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Ford Motor Company Built Its
Words: 1623 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 17870438
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There is little indication in Ford's financial statements that things are going to improve any time soon. The company actually hailed the 14.2% market share in North America as "the lowest market share decline in the past ten years" (Ford Motor Company, 2009).

Ford's financial position is nothing short of awful. The company's condition has deteriorated steadily over the past five years, and its performance relative to industry peers is generally poor.

Appendix a

Ford Motor Company

Financial Ratios








Liquidity Ratios

Current Ratio








Quick Ratio








Efficiency Ratios

Inventory Turn








Receivables Turn








Avg Collection Period

Fixed Asset Turn






Total Asset Turn








Leverage Ratios


Works Cited:

MSN Moneycentral. (2009). Accessed April 8, 2009 from 

No author. (2009). Henry Ford's $5-a-Day Revolution. Ford Motor Company. Retrieved April 8, 2009 from

No author. (2009). Ford Executive: Automaker doesn't need Bailout. NPR. Retrieved April 8, 2009 from 

No author. (2009). New Fiesta Boosts Ford of Europe Market Share. Ford Motor Company. Retrieved April 8, 2009 from

Ford Motor
Words: 1588 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 54205309
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Ford Motor

Introduction of the company - Ford

Ford Motor Business began in 1903 by Henry Ford and it has constantly remained within family group possession ever since that period. The business created and applied assembly line manufacturing from the launch of the Model T. In the year 1909, and created planes and automobiles for U.S. Allies in The Second World War. Ford has worked globally since 1904, in the event it opened a division in Canada to acquire entry to Commonwealth marketplaces. With regard to the initial half in the Twenty-first century, Ford continued to be the prominent automobile manufacturer in the marketplace it had successfully developed. In 1956, Toyota released its initial automobile in the United States of America, and started acquiring marketplace share. In hindsight this became the turning point within the U.S. marketplace, and since the Twenty-first century came to an end Ford experienced declining marketplace…


Barry, S. (2009). Extraordinary slowdown' in sales brings pounds 10.2bn loss; But Ford 'is set to break even in 2011. Western Mail. Cardiff UK. pp31-32.

Blitterswijk, M.V. And Karadzhov, R. (2011). Financial and Strategic Analysis of Ford Motor Company and Tata Motors. CBS - M.Sc. Finance and Strategic Management.

Dornbach-Bender, R., Slade, B. And Thorpe, J. (2009). Strategic Report for Ford Motor Company. Oasis Consulting.

Solid Works. (2010). Ford Motor Company: Little things can make a huge impact on quality. Partner Case Study: Solid Works with Varatech Sigmund.

Ford Motors Corp -- Business
Words: 2714 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 53699824
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4 the Competition

Ford Motors Company activates in a mature and highly competitive market and threats come not only from within the United States, but also from abroad. Due to globalization and market liberalization, the automobile manufacturers from Asia are easily capable to sell their products to the American consumer. Brands play a pivotal role in competition as customers tend to make purchases based on it. The competition is also intensified by the vast offering of substitute products, often materialized in public transports or personal automobiles running on alternative combustibles. Another source of rivalry is that the products often seem to look alike, and there are few features that offer one vehicle a point of difference.

The effects of the intense competition are various and often depend on the unique characteristics of the company, its served customers and the market where it operates. There are two most common outcomes. The…


Brand, M., 2006, the Auto Industry View of Ford's Downsizing Plan, NPR,  last accessed on October 2, 2008

Nolan, J., August 7, 1997, the Battle of the Overpass, the Detriot News

Rioux, S.M., Bernthal, P.R., Wellis, R.S., the Globalization of Human Resource Practices, Development Dimensions International, Retrieved from  on October 2, 2008

2008, Automotive News,  / last accessed on October 2, 2008

Ford Motor Car Co Is
Words: 1858 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 41582285
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If Boca Raton, Fla. buys 32 Explorers, we need to let the entire municipal market know about it.

Foreign sales

The key to foreign sales is understanding that the Explorer will be a luxury item in much of the rest of the world. Ford Explorers may be driven by middle-class families and soccer moms in the United States, but the $30,000 price tag is going to make the Explorer an upper-class item in countries with a lower standard of living than the United States.

Naturally, to overseas upper-class drivers, the vehicles they drive are status symbols, and we must focus on the prestige element of owning an Explorer. We should look for luxury lifestyle magazines - foreign versions of the Robb Report, for example - and purchase adverting that focuses on the luxury features and prestige factor of owning the Explorer. Ads with American celebrities, who often are even more…

Ford Motor Company Herein Referred to as
Words: 2094 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: SWOT Paper #: 18642056
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Ford Motor Company (herein referred to as Ford) has grown from a somewhat obscure automaker to one of the world's most recognized motor vehicle brands. Founded in the year 1919 by Henry Ford, the company's main business remains the production of trucks and cars. However, through some of its subsidiaries, the company also concerns itself with motor vehicle financing.

The Ford Motor Company: A Brief Overview of its Vision, Mission and Primary Stakeholders

Ford's mission according to Lewis et al. (2006) is outlined as:

We are a global family with a proud heritage passionately committed to providing personal mobility for people around the world. We anticipate consumer need and deliver outstanding products and services that improve people's lives.

I am convinced that the statement above successfully captures the company's purpose. In so doing, it also succeeds in outlining the firm's overall goals going forward. On the other hand, the company's…


Carter, C., Clegg, S.R., Kornberger, M. & Schweitzer, J. (2011). Strategy: Theory and Practice. London: SAGE Publications.

Dyck, B. & Neubert, M. (2008). Management: Current Practices and New Directions. Boston, MA: Cengage Learning.

Henry, A. (2008). Understanding Strategic Management. New York: Oxford University Press.

Lewis, P.S., Goodman, S.H., Fandt, P.M. & Michlitsch, J.F. (2006). Management: Challenges for Tomorrow's Leaders (5th ed.). Mason, OH: Cengage Learning.

Ford Motor Company
Words: 1539 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 72436757
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World's Most Ethical Companies: Analyzing Ford Motor Company

The Ford Motor Company, herein referred to as Ford, is a U.S.-based multinational manufacturer of transportation vehicles, particularly luxury cars and commercial trucks. It was formed by Henry Ford in 1903 and has its headquarters in Dearborn, Michigan. The company currently ranks second among America's largest automakers; and is fifth in Europe, and eighth in the world. Cisco Systems, one of its largest technological partners, acknowledges that the company's high-level moral consciousness in the treatment of its stakeholders has contributed to its success year after year. This text outlines the various ways through which Ford demonstrates its moral responsibility to different stakeholders and examines how these acts contribute to the company's overall success.

Ford's Moral esponsibility towards Customers

Organizations have a moral responsibility to ensure that customers receive value for their money and are kept satisfied through high-quality products. Ford goes out…


Cisco Systems. (2007). Ford's Innovative Customer Relations Programs Increase Owner Satisfaction and Promise 20% Reduction in Annual Savings. Cisco Systems Inc. Retrieved 30 August 2014 from 

Ford Motor Company. (2012). Sustainability 2012/13. Ford Motor Company. Retrieved 30 August 2014 from

Ford Motor Company News Center. (2014). Let the Sun In: Ford C-Max Solar Energi Concept Goes off the Grid. Gives Glimpse of Clean Vehicle Future. Ford Motor Company. Retrieved 30 August 20145 from -- ford-c-max-solar-energi-concept

The Volvo Group. (2012). The Volvo Group Sustainability Report 2012. The Volvo Group. Retrieved 30 August 2014 from

Ford Define and Discuss Ford's
Words: 1469 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 33962846
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This should allow Ford to innovate and make pricing decisions that are not directly replicated. Firms in monopolistic competition often behave like monopolies in the short run, something that Ford will need to do to improve its bottom line. Eventually any tactic Ford adopts will be mirrored by its competitors, but the increased competition allows for Ford to implement strategy and not receive a direct and immediate response from its competitors.

4. Outline a rough competitor analysis. Directly competing against Ford is a large number of companies both domestic and international. Firms such as General Motors and Chrysler are direct competitors with similar cost structures, although their bankruptcies last year may change the nature of competition from these two firms. Foreign competitors include Honda, Toyota, Mazda, Hyundai, Kia, Mitsubishi and others. The Japanese firms tend to be more differentiated than Ford but retaining cost structures still in the mass market…

Works Cited: (2002). Global manufacturing strategy gives Ford competitive advantage. Retrieved May 11, 2010 from

Henry, J. (2010) Ford's high-tech strategy is bottom-up instead of top-down. BNet. Retrieved May 11, 2010 from 

No author. (2007). Porter's five forces. Retrieved May 11, 2010 from 

Urbany, J. & Dickson, P. (1988). Consumer information, competitive rivalry and price setting when ignorance isn't bliss. Advances in Consumer Research. Vol. 15. 341-347.

History of Automakers Ford Motor
Words: 603 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 88504505
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The company is now considered the second largest automaker in the world. Within one year after its inception, the company brought well-known brands under its name such as Cadillac, Cartercar and Pontiac. The company was originally owned by William Durant but excessive debt cost him the ownership in 1910 when the bank took it over. Durant then started the Chevrolet Motor company. In 1920s, the company sales surpassed those of Ford Motor Company due to brilliant leadership of Alfred Sloan. In the next decade, the company expanded and started Greyhound bus service. During the Second World War, the company faced threat of nationalization from Nazi government. But due to personal and business contacts, the company abandoned its German operations in return for a complete tax write-off. Its post war growth was impressive as General Motors became the first ever U.S. company to pay $1 billion in taxes. It was also…


History of Ford Motor Company:

History of General Motors:

Individual Report Style Case Analysis - Ford
Words: 2515 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 95227600
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Individual eport style Case Analysis: - Ford Motor Company - IN TEXT CASE 18 Case Objectives 1. To examine external internal forces affect competitive strategy. 2. To investigate choices business corporate-level strategies a highly turbulent industry.

Ford Motor Company

The modern day society is still striving to overcome the impediments of the economic crisis that commenced in 2007 in the United States real estate sector. The crisis left people unemployed, losing their life savings, and the economic agents in hurdle. Still, in these difficult times, the leading American manufacturer of automobiles reemerges as a strong and stable organization.

Ford Motor Company has not used federal funds to overcome the crisis, but has focused on reconsolidating itself in order to restore its balance and financial stability. Today, the organization is revealing the first signs of this stability, yet challenges still remain.

General information about Ford Motor Company

Ford Motor Company was…


Mehta, S., 2011, Oligopoly characteristics, Buzzle,  last accessed on March 27, 2012

Ford Motor Company 2010 Annual Report, last accessed on March 27, 2012

2011 Form 10K, Ford Motor Company,  last accessed on March 27, 2012

2012, Industry handbook, Investopedia,  last accessed on March 27, 2012

Multi-National Report on Ford Motor Company
Words: 2482 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 26810565
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Multi-National Report on Ford Motor Company:

Ford Motor Company is a worldwide company that operates in both the Automotive and Financial Services sectors with its major operations being to build up, devise, produce and service cars and trucks. hile Ford's automotive sector basically sells vehicles under various brand names such as Ford, Volvo, Mercury and Lincoln, the financial services sector provide several automotive financing products both through and to automotive dealers. Ford's automotive sector is responsible for marketing trucks, cars and vehicle parts through the retail dealers, distributors and dealers in North America. Additionally, this sector offers a series of after-sale vehicle products and services in several segments like car accessories, maintenance, repairs and extended service. On the contrary, the financial services sector provides retail financing, wholesale financing and financing to profit-making customers.

Ford's financial services sector also provides other financing services incorporating loans to dealers for operational capital, developments…

Works Cited:

Dornbach-Bender, Rhett, Bill Slade, and Joe Thorpe. "Strategic Report for Ford Motor Company." Oasis Consulting. Oasis Consulting, 20 Apr. 2009. Web. 20 Nov. 2010. .

"Ford Motor Company -- Case Study." Business Organizational. Business Organizational, Feb. 2005. Web. 20 Nov. 2010. .

Linn, Allison. "For Ford's Mulally, Big Bets Are Paying Off: Company Lauded for Avoiding Bankruptcy, Government Aid in Recession." Msnbc., 26 Oct. 2010. Web. 20 Nov. 2010. .

Thomaselli, Rich. "Marketer of the Year: Ford Motor Co." Advertising Age. Crain Communications, 18 Oct. 2010. Web. 20 Nov. 2010. .

Innovation Management at Ford Motors
Words: 3250 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 21514353
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Additionally, aside financial resources, they also used their assets. The most relevant example in this sense is the selling of part of its interests in Mazda. It as such transformed its assets into liquidities -- the 20% shares in Mazda were converted into $540 million (Murphy) -- that better allowed them to pursue their innovation objectives.

The matter of technological innovation is not only a core focus of Ford's, but of all players within the American automobile industry. The reasons for the rivalry in terms of &D are numerous, the most outstanding however being constituted by the desire to attract and satisfy as many customers as possible, managing as such to increase organizational revenues. "&D efforts in the U.S. Auto industry are channeled into a variety of processes such as stamping, casting, machining, and assembling. Within the time-frame of our investigation, &D efforts had to embrace sudden changes in taste…


Brighton, G., July 17, 2006, Ford to Drive Revolution with £1bn R&D Project, PSFK,  last accessed on May 6, 2009

Murphy, J., November 18, 2008, Ford Cuts Mazda Stake, The Wall Street Journal

Ramrattan, L.B., 1998, R&D Rivalry in the U.S. Automobile Industry: A Simultaneous Equation Model Approach to Bain's Hypothesis, American Economist, Vol. 42

Ramsey, J., October 7, 2007, Ford is Biggest Spender on R&D, AutoBlog,  / last accessed on May 6, 2009

Birth of Ford's Influences in
Words: 798 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 8295266
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Ford's inventions did not only improve the economy of the United States because of the contributions that the Ford automobiles provided. Moreover, his inventions had presented new job opportunities to people, specifically in being involved in automobile industry. Ford's inventions also gave hope and new dreams to others who wish to become like Henry Ford someday.

Along with the machineries and technologies where Ford demonstrated his intellect, he also showed his skills in management. It was Ford who changed the traditional 48 hours of work a week into just 40 hours. Also, he was the one who started the "five-dollar" day where the wage of the laborers was twice the regular wage at that time. Despite of the success that the Ford automobile had achieved, the monotonous process of the assembly line came to alienate workers (Towards a Modern Day America) that even Ford agreed that no worker would feel…


Towards a Modern Day America (faxed).

Prince Henry I Am Writing
Words: 1608 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 5490146
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Finally, the political norms of control by the Ottoman Empire and the reputation of the Ming Dynasty as exploring the world can be overcome with this quest and the establishment of new trade routes.

Current technological barriers make exploration unattractive. However, important navigational tools including the magnetic compass and the cross-staff can help provide guidance on the seas. The caravel will help bring seamen home safely. This journey will test these technological advances and their utility on a long discovery mission. If they are proven to be useful, people will be more willing to go out to sea and funding for these missions is more likely.

Finally, this mission will provide important economic benefits, primarily through trading. Alternate routes to the Indian Ocean without going through Constantinople and into Africa without crossing the Sahara may be discovered. These, subsequent trading posts, and increases in import and export merchandise will be…

Works Cited

Boorstin, D. (1983). The Discoverers. New York: Harry N. Abrams, Inc. Publishers.

Menzies, G. (2002). 1421: The Year China Discovered America. New York: HarperCollins Publishers.

Russell, P. (2000). Prince Henry "The Navigator." Economist, 356(8181), 83.

Sandrone, S. & Wagner, a. (2009). Henry the Navigator and the Moon. Acta Astronautica, 64(4), 484-493.

Junction Hotel Is One of
Words: 2451 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 79546091
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They think about the break, they go on the break and the come back thinking about the passed break and waiting to the future one. By the time they focus on the actual task, the next break is up. But if they get two breaks, of 30 minutes each, then they will not constantly interrupt their work and the efficiency would increase.

Setting stricter deadlines, but -- as a manager -- being prepared for them to be delayed. This strategy is useful as the stress of an upcoming deadline will often press the employees to be more active and efficient (Schilling, 2007). This does not mean that the employees would be exploited, only that the time allocated to procrastination is decreased.

Developing and implementing a reward system, based on performances. In other words, it would be necessary for the managers at the Junction Hotel to evaluate the efficiency of each…


Chapman, A., 2010, Frederick Herzberg's motivation and hygiene factors, Business Balls,  last accessed on July 19, 2011

Cullinane, K., 2011, International handbook of maritime economics, Edward Elgar Publishing, ISBN 1847209335

Griffin, R.W., Moorhead, G., 2009, Organisational behavior: managing people and organisations, 9th edition, Cengage Learning, ISBN 0547167334

Knorr, A., Arndt, A., 2003, Why did Wal-Mart fail in Germany? Institute for World Economics and International Management,  last accessed on July 19, 2011

Changed the Lives of Common
Words: 693 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 68929865
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It would be helpful in both their personal lives and working environment. Henry Ford helped in placing the world on wheels as well as improving the living standards of many thousands of employees. This shows that Model T. enhanced working conditions as many workers were assisted, therefore, raising their living standards.

The car made their life better as many people enjoyed the invention of the car. Farmers used the car as tractors as well as powering farm machinery like water pumps together with wood saws. Many cars were used as trucks to and other services in the farm. The Model T. was efficient to farmers as well as enhanced working conditions as they used the cars as tractors and trucks to assist them in their fieldwork and farms. Prior to the invention of the cars, they were forced to perform all the farm activities by hand. Later, the farmers used…


Casey, R.H. (January 01, 2008). The Model T. Turns 100: By building a car full of innovations, Henry Ford

introduced a light, strong, and inexpensive vehicle that altered the fabric of American society.

American Heritage of Invention & Technology, 23, 4, 36-41.

Eckstein, L., Fassbender, S., Lesemann, M., Ickert, L., Hartmann, B., & Brockerhoff, M. (December 01,

History of Multi-Cultural America Different Mirror A
Words: 1740 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 38747750
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History of Multi-Cultural America

Different Mirror: A History of Multicultural America - Ronald Takaki

What was the result of the 1903 Supreme Court Lone Wolf Decision and the 190 Burke Act? The Lone Wolf Decision came about partly in response to a law passed by Congress in 1902. That law "accelerated the transfer of lands from Indians to whites," according to Takaki (237). The provisions of the 1902 law required that those who inherited the land must sell all allotted lands at public auctions - once the original owners had passed away. Basically, this meant that unless an Indian had the money to purchase their own family lands, they would lose what had been their property. The President (Theodore Roosevelt) was informed that this new law would ensure that all Indian lands will pass into the hands of settlers within a short few years.

But, notwithstanding this injustice, when Chief…

6) Why do you think the author named this chapter, "Through a Glass Darkly"? One can see that the tumultuous times following the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor were "dark" times in more ways than one. First, the fear and loathing generated against Japan by the sneak attack on Hawaii was nearly universal and immediate among the American population. And secondly, it is a dark time indeed in American history when pure paranoia is the motivation for "interring" (e.g., placing in concentration camps) tens of thousands of Japanese-Americans. Even so-called responsible media members such as the LA Times (380) behaved with racist spite; "A viper is nonetheless a viper wherever the egg is hatched," the Times editorialized. "So a Japanese-American, born of Japanese parents - grows up to be a Japanese, not an American."

7) To what was the NAACP responding when they said, "A Jim Crow army cannot fight for a free world"? Discuss the effect of the 1941 Executive Order 8802 on the U.S. labor force. The NAACP statement was responding to the fact that a) many blacks felt that they didn't really enjoy all the fruits of democracy in American anyway, so why would they shed their blood to "save democracy" from the Nazis; and b) while fighting for the U.S. In WWII blacks were in general assigned to segregated units because, according to the War Department, "social relationships" between blacks and whites had "been established...through custom and habit." Racial segregation is very much akin to Jim Crow laws from the South's history. When FDR instituted Executive Order #8802, it in effect allowed over a million blacks to take jobs in the defense industry during the war. But more than that, it set in motion the movement of many blacks from the South to better paying jobs in the industrial north.

8) List three (3) things you learned from your cross-cultural presentation and one (1) you learned from someone else's cross-cultural presentation.

Human Resource Management
Words: 2166 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 84304302
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Human esource Management at the Ford Motor Company

The Ford Motor Company is one of the largest economic entities at the global level, with sales and operations across the entire globe. The organization is reputable as the first company to make automobiles accessible to the people through the usage of the production and assembly line. In more recent times, Ford is recognized as one of the largest employers in the United States and a global leader of the automotive industry.

During 2008, the company was hit by the internationalized economic crisis, which raised new financial concerns, but also exacerbated the problems already existent within the firm. For decades, Ford had invested in large size and luxurious vehicles as an emblem of American consumerism. Throughout the past recent years however, the preferences of consumers have changed to reflect the shifting international price of oil and environmental concerns. More and more smaller…


Cascio, J.W., Bodreau, J.W. (2010). Investing in people: financial impact of human resource initiatives. 2nd edition. FT Press.

Price, A. (2011). Human resource management. 4th edition. Cengage Learning.

Randhawa, G. (2007). Human resource management. Atlantic Publishers & Dist.

(2012). A timeline of Ford Motor Company. NPR.  accessed on December 12, 2012

American History -- the Success
Words: 355 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 99072808
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Ford (Evans, 2004).

By the 1920s, the affordability of Ford's products and the increasing availability of modernized paved roads and highways combined to make taking a "country drive" one of the fastest and most fashionable national pastimes in the U.S. (Nevins & Commager, 1992). The trendy new fad of driving to the still-undeveloped suburbs and many other recreational areas on weekends was fueled by the relative exclusivity of automobile transportation to the middle (and upper) class, which allowed them to escape the masses of poor at the most popular local recreation spots such as the most popular beaches and state parks (Nevins & Commager, 1992). Ironically, Ford's success in making the automobile more accessible to the middle class also resulted in the beginning of a national obsession with the automobile as much for its social connotations as for the transportation convenience it offered.


Evans H. (2004). They Made America:…


Evans H. (2004). They Made America: From the Steam Engine to the Search Engine

Two Centuries of Innovators. New York: Little Brown & Co.

Nevins J. And Commager H. (1992). A Pocket History of the United States. New York:

Pocket Books.

Radical Change Management Processes in
Words: 2593 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 21283307
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Change systems

Change often occurs in our society and previous experience has thought us that the primary instinct is that of reticence to the new features. Change can be brought about by both the company as well as the stockholders. Stockholders are represented by all individuals and groups which are directly or indirectly affected by the company's actions. As such, a company's stockholders include, but are not limited to, its purveyors, its clients, its shareholders, its investors, the general public or the state's government.

In order for a change system to function, it has to be properly designed and modelled. "System modelling is a technique to express, visualise, analyse and transform the architecture of a system." It generally includes drawings, diagrams or any other visual features that might ease the understanding of the system. Change systems are complex models which cannot be universally valid. As such, they have to be…


Allen, G., 1998, Management History, Dallas County Community College District,, last accessed on November 7, 2007

Allen, G., 1998, Organizing Process, Dallas TeleCollege, Dallas County Community College District,, last accessed on November 7, 2007

Ayadurai, S., Sohail, S.M., the Effect of Environmental Turbulence on Entrepreneurial Behavior and Performance of Multinational Subsidiaries in Malaysia, Binary University College for Management and Entrepreneurship,, last accessed on November 7, 2007

Burnes, B. Managing Change: A Strategic Approach to Organisational Dynamics, 4th ed (Pearson 2004) ISBN: 0273683365

Marketing Mix Is a Model
Words: 1928 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 44511410
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The marketing mix has many variables that can be changed and adapted in every company, but in this process it is important to keep in mind the position the company wants on the market and its objectives.

The marketing mix planning is the process of developing long-term strategic plans that can help the company to achieve its goals. Each element in the marketing mix - product, price, promotion, and place -should be very well used in the attempt to satisfy the needs of consumers.


Ford Parts (n.d.). Retrieved March 6, 2007 at

FW15-MARKETING MIX (n.d.). Retrieved March 5, 2007, at

Marketing mix (n.d.). Retrieved March 5, 2007 at

Marketing mix (Price, Place, Promotion, Product) (n.d.). Retrieved March 5, 2007, at

Overview (n.d.). Retrieved March 5, 2007, at

The marketing mix (n.d.). Retrieved March 5, 2007, at

Volker Mike, MARKETING & 4Ps of MARKETING…


Ford Parts (n.d.). Retrieved March 6, 2007 at 

FW15-MARKETING MIX (n.d.). Retrieved March 5, 2007, at

Marketing mix (n.d.). Retrieved March 5, 2007 at 

Marketing mix (Price, Place, Promotion, Product) (n.d.). Retrieved March 5, 2007, at

Management Theories Historical Records Show That People
Words: 2061 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 99899559
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Management Theories

Historical records show that people always organized themselves in order to work together towards a common objective and they coordinated their efforts to achieve this objective (Accel-Team 2004). It was not until the latter part of the 19th century that the concept of scientific management entered history during the Industrial evolution, but management skills existed long before the 19th century. Ancient Egyptians built the pyramids, ancient Chinese erected the Great Wall of China, the Mesopotamians irrigated their lands and walled their cities and the omans of old put up their roads, aqueducts and notably Hadrian's Wall not without established and superb management standards of their leaders (Accel-Team) and massive obedience and coordination among the followers. The pyramids of Egypt, wonders of the world, each measure 75,600 square feet at the base, 480 feet high and consists of more than two million blocks of stone, each weighing 2.5 tons.…


1. Accel-Team. (2004). Developments from Ancient History. http://www.accel-team/scientific

2. Allen, G. (1998). Management History. Supervision.

3. Geocities. (2004). Human Behavior. sydication/hr.html

4. McNamara, C. (1999). Very Brief History of Management Theories.

Human Side of Change the
Words: 7064 Length: 25 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 72346381
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Through this, the owner of Ford Motors Corporation was able to increase production levels and to reduce costs. "Even then when the lean manufacturing concept was years away, Ford had a focus on reducing time and material waste, increasing quality, and lowering cycle times, in order to achieve a lower cost vehicle which was reflected in the price reduction of the model T. year on year. This focus allowed him to reduce costs, even though he payed his workers well, and provide a great value product to the customer" (Lean Manufacture Website, 2009).

The editors at the Lean Manufacturing Guide online implement an approach similar to the editors at the Lean Manufacture Website. From their standpoint, lean manufacturing is an organizational effort by which waste is being reduced with the purpose of creating more value to the final product. In their own words, lean manufacturing is a "systematic approach to…


Blacharski, D., 2010, What is lean manufacturing, Wise Geek,  last accessed on September 29, 2010

Deming, W.E., 2000, Out of the crisis, MIT Press, ISBN 0262541157

Hoobs, D.P., 2004, Lean manufacturing implementation: a complete execution manual for any size manufacturer, J. Ross Publishing, ISBN 1932159142

Nilson, K., 2010, Lean manufacturing: adapting as important as adopting, Six Sigma, /index.php?option=com_k2&view=item&id=241:lean-manufacturing-adapting-as-important-as-adopting&Itemid=156 last accessed on September 29, 2010

Invention of the Assembly Line
Words: 1291 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 29585229
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y then, the principles of division of labor and interchangeable parts had been successfully demonstrated by the American inventors Eli Whitney (1765-1825) and Samuel Colt (1814-1862). (Assembly Line - History)

The assembly line was first used on a large scale by the meat-packing industries of Chicago and Cincinnati during the 1870s. These slaughterhouses used monorail trolleys to move suspended carcasses past a line of stationary workers, each of whom did one specific task. Contrary to most factories' lines in which products are gradually put together step-by-step, this first assembly line was in fact more of a "disassembly" line, since each worker butchered a piece of a diminishing animal. The apparent breakthroughs in efficiency and productivity that were achieved by these meat packers were not immediately realized by any other industry until Ford designed his assembly line in 1913. Ford openly admitted using the meat-packing lines as a model. His success…


Banham, Russ. The Ford Century: Ford Motor Company and the Innovations that Shaped the World. New York: Artisan, 2002.

Bellis, Mary. "The History of the Automobile." 2008. 28 November 2008 . "This Day in History." 13 October 1913. 28 November 2008 .  Assembly Line - History>

Nof, Shimon Y., Wilbert Wilhelm and Hans-Jurgen Warnecke. Industrial Assembly. New York:

Collaborative Design for a Build-To-Order
Words: 7001 Length: 26 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 49022602
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" (Brown, 1996, p. 74)

That potential of globalization can be attributed directly to the current business processes working to its fullest capabilities. Some may think that these trends towards globalization are new to the twentieth or twenty-first centuries. In a sense that is true because of the fact that our current globalization phenomenon can be linked with the advent of our new technology, financial methods and distribution channels to any point on the globe. However, globalization is technically not a new process that was created in or by our current digital and information revolution. Actually, not even the industrial revolution can be credited with the idea of globalization because the concept originated even before Christopher Columbus or Marco Polo. (Employees, 2005)

World trade has linked disparate locations into highly complex and extensive systems of finance, communication, migration, and other interconnections for thousands of years. Some of these events have…


Brown, Seymore (1996). International Relations in a Changing Global System: Toward a Theory of the World Polity. New York: Westwood.

Employees. (n.d.). Globalization Trends. Retrieved on May 26, 2005, at 

Ford to Spend $1bn a Year in China. Ed. Pravda Online. 12/8/03. Pravda. Retrieved on May 26, 2005, at 

Gonzalez, Adrian. (2002). "Inbound logistics drives strong demand for transportation systems Warehousing Management." Radnor: Sep.

Amidst the Seemingly Constant and Fruitless Rancor
Words: 808 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 6649021
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Amidst the seemingly constant and fruitless rancor which came to typify the national debate regarding health care reform certain truths were ultimately laid bare. Through revelations of widespread waste and mismanagement by hospitals and pervasive political lobbying by pharmaceutical conglomerates, America was forced to confront the disturbing reality that its health care system had become irrevocably broken. Today's medical community is defined by a fragmented and ineffective structure in which the ever rising costs of healthcare stand in stark contrast to the diminished and compromised quality of the care being provided. With the ranks of those who require regular medical attention swelling at an exponential rate many members of the medical profession agree that new modalities are needed to sufficiently adapt the healthcare system. As observed in the 10th edition of Jonas and Kovner's Health Care Delivery in the United States, "organized health care delivery" in which "care providers have…


Cronenwett, L., & Dzau,, V.J. (April 2010 ). Who will provide primary care and how will they be trained?. In Culliton, B.J. And Russell, S. (Eds.), Who will provide primary care and how will they be trained?. New York, NY: Josiah Macy, Jr. Foundation.

Kovner, A.R., Knickman, J.R., & Weisfeld, V. (2011). Medical care delivery. In A. Kovner & J. Knickman (Eds.), Jonas and Kovner's Health Care Delivery in the United States (pp. 179-296). Retrieved from  & Knickman, Chapter 10&source=bl&ots=0vG77JFzLv&sig=UiBgrTdfusKZMvOSKJpJPLFqxK8&hl=en&ei=pEqYTqvRAeeLsgKK-pTUBA&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1&ved=0CB8Q6AEwAA

McCarthy, D., Mueller, K., & Wrenn, J. (2009). Henry ford health system: a framework for system integration, coordination, collaboration, and innovation. The Commonwealth Fund - Case Study: Organized Health Care Delivery System, 1-22.

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2010). Cdc vital signs. Retrieved from

Impact of Likeability in Management
Words: 17400 Length: 60 Pages Document Type: Dissertation Paper #: 86852530
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likeability is effected by management in the international workplace. It assumes a phenomenological approach to the notion of likeability, and is based on the idea that likeability in management is fundamental to achieving "connectedness" among employees and to inspiring the drive needed to ensure an organization's success. By conducting a survey of employees and managers from every major business continent of the globe (Asia, Europe, America, the Middle East), it seeks to understand the different ways in which likeability is manifested, discerned, appreciated, and utilized in the cross-cultural international workplace. Its aim is to fill a gap in likeability research regarding the importance of international managerial likeability and hopes to raise awareness about the essentiality of likeability to success. It also aims to identify the phenomenon of likeability as it appears in different cultures. Identifying that phenomenon and coming to terms with it will help business managers to better develop…

Data Analysis: A Phenomenological Approach

The methodology for this study is based on a phenomenological approach, rooted in the Moustakas (1994) model. The Moustakas model focuses on the idea that the "wholeness of experience" should form the essence of the research (Simon, 2011). Moustakas recommends a heuristic process that allows the researcher to immerse himself in the world/sphere he is observing, to "intuit" the relevant data, to use active learning as an illuminative process, to explicate, and to synthesize the information (Simon, 2011). A phenomenological approach will allow for an understanding of likeability "through the eyes of the participants in the study" (Simon, 2011). The phenomenon under consideration is the effect of likeability in the international workplace -- how it is effected, how it is perceived, and how it helps to advance business success.

Observing likeability "through the eyes of the participants in the study" presents a unique and novel opportunity to investigate the subjective aspect of likeability as opposed to an objective, empirical aspect of the concept. With the argument of Weaver (1984) in mind, that universality is a difficult concept for modern scientists to grasp because the existence of truth is essentially debated on philosophical, scientific, and metaphysical grounds, a study of likeability through the eyes of the participants provides the researcher with an opportunity to record the various ways that perception and reality meet and depart. Is there a reality of likeability or is likeability always merely a perception? Studies have argued that likeability can be controlled in the same way that EI can be controlled (Mayer et al., 2001). If such a claim can indeed be made, perhaps likeability is no more real than one's perception is true. In other words, if a manager can convince subordinates of likeability in order to "get ahead," it is possible that subordinates can convince themselves of their superior's "likeability" in order to appear as a "team player" and one who will not "rock the boat." Furthermore, such a suggestion may carry repercussions for what is meant by authenticity and whether or not this term carries any meaning of honesty or realness or whether it is

Taylorism and Fordism Have Been
Words: 1896 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 48506264
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If it has, how has it? If it hasn't, how much is it left?

Fordism thus remains. It remains in worker surveillance, to guard against morality and time theft. It remains in the increased bureaucratization of the global economy, as multi-million dollar conglomerates dominate the world. It remains in the modern emphasis on productivity, rather than training in franchises. It also remains in the developing world, where the poor with little hope of mobility, labor for the rich. And it remains at companies that invest little in worker training like al-Mart.

If it is a combination of both? (Recommend to choose this)

Fordism has given the world many benefits -- affordable goods, particularly technological goods that would be prohibitively expensive without mass production. However, companies such as Google that strive to maximize efficiency, create a corporate culture and climate that permeates every facet of employee's lives, yet still makes an…

Works Cited

Brody, David Review of Michael J. Piore and Charles F. Sabel.

The Second Industrial Divide: Possibilities for Prosperity. Reviews in American History. Vol. 13. No. 4. Dec. 1985, pp. 612-615.

Dunn, Bill. Global Restructuring and the Power of Labour. Palgrave, 2004

Ehrenreich, Barbara. Nickel and Dimed. Holt, 2002.

Shareholder and Stakeholder Values it
Words: 8113 Length: 30 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 31668522
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In other respects, however, the evidence does not readily conform to theoretical predictions. For example, if gross job turnover is taken as a rough proxy for labor market flexibility -- and since stringent EPL reduces both hiring and firing -- it is quite surprising to find that job turnover rates are very loosely related to EPL rankings. Most remarkably, not only are the estimates for Italy and France, at 21 and 24 per cent respectively, very high in absolute terms (one in every five jobs is either created or destroyed each year), but they are also extremely close to the estimates for the United States and Canada despite the much heavier regulation of dismissals in the European labor markets." (Bertola, Boeri, & Cazes, 2000)

Once the company settled into the Canadian market they faced the new challenges regarding labor. The Canadian business philosophy continued to be pro-union. In Canada, Wal-Mart…


Bertola, Giuseppe, Boeri, Tito, & Cazes, Sandrine (2000). Employment Protection in Industrialized Countries: The Case for New Indicators. International Labour Review, Vol. 139.

Chicago Bureau Chief Weber (2002, July). The Lingering Lessons of Andersen's Fall. Business Week Online. Retrieved on January 18, 2005, at 

Clements, Jonathan. "Wipe Those Bear Market Worries Away." The Wall Street Journal [New York] 6 Mar. 2001. Retrieved on January 18, 2005, from .

Cutlip, Scott M. The Unseen Power: Public Relations, a History. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum Associates, 1964.

Government Intervention Essay
Words: 776 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Paper #: Array
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Following the onset of the Great Depression, America’s leaders tried to find ways to get the country going again, to stimulate the economy, put Americans back to work, and recreate the prosperous good times of the 1920s.  Franklin Roosevelt called for action.1  Hoover before him called for the government to resist intervention.2  Two decades earlier Teddy Roosevelt called for intervention in the regulation of labor.3  Henry Ford called for self-help—not intervention—but independence.4  Based on these four perspectives, this paper argues that government intervention leads to a culture of dependency, which does not facilitate growth or positive and innovative solutions to real problems; therefore, government should not seek to intervene in the economy but rather allow the bad blood to work its way out, as painful as that may be.
Teddy Roosevelt felt that in order for America to have equitability, the government should get involved.  He argued that “the right…

Operation Management JIT An Overview
Words: 2228 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 19740830
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Exclusive and symbiotic relationships with suppliers are valuable, especially suppliers located close to the factory.

A JIT company strives for preventive maintenance so no time is wasted, and errors are reduced or eliminated because all aspects of the production process are kept in 'tip-top' shape. Above all JIT requires a flexible workforce with workers trained "to operate several machines, to perform maintenance tasks, and to perform quality inspections" ("JIT Lecture Notes," 2006). A flexibly trained and loyal workforce has several advantages. Despite its emphasis on the benefits of innovative computer technology during certain aspects of the production process, Toyota has been commended for the great respect it showed for its workforce. "A quality at the source (jidoka) program must be implemented to give workers the personal responsibility for the quality of the work they do, and the authority to stop production when something goes wrong" for JIT to be successful…

Works Cited

Grout, John & Brian T. Downs. "A Brief Tutorial on Mistake-proofing, Poka-Yoke, and ZQC."

June 14, 2009.

"Health and safety." Sideboom. June 14, 2009.,-CADCAM-in-production,-CIM,-JIT

How American Corporations Harnessed the Media to Further Their Goals Between 1890 and 1940
Words: 1850 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 36473651
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American Corporations and the Media, 1890-1940

American corporations have never been reticent to use available media to reach their goals, and in the years between 1890 and 1940, there are impressive examples of how U.S. corporate interests have utilized various media to realize additional profit and power -- sometimes employing unorthodox and unethical methods. This paper delves into instances of corporate use of media, and points to the dynamics that allowed those associations to flourish.

"Today's critics of media conglomerates fail to grasp the reality that corporate power, in league with the state, [has] made a mockery of prospects for a democratic global media system… [and it's vital to recognize that] the U.S. radio industry subsequently followed a similar pattern of monopolization in the 1920s…" (Peterson, 2004, p. 86).

Author James Schwoch points to the fact that the American radio industry had a profound impact on Latin American activities between…

Works Cited

Belrose, John S. (1994). Fessenden and the Early History of Radio Science. The Radioscientist,

5(3), 1-19.

Forrest, Wilbur. (1925). Political Notes: Ford Speaks. Time Magazine. Retrieved June 17,

2011, from,8816,720534,00.html .

Financial Analysis and Management at
Words: 3019 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 29318125
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Had the organization employed the techniques of activity-based costing, they would have realized the need to change their approach and had started manufacturing small size and fuel efficient engines, as most of the customers were requiring these items. "If Ford [...] had used activity-based costing, they would have realized early on the utter futility of their competitive blitzes of the past few years, which offered new-car buyers spectacular discounts and hefty rewards" (Drucker, 2003).

Unlike absorption costing, marginal costing uses the traditional division into direct, indirect, fixed and variable costs. The accounting method sees that the final marginal cost of a product will be calculated by summing up the direct costs of labor, the direct costs of materials, the direct expenses and the variable overheads (Brown). The applications of marginal costing revealed that Ford was able to support a price advantage relative to General Motors and Chrysler due to its…


Bernstein, L.A., Wild, J.J., 1999, Analysis of Financial Statements, 5th Edition, McGraw-Hill Publishers, ISBN 0070945047

Berry, a., 1999, Financial Accounting: An Introduction, 2nd Edition, Cengage Learning EMEA, ISBN 186152479X

Brown, G., Introduction to Costs Accounting: Methods and Techniques,  on March 9, 2009

Drucker, P.F., 2003, Peter Drucker on the Profession of Management, Harvard Business Press, ISBN 1591393221

Pinto Fires the Occurrence of
Words: 1720 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 28916205
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These costs are far greater than what Ford originally anticipated. In addition, the improvements to the gas tank gave Ford a valuable opportunity. They could use this improvement as a means of differentiating themselves from the competition. Although safety may not have been a primary concern in the 1970s, the proper marketing campaign could have made Ford a leader in safety, like Volvo, which could still be serving the company now, nearly 40 years later.


On paper, the decision to leave the faulty gas tanks on the Pintos as is seemed to be a good business decision. However, it turned out to be a poor ethical decision. Ford failed to realize that they could not put a dollar value on human life. In addition, they failed to take into account a variety of secondary costs that could have led to the downfall of the entire organization. In an effort…


Becker, P., Jipson, a., & Bruce, a. (Feb 2000). The Pinto legacy. Justice Professional, 12(3). Retrieved November 4, 2009, from Business Source Complete.

Gioia, D. (No date). Pinto fires.

Halpern, P. (1982). The Corvair, the Pinto and corporate behavior. Policy Studies Review, 1(3). Retrieved November 4, 2009, from SocINDEX.

Health Care -- Lean Philosophy on Cost
Words: 3801 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 20327811
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Health Care -- Lean Philosophy on Cost Reduction and Quality Improvement

Lean Philosophy is initially traced back to Henry Ford's innovative assembly line, revolutionizing manufacturing while failing to provide true variety. Building on Ford's concepts Toyota management established a Lean Philosophy in the 1930's and 1940's that focused on production flow and waste elimination, resulting in rapid, low cost and high quality processes, along with simpler and more accurate management. These concepts were further elucidated by authors including James omack, who established the Lean Enterprise Institute in 1997.

The essential elements of Lean Philosophy are 5 principles including: defining the value sought by the customer; specifying the value stream of the product satisfying that value while challenging wasted steps; making a continuous flow of product through refined steps; creating "pull" (essentially meaning "customer demand/expectation") from step-to-step for continuous flow wherever possible; continually improve and refine the process to cut the…

Works Cited

Berk & Associates. (2011). Idea: Lean government. Seattle, WA: Washington State Auditor's Office.

Jimmerson, C. (2010). Value stream mapping for healthcare made easy. New York, NY: Productivity Press.

Lean Enterprise Institute. (2009). 5S - Visual workplace. Retrieved October 5, 2012 from Web site: 

Lean Enterprise Institute. (2009). Lean timeline. Retrieved October 5, 2012 from Web site:

Evolution of Management Principle the
Words: 1639 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 45786146
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Other specific branches of management study have been developed for multinational enterprises (MNEs) and small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs).

Strategic management incorporates much of the work of previous management theorists, in particular including elements of organizational structure, motivation, organizational behavior and the definition of roles. In some respects, strategic management's focus on the human side derives most substantially from the Drucker tradition. Production management, conversely, remains focused on task. Systems such as Six Sigma and TPS follow on Taylor's theories about task specificity and optimization. There remains at this point in management theory there is a disconnect between these two types of management theory. Perhaps the future direction of management theory is to bring the two concepts -- production management and people management together to form a holistic view of the organization.

Most of today's management theories derive from the influence of Taylor, Drucker and other management thinkers of…

Works Cited:

Cliff Notes. (2010). Classical schools of management. Cliff Notes. Retrieved May 27, 2010 from,articleId-8851.html (2007). Frederick Taylor and scientific management. Retrieved May 27, 2010 from 

McNamara, C. (no date). Brief overview of contemporary theories in management. Free Management Library. Retrieved May 27, 2010 from

Operations Management and Marketing Modern
Words: 1515 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 26736744
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While these principles are likely equally true within both operational management and business marketing management, the nature of the tasks encompassed by the latter provide greater opportunity to incorporate the element of improving employees' job satisfaction through family life-friendly management policies. Since many modern marketing business functions are conducted through computer processes and communications, marketing managers may have the greatest flexibility to allow untraditional work shifts and teleworking opportunities. In fact, establishing privileges of this nature as a reward for quality work further reinforces the Theory-Y approach suggested by contemporary industrial psychologists (George & Jones, 2008; obbins & Judge, 2009).

In general, some of the major changes in modern management philosophy have equal applicability to operational management and to business marketing management. However, the fundamental differences between those two business functions also dictate certain differences in the specific uses of management techniques to maximize productivity and employee satisfaction.




Daft, R. (2005). Management 7th Edition. Mason: Thomson South Western.

Evans, H. (2004). They Made America. New York: Little Brown & Co.

George, J.M. & Jones, G.R. (2008). Understanding and Managing Organizational

Behavior. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.

Taylor's Contribution to Contemporary Management
Words: 794 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 70108010
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Although Frederic inslow Taylor may have built his management model on observations of machines, for people working on machines, he also systematically analyzed human behavior at work. He stressed that just as machine parts were easily interchangeable, cheap, and passive, so too should the human parts be the same in the machine model of scientific organizations. In other words, even if one must lose an employee because of personal and cost concerns, the duties and protocols of the office should be sufficiently clear that another human being can fulfill those duties. (ertheim, 1999) This is not a humane-sounding ideology, but the idea of functions rather than people is the key to the ability of any hierarchy to work in modern times, from the military to management of hierarchical corporations.

Then as now, many workers resist the dehumanization of work. To be fair to the father of scientific management, Taylor also…

Works Cited

O'Connor. (1991) "Is Scientific Management Dead?" Unpublished article from Engineering Website retrieved 5 Feb 2005 at

Robbins, Stephen P. (2002) Fundamentals of Management. Second Edition. Prentice Hall.

Six Sigma. (2005) Official Website. Retrieved 5 Feb 2005 at .

Sobel, Robert. (2005) "Ford, Henry." World Book Online Reference Center. World Book, Inc. Retrieved 5 Feb. 2005 at

Analyzing Lean Six Sigma Paper
Words: 1599 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 73805375
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organizations can adhere to simple frameworks structured with a purpose of attaining continuous improvement in its operations or its supply chain. These structured approaches aid and facilitate different aspects such as decision-making, problem solving, as also process enhancement. This paper discusses the existing interrelations between organizations that utilize structured frameworks for improvement together with their operational performance through case studies

General Motors Company

General Motors Company is a multinational company involved in designing, manufacturing, marketing, and distribution of vehicles, vehicular parts, and accessories. The headquarters of the company is situated in Detroit, Michigan. The company founded in the year 1908, is 108 years old today. It is centered in the automotive industry and is one of the major renowned companies in more than thirty nations and operating with about thirteen brands. The business units of General Motors include General Motors Financial, General Motors International Operations, General Motors North America, General…


Burden, M. (2015). GM's new problem-solving focus reaps savings. The Detroit News. Retrieved 27 June 2016 from: 

Ford Motor Company. (2016). Ford Future Competitiveness. Retrieved 27 June 2016 from:

Ford Motor Company. (2016). History. Retrieved 27 June 2016 from:

General Motors. (2016). History and Heritage. Retrieved 27 June 2016 from:

Education Campus Security and Safety
Words: 2492 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 193957
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Their recommendations, which focused on prevention and response to campus emergencies such as the deadly shootings at Northern Illinois University, included suggestions for detecting early signs of and treating mental illness. esearch has indicated that the risk of violence may increase when other risk factors are involved, such as substance abuse. Training should be targeted to campus security forces and first responders, health services personnel counselors, resident advisers, coaches, and student/minority affairs staff according to the report. The group surveyed more than 112 higher education institutions in Illinois and found that about 64% have mental health counseling services. The task force's other recommendations for colleges and universities in Illinois included: becoming part of the federal government's standardized incident management process called the National Incident Management System, implement methods such as e-mail and speaker systems to alert students of an incident on campus, engaging in practice emergency drills at least twice…


Campus Security. (2009). Retrieved August 10, 2009, from U.S. Department of Education Web


Chen, Grace. (2008). Campus Safety on Community Colleges. Retrieved August 10, 2009, from 

Colleges Confront Shootings with Survival Training. (2008). Community College Week. 21(2),

Destination Branding All Products Require
Words: 772 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 48525023
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The brand exists solely in the minds of the consumersand it encompasses their overall perceptions andattitudes of Vermont." ( Whena brand is established in a consumer's mind itcan trigger associations with smaller destinationswithin the area the brand represents.

But first there is a need to establish a consistent brand identity.For example, "The Henry Ford" brand is the umbrellabrand name for five different attractions in the samedestination. Although each attraction has its ownpositioning, promise, descriptor and tagline, all ofthem are consistently branded under one brand:"The Henry Ford." The choice of this brand namewas based on research performed by the organizationas to how visitors perceived and referred to thedestination.In the case of a state, the brand name provides anumbrella for the state's other destinations, as well asother business entities, which benefit from itsgreater exposure. For example, a shopping related business located in a primarily outdoor recreationdestination will benefit from the overall increase…


Anne-Marie d'Hauteserre Journal of Travel Research, Vol. 39, No. 3, 300-307 (2001)

Destination Branding: Concept and Measurement." Derived

Destination Branding in a Hostile Environment. By: d'Hauteserre, Anne-Marie. Journal of Travel Research, Feb2001, Vol. 39 Issue 3, p300, 8p; (AN 4023818)

Destination branding in place: St. Louis

Walter Reuther
Words: 2305 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 95505085
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Walter euther's German immigrant father was a socialist, pacifist and labor leader who did not wish his sons to fight in the Prussian Army, which is why he came to the United States in 1892. He brought up his sons in the socialist-labor tradition, and the entire family supported Eugene Debs and Norman Thomas in the years 1900-32. During the Great Depression, Walter and Victor euther traveled the world for three years. They were in Germany in 1933 when the Nazis took over and witnessed first hand the suppression of the labor and left-wing movements there, as well as the attraction some of their own relatives felt for Hitler and the Nazi regime. In 1933-35, the lived in the Soviet Union as "well-paid" foreign workers for ford, and unlike most ussians were allowed to travel freely around the country (Carew 1993, p. 12). After visiting Japan, the returned to the…


Barnard, J. (2004). American Vanguard: The United Auto Worker Union during the Reuther Years, 1935-1970. Wayne State University Press.

Carew, A. (1993). Walter Reuther. Manchester University Press.

Lichtenstein, N. (1995). Walter Reuther: The Most Dangerous Man in Detroit. NY: Basic Books.

Parenti, M. (1996). Dirty Truths: Reflections on Politics, Media, Ideologies, Conspiracy, Ethnic Life and Class Power. City Lights Books.

Walter Reuther Was One of
Words: 2948 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 74558142
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Reuther made sure that the workers enjoyed economic benefits as well as job security, pensions, vacations, and most important of all supplemental unemployment benefits. He was successful in the campaign for wage increase. Reuther managed to bargain for a great wage for workers at GM in 1948. He managed an accord where GM had to increase annual wages per annum and had it tied up to a cost of living allowance. This is one reason why the working and living standards of workers were improved. He also pressed for workers early retirement. According to him, workers should be retired after 30 years of service. It is sad that the current generation takes these benefits for granted.

They benefited from healthcare programs, profit sharing, severance pay, plans for legal assistance, increment in vacation time, holidays and rest time. They were also given profit sharing benefits too.

Supplemental unemployment benefits were implemented…


Walter Reuther:greatest men of this century, Irving Bluestone, Time Magazine, 2000

From the Ashes of the Old, Chapter 1, Stanley Aronowitz,1998

The most dangerous man in Detroit:Walter Reuther, Nelson Lichtenstein, 1995

30 Years Later: Remembering the Big Marches, Ebony, 1993 the making of union democracy, social forces, 1997

Lee Iacocca the Man Who
Words: 1585 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 40313558
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.. business performance and long-term economic success; the responsibility for the sparing use of our planet's resources and for maintaining an intact environment for present and future generations, and the responsibility for the people involved in or affected by our company's business activities and for society as a whole" ("Chrysler Group," Internet).

Currently, Daimler-Chrysler is headed by Dr. Dieter Zetsche, appointed in 1998 and until the year 2010. His leadership style is wholly based upon the company's "Integrity Code," being guideline... which defines limits to the activities of employees worldwide... And contains rules of conduct concerning international transactions, conflicts of interest, the issue of equality, the role of internal monitoring systems (and) the right to the fulfillment of statutory standards." As to the company's ethics, it currently adheres to the Sarbanes-Oxley Act "which is applicable to board members and other senior officers" within and without the company. Also, Daimler-Chrysler "acknowledges…


Chrysler Group." (2006). DaimlerChrysler. Internet. Retrieved at .

Ingrassia, Paul and Joseph White. (1994). Comeback. New York: Simon & Schuster.

Levin, Doron P. (1995). Behind the Wheel at Chrysler: The Iacocca Legacy. New York:

Harcourt-Brace & Company.

Theories Related to Organizational Change
Words: 2545 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Application Essay Paper #: 13579303
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Organizational theory refers to the behavioral and social theories which help in the understanding of both informal and formal organizations. It makes references to a number of fields - anthropology, sociology, psychology, semiotics, economics, communications science, history and cybernetics (Sage Publications, n.d). The field has become popular with sociological researchers. Many of these researchers, drawn from such fields as medical sociology, social movements, political sociology and education, have realized the need to study this concept because of the role in empirical research that big organizations play. Scholars out of this field have always found discussions regarding organizational theory arcane. These scholars also hold the view that all that organizational theory concerns itself with is firms and so it is not applicable in other social situations. The formal or complex organization is the study object in organizational theory. Assumptions are made that there exists goals, rules, hierarchy and definitions of membership…


Ascher, W. (2000). Applying classic organization theory to sustainable resource & environmental management. Retrieved from 

Boundless. (2014). Why Study Organizational Theory?. Retrieved from

Cohen, D, & Prusak, L. (2001). In Good Company. How social capital makes organizations work. Boston: Harvard Business School Press.

Conner, D. (1990). The changing nation: Strategies for citizen action (Handout materials). Atlanta: ODR, Inc.ent document.

Preston Tucker Was a Revolutionary
Words: 2168 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 72766018
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(Preston Tucker, we miss you)

Preston Tucker was a person who acknowledged the fact that wealth can indeed be created, and that the entrepreneur is actually the man who is the driving force behind the creation of wealth and of economic growth. Thus it was that Tucker happened to hit upon the idea that even poor people needed to keep their milk fresh and edible at all times, and therefore needed a refrigerator that would help them to do it. This was why Tucker set about creating a refrigerator that would work on kerosene and not on electricity, and this would be something that the poorest of the poor would be able to afford with ease. This would have been 'capitalism at its finest' if it had been accepted and created, but it was neither accepted by the government nor was it created. Thus another brilliant idea was laid to…


Biography of Preston Tucker. Retrieved at Accessed on 10 February, 2005

Fasoldt, Al. Preston Tucker, we miss you. The Syracuse Newspapers. 1991. Retrieved at . Accessed on 10 February, 2005

Preston Tucker: A Rebel, a Visionary, a Hero. Retrieved at . Accessed on 10 February, 2005

Preston Tucker. Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Retrieved at  on 10 February, 2005

Nursing Professional Image and Nurses'
Words: 1673 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 8513391
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The Shared Governance arrangement:

offers an apparatus for registered nurses to show guidance in the development of practice decisions authorizes all nursing staff to add to work redesign advances the quality of patient and family outcomes.

In the shared governance arrangement, the staff nurses are a big piece of the course, designated and chosen from their units to stand for an area of practice on one of many councils. it's all about shared choice making and authorizing staff nurses to affect their practice atmosphere and have a say in unit choices (Shared Governance at Henry Ford Hospital, 2011).

A new nursing deficiency is revitalizing shared governance. This pioneering organizational model gives staff nurses power over their practice and can expand their affect into administrative areas formerly controlled solely by managers. But nursing shared governance is tough to describe. Its configurations and procedures are dissimilar in every business. Shared governance, is…


Drenkard, Karen. (2010). Going for the gold: The value of attaining Magnet recognition.

Retrieved February 18, 2011, from Web site: 

Estlund, Sarah. (2010). List of Nursing Labor Unions. Retrieved February 17, 2011, from Web

Lipietz Alain 1987 Mirages and
Words: 618 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Annotated Bibliography Paper #: 57232053
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The rapid expansion of American manufacturing power was not due to purely domestic circumstances. Post-war, because the American economy was so strong relative to Europe and Japan, America had a wide array of venues in which to sell its products. This is why the postwar era is often called a kind of Golden Age of American manufacturing. America dominated all major industries and the dollar was the world standard of currency. However, as Fordist philosophies gradually began to be adopted by other nations, and with the growing prosperity of Japan and Europe, high wages began to have an unfavorable impact upon the prices of American consumer goods.

During the 1970s, the rapid increase of oil prices and the fall of the American dollar created recessionary conditions in the U.S. that proved to be hard to change. Conventional Keynesian thinking suggested that prices fall during a recession. Consumers stop buying for…

Count Includes Cover Page Abstract Table Contents
Words: 1956 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 90401512
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count includes cover page, abstract, table contents, list references appendices; place supporting material exceeds word limit appendices.

Ray Kroc's organizational process of 'McDonaldization' and the birth of the American franchise

One of the great ironies of McDonald's is that a company whose name is synonymous with standardization was actually quite a unique invention when it was born in the mind of the great innovator and entrepreneur Ray Kroc. Kroc was so successful at patenting his formula for creating cheap, predictable burgers, fries and milkshakes that his company's golden arches became an icon of Americana. The word McDonaldization has come to refer to the extent to which "the principles of the fast-food restaurant are coming to dominate more and more sectors of American society as well as the rest of the world," in the words of sociologist George Ritzer (Waters 1998). Rationalization, efficiency, predictability, calculability, and control, according to Ritzer, are…


Keel, Robert. 2010. The McDonaldization of society. Sociology Home Page. Accessed: [April 22, 2011]

Kuratko, D.F. (2009). Entrepreneurship: Theory, process, practice. 8th edition. Mason, OH:

South Western Cengage Learning.

Grow With Change Life Is
Words: 580 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 33374105
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When I first discovered that I was likely to loose my friend to leukemia, I simply refused to believe it. for, just a few weeks before, we had been enthusiastically planning to do everything in our power to get accepted in the same college. The disbelief and denial, however, quickly receded to be followed by a bout of severe grief and depression, characterized by tears, temper tantrums, sulks, and long periods of withdrawal from family and friends.

I am not sure just how long my depression would have lasted if it hadn't been for the very friend who was facing the task of battling a debilitating illness. In fact, looking back, I am ashamed to say that my overall behavior must have definitely added to the grief and challenges that my friend was already facing. Yet, when she finally chose to tackle me on the subject, she didn't say a…

Technology in History
Words: 2807 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 95067803
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Technology [...] food processing in history, and how the development of food processing technologies has altered lives for the better. Food processing, and the healthy, edible food it produces, is taken for granted in today's society. However, in the nineteenth century, fresh food was not normal, and technologies were developed to preserve food, so that more Americans could enjoy fresh, wholesome food year round. It was one of the most important technologies to develop, and it changed the way people ate, drank, and enjoyed their meals.

Before the advent of food processing, fresh food spoiled, it was that simple. In medieval times, people attempted to cover up the smell and taste of tainted food by using fragrant herbs in the cooking and serving process. Even earlier, people used salt to preserve meats, and they used smoking and drying, especially for meats. However, none of these processes was totally satisfactory, and…


Grew, Raymond, ed. Food in Global History. Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1999.

Oliver, John W. History of American Technology. New York: Ronald Press Co., 1956.

Pilato, Denise E. The Retrieval of a Legacy: Nineteenth-Century American Women Inventors. Westport, CT: Praeger Publishers, 2000.

Toussaint-Samat, Maguelonne. History of Food Anthea Bell, trans. New York: Barnes & Noble Books, 1992.

E-Manufacturing - A New Link
Words: 22785 Length: 60 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 4352602
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Ayers (2000, p. 4) describes a supply chain as "Life cycle processes supporting physical, information, financial, and knowledge flows for moving products and services from suppliers to end-users." A supply chain can be short, as in the case of a cottage industry, or quite long and complex as in the manufacture, distribution, and sales of automobiles. In fact, the automobile supply chain has its origin in the mining of the iron ore used to make many of its components.

Forward-looking companies and industries are beginning, now, to leverage the communication power of the Internet to improve their supply chain efficiencies. In the same way that early computers offered improved efficiency within the walls of a company, the promise of "Internet Technologies" (IT) now offers potentially far-reaching positive effects throughout a company's entire manufacturing supply chain. If the changes brought about by an "Internet revolution" such as thin-client technology; seamless integration…


Aerospace engineering online (2004). Retrieved December 18, 2004 from http/ /

Andrews, F. (2001). "Dell, it Turns Out, Has a Better Idea than Ford." Lean strategies

Group -Manufacturing and supply chain consultants. Retrieved December 19, 2004 from http/ /

Ayers, J.B. (2000). Handbook of Supply Chain Management. Boca Ratan, FL: St. Lucie Press.

History of Communication
Words: 6119 Length: 14 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 37691919
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History Of Communication Timeline


(with special reference to the development of the motorcycle)

35,000 BCE.

First paleolithing "petroglyphs" and written symbols. This is important in the history of communication because it marks the first time humans left a recorded form of communication. Also, these written symbols became the ultimate source of later alphabets.

Wikipedia, "Petroglyph."

12,600 BCE.

Cave paintings at Lascaux show early representational art. This is important in the history of communication because the caves depict over 2000 figures, including abstract symbols. More recent research suggests these may record astronomical information.

OURCE: Wikipedia, "Lascaux."

3400 BCE.

First surviving umerian pictograms demonstrate a primitive form of record keeping. This is important in the history of communication because pictograms, together with ideograms, represent a primitive form of writing, in which a symbol either means what it looks like, or represents a single idea.

OURCE: Wikipedia, "Pictogram."


St. Hubbins, David and Tufnel, Nigel. "Stonehenge." London: Polymer, 1984.

Thompson, Hunter S. Hell's Angels. New York: Modern Library,1966.