Henrietta Lacks Essays (Examples)

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Belmont Report to the Case of Henrietta

Words: 623 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 939832

Belmont eport to the case of Henrietta Lacks and how they were violated

The three principle keys in the Belmont eport (1974) involving Henrietta's case were the respect for people, beneficence, and also justice. In respect of the people, two important elements are involved which include all people being treated as autonomous while the other persons with lesser independent autonomy be protected. With beneficence, the researchers should minimize profits while they avoid harming participants. They should also weigh the cost benefit for the participants. Lastly, the justice principle in research compels that benefits made from the research should be well contributed (Scannell, 2010).This means the participants of the research should get a fair share and research can only be conducted on those people who would benefit from it.

These ethics were violated because Ms. Lacks was not treated as an autonomous person hence they retrieved cells from her without her…… [Read More]

References

Scannell, K. (2010). The Immortal Life of Henrietta Lacks. Journal of Legal Medicine, 31(4), 493-498

Tunc, T. (2011). Review of Rebecca Skloot, The Immortal Life of Henrietta Lacks. American Journal Of Bioethics, 11(3), 40-41
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Hela Tissue

Words: 1336 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 75497757

Henrietta Lacks born August 1, 1920, was an African-American female tobacco farmer who resided in Dundalk, Maryland. She was wife to her first cousin and mother of five children. At the age of 31, Lacks died from cervical cancer. Before she died, a doctor took a sample of her cervical cells. These cells, named HeLa cells, became the immortal cell line that provided a Polio vaccine, aided in cloning, among other scientific breakthroughs. "Henrietta's cells were the first immortal human cells ever grown in culture. They were essential to developing the polio vaccine" (Zielinski, 2010).

HeLa cells have become a benchmark in the study of cellular processes. However, here in lies the controversy. HeLa cells have benefitted many except for the family of the person the sample was derived from. Henrietta Lacks' children, for decades, lived in poverty, with one son homeless. Was it right for a doctor to, without…… [Read More]

References

Siminoff, L.A., & Traino, H.M. (2013). Consenting to donation: an examination of current practices in informed consent for tissue donation in the U.S Cell and Tissue Banking, 14(1), 85-95.

Skloot, R. (2010). The immortal life of Henrietta Lacks. New York: Crown Publishers.

Truog, R.D., Kesselheim, A.S., & Joffe, S. (2012). Paying Patients for Their Tissue: The Legacy of Henrietta Lacks. Science, 337(6090), 37-38.

Zielinski, S. (2010, January 22). History, Travel, Arts, Science, People, Places | Smithsonian. History, Travel, Arts, Science, People, Places | Smithsonian. Retrieved March 21, 2014, from http://www.smithsonianmag.com/science-nature/henrietta-lacks-immortal-cells-6421299/
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Africans Had Poor Health Care in the

Words: 1577 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 90177845

Africans had poor health care in the 1950s

There is much that still remains swept under the proverbial carpet about America's treatment to its African immigrants. One of the chapters, little known and often left untold has only recently started to emerge and concerns American health care system and its using Blacks as guinea pigs.

Attorney and author Vernellia . Tandall tells the story in her book 'Dying While Black' showing how America's health care system was built on the bodies of African-American individuals from the 19th century continuing to present days. Some f the information is unbelievable at best shocking at worst such as her allegations that AIDS was created by a government-sanctioned health care for the purposes of medical advancement.

Countless stories from Black residents of both North and South tell about how they were unwillingly and unknowingly abducted and exploited for medical experiments. There were the 'night…… [Read More]

References

Brooking Institute (2008) "Meeting the Dilemma of Health Care Access" (PDF). Opportunity 08: A Project of the Brookings Institution. Retrieved on 2/19/2011

http://www.opportunity08.org/Files/FD.ashx?guid=98a417e5-5972-4031-b361-e11e00981f55

Orlando Sentinel. (Dec., 04. 1993). Clinic On Wheels To Take Health Care To Elderly Poor . retreived 11/7/2011 from  http://articles.orlandosentinel.com/1993-12-04/news/9312040190_1_clinic-project-care-seniors 

Skloot, H. (2010) The immortal life of Henrietta Lacks NY. Random House.
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Proposal Evaluation

Words: 559 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 78805728

population as compared to the sample and the overall data collection process should be looked at.

Henrietta Lacks

The case of Henrietta Lacks and the recommendations therein is a good one. The overall autonomy and fairness to the participants is taken into account. The report notes collection of research cells without the knowledge and consent of the participant is undoubtedly the way to go. Parallels are drawn to the concentration camp experiments from World War II that were conducted on the Jews and the Tuskegee Airmen that were subjected to medical tests including intentionally infecting African-American soldiers with syphilis was deplorable and disgusting and this report rightly points out how vile this activity was. Coming back to Ms. Lacks, harvesting of cells without the consent of Ms. Lacks and a clear quorum of her family also being against it should have necessitated that her cells not be harvested.

This report…… [Read More]

References

CDC Features - Be Ready! September is National Preparedness Month. (n.d.). Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Retrieved September 11, 2012, from  http://www.cdc.gov/features/beready/ 

Uscher-Pines, L. (2012, June 29). Why Aren't Americans Listening to Disaster Preparedness Messages? | RAND. RAND Corporation Provides Objective Research Services and Public Policy Analysis. Retrieved September 11, 2012, from http://www.rand.org/blog/2012/06/why-arent-americans-listening-to-disaster-preparedness.html
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What creates a contract

Words: 1475 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 94936312

Sean Brosnan was a high school senior. He filled out his applications for college in September of 2015, including an application for early decision to Queens University. In December Brosnan received a thick packet from Queens, which included a glossy brochure entitled, "Welcome to Queens." The first page of the brochure said, "Welcome to Queens!! We are delighted to have you as a member of the university community! We will be holding a place for you in the class of 2020 if you submit a $200 deposit by January 20. We would remind you that by your application for early decision, you indicated your commitment that if you were accepted to Queens, you would withdraw any applications that you have filed to other colleges and universities." The brochure included an "Acceptance Coupon" providing that the signer was making a "definite commitment to attend Queens University during the coming academic year,…… [Read More]

References

Baranoff, Brockett, and Kahane, "Workers' Compensation Laws and Benefits," Chapter 16,

pages 659 to 707 in Enterprise and Individual Risk Management (v. 1.0).

http://2012books.lardbucket.org/pdfs/enterprise-and-individual-risk-management.pdf

Employment Contracts: Encyclopedia of Business Ethics and Society
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Universality of the Western Interpretation

Words: 5955 Length: 18 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 61470439

Schwartz (2006), many arguments are presented, most of which generally criticize the Western treatment of First Nations people or address women's rights issues. As an example, "Aboriginal Australia: Current Criminological Themes" by ick Sarre (2006) focuses on the affect of British colonialism in Australia on the Aborigines, connecting it to a vast overrepresentation of Aborigines in the Australian penal system. "The Left ealist Perspective on ace, Class, and Gender" by Walter S. DeKeseredy (2006) illustrates the fact that, in the United States, it cannot be said that there is 'justice for all;' "First Nations people and African-Americans are much more likely to be arrested, convicted and incarcerated than members of the dominant culture who commit the same crimes" (p. 49). Throughout most of the articles, different approaches to solving such attitudes are explored, such as the left realist theory and the postmodern perspective.

The Female Circumcision Controversy: an Anthropological Perspective…… [Read More]

References

Abu-Lughod, Lila (ed.). (1998). Remaking Women: Feminism and Modernity in the Middle East.

Princeton: Princeton University Press.

An-Na'im, Abdullahi Ahmed (ed.). (1992). Human Rights in Cross-Cultural Perspectives: A

Quest for Consensus. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.
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Women and the Homefront in Western North Carolina and Eastern Tennessee During the Civil War

Words: 11672 Length: 31 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 56537237

Women and the Home Front in Western North Carolina and Eastern Tennessee during the Civil War

This paper examines the living conditions and attitudes that shaped the lives of the women in western North Carolina and eastern Tennessee during and after the American Civil War. The thesis statement should deal with the breakdown of long standing ties between the people of the mountains as they chose to fight for the Confederacy or the Union. In the pre-war years, these close ties had become strong out of a mutual attempt to try to built a life in the rugged environment they encountered. ased on primary and secondary documentary evidence, this paper will investigate how could friends and family become bitter enemies and how this process played out in the mountains of western North Carolina and eastern Tennessee to better understand what the women went through while their brothers, husbands and fathers…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Among the Pines," State Chronicle, September 22, 1883 in Leloudis.

Barret, John G. And W. Buck Yearns (Eds). 1980. North Carolina Civil War Documentary. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press.

In an appendix, the editors provide this excerpt from the diary of an eighteen-year-old girl of Everittsville, who recorded her concerns about the fate of women in the Confederacy and her views about the part played by the Confederate male:

Aug. 30, 1861. Hatteras taken by Yanks-- women and children fleeing. "Quick oh God! Save us from the enemy. Surely thou hast not forsaken us."
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Literature Jane Austen's Persuasion

Words: 2020 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 89098712

Jane Austen's Persuasion: Anne Elliot's Coming Out The writings of Jane Austen are often considered to be the representation of an excessively conservative era. Though this may truly be the case especially in regards to the formal and informal interactions between the opposite genders. A woman's reputation could be made or broken by a simple turn of events. The challenge of maintaining these standards for conduct, where even the minutest misunderstanding might cause years of disassociation seems to be as formidable as any. The story is one of the personal growth of the heroine Anne Elliot. She branches out into a world, limited by her position but much less so than before.

Though waters of social understanding were often murky the reality of Persuasion is such that the heroine, Anne Elliot is assuming the role of "director" of her own life. Austen is telling the story of a woman learning…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Austen, Jane Persuasion. Hertfordshire, UK: Wordsworth Ltd., 1993.
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Ethical Issues in Medicine Ethical Dimensions of

Words: 690 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 43439111

Ethical Issues in Medicine

Ethical Dimensions of esearch Studies

Ethical issues in medicine: Clinical trials and cancer patients.

Clinical trials, in which a treatment or a drug is tested upon human beings, are a vital part of bringing a drug to market. It is essential that the treatment be shown to be safe, effective, and better than existing treatments of similar cost and safety levels. However, when developing a drug for patients who are facing a potentially terminal diagnosis such as cancer patients, the ethics of using clinical trials becomes extremely murky. "To advance the science of medicine and improve the care of patients, we need the objective data that can only be gained from clinical trials, in which outcomes are dispassionately analyzed. But the patients in cancer trials are not data points; they are vulnerable people who often view a clinical trial as perhaps their last hope" (Markman 2003:…… [Read More]

References

Markman, Maurie. (2003). The needs of science vs. The needs of patients. Cleveland Clinic

Journal Of Medicine, 70. 12. Retrieved: http://ccjm.org/content/70/12/1008.full.pdf