum.htm 

Hanford, J.T. (2001). Regulation of the healthcare professions. Ethics & Medicine, 17(3), 188-190.

Louthian Law Firm. (2012). Healthcare fraud qui tam whistleblower protection lawsuits.

Mattie, A. & Ben-Chitrit, R. (2009) The federal False Claims Act and qui tam actions: What every healthcare manager should know. Journal of Legal, Ethical and Regulatory Issues, 12(2), 49-65.
View Full Essay

Healthcare Standards There Are Three Parts Part

Words: 712 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 21943086

Healthcare Standards

there are three parts. PAT A EQUIES 4 DIFFEENT ANSWES

Standard: ICD-10-PCS

"ICD-10-PCS is intended to replace ICD-9 volume 3 for facility reporting of inpatient procedures….ICD-10-PCS is a totally new coding system designed to better accommodate the rapidly changing world of procedures. The code system was developed in the 1990s, but use of the continually updated codes will start almost 20 years later." (Dimick 2011). This new standard is supposed to be more accurate and reflective of current healthcare realities than standards of the past, but it is uncertain if in its implementation this promise will be realized.

Current status of implementation

This standard has yet to be fully implemented. "On October 1, 2013, healthcare providers must begin reporting HIPAA claims using the ICD-10 counterparts to the current ICD-9 code sets" and full implementation will be a 20-year process (Dimick 2011).

Three major issues related to implementation status…… [Read More]

References

About ASC X12. (2013). ASC X12. Retrieved:  http://www.x12.org/about/index.cfm 

Dimick, Chris. (2011). Learning and using ICD-10-PCS. Journal of AHIMA. Retrieved:

 http://journal.ahima.org/2011/02/09/learning-and-using-icd-10-pcs/ 

Health Level 7 International. (2013). HL7. Retrieved:  http://www.hl7.org/implement/index.cfm
View Full Essay

Health Prevention Programs

Words: 2666 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 64756401

Health Promotion Lesson Plan

The concept of health promotion is thought of as "the science and art of helping people change their lifestyle to move toward a state of optimal health" (Dunphy et al., 2011, p 25). Serious heart conditions can be prevented, which is why it is so important to utilize community education techniques in order to help try to warn community members of the complications before they occur. This current lesson plan works to create three separate community lesson plans, based on specific age ranges. The age 18-29 focuses primarily on the use of social media and health advocacy efforts in association with the American Heart Association. For ages 30-49, there is also a focus on these two, combined with more community oriented issues, and for 50-60, there is much more of a focus on financial training along with community organized workshops.

Prevention has become a major issue…… [Read More]

References McLeod, Saul. (2010). Erik Erikson. Developmental Psychology. Simply Psychology. Web.   http://www.simplypsychology.org/Erik-Erikson.html
View Full Essay

Healthcare Addressing the Issue of

Words: 8204 Length: 30 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 34819035

Stated to be barriers in the current environment and responsible for the reporting that is inadequate in relation to medical errors are:

Lack of a common understanding about errors among health care professionals

Physicians generally think of errors as individual that resulted from patient morbidity or mortality.

Physicians report errors in medical records that have in turn been ignored by researchers.

Interestingly errors in medication occur in almost 1 of every 5 doses provided to patients in hospitals. It was stated by Kaushal, et al., (2001) that "the rate of medication errors per 100 admission was 55 in pediatric inpatients. Using their figure, we estimated that the sensitivity of using a keyword search on explicit error reports to detect medication errors in inpatients is about 0.7%. They also reported the 37.4% of medication errors were caused by wrong dose or frequency, which is not far away from our result of…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Discussion Paper on Adverse Event and Error Reporting In Healthcare: Institute for Safe Medication Practices Jan 24, 2000

Patient Safety/Medical Errors Online at the Premiere Inc. page located at: http://www.premierinc.com/all/safety/resources/patient_safety/downloads/patient_safety_policy_position_2001.doc

Medstat / Shortell, S. Assessing the Impact of Continuous Quality Improvement on Clinical Practice: What It Will Take to Accelerate Progress.

Health Policy Monitor (2001) A Publication of the Council of State Governments Vol. 6, No. 1 Winter/Spring 2001 PO18-0101
View Full Essay

Health Information Systems' Financial Structure

Words: 914 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 91869776

Financial Structure Information System

The delivery of care across all levels of healthcare delivery system is largely influenced by information and information exchange. The information exchange takes place between the various stakeholders in the health care delivery process i.e. The health care facility, the patient, the caregiving team, and political-economic environment. The significance of information in health care delivery process and system has contributed to the development of health care information systems. Health care information systems can be described as systems that captures, manages, stores, and conveys information that is related to people's health and activities of a health care organization of facility. These systems play a crucial role in the management of information exchange towards decision-making on health care activities and processes. Health care information systems have different structures including financial structure, which has positive and negative impacts and is applicable to different work areas in the health sector.…… [Read More]

References

Glickman et. al. (2007, October 18). Promoting Quality: The Health-care Organization from a Management Perspective. International Journal for Quality in Health Care, 19(6), 341-348.

Pina et. al. (2015, April). A Framework for Describing Health Care Delivery Organizations and Systems. American Journal of Public Health, 105(4), 670-679.

Thede, L. (2012, January 23). Informatics: Where Is It? The Online Journal of Issues in Nursing, 17(1). Retrieved from http://www.nursingworld.org/MainMenuCategories/ANAMarketplace/ANAPeriodicals/OJIN/TableofContents/Vol-17-2012/No1-Jan-2012/Informatics-Where-Is-It.html
View Full Essay

Healthcare Legal Aspects of Health

Words: 945 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 27640642

d).

The health care industry is heavily regulated and has several special risk areas that need to be looked out for. An effective compliance program is necessary in order to mitigate these risks. In addition to the challenges that are associated with taking care of patients, health care providers are subject to huge and sometimes intricate sets of rules that govern the coverage and reimbursement of medical services. Because federal and state sponsored health care programs play such a big role in paying for health care, compliance with these rules are necessary in order to avoid penalties that can occur. These penalties can include such things as recoupment of improper payments, along with sanctions imposed by Medicare and Medicaid against health care businesses that engage in abuse or fraudulent practices (Corporate esponsibility and Corporate Compliance: A esource for Health Care Boards of Directors, (n.d.).

A good health care administrator will…… [Read More]

References

Corporate Responsibility and Corporate Compliance: A Resource for Health Care Boards of Directors. (n.d.) Retrieved April 3, 2009, from Office of the Inspector General Web site:

 http://oig.hhs.gov/fraud/docs/complianceguidance/040203CorpRespRsceGuide.pdf 

Health Administration. (n.d.). Retrieved April 3, 2009, from Web site:

http://www.nmsu.edu/~soahec/manual/hadmin.html
View Full Essay

Managing Quality in Practice Settings

Words: 696 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 71728606

Managing Quality in Practice Settings: Six Sigma at Floyd Medical Center

By examining an organization's approach to establishing, measuring, and evaluating performance and outcomes, it is possible to develop a firmer grasp on how the quality control process functions in practice. To this end, this paper provides a review of the literature concerning quality management practices at Floyd Medical Center in ome, Georgia, followed by a summary of the research and important findings concerning these issues in the conclusion.

Meaning of "managing quality" and what it means at Floyd Medical Center

Managing quality at Floyd Medical Center is the responsibility of all staff members and the hospital's stated goal in this regard is to "provide excellent care while ensuring the comfort, privacy and safety of our patients and visitors"; the medical center adds that its healthcare teams are "dedicated to continually improving your experience by providing quality health care that…… [Read More]

References

Cohen, J. (2008, May). CHAP and the Department of Veterans Affairs. Nursing and Health Care

Perspectives, 21(3), 151.

Gowen, C.R., Stock, G.N. & McFadden, K.L. (2008). Simultaneous implementation of Six

Sigma and knowledge management in hospitals. International Journal of Production
View Full Essay

Healthcare Resources Allocating Healthcare Resources Allocation of

Words: 1444 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 75434137

Healthcare esources

Allocating Healthcare esources

Allocation of Healthcare esources

It may seem that the resources that a healthcare organization has at its disposal is contained in a very small list, but for proper allocation of total resources every possible thing has to be considered. esources refers not only to the money that a business has on hand, but the people, buildings, land, recruitment of people, retention and finances. An organization is the sum of all of its parts and must operate within the framework of those resources. How those resources are allocated is an important function of the control of the organization also. This essay will discuss the resource acquisition and allocation processes in a healthcare organization with specific emphasis regarding those processes in allocating financial, operating, capital, human, recruitment, and retention resources.

esource Acquisition and Allocation

In one aspect a healthcare organization is no different from any other organization…… [Read More]

References

Kroger, A. (2003). "Ethics in healthcare organizations." Healthcare Management, 27(3),

21-25.

Longest, B.B., & Darr, K. (2008). Controlling and allocating resources. In, Managing

health services organizations and systems (pp. 433-470). Baltimore, MD: Health
View Full Essay

Healthcare Dan Hall a Self-Described

Words: 2809 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 77363048

A recent article touted the 6.1% growth of spending on medical care in 2007.

The same article cautioned however that, "most experts know that no matter what the numbers say, there is still a great deal of work ahead to reform a healthcare system that is still fundamentally broken -- and is facing one of the worst economic recessions in decades" (Lubell, 2009, pg. 6).

Government and industry officials have been working to reform the industry for more than a decade yet the problem seems to be getting worse rather than better. More and more individuals are finding that insurance takes too much of their income and are forced therefore to forego that expense. Government is leery of committing to the cost of such expense, and industry is reluctant to offer expanded coverage without the backing of the federal government. As the interested parties do the two-step the problem becomes…… [Read More]

References

Bentley, C.S.; (2005) the new healthcare system, New American, Vol. 21, No. 18, pg. 44

Blizzard, R.; (2002) the haves and have nots of healthcare, Gallup Poll Tuesday Briefing, pp. 8-9

Brown, J.; (2009) Obama healthcare plan would shut down private sector, OneNewsNow, http://www.onenewsnow.com/Politics/Default.aspx?id=414372, Accessed February 10, 2009

Conn, J,; DerGurahian, J.; (2008) HIT budgets taking a hit: study, Modern Healthcare, Vol. 38, No. 50, pp. 10-11
View Full Essay

Information Systems in Healthcare

Words: 4901 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 16336011

Health Information System

Promoting Action Design esearch to create value in healthcare through IT

ecently there has been varying proof showing that health IT reduces costs while improving the standard of care offered. The same factors that had caused delays in reaping benefits from IT investment made in other sectors (i.e. time consuming procedural change) are also very common within the healthcare sector. Due to the current transitive nature of the Healthcare sector, new IT investment is likely not going to provide maximum value unless this new investment is backed up with a total reform of healthcare delivery. The overall ability of healthcare IT value researchers to add value to practice will be severely limited as a result of the traditional ex-post approach to measuring IT and the fact that government spurs significant investment. It may be risky to generalize or compare results from traditional IT value research with those…… [Read More]

References

Fichman, R., Kohli, R., & Krishnan, R. (2011). The role of information systems in healthcare: Current research and future trends. Information Systems Research, 22(3), 419-428.

Goh, J.M., Gao, G., & Agarwal, R. (n.d.). Evolving work routines: Adaptive routinization of information technology in healthcare. Information Systems Research, 22(3), 565-585.

Hoffnagel, E., Woods, D., & Leveson, N. (2006). Resilience engineering: Concepts and precepts. Abingdon: GBR: Ashgate Publishing.

Jones, S., Heaton, P., Riudin, R., & Schneider, E. (2012). Unraveling the IT productivity paradox lessons for health care. The New England Journal of Medicine, 366(24), 2243-2245.
View Full Essay

Health Care Strategic Management

Words: 481 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 44943712

Health Care Strategic Management

Data is very important for all companies as having a poor quality of data involves costs of many dollars to American companies. According to studies done in the U.S. The total value of the cost of wrong data to the companies is more than $600 billion and that was in 2002. The amount is certainly large and will also increase as the quantity of business increases, and that results in larger quantities of data being produced. Yet, the value as in money terms is not the only problem that is faced by companies every day due to data, and that is even truer for healthcare companies. Healthcare companies cannot function properly when they do not have the data properly stored. Thus it is important for these companies to make sure that their data is correct and maintained correctly. This also involves the understanding of the problems…… [Read More]

References

Lerner, Robert. The Challenges of Data Management. Retrieved from http://www.bettermanagement.com/library/library.aspx?pagetype=1& libraryid=12090

Accessed on 31 May, 2005

Managing Healthcare in a Changing European Environment. Retrieved from http://www.bettermanagement.com/Library/Library.aspx?LibraryID=12242

Accessed on 31 May, 2005
View Full Essay

Health it the Current Hospital Setting Has

Words: 809 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 22822203

Health IT

The current hospital setting has only a basic information system in place, which performs many of the functions common to the most basic information systems in such areas as patient registration, certain aspects of patient billing, and medical records indexing and accessing (Kelker, 2010). Portions of other system administration functions are also included in the information system being used at the hospital, such as the logging and tracking of staff in leadership positions, however this is one of the only more "advanced" functions of the largely outdated information system. Many of the more specialized and sophisticated functions more recent information systems can include, such as ambulance tracking and communication, digital communication with the in-hospital pharmacy and with other departments such as radiology and laboratories, are not facilitated by the information system (Kelker, 2010). Some of these functions can be replaced by the internal email system for certain cases,…… [Read More]

References

Haux, R. (2004). strategic information management in hospitals. New York: Springer.

Kelkar, S. (2010). Hospital information systems. New Delhi: PHI.

Vitera. (2012). Interfaced vs. integrated system. Accessed 6 March 2012.

http://www.viterahealthcare.com/tools/Pages/eBrief_interfaced_vs_integrated_system_measure_the_benefits.aspx
View Full Essay

Healthcare Finance

Words: 1675 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 96594035

Healthcare Finance

The relationship between the doctor and a possible patient is established when the physician asks the person for the first time as how he could be of possible help. This direct and simple enquiry is the beginning of the trust of the patient that has to be put in the physician for any treatment to proceed. The patient is in need of help at that time, and has to trust the professional for getting the help and the patients want to do it. They need a person to take care of them during their period of suffering from illness. This relationship between the patient and the physician in the financial sphere also involves the same amount of reliance, confidence and trust, as otherwise, not treatment can be undertaken. This makes it essential that the physicians clearly mention to the patients when there is any conflict of interest in…… [Read More]

References

"Changes in Health Care Financing and Organization: Deriving Best Practice Models for the U.S. Health Care Safety Net: A Cross-State Meta Analysis of Finance, Organization and Outcomes" Retrieved from http://64.233.179.104/search?q=cache:h3F83ojarhYJ:depts.washington.edu/eprc/areas/proposalnarrative%2520web.pdf+Changes+in+Health+Care+Financing+and+Organization+& hl=en Accessed on 7 June, 2005

'Health Administration Press" (March/April 2003) Journal of Health Care Management.

Volume 48, Number 2. Retrieved from http://64.233.179.104/search?q=cache:p36ZB3H0T4AJ:www.ache.org/pubs/jhm482.cfm+healthcare+finance+relationship+centered& hl=en Accessed on 7 June, 2005

"The Core Program: Trust and the Patient -- Professional Relationship" (September, 2000) The
View Full Essay

Healthcare Information Systems

Words: 840 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 41592355

Healthcare Information Systems

Faculty of Information Technology at the Queensland University Australia, have written this article to point out the need to change the method of access control in the current health care environment. They have introduced this method keeping in the mind the latest information technology system structures, legal and regulatory requirements and the demands of security operation in the Health Information Systems. The authors have proposed "Open and Trusted Health Information System" as the feasible solution along with the capability to dominate the provision of appropriate levels of secure access control in order to protect the sensitive health data.

Authors have also pointed out what is the problem with NEHTA work programs. NEHTA focuses on securely and reliably exchanging the clinical information with the help of electronic means and secure messaging technology. Authors have raised an important issue that these critical health information computer systems are openly connected…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Health Care Systems Management as

Words: 9550 Length: 35 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 98461776

The infant mortality rate is of 8.97 deaths per 1,000 live births. This rate places Kuwait on the 160th position on the chart of the CIA. The adult prevalence rate of HIV / AIDS is of 0.1 per cent.

In terms of economy, Kuwait is a relatively open, small and wealthy economy. It relies extensively on oil exports -- petroleum exports for instance account for 95 per cent of the total export revenues as well as for 95 per cent of the federal income. The Kuwaiti representatives have recently set the goal of increasing the oil production per day. Currently, Kuwait is facing the pressures of the internationalized economic crisis -- which however, due to recent economic surpluses in Kuwait, affects the economy to a lower extent.

Simultaneously with the increase in oil production, the Kuwaiti authorities are also focusing on diversifying the economic activities in the sense of supporting…… [Read More]

References:

Agency, Kuwait News. "Blair's "Kuwait Vision." 15 March 2010. Zawya.com. .

Al-Ansari, H. And S. AL-Enezi. "Health Sciences Libraries in Kuwait." Bulletin of the Medical Library Association 89.3 (2001): 287-93.

Al-Awadhi, Olusi, Al-Saeid, Moussa, et.al. "Incidence of Musculoskeletal Pain in Adult Kuwaitis." Annals of Saudi Medicine 25.6 (2005): 459=62.

Al-Baho, A. "Resident's Guide to the Curriculum for Training in Family Medicine." December 2008. Kuwait Institute for Medical Specialization. .
View Full Essay

Information Technology - Legal Issues

Words: 1129 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 29179796

77).

Electronic privacy law applies to employment and business records and information management in the workplace, with different rights and regulations depending on the specific communications medium involved. Generally, employee privacy rights to e-mail systems and telephone message recording and retrieval systems are determined by the employment contract or by the employment policies of the employer and are not subject to legal disputes initiated by employees ((Halbert & Ingulli p.78-80). The only exception giving employees privacy rights to communications is that (live) telephone conversations may not be intercepted or recorded without the permission of at least one person participating in the conversation by federal law. However, state law determines whether employers may record conversations in which they participate.

Approximately half the states allow any person in a conversation to record a telephone call without the knowledge or consent of the other person on the line; the other half require the…… [Read More]

References

Equal Employment Opportunity: Age Discrimination. United States Department of Labor website retrieved February 5, 2008, at http://www.dol.gov/dol/topic/discrimination/agedisc.htm

Friedman, L.M. (2005)

History of American Law.

New York: Simon & Schuster
View Full Essay

Management Analysis of the Center

Words: 2560 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 9980047

3 Strategies of CDC

As mentioned in the introduction, the Centers for Disease Control and prevention has developed and implemented six sets of strategies as follows:

Health Impact Focus - the alignment of CDC's employees, objectives, strategies, investments and performances in order to maximize the CDC's beneficial effects upon public health

Customer Centricity - Like any other corporation, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention is focused on offering those products and services required and needed by the population in order to improve and preserve their health

Public Health esearch - the CDC funds and conducts numerous researches aimed at identifying new treatments and any other issues which would positively affect the public health

Leadership - the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention possesses the best skilled and qualified employees, guided by the most committed managers and supported by strategic partners, all to improve the health system within the United…… [Read More]

References

Etheridge, E.W., 1994, Sentinel for Health: A History of the Centers for Disease Control, Journal of Interdisciplinary History, Volume 24, Number 4

Friede, a. And O'Carroll, P.O., 1996, CDC and ATSDR Electronic Information Resources for Health Officers, Journal of Environmental Health, Volume 59

1994, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention on Emerging Infectious Disease Threats, Population and Development Review, Number 13

1999, CDC on Infectious Diseases in the United States: 1990-1999, Population and Development Review, Volume 25, Number 3
View Full Essay

Healthcare Industry Marketing Why Is

Words: 726 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 50962613



In your opinion, has marketing been truly accepted as a necessity for health care organizations yet, or is it still regarded as a luxury?

It is a necessity because of how competitive the industry is, how studies continue to show the continual sharing and publishing of healthcare benefits from given products does lead to interest and trial, and how critical the physician base as a distribution channel is (Joseph, Spake, Finney, 2008). Marketing is also critically important from the standpoint of providing more effective customer success stories and sharing insights as to which products and solutions are also delivering the greatest value (Lee-Wingate, Xie, 2010).

All companies' brands and messaging are predicated on stories of how they serve customers, deliver value, and help to alleviate pain or increase the quality of life. Marketing is the catalyst of all successful storytelling and branding within any industry. Arguably, the more an industry…… [Read More]

References

Massimo Bertolini, M. Bevilacqua, F.E. Ciarapica, & G. Giacchetta. (2011). Business process re-engineering in healthcare management: a case study. Business Process Management Journal, 17(1), 42-66.

John Hamilton. (2009). Building a targeted pharmacy customer engagement approach. International Journal of Pharmaceutical and Healthcare Marketing, 3(4), 381-396.

Matthew Joseph, Deborah F. Spake, & Zachary Finney. (2008). Consumer attitudes toward pharmaceutical direct-to-consumer advertising: An empirical study and the role of income. International Journal of Pharmaceutical and Healthcare Marketing, 2(2), 117-133.

Sooyeon Nikki Lee-Wingate, & Ying Xie. (2010). Consumer perceptions of product-claim vs. help-seeking direct-to-consumer advertising. International Journal of Pharmaceutical and Healthcare Marketing, 4(3), 232-246.
View Full Essay

Health Topic With a Sociological

Words: 1997 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 68132507



Does Socio-economic Status Impact lives of People with HIV and AIDS?

Individuals with a lower socio-economic status are more prone to contracting HIV and AIDS virus. This measure also determines how individual status, relates to proper medical care. Lack of socioeconomic strength associated to the practice of risky sexual behaviors results to HIV contraction. Men engage in sexual intercourse with many partners without using a condom (Will 2000). Women at this lower level engage in riskier sexual behaviors. Homeless people are more vulnerable to infection, women in such situations are prone to rape and, men are most likely drug users. Individuals with low socioeconomic resources are prone to injury, which makes the susceptible to the effects of the virus that affects the central nervous system (Earnshaw, Valerie and Stephenie 2009).

Does HIV Infection Affect the Socio Sconomic Status of Infected Persons?

HIV and AIDS have negative impacts on the productivity…… [Read More]

References

Semple, S.J., Patterson, T.L., Temoshok, L.R., McCutchan, J.A., Straits-Troster,

K., Chandler, J.A., & Grant, I. 2003. "Identification of psychobiological stressors among HIV-positive women." Women & Health, 20(4), 15-36.

Earnshaw, Valerie a., and Stephenie R. Chaudoir.2009. "From conceptualizing to measuring HIV stigma: a review of HIV stigma mechanism measures." AIDS

and Behavior 13.6 (2009): 1160-1177.
View Full Essay

Information Technology Portfolio Project Humana

Words: 2919 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 4774576

The first time that they attempted to build this system they did not follow the life cycle plan and the system ended up failing. Developing a new claims payment system that will talk to and be user friendly with the customer service management system would help to speed up efficiency and enhance quality of all departments within the organization. This streamlining would help the company as a whole to reduce costs and ultimately become more competitive and successful within the insurance market.

Being able to answer the following question is vital to any business. How would your organization continue to deliver mission-critical services if normal business operations were interrupted? Being able to quickly resume functioning enough to continue delivering the services that are critical to a company's mission are very important. When normal business operations are interrupted, an organization should use its business continuity plan to prevent disruption in the…… [Read More]

References

Business Models on the Web. (2009). Retrieved July 20, 2009, from Web site:

 http://digitalenterprise.org/models/models.html#Infomediary 

Five Forces Analysis. (2009). Retrieved July 20, 2009, from Marketing Teacher Web site:

http://marketingteacher.com/Lessons/lesson_fivefoces.htm
View Full Essay

Health Information Systems

Words: 359 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 51123175

PDI's financial condition.

Review relevant financial information.

Like most companies providing solutions to the biopharma industry, PDI has felt some of the negative effects of what is happening throughout the industry.

[PDI's Finances]

PDI is a commercialization partner providing solutions to the biopharma and medical devices and diagnostics industries. The industry is very volatile right now and the need for contract sales has been diminished. This was a large portion of PDI's business. This coupled with the slow down of blockbuster drugs by the FDA dampened PDI's earnings potential. ome of the risk sharing deals that PDI implemented for Evista and Lotrel also did not produce the results they had hoped for.

When we examine the company's finances, we find that they are still a healthy organ1zation. Analysts are rating the company as a hold. During the 2nd Quarter, PDI's net revenue was $143.9 million, an increase of 89.9%. Their…… [Read More]

Sources

The following sources were used for financial information on PDI. http://www.pdi-inc.com.Investor Relations.  http://www.hoovers.com 

Annual Report
View Full Essay

Health Eating Disorders an Eating

Words: 1051 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 99758213

Some doctors believe that genetic factors are the core cause of a lot of eating disorders. esearchers have found specific chromosomes that may be associated with bulimia and anorexia, specifically regions on chromosome 10 that have been linked to bulimia as well as obesity. There has been evidence that has shown that there is an association with genetic factors being responsible for serotonin, the brain chemical involved with both well-being and appetite. esearchers have also determined that certain proteins such as brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) are thought to influence a person's vulnerability to developing an eating disorder (Eating disorders -- Causes, 2010).

The advance of food in Western countries has become extremely problematic. The food that is produced in the U.S. every year is enough to supply 3,800 calories to everyone on a daily basis. This is far more than is needed for good nutrition. Obesity is a worldwide epidemic,…… [Read More]

References

Eating Disorders. (n.d.). Retrieved June 19, 2010, from National Mental Health Information

Center Web site: http://mentalhealth.samhsa.gov/publications/allpubs/ken98-

0047/default.asp

Eating Disorders. (2009). Retrieved June 19, 2010, from National Institute of Mental Health
View Full Essay

Technological and Social Challenges of Information Technology

Words: 720 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 21448839

Technological and social challenges of information technology in health care

Information technology has transformed all aspects of society and healthcare is no exception. One 2010 survey of physicians conducted by the Medical Group Management association found that seven of the top ten challenges identified by physicians had to do with health information technology: implementing electronic records-keeping, keeping track of Medicare reimbursement and compensation, and bi;; collections via new information management systems (Sarasohn-Kahn 2010). However, significant challenges exist in implementing health information technology effectively, so it can realize its promise to create a more efficient healthcare system. "Clinical information systems do not communicate with each other automatically because integration of existing data standards is lacking. Data standards for medical specialties need further development. Database architectures are often designed to support single clinical applications and are not easily modified to meet the enterprise-wide needs desired by all end-users" (Kardry et al. 2010).…… [Read More]

References

Gibbons, Michael Christopher. (2011). Use of health information technology among racial and ethnic underserved communities. Online research journal: Perspectives in Health Information Management. Retrieved October 17, 2011 at http://perspectives.ahima.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=206:use-of-health-information-technology-among-racial-and-ethnic-underserved-communities&catid=63:telehealth

Kadry B., I.C. Sanderson, & A. Macario. (2010). Challenges that limit meaningful use of health information technology. Current Opinion Anesthesiology, 23(2):184-92.

Retrieved October 17, 2011 at  http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20084001 

Sarasohn-Kahn, Jane. (2010). Economics and health information technology are top challenges for physicians in 2010. Health Populi. Retrieved October 17, 2011 at http://healthpopuli.com/2010/07/01/economics-and-health-information-technology-are-top-challenges-for-physicians-in-2010/
View Full Essay

Acquistion of Information Systems Selection and Acquisition

Words: 1380 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 10143776

Acquistion of Information Systems

Selection and Acquisition of Information Systems

Selection and acquisition of information systems could involve an enormous investment for a healthcare organization. Besides the initial costs that organizations need to incur, there are also long-term costs associated with maintenance, support and enhancement of the information system. Selecting the right information systems that would meet the need of an organization is a critical step to consider when selecting and acquiring the information systems. To select information systems, it is critical to evaluate the costs and benefits as well as gaining insight on the full constituents of the users.

Fundamental objective of this paper is to discuss the process of selecting and acquiring the information systems for our healthcare organization.

Process of Selecting and Acquiring the Information Systems

System acquisitions are the process of selecting a new system in order to replace the old information systems. The process of…… [Read More]

References

Johnson, E. (2006). Selecting an Electronic Medical Record System for the Physician Practice. AHIMA's 78th National Convention and Exhibit Proceedings.

Wager, K.A. Lee, F.W. & Glaser, J.P. (2009). Health Care Information Systems: A Practical Approach for Health Care Management. John Wiley & Sons. USA.
View Full Essay

Remote Coding Management Report Medical

Words: 1281 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 82894967

It would then become incumbent on the experienced coder to be able to read through the injuries and determine the accurate code to use. Another issue Kramer, Barancik, and Thode, Jr. (1990) found was that certain areas of the body lacked a code when injured to a very specific area of the body.

The training and education one needs to be a successful medical coder, and in particular a remote medical coder, is extensive. If we examine Figure 1 below, we can understand why this is so:

AAT (alpha-1 antitrypsin) deficiency 273.4

AAV (disease) (illness) (infection) - see Human immunodeficiency virus (disease) (illness) (infection)

Abactio - see Abortion, induced

Abactus venter - see Abortion, induced

Abarognosis 781.99

Abasia (-astasia) 307.9

[7 subitems]

Abderhalden-Kaufmann-Lignac syndrome (cystinosis) 270.0

Abdomen, abdominal - see also condition

Kramer, Barancik, and Thode, Jr. (1990) found

Abdominalgia 789.0

[1 subitems]

Abduction contracture, hip or other joint -…… [Read More]

References

American Health Information Management Association (AHIMA). (2011). Quality healthcare through quality information. Retrieved from  http://www.ahima.org/Default.aspx/ .

Kramer, Caroline F., Jerome I. Barancik, and Henry C. Thode, Jr. (1990). Improving the sensitivity and specificity of the abbreviated injury scale coding system. Public Health Reports, Vol. 105, No. 4, pp. 334-40.

Rodecker, Kristy. (2010). Medical billing and coding. Retrieved from  http://www.medicalbillingandmedicalcoding.com/ .

Taylor, JM. (2008). [Emergency Department] Management. Experienced coders help ED create excellence. The Monthly Update On Emergency Department Management, Vol. 20, No. 11, pp. 123-5.
View Full Essay

Medical Coding Ethics Ethical Concerns in Health

Words: 1610 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 49219199

Medical Coding Ethics

Ethical Concerns in Health Care Delivery: Focus on Medical Coding and Billing Practices

The objective of this study is to examine ethical concerns medical coding and billing in the physician office. Medical coding and billing has become very complex in light of health care reform. Recently, Christopher Gregory ayne, reported to be "dubbed the Rock Doc" was arrested on a dozen charges of Medicare fraud" when he was accused of fraudulently billing for "physical therapy procedures, such as massages and electrical stimulation, that were not necessary or in some instances had been provided at his prior medical practice in Miami." (eaver, 2013, p.1) It appears that where this doctor failed is billing for physical therapy when his staff was not properly accredited for providing these treatments.

Health Care Coding and Billing Changes

It was reported by Gunderman (2013) that October 1, 2014 is the deadline on implementing…… [Read More]

Works Cited

American Health Information Management Association Standards of Ethical Coding. (2008) AHIMA House of Delegates. "AHIMA Standards of Ethical Coding. Sept 2008. Retrieved from:  http://library.ahima.org/xpedio/groups/public/documents/ahima/bok2_001166.hcsp?dDocName=bok2_001166 

Know your ethical obligations regarding coding and documentation (2009) Association of Clinical Documentation Improvement Specialists, August 4, 2009 HCPro. Retrieved from:  http://www.hcpro.com/HOM-236942-5728/know-your-ethical-obligations-regarding-coding-and-documentation 

Weaver, J. (2013) Miami Beach's 'Rock Doc' busted on Medicare fraud charges. The Miami Herald. Retrieved from: http://www.miamiherald.com/2013/09/30/3660611/miami-beachs-rock-doc-busted-on.html#storylink=cpy

Sufficient documentation a major hurdle for ICD-10 (2013) APCs Insider. Retrieved from:  http://www.hcpro.com/HIM-297687-859/Sufficient-documentation-a-major-hurdle-for-ICD10.html
View Full Essay

CIO Briefing Process of Health Care Information

Words: 717 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 30505686

CIO Briefing: Process of Health Care Information System Selection and Organizational Goals

Process of Selection of Health Care Information System

In order for the organization to begin the selection of a health care information system, it is necessary that a records committee be formed for this purpose. The general staff for such an initiative will include the CIO along with a cochair of records and content management and other members which may include a direction of information technology and director of health information management, a compliance officer, an information security officer, a privacy officer, and representatives from: (1) nursing services; (2) business services; (3) pharmacy services; (4) laboratory services; (5) medical services; (6) surgical services; (7) mental health services; (8) human resources; (9) employee education services; and (10 quality improvement office. (Journal of AHIMA, 2008) This committee is responsible for the development of principles and procedures for managing and access…… [Read More]

References

Groen, Peter and Wine, Marc (2005) The Health Information Technology Sharing (HITS) Process. Healthcare Informatics, March 2005. Retrieved from: http://www.healthcare-informatics.com/issues/2005/03/groen.htm

ECRM Concepts, Terms and Definitions Practice Brief -- Practice Guidelines for Managing Health Information. Journal of AHIMA October 2008. Retrieved from:  http://library.ahima.org/xpedio/groups/public/documents/ahima/bok1_040518.pdf
View Full Essay

Electronic Medical Health Records Utilizing Electronic

Words: 5456 Length: 18 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 39373512

However, because they make billing more efficient, the majority of large urban practice groups and hospitals have already made the switch to electronic records, according to Michael R. Costa, attorney and associate at Greenberg Traurig, LLP, in oston, Mass. However, he adds, most of these organizations maintain warehouses where they store paper records that have been transcribed to electronic form. "There is resistance from some about going to a completely electronic format because there are still some questions about privacy," Costa says. "There is definitely still a place for paper-based medical records, but the focus from now on will be on making sure that information can be adequately secured" (Fiske).

Frederick Geilfuss, partner in the health law department of Foley & Lardner, in Milwaukee, Wis. says that while many larger providers have already begun the shift, he has not encountered any institutions that have made a complete transition -- an…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Ball, Marion, Carla Smith and Richard Bakalar. "Personal Health Records: Empowering Consumers." Journal of Healthcare Information Management (2007): 76-83.

Brenner, Bill. "Secure Electronic Medical Records: Fact or Fiction?" 3 March 2009. The Standard. 10 April 2009 .

Bright, Beckey. "Benefits of Electronic Health Records." 29 November 2007. The Wall Street Journal. 10 April 2009 http://hfs.illinois.gov/assets/ilhie_112907.pdf

Byers, Jay. "Medical Records Scanning: Convert your paper-based patient records into electronic records." December 2008. EMR Services of Canada. 9 April 2009 .
View Full Essay

Release of Information Properly the

Words: 1450 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 56586783

For the patient, there are equally negative consequences, such as medical identity theft, financial loss and potential damage to their health. Medical identity theft can result in erroneous entries to the patient's health care records, which can affect the patient's medical and financial records for a long time (Federal Trade Commission, 2003 & 2007). In each medical facility, there is a need for trained professionals who can properly process Release of Information (ROI) requests. These individuals must also be able to make properly disclosures of request to first and third parties for the preservation of the integrity of the data and the privacy of the PHI. Moreover, these trained professionals cannot become complacent or corrupt, as this can lead to loss of privacy and security of the PHI (ittleton Police Department, 2004).

The Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) was an attempt by Congress in 1996 to reform the…… [Read More]

Law enforcement categories medical identity fraud into two types: organized crime and individual identity theft.

An example of individual identity theft occurred at the University of Connecticut when a man with HIV utilized his cousin's health insurance information without the cousin's knowledge to receive approximately $76,000 worth of medical care and treatment (University of Connecticut, 2005).

The privacy and security review process identifies the strengths and weaknesses of the existing system of health care information management. Central to the review process is
View Full Essay

High Road Toward Health Reform by Ray

Words: 489 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 8029512

high road toward health reform," by ay Lefton, improved information technology is a critical component of healthcare reform. Comprehensive electronic medical health records will facilitate communication between physicians and patients as well as reduce the potential for medical errors. Flagging obvious medication errors; enabling patients' complete records to travel with them; keeping track of the responses to treatment of widespread databases of patients to 'vet' the effectiveness of patient care are all potential benefits of electronic medical records. Federal leadership and committing resources to achieving this goal is necessary, given that implementing EM will require a substantial shift in organizational cultures and expense. "Savings can be achieved with sufficient investment, compliance, and the adoption of best practices" (Lefton 2008: 42). However, issues with IT interoperability continue to plague the lofty goal of creating complete "health IT standards and infrastructure" to serve the goals of American patients (Lefton 2008: 42).

Discussion…… [Read More]

References

Lefton, Ray. (2008). Take the IT high road toward health reform. Healthcare Financial

Management, 42-44.

Strachan, Michael. (2009). Managing change proactively within the current HIM professional domain. Health Information Management Journal, 38 (3): 7-10.
View Full Essay

public health ethics

Words: 1092 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 78015214

Mary have the right to reveal this information to others? Please justify your answer based on what you know about public health and ethics.

Health information management ethics do not allow Mary to reveal the information. Medical records are used to aid decision making in clinical health circles. They are used for a range of other processes including service coordination, efficacy of health care, evaluation, legal security, research, accreditation supplications, policy making, regulation, education and a range of others. It is important to maintain the confidentiality of the information shared by patients with health officers; trust is to be maintained with the patients (Harman, Flite, & ond, 2012). If such practice is not observed, patients will be wary of sharing information. Consequently, the quality of health care would be compromised (ord, urke, & Dudzinski, 2013). Privacy has a range of other benefits apart from the direct health service provision advantages.…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Blightman, K., Griffiths, S., & Danbury, C. (2014). Patient confidentiality: when can a breach be justified? Oxford Journals.

Bord, J. D., Burke, W., & Dudzinski, D. (2013). Confidentiality. Ethics in Medicine.

Harman, L., Flite, C., & Bond, K. (2012). Electronic Health Records: Privacy, Confidentiality, and Security. AMA Journal of Ethics, 712-719.

Nass, S., Levit, L., & Gostin, L. (2009). Beyond the HIPAA Privacy Rule: Enhancing Privacy, Improving Health Through Research. Washington: National Academies Press.
View Full Essay

CPOE and Patient Health

Words: 2892 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 89907782

CPOE primary use to manage cost and quality in the physician and pharmacy interaction?

An electronic process that enables providers of health care to manage the results of orders entered in to a computer electronically is known as Computer Provider Order Enter or CPOE. In line with the reports of Institute of Medicine (IOM) titled, "To Err is Human: uilding a Safer Health System and Crossing the Quality Chasm: A New Health System for the 21st Century," CPOE has commanded increased attention. Hospitals should be rewarded for introducing prescription systems as recommended by Leapfrog Group, which is a coalition of private and public providers of health care benefits. In ever-rising numbers, Health care systems are implementing CPOE as a way of improving both the quality of patient safety and care. The implementation of CPOE is, however, not only an information technology innovation, but it also encompasses delivery of health care…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. (2015, Febuary). Computerized Provider Order Entry. Retrieved from Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality: http://healthit.ahrq.gov/key-topics/computerized-provider-order-entry

Centre for medicare and medicaid services. (2012). Stage 2 Eligible Professional Meaningful Use Core Measures Measure 1 of 17. Centre for medicare and medicaid services.

Classen, D., Avery, A., & Bates, D. (2007). Evaluation and Certification of Computerized Provider Order Entry Systems. Journal of American Medical informatics Association, 48-55.

Eslami, S., Abu-Hanna, A., & De. Keizer, N. (2007). Evaluation of Outpatient computerised physician medication order entry systems: A systematic review. Journal of American Informatics Association, 400-406.
View Full Essay

Rural Healthcare Clinic Technology

Words: 1344 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 93768951

H in Healthcare

Over time, everything changes. This is truer of some things as compared to others and healthcare is certainly one of those things. Indeed, the last ten years has marked some major changes for healthcare. Among other things, technology has significantly advanced, the Affordable Care Act has been passed and the financial workings of healthcare have become more and more complex and worrisome to many people. This report will discuss a theoretical clinic that will be set up in a rural setting. The overall factors and points that will be covered will include change in demography, change in disease, change in societal norms/values, changes in healthcare technology, financial pressures that are rendered upon healthcare professionals and cultural awareness/cultural diversity in work environments. While some things in healthcare and human resources have remained unchanged over the years, there are other things that changed significantly.

Analysis

There have been some…… [Read More]

References

Burton, H., & Walters, L. (2013). Access to Medicare-funded annual comprehensive health assessments for rural people with intellectual disability. Rural & Remote Health, 13(3), 1-

15 15p.

Fleming, B. D., Thomas, S. E., Shaw, D., Burnham, W. S., & Charles, L. T. (2015). Improving

Ethnocultural Empathy in Healthcare Students through a Targeted Intervention. Journal Of Cultural Diversity, 22(2), 59-63 5p.
View Full Essay

Impact of the Electronic Health Records on Patient Safety in King Khalid University Hospital

Words: 1373 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 93875701

Electronic Medical ecords (E-SIHI) in King Khalid University Hospital on Patient Safety

The objective of this study is to demonstrate the impact of e-SIHI (Electronic Medical ecords) on patients with regards to their security and safety. The King Khalid University Hospital has implemented the e-SIHI since May 2015 for all departments. Two weeks after the implementation, QMD (Quality Management Department) conducted an audit to measure a compliance for the system and ascertain whether the e-SIHI can improve health and safety of patients. However, the QMD found that there are many areas requiring improvement in the system. The paper discusses the methodology used to evaluate the system to ascertain whether e-SIHI is beneficial to the patient.

esearch Methodology

The research methodology reveals research design discussing the method of data collection, sample population, sample size, and project tool.

Study Design: The team audits the e-SIHI using a checklist to verify whether the…… [Read More]

Reference

AlAswad, A.M. (2015). Issues Concerning the Adoption and Usage of Electronic Medical Records in Ministry of Health Hospitals in Saudi Arabia. School of Health and Related Research (ScHARR) the University of Sheffield.

Bowman, S. (2013). Impact of Electronic Health Record Systems on Information Integrity: Quality and Safety Implications. Perspectives in Health Information Management, 10.

Jang, J., Yu, S. H., Kim, C., Moon, Y. et al. (2013). "The effects of an electronic medical record on the completeness of documentation in the anesthesia record, International journal of medical informatics, 82(8):702-707.

Kazley, A. S. & Ozcan, Y. A. (2009). Electronic medical record use and efficiency: A DEA and windows analysis of hospitals, Socio-economic planning sciences, 43(3): 209-216.
View Full Essay

Management Project in the Health Care Organization

Words: 2486 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 81735449

Management Project in the Health Care Organization Setting

This study describes the implementation of a syndromic surveillance system. The syndromic surveillance system collects and analyzes prediagnostic and nonclinical disease indicators, drawing on preexisting electronic data that can be found in systems such as electronic health records, school absenteeism records and pharmacy systems. The systems are utilized to identify specific symptoms within a population that may indicate a public health event or emergency such as signaling an outbreak of an infectious disease. school absenteeism records and pharmacy systems. The systems are utilized to identify specific symptoms within a population that may indicate a public health event or emergency such as signaling an outbreak of an infectious disease.

Informatics Management Project In The Health Care Organization Setting

Part One - Introduction

The objective of this study is to describe the implementation of a syndromic surveillance system. Syndromic surveillance systems collect and analyze…… [Read More]

References

Buckeridge, DL, et al. (2005) An Evaluation Model for Syndromic Surveillance: Assessing the Performance of Temporal Algorithm. Vol. 54 MMWR Supplement.

Chen, H, Zeng, D, Ping, Y and Ping Y (2010) Infectious Disease Informatics; Syndromic Surveillance for Public Health and Biodefense. Springer Medical 2010. Retrieved from: http://books.google.com/books?id=5BdCfSxtNJMC&dq=syndromic+surveillance+system:+state+of+the+art&source=gbs_navlinks_s

Hurt-Mullen, K and Coberly, J. (2005) Syndromic Surveillance on the Epidemiologist's Desktop: Making Sense of Much Data. MMWR Supplement 26 Aug 2005. Retrieved from:  http://www.cdc.gov/MMWR/preview/mmwrhtml/su5401a22.htm 

Public Meaningful Use (2013) Arkansas Department of Public Health. Retrieved from:  http://www.healthy.arkansas.gov/programsServices/MeaningfulUse/Pages/default.aspx
View Full Essay

Management Systems Does the Implementation

Words: 818 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 29645008



2. Some experts state that full enterprise wide implementation of the HIT details of the Health Information Technology for Economic and Clinical Health Act could cost as much as $100,000 per hospital bed, most of which will not be reimbursed by government subsidies (the Economist, World Edition, 2010). What is the impact of this on already tight budgets?

The estimated cost of a full enterprise-wide implementation of the HIT details would easily cost $100,000 or more when burdened with salaries and the costs of training and change management programs. This will lead to healthcare budgets having to do increase fees, push the costs forward through the value chain, ultimately driving up the cost per care. It is common in highly regulated healthcare industries to lose track of just who the customer is, as is shown in the many case studies and which can be inferred from the lessons learned in…… [Read More]

References

Caldeira, M., Serrano, a., Quaresma, R., Pedron, C., & Romao, M. (2012). Information and communication technology adoption for business benefits: A case analysis of an integrated paperless system. International Journal of Information Management, 32(2), 196.

Hickman, G.T., Smaltz, DH (2008). The Healthcare Information Technology Planning Field book: Tactics, Tools and Templates for Building your it Plan. Chicago: HIMSS. ISBN 978-0-9800697-1

Tan, J., Payton, F.C. (2010). Adaptive Health Management Information Systems: Concepts Cases and Practical Applications (3rd ed.). Boston: Jones and Bartlett. ISBN 13: 978-0-7637-5691-8.

Trudel, M., Pare, G., & Laflamme, J. (2012). Health information technology success and the art of being mindful: Preliminary insights from a comparative case study analysis. Health Care Management Review, 37(1), 31.
View Full Essay

Healthcare Case Study Having Grown

Words: 2957 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 78799623



Trust and transparency with the public. Given the leadership position that Methodist Healthcare has it is imperative that it cultivate trust as a core part of its branding strategy with the public segments and audiences it serves.

Financial management and cost controls in place and integrated new IT system and architecture. This is a major critical success factor for Methodist Healthcare to aggressively pursue as it moves to create a more unified approach to financial management across its many medical specialty areas.

Strategic Objectives of Methodist Healthcare

The following are the strategic objectives of Methodist Healthcare. For each of these objectives a strategy for each objective's accomplishment is provided below:

To clearly differentiate Methodist Healthcare in the market

Strategies for accomplishing this objective:

While this first objective is very broad, Methodist Healthcare needs to define who they are different for. Uncovering the unmet needs of physicians is a first step,…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Management in Healthcare What Is

Words: 788 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 55360842

This ensures each data entry point has a very clear purpose in the overarching development of the enterprise-wide IT systems throughout a healthcare provider (Tan, Payton, 2010). By taking this top-down governance and process management approach to defining an IT structure with data points, a healthcare organization can also ensure a much higher level of security to their entire network as well (Dwyer, einer, Siegel, 2004). Aligning IT spending to processes and governance frameworks ensures a higher level of performance.

3. Describe a situation where you would use a CHIN or HINO system to provide care. How would you utilize cloud computing?

The Community Health Information Network (CHIN) and egional Health Information Network Organizations (HINO) are best suited to serving a broad base of patients across a wide geographic and socioeconomic area. The CHIN platform has been specifically tailored to the development of metro and urban requirements, with success in…… [Read More]

References

Dwyer, S.J., Reiner, B.I., Siegel, E.L. (2004). Security

Hickman, G.T., Smaltz, DH (2008). The Healthcare Information Technology Planning Field book: Tactics, Tools and Templates for Building your IT Plan. Chicago: HIMSS. ISBN 978-0-9800697-1-6.

Tan, J., Payton, F.C. (2010). Adaptive Health Management Information Systems: Concepts Cases and Practical Applications (3rd ed.). Boston: Jones and Bartlett. ISBN 13: 978-0-7637-5691-8.