Hinduism Essays (Examples)

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Religion Qualifications of the Divine and the

Words: 2413 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 83807781


Qualifications of the divine and the nature of supreme reality are core concepts of any religious tradition. Hinduism and Buddhism conceptualize the divine and the nature of reality in complementary yet distinct ways. Buddhism emerged from Hinduism, in a manner not wholly unlike the way Christianity emerged from Judaism. Therefore, there are several core similarities in the cosmologies and the conceptualizations of divine reality between these two faiths. Moreover, the religious practices and philosophies of Buddhism and Hinduism tend to be more similar than they are different. These similarities should not obscure the real and practical differences in the ways Hindus and Buddhists conceptualize and communicate matters related to the nature of the divine, and the nature of supreme reality. In particular, Buddhism avoids distinctions between a divine and a profane realm; there are no actual Buddhist deities or gods. Hinduism boasts a plethora of gods and goddesses, although the religion retains a monotheistic core that belies its colorful pantheon. Supreme reality is, for both Hindus and Buddhists, a state of mind, and ultimately a state of being for the collectivity of human consciousness. This is why Hindu and Buddhist meditation practices share in common the encouragement of the…… [Read More]


Cline, Austin. "Hinduism: Origins, Beliefs, Practices, Holy Texts, Sacred Places." About.com. Retrieved online: http://atheism.about.com/od/bookreviews/fr/Hinduism_2.htm

"Basics of Buddhism." Retrieved online:  http://www.letusreason.org/Buddh1.htm 

Freeman, Richard. Interview data received February 21, 2013.

The Heart Sutra. Translated by Kumarajiva and Pevahouse. Retrieved online: http://www4.bayarea.net/~mtlee/heart.txt
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Prophets and Gods the Roots of Christianity and Ancient India

Words: 1012 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 73247749


On the surface, Hinduism and Christianity could not be much more different. Ancient Hinduism offers a colorful pantheon of playful deities, some of which assume animal characteristics such as Hanuman and Ganesh. Stemming from its Jewish roots, Christianity presents a much different view of the origin and structure of the universe. Christian cosmology is more tightly ordered than that of Hinduism. Strictly monotheistic, Judaism imparted a mistrust of pagan polytheism to Christianity. Christian deity is unitary but also triune, in the worship of the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit. Herein lies the strongest connection between worship in ancient India and worship in early Christianity. Hinduism, like Christianity, has a triune God concept. The Hindu God Brahma is the Supreme God, but God has three manifestations as Brahma, Vishnu, and Shiva. Each of these gods has its own expression and role in the Hindu cosmology. Whereas Brahma is the absolute God and rarely personified, Vishnu is known as the preserver god. Hindu god Shiva is also part of the trinity. Shiva is the god of destruction and death, related to natural evolutionary change, and not in a morbid way. Therefore, there are some core similarities between the ancient…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Bhagavad Gita

Bible: Old and New Testament

Das, Subhamoy. "Top 10 Hindu Deities." About.com. Retrieved online: http://hinduism.about.com/od/godsgoddesses/tp/deities.htm

"The Origins of the Universe." BBC. Retrieved online:  http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/gcsebitesize/rs/environment/hinduismbeliefsrev1.shtml
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Crouching Tiger Hidden Dragon the Film Documentaries

Words: 2317 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 91463324

Crouching Tiger Hidden Dragon

The film, documentaries and the last docudrama are exceptional production pieces by notable directors and producers. Crouching tiger-hidden dragon defies the usual mantra of strength only attributed to men. Jen effectively acts as person having higher morals. The martial arts performance was exceptional, an unusual feature in Hollywood. Islam, the empire of faith is another documentary made on the rise of Islamic empire and the life of Prophet Mohammad having a great impact on establishment of religion. 'Gandhi' also remains an unquestioned production classic that eloquently portrays Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, the unquestioned leader of India. The film sheds light on Hinduism as a religion and its faith and dogmas. Lastly, Kundan is a docudrama based on life of Dalai Lama. 'Kundan' might not have justified the stature of Buddhism in history of mankind but the piece of production remains an earnest effort on part of Martin Scorcese to present valuable production on Buddhist religion.

1- Crouching Tiger-Hidden Dragon

The film 'crouching tiger-hidden dragon' is based in the region of Qianlong emperor and displays Chinese Wu Xia that means Chinese marital arts (Chan, 2004). Wu Xia is common in other Asian countries as well such as Han,…… [Read More]


Bowker, J. & Bowker, D. (1997). World religions. Dorling Kindersley.

Chan, K. (2004). The Global Return of the Wu Xia Pian (Chinese Sword-Fighting Movie): Ang Lee's Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon. Cinema Journal, 43(4), 3-17.

Conze, E. (2004). Buddhism: Its essence and development. Windhorse Publications.

Driver, M.W. & Ray, S. (2004). The medieval hero on screen: representations from Beowulf to Buffy (Vol. 56). McFarland & Company Incorporated Pub.
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Religion What Roles Do the

Words: 1633 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 50906528

There was no time to allow better preparation of the bread. They had to move out of Egypt in before Pharaoh could realize. The bitter herbs symbolized the bitter life experienced in Egypt. They remained as captives of slavery for many years, and a moment of redemption approached. In the book of Exodus, one sympathizes with the Jews that served life of slavery without freedom.

However, one feels delighted because of the happy conclusion when the Jews attain freedom and redemption. Passover offers a bonding moment that brings together everyone that shares the Jewish customs. The home and most Jewish families celebrate the holy days such as the New Year in Jewish calendar and the Day of Atonement. They celebrate these holy days at night of the eve of the holy day and families prepare meals before performing the synagogue service. They serve the meals with apples and honey which symbolizes hope that the New Year will be fruitful and sweet (Heehs, 2002, Pp. 125- 140).

The Jewish community also acknowledges the significance of home in Judaism because they get time to meditate, confess their sins, repent and fast. They get time to meditate about on a past life, their…… [Read More]


Heehs, Peter, ed. 2002. Indian Religions: A Historical Reader of Spiritual Expression and Experience. New York.

Online Conference on Socially Engaged Buddhism. Journal of Buddhist Ethics, April 2000, available online at http: / / jbe.gold.ac.uk.

Queen, Christopher, Charles Prebish and Damien Keown. 2003. Action Dharma: New Studies in Engaged Buddhism. London: Routledge Curzon.
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Hindu Buddha the Distinctly Eastern

Words: 823 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 42106290

This provided a pathway for spirituality to the early Vedic thinkers. For these founding ideologists, this pathway led to the notion that there are multiple deistic beings which can occupy all manner of space and mental plane, a sharp-departure from the 'ethical monotheism' that underscores most western religious traditions.

This, perhaps, more than any other quality, helps to illustrate the common ground between Hinduism and Buddhism, which Prothero goes to even greater lengths to show are distinctly eastern in their theological orientation. Due to its origins in India, Buddhism was perceived in its earliest form by many as a mere sect of Hindu rather than a philosophy of its own foundations. Its practitioners, leading into the Common Era, were a statistically modest population of Indians who placed a spiritual emphasis "on experience over belief. Buddhism never had a creed or catechism until the American convert Henry Steel Olcott decided in the late nineteenth century that any self-resepcting religion needed both. This relative indifference toward religion's doctrinal dimension is rooted in the Buddha's celebrated refusal to speculate." (Prothero, p. 173)

In this respect, Prothero makes the argument that like Hinduism, Buddhism is pointedly non-declarative in its belief in a single god.…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

Neusner, J. (2003). World Religions in America. Westminster John Knox Press.

Prothero, S. (2010). God Is Not One: The Eight Rival Religions the Run the World. HarperOne.
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Paths to Moksha Release From

Words: 933 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 58847334

There is a great difference in the way Christianity, Islam, and Judaism perceives death in comparison to these two Indian religions. For Hindus and Sikhs, birth, and death repeat for every single person in a continuous cycle. The main idea is that each person repeatedly undergoes birth, and death in order his or her soul may be completely purified to join the divine cosmic consciousness (Harold, 2000).

A typical example of Indian religions is the Hinduism and Sikhism. These two religions share in the same core beliefs. Their way of worship and rituals, citing their communal origin, traits, and literary pieces are similar. The ultimate common belief found in Hinduism and Sikhism is the Moksha. Moksha stands for deliverance from the life cycle, the frustrations, and torments from the physical life. In Indian religion, Moksha is equivalent to the deliverance from sin in the Christian religion. Moksha perceives liberation as the separation, or rather the disintegration from the sense of self as an excessively conceit individual with which hinders the pure amaranthine spirit. As such, there exist a similarity on this path of Moksha, but the application of these religious traditions may vary.

The two traditions share a belief that…… [Read More]


Harold, C. (2000). Bioethics for clinicians: Hinduism and Sikhism. Canadian Medical Association Journal. 163(9). p. 1167-1170.

Zavos, J. (2005). Mapping Hinduism: Hinduism and the study of Indian Religions. Contemporary South Asia Journal. 14(1). p. 116.

O'Reilly, a (ed.) 2010, Encyclopedia of motherhood, SAGE Publications, Inc., Thousand Oaks, CA, viewed 29 May 2013, doi: 10.4135/9781412979276
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Karma Is One of the

Words: 640 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 29126046

The people of scheduled castes who are given very lowly status in Hindu society are considered untouchables. This is justified by the term Karma which says that these people must have done something bad in their past lives to have earned a lowly status in their current lives. The same kind of explanation can be presented to explain why Brahmins are considered special.

Karma is one concept that has become so closely aligned to reincarnation that it is impossible to separate the two. Wadia (1965) writes: "...the Law of Karma has become attached to the idea of reincarnation, the idea that what is called death relates only to the death of the physical body, while the soul remains unaffected by it and may be reborn in another body, human or animal." (p. 145) This happens because we see that not every good person always prospers and he too goes through bad times and not every evil person is punished. This would mean that the concept of Karma can be falsified. But Hinduism feels that if a person is not punished or rewarded in this life, he would be in the next and this leads to a cycle of rebirths. But…… [Read More]


David Pocock, Mind, Body and Wealth, Oxford, 1973

Wadia, a.R. Philosophical Implications of the Doctrine of Karma. Philosophy East and West V. 15, No. 2 (1965) University of Hawaii Press. Hawaii, USA
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Eastern and Western Religions -- Rituals One

Words: 1384 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 41056025

Eastern and Western Religions -- Rituals

One of the great divides and differences -- morally and spiritually -- between the Western world and the Eastern world is how people worship, what they believe about God and the universe, and what their rituals are. But how much substantive difference can truly be seen between eastern religions and western religions? This paper points to the major differences in terms of the rituals of four great world religions: Islam, Judaism, Hinduism and Confucianism.

Eastern Religions: Rituals of Confucianism

Author Jeffrey Richey points out that the oldest ritualistic practice in Confucianism is ancestor worship. This includes the remembering of (and revering of) a person -- loved one -- that has passed on. The commemoration of and the communication with that deceased person is considered a necessary ritualistic sacrifice, Richey explains. The writer makes clear that commemoration of a deceased person is not unique to Confucianism in East Asian religions; indeed, "one need not identify oneself as 'Confucian' in order to practice…" ancestor worship (Richey, 2008). That having been said, the roots of ancestor worship are deeply held within the Confucian traditions.

Ancestor worship as a ritual has been part of Chinese life "since prehistoric…… [Read More]

Works Cited

About.com. "Hindu Rites & Rituals." Retrieved December 10, 2013, from http://hinduism.about.com.

Brockbaker. "Confucianism: Practices Rituals and Festivals." PB Works. Retrieved December

10, 2013, from http://brockbaker.pbworks.com.

Patheos. "Rituals and Worship: Judaism." Retrieved December 10, 2013, from  http://www.patheos.com .
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Salvation in Hindu and Islamic

Words: 1078 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 38728109

However, the Wahhabis subscribe to the view that Muslims should be complete

(kaffah) because Islam encompasses all aspects of life and a totally Islamic outlook is required. They advocate the establishment of an Islamic state, the implementation of sharia law and the imposition of state-sponsored codes of dress and public behaviour"(Desker 2002, p.386). Because Islam encompasses a wide range of beliefs, influenced by cultural norms as well as religious beliefs, Muslims clearly are going to differ in what type of behavior is considered moral and what behavior is considered immoral. However, the majority of them still believe that their life will be examined and their good and bad deeds will be evaluated in order to determine whether they have been found worthy of salvation.

The Hindu tradition is very different from the Muslim tradition because good and bad deeds in one's lifetime has one minimal bearing on whether the individual will reach Moksha. Some of the most important components of Hindu tradition are found in the Vedas.

"The Vedas had such a central place in Hindu thinking that allegiance to them as revealed literature, in some sense at least, is one of the few central dogmas of present-day Hinduism" (Hawkins…… [Read More]


Desker, B. 2002, 'Islam and society in South- East Asia after 11 September" Australian Journal

of International Affairs 56(3), 383-394.

Gottschalk, P. 2006, 'Indian Muslim tradition' in Mittal, S. And Thursby, G.R., eds., Religions of South Asia: an introduction, Routledge, London, pp.201-245.

Hawkins, B.K. 2004, 'The beginnings of South Asian religions' in Introduction to Asian
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Beliefs and Tenets That Comprise

Words: 1039 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 19164158

It is likely that in order to achieve this "release" from the tedium of one's worldly conception of one's self will only be achieved with the guidance of a Guru (or siddha) who provides inspiration but does not intervene on one's behalf.

The key scriptures in Hinduism are referred to as "Shastras" (a collection of spiritual guides and laws revealed by "saints and sages" along the historical route through which Hinduism traveled (Das, p. 1). The deities (gods and goddesses) that are associated with Hinduism number into the "thousands or even millions," Das explains (p. 2). These many deities all represent particular aspects of "Brahman," which is the supreme Absolute, Das goes on. Notwithstanding all those deities, the most powerful and visible of the deities is the "Trinity of Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva -- creator, preserver and destroyer, respectively" (Das, p. 2). It is also known that Hindus worship trees, planets, animals and spirits.

As mentioned earlier, Hinduism is not worshipped with reference to one particular idea or tenet, hence it is a cultural faith more than a religious faith, according to philosopher Jeaneane Fowler. Hinduism, Fowler writes (quoted by Das), can "never be neatly slotted into any particular belief…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Das, Subhamoy. (2010). How Do You Define Hinduism? Hinduism for Beginners. The Uniqueness of Hinduism. About.com. Retrieved Dec. 14, 2010, from http://hinduism.about.com.

Lorentz, Melissa. (2008). Basic Beliefs of Hinduism. Minnesota State University. Retrieved Dec.

14, 2010, from http://mnsu.edu/emuseum/cultural/religion/hinduism/beliefs.html.

Mysorekar, Uma. (2006). Eye on religion: clinicians and Hinduism. Southern Medical Journal.
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Hindu Worldview the Worldview of

Words: 1834 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 10730351


The research showed that Hinduism is a religion that has been practiced in South Asia for more than 4,000 years, and despite having experienced some fundamental changes during these millennia, the religion has been adopted by people from all over the world. While the majority of Hindus are still in India where four out of five people are Hindus, the research also showed that the billions of people who subscribe to Hinduism do not assign this term to their faiths, and may not even have ever heard the term "Hindu" in their lives. The worldview held by these billions of faithful is therefore naturally varied, but largely relates to a perpetual universe in which unrequited desire is the source of human misery, and the cycle of life will continue until these desires are understood and extinguished. Finally, the research also showed that Hinduism is characterized by the shared concepts of dharma, kharma and yoga, but beyond these similarities, there are few commonalities among the countless varieties of Hinduism being practiced around the world today beyond this fundamental worldview.

Works… [Read More]

Works Cited

Basham, a.L. "Hinduism." In the Concise Encyclopedia of Living Faiths, R.C. Zaehner (Ed.). Boston: Beacon Press, 1989.

Beck, Richard. (2006). "Defensive vs. Existential Religion: Is Religious Defensiveness Predictive of Worldview Defense?" Journal of Psychology and Theology 34(2): 142.

Carmody. Denise Lardner and John Tully Carmody. Mysticism: Holiness East and West. New York: Oxford University Press, 1996.

Findly, Ellison Banks. (2002). "Hinduism and Ecology: The Intersection of Earth, Sky, and Water." The Journal of the American Oriental Society 122(4): 925.
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Longstanding Tradition of Hindu and

Words: 3703 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 50414113

Maharshtrian cuisine comprises of hot, aromatic meat and fish curries and subtle flavoring of vegetarian cuisine. Peanuts and cashew nuts are widely used in vegetables and the main cooking medium is peanut oil. Another feature is the use of a deep purple berry with a sweet and sour taste, otherwise called kokum, in sol kadhi, an appetizer-digestive, which is served chilled. Non-vegetarian and vegetarian dishes are served with boiled rice or rotis made from rice flour. Dessert is commonly comprises rotis (a type of bread) stuffed with a sweet mixture of jaggery and gram flour.

Goan cuisine boasts of delicacies like tangy pork 'vindaloo', spicy 'sorpotel' and the popular fish curry with rice. Most of their meals are accompanied with local wine or local liqueur, 'Feni'. Meals are simple but most are also chili hot, spicy and pungent. The basic components include rice, fish and coconut and delicacies made from these three are a must in nearly every meal. Coconut milk, made from grated coconut flesh and soaking it in a cup of warm water is an essential ingredient in Goan cooking and they also make their own vinegar and chutney. Goans, who are Christians, prefer pork, unlike Hindus who…… [Read More]

Works cited

Audretsch, D.B. And Meyer, N.S. " Religion, Culture and Entrepreneurship in India." Indiana

University Public Affairs Conference. 2009. 17 Apr.2010.

http://www.indiana.edu/~iunews/IPAAAudretsch.pdf >

"Cuisine." Cuisine Tours of India, Culinary Tour India, Indian Cuisines information,
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Francis Clooney Entitled Hindu Wisdom for All

Words: 1153 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 93031041

Francis Clooney, entitled Hindu Wisdom for all God's Children, the author begins his Christian journey into the Hindu religion by noting that when he first arrived in Katmandu, India, he felt a profound sense of disappointment that the place he visited was not more 'different' than where he had left. (Clooney 1) Clooney, a Jesuit Professor of Theology at Boston College, thus stresses the similarity between the Christian and Hindu traditions, rather than their fundamental dissimilarity in his approach. His main desire in writing his book was to create a sense of dialogue and connection between these two faiths, separated by geography as well as philosophy. He does not deny that there are core and key differences between Christianity and Hinduism. However, he sees these differences in approach as sites of theological discussion between Christians and Hindus to grow in wisdom, rather than excuses for disharmony between the members of these two traditions, one Western and one Eastern.

Clooney structures his book around three core themes of difference or dialogue. The first is that of the creation myths containing in their essences the core value differences common to Christianity and Hinduism, respectively. One myth focuses on the 'I', the other…… [Read More]

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Vivekananda Used in His Major

Words: 2843 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 6852577

Finally, Gandhi believed that Indian independence had to precede any agreements between the competing groups in the country: Muslims, Hindus, and Sikhs. In contrast, Jinnah believed in the idea of two Indias, a Muslim India and a Hindu India. Furthermore, Jinnah believed that the Indian National Congress, composed of educated Muslims, Hindus, and Sikhs, was the pathway to a free India, because through it they could extract more and more constitutional freedoms from Britain. Jinnah did not believe in direct confrontation, even the nonviolent confrontation espoused by Gandhi.

9. Vivekananda and Gandhi had a different definition of karma yoga than that found in the Bhagavad-Gita. In the Bhagavad-Gita, karma yoga is concerned with duty (dharma) regardless of earthly reward and dharma is linked to class or caste. The concept is that one may reach salvation by working for the pleasure of a supreme being.

In order to understand Gandhi's notion of karma yoga, it is important to understand his attitude towards religion and spirituality, particularly as expressed in Hinduism. He believed that Hinduism was the dharma of India, and he believed that the ritualistic aspects of the religion, not only the spiritual aspects were essential to this dharma, even in…… [Read More]