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Evidence-Based Strategies and Materials Related to Classroom Management
Words: 623 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 279465
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Evidence-Based Homework Policy

Homework enables a student to better learn what is being taught in the classroom. It gives more experience of the subject principals. At the same time, homework and homework policies teach students social interaction skills, self-motivation, and active engagement skills and promote best practices in these areas. Homework policies work better based on grade levels of the student.

Ms. Zalogwe's homework policy does promote social interaction. Human use tools from their culture, such as reading, writing, etc., to develop social functions (Vygotsky, 2014). A teacher's collaboration with students to develop meaningful construction leads to higher thinking skills. This in turn, builds social interactions with others. Students learn communication skills that builds interactions with others.

Self-efficacy enhances motivation for more learning and skill building (Schunk, 1985). As homework brings more practice with classroom activities, students gain more confidence in what they are learning. This would also apply to…

Works Cited

Schunk, D. (1985). Self-Efficacy and Classroom Learning. Pschology in the Schools, 22(2), 208-223 retrieved from ...

Simonsen, B. e. (2008). Evidence-Based Practices in Classroom Management: considerations for Research to Practice. Education and Treatment of Children, 31(3), 351-380 retrieved from

Vygotsky. (2014). Social Development Theory (Vygotsky). Retrieved from Learning http://learning-theories.comvygotskys-social-learning-theory.html

Sensitive in the U S A While
Words: 1078 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 16645265
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Over the longer period the study showed that homework levels rose in the U.S. between the 1940s and the 1960s, dropped again in the 1970s, and then have stayed fairly consistent since. It is unclear why there is a difference in results between the study discussed in Gill and Schlossman and that discussed in Matthew, although both generally indicate that the level of homework in the U.S. should not be of concern.

hen considering the degree of burden which homework may cause to students in the U.S., it may also be relevant to consider making comparisons with other countries. Although the paper by Chen and Stevenson uses data from the late 1980s, this clearly shows that the levels of homework assigned in the U.S. are less than that in both China and Japan. The paper also presents evidence that this correlates with higher levels of student achievement in China and…

Works Cited

Chen, S. And H.W. Stevenson. "Homework: A cross-cultural examination." Child Development 60 (1989): 551-561.

Gill, Brian P. And Steven L. Schlossman. "A Nation at Rest: The American way of homework." Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis 25.3 (2003): 319-337.

Jieying, Xi, Sun Yunxiao and Jing Jian Xiao. Chinese Youth in Transition. Burlington, VT: Ashgate Publishing, 2006.

Matthews, Jay. "Class Struggle: Is homework really so terrible?" Generating Ideas from Reading. 21-25.

Pedagoglical Theory Has Undergone a
Words: 1336 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Article Review Paper #: 41031383
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Kids today are overwhelmed!" A parent recently wrote in an email to "My first-grade son was required to research a significant person from history and write a paper of at least two pages about the person, with a bibliography. How can he be expected to do that by himself? He just started to learn to read and write a couple of months ago. Schools are pushing too hard and expecting too much from kids" (ilde, 2011).

However, the homework paradigm affects more than just the student -- it affects parents, teachers, caregivers, and any secondary programs (sports, music, etc.) that children participate in. Some studies show that students are not, on average, doing significantly more homework now than in the past; while others say that there are far more "things" to learn, more avenues of learning, and with standardized testing, a greater push to complete a curriculum at a…

Wilde, M. (2011). Do Our Kids Have Too Much Homework?

Retrieved from: 

Winch, G. (2010). How Much Homework is Too Much? Psychology Today. Retrieved from:

Vygotsky All Humans Have the
Words: 2006 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 39883315
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Overall, the classes were uneven in their approach. In part of the class, they were very traditional and used lecture style. In other parts of the class, they freely allowed participation among students. For example, one teacher, despite the fact that he is more disciplined with the students, uses comparisons when explaining the concepts and refers to book when giving examples on the board. The class is quiet during a short lecture. Afterwards, the notes are left on the board and the students are asked to take notes. A special student lays head on desk and asks no questions and takes no notes. However, the teacher does the first part of the homework together with the students, which is a quasi-Vygotsky approach. He does ask the students in this class more questions individually than the other class and helps this class a lot more on homework, which is also a…


Bransford, John, Brown, Ann, and Cocking, Rodney (Eds). Brain, Mind, Experience and School. Washington, DC: National Academy Press, 1999.

Chang, Kuo-En, Sung, Yao-Ting and Chen, Ine-Dai the effect of concept mapping to enhance text comprehension and summarization. The Journal of Experimental Education (2002). 71.1, 5-23.

Hartman, H. Scaffolding & Cooperative Learning. Human Learning and Instruction (pp. 23-69). New York: City College of City University of New York, 2002.

McKenzie, Jamie. Scaffolding for Success. Beyond Technology, Questioning, Research and the Information Literate School Community. Bloomington, in: Indiana University Press, 2000.

Editing Work I Chose to Base My
Words: 1450 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 76757810
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Editing Work

chose to base my studies on J. because we shared a lot in common; we are both Christians living in a predominantly Muslim country. He is eleven years old. His parents are Jordan nationals who have lived in Bahrain for at least two years. J goes to school at Naseem nternational School where work. The school offers PYP programs. Lessons are conducted in English; however, Arabic lessons are also offered per week. Majority of kids in this school are Muslims most of whom are Bahrainis. Other nationalities making the student population are Saudis, Lebanese, Jordanians, few South Africans, and other Arabian Gulf countries. Teachers are a mixture of nationalities. Some of them are Arabs, others South Africans, while some are Europeans.

Different research methodologies were used to collect information on J's school progress and behavior. Some of the methodologies used were, to mention but a few, unstructured interviews,…

In an unstructured interview with his IT teacher on 16th November, 2012, that lasted 30 minutes, the teacher reiterated that J. had social problems that apparently made him unpopular with other students especially student S. The student created a lot of problems for J. during IT lessons. S repeated virtually everything that J. said in an insulting manner. He only has one physically small boy as a friend in the entire I.T class. The teacher had no problems with his behavior or performance in his lesson.

In an unstructured interview with Ms. Y, the school counselor, in her office on 18th November that lasted for 30 minutes, she pointed out that J. was a sensitive well mannered child who stuck to agreements he made. She maintained that J. was always on the receiving end because his classmates, who are predominantly Bahrainis, are naturally provocative while J. was not aggressive. She made such observation based on an incident when during break time play student S. violently pushed a necklace out of J's hand. This provoked J. into pushing student S. away. When the two of them were called into the counselor's office, student S. brought a fake witness to support his case. The witness claimed that J. provoked S. into a fight. Student S. claimed that he just tripped by mistake and this made the necklace to drop. The fake witness made it difficult for Ms. Y to defend J. despite the fact that she knew that it was not J's fault. She observed that J. is very clever and quiet and that's why he was provoked quite often. She affirmative that J. situation was aggravated by the fact that he was a Christian learning in a Muslim school, sentiments that J's father also believed in. She also pointed out that J. was provoked by his fellow students because he was not a Bahraini.

In another interview with Ms. Y on 2nd December, 2012, she opined that M, B,

Prediction African-American Parents' and Guardians'
Words: 527 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 80096106
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Dissatisfaction with elementary school teachers and the educational environment usually meant that the same parents remained dissatisfied with the high school teachers and high school environment. he researcher suggests that the research gathered in the current study be used to improve community relations and more importantly, to improve the one-on-one relationships between all public school professionals and all parents. he author also notes that elementary school education provides a strong foundation for student math and literacy competency. hose competencies will carry over into middle and high school. herefore, African-American students who did not receive an adequate early childhood education are less likely to thrive in later grades.

African-American parents varied with regard to the factors that influence their perceptions about public schools and their staff. Course materials and caliber of homework was one factor that impacted African-American parent perspectives. Some parents, however, attributed their children's success or failure to personal…

Thompson's research is highly relevant to school administrators and counselors throughout the country. Most schools in the United States will have a substantial number of African-American students. Their needs and those of their parents are not being addressed well enough. Establishing solid ties between schools and their communities will help improve pubic relations and may also help raise the academic performance standards for African-American children. School administrators, teachers, and counselors should be able to satisfy the needs of all parents and children.

The researcher used a questionnaire to gather data about perceptions of public schools. All participants were self-described as African-Americans. A high number of participants were dissatisfied with their children's high school teachers: a greater number than those dissatisfied only with their children's elementary school teachers. Thompson (2003) also found that the participants' perceptions of elementary school teachers was positively correlated with perceptions of high school teachers. Dissatisfaction with elementary school teachers and the educational environment usually meant that the same parents remained dissatisfied with the high school teachers and high school environment. The researcher suggests that the research gathered in the current study be used to improve community relations and more importantly, to improve the one-on-one relationships between all public school professionals and all parents. The author also notes that elementary school education provides a strong foundation for student math and literacy competency. Those competencies will carry over into middle and high school. Therefore, African-American students who did not receive an adequate early childhood education are less likely to thrive in later grades.

African-American parents varied with regard to the factors that influence their perceptions about public schools and their staff. Course materials and caliber of homework was one factor that impacted African-American parent perspectives. Some parents, however, attributed their children's success or failure to personal effort. Ohters noted that racism and race awareness might affect school performance. Regardless of perceived reasons for African-American student performance in school, the system must respond to the persistent achievement gap between black and white students. Thompson's (2003) research emphasizes the need to establish relationships with African-American parents early: before high school. Although the author does not offer any specific suggestions for policy change, some can be inferred. For example, African-American parents expressed a preference for educational materials that they deemed relevant and meaningful for their children (p. 10). Consulting with African-American parents when their children are still in elementary school might help those parents trust that the system is responsive to their needs and the needs of their children.

Agree With Yet Ultimately I Have a
Words: 520 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 71437693
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agree with, yet ultimately I have a fundamentally different perspective on the issue of homework, teacher responsibility, and parental involvement in education. It is true that many homework assignments are found to be tedious, boring, and repetitive by students and their parents alike, and it is definitely part of a teacher's responsibility to find ways to overcome these perceptions and attitudes so as to enhance the learning process and make it more effective. Creating more "interesting" assignments is certainly one method for overcoming this issue, yet I agree that this solution does indeed miss the fundamental problems identified with the homework issue specifically and the educational system in general. I do not agree, however, with the poster's assessment of what the fundamental homework issue actually is.

It is somewhat true that children these days have less and less time to spend on homework with the increasing amounts of structured and…

Learning Styles and College Students
Words: 4864 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 64521808
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Community Colleges in America

In 1983 and 1984, a dozen major reports on the United States' schools were published. All stressed the need for "excellence" in education. These reports are the subject of: Excellence in Education: Perspectives on Policy and Practice. The reports pertaining to higher education were published by The BusinessHigher Education Forum, and saw higher education as "unable to train skilled managers and technicians that they believed industry needed." (Altbach 32) These reports essentially claim that student achievement has declined at technical schools because schools "do not demand enough of their students, do not apply stiff criteria for promotion, do not test students enough, and particularly in high school, provide students with too many choices about what subjects they study." (Altbach 32) These reports are somewhat dated in that they compare American students with Japanese students and focus on technical proficiency vs. The intuitive grasp of problems and…

Works Cited

Altbach, Philip G., Gail P. Kelly, and Lois Weis, eds. Excellence in Education: Perspectives on Policy and Practice. Buffalo, NY: Prometheus Books, 1985.

Baker, George A., Judy Dudziak, and Peggy Tyler, eds. A Handbook on the Community College in America: Its History, Mission, and Management. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1994.

Diaz, David P., and Ryan B. Cartnal. "Students' Learning Styles in Two Classes Online Distance Learning and Equivalent On-Campus." College Teaching 47.4 (1999): 130-135.

Miller, Richard I., Charles Finley, and Candace Shedd Vancko. Evaluating, Improving, and Judging Faculty Performance in Two-Year Colleges. Westport, CT: Bergin & Garvey, 2000.

Recreation Pros and Cons of
Words: 1474 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 82036824
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To these kids playing video games is an extracurricular activity and they don't see any reason to do anything else.

The major problem with this is that the incidence of childhood obesity in the U.S. is three times higher than it was 40 years ago. esearch shows that the increased use of technology by children during leisure time has transformed play from what used to be more physically active to sedentary. Children are often engaged in an environment that exposes them to food advertisement that encourages even more caloric consumption. Despite the linkage between technology and sedentary behavior, no consistent policy exists at the federal level that articulates government's role to address this issue (Campbell, Gilmore, McGinty, Pickering and amos, 2009).

A new study shows that every hour that a child plays video games or watches television may double their risk of obesity. This is not the first study to…


Campbell, Casie, Gilmore, William, McGinty, James, Pickering, Jennifer and Ramos, Joseph.

(2009). Minimizing Technologies' Contribution to Childhood Obesity. Retrieved March 2,

2010, from Web site:

Do violent video games contribute to youth violence? (2010). Retrieved March 2, 2010, from Pro

Cognitive Behavioral Theories of Counseling
Words: 805 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 96370221
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Psychology -- Cognitive theoies

Use of the Session Bidging Woksheet in Cognitive Theapy

The pupose of the Session Bidging Woksheet is to assess the client's insight and compehension of the pio theapy session (Beck, 1995). Being awae of the fact that they will be questioned concening the pevious session encouages the client to pepae fo the pesent session by eflecting on the session thoughout the week. If the client cannot emembe thei esponses o the significant concepts fom the pio theapeutic session, the counselo and client come togethe to figue out a way so that they can moe effectively ecall the elements of the pesent session. The Session Bidging Woksheet offes a way of getting this done. This is impotant because seveal studies have shown that inceased memoy and undestanding of theapeutic sessions has a diect impact on teatment outcome (Shephed, Salkovskis, & Mois, 2009). Also this technique equies that…

references. Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy, 37(2), 141-150.

Whipple, J.L., Lambert, M.J., Vermeersch, D.A., Smart, D.W., Nielsen, S.L., & Hawkins, E.J. (2003). Improving the effects of psychotherapy: The use of early identification of treatment failure and problem solving strategies in routine practice. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 58, 59-68.

Educational Theories Guiding Educational Experience Description of
Words: 3172 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 29439383
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Educational Theories Guiding Educational Experience

Description of an education event experienced

I am a dentist, and I have started a course on teaching dentistry. My experience with education was never a particularly encouraging one as my teacher was always absent. When I was at school, the teachers went on strike, and that left us with no attention from them. We had to do much of the studying alone, and all required research lay squarely on our shoulders in the absence of teachers for as long as they were striking. Whenever the teachers came around school, they applied a work to rule strategy and that was extremely devastating. Lecturers were never available for any extra consultation, and we had to take our learning as individual responsibilities instead of waiting for support or guidance from lecturers. Any difficulties, which we may have faced during the study never, had a chance in the…


Annand, D. (2011). Social presence within the community of inquiry framework. The International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning, 12(5), 40-56. Aristotle.

(2002). Aristotle nicomachean ethics. (J. Sachs, Trans.). Newburyport, MA: Focus

Publishing/R. Pullins Co.

Baker, C. (2010). The impact of instructor immediacy and presence for online student affective learning, cognition, and motivation. The Journal of Educators online, 7(1), 1-30.

Military Therapeutic Group Introduction and
Words: 2672 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 52442895
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Attendance will be required for all group members to optimize the effect of the sessions. Group members will be allowed to leave the group as long as the intention to leave is provided in writing. No reasons will be required.

Because of the nature of the group, a mutual confidentiality agreement will be signed by all group members, including leaders, at the first meeting of the group. There will generally not be homework, apart from the requirement to apply what has been learned to the work and home environment. Group members may report on results if they feel they want to.

There is no need for a formalized institution to determine the ground rules and structure of the meetings. This will be a collaborative process between me and the group members.

IX. Group essions

Group dynamics generally consist of four stages: forming, storming, norming, and performing (Group Dynamics, Unit 10).…


Adams, B.D. And Webb, R.D.G. Trust in Small Military Teams. Retrieved from

Armstrong, R. (2005) Requirements of a Self-Managed Team Leader. Leader Values. Retrieved from

Borchers, T. (1999). Small Group Communication. Retrieved from

Castano, E. Leidner B, and Slawuta, P. (2008, Jun). Social identification processes, group dynamics and the behaviour of combatants. International Review of the Red Cross, Vol 90, No. 870. Retrieved from$File/irrc-870_Castano.pdf

Communication -- Bad News Response
Words: 731 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 67004921
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In that regard, we are never too busy to talk to parents about their children. If you had called me to explain Hillary's concerns, I might have been able to get her an exemption from detention under the circumstances. Even if I could not have done that, I could at least have assured Hillary (and you) that detention would have, essentially, allowed her to do exactly what you allowed her to do at home: she would have been asked to sit in the classroom under the supervision of a teacher and to read her book during that period or to do any other schoolwork she wished to do. Had we been able to discuss the matter in advance, Hillary might have received an exemption from detention, or at least an explanation to allay her fears about what it was. However, it would have been much more beneficial to Hillary to…

Banerjee Mandira 2010 One Burger Hold the
Words: 721 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Annotated Bibliography Paper #: 91905454
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Banerjee, Mandira. (2010). One Burger, Hold the Meat -- Being Vegetarian in America.

New American Media. Retrieved April 7, 2013, from

Banerjee is a media specialist and she presents data in this article on how many

Americans are vegetarians. The bottom line is different from other research for this paper because it doesn't attack factory farming. Banerjee is interested more in numbers and explanations for why people turn to vegetarianism than in ethics and morality.

The value of this piece is that it presents data (7.3 million Americans are vegetarians and another 22.8 million are "inclined" towards vegetarianism). Interestingly, the number of people who embrace vegetarianism is not growing, but those in America interested in "eating more vegetarian meals, or who are vegetarian-inclined, is sky-rocketing" (Banerjee). The vegetarian culture in India is referenced (which is noted for its embrace of vegetarianism vis-a-vis Hinduism), as is the ghastly amount of…

Teaching Strengths for the Content Area Secondary
Words: 2132 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Interview Paper #: 92864566
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teaching strengths for the content area (secondary school mathematics or science) you plan to teach.

I have decided that I will teach mathematics at the secondary school level which is a subject I performed well at when I was in high school myself. I was always at the top of my classes when it came to math and I enjoyed all of the classes that I took in the subject. So, I think it has to be the right area in which I should pursue a teaching degree.

I can think of two strengths that I have, with regard to this subject, apart from the facts that I enjoy the study and was able to perform well at the secondary level. First, on a personal level, I do not try to act like I know more than other people, even though I may have a more perfect knowledge of the…


Fontana, J.L., Scruggs, T., & Mastropieri, M.A. (2007). Mnemonic strategy instruction in inclusive secondary social studies classes. Remedial and Special Education, 28. 345-355.

Plummer, J.E., & Peterson, B.E. (2009). A preservice secondary teacher's moves to protect her view of herself as a mathematics expert. School Science and Mathematics,109(5). 247-257.

Scott, T.M., Park, K.L., Swain-Bradway, J., & Landers, E. (2007). Positive behavior support in the classroom: Facilitating behaviorally inclusive learning environments. The International Journal of Behavioral Consultation and Therapy, 3(2). 223-235.

Stiggins, R.J. (1999, October). Assessment, student confidence and school success. Phi Delta Kappan. 191-198.

Lisa Was a Sophomore and While in
Words: 3300 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 98681383
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Lisa was a sophomore and while in the Alternative school, as was the case in the regular high school, she had been a student who had been in trouble frequently for talking back to and swearing at teachers, skipping class, not doing homework, hanging out after school and violating many of the community rules that were established by the group including smoking on school grounds, lying, being late for classes, and doing drugs. She hung out with what teachers called "the wrong crowd" after school: kids from a nearby community that were not as well off, and were part of a street gang. Lisa was white, but many of her friends were black, and the kids in this gang were vocally resistant to the inequalities that they saw in wealthy Scarsdale that were not in their poor community. Some of her afterschool friends were dropping out, and others were fighting…


Lapsley, D. Moral Stage Theory. In Killen, M. & Smetana, J. (Ed). Handbook of Moral Development.

Moral Development and Moral Education: An Overview 

Week 9: (October 22): Self development and Social Contexts

Reverse Mentoring at GE
Words: 617 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 1413470
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Reverse Mentoring at GE

The first and most important pitfall we have to refer to in this case is the uneasiness with which an older senior executive might let himself be tutored or mentored. Obviously, they are not used to this: as the article has mentioned, it is unusual for the mentor to be younger than his pupil and this may create a state of discomfort for both the participants. If we consider that the age difference could be around 25-30 years, an executive aged 60 or 65 can perhaps find it uneasy to be in a position where he has to recognize that he is not able to master something, he is not able to teach himself and has to get help from somebody not only years younger, but also much lower on the corporate ladder.

From my point-of-view, a smaller age difference between the two is more appropriate.…

Governance Is an Essential Component
Words: 719 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 57020148
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Dishonesty in either could result in disaster for companies. Communication is the element that unites everything else. Employers should encourage employees to communicate either grievances or suggestions. This opportunity will result not only in better mutual understanding, but also in loyalty that arises from being valued as an employee.

4. I certainly would want to do homework on any company I enter for the first time - and particularly one where my predecessor left under a cloud. It could mean many things, which my investigation is obviously meant to reveal. It could mean that the person who left was him- or herself not honest and brought about an unsavory situation. It could also however mean that working conditions became such that the person had no other choice than to leave, even if it meant that unsavory reputations would remain. I would want to thoroughly investigate to determine what the situation…


Greenberg, Josh. (2005, Jan 24). Diversity in the Workplace: Benefits, Challenges and Solutions.,-Challenges-and-Solutions&id=11053 

Information Guide. (2006). Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002. 

Jung, Kim Dae & Wolfensohn, James. (1999, Feb. 26). Economic Growh Requires Good Governance. International Herald Tribune.

Person Statement Our Attitude Toward
Words: 730 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 51814083
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Most importantly, I want to return to my father at least a fraction of what he has given to me in education and encouragement. If it were not for his decision to home school me, I would not have been where I am today, and most likely I would have set less ambitious longer-term goals.

A graduated my home schooling career with honors, earned extra credits, and achieved all the goals I set for myself. I did this entirely by self-directed scholarship, and on the basis of what I received from my parents. This in turn enabled me to enter college at the unusually early age of sixteen years old. At seventeen, I have no completed almost two years of college. This, in my view, gives me an advantage over many other people at my age. Through home schooling I have matured to a level where can pursue my studies…

Proverb Personal Experience Long Time
Words: 783 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 84162857
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It was no mystery to me that I was different from the others, as I was usually occupied with my homework about three or four hours per night and had to work ardently to cover my subjects, but I kept the secret to myself. When finally presented with the diagnose, I realized that it was only through my determination and great efforts that I surmounted my condition and managed to step in line along with my colleagues, all through high school. Moreover, I then realized that my grand quality was the ambition with which I proved that I was worthy as any other student.

The same fierce ambition granted my next success in college. My great wish was to enter the lacrosse team of my university in my sophomore year. I was aware that the other students possessed a remarkable talent for the sport and also had an advantage in…

Tall Buddies Peer-Assisted Learning Initiative
Words: 6521 Length: 25 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 34945821
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Methods for evaluating and monitoring the effectiveness of peer-assisted learning programs are discussed as well, followed by a summary of the literature review.

Background and Overview.

The growing body of scholarly evidence concerning peer tutoring has been consistent in emphasizing the powerful effects that children can exert on the academic and interpersonal development of their classmates and/or other students (Ehly & Topping, 1998). For example, Bloom (1984) reported early on that one-on-one tutoring by a fully skilled peer was more effective than both conventional (i.e., teachers' lecturing) and mastery learning (i.e., student- regulated) methods of teaching. Across several replications of academic content and student age levels, Bloom (1984) reported that peer tutoring programs produced effect sizes on the order of 2 standard deviations above the mean of the control group (i.e., students receiving conventional lecture-based instruction), compared with 1.3 standard deviations for mastery learning (effect sizes larger than.25 of 1…


Adelgais, a., King, a., & Staffieri, a. (1998). Mutual peer tutoring: Effects of structuring tutorial interaction to scaffold peer learning. Journal of Educational Psychology, 90(1), 134.

Afflerbach, P., Baumann, J.F., Duffy-Hester, a.M., Hoffman, J.V., McCarthey, S.J. & Ro, J.M. (2000). Balancing principles for teaching elementary reading. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Arreaga-Mayer, C., Gavin, K.M., Greenwood, C.R., Terry, B.T., & Utley, C.A. (2001). Classwide peer tutoring learning management system. Remedial and Special Education, 22(1), 34.

Bloom, B.S. (1984). The 2 sigma problem: The search for methods of group instruction as effective as one-to-one tutoring. Educational Researcher, 13, 4-16.

Editing Student's Original Correspondence Please Consider This
Words: 458 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 37093987
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Please consider this respectful appeal of the decision of the Department of Student Progress Committee resulting in my dismissal from the Masters program in Communicative Sciences and Disorders. That decision was the result of difficulties that I experienced completing an off-campus practicum at Eger Healthcare Center during the all of 2010 which resulted in my receiving a grade of "" for the course E34.2118.

Originally, I took on my four-day-per-week off-campus practicum at Eger Health Care Center in Staten Island and my second one-day-per-week off-campus practicum site at Terence Cardinal Cooke Health Care Center in Manhattan during my last scheduled semester at NYU prior to my anticipated graduation in January 2011. Unfortunately my family experienced unexpected financial difficulties after my husband's untimely loss of his employment in early October of 2010. The resulting financial hardship affected my academic performance tremendously because my husband's job had been…

Fortunately, after an exhaustive three-month job search, my husband was offered a permanent full-time job at the end of December 2010. It was a tremendous relief for our family. Now that our acute financial difficulties have been resolved, I have stopped tutoring and I am fully prepared and committed to resuming my studies and to completing my degree for which I have already worked so hard for years.

I am hopeful that in light of the circumstances, you might reconsider your previous decision and allow me to the opportunity to repeat the off-campus practicum in the Fall 2011 semester so that I might complete my degree at NYU. Thank you kindly for your consideration.


Lars Heart Issues Lars Appears to Have
Words: 1659 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 66189709
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Heart Issues

Lars appears to have strong issues of the heart. He is emotionally closed off and distant at the current time with his fiancee, Jennifer. This may be due to his conservative upbringing. It will be important to find out what type of environment he grew up in and what his role in the family was. His ambivalence about his upcoming marriage and his withdrawal from Jennifer may be due to actual or perceived disapproval from his conservative Lutheran parents about marrying a woman who is divorced. This rift, whether true or not, would cause a great strain for Lars' heart well-being. It may also be Lars' own disapproval of his pending marriage to a divorced woman. If this is the case, he may or may not actively realize it at this time.

Relational Issues

Lars appeared to function with relative ease and comfort in his relationship with…


American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual, Edition IV, Therapeutic Revision. (2000) New York: American Psychiatric Publishing, Inc. 4th Edition.

Forrey, Jeffrey F. A Biblical Response To Suicide. (2008) Publisher Unknown.

Holy Bible. New Living Translation. (1996) Illinois: Tyndale House Publishers.

Welch, Edward T. Depression: A Stubborn Darkness - A Light For the Path. (2004) New Growth Press.

Testimonial From Older Sister About Younger Brother
Words: 626 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 49979576
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When I reflect on the gifts I have been given, one of the most treasured I have is the gift of having a younger brother. Jordan is 10 years younger than I am, and right now a senior in High School. He plays football and runs track, gets good grades, is a pleasant and helpful person, and is genuinely happy about life. He is not part of any negative clique, does not participate in illicit drugs or excessive drinking, and is always willing to smile and help another. Right now, he has not decided upon a career path, and certainly he might work a bit before making the decision regarding college. This is very typical of Jordan; he would rather be sure of an investment instead of the potential of inconveniencing anyone by jumping into a financial burden like student loans or college expenses.

I wonder, sometimes, in this…

Icloud and Ios 6 Integration-
Words: 829 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 3616791
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As each device in the family has 5GB and is about to run out, we upgraded each iCloud memory configuration at the store, although it is also possible to do this online as well.

e purchased a 100GB upgrade for the MacBook Air, and also added a 50GB upgrade for the iPad2. The ease of doing this was impressive and we were able to also get the iCloud options configured to be consistent across all devices. The options for what to store and how to archive it was impressive. Apple has made usability and streamline configuration of the iCloud a high priority and it shows.

Lessons Learned

The value of the Genius Bar was evident in how quickly the problem was solved. The expert also explained each of the new features of the iOS operating system and showed how the iCloud tabs in Safari were replicated in real-time to the…

Works Cited

Frakes, Dan. "Hands-on with iOS 6: Safari." Macworld 2012: 54. ABI/INFORM Complete. Web. 5 Dec. 2012 .

Integrated Business and Management Assessment Ibma Portfolio
Words: 439 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Capstone Project Paper #: 31040455
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Integrated Business and Management Assessment (IBMA) Portfolio

Business Capstone Project: Outcomes

Demonstrate effective communication skills.


• Making good use of the English language in the presentation of business and management topics

• Effectively communicating grasp of business and management topics

• Identifying how the presentation was appropriately adapted to the audience

• Being organized and concise in written communication

Learning Statements:

• I have expanded my vocabulary regarding business-related concepts on both a practical and theoretical level.

• I have improved my ability to use email and other forms of technology to communicate in a professional manner.

• I have learned how to tailor my language and persuasive strategies to different audiences (lay vs. professional, colleagues vs. strangers).

• I have learned how to effectively use outlining to improve my public speaking and my research papers.

Evidence Used to Support Learning Statements:

• Tab C-1, Physics Homework, p.…

Existence of Tastes Among Groups of People
Words: 860 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 75318881
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existence of tastes among groups of people is essential to many fields, which include psychology, sociology, demography, politics, and marketing. Such studies allow us to establish mean tastes and preferences, whether we want to analyze a correlation in order to understand cognitive behavior better, or generate revenue models that will cater to the buying power of the greatest number of people. In this assignment, I will develop two studies that may be used to determine in one case the correlation between certain religious beliefs and mental instability and in another whether successful students prefer different beverages than unsuccessful ones.

Are certain types of religious beliefs associated with mental instability?

Freud first observed that many of his patients that suffered from various neuroses also maintained somewhat compulsive religious beliefs. However, a determination could be made between expressing obsessive behavior and applying it to religious matters and maintenance certain specific religious beliefs…

Ukrainian Civil War in a Sociological Context
Words: 582 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 28535091
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Current Event Due 11:55p Sunday eek 5 the eek 5 Homework 2 Assignment meets objectives: Apply a sociological perspective social world. Analyze contemporary social issues sociological imagination sociological theories concepts analyze everyday life.

The Ukraine conflict has generated much controversy in recent months as a community of experts has gotten actively involved in discussing the topic and in attempting to provide solution to the crisis. Even with the fact that initial decisions were related to getting an international body to intervene and influence the two belligerent camps to put down their weapons, it gradually became clear that the situation would require more thought and that the people involved are reluctant to yield to their adversaries. Shaun alker and Howard Amos's article "Ukraine civil war fears mount as volunteer units take up arms" provides information with regard to the critical nature of the conflict.

By analyzing matters from a sociological perspective,…

Works cited:

Newman, E., & DeRouen, K. (2014). Routledge Handbook of Civil Wars. Routledge.

Walker, Shaun, & Amos, Howard. Ukraine civil war fears mount as volunteer units take up arms. Retrieved on May 16, 2014, from:

Medicinal Cuisine and the Dietary Therapy and What Are the Benefits
Words: 550 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 82316734
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DAOM Homework

What is the key question, problem, or need the project will address?

The key question this project will address is the history of food-as-medicine and the benefits of diet-as therapy. The focus will be on Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) dietary therapy within the context of Korean traditional food and lifestyle; the kinds of medicinal cuisines still popular in modern Korean society today; and the actual benefits of TCM vs. people's beliefs.

Why is the project important?

Diet is an important factor in longevity and also in improving the quality of life. As well as prolonging life, there is a growing interest in the extent to which diet can reduce the risks of developing chronic conditions like heart disease, diabetes, and Alzheimer's disease.

What data will be used, how will it be collected and how long will this take?

This paper will consist of a review of the literature…

Accounting and Finance
Words: 700 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 23199749
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Accountin Homework

a) TJX' current ratio = 1,743,105/1,306,846 = 1.33

b) OshKosh current ratio = 123,962/47,086

Althouh Oshkosh current assets and liabilities are relatively small compared to TJX, the company's current ratio is much hiher. This means that it is in a better relative position to pay its bills

c) There are a few items that miht be difficult to turn into cash. For example, deferred income taxes couldn't be converted into cash quickly. Also, it could take a while to sell inventory, collect A/R, or collect on short-term investments.










sum liabilities current

e) The total assets of the company is approximately 2.7 million but the shareholders equity is about 1.2 million. However, the company also has about 1.3 million in current liabilities. Therefore, most of its liabilities are current and most of the financin came from equity financin.

f) TJX…

g) In 2001 the cost of revenue grew at a faster rate than the overall gross sales. This basically means that it was paying more to produce its goods and/or services. The company reasonably has figured out a way to reduce its cost of revenue associated with total sales over the previous years.

h) If Microsoft was pushing 2 and 3-year service contracts, then it would collect more money upfront for its services (unearned revenue). Therefore, its cash amounts would increase, but also its liabilities relative to prepaid services that it must provide in the future. The company could also invest the cash from the prepaid accounts and receive some interest income. However, the company probably also has to discount its prepaid services to offer an incentive for companies to purchase these for multiple years.

i) If everything else was the same, then the stock price would decrease because the company would be selling less of its 2 and 3-year contracts. However, it could be the case that the 10% decrease could also be transferred to 1 year contracts or something to that affect. Therefore, it is still possible that total sales could still rise even if unearned revenue decreases. More information would be needed to provide a precise answer.

Traditional Classroom Instruction and Its Pitfalls
Words: 2488 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 24518085
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Parents think school is the best place for a child to learn and to grow. People often believe traditional schooling is an effective way for a child to learn and grow. However, in recent times people have discovered traditional schooling may not be as effective as one believed. Colombo, Cullen and Lisle discuss in their book the pitfalls of formal classroom instruction. Formal classroom instruction may be useful for some students, but may be detrimental to others, especially in today's technology driven society.

Chapter one of Rereading America discusses formal classroom instruction and how it may stifle natural intelligence and creativity.

…on one level, Americans tend to see schooling as a valuable experience that unites us in a common culture and helps us bring out the best in ourselves; yet at the same time, we suspect that formal classroom instruction stifles creativity and chokes off natural intelligence and enthusiasm. (Colombo,…

Works Cited

Colombo, Gary, Robert Cullen, and Bonnie Lisle. Rereading America. 9th ed. Boston: Bedford Books of St. Martin's Press, 2013. Print.

Dean, Ceri B, and Robert J. Marzano. Classroom Instruction That Works. Alexandria, Va.: ASCD, 2012. Print.

Enfield, Jacob. 'Looking At the Impact of the Flipped Classroom Model of Instruction on Undergraduate Multimedia Students at CSUN'. TechTrends57.6 (2013): 14-27. Web.

Heacox, Diane. Differentiating Instruction in the Regular Classroom. Minneapolis, MN: Free Spirit Pub., 2002. Print.

Curriculum Highly Effective Strategies of
Words: 2922 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 27403899
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In the example provided, the teacher could explain that homework assignments will allow them to learn more about how life in Ancient Greece and ome influenced modern customs and practices, and the purpose of homework assignments is to break the information they are learning into smaller chunks so they do not have to memorize or learn too much information at once, which might become overwhelming. Knowing this, students are more likely to take time to complete assignments. A teacher can encourage the student to utilize a separate assignment notebook for each subject they are studying, and track daily assessments of what they learned in class about their study of Ancient ome and Ancient Greece. This employs the technique of practice, which enforces student's ability to write well and apply scientific method or logical analysis to information they learn in class. Students may for example, be encouraged to make notes alongside…


Marzano, R.J., Gaddy, B.B., & Dean, C. (2000). What works in classroom instruction?

Aurora, CO: Mid-continent Research for Education and Learning.

Marzano, R.J. (1998). A theory-based meta-analysis of research on instruction. McEd. Accessed 7, May 2007:

Psychosocial Academic Interventions for Children With ADHD
Words: 3151 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 40596143
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Academic Outcomes of Children With ADHD

ADHD Literature eview

Improving the Academic Outcomes of Children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

Improving the Academic Outcomes of Children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

According to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) (2014) Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a neurodevelopmental condition recognizable by attention deficits, hyperactivity, and impulsivity that manifest across multiple settings. The most recent version of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM-V) describes ADHD as consisting of inattention, and/or hyperactivity/impulsivity, severe enough to interfere with day-to-day functioning and development. Common symptoms of inattention include poor listening skills, frequent mistakes, disorganized, avoidance of mentally challenging tasks, distracted, and forgetful. Hyperactivity/impulsivity symptoms include fidgeting, inappropriate physical activity, excessive talking, interrupting others, and an inability to play quietly. Children suffering from ADHD would therefore have a difficult time succeeding academically.

If ADHD were rare this would not be a significant…


CDC. (2013). Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD): Data & statistics. Retrieved from .

CDC. (2014). Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD): Symptoms and diagnosis. Retrieved from .

Dang, M.T., Warrington, D., Tung, T., Baker, D., & Pan, R.J. (2007). A school-based approach to early identification and management of students with ADHD. Journal of School Nursing, 23(1), 2-12.

DuPaul, G., & Power, T.J. (2008). Improving school outcomes for students with ADHD: Using the right strategies in the context of the right relationships. Journal of Attention Disorders, 11(5), 519-21.

Analyzing Depression in Adolescents Group
Words: 3394 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 83809960
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Depression in Adolescents Group

Curriculum overview

This group aims at aiding participants in modifying their cognitions, maladaptive schemas, and behaviors. Participants acquire a grasp of how to be more relaxed and occupied in more pleasing activities. Such changes to behavior will trigger the succeeding profounder change levels. Participating individuals will be aided in altering their depressogenic and impractical thoughts as well, to thoughts that are more practical, successively decreasing their depression levels. In order to achieve true, longer-term change, as well as to lower the possibility of recurrence of depression, one needs to modify maladaptive schemas. The group is presented with the 'schemas' idea, group members are aided in distinguishing their respective schemas, and efforts are initiated towards altering schemas. However, one must bear in mind the fact that this process of schema transformation is time-consuming and won't be achieved by the time of the group's termination. Participants in the…


Association for Specialists in Group Work. (2007). Best practice guidelines 2007 revisions. Journal for Specialists in Group Work, 33(2). doi: 10.1080/01933920801971184

Clabby, J. F. (2006). Helping Depressed Adolescents: A Menu of Cognitive-Behavioral Procedures for Primary Care. Primary Care Companion to The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 8(3), 131-141.

Corey, G., Corey, M.S., & Callanan, P. (2011). Issues and ethics in the helping professions (8th ed.). Belmont, CA: Brooks/Cole.

Myers, J.E., Willse, J.T., & Villalba, J.A. (2011). Promoting self-esteem in adolescents: The influence of wellness factors. Journal of Counseling & Development, 89(1), 28-36. doi: 10.1002/j.1556-6678.2011.tb00058.x

Parental Supervision Its Effects on
Words: 3720 Length: 14 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 66406700
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(Siziya, Muula, and Rudatsikira, 2007)

The following labeled Figure 1 shows the factors associated with truancy among adolescents in the study conducted and reported in the work of Siziya, Muula, and Rudatsikira (2007)

Factors associated with truancy among adolescents in Swaziland

Factor or (95% CI)*





Schooling (years) to 8 to 11


Most of the times or always

Drank alcohol

Number of times bullied or 2

Most students kind and helpful

Most of the times

Parents checked homework

Most of the times

Parents understood problems

Most of the times

Parental supervision

Most of the times

or (95%CI)* adjusted for all the factors in the model

Siziya et al. Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health 2007 1:15 doi:10.1186/1753-2000-1-15

Source: Siziya, Muula, and Rudatsikira (2007)

The work of Stanton et al. (2004) entitled: "Randomized Trial of a Parent Intervention" states that while "numerous interventions have been demonstrated…


Cookston, Jeffrey T. (1999) Parental Supervision and Family Structure: Effects on Adolescent Problem Behaviors. Journal of Divorce & Remarriage, Vol. 32(1/2) 1999

Stanton, Bonita et al. (2004) Randomized Trial of a Parent Intervention: Parents Can Make a Difference in Long-Term Adolescent Risk Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 158:947-955. Online available at 

Redd, Zakia; Brooks, Jennifer; and McGarvey, Ayelish (nd) Background for Community-level Work on Educational Adjustment, Achievement and Attainment in Adolescence: Reviewing the Literature on Contributing Factors. Child Trends.

Carter, Rebecca (2000) Parental Involvement With Adolescents' Education: Do Daughters or Sons Get More Help? Journal of Adolescence, Spring 2000. Online available at

Marzano Pickering and Pollock's Classroom
Words: 705 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Book Review Paper #: 49342240
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In the eight section, the authors recommend "generating and testing hypotheses" (ASCD, 2001), and the final strategy discussed is the application of "cues, questions, and advance organizers" (ASCD, 2001). Generating and testing hypotheses is critical to prepare students for the importance of drawing fact-based conclusions in the real world, and also promotes critical thinking skills and hands-on learning (two major principles advocated by the authors); the "cues and questions" chapter discusses issues such as allowing sufficient "wait time" and asking more analytical questions to foster critical thinking (Marzano, Pickering, & Pollock, 2001).

While all of the strategies mentioned can be important for improved student achievement, I believe the chapters on homework and rewarding effort are most important and most often overlooked. In my personal experience, I benefitted greatly from my parents never helping me with homework; student who have their own personal tutors at home not only have an unfair…


ASCD. (2001). An ASCD Study Guide for Classroom Instruction That Works: Research-Based Strategies for Increasing Student Achievement. Retrieved 02-20, 2011, from[email protected]_Research-Based_Strategies_for_Increasing_Student_Achievement.aspx 

Marzano, R., Pickering, D., & Pollock, J.E. (2001). Classroom instruction that works: research-based strategies for increasing student achievement. ASCD.

Australian Classroom the Effect of
Words: 4592 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Discussion Chapter Paper #: 67952474
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There were some interesting results in the answers obtained. First, all six participants were between the ages of 15 and 18 and 100% of them had started studying the English language in grade 5 at home in Iraq. Another observation is that 80% of the Iraqi students reported that they were a full grade level below in Australia; the remaining 20% were two grade levels behind his or her current educational pace in Iraq. This interesting fact demonstrates that the Iraqi school system is behind the Australian school system and the Iraqi learners will need further 2nd language training.

The fourth question delves into the educational background of the Iraqi students parents. A Muslim belief dictates many of the findings because Iraqi females often are not schooled and in some cases are illiterate. Sixty percent of the males have college level education, 40% of the males have a military or…

Piaget's Stages
Words: 1049 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 26622096
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Piaget's Stages Of Cognitive Development

Child Behavior Evaluations using Piaget's Stages of Cognitive Development

I was working at the library when two 15 to 16-year-old girls sat down at my table. Remembering that I had to do this assignment, I tried to pay attention to their behavior without seeming to. One of the girls opened up her laptop and began to work on what appeared to be homework, while the other girl sat down and quietly waited for her friend to finish the assignment. The homework seemed to require searching for information online in order to complete the assignment. Her patient friend seemed politely bored while waiting. At one point, the girl doing her homework apologized to her friend and stated that she was "… really sorry for taking so long." The girl doing the homework also received several text messages, which she silenced and ignored so that she could…

Use of Smartphones and Sleep Time
Words: 2041 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 12920433
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sleep and electronics. In particular, this research paper aims to explore the possible effects of screen time on sleep, based on experiences from participants in a survey. Prior to conducting the survey, the hypothesis was 'more screen time equals less sleep time'. Surveys are a valid research method to help test hypotheses by collecting information in the form of responses from target populations. By asking if screen time (e.g., video games, computers, mobile devices, and television) affected sleep outcomes of teenagers aged 14-18, the research paper could discover a negative correlation between screen time and sleep time. The negative correlation supported the hypothesis that teenagers exposed to higher levels of screen time, would sleep fewer hours. The research paper includes an appendix with a survey and excel data results collected from participants at Stuyvesant High School.


Teenagers have access to a wide array of electronics. From televisions to smart…

Positive Behavior Context and Literature May's Experience
Words: 1282 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 99342084
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Positive Behavior

Context and Literature

May's experience in the classroom is not unique. Many teachers find that they spend an inordinate amount of time working on behavioral difficulties as opposed to actually teaching material. May was fortunate that she was in a school in which the administration was supportive of both inquiry-based research and the use of literature to help mitigate situations and grow as a teacher. The particular advantage May had using outside literature was a combination of alternative point-of-view and experience. May would not have the time or resources to go through the types of research, data collection and analysis, and number of students that others have already done. She is also able to glean additional insights from others who have tried and succeeded, and tried and failed, with techniques. Often, too, reading other materials spurs ideas that one can pick and choose -- this works for my…

Social Science Research if Building
Words: 580 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 97833935
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video games in the life of the student. The problem with the Likert Scale is that

Thurstone Scale


I like video games.




I play video games everyday.




I play video games online




I play video games with friends online.




I play video games after school.




I play video games before doing homework.




I play video games while doing homework.



Guttman Scale

(Based on 7 Criteria Above)


Item 1

Item 2 Item 3 Item 4 Item 5 Item 6

Item 7





The key to the Gutman scaling is the analysis. The table shows the respondents who Agree or Disagree, and we then use those percentages to make points about the criteria, and age vs. responsibility.

Essay Three

When conducting research with humans there are a…

Motivating Students
Words: 554 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 89975203
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Self-Regulation Practice

Self-regulation is a consistent process of organizing and managing thoughts, emotions, behaviors, and environment (Ramdass, 2011). It involves setting goals, selecting appropriate learning strategies, maintaining motivation, and monitoring and evaluating academic progress. The self-regulation processes and self-beliefs also include time management, managing the environment (distractions), maintaining attention, and self-efficacy.

Students who use self-regulatory practices are higher achievers. Evidence shows that self-regulation skills and motivational beliefs correlate positively with homework activities (Ramdass, 2011). Homework assignments help at risk and struggling students develop motivation and self-regulation skills.

Self-regulation operates in the cognitive (learning strategies), motivational (self-efficacy, task value), and metacognitive (self-monitoring, self-reflection) areas of psychological functioning. Self-regulation motivation enables students to believe in their own individual capabilities. Cognitive self-regulation relates to the learning strategies and is different with each homework task. Metacognition enables goal setting and the monitoring of the learning progress.

Mastery of self-regulation depends on the belief in…


Pintrich, P. & . (1990). Motivational and Self-Regulated Learning Components of Classroom Academic Performance. Journal of Education Psychology, 82(1), 33-40.

Ramdass, P. & . (2011). Developing Self-Regulation Skills: The Important Role of Homework. Journal of Advanced Acedemics, 22(2), 194-218.

Planning Assessments for Students
Words: 7600 Length: 25 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 907095
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classroom assessment, a teacher determines his or her current point within the instructional sequence of a unit of study and identifies the student academic learning goals to measure.

"Select one class, a content area, and a unit of study to work with as you complete this performance task. Respond to the prompts below about the unit of study and its assessment."

Grade Level

Content Area: Math:

Grade level: 5 Content area: Mathematics Subject matter: _Graphs, Functions and Equations

"List the state-adopted academic content standards or state-adopted framework you will cover in this unit."

Graphs, Function Probability and statistics, and Equation: Statistics, Data Analysis, and Probability:

1.1: Arranges the raw data to plot graph and interprets the meaning of the data to produce information from the graph.

1.2: Understands the strategy to produce pair correctly .

Functions and Equations:

1.1: Uses the information collected from the equation or graph to answer…

Use of Strategic Family Therapy
Words: 2356 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 77118289
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Dana is a young and beautiful woman with family members that seem to constantly put her down whenever they get together. They appear to be self-centered and attention seeking. The mother has set expectations she places on her family and seems angry whenever they do not meet those expectations. For example, the mother suggested Dana get breast enlargement surgery to appease her boyfriend Matt. Her sister, Joanie also commented on Dana's appearance, making sure to let Dana know she appeared overweight or had a large rear end. These comments can and do affect people's self-esteem especially when the source of such comments are from people that person loves or is supposed to trust.

Dana takes everything and says nothing, agreeing with the remarks and feeling like she truly is overweight even if objectively people see her as very attractive. She also cannot say how she feels even around her boyfriend.…


Arendt, K., Thastum, M., & Hougaard, E. (2015). Homework Adherence and Cognitive Behaviour Treatment Outcome for Children and Adolescents with Anxiety Disorders. Behavioural And Cognitive Psychotherapy, 44(02), 225-235. 

Gingerich, W. & Peterson, L. (2013). Effectiveness of Solution-Focused Brief Therapy: A Systematic Qualitative Review of Controlled Outcome Studies. Research On Social Work Practice, 23(3), 266. 

Hayes, S., Levin, M., Plumb-Vilardaga, J., Villatte, J., & Pistorello, J. (2013). Acceptance and Commitment Therapy and Contextual Behavioral Science: Examining the Progress of a Distinctive Model of Behavioral and Cognitive Therapy. Behavior Therapy, 44(2), 180-198. 

Hofmann, S., Asnaani, A., Vonk, I., Sawyer, A., & Fang, A. (2012). The Efficacy of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy: A Review of Meta-analyses. Cognitive Therapy And Research, 36(5), 427-440.

Curriculum Is Not a New
Words: 1803 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 91859585
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These are not complex techniques that only high-school students and beyond should be dealing with. They are also not difficult for teachers to explain to their students, or for the students or parents to understand. In addition, they do not provide that much extra work for the teacher in the form of grading or for the student who has homework in other subjects, as well. Many students today are loaded down with homework, and the quality of what they are learning from this is often in question.

When writing is incorporated into the curriculum it can make the subjects more fun, make some of the homework and other assignments actually easier rather than more difficult, and awaken the interest of the students so that they will have a desire to learn more about the subjects they are studying. That interest in learning has been slipping away from the schools today,…


Braun, J.A. (2004). Technology in the classroom: Tools for building stronger communities and better citizens. Kappa Delta Pi Record, 40(2), 69-73.

Bursuck, W.D., & Munk, D.D. (2002). Research on the prevention of reading problems: Are kindergarten and first grade teachers listening? Preventing School Failure, 47(1), 4-9.

Norris, J., & Ortega, L. (2001). Does type of instruction make a difference? Substantive findings from a meta-analytic review. Language Learning, 51(1), 157-213.

Mental Retardation This Work Examines
Words: 6188 Length: 23 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 58210378
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Jones relates that statement of Corrigan: "Our work suggests that the biggest factor changing stigma is contact between people with mental illness and the rest of the population. The public needs to understand that many people with mental illness are functioning, fully contributing members of society." (Jones, 2006) Jones states that "the social cost of stigma associated with mental illness is high because it translates into huge numbers of people with treatable mental illness not getting help." Jones relates the fact that the National Alliance of Mental Illness (NAMI) is a group of advocates that works toward fighting the "inaccurate, hurtful representations of mental illness" that are found in the media. Jang (2002) states that the National Health Law Program has a priority to access of healthcare. In fact, the Executive Order (EO 13166) was focused toward the implementation of guidelines in overcoming the language barriers. Jang states that LEP…


Anderson, S.K. & Middleton, V.A.

Explorations in privilege, oppression and DiversityBrooks Cole 2005. ISBN0-534-51742-0

Barber, J.G. (1995). Politically progressive casework. Families in Society: The Journal of Contemporary Human Services, 76(1), 30-37.

Children Who Can't Pay Attention/ADHD (2004) Facts for Families. Academy of child and Adolescent Psychiatry. Online available at

Cognitive Counseling This Is a
Words: 5805 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 29574321
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Another person reading this information might think, "Well, this sounds good but I don't think I can do it." This person feels sad and discouraged. So it is not a situation which directly affects how a person feels emotionally, but rather, his or her thoughts in that situation. When people are in distress, they often do not think clearly and their thoughts are distorted in some way (eck).

Cognitive therapy helps people to identify their distressing thoughts and to evaluate how realistic the thoughts are. Then they learn to change their distorted thinking. When they think more realistically, they feel better. The emphasis is also consistently on solving problems and initiating behavioral change (eck).

Thoughts intercede between some sort of stimulus, such as an external event, and feelings. The motivator (stimulus) brings out a thought -- which might be a weighted judgment -- which turns into to an emotion. In…


American Heritage Dictionary. "Medical Dictionary: "mind." 2009. 15

May 2009 .

Beck, J.S. "Questions About Cognitive Therapy." n.d. 15 May 2009 .

Biggs, D. And G. Porter. Dictionary of Counseling. Charlotte, N.C.: IAP, 2000.

Children's Poetry Question 1 Both
Words: 678 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 63960910
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The poem depicts a fantasy machine that could magically do a child's homework. The machine spews out an answer that the child narrator himself knows is wrong, mocking the idea that a machine can do a better job. Imagery in both "ild Strawberries" and in "Homework Machine" is reflective of a child's imagination: the universal wish that homework would disappear; the tendency to take adult terms literally and therefore humorously.

Eloise Greenfield also relies heavily on musicality to empower her poems. Her poem "ay Down in the Music" is an obvious affirmation of the poet's appreciation of the potential power of music on the minds of young children. Less reliant on formal rhyme schemes than Silverstein, Greenfield's poems are also freer in verse. The strength of her poems to capture the inner workings of a child's mind is precisely in their lack of formality and Greenfield's liberal use of novel…

Works Cited

Greenfield, Eloise. "Way Down in the Music," "Fun," and "Riding on the Train." From Honey I Love and Other Poems by Eloise Greenfield.

Silverstein, Shel. "Homework Machine," "Wild Strawberries," and "Gumeye Ball." From a Light in the Attic.

Technology in the Classroom as Technology Advances
Words: 657 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 18953948
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Technology in the Classroom

As technology advances, teachers are able to implement tools to adapt and communicate with their students and provide an ease in the learning environment. Teachers are capable of connecting with their students by using tools such as social networks, websites, promethean boards, digital gaming, text messaging, and email communication in. This allows teachers to connect and interact with students and parents to answer questions, provide tutorials, and alert or inform about grades, missing assignments, homework, and other unanswered questions.

Social networks and other websites formulate students to experience an ease when communicating with their teachers by interacting with them on a personal level in a casual environment. Those students confused with a homework assignment may be able to confirm the homework assignment, view tutorials, and ask and answer questions with the teacher and friends through a social network or other website. Teachers will be able to…


Klopfer, Eric, Osterweil, Scot, Groff, Jennifer, & Haas, Jason. (2009). The instructional power of digital games, social networking, simulations, and how teachers can leverage them.

Manuscript submitted for publication, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts. Retrieved from (2011). Global vision: About us. Retrieved April 21, 2011 from

Attendance Policy in an Alternative School
Words: 8552 Length: 30 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 1590486
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Program Attendance Policy Proposal and Analysis

As we are nearing the end of the third school year of the P.A.S.S. program it is beneficial to evaluate the standards and practices which have been set forth through the past three years and determine the efficacy of them. In accordance with the Pennsylvania Standards for Elementary and secondary education school principals (January 2001), data driven assessment of the policies is due. The need for implementation of best practices, be they new or accepted older models is especially great given the proven success of the P.A.S.S. program which has resulted in the proposal for expansion of enrolment and services to meet a greater demand within the local district.

The establishment of best practices for the future is the goal of the current assessment. Since its inception the P.A.S.S. program has used a program completion option strategy with at-risk students attending classes at Howell…


ERIC Raising School Attendance. Education Digest, Feb2002, 67.6, pgs.54-57.

ERIC Urban Policies and Programs To Reduce Truancy. ERIC/CUE Digest 129.

ERIC Jay DeKalb Student Truancy. ERIC/CUE Digest 125.

ERIC Clearinghouse on Educational Management and Linn-Benton Education Service

Corrections Criminal Justice the Development
Words: 1566 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 41225398
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Children between 4 and 6 and children who are distant will also be provided a pen pal packet.


Discount transit passes will be provided for children and their chaperone from the Boys and Girls Club through a benefit held by the inmates, as well as inmate donations. Supplies for pen pal packets have been donated by the United Way. All teachers are volunteering time to increase the efficacy of the program and show the inmates that they have commitment to it.

The yearly budget for the program will be $15,000, mainly consisting of costs incurred for transportation and supplies, which will covered by donations, the United Way and contributions from inmates. Students will be returned to the transit center to meet the B&G club volunteer by 5:30 PM so they are able to return to the B & G. club in time for the nightly meal, before they return…


The Bright Side of Prison. (2003, Summer). The Wilson Quarterly, 27, 97.

Conley, a.C. (2006). Renny Golden, War on the Family: Mothers in Prison and the Families They Leave Behind. Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare, 33(3), 192.

Golden, R. (2004) War on the Family: Mothers in Prison and the Families they Leave Behind. New York: Routledge.

Hale, T. (2001, February). Creating Visions and Achieving Goals: The Women in Community Service's Lifeskills[TM] Program. Corrections Today, 63, 33.

Designing a Speech Course for
Words: 4307 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 68163790
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Variations are to ask each student to write their own sheet or to have small groups do so. (22) Value Lines: Students line up according to how strongly they agree or disagree with a proposition or how strongly they value something. This gives a visual reading of the continuum of feelings in the group. Next, sort students into heterogeneous groups for discussion by grouping one from either end with two from the middle. Ask students to listen to differing viewpoints in their groups and to fairly paraphrase opposing positions.

23) Forced Debate: Ask all students who agree with a proposition to sit on one side of the room and all opposed on the other side. Hanging signs describing the propositions helps. It is important that they physically take a position and that the opposing sides face each other. After they have sorted themselves out, switch the signs and force them…


Andrews, P.H. (1985). Basic Public Speaking. New York: Harper and Row.

Baird, J.E. (1974). The Effects of "Previews" and "Reviews" upon Audience Comprehension of Expository Speeches of Varying Quality and Complexity. Central States Speech Journal. 25, 119127.

Beatty, M.J. (1988). Situational and Predispositional Correlates of Public Speaking Anxiety. Communication Education. 37, 28-39.

Bernhardt, D. Workshop on Public Speaking, University of California at Berkeley, Aug.1989.

Change an Innovative Change Helping
Words: 942 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 93588628
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They said their ability to understand English has improved and the level of confidence in their own abilities has increased, allowing them to speak with their children's teachers, understand the information sent home from the school, and assist with their children's homework" (Parrish et al., 2000: 92). The participants also found many hidden benefits for themselves, as they said they felt more a part of the wider California community and had expanded job opportunities as a result of their greater level of English proficiency.

The study "Effects of the Implementation of Proposition 227 on the Education of English Learners, K - 12" notes that the main aim of the program was to improve the performance of children in school. The study criticized the tutoring for not being coordinated with the programs at the local school districts. hile over 50% of the CBET coordinators surveyed said that they had the impression…

Works Cited

Heredia, Christopher. (4 May 1999). "English for Parents: Literacy programs help immigrants tutor their kids." San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved 15 Feb 2007 at 

Parrish, Thomas,

Robert Linquanti, Amy Merickel, Heather E. Quick, Jennifer Laird,

Phil Esra. (2002) "Effects of the Implementation of Proposition 227 on the Education of English Learners, K - 12." Wested Online.

Telecommuting There Are Many Different
Words: 8212 Length: 27 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 60874944
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For employers, in addition to reduced office costs and increased productivity, organizations that have telework programs cite a number of other benefits that warrant attention (Di Martino & irth, 1990). ork satisfaction criteria that many organizations take very seriously given the increased importance of human resources in today's knowledge-driven economy shows dramatic increases (Di Martino & irth, 1990). Surveys taken by many companies show increases in work satisfaction of 20% or more among those that are allowed to utilize telework (Di Martino & irth, 1990).

ork quality also improves with lower error rates among teleworkers (Di Martino & irth, 1990). Positive impacts are also demonstrated in the form of lower turnover and decreased absenteeism (Di Martino & irth, 1990). A Pacific Bell study found that teleworkers were absent 25% fewer days than their traditional colleagues (Di Martino & irth, 1990). All of these factors reinforce one another and lead to…

Works Cited

Ambry, M. (1988) 'At home in the office' American Demographics, 10(12): 30-34, 61.

Benston, M. (1969) 'The Political Economy of Women's Liberation' Monthly Review, September: 13-27.

Bussing, a. (1998) 'Teleworking and quality of life' in P.J. Jackson and J.M. van der Wielen (eds) Teleworking.' International Perspectives: from Telecommuting to the Virtual Organisation, London, Routledge: 144-66.

Campbell, a. And Grantham, C. (1998) 'Organisational assessment in the distributed work environment: using measure of intellectual capital in the planning process' in P.J. Jackson and J.M. van der Wielen (eds) Teleworking: International Perspectives: from Telecommuting to the Virtual Organisation, London, Routledge: 169-84.

Diagnostic Report Dob 12 22 97 Blossom Elementary Address
Words: 1503 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 56477206
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Diagnostic Report

DOB: 12/22/97

Blossom Elementary

Address Any Town USA


Reason for Referral:

Jane Doe, a nine-year-old Caucasian female in fourth grade, was brought for testing by her parents, Tom and Kate Doe. The parents report uneven performance in school. Jane seems to know something one day and then perform it poorly on the next. They report that Jane struggled to learn both printing and cursive and that she still makes occasional reversals when writing numbers. She is struggling to learn multiplication and division facts, which is making problems for her in arithmetic. Parents also report that the classroom teacher, Mrs. Brown, also has concerns. Parents state that Mrs. Brown says that Jane is often off-task and that Jane requires what the teacher thinks is more help than typical for children her age to get on task and stay on task. Jane often fails to bring homework done or…

Is forgetful at home

Jane shows few signs of hyperactivity, but does show impulsivity, and talks a lot in class. Based on this evaluation, Jane meets the criteria for a diagnosis of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Inattentive Type.

Source for DSM-IV: