Hospitality Industry Essays (Examples)

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Tourism and Hospitality Industries it Is Perhaps

Words: 1017 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 63571827

Tourism and Hospitality Industries

It is perhaps indicative of how interconnected the hospitality industry and the tourism industry are that they are often connected in literature as one broad industrial category, "the hospitality and tourist industry." Their aims and objectives certainly overlap, sharing a common goal of catering to the needs and desires of people who are traveling for one reason or another. It is a facile separation of the domains of each industry to suggest that hospitality pertains to where people stay and tourism pertains to what people do in the process of travel, particularly as the options become more elaborate and varied to reflect a simultaneous increase in technology and the sophistication of consumer demand. Instead of focusing upon debatable divisions between the functions of each industry, it is perhaps a better model to look at the ways in which they support each other's key services (Ottenbacher 2009).…… [Read More]


Brey, ET al. (2008). Standard Hospitality Elements at Resorts: An Empirical Assessment. Journal of Travel Research. 47: 2; 247-258.

Crouch, GI. (2011). Destination Competitiveness: An Analysis of Determinant Attributes. Journal of Travel Research. 50: 27-45

Denver ES et al. (2009). "A World Ranking of the Top 100 Hospitality and Tourism Programs" Journal of Hospitality & Tourism Research. 33, 4: 451-470.

McCleary KW. (1993). Hotel Selection Factors as They Relate to Business Travel Situations. Journal of Travel Research. 32: 2; 42-48.
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Tourism and Hospitality Industries Management Integration of

Words: 698 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 15685362

Tourism and Hospitality Industries: Management

Integration of Travel and Hospitality Companies

Vertical integration has been a major trend in corporate business in profit-based and consumer-based industries over the past several decades, particularly as more specialized and dynamic good and services are being offered with wider global distribution. There have been many examples of vertical integration in the travel and hospitality industry within the past several decades, although due to the volatility of industries based upon consumer activity with disposable income during the recession since 2008, it is a somewhat risky maneuver, particularly in the acquisition of transportation companies.

The general principle of vertical integration, however, leads to greater profit margins as two or more related ventures are purchased by the same entity, thus lowering overhead and eliminating external expenditure. Vertical integration is particularly of benefit for the development of travel and hospitality packages that seek to offer savings to customers…… [Read More]


Hargrave, A. (2011)"The Ownership of Travel and Tourism Organisations: Takeovers"

George Lafferty, Anthony van Fossen, Integrating the tourism industry: problems and strategies, Tourism Management, Volume 22, Issue 1, February 2001, Pages 11-19.

John Tribe, The competitive, technological, political and sociocultural environment, The Economics of Recreation, Leisure and Tourism (Fourth Edition), Butterworth-Heinemann, Oxford, 2011, Pages 173-204.

Ludwig Theuvsen, Vertical Integration in the European Package Tour Business, Annals of Tourism Research, Volume 31, Issue 2, April 2004, Pages 475-478.
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Hospitality CRM Systems Customer Relationship

Words: 1125 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 49339854

Effects of CM on the Hospitality Industry

At a very strategic level, CM has made the hospitality industry much more attuned to the preferences, wants and needs of guests. It has also created a more responsive industry by capturing the needs of customers more efficiently and economically than was ever possible before. Specific areas that have changed the most include more of a focus on making multichannel strategies, from websites to Facebook, Twitter and other social networks, more responsive to the needs of the guest to provide feedback (Lim, Saldana, Saldana, Zegarra, 2011). There are also more effective analytics being used than ever before, creating greater insights into guest's patterns of purchasing not only accommodations but amenities as well (Phillips, Louvieris, 2005). CM's effect on the hospitality industry is very significant, bringing a strong customer orientation to the industry and also giving hoteliers and service providers much greater insights into…… [Read More]


Ivanovic, S., Mikinac, K., & Perman, L. (2011). Crm development in hospitality companies for the purpose of increasing the competitiveness in the tourist market. UTMS Journal of Economics, 2(1), 59-68.

Lim, S., Saldana, a.Z., Saldana, P.E., & Zegarra. (2011). Do market oriented firms adopt web 2.0 technologies? An empirical study in hospitality firms. International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal, 7(4), 465-477.

Murphy, J., Olaru, D., Schegg, R., & Frey, S. (2003). The bandwagon effect: Swiss hotels web-site and e-mail management. Cornell Hospitality Quarterly, 44(1), 71-87.

Phillips, P., & Louvieris, P. (2005). Performance measurement systems in tourism, hospitality, and leisure small medium-sized enterprises: A balanced scorecard perspective. Journal of Travel Research, 44(2), 201-211.
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Hospitality Trends and Problems in

Words: 2618 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 22302100

There are some cases where there can be a guest service agent who might be handling japans guests but may not understand what the guest exactly needs and hence will need to ask for help and may lead to a long period of waiting. This leads to decrease in the efficiency of the services the resort offers since there can be a time when there is no one available for translating and the guest has to wait until someone is available this leads to the guests getting impatient and hence it was discourage the guest from visiting the resort some other time. This is an eventual decline in international guests since there is no efficiency in handling them. The communication barrier between the staff and guests is something very bad and if not taken care of well can lead to serious negative implication to both the image of which will…… [Read More]


Rauch, R. (2011).Top 10 hospitality trends for 2012.Retrieved December 11, 2012 from 

Ako, D. (2012). Hawaii Hotel Industry Lags. Retrieved December 11, 2012 from

The Moscow times. (2012). Hospitality Industry Trends. Retrieved December 11, 2012 from 

Rauch, R. (2012).top 10 hospitality trends for 2013.retrieved December 11, 2012 from
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Hospitality Consumer Wants the Consumers

Words: 833 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 59130361

Pubs on account of operating costs, food prices, and the increase in minimum wages have therefore changed to the tenanted model. Some regulations have also curbed customer choice like ban on smoking in public places, and other interventions on customer freedom have resulted in the closure of two thousand pubs. Changing customer habits have resulted in the decline of the UK restaurant by three percent as a result of poor consumer spending. (Deoitte, 2011)

In England these different entities are representative of the fact that consumers have grown in variety and as well have begun to explore all that the hospitality industry has to offer. Apart from the changes in the eating habits of the natives, the demands from the tourists, and the peculiar tourist out for gastronomic experience has given birth to a new industry -- Gastronomic tour. There are many types of consumers of hospitality including the current…… [Read More]


Bowers, Simon. 2011. Mayfair Hotel: RBS Sells Top Mayfair Hotel to Indian

Billionaire. The Guardian, p. 6.

Deoitte. 2011. Issues and Trends. [Online] Available at:
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Words: 752 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 29613878

Recommended solutions to all of yesterday's problems
The late check-in processes has always been functioning perfectly, and even though it was a delay, an audit of the process has to be done to establish the cause of the delay. The process audit will also have to determine the risk of another delay and how to prevent it. Nevertheless, this problems points to the fact that, the hotel now needs a standby backup check-in system, preferably a manual system (Nieves & Segarra-Ciprés, 2015). This is the work of the systems personnel and while it is currently working, the systems personnel will need to check it thoroughly to prevent any future delays or breakdowns bearing in mind this might have been a sign for a bigger problem with the system.
For the seafood delivery, the first step will be to contact the seafood supply to establish the reason for the delayed delivery…… [Read More]


Boella, M., & Goss-Turner, S. (2013). Human resource management in the hospitality industry: A guide to best practice. Routledge.

Mok, C., Sparks, B., & Kadampully, J. (2013). Service quality management in hospitality, tourism, and leisure. Routledge.

Nieves, J., & Segarra-Ciprés, M. (2015). Management innovation in the hotel industry. Tourism Management, 46, 51-58.

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Hospitality Case Study the Most

Words: 992 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 42498270

The moment of truth was when the front desk people realized that the problem we reported was not just a minor complaint or just an example of customers being too picky or demanding. It was fairly clear that the hotel personnel immediately empathized with our situation and that they felt obligated to rectify the problem for us. The wrong response would have been to tell us that we should just try to live with the noise for one night until another room like the one we booked became available or to turn off the air conditioner when we wanted to go to sleep and then turn it back on in the morning. In addition to being insulting (because nobody needs to be told that they can do either of those two things), that type of response would have conflicted with any demonstration of reliability, assurance, or responsiveness.

There were both…… [Read More]

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Influx of Money Impact Hospitality Sector in

Words: 2915 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 40803345

Influx of Money Impact Hospitality Sector in Brazil

how influx of money impact brazil'S HOSPITALITY SECTO

How Money Influx from World Cup 2014 Impact Brazil's Hospitality Sector

How Money Influx from World Cup 2014 Impact Brazil's Hospitality Sector

Action plan

The literature review seeks to scrutinize and evaluate the probable effects of the influx of money from 2014 World Cup in Brazil in relation to growth and development of the country's hospitality industry (Jones 2012). Since the major declaration (October 2007) by FIFA that Brazil shall be hosting the biggest world event, the hospitality sector has embarked on building new hotels, bistros, and lodges. The sector has also stepped up efforts to renovate existing facilities ahead of the tournament slated for June 2014. Although preparations are still underway, an influx of visitors and money is inevitable with considerable accommodation bookings reported across the country (Jones 2012).

Influx of Money is…… [Read More]


Burt, J. (2012, May 25). Boys staying in brazil. The Daily Telegraph.

Davis, J.A. (2012). The Olympic Games Effect: How Sports Marketing Builds Strong Brands.

Hoboken: John Wiley & Sons

Global outlook: Sporting events - sporting chance. (2010). Foreign Direct Investment,, n/a.
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Feminine Drives Hospitality Discuss

Words: 677 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 41241910

Feminine Drives the Hospitality ndustry

What is the feminine? What is the current hospitality industry in relation to the feminine?

Care for me. Nurture me. All of these relate to an individual's ideal concepts of being mothered and mothering. Although sexual relations have changed considerably in recent years, when asked 'what are the favorite comfort foods of your childhood,' most individuals respond with the special foods their mothers prepared for them. Even individuals with absent, harried, or culinary incompetent mothers have the culturally idealized image of the female giver of sustenance and nurturing within their collective, if not their personal memory.

After a hard day at work, with mum far away, what does the average individual turn to in his or her own life for sustenance but the hospitality industry. t could be a place for drinks and friends, a place to get favorite comfort foods, or simply a place…… [Read More]

Interestingly enough, the online London Restaurant guide specifically associates the few ostentatiously masculine restaurants it advertises with what is American, noting recently, for instance, when taking a man out, "according to historians," the origins of Father's Day "are firmly rooted in American soil. The first Father's Day was honored as early as 1908, in West Virginia," though "as with most popular ideas, from across the pond, we Brits were soon to cotton on," and that to please dad, or any man, take him to TGIF. The site says this, it should be noted, in a momentary turning away from its usual stress upon English establishments. (

The Paradox

Like a woman, a London restaurant must be all things to all people, yet offer something that is unique and exclusive that makes people feel as though they are being cared and catered for like special children, and that their special needs are being indulged for an evening. Yet the industry itself remains dominated in a masculine fashion, in terms of chefs and owners, and London itself contrasts and constructs itself as feminine against more masculine dinning areas and arenas from American, which offer less ambience, or from more haute cuisine concerned areas of the world, such as Italy and France, where menus, chefs, and owners are more likely to dictate the needs of the diner's palate and the customers, rather than respond to the customer's own perceived comfort and needs of the moment.
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What Does the Modern Hospitality Consumer Want Discuss

Words: 657 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 33556213

Hospitality Consumer

What Does the Modern Hospitality Consumer Want?

Technological advances over the past decade have had a big impact on business in the hospitality industry. A more global economy and the increasing prominence of the Internet as a business tool have fueled the trend towards commoditisation in virtually every industry. This had led to a decline in prices in many goods and services, with a similar decline in profit margins. The modern hospitality consumer has rebelled against this trend by increasingly demanding an experience as a fundamental part of the transaction.

In many industries, the rise to prominence of information technology has facilitated this trend toward commodisation. This refers to an increasing similarity in goods provided that are selected by the consumer based on value for money. "Differentiation disappears, margins fall through the floor, and customers buy solely on the basis of price, price, price." (Pine & Gilmore, 1999).…… [Read More]


Olsen, M. & Connolly, D. (2000). Experience-based travel: How technology is changing the Hospitality industry. Cornell Hotel and Restaurant Administration Quarterly, Feb. 2000,

Pine, J., & Gilmore, J. (1999). The Experience Economy: Work is Theatre & Every Business a Stage. Boston: Harvard Business School Press.

Pine, J., & Gilmore, J. (2002). Differentiating hospitality operations via experiences: Why Selling services is not enough. Cornell Hotel and Restaurant Administration Quarterly,

June 2002, 87-97.
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Relationship Between Design and Modern Hospitality Consumption

Words: 716 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 25005156

hospitality consumption.

The relationship between design and modern hospitality

What is the nature of (post) modern design? What is design's relationship to the modern hospitality industry?

Increasingly, the modern hospitality industry is becoming affected by, and more consciously aware of the postmodern stress upon the profound relationship that exists between the purveyor, the consumer, and the overall environment and ambiance created by a particular design of any establishment. In other words, eating out is an experience, not merely the act of consuming prepared food away from home.

Plan the answer and show the plan

The plan for the hospitality industry as a whole must be to integrate the design form and practical function of a restaurant in such a fashion that its design compliments the gustatory needs of the consumer and the owner of the restaurant, yet still conveys an atmosphere complementary with the food in a way that fulfills…… [Read More]

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How and Why Are Issues of Class and Status Reflected in Modern Hospitality Discuss

Words: 785 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 16889586

Status in Hospitality

How Class and Status are Reflected in the Modern Hospitality Industry

Issues of class and status are reflected in the modern hospitality industry as this consumer-driven marketplace seeks to respond more effectively to the demands of a diverse public. Class may be defined as one's "social class [or] socio-economic class -- people having the same social or economic status." ( word=class). When class is considered together with income, the resulting "socioeconomic status" (SES, or, status) is a powerful demographic indicator that factors into many decisions in the hospitality industry. The hospitality industry is unique in that it combines services with a tangible good, usually a lodging room. Issues of class and status impact on the hospitality industry by requiring the industry to respond to the customer individually, on the level of service delivery as well as product provided.

One way the hospitality industry has responded to a…… [Read More]


Baranowski, Shelley. (2003). An Alternative to Everyday Life? The Politics of Leisure and Tourism. Contemporary European History 12.4. 561 -- 572.

Class (n.d.) Downloaded May 18, 2004 from Wordnet, Web site:

bin/webwn?stage=1& word=class.

Harwood, A. (May 19, 2004). Eggs-Pensive: Our writer's verdict after he shells out for $1,000
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Menu Drives London Hospitality Discuss

Words: 839 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 71203515

menu drives London Hospitality (Discuss)

The Menu Drives London Hospitality!

hat is a menu? Simply a list, one might surmise from a basic definition of the word. Simply a written listing of a particular eating establishment's offerings, correct? But the British as a people, it has been alleged by many a foreign observer (and indeed, many a dyspeptic native writer), are an overly verbose and verbal nation, obsessed with the written word and what it 'says' about them as a people and as individuals. Thus, England as a nation may be excused for attaching importance overmuch to the importance of such a listings of offerings and the impression such a listing conveys about an establishment.

People chose a restaurant, and a restaurant establishes its reputation upon the quality of its menu in London. The quality of the food matters less, or even the location, than what the menu says about…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Restaurant Reviews. Top Table. Retrieved on April 3, 2 -- 4 at
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Fire in Hospitality and Tourism Industry Fire

Words: 434 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 91415578

Fire in Hospitality and Tourism Industry


Fire in the tourism industry

Fire according to the Greek tradition is well thought-out to be one of the key elements in the universe besides earth, air and water. Both the elements can be felt and smelt. However, fire is a concrete end product of matter unlike air, water and earth which are forms of matter.

There seems to be varying myths and legends concerning the origin of fire but in essence they all tend to be similar in the sense that there was the aspect of stealing fire from the gods. However, with the attainment of fire, challenges on how to preserve it arose. At onetime it was buried and later preserved in its own ashes; then came the development of fire sticks and finally man started working with metals and came up with a fire cover.

Coals were heaped up in…… [Read More]

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Strategic Alliances in the Hospitality

Words: 4558 Length: 16 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 21737573

While companies of all types and sizes stand to benefit from strategic alliances, the relevant literature indicates that companies competing in the hospitality industry are particularly well situated to gain a competitive advantage in this way. In this regard, ahatullah and aeside report that, "The strategic alliance literature reveals that resources alone can not bring competitive advantage, but complementary resources can contribute to the strategic fit of partners in the alliance (2009, p. 36). In some cases, strategic alliances may be established in the hospitality sector in unexpected ways. For instance, Jayawardena (2002) cites the example of strategic partnerships being formed between institutions of higher education and the hospitality industry to ensure that the coursework being delivered is congruent with the needs of the sector. According to Jayawardena (2002), institutions of higher education should ensure that their curricular offerings remain relevant and tied to the needs of the industry and…… [Read More]


Chathoth, P.K. (2004, April-September). The evolution of embeddedness within the alliance structure in a non-equity hospitality alliance. Journal of Services Research, 4(1), 173-

Culpan, R. (2002). Global business alliances: Theory and practice. Westport, CT: Quorum


Dana, L.P. & Dana, T.E. (2000). Taking sides on the island of Cyprus. Journal of Small
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Motivation Systems for Hospitality Organizations A Case

Words: 3760 Length: 13 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 74343947

Motivation Systems for Hospitality Organizations: A Case Study of Motel

Generally speaking, the hospitality industry competes on a global basis by providing food and beverages services as well as accommodations for tourists and travelers. For instance, according to Lucas, "The term hospitality industry serves as an overarching label for businesses whose primary purpose is to offer food, beverage and accommodation for sale on a commercial basis" (2003:3). By contrast, hospitality services are associated activities that take place within the hospitality industry which are provided within different segments of the marketplace. Such hospitality activities are primarily involved with providing food and beverage services for a wide range of institutional operations including educational facilities such as colleges and universities, passenger airline carriers, healthcare and long-term care facilities as well as penitentiaries and jails (Lucas 2003). For the purposes of this study, the focus will be on the hospitality industry and hotels in…… [Read More]


About Motel 6. (2010). Motel 6. [online] available:

"Accor North America Opens 34 Franchise Locations." 2010 Motel 6. [online] available:

Brody, R.G., Lane, S. & Steed, E. 2004 "The Development of an Accounting Performance Measure to Minimize Inter-departmental Conflicts in the Hospitality Industry." International Journal of Management 21(3): 324-325.

"Career Opportunities." 2010 Motel 6. [online] available: / default.aspx.
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Hotel Industry Why the Hotel

Words: 961 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 17568982

Ultimately the profitability of the hospitality industry is directly linked to how effective hospitality leaders and managers are in making this connection of experiences and measured performance over time.

The second major trend in the hospitality industry today is the growing reliance on business analytics software applications to better understand, anticipate and respond to customers' concerns (McKnight, 31). The use of business analytics software including predictive analytics that Harrah's has developed an expertise with example is a case in point (McKnight, 30). The ability to find the most profitable customer segments and tailor specific messaging, service offers, and coupons to them is keeping Harrah's profitable despite the recession that is going on right now. This filed of business analytics and predictive intelligence is one that continues to grow rapidly with the need for analysts, managers, directors and vice presidents to continually manage the large amount of data captured and used…… [Read More]


John C. Crotts, Bing Pan, and Andrew E. Raschid. "A survey method for identifying key drivers of guest delight." International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management 20.4 (2008)

Thomas Lee. "In hard times, change tack, or go extinct: Adapting to change: Post-Sept. 11, 2001, adversity led Bloomington software firm to adopt a successful new business model by shifting to the Internet." McClatchy - Tribune Business News 1 December 2008

William McKnight. "Hospitality Industry Business Intelligence: Checking in." DM Review 18.1 (2008):31

Sheila Muto. "Hotel Web Site Gets Personal to Lure Bookings. " Wall Street Journal 4 Jun 2003, Eastern edition
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How Terrorism Affects the International Tourism Industry

Words: 5575 Length: 18 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 90258062

Terrorism Affects the International Tourism Industry

There is an undeniable relationship between terrorism and tourism. This is because of the industry power tourist sites are attractive avenues for terrorists to cause unprecedented magnitudes of economic and social disruption. The 21st century economy is dominated by three sectors namely information technology, tourism, and telecommunications. Tourism generates ten percent of international employment with a surplus of 30% in the Caribbean region. World tourism organization estimates that over two hundred million people across the world will be employed in the industry by 2015. The tourism and travel sectors have expanded by 700% in the last two decades (Gabbay & Ghosh, 2013). It is further projected that tourists will spend twice as much in foreign nations on tourism activities. For most developing nations, tourism is the leading source of income in terms of GDP thus a key influence in the economic growth. The issue…… [Read More]


Beirman, D. (2013). Restoring tourism destinations in crisis: A strategic marketing approach. Crows Nest, N.S.W: Allen & Unwin.

Gabbay, R. & Ghosh, R.N. (2013). Tourism and economic development: Case studies from the Indian Ocean region. Burlington, VT: Ashgate.

Keyes, D.C., & Jonathan L.Burstein. (2010). Medical response to terrorism: Preparedness and clinical practice. Philadelphia [u.a.: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

Huggett, C., & Pownall, D. (2010). Teaching travel and tourism 14. Maidenhead: Open University Press.
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Lodging Industry Sales and Marketing

Words: 992 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 726180

Higher-end lodges or five-star establishments would focus more on specialty items that can be offered at a higher price for higher quality. Valet services, designer jewelry, personalized service, and specialty rooms are some of the means at the disposal of higher-end marketers.

These segmentation and targeting practices then combine to provide the lodging operation with its marketing position. Depending upon its offering and consumer target, lodging operations position themselves at certain levels within the market. Five-star hotels that generally target high-end, high-budget consumers would for example position themselves as such in the market, whereas lower-end, budget establishments position themselves at a different segment.

According to Feiertag (2010), hotel and lodge marketers often confuse the terms "leads" and "prospects." The author notes that the distinction between these is the key principle in successful prospecting. First, it is therefore important to distinguish between the terms. According to the author then, a marketing…… [Read More]


Feiertag, H. (2010, Aug. 13). Proper prospecting prevails in producing profits. Hospitality World Network. Retrieved from:

O'Neill, J.W., Hanson, B. And Mattila, A. (2008). The Relationship of Sales and Marketing Expenses to Hotel Performance in the United States. Cornell University. Vol. 49, Iss. 4.

Retrieved from: 

Rudra, S. (n.d.) Market Segmentation, Targeting, and Positioning. Retrieved from:
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Communication Technology in the Hospitality

Words: 4804 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 53984562

In this regard, Higgins (2002) reports that Micros Systems Inc. introduced a custom application specifically for the hospitality industry early on, and despite the lingering effects of the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks on the market, this company and others such as BDM International Inc. are continuing their efforts to provide hotels, restaurants and other organizations competing in the hospitality industry with the information technology they need to become more competitive (Bear 1999). More recently, companies such as Avendra have started offering integrated software applications that are specifically designed for various segments of the hospitality industry. This company's integrated software application provides purchasing support for food and beverage operations, room operations, engineering/building and construction, administrative, professional and financial services; cleaning solutions and sanitizing systems; grounds and agronomy maintenance; as well as gift shop and spa equipment operation and products (Avendra's purchasing programs 2010).

According to icher (201), a trend that…… [Read More]


Avendra's purchasing programs, 2010. Avendra. Retrieved from / solutions/PurchasingPrograms/Pages/default.aspx.

Bassoppo-Moyo, T.C., Bassoppo-Moyo, S. & Dube, G., 2002. "Managerial Perceptions in the Application of Information Technology in the Public and Private Sector in Zimbabwe."

International Journal of Instructional Media 29(3): 289-290.

Bear, V., 1999, May 24. "Your Money; Movers & Shakers." The Washington Times: 8.
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Internet and the Lodging Industry

Words: 1143 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 2472398

Ethics and security concerns

Despite the fact that the internet is a tool that cannot be outdone by any other when it comes to publicity of any business, there are risks and security threats and breaches that come alongside especially the hotel and accommodation industry.

Various government regulations on the hospitality industry have a dramatic effect on the internet and its usability in the hotel industry. The governments achieve this by introducing new regulations and limitations every other waking day and also highly throttles the exploitation of the internet, some of which work to the good and yet others to the detriment of the industry.

Due to the rampant nature of internet hackers and people out to cause damage to the industry by spying on the hospitality industry players with an aim of causing harm to the clients, there are privacy and security issues that must be observed in order…… [Read More]


Christoph Muller, (2011). The impact of the internet and social media on the hotel industry. 

Nick Nikolos (2011). Internet Marketing in Hospitality Industry.

Travel City, (2011). Benefits And Disadvantages Of Online Travel Agencies.
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Repurchase Intention in the Hospitality

Words: 3480 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 66153059


It was likely no accident that Vancouver was chosen as the site of the Globe '90 Conference. The enunciation of such bold guiding principles should of necessity take place in the heart of a region well-known for its environmental treasures. British Columbia's offerings accord with statements of previous tourism conferences in other places. The 1989 conference at The Hague could have had Vancouver Area Tourism in mind when it proclaimed that an, "unspoilt natural, cultural and human environment [was] a fundamental condition for the development of tourism." (Laws, Faulkner & Moscardo, 1998, p. 206)

In British Columbia, eco-tourism is seen as away of bringing together competing interests, not only human and natural, but also human vs. human. f interest to many visitors to the Vancouver Area are the many Aboriginal communities to be found amid the natural landscape. Tourists, who are attracted by the idea of visiting Native villages,…… [Read More]

Over the past decade, a determined assortment of community activists and design professionals has persuaded the City of Vancouver to act on its oft-stated commitment to urban sustainability. The issue that provided the immediate catalyst was Southeast False Creek -- a blighted patch of former industrial land that represented one of the last major redevelopment opportunities in the city core. Initially, there were fears that Southeast False Creek was destined for the usual big developer, upscale condo approach to urban renewal. But pressure by activists led to the city hiring Sebastian Moffat and his colleagues in the Sheltair Group, a small Vancouver consulting company, to report on how to go about planning a truly sustainable community. (Alexander, 2000, p. 10)

The redevelopment of Southeast False Creek reveals the typical approach of salvaging the best of the past, and bringing that past into intimate and tangible contact with a forward-looking urban scheme. Tourists visiting such an area can feel that they are taking in some of the Region's history while still having access to the latest in modern amenities, and while still being in the heart of Vancouver. The location of Southeast False Creek takes advantage, as well, of Vancouver's beautiful natural situation:

Southeast False Creek has a lot going for it as a potential redevelopment site: it is quite large for an inner-city site (creating opportunities for a healthy mix of land uses and innovative community design) and
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Resort Industry Has Been Facing

Words: 665 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 96654031

It is a challenging task to harmonize the operations of the resort and the branches among different cultures till one achieves a smooth operation. It will involve first understand the varying cultures and train the employees to understand the culture of the various people and keep training them each time a new employee joins the group.

Technology; with the ever changing technological world, there is need for every business sector to keep in step with the changes otherwise it be left out and behind. The technology should therefore be adjusted with the business objective in mind. The old and outdated infrastructure must be updated in any resort that wants to remain relevant in the market today. This technological update goes all the way to the training of the employees and the application of the same in general management. This intersects with the security system of every resort. The issue of…… [Read More]


Gerald Oliver, (2005). Top 10 Global Issues & Challenges in Hospitality for 2005. Retrieved

December 15, 2011 from -- Top_10_Global.pdf

Wang Jin Zhoa & Wang Jing, (2009). Issues, Challenges, and Trends, that Facing Hospitality

Industry. Management Science and Engineering ISSN 1913-0341 Vol.3 No.4 2009
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Hotel Industry to Human Resources Management

Words: 2340 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 54558150

Human esources Management in Hotel Hospitality

Hotel Industry Human esources Management

Human esource Management in the Hotel Hospitality Industry

Authors Frank Go and Mary Monachello (1996) note, "effective management of human resources is required in all functions of hospitality in order to cultivate teamwork and sustain a competitive edge" (Go and Monachello, 1996, p.8). Because good management rests on both knowledge of human resource management and skill to implement effective human resource strategies, it is essential that those in the hotel hospitality industry fully understand and implement strategies for good management in order for their hotel to succeed to its highest capability. The purpose of such management is based on the need for high performance level and dedication of hotel employees. Despite the various resources and supplies that a company may require, human resources is actually the most important resource because without a labor force, no business can be done…… [Read More]


Addicott, R., McGivern, G. And Ferlie, E. (2006). Networks, organizational learning and knowledge management. Public Money and Management. 26(2), pp. 87-94. Retrieved from: LexisNexis Database.

Anthony, R. And Young. (1999). Management control systems. Chicago, IL: McGraw-


Boxwell, R. (1994) Benchmarking for competitive advantage. New York, NY: McGraw-
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Laws to Protect the Hotel Industry

Words: 998 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 55184850

AH&LA: ecent Lobbying Initiative

The American Hotel & Lodging Association (AH&LA) is a lobbying group which supports the interests of the hotel industry in congress as well as provides educational and professional resources for members. Networking is a critical aspect of surviving in hospitality and AH&LA offers numerous conferences throughout the year, during which its members can "exchange ideas, strategies, and contacts with industry leaders" as well as with one another ("Conventions and events," 2015). The AH&LA has supported a number of recent acts of legislation to protect the industry including the ADA Education and eform Act of 2015, H.. 3765.

According to the AH&LA, the ADA Education and eform Act of 2015, H.. 3765 addresses what it calls the "unseemly practice of 'drive-by' lawsuits ... by specifying clear, unambiguous rules for identifying and correcting ADA access violations before allowing litigation or a drawn-out settlement process" ("AH&LA applauds," 2015). The…… [Read More]


AH&LA applauds House introduction of legislation to strengthen the ADA, Stop 'drive-by'

lawsuits. (2015). AH&LA. Retrieved from:

Conventions and events. (2015). AH&LA. Retrieved from:
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Knowledge Management Best Practices in Services Industries

Words: 1232 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 50569159

Knowledge Management Best Practices in Services Industries

The ability to stay on in step with customers' rapidly changing needs is only possible when a company completely commits itself to transforming data into information, while also capturing and using tacit and implicit knowledge. As this analysis will illustrate, data, information and knowledge are multifaceted and have many implications across the lifecycle of a business in general and customers specifically. Concentrating on how the data pertaining to customers can be optimized, this analysis concentrates on the Service Quality (SEVQUAL) methodology and metrics. SEVQUAL measures five dimensions of the customer experience including reliability, assurance, tangibles, empathy and responsiveness (Parasuraman, Zeithaml, Berry, 1985). While the scope of this analysis concentrates on SEVQUAL from the standpoint of capturing data, information and knowledge from a customer standpoint, there are many ancillary implications that also apply to the knowledge-based theory of firms as well. The use of…… [Read More]


Anders, P.N. (2006). Understanding dynamic capabilities through knowledge management. Journal of Knowledge Management, 10(4), 59-71.

Dyer, J.H., & Nobeoka, K. (2000). Creating and managing a high-performance knowledge-sharing network: The Toyota case. Strategic Management Journal, 21(3), 345-367.

Enz, C & Siguaw, J (2000). Best practices in service quality. Cornell Hotel and Restaurant Administration Quarterly, 41(5), 20-29.

Gao, F., Li, M., & Nakamori, Y. (2002). Systems thinking on knowledge and its management: Systems methodology for knowledge management. Journal of Knowledge Management, 6(1), 7-7.
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Industry Environment of Four Seasons Hotel

Words: 893 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 67649017


Analyze the industry environment of Four Seasons Hotel

Industry lifecycle: The state of the Four Seasons Hotels

The lifecycle of an industry takes the form of four distinct stages: the introduction of the product or service, growth, maturity, and decline (Product life cycle, 2012, Tutor2U). The Four Seasons is one of the most venerable hotels in the marketplace today. It made significant gains in the 1990s when egent International hotel sold its hotels to the chain, giving the Four Seasons "an instantly expanded position in Pacific Asia, and also created the basis for expansion of the Four Seasons brand in Europe and Asia" (Go 1996). Even before this international acquisition, the Four Seasons was an international brand, and was particularly famous for its New York incarnation, where its food was considered to rival that of four and five star free-standing restaurants, which is highly unusual for a hotel.

Despite…… [Read More]


Barnett, C. (2003). Traveling in style; what your money should buy at a deluxe hotel. Network Journal, 11(1), 58-58. Retrieved from   

Clifford, Stephanie. (2011). Sales of luxury goods are recovering strongly. The New York Times.


Four Seasons Hotels. (2012). Official website. Retrieved:
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Hospitality and Service Industry

Words: 660 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 28540924


In general, The itz-Carleton compares very favorably to other competitive hotels. The key differences are mostly that this particular hotel is willing to go above and beyond the call of duty to satisfy its customers and provide a memorable hotel/resort experience. These differences are demonstrated in a number of palpable ways which are largely anomalies within the hotel and travel industry. The sort of "service innovation" (Enz et al., 2010, p. 6) this chain propagates is noteworthy. A perfect example of this fact is The itz-Carlton's policy about employee expenditures in the line of duty. The hotel enables employees to spend as much as $2,000 on guest. Such a policy is largely unheard of in this industry, and is a valued exception for those guests that are able to enjoy its benefits. Additionally, most other comparable hotels expect their employees to tend to the needs of their customers. The…… [Read More]


Emerald Group Publishing. Delighted, returning customers: service the Ritz-Carlton way. Strategic Direction. 20(11), 7-9.

Enz, C. A., Verma, R., Walsh, K., Kimes, S. E., & Siguaw, J. (2010). Cases in innovative practices in hospitality and related services: Set 3. Cornell Hospitality Report. 10(10), 6-26.
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Restaurant and Hospitality Concept and

Words: 949 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 63501127

The entire Blue Hill menu demonstrates the chef's commitment to emphasizing the connection between the farmer and the customer at the table. It provides a range of flavors and always features pristine, farm-fresh produce and artisan ingredients that remain consistent between Blue Hill in New York City and Blue Hill at Stone Barns.

WD50 helped introduce American palates to molecular gastronomy. It is a restaurant designed to stimulate the interests of people who think food can be fun. In my opinion, WD50's Michelin deserves a much higher rating for its food score because every new little dish is both a taste sensation and source of laughter and fun. It is definitely not recommended for strict traditionalists because every dish is presented to challenge your expectations, such as where a dish looks one way to the eyes but stimulates your taste buds much differently. Chef Wylie Dufrense is an FCI graduate,…… [Read More]

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Worldwide Airline Industry Faced Continual

Words: 1416 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 93022841

It is important that human resources within the airline devise strategies to minimize the possible negative effects that union relations may have on the workforce.

There are several issues that have impacted the airline industry as a whole, and present implications for the human resources challenges discussed thus far. The first of these issues is a drastically changing workforce demographic within the airline industry. In particular the workforce is aging. Establishments in the air transportation industry have a significantly higher proportion of employees in the 45 to 54 and 55 to 64-year-old age ranges than other industries (Wallace & Gonzalez, 2005). Specifically, employees in the 45 to 54-year-old age group comprise approximately 35% of the whole workforce (Wallace & Gonzalez, 2005). On the contrary, workers in the 14 to 24-year-old category comprise only 4% of the workforce (Wallace & Gonzalez, 2005).

This issue presents human resources challenges with regards to…… [Read More]


Appelbaum, S.H., Fewster, B.M. (2004). Human resource management strategy in the global airline industry -- a focus on organizational development. Business Briefing: Aviation Strategies, 70-5.

CNN (2004). Outsourcing has yet to really penetrate the travel industry. Local Needs and travel infrastructure tends to require local people on the ground. Retrieved 6/13/07 from .

Grassi, D.M. (2005). Outsourcing airline safety may prove costly.

Pratt, M.K. (2002). Contingent employees raise host of benefit questions. Boston Business Journal. Retrieved 6/13/07 from
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Eco-Friendly Hotel Industry Trends Climate

Words: 1445 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 85764318

The Green Hotel Association (GHA) suggests using "printed towel rack hangers and sheet changing cards" in the bathroom of hotel rooms. The sign on the hanger mentions that guests do not have to have their linens changed (sheets, pillow cases) if they prefer not to; they can help the hotel save water -- in fact the GHA notifies the hotel guest that "millions of gallons of water are used to wash bed sheets" every day. So when the "sheet-changing card is left on the pillow, the room attendants" know to just make the bed but don't wash the sheets (Fostering Sustainable Behavior).

The obvious positive aspect of this is not just water savings but the electricity that it takes to heat the water and run the huge industrial clothes washing machines represents even more savings. There is no negative aspect to asking the room attendants to leave the same sheets…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Albright, Evan. The Book on Going Green. Raleigh, NC: 2008.

Fostering Sustainable Behavior. "Energy and Water Reduction: 'Green' Hotels." Retrieved

February 22, 2012, from 2010.

Walmsley, Andreas. "Hotels and Climate Change: Setting the Scene." In Trends and Issues in Global Tourism 2011, R. Conrady and M. Buck, Editors. New York: Springer.
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Employment Relations in the Hospitality

Words: 539 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 329158

A great deal of the work is unpaid or low-paid, with a heavy reliance on females and young labor and, in some countries, migrants. Most work is regarded as semi-skilled or unskilled, with some deskilling. Training is often basic, with firms tending to buy in skills from the labor market. A large number of workers communicate directly with customers, while others have a more indirect customer relationship.

Part-time and nontraditional employment is commonplace, and may be increasing among the different nations' interest in creating more flexible labor markets. Mobility is high, which leads to high labor turnover rates. ecruitment and retention is particularly problematic, particularly for managers where a lack of professionalism may impede business success in developing and transitional economies.

This book is a very thorough approach to employment relations and a number of different areas that a hospitality H person needs to consider in order to do his…… [Read More]


Lucas, R.E. (2003). Employment Relations in the Hospitality and Tourism Industries.: New York. Routledge.
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Ethics Trends in the Meeting Convention Industry There

Words: 1230 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 86155132


Trends in the meeting/convention industry

There are a number of trends in the meeting/convention industry. The industry struggled with respect to demand during the recession from 2008 onwards. hile there are some signs of recovery, the growth in the industry remains sluggish (Chen, 2012). This slow recovery is a problem, given that in 2008 at the beginning of the recession, there was a high likelihood that the industry was already suffering from overcapacity (Detlefsen & Vetter, 2008).

The rapid growth in the number of convention centers in the United States in particular has resulted in overcapacity, and this has increased the intensity of competition in the business (Davidson, 2008). The competition is necessary, because convention capacity is a perishable good -- a day of sitting empty is revenue that is lost forever, and fixed costs are still being incurred. This drives a high level of price competition in particular,…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

Braley, S. (2012). Top 10 meeting trends. Meetings & Conventions. Retrieved May 14, 2013 from

Chen, T. (2012). Convention industry is on slow road to recovery. AZ Central. Retrieved May 14, 2013 from

Davidson, R. (2008). Conference trends. ICCA. Retrieved May 14, 2013 from 

Detlefsen, H. & Vetter, N. (2008). Convention centers: Is the industry overbuilt? HVS. Retrieved May 14, 2013 from
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Shaw Industries the Existence of

Words: 3495 Length: 13 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 22256174

Target Markets

Given that the new product would be manufactured using better, but more expensive technologies that protect the environment, Shaw Industries' target market would have to simultaneously meet the following criteria:

present an increased interest towards preserving the environment possess sufficient financial resources in order to afford the higher prices of the products manufactured using superior technologies.

In this order of ideas, Shaw Industries' target market is formed of both American citizens as well as foreigners, with ages between 25 and 65 and who register above medium incomes. The age limit is imposed by the belief that the population younger than 25 rarely possesses their own houses, shows reduced interest in carpets and does not possess sufficient financial resources to afford the relatively high prices of the new carpets. On the other hand, the retired population generally spends their pension money on medicines or journey around the world and…… [Read More]


Carlton, D.L., 2004, Shaw Industries: A history, Journal of Southern History, Volume 70

Patton, R.L., 2002, Shaw Industries: A History, Business and Economics

2007, Shaw Industries, Inc., Design Biz,,last accessed on November 14, 2007

2007, Shaw Industries Website,,last accessed on November 14, 2007
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Blogging Industry Environmental Trends Impacting Blogging and

Words: 554 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 83706675

Blogging Industry

Environmental Trends Impacting

Blogging and User-Generated Content Industries

The proliferation of blogging platforms and applications that are textually, graphically and video-based together reflect the design criterion and objectives originally defined in the Web 2.0 taxonomy created by Tim O'eilly CEO and Founder of O'eilly Media. Based on an egalitarian framework of collaboration and communication, Web 2.0 has since become the foundation of many of the blogging and social media platforms dominating the typical Internet user's hours online today (Bernoff, Li, 2008). Figure 1 provides a graphic representation of the Web 2.0 Meme Map as originally designed by Tom O'eilly and John Battelle (O'eilly, 2006). Web 2.0 continues to be the primary catalyst of the greater opportunities and threats to consumer-generated content.

Figure 1: Web 2.0 Meme Map

Source: (O'eilly, 2006)

Central to the concept of Web 2.0 technologies is that the Web is a platform not just for…… [Read More]


Bernoff, J., & Li, C. (2008). Harnessing the power of the oh-so-social web. MIT Sloan Management Review, 49(3), 36-42.

Carr, D.F. (2011). Klout-like tool lets employees rate each other. InformationWeek - Online, (19383371), n/a.

Davidson, E., & Vaast, E. (2009). Tech talk: An investigation of blogging in technology innovation discourse. IEEE Transactions on Professional Communication, 52(1), 40.

Griffith, E. (2011, Getting your Klout out. Adweek, 52(19), 15-15.
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Hyatt Hotels the Hotel Industry

Words: 3885 Length: 14 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 40031522

High-road competition focuses on service quality (Working for America Institute 2004), which means developing property in prime locations and the regular upkeep and upgrade of property. Hotels using high-road competition charge high room rates but provide top-class amenities, satisfying customer service and on-site attractions, such as restaurants, lounges, conference sites, gift shops and concierge service to attract customers and incline them to spend. Upper segments are likelier to engage in high-road competition and lower segments, in low-road competition. Hotels in the limited-service segments must differentiate themselves from low-cost providers by offering better service, while upper-upscale and upscale hotels must reduce costs to increase or maximize profit (Working for America Institute). The amount and quality of service in the upper segments allow them to charge higher prices and to directly reward investment.

The high-road strategy may, however, not be conducive to the level of productivity that owners and managers would want,…… [Read More]


Hospitality Online. Hyatt Hotel Corporation. Property Portfolio, 2004.

Corporate Profile, 2004.

MKG Consulting. MKG Presents the Worldwide Ranking of Hotel Groups - Worldwide Supply of Hotel Groups Grows by 3% in 2001. Hospitality.Net, 2004.

Worldwide Supply of Hotel Groups - a Total of 5 Million Rooms, Up by 1.9% in 2002. Hospitality Job Resource, 2004.
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Tourism and Hospitality

Words: 1138 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 81920937

Role of Conferences in the trategic Development of the Hotel Industry

Case tudy of Five tar Hotels in Jordan

Jordan has a rich cultural and archaeological patrimony. Many natural wonders and a particularly welcoming people make tourism a natural resource and vehicle for Jordan's economy.

Conversely, the Jordan tourism industry has demonstrated poor performance in past few years relative to the volatile political situation in the region.

Analyzing both the natural potential for success and the historical evidence for failure within Jordan's tourism industry through scientific research methodology may well provide viable alternatives to current widely held practices and beliefs.

This study will delve into the specific revenue producing areas of developing conferences in Jordan, how to conduct them, facility use and maximization, and the issues that surround successful delivery of this medium. This thesis will also provide data on the means of offering the world a safe, beautiful, and…… [Read More]

Swan TW, 'Economic Growth and Capital Accumulation', Economic Record, 32, 1956.

Tourism Forecasting Council, Forecast, Commonwealth Department of Tourism, August 1994.

Wilcox DA, 'Lessons for Tourism Industries from the 1984 Olympics at Los Angeles' A Report by Economics Research Associates to THC'94, 1994
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Ehl International Hospitality Program Is for Me

Words: 574 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 81697456

EHL International Hospitality program is for me the perfect opportunity to use my assets and talents. I will briefly describe some of them in the lines here below and discuss a little why EHL would make an excellent choice in selecting me for the EHL community.

A currently live in an ever expanding market, with enormous future possibilities for the tourism industry. Indeed, Russia has a large population, encouraging economic prospects and a cultural heritage that makes a trip to Russia worthwhile. However, Russia is no longer prepared for this challenge. There is a shortage of hotels and specialists in the tourism industry and a high demand for well trained personnel. I believe that I could be one of the well prepared specialists that could work in the Russian tourism and hotel industry and the EHL program could be a huge step forward in achieving my goal.

There are many…… [Read More]

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Planning and Design Hospitality the

Words: 2133 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 56448856

Photo from Published with permission.

Photograph by David Messent, courtesy of Jorn Utzon/Utzon Architects and the Pritzker Prize Committee

Nighttime aerial view of the Sydney Opera House

Photograph by David Messent, courtesy of Jorn Utzon/Utzon Architects and the Pritzker Prize Committee

Photograph by David Messent, courtesy of Jorn Utzon/Utzon Architects and the Pritzker Prize Committee

Photograph by David Messent, courtesy of Jorn Utzon/Utzon Architects and the Pritzker Prize Committee

Aerial view of the Sydney Opera House

Photograph by John Garth/Max Dupain

Courtesy of Jorn Utzon/Utzon Architects and the Pritzker Prize Committee

Sydney Opera House Under Construction, 1957-1973

Craven 2008 NP

Craven, 2008, NP

On commission, Dupain took thousands of photographs of the Sydney Opera House, revealing its construction from beginning to end. Later he described the completed building from a photographer's perspective: 'As the light moves across it during the day, it changes…… [Read More]


Baird, George. The Architectural Expression of Environmental Control Systems. London: Spon Press, 2001.

Bereson, Ruth. The Operatic State: Cultural Policy and the Opera House. London: Routledge, 2002.

Craven, J. "Great Buildings: Sydney Opera House" 2008
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Social and Cultural Accommodation in the Hospitality

Words: 595 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 70354020

Social and Cultural Accommodation in the Hospitality Field

Contemporary businesses organizations, particularly those in the service industry, must maximize customer loyalty to remain competitive. That concern only becomes more important in times of relative economic difficulty (Mankiw, 2008), such as in the case of the current U.S. economic recession that began, in earnest, in 2008. The itz-Carlton-owned Marriot Hotel chain recognizes that concept and reflects it throughout its corporate philosophy (De Bono, Van Der Heijden, and Jones, 2008; Lampton, 2003). Customer service and appreciation are the core values relied upon by the organization to meet customer expectations and ensure their satisfaction and repeat patronage. Marriot and other itz- Carlton hotels emphasize the importance of providing their customers a highly consistent experience regardless of where they stay (De Bono, Van Der Heijden, and Jones, 2008; Lampton, 2003).

Meeting the Challenges of Geographic and Cultural Diversity

In that regard, the challenge of…… [Read More]


De Bono, S., Van Der Heijden, B., and Jones, S. (2008). Managing Cultural Diversity.

Meyer and Meyer: UK.

Lampton, B. "The Ritz-Carlton shares its winning formula for wowing guests." Expert

Magazine, Vol. 3, No. 6. (2003). Retrieved June 21, 2011 from:
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CA Sonya Thomas 268 West Hospitality Lane

Words: 1390 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 77010159

CA Sonya Thomas

268 West Hospitality Lane Suite 400

(909) [HIDDEN] Fax [HIDDEN]

CaSonya Thomas is a director in the director's office at the county of San Bernardino -- Department of Behavioral Health. (County of San Bernardino - Department of Behavioral Health, n.d.)This department is responsible for the "overall planning, implementation, direction, coordination, and evaluation of the Department of Behavioral Health." (County of San Bernardino - Department of Behavioral Health, n.d.) Specifically, the responsibilities of the office Ms. Thomas is apart of is grant writing applications, developing assessment protocols, and regulations interpreting. The Department of Behavioral Health Administration section has meetings with State and local agencies, communication with citizen advisory boards, and communication with other public and private agencies.

Along with the myriad of services provided by the Department of Behavioral Health are Adult programs. These adult programs include: Adult esidential Services Clinic, Conservatorship Investigation Unit, Employment Services Program, Housing…… [Read More]


County of San Bernardino - Department of Behavioral Health. (n.d.). County of San Bernardino, California - Official Web Site. Retrieved February 12, 2013, from  

County of San Bernardino - Department of Behavioral Health. (n.d.). County of San Bernardino, California - Official Web Site. Retrieved February 12, 2013, from   (

County of San Bernardino - Department of Behavioral Health. (n.d.). County of San Bernardino, California - Official Web Site. Retrieved February 12, 2013, from  

HBS History - Harvard Business School. (n.d.). Harvard Business School. Retrieved February 12, 2013, from
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Systems of Power and Control in the Japanese and Western Car Industry

Words: 837 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 71355896

Japanisation in the United Kingdom:

Experiences From the Car Industry

This report aims to analyze and compare the systems of power and control in the Japanese and western automobile manufacturing industries. The method was to use a wide range of theory and to support the analysis. The world has become an extremely competitive global economic battle ground. Automobile manufactures from both the east and the west continue to search for opportunities that will allow them to strategically reduce overhead but not affect market share or profitability. Consider that In the 1990's the solution was to literally cut or reduce the labor force and therefore reduce inherent costs of labor. The buzz words of the time were 'they just laid off X amount ... ', or 'they are downsizing ... ' These terms were regulars on the media circuit or on the front page of the morning's business section. These phrases…… [Read More]


Corbett, Brian (2002). Southern hospitality. Ward's Auto World, August.
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Restaurant Industry Is a Highly

Words: 12333 Length: 45 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 93391833

According to Brech, these trends do not leave much time -- or money -- available for dining at full-service restaurants. In this study, the respondents "reported their families ate at cafeterias, family or chain restaurants, or fine dining restaurants only once or less each week" (Brech 1998: 21). This is not to say, though, that the number of full-service restaurants in countries such as the United States has declined in recent years. To the contrary, during the period between 1972 and 1997, the number of full-service restaurants increased by 35%; however, the number of fast food establishes more than doubled during this same time period (Akst 2003). These trends represent a sharp divergence from consumer eating habits a few years ago, and it was not until 1995 that consumers spent more at fast food establishments than they did at full-service restaurants (Pardue 1999).

Not surprisingly, given the highly competitive nature…… [Read More]


Abernathy, T. & Hart, R. (2004) "Evaluation of an HACCP Pilot Program for the Food Service

Industry." Canadian Journal of Public Health 95(6): 470-471.

"About Us." (2010) Aspen Systems, Inc. [online] available from>
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Social & Cultural Perspective in

Words: 1296 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 32605340

This is because workers, managers, and other employees know their roles within the company. This awareness enables them to work towards improving service delivery to the consumers according to the standards of the industry. Since extensive research is done to determine what the consumers perceive to be best, execution of expectations is easy from the part of the formal leadership or management of the firms. The company is able to associate effectively with the clients since they have a better knowledge than before on what is appropriate for the market (Brey, 2011).

Deeper understanding of hospitality enables managers and senior employees to adopt appropriate measures to revive the industry in cases of crisis. In order to adopt appropriate measure to help boost the industry, it is crucial to understand the structure, organization, and proceedings within the hospitality industry. Managers are also capable of determining approaches vital for improving the conditions…… [Read More]


Brey, E.T. (2011). Developing a Better Understanding of Resort Management: An Inquiry into Industry Practices. Journal of Hospitality Marketing & Management, 20(1), 79-102.


Hemmington, N. (2007). From Service to Experience: Understanding and Defining the Hospitality Business. Service Industries Journal, 27(6), 747-755.

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Tourism of a Country Is

Words: 2869 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 2681768

9). It is also dubious to present the research on food and drink and other interlinked issues "as academic reflection on hospitality" (Brotherton & Wood, 2000, p.139) by scholars belonging to various disciplines such as Visser (1991) and Beardsworth & Keil (1997). In this context, it should not be forgotten that hospitality is a false identification of an industry that has existed for only twenty years and which has transitioned into almost a critically to education, research and knowledge. However at the bottom of the transfer lie the motives of power and commerce more than the academic thirst of education and information.

Hospitality is seen as "related" to drinking and eating however you are mistaken if you think the vice versa i.e. drinking and eating are seen as related to hospitality stands true.


The above mentioned formulation perfectly fits the area of Commercial hospitality or…… [Read More]


Barthes, R. (1979). Toward a psychosociology of contemporary food consumption. In R. Forster & O. Ranum (Eds.), Food and Drink in History (pp. 166 -- 173). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.

Beardsworth, A., & Keil, T. (1997). Sociology on the menu: An invitation to the study of food and society. London: Routledge.

Brillat-Savarin, J.-A. (1994). The physiology of taste (Trans. A. Drayton). Harmondsworth: Penguin.

Brotherton, B., & Wood C.R. (2000). Hospitality and Hospitality Management. In C. Lashley & A. Morrison (Eds.), In Search of Hospitality: Theoretical perspectives and debates (pp. 134 -- 156). Oxford: Butterworth Heineman.
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Udb Independent Studies Proposal &

Words: 3682 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 93486077

The previous studies that have been taken into account are the ones that have highlighted the concept of corporate social responsibility in its broad terms. How it can affect the behavior of the consumers in the society in an overall manner. In contrast, this study will focus on the effects that the corporate social responsibility has on the consumer behaviors specifically in the hospitality industry.

9. Outline of study design and methods

One of the main facts that need to be highlighted in this case is that the methodology will define the outcomes and the conclusions that are drawn from the study carried out. Thereby, it is realized that the choice of methodology is more objective so that better and more concise outcomes can be obtained.

For this purpose, interview and questionnaire will be chosen as the main methodology for this study. One other main technique that can be used…… [Read More]

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Why Males Dominate the Managerial Positions in a First World Country Such as Canada

Words: 736 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 5673048

Male Domination of Hospitality Industry in Canada

As in much of the world, Canada operates in ways that lead to discrimination based on gender. This often results in women being denied "a fair share" of benefits and opportunities relative to their actions and contributions.

Female employees dominate Canada's service and retail trade industries, but the wages and promotional scales do not reflect this fact. In one four-year study, females earned an average of forty percent less than males in the service industry and only 34% were promoted to managerial positions.

This report aims to establish an understanding of gender inequality in the hospitality industry in Canada. The objectives of this reports include: identifying the reasons why men dominate managerial positions in Canada; discussing reasons for preferential treatment for men in the hospitality industry; and examining potential motivations for females to pursue managerial positions and any obstacles they face.



Gender Inequality in Canada: A Status Report for 2001 National Action Committee on the Status of Women and the CSJ Foundation.

Statistics Canada's Survey of Labour and Income Dynamics.

Hennig, M. & Jardin, A. (1977). The managerial woman. Anchor Press:Garden City, New York.
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Workplace and Training Workplace Learning

Words: 1633 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 26330491


Learning through a workplace within the organizations is important part in the lives of most employees or a given team. Workplace learning creates knowledge to individuals and workers. By doing so, individuals acquire different styles of learning which enable them in understanding in different ways; which include concrete experience, reflective observation, abstract conceptualization as well as active experimentation. It is observed above that workplace training eliminates some avoidable expenses like for training, saves time s the employees will be reproductive as they learn, will save time as there is to single day spent out of job training for a given system or software, it also helps solidify the culture of the organization as the new employees will be learning from the old employees who have already inculcated the organizational culture within them over a long period of time. It is also worth noting that a performing organization is more…… [Read More]


Lee, T., Walters, S., Unwin, L., Felstead, a., Butler, P.B., Ashton, D. (2004). Learning at Work:

Teaching and Learning Processes in the Contemporary Work Organization.

Vaughan, K. (2003). Workplace learning and knowledge society.

Steier, J. (2010). Application of Theories, Principles and Methods of Adult Learning for Managers to Improve Workplace Reactions to Learning, Knowledge and Performance. Retrieved November 1, 2012, from
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Marriot Use of IMC

Words: 2120 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 61699632

Marriott and IMC

Marriott: Background

Marriott refers to one of the biggest hotel brands in the nation, which took truly in many ways represents the American dream and the American spirit of entrepreneurship and development. The company had very humble beginnings, starting in 1927 from an A&W oot Beer stand in Washington DC by J. Willard and Alice S. Marriott: over the next 30 years is developing into a full food service business (JW Marriott, 2013). The Marriott group further embodied American values of hard work and productivity in that "For the next fifty-eight years -- until his death in 1985 -- J. Willard Marriott rarely rested. Whether adding locations, perfecting procedures or expanding into new enterprises, Marriott breathed, ate, and lived his company" (JW Marriott, 2013). This is a shining example of how the company has used unselfish actions as a means of benefiting humanity and building a stronger…… [Read More]


Brier, S. (2012, January 17). How Marriott Got Marketing Right. Retrieved from

Fromm, J. (2013). Marriott makes another pass at marketing to Millennial travelers. Retrieved from

JWMarriott. (n.d.). Marriott history. Retrieved from

Nand, L. (2010, March 25). Social media marketing at the Marriott. Retrieved from
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Training and Retaining Quality Employees

Words: 3672 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 43933604

On the other hand, Harris suggests that some observers believe high turnover among employees is "not only inevitable, but also desirable… [because] employee mobility within the industry promotes workforce flexibility, allowing employees to acquire and develop new skills as they move through different organizations" (73). Harris takes it one step further when he reports that the "acquisition of transferable skills" has a powerful appeal to the "entrepreneurial aspirations of hospitality employees." Hence, Harris points out on page 73, "turnover is actively encouraged" by some leaders in the hospitality industry, along with ambitious workers, because this high turnover practice helps to "…create future managers for the industry." Moreover, turnover can be seen as a positive dynamic because "new ideas" are thus brought into the workplace -- as a way to "prevent stagnation in creativity" -- although in reality HR managers are often loathe to see highly energized, talented staff leave the…… [Read More]


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