Hg Wells Essays (Examples)

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Perfection in Wells' the Time

Words: 887 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 41774633

The Time Traveller can only believe that the Eloi and Morlock's are what are left from the human race. His adventures with them bring him no hope for the future - at least in the sense that we would have reached perfection as a society. Bergonzi notes, "The image of the 'golden age' as it has presented itself to him on his arrival has been destroyed" (Bergonzi). We read that the traveler discovers an "altogether new element in the sickening quality of the Morlocks -- a something inhuman and malign" (Wells 68). Upon watching the Morlocks work, he must abandon his original notion that the Eloi were superior beings. Instead, they are inferior and clearly the Morlock's victims. Bergonzi states that the traveler's experience underground has "shattered his previous euphoria" (Bergonzi). His shattered dream serves as a warning for the rest of us as we soar into the future thinking that we will evolve into perfection.

Perfection is something that cannot be attained but surrendering to that premise only leads to further destruction. Kathryn Hume maintains that the Time Machine is a "social satire to justify our expecting a reasonably coherent warning" (Hume).

She also notes that the novel "explores…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Bernard Bergonzi, "The Time Machine: An Ironic Myth." GALE Resource Database. http://www.infotrac.galegroup.com Site Accessed April 04, 2008.

Kathryn Hume, "Eat or Be Eaten H.G. Wells's the Time Machine." GALE Resource Database. http://www.infotrac.galegroup.com Site Accessed April 04, 2008.

Wells, H.G. The Time Machine. Electronic Text Center, University of Virginia Library. http://etext.virginia.edu Site Accessed April 04, 2008.
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Friday Night Lights by HG Bissinger

Words: 723 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 51446260

Friday Night Lights

It's just a game, right? And everyone loves football? Combined with the recent media examples of parents who get a little bit too worked up about their children's sports, all of these factors might seem to indicate that the setting of H.G. Bissinger's modern sports classic Friday Night Lights is totally arbitrary. But the fact is, this story of the tragedies of a Texas high school football team couldn't happen just anywhere, in any town USA. Instead, Bissinger paints an impressive picture of a 1980's town in Texas where everything revolves around high school football. The town is economically and racially torn. The Panthers are largely white (with some exceptions) and the town, which was once prosperous, is now suffering a bust after a period of boom in the oil industry. People have lost everything they own, with no hopes of getting it back, thus the town's residents focus all of their energy and time upon the game of football and the young men who come to symbolize youth and living for the pleasures of today. People wait for days for game tickets to see, not ESPN superstars, but seventeen-year-old hometown heroes in uniforms of black and…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Bissinger, J.S. (2000) Friday Night Lights. New York: De Capo Press.
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War of the Worlds by

Words: 1710 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 64540793

Wells uses the idea of violence as a catalyst to explain human behavior and thinking. Violence seems the perfect solution throughout "The War of the Worlds" and regardless of how they look at the problem, both the Martians and people believe that by using violence they are probable to experience victory. However, when considering that the Martians' superior technology is not enough to provide them with the opportunity to be victorious, it appears that violence is not a solution in this case and that Wells wanted to raise public awareness concerning the risks that imperialist nations take by getting involved in environments they have a limited understanding of.

Works… [Read More]

Works cited:

Busch, Justin E.A., "The Utopian Vision of H.G. Wells," (McFarland, 2009)

Crossley, Robert, "H. G. Wells," (Wildside Press LLC, 1986)

Flynn, John L., "War of the Worlds: From Wells to Spielberg," (Galactic Books, 2005)

Wells, Herbert George, "The War of the Worlds - Literary Touchstone Classic," (Prestwick House Inc., 01.01.2006)
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War of the Worlds Was

Words: 989 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 82766252

It makes sense, then, that H.G. Wells once "said he would 'rather be called a journalist than an artist'" (Wells qtd. In McConnell 176). If the dangers of the twentieth century would come from the way unrestricted scientific advancement coupled with self-interest results in new, terrifying methods of industrialized slaughter, then the particular mode or perspective of the artist, as an opposed to the journalist, would be insufficient or irrelevant. In other words, if both the journalist and the artist seek truth, but the artist also seeks beauty, then the journalist is actually the one better suited for a world in which beauty has been overwhelmed by death and destruction on a scale and with a swiftness heretofore unimagined.

The narrator of The War of the Worlds reflects this shift, because he tells his story with as little artifice and characterization as possible, instead opting to describe the "death […] as incomprehensible as any death could be" (Wells 149). In adopting this tone, Wells essentially becomes a journalist of the future, describing to his audience, in as straightforward terms as possible, what he saw as the inevitable future of humanity should it continue on its current path. Wells essentially uses…… [Read More]

Works Cited

McConnell, Frank. "H. G. Wells: Utopia and Doomsday."Wilson Quarterly (1976-). 4.3 (1980):


Partington, John. "The Pen as Sword: George Orwell, H.G. Wells and Journalistic Parricide."

Journal of Contemporary History. 39.1 (2004): 45-56.
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War of the Worlds by

Words: 558 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 2802332

It is surely impressive to observe how Wells' theory can be applied in a series of cases, taking into account the numerous (apparently) powerful communities that attempted to conquer and persecute other cultures and eventually ended up suffering. Wells wanted people to understand that plans to conquer foreign cultures are likely to fail as long as the individuals interested in persecuting others are not interested in understanding the values of societies they are interested in integrating and as long as they are solely concerned in the material aspect of their actions.

Although "The War of the Worlds" appears to treat the matter of imperialism superficially (taking into account that individuals in the story do not interact with Martians and that the oppressors do not install puppet governments), the reality is that Wells provided readers with the ability to interpret his writings. The fact that he was writing during a period when imperialism was generally regarded as a positive enterprise might have played an important role in preventing him from putting across ideas that would directly criticize the business.

Most readers are likely to express sorrow as a result of reading about Martians wiping out entire communities of people. However, the…… [Read More]

Works cited:

Wells, H.G., "The War of the Worlds," (Arc Manor LLC, 30.05.2008)
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War of the Worlds by

Words: 557 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 64780630

By relating to how individuals were accustomed to using violence in order to put across their thinking ever since the beginning of time, Freud wanted Einstein and the whole world to understand that people were predisposed to using violence in spite of the fact that they lobbied with regard to how violence is wrong. Not only did Freud believe that people were prone to violence because of their barbaric nature, as he also believed that "killing an enemy satisfied an instinctual inclination" (Freud). It is practically as if Freud considered that people were even capable to kill someone as long as they believed that they would put an end to a serious threat by doing so.

Question 3

"The War of the Worlds" is meant to stand as an allegory for imperialism, taking into account that it describes aliens in a totalitarian way and emphasizes their ultimate defeat as their failure to understand the world they were trying to conquer. The fact that the philosophical concepts related to the imperialist era are very much similar to the ideas shown in the novel makes it possible for readers to understand that H.G. Wells wanted to address a larger context involving imperialist…… [Read More]

Works cited:

Freud, Sigmund, "Why War, response," Retrieved April 9, 2013, from the Scribd Website: http://www.scribd.com/doc/8267730/Why-War-Sigmund-Freud

Wells, H.G. "The War of the Worlds," (Arc Manor LLC, 30.05.2008)
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Utopia Dystopia Did Science Technology Bring

Words: 1581 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 96705534

Many of the advances of science in the area of technology are at best quite fearsome for human beings until they become accustomed with these functions and applications. One can only imagine how strange the creation and development of all of this must have been ten, or twenty years ago and even more so in the earlier 1900's as all of this began to fall into place in the multidisciplinary study setting. What must be understood in attempting to gain comprehension of the dystopian views are that these views balance the utopian views of life in that while there are extremist views of each, that each of these tend to soften or minimize the other and as well provide some cognitive form of what is in between these two extremes in the real world.… [Read More]

bibliography by Vincent Brome (1951), published by Spottiswoode, Ballantyne & Co.

Utopia Dystopia: Did Science/Technology Bring Us To A Better or Worse Perception of Our World
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Neo-Confucianism Is a Philosophy Which Was Born TEST1

Words: 2364 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: Array

While the winner gets a huge amount of money for supposedly being the strongest human, in fact, the strongest human is merely the one that uses the greatest amount of self-centered cunning and brute strength. If one is going to define humanity, especially in the post-Darwinian age, then it would seem that humanity, to be set apart, would depend on altruistic feelings and use of intelligence rather than selfish feelings and use of brute force alone. In this respect, there is little to separate the producers of TV reality shows from Dr. Moreau, and, by extension, little to separate the participants from the man-beasts. While it is certainly a cynical viewpoint, it would seem that those who participate in the reality shows might be assumed to be as dimly aware of their condition as the man-beasts after their reversion to the more animal state.

Graff compares Dr. Moreau to Mary Shelley's Dr. Frankenstein; both set about upsetting taboos concerning "hybridity, miscengeny and degeneration" (2001, p. 33+). Both are mechanistic in the extreme, viewing individuals as no more than a collection of animal parts to be reconstructed as a human of genius sees fit.

Graff notes that "Science has provided Moreau…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Bergonzi, Bernard. The Early H.G. Wells: A Study of the Scientific Romances. Manchester, Eng.: Manchester UP (1961).

Graff, Ann-Barbara. "Administrative Nihilism': Evolution, Ethics and Victorian Utopian Satire." Utopian Studies 12.2 (2001): 33+. Questia. 27 Sept. 2005 http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5001049071.

Hillegas, Mark. The Future as Nightmare: H.G. Wells and the Anti-Utopians. New York: Oxford UP (1967).

Sirabian, Robert. "The Conception of Science in Wells's the Invisible Man." Papers on Language & Literature 37.4 (2001): 382. Questia. 27 Sept. 2005 http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5000917120.
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Cultural Events From the Past

Words: 580 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 79790261

Why did the airing of HG Well's novel "War of the Worlds" on the radio cause so much panic? What would it take to cause that type of panic from a Hoax like "War of the Worlds" in this day and age? First and foremost, the 1.2 million U.S. radio listeners who panicked on Halloween night, 1938, were part of a new technology that had not yet developed to the point in which the majority could critically analyze what came over the airwaves. To those early listeners, espcecially those who tuned in after the caveat about entertainment, the realism and stage-play of Orson Welles' broadcast sounded so real, and so plausible, that they could not help but believe it -- after all, it sounded like a news broadcast (Radio: Anatomy of a Panic, 1940). People have become far more cynical, and with the advent of the fantastic special effects that are now regular parts of modern media, it is difficult to say what would or would not be believed. Certainly, rather than one radio broadcast, the perpetrators would need to have global media pick up an event, or at least start a hoax small enough that it would spiral into…… [Read More]

How did the new psychology influenced the birth of key movements in the arts: expressionism, dada, and surrealism? The so-called new psychology was really a product of the trends in enlightenment and focus on human actualization of the Age of Enlightenment forward. Freud, Jung and others began to legitimately peel away the layers of the conscious and unconscious allowing different forms of artistic expression to flow -- this happened in art, music, and literature in slightly different ways. Expressionism was an outgrowth of impressionism, which had its roots in the romantic movement, or the allowing of emotions and passions to rule what was being expressed. Dada and expressionism were somewhat reflections of the anti-rational mind -- a way to turn the classical world on its head and explore more of the unconscious mind.

Why did the airing of HG Well's novel "War of the Worlds" on the radio cause so much panic? What would it take to cause that type of panic from a Hoax like "War of the Worlds" in this day and age? First and foremost, the 1.2 million U.S. radio listeners who panicked on Halloween night, 1938, were part of a new technology that had not yet developed to the point in which the majority could critically analyze what came over the airwaves. To those early listeners, espcecially those who tuned in after the caveat about entertainment, the realism and stage-play of Orson Welles' broadcast sounded so real, and so plausible, that they could not help but believe it -- after all, it sounded like a news broadcast (Radio: Anatomy of a Panic, 1940). People have become far more cynical, and with the advent of the fantastic special effects that are now regular parts of modern media, it is difficult to say what would or would not be believed. Certainly, rather than one radio broadcast, the perpetrators would need to have global media pick up an event, or at least start a hoax small enough that it would spiral into the modern conscious as "real." This could be accomplished, say, with an ancient artifact proving the existence of an alien race; show footage of its discovery, validation by academics; then get comments from major governments and the Vatican and viola' - instant hoax.

What does George Orwell mean by saying in 1984 "Who controls the past controls the future. Who controls the present controls the past."? The past is another name for history -- he
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Frankenstein War of the Worlds

Words: 899 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 87874276

The rash, brash young soldier Claudio is betrothed to Hero, who adores him, but because of the male code of the military he has been raised to believe in, he tends to assume the worst of women rather than the best. On their wedding-day, he shames Hero unjustly, even though nothing in her manner indicates she has changed: "You seem to me as Dian in her orb, / as chaste as is the bud ere it be blown" (4.1). In this male-dominated society, where women are aliens and suspect, even the supposedly wise Don Pedro believes the slander at first: "Why, then are you no maiden" (4.1).

But mistrust and a refusal to sympathize with another are not limited to times of turmoil, or emotionally fraught relationships like marriage. Even the relationship of parent to child becomes perverted in Mary Shelley's Frankenstein. The scientist and doctor is so determined to create a new man, he does not think of the feelings of this creature he gives birth to, who comes to repulse him. Although he desires to be a kind of God and parent, Frankenstein lacks the real compassion of the creator for the monster. The monster teaches himself human…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Shakespeare, William. "Much Ado About Nothing." MIT Shakespeare Homepage.

11 Mar 2008.  http://shakespeare.mit.edu/much_ado/ 

Shelley, Mary. Frankenstein. Literature.org. 11 Mar 2008. http://www.literature.org/authors/shelley-mary/frankenstein/

Wells, H.G. The War of the Worlds. 1898. Web edition of the War of the Worlds.
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Technology and Society -- Science

Words: 1660 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 1853386

Allen is saying that all of the wonders of technology can never replace tow people connecting and trusting each other. I completely agree with these concepts and given Mr. Allen's wit and comedic sense, am thankful it was made. Finally any film made during a specific period of time can't help but reflect the values of society at the time. The open discussions about sexuality and sex make light of society's open and free attitudes about these areas of the human experience in 1973.

Why Sleeper is a Classic

Sleeper will always be a classic because it combines Mr. Allen's slapstick and vaudevillian comedic approaches while integrating his favorite music, which is jazz and ragtime. In addition the triumph of the human spirit and human emotions, as chaotic and mercurial as they can be, will always be superior to technology. The use of technology as a means to coerce and control others is evil, a point made in the film with comedic focus. This film could have easily been very dark and brooding, yet a message of hope for humans and the power of trust overcoming technology come shining through. For all these factors, Sleeper will always be a classic.…… [Read More]


George O'Har. "Technology and Its Discontents " Technology and Culture 45.2 (2004): 479-485.
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Music Art and Literature

Words: 1227 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 27483729

Music, Art, Literature Trends

From impressionism to pop art, jazz to hip hop, science fiction to beat poetry, artistic, musical, and literary expressions have varied considerably between 1870 and 2005. The period between the end of the nineteenth century to the current day can be generally described as the modern and postmodern eras. The beginning of the modern era, during the final decades of the nineteenth century, coincided with the Industrial Revolution. Along with fascination with modern technology and optimism for the future came simultaneous disillusionment. However, modern technological advancements have made such widespread creativity possible. Social and political trends have also influenced creative endeavors, and vice-versa. Art, music, and literature are more accessible and more possible to create than they ever were in the past. The modern era has been characterized by an overall flourishing of the expressive arts, but some trends have a more lasting significance than others. For instance, the most significant artistic trends that have occurred between 1870 and the present day include impressionism, cubism, abstraction, art deco, poster, and pop art. The most significant musical trends of the modern era include blues, jazz, rock and roll, electronica, and hip hop. Finally, the most significant literary…… [Read More]

Rock music became more than just a musical trend; it also characterized the rise of the teenage culture, symbolized rebellion, and influenced political and social attitudes. Furthermore, rock and roll remains a viable creative endeavor today, and is also internationally popular, which is why the trend is so important. Beyond rock and roll, electronic music and hip hop are recent significant musical trends. Electronic music has been around for decades, and reached a peak with the advent of the rave. Electronic music remains a vital force in the industry, and has also impacted the development of hip hop. Hip-hop is yet another musical trend that coincides with social and race-related realities in the United States. The genre is so important because it represents American urban culture.

Among the literary trends between 1870 and the present day, the most significant ones include post-colonialism, science fiction, beat poetry, and horror. Post-colonial literature such as the works of Joseph Conrad brought awareness to the problems associated with the colonialist mentality. Post-colonial fiction put a human face on the very real political, social, and economic issues of the modern world. Realism was a major literary method used by post-colonial authors, who depicted their worlds with stunning detail. With the modern fascination with technological advancements, science fiction became a highly significant literary trend to emerge during the twentieth century. Science fiction originated in the early twentieth century when Orson Welles' reading of H.G. Wells' novel the War of the Worlds shocked the nation into believing that aliens had indeed attacked the United States. Science fiction literature strongly influenced television and film, too, and is responsible for the popularity of both Star Trek and Star Wars. Related to but different from science fiction, fantasy writing also emerged during this time and gave rise to the writings of J.R.R. Tolkein, whose works recently spawned motion pictures.

Another significant literary trend to emerge during the middle of the twentieth century was beat poetry and beat literature. Beat poetry was completely free verse and free form, in sharp contrast to earlier, more structured forms. Moreover, beat poetry was far more abstract than previous works. Just as modern art was becoming more abstract and expressionist, so too was literature. Another key literary trend to emerge during the past century was horror fiction. While horror derives from earlier Gothic literature as well as from science fiction, the horror genre has had a huge impact on modern literary expression. Authors like Stephen King have become immensely famous by making people afraid, and his works as well as the works of countless other horror writers have impacted the plots and themes of films and television shows.
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Anthro On the Law Which Has Regulated

Words: 1543 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 69645300


"On the Law which has Regulated the Introduction of New Species" is a paper written in 1855 by the pioneering evolutionary biologist Alfred Russel Wallace. The article outlines a theory of evolution that predates Darwin's Origin of Species. In fact, Wallace's paper predated a letter that he wrote to Charles Darwin and which was a source of inspiration for the latter's work. Wallace wrote "On the Law which has Regulated the Introduction of New Species" in Sarawak, Borneo, but inside the article mentions the Galapagos Islands, where Darwin developed his theories. Islands may evolve peculiar variations of species due to their geographic isolation from continental masses. Wallace was well travelled and mentions a number of different geographic zones that are relevant to his research on biological evolution including zones in the Americas, Europe, and also Asia.

"On the Law which has Regulated the Introduction of New Species" discusses the interaction between geography and animals, between animals of different species, and between animals of the same species. The author points out that species traits and species survival are largely dependent on geographic conditions. "The present geographical distribution of life upon the earth must be the result of all the previous…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Wallace, Alfred Russel. "On the Law which has Regulated the Introduction of New Species" Retrieved online:  http://www.esp.org/books/wallace/law.pdf 

Wells, H.G. The Island of Dr. Moreau. 1986.
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Statistical Education

Words: 3401 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 72696851

Statistical education trains students in the science of collecting, displaying, analyzing and interpreting numerical data. It is often referred to as "the science of doing science."

Students come across statistical ideas in their daily lives. For example, a student may see statistics used in political polls, music charts and unemployment rates. Basic statistical education is important in helping students to make sense of the abundance of numerical information that is presented on a daily basis by the media. In particular, students need statistical education to help them recognize attempts to mislead them through statistical information and diagrams.

In schools, statistical education is primarily taught in mathematics, yet students use statistical ideas in other subjects, including science and economics. Therefore, teachers and researchers are constantly working towards improving statistically education, leading to a great deal of research in the field. This paper aims to examine existing research to determine how statistical education research can be improved in the future.


Statistical education has become an important part of curriculums in all levels of education. At both the undergraduate and graduate levels, statistical literacy is now a key objective in many classrooms. As a result, statistics is now being taught across various…… [Read More]


Batanero, C., Garfield, J.B., Ottaviani, M.G., & Truran, J. (2000). Research in statistics education: Some priority questions. SERN Newsletter 1 (2), with discussion in SERN Newsletter 2 (1) and 2(2).

Garfield, Joan. (2000). How Students Learn Statistics. The General College, University of Minnesota. International Statistical Review.

Harrington, Charles. (1999). Facilitating Student Engagement in the Introductory Business Statistics Course. University of Southern Indiana Press.

Hogg, R. (1991), "Statistical Education: Improvements are Badly Needed," The American Statistician, 45, 342-343.
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Structure and Texture in Ford's

Words: 10629 Length: 40 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 71661121

Ford's most accomplished novel, the Good Soldier, was published when he was forty-two. This famous work features a first person narrative and tells the story of two couples, the English Ashburnhams and the American Dowells. John Dowell is the narrator, through whom we learn of Florence and Edward Ashburnham's affair, which culminates in the suicide of the former, John's wife (Edward is the "good soldier" of the title.) it is through the rambling, textured narration of John that the author attempts to forge a literary corollary to actual thought - quite similar, actually, to the Impressionist painters' experiments with capturing nature on their canvases:

You may well ask why I write. And yet my reasons are quite many. For it is not unusual in human beings who have witnessed for the sack of a city or the falling to pieces of a people to desire to set down what they have witnessed for the benefit of unknown heirs or of generation infinitely remote; or, if you please, jut to get the sight out of their heads (Ford 1962).

Samuel Beckett would later deploy this literary technique in such works as Molloy, as well as J.M. Coetzee, in the Heart of…… [Read More]


Armstrong, Paul B. The Challenge of Bewilderment: Understanding and Representation in James, Conrad, and Ford. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1987.

Beckett, Samuel. Molloy. New York: Grove Press, 1994.

Bender, Todd K. Literary Impressionism in Jean Rhys, Ford Madox Ford, Joseph Conrad, and Charlotte Bronte. New York: Garland, 1997.

Brettell, Richard. Modern Art 1851-1929: Capitalism and Representation. Oxford:
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Ancient Rome What Exactly Is'so Very

Words: 2343 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 24130019

Ancient Rome

What exactly is so very fascinating and interesting about the struggle between the two very closely matched adversaries of Rome and Carthage is how very close Carthage came to victory and acclaim, despite being quite completely outnumbered on the scale of one to ten by the Romans. Even more interesting and impressive is the fact that all the most important engagements were actually fought on Italian soil, except for the last and final one, and as a matter of fact, Carthage was actually sending her own paid mercenaries to fight against some of the finest and bets trained and better equipped citizen soldiers in the entire world at the time, the army of Roman soldiers. Rome in fact desired to expand towards the South, whereas Carthage desired to expand towards the North and the most beautiful and exquisite Sicily was in the way. Finally, it was in the year 246 BC that the showdown between Rome and Carthage had to happen, and the quarrel or fight continued for more than an entire quarter of a century.

The 'fair and fertile' Sicily was virtually torn apart in this fighting, and gradually, over a period of time, Rome started to…… [Read More]


"Encyclopedia of the Orient, Hannibal" Retrieved From

 http://i-cias.com/e.o/hannibal.htm  Accessed 20 September, 2005

"Encyclopedia of the Orient, Punic Wars" Retrieved From

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Vanity and Unethical Action of a Human Being

Words: 1670 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 37592057

Tono-Bungay diverges from the author's more popular science fiction (Costa 89). Tono-Bungay is ripe with social commentary, and many literary critics have gone so far as to describe the novel as a "galvanic fictional chronicle of the intellectual and moral history of England at the close of the 19th century," (Costa 89). Indeed, Wells does capture prevailing trends in political, economic, and social thought, as well as currents in English history. A preoccupation with issues related to social class status and capitalism permeate the Edwardian novel. Although Wells deftly refrains from overtly didactic or pedantic moralizing, Tono-Bungay cannot be understood without reference to the author's message related to ethical egoism, vanity, and human behavior within a capitalist system.

One of the overarching themes of Tono-Bungay is upward social mobility, and the ethical tradeoffs taken to achieve a boost in social status. George's upward social mobility takes place on a weak foundation, but ironically, George describes his rise in power, wealth, and status slowly and over the course of almost half the novel. Tono-Bungay is divided into four books. The first book establishes the setting and theme of upward social mobility by describing George and the rest of the Penderovo family…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Costa, Richard Hauer. "H.G. Wells's Tono-Bungay: Review of New Studies." English Literature in Transition. Vol. 10, No. 2, 1967, pp. 89-96.

Dirda. Michael. "Revisiting H.G. Wells' Literary Masterpiece." Salon. 15 June, 2011. Retrieved online:  http://www.salon.com/2011/06/16/tono_bungay_hg_wells/ 

Liu, Sai-xiong. "On the Symbol Consumption of H.G. Wells' Tono-Bungay." Retrieved online: http://en.cnki.com.cn/Article_en/CJFDTOTAL-QQHD201106036.htm

Newell, Kenneth B. "The Structure of Wells's Tono-Bungay." English Literature in Transition. Vol. 4, No. 2, 1961, pp. 1-8.
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War of the Worlds' Influence

Words: 934 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 40726562

However, it is the cable technician and a lone previously un-promotable Air Force pilot, flying a recovered alien ship, and downloading a computer virus into the mother ship that spells the ultimate downfall of the aliens and saves mankind.

The War of the Worlds' Influence on Independence Day:

Anyone who has watched these two movies can draw immediate similarities. Both are built around the premise that aliens have come to invade Earth, yet, in the end, mankind survives. The most critical comparison of the two movies, faults Independence Day for figuratively stealing the ending from War of the Worlds. Of course in Independence Day the "virus" that kills of the aliens is electronic and not microbial, but the symbolism is simply too obvious.

Just as in War of the Worlds, Independence Day has the nations uniting under the common threat. No longer are national boundaries of relevance, when the fate of the world is at stake. All humankind forget their past differences and band together to fight the evil beings from space.

In addition, it appears that Independence Day echoes War of the Worlds participants' initial responses to the impending visitors. In both movies, at first there are people who…… [Read More]


Hunt, KC. Plot Summary for War of the Worlds (1953). 2004. Internet Movie Database.  http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0046534/plotsummary .

Molin, Gustaf. Plot Summary for Independence Day (1996). 2004. Internet Movie Database. November 9, 2004 http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0116629/plotsummary.

The War of the Worlds (1953 Movie). 24 Sept 2004. Wikipedia.org. November 9, 2004 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_War_of_the_Worlds_%281953_movie%29.

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Competing Views of Science

Words: 938 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 45391173

Invisible Man by H.G. Wells

Character Analysis: Griffin and Kemp

The science fiction novel written by H.G. Wells called the Invisible Man is written about a talented scientist who is something of a rogue researcher. He represents a person who believes more so in the scientific methods than in humanity. These character traits are fully illustrated throughout the plot as Griffin undertakes many questionable activities. When Griffin was studying at the University of London he had a colleague named Dr. Kemp who has roughly an equal intelligence, yet some quite different character traits. Kemp also has a vast appreciation for science and the scientific method but these interests are utilized in efforts to help humanity progress and not necessarily for personal gain. This analysis will compare and contrast how the two individuals could have vastly different outlooks on life despite the fact that they both fully embrace and appreciate the scientific method.


Griffin's character can be summarized most simply by his dedication and obsession to his research. In fact, he becomes so obsessed with his own research, that he hides he apparatus away from any potentially prying eyes. His primary concern regarding protecting his research seems to stem from…… [Read More]


Bowser, R. (2013). Visibility, Interiority, and Temporality in the Invisible Man. Studies in the Novel, 20-36.

Sirabian, R. (2001). The Conception of Science in Well's The Invisible Man. Papers on Language & Literature, 382-404.
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Fatwas of the Virtuous Vampire

Words: 1794 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 64136043

" After effectively damning her to a life as a vampire, Ibrahim, himself abused by the man who made him one of the undead, tries to 'make good' on his promise to himself to help Lina: "Despite the many shortcoming of Ibrahim's moral probity, he had known from the start that he would live his life as a vampire much the same way he had lived his life as a normal human -- trying to be good, even if he failed miserably most of the time." This is, Taylor suggests, not unlike that of a terrorist who rationalizes his conversion of another man (or woman) to the cause, that he is at least trying, and saving the new convert from a worse fate.

Taylor's extended metaphor of Islamic terrorism and fundamentalism and vampirism, of one life as an outsider in real life with life as an outsider in a science fiction scenario, forces the reader to uncomfortably identify with the mindset of the protagonist in a way that would be unbearable, if an actual terrorist were used as the main character. Taylor makes terrorism emotionally, if not intellectually comprehensible. This shows the great power of science fiction -- to take…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Ahmad, M.A. "Islam and Science Fiction: Islam SciFi Interview of Pamela Taylor."October

13 th, 2010.

Taylor, Patricia. "50 Fatwas of the Virtuous Vampire." November 1, 2010.
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Outsider Summary and Review Many of the

Words: 988 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 4422928

Outsider: Summary and Review

Many of the historical and literary nonfiction heroes and artists of Colin Wilson's study entitled The Outsider desired to fit into their respective societal contexts. They sought happiness and connection, even if ultimately they were, because of their great gifts, denied some of the rewards of ordinary, lived experience. But despite this, they were not ostracized from the true, healthy essence of life. Rather, Wilson argues, these individuals were far more connected to the ebb and flow of what truly makes human beings human, namely a positive and engaged relationship with the natural, physical, and moral world.

Thus, this 1956 British study makes it clear that for true individuals of far-reaching visions, while such a constant state of fitting in is neither possible nor desirable to truly actualize a visionary's state of ultimate happiness, this does not mean that such super humans are less human because of their artistic gifts. Rather, they are more fully human in their moments of historical, artistic, philosophical, and literary engagement. It is this fully engaged life that makes them seem like outsiders, because pessimism is such a great temptation for the human mind when living in a dark world --…… [Read More]

Work Cited

Wilson, Colin. The Outsider. 1956
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Door in the Wall Our Hero Is

Words: 1112 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 89706238

Door in the Wall" our hero is Lionel Wallace. His heroism lies in his ongoing fight with his childhood memories and the knowledge that there is an easier way. He perseveres in life even though he feels the tediousness of it. Wallace is a tragic hero. The tragedy is that he gave into the choice when he was too young to understand and now must fight it every second, with its impact making his life more unpleasant.

The story revolves around Wallace's encounter with a green door when he is at the age of five or six. He enters this door and finds an enchanted world. On leaving this world, the memory of it haunts him for the rest of his life. We see Wallace encounter the door again and again, each time not entering it for different reasons.

Inside the door is both a paradise and an escape, an escape from the real world. The heroic nature of Wallace is that he rejects this escape and chooses to live in the real world again. His first encounter describes just how enchanted this world was, describing his feelings in the garden as "exquisitely glad -- as only rare moments and…… [Read More]

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Ring of Gyges

Words: 1487 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 4223246

Ring of Gyges: A Retelling

Once upon a time, long ago, long before H.G. Wells penned his science fiction classic, The Invisible Man, long before Tolkien created his epic saga of the one ring that would rule them all, there lived a shepherd by the name of Gyges. Now, this Gyges was a humble man in the service of a king, a mere shepherd whose only desire was to tend his flock and live peacefully. But one day, while tending his sheep and their lambs, Gyges' world was shaken by a great storm that opened up a huge crack in the earth.

Curious as to what lurked in the bowels of the earth, Gyges descended and found a hollow bronze horse with doors on its side. Inside the tomb of a horse was a naked body with a gold ring. Gyges was not wealthy, so he took the ring and put it on his finger. He thought little of it, until he was meeting with other shepherds and discussing the monthly report to be sent regarding the health and stocks of the flocks to the King of Lydia. Out of boredom, he absently turned the ring to the palm of…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Plato. "The Republic." Book II. Translated by Benjamin Jowitt.www.plato.Evansville.edu

Soll, Ivan. "Plato." World Book Online Reference Center. 2004. World Book, Inc. 27 Nov. 2004. .
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David Herbert Lawrence Was Born

Words: 2410 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 56399847

At the end of the poem the line "and dreaming with strange whale eyes wide open in the waters of the beginning and the end" gives us a clue to the answer to this question. These whales with eyes wide open see reality. The meaning is that in our evolution we have closed our eyes on reality and in doing so have rejected passion.

The whole poem is written in a rhythmic pattern with calming language that also suggests a higher power. The result is that the reader begins to long for this enchanting life of the whale. While the poem raises questions in its content, it also allows the reader to experience the longing that Lawrence feels.

The Mystic Blue

The Mystic Blue is a poem about death and was written while Lawrence was grieving the loss of his mother. The poem has a staggered quality to it, reflected in it you can see that the mind of the poet is not quite right. Consider the line, "to sight, revealing a secret, numberless secrets keeping." The double use of the word secret and the combination of words makes it appear awkward. While at first, this poem may seem like…… [Read More]


Boulton, James. T. Letters I: The Letters of DH Lawrence. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1979.

Boulton, James. T., Zytaruk, George. J. Letters II: The Letters of DH Lawrence. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1982.

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. "DH Lawrence." New York: Columbia University Press, 2001. http://www.bartleby.com/65/la/LawrencDH.html

Sagar, Keith. Life into Art. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1985.
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Popular Culture in His The

Words: 1040 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 14234297

Regarding the movie as a meta text we understand that the man incarnates the creator par excellence.

The fact that man's creation rebels against him and destroys him is a very intriguing social and political statement. On the one hand we could interpret this metaphor as man's fundamental incapacity of creating something really important. The researcher not only did not improve his machine, but lost his life in the process. His goal was beyond common sense, romantic and idealistic and the denouement of the story demonstrates that whenever man abandons reason he is most likely to have a tragic ending. Naturally, the woman, who has a passive role, is in a certain way responsible for the dramatic denouement. This is a patriarchal perspective upon society and the meaning of the individual in the social web (constructed in strict relation to his or her gender). Man fails to be a true creator, instead he stand a chance at technological reproduction. The biological reproduction however is the one which wins over the technological one through the death of the researcher and the possibility for the woman to be pregnant.

More or less the same considerations can be drawn from Wells' book. If…… [Read More]


Wells, H.G. The island of Doctor Moreau, NY: Bartleby, 2000

The fly (directed by David Cronenberg), 1986
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History of the Future Strathern

Words: 3036 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 34895497

This became an age in which visionary thinkers said, "see, we told you so," and were able to garner additional support from not only the activist type, but the regular citizen.

Talking Points

Malthusian dynamics (overpopulation and resource allocation) became a focus of futurists. Marshall McLuhan, for one, combined futuristic predictions with analysis of global media and advertising trends.

Noam Chomsky was revolutionizing the idea of linguistics as a way to view our innate cultural mechanisms.

Science fiction writers like Clarke, Asimov, and Lem pushed the boundaries of science as far as possible -- insisting that the reader ask very difficult questions about what it truly means to be human, what it truly means to have conservatorship of a planet, and whether or not we have the wisdom to maintain life on earth as we know it.

Chapter 6 -- Fast Forward

Arthur C. Clarke made an interesting remark about interaction with alien technology. He noted that "any sufficiently advanced technology is indistinguishable from magic." This rather defines a group of advanced futurists in the 1960s through the 1980s who, like Clarke, saw the future as one in which humans would move away from Mother Earth and begin to explore…… [Read More]

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Silent Planet Report Was Looking

Words: 1334 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 62792240

The intent or purpose of this book was originally intended to be a science fiction written to meet a bet, but it ended up being the first book in a trilogy with the theme of describing how pitiful human beings are and how far from our original purpose on the earth - that is to tend it and make it plentiful, and to care for one another. C.S. Lewis was a Christian and this Christian theme permeates all of his novels. The theme of the book is that earth is seen by inhabitants of another planet as being valuable, but the humans are a problem when they think of inhabiting our planet. Oyarsa may be an angel and seems to care for the earth and sends Ransom back with a mission to make the earth better. This theme of bettering the planet Earth is the main one, plus Lewis has a chance to compare the pitiful characteristics of selfish, greedy humans with the more idealistic characters that Ransom meets on Malacandra. In addition, Lewis has the inhabitants of Malacandra agreeing to follow one leader in order to save their planet, in contrast with earthlings, who would rather fight each other…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Lewis, C.S. Out of the Silent Planet. New York: Scribner. 1 Jun 1996.
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Eugenics David Silver's the Virtual

Words: 1171 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 36792805

Genetic screening will generate more prejudice against the invalid, the disabled, and the poor and a permanent genetic as well as social and economic class will be created.

This will fundamentally change the relationship between parents and children, as children will feel responsible for their creation as entire selves from their parents. The parents of children will not simply be the alpha, the beginnings of their children, but also the omega, or end of their child's existence, as they attempt to determine where their children will end up in life, how intelligent their children will become, even what they will look like as adults as well as children, their future careers, and their future hobbies and desires.

How different, one might be tempted to ask, is this today, when more and more children are receiving plastic surgery at younger and younger ages? This desire might originate from the child as well as from the parents, but when the cultural pressure upon perfection is so great, it is hard to see this as a true choice. Even simple environmental influences such as diet affect an individuals' cognitive development. A child raised in the dust of the urban projects might have asthma,…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Silver, Lee. "The Virtual Child." From Writing from Sources. Sixth Edition. Edited by Brenda Spatt.
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Che Guevara Ernesto Che Guevara

Words: 3453 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 71263674

Hence, the model of preparation applies to Guevara's situation and choices perfectly because all of the prior knowledge and experience he had through his medical visits across Latin America motivated him to be absolutely prepared for a long battle, hence he not only stayed in the area where he could learn the most, he associated with people who had been pursuing the same goal longer then him and knew more about the things that he wanted to be aware of .

Domain knowledge that Guevara gained by staying in Guatemala and preparing was also of significant importance to sharpen the technical skills he needed to possess to succeed. Two of the most important aspects that Guevara aimed to gain through the domain knowledge were:

To familiarize himself with the rules with which a revolution or change within different societies operates in differing environments and the practical wisdom to compete in and change the negative aspects of the chosen environment; and Prior experience and knowledge of how revolutions succeed is high.

Another aspect that is very visible in Guevara's approach, particularly his military strategies is the aspect of experimentation. Experimentation, pertinent to the circumstances that Guevara underwent, can be referred to…… [Read More]


Anthony DePalma. The Man Who Invented Fidel: Castro, Cuba, and Herbert L. Matthews of the New York Times. New York: Public Affairs, 2006.

Barron, F. And Harrington, D.M. "Creativity, intelligence, and personality," Annual Review of Psychology, 1981, 32: 439-476.

Che Guevara. "Colonialism is Doomed" speech to the 19th General Assembly of the United Nations in New York City, 1964.

Csikszentmihalyi, M. Creativity: Flow and the psychology of discovery and invention. New York, NY: HarperCollins, 1996.
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Social Democracy Pamphleteering Has a

Words: 1968 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 27797329

Northrop Frye recognized this fact but believed that the satire missed its mark:

It completely misses the point as satire on the Russian development of Marxism, and as expressing the disillusionment which many men of good-will feel about Russia. The reason for that disillusionment would be much better expressed as the corruption of expediency by principle (Frye 1987, p. 10).

What links 1984 and Animal Farm most directly is that both are anti-utopian in nature, for Orwell had developed a certainty that government in a utopian society would always be corrupted and would lose sight of its principles because of expediency.

Animal Farm was written during World War II. There is evidence that he was planning a novel that would become 1984 even before he wrote Animal Farm, and there is a relationship between the two books that is not often noted:

The form each book took was very different, but there was an intellectual continuity between the story of the revolution betrayed and the story of the betrayers, power-hungry in each case, perpetuating themselves in power for ever (Crick 1986, p. 54).

In the 1947 preface to Animal Farm Orwell explained his purpose in writing it as fulfilling the…… [Read More]


Brander, L. (1954). George Orwell. New York: Longmans, Green and Co.

Crick, B. (1986). The making of Animal Farm. In Critical Essays on George Orwell, B. Oldsey and J. Browne (eds.). Boston: G.K. Hall.

Frye, N. (1987). In George Orwell, H. Bloom (ed.). New York: Chelsea House.

Green, T.H. (1995). Liberal legislation and freedom of contract. In Sources of the Western Tradition, M. Perry, J.R. Peden, and T.H. Von Laue (eds.). Boston: Houghton Mifflin.
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Magic Bullet Theory

Words: 3545 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 74196382

magic bullet theory" -- sometimes called the hypodermic needle theory -- holds that when recipients of broadcasted information are separated from one another they are extremely susceptible to the messages that they are receiving; theses messages can drastically influence their opinions as well as their perceptions of reality. "Agenda setting scholars corroborate the fact that our dependence on the media for news and information has shaped and reinforced our perceptions of the world around us. The mass media continue to set the news agenda for dominant events, issues and policies that subsequently become popular in our social discourse."

It is a theory regarding the nature by which information influences its receivers and is generally only accurate under a specific set of circumstances. Overall, the magic bullet theory cannot be utilized as a comprehensive model for the mass media because it ignores a number of characteristics inherent to human nature. The term itself actually originates from the middle of the nineteenth century, and generally refers to medical treatments:

"Historically, and particularly in the 19th Century, a medical cure in the form of a pill or injection has been referred to as a 'Magic Bullet.' This usage derives from an imperfect knowledge…… [Read More]


1. Alozie, Emmanuel C. (2003). Global Media Journal, volume 2, issue 5.

2. Ayeni, Dr. Olugbenga Christopher. "ABC, CNN, CBS, FOX, and NBC on the Frontlines." Global Media Journal.

3. Gehman, Gary L. (1999). "About Magic Bullet Communications." Magic Bullet Communications, Oct. 10.

4. Holtzman, Linda. (2000). Media Messages. New York: M.E. Sharp.
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Verne Biography Works Style Critics

Words: 4902 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 58634516

His son, Michael, oversaw the final stages of publication, after his death, of Verne's last written story the Lighthouse at the End of the World.


Of course, Jules Verne was and remains one of the most well-known writers of fiction in the modern age. Although he was doubtlessly a gifted writer, and used a handful of literary mechanisms that were relatively innovative for his time, his enduring appeal as an author remains the fantastical subject matter of his stories. In this way, far more than any other writer from his age, Verne was a visionary. Though he failed to completely alter the primary literary conventions of the nineteenth century, he was instrumental in the invention of what has come to be the science fiction genre. Furthermore, his tales have revealed a level of foresight and scientific foresight that may never be equaled in literature.

Among his most significant works, and clearly one of the most accurate depictions of emerging scientific technology, was his Around the World in Eighty Days. Yet of course, this was not the first time that Verne had experimented with the motif of the hot air balloon. In the tale…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Angenot, Marc. "Jules Vern and French Literary Criticism." Science Fiction Studies, I, number 1, Spring 1973.

Butcher, William. "Jules Verne: A Reappraisal." 2006. Available:


Butcher, William. Verne's Journey to the Center of the Self. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1990.
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Exterminate All the Brutes the

Words: 2006 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 38117430

European entry into Africa is associated with explorers and missionaries. These were people that aimed to improve Africa and the Native groups living in it. However, the reason that the missionaries and explorers set foot as the first group in Africa was to introduce the very deceitful idea that Europe was interested in making life better for these people who knew nothing of civilization. The politics that later set in from the late eighteenth century going forward, clearly expose the foundations of genocide in this continent that was before that full of culture and life. Of importance to note is that the extermination policy first affected the Africans and other Peoples inferior to Europe. However, this same ideology that made Europe bask in the pride of its superiority later culminated to their own Holocaust. Lindqvist powerfully reckons with the past and offers enormous contribution to colonial African Literature as well as the genocide practiced by Europe.

In conclusion, Lindqvist writes beautifully and in the process integrates literary criticism, history of culture as well as travel writing with a basic voice that determines to expose social injustice. The dark history of Europe in Africa is successfully brought out and modern continuous…… [Read More]


Goodison, Carnille. "Exterminate all the brutes," Monthly Review; an Independent Socialist Magazine 48, no. 8 (1997): 45.

Lindqvist, Sven. "Exterminate All the Brutes": One Man's Odyssey into the Heart of Darkness and Origins of European Genocide. New York: The New Press, 1992.

Smolensky, Ira. "Exterminate all the brutes," Magill Book Reviews. (1997).

Stuttaford, Genevieve. "Forecasts: Non-Fiction," Publishers Weekly 243, no. 5 (1996): 90.
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Tail Economics Book Analysis The Long Tail

Words: 10616 Length: 33 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 74160846

Tail Economics

Book Analysis: The long tail. How endless choice is creating unlimited demand

In the past, economics' was dominated by vendors that sold a large quantity of only one or two items. The Internet has changed the shape of product offerings. The new economic model, first made popular by Chris Anderson in an article published in Wired magazine, examines the new economic model. This model is based on each vendor selling a large number of unique items, but only small quantities of each. As a result, the vendor sells fewer of the more popular items in large quantities. Amazon and Netflix are two of the best examples of companies that are applying this new business model. Chris Anderson explains his concept in the book: The Long Tail: Why the Future of Business is Selling Less of More. Chris Anderson is the Editor-in-Chief of Wired Magazine. The long tail economy is his most famous work to date. This research will examine this new theoretical model and compare it to traditional theoretic economic models.

The Union of Communication and Economic Theory

Why the Need For a New Model?

The first thing that one might ask is why the need to develop…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Anderson, Chris. The long tail. How endless choice is creating unlimited demand. Random House Business Books. 2006.

Anderson, Chris. The Long Tail. Wired Blog Network. December 9, 2009.

http://www.thelongtail.com/ > Accessed 24 October 2011.

Anderson, Chris. "The Long Tail" Wired, October 2004. <
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War of the Worlds Is

Words: 874 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 34243282

When the author got home to his village, no one believed him, but within a day the military was proceeding to the spot where the martians had landed in the Southwestern suburbs of London.

The second cylinder fell on Sunday, a day later, on the Byfleet Golf Links. The next night another cylinder fell on the fields near Addlestone. By then the inhabitants for miles around had panicked and fled, and the army moved in, though most of the soldiers were ignorant of what they were fighting. From each cylinder, in one day the martians constructed huge mechanical tripods with robot-like arms which rushed across the countryside. They burned the village of Woking, wrecked the trains, killed people and wiped out the army (Wells 78). A soldier described them as "giants in armour....Hundred feet high. Three legs and a body like 'luminium, with a mighty great head in a hood...."

After wreaking havoc with the village, the people and the countryside, the martian monsters were turned back by the guns and rockets of the military coming from London. The martian rockets arriving "every twenty-four hours brought them reinforcement," bringing more martians, about five per cylinder (Wells 102). The British military…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Encyclopedia of World Biography. "Herbert George Wells," 2005-6. Thomson Gale.

Paramount. War of the Worlds Website. 2008.  http://www.war-of-the-worlds.org/Radio/ .

Wells, H.G. War of the Worlds. London: Tor Classic Mass Market Paperback. 1898.
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World War II in the Context of History and Modern Warfare

Words: 1450 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 57416332

World War II in the Context of History and Modern Warfare

The 20th Century was simultaneously a Century of exceptional advancement and unsurpassed violence. Why was this a Century of incomparable violence? The quick answer is that we, as a human race, used many of our advancements to become far more efficient killers; where advancements of prior centuries allowed armies to kill tens of thousands, the advancements of the 20th Century enabled armies to kill tens of millions. The longer answer involves military technological revolutions, military inventions used in World War II, business methods that drastically increased war production, the transformation of national wealth to effective fighting power, and the conversion of civilian moral energies into the will to win. Keegan, Overy, Ferguson and Weinberg, in turn, either support those conclusions or, at the very least, do not deny them.


a. The Four Military Technological Revolutions

Knox and Williamson point to four military technological revolutions to date, each building on the developments of the prior military revolution. The first military technological revolution, occurring in the 17th Century, was dominated by the French, who made tactical, organizational, naval and general military reforms.[footnoteRef:1] The first military revolution also saw tactical reforms…… [Read More]

The First World War also resulted in vastly improved infrastructure. Marshall speaks of sophisticated transportation systems moved personnel and supplies in volume and speed that were unknown merely decades earlier.[footnoteRef:27] Keegan, Ferguson, Overy and Weinberg do not dwell on these transportation developments during World War I but Keegan, Overy and Weinberg speak of their extensive use by both the Allies[footnoteRef:28] and the Germans[footnoteRef:29] during World War II. [27 S.L.A. Marshall, World War I (New York, NY: Mariner Books, 2001), p. viii.] [28: Keegan, p. 100; Overy, p. 53; Weinberg, p. 116.] [29: Keegan, p. 116; Overy, p. 49; Weinberg, p. 143.]

For example, in approximately 2 weeks in August, 1914, French railway system was so sophisticated and efficient that it transported more than 3,700,000 troops and the Germans transported approximately 2,000,000 well-armed troops through their railway system in even less time.[footnoteRef:30] [30: Marshall, p. viii.]

Marshall also asserts that the enormity of this first "World War" required the construction of factories and training of manpower in the technical requirements for manufacturing arms and ammunition, tied intimately to technology but also requiring vastly improved efficiency in living accommodations and all the accoutrements, connections and transportation. For one example, as Essen, the Germans built the Krupp works, consisting of a city-within-a-city of 41,000 workers for the construction of heavy weapons and having its own streets, police force, fire department and traffic regulations.[footnoteRef:31] Marshall provides another example in Woolwich, England, in which one factory and all required materiel and workers were transported and assembled to churn out 30,000 rounds of ammunition each month and transport them.[footnoteRef:32] Weinberg also mentions the importance of the United States' manufacture of munitions during World War I.[footnoteRef:33] Keegan, Ferguson and Overy do not mention munitions factory developments through World War I but assert that the importance of such factories was recognized from the very early stages of World War II.[footnoteRef:34] Marshall also speaks of extensive railways built to transport forces, arms, supplies and artillery. One example is the construction of five new narrow-gauge railway lines across the Fifth Army's operation zone in the Verdun to transport weapons and ammunition to their positions.[footnoteRef:35] Keegan, Ferguson, Overy and Weinberg all speak of the importance of railways for both the Germans and the Allies.[footnoteRef:36] Necessity being the Mother of Invention, the necessities of a first World War led to markedly improved developments,
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Treatment Representation of Women or Children in Nineteenth Century Victorian Literature

Words: 3472 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 95230579

Victorian literature was remarkably concerned with the idea of childhood, but to a large degree we must understand the Victorian concept of childhood and youth as being, in some way, a revisionary response to the early nineteenth century Romantic conception. Here we must, to a certain degree, accept Harold Bloom's thesis that Victorian poetry represents a revisionary response to the revolutionary aesthetic of Romanticism, and particularly that of Wordsworth. The simplest way to summarize the Wordsworthian child is to recall that well-known line from a short lyric (which would be appended as epigraph to later printings of Wordsworth's "Ode: Intimations of Immortality, from Recollections of Early Childhood") -- "the child is father of the man." Here, self-definition in adulthood, and indeed the poetic vocation, are founded in the perceived imaginative freedom of childhood.

Thou little Child, yet glorious in the might

Of heaven-born freedom on thy being's height,

Why with such earnest pains dost thou provoke

The years to bring the inevitable yoke,

Thus blindly with thy blessedness at strife?

Full soon thy Soul shall have her earthly freight,

And custom lie upon thee with a weight,

Heavy as frost, and deep almost as life! (Wordsworth, "Ode")

To a certain…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Arnold, Matthew. "The Forsaken Merman." Web. Accessed 15 April 2012 at:  http://www.bartleby.com/101/747.html 

Arnold, Matthew. "William Wordsworth." In Steeves, H.R. (ed.) Selected Poems of William Wordsworth, with Matthew Arnold's Essay on Wordsworth. New York: Harcourt Brace, 1921. Print.

Arnold, Matthew. "Youth's Agitations." Web. Accessed 15 April 2012 at: http://www.readbookonline.net/readOnLine/12118/

Bloom, Harold. "Introduction." In Bloom, Harold (ed.). Bloom's Major Poets: A.E. Housman. New York: Chelsea House, 2003. Print.
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Hellp Syndrome Records Show That

Words: 1965 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 49995775

The dexamethasone group showed meaningful improvements in several variables. After 48 hours, the women who received dexamethasone has a significantly reduced mean arterial pressure at 115 mm Hg v 94 m Hg, P < 0.05 and mean asparatate aminotransferase level at 100 IU/1 v 50 IU/1; P < 0.05. Their urine output also improved at 60 ml/h v 40 ml/h; P < 0.05 and a mean platelet count at 115-000 v 70 000; P < 0.05. The researchers concluded that their findings supported a high dose corticosteroid treatment of women with the HELLP syndrome. Although three control patients showed infectious complications, there were no statistically significant differences in morbidity.

As part of nursing and medical management, dexamethasone is often given to women with this condition and are between 24 and 34 weeks' gestation at risk of pre-term delivery to accelerate the maturation of fetal lungs (Matchaba and Moodley 2005). While the HELLP Syndrome is an uncommon disorder, it happens frequently enough to warrant preparation and the start of proper management. Dexamethasone is cheap and available almost universally. And although the studies are comparatively small, the findings illustrate a clear benefit if corticosteroids are started early. Fetal complications, such as growth…… [Read More]


Campbell, S. (2005). Preeclampsia Sufferers at Great Risk of HELLP Syndrome During Pregnancy. The North Scott Press. http://www.zwire.com/site/news.cfm?BRD=1839&deptAdviwarePtyLtd200/July_id_1104088newsid=13913304&PAG=461&rfi=9

Chen, P., reviewer (2004). HELLP Syndrome. University of Maryland Medical Center. http://www.umm.edu/pregnancy/specialcare/articles/hellp.html

2004). HELLP Syndrome. Medline Plus. U.S. National Library of Medicine, the U.S. National Institutes of Health and the Department of Health and Human Sciences. http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/00089.htm

Clenney, TL. And Vierra AJ. (2004). Costicosteroids for HELLP Syndrome, a clinical review, 329:270-272 (31 July), doi: 10.1136/bmj.329.7460.270. BMJ Publishing Group Ltd. http://bmjjournals.com/cgi/content/full/329/7468/270
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Global Business Strategy for a

Words: 3537 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 6776907

Exporting apparel to France would reveal a slightly similar difference. As integrant part of the European Union, France has removed numerous financial barriers in relationship to other EU member states. It has however intensified its barriers relative to product quality and sanitary standards. In terms of the direct relationship between France and the United States, this is generally a positive one, revealing mutual gains and lack of controversy. Efforts are currently being made to reduce the trade barriers between the United States and the EU as a whole (Buy USA, 2009).

4.2. Franchising

A franchising entry strategy would reveal numerous benefits for Miana Fashion, such as reduced risks and shared responsibilities, but would also imply shared financial results. In France nevertheless, such a strategy would stand increased chances of success, supported by all political, economic, cultural and legal backgrounds. France is the leading franchising country of the European Union, with no less than 750 brands operated through 34,000 franchisees, which make for annual revenues of 33 billion euros (Franchise Selection, 2008). The lawmakers and communities support this entry strategy as it constitutes a major component in France's economic backbone. In China however, the sector remains ambiguous. Franchising opportunities are welcomed…… [Read More]


Dickson, D.M., August 13, 2009, Trade Panel Hits China's Import Barriers, Washington Times

Hugh, E., 2009, Global Manufacturing: France Outperforms while Spain Continues to Flounder, Seeking Alpha,  http://seekingalpha.com/article/170859-global-manufacturing-france-outperforms-while-spain-continues-to-flounder  last accessed on December 7, 2009

Pinto, J., 2009, Global Manufacturing -- The China Challenge, Automation, http://www.automation.com/resources-tools/articles-white-papers/articles-by-jim-pinto/global-manufacturing-150-the-china-challenge last accessed on December 7, 2009

2008, China Real Estate Market Faces Slump, NuWire Investor, http://www.nuwireinvestor.com/articles/looming-housing-slump-in-china-52103.aspx last accessed on November 26, 2009
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Counselling Marijuana Cocaine Heroin Ecstasy

Words: 1778 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 45679051

They are the ones who handle jobs that require expertise. Their job itself is difficult that not everybody can accept the responsibility. With this continuously growing number of addicts and/or substance-abused people, indeed, we need to have more and more credible substance abuse counselors to somehow alleviate this problem.… [Read More]


Block RI, Ghoneim. MM 1993. Effects of chronic marijuana use on human cognition. Psychopharmacology 100(1-2):219-228,

Brook JS, Balka EB, Whiteman M. 1999.: The risks for late adolescence of early adolescent marijuana use. Am J. Public Health 89(10):1549-1554

Fisher. Gary, Harrison, T. 2004. Substance Abuse: Information for School Counselors, Social Workers, Therapists, and Counselors (3rd Edition). Allyn and Bacon.

Gruber, AJ, Pope HG, Hudson HI, Yurgelun-Todd D. 2003. Attributes of long-term heavy cannabis users: A case control study. Psychological Medicine 33:1415-1422.
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Differential Diagnosis for Mrs Patrick and Give

Words: 1406 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 14912947

differential diagnosis for Mrs. Patrick and give the most likely probable diagnosis.

A review of the case reveals that Mrs. Patrick could be suffering from Fibroblastic rheumatism, Rheumatoid Arthritis, Sarcoid arthropathy, Acute viral polyarthritis or Rheumatoid Arthritis.

Fibroblastic rheumatism is noted by Chkirate and Job-Deslandre (2001) to be a very rare disease of an unknown etiology. It however shares certain features of arthritis, nodules as well as arthraglia. The disease causes flexion contractures in most of the patients, a symptom which Mrs. Patrick lacks. In half the cases, thickened palmar fascia is presented.

Sarcoid artropathy

This is a chronic arthritis in the sarcoidosis and it may be polyarticular or oligoarticular. In most cases, it presents itself similarly to RA.In most cases it affects knees, hands, ankles and wrists as well as interphalangeal joints and metacarpophalangeal. It is also normally associated with parenchymal pulmonary disease.It is distinguished from Rheumatoid Arthritis by:

The elevated concentration of angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) in the serum

Chest radiography may show elements of sarcoidosis.

Acute arthritis pattern together with Lofgren's syndrome in the patients is never observed in RA cases.

Acute viral polyarthritis

This may be caused by a wide rage of viruses such a rubella…… [Read More]


Gorsche, R (2001).Carpal Tunnel Syndrome. The Canadian Journal of CME

Rindfleisch JA, Muller D. (2005).Diagnosis and management of rheumatoid arthritis.

Am Fam Physician. 2005 Sep 15;72(6):1037-47.

Smith CA, Woolf AD, Lenci M.(1987)Parvoviruses: infections and arthropathies. Rheum Dis Clin North Am. 1987 Aug;13(2):249-63.
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New Pattern of Integration Through Governmental Coordination European

Words: 7020 Length: 22 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 96921841

New Pattern of Integration Through Governmental Coordination: European Perspective

The beginning of the European Union was with the coalition of six nations (namely France, Germany, Italia, Belgium, Holland, and Luxembourg) who entered into a treaty back in the year 1951 to determine the ECU Coal and Steel Community. The next signed treaty was in the year 1957 to determine the ECU Economic Community. The Coal and Steel Community were also built with a firmer incentive to improve political stance as oppoed to the economic goals: to attain a peace settlement mainly between the countries of France and Germany. The treaty creating the ECU Economic Community was more motivated towards the achievement of the economic objectives, on the other hand, but had strong political stance as well. It basically aimed to determine a typical or single market by which goods, capital, services, amongst other things could move freely inside the European Community. Additionally, the treaty also aimed to attain "ever closer union" between all of the member states and the masses from within the European Community (Wim Kok, 2004).

To be able to exceed a customs union and go ahead and take steps essentially to eradicate nontariff, behind-the-border obstacles towards the…… [Read More]


Begg, Iain et al., 2001, Social Exclusion and Social Protection in the European Union: Policy Issues and Proposals for the Future Role of the EU, South Bank University Working Paper, http://www.sbu.ac.uk/euroinst/policyreport.pdf

Ben-Gera, M. (2009). Coordination at the centre of government for better policy making. Conference Paper for Conference on Public Administration Reform and European Integration. SIGMA.

Biagi, Marco, 2000: -- The Impact of European Employement Strategy on the Role of Labour Law and Industrial Relations --, International Journal of Comparative Labour Law and Industrial Relations, vol. 16, No. 2, Summer 2000, 155-73

Browne, Matthew, 2003: -- La methode ouverte de coordination et la Strategie europeenne pour l'emploi: Modele ou faux-semblant ? -- in Renaud Dehousse (ed.), L'Europe sans Bruxelles ? (forthcoming)
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Drug Treatment of Metaboilic Syndrome

Words: 2046 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 37625321

Patient and family education is essential especially with regards to eating habits. The patients should avoid excess fat in their diet as it contributes to high chances of contracting the disease (Bolen et al. 2010). The drug has, however, remained on the market in the U.S. The drug has been removed from European markets due to escalating concerns regarding safety. Obesity has considerable contribution to the number of preventable deaths in the United States. In essence, obesity is a condition whereby the affected being has a body mass index (BMI) that exceeds 30. Apparently, BMI refers to the measure of a person's body relative to his or her height (Bolen et al. 2010).

The United States and several other economies of the world spend hefty sums of money in their budget estimates towards treatment and general containment of obesity, hypertension, diabetes II and other causes of preventable deaths. Americans have spent billions of dollars towards research and development (Carter et al. 2012). The outcome of it has been the discovery of various drugs that could be used towards prevention and obesity treatment. According to researchers and health care pundits, the American society and other societies of the world feature abundant…… [Read More]


Aronson, J.K. (2011). Side effects of drugs annual: A worldwide yearly survey of new data in adverse drug reactions. Amsterdam: Elsevier.

Bolen, S., Clark, J., Richards, T., Shore, a., Goodwin, S., & Weiner, J. (2010). Trends in and patterns of obesity reduction medication use in an insured cohort. Obesity (Silver Spring,

Md.), 18(1), 206-209.

Carter, R., Mouralidarane, a., Ray, S., Soeda, J., & Oben, J. (2012). Recent advancements in drug treatment of obesity. Clinical Medicine, 12(5), 456-460.
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Homer Herodotus and the Coverage of the

Words: 692 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 4684760

Homer, Herodotus, and the coverage of the Iraqi war reveal a great deal about the gradual loss of mythology in modern Western culture. Herodotus' recording of history was the first movement towards the end of oral mythology, and marked the beginning of a move toward modern methods of recording history. Today, the immediacy of modern media's telling of the war in Iraq further eliminates the possibility for the development of mythology in our culture. Immediacy destroys the potential for event to turn into mythology, by removing the need for stories to be told and retold, thus leading to embellishment and the ultimate creation of mythology from fact.

Herodotus was the world's first known historian. In recording written history, he broke from the long tradition of oral storytelling used by the Greeks. Herodotus' aim was ambitious and remarkable for its time: He aimed for no less than to record the history of the Greek state. Notes Herodotus in his Histories, "These are the researches of Herodotus of Halicarnassus, which he publishes, in the hope of thereby preserving from decay the remembrance of what men have done, and of preventing the great and wonderful actions of the Greeks and the Barbarians from…… [Read More]

Works Cited

CNN.com. U.S., Iraqi police dispute death toll in ambushes.

01 December 2003. http://www.cnn.com/2003/WORLD/meast/12/01/sprj.irq.main/index.html

Herodotus website. 01 December 2003. http://www.herodotuswebsite.co.uk/essays/Homer.htm

Herodotus. The History of Herodotus. Written 440 B.C.E. Translated by George Rawlinson. 01 December 2003.  http://classics.mit.edu/Herodotus/history.html
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Renal Artery Stenosis Rather Than

Words: 580 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 32056017

CT scan or MRA may result in the clinician oversight of some of the more subtle findings. It is expensive and the availability is limited.

It is possible to evaluate RAS via angiogram, bet evaluation of the size of the stenosis tends to be imprecise. Additionally, angiography does not allow a cross-sectional assessment of the stenosis, and in the case of FMD, it is not possible to distinguish the different histological types, although intervention at the time of assessment is a possibility. Doppler sonography is able to measure the amount of blood flow, and is non-invasive. It tends to be highly invasive and is able to demonstrate problems with slow patterns and other issues which are highly suggestive of significant stenosis. Doppler ultrasound tends to be very operator dependent and the exam takes a significant amount of time. Additionally, the exam may be limited by abdominal girth, patient movement and other physical pathology.

In a recent study from Australia (Paven et.al. 2006); screening tests were evaluated in regards to accuracy and efficacy of application to large scale clinical practice. This study showed that 24% of all patients who were diagnosed with RAS had no screening intervention prior to being sent…… [Read More]


1. Paven G; Waugh R; Nicholson J; Gillin a; Hennessy a Nephrology (Carlton). 2006; 11(1):68-72

2. Agency for Healthcare Quality and Research (AHRQ)

Comparative Effectiveness of Management Strategies for Renal Artery Stenosis: AHRQ Executive Summary,), Rockville, Maryland; http://hcup.ahrq.gov/HCUPnet.asp

3. Dejani H, Eisen TD, Finkelstein FO: Revascularization of renal artery stenosis in patients with renal insufficiency. Am J. Kidney Dis 2000 Oct; 36(4): 752
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Robbery in Progress a Police

Words: 586 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 89933800

It was stated in the parameters that he was in a two-block radius. Units would be dispatched to roadblock the surroundings, one at each intersection and one at each alleyway entry/exit point. After the majority of the crowds have evacuated a clear directive would be made to officers, "No one gets in or out of hot zone until they've been questioned." A command station would be set up in front of the bank.

The sniper would be placed on the tallest building in the area, the three-story building across from the bank. He would be given the directive to shoot suspect on sight, as Don Coker says in his "Banking Security Principles and Issues" regarding the predilections of bank robbers, "Regardless of what anyone anywhere states, no criminal wants to get shot…" (Coker, 2010). Of course this is a rather serious directive, but assuming he is armed with the intent to hurt or injury innocents, a shoot to kill directive is not extreme.

Following the complete evacuation of nearby daycare centers, stores, restaurants and the setup of the roadblocks, the sniper, and the command post, SWAT teams would be sent in to "Hot Zone" to apprehend suspect, or flush him…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Coker, D (2010). Bank Security Principles and Issues. HG Experts Legal Experts

Directory. Retrieved from  http://www.hgexperts.com/ 

Seibert, P (2011). SafeCatch: An Educational Partnership Offering More Customer

Development and Less Crime. The Police Chief. Retrieved from http://www.policechiefmagazine.org.