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Ironically, an article by Beaver (2010) intended to decry the lack of censorship in gangsta rap actually demonstrates that companies allowing greater artistic freedom tend to succeed with greater longevity. According to Beaver, in spite of calls from communities to engage in censorship of violent or misogynistic lyrics, "the companies have basically ignored their critics and continued to market gangsta rap because for years it had been so highly profitable." (Beaver, p. 107) This shows the counterpoint to the current strategy toward safe streamlined music taken by the industry.
The result, in musician and documentarian Thurston Moore's opinion, is that for company's like arner, Sony and EMI, the sheer motives of profitability created a new era of obstruction for artists of a wide range of styles, talents and ambitions. The music industry of the 2000s would be substantially marked not just by a terrible downturn in economic viability but also…
Beaver, W. (2010). Rap and the Recording Industry. Business and Society Review, 115(1), 107-120.
Clott, C.B. (2004). Perspectives on Global Outsourcing and the Changing Nature of Work. Business and Society Review, 109, 153-170.
Coyle, D. (1997). The Weightless World. Capstone Publishing Limited.
Epstein, E.J. (2005). The Big Picture: The New Logic of Money and Power in Hollywood. Random House.
This is the kind of film that changes the international public's opinion in regard to Bollywoodian motion pictures.
hile Slumdog Millionaire essentially presents the central character as he undergoes a series of adventures filled with intense colors and feelings coming straight from the slums of Mumbai, most Bollywoodian films focus on concepts such as dancing, singing, and surreal stunts performed by characters that appear to have supernatural powers. These are the motion pictures that are generally associated with the Bollywood film environment.
In contrast to Slumdog Millionaire, Martin Scorsese's Shutter Island puts across elements characteristic to estern culture in general. The film relates to concepts such as the Second orld ar, Nazi prisoner camps, and American cultural values. It is basically the result of some of Hollywood's most renowned individuals and it manages to address an international public without actually focusing on the importance of the actors playing in it,…
Desai, Jigna, Beyond Bollywood: The Cultural Politics of South Asian Diasporic Film (New York: Routledge, 2004)
Khatami, Elham, "Is Bollywood coming to Hollywood?," Retrieved December 5, 2011, from the CNN Website: http://articles.cnn.com/2009-02-23/entertainment/bollywood.hollywood_1_indian-cinema-french-new-wave-cinema-mumbai-based?_s=PM:SHOWBIZ
Tyrrell, Heather, "24 Bollywood vs. Hollywood," Culture and Global Change, ed. Tracey Skelton andTim Allen (London: Routledge, 1999)
Dir. Danny Boyle. Slumdog Millionaire. Fox Searchlight Pictures, Warner Bros. Pictures (U.S.).
Shaft flashes a police badge to criminals in the first part of the movie, establishing his role as the "good" guy in the film, although he is from the same "underworld" as the rest of the black criminals in the movie. This film, as many others, show that the black hero, as Stainfield states can gain "dominion over the urban space of the street" which "holds out the promise of escape from the confinement of ghetto life" (284). This necessary escape for the black hero often leads to a betrayal of the criminals to the police. The criminality featured in these films emphasized the power and violence of "blackness," especially in the perspective of white directors, which entertained mainstream audiences at the time (Benshoff & Griffin, 89). Although fulfilling various fantasies about black culture and life in the inner city, the movies still upheld the moral beliefs and stereotypes that…
1. Benshoff, Harry M. And Griffin, Sean, America on Film: Representing Race, Class, Gender, and Sexuality at the Movies, United Kingdom: John Wiley & Sons, 2004.
2. Grievson, Lee, "Gangsters and Governance in the Silent Era" from Mob Culture: Hidden Histories of the American Gangster Film, New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press, 2005.
3. Hooks, Bell, Outlaw Culture, New York, NY: Routledge, 1994.
4. Munby, Johnathan, "The Underworld Films of Oscar Micheaux and Ralph Cooper" from Mob Culture: Hidden Histories of the American Gangster Film, New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press, 2005.
The famous canvasses are omnipresent but usually left in the background, kept in Theo's salon or, strangely, subjected to repeated mutilation: smeared, thrown, smashed to demonstrate their (and the artist's) fragility. In the painting scenes, occasionally the image on the easel fails to match the landscape that Roth-as-van-Gogh is nominally depicting: in the first 1890 painting sequence, a row of trees disappears from the canvas in what appears to be either a gesture of either the artist's madness or the filmmaker's lack of interest.
Tellingly, the only real brushwork in the film is as background for the credits. Brushwork, of course, is where imagery -- the myth of the artist, the "vision" of subject matter -- meets the pragmatic realities of materials and technique. Altman captures the mud of materials and the marketplace alike, and provides a rich and allegorical subject, but I would have liked this film to have…
Altman, Robert, dir. Vincent & Theo. MGM Home Entertainment, 1990. DVD.
Meier-Graefe, Julius. Vincent van Gogh: A biography. Mineola, NY: Dover Publications, 1987. Print.
Samuel, Henri. "Van Gogh's ear 'was cut off by friend Gauguin with a sword.'" Daily Telegraph, 4 May 2009. Web. 7 Apr. 2010. "
Van Gogh, Vincent, de Leeuw, Ronald & Pomerans, Arnold J. The letters of Vincent van Gogh. Print.
It gives a good idea about what the respondent feels and is thinking. (McNamara) Another major advantage of a qualitative research method is that it can be directed at a smaller group. For instance, in this project, there were only two girls interviewed. This sort of research method is thus more convenient and is also less expensive.
A disadvantage of a qualitative research method is that the data that is collected can only be applied to the participants that have been chosen for the research. Since this sort of research describes the behavior, thoughts and feelings of the participants, these assumptions cannot be applied to other groups or to a general population.
The method that was employed in this research was only interviews. This method therefore allowed for the researcher to observe not only the response but the facial expressions and the body language of the girls who were…
Grogan, Sarah and Nicola Wainwright. "Growing Up in the Culture of Slenderness: Girls? Experiences of Body Dissatisfaction." Women's Studies International Forum, 19. 6 (1996): 665-673. Print.
Kvale, Steinar. Interviews: An Introduction to Qualitative Research Interviewing. Thousand Oaks, Calif: Sage Publications, 1996. Print.
Maisuwong, Wanwarang. "The Promotion of American Culture Through Hollywood Movies to the World Audience: A Threat to National Identity and Sovereignty." ICIRD, (2012): 1-12. Print.
McChesney, Robert W. Rich Media, Poor Democracy: Communication Politics in Dubious Times. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1999. Print.
Bollywood has many recognizable elements of style; "The distinctive features of popular Hindi cinema -- song and dance, melodrama, lavish production values, emphasis upon stars and spectacle -- are common to films made in Southern industries as well," (Ganti 2004 p 3). There are many differences that create a discrepancy between the traditional Hollywood style and that seen in Hindi films. Bollywood films tend to add more emotion to the acting and plot lines. According to research, "Hindi filmmakers frequently describe Hollywood films as 'dry' or 'lacking in emotion,' and claim that in order to Indianize a film, one has to 'add emotions,'" (Ganti 2004 p 77). Stories with exaggerated emotions tend to be more popular in Indian culture, and then prove a good addition to a borrowed American plot line. Another traditional addition is an expansion in a narration. In this, Hollywood plotlines are lengthened to create a context…
Bordwell, David; Staiger, Janet; & Thompson, Kristin. 1998. The Classical Hollywood Cinema: Film Style & Mode of Production to 1960. Routledge Press.
Ganti, Tejaswini. 2004. Bollywood: A Guidebook to Popular Hindi Cinema. Taylor & Francis Publishing.
Maltby, Richard. 2003. Hollywood Cinema. Wiley-Blackwell. 2nd ed.
Hollywood!," by Dagoberto Gilb.
Dagoberto Gilb is a Hispanic writer who grew up in Los Angeles, and now lives in Austin, Texas. He spent sixteen years working in construction carpentry before he began to write for a living. He wrote "Hollywood!" For a short story anthology, "Pieces of the Heart: New Chicano Fiction," which was published in 1993. He is a visiting faculty member at the University of Texas at Austin, and has written many other short stories and books.
The central idea of this story is the family's trip to California, where it is "warm" even in the winter. It is the "promised land" to many, but this family does not experience all that the state has to offer. As the narrator says, the father is too "cheap," but says it is not the money. They sit on a beach eating sandwiches, when the wife really wants to…
Abramowitz (2010) describes this phenomenon:
But she is considered by many in the business to be more of an outlier, an exception to the rule as a woman who's made her name largely directing men in action films such as "Point Break" and "Strange Days."
Most female directors have risen to power by directing (and often writing) films that appeal to women, whether or not that's their natural inclination.
In other words -- to be somewhat reductionist, but not necessarily therefore inaccurate -- Bigelow was recognized as a women director because she acted like a man and created a film that validated male experiences.
American culture is both sexist and androcentric. The male perspective is considered -- by both women and men -- to be normal, correct, proper. It does not seem in any way peculiar to us that women should want to see a movie about war, because…
In Hollywood, female film directors are still the exception, Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 22 March 2010 from
One factor that does not seem to correlate as well as the above two is the number of weeks a picture spends in the top 60. The highest on our list was Ladies in Lavender who spent 22 weeks in the top 60 but grossed a paltry $6.6 million dollars. This could be due to the fact that it was only shown in 119 theaters as compared to a Harry Potter that was shown in over 3850 theaters throughout the country. In comparison, Harry Potter maintained a stay in the top 60 for only 13 weeks. If one were to state that Ladies in Lavender was a high-performance outlier then based on the fact that it was in the top 60 longer than any other film on our list, that would be correct. However, if success is being judged as to the amount of revenue being produced, then the high…
Travers, P. (1997) Mayday! Mayday! Summer ahead, Rolling Stone, Issue 762, p. 121
Stars are contradictory examples of how to be a person—an individual—in a modern society. Or, in the words of one Hollywood character, how to “be somebody”. Discuss this aspect of stardom in relation to ONE film studied in the unit.
The phenomenon of ‘stars’ comprises all elements of a celebrity the masses are familiar with. The image of actors or actresses doesn’t merely hinge on the movies they make; rather, their image is the sum total of movie and actor/ actress promotion events, public appearances, pin- ups, biographies, hand- outs from the production studio, media coverage of the private lives of stars, and media interviews. Additionally, their image stems from what society, especially criticizers and reporters report on them, and how their image is utilized in areas like pop culture, ads, fiction, etc. Lastly, their image is grounded in how they are included in daily speech coinage (BRAUDY 1989).…
Austin, Thomas. “Star systems.” In Thomas Austin & Martin Barker, eds. Contemporary Hollywood Stardom, Edward Arnold (Publishers) Limited, 2003, p. 25-28.
Balio, Tino. \\\\"Columbia Pictures: The Making of a Motion Picture Major, 1930–1943.\\\\" In David Bordwell, Noel Carroll eds, Post-Theory: Reconstructing Film Studies, 419-433. University of Wisconsin Press, 1996.
BRAUDY, SUSAN. “WHAT WE HAVE HERE IS A VERY SAD STORY.” The New York Times, November 19, 1989. http://www.nytimes.com/1989/11/19/books/what-we-have-here-is-a-very-sad-story.html?mcubz=0 (Accessed 5 September 2017)
Dyer, Richard. “Introduction : Heavenly bodies.” In : Heavenly bodies : film stars and society/ Richard Dyer. Second edition. London : Routledge, 2004. pp. 1-16.
King, Barry. “EMBODYING AN ELASTIC SELF: THE PARAMETRICS OF CONTEMPORARY STARDOM.” In Thomas Austin & Martin Barker, eds. Contemporary Hollywood Stardom, Edward Arnold (Publishers) Limited, 2003. p. 45-61.
McLean, Adrienne L. Being Rita Hayworth: Labor, Identity, and Hollywood Stardom. Rutgers University Press, 2004.
Movie Documentary. “Rita Hayworth.” YouTube. Dec 8, 2013. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4jDvdPYPZ0k (Accessed 4 September 2017)
Pomerance, Murray, Mary Beth Haralovich, Toby Miller, Linda Ruth Williams, Laura Isabel Serna, Tara McPherson, Mia Mask et al. Pretty People: Movie Stars of the 1990s. Rutgers University Press, 2012.
(audry, the Apparatus: Metapsychological Approaches to the Impression of Reality in Cinema 707). audry explains that in reality, the spectator is actually convinced to assume this due to the effective application of the cinematic apparatus, thus enforcing a standardized spectatorial basis. Furthermore, audry later also mentioned that the cinematic apparatus and its ideological connotations created focus upon the ability of the cinema to symbolize the psychic desire of the spectator (audry, Ideological Effects of the asic Cinematographic Apparatus 45).
The works of Jean-Louis audry are echoed by the analysis conducted by Daniel Dayan. Developing on the suggestions of audry, Dayan wrote about the theory suggested by French psychoanalyst and writer Jacques Lacan that implicated that what runs on the screen, is a construction by the film itself, viewed by the spectator as an object of desire. This analysis suggested that these constructions appear to offer the spectator identification with an…
Baudry, Jean-Louis. "Ideological Effects of the Basic Cinematographic Apparatus." Nicholas, Bill. Movies and Methods: An Anthology. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1985. 531-541.
Baudry, Jean-Louis. "The Apparatus: Metapsychological Approaches to the Impression of Reality in Cinema." Braudy, Leo and Marshall Cohen. Film Theory and Criticism: Introductory Readings. New York: Oxford University Press, 2009. 690-707.
Bazin, Andre. "The Ontology of the Photographic Image." Braudy, Leo and Marshall Cohen. Film Theory and Criticism: Introductory Readings. New York: Oxford University Press, 2009. 159-163.
Dayan, Daniel. "The Tutor-Code of Classical Cinema." Braudy, Leo and Marshall Cohen. Film Theory and Criticism: Introductory Readings. New York: Oxford University press, 2009. 106-117.
The factors that make one successful actor a “star” rather than just an actor who works frequently, is due to a mix of factors that have been widely discussed by journalists, social scientists, producers and a range of other experts. While every major star or celebrity is different, upon examination, they often possess a few qualities in common that greatly contribute to their star power. For example, a baseline quality that nearly every star possesses is that they are aesthetically pleasing with an attractive appearance. However, there are lots of actors and actresses living in Hollywood who are stunning but who have nowhere near a comparable level of fame or success. A more specific factor in creating a “star” would be more accurately expressed as having “watchability.” Hollywood has demonstrated that nearly every star in the history of cinema has possessed a visual and behavioral quality that is so engaging;…
As Paddy Chayefsky writes in Network, "the world is a business." (Andrew Dominik echoes the sentiment in Killing Them Softly: "America's not a country, it's just a business. Now fucking pay me."). The blacklisting of writers classified as "Communists" was purely a business move on the part of the Hollywood industry -- just as the creation of the Hays Code following the scandalous trial of Fatty Arbuckle and other incidents was a move by the same industry to essentially ward off any unwelcome or hostile takeovers by foreign bodies (i.e., the federal government). In policing itself and throwing a few individuals under the bus, Hollywood could ensure that the movies would keep getting made and the money would keep rolling in. Ideologies, principles and noble ideals were not the underlying motives in any of this. They were simply the barking dogs that the industry had to respond to: and…
The Hollywood Cheating Scandal exposed what life is like on the other side of the tracks—the side where wealth and fame are used to buy a way into top-tier schools for trust fund kids. The college admissions cheating scheme involved some big names across a range of industries: actors, actresses, fashion moguls, Wall Street guys, real estate giants, doctors and many others were all implicated in the scheme along with Ivy League teachers, coaches, and test takers. This article will discuss what happened, why, and what it means for America.
Money Can’t Buy Happiness—But It Can Buy You a Four Year Degree with the Right Connections
People have always wondered why some get into the elite schools are others are denied. Well, the answer is that money talks and always will. The people who have to do so earn their degrees the hard way—through hard work and…
One thing the patrol officers who responded first needed but did not have was small caliber rifles. If they had had this, they might have been able to accurately aim for the bank robbers' heads. Conceivably, this could have ended the incident sooner, by taking them out before they had a chance to take cover or escape the immediate bank area.
This incident especially demonstrates that unless we take care, criminals will sometimes have better weapons and better protection than our police officers. For instance, body armor must be periodically upgraded to match the firepower available to criminal elements in our society. New body armor has been developed that can stop bullets from assault rifles, and it is imperative that our police officers be equipped with them. In addition, patrol officers should be equipped with urban rifles, and receive the training to fire them accurately. Different weapons serve different purposes,…
McCarthy, Ron. "North Hollywood Shootout." Accessed via the Internet 10/9/04. http://www.student.oulu.fi/~hmikkola/shootout.html
Davis who was not especially beautiful in the classical sense of beauty ruled Hollywood in the 1930s and 1940s, playing tough women who chose their careers and their own desires over sacrificing for men or children or the social and economic benefits of a well protected family home. Davis who was very popular with the mostly female audience "never pretended to be dumb, or a little girl."
In the 1930s cinema tough and independent women were often nasty leading to the effect that they could rightfully be punished. Bette Davis was "the prototype of the "Hollywood Bitch."
Her characters wanted more often victimizing a weak man with her behavior finally backfiring on her. In particular, her role as Julie Marsden in the 1938 movie "Jezebel" is the quintessential Bette Davis character. A calculating tough, aggressive and complex character who decides to break the social roles of the South in the…
Barsanti, C. (6 September 1999). The Women. (pp. 1 -- 4).
Derived 17 August 2011 from www.filmcritic.com/reviews/1939/the-women.
Collins, L. Katherine Hepburn. (pp. 1 -- 12).
Derived 17 August 2011 from www.esc.edu > File Cabinet > Student Submissions.
emergence of the Hollywood Production Code and the PCA
Motion pictures production codes emerged in the 1930's and referred to as the Hays codes after ill hays who was the censor chief at Hollywood during this time. The production codes governed the production of motion pictures in the United States by major studios at the time. The motion pictures production code can be referred to as a set of moral censorship rules that governed the motion picture industry. The codes were adapted by the Motion Pictures Association of America in 1930, commenced enforcing the code in 1934 and deserted them in 1968. The association then adapted Motion Pictures Association of Americas film rating systems which are effective to date. The work of the association was to determine what was morally acceptable in the content produced by American production studios. The code of ethics protected the public audience from images that…
Doherty, Thomas P. Hollywood's Censor: Joseph I. Breen and the Production Code Administration. New York: Columbia University Press, 2009. Print.
Kiszely, Philip. Hollywood Through Private Eyes: The Screen Adaptation of the American Private Detective Novel During the Studio Era. Oxford: Lang, 2003. Print.
Phillips, Kendall R. Controversial Cinema: The Films That Outraged America. Westport, Conn. [u.a.: Praeger, 2008. Print.
performance of the Hollywood film industry, keeping in view all the relevant details and structures, which the directors and the moviemakers of the Hollywood film industry present in their movies. The idea of artificiality in Hollywood fiction and in Los Angeles will be mainly discussed and elaborated further in the paper. The ideas, arguments and the statements regarding the Hollywood fame culture and artificiality will be supported by the examples of the movies.
Sunset Boulevard by William Holden is selected as an example to reflect the ideas on the Hollywood's fame culture and its artificiality. The names and descriptions of other movies will also be included so as to give a true and fair view of the statement regarding the culture of fame and artificiality in Hollywood fiction and in Los Angeles. In the end, conclusion based on all the relevant facts will also be presented which will prove that…
As retrieved from Illusions of Immortality: A Psychology of Fame and Celebrity
By David Giles (Author) pg 2 On April, 15 2004
As retrieved from L.A. Story (1991)
http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/078401163X/inktomi-dvdasin-20/ref%3Dnosim/102-8On April, 15 2004
Table of Contents
III. Related Topics
VI. Essay Hook
VII. Thesis Statement
B. Harvey Weinstein
C. Other Accusations
X. Works Cited
In this essay about Sexual Misconduct and the Fall of Hollywood, we examine how the allegations of sexual impropriety by some of Hollywood’s power players has led to a major shake-up in the entertainment industry. This essay will contain a list of some of the Hollywood players accused of sexual harassment or sexual assault, the allegations against them, and at least partial lists of their known accusers. The essay will also delve into an examination of the casting couch phenomenon. Although these sexual misconduct allegations may have come as a surprise to much of middle America, there is substantial evidence that many of Hollywood’s rich and powerful were well aware of the sexual…
A recent market report notes,
In recent decades, famous Hollywood directors, such as Quentin Tarantino and Oliver Stone, have credited the influence of Hong Kong film styles on their works. John oo has relocated his career to Hollywood to become one of its biggest directors. In fact, not only has John oo's style influenced others, but his current films are Hollywood. ("Hong Kong movie skills grow in Hollywood" para. 2)
Precisely why Hong Kong films have had this influence is hard to say for certain beyond noting that filmmakers like Tsui Hark and John oo adapted American genres to the international market in a way that re-energized those genres and showed American filmmakers a new way to approach traditional material. Hong Kong filmmakers like John oo and Ang Lee have transferred to Hollywood to carry the transformation even further.
Clouse, Robert. Enter the Dragon. Concord Productions Inc., 1973.…
Clouse, Robert. Enter the Dragon. Concord Productions Inc., 1973.
Hong Kong Cinema." Tourism in Asia (2007).. December 2, 2007. http://hong-kong.tourism-asia.net/cinema.html.
Hong Kong Movie Skills Grow in Hollywood." International Market News (11 July 2002). December 1, 2007. http://www.piercelawgroupllp.com/hongkong_movie_skills.PDF.
Kei, Sek. "Achievement and Crisis: Hong Kong Cinema in the '802." Bright Lights Film Journal. December 3, 2007. http://www.brightlightsfilm.com/31/hk_achievement1.html .
estern and Hollywood: The Art of Show Business
The estern helped spawn the American myth -- the legend of the frontier spirit, where civilization met the road and the individual was put to the test: either he would be a man of honor, or a criminal. The estern hero, guys like ayne and Cooper and Roy Rogers before them, participated in the mythos and were awarded with stardom in the "genus stardom" of Hollywood, where stars and starlets were groomed and given to the public for consumption: they represented the public's image of itself -- Lana Turner representing their sexiness, ayne representing their machismo (Damico 240).
Hollywood as art and as industry, used the estern to boost the box office in the early days of cinema -- but by the time John Ford made Stagecoach, the big estern film had lost its luster and unless a big star was attached,…
Damico, James. "Ingrid from Lorraine to Stromboli: Analyzing the Public's Perception
of a Film Star," 240-253.
Kitses, Jim. "Authorship and Genre: Notes on the Western." The Western Genre: 57-
Hot is a classic Hollywood comedy with Jack Lemmon, Tony Curtis, and Marilyn Monroe, and it is special in many ways. Directed by Billy Wilder, a legendary director in Hollywood, the film was shot in black and white, and uses straightforward lighting, camera shots, and editing to create a film that is visual, but never takes anything away from the cast, the script, and the setting. It is the acting and the music that all add up to make this film memorable, and it is an excellent example of when to use unique camera and lighting techniques, and when not to.
Most of the camera shots in this film are straightforward. There are several deep-focus scenes, such as the pivotal scene in the garage when the car careens into the garage, and then the men are lined up against the wall. The lighting in this scene is dark in the…
The need to go forward and to be in sync with the fast-paced life that characterizes modernity was the main objectives of people like Sammy Glick. These individuals, in fact, are considered the modern individuals of Schulberg's time. What made Sammy became the embodiment of an archetype was because, among the "runners" in his time, "Sammy was just a little bit faster, that's all..." Combining ambition, cunning, and disregard for morals, Sammy was able to achieve the high standard of success modern individuals in the 20th century American society sought to achieve and have.
From the persona of Sammy, audiences will realize that archetypes are developed and patronized because they mirror the realities of human society in a specific time period and place. This realization was echoed in Abramowitz's interviews and analyses in the book, "Is that a gun in your pocket?" In it, the author elucidated on how during…
Renaissance of Korean National Cinema' as a Terrain of Negotiation and Contention between the Global and the Local: Analyzing two Korean Blockbusters, Shiri (1999) and JSA (2000)" by Sung Kyung Kim
This article analyzes the state of nationalistic cinema in Korea as it borrows film trends from Hollywood in order to carve out a better foothold among Korean audiences, who have a taste for Hollywood fare but still want to see local sentiment expressed on screen. Thus the two blockbusters Shiri and JSA look Hollywood but feel Korean. This means that the films are working on several levels to affect Korean audiences and are being labeled as part of a Renaissance in Korean filmmaking.
Kim looks at the way nationalistic sentiment plays a part in Korean cinema by serving as an underlying guide in the overall movement and sense of the story and its moral. Animosity towards the West after…
Peppermint Candy (2000) is a film that deals with the Gwangju Uprising, a part of Korean history, but as Soyoung argues the film's plot reflects male trauma and not the "general" trauma of general Korean society. It obfuscates the trauma experienced by women and promotes the male gendered trauma of the film as a "progressive" representation of history. Thus, the film acts as gendered example of political historiography, a retelling or repainting of history that reflects current political ideologies.
Moreover, the film also negates the difference between victims and criminal perpetrators of the trauma by utilizing a "homosocial" narrative that exploits identification through spectacle and encourages sameness in terms of social feeling. By doing so, the film denies the complexity of the Uprising and the complex feelings and traumas associated with it, adopting a simplistic narrative and viewpoint that is vigorously male-centered and politically progressive, to the point that the female experience vanishes from history and alternative ways of viewing this portion of history are dismissed.
Thus, through a method of using historical material for cinematic pleasure, the film cuts up the actual events of the Uprising and uses it to propagate a vision that will support the current ideological interests of a certain segment of society, while hurting other segments through its neglect of their own experiences. The modes of cinematic representation thus utilized offer a "decoded form of totalitarian theory" in order to subjugate the viewer's own sense of himself or herself and his or her sense of history and how each should view the past. It purports to speak for all the audience but in actuality only speaks for a very specific portion of it.
Hollywood and Beyond Poster
Indian cinema is very diverse in the genres that it produces. Bollywood has given the world everything from comedies to romances to thrillers to action films and essentially everything in between. Indeed, Bollywood is only one aspect of Indian cinema: South India has its own cinema as do other regions in the country -- and each is unmistakable in terms of production values, actors, styles, and visuals (Bowes, 2013). Bollywood by far represents the most up-to-date and top-of-the-line cinema in India and over the years it has produced a number of hits that have attracted fame throughout the world, such as ace, Jism, Blue and Murder. Even Hollywood has begun to take note: one star of Bollywood cinema is now working in Hollywood -- Priyanka Chopra -- who stars in her own television show in the U.S., Quantico. And famed director Danny Boyle's Slumdog Millionaire was…
Apoorva, A. (2014). Top 5 Bollywood movies on lesbian theme. Bollywood Celebden.
Retrieved from http://bollywood.celebden.com/2014/03/16/top-5-bollywood-movies-on-lesbian-theme/
Bowes, D. (2013). 10 things you should know about Indian cinema. Indiewire.
Retrieved from http://www.indiewire.com/2013/07/10-things-you-should-know-about-indian-cinema-37021/
Other studios relied on a few stars, but nevertheless did very well: Fox made an estimated $20 million on Shirley Temple, while Universal had WC Fields and Abbott and Costello. David O. Selznick split off in the mid-30's from MGM and started his own studio, relying on top-quality movies to break into the studio system's hold on the business (Dinks).
Conclusion: The reakdown of the Star System
One could argue that the star system has never left us. Even today, the drawing power of an Angelina Jolie or a rad Pitt can make the difference between mediocre and strong box-office results. "Star Power" exists as long as stars have the ability to bring a positive impact on the results of a picture. What is different from the "star system" of the 1930's is that the stars, directors and independent producers have much more power than they did at that time.…
Bellanger, M et al. Mary Pickford. Toronto: Library and Archives Canada, 2005.
Botnick, V. "Growth of the Star System (1909-1920)." American Film Institute (2007): n.p.
Dinks, T. "Film History of the 1930's." 2007. filmsite. 29 October 2007 http://www.filmsite.org/30sintro2.html .
Gallagher, B. "Some Historical Reflections on the Paradoxes of Stardom in the American Film Industry, 1910-1960." Images Journal n.d.: n.p.
Sunset Boulevard is a classic film noir produced in 1950 and directed by Billy Wilder. The film begins with the murder of Joe Gillis, a floundering screenwriter who ends up dead in a swimming pool. "Poor dope," the voice over says. "He'd always wanted a pool. Well, in the end he got himself a pool, only the price turned out to be a little high." The voice over, delivered in classic film noir style, turns out to be none other than Gillis himself. Far from being an unreliable narrator, though, Gillis promises "the facts" and delivers. The entire film Sunset Boulevard is the retelling of "the facts" from Gillis's perspective. Wilder's choice of narration is dutifully ironic, as a failed filmmaker becomes famous. The theme of the movie is reminiscent of the Great Gatsby, with its peek at American decadence and lost dreams. Because it offers rich social commentary, Sunset…
Armstrong, R. (2000). Billy Wilder: American Film Realist. NC: McFarland & Co.
Gibson, A. (2001). And the Wind Wheezing Through That Organ Once in a While": Voice, Narrative, Film. Retrieved online: http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/nlh/summary/v032/32.3gibson01.html
Smoodin, E. (1983). The image and the voice in the film with spoken narration. Quarterly Review of Film Studies 8(4): 19-32.
Wilder, B. (1950). Sunset Boulevard. Feature film.
" (Grassi, 2007)
III. HEDGE FUNDS REBOUND FROM SUBPRIME SUMMER in SEPTEMBER
It is related in an October 10, 2007 report that Hedge funds "rebounded nicely from the summer of subprime in September, posting one of their months in a decade." (FINalternatives, 2007) Hedge funds rose 3.27% in September in what is stated to be "the largest increase in four years, and the second largest in eight." (FINalternatives, 2007) the gains are also stated to be broad-based gains. The problem is however, that there is simply not a historical track-record of hedge fund returns to utilize in attempting to predict if these gains are likely to remain or be replaced by losses even greater than over the summer of this year. A discussion of the Financial Economists Roundtable's annual meeting reports the rapid growth of hedge funds in the last decade. The Financial Economists Roundtable is comprised of a group…
Nudity in Television
Nudity is increasing in the television shows and movies with every passing day. More number of actresses and models agree to do nude shoots. As the technology is also advancing at a fast pace, even young children have access to such nude photo shoots and scenes by making use of the internet. It can be said that actresses and models are signing contracts for nude scenes and shoots because the benefit from the aforementioned actions can be two-fold. Firstly, the payment for the shoot increases with nudity and so does the popularity and rating of the actresses and models. However, what is important for us to analyze is the impact that this increasing trend of nudity and vulgarity is leaving on the entertainment industry with respect to the ethical dilemmas that it must face. Therefore, the main theme of this paper would be the identification of the…
Feminist Legal Theory. "Women in film and television: empowered or objectified?" 2012.
Gelt, Jessica. "The CW reins in steamy sex scene on 'Reign'." Show Tracker, 2013.
Gish, William. "10 Hottest Actresses Topless." Break Media, 2010.
Huff Post. "Nymphomaniac' Character Posters Showcase Shia LaBeouf, Uma Thurman In Salacious Moments (Slightly NSFW)." 2013.
Paul Haggis's 2005 drama Crash is a vehicle for exploring social tensions in the United States. Although a huge portion of the film is devoted to race relations, prejudices, and stereotypes, an important meta-narrative also permeates Crash. That is, the film subverts the traditional Hollywood norm to "present working people not only as unlettered and uncouth but also as less desirable and less moral than other people," as Parenti puts it (1). Instead of depicting the members of the middle, upper-middle, and upper classes as being morally, intellectually, and socially superior to those of lower classes, Haggis presents a world in which all people are equally as culpable of creating a dystopian society in America. Each of the characters in Crash is besieged by stereotypes and prejudices that prevent a genuine encounter with others in the multicultural landscape of Los Angeles. Moreover, race is a tag for underclass, and…
Haggis, Paul. Crash. Feature Film, 2004.
Holmes, David G. "Paul Haggis's Crash The Civil Rights Movement According to Crash: Complicating the Pedagogy of Integration." College English. Vol. 69, No. 4, p. 314-320.
Middleton, Joyce Irene. "Talking About Race and Whiteness in Crash." College English. Vol. 69, No. 4, p. 321-334.
Parenti, Michael. "Class and Virtue." 1994. Excerpt: http://xroads.virginia.edu/~DRBR/parenti.html
estaurant business is one of the most flourishing industries in the United States. The industry is characterized by significant development, subsequent decline and recovery. The industry boasts of nearly one-third of all employees in retail trade with annual sales standing at approximately $222 billion. Griddle cafe for breakfast and brunch is located at 7916 West Sunset Boulevard, Los Angeles in the West Hollywood neighborhood (The Griddle Cafe, 2012). The cafe is open from Monday through Saturday and Sundays closing at 4pm daily.
This cafe rated 4-stars is committed to dynamic growth and service excellence built upon Los Angeles' heritage of traditional hospitality (Yelp Inc., 2012). In addition, the cafe strives to consistently meet and surpass guests, employees and others stakeholders expectations. The restaurant has been extremely successful throughout the years due to strong focus on specific market segments. The company utilizes successful strategies, which have aided in their…
Coyne, K.P., & Subramaniam, S. (1996). Bringing Discipline to Strategy. The McKinsey Quarterly, 14-25.
Porter, M.E. (1980). Competitive Strategy. New York: The Free Press.
Porter, M.E. (2008). The Five Competitive Forces that Shape Strategy. Harvard Business Review, 86-104.
The Griddle Cafe . (2012). Our Menu. Retrieved September 20, 2012, from www.thegriddlecafe.com: http://thegriddlecafe.com/menu.html
Colors directed by Dennis Hopper. Specifically it will analyze how the film portrays the 1980s in Los Angeles, California. This film represents the side of California, Hollywood, or Los Angeles that most people do not think about or see. It portrays the world of gangs in South Central Los Angeles, seen from the LAPD point-of-view. The film portrays the 1980s world of gang warfare that is now so prevalent throughout America, and it shows a side of California that most residents would like to ignore.
The stereotypical Californian is beautiful, tanned, blonde, and successful. They lunch in Beverly Hills, work in the film or television industry, own fantastic cars and homes, and live a life of luxury. This film is not about the stereotypical Californian. Instead, it tackles the real world of poverty and violence in the barrios and ghettos of Los Angeles, and it shows the seedier side of…
Colors. DVD. Directed by Dennis Hopper. 1988, Hollywood: Orion Pictures.
Fregoso, Rosa Linda. Mexicana encounters: The making of social identities on the borderlands. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 2003.
Kelly, Richard. Sean Penn: His life and times. New York: Canongate, 2004.
Maslin, Janet. Police vs. street gangs in Hopper's 'Colors.' New York City: New York Times.
movie industry in America has been controlled by some of the monolithic companies which not only provided a place for making the movies, but also made the movies themselves and then distributed it throughout the entire country. These are movie companies and their entire image revolved around the number of participants of their films. People who wanted to see the movies being made had to go to the studios in order to see them. They made movies in a profitable manner for the sake of the studios, but placed the entire industry under their control and dominated over it. The discussion here is about some of those famous studios inclusive of that of names like Metro Goldwyn Mayer, Culver, RKO, Paramount Studios, Warner Bros, 20th Century Fox, Walt Disney Studios, Universal Studios, Raleigh Studio, Hollywood Center Studio, Sunset Gower Studio, Ren-Mar Studios, Charlie Chaplin Studios and now, Manhattan Beach Studio.…
"What better way to annoy the Hollywood liberals than to remind them every single day that
George W. Bush is STILL the President?" Retrieved from https://www.donationreport.com/init/controller/ProcessEntryCmd?key=O8S0T5C8U2 Accessed 15 September, 2005
"What's interesting about the business is that it's no longer the movie business" Retrieved from http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/shows/hollywood/picture/corptown.html Accessed 14 September, 2005
In the fifth place, some English language cinemas compete directly with Hollywood within its own playing field. The sixth and seventh cinema types are interesting, since they attempt to retain a singular identity without external influence. One of these is the cinema that exists entirely within a state-controlled industry, which is often subsidized by the same state. Finally, there are those national cinemas that hold such a specific identity that they distance themselves, in terms of language or culture, from the nation-states within which they exist.
Having identified these categories, Crofts also points out the importance of recognizing their permeability. The author uses the example of French, Australian, and Indian films to demonstrate this point. The French, for example, would operate in the fields of differing from Hollywood, not competing directly with it, but occasionally delivering critique on its films and practices. On exceptional occasions, French cinema would also venture…
Abbas, a. (2007). Hong Kong. The Cinema of Small Nations. Edited by Hjort and Petrie. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.
Altman, R. (2012). Film/Genre. London: Palgrave Macmillan
Bergfelder, T. (2000). The Nation Vanishes: European co-productions and popular genre formula in the 1950s and 1960s. Cinema and Nation. Edited by Hjort and MacKenzie. London and New York: Routledge.
Crofts, S. (2008). Reconceptualising National Cinema/s. Theorising National Cinema. Edited by Vitali and Willemen. London: Palgrave Macmillan.
Formerly married to actresses Sharon Hugueny, Camilla Sparv, MacGraw and TV sports commentator Phyllis George, Evans has one son (by MacGraw), actor Josh Evans."
Ali MacGraw, according to Evans, was driven way with his obsession with the Godfather which "ruined my whole life, personally" he said -- but ultimately, was all worth it in the end.
For all of his faults and foibles, Evans says, he regrets nothing.
Higgins, Bill. "An evening with Robert Evans." Variety. May 26, 2008. Accessed October 24,
2009 at http://www.variety.com/vstory/VR1117986441.html?categoryid=38&cs=1
"Robert Evans." Fandango. Accessed October 24, 2009 at http://www.fandango.com/robertevans/biographies/p89202
"Robert Evans." Hollywood.com. Accessed October 24, 2009 at http://www.hollywood.com/celebrity/198019/Robert_Evans
Seal, Mark. "The Godfather ars." Vanity Fair. March 2009. Accessed October 24, 2009 at http://www.vanityfair.com/culture/features/2009/03/godfather200903?currentPage=1
"Trivia." The Sun Also Rises. Internet Movie Database. Accessed October 24, 2009 at http://www.hollywood.com/celebrity/198019/Robert_Evans
Bill Higgins, "An evening with Robert Evans," Variety, May 26, 2008, http://www.variety.com/vstory/VR1117986441.html?categoryid=38&cs=1
"Robert Evans," Hollywood.com, http://www.hollywood.com/celebrity/198019/Robert_Evans…
Higgins, Bill. "An evening with Robert Evans." Variety. May 26, 2008. Accessed October 24,
2009 at http://www.variety.com/vstory/VR1117986441.html?categoryid=38&cs=1
"Robert Evans." Fandango. Accessed October 24, 2009 at http://www.fandango.com/robertevans/biographies/p89202
"Robert Evans." Hollywood.com. Accessed October 24, 2009 at http://www.hollywood.com/celebrity/198019/Robert_Evans
Filmmakers From Two Different Eras Used to Portray Subjects and Ideas
The focus of the research in this study is the techniques utilized by filmmakers from the classical and 'New Hollywood' eras of filmmaking. Towards this end, this study will examine the literature in this areas of inquiry.
Classical Hollywood Cinema & Narrative
The work of David ordell (nd) examines classical Hollywood cinema and states that there are three views of narrative that are distinct from one another in that a narrative can be "studied as representation, how it refers to or signifies a world or body of ideas" and he states this could be referred to as 'semantics' of narrative which is exampled in the majority of studies on characterization or realism. As well a narrative can be viewed as a structure in the way its "components combine to create a distinctive whole." (ordwell, nd, p. 17)
Kokonis, M. (nd) Postmodernism, Hyperreality and the Hegemony of Spectacle in New Hollywood: The Case of The Truman Show, Retrieved from: http://genesis.ee.auth.gr/dimakis/Gramma/7/02-kokonis.htm#n2
Buckland, Warren (1988). "A Close Encounter with Raiders of the Lost Arc: Notes on Narrative Aspects of the New Hollywood Blockbuster." In Contemporary Hollywood Cinema. Eds. Steve Neale and Murray Smith. London and New York: Routledge.
Jameson, Fredric (1991). Postmodernism: Or the Cultural Logic of Late Capitalism. London and New York: Verso. Monaco, James (1981). How to Read a Film: The Art, Technology, Language, History and Theory of Film and Media. New York: Oxford UP
Whitehouse, Charles (1998). "Bubble Boy." Sight and Sound 8 (Summer): 9-10.
Ray also believed that Hollywood presented a world that was completely foreign and at odds with the reality of life in India. hy, then, had so many previous Indian filmmakers attempted to copy the Hollywood style? The result could only be failure. It was for this reason that Ray decided to turn his back on the Hollywood aesthetic altogether - and the result was Pather Panchali. Rather than the stylistic gloss that Hollywood coats its product with, Ray allowed a significant degree of "dirt" in to his film as a way of arguing with the dominant aesthetic.
In doing so, Ray purposefully chose a "rambling" novel to adapt for his first film. "The script," he later explained, "had to retain some of the rambling quality of the novel because that in itself contained a clue to the feel of authenticity: life in a poor Bengali village does ramble" (Ray 33).…
Ray, Satyajit Ray. 1976. Our Films, Their Films. Calcutta: Orient Longman Limited.
It has made joint ventures with Hollywood that have done quite well at the box office. The Indian movies are not only seen in India, but the industry has also made arrangements for showcasing their productions at International platforms, as these movies are dubbed and on aired in many other languages all over the world. In the past, most of the movies that were produced in India were Masala movies with no solid plot and mere glitz and glamor. However, now since these movies are sold all over the world and shown in cinemas throughout the world, the approach of the producers and directors is now changing. Keeping in view the demand of realism from the audience, the directors and producers now try to come up with a plot that is close to reality and something that the people can actually relate to. For example, the film called Slumdog Millionaire…
Anonymous. BW Help: What is Bollywood? Bollywood World, 2010.
Grant, Andrew. What is Bollywood? About.com, 2013.
Hoad, Phil. Will Hollywood ever conquer Bollywood? The Guardian, 2012.
Kapoor, Kritika. Not just India, Bollywood faces heat abroad too. TNN, 2012.
The emergence of cinema as a medium at the fin de siecle was the result of technological innovations resulted from the Industrial evolution, but it was also in response to a growing demand from entertainment consumers who were desperate for more exciting alternatives. Developing quickly from its early silent forms with accompanying piano and on-screen narration to increasingly sophisticated "talkies" that changed the way people thought about things, the cinema provided this alternative for millions during the early years of the 20th century by engaging them in ways that previous theatrical productions were incapable of achieving. To identify how early cinema developed during its formative years, this paper provides a review of the relevant literature concerning the development of early cinema, as well as its technology, industry and cultural context. An examination of the concept of the "cinema of attractions" in relation to a perceived need to address the…
Barlow, M. (2007). Toward a feminist 'Coney Island of the Avant-Garde': Janie Geiser recasts the cinema of attractions. Afterimage, 34(4), 21-23.
Blyn, R. (2004). Imitating the siren: West's the Day of the Locust and the subject of sound.
Literature/Film Quarterly, 32(1), 51-53.
Braudy, L. & Cohen, M. (2004). Film theory and criticism: Introductory readings. New York:
Warner Brothers and Sound
Warner Brothers, name normally pertains to Warner Bros. Pictures, Inc., which is an American motion-picture production company, and was the first to use series of synchronized sound in a silent feature film. Four American brothers namely Harry Morris Warner, Albert Warner, Samuel Lewis Warner, and Jack Leonard Warner were the founders. (Warner Brothers: Encyclopedia Article from Encarta) Harry, Albert, Sam and Jack turned jointly to any commercial activities that came their way till they got into the nickelodeon business. Currently Jack is the only brother who is still regularly recognized with Warner's in its halcyon days. However the studio would have never attained the big position without Harry and Sam's unusual and paired talents. They did it by risking on a new technology: synchronized sound for motion pictures. Harry's cautious but enthused business management made the company in a position to benefit from Sam's big idea.…
Eyman, Scott. The speed of sound: Hollywood and the talkie revolution, 1926-1930. Johns Hopkins University Press, 1999. Retrieved from http://www.latrobe.edu.au/screeningthepast/reviews/rev0600/bybr10a.htm Accessed on 17 June, 2005
Gabler, Neal. Movies Meet New Technology: The Sequel to the Sequel. The New York Times. September 20, 2000. Retrieved from http://partners.nytimes.com/library/tech/00/09/biztech/technology/20gabler.html Accessed on 18 June, 2005
Herman, Bruce. The Warner Sound: Film Scores Par Excellence. Film Score. 17 January, 2001. Retrieved from http://www.filmscoremonthly.com/articles/2001/17_Jan- -- The_Warner_Sound.asp Accessed on 18 June, 2005
Sam Warner - Now you has jazz. Retrieved from http://www.bfi.org.uk/sightandsound/archive/innovators/warner.html Accessed on 18 June, 2005
Representations of War in the Longest Day and Saving Private Ryan
Hollywood's depictions and interpretations of the events that transpired on D-Day have long captured the attention of audiences worldwide. Though Hollywood depictions of the events that occurred prior, during, and after the invasion of Normandy may vary, they still aim to convey a similar message, one that assures the evil forces in the world will be overthrown and the world will be a much safer place. The Longest Day and Saving Private Ryan aim to present the events that lead up to the invasion of Normandy on D-Day in an artistic and creative fashion while attempting to maintain an air of realism. The approaches taken to depict the invasion of Normandy in The Longest Day and Saving Private Ryan are a positive contribution to the combat film genre. Though creative licenses were taken in each film, the manner in…
Beevor, Anthony. D-Day: The Battle for Normandy. New York: Viking Penguin, 2009.
Churchill, Ron. "Saving Private Ryan" a real life drama." UB Reporter 30, no. 2 (September
D-Day: June 6, 1944. http://www.army.mil/d-day / (accessed May 23, 2011).
An American Alex would be against classical music, with anarchists normally being associated with hard rock music. Moreover, he would find it perfectly normal to use drugs instead of drinking milk in a club that has dummies for tables. The reason for which a Hollywood producer would not have his psychotic character drinking milk is that he or she would unquestionably find such a scene to be sick, and, thus, not to be presented to a general public.
Most American movies presenting young people fighting for anarchy want to teach a lesson. They want people to understand that society is good and that it is not worth fighting it, since you only harm yourself in the process. In contrast, Kubrick shows that the system is bad and obsessed with maintaining control over people. After Alex is freed from prison, he can no longer be free, as his mind continues to…
1. A Clockwork Orange. Dir. Stanley Kubrick. Warner Bros, 1972.
The scene between Jules, Vincent and Brett is one that clearly defines Hollywood's obsession with depicting the classic struggle between good vs. evil, but with a humorous twist that makes the scene appealing to a variety of audiences.
Violence is definitely evident in the words, deeds and actions of all the characters portrayed in the film. It is so available and accepted in fact, that an outsider looking in might presume that violence was the 'norm' rather than an extreme aspect of pop culture within the United States.
The filmmaker successfully depicts the paradoxical nature of violence in this movie, and attempts to incorporate the struggle of good vs. evil into the every day actions of many of the characters, in particular the lead character Jules. No where is this more evident than when Jules quotes "Ezekiel" noting that righteous men will always be beset on all sides by the…
Massing, Michael. "Movie Violence, Still Playing." Washington Post, Sunday July 4, 1999. p. B01, Retrieved March 8, 2005: http://www.lionlamb.org/movie_violence_still_playing.htm
Olinger, O.J. "Liberal Hollywood?" JDHauser.com, 2003. Retrieved March 8, 2005: http://www.jdhauser.com/Olinger/olinger_072203
Schneider, J. (2004). "New Hollywood Violence." Manchester: Manchester University
Press; as reviewed by Tom Gordon, 2003. Retrieved March 8, 2005: http://members.bellatlantic.net/~sschneid/NHV.htm
This were then replaced with larger big band orchestras as technology allowed such large groups to be clearly recorded, "As the swing era began, shorts were made of many of the top orchestras," (Yanow 2). Big band orchestras began showing up in all the major Hollywood productions. They featured pre-recorded songs where the musicians lip singed. It is interesting to have such a crucial period on film. The Swing Era "was fortunately captured for feature films and short subjects at the time it was all happening," (Behlmer 1). Big bands became incredibly popular in feature films during the 1930s and 40s. Benny Goodman, "The King of Swing," had a movie- Hollywood Hotel in 1937 "the full orchestra plays an abbreviated version of that quintessential Swing Era arrangement of 'Sing, Sing, Sing' in the film," (Behlmer 1). From big Hollywood productions came popularity on the small screen. As televisions became the…
Behlmer, Rudy. "Big Bands in the Movies." Turner Classic Movies. 2009. Retrieved 16 Nov 2009 at http://www.tcm.com/thismonth/article/?cid=199314
Gridley, Mark C. Jazz Styles: History and Analysis. 9th ed. Prentice Hall. 2006.
History Link, "The Jazz Singer, the First Successful Feature Film with Sound, Debuts in Seattle at the Blue Mouse on December 30, 1927." The Free Online Encyclopedia. Retrieved 15 Nov 2009 at http://www.historylink.org/index.cfm?DisplayPage=output.cfm&file_id=2485
Schoenherr, Steven E. "Recording Technology History." San Diego University. 2005. Retrieved 16 Nov 2009 at http://history.sandiego.edu/GEN/recording/notes.html#origins
Mildred tries to imitate the economical management in her own family. Like in Faye's case, whose marriage had been a "business arrangement," her own marriage to Monty has the same business character: Mildred chooses Monty for his relations that could help her daughter to make the most of her musical talent. Also, Mildred's other attempt in getting a husband for money is telling for the way she is constantly selling or trying to sell herself, and not only her prettiness, but also her cooking talents. The analogy between her career as a waitress, and then a restaurant manager, trying to sell food and the way Mildred tries to sell herself as a wife to ally Burgan, using the same cooking talents as a weapon, is striking. It is here that we most clearly detect the parallel between private life and mass economy. Love, like in est's book, is nothing else…
Cain, James. Mildred Pierce. New York: Alfred A Knopf Inc., 1941
Jurca, Catherine White Diaspora: The Suburb and the Twentieth Century American Novel. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2001
West, Nathanael. The Day of the Locust. New York: New Directions, 1950
Lies and alkies: Singing in the Rain vs. Sunset Boulevard
Long before the self-reflexive, pastiche ethos of postmodernism that is popular today, films like "Singing in the Rain" and "Sunset Boulevard" used the medium of cinema to critique the false nature of Hollywood and to critique the medium of film itself. Both the films "Singing in the Rain" and "Sunset Boulevard" chronicle the rocky transition of Hollywood from a purely silent and image-based means of generating a creative pictorial reality to a talking and slightly more realistic version of 'real life.' But while "Sunset Boulevard" shows this supposed transition was really a lie -- talking pictures are no more real than silent life, "Singing" in the Rain was more hopeful in its presumption that talking and even singing movies could be slightly more realistic than the silent epics of costume balls and far-off lands.
"We had faces then," says Norma…
The lack of realism in the Hollywood machine is also evident in "Singing in the Rain," as in "Sunset Boulevard." The movie idol played by Gene Kelly begins the musical opining to the Hollywood press, with a flattering full-on camera angle that makes him look smooth and polished. He is talking of his childhood as it meshes with his cultivated screen persona -- however the viewer is shown flashbacks of what the star's real life growing up was like. Really, this gentleman was born poor and spent most of his days hoofing away, learning his trade dancing for pennies in saloons. The myth vs. The reality generated by the studio system is highlighted through this juxtaposition of flashback and present, also called the Kuleshov effect whereby a viewer associates apparently disconnected shot -- the dancing young boy becomes Kelly early on in the viewer's mind, although this side of the matinee idol is not immediately seen in the film. The fact that this popular actor's even lovelier female co-star has a coarse voice incommensurate with her blonde confection-like appearance adds to the humor generated by the falseness of the film industry.
But when sound comes to film, the only way to save the trashy costume drama the studio is attempting to enforce upon the public is to make it a movie musical, thus taking the matinee idol back to the truth of the early dancing and singing roots of his career. The cinematographer's choice to contrast the black and white jumpiness of the 'fake film' made over the course of "Singing in the Rain" with the reality of Technicolor underlines this theme of how talking films, even musicals, are more realistic than were the silent visions of far-off exotic glamour and locations. Moreover, because his female co-star's speaking and singing voice is so dreadful, the woman's must be dubbed. The actress assuming the woman's true voice assumes the career of the star of the silent screen, the far more talented and 'real' perky up-and-comer played by Debbie Reynolds, who admits that yes, she reads "some" of the fan magazines, but is still authentic in her willingness to sacrifice for her costars to make the film work.
There is no such hope for truth in film in "Sunset Boulevard." A corpse after all, narrates this film noir. It is set in an age where screenwriters were blacklisted for a whisper of communist connections, not a time of innovation, as was the 1920's setting of "Singing in the Rain." Only the dead tell the truth in Hollywood, and the talking pictures merely create an illusion of reality that Norma is shut off from, now that she is no longer lovely enough or melodious enough in her speech to generate images.
1950s was a decade of change for the U.S. - cinema was no exception, as it modeled itself to accommodate the social changes U.S. society was going through. Films not only provide entertainment to masses but are also believed to express the general outlook of society by the way it sets and adopts trends. 50s was marked by postwar prosperity, rising consumerism, loosening up of stereotype families, baby boom and growing middle-class. It was the time of reaction to the aging cinema, especially by the freedom loving youth who were keyed up with fast food (Mc Donald's franchised in '54), credit card (first in 1950) and drive-in theaters (Filmsite.org). Young people were fed-up with the conventional illustration of men and women. With growing interest in ock-n-oll and break-free attitude prevailing, a social revolution was very much in the offering, and that was to transfer the cinema as well…
Smith, Geoffrey Nowell. (1996). The Oxford History of World Cinema. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press.
Rafter, Nicole. (2000). Shots in the Mirror: Crime Films and Society. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press.
Byars, Jackie. (1991). All That Hollywood Allows: Re-Reading Gender in 1950s Melodrama. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press.
Wilinsky, Barbara. (1997). First and Finest: British Films on U.S. Television in the Late 1940s. Velvet Light Trap. Issue: 40. Pg 18.
sound technologies and sound design in Film
Sound in films
Experiments in Early Age
Commercialization of sound cinema: U.S., Europe, and Japan
Unified sound in film production
Sound designers in Cinematography
Sound Recording Technologies
History of Sound Recording Technology
Film sound technology
Modern Digital Technology
History of sound in films
Sound Recording Technologies
The film industry is a significant beneficiary of performing arts. The liberal arts combined with latest techniques and advancements experienced a number of stages. The introduction of films and sound in films was a significant development of its times. The introduction of first film along with sound was a unique event and it revolutionized the industry in such a way that it influenced every individual related to the industry to start thinking on creative and innovative grounds for improvements. The stages of films can be identified as silent films…
Alten, SR 2008, Audio In Media, Thomson Wadsworth, USA.
Altman, R 2004, Silent Film Sound, Columbia University Press, USA.
Ballou, G 2008, Handbook for sound engineers, Focal Press, USA.
Beck, J & Grajeda, T 2008, Lowering the boom: critical studies in film sound, University of Illinois Press.
Like Monte in Rodriguez's Pigeons, Lucia recognizes that immigrant Mexican men feel like failures is they cannot take care of their families once they arrive in America. The author uses this described tension related to income and support to show Lucia's need to be independent and depend on no man.
In these seven passages, I found it interesting that each character maintained personality while focusing on a similar goal. Each of the authors used occupation, unemployment, expectations, or responsibility as a literary vehicle and it was fascinating to see how each story incorporated these conflicts. I enjoyed looking closely at this theme since so many characters seem to become real people when you see them committing to the real life struggle and responsibility of their work or occupation. I found that outlining characters this way connected characters that had few other similar attributes and gave a varied but intimate view…
Cain, James M. The Postman Always Rings Twice, Double Indemnity, Mildred Pierce, and Selected Stories. New York: Random House, 2003.
Fante, John. Ask the Dust (P.S.). New York: HarperCollins. 1980.
Isherwood, Christopher. A Single Man. Minneapolis, MN: University of Minnesota Press, 2001.
Murray, Yxta Maya. Locas. New York: Grove Press, 1997.
The Power of the Situation
Sam Sommers (2008) writes in an article entitled The Elusive Power of Daily Situations about an incident in which he broke a finger of each one of his hands and had to undergo a minor surgical operation that was necessary to ensure the healing process. He describes how this situation was altered for him by his anxiety over the various choices and complications that were part of this type of surgery, by the discomfort he felt wearing a flimsy hospital gown that he was unable to tie due to his broken fingers and being in an unfamiliar place, and by his embarrassment at the incident that resulted in the injury in the first place. Sommers relates this to the phenomena of the power of the daily situation as he writes "As we know from decades of research in social psychology, many of us…
Berger, P.L. And Luckmann, T. (1966) The Social Construction of Reality.
Biali, S. (2007) Was Michael Jackson a Highly Sensitive Person (HSP)? Are You? Retrieved on May 2, 2011 from http://www.psychologytoday.com / blog/prescriptions-life/200907/was-michael-jackson-highly-sensitive-personhsp-are-you.
Gleitman, Fridlund, and Reisberg. (2004) Personality. Psychology Today. 6th Ed. New York W.W. Norton and Co.
Markman, A. (2009) People, Situations, Attributions, and the Hollywood Movie. Retrieved on May 2, 2011 from
Taking Jeanine Basinger at her word would leave us with far fewer war films than we think we have. Basinger is a 'strict constructionist,' accepting as war films only those that have actual scenes of warfare (Curley and etta, 1992. p. 8; Kinney, 2001, p. 21). That means that the four films that will be considered here, and especially the two orld ar II films, are not war films. By Basinger's yardstick, neither Casablanca nor Notorious, neither Born on the Fourth of July nor Coming Home would qualify as war films.
On the other hand, films such as hite Christmas, a lightweight Bing Crosby-Danny Kaye-Rosemary Clooney-Vera Ellen comedy about the aftermath of war for an old soldier might well be a 'war' movie. The opening scene is one in which the old soldier, Dean Jagger, is reviewing his troops when, somewhere in Italy during the Christmas lull, bombs…
Canby, Vincent. Review/Film; How an All-American Boy Went to War and Lost His Faith. (1989, December 20). Online.
http://movies2.nytimes.com/mem/movies/review.html?title1=& ; title2=BORN%20ON%20THE%20FOURTH%20OF%20JULY%20%28MOVIE%29& reviewer=Vincent%20Canby& pdate=19891220& v_id=6747& oref=login
Coming Home (1978). Online. http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0077362/
Dirks, Tim. Casablanca, 2005. Online. www.filmsite.org and www.greatestfilms.org)
Dexter (The television series)
There is an increase of interest in Hollywood movies and television series set to expand on crime investigation. There are arguments as to how realistic these representations on the screen are in regards to real life experiences and this is what we aim to discuss in this paper with a focus on the television series, ?Dexter, ? which is still running almost eight years after its first appearance on screen. We will be focusing on what appears more realistic in regards to how forensic science is presented in the series while also directing the focus on Hollywood's distinct trademark. We will also look at how such TV series may influence real life and affect people's expectations.
When ?Dexter, ? The television series, started airing in 2006, there already were a few other serial television shows that embedded forensic investigation. But, this time, there was something new…
Babiak, P., Folino, J., Hancock, J., Hare, R.D., Logan, M., Mayer, E., Meloy, J. (July 2012). Psychopathy An Important Forensic Concept for the 21st Century. FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin. Retrieved from http://www.fbi.gov/stats-services/publications/law-enforcement-bulletin/july-2012/psychopathy-an-important-forensic-concept-for-the-21st-century
Salzberg. (2010, December 13). The Pseudo-Science of Dexter. [Web Log Post]. Retrieved from http://www.innocenceproject.org/Content/The_PseudoScience_of_Dexter.php
On the contrary, "You Have Got Mail" is a new style of comedy movie that involves romance in a much open manner that it could not attract all age groups.
Key Features of New Comedy
Few traits of new comedy are as follows:
It revolves more around a boy and a girl and their love story
It involves a lot of physical relationship between male and female ( Richmond )
Related with love, desire and money
The comedy involves many subjects that were not considered as appropriate to be discussed openly in the past like homosexuality (Duralde).
Sex related jokes have become an integral part of comedy
Sex is also involved in today's concept of comedy
Destructive Impacts of Comedy
Comedy has always been a source of entertainment for every individual of all fields of life. It is a means to relax and with its involvement in Hollywood movies, number…
Bowman, Barbara . Master Space: Film Images of Capra, Lubitsch, Sternberg, and Wyler. New York: Greenwood Press, 1992.
Ciecko, Anne. "Hollywood's "Scriptgirls." Literature/Film Quarterly (2000): 33-55.
Duralde, Alonso. "Where the Gays Are: A Quick Look at the Queerest Movies the Season Has to Offer. (Summer Movie Special)." The Advocate (the national gay & lesbian newsmagazine) (2002): 33-44.
Kaufman, David. "Unfinished Women." 27 January 2003. The Nation. 1 May 2013.
River Runs Through it and "A River Runs through It"
Norman Maclean's book vs. The Redford movie -- An illustration of the limits of the visual media of film to transmute the philosophical media of prose
The movie isn't as good as the book." This phrase has become a truism about almost every filmed depiction of a novel, particularly if Hollywood is responsible for the production. However, in the case of director Robert Redford's film of the Norman Maclean novella A River Runs Through It, a more fair critique of Redford's effort might be that the film is inevitably different, not necessarily better. Redford took an intensely introverted, philosophical book, highly dependant upon internal as well as external character development and attempted to render it into the visual media of film.
It must be universally acknowledged that films and books will always differ in their artistic nature to one another.…
film Mildred, the character, Mildred, is seen undergoing marital difficulties as her husband leaves her to raise their two children alone. This is consistent with the position of women in the society during that period. Women were perceived as 'lesser beings' in the society, they did not have to possess any positive character or quality to enhance their status in the society other than beauty. In Mildred, after Mildred's separation with her husband, Wally Fay, is seen making passes at her and subsequently introduces her to Monte, a realtor. Monte on the other hand gets sexually involved with her. It is interesting to note that Monte might have just wanted to take advantage of her, in of their conversations; Mildred tells him that all she ever has been to him is a piece of tail and that he appears ashamed of her. She goes on to say that, it's no…
Media in America as the Fourth Estate: From Watergate to the Present
During the 1970's, the role of the media changed from simply reporting the news to revealing serious political scandals (Waisbord, 2001). The media's role during Watergate was viewed as the mirror that reflected the most that journalism could offer to democracy: holding powers accountable for their actions. This became a trend in the American media and journalism had high credibility in the years that followed, and a great increase in journalism school enrollment followed.
However, during the 1980's and 1990's, this trend withered away. Investigative journalism is no longer rampant the firmament of American news. While the tone of the press was self-congratulatory in the post-Watergate years, the state of American journalism is currently viewed in a less positive light.
For the elite, the shift in journalism is welcomed. For example, according to John Dean, an American journalist,…
Altbach, Philip. (1995). International book publishing, and Encyclopedia. Fitzroy Dearborn.
Bagdikian, Ben. (1993). The Media Monopoly. Beacon Press.
Barton, C. Franklin, Jay B. (1994). The First Amendment and the Fourth Estate: the Law of Mass Media,6th ed. Foundation Press.
Coronel, Sheila. (July 31, 2000). Investigative Reporting: The Role of the Media in Uncovering Corruption. Southeast Asian Press Alliance.
Black Swan: A Study in Hollywood Psychology
The film Black Swan was noteworthy in the way it explored the dark side of ballet, including eating disorders, psychological manipulation, and how the pressures of achieving perfection can wreak havoc with the developing psyche of a young woman. The central protagonist Nina is a rising star in a prestigious city ballet company. She is given the task of dancing the lead role of Swan Lake. This is one of the most technically and emotionally demanding of all roles in ballet. The White Swan Odette, is supposed to embody purity, while the Black Swan Odile, embodies all that Odette is not and thus temporarily seduces the prince and the audience with her sexuality and bravado. Nina is told early on in the film by the ballet company director that while she is technically proficient she lacks the qualities needed to embody the Black…
The names of the characters in Spy Kids, such as Floop, give a illy onka-espionage-in-fun verbal as well as visual tone to the film, and the thumb-shaped henchmen of Floop seem like a tribute to the onka oompah-loompas.
For students of Rodriquez, Spy Kids may not be the director's most significant film, but it is an argument that the director, even when making a mainstream Hollywood genre film, has a clear vision as a filmmaker. He is unapologetic in his call for the centrality of Hispanic life and ordinary Hispanic heroism in cinema. His heroes are ordinary people in extraordinary circumstances, yet capable of showing grit and wit and rising to the occasion when needed. His heroes take themselves as well as the audience by surprise.
Ebert, Roger. Spy Kids. The Chicago Sun Times. March 30, 2001. March 15, 2010.
El Mariachi. Directed by Roger Rodriquez. 1992.…
Ebert, Roger. Spy Kids. The Chicago Sun Times. March 30, 2001. March 15, 2010.
El Mariachi. Directed by Roger Rodriquez. 1992.
Mitchell, Elvis. Spy Kids. The New York Times. March 30, 2001. March 15, 2010.
(FAQ: How did Marilyn die?)
Whatever may be reason death occurred at her age of thirty six. Some opined she left a legacy of beauty while to some she left a legacy of sadness. However, even after forty two years of her death she is considered to be the most recognized women in the world. The legend of Marilyn acclaimed several images all of which are divergent and distinguishable. In the words of Andy Warhol, Marilyn was 'star for all ages'. (Marilyn Monroe: The Exhibit)
Classic Movie Star's Marilyn Monroe Tribute" etrieved at http://www.angelfire.com/ri2/rebeccastjames/Monroe.html. Accessed on 18 February, 2005
FAQ: How did Marilyn die?" etrieved at http://www.marilyncollector.com/legend/faq.html. Accessed on 18 February, 2005
Hollywood's Leading Sex Symbol" Court Tv's Crime Library. etrieved at http://www.crimelibrary.com/notorious_murders/celebrity/marilyn_monroe/4.html?sect=26. Accessed on 18 February, 2005
Marilyn Monroe biography: A short biography of world famous movie star, Marilyn
Monroe" (2002) Page Wise. etrieved at http://mtmt.essortment.com/marilynmonroeb_rrot.htm. Accessed on…
Classic Movie Star's Marilyn Monroe Tribute" Retrieved at http://www.angelfire.com/ri2/rebeccastjames/Monroe.html. Accessed on 18 February, 2005
FAQ: How did Marilyn die?" Retrieved at http://www.marilyncollector.com/legend/faq.html . Accessed on 18 February, 2005
Hollywood's Leading Sex Symbol" Court Tv's Crime Library. Retrieved at http://www.crimelibrary.com/notorious_murders/celebrity/marilyn_monroe/4.html?sect=26. Accessed on 18 February, 2005
Marilyn Monroe biography: A short biography of world famous movie star, Marilyn
Kusanagi Satoshi states that the so called 'anime' phenomenon did not, in fact, rise up all of a sudden within the past few years; in fact, it has been slowly developing over a longer period of time, perhaps from the 1960's onwards. This was the time that very many Japanese shows were in reality produce with such a clearly American style that the final product came to be labeled as an American one, despite the fact that they were really Japanese. What this means is that in a world where American domination of mass culture has more often than not been taken for granted, anime was one art form that began to be recognized for its very cultural resistance. In other words, anime is an art form that has very true Japanese roots, but still manages to exert an extremely wide influence on large areas beyond its natural boundaries. (Yoshida,…
About Manga" Retrieved at http://www.manga.com/about.html . Accessed 6 August, 2005
An anime explosion" The University of Texas at Austin Retrieved at http://www.utexas.edu/features/archive/2004/anime.html . Accessed 6 August, 2005
Anime, characteristics" Retrieved at http://encyclopedia.laborlawtalk.com/Anime#Characteristics. Accessed 5 August, 2005
Anime: Hentai" Retrieved at http://anime.about.com/library/glossary/bldef_hentai.htm . Accessed 5 August, 2005